Plagiarism Phenomenon Research Paper
In the process of learning and creating new ideas in the institutions of learning, knowledge is founded on previous ideas and experiences drawn from other people. When the new ideas we create are written down, people want to differentiate which are your ideas and the building blocks from which they are based. This is done by citing the sources of your building blocks. When this is not done and the student present ideas of others as their own, it is called plagiarism.
Plagiarism is defined by the Instrument of Student Judicial Governance section II.B.1. as “the deliberate or reckless representation of another’s words, thoughts, or ideas as one’s own without attribution in connection with submission of academic work, whether graded or otherwise.” (Plagiarism Par 1). This cheating can result to punishment by the school authorities, course failure or suspension.
Policies on plagiarism
Plagiarism in all its forms is a serious offence in institutions of learning and students should take initiative to educate themselves about it. Any work presented for marking in the institutions is supposed to be checked for plagiarism by the professors and reported if such instances are found and an investigation is launched.
A plagiarism policy in the University of Sydney states that “Where an Examiner detects or is made aware of alleged Plagiarism or Academic Dishonesty by a student; the Examiner must report the alleged Plagiarism or Academic Dishonesty to a Nominated Academic” (University of Sydney p. 8).
Once found guilty, a record is made in student’s record and the situation may even lead to expulsion. Another rule on plagiarism is that students copying or using another students work. In this case, both students are guilty since no one should make his/her work available to another student unless under instructions to do so by the instructor (Department of Sociology Para 4).
Plagiarism occurs in many ways some deliberate and others negligent (University of Sydney p. 4). Plagiarism covers the act of presenting ideas that have been used in previous works regardless of how they are expressed without citing.
Failure to cite properly any work copied word to word from works of others whether a few words or segments or paragraphs can result to plagiarism. Nonetheless, extensive copying is unlawful even if cited.
In addition, plagiarism results when everything that is not common knowledge is written without acknowledging the author or the original source. Finally, it is a plagiarism crime to copy word to word works obtained from the World Wide Web or even presenting a whole paper from the internet as one’s work.
Consequences of Plagiarism
There are many consequences of plagiarism depending with the parties involved. For students, plagiarism may result to expulsion from school or temporal suspension. Different colleges and universities have different rules to deal with plagiarism. In some instances the grade of the person is lowered which in other instances, the person is awarded no marks.
Whichever the case, the effect of plagiarism on the life of a student cannot be underestimated. It may mean the end of a persons’ career or even cause a delay that may end up having a great effect on someone’s life.
In a real life situation, plagiarism may carry different charges. According to INFORMS Guidelines for Copyright & Plagiarism Para 12) an author can be banned from publishing his publication for some time if he is caught with plagiarized material. Similarly, if some a person happens to be an employee in an editorial firm, plagiary can result to a dismissal. However, it is important to note that the ad hoc plagiarism committee has the right to impose any type of sanction depending with the level of plagiarism and the prevailing circumstances.
Plagiarism is a serious offence and should be taken seriously by every person in the society. It is a real phenomenon and students are affected once they violate the policies as stated “Every year, students are expelled from Rutgers University for committing plagiarism” (Department of Sociology par 1).
It is however easy to avoid plagiarism as one only requires to avoid using someone’s ideas as his own. Citing is one perfect example of avoiding the same. Several learning institutions have established policies to help deal with the issue of plagiarism which is a major step because students are taught how to avoid it while in school and in future.
Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Criminal Justice. Plagiarism Policy. 2007. Web..
INFORMS Guidelines for Copyright & Plagiarism. 2010. Web. Plagiarism. 2007. Web..
University of Sydney. Academic Board Policy: Academic Dishonesty and Plagiarism. 2009. Web..
Plagiarism Definition and Effects Definition Essay
One definition of plagiarism as offered by one web article quotes “plagiarize means to steal and pass off either ideas or words of another as one’s own. It is the use of another’s production without crediting the source and the committing of literal theft.” (What Is Plagiarism?).
Many individuals view the topic of plagiarism as basic ‘copying and pasting’, which masks the reality of such a serious and prosecutable offense. Considering the nature of how such an act is committed, it has common occurrences; a vast amount being in schools, the music industry and even the workplace.
There has been a rapid increase in the amount of plagiarism cases reported in schools recently, which is believed to have doubled compared to two years ago. The issue of cheating has caused a majority of schools to start utilizing plagiarism-detection software to catch up with students. (Williams).
Despite having such software, some very tech savvy students still manage to evade detection. The occurrence of plagiarism in schools has significant effects on Education which may include; loss of a degree or job and poor critical thinking skills. Once plagiarized work is passed on as original, the student stands a great chance to lose their degrees and in addition to that, they develop a poor ability to engage in critical thinking which is important in being an individual. (Hall)
Plagiarism in the workplace or professional plagiarism is common mainly in industries like marketing or any other that involves drawing, writing, taking pictures or just creative thinking. An example of such an incident took place at the Researcher’s place of work. The Researcher once explained a method of solution to her boss; her boss then relayed the information to her immediate superior and took credit for it. In other words, this incident adequately defines the topic of plagiarism.
Plagiarism in Music probably has the second highest number of occurrences behind Education. There have been numerous reports of celeb singers who have been accused of and prosecuted for plagiarism in their music. Lady Gaga who is a very popular pop singer was recently accused for plagiarism in her new hit single ‘Judas’ by singer/songwriter Rebecca Francesscatti. Francesscatti claims Gaga copied portions from her music and is now seeking recognition for her creation and an undisclosed amount in damages. (Lund)
Whether intentional or unintentional, ‘Plagiarism’ is a prosecutable crime which occurs often in varying environments. As the saying goes “prevention is better than cure”, it is better to try and prevent committing such an act than to deal with the consequences. There are a number of measures one may take to prevent plagiarism.
For individuals particularly involved in education, it is imperative that you know how to paraphrase, quote and cite sources properly. Once you know how to do that, you have significantly lowered your chances of such occurrences. In addition to that, there is a vast amount of software that helps you to correctly cite your sources and check for plagiarism. Furthermore, the Researcher believes that once an individual understands the concept of plagiarism and how unethical it is, they will try harder to produce an original paper.
Hall, Shane. “Effects of Plagiarism on Education” ehow.com. n.d. Web.
Lund, Anthony. “Lady Gaga Faces Judas Plagiarism Claims”. Musicrooms. 2011. Web.
What Is Plagiarism? Plagiarism.org. n.d. Web.
Williams, Rachel. “Internet Plagiarism Rising in Schools”. guardian.co.uk. 2010. Web.
Paraphrasing and Plagiarism Term Paper
Paraphrasing refers to the act of using the content or materials of another writer in your own words (UNSW para. 1). By and large, a paraphrase often tends to be a shorter version of the original text, with additional insights and points of views from the writers, ultimately culminating in a logical piece of writing that has a flow.
Other writers have the tendency to forget the use of quotation marks when they have used the words or ideas or another author in their own work. As a result, they end up committing plagiarism (University of Virginia Honor Committee Supplement 2).
It is important to note that even though a good paraphrase should be ideally your own work, nonetheless, you still need to cite the original work or materials from where you obtained the ideas. A majority of the students fails to realize that they need to give credit to the original author even when they have paraphrased their work. Otherwise, such a piece of work is regarded as plagiarism.
When is it appropriate to paraphrase?
There are instances when paraphrasing may be justified. For example, assume that a student has to complete a term paper on the incidents of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder among war veterans. In this case, it is important to note that this is a scientific term paper and as such, there are certain key words or scientific terms that cannot be substituted in their meaning.
For this reason, paraphrasing could be justified. In addition, paraphrasing may be necessary when the writer has been requested by an instructor to summarize a given article (for example, in the case of an annotated bibliography) within a limited number of words.
In this case, the student has little choice of adding their own incites and observation into such a piece of work. In addition, in case a writer feels that they are in a position to represent the contents of a given source in a more coherent manner in their own words, other than those of the author such as in the use of quotation marks, it becomes necessary therefore to paraphrase such a piece of work (University of Virginia Honor Committee Supplement 2).
A proper paraphrase is one in which the writer has successfully managed to bring forth the idea(s) of another author is a more coherent and clear manner, better that the original writer (UNSW para 1). Even so, it is always important for the writer to give credit to the original authors of the ideas.
For example, let us assume that a student has paraphrased the work of another writer using their own words but has failed to cite the original source. If the instructor manages to match some of the writer’s content with the work of the original author whom the writer failed to give credit by proper citing, the instructor would in such a case deem the student to have committed an act of plagiarism, as opposed to paraphrasing.
We need to realize that there is nothing wrong with using the ideas of other writers in our own work. However, when we fail to realize the need to give credit to the paraphrased work from another author, then we are indeed committing an act of plagiarism, and this is unethical. Therefore, discipline and the issue of ethics are important in academia because without these, we would not give credit to the authors attributed to the original ideas of our work.
University of Virginia Honor Committee Supplement. Understanding Plagiarism and Paraphrasing. January 2010. 02 December, 2010. https://honor.virginia.edu/plagiarism-supplement
UNSW. Paraphrasing, Summarizing & Quoting. 2010. Web.
Cheating Plagiarism Essay
The education system is faced with a lot of challenges one of them being cheating on assignments and exams. The main reason behind cheating in colleges is usually to pass in examination and reach the expected grades.
Many students suffer from transition from high school to colleges and the believe that college education is tougher than that in high school makes them panic hence the temptation to cheat in exams. The learning atmosphere in colleges for instance lack of strict rules and much freedom also may make the students relax and forget their studies hence cheating due to lack of adequate time to revise for exams.
All in all the factors that lead to cheating do not in any way justify the wrong act and the students usually face a lot of consequences (Hinrichsen par 6). This paper gives an insight into some of the consequences faced by university students because of cheating in exams with much emphasis on the cheating/ plagiarism policy in the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV).
Should UNLV maintain and apply strict cheating/plagiarism policies?
Most universities and colleges apply very strict cheating policies upon those who are caught cheating in either their assignments or examinations in an effort to correct this bad behavior and uphold integrity of their students and the school organization as a whole. UNLV is not an exception and cheating students have to face numerous consequences for instance lower grades, suspension/probation, and worst still expulsion from the learning institution.
The academic sanction dependent on the seriousness of the cheating, the university’s stipulated rules and regulations in regard to cheating, among other considerations. The internet has contributed to plagiarism to a great extent. “The internet has made it easier for university students to access other people’s work which can then be cut and pasted into their own essays” (Anonymous par 4).
Cheating in schools is an aspect that has been viewed with a lot of controversy with some individuals and groups advocating for strict policies while others stating that ethical measures would work better. I propose that ethics be advocated for in UNLV since even with the application of the strict plagiarism policies, there are still cases of cheating as some students are very good at breaking rules as long as there are some benefits accrued to it.
Some of them also cheat because they are not aware of the long term consequences they may suffer for instance lack of creativity and innovation as well as being irresponsible and unaccountable in their general undertakings.
The students should be made to understand the benefits of originality and hard work as well as the drawbacks associated with plagiarism so that they may make inner decisions to uphold integrity in their academic work as opposed to where they do it under the influence of the strict policies. This could be achieved through the integration of integrity in the university’s values and culture (Smith par 3).
Cheating in exams and assignments (essays) among college and university students is in the rise due to the access of the internet and poor culture where integrity is not a key aspect. Students usually find themselves taking advantage of cheating at the expense of working hard.
It is thereby advisable that the education systems in universities be revised where the importance of ethics should be impacted to the students to ensure that the students are able to be resourceful and responsible even in their professional careers and other general life matters.
Anonymous. Conference to Tackle University Plagiarism Problem. Guardian.co.uk.2006. Web.
Hinrichsen, Erik. “Consequences of Cheating on Exams in College’. Bright Hub, 2010. Web.
Smith, Andrew. “Consequences for Cheating in School”. Ehow. 2011. Web.
Paper Analysis: Instructional Document about Plagiarism and the Internet Essay (Critical Writing)
Instructional documents are a valuable way of passing information to a desired audience. The effectiveness of these documents can be increased or hampered by the choices made in their creation.
Recently, I undertook the task of making an instructional document about plagiarism and the internet with my intended audience being Saudi students. The major aim of the document was to persuade the students to avoid this counterproductive habit in their school work. In this paper, I will analyze the choices in style and content that I made while creating my instructional document on plagiarism.
This analysis will include an in depth look at the effectiveness of the format choice, color choice and the tone used in conveying the message. I will also address the less successful choices that I made in the presentation. This detailed analysis of the instructional document will enable me to review the successful choices that were made and gauge their effectiveness. Things that could have been done to improve the document will also be addressed.
The instructional document was about plagiarism and the aim of the text was to persuade Saudi Students to desist from engaging in this practice. As a tool of persuasion, the document appealed to the desire by students to succeed. It did this by stressing on the seriousness of plagiarism and highlighting the negative outcomes of plagiarism such as; expulsion from school and a bad reputation for the student for the rest of their education and careers.
In Saudi Arabia, success is greatly valued and a student who succeeds is seen as having brought pride and glory to his family. The student who fails on the other hand brings shame to his family. The document goes on to remind the student that ignorance of plagiarism is not an excuse for engaging in this activity. As such, the student who plagiarizes by mistake will still face the harsh consequences.
Throughout the paper, orange and red have been used as the background color. This is significant since in Saudi Arabia, the colors orange and red are used to represent danger. By using these colors in the instructional document, the audience is reminded of the gravity of the matter and the danger that can arise from engaging in plagiarism. Naturally, Saudi students are socialized to avoid unnecessary dangers at all time.
The use of orange and red all through the document reminds the students that the subject matter is grave and therefore due attention should be given.
It can therefore be expected that the students took the instructional document seriously. The theme colors used is consistent all through the presentation. This is a successful choice since it gives the paper a uniform feel. The audience is therefore not distracted as would be the case if each slide had a different color theme. Without these distractions, it can be assumed that the audience is able to pay closer attention to the message that is being communicated through the presentation.
A major factor in effective communication is presenting information in a manner that is relevant to the audience. The information presented in the instructional document is concise and easily understood. For example, the paper makes use of short sentences whose meaning is easily understood by the students.
This is a significant strength since the audience can at a glance get the message that is being communicated. The use of bullets in some of the pages enhances the readability of the document therefore making it an efficient communication tool. My text formatting in the document therefore enhanced the ability of the document to achieve its role of persuading students against plagiarism.
The document made very good use of images to enhance the message being communicated. To begin with, the first page made use of a Mosque which is a very significant symbol in Saudi Arabia. The use of this religious image was very helpful in persuading the students not to engage in plagiarism since Islam is the foundation of the Saudi community. The document appeals to the religious basis since Islam does not approve of practices such as plagiarizing.
Another image used is in the fourth slide, which has a background with the letter “F”. For many educational institutes, “F” is the grade that represents a fail. This image is used on the same page where the consequences of plagiarism are being discussed. By using this background, the audience is reminded of the fact a common consequences of plagiarism is failing in the course. The students are therefore persuaded to avoid plagiarizing or face the risk of attaining the “F” grade in their courses.
The tone used to pass information is very important since it influences the readiness of the audience to receive the information. The attitude of the audience towards the message can also be impacted by the tone used. In my instructional document, I used a solemn but respectful tone. Respect is of great importance in the Saudi Arabian culture and one is expected to be respectful to others at all time.
By using a respectful tone and decent language, the students in Saudi Arabia are more likely to abide by the information given in the document. The tone used by the paper is also confident which means that the information given can be taken to be true. Even so, a stern tone is adopted which helps to stress the sobriety of the information being given. The students being communicated to will therefore know that the subject matter (plagiarism) is to be treated with great seriousness.
The choice in text font is also used to increase communication effectiveness. The document does not make use of any fancy font so as to denote the seriousness of the message being communicated. The font face used for the text throughout the presentation is Times New Roman which is a fairly formal font. The Audience is therefore made to realize that the matter being discussed is of a serious nature. If a cursive text font had been used, the serious nature of the subject may not have been communicated effectively as it was in this case.
All the slides contain some words in Arabic which are warning students to refrain from plagiarism. This use of Arabic is effective in reaching out to the Saudi students, most of whom are familiar with the language. It also adds emphasis to the English text in persuading the students not to engage in plagiarism.
Less Successful Choices
While the document properly serves its purpose in advising against plagiarism, there were not very successful. The first choice is that the document did not make use of the image of the mosque as efficiently as it should have.
Having an image of the mosque in every slide would have made the message more effective since it would have reinforced the fact that Islam prohibits plagiarism. Islam is an integral factor in Saudi society and the religion holds great influence in many faucets of the Saudis lives. This fact should have been better used to increase the changes of the paper persuading the students even more.
Another less successful choice in the presentation is in the use of transition effects. The document lacks any animation or transition effects. While this has the advantage of ensuring that the students are not unnecessarily distracted from the message being communicated, the presentation may be unappealing for the students.
Lack of transitions also means that the student can read the contents of an entire slide at a glance. This is a disadvantage when the presentation is being made by a speaker in person. Use of transitions and animations would have made the instructional document even more engaging for the students hence increase its effectiveness.
In this paper, I set out to analyze the choices in style and content that I made while creating my instructional document on plagiarism. It has been noted that images such as the Mosque and the letter “F” have been used to convey messages to the students. The color orange has also been exploited to enhance the sobriety of the subject matter.
From the analysis done herein, I can conclude that I reached the Case Goal in my instructional document. Even so, this analysis has enabled me to discover that there are things that I could have done to make the paper even more effective in its persuasion efforts.
Plagiarism and Academic Integrity Essay
Plagiarism is referred to as literary theft and academic dishonesty, which usually occurs when someone copies the work, ideas and opinions of another author and expresses them as though they are his own without giving credit to the originator. It is very common among higher learning academicians especially when doing write ups for their projects, term papers or thesis.
Plagiarism is a very serious offence and it can attract penalties since copyright takes authors words as his own property and the author has rights to sue in the court of law in case of plagiarism. Plagiarizing not only involves written materials but also piracy in music and other properties.
On the other hand academic integrity refer to a situation whereby students in higher learning institution hold highly on the moral values academics and do their work honestly without cheating (Drinan and Gallant, 2010). It encourages acts of independent learning and critical thinking (White, Owens, and Nguyen 2007).
To maintain academic integrity, academicians should avoid acts of dishonesty, cheating, plagiarism among others. Institutions of higher learning should encourage academic integrity since it really helps students to develop academically and it makes it easy for them to face all kinds of challenges in their area of study.
Academicians give several reasons for plagiarizing some of which include: to help a friend, time pressure, extenuating circumstances, peer pressure, to increase the mark, monetary reward, fear of failure, everybody does it, laziness, lack of research skills, institution admission criteria, poor academic skills, student understanding of plagiarism, external pressure to succeed, careless tutors and invigilators, among others (Devlin and Gray, 2007).
Other reasons may be the advanced technology where by information is readily available online, financial problems where the student cannot afford resource materials, and low chance of being caught. Let us look at some of these reasons in details.
The following essay will show clearly what academic integrity entails, the reason behind plagiarism and how academicians may overcome it to maintain academic integrity.
Peer pressure is a very common scenario in many learning institutions and many students are not able to curb the challenge effectively (Devlin and Gray, 2007). International students are likely to fall to peer-pressure than local ones since they may be seeking comfort and friendship in a place far away from home where they are not familiar with most places and lifestyle. Peer pressure maybe as a result of several factors.
For example, a student may be working very hard to do an assignment honestly but on realizing that most of her classmates are plagiarizing, he/she may prone to do it too. In other instances, the local students in to adventure and having fun may easily influence international students and since they are new to the environment, they may have fun at the expense of the assignment leading to plagiarizing (Vermaat, 2008, Peer, 2009).
International students in higher learning institutions are usually involved in many activities such as jobs, family responsibilities and may be having many units to cover. This is because most of them are usually far away from their families thus they have to cater for their basic needs as they learn.
For instance, most of the international students in the institutions of higher learning do their studies part time after their usual economic businesses. Others are obsessed with having fun leaving very little time for their academic activities while some are generally lazy (Devlin and Gray, 2007).
Due to their big workload, they ought to have a very clear schedule for their activities. The ability of a student to manage his/her time well in college is a key to his/her success. Most of the research papers in higher learning institutions are meant to gauge the student qualification for the area he/she may be covering thus requires ample time.
Plagiarism in this case may be accelerated by procrastination whereby the student keeps on pushing the time to work on his paper until he/she is caught up with the deadline (UNSW, 2010). When students are caught up with the deadline, they are prone to panic and are therefore not able to concentrate or do enough research for their paper. They may end up getting involved in plagiarism to save the situation.
Most international students find it hard to adopt the new curriculum and may not be keen on giving enough time to their research paper because of the advanced technology. They know that they can still get the information from the internet or other books thus being reluctant.
They may also be going through financial strain as they adapt to the new lifestyle or because their guardians are far away thus looking for means to support themselves as they do their studies. This may lead them to poor time management since the job may be draining most of their time leaving them with very little time for their research paper.
Pressure to succeed
Whenever a student joins any institution of higher learning, failing is never an option and the mission right from day one is to get the best grades possible. The pressure may even be more for international students since it takes some so much sacrifice and strain to seek better education at international institutions.
Pressure to succeed and fear of failure is perceived form all direction. For instance, the parents will always be proud of their child if he/she succeeds, the college always sets pass mark giving a student pressure to pass, whoever is learning also gets satisfaction and fulfillment after succeeding, the job market first absorbs the successful students, and in essence pressure to succeed comes from all direction (Sutherland-Smith, 2008)
The education system is so materialistic in a manner that there is always a reward for the successful student and therefore the student will take every action that will help him/her succeed. In this case, whenever a student is given any form of assignment, chances of plagiarism are so high since he/she to present the best work possible.
Through plagiarism, a student is assured of a better grade without putting so much effort or thinking too hard. Some students may be promised monetary gains in case of success while others may be lazy and want to get away with a good grade without sacrificing a lot. Other students may be taking courses they have a negative attitude towards, of which they have to pass thus making them prone to plagiarism (Devlin and Gray, 2007).
This mostly happens to international students when they realize hat most of their areas of study are different from what they were used to at home. This is probably because they do not understand the concept behind their area of study or else, there are just interested in passing to leave the area and do something of their interest. This comes about when students make uninformed decisions when choosing their area of study or guardians force them in to a certain profession.
How to overcome plagiarism
Institutions of higher learning can only curb the problem of plagiarism by fostering academic integrity, which is composed of the following principles (Drinan and Gallant, 2010): Honesty- The students and tutors should have a driving force to be honest in learning, research and in exams.
Honesty gives a student satisfaction and fulfillment on the grades achieved, enabling him/her to identify and work on his/her weak areas. For international students who may be facing challenges adapting to the new system, it is advisable to develop interest to learn and create more time in order to understand the concept.
Trust: Institutions of higher learning and their students should create an atmosphere of trust where by none of them is afraid that the other may be dishonest in one way or the other. This will minimize cases of peer pressure whereby some honest student are forced to copy since everyone in class is doing it. This way, they are able to exchange ideas freely and they can help each other build well on their research and writing talents.
Fairness: Tutors should always develop an attitude of fairness to their student’s right from the beginning whether they are local or international. They should be keen to encourage the honest students by rewarding their hard work well and putting strict measures to those caught with cases of dishonesty.
Many institutions have come up with means of capturing cases of academic dishonesty such as CCTV in exam rooms, software to detect digital plagiarism and this has encouraged student to work on their own thus getting fair rewards. Tutors should also be fair when marking papers in order to raise the morale of their students and should create a conducive environment for the international students to learn (Keuskamp and Sliuzas, 2007)
Respect: Academicians should hold the value of education dearly and with a lot of respect. Every credit in this field should be worked for and held with much integrity since it should be an evidence of the efforts the bearer has put towards its achievement. In this case students should manage their time carefully and this will enable them manage the pressure to pass without straining. It is therefore important to hold on to academic integrity and avoid cases of academic dishonesty.
Responsibility: Institutions of higher learning are meant to nature a spirit of responsibility not only in college but also in their day-to-day life. This should begin right from college where students should be responsible of their research papers by working hard without depending on other author’s materials. They should be taught the importance of time management and independence Local and international students should know the institutions mission right from the beginning in to work towards it.
Apart from the above principles of academic integrity, researchers should ensure that any information retrieved from another persons work is properly cited and references given. This can only be possible if the institution can facilitate on writing skills from the beginning of course work because many students get hardships when doing their write-ups due to lack of proper prior information.
Another way of overcoming plagiarism is through extensive discussions about it between the staff and the students in order to bring the issue to the light. This is because plagiarism has been hidden for many days through assumption that it is not a very serious issue. This leads many students to taking the issue lightly since they do not know much about plagiarism.
This is what leads to unintentional plagiarism since the student may think it is okay since no one talks about it. The staff should hole sessions with the students on time management and they way to live independently without much influence from the peers.
Academic integrity go hand in hand with plagiarism since for the former to operate, the latter should be totally avoided. When academic integrity is not upheld, it undermines the core values through which knowledge is obtained thus damaging the reputation of the larger academic community.
I would recommend that writing skills to be included in every curriculum as a common unit to give learners ample knowledge on how to learn independently and involve critical thinking whenever they are carrying out their assignments. It should be clear that plagiarism is a very serious offence, which should be discouraged in every institution. This is because most tutors and students have had a mentality that plagiarism is just one simple way of accomplishing their course of duty.
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Why Chinese Culture Leads to High Plagiarism Rate in Chinese Universities Essay
The issue of plagiarism in China and other Asian countries has worried scholars from the west and the rest of the world for centuries. The scholars live in constant fear of being denied the rightful ownership of their academic work.
The communism ideals in China dictate that all property (including ideas) is owned by the community and should therefore remain a property of the community. This makes it hard for university students to give credit to an individual for something that rightfully belongs to the community. It is important to look where this notion came from in order to look for effective ways of fighting the vice. Given its magnitude, the problem in Chinese universities cannot be solved overnight.
There is need for patience and overhaul of the existing education system that is itself a byproduct of plagiarism. By having the right mindset, we can succeed in identifying the underlying causes of the problem and effectively solve it. This will be the main goal of the research paper. Although this is hard to attain, the research has an objective of proposing small steps to be taken towards achieving the main goal. (Altbach, 2010)
The large amount of literature that has been dedicated to plagiarism in Chinese universities emphasizes the impact that culture has on the issue. This chapter will give a review of the secondary literature available on the subject. With the world having become a global village, education systems have to be harmonized to provide a fair playing ground for students from every part of the world. Different theories are appraised according to their role and significance to the present topic, that is, the rate of plagiarism in Chinese universities.
According to Martin (1994), high-ranking officials perpetuate plagiarism when they use junior staff to write their speeches and later on fail to acknowledge them. Yusof (2009) upholds this claim by inferring that this trend moves down to the lower officials and finally to students making it even more complex. Yusof (2009) further claims that the idea of plagiarism is foreign to students especially from Chinese setting.
According to Gill (2008), having insight in the Chinese cultural dimensions is the first step toward tackling this dynamic problem. Altbach (2010) identifies China’s academic culture as a key issue hindering the plagiarism fight in Chinese universities. According to Friedma & Gump (2010), Chinese universities will form the backbone of China’s future economic growth.
However, they claim that the culture of academic plagiarism will most definitely harbor this process. In the light of this proposal, China Daily (2010) observes that the country has taken important steps to ensure that it curbs the spread of academic fraud in its universities. Other people who have tried to initiate research on the plagiarism subject include Ary, et. al. (2006) among other scholars.
Having studied the broad outline of the research on the role played by culture in explaining the high levels of plagiarism, the research paper will go further and define the borders of the research namely, Research Approach, Research Strategies, Data Collection Methods and distribution of the data and information to reach the conclusions of the research. In this respect, deductive and inductive approaches to this paper are eminent. This is because the plagiarism problem is widespread in all Chinese universities.
The research strategy revolves around collecting data from different universities in China, electronic media and online libraries and then applying different theories based on the data collected to provide valuable information regarding the plagiarism issue in Chinese universities. The data is then presented in a realistic manner to make a conclusion on the data provided. In this research, the main sources of data will mainly be secondary i.e. electronic media and online libraries.
Given that the report relies heavily on secondary data, there are bound to be limitations. Electronic media and online libraries are subject to manipulation and stereotyping in order to suit the personal interest of the researcher and may therefore substantially impair objectivity and integrity of the research. However, this will be overcome by using only credible online sources. (Yusof, 2009)
The research paper will be expected to expose the magnitude of the Chinese plagiarism problem. The report will also propose ways through which the problem can be tackled effectively. The success of the report will be seen when small changes begin to be effected in the education system following the release of the research.
Considered that the report identifies Chinese universities to be the tool that will catapult the nation into its next phase of economic development, it is expected that the report will be given primacy during the implementation stage. (Gill, 2008)
Given the enormity of the problem, the report will implement initial measures that will have to be carried out in the first six months following the release of this report. The research paper will also give a timeline chart containing an action plan that will have to be adhered to during the implementation process.
This will ensure that the report is not left to gather dust as many others that have been produced on the same issue have done. This timeline is expected to produce initial reforms that will pave the way for a complete overhaul of the Chinese university system that condones plagiarism. (China Daily, 2010)
Cost and Expenses
Since it is expected that implementing the recommendations of the report will take up substantive amount of labor and money, the report will propose a fiscal budget that will determine the amount of money expected to be used. In proposing the budget, the report will consider the current billable hours per person currently being used in the market. In order to avoid unseen pitfalls on the way, the report will also allow a margin of error to cater for all the unexpected challenges. (China Daily, 2010)
Altbach, P. (2010). Academic Fraud and the Academic Culture in China – and Asia. Web.
Ary, D. et. al. (2006). Introduction to Research in Education. Seventh Edition. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.
China Daily. (2010). China Cracks Down on Academic Fraud, Plagiarism. Web.
Friedma, P. & Gump, A. (2010). Plagiarism and China’s Future Economic Development. Web.
Gill, J. (2008). Cultural Insight Can Help Tackle Plagiarism. Web.
Martin, B. (1994). Plagiarism: A Misplaced Emphasis. Journal of Information Ethics. 3 (2). 36-47.
Yusof, D. (2009). A Different Perspective on Plagiarism. The Internet TESL Journal. 15 (2). Web.
Plagiarism Effects Essay
Plagiarism is the practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them as one’s own without proper acknowledge the original author. During the 18th century, copying or imitation of artistic work or expression was not considered to be a moral offense or something unethical. It was encouraged and highly regarded as being extremely close to the masters’ work. This was to discourage unnecessary inventions during the roman movement (Morgan & Renolds, 1997).
In the late 18th century, there was a wave of artistic inspirations, and artists started selling their work. It became necessary for people to do individual creative work, especially in academia and journalistic circles. It is a moral offence or an academic dishonesty to try to pass off plagiarized material as one’s own.
It is a very serious offence with severe consequences. Imitation and copying are still tolerated by artists. It is, therefore, advised that if one borrows or replicates another person’s material, he/she should give citations of the work. In academic institutions, plagiarism is rampant among the students. This may be attributed to the pressure to excel and strict deadlines to complete projects.
Ethical point of view on plagiarism
It is an academic fraud; this amount of dishonesty makes many institutions of learning treat plagiarism with a lot of seriousness. At high school level, some of the consequences are suspensions and failing some grades containing the copied work. In higher levels of learning, students are expelled, fail some courses and have their degrees revoked. Researchers plagiarizing other works are discredited and terminated of employment (Ashworth et al., 1997).
The purpose of education is to make students that can reason individually produce solutions to today’s life issues. When a student goes through college without copying people’s material and repeating others ideas, without attempts of being original and creative, it is an injustice to those who use a lot of resources to educate themselves. When such a lazy student is done with college, he/she cannot be creative at his work place (Strandler, 2000).
In a civilized society, one must respect other people’s property, whether intellectual property or physical property. Through plagiarism ,a student commits theft, which is unethical according to human’s standards. The educated people in these institutions of higher learning get licenses or certifications to perform various duties in society.
These licenses are awarded according to work done and evaluated. When a student plagiarizes research finding, project papers and thesis material they cannot be trusted to uphold ethical standards as doctors, lawyers, pilot or any other profession. This makes them unqualified, so it is not ethical for them to provide those services.
Effects of plagiarism
Plagiarism whether it is done intentionally or not ruins professional and academic integrity. Students can be expelled, their degrees will be held for a certain period of time or revoked (Hansen, 2003). Plagiarism destroys the relationships in the institutions. The relationship of trust of students by the teachers is destroyed making the teacher play the role of a detective for all the works submitted by the students.
The students that plagiarize are hated by those who do not plagiarize. This is because if they have not been caught yet, they get good grades that they have not worked hard for. It also destroys motivation, especially if the student is expelled and has to repeat courses. A person who plagiarizes other hard work does not have respect for people or the process of the work itself.
Effects of Plagiarism on the degree earned, and in the places of work
Over time, there have been so many incidences of students caught plagiarizing in universities that have had their degrees withheld for a certain period of time. In such cases, students work is found to have been plagiarized, years after the attainment of the degree/ certification, the institutions can revoke it.
It happens in the case of a physician whose license was revoked 10 years after he graduated in Massachusetts. Apart from the loss of self-esteem and lack of credibility among his colleagues and the rest of the community, this affects his family too. He may have plagiarized unintentionally, but he is stripped of his credentials and embarrassed in society.
This plagiarism can devalue one’s degree as soon as an incident of inquiry starts. An employer as well as an employee can terminate him/her as he/she is no longer qualified as it was previously stated in his/her degree. This also shows that that person is of questionable moral values, and it would not look good on the companies profile having such an employee there.
If a chief executive officer of a company plagiarizes his/her papers in college and got away, it will do the same thing in the business, corporate plagiarism of ideas and other frauds. To avoid plagiarism, it always gives credit to a person (Adams, 2002).
Adams, T.J. (2002). Plagiarism in the Workplace. Web.
Ashworth, P., Bannister, P., & Thorne, P. (1997).Guilty in whose eyes/university students’ perception of cheating and plagiarism in academic work and assessment. Studies in higher Education. Michigan: Claremont Graduate School.
Hansen, B. (2003). Combating plagiarism. Web.
Morgan, W.P. & Renolds, G.H. (1997). Appearance of Impropriety. California: Free Press.
Strandler, R.B. (2000). Plagiarism in colleges in USA. University of Alberta Libraries. Web.
Avoiding Plagiarism Research Paper
Plagiarism can be defined as the act of stealing another author’s work and treating it as ones original work. It is the use of another person’s ideas or thoughts without making proper acknowledgements. It can also be defined as the imitation of a certain article or publication without giving credit to the original author.
It does not only refer to the use of exact words but also how the author expresses his thoughts. It also refers to the use of another persons work without giving credit. In practice, it is required that once a person uses direct words from another source they should be in quotation marks or indented if they exceed 40 symbols and the source should also be cited.
Plagiarism is mostly witnessed in academic institutions where students are either too lazy or have no time for assignments (such as writing research papers). Instead of researching to produce their own work, they go for the easier option and copy published work. Other students do this in order to get high grades since they think that the published work has been written by experts and so it will be easy to pass. Plagiarism is not only practiced in academic institutions but also by artists.
Some artists have the tendency of copying different pieces of work to produce an article which looks original in the eyes of the readers. There are other artists who misuse employees into writing articles or other publications and publish them as their own original work. This paper looks at a brief history of plagiarism and explains why it can be classified as a form of theft. It also gives the definitions of paraphrasing, self-plagiarism, and explains how plagiarism can be avoided.
Plagiarism in the Past
In the past, plagiarism was not recognized as an offense and authors would copy the work of others without giving credit to the authors. For instance, in Europe, artists were allowed to copy other author’s work word by word in order to retain the original meaning.
Artists were discouraged from being innovative since they had to rely on other sources which sometimes were old fashioned. However, in the early 18th century, plagiarism was recognized as an immoral act which had to be discarded. Other morals (to discourage plagiarism) were set which are still applied in the education institutions and now plagiarism has become an academic fraudulence.
Other countries followed suit and banned plagiarism and any student found with a plagiarized work was penalized. However, many artists are still plagiarizing and it has become the order of the day. This has increased in the 21st century where most artist have ceased from being creative and innovative in coming up with their own work.
Plagiarism is now widely recognized as an offense and software have been developed to detect any plagiarized work. In many learning institutions, especially colleges and universities, student’s work has to pass through software to detect whether it is original work.
The same applies to authors where their work has to be scrutinized by the publishing companies before it is accepted for publishing. Rules have been set regarding plagiarism and all authors must comply with them. With the setting of such rules, young but innovative minds have been protected from old authors who had the tendency of stealing other people’s ideas.
People are now free to come up with their own ideas and present them for publication without fear. This has also led to an increase in the level of creativity and many people are now competing with their own ideas rather than relying on the work of others. However, there is still the threat of piracy which many governments have not been able to deal with. Some authors are nowadays not afraid of plagiarism but of piracy especially if they earn their living from writing.
Can Plagiarism Be Regarded as a Crime?
We can not classify plagiarism as a crime but as a violation of morals. It is a civil matter which can not be prosecuted in court but attracts some civil penalties. Plagiarism is a serious offence for artists and may result in suspension or total expulsion. If a writer is reported with more than one cases of plagiarism, his career might be at stake because he may even lose some of his other work. Therefore, there is need to try all means that can be applied to avoid plagiarism.
Plagiarism is a form of theft but it is not the same as piracy. The latter can be defined as the sale of unauthorized copies of work, an act that deprives off the original author some of his profits but does not interfere with his credit. Depriving a writer some of his profit can also be termed as theft, but in plagiarism focus is directed on the author’s credit other than his profit. Depriving an author of credit may be a form serious of theft than piracy because it interferes with the future of the author’s career.
Ideas, thought and expression belong to the author and can be said to be private property, or the author’s intellectual property. Plagiarism is therefore the act of stealing the work of others and taking the credit of ownership of the work, thereby depriving original writers their intellectual property and the benefits that come with it. Many people think that plagiarism is taking the exact wording of another author without giving credit but believe that paraphrasing of such work is not wrong.
However, rewarding another’s ideas or thought is just like stealing property such as a vehicle and changing its color. The only difference between physical theft and stealing of literary work is that, ideas or thoughts are intangible and can not be identified. On the other hand, physical objects are identifiable and can even be valued in monetary terms. However, if objects are stolen, they remain stolen until they get back to the original owner.
For ideas, it is possible to build new ideas from the old ones to create a new concept without plagiarizing. Unlike physical objects that cannot be taken without permission from the owner, ideas can be picked up as long as the author is recognized. Sometimes, people remember ideas without remembering their source because it is very easy to remember ideas than it is to recall their source. Therefore, it is possible for one to plagiarize without having the intention to do so or without even realizing it.
Learning how to avoid plagiarism is a rather difficult task that requires careful training, unlike learning how to avoid theft of a physical object. This gives an explanation why some of the renowned writers of the past are sometimes accused of plagiarism without their intention to do so. In the past, it was not a must for writers to cite sources and only did so to invoke authority, unlike today when conventions have changed.
Another difference between theft of physical object and plagiarism is that one can take an abandoned property and that may not be considered as theft while for plagiarism, taking ideas of an anonymous writer and treating them as ones original ideas is considered as stealing.
If ideas and words can be treated as mere property and plagiarism as a form of theft, then, people would be buying and selling the rights of authorship from one person to another, for instance, the case of commercial term-paper services. In these services, original writers sell their work for money.
A person using such services cannot be considered as stealing the authorship of another person because the original author does not want the credit. However, credit of authorship is not for sale and can never be given away and those who do it are not authorized to do so.
What is of importance in the realm of ideas is not the ownership of the rights to a certain piece of work but the originality. Credit of authorship can never be given to any other person except the original author. It is not transferable even if both parties come into agreement for such an arrangement. Even when the original author dies, he remains to be remembered for his ideas for many centuries. Ideas and thoughts can be considered to be closer to moral actions than to property and responsibility of the work is not inheritable.
This can be defined as the use of different words other than the ones used by a certain author to refer to the authors ideas. It can also be defined as the restatement of ideas to come up with a different meaning. When paraphrasing, one does not need to use direct quotes but should acknowledge the original writer.
Paraphrasing is almost the same as writing a summary of a piece of work although paraphrases are more detailed. At the end of the paraphrased statement, the writer should include the source where the information was borrowed. Failure to cite the source is referred to as plagiarism and it is a moral violations.
Paraphrases try to retain the essential meaning of information while different words are being used. However, if the information is interpreted differently, this becomes original work and does not need to be cited. Almost all authors paraphrase in their work as they try to relate their work with that of others.
The first step in paraphrasing is to understand the message in the passage; this can be done by a quick review of the passage and then reading through the passage more carefully word by word to get its meaning. The ideas are then stated in different words defining the complex ones. Editing is necessary if the words were written in a hurry to ensure that the essential meaning is retained and a citation is given at the end of the paraphrased text. The text is then checked against the original passage for accuracy of the tone and meaning.
Paraphrase differs from a translation in that a paraphrase does not change the language but expands the original thought by use of examples or definition to make a certain passage more understandable. This does not imply that the message is changed but it is built upon or simplified into an understandable language.
Paraphrasing is mostly used by students as they write academic papers or when carrying out research concerning a certain aspect. They use different sources such as journals, magazines, websites, or books to borrow information to include in their writing. in this, all the sources used should be cited and a reference list provided for the same.
Samuelson observed that, there are several factors that may allow an artist to reuse some of his previous work. Some of these factors are: if there a certain publication can not make sense if the previous work was not included, if the author writes a continuation of the previous work, if previous work lays the foundation of the present work, and if the audience are different and the author wants to send the same message. This is referred to as self-plagiarism and it only applies to the same artist.
However, there are limitations on how previous work is used and the writer can not cut and paste a whole page from his previous work and treat it as a new piece of work. Nonetheless, he is allowed to borrow ideas or quote directly from his previous work without making citing the source.
But an author is not allowed to use another persons work even if it is related to the subject he is writing on) with giving credit to the other author. It is worth noting that, writing is a career practiced by many people and most of them earn a living out of it. If people are allowed to duplicate other people’s work without giving credit, then this career would loss meaning and some people might be exploited.
How to Avoid Plagiarism
The first step in avoiding plagiarism is to understand the meaning of this term because ignorance is never accepted as an excuse for violation of the rules of plagiarism. Intentional plagiarism, for instance copying or deliberate use of another author’s work without acknowledgement, or submission of an already written paper as ones original work can result in suspension. Unintentional plagiarism is copying of another’s work without having an intention to do so or due to ignorance.
There are people who do not know about plagiarism and think that by duplicating other people’s work, they will produce a high quality paper that will appeal to a majority of readers. However, either of these cases is regarded as plagiarism and is liable to equal punishment. Most schools in the developed countries prohibit their students from plagiarizing other people’s work and those who are reported with such cases face serious consequences which include suspicion, assignment cancellation, or even expulsion from the learning institution.
Direct quotes should be put in quotation marks and the source and page number cited at the end or beginning of the quote. In case of paraphrasing of ideas into other words, citations should be provided. An author’s work does not only refer to the exact words used, but also the ideas, art, graphics, and other creative expression. It may also consist of graphs, writing, pictures, websites, diagrams, and many other features.
The term source in academic writing refers to publications such as books, newspapers, magazines, movies, photos, or plays; or unpublished writings such as lecture notes, handouts, speeches and other student’s papers. The use of such materials without proper acknowledges amounts to plagiarism.
In citing sources, the first step is to identity the source, the author’s name, date of publication and the page number where the text is extracted from. After citing the author’s name, year of publication and page number in the text, the next step is to provide full details of that source at the end of the paper on a separate page. A list of all the sources used is given on the last page according the writer’s preferred referencing methods.
There are different methods for citing sources; they include MLA, APA, Chicago, or Harvard. Other methods of referencing are use of footnotes and endnotes. In these methods, raised numbers are used at the end of a quoted phrase or a borrowed idea which directs the reader to the source where the idea or phrase was extracted. This source can either be found at the bottom of the page for the case of a footnote or at the end of the paper for endnotes.
Which method is used to cite sources, a reference list must be provided at the end of the paper with more details of the author’s name, title of publication, publisher’s name and year of publication. If the citation is from an electronic source such as website, the URL should be included in the reference list.
As discussed above, plagiarism is the use of another’s work with making proper acknowledge. It is a form of theft that is almost similar to physical theft but differs in some aspects. For instance, taking a physical object (such as a car) that has been abandoned can not be considered as theft while taking the work of anonymous writer amounts to plagiarism.
Physical objects can be sold and ownership transferred from one person to another whereas the right of authorship of any literary work can never be sold. The original author retains the right of authorship even after death and can never be sold or transferred to another person even if he is the next of kin.
However, Plagiarism does not imply that, an author can not use another person’s work but it limits the way this is done. If an author (artist) uses direct words from another source, he should quote them with quotation marks or indent them if more than forty. He should then provide a reference list or biography, depending on the referencing style used. In -text citation are also required for any ideas or thoughts borrowed from another source.
The best way to avoid plagiarism is to use words or ideas that have not been used by another author. However, this becomes difficult for some people and has to rely on the ideas of other to produce their work. In such a case, the original author should be given credit as failure to do so is plagiarism.
Anderson, Judy. Plagiarism, copyright violation, and other thefts of intellectual property: an annotated bibliography with a lengthy introduction. New York: McFarland, 1998.
Broome, Marion. E. “Self-plagiarism: oxymoron, fair use, or scientific misconduct?” Nursing Outlook, Vol. 52 (6), November, (2004). pp.273–274 
Clarke, Roger. “Plagiarism by academics: More complex than it seems”. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, (2006). 7(2), 91–121.
Dellavalle, Robert. P et al “Frequently asked questions regarding self-plagiarism: How to avoid recycling fraud”. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, (2007). Vol. 57 (3), September, pp.527.
Gilmore, Barry. Plagiarism: Why it happens- How to prevent it. London: Heinemann, 2008.
Hart, M. & Friesner, Tim. “Plagiarism and Poor Academic Practice – A Threat to the Extension of e-Learning in Higher Education?”. Electronic Journal of E-Learning. 2004. Web.
Klein, Alexander. “Opinion: Why Do They Do It?” The New York Sun. 2007. Web.
Kock, Ned. “A case of academic plagiarism”. Communications of the ACM, (1999). 42(7), 96–104.
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Loewenstein, Joseph. Ben Jonson and possessive authorship, p.3, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Lynch, Jack. “The Perfectly Acceptable Practice of Literary Theft: Plagiarism, Copyright, and the Eighteenth Century, in Colonial Williamsburg:” The Journal of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation 24, (2002) no. 4, pp.51–54.
Samuelson, Pemela. “Self-Plagiarism or Fair Use?” Communications of the ACM, (1994). 37: 21–25.
- J. Lynch, The Perfectly Acceptable Practice of Literary Theft: Plagiarism, Copyright, and the Eighteenth Century, in Colonial Williamsburg: The Journal of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation 24, (2002) no. 4, pp.51–54.
- R. Clarke, Plagiarism by academics: More complex than it seems. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 7(2), (2006). 91–121.
- A. Klein, “Opinion: Why Do They Do It?” The New York Sun. 2007.
- N. Kock, & R. Davison, Dealing with plagiarism in the IS research community: A look at factors that drive plagiarism and ways to address them. MIS Quarterly, (2003). 27(4), 511–532.
- N. Kock, A case of academic plagiarism. Communications of the ACM, (1999). 42(7), 96–104.
- M. Hart, & T. Friesner, Plagiarism and Poor Academic Practice – A Threat to the Extension of e-Learning in Higher Education?. Electronic Journal of E-Learning. 2004.
- Loewenstein, J. Ben Jonson and possessive authorship, p.3, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
- R. P. Dellavalle, “Frequently asked questions regarding self-plagiarism: How to avoid recycling fraud”. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, Vol. 57 (3), (2007) September, pp.527.
- P. Samuelson, “Self-Plagiarism or Fair Use?” Communications of the ACM, (1994) 37: 21–25.
- M. E. Broome, “Self-plagiarism: oxymoron, fair use, or scientific misconduct?” Nursing Outlook, Vol. 52 (6), (2004) November, pp.273–274 
- J. Anderson, Plagiarism, copyright violation, and other thefts of intellectual property: an annotated bibliography with a lengthy introduction. New York: McFarland, 1998.
- B. Gilmore, Plagiarism: Why it happens- How to prevent it. London: Heinemann, 2008.
Peculiarities of Plagiarism Descriptive Essay
Plagiarism is one of the most crucial problems of academic writing. Today, the level of plagiarism increases due to the easy access of Internet sources. Many students copy the sentences or the ideas of the researchers or other students without marking it as the citation. The results of such method of writing lead to a number of problems.
First of all, copying someone’s words, the student does not reflect about the real meaning of the particular idea; therefore, he/she does not comprehend the topic appropriately. Moreover, in some situations, plagiarism can be considered as a crime, copyright infringement. It is obvious that plagiarism is a significant problem within the process of academic writing.
There are several aspects of possibility of plagiarism. Firstly, it may happen by chance due to the use of the facts which the student may consider as common or well-known. In this case, he/she does not provide a name of the author or source. However, this problem can be easily avoided by the use of the quotation marks and footnotes or endnotes.
Surely, everyone has the different writing ability. Therefore, many students try to search some information that can help them to cope with the assignments. They cite not only the sources which are appropriate and can be used in a paper, but also the samples of works of other students without changing the structure of sentences, paragraphs or even the whole texts.
Most of the time, such work fails the verification procedure and gets the negative responses. In order to avoid this problem, students should paraphrase sentences or to restate it in a different way. Thus, there will be evidence that the student wrote this paper by oneself and comprehended the topic well.
As it was mentioned before, when the student use the certain facts or ideas, it is necessary to mark it as a citation. The various citation styles have the different requirements of the endnotes and footnotes. However, all of them emphasize the necessity of an adequate citing.
Besides, when the student uses an appropriate quotation from a good source, this point can help to get better results. The teacher will admit that the student made a deep research, analyzing the related texts.
Additionally, today there is an access to the programs which can check the paper, indicting the sentences that have to be reworded. Although many people may suppose that this issue is not significant, I totally disagree with this statement. Plagiarism can be considered as a stealing of someone’s property and, depending of the level of seriousness, the person who uses plagiarism can bear the disciplinary or criminal liability.
Academic writing has to demonstrate the personal ability to make the research, to analyze the ideas, compare and contrast the opinions and to express the reflection. Therefore, it is absolutely wrong to present someone’s idea or text as one’s own. Simple paraphrasing and the use of quotation marks will help to solve the problem.
However, it is always necessary to pay attention to the information provided in the text in order to be sure of its originality, importance and adequacy. As the use of Internet makes thousands of sources available, the different programs that check the plagiarism are also can be accessible and used in order to solve this serious problem of academic writing.