Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt’ by Michael A. Schuman: Book Review

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

The book talks about the life and politics of Theodore Roosevelt. It starts out with his wealthy childhood in New York, through his experience with the Rough Riders, to his years as a President. He was always known as an honest and well respected young many who many people liked. He achieved many goals and became the first American to receive a Nobel Peace Prize for creating a peace treaty for the Russo-Japanese War. This book explains many specific and key points in his life. I have also learned that Teddy was a very important person.

Theodore Roosevelt was born on October 27, 1858. Theodore Jr. was called Teddie as a young boy. His father was Theodore Sr. Teddy’s mother was Martha Bulloch, but people called her Mittie. His family was very wealthy therefore they lived in a rich neighborhood near Gramercy Park in Manhattan. Since they had a lot of money, the Roosevelt family would vacation in upstate New York or the New Jersey Shore to escape the warm weather. In the summer Teedie liked being in the country. He would play outside and run around barefoot. Although Teedie loved his childhood, he was known as a sickly boy. He suffered from asthma, colds, high fevers, and he had a nervous stomach.

In 1861, the Civil War broke out. Teddie was only two and a half when the war started. His father was from New York, which was a Union state, and Teddy’s mother was from Georgia which was a Confederate state. Mittie had two brothers serving for the confederates in the war so, out of respect for his wife, Theodore Sr. paid someone to serve for him. At the end of the war, Lincoln was assassinated. Teddie went to his grandfather’s to watch them march through New York City. When he was there he met Edith Kermit Carow, who was a friend of his sister Connie. Edie and Theodore Jr. became very good friends. After the war, he started to take an interest in animals. He collected different specimens and made a collection which he called the Roosevelt Museum of Natural history.

Teddy’s father spent most of his time and money helping others and the community. Theodore Sr. established many programs for homeless children. One of them was the Newsboys Lodging House. It provided boys without homes a place to stay. When Theodore did these kinds of things Teddie thought he was the best man ever. That summer they decided to take a trip to Europe. During the trip, Teddie got sick many times. After they got back from Europe his father told him “Theodore, you have the mind but you have not the body, and without the help of the body the mind can not go as far as it should. You must make your body”. Teddie agreed to this and started working out every day. He later decided to take boxing to get stronger. As he grew stronger is health improved. He had fewer asthma attacks and fewer colds.

When he turned fifteen, his father told him that he wanted him to go to Harvard University in Cambridge. On September 27, 1876, he boarded a train to Harvard. When he got there he realized all the students were males. His classmates found him to be a very intelligent and friendly young man. When he was in college he kept many animals with him in his apartment. He also continued boxing. After a while at college the students no longer called him Teddie, they called him Ted. It was Teddy’s sophomore year when his father died from stomach cancer. After the funeral, Ted became very depressed. Although he did have some happy moments when he met this girl named Alice Lee. She was very popular and pretty and Theodore would always tell his friends that he was going to marry her. Well, his statement came true, on January 25, 1880, they became secretly engaged. When they finally told the public of their engagement Alice’s father thought she might be too young, so Teddy decided to finish out college before they got married. As Ted finished out college he was accepted into Columbia University Law school. On June 30, he graduated from Harvard. A few months later Teddy and Alice’s wedding took place on October 27. After the wedding, they took a quick honeymoon to Oyster bay. After the honeymoon, they returned to New York City where Teddy attended classes at law school. As he studied, he lost interest and found a liking to politics. At age twenty-three he was elected to the state assembly. As he joined more politics Teddy made a reputation as a man hoping to clean up corruption.

In the summer of 1883, Alice became pregnant. In February of the next year, she gave birth to a little girl. At the time Teddy went on a trip to hunt buffalo but he was thrilled to hear the news. The next morning he found out that his mother and wife were sick. His mother died on February 14, and Alice died a few hours later. Teddy remembers walking into the house and his brother Elliot told him, “There is a curse on this house. Mother is dying and Alice is dying, too”. His mother died of typhoid, which was an illness caused by bad food and water. Alice died of Bright’s disease, which was a disease that attacked the kidneys. He never spoke of Alice’s name again, he didn’t even write about her in his autobiography that he later wrote. He grieved of his loved ones die so he left his child with his sister and moved to the Dakota Territory. He built a log cabin on a ranch. Teddy loved living in the west but, he returned home in 1885 to go to the New York State Republican Convention. While he was back in New York he visited his daughter and his old friend Edith. They started to date and got married on December 2, 1886. On September 12, 1887, they had their first child which was a baby boy.

In 1888 Roosevelt was appointed Civil Service Commissioner by Benjamin Harrison. Ted then moved to Washington D.C. Harrison ran for reelection but lost to Grover Cleveland. Now that there was a new president, Teddy was still not fired. Since Roosevelt had the job for six years he was known as an honest and respectable man. In 1869, McKinley was elected President and made Teddy the assistant Secretary of the Navy. With this power, Roosevelt wanted to strengthen the Navy. About a year had passed by and he and Edith had six children. In January 1889, fights broke out in Cuba between rebels and Spanish officers. A warship named the U.S.S Maine exploded in 1898 and the Americans blamed Spain. After the explosion the Americans wanted Revenge. Teddy resigned from being the assistant secretary of the Navy and accepted a commission as a lieutenant colonel in a volunteer United States Army. Many men applied to serve. Roosevelt chose men of all different kinds of backgrounds. This is why they were known as the Rough Riders. They soon got a chance to fight and landed in Cuba on June 22. They did their job by pushing the Spanish back but, they faced heavy casualties. The United States was known as a World Power for the first time. In the 1900s Roosevelt was picked to be Mckinley’s running mate. Mckinley was inaugurated in 1901 and Roosevelt was his Vice Presidents. Then things started to change when McKinley took a trip to Buffalo, New York.

Mckinley left to go to Buffalo to attend a World’s fair. He was standing in line with a man named Leon. F. Czolgosz. Czolgosz was an anarchist. Mckinley went to shake is hand and Leon then shot him. McKinley was then rushed to the hospital. Roosevelt then came and stayed in Buffalo for a few days. Since it seemed like McKinley was getting better, Roosevelt was allowed to leave. McKinley died and Roosevelt took the oath of office. Roosevelt did many things during his presidency. He was also the youngest President in American History. Teddy believed in honest capitalism which was companies who “provide services or make products are allowed to compete fairly”. Roosevelt became the first president since Abraham Lincoln to use his full powers in office. One of his favorite sayings during office was “Speak softly and carry a big stick – you will go far”. In 1904 there was another election held. Roosevelt ran for President. He was very well-liked and people admired him and his policies. In November of 1904, Roosevelt was elected to his own term as President. After he won the election, teddy immediately said he would not run for another term in 1908.

Roosevelt kept his promise and did not run for reelection but, he made sure that Taft was the Republican nomination for President. A joke was made out of the letters of Taft’s Name; “Take Advice From Theodore”. A few months later Taft became the twenty-seventh President and Roosevelt Retired to private life. A little over two weeks after leaving the White House, Roosevelt took a trip to Africa with his son Kermit. While they were there they killed over five hundred animals. When Teddy came back from his trip he expected Taft to continue his progressive policies but, he discovered that Taft made his own policies. With this he ran for a third term but, Taft was elected as the Republican Nomination. Roosevelt decided to make his own party and call it the Bull Moose Party. Woodrow Wilson was the Democratic Nomination. Woodrow Wilson wins the election. After the election, Teddy and Kermit go on another adventure to Brazil. Roosevelt almost dies from cutting a gash in his leg from a canoe accident. Ted recovers slowly and when he returns to America, one of his dreams had been fulfilled. The Panama Canal was completed in 1914.

In 1918 there was horrible news that gave Roosevelt grief. Quentin Roosevelt was flying a plane when it was shot down and he was confirmed dead. On January 6, 1919, Theodore Roosevelt died in his sleep of a blood clot. He was sixty years old. Teddy was buried in a public cemetery in Oyster Bay. He won a Nobel Peace Prize and was called a peacemaker during his presidency. He was carved into Mount Rushmore with four other Presidents and was known as “one of the country’s greatest leaders”.

Overall my book Theodore Roosevelt by Michael A. Schuman was a very informational book. It explained many key details and important events in Theodore Roosevelt’s life. I would recommend this book to anybody looking for good information on Theodore Roosevelt. Teddy accomplished many great things in his life and was known as one of the greatest presidents.

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Theodore Roosevelt as a Model President

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

President Theodore Roosevelt was the type of President where he wanted better for everyone. He wanted a better ran country. And he wanted to be the one to do that. He formed new Acts, he set a new expectation for other Presidents. He might have been a Modern President but he was also a modern person. And a great one at that.

Theodore Roosevelt is and was considered “America’s first modern president” But what does this mean? Would it not be that every president was a modern president than before? In a way they did but with Theodore Roosevelt, he helped guide America into a time period where we developed and changed for the better. He was a very strong man who guided us in the right direction. The direction of change. And who knows where we would have ended up without his modern ways.

Theodore Roosevelt was a strong-willed man. He did not take any nonsense from anybody. If he says he was there for the people. Just like when the coal miners went on strike for a better wage, so more pay, and for safer working conditions. Theodore Roosevelt did not get involved at first, but then saw that nothing was changing. No one was coming to a conclusion. So, he had union leaders, and the coal owners come to Washington and ask them to efficiently resolve their issues.

When he did this, the union leaders wanted a third view to come in and voice an opinion to help them resolve the issue. When they came back from monitoring the conditions and pay, they finally came to a conclusion. Theodore Roosevelt did not get involved heavily. He only helped guide them in a way that would help everyone be happy and have people get back to work. He was there for the workers and wanted to help them. It might not seem like it. But he could have told the workers to get back to work or they are fired or even side with the owners and businessmen. But he tried to make everyone happy, especially the workers.

Theodore Roosevelt educated every person into wanting something greater for themselves and for their family. He pushed individuality and how to rely less on the government. He let everyone know that the government was there to help us, not that we are there to help the government. The government is there to protect us from danger. We should be our own priority. And we should be our own boss. We can speak up if we did not like anything. Theodore Roosevelt did. He did not accept anyone telling him what to do or anyone pushing him to do something. He wanted better for us, the people because we make up the United States, not the government. One protection of Individuality was the “Square Deal”, the “Three C’s” This was about, conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection. He wanted to control higher people and businesses and protect the lower class. He was here to lead us into a new era where we could be free. Not only from other countries but be free from our own business and our own agendas. He wanted all of us to fight for our own well being. He fought for our individuality. And he wanted us to fight for it too.

In the square deal act, President Roosevelt had three C’s – conservation, control, and consumer. This came to the conclusion of 6 different acts, the Newlands Act which brought irrigation to the west to bring wildlife. The Elkins Act which made railroads not be able to favor certain businesses and be fair to farmers, just make things equal for everyone. The Antiquities Act allows presidents to declare lands as landmarks. The Pure Food and Drug Act prohibited the misbranded and messed with food, drinks, and drugs to be distributed. The Meat Inspection Act had federal agents look into the meat butcheries and make sure everything is up to code. And the Hepburn Act made railways be fair to people at the railways, so no free passes to friends and family. These acts covered all of the three C’s. He wanted to protect the consumers by putting in place the, “Pure Food and Drug Act” and the “Meat Inspection Act” into place. Control of Corporations made the “Hepburn Act”, “Elkins Act”. And The Conservation of Natural Resources was the “Newlands Act” and “Antiquities Act” (Texas Gateway).

Theodore Roosevelt was a no-nonsense type of man. He did what he thought was right. He wanted to protect the people and all of the wildlife creatures, especially birds. But he wanted to be fair to everyone and give every person a chance. He wanted equality, but he did pay attention to the lower class. He wanted everyone to be at peace with working and have a fair work-life and get paid for doing a well-done job.

President Theodore Roosevelt was a model president. He was a man who wanted everything to be equal, he wanted industrialization, he wanted things to better for the American people. He shaped the Presidency for all others to come. Theodore Roosevelt did not take any nonsense from everyone, but he did have a soft spot for somethings. Of course the well fair for the American people but also for wildlife. He was a big game hunter, but he loved birds and wanted a place where they can go and be free. But a place where their natural beauty can be recognized.

Roosevelt made many things possible with his can-do attitude and his love for his country and the people in it. He was a perfect president for his time, a Model President.

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Theodore Roosevelt and His New Deal Helped Americans During the Great Depression

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

“My mother would find a few pennies and we would go to the greengrocer and wait until she threw out the stuff that was beginning to rot… Then we would go to the butcher and beg a marrow bone-(Document).” The Great Depression presented several problems that were too heavy on citizens’ shoulders. President Roosevelt would then create the New Deal to ease their suffering. It would not cure the Depression but come to people’s aid. Three of these programs helped the unemployed, the environment, and prevented another tragic depression.

Thousands of people would be looking for jobs or just unemployed in the 1930s. This changed once President Roosevelt stepped in and took action. He immediately started his work to help the Depression with programs. Many of these programs invented jobs that would help the unemployed work. Some were specifically made for young adults to work and help their family. For example, the CCC or the Civilian Conservation Corps would employ men on public work projects.

The NYA also is known as the National Youth Administration provided part-time jobs for needy students from the ages 16-25. These are only a few of many that contributed to the nation’s recovery. “It got the necessary work done. It gave teenagers a chance to work for pay… It gave my mother relief from my necessary demands of money.” This support would give many people a purpose and helped millions of people from anguish.

The environment changed dramatically in the Great Depression both in a physical and mental state. The Dust Bowl of the 1930s greatly influenced and was a cause of this as well. This event was an intense storm and drought that wiped out the crops that were meant to feed families. Not only were crops demolished, but so were millions of acres lost and livestock killed. This left about half a million people homeless and looking for food. President Franklin Roosevelt helped with the New Deal and within this, programs to help clean up the disaster that crossed the Dust Bowls path. Programs such as the CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) and the SCS (Soil Conservation Service) were introduced. These not only cleaned up the environment but gave people jobs. The SCS would promote the control and prevention of soil erosion. Employees would plant 220 million trees which would help stop the disaster from coming back. “Congress swiftly enacted and ambitious “New Deal” to deliver relief to the unemployed and those in danger of losing farms and homes-(u-s-history.com).” People came together during these dark times and fought back to regain their confidence and take their lives back.

This Great Depression was one of the greatest in history and was made sure that anything like this wouldn’t take place again. The New Deal and FDR did everything they could to ensure this. For example, bank reform was a huge help and was quickly addressed. As soon as Roosevelt came into the presidency, one of the first changes he made immediately was to shut down all the banks that were causing problems and were experiencing them. This was one of many ways he tried to help citizens to not keep losing their savings. Recover, relief, and reform was a big part of his help. Many of his programs sought to make these changes.

The Social Security Act was a very important program that provided financial security and aid to the unemployed, elderly, disabled, and dependent mothers with children. This would give pensions and survivor’s insurance. “Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed a wide number of programs to aid in the nation’s recovery after he assumed office in 1933 (Document 10).” This recovery was invented so as not to have another Depression and help needy Americans.

FDR’s decision and the presidency, in general, were greatly important and forever changed the role of the federal government. They were neglecting and non-interventive. With his help towards unemployed, the environment, and prevention of another depression he was able to make better of the situation. He will always be remembered as the president who stepped up during immense diversities.

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US Imperialism on Panama

July 31, 2020 by Essay Writer

Faith Ann Hawkins Mr. Collins World History and Geography 3 November 2018 In history, it is a common theme to see that sacrifices must be made, but can some be too drastic? Many people today know of the vital waterway called the Panama Canal. Opened in 1914, the Panama Canal was one of the greatest engineering achievements in the world.(Alfaro, 2018).

It was first a project started by France in 1881, but they quit due to engineering problems and a high worker mortality rate. The U.S took over the project in 1904. This canal cuts through the Isthmus of Panama with a 51-mile long waterway, turning a ship ride around a continent into an 8-10 hour cruise through the canal. This canal has seen many owners, including Columbia, France, and the United States.

Though, the way America got this canal is still a controversy. Was it right for Americans to do whatever it took to make this strategic waterway? The wrongdoing of this is summed up in the word imperialism. Though the Panama Canal is very important, how the U.S obtained it was not right. Imperialism is quite a strong word. At the time the canal was built, most countries sought to imperialism others for power. Imperialism is the control of one nation over another. Though, in this time era, the late eighteenth century, there was a different form of imperialism, New imperialism.

This started when countries wished to have complete control over colonies instead of just setting up trading ports and such. America, even though people don’t hear it much, was an imperializing nation too. What was so wrong with imperialism? There are many periods in history that are strong examples of to why imperialism is corrupt and wrong. There were three continents in which imperialism was very popular, Africa, India, and Asia. In southeast Asia, Great Britain was the first to start imperializing using the concept of new imperialisation. They wished to take Burma but failed.

Instead, there constant influence in Burma caused the monarchy to fall and they took over. Many countries soon heard of this and started following so they wouldn’t fall behind. New ways to rule an area appeared such as indirect rule, direct rule, and making protectorates. This colonialization caused many indigenous people to suffer. Colonizers didn’t want the colonies to make industries, this policy often led to the development of plantation agriculture (Spielvogel 229). In this system, peasants worked as laborers on others plantations. The workers were kept at the poverty level for profit increase and many died due to the unhealthy conditions. Things like this continued in many areas of the world as they were colonized.

The process usually was that colonizers took the area, colonists moved in, natives were treated unfairly, they colonizers try to change the culture, and then revolts pop up. The reason that the imperialist counties gave for these terrible actions was that Western powers were bringing the blessing of Western civilization to their colonial subjects, including representative government.(Spielvogel 229). Even then, not many native people were allowed to be in the government or even educated because the idea of political rights to the people scarred the colonizers. This example of imperialism doesn’t show the full suffering of the native people. In India, people would hold parties at the Taj Mahal, a grave burial for the king’s beloved wife. They would even chip pieces off as souvenirs. Imperialism corrupted many cultures and caused enormous amounts of hate and racism.

Now, is it possible to see that imperialism is unacceptable? The U.S is no exception. The United States intruded onto Latin America and became known as the Big bully to the north(Spielvogel 243). The U.S imperialization of Latin America included Panama. People had dreamed of building a canal across Central America to link the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (“President Roosevelt Decides To Build The Panama Canal.” VOA. N. p., 2006. Web. 4 Dec. 2018.). This included President Theodore Roosevelt. Two places in North Latin America caught the eye of Roosevelt and the U.S; Panama and Nicaragua. Engineers claimed that in the 1880s, Panama would be the cheaper choice. Though, at the time, they would have to buy land and building rights from the French company who was already there, through imperialism. With these two purchases, it could easily cost a hundred million dollars just to own the land. Congress approved of the building of the canal in Nicaragua. A debate soon sparked however because France had lowered the price of Panama. Roosevelt supported the Panama plan, but it was clear Nicaragua would win this debate.

But as volcanic action destroyed homes and killed thousands, Panama became the only choice. The people in this area of Colombia wanted to separate themselves from the Columbian rule, so the U.S gave them a little shove. The United States was intrigued so much by Panama that they convinced rebel groups to take arms against the Colombians with the support of American troops and resources.(“Effects On Panama – Imperialism In Central America.” Sites.google.com. N. p., 2018. Web. 6 Dec. 2018.). The Panamanians successfully won their independence from Columbia with the support of the United States.

Though, the US only helped for one reason, the location to build the canal. Almost instantly the Americans restrained Panama with a treaty that gave the US the land where the canal would be built. The treaty was almost an exact replica of the treaty the US tried to give Colombia. Expect that the canal zone was now 16 meters wide instead of 10 and the US got permanent control of the canal (“President Roosevelt Decides To Build The Panama Canal.” VOA. N. p., 2006. Web. 9 Dec. 2018.). Panama signed it just 15 days after their declaration of independence from Colombia in 1903. Many Columbians and Americans protested and resented the actions of Roosevelt. Many saw him as a pirate. However, Roosevelt continued to build the canal. He said, I took the canal zone and let Congress debate. And while the debate goes on…so does work on the canal. After ten years, the canal was finished in 1914.

Panama, from 1903 to 1939, became a US protectorate. In 1921, Colombia and the United States entered into the Thomson“Urrutia Treaty. (“Panama Canal.” En.wikipedia.org. N. p., 2018. Web. 9 Dec. 2018.). In this treaty, paid Colombia $25 million and granted Colombia privileges to the canal. Colombia, in return, recognized Panama as an independent nation. Through all of the troubles of the imperialization a Panama, the US decided to return the canal. In 1977, US president Jimmy Carter and Panama leader Omar Torrijos signed a treaty that promised full control of the canal to Panama by 2000. Panama got full authority on December 31, 1999. The previous paragraph represented how the US controlled Panama and built the canal through the years, but what was the most important was how the people felt and were affected by this stage of imperialism.

At first, once America had helped Panama lead a successful revolt, the leader of the revolution, Manuel Amador, said, “Yesterday, we were slaves of Colombia. Today, we are free. President Theodore Roosevelt has kept his word. Long live the Republic of Panama! long live President Roosevelt!”. This shows that at first, Panama found the US as an ally that had helped lead them to freedom. Soon, however, they realized this was not true. Colombia protested. It said the United States had acted illegally in Panama. Many American citizens protested, too. (“President Roosevelt Decides To Build The Panama Canal.” VOA. N. p., 2006. Web. 9 Dec. 2018.). As stated earlier, Roosevelt was widely seen as a pirate. Despite all these protested, Theodore Roosevelt didn’t care. He stated, I took the Isthmus, started the canal and then left Congress not to debate the canal, but to debate me.”

Panama was utilized as a tool for America’s growing economy. Once the canal was finished, The US attempted to control all the profits made from it. The US propaganda that was directed toward the Panama government promised that the Panama canal would be profitable for their citizens. However, this was a complete lie on the US’s part. America’s only interest was to imperialize Panama and take control and use the country as a source of profit exclusively(“Effects On Panama – Imperialism In Central America.” Sites.google.com. N. p., 2018. Web. 9 Dec. 2018.). Truly, wealthy American businessmen were the profiteers. The attraction to the Panama canal was for economic growth, but instead, it aggravated tensions between Panama and the Us. Eventually, it leads to thousands of injuries and riots. Many other Latin American nations grew to fear the idea of American imperialization. Roosevelt, however, claimed that the US would only take action on nations who had debts to European countries.

Despite the unjust sides of this, there were some ups. America brought in railroads, sewage, electricity, and schools. No matter what, the cons overpower the pros. What the US did was wrong. Many unfortunate things befell on the people of Panama, and it happens to be America’s fault. In the end, America shouldn’t have imperialized Panama or any Latin American nation. After Roosevelt left office, the United States signed an agreement that showed America’s regret and gave $25 million to Colombia. Even though Roosevelt was out of office, his friends in the Senate rejected the proposal in his place. After his death, another agreement was signed. It still included the money but didn’t include a statement of regret as the previous one did.

This agreement was approved by the Senate. The engineering of this canal is something that should strike awe into anyone. The canal has a total of 3 locks and 3 chambers on each side of the ocean. The locks lift and lower ships from the Gatun Lake, an artificial lake to reduce excavation for the canal. This waterway is very important today. However, the imperialization that took place has left a permanent mark on the history of the US. People can hope that the US isn’t seen as a nation who conquers others for wealth and resource, but instead as an ally to other nations across the world.

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The Progressive Era – Time Between the 1890s to the 1920s

July 31, 2020 by Essay Writer

The main idea of the Progressive era was trying to reduce problems due to industrialization, urbanization, and immigration. The goal of this movement was to make living conditions better and protect social welfare. To help this they opened libraries, swimming pools, and feed the hungry.

Many people blamed problems on alcohol, so they banned it from many saloons. Some of the accomplishments of the Progressive era are the National Child Labor Committee. This organization helped put laws outlawing child labor. Another is the Adamson Act which was a law created so that railroad workers would not go on strike they formed an 8-hour workday. Lastly in the 19th Amendment. This amendment gave women the right to vote.

Ida B. Wells was an African-American writer and feminist. She was born July 16th, 1862 in Holly Springs, Mississippi. She led an anti-lynching movement in the United States. In her time she wrote many novels about her life and struggles. Her goals were to stop lynchings and to have equal rights. Her accomplishments were her writing. She wrote about the laws, lynching, and other things to show how horrible these problems were and to bring awareness and show people how terrible it was. Because of her writing, this landed her a spot on the newspaper to write about the problems going on.

President Theodore Roosevelt was born on October 27, 1858, in New York City. Roosevelt was the 26th president of the United States after William Mickinly was assassinated. One of Roosevelt’s goals was conservation. He wanted people from all ages to protect nature no matter where you came from. He wanted to make sure the world used its natural resources. Roosevelt doubled the parks in the U.S and created 18 national monuments and started 51 bird sanctuaries.

These two reformers Ida B. Wells and Theodore Roosevelt both have one thing in common. They both wanted to make the U.S better and safer. Ida B. Wells wanted to have equal rights and freedom. Theodore Roosevelt wanted to protect our nation and nature. They both changed America by trying to protect the people. We are still affected by their work today. Theodore changed the way people see conservation. Ida B. Wells changed the way people see equal rights.

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The Gilded Age: Part Of Our History

July 31, 2020 by Essay Writer

The Gilded Age, 1868-1899, was a difficult time for lower classes in America. Thousands of people were working eight hour days with only little pay, whereas wealthy entrepreneurs ran the United States. Major businessmen such as Andrew Carnegie, Cornelius Vanderbilt, John D. Rockefeller, and J.P Morgan did everything in their power to grow in wealth as the rest of the country fell into debt. With it also being a time for rapid growth in industrialization, this topic could easily be argumentative. In this paper, these issues will be discussed to show why change needed to happen in America.

During the Gilded Age, industrialization progressed faster than people could handle, causing many problems we faced throughout the period. Many new ideas were forming such as tariffs, economies of scale, and pools. Money was going into bigger businesses instead of paying workers, causing millions of people to become poor. Children as young as nine and women were working just so they could pay the bills and buy groceries. Deadly strikes began to spread along America, killing thousands of people only looking for better working conditions and higher pay.

The lower Class, the Working Class, the Middle Class, and the Upper Class were the four main social classes during the Gilded Age. Wealth and income, jobs, education, and achievements ranked people in the class they would remain in. Horizontal mobility was a way for someone to improve their job but they would stay in their class they began with while vertical mobility was a way for someone to move up or down in social classes. These classes were extremely unfair; for example a working class sometimes could make more than a middle class but since people did not see this class as more than it was, they were never able to live the life they deserved. Lower classes could barely survive on the salary they would have but were never able to do anything about it and they suffered until someone finally did something about it, which would only be years later.

Every problem during this time period caused Teddy Roosevelt to take matters into his own hands. Once William Mckinley was assassinated in office, the Vice President, Theodore Roosevelt was sworn into office. Already putting his term to good use, Teddy helped resolve many conflicts during the strikes such as forcing men like Andrew Carnegie to pay workers a fair amount. Theodore Roosevelt believed all men should be paid a fair, consistent amount and he put his belief into action. Teddy switched the roles of the monopolies to the point where poor people were making more money.

In conclusion, America was struggling with money and many other problems, leading to the idea of change. Reformation was in need and it may have not been the best idea, but it was one that worked. Another side to this argument might have been Weren’t these men helping America grow- so why were they getting hate? Yes this may have been true but the power was getting to the business men’s heads, causing many problems America was facing at that time. Overall, this is just another part of our history that we must learn from and to make sure we never make this mistake again.

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Theodore Roosevelt: President of the United States

July 31, 2020 by Essay Writer

Some people know me for being a cattle rancher, hunter, and an explorer. But despite my rugged past, I had become the 26th President of the United States, I am Theodore Roosevelt. Also, being known for my excellent hunting skills I was known as “Telescope Teddy”.

I had received this nickname because of my thick glasses and tiny telescope “eye”, and also just my skills of catching game, out west in 1902. My family has referred to me as “Teedie” as well, just as being a very sickly child. I have a very powerful personality, (of what people would say), this is what had led me into office. I once had quoted “Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far,” I say this because of my forcing of going away from a dishonest financial adviser, I take this saying from a West African proverb. My ancestors come from a Dutch colony in New Amsterdam (New York) in the 1600s. I was born the 27th of October, in New York, I was the second out of four children.

My father is named Theodore Sr. He worked as a businessman, causing our family to have plenty of money. My mother, Martha (Bulloch) Roosevelt was raised as a Southerner on plantation land. As a young boy, I suffered from asthma causing me to not to attend school. This made my parents insisted on a private tutor, and by the age of 18, I was accepted into Harvard. But, despite my breathing problems, I was attracted to many sports. As a young boy, I went on many trips with my family around Europe. These experiences this led me into the journeys becoming an explorer. Just months after graduating from Harvard in 1880, I married the love of my life, Alice Lee Hathaway. But tragically she passed away February 14, 1884, from Bright’s disease, leaving me all alone with our four-year-old daughter Alice. I was so devastated with the loss of my wife I have forbidden her name being said in the house, so I nicknamed my daughter Alice “Bamie”. One day on a trip to London, I reunited with my childhood friend Ethel Kermit Carow, later marrying her. Together Ethel and I built a life. We had five children together, Theodore Jr (1887), Kermit (1889), Ethel Carow (1891) Archibald Bulloch (1894), and my youngest son Quentin (1897). My military history consisted of the Civil Rights Service.

Also being appointed being Lieutenant in the Spanish American War by President Mckinley. I created the Rough Riders which is the first Volunteer Cavalry. Before becoming president I wanted to become a Lawyer but dropping out later on. In 1886, I ran for New York’s Governor, later winning. During my free time, I enjoy hunting and journaling. Did you know I was the youngest President to enter the office at the age of forty-two? The dates I served was from 1901-1909. Charles W. Fairbanks was my Vice President, Secretary of State; John Hay and Secretary of Treasure, Elihu Root (1905) and Robert Bacon (1909). People have considered me as the first modern President for my technique and skills in the office. I had completed many accomplishments in the Office. The Domestic Policy, which is a square deal domestic program involving the promise to battle the large Industrial combination, and in 1902 it had threatened to restrain trade. This has brought a successful suit in the Spanish American War. I had a Foreign Policy, which means I wanted to bring America out of its isolation and fulfill successful responsible. But sadly it didn’t turn out as I expected. I had received the Medal of Honor, which means since for my hard work being a Rough Rider.

The Rough Riders greatest victory formed at the Battle of San Juan Hill. I had helped the coal strike of 1902. The Coal Strike is when the mine workers had threatened to heat supplies at their own homes. I had begun to threatened the miners by the US Army to mine the coals and fire the mines and convinced both the miners and the owners to deal with it. After excelling at a great President I made many expeditions, as in exploring jungles with my wife for nine months. I had perished in my bed on January 2, 1919, at the age of 60. I died by a Pulmonary embolism, which is a blood clot in the lung. I was buried in Oyster Bay, New York. My legacy had brought excitement to the Office, with my strong personality I also brought power. I have many national memorials such as my birthplace in Sycamore Hill, being a mansion I lived in. Wilcox mansion Buffalo, New York, where I took an oath. T has several national parks named after me, and let’s not forget I’m on Mount Rushmore. I have made a President, rather than a Political Party, or Congress, which is the center of American Politics. I believe that a President should use only power, or all unless denied for a specific/ political, reason. Now I know, I Theodore Roosevelt, has changed America greatly in many ways as becoming a “modern president”.

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Theodore Roosevelt Biography

July 31, 2020 by Essay Writer

Theodore Roosevelt was born in New York, October 27, 1858. He was born into a wealthy family. His mother’s name is Martha Bulloch Roosevelt (Mittie) and his father’s name is Theodore Roosevelt Sr.

He had four brothers and sisters, teddie they called him was the second of the four. His brothers and sisters names were Elliot (1860) Corinne (1861) Anna Bamie (1855). Because teddy had severe asthma he started an intense physical fitness regime. And he continued that threw life. Because of his asthma, he had to stay home because he was always sick. Also, he was homeschooled because he was sick all the time. Then in 1871 his grandfather Cornelius Roosevelt died. When he was 13 he finally got his first pair of eyeglasses. On his 14th birthday, he got a shotgun. In the fall of 1876, he joined a law school called Harvard University. His father died in 1878 because he had stomach cancer. That same year his father dies he meets Alice Hathaway Lee. In 1880 on February 14 he was engaged to Alice Hathaway Lee. Then He graduated from Harvard. On his 22nd birthday, he marries Alice. After that then he enters a Columbia law school. On February 12 their only daughter Alice Lee Roosevelt was born. Then he returned home after he got a telegraph that his mother and also his wife were ill. On February 14 his mother died of typhoid fever. A couple of hours later his wife died of kidney failure. Then he Secretly is courting his childhood sweetheart, Edith Carow. On December 2, 1886, in London, he secretly marries Edith Carow. Then in 1887 on September 13 his first son and they named him Theodore Roosevelt Jr.. then on 1889 on October 10 their daughter Kermit Roosevelt was born at Sacomore Hill. Then in 1891 on August 13 their daughter Ethel Carow Roosevelt is born on Sacomore Hill.then in 1894 on April 10 their son Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt born in Washington, DC. then on August 14, Theodore’s brother Elliot dies. then in 1897 on November 19 their Son Quentin Roosevelt was born in Washington, DC.

During the presidency of Then in 1898 September 27, he was Nominated by the Republican Party for him to be the Governor of New York State. Then that same year November 8 he was Elected Governor of New York State. Then in 1900, he was Nominated to vice presidential Republican ticket. Then a big thing in his life on November 6 he was Elected vice president. Then on September President McKinley was shot while Roosevelt is hiking in the Adirondacks mountains. September 14 Theodore Roosevelt Becomes 26th President of the United States, the youngest to ever hold the office. His vice presidents name is Charles W. Fairbanks. Then in 1902 February, he Begins first of 45 antitrust suits to dissolve business monopolies. 1903 in March he Establishes Pelican Island, FL as a first federal bird reserve. Then in 1904, he is re-elected, president. Then in 1906 Establishes a lot of national parks and monuments. Then in 1909 during the month of March, his Presidency ends.

After the Presidency Then in 1909 in March he Departs for a year-long African safari hunting trip with son Kermit. Then in 1912 on October 14 he was Shot in the chest before campaign speech and he finishes his speech with a bullet in his chest. Then that same year on November 5 he lost the presidential election against Woodrow Wilson, Despite receiving a largest number of votes for a third-party candidate. Then in 1917 Four sons enlist in military and daughter Ethel serves as a Red Cross nurse. Then in 1918 July 14 his Youngest son Quentin killed while serving as a fighter pilot in France. That same year July Theodore Refuses Republican nomination for Governor of New York. then in 1919 on January 6 Theodore Roosevelt Dies in sleep at Sagamore Hill of an arterial blood clot, at the age of 60.

Works Cited

Biography.com, A&E Networks Television, www.biography.com/. Thomas Edison’s Religion and Political Views, hollowverse.com/. Breaking News, Streaming Live, 24×7. CBS News, CBS Interactive, www.cbsnews.com/.

HISTORY | Watch Full Episodes of Your Favorite Shows. History.com, A&E Television Networks, history.com/. Miller Center. Miller Center, millercenter.org/. POTUS – Presidents of the United States. POTUS: Presidents of the United States, www.potus.com/. Supplement: Encyclopedia of World Biography, Advameg, Inc., www.notablebiographies.com/.

TR Center – Theodore Roosevelt Center Home. TR Center – Booker T Washington, www.theodorerooseveltcenter.org/. Theodore Roosevelt. About Theodore Roosevelt, abouttheodoreroosevelt.com/. The White House. The White House, The United States Government, www.whitehouse.gov/.

Analysis complete. Select an item below to view the notes associated with that item. Spelling (1) Grammar (1) Word Choice (2) Style (5) Vocabulary Words (1) Grade (1) E-Submission (1) Human Proofreader (1) Where Next? (2) printable summary report

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Theodore Roosevelt’s Big Stick Policy

July 31, 2020 by Essay Writer

“A good many of you are probably acquainted with the old proverb:”Speak softly and carry a big stick-you will go far.” If a man continually blusters, if he lacks civility, a big stick will not save him from trouble; and neither will speaking softly avail, if back of the softness there does not lie strength, power.” Theodore Roosevelt was highly revered during his time for his unique approach to foreign policy, as seen in the quotation, TR held the belief “speak softly and carry a big stick” when handling international foreign affairs, in order to discussing the topic it is helpful to ask what “carrying a big stick” entails, and how the president would proceed in order to execute his new international policy approach. The ideology was contradictory to the nation’s previous policy of international neutrality and isolationism..

The Big Stick policy is very significant in Roosevelt’s approach to foreign policy; in the example of Venezuela, the negotiation of the Panama canal, and heavy hand in the conflicts of the far east. Wielding his new foreign policy proceeding the death of President William McKinley, Roosevelt sets out to establish America as a world power, through the expansion of the nation’s navy and overall confidence in international diplomacy, he solidifies himself in history as an exceedingly charismatic and proactive president who took a fresh approach to international affairs in order to compete with the ever changing politics of the world. The first examples of Roosevelt’s implementation of the Big Stick policy can be found in the various events that took place in Latin America. The negotiation of the Panama Canal is exceedingly important in American history. With the death of McKinley, Roosevelt inherits the task of building a canal to support America’s expanding empire and preserve commercial interests in the Pacific and Latin America.

In order to do so, Roosevelt’s administration first had to negotiate the terms to build and own the canal with accordance to the British, resulting in the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty in which, “It is agreed that the canal may be constructed under the auspices of the government of the United States”, this is the figurative green light for the U.S. to negotiate the canal under the terms of peace and primarily commercial usage. After their failed attempt at creating a canal in Panama the French agreed to sell the land to the United States. Negotiations with Colombia began and were significantly frustrating, after the Columbian refusal to ratify the proposal for the canal, Roosevelt is approached by a representative of Panama, Banau-Varilla, he informed him of revolutionary ideas that were ready to ignite in Panama. Roosevelt agreed to support the revolution sending the U.S. warship Nashville? to reinforce the Panamanian Revolutionaries, they succeed in a nearly bloodless struggle. Thus came the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty which, “to the United States in perpetuity the use, occupation and control of a zone of land and land underwater for the construction, maintenance, operation, sanitation and protection of said canal”, the statement “in perpetuity” meant forever in this sense.

While this was a massive success for America, the treaty was completely one sided and resulted in Panamanian distaste for the American government, aiding a growing Latin American resentment towards the U.S. Another good example of Theodore Roosevelt’s usage of his Big Stick policy in Latin America can be seen in the Venezuelan Crisis of 1902. The Venezuelans similarly to other nations in South America had fallen into debt with European powers. When Germany and Britain sent naval fleets to collect the money from Venezuela an American Navy fleet quickly responded and flourished the new U.S. policy of policing with a big stick. The Navy fleet was claimed to have been there coincidentally, when in reality it seemed as if the president strategically planned an exemplary show of the navy’s preparedness to deploy for war, “I assembled our battle fleet under Admiral Dewey, near Puerto Rico, for ‘maneuvers’,with instructions that the fleet should be kept in hand and in fighting trim, and should be ready to sail at an hour’s notice.” Ultimately American intervention causes the British and Germans to cut off diplomatic ties with the leaders of Venezuela and leave Latin America.

The European powers violation of the Monroe Doctrine was troubling to Theodore Roosevelt, it posed an imminent threat to America’s public safety. In response TR went to congress with what will be called the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine in 1905. A proposal intended to expand U.S. Navy, put attention on commercial interests in the far east and transfer European intervention to the hands of America. Roosevelt asks for the expansion of the Army and Navy in the quote, “it is absolutely necessary to consider the Army and the Navy, and the Congress, through which the thought of the nation finds its expression, should keep ever vividly in mind the fundamental fact that it is impossible to treat our foreign policy, whether this policy takes shape in the effort to secure justice for others or for ourselves, save as conditioned upon the attitude we are willing to take toward our army, and especially toward our navy.” The call for naval growth was centered around the Big Stick foreign policy, and the additional responsibilities as a righteous power of the world to police, enforce and protect itself from foreign powers.

TR states in his corollary, “Chronic wrongdoing, or an impotence which results in a general loosening of the ties of civilized society, may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence to the exercise of an international police power.” Overall the implementation of the Corollary resulted in the expansion of the Navy, as well as, the new policy of intervention, causing a further decline in popularity for the U.S. in Latin America. An exceedingly intelligent implementation of Theodore Roosevelt’s Big Stick policy was the deployment of the Great White Fleet. “Over a 14 month period, 14,000 men on 16 battleships and auxiliaries, traveled 46,000 miles, circumnavigating the world and demonstrated to Europe and the Far East, American strength during a time of peace.”

There were many reasons for Roosevelt’s sailing of the Great White Fleet across the world, most of them pertaining to American interest in the East following the Russo-Japanese war, as well as the opportunity to showcase his naval prowess. The deployment of the fleet was viewed by the department of the navy, “as a trial run for a war with Japan” ;however, Roosevelt also used the fleet to stimulate congress to make more ships due to the reinforced popular public interest in the Navy. Simultaneously, the goal of the Great White Fleet was to “bolster his political support on the west coast by capitalizing on fears of a possible war with Japan.” While the deployment of The Great White Fleet had no actual combat motives, it sought to establish Roosevelt’s Big Stick Policy internationally with a soft spoken word of peace during a time of growing tensions with Japan. Theodore Roosevelt took an extremely unorthodox approach to American Foreign policy, his implementation of Big Stick ideology broke America from its isolationist shell taking the first steps into establishing itself as a world power. Through the expansion of the Navy, negotiation of the Panama canal, Venezuela Crisis, and resolution of tensions in the East, Roosevelt went through immense means to uphold his administrative declaration of a big stick. Throughout his two terms TR made extremely advantageous decisions and intellectual resolutions to end tensions through the use of diplomacy and solidified himself in American history as a truly pragmatic diplomat.

Bibliography

-?Mathews, John M. “”Roosevelt’s Latin-American Policy.”” ?The American Political Science Review? 29, no. 5 (1935): 805-20. doi:10.2307/1947224.

-?Herring, George C. ?From colony to superpower: U.S. foreign relations since 1776?. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

-?””Http://ljournal.ru/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/a-2017-023.pdf.”” ?“This Great Enterprise”: Theodore Roosevelt and the Panama Canal ?, 2017. doi:10.18411/a-2017-023.

-Livermore, Seward W. “”Theodore Roosevelt, the American Navy, and the Venezuelan Crisis of 1902-1903.”” ?The SHAFR Guide Online?. doi:10.1163/2468-1733_shafr_sim090300009

-“”Transcript of Theodore Roosevelt’s Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (1905).”” Transcript of Theodore Roosevelt’s Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (1905) (print-friendly version). Accessed December 12, 2017.

https://www.ourdocuments.gov/print_friendly.php?flash=true&page=transcript&doc=56&title=Transcript%2Bof%2BTheodore%2BRoosevelts%2BCorollary%2Bto%2Bthe%2BMonroe%2BDoctrine%2B%281905%29?.

-?Neu, Charles E. “”Theodore Roosevelt and American Involvement in the Far East, 1901-1909.”” Pacific Historical Review? 35, no. 4 (1966): 433-49. doi:10.2307/3636977

https://www.ourdocuments.gov/print_friendly.php?flash=true&page=transcript&doc=56&title=Transcript%2Bof%2BTheodore%2BRoosevelts%2BCorollary%2Bto%2Bthe%2BMonroe%2BDoctrine%2B%281905%29

https://www.ourdocuments.gov/print_friendly.php?flash=true&page=transcript&doc=56&title=Transcript%2Bof%2BTheodore%2BRoosevelts%2BCorollary%2Bto%2Bthe%2BMonroe%2BDoctrine%2B%281905%29

https://www.ourdocuments.gov/print_friendly.php?flash=true&page=transcript&doc=56&title=Transcript%2Bof%2BTheodore%2BRoosevelts%2BCorollary%2Bto%2Bthe%2BMonroe%2BDoctrine%2B%281905%29

-Bogle, Lori . “”Why T.R. Sent the Great White Fleet.”” ?The SHAFR Guide Online?. doi:10.1163/2468-1733_shafr_sim040140120.

– Theodore Roosevelt’s Speech at the Minnesota State Fair – Sept. 2, 1901. Accessed December 12, 2017. .

-HAY-PAUNCEFOTE TREATY, Nov. 18th, 1901, 32 Stat. 1903;Treaty Series 401.https://www.loc.gov/law/help/us-treaties/bevans/b-gb-ust000012-0258.pdf

-Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty, Feb. 26th, 1904, U.S. Stats., vol. 33.https://avalon.law.yale.edu/20th_century/pan001.asp

-Root-Takahira Agreement,Nov. 30th, 1908, Treaty series 511 ½. https://www.loc.gov/collections/united-states-treaties-and-other-international-agreements/about-this-collection/bevans/b-jp-ust000009-0414.pdf

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Theodore Roosevelt: Friend, Family Member and Leader

July 31, 2020 by Essay Writer

Theodore Roosevelt was one of the many presidents of the United States, but being a president was not the only point in his life that made him who he was. To some, he was a friend, family member, a leader, but to those who weren’t sure of who he is, he may have just been a person who used to live on this Earth.

Theodore Roosevelt was born on October 27, 1858 in New York, New York. His parents were Theodore Roosevelt, Sr. and Martha Bulloch of Georgia. Growing up, Theodore had suffered a very sickly life with asthma but this did not stop him from living his life to the fullest.Even though he was sick, teenage Theodore Roosevelt had went through gymnastics and weightlifting in order to “build his body”. Through this training, Roosevelt had developed a love for exercise and also developed a muscular body. Because he loved to workout so much, he slowly made his way to taking hikes and a riding horses and swimming, basically doing outdoor activities. As he grew older, Teddy Roosevelt’s love for the outdoors never died, only prospered.

Theodore Roosevelt had studied in Harvard College and learned a wide range of subjects. Throughout time, Roosevelt had fallen in love with Alice Hathaway Lee and they were married by October 1880. Theodore Roosevelt had enrolled in Columbia Law School, but that wasn’t his style so he dropped out a year later and focused on public service. This career lead to another and a long time after, Theodore Roosevelt became president in 1901, after a tragic death for President McKinley.

President Theodore Roosevelt was the youngest male to ever be president. His leadership had changed the standards of who a president should be, despite his young age.His presidential term last from September 14, 1901 to March 4, 1909. He had lived a happy and influential life, but just like all people, he later on died. Theodore Roosevelt had taken his last breath on January 6, 1919, ten years after his term ended. It has been 99 years since he died, but his legacy is still remembered and never forgotten.

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