Documentary

Fire in the Blood by Dylan Mohan Gray

November 8, 2021 by Essay Writer

Fire in the Blood, a documentary by Dylan Mohan Gray, investigates on the injustice of AIDS treatment in Africa, millions of who die every year just because they cannot afford the antiretroviral drug that could have saved their lives. The documentary portrays how western pharmaceutical companies along with the US and European governments keep low-cost drugs away from the reach of poor HIV AIDS affected citizens of Africa and let them suffer.

Filming emotion-charged pictures of victims to activists, advocates and scientists, Gray pulls out some troublesome facts. Intense haunting responses from interviewees like, “The only reason we are dying is because we are poor” weakens the audience and provokes them to discuss about the inequality in health care.

The movie illustrates the inequality Farmer talks about in his article. The outcome of disease of the mass population infected by HIV AIDS, which clearly had no control over it, was death because the social and economic factors weren’t contributing to the outcome; again clearly emphasizing that providing biomedical solutions to health problems alone cannot sustain a positive outcome.

What is the point of medical innovations if people cannot *use* it. What is the point of medical innovations if people aren’t allowed to use it? The movie also shows a power structure that oppresses the powerless, to an extent that the ultimate result is death itself. Even though the research into life saving drugs is mostly publicly funded, the distribution of drugs is controlled by giant corporations who use their government granted monopoly to price their drugs, resulting in affordability by only the privileged nations.

This is an example of structural violence. With whom does the power stay? The movie also raises few ethical questions. Why isn’t the government demanding anything from the patent holders? Should pharmaceutical companies have moral obligations to save lives? Does the patent holder regime need to be reformed?

The movie, even though one-sided, well delivers the message that patent laws reinforce inequality and as long as inequalities persist, the poor will continue to suffer. Factors that can be controlled at an individual level must be done so but factors that are out of reach must be taken care by the government.

Unless the external factor which cannot be controlled by the victim is controlled by the government, individual efforts are of no good. Health policies and programs, fund allocation must all happen with reference to biomedical and social factors of health.

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Assessment of the Documentary Century of Enslavement: the History of the Federal Reserve, by James Corbett

November 8, 2021 by Essay Writer

Central banking systems are highly complex, secretive, and powerful. In the documentary “Century of Enslavement: The History of the Federal Reserve,” filmmaker James Corbett aims to provide an easily understandable overview of the United States Central Bank. In plain English, Corbett explores the fundamental questions of what is money and how should it be made. He asks viewers whether national debt is necessary and ultimately explores alternatives that may replace the “fascistic collusion” spearheaded by the current central banking system. In addition, he explains how the Federal Reserve works and raises many critical arguments against the organization’s activities.

Corbett’s documentary is very antagonistic towards the Fed and the “elite-banking cartel” that runs it. The Federal Reserve is extremely powerful as it manages the overall money supply in the US. It has the power to “create” or “destroy” money and can adjust interest rates. Corbett asserts that 90% of the US money supply is created by private banks as loans to the Fed that are payable back to the banks at interest. Therefore, the majority of money in the economy is created not by a government printing press, but by the bank itself. Money is created out of thin air as debt. Furthermore, due to fractional reserve banking, banks can loan out more money than they actually have in their reserves. Overall, Corbett explores the conflicts of interest that are inherent to the Federal Reserve System. For example, the collapse in 2008 was caused by large-scale institutional speculation and manipulation of the markets. The private banks that orchestrated the financial crisis by packaging and selling sub-prime mortgages and then, in turn, betting against these faulty financial packages with credit default swaps, ended up profiting from the bailout that was “necessary” to “revive” the economy. In fact, Corbett states that the 2012 GOA report indicated that Federal Reserve board members were tied to $4 trillion worth of loans after the Great Recession of 2008. This enormous bailout led to record profits for the banks involved in subsequent years and reveals the importance of reconsidering what the purpose the Fed plays and who the Fed is supporting. Does the Fed work for the American people? It does not have to answer to the government and it clearly is not a public organization.

Overall, the most important question that Corbett’s documentary discusses is: will a new global financial system be created? How do we globalize and integrate our financial system? Imaging a post-fed economy may be difficult, but the emergency of crypto-currency is a clear indicator of the changes that may be possible. Bitcoin is a revolutionary new monetary system that some argue has the potential to topple the current global financial system. Bitcoin offers a decentralized currency system that utilizes blockchain technology to remove financial intermediaries. Blockchain enables one to send money to anyone anywhere on the planet through a public ledger. Bitcoin is a digital currency or asset that is not backed by a bank or government and is thus decentralized. Bitcoin can be bought and sold through online exchanges. The mathematical nature of bitcoin puts a hard limit of approximately 21 million coins. This means that Bitcoin offers a new alternative to our current banking system that is removes the corrosive flaw that is inherent to the practice of printing money on any governmental whim. The financial system is now a global system. Decentralized currencies may be the future of the world economy.

The other two videos discussed the Bank for International Settlements, which is the central bank of the central banks of the world. The Bank for International Settlements, or the BIS, is the main meeting point for the central bankers of the world to secretly discuss monetary policy. Established in Switzerland, the BIS has a very dodgy history of funding Hitler’s Third Reich. However, the Bank for International Settlements has endured since its founding in 1930. It played an important role in conducting the technical work for the issue of the Euro in the 1990’s. It also gave birth to the European Central Bank. In addition, China and Russia joined the bank in 1996. Now, important trade policy discussions take place at the BIS and it was an important point of contact for bankers to discuss financial crises and set agendas for their individual country policies. One major issue that is currently being discussed is that of quantitative easing, or the printing of money. Quantitative easing has created super low interest rates, which means that capital has started to move around the world in search for better rates. Countries like Korea and Malaysia are being flooded with investments due to their interest rates. This illustrates the global nature of our current economy. To conclude, the videos from this week presented a radical depiction of the current banking systems. They represented the banking elites as a cartel with unrestrained power. They issued a call to action and asked viewers to question the current central banking system and aim to imagine new, more global and decentralized means of controlling the world’s economies.

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The Different Cultures in Africa, Mongolia, Japan, and the United States in Babies, a Film Documentary by Thomas Balmes

November 8, 2021 by Essay Writer

Throughout the documentary Babies, the audience is given an insight on four different cultures: Africa, Mongolia, Japan, and the United States. The film focuses on the development and cultural traditions of bearing and raising and infant. According to Piaget, this entire film is documenting the child’s sensorimotor stage of life. The sensorimotor stage is from ages birth to two years of age. The individual understands the world through senses and actions. I observed many differences just in the first ten minutes. To hone in on a few I compared and contrasted how each woman from each country fed, bathed, and groomed their children. I also noticed how they had different traditions and societal norms when it came to certain things.

Firstly, One of the most striking similarities between each of the babies was that they all try to copy the behaviors and actions of the people surrounding them. I believe that this specific similarity should be considered a benefit, because as they progress into their development, it will become easier for the babies to react to their environmental surroundings. In addition to a striking similarity, a couple of surprising differences among the four babies was how each of the babies were raised by each of their parents. I noticed that Ponijao, Mari, and Hattie were always supervised by their parents. However, Bayarjargal always seemed to be alone without adult supervision. Also, I noticed that Hattie and Mari attended programs with other babies and mothers, while Bayarjargal and Ponijao did not have any type of programs to attend. This difference in this reality might seem like a drawback to Bayarjargal and Ponijao, because they do not have as many technological resources available to further their development. However, each of the environments the babies live in are different, so they will probably adapt without any of the programs that are available in Japan and the US.

Additionally, the babies’ information processing, intelligence, reasoning, language development, and memory also developed throughout the movie. This is known as cognitive development. Each child had a different environment to interact with.

Towards the middle of the film, the documentary shows the four babies crawling. That can relate to the term gross motor skills. Gross motor skills are defined as movement and coordination of the arms, legs, and other large body parts and movements. They participate in actions such as running, crawling, swimming, etc.

Another isolated scene that stood out to me was the young African infant was dozing off to sleep while sitting up. As I learned in class, that would be defined as the sleep-wake transition. The sleep-wake transition is when babies doze or daze off to sleep. That was clearly portrayed in the film.

To wrap things up, the documentary Babies really showed different cultures and their customs for raising children. All of the babies had different environments and stimuli.The babies from Japan and San Francisco had actual toys while the children from Mongolia and Africa had animals, sticks, nature, etc. However, they all explored and learned from their own experiences. Even though the babies were raised in different environments they still went through similar types of development. They all crawled, began to walk, and talk. Some did it faster than others but eventually they were all taking steps and beginning to babble words. This showed me that environmental factors can impact a baby’s development and the rate at which they develop.

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Women Issues in Media in Miss Representation, a Documentary by Jennifer Siebel Newsom

November 8, 2021 by Essay Writer

The Miss Representation documentary taught me more about the issues on women in media as well as the challenges they face within themselves and from males. As a student trying to get into the PR/entertainment industry I felt like this film helped provide an understanding to how women are viewed and how the media plays a large role. “Content shapes us and it impacts us.” (Newsom, 2011) Because media is considered the messenger, the content within it teaches many people about what it has to offer and some take in those views as reality. Through advertisements, television, and social media platforms, women with unattainable ideals of beauty are shown to women / young girls who can be considered vulnerable. What you can see creates this mindset of “what you believe, you can do,” and it is important for women to understand that the women they see in ads aren’t “real” most of the time.

One step I would take, to change the way media portrays women and girls, would be to educate others on how they are portrayed and the challenges they face. I think it is hard to choose just one way that can change the media’s portrayal since they (males) have been doing it for years, it sells, and it’s something they are used to. “Male journalists make up 63% of bylines in print, Internet and wire news media.”

Having some diverse females in higher positions can help portray women in a better light since they can provide some perspective to the table. Educating those who are younger, whether through a documentary like this, or through other ways, such a social media messages or events where women talk about their experiences because of media, can help humanize them while also getting the message out to young teens male and female. Although it is hard to completely stop the unrealistic portray of women and girls in the media, I feel like it is important to at least be educated on the facts and to know better than what the media might be trying to sell or tell you.

Although I agree with the documentary’s message, like issues on empowering other women, how those 40 or older aren’t represented properly, and how boys/men learn the behavior of being dominant, I felt like it lacked other representation of women. There were a few Asians, African-Americans, Indians, and some Hispanics that were interviewed, but for the most part they were white females. It is important to include how the media views women, but I wanted to see how it portrayed women of color especially. Being a female minority in media is an important aspect not only needed for representation, but for giving that sense of “belonging.”

Understanding that there is someone on the screen or on an advertisement that a young female can relate to makes them feel included in a society filled with a European standard of beauty. “As a result, the internalization of racialized beauty standards can perpetuate into a lifelong, intergenerational culture of self-hatred.” (Hunter, 1998) I felt like the way the documentary was framed did not mean to leave out those of color, but just focused on western women more. They did not get into on the representation of ethnicities, minorities, those of color and the different or similar struggles they faced when being placed in the media.

I feel that many different theories can be applied to the documentary. The medium theory, hegemonic concept, and culture industry all had interesting points that I could have applied to the documentary but the one I felt that related the most was the direct effects model. This theory focuses on how the media can influence the public in specific ways like consumer behavior, persuasion, and strategically placed ads and campaigns.

Although the theory has been disproved, media still has the power to influence. Applying this theory to the documentary we see learn that males at a young age, learn the behavior of being dominant, masculine, and the media only helps to perpetuate that attitude through its content. Since kids don’t have a source of mediation, the content they view is more likely to stick with them without questioning it. “The developmental stage of a child plays a role in the effect of commercials. Young children do not understand the concept of a sales pitch. They tend to believe what they are told and may even assume that they are deprived if they do not have advertised products.” (Paediatrics & Child Health, 2003) From the documentary, we see that women in power are not represented as much as men are.

“In John Boehner’s first four weeks as Speaker of the House, he was on the cover of five national weekly magazines. Nancy Pelosi’s four years as Speaker of the House, she has been on the cover of zero national weekly magazines.” (Newsom, 2011) In this example we see that the media places the male on the cover faster than a woman, this leads to people viewing the concept of power and government as male oriented rather than female. The direct-effects model is also applied since the documentary showed how the media strategizes beauty into female consumption, through fashion ads and power into males with commercials.

Society is progressing and their voices have been heard. I feel that businesses and companies can breakdown gender stereotypes in their workplace by having a day where everyone can learn about the stereotypes, gender roles, how the other gender is affected, and by integrating an area where women can feel safe rather than belittled or sexualized. The entertainment workplace is dominated by men, but there are women out there making strides and it is important to work and fight hard to get those roles.

Gender stereotypes is a problem that can be fixed in the workplace, with the proper training, resources, and understanding we can then implement what one has learned into the work or content they are producing. Advertising can be a difficult area to target, but if the workplace starts to become informed on these issue, it won’t mean anything if the ads they produce still give in to the gender stereotypes. Hopefully we will progress into a society that is changing, teaching the younger generation to not fall for the beauty standards seen in the media, teaching boys it is okay to not fit into the standards of masculinity, and overall promoting a level of understanding among one another.

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Reviewing Ned Kelly’s Documentary

November 8, 2021 by Essay Writer

The latter of Australians know of Ned Kelly. Ned Kelly the outlaw who wore an extraordinary suit of armour, led a fierce gang of bushrangers, and challenged the law and its enforcers. This documentary will look at the man behind the mask. To some, he is nothing more than a notorious criminal who unforgivably chose to take up arms against society. To others, Ned is a national hero, icon of the Australian imagination, and embodiment of the Australian spirit. Sinner or saint, his story deserves to be told.

The documentary will commence with a panning shot of the Australian bush accompanied by natural sounds. This will establish the setting and mood. After the camera has scanned the area it will track in on a young boy being swept off the banks of a creek. The screen will fade to black and the sound of running footsteps will be played. The camera will now be focused on the legs of the running person. It will zoom out to reveal a young Ned Kelly trying to escape from something. He will come to a halt to catch his breath when he notices the young boy drowning in the creek. Ned will then heroically dive in and save the drowning boy. Back on the banks, the young boy will reward Ned with a green sash. This dramatisation shows the audience that even though Ned was a bit of a trouble maker in his early years, he was also very sympathetic and compassionate.

The dramatisation continues with the camera slowly zooming in on the sash as Ned ties it to his person. Using montage, the sash becomes tainted as it commences to zoom out, revealling Ned Kelly, now in his late teens, standing in a dark courtroom. The darkness sets an eerie mood, somewhere where Ned doesn’t want to be. The judge will state the crimes Ned has commited and Ned will respond, “My father is dead so I must support my family, and I will.” The judge will give Ned six months hard labour and start laughing as the screen fades to black. The conclusion of the dramatisation informs the audience that Ned was both the family man and the man of the family. His determination and compassion are shown in his words. The judges laugh symbolizes Ned’s inferiority The objective of this documentary is to withdraw from the focus of Ned as a criminal and to unearth his identity and true passion as an Australian. A mixed documentary combining narration, cinema-verite, dramatisations, and interviews with Ned’s mother and law officers will be used to acknowledge this man in his journey for justice and freedom.

Family photos will now be presented to the viewers, as Ned’s mother, through interview, describes home life for the Kelly family. She will explain Ned’s emotions and actions towards moving to Eleven Mile Creek, his father’s death, poverty, and the law and its enforcers. This interview reveals Ned’s bravery, boldness and again, compassion through tough times. His distrust and dislike of the authorities can also be gathered from the interview. Ned’s mother describes him as “a pure hearted man doing what he had to do to survive in this harsh, unforgiving world.” As the screen fades to black, the judges voice is heard, “Again?”. The setting is now back in the dark courtroom. A low-angle shot is used to emphasize a slightly older Ned’s inferiority towards the highly situated judge. The judge again states Ned’s crimes. Ned responds, “Last time I was supporting my family. This time I am innocent.” The judge will give Ned three years hard labour and begin laughing again as the screen fades to black. A narrator informs the viewers that Ned had been wrongfully accused for stealing a horse. The use of the narrator in this scene is to notify the audience that Ned was an innocent man and show the authorities injustice towards him. Ned’s inferiority is further emphasized in the judges second laugh.

The opinions of authorities would be important in evaluating Ned’s life, so, through interview, two police officers will now share their point of view with the audience. They will share stories about Ned and his many run-ins with the law. Describing his bravery, and cowardice, his boldness, and stupidy, and his never-ending struggle for justice and freedom. Also, they will read and comment on a collection of letters to the authorities which Ned left with his hostages every time his gang robbed a bank. The audience will pick up on the fact that these days Ned is a respected character, even by the police, and the inferiority and injustice that was shown to him back when he was alive is no more.

A narrator will now give a brief summary of the rest of Ned Kelly’s life as the panning shot of the Australian bush is replayed. This is done at this part of the documentary as the concluding scene is to follow. This will enlighten the audience so as to not leave them wondering why the rest of his life was not assessed or dramatised. His police shootings, bank robberies, death, and the showdown at Glenrowan Hotel will all be covered at this point.

The concluding scene will commence with an adult Ned seen being released from prison. A close-up shot will show an expression of determination on his face. This expression shows Ned’s transformation from a mischevious adolescent to a serious and focused man. Using montage, Ned’s face will transform into a ‘Wanted’ poster. This will indicate the beggining of his life of crime as an outlaw. The poster will be ripped off the wall by the hands of Ned Kelly. As the camera moves up from his hands to his face, the audience will be able to see how the bush life has tainted Ned’s appearence. A close up of Ned’s dirty, rugged face will reveal empty, bloodshot eyes and a meaningful frown. As the camera slowly zoom’s out, Ned’s now torn and worn sash will be visible. This will represent his courage and compassion that once burnt brightly, and still is alight. Standing behind him will be his gang of bushrangers wearing their infamous suits of armour. This will show their support and mateship towards one another. Lying at Ned’s feet will be a deceased police officer. This will indicate that Ned’s life of crime has not yet diminished. As the screen fades to black Ned’s mother’s words will be replayed, “a pure hearted man doing what he had to do to survive in this harsh, unforgiving world.” Finally a famous quote by Ned Kelly himself will be displayed on the black screen, “It depends on what side of the court room you sit. To some I was a sinner, to others a saint. All words can be, and are twisted.”

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A Hunting Ground: A Review Of A Documentary On Sexual Abuses Cases In College Campuses

November 8, 2021 by Essay Writer

I chose to watch the documentary The Hunting Ground, which is a film that focuses on the staggering rates of sexual assault on college campuses. I chose to watch this film because I was writing my issue analysis paper on this exact problem, and I knew that this film would help give me an insight view into the issue before starting on my paper. The Hunting Ground is a heart-wrenching, beautiful film that follows the stories of many young men and women through their sexual assault stories that have occurred while they were enrolled in a college or university. The documentary begins with a collage of videos, filming high school girls opening their college acceptance letters. The point of this was to show that the excitement of getting into your dream school could be tainted during your first year, or your remaining 3, by rape and sexual assault. As the documentary continues, it goes in depth on how colleges are not doing responding effectively to the assaults that are happening on their own campuses. It shares the stories of many courageous women, who have fought against their schools and their offenders to get the justice they deserved. It specifically focuses on the case of Annie E. Clark and Andrea Pino, who were raped at the University of North Carolina-Chapel. The University did not accurately or effectively handle the situation, and did not offer any help or support to the young women, so they filed a Title IX claim against the University. Their claim went through, and they took it to court and won. They were portrayed as two women who started out as women who wanted justice, to change agents that have made a huge impact in increasing awareness of sexual assault on college campuses through this documentary. The Hunting Ground shows case after case when universities did not accurately respond to women’s sexual assault claim, and it shows how administration is turning their eye when it comes to sexual assault on their campus due to funding and reputation. Universities do not want to lose money focusing on sexual assault, and they do not wait their reputations to be tainted by the statistics.

This film is related to social and economic justice because it highlights the social issue of sexual assault and rape that is happening on college campuses. Women are being oppressed everywhere by their perpetrators, and they are being silenced due to stigma. There are 5 faces to oppression, and many of them are seen within the issue of sexual assault. Sexual assault survivors are exploited through perpetrators exploiting a women’s body for their own sexual gain. Survivors are marginalized, and put into the fringe of society due to the stigma that surrounds sexual assault. Rapists crave power and control, and this film highlighted how they are getting away with these crimes because the survivors feel as if they are being pushed into the margins of society. This goes hand in hand with stigma. By being oppressed and pushed to the side, survivors can find it difficult to stand up and speak out in fear of being rejected, laughed at, or not believed. Furthermore, survivors are made to feel powerless to their assaulter by being forced into something they have not consented on in the first place. Lastly, violence is ahuge part of sexual assault. Survivors were directly victimized and deprived of their freedom and dignity through the sexual violence.

The Hunting Ground focused a lot on how Universities would victim blame by asking them questions such as “how drunk were you” or even asking one rape victim “what she should have done differently in the game” as if rape was comparative to a football game. Furthermore, it is an economic issue because Universities are in search of constant capital, and since a high amount of sexual assaults on their campus could look very bad, it could turn away future students. This loss of students would result in loss money, thus bringing the cycle full circle. If administrations stopped focusing on money and more on the health of their students, there could be a change in the statistics, which would help both sides.

While watching this film, I experienced a range of emotions. I was horrified by some of the statistics and stories give. I was so sad that these horrible events have occurred to women across the nation. Lastly, the women who shared their stories inspired me. I could not imagine having to share something so personal and horrific with so many people, but I could understand why they felt like they needed to share their stories to make a change. By sharing what happened before their rape, during, and after, these women were able to convey how serious the problem was, how it was handled on campus, and if their offender was punished As I sat there, processing what I was watching, I felt valiant. I knew at that moment that I wanted to become a change agent on this campus. Before watching, I knew that it was an issue, and I have been exposed to it before, but there was something so inspiring about this documentary that I knew it was time to take action.

This experience helped to increase awareness as well as appreciation for the women who have enacted change. I learned so much about sexual assault that I didn’t know before watching the film, and I am grateful that I had the opportunity to increase my awareness on this important issue. I felt like by the end of it I had a better understanding of the issues surrounding sexual assault in colleges and universities nationwide. I really began to comprehend the seriousness of the problem, and the information I gained from this experience will surely last me a lifetime. I also felt a great amount of gratitude towards the girls who came forward and toward their stories. It takes so much courage to tell the nation that kind of story, and without them the film would not have been possible. Furthermore, it is important to acknowledge the women who have taken action against their universities. Because of them, there has been so much light shed on how universities are only adding to the negative effects of a sexual assault. Overall, I had a better understanding, appreciation, and a better awareness of sexual assault victims and their stories. After watching the film, I knew I needed to learn more. This film is what prompted me to write my issue paper on sexual assault on college campuses, and it has opened my eyes to what goes on around me on Mizzou’s campus.

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Analyzing The Japanese Americans History As Shown In The Documentary When You Are Smiling

November 8, 2021 by Essay Writer

Even though the United States had problems during the Great Depression, the Japanese Americans were having far worse problems. The bombing of Pearl Harbor caused Japanese Americans to enter internment camps. The resettlement Executive Order 9066 issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, was especially hard on these Japanese Americans, whom were citizens of the U.S., because they were forced to move from their homes and separate from their families.

During the mass evacuation of the Japanese, freedom and education came with a price. They had loss ties with their families and friends. Many of these Japanese Americans did not make it out alive and were incarcerated. They went through years of discrimination and prejudice. In the years after, it was very hard for Japanese Americans to find jobs and become accepted into society. In the documentary, “When You’re Smiling,” one of the Japanese Americans recalled that most places would not help them, not even the Quakers; the only people that would help them were the African American Baptist church. Some of them left camp and worked odd jobs until the draft caught onto them. Many of them were enlisted to serve for the United States during World War II. Janice D. Tanaka who made this documentary talked about how her parents and grandparents face much racism and hardships. Her dad did not feel like he needed to prove his loyalty to Americans because he was a citizen before the bombing happened. He left the internment camp and worked as an interpreter and trainer for the occupational forces in Hiroshima. After his discharge, her parents married during the war. They were fortunate enough to find decent jobs. Her father was good at woodwork and her mom worked for Bank of America as a clerk. Many of the Japanese Americans were not wanted after they have been released from the camps.

The Japanese Americans who were released and returned to their homes in the Southland met danger. There would be burning of houses, threats of bodily harm, and the abuse from the Ku-Klux-Klan. It was unsafe and they had no protection against threats and mistreatments. The documentary talked about how Maryknoll offered a safe haven for the Japanese Americans after the war. Maryknoll was a Catholic school where they taught the lower class of Japanese Americans. The school was very strict and their goal was to be wonderful benevolent teachers of knowledge but many Asian children were looked down upon. Japanese Americans said that resettlement was harder than interment because everywhere they went they were either kicked out or quickly judged. Outings were very rare for them and they did not really talk about the war. When the war was brought up, there was usually deliberate silence.

Although they were citizens before the incident, they could not change the way they looked because it was quite obvious that they were Japanese. Many of them had a hard time because some would be chased home from school since they stood out as Asians. People would shame them and say hurtful things like Japanese Americans were the reason why the war started, even though some of them lived in the U.S. as citizens before the bombing happened. They lived their life as the low middle class and many of them would say they were depressed. These Japanese Americans felt rejected from where they lived and they were forced to conform just to be like everyone else. If they did not have blonde hair, blue eyes, or were brunettes, they were not counted as Americans. To conform would mean that they could not be Japanese, although they were. They had to learn and act the way Americans were and lived their lives. It was very important to the Japanese that they excelled in school; it was a tremendous pressure on them because the Catholic nuns that taught them expected these low class Japanese to perform well.

They were very isolated through the years because they did not know if they were white or colored during the years of segregation. Many Japanese Americans would go to Black or Hispanic masses. Takana’s father had become Catholic when he attended Maryknoll. Many of these men had to convert to Catholicism because it was demanded that they become 110% Americans. After camp, many families were sent to Catholic school because that was easier in a way since Buddhism was not allowed. If these Japanese believed in Buddhist they would be distressed and condemned because they were not baptized.

Through the hardships and struggles, Tankana’s mom had told her and her sister to smile more in pictures because when people smile, the whole world smiles with them.

This shows that they had to pull through and think positive during the years. Barely more than 20 years after the end of the wartime camps, the minority dealt with more prejudice and criticism. Many of these Japanese families had to struggle through the economic, social, and academic level because they had to try to fit in. Many of these Japanese men did bad things such as drugs, drank alcohol, and joined Asian street gangs to belong and feel apart of the culture. These gangs wanted to show that they were tough and that if people wanted to “mess” with their Asian customs and culture, then they would “mess back.” Martin Luther King Jr. and the civil rights evolved during that time and this is when segregation became a problem. Many of these Japanese did not know whether or not they were colored or white. One of the Japanese men that talked said that he went into the colored line for lunch and he was kicked out of the line because he was not black. He was neither white nor black, so there was a confliction. These men had to put up with all the derogatory terms that were said to them such as a gook. Another Japanese man said that when he was apart of the Vietnam war he was shot and wounded; while he was on the triage no one treated him because no one noticed him. He asked them if they were going to help him because he was one of the Americans that were enlisted in the war. The people who were treating other wounds said that they did not notice that he was American because they thought he was a gook.

When Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated, the Japanese had to prove that they were good people. Many of them were so unhappy that they could not fit in so they would harm themselves. Many deaths of Japanese Americans were due to them overdosing so many times. Rejections, failures, and feeling not good enough for their parents, peers, or school, were the main reasons why so many of these Japanese passed away. Takana uncovers the shocking truth under the veils of lies; the courts could rule out that Japanese Americans died because of health issues, but most of them were killed by overdoses and suicides. Japanese were stereotyped and harshly treated during their time in the internment camps.

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The Process of Individual Enlightenment in Go Back to Where You Came From, a Documentary by Ivan O’mahoney

November 8, 2021 by Essay Writer

The evolution of an individual is enriched by their distinct surroundings. An individual’s past may impede discovery but the extent of discovery is dependent upon the individuals own enthusiasm and disposition to make discoveries and connections whether it be pre-meditated or unexpected and therefore may conjure up new values in an individual and have a renewed perspective of themselves and the world. Go Back To Where You Came From, a documentary created by Ivan O’Mahoney exhibits a real refugee experience involving 6 individuals each having distinct opinions on refugees. Throughout the duration of 3 episodes, each individual goes through change and undergo significant discoveries. Burial Rites by Hannah Kent, a recount of Agnes’ remaining life, who is sent to wait her final days on the farm of a District Officer. As the day’s countdown, Agnes tells her story of betrayal, abandonment and longing and the family realise it was not all as they had assumed. The Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog is an oil painting composed in 1818 by Caspar David Friedrich, a German artist. The painting surfaces the idealism that understanding nature can lead to clarification and revelations.

Human perception may evolve in an environment where the potential for discoveries is existent and can incite new interpretations. In the oil painting ‘The Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog’ composed by Caspar David Friedrich, the ambiance stimulates self-reflection and provokes spiritual discovery. The man is situated on a rocky ledge, with his gaze across the clouds and to the faraway mountains. The rocks symbolize the earth and nature and beyond it the clouds signify the traveller’s future eternal life. He looks beyond, readily waiting for the eternal life journey. The man’s back is to the viewers which enables them to see the world through his perspective and also make his character mysterious. The location he is surrounded by acts as a catalyst for his self-discovery. The rocks symbolize the earth and nature and beyond it there are clouds signifying the traveller’s future eternal life there is light coming from beneath the rock, illuminating the fog. The man’s body language is a confident stance with an advanced leg and hand in pocket. The artist’s main attentiveness was the contemplation of nature and his work pursues to communicate a subjective and emotional response to the natural world. An instant of sublimity reflected by the man and through the observation of nature, reunification with the spiritual self.

Similarly, Adam is a 26-year-old life guard from Cronulla with strong opinions towards refugees, claiming that the government is “spending millions of dollars on housing these criminals” and that refugees should “play by the rules.” Adam was present at the Cronulla riots in 2007 implying Adam has strong views on the topic. In episode one, the sinister style background music with the addition of the strained voiceover, the camera cuts to Adam who is shaken by the encounter with refugees at the Villawood detention centre. The detention centre was one of the main triggers to his change and individuals he met had reformed his views on refugees slightly. It was revealed that many refugees in the detention centre will not receive acceptance into the country and therefore it will incite suicide in many individuals in attempt to avoid going back to where they had all come from. When talking about their experiences to the camera, Adam was literally left speechless as opposed to Glenny and Darren and he later spoke up after taking a moment of comprehension. The main reason for the change was because of Adam’s surroundings and the people he had met encouraged him to renew previous perceptions, although not entirely but progressively.

The scope of an individual formulating an emotional discovery is concurrent to their willingness to create links and connections with places and people and also depends on the individuals past occurrences which may act as a barrier to discovery. Burial Rites, a novel by Hannah Kent follows the remaining life of Agnes Magnusdottir, formerly a maid and presently a convicted murderer awaiting her execution under the security of the Jónstodóttir family. Born as an illegitimate child into a world of poverty, she was distraught as a child being “bundled along from farm to farm.” She had limited emotional connections and the very few she had were detached until she “didn’t have a friend left in the world.” Though at first Agnes was treated disapprovingly and with hostility, eventually she is treated decently. In the last several months of her life, Agnes succeeds in living with dignity and completes her chores courteously. She reveals her story of abandonment, loss, abuse and poverty piece by piece to her spiritual advisor Reverend Tóti. Although the author eludes revealing whether or not Agnes is guilty of murder, she allows the reader to experience Agnes’ heartbreaking life through her own words. Her previous life had been marred with betrayal hence why Agnes hesitated before sharing. Her feeling of worthlessness manifested by years of grief and loneliness led to a yearning for acceptance and desiring love.

In the same way, Darren a businessman from western Sydney and also an ex-militant has strong views on refugees. His work status had lead him to believe that all refugees were economic refugees and choose Australia’s over the country they came from. Darren was also completely opposed to refugees carrying no documentation of identity as it is against his principles. Darren was persistent and defensive hence why he took more time than the others before seeing any slight change. In the Malaysian raid, while some of the others seemed to be left stunned and were not responding and played no part in the capturing of refugees, Darren became a frontrunner during the raid and helped out where he could. His ex-military background conveying him as desensitised and experienced a certain thrill and sense of adventure during the raid. The ominous background music and Darren’s poker face portrayed him as unemotional. The hand held camera inside the van stimulated the confronting atmosphere along with the intensified music and cuts to Darren’s impassive facial expression which had stayed throughout most of the raid as opposed to a few others who were clearly shaken.

Discovery allows a new interpretation of life and it can initiate fresh values in an individual. In Go Back to Where You Came From, Raquel an unemployed 21-year-old is a self-proclaimed racist and admits she “hates Africans.” Throughout the beginning of the journey, Raquel was depicted as impatient and unwilling to meet new people and understand their life. She struggled to get along with the Maude family as opposed to some of the others and also struggled to create emotional connections with the refugees. Raquel appeared to be resistant in showing emotion and had an impassive face for most of the first two episodes. However, towards the end she starts to show emotions for example when she broke down at the UN camp. In the response, Raquel was shown to be a changed person with different views on the refugees but more on an emotional view rather than a political opinion.

In the same way in Burial Rites Agnes’ character was portrayed by her actions, “I was two dead men. I was burning farm. I was a knife. I was blood.” Upon settling in with the Jónstodóttir family, Agnes was treated with hostility. But Margaret the house wife, seemed to have a slight soft spot for Agnes although she refused to show it. Steina, one of the daughters appear to grow fond to Agnes but Lauga stays unreceptive to make any interaction. In Margaret, Steina and Reverend Tóti, Agnes held a position in their hearts till her execution and the discovery of the difficult life Agnes had lived previously conjured sympathy. The new interpretation of life conveyed in The Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog is through the sea of clouds below him from standing on a high mountain. The man’s posture indicates he dominates the life of this world and looks with admiration and early awaits his eternal life. The wanderers position on top of the hill portrays that the individual seems insignificant to the nature around him, provoking feelings of self-reflection and self-realisation. The fog has an ethereal ambiance suggesting aloneness with nature can be correlated with physical and spiritual fulfilment.

Putting yourself in a confronting position as well as being willing, discoveries can be made. An individual’s surroundings may act as a catalyst to discovery as displayed in the painting ‘The Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog’ and also in Go Back To Where You Came From. An individual’s past may conjure up barriers to discoveries such as Agnes’ past and Darren’s military past kept him highly opinionated on the subject. Discoveries also lead to new opinions and interpreting life in a different way such as the Jónstodóttir family in Burial Rites whom all were highly prejudiced towards Agnes but gradually change their opinions after hearing the truth from Agnes.

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Emily Lindin’s View of Sexual Behavior and Criticism as Illustrated in Her Documentary, UnSlut

November 8, 2021 by Essay Writer

Slut Shaming

In UnSlut: A Documentary Film, Emily Lindin uses her own experience with sexual abuse and slut shaming to start a campaign called UnSlut and uses this documentary to broadcast the issue. The UnSlut campaign creates a space for women and girls who have dealt with sexual assault and then have been labeled as a slut to speak out, be heard and start the healing process. This topic has a lot of negative stigmas derived from the pervasive issue of sexual assault and slut shaming in our culture.

Slut shaming is not a recent development in our society. The way that women are being responded to once they have been sexually assaulted has been the same for many, many years. However, our society has had an influx of problems and it is believed to be caused by the internet and its high usage. The internet has changed what is means to label someone as a slut. The internet creates a harsher environment and platform that is readily available to anyone and their opinions. The internet is also more permanent way of broadcasting these opinions. Although you can delete things off of the internet, millions of people could have already seen it and taken a screenshot of it or saved it in some other way. This makes healing for victims exponentially harder. The internet also includes social media, which as a large role in our society. There is a lot of pressure on women and girls to display their bodies on the internet, and social media is a perfect outlet for this. The social norm accepted is that girls are to be seen as sexy, and to be sexy you must show your body, but in doing this you can be labeled as a slut. This puts young women in a compromising situation, of whether they should hold their integrity or earn their womanhood, no matter the consequences.

Due to this output of sexual pictures on social media and these expectations on young women, we have become more of a sexual society. This has led to the wide assumption that since everyone is involved in this sexual society, then everyone knows everything about sex and this is not true. Our sexual education program in school are limited to chastity and birth control. Not enough is taught to our students who are growing up to be engaged in sexual activity in our society.

This miseducation leads to people believing what social media, the internet and advertisements tell them. People can look at the way women are broadcasted and identify what being a “slut” encompasses. This leads to people viewing women who are wearing a certain type of outfit, having a drink at a bar or even talking to men a certain way as slutty behavior. All of these factors begin to become the justification for sexual assault. When a woman has been sexually assaulted, our society makes it easy to say that it is because of what she was wearing, or what she was doing or how she was talking. This puts men and women in a box. Women are degraded because of it making it seem like we can not wear certain clothes, do certain things, or talk a certain way without being seen as too promiscuous and that is not fair. This puts the women who have been sexually abused at fault when they are the least to blame. Men are also being harmed in this situation. Making women the fault of their sexual assault because of their appearance, leads to a description of men as uncontrollable beings who only act on hormones. Men are capable of so much more than just being labeled as sex machines. Women are capable of so much more than being labeled as sluts. Women should be have the opportunity to be proud of who they are and what they look like without being ridiculed, and in turn men should have the opportunity to take responsibility for their reaction to this.

Religion is another medium that has seemed to put down women due to their sexuality. In the documentary, Dr. Ebony Utley says “Religion puts women in two boxes: the madonna or the whore.” This is very evident in many religious cultures present in our society. Women are praised for practicing abstinence and scolded for engaging in sexual activity. This makes it very hard for religious women to have a free space to accept, embrace and learn about their sexuality.

With slut shaming coming from peers, the internet and religious circles, there aren’t a lot of places for young women who have dealt with sexual assault to turn to. We have to fix this problem in our society. Our attitudes and views on this issue, individually and as a society, must change in order to make a difference in the lives of these women and men. The first step is evaluating ourself and altering our flaws. If we deconstruct our idea of sexual assault and fix our posture on empathy, we can take positive steps towards helping victims. We also have to recognize that men and women are being hurt in these situations. Once we realize and accept that this is not a male issue or a female issue, but a human issue we can start to join together as a whole to fix it. This will lead to the humanization of our peers and the regaining of their voices in our society. The UnSlut project is an example of an organization that has stepped up to combat this prevalent problem we are facing today. This project opens up a space for people to use their voice to be heard. Once we start using our voices, it will catapult a chain reaction for others to use their voice and that is what gives us power over our fear and judgement.

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The Concepts of Dishonesty, Truth and Lies in Making Documentary Films

November 8, 2021 by Essay Writer

Dishonesty, as a vice, is universal and timeless; according to the Bible, the very first humans on earth committed the first sin of deception. Adam and Eve lied to God about whether they had eaten the fruit of the forbidden tree in the Garden of Eden, cementing the human race as one which feels that the burden of truth is too cumbersome to carry, and dooming humanity to a life of sin.

Modern liars still carry on this legacy of deception, and rather than seeing “modern liars” as their own association, all living humans are modern liars. Regardless of whether the practice of dishonesty is daily or hourly, small “white lies” or large-scale intentional misdirection, each mortal creature contributes to the act of lying.

Some of these “large-scale liars” were interviewed in the documentary entitled “(Dis)Honesty: The Truth About Lies” – people from all walks of life who share solidarity in the experience of the exposition and chastisement which frequently follows the act of lying.

The interviewees also collectively understand the snowball effect of lies, taking on a life of their own and growing exponentially in size as they must be maintained through an ever-expanding mountain of mistruths. All those who were interviewed started with good intentions and seemingly justifiable excuses for their dishonesty, and yet all had to face the consequences that come with lying.

The act of lying along with the question of its morality was viewed to be paramount in the study of humanity and in the success of a society according to author Sissela Bok, who saw this analysis as so crucial that it inspired her first book, aptly named Lying. In this book, Bok defines lying as “any intentionally deceptive message which is stated” (page 13).

This broad definition of a lie can be interpreted to include outright deception along with clever misdirection of the facts, incriminating both the individual who lies by omission along with the person who purely states a falsehood. A case which features both types of lying is that of Dis(Honesty)’s Joe Papp.

Papp is a former professional cycling racer whose experience in competitive biking reaches back to his freshman year of high school. His adoration of the sport, along with his undeniable talent, led him not only to countless first-place victories but also to the Olympic Trials. However, due to the approaching academic year, Papp felt deeply impelled to reinvest his time in his education and put his cycling career on hiatus in order to undividedly concentrate on his studies.

After earning his undergraduate degree, Joe Papp said in his interview that he “couldn’t get rid of the ‘bike bug’ and [he] went back to cycling”. Papp began entering races, just as he did before attending university, yet he, unfortunately, found himself slogging behind in competitions in which he had initially believed he would’ve excelled. In confiding this insecurity to a fellow cyclist, he was referred to a doctor who could “help him catch up to the other racers”, thus beginning the habit of “doping” – slang for taking performance enhancing drugs.

In participating in the act of doping, Papp was deceiving those around him by omission, along with outright avoiding the confession of his actions, in order to protect his team and avoid the major consequences which come with his misdeeds. Regardless of his efforts, Papp was caught, tried in court for his crimes, and was consequently banned from competitive cycling for testing positive for steroids along with his shared dishonesty in hiding these facts in correspondence with his team.

For a complete dissection, we turn to Bok’s analysis of “justified lies” in Lying, whether or not such a thing exists, along with which excuses the liar uses. One type of excuses which Bok distinguishes is that in which the liar “offers moral reasons to lie…show[ing] that a lie ought, under the circumstance, to be allowed” (page 75).

One of the common lies under this category carries the motivation to establish fairness – “everyone else is doing it, I want to level the playing field”. This is nearly verbatim what Papp expresses in “(Dis)honesty” when he claimed that so many racers were taking the drugs that he didn’t feel that he could be victorious under such unfair circumstances. However, does this motivation justify his dishonesty?

Bok frequently emphasizes in her writing that the main focus of the potential liar should be that of the perspective of the deceived, and that when it comes to lying for the sake of “fairness”, the lies “involve deeply personal views about what one deserves…[therefore] they are extraordinarily prone to misinterpretation and bias” (page 83). A liar’s bias towards himself, even in what he believes to be motivated purely by equality, reveals his true motivation of selfishness.

On top of that, Bok recognizes that self-deception to the point of complete justification is much easier when the liar only has to confront his own conscience (which can easily be manipulated), and when those around the liar are partaking in the same practice of deception. This example is very obviously applicable to Papp, whose entire team engaged in the act of doping.

This violates two of Bok’s conditions for justified lies – going through one’s personal conscience to decide whether to deceive, and asking trusted advisors about what to do. Although Papp did both of these things, the advisors steered him into his misdeeds and he convinced himself so thoroughly of the lie’s justification to the point of his conscience not leading him to the morally correct conclusion.

Another of Bok’s conditions for justified lies includes what she calls a “publicity test”, which is a perspective shift to how the common majority would view the lie. Unlike many cases of deception, we do know how the public feels about this lie. Since Papp’s case went to court along with the news, all of America was exposed to his dishonesty and misdeeds.

According to an interview with Naples Herald, after the court ruling, he was sent many furious, threatening emails, and people he had considered family no longer wanted to speak to him. It’s clear due to his continued use of performance enhancing drugs that Papp hadn’t considered his lie through the lens of the publicity test, otherwise, he may have foreseen such dire consequences. In this regard, Bok would not view the lie as justified, in accordance with the view of the general public.

Something Bok believes is that all people must consider truthful alternatives when tempted to be dishonest, and she emphasizes that lying must be the last resort in all situations. Were there truthful alternatives for Papp? Perhaps not from his perspective.

Since he viewed his actions as rooted in fairness, along with the need to conform to the actions of his teammates, he may have believed that doping was the only real way to succeed in his cycling career. Rather than deciding to hold honesty in the highest regard, Papp simply lied to cover his tracks, instead of searching for other ways to be victorious. Once again, Papp’s dishonesty is not seen as justified when it comes to Bok’s standards.

Since dishonesty is such a common practice among humanity, one of Bok’s concerns about a single lie is whether it contributes to the person’s habit of lying. In her eyes, a lie is more justifiable when it’s an isolated event, rather than one of many. Of course, we know that Papp lied multiple times in order to hide his doping, therefore we know that none of his lies were justifiable due to each one furthering him into becoming a dishonest person by nature.

Every single point on Bok’s rubric for justified lies has, quite obviously, been an absolute failure when it comes to Papp’s situation. He did not consider the public’s opinion before partaking in his dishonesty, his personal conscience and the advice of his trusted associates were both corrupted, he did not consider the truthful alternatives in his situation, and each lie he told built up to a mountain which avalanched into habitual deception.

From every angle, Joe Papp was not justified in any of his lies, and it’s clear that his deception was not only harmful to him, but to his fans, family, and those who believed in him. It’s imperative for all people to analyze the ways they rationalize their deception, for we all may fall victim to such a fate.

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