The Man Who Was Almost a Man
Review of The Man Who Was Almost a Man, By Richard Wright
The Essay That Was Almost an Essay:An Analysis of Richard Wright’s “The Man Who Was Almost a Man”
“The Man Who Was Almost a Man” is a short story that chronicles the misfortunes of a teenage boy named Dave, and, unlike some of Wright’s darker stories, this text is a humorous satire. The texts welcomes its audience to come and laugh at Dave, who can easily be seen as a foolish character both by his actions and the literary elements of the story. Of course, this text is comical, but not without purpose. “The Man Who Was Almost a Man” is a mocking of the ideation of masculinity adopted by America during Wright’s life.
Dave’s goals in the story are very clear from the beginning; he wants to get a gun, assuming that the other men “would have to respect him” if he had one. However, the cruel and comedic irony of the story is that, at the end, he is in trouble with his parents and everyone is laughing at him, despite him owning this gun that he was sure was going to be good for his image and give him respect. Not only do the characters in the story find Dave foolish, but the audience is supposed to see him as a fool as well. Of course, neither the characters nor the audience think the gun within itself is funny and foolish, it is Dave’s actions that are humorous in the story.
Dave actions, are, too, ironic. Despite thinking he is now a man because he owns a gun (or is about to own a gun), he doesn’t act like one. In fact, it is arguable that Dave behaves more and more like a child as he progresses in his quest of manhood. Firstly, after inquiring about purchasing the gun, he goes home and asks his mother for the money. Masculinity, especially in Wright’s lifetime, included being financially independent and the financial leader of the household. Not only is Dave not able to use his own money, as it is being controlled by his parents, but he must ask his mother, a woman, for the resource. Even what he says doesn’t help with his childish image. He states, “Ma, ef yuh lemme buy one Ah’ll never ast yuh fer nothing no mo,” which is very commonly heard in desperate children. His mother exclaims the obvious, “Yuh ain nothing but a boy yit!” Dave seems to ignore this statement. He doesn’t verbally agree with his mother, but he doesn’t try to contradict her, either.
Perhaps Dave’s most childish action is trying to hide from his responsibilities, when a signal of one’s maturity and adulthood is accepting responsibility for your actions. Dave, without proper knowledge of how to use a gun, starts shooting it off and accidentally shoots the mule he’s working with, Jenny. Although he tries to fix the wound, she dies. Instead of explaining to his boss, Hawkins, what happened, Dave buries the gun and tries to lie about it. However, an older man explains it looks like a bullet hole, exposing Dave. Wright then writes, “Dave looked at Jenny’s stiff legs and began to cry,” another seemingly unmasculine action.
Dave further refuses responsibility by not paying back Hawkins for the mule. Instead, he takes the gun, runs away from home, and hops on a train. Now, the ending of this story may be interpreted differently depending on the reader. Many adults can recall trying to run away from home as children; it is just one of those things children tend to do. Therefore, they can interpret running away as another one of Dave’s childish antics. However, a younger reader may see the romantized writing of the ending and see Dave’s running away as a heroic and masculine deed, a push for independence. However, if one looks back at the text and applies logic, Dave’s plan wasn’t well thought out; Dave doesn’t mention knowing anybody in the place he is planning to go, so he has no human connections. He also doesn’t have any money or food. All he is carrying is his precious, but ultimately useless, gun, since he emptied the cartridge before hopping the train. Even if Dave ended up making money wherever he went, Dave never spent any of his own money; his mother took care of it knowing he wouldn’t invest it, such as buying new clothes for school. All in all, Dave doesn’t seem to have what it takes to go out on his own yet; he is still a child.
There is an overriding sense of dramatic irony in this piece that categorizes it as a satire, and the story can used and interpreted by different audiences as a whole because of this reason. Dave has a one track mind that keeps getting him into trouble; he thinks that just because he has a gun and a potential to be violent, he is automatically a man. An audience that better understands the multi-faceted and complex idea that is masculinity can sit back and laugh at this foolish character. However, an audience that has a similar mindset to Dave can see his foolish actions and ambiguous-but-most-likely-unhappy ending and feel foolish within themselves. Here, they may be encouraged to change their mindset, seeing Dave’s story as a prophetic, cautionary tale. Wright’s purpose of the story was to not only entertain those who know more about life than Dave, but also inspire a younger generation to think about their manhood in terms greater than a handful of metal.
G.K Chesterton’s Look at the Transition of Gabriel Syme as a Character in His Book, Man Who Was Thursday
Transformation of Gabriel Syme
Gabriel Syme, one of the undercover detectives in Chesterton’s novel, The Man Who Was Thursday , underwent a personal transition throughout the novel. His attitude, actions, and views (entire self) shifted from the beginning of the strange sequence of events to the end of his adventure. When Syme is first introduced, he has an arrogant quality, he is a self centered nuisance, yet he transforms into a citizen who accepts that he knows next to nothing, and is very much humbled. This transition is the decay of a mask. The conversion and decay of Syme’s facade takes place throughout the whole novel, but the bulk of his transition is due to the risks that he is forced to take, the questions without answers, and the realization that his knowledge is truly limited.
The story opens up in the park where Gregory and Syme first meet (Chap. 1). Syme quickly aggravates Gregory as they argue about order and chaos. Syme appreciates order, even stubborn on the topic. It is not his opinion or his examples (p 9-10) that annoy Gregory, but Syme’s childish interruptions here and there. These remarks reflect his character greatly, he is selfish, egoistic, and the scene where he becomes “Thursday”, one could also claim that he is delusional. As he is brought before the council with Gregory, he steals the “spotlight” and is inaugurated “Thursday”. Blinded by his selfish thirst for adventure and thrill, he puts himself in an odd position; a chairman of anarchists, the very thing he disagrees and even is working to stop. This is where his transformation begins.
Being “Thursday” does not set in until Syme makes his way to the hotel to meet the other days of the week. Slowly realizing that he is in over his head. We see the first signs of his arrogant facade decay, as he becomes uneasy about the situation. While contemplating snitching on the anarchists to a policeman from the balcony, he finds himself in a humbling position, between breaking his promise and the intense stare of the President. This situation does not fully shift Syme, it is this and the events to follow.
As the anarchists resume there discussion of their next action of destruction, one sees the further decay of the arrogant and “all knowing” Syme, and is introduced to the humbled patient one. By acting and speaking like an anarchist it is only natural for him to think like an anarchist to maintain his cover. At this meeting Syme is shaken, as he believes he is almost found out. After the suspicion blows over, Syme “sunk down into his seat shuddering, in a palsy passionate relief.” (Chap 6./ p 66). This is not the same Syme we were introduced to.
In a time span of less than 24 hours he has accepted his position. He knows nothing, he is in constant danger, and accepts it. One can assume that the arrogant poet in the park was nothing but a facade. At the table of anarchists Syme is humbled. His job is to survive and to stop the anarchists from achieving chaos, yet it’s through the following chaos that Syme becomes even more himself. He is bound by a promise and the magnificent President, a man who forces Syme out of his all knowing shell. By the end of the novel the other days of the week are in the same situation as Syme. Each as they learn and experience more, realize they know less, and are at peace with the chaos. They find the order in the chaos. Syme finds himself in the chaos. The President/Sunday/the man in the dark room guides them on an extraordinary journey that answers everything and yet nothing at the same time. The adventure is the experience Syme needed to break himself down to find the order and chaos underneath the mask, however,it turns out the course of events that Syme experienced was a dream. This dream of him breaking down the way he sees himself to the person he needs or should be was in his mind the whole time, he is there for himself.