Lives of The Saints
How the Character of a Person Affects the Person’s Action as Depicted in Nimo Ricci’s Book Lives of a Saint
In literature, a person’s character dictates the choice that ultimately decides the course of the individual’s life and people surrounding the individual. In the book Lives of the Saints by Nino Ricci the character Cristina Innocente life drastically changes immediately following the affair. . A person’s character influences the actions the individual performs; however it can result in consequences that can impact the individual, and the others around them. Cristina’s personality negatively influences people around her. This is seen through her rebellious nature, sensitivity and strong will.
When Cristina Innocente rebellious nature reaches the peak point, she is unaware its impact on her and others. This quote shows how Cristina’s strong beliefs against superstitions make her rebel against the townspeople superstitious beliefs. “Giuseppi, you’re not serious! A good God-fearing women like you talking to me about these stupidaggini!” (Ricci 57). The marginalization leads Vittorio to become more naïve and this are seen in his actions .He attempts to save his mother, by attempting to make a cure. The grandfather is destroyed politically and emotionally. He comes more depressed, the effects of the isolation eventually make him resent Cristina; for having the affair, and refusing to make amends. This is seen when he begins to cope with the depression with alcohol, and refuses to acknowledge her during dinner time. He resigns from the position of mayor as a result of isolation, because he loses his self-confidence when he begins to think that he is unfit to be the mayor. The reason being is that he thinks if he cannot control Cristina, then he cannot control the rest of the townspeople. Cristina becomes more withdrawn, and goes to places such as her garden that offers her a place of security; from the rest of society who shuns her, and to get away from problems at home. She distances herself, from people in her life. This leads to her son seeking La Maestra, to be a mother figure in his life. Cristina’s rebelliousness essentially leads to Vittorio losing his innocence, because he realizes that life is not perfect; as he faces trials such as losing relationship he had with his mother. Cristina is overwhelmed and try’s to escape her problems by leaving the village. Grandfather changes from a well-respected man, to someone who is an outsider in the town. Cristina’s rebellious nature changes the characters, when the characters become more isolated because Cristina refused to make amends.
Cristina sensitive nature is very impulsive, and leads her to make decisions that affect others negatively. This quote shows how Cristina sensitivity makes her very protective of the people she loves, to the point she is does anything to protect the people she cares for. “You tell your Vincenzo, that if he lays another finger on my son I’ll tear out your eyes and feed them to the dogs! dogs!” (Ricci 109). Cristina shows that she loves her son, and does not want her son to suffer because of her, so she left the village. Vittorio is desperate to stop being marginalized; he is willing to be initiated into Alfredo’s gang; because he believed the cure worked. This shows that he is very innocent, and can be easily tricked, because Cristina’s sensitivity toward Vittorio hinders him from growing. This can be seen when him, and mother share the same bed. The grandfather loses his family, when Cristina and Vittorio leave the village. Grandfather turns Cristina’s sensitivity to anger, even though Cristina tries to make peace with her father, before she had left for Canada. It shows how conditional the love the grandfather has for Cristina, and reflects the town’s narrow mindedness. This is ironic how grandfather calls everyone betrayers, but he had betrayed Cristina. Cristina has unconditional love for Vittorio, and is willing to endure the pain of isolation for him. Vittorio could become cynical toward people, because of his experiences with the town such as the initiation. Grandfather could live a miserable life alone, because he did not make peace with Cristina and loses Vittorio his heir. Cristina’s sensitive nature can have long term negative effects that impact the future of the characters.
Cristina’s strong will makes her determined not to surrender to the beliefs of the townspeople. This quote shows that Cristina’s strong will, makes her blind from seeing the suffering of others. “Now people come to my house like they go to the circus, to laugh at the clowns! You killed me Cristina, you killed your mother when you were born and now you’ve killed me, as surely as if you’d pulled a knife across my throat” (Ricci 145). Cristina’s strong will make her very stubborn. Her strong belief not to succumb to the beliefs shows that she feels trapped in the village; leading her to wanting to leave the village because she wants a new start, and freedom. The grandfather’s reputation is ruined as he loses control over his life. When Cristina refused to give into the townspeople superstitious beliefs, it destroys his grandfather’s pride. As he begins to realize that he has no say in her life, which contrasts to his previous reputation as authoritative figure in the town. Vittorio has no closure in Valle Del Sole because he leaves all his friends and other personal relationships; because he feels that he and his mother were forced to leave the village, without having the time to process that they were leaving the town. That is why on the boat to Canada, he asked Cristina if the grandfather was going to die when they were gone. Cristina’s strong will end with unresolved feelings for all of the characters, because the characters were never able to have closure.
Cristina’s personality destroys the lives of the people surrounding her: Vittorio, grandfather, and herself. This is seen through her rebellious nature, strong will, and sensitivity. Cristina’s rebelliousness leads to her ultimately leaving the village, because of her strong beliefs. Cristina’s sensitivity shows that she is very emotional, and acts impulsively without thinking of the effects. Cristina’s strong will make her ignorant to the suffering of others, because she was determined to not let the villagers see her suffer.
Saint Peter was a native of Bethsaida, near Lake Tiberias, the son of John, and worked, like his brother St. Andrew, as a fisherman on Lake Genesareth. Andrew introduced Peter to Jesus, and Christ called Peter to become a disciple. In Luke is recounted the story that Peter caught so large an amount of fish that he fell down before the feet of Jesus and was told by the Lord, “Do not be afraid; from now on you will be catching men”. Jesus also gave Simon a new name: Cephas, or the rock. Becoming a disciple of Jesus, Peter acknowledged him as “the Messiah, the son of the living God”. Christ responded by saying: “you are Peter and upon this rock, I will build my church… He added: “I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven”. Peter was always listed as the first of the Apostles in all of the New Testament accounts and was a member of the inner circle of Jesus, with James and John. He is recorded more than any other disciple and was at Jesus’ side at the Transfiguration, the raising of Jairus’ daughter, and the Agony of the Garden of Gethsemane. He helped organize the Last Supper and played a major role in the events of the Passion. When the Master was arrested, he cut off the right ear of a slave of the high priest Malchus and then denied Christ three times as the Lord predicted. Peter then “went out and began to weep bitterly”.
After the Resurrection, Peter went to the tomb with the “other disciple” after being told of the event by the women. The first appearance of the Risen Christ was before Peter, ahead of the other disciples, and when the Lord came before the disciples at Tiberias, he gave to Peter the famous command to “Feed my lambs… Tend my sheep… Feed my sheep”. In the time immediately after the Ascension, Peter stood as the unquestionable head of the Apostles, his position made evident in the Acts. He appointed the replacement of Judas Iscariot; he spoke first to the crowds that had assembled after the descent of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost; he was the first Apostle to perform miracles in the name of the Lord, and he rendered judgment upon the deceitful Ananias and Sapphira. Peter was instrumental in bringing the Gospel to the Gentiles. He baptized the Roman pagan Cornelius, and at the Council of Jerusalem, he gave his support to preaching to Gentiles, thereby permitting the new Church to become universal. Imprisoned by King Herod Agrippa, he was aided in an escape by an angel. He then resumed his apostolate in Jerusalem and his missionary efforts included travels to such cities of the pagan world as Antioch, Corinth, and eventually Rome. He made reference to the Eternal City in his first Epistle by noting that he writes from Babylon. It is certain that Peter died in Rome and that his martyrdom came during the reign of Emperor Nero, probably in 64. Testimony of his martyrdom is extensive, including Origen, Eusebius of Caesarea, St. Clement I of Rome, St. Ignatius, and St. Irenaeus.
According to rich tradition, Peter was crucified on the Vatican Hill upside down because he declared himself unworthy to die in the same manner as the Lord. He was then buried on Vatican Hill, and excavations under St. Peter’s Basilica have unearthed his probable tomb, and his relics are now enshrined under the high altar of St. Peter’s. From the earliest days of the Church, Peter was recognized as the Prince of the Apostles and the first Supreme Pontiff; his see, Rome, has thus enjoyed the position of primacy over the entire Catholic Church. While Peter’s chief feast day is June 29, he is also honored on February 22 and November 18. In liturgical art, he is depicted as an elderly man holding a key and a book. His symbols include an inverted cross, a boat, and the cock.