Frankenstein and RUR
In light of recent events around the World Cup and its tremendous impact on people around the world, ordinary and sports fans alike, I decided to conduct a comparative research project on the history of football development in both Malaysia and South Korea to shed light on how this sport started off as a simple pastime and ended up being an internationally recognized competition between states. I believe it’s necessary for people to be educated about the topic of sports; and particularly football, because due to globalisation, this very sport managed to bond so many different people together.
My objectives in this research to leave the reader with decent exposure to the history of football development in Malaysia and South Korea and a good understanding of the differences between Football Association Malaysia (FMA) and Korean Football Association (KFA) with a focus on the aspects of coach education and facilities, governance and transparency, structure and hierarchy, and the extent of achievement for South Korea and Malaysia when it comes to the competitive international football arena. For this project, I’ll be relying mostly on the official websites of the KFA and the FMA to ensure a high accuracy of the information I’m providing.
Two centuries after the British colonization of Malaya, the British introduced football to the peninsula at the turn of the 20th century. It rapidly evolved since then. Although unstructured, football was the focal point of all sports clubs in Malaya, and regional competitions took place in Malacca Negeri Simblan, Selangor, and Perak. Soon enough in 1921, the national tournament of HMS Malaya Cup (later Malaysia Cup in 1963) was introduced and ever since, it had been an annual occasion observed by citizens of Malaya, that is except in the years of the second world war. It essentially became the oldest football competition in Malaysia. The name came after a trophy contribution by the crew of British Royal Navy Ship HMS Malaya, which was a Queen Elizabeth-class battleship under Captain H. T. Buller, when the crew played a friendly football match against Port Swettenham, Port Dickson, Melaka, Penang, and Singapore.
1926 rolls by and the amateur football associations integrate under one name to form the Malayan Football Association, which was later renamed to the Football Association of Malaysia and was initially based in Singapore. The first president of the association during the interval that the FAM was based in Singapore was Sir Andrew Caldecott, and the administration remained exclusively British. It wasn’t until 1940 that the governance was transitioned to Malaya, with A.R. Singham as the first ever Asian secretary for the association, however the administration remained solely British until after the second world war. Six years prior to the independence of Malaysia, Tunku Abdul Rahman was assigned as the Football Association Malaysia president.
Understanding The Concept of the Inventor and the Invention as Demonstrated in Mary Shelley’s Book, Frankenstein
Victor Frankenstein and his creature
Victor Frankenstein is the main character in the Novel ‘Frankenstein’. This Novel also referred to as ‘The Modern Prometheus’ was written by Mary Shelley and first printed in the year 1818. In the novel, Victor Frankenstein comes out as a scientist who has much interest in studying the chemical processes. In the novel, victor comes out as the son of Alphonse Frankenstein and Caroline Beaufort. He was born in Naples and brought up in Geneva. He is a brother to Ernest and William. Unfortunately, his parents died of a fever known as scarlet while Victor Frankenstein was at the age of 17. Victor Frankenstein is adopted by Elizabeth Lavenza whom he later falls in love and becomes his fiancée (Shelley& Hindle 2003).
Victor Frankenstein had an inborn interest in science and making discoveries. His great desire was to discover the elixir of life. However, Victor Frankenstein loses his great interest in science as a whole after seen the remains of a tree trunk which had been stricken by lightning in the compound of Ingolstadt University. His interest is turned to chemistry. Victor Frankenstein develops a goal of using chemical compounds to create a creature and bring it to life. Obsessed by the fondness, victor takes two years of study to bring together apparatus and chemical compounds on a mission to create something and give it life (Shelley& Hindle 2003).
Victor Frankenstein manages to combine chemicals and makes a creature, which he brings into life. However, the creator – Victor is horrified by the ugly creature he has created. The creature is so ugly and Victor flees. After been abandoned, the horrible creature gets on a mission to revenge and search for its creator – Victor. The vengeance leads to the death of Victor Frankenstein your brother William. After the death of William, the house help – Justine is blamed, but only Victor knows the cause of the death but has a strong fear that no one will believe his point of the story. He also fears that the story will provoke reactions and turn all the blames on him (Shelley, Casaletto & Brilliance Audio (Firm), 1993).
When the creation meets his creator – Victor Frankenstein, he begs him to create a female companion. However, Victor Frankenstein sees big trouble ahead if he brings another creature of such kind into being. He ultimately tries to destroy the creature, a mission which he fails. After the creature survives the staged death, it vows to revenge. The creature begins its revenge mission by killing Henry Clerval – Victor’s best friend. By failing to create a companion for him, the creature promises to do the same and destroy the marriage of Victor Frankenstein and Elizabeth Lavenza. “You have denied me my wedding night – I will be with you on yours!”, this is a common phrase that the creature keeps on emphasizing to Victor Frankenstein. The creature avenges on Victor Frankenstein by strangling Elizabeth Lavenza on her matrimonial bed on the eve of their marriage. Everything seems a disaster after the death of Victor Frankenstein father because of grief. Victor Frankenstein has nothing left to live for and dedicates the rest of his life in a mission to kill the creature (Shelley& Hindle 2003).
To Victor, his own creation has turned to be a demon in his life. He sets a journey to the Arctic, perusing to kill the creature. His second mission to kill the creature fails when Victor falls in ice and contracts pneumonia. Fortunately, he is rescued by a ship which is on a journey to the far North Pole. The life of Victor Frankenstein comes to an ultimate end when he narrates his story to the ship captain – Robert Walton. The creature receives the death news of his creator in grief and sorrow. The creature vows to burn itself alive and disappears to the Northern most extreme of the globe, never to be seen again (Shelley, Casaletto & Brilliance Audio (Firm), 1993).
The creature and his creator – Victor Frankenstein shares several things in common. They are the main characters in ‘The Modern Prometheus’ by Mary Shelly, and among some of their similarities include their nature to pay God. Victor Frankenstein has a Godly nature of creating and bringing forth life. By use of his scientific knowledge, Victor uses chemicals and apparatus to create the ‘monster’. This is a godly nature, since according to the history and human understanding, it is only God who has the ability to create and give life. Equally, the creature has the ability to take life. The monster takes the life of William; Victor Frankenstein brother. This is a revenge mission after Victor abandons the ugly creature. In later stages of the tale, the creature goes ahead to revenge by taking the life of Victor’s best friend; Henry Clerval. This is after Victor Frankenstein attempts to kill the creature when it requested him to create a companion of its kind (Shelley, Casaletto & Brilliance Audio (Firm), 1993).
The Godly nature is manifested differently in the two characters. Victor Frankenstein has the power to create but does not have the power to kill. Victor fails in his first mission to ultimately kill his own creature when it requested him to create for him a companion. After the death of his father, Victor Frankenstein follows the creature to the North Pole in a mission to kill it. However, his second mission fails again. On the other side, the creature possesses the power to kill. The monster successfully revenges by killing Victor’s brother – William and goes ahead to kill Victor’s best friend. Victor Frankenstein has the power to create but lacks the power to kill, whereas the creature does not have the power to create. The creature had to go back to Victor to beg him to create a companion of its kind. However, it has the power to kill (Shelley, Casaletto & Brilliance Audio (Firm), 1993).
Both Victor and the creature are intelligent. Victor Frankenstein is a scientist who possesses unique scientific knowledge. “After days and nights of incredible labor and fatigue, I succeeded in discovering the cause of generation and life; nay, more, I became myself capable of bestowing animation upon lifeless matter”, says Victor. The monster is also intelligent. It identifies those close to Victor and uses them for revenge. The creature identifies the family and the close friends of Victor as his weak point and uses them for revenge. The creature, which at last stages is declared as a demon can easily identify William, victor’s brother, his fiancée, and his close friend, whom he uses in his revenge mission. The creature’s intelligence is also evident in its ability to read. Frankenstein’s monster finds itself reading books like ‘Paradise lost’ (Shelley& Hindle 2003).
According to Shelley, Casaletto & Brilliance Audio (Firm) (1993), both the creature and Victor are capable of love and affection. The two have a great desire of family and companion. Victor, apart from his family and friends, he has a fiancée whom he loves so much. Elizabeth Lavenza is the love of Victor’s heart, and they have even planned to marry and set up a family together. On the other side, the creature also has feelings. After been abandoned by the creator, it goes ahead to look for him. The creature wants Victor to create for him a female companion, whom he can live together. This means that the creature is capable of love. The creature declares itself as unfortunate and deserted.it lacks relations and friends to love. The two are also unforgiving and would stop at nothing other than revenge. The whole tale is based on revenge between Victor Frankenstein and the Frankenstein’s monster.
Another similarity between Victor and the creature is the element of hatred. The creature has been isolated by human beings and develops great pain. The ‘monster’ takes out its anger and frustration on its creator – Victor and begins the revenge mission. Failure of Victor to create a companion builds more hatred, and the creature avenges by strangling Elizabeth, Victor’s fiancée on her matrimonial bed on the eve of their marriage. Victor develops hatred towards the creature, which at one point he declares it as a demon. This hatred engages Victor in a mission to kill the creature. Both Victor and the creature are driven to revenge against each other because of the hatred between them. Ironically, the creature is filled with sorrow when it receives the news of the death of its creator; Victor Frankenstein. At the end of the story, the two end up in a lonely world, all suffering from loneliness. The creature is the only of its kind, and has no companion since the beginning of its life. Victor Frankenstein on the other side remains lonely after the death of his relatives, his fiancée Elizabeth Lavenza, hence lives a similar life with that of the creature (Shelley& Hindle 2003).
However, the creature is different from Victor in a number of elements. Victor Frankenstein is a normal human being, born of a human nature with a father and mother. He also enjoys a strong bond in the society amongst his family and friends. Victor Frankenstein even has a fiancée by the name Elizabeth Lavenza, whom they have staged marriage together. On the side of the creature, it is made from scientific innovation, composed of chemical compounds and brought into being through a scientific skill. The creature is one and the only one under the sun, without a companion. At one point, the creature complaints of been isolated by the society. It is ugly and does not seem to take humankind. It lives in its “own world”, with none of its kind existing. It cannot socialize with human beings because it’s unique (Shelley, Casaletto & Brilliance Audio (Firm), 1993).
Victor Frankenstein has a woman who loves him. Instead, he alienates his woman – Elizabeth Lavenza and embarks on scientific innovations outside Geneva. At one point, Victor Frankenstein father and Elizabeth’s parents’ question him whether he still loves his fiancée or has sought the love of his heart elsewhere. On the side of the creature, it has no mate. The creature, however, desires nothing more than a companion. Elizabeth is a natural human being. The creature’s mate, whom he had requested Victor Frankenstein to create for him could have been another abomination against God. Elizabeth and Victor Frankenstein are in love. However, there is no basis whether the creature could for sure fall in love with the companion he was requesting Victor to create for him (Shelley, Casaletto & Brilliance Audio (Firm), 1993).
The story ends up in a sad death of Victor Frankenstein, after suffering from Pneumonia. This marks the end of this main character. However, the creature’s destiny is not clarified. The creature vows to burn itself to death and flees to the northernmost hemisphere of the earth. This creates suspense and leaves the audience in a dilemma whether the creature later died or it still exists up to date.
Feminist Literary Critics in Mary Shelley’s Novel “Frankenstein”
A very common criticism among feminist literary critics is that Mary Shelley’s novel, Frankenstein; or The Modern Prometheus, is an anti feminist text, in how all female characters in the novel exist solely to further the plot for the make characters. However, this reading ignores the underlying message of the novel, that the “naturalized” behaviours men and women learn under the patriarchy ultimately lead to a life of misery and destruction. It is through this reading of Frankenstein that we can see that Mary Shelley was not rejecting her mother’s feminist beliefs, but instead concealed them within a fictional novel, so as to bring them into the poplar culture of the time and make them accessible to all. The characters who engage in the “naturalized” behaviours of men and women enforced by the patriarchy lead themselves and their loved ones to a life of misery and death. Though the novel does not show the dramatic overthrowing of the patriarchy, it demonstrates how everyone’s participation within patriarchal norms leads to suffering, and how even slight rejections of the patriarchy lead to great happiness for some characters.
The novel takes place in the patriarchal society of eighteenth century Switzerland. The relevance of this lies in the separate gendered labours they must perform, which are entrenched in societal norms. This division of labour means men fill the intellectual and public spheres, like Victor Frankenstein’s becoming a scientist, and his father Alphonse’s being a government official. Women, on the other hand, fill the domestic sphere. Women have little agency, and are expected to silently look after their families, as Elizabeth and Justine do. The story being rooted in the patriarchy is what causes all the problems in the story, and the eventual destruction of the Frankenstein family.
Literature typically depicts men as thriving under the patriarchy, however in Shelley’s novel the men end up either miserable and alone, as is the case with Robert Walton, or dead, like the men of the Frankenstein family. These deaths of the Frankenstein family are all caused by Victor’s monster. Victor’s creation of the monster relates directly to his grief over the loss of his mother, Caroline Frankenstein. Victor states: “It is so long before the mind can persuade itself that she, whom we saw everyday … can be departed forever…” (72). Though he explicitly states that emotionally recovering from the loss of a loved one takes a great amount of time, he then contradicts himself, stating, “Grief is rather an indulgence than a necessity” (72), and that he must leave to attend university. He has been taught, since his childhood upbringing under the patriarchy, to value concrete “facts relative to the actual world” (66), like science, whereas the abstract and “aërial creations of the poets” (66), like feelings and emotions, was for the women in his life. Rather than learning to do his own emotional processing and labour, he is taught under the patriarchy to suppress his feelings, because they are unnecessary. This is what leads to his obsession with creating life, so that he may one day “renew life where death had apparently devoted the body of corruption” (81), and bring his mother back to life. This is an impossible task, and his lust for the glory of overcoming death results in the suffering and deaths of all his loved ones. This is one example of the ways in which patriarchal expectations of people in the eighteenth-century resulted in the misery and deaths of the characters in the novel Frankenstein.
The suffering Victor’s loved ones experienced is another example of the suffering experienced by people as a result of gendered patriarchal roles.The deaths of the women in the Frankenstein family directly relate to the roles they were socialized to perform under the patriarchy. From a young age the women of the novel are all taught that their primary purpose is to listen to them men in their lives, and care for their family to the point of complete self sacrifice, while their male counterparts go off exploring the world. This need to care for people is ingrained in the characters, and ultimately leads to each of their sufferings, as seen with the Frankenstein family’s servant, Justine. Justine, in her domestic, caregiving work as a servant to the Frankenstein’s, is trying to find William after he went missing one night. In her attempt to find the missing boy, she is framed for his murder. Though she is innocent of this crime, she confessed to the murder she was accused of. Her reasoning behind this self sacrifice is, “‘In an evil hour I subscribed to a lie, and now only I am truly miserable’” (102). She confessed to the murder of William, so that the rest of the world could feel satisfied that William’s death was brought to justice. In her eyes, as a woman and a servant to the Frankenstein family, the Frankensteins’ need for closure regarding the death of William outweighs her need to be recognized as innocent. She goes quietly, and with little complaint, as is expected of women under the patriarchy.
While most characters in the novel follow the gendered rules of the patriarchy without question, there is one character in the novel who goes against the patriarchal expectations put upon them, and experiences happiness as a result. This character is Safie, an Arabian who falls in love with Felix De Lacey, a french aristocrat who falls from grace after helping her father escape from a French prison.
Analysis of the Tragedy of Victor in the Novel Frankenstein
Written by Mary Shelley, Frankenstein is a story of a young scientist who creates a sapient creature in an unorthodox scientific experiment. Presented in Jill Lepore article in New Yorker, Mary Shelley created Frankenstein out of the death of her first child, “Dreamed that my little baby came to life again.” Frankenstein was a character based from wanting her first child to be reborn. Beneath the initial monster story, the use of archetypes, themes, and characterization help develop the character of Mr. Frankenstein.
Victor is a tragic hero because he is the main character in a tragedy and his flaw of sacrificing anything to gain knowledge eventually brings about his downfall. Do to the long months and months of trying to study his experimental creature before it came to life, Victor would write notes in his journal. “I seemed to have lost all soul or sensation but for this one pursuit.” Victor has an unbridled ego which helps him satisfy the urge to know and use his learning to create a new race of man. He isn’t fully aware of his consequences while creating a new race of humans. The archetype is shown because he overreached to seek knowledge that shouldn’t be known by any human being and when he receives such knowledge it ends up turning his life upside down.
Frankenstein is a look at humanity and sticks to the theme of keeping information from family and dangerous knowledge. Victor did everything he could to keep his secret from his family, and it ended up ruining his life. If he had told at least one other person, they might have been able to help him or at least give him some advice on what to do with the monster. Victor found the knowledge of life; this theme still remains relevant to today. With Victor trying to make new creations using man, he is upsetting God which is why his life ended up being ruined. Informed in Forbidden Knowledge, Danny has stated that, “The first that man should not play God. Victor Frankenstein embarks on a quest to create life, which ends in tragedy.” Frankenstein was supposed to be visioned as another human being just with larger features, but instead he turned out to be a terrifying monster. As the monster fled the house, going out into society trying to fit in the picture, but humans weren’t being welcoming sending the creature; hatred, fear, and confusion.
Through other characters such as Walton, the author made Victor seem like a mad-scientist and like a man with a deep passion and curiosity of the sciences. Frankenstein tried to portray himself as a kind, benevolent creator who just made a simple mistake, he ended up sounding like a shallow, prideful man.
The use of archetypes shows the character description Victor is filling in the storyline. It also helps the reader understand how he should be viewed in the story. Using themes shows how the plot of the story will eventually play out once the characters are developed. Lastly the use of characterization shows how the person is viewed and the characteristics shown.
Comparison of the Similar Themes from the Novel Frankenstein and the Movie Hanna
Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein is more than just a ghost story. This novel brings in many modern ideas, to say it was before it’s time is an understatement. Frankenstein set the groundwork for many other novels and movies. It is a major influence in today’s horror movie industry. The film Hanna was watched in class and it brings forth Mary’s ideas. This movie goes side by side with her idea that, “society may be hurtling towards mass suicide” (Walter James Miller).
Scientist hold the power to alter life itself, change the composition of any living thing. Modern technology has advanced rapidly, making it easier for ‘ghost stories’ like Frankenstein to become a reality. Though science is improving at an alarming pace Mary Shelley’s novel shows why we should not mess with genetic coding. However, the film industry still finds it fun, even humorous to play on her ideas of gene manipulation. In the movie Hanna the protagonist is one of many embryos that was created just to fight. It is in her genetic makeup to fight and kill. Hanna is part of an army of young fighters, made to destroy. She is the only one who is still living, after the government shut down the project.
Both Hanna and Frankenstein go out of their way to tell the stories of creating a “Monster”. Hanna shows what happens when you create a human solely to kill. She was in attempt for revenge, her creator had hopes that she would kill the woman who stopped his project from moving forward. How does Frankenstein relate to this? Well, Frankenstein also has vengeance in his veins, he sets on a murder spree when his creator does not love him in return. As mentioned previously Mary Shelley’s novel became a stepping stone for many future movies.
Though Hanna is a great comparison, there are many more that come to mind, one being the new Jurassic World. Just like in all the other dinosaur movies, new dinosaurs are being made with bigger and better modifications. In this latest sequel a new dinosaur is created from gene splicing resulting in a truly horrifying prototype. As repeated many times throughout the movie, “You cannot play God without consequences”. This dinosaur, though dangerous, is auctioned off and when set free goes on a killing spree, similar to Frankenstein’s. The new dinosaur has no desire to protect anyone, just like in Hanna his natural instincts are to kill. Though these movies seem like all fun and games, they lay a blue print out on what our world could become if we keep digging deeper into science. Though possible, messing with DNA is not morally right.
If scientist go about the way the movies portray them and try to regenerate life, weather that be a human or animal it will result in “mass suicide”. Bringing back the dead has consequences. The mass suicide can be anything, in the new Jurassic World the dinosaurs escape their area of confinement and venture out into the real world. In Frankenstein the novel ends and the reader is still left unsure on what will happen with the Monster, and the same goes for Hanna. These creations may show compassion, but anything can revert back to its instinct. A dog can be sweet to everyone, but when under attack it will bite. Same goes for anything created for violence or with a desire to seek revenge.
Mary Shelley’s novel is one we should all pay close attention to, do not underestimate it as just a ghost story. Without this classic many of our favorite movies would not have the basic idea of bringing the dead back and the consequences at steak. This novel is truly one that will be eternal, never reaching its end. This novel begins to lay out how “humans are naturally benevolent and only evil when abused by society” yet, another idea showcased through both this classic novel and many movies after it.
Final Frankenstein Essay
A monster is often described as: “an inhumanly cruel, or wicked person”, “A child who is typically rude or misbehaved”, or “large, ugly, and frightening”. With these points in mind is this how our world views a monster and if so who is truly the monster, the creator or the creature? In both Frankenstein and Hanna two creations are put on display, both different from society, both setting out to kill. Are they murderous by nature or by survival? Do we sympathize with them or take their creators side? Who is really the monster?
When first laying his eyes on Frankenstein, Victor describes his creation’s appearance as “too horrible for human eyes to behold” (Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein) causing him to immediately flee from the scene of his experiment. Once he returns to his study he finds the creation to have vanished. He is shook up by this matter of creating such a dreadful figure, he then goes into shock, not even trying to find Frankenstein. After months of recovery, Victor is once again brought back to his reality when his father informs him that their servant, Justine, has murdered Victors youngest brother. Victor knows this is not the work of his beloved servant, but one of his creation. He claims to have created a monster.
But why did Frankenstein set out to kill someone his creator cherished? Does he not hold his ‘father’ close to his heart? Some may say this killing was because of his nature, he is a monster after all. However, that is just surface thinking. Frankenstein must have set out to kill for a deeper meaning, no beings first instinct is to kill. Humans were ‘made’ for companionship, every single person on this earth is looking for a companion, whether that be a friend, spouse, or family. Our “Monster” lacked any of those three components from the beginning, from the moment he was created he has been alone. His creator did this to him, all he wanted was affection from the one who birthed him.
Affection is worldwide, everyone craves it. Even our young killer, Hanna. Hanna follows a teen who is brought into this world solely to kill, however she is not aware of her purpose. She is trained to fight from age two until she declares she is “Ready” to go after the ones against her former CIA agent, father. Just like any child she wishes to please her father. Just like Frankenstein she wants her creator’s attention and admiration. Along her journey to kill Marrisa, a woman out for her father, she meets Sophie. Sophie and her family take in Hanna as their refuge. Still seeking companionship, Sophie and Hanna share a kiss.
Shortly after Hanna realizes they are being followed and goes out for blood. Though she does have companionship right in front of her, she continues to stay loyal to her creator. This shows that she stays true to the one who made her, no matter the stakes. Unlike in Frankenstein, Hanna is loved by her creator. Gifting her the loyalty that Frankenstein does not have. Though the two are both created, they are both seeking something different, but somehow the same. Hanna already has her father admiration, she just desires to keep it. Whereas our ‘monster’ wants his creators attention and admiration, but knows he cannot earn it, so he seeks out for revenge.
So, whose side do we take? The two ‘orphans’, Hanna and Frankenstein, or the creators. Who is guilty? Both are guilty by Association. Cause and effect shows that if neither were created, the murders wouldn’t have happened. However, both could have lived a different life too. If Frankenstein was giving the attention and admiration he seeked out from the start he would not have had to kill to get his creators attention. Hanna could have been a normal girl if Erik raised her as his own daughter, and not personal assassin. It is true, everyone has blood on their hands, but some wounds go deeper than just the surface.
Our monsters are not the hideous, wicked, misbehaved, chaotic creations/kids, they are the creators. Each creator had a path to take. Each creator chose for the worst outcome. If either Hanna or Frankenstein were given the proper companionship and upbringing murderous intentions would never have been bought into play.
Who is truly the monster? Frankenstein or Victor? Hanna or her beloved father, Erik?
By definition some may argue Hanna and Frankenstein are both monstrous killers. However, we know it is in Hanna’s nature to kill. Erik admits to once recruiting women from abortion clinics and taking DNA just to create “Super Soldiers”. Victor refuses his own creation by appearance alone. Selfish and power hungry, scream monstrous traits to me.
Two of the seven deadly sins are vanity and power. Victor desires all things beautiful, example being his lover Elizabeth, who he has always viewed as his “Pretty present” (Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein). And when he saw that his own creature would never be glorified by society he turned him away, trying to find all the flaws in his own creation. As for Erik, his desire to build the super soldier, overshadowed his love for the girl he raised. He loved her abilities, not Hanna herself. He loved the soldier in her, not the girl. He claims to view her as his daughter, but a father would never put his daughters life on such a high stake. He trained her to kill for his own power-hungry intentions. It is clear that monsters come from within, the old myth that a monster is ugly, is just that a myth. Monsters lurk all around us. Monsters can be your father, your creator, anyone really. It is up to us to remove the rose tinted glasses and look with open eyes.
Once again everything comes with price, cause and effect. Victor went against the laws of nature and created his own being. Erik went against the CIA and hid Hanna from them, knowing his creation was not legal. Each side has a consequence. Frankenstein kills the ones closest to Victor. Hanna loses her trust towards her ‘father’. Each creator pays the ultimate price for going against nature’s laws of creation, to give one life is to take another. Both lose things they hold close to them. Victor watches the ones he loves suffer. Erik watches the one he trained slip from his grasp in a moment’s notice, the truth set her free.
Frankenstein is the ego of victor, perhaps that’s what makes Mary Shelley’s story truly haunting, always up for recreation. Hanna is also part of Erik’s ego, going after the woman he cannot kill. Whereas Hanna was taught to kill for another man’s revenge, Frankenstein learned for his own. Revenge is evil. Evil is on all the hands, the creators and creations. One cannot walk away, it will follow.
When Mary Shelley wrote Frankenstein, she set out to write a ghost story, but what she got was an eye opener. She began the trend, or even truth, that the monster is the creator. Evil is not born, evil is created. Evil is all around us. Take a look at your favorite monster movies and books, it all begins with a creator. Someone does not wake up and decide to be destructive, they must be taught, there must be motive. Everything has a cause and effect. Everything has a motive. By nature we all decided to take the Creators side, sympathizing with them. As readers we want to feel Victor’s pain as he sees that his creation is far from beautiful. We want to feel for Erik as we learn that his dreams of creating were put to an end, but once those rose-tinted glasses are removed we can see that they are not the ones hurting. Hanna and Frankenstein both suffer from the actions of their creators.
Motif Similarity in Frankenstein and How to Read Literature Like a Professor
Although Frankenstein and How to Read Literature like a Professor are written in two different time periods, they have many of the same motifs and archetypes. Frankenstein explores the creation of a monster but develops a character that is just as unstable. Fosters guide dissects many books of literature including Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, the guide helps make connections and encourage deeper reading and understanding. As the story transposes Fosters chapters can directly link to Frankenstein such as symbolism, geography, and prejudice. To begin the quest among Victor, the monster, and Walton there are five requirements along the said journey: “(a) a quester, (b) a place to go, (c) a stated reason to go there, (d) challenges and trials en route, and (e) a real reason to go there” (Thomas Foster 3). This is the beginning to comprehending the journey of a book and literature. Frankenstein begins the same way, as chapter one begins there are three characters that are going on different quests throughout the book.
Walton, Victor and the monster. “Natural philosophy is the genius that has regulated my fate; I desire, therefore, in this narration, to state those facts which led to my predilection for that science” (Mary Shelley 35) This is the beginning of Victor confessing his love for science that ultimately becomes the beginning of the quest of his creation that leads to nothing but his transitioning into a monster. In chapter seven Foster creates a scene of elaborate stories on religion and lost innocence. An example is “Araby”, “loss of innocence,” (Foster 49). This example relates directly back to William whom is killed by Victors monster. “The figure passed me quickly, and I lost it in my gloom. Nothing in human shape could have destroyed that fairchild” (Shelley 75). As well as the loss of innocence, symbolism strikes amongst Victor as he arrives to the place his brother died. “ I remained motionless. The thunder ceased,” (Shelley 75). The following symbolism relates to the “four horseman” (Foster 48). The symbolism of death arriving, as well as lightning to which brought the monster to life and became the demise of two innocent lives. In chapter nine of Frankenstein and chapter ten of (HTRLLAP) the connection of weather resonates with Victor as he mourns the loss of his brother, William.
Foster states that weather is never a coincidence it always symbolizes an idea, emotion or perhaps the next part of the ‘quest’. “The sound of the river raging among the rocks, and the dashing of the waterfalls around, (Shelley 92). Foster provides an biblical example of the weather representing peace, thus connecting with Victor whom finds his only escape to the mountain montanvert. “Thus not the tenderness of friendship, nor the beauty of earth, nor of the heaven, could redeem my soul from woe: (Shelley 91) Foster explains in chapter ten the symbolism of the rainbow in the bible, “God promised Noah with the rainbow never again to flood the whole earth. No writer in the West can employ a rainbow without being aware of its signifying aspect, its biblical function (Foster 79). Violence is prevalent in Victor’s monster, Victors intentions to create life only led to death and his demise. The biblical connection of the monster and Victor is the way that his creation views him. “This I relieve thee, my creator,” he said, and placed his hated hands before my eyes, which I flung from me with violence, “ this I take from thee a sight which you abhor” (Shelley 99). The monster claims that he has resulted to violence due to Victors abandonment. In chapter eleven of (HTRLLAP) Foster refers back to Toni Morrison’s Beloved, in the example the mother kills her children when she finds out they will become victims of slavery. “Violence is one of the most personal and even intimate acts between human beings, but it also can be cultural and societal in its implications.
Violence in Fosters example is made out of emotion, as well as the monster in Shelley’s book. In chapter twelve Foster begins to dissect symbolism and how identifying an example of symbolism can be easier rather than comprehending what it means. “We want it to mean some thing, one thing for all of us and for all time. That would be easy, convenient, manageable for us. But that handiness would result in a net loss: the novel would cease to be what it is, (Foster 99). The symbolism of nature in chapter eleven of Frankenstein is developed through fire, the coldness the monster tells Victor he experienced.
The coldness can relate to the abandonment he felt towards Victor, as well as the fire representing the true feelings and bestowing the emotions the monster felt alone in the woods without his creator. “In my joy I thrust my hand into the live embers , but quickly drew it out again with a cry of pain.” (Shelley 103) Chapter thirteen Foster goes into depth on how every book has a political piece to it. “ Nearly all writing is political on some level” (Foster 111). As the monster continues his story of being isolated and abandoned, he discusses the evils of humanity and the legal system. The monster describes disgust and remorse. “For a long time I could not conceive how one man could go forth to murder his fellow, or even why there were laws and governments; but when I heard details of vice and bloodshed, my wonder ceased, and I turned away with disgust and loathing (Shelley 118). Frankenstein hardly seems like the book to have political pieces but deep within the monsters prejudice he suffers from and the government Fosters statement stands. “The world contains many thing , and on the level of society, part of what it contains is the political reality of the time power structures, relations among classes, issues of justice and rights, interactions between the sexes and among various racial and ethnic constituencies” (Foster 115) “Literary geography is typically about humans inhabiting spaces, and at the same time the spaces that inhabit humans” (Foster 166) Victor makes a point to go North, as Victor moves farther away from society, his family and friends. The monster speaks of being abandoned, and as he grows to understand the world, and his love for nature, much like Victor you can feel his ultimate demise.
The monster is growing and thriving in nature, Victor tells of how he only solemnly feels at peace in nature but even that too is destroyed “I enjoyed the scene; and yet my enjoyment was embittered both by the memory of the past, and the anticipation of the future” (Shelley 159) The geography of where Victor flees to says a lot about who he is, and how he enjoyed it before and felt peace and comfort but now only feels it for a moment. The monster has a way of taking everything from Victor, including his sanity. In chapter twenty-one Foster addresses Mary Shelley’s book directly, although the monster physically was unappealing than Victor, the real monster was the creator himself. “But in the novel it’s the idea of the monster that is frightening, or perhaps it’s really the idea of the man, the scientist-sorcerer forging an unholy alliance with dark knowledge that scares us (Foster 199). The psychological downfall that the audience witnesses the longer the monster is alive is more concerning than the physical monster in itself. In chapter twenty-two Victor has basically become the monster. Victor’s state of mind is full of isolation, he confesses to his father of the murder he has committed, at this time the difference between Victor and his creation are not to be found. Although Victor looks human his mind and his heart have become one with the monster. “I am not mad,” I cried energetically; “the sun and the heavens, who have viewed my operations, can bear witness of my truth. I am the assassin of those most innocent victims; they died by my machinations. A thousand times would I have shed my own blood, drop by drop, to have saved their lives” (Shelley 184).
Victor takes blame for the deaths of his family and friends, as victor loses his family the closer the monster gets to showing Victor the isolation the monster experienced when his creator abandons him. Victor is a death away from becoming the monster and completely living in isolation from all those he loves, including his own wife Elizabeth. CONCLUSION In conclusion, Frankenstein and How to Read Literature like a Professor are similar in many aspects but just as different. They share several of the same motifs such as symbolism, archetypes, prejudice and nature. Foster sprinkles in several books, he uses quite a bit of variety yet he uses Toni Morrison’s Beloved several times. The violence and prejudice relates back to Victor and his creation in several ways. In the same ways they are different where Frankenstein is a story of upset and adventure psychologically and physically.
Analysis Of The Use Of Allusions, Imagery, And Symbolism in “Frankenstein: The 1818 Text” By Mary Shelley
People everyday read books and then right after not remember what they had just read. To fix this, close reading must be applied. Close reading is the critical and thoughtful analysis that focuses on certain details and rhetorical choices the author makes. This is essential to fully understand the text and comprehend the form, craft, and meaning of pieces of literature. The book How To Read Literature Like A Professor by Thomas C. Foster hits on different techniques including symbols, themes, and contexts that represent close reading so each person can make his/her reading experience more enjoyable. Foster provides a broad overview of literature and what reading between the lines entails.
After reading this book, understanding Mary Shelley’s, Frankenstein: The 1818 Text was much easier to comprehend and pull apart the literary meanings that are woven into the text. Mary Shelley’s text includes allusions, imagery and symbolism that help to communicate the message of the story, which is that doing something you are not supposed to can come with a price. She uses many different methods and techniques to carry the plot along. Pulling apart a book with all of the different rhetorical devices and analysis it includes is necessary for discussion, which is also an important part of close reading.
One of the most important devices Shelley uses is allusions to relate back to the theme that ruining someone’s life also comes with a cost. An allusion is a figure of speech that is a reference to a well-known person, place, event or literary work. These connections to various works allow the reader to identify themes throughout the book, as well as gaining a better understanding of what is occurring in the text. The first story Mary Shelley alludes to in Frankenstein: The 1818 Text is the story of Prometheus. Prometheus is about a titan who is a respected and almost god-like figure. He created man through clay and water and taught them how to live. However, Prometheus also tricked Zeus into having him accept the humans’ low-quality sacrificial merchandise. In response to this, Zeus confiscated all fire from mankind. Prometheus, being a caring individual steals fire from Zeus to give to the humans. Zeus then sentences Prometheus to eternal misery and torment. Victor Frankenstein, one of the main characters in Mary Shelley’s novel closely resembles Prometheus because Frankenstein creates a new species and ends up suffering from it. Frankenstein tells the monster he created to “Begone! [he] will not hear [him]”. This is just as Zeus did to Prometheus. The monster then begins to murder everyone Victor Frankenstein cares for. Frankenstein’s original intention was to benefit from his scientific discovery to make a new species, but in the end, both Frankenstein and his monster were left very unhappy.
The allusion of the story of Prometheus in Frankenstein: The 1818 Text relates back to the theme that doing something you are not supposed to can come at a price because Prometheus and Victor Frankenstein both suffered from their choices. Since Frankenstein told his monster to go away from him, Frankenstein suffered since the monster killed all his loved ones. The monster then regretted him ruining Frankenstein’s life and wept when he was killed. Frankenstein was not supposed to create this monster and then abandon it. He paid the price which was ultimately death. Prometheus, on the other hand, was not supposed to trick Zeus and he also paid the price of eternal torture.
Another allusion Mary Shelley touches on is the Rime of the Ancient Mariner. This poem is about a mariner who disregards the laws of nature and slaughters an albatross and a bird. After this, the mariner and his men come across a ghostly figure who resembles death. This ghostly figure then kills all of the men and leaves a curse on the mariner. This similarly connects back to what happened to Victor Frankenstein because he created this monster and then told the monster to get away from him. He pretty much cursed himself since the monster got revenge and killed everyone Victor had somewhat of a close relationship with. The mariner and Frankenstein both represent that if you do something you are not supposed to, it can come at a price. Both tragedies could have been prevented. If Frankenstein did not exonerate the monster and took care of his creation, his loved ones would still be alive. The monster always left a “murderous mark” which “brought tears to Victor’s eyes”. Victor paid for the price of not caring for the monster he created since the monster wanted revenge and began killing Victor’s loved ones. Likewise, if the mariner did not kill those animals he was not supposed to kill, he would not have a curse on him. This allusion foreshadows the loss of Victor’s loved ones due to his own mistakes.
Similarly, Mary Shelley alludes to the poem Paradise Lost. This poem is a biblical story where God created Adam and Eve- the first people on earth. The two are very innocent. They both were supposed to stay away from this tree and not eat or take anything off of it, but Satan in the form of a snake comes to Eden and tempts her to eat from the tree. Both Adam and Eve end up eating from the tree and are banished from the garden. The title Paradise Lost illustrates this beautiful garden that they lived in is now all gone because of their actions. From here, the monster can be compared to Adam. The monster says to Victor that he “is thy creature: [he] ought to be Adam”. This illustrates how the monster began life innocent, but without the love and care from his creator turned into a horrible killer. These allusions help carry along the plot of the story so the reader can easily identify themes throughout it. The plot makes much more sense because of the story of Prometheus, Rime of the Ancient Mariner, and Paradise Lost.
In Frankenstein: The 1818 Text, Shelley uses imagery throughout to entice the reader and bring light to the message she is trying to portray. The author’s use of vivid and descriptive writing is a crucial technique that appeals to the human senses to deepen the reader’s understanding of the piece of literature. Victor feels true hatred for the monster when the monster begins to kill and describes it as “gloomy and black melancholy”. If Victor would have taken care of the monster he created, the tragedies of losing his loved ones would have been prevented. Victor would have never felt so sad and the monster would know what a caring relationship in the human world felt like. The use of imagery really helps the reader visualize Victor’s feelings. His emotions are described as “black melancholy”, the reader can illustrate in his/her mind this very dark sky that represents his mood. Victor even tells the reader the “fresh air and bright sun seldom failed to restore [him] to some degree of composure”. Victor is to blame for his unhappiness since he neglected his new creation. He then goes looking for the monster and describes him as the “devil”. Unfortunately for Victor, the monster “eluded his grasp”, meaning he got away from him. Victor uses such strong adjectives to relay the hatred he feels for him, but it is his own fault for what happened. Victor wants to catch him and destroy him, so no more horrible events happen to him. If he would have cared for the monster, the monster would have never wanted to get revenge and kill people. Victor’s negligence came at a price, which was ultimately his death from sorrow. Victor did not want to have a relationship with the monster because of how hideous he was. People should not be judged because of their looks. Everyone needs to be cared for and respected the same. Victor learned by the end of the book that his choice to not take care of the monster was a very poor one. The author’s use of imagery allows the reader to make a visual picture in their mind while collecting their thoughts on the message of the text.
Mary Shelley’s use of symbolism is also used to bring attention to her theme that doing something you are not supposed to can come at an expense. Light is used to symbolize the ugliness of the monster. It illustrates how different he looked compared to the human race. The monster’s first encounter with light is it “pressed upon [his] nerves”. The light of science is good until you get too close or pursue it too far like Victor did. He abandoned his creation because of how the monster looked. Victor knew he was not supposed to create this new species of life, but tried to anyway. That is why the monster wanted revenge because he was created and then neglected shortly after. Fire is also used as a symbol which can cause pain destruction and death, but it can also sustain life by providing heat and heating food. The monster realized the dual nature of fire when he says he “found, with pleasure, that fire gave light as well as heat”. The monster was so happy he had the fire to keep him company but realized it could be used for destruction when he would “thrust his hand into live embers, but quickly drew it out again with a cry of pain”. The monster wants to use the harmful power of fire to destroy himself since he feels too ugly and uncared for. He wants to eliminate any memory of him on earth. The fire symbol also relates back to the Prometheus myth, as he brought fire back to humans. Victor left the monster to feel so unwanted and alone. Victor knew he was not supposed to abandon the monster but did it anyway. By the end of the book, Victor regrets his decision to which leaves him with a “bitter sting of remorse”. The use of symbolism in this story creates meaning and more emotion to the plot.
Mary Shelley uses allusions, imagery, and symbolism effectively in her novel Frankenstein: The 1818 Text to relay the message that doing something you are not supposed to do can come with consequences. These three elements ensure the reader gets a close read of the plot and has a deeper understanding of the text. People do not always realize the repercussions that can occur as a result of their actions. An individual must learn to think before they act to ensure he/she is happy and content with their life.
Analysis Of Quotes From Frankenstein By Mary Shelley
“What may not be expected in a country of eternal light?”
This quote is showing the character development and the plot line, as Walton is writing a letter to his sister. This letter helps explain how he wants to seek the true secrets and life, and the ultimate knowledge. The plot line is set, as Walton is going to seek this vast adventure and hopefully find what he is looking for. He is willing to sacrifice the comfort of the realm of known knowledge, to be able to expand on his kind of thinking and way of life.
The quote connects with one of the themes in this book, it connects with the idea of light being a symbol of discovery and knowledge. Walton writes to his sister how he is determined to find the secret of life and ultimate knowledge, and has an opportunity to do that in this country of “eternal light”. He wants to discover it by any means necessary, and the light is calling his name so he has to try his absolute best if he wishes to succeed.
The reason why this quote was selected was because of the fact that he knows there is an opportunity out there to find the ultimate power of knowledge, and is willing to sacrifice the realm of known knowledge to find it. It is always very fascinating to see a man determined to seek the power of “eternal light” within their own country. He does not know what will happen but is willing to find out and maybe face some consequences along the way.
“No human being could have passed a happier childhood than myself”
This quote very much goes with the plot line, as it shows how Victor Frankenstein had a bad childhood. However, this quote also foreshadows the rest of the book, as the readers begin to read about how the rest of Victor’s life is miserable, and in turmoil. This can also connects with the character development because his miserable life may be why he is seeking the secret of life and ultimate knowledge to comfort him. Him having a bad life can be connected to the reason why he is the way he is.
This quote connects with the theme of isolation, as Victor had such a terrible childhood and adulthood, he focuses all his efforts into his work. He began putting so much effort in his work that he did not realize how isolated he became from his family and responsibilities. This is the true reason why the monster even becomes “evil”, due to it being completely locked away. It started to become angered and full of hate, thus, wanting to make Victor as isolated as it. Victor then sees how he becomes so isolated from society and everything because of his work.
The quote was chosen because this has happened and was witnessed. A man or women having a such tough childhood and adult life that they isolate themselves and focus in a specific thing. This is very dangerous thing because of the fact that they tend to lose themselves in their own thoughts and can create voices making them evil. Isolation is something people need to look out for, because it is something that can happen to anyone if left alone for weeks on end.
“Ah! Cornelius Agrippa! My dear Victor, do not waste your time upon this; it is sad trash”
The quote stated by Victor’s father saying how the ancient alchemists are only trash, and he should not waste time on them, only adds to the character development of Victors. This only makes him who he is, by making him focus on his work even more and push away society. Victor is now more motivated to study his work and go against the rest of society, shaping his character of isolating everyone. His father encouraged him to become isolated by telling him what he loves to do is trash in other words.
Of course this quote goes with the theme of isolation as it involves Victor going against his father and society by focusing in his work even more. Even though his own father believes it to be trash, he is still very motivated to study them. This is why he begins to isolate himself from the world, he felt as the “world” was against him, so instead of believing them and stopping he continues to put all his attention to his work.
This quote was selected because parents do not understand their children sometimes, by telling what they like to do is trash, only motivates them to prove them wrong. Now this can go both ways, the child can create great things by this motivation and become successful, or the child will begin to truly lose themselves in their work. Telling their children that something they enjoy to do only makes them resent everyone and only focus on that, and this is where the lonely thoughts happen and insanity begins.
“I never beheld anything so utterly destroyed.”
The quote stated by Victory was said when he discovered lighting had hit a tree when he was a young boy. This goes with both the character development and plot line, because this is where the idea of a monster Frankenstein was created, and where he is going to isolate society. As the tree was destroyed it popped a light bulb of the natural sciences around him, creating his big problem with the monster. This is where he also begins to isolate himself and the monster from the world in order to complete his work, and the monster turns angry and creates hatred.
The way Victor says this quote in such a way of intrigue that it is quite scary. It can be clearly seen that Victor was going to try to create something big, and that is exactly what he did with Frankenstein. The tone was very mad scientist like, and this tone is what created the creation of the monster that also created many problems. It was able to be known that he was going to do something bad, or dangerous just by the tone of his voice when saying this quote, which affected later in the book.
This quote was selected because of the way he was so intrigued by the lighting hitting the tree, and was able to create something so big that it changed science forever. It is very interesting how simple and quickly someone can get a creation in their head just by something simple happening.
“So much has been done exclaimed the soul of Frankenstein- more, far more will I achieve: treading steps already marked, I will pioneer a new way, explore unknown powers, and unfold to the world the deepest mysteries of creation”.
This quote creates the character development of crazed mad scientists who wants to prove the world wrong of him. This will be the beginning of his deranged experiment in creating a monster, wanting to advance in science from those behind him. All this makes him seem crazy about the creation of his first monster, and the isolation will begin as he gets to work and shut off the real world.
The quote above connects with the theme of nature as Victory believes that people are only half made up and he himself can pioneer a new way to advance. He wishes to manipulate nature to help him create the perfect creature that will prove his theory to be correct, as people are being weighed down by pettey concerns of and countless flaws. Little does he know that this will be his downfall, and nature will always prevail at the end of it all.
This is the typical mad scientist’s talk, about how they are going to create new innovations that will change the course of science forever. However, almost 90% of the time this will be there downfall, as they believe they are helping society and the world with what they are doing. Only to find out that they are actually what is hurting society and creating more problems.
“Darkness had no effect upon my fancy; and a church yard was to me merley the receptacle of bodies deprived of life…”
This is where the readers can truly see the character of Victor to turn into insanity. He is beginning to see different from other people and is heading towards pure evil. The plot line also takes a turn for the worst as the monster is created and it has hatred just like the scientists who created it. The way of thinking of Victor turned from innovated to merley evil, just as he begins thinking of all the sinister meanings in his life.
The tone of this quote changed dramatically from the last quote of intriguing to absolutely craziness. The shift of tone is actually very important to the storyline of Victor, because he went from a scientist who wanted to manipulate nature and pioneer a new way of thinking too absolutely madness and evilness of his own life. His wanting to change science completely was a one ticket to craziness and the downfall of his own life.
The fact that someone who was meant to do somewhat good can turn upside down and fall to evil thoughts. He did not have a very pleasant life and this can be one of the major reasons why he wanted to change something so people can look at him differently. It is funny how someone can lose themselves in their own thoughts and completely turn into a purely evil person who begins to think very differently of others.
“How can I describe my emotions at this catastrophe, or hour delineate the wretch whom with such infinite pains and care I had endeavored to form”
Now the readers see the character of Victor changing from madness to absolute fear. He finally begins to realize what he has created, and is now feared of it. He did not think of the consequences that of course will happen when this creature was finished. The readers can really sense the fear and regretment in himself. His character is finally realizing the real world around him was trying to warn him of his madness, but he instead ignored all of them and followed his evilness.
This quote can connect with family, due to the fact that his own family knew what he was doing was “trash” and not worth doing. However, he ended up isolating his family completely and turning mad. If he would has kept his family by his side this creature may not of been created and Victor would of kept his sanity under control. Better late than never on the other hand, it was good that he finally realized what he did was monstrous, who knows what would’ve happened if he did not come to senses.
This is a classic move that happens to most people who isolate themselves and create something that is very dangerous to others. They listen to no one but themselves turn evil and do something that is absolutely horrifying, but at the end regret doing everything and try figuring out a solution. It is a classic move that happens to a ton of people, the sense of regret will never fade in human beings.
“Nothing in human shape could have destroyed that fair child. He was the Murderer.”
This is one of the consequences Victor has to deal with, as the monster he created with hatred in him is vengeance towards his master and is trying to make him isolated completely. The monster is accused of killing Victor, which the readers find out later he indeed killed him. Now the plot line is twisted, instead of the scientists being evil and crazy, the monster is now the evil one. Though not its fault, it was trapped and stuck with its own thoughts for too long.
This killing of the brother by the monster connects with the theme of isolation, which the monster was in for quite some time. It was able to configure its own thoughts and feelings, feeling hatred towards Victor wanting to make him isolated like it was for revenge. If the monster was not so isolated and was able to be free, there may not of been so much anger, and hatred of the monster. Isolation can really do damage to pretty much anything.
It was ironic how the evil scientists created a very violent monster with lots of anger and hatred in it for his own monster. The monster showed the master a reflection of himself and it made Victor realize who he has become hurting others around him with this creation.
“When I looked around I saw and heard of none like me. Was I, the monster, a blot upon earth from which all men fled and whom all men disowned?”
This quote is explaining the true emotions of Frankenstein at an early stage. He is expressing his feelings to Felix that maybe he does belong because of his character traits and how he looks a monster, he believes that no one is going to want to be seen with him around. This feeling then alters to a more hatred and violent feeling that wreaks havoc around town. The creation went from a curious creature to indeed a violent monster who kills.
The quote is significant to the plot line because this feeling of curiosity on why people did not like him, turned into loneliness. This created the monster to be left alone with his own thoughts, thus creating the absolute feeling of hatred and vengeance. This of course motivates him to kill in order to get to his master and earn its revenge for him isolating him for a long time.
This quote was very interesting because of the fact that this creature was able to think for itself and feel. Victor was actually able to make a creature that is able to feel emotions like an actual person is quite astonishing. He actually did pioneer a new way of thinking, although it was executed poorly, he still did something quite amazing. This is why the quote caught my eye immediately.
“I have no friends, Margret: when I am glowing with the enthusiasm of success, there will be none to participate my joy; if I am assailed by disappointment, no one will endeavor to sustain me in dejection.”
This quote is from the letter of Walton being written to Mrs. Saville,which explains how lonely it can be in the snow and in very much in despair for some company. He wishes that he can have some company soon, because a man alone with only his thoughts going over and over can be very dangerous. That is why it is good to have someone to talk to so they both can release emotion and let out everything out in the open.
This theme connects again with the concept of isolation and the harsh effects it can have on people even monsters as seen in the book. Isolation can be a good thing for some people, however, no one should be on isolated for a long periods of time because thoughts can turn into voices, and when voices start appearing in the head lots of chaos can occur.
The reason behind picking this quote is simply because of the reasons above. Isolation can be such a deadly thing to a human being, humans need people to talk to, they need communication. When that communication is shut off completely and people are left alone with their own thoughts, voices will start to appear telling them lies and sinister things.
“From that moment declared everlasting war against the species, and more than all, against who had formed and sent forth to this insupportable misery.”
This quote was chosen as the quote of the book, simply because of how it was created. The quote was created by a man named Victor who wanted to prove everyone around him wrong for believing in what he was doing was trash. This led to him shutting them out and wanting revenge on them by creating the other half of people and innovating science forever. Victor’s mindset was in the right place, however, the way he changed as the creation was being made, was his absolute downfall. He became made in his own thoughts and could not figure it out since he shut out society. Thus, after finally creating Frankenstein and keeping him locked away the creation started becoming self aware and developed feelings towards its master. The same feelings that Victor, the mater, had toward everyone who did not believe in his work, who made his life a misery. The creation then turned into a monster and began a killing spree, wanting to take revenge from his master who locked him away. That monster was a clear reflection of who Victor was, a man who shut down society and became evil, sitting alone with his own thoughts turning into “those voices”.
Frankenstein and a Discussion on The Byronic Heroes in the Novel by Mary Shelley
Frankenstein, written by Mary Shelley is an epistolary novel, as it is composed of letters and journal entries. It starts with Captain Walton who is writing to his sister while sailing to the North Pole. He stumbles upon a man named Victor Frankenstein who begins to tell his tale. He begins to speak about his life in Geneva and his interest in discovering what life means. Due to this desire and the knowledge he has, he creates a creature and brings him to life. After the monster appears in Victor’s room while he is sleeping, he becomes frightened and runs away. After returning home, he finds out the monster killed two of his loved ones, and an innocent woman was tried and executed because of it. Following a whirlwind of emotions, the monster then begs Victor to create a mate for him. Victor creates it, becomes frightened once again of what this can cause, and dumps the body parts in the river. The monster becomes angry and hints to Victor that he will see him on his wedding night, and instead of killing Victor, kills the bride Elizabeth. Victor finally finds the monster after a long hunt and as soon as he does, Mother Nature takes her course and causes the ice to break in the sea making it difficult for Victor to reach his creation. Shortly after comes the point in which Walton and Victor meet. After some analysis and connecting of ideas, it becomes clear that there are a couple of Byronic characters in this novel, most notably the protagonist Victor Frankenstein.
Lord Byron gave birth to what is referred to as the “Byronic Hero”. The hero is not a typical hero; he or she exhibits rather negative qualities from a modern-day perspective, and is often confident, arrogant, cynical, and self-destructive. The hero’s background is usually mysterious and not known by many, therefore attracting the common person to them. The Byronic Hero is also known to be sensitive as they have a capacity to feel, and are well-educated.
We first see hints of Victor Frankenstein portrayed as a Byronic Hero in Chapter I by the way he speaks of his wife/sister, Elizabeth: “…her feelings were strong and deep…her hazel eyes, although as lively as a bird’s, possessed an attractive softness” (Shelley, Hunter 21). Like a Byronic Hero does, Victor speaks very highly of a woman showing his capacity to feel. Later on, we are introduced to his odd obsession with human life and re-animating the dead. Victor says, “One of the phenomena which had peculiarly attracted my attention was the structure of the human frame, and, indeed, any animal endured with life”. He later goes on to state “Now I was led to examine the cause and progress of the decay, and forced to spend days and nights in vaults and charnel houses” (Shelley, Hunter 31). Being obsessed with the dead and creating life out of body parts, as well as how he actually did this, is mysterious to the fullest extent, and somewhat cynical – most people do not obsess over such a topic. After creating the monster, he then abandons his own creation due to the fact that it is hideous and frightening, something that proves Victor to be arrogant and considerably cynical. Deeper into the story, Justine is executed for her conviction of murdering Victor’s younger brother. Following the tragic series of events, Victor becomes very upset and wants to commit suicide. However, he arrives at Chamounix (the area of Mount Blanc), and suddenly feels relieved: “These sublime and magnificent scenes afforded me the greatest consolation that I was capable of receiving” (Shelley, Hunter 65). The depression and miserable feelings he was experiencing, followed by the sublime experience which made him happy for a short time is in line with what many other Byronic Heroes have been through.