Barack Obama

Racism from the Point of View of Barack Obama

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

Racism is a system of prejudiceness and racial discrimination between humans. People often get mistreated based on their race, skin color and cultural background. In addition, it profoundly affects the quality of human life, for instance, inequality the between races, health issues and psychology. Discrimination has been present in every civilization and community throughout history. Even though the world has made a huge progress in technology, politics, social norms and the overall style of life, racism and hatred still exist in todays society.

In order to decrease the rates of racism, Barack Obama gave a Race Speech “A More Perfect Union” at the Constitution Center which included examples of unfair treatment, inequality, and discrimination between races in addition to the possible solutions he provided to solve this massive problem. He believed that this imminent issue can not be ignored and the government must take action to have peace in the country and avoid riots which will keep the tension amongst most Americans. Just as Obama emphasizes the actions that should be taken to decrease the rates of racism, so does The Pew Research Team which is “a nonpartisan think tank in Washington D.C., that conducts public opinion polling , demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research.” writes in their article King’s Dream Remains an Elusive Goal; Many Americans See Racial Disparities, about the harmful outcomes of racial disparities in today’s society. The Pew Research Team concludes that blacks are treated less fairly by key community institutions including public places, schools, police and courts. It is important society understands this, because the amount of people being treated poorly/unfairly based on the race has been increasing the more we progress into our future.

Barack Obama believes that racism is still present in America and some people face covert discrimination despite the institutional and societal changes, as well as The Pew Research Team who claims that many people are mistreated based on their race, which has a negative impact on key spheres in an individual’s development such as their education and family formation, in which it is possible for the nation to put an end to it through collaboration and intellectual communication. Many people do not realize how much racism goes in our daily life and how it impacts people’s futures. To solve this problem, Barack Obama believes that it is important to educate people about what is racism and the numerous damages it has on society, so that people would be able to solve this problem together and achieve a strong and progressive union. By understanding that each individual has their own unique story, society will hold together in peace and overcome the obstacles.

In his speech, Obama mentioned Reverend Jeremiah Wright’s, who is a former pastor speech, that was about the privilege and dominance of specific races. Obama believed that Wright’s provocative comments had the potential to expand the racial divide, as he disrespected and failed to remember what made America truly great. Wright’s comment “expressed a profoundly distorted view of this country- a view that sees white racism as endemic, and that elevates what is wrong with America above all that we know is right with America; a view that sees the conflicts in the Middle East as rooted primarily in the actions of stalwart allies like Israel, instead of emanating from the perverse and hateful ideologies of radical islam.” (Obama,2) . Obama claims that Reverend’s hateful comments are not only wrong but they can also destroy this nation by developing hate among different races. To show that the rates of racism are not improving, the Pew Research Team stated in their demographics that blacks are treated less fairly by key community institutions, including public places, schools, courts and the police.

According to Obama’s speech, to solve this matter people need to work together, because to confront large issues such as wars, crisis, racism, global warming, falling economy and health care races need to unite, work together and share knowledge. According to the “Pew Research Team” research, after decades of Martin Luther King’s speech about his dreams of equity many people believe that a lot of changes still have to be done. Pew Research Team explains how college completion rates have changed “white adults 25 and older are significantly more likely than blacks to have completed at least a bachelor’s degree(34% vs. 21%, a 13 percent point difference.)” (Team, 633) From the statistics given in the research that “Pew Research Team” covered, it is an obvious dilemma that racism has a great impact on the schooling system. In addition, Obama claimed in his speech that many schools are still segregated and not fixed even though fifty years after Brown v. Board of Education have passed. They proved that “separate but equal” was not actually equal at all, since people were treated unfairly while segregating specific races. If humans are not treated equally, they would not be able to make the same progress, so everyone deserves to be treated fairly to put a positive effect on the community. Family Formation is another key point that resonates to how racism affects people’s daily lives and futures. “A lack on economic opportunity among black men, and the shame and frustration that came from not being able to provide for one’s family, contributed to the erosion of black families- a problem that welfare policies for many years may have worsened.” (Obama, 4) said Obama in his speech.

Ethnic inequalities continue to appear in public transit. The Pew Research Team shows with given statistics that over the past five decades “the black-white difference has nearly doubled.”(Team, 633). In addition, the analysis shows that the economic gulf between different races in almost the same as it was half a century ago. Inequality at work and the struggle of finding a good job lead black people lack basic services like being able to afford a house in a suitable neighborhood which will have a good impact on kids who are our future generation. Obama chose to run for presidency because he believed that racism cannot be ignored and people need to unite and hold on into each other to fix global problems together and that it is the only way to achieve an improved union and make a progress, so that America can stay the leading nation in the world. He believed that this generation can always be more perfected with the help of young people who are full of ambitions, beliefs and open for change. Though, the Pew Research Team conducted that “only about one-in-four African Americans (26%) say the situation of black people in this country is better now than it was five years ago”(Team, 635).

Although, not much has changed after Obama became the president, we still can see that the situation of the black people is better today than it was five years. Therefore, both authors prove the same point in different contextual forms that racism is still present today and in order to overcome this massive issue it is important to educate people about how racism harms our society, so the amount of ignorant people could decrease, and society could learn to accept, help and support different races, as well as expand our knowledge by communicating and learning from its diversity.

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The Role of Obama’s Presidency in Donald Trump’s 2016 Presidential Victory: Literature Review

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

This paper is about how Obamas presidency in somewhat shape or form contributed to Donald Trump’s 2016 presidential victory. The 2016 campaign ended with a surprising and inconclusive outcome. The first factor that contributed to Trumps win is the party coalitions had become more polarized by race and education during Obama’s presidency. Second, Trump’s focus on political issues connected to ethnic and social identities choices in 2016 than they had been in 2012 (Faber, 2017) IntroductionHillary Clinton won the popular vote but lost the Electoral College to Donald Trump. Two factors help explain this outcome. First, the electoral college split swayed due to race and education in the Republican candidate favor after Obama’s presidency leading up to Trumps victory. Second, Trumps political issues involved with social and ethnical identities.

On November 9, 2016, the New York Times announced, “Donald Trump’s Victory Is Met With Shock Across a Wide Political Divide” (Peters, 2017). This headline captures two features of the 2016 U. S. presidential election. The first is how shocking the outcome was. Pollsters had estimated that the chances that Hillary Clinton would win would be 75% to 99%, so Trump’s victory was quite surprising to the majority. The second is the degree of political polarization the 2016 election cycle even though America just had its first Black president, a “post-racial” America never occurred making race matter even more in the 2016 presidential election. Trumps victory boomed in last minute. Key blue states that turned red: Florida, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin, gave Trump the presidency, with an expected 306 Electoral College votes against Clinton’s 232. However, Hillary Clinton won the popular vote by 2. 1 points (48. 0 to 45. 9 percent), or almost 2. 9 million people. Literature Review Education level was the biggest factor in explaining the swings, with higher educated voters likely to swing to Clinton, and lower educated voters to Trump.

The states Trump gained had a greater proportion of non-University educated whites. US analyst Nate Silver shows education level explained the swings. In the Midwest, the proportion of non-University educated whites is higher than nationally, and there are few Hispanics. Blacks vote heavily for Democrats, but their turnout was down as Obama was not the candidate. To understand how Trump won the Electoral College, we must consider the factor of increasing racial and ethnic polarization in the Democratic and Republican party coalitions. Particularly during Obama’s presidency, voters increasingly sorted themselves by party on the basis of identities and views related to race and ethnicity. An identity-focused framing of the election heightened Trump’s appeal to white voters, and particularly those without a college education—demographics with a strong presence in key swing states. To understand Trump’s victory in the Electoral College one must look back about eight years, to the initial election of Barack Obama. Many hoped that Obama’s election would inaugurate a “post-racial” America.

Instead, Obama’s candidacy and then presidency made race matter more. Divisions over race were palpable throughout Obama’s presidency. Surveys revealed that opinions on virtually every issue connected to Obama became associated with people’s race and, among white voters, with attitudes toward African Americans (Tesler, 2016). By 2016, nonwhites had become increasingly Democratic. Pew Research Center data show that among Latinos, self-identified Democrats outnumbered Republicans by 36 points in 2016, as compared to 23 points in 2002 (Tyson & Maniam, 2016). In exit polls, Asian Americans’ support for Democratic presidential candidates increased from 31 percent in 1992 to 73 percent in 2012. 7 Blacks also came to identify even more strongly with the Democratic Party. By 2015, white voters with a high-school degree or less broke for the Republican Party by 24 percentage points (57 percent to 33 percent). Meanwhile, college-educated whites moved toward the Democratic Party [Cornell]. Evidence suggests that views on immigration were especially relevant to voter choice in 2016.

Donald Trump’s signature issue of immigration was made clear during his campaign train on June 2015, calling Mexians “rapist and drug dealers. ” Trump promised to change all policies that had been set down by the Obama Administration. The consequence was a historically large education divide among white voters that came down in large part to attitudes about race and ethnicity. The education divides among whites provided Trump with a narrow path to victory. With black Democratic support and turnout returning to their pre-Obama levels, the large share of whites without a college degree in the key states of Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin helped to put Trump over the top in the Electoral College. Faber article examines how race, education, and political issues contributed to Trumps 2016 presidential victory.

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The Foreign Policy Legacy of Barack Obama: a Long Game Harried by Tactical

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

When Obama took over the presidency there were certain important issues in the foreign policy that needed his immediate attention. United States of America was engaged in to wars started by his predecessor and there was a threat of another war looming large. He knew he needed to pay heed to the situation in order to prevent the losses caused by these wars on American economy. On top of that, it was the time of global financial crises, and even the financially were stable country like the USA was feeling the crunch. The expense required keeping their troops in Afghanistan and iran had become very expensive and USA economy was on its knee. When Obama took over the office, his first visit to Pentagon. This visit was done to set the direction of his foreign policy. Obana describe himself to the USA armed forces as a man who sit back and take and empty stop in the parking than wishing to get his favorite spot on the street. In other words, he described himself as someone who would be happy to take the position that is offered to him rather than a person who will try to impose his wishes on the world. Obama foreign policy had direction for creating peace and stability all over the world.

Obama foreign policy on a whole can be described as moderately succeful. Despite many people claiming that his era was the worse in terms of foreign policy, it had its ups as well. Obama also achieved what his predecessors couldn’t achieve. That is why we cannot totally say that his tenure was a total disaster.

Obama’s most immediate priority was to bring an end to war in Iraq. He wanted to reduce the number of US troops participating in awrs in different parts of the world. He also wanted to reduce the proliferation of nuclear weapons, and wanted to stop the spread of weapon of mass destruction. Obama was partly successful in Iraq and Afghanistan foreign policies. Although Obama wanted to withdraw his troops from this region, but he realized that withdrawing his troops from Afghanistan will mean that all the gains attained by the US armed forces will be lost. Therefore, he tried to minimize the troop’s reduction programme from Afghanistan and instead focused on redeployment of troops in Afghanistan in a way that would stop terriosm from countries around Afghanistan like Pakistan. However, he was able to withdraw his troops form Iraq and within three years the number of troops came down from one hundred and sixty thousand to only fifty thousand.

Obama knew that region of Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq and other adjoining countries was full of shia-sunni conflicts. He appointed a special envoy for the region who tried to discourage this kind of conflict on the basis of religion and sectarianism. This showed that Obama’s foreign policy took special notice of conflicts occurring due to religion and sectarianism. He wanted the region to be united as that was the only way the forces like al-qaeda and other armed terriorists could be defeated.

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Leadership Strategy of Obama: Leading Change in America

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

This paper discusses the leading and managing the change, Problem management and decision making, and consensus building and negotiation in relation to leadership skills of 46th United States president Barack Hussain Obama. Barack Obama is a true representation of an African-American leader who rose up to lead the nation in the first seat. He is the first African-American president that the United States has ever seen. There are multiple examples discussed in the paper such as immigration policy, opening up on racism, his decision-making skills during 2008 recession, which proves and makes Barack Obama as a great leader. Key words: Barack Obama, Leadership, Problem Management, Negotiation, Decision Making Leading and Managing Change (Unit 7, 8 and 9)

The 8 step process for leading change according to Dr. Kotter includes, Establishing a sense of urgency, Creating the guiding coalition, Developing a vision and strategy, Communicating the change vision, Empowering broad-based action, Generating short-term wins, Consolidating gains and producing more change, and Anchoring new approaches in the culture. The first step is Establishing the sense of change. A leader identifies the urgency of change and he/she takes actions that capture the attention of other people. Secondly, leaders explain the importance of making these changes in the organization. The leaders then empowers the coalition with the powers he/she got. This coalition directs the sources in moving towards the changes created in first step. Then the leaders creates the vision and strategy to the organization. He brings up the other employees such as managers and directors to initiate the organization’s vision and strategy. The leaders then communicate the changes and empowers the changes with all employees within the organization. This way, the organization’s vision is passed through all the employees. Empowering broad based action to remove the barriers to achieve the goals. Generating short term wins by planning a short term goals and acknowledging the short term wins will help in motivating employees to achieve for bigger goals. Consolidating the gains and producing more changes is the next step in leading the change. Anchoring the new approaches by making continuous efforts in all possible ways to ensure the change is seen through entire organization.

Here are some of the examples where Barack Obama lead the change and been a part of the change to lead the country in right direction. The affordable Care Act (4): Popularly known as Obama Care, the affordable care act was passed during Obama administration. This act helped many poor individuals to have a health coverage irrespective of the insurance they own. The acts calls for all citizens to have insurance so that the insurance companies cannot deny treatment to individuals based on pre existing condition. The president has initiated the change and lead the change to help the citizens of America for a healthy life. The 2009 Economic Stimulus Package (2): During the economic surge in 2009, introduction of new way of spending public funds spending infrastructure and health programs. With the help of very few supporters within republicans, a $787 billion package was released to jump start the American economy. Many republicans haven’t believed in it, however the president plan was successful in bringing the stimulus back and helped in bringing six million jobs to the country and thus helped in bringing back the economy.

The Auto Industry Bailout(3): When the General Motors and Chrysler are at the verge of bankruptcy in 2008, the white House was in fear that the country was going to loose one million jobs. The president believed in that helped out these companies will help in keeping the unemployment rate low. The Obama administration released $80 billion dollars to G. M. and Chrysler companies and bailed out the companies. This helped the companies streamline their operations and move their retirement funds to an independent trust. Thus, Obama was once again proved that the change he initiated and lead helped the country in maintaining the low unemployment rate.

Problem Management and Decision Making: Problem Management involves activities required to diagnose the root cause of incidents and to determine resolution to those problems. There are various decision-making models discussed in the class. Incremental Model, Polis Model, Garbage Can Model, Bargaining Model, Participative Model, and Rational Model are some of the decision-making models. Incremental models are Decisions are made in small analytical increments in response to events and circumstances where the decision-maker’s analysis is focused on familiar, better-known experiences. Polis models assumes inconsistencies in life where the political community is able to deal with less than comprehensive and reliable information. Here are some of the examples f problem management and decision-making skills of President Obama. Civil Rights for Gays and Lesbians (4): In 2008, during his presidential campaign, Barack Obama believed in a marriage between a man and a woman. Later on, demand for civil rights for gay and lesbians. Obama understood the problem and decided to make a decision.

In 2012, he came with a executive order protecting the federal employees from discrimination based on sexual orientation. Immigration Policy (4): In 2014, the president was criticized for overseeing two million deportations particularly from Hispanic community. The head of national council for Hispanics advocacy group in the United States, called the president as the deporter-in-chief. However, the president understood the aggressive movement and made a law to help legalizing the illegal immigrants. However, the law did not get approved in the house, however the president made a executive order to help the immigration process more flexible. This has helped many illegal immigrants to turn into legal citizens and help contributing to nation’s economy. Normalization of U. S. relations with Cuba (2): In 2014, the president has restored diplomatic relations with country Cuba and opened an embassy in the nation. The president repealed some of the rules against cash and travel and thus helping in moving towards normalized relations with Cuba. This has helped in building relationship between and Cuba and United States. The decision power of the president made this situation better and improved relations between the countries.

Consensus Building and Negotiation:

Negotiation is a method by which people settle differences. It is a process by which compromise, or agreement is reached while avoiding argument. The process of negotiation includes Preparation, Discussion, Clarification of goals, Negotiate towards a Win-Win outcome, Agreement, and Implementation of a course of action. There are times when there is a need to negotiate more informally. At such times, when a difference of opinion arises, it might not be possible or appropriate to go through the stages in a formal manner. BATNA (Best Alternative to a Negotiated Agreement) is one of the important courses of action has to be implemented to carry through the decision.

Here are some of the examples where President Obama proven his skills of negotiation and building consensus. The Appointment of Two Supreme Court Justices (4): After the death of justice Antonian Scalia in 2009, Obama decided to replace his position with more diversified personality. By that time, Obama has already appointed two chief justices. The republicans do not want to approve the president’s decision. However, president was succeeded in placing Sonia Sotomayor, the first Hispanic and the third woman ever to serve the court.

Speaking frankly about Racism (2): it is President Obama who spoke up about racism first. This happened in 2012, when a black teenager, Trayvon Martin was killed by a neighborhood watchman. Also, in 2009 when Harvard University professor, Henry Louis Gates, was arrested for disorderly conduct. There were multiple other instances which has shown that multiple black people killed in multiple cases. However, it is President Obama who came out first to talk about this and invited leaders of Black Lives Matter movement and helped to maintain relations between minorities and police. Tax and Budget compromises (4): During 2010, the republican domination in the house forced Obama to govern according to smaller government principles. However, Obama was able to sign Budget Control Act in 2012, which a mandated $1 million in spending in defense and domestic for over ten years. This has helped in saving same amount of money and this has made congress softened the spending cuts in multiple ways.

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Leadership Styles and Tactics of Barack Obama

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

A leader is defined as a person who leads or influence people to achieve the desired goals of an organization or country willingly and enthusiastically. Barack Obama, a very familiar name now; which otherwise could have been very common like us. He was born on August 4, 1961 to a white American Ann Dunham and a black father Barack Obama Sr. from Kenya. It was indeed his journey from childhood days till studying law in Harvard groomed him to be the 44th US President, a figure to be well known throughout the world, respected, feared and loved mostly.

Mr. Barack Obama follows a democratic leadership whereby an iron heart leader, who when soaring in the presidential office as the first black American, he inherited a global economic recession, two foreign war, and a nation, so vulnerable yet took America to newer heights despite all odds .A man of his stature has many qualities, as a leader and as a man. Following are the three most leadership skill, behavior and traits Barack Obama have such as three leadership skill are the ability to connect to the public with respect and peace, the ability to inspire loyalty and being honest most of the time. Three leadership behaviors of Barack Obama are such as perseverance, self-awareness and being humble. And three leadership traits are transformational-charismatic, taking risks and communication skills. Barack Obama has great skill such as his ability to connect to the public with respect and peace.

Barack Obama was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2009 – as one of the greatest accomplishments any man or woman could hope to achieve in a lifetime. The award reads, “The Nobel Peace Prize for 2009 is to be awarded to President Barack Obama for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples”. The Committee has attached special importance to Obama’s vision of any work for a world without nuclear weapons.” During his presidency, Obama successfully ended the war in Iraq and was close to finally put an end to the conflict in Afghanistan and bring troops to home for good. And Osama Binladen, he carried out the elimination of the most wanted criminal of the world; a single elimination to the better world for the billion others. A man of a diverse quality, a peace-loving man with an iron firm heart, and a man whose skills in communications are well loved by people not only in America, but throughout the world. He was indeed born for the people of America. And since America being the most influential country in the world, a leader of his status was important.

Barack Obama is a humble leader because his attempt is to bring people together and provide transparency. He had never violated to abide by even a single set of rules. He has shown a sense of national duty on America that seeks to settle its differences with the world and develop cooperation and partnership without pride. All of above qualities have won former president Obama admiration. His attractive personality and the way youth got invested and vitality in every meeting marked him as the most cherished U.S. presidents in the last three decades. Perhaps the bow atG20 submit meeting with the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah showed him to be a person of great humility aim on breaking the pattern of diplomatic false pride. In Islamic traditions, such bowing is a show of respect of the young toward the old. In the same way, a European might lift his hat to show respect or flash the sign for victory and what former President Obama did was praiseworthy, be it with King Abdullah or anyone else in the meeting.

The former U.S president Barack Obama possesses an apparently charismatic trait nature which helped him to attract the attention of Americans and foreigners identical. Transformational- charismatic trait helped him during the campaign period as it enabled Barack Obama to draw other people to his side. In addition, he gave better speech to a large number of public. He is considered as one of the best speech givers in the American presidential history that he can control the attention of the public. He also appeals across different religious sectors and handled things well during the middle of Islam phobia issue.

Barack Obama the former U.S President follows trait leadership theory. He had worked hard to improve America’s image in front of the people and other international leaders. Barack Obama has adopted different approach to bring other cultures and expanded into global issues of humanity, and the policy was not limited only to the interests of Americans but widened to include issues and concerns of other countries. He also worked hard to improve United States image by visiting many international foreign countries, and pay attention to the cultural standards of those peoples. The former president Obama gave more interest to improve America’s relations with the other countries through consensual policies. His personal traits such as transformational- charismatic played an important role in approaching to people of other foreign countries.

Now, coming to our level, we do idolize Barack Obama. We are not a political figure, but one need not be a political figure to be a risk taker, possess good communication skills, and loves peace. We do follow democratic leadership style whereby the employees working under can participate in decision making and are well informed about the work or decision that can affect them. Through democratic leadership style we were able to encourage employees to build team cooperation and participate in decision making to achieve the desired goals within the short frame of time. Democratic leadership style helped me to achieve higher productivity and encourage more participation of the employees through rewarding them for performing well in the particular field of work.

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Analysis of Barack Obama’s Leadership Style

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

Barack Obama Sr. while studying at the University of Hawaii met Ann Dunham, and after few months they married on February 2, 1961. Barack Hussein Obama II was born on August 4, 1961, in Honolulu, Hawaii. He had multiracial descent, with his mother from Germany and Ireland, and his dad from Kenya. While living with his grandparents, Obama enrolled in the esteemed Punahou Academy, He was very good in basketball and graduated with academic honors in 1979. As one of only three black students at the school, Obama became conscious of racism and what it meant to be African-American. He struggled a lot after his parent got divorce and after high school, Obama studied at Occidental College in Los Angeles for two years. He then transferred to Columbia University in New York City, graduating in 1983 with a degree in political science. In 1988, he enrolled in Harvard Law School, where he was the first black president of the Harvard Law Review. After graduating, he became a civil rights attorney and a professor, teaching constitutional law at the University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 2004. On November 4, 2008, Barack Obama defeated Republican presidential nominee John McCain and won election as president of the United States and the first African-American to hold office. On that day it was an historic day for Americans, as they celebrated the election of Barack Obama as the 44th President. The election was the longest presidential campaign.

When Obama took office, he inherited a global economic recession, two ongoing foreign wars and the lowest-ever international favorability rating for the United States. He campaigned on an ambitious agenda of financial reform, alternative energy and reinventing education and health care — all while bringing down the national debt. Because these issues were intertwined with the economic well-being of the nation, he believed all would have to be undertaken simultaneously. President Obama undertook a complete overhaul of America’s foreign policy. He reached out to improve relations with Europe, China and Russia and to open dialogue with Iran, Venezuela and Cuba. As the first African-American elected president of the United States, Barack Obama became a pivotal figure in American history even before his inauguration back in January 2009. But after winning a second term in 2012, his achievements in office have made him one of the most transformative presidents of the past 100 years. He took office with a country in peril and led it through the Great Recession, two wars, civil unrest, a rash of mass shootings, and changing cultural demographics. A person cannot become a leader until and unless he is a great communicator. And it isn’t limited to just being a great speaker. The listening, writing, and reading skills are also important as only a great listener can become a great speaker. Barack Obama is a leader par excellence as he knows how to talk to any person, group or audience regardless of their background, age, race, gender, etc. And that’s where he truly deserves all the praise for being an immaculate person having perfected the art of communication.

His entire campaign was a classic case of how to communicate with virtually each and every person in the USA who is eligible to vote, gain his confidence and send the message across in clear terms. And that’s why he was able to win the election in both 2008 and 2012 hands down.

Leaders today have the required skills and knowledge however, many lack the required behaviors. Barack Obama was an inspiring leader with his good behavior where not only American but people from around the world appreciated his quality of behavior. Barack Obama possesses a seemingly charismatic nature which helped him attract the attention of Americans and foreigners. This trait came in handy during the campaign period as it enabled him to draw other people to his side, even some of his critics could not help but like him, and moved them into doing something for a bigger cause. In addition, he gave better speech to a large crowd than any other leader did during. He is considered as one of the best speech givers in the American presidential history that he can command the attention of a person. Moreover, he can give speeches on race issues without coming across as catering only to the black people given his strong connection and ties with the black community. He also appeals across different religious sectors. Barack H. Obama was able to formulate a cross-cultural-global approach to issues concerning America and other countries while making sure that national security is not taken for granted. In his first six months on the job, his focus had been reestablishing international relationships by visiting various countries and even those which America had a cold relationship. He tried to be more reconciliatory with China, Russia and the Middle East, which the Bush administration almost managed to make a hostile enemy. Some of Obama’s policies towards the Middle East have resulted in some serious issues, such as the Arab spring which resulted in the overthrow of some pro-American regime, creating a what some people say a ‘hotspot’ for the Presidents’ lack of global leadership.

Barack Obama the 44th president of United Stated of America was one of the best leader in the world. In 2009 President Barack Obama won the noble peace prize for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between people and countries. His leadership approach was moreover like both trait leadership theory and behavior theory since he had all kind of capability and ability of both theories. He was honest, integrity, motivational, judgment, intelligent, good relation with the people, supports other, look from different prospective and he was liked by most of the people because of his good behavior approach to people. Former U.S President Barak Obama follows democratic leadership with the inspiring and best quality of his behavior. In my opinion, he had fought for the middle and lower classes against the interests of the richest. The richest could afford health care which is one of the reasons why President Obama fought so hard to pass the Affordable Care Act to make the health facility better. Barack Obama’s knowledge of approach to the different cultural groups across America (Blacks, Latino, Whites and other races) are some of what contributed to his success as a leader. He is a good example of a transformational leader because of his skill at building bonds of empathy with supporters from a seemingly impossibly broad political base. His integrity, honesty and all kind of leadership quality made him a unique leader.

After the end of George Bush’s presidential reign, the American people were tired of the same political atmosphere and same environment. People of America wanted someone new leader that could bring change to the country where there would be peace and happiness. During the 2008 presidential election, there was a strong desire by many citizens of USA for change in leadership. There were a number of things that needed to be fixed and done such as housing problem and the collapse of the economy crises. During the reign of George bush country achieved one of the lowest approval ratings in history. During the presidential election, there was a desperate need for change and people wanted a leader who inspires and possesses a clear vision. However, during the 2008 election this was exactly what Barack Obama did as a leader. He captured the citizen’s desire, needs and gave the American people the change they’ve been longing for. Mainly Obama focused on getting troops out of the Middle East in the war during the beginning of his presidency. While in the beginning of Bush’s terms, he was focused on creating war where many families of military person were unhappy. The unemployment rate was high when Obama took office where it was 7.8 percent and it continued to get worse in his first year. It peaked at 10 percent in October 2009. But slowly, and more or less steadily, the rate improved. By the time Obama left office, the jobless rate had dropped 3 full percentage down to 4.8 percent. Barack Obama was a leader who adopted different style and gave equal interest and concern to make a good relationship with other countries, global issues, peace, humanity, compassion etc.

To conclude, taking ideology of Barack Obama. We do follow democratic leadership style whereby I always use to take suggestion and feedback of our colleague to do daily work. Through democratic leadership style we were able to encourage our friend to build team cooperation and participate in decision making to achieve the desired goals within the short frame of time. Democratic leadership style helped me to achieve higher productivity and encourage more participation of the employees through rewarding them for performing well in the particular field of work.

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The Way Barack Obama Makes Use of Rhetoric Language

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

Barack Hussein Obama II, the first ever African American president, was born on August 4 1961 in Honolulu, Hawaii. A world renowned figure who transitioned from a “nobody” back in 2000 into proclaimed “Best President of Americans’ lifetime”. No one could have known that the 17 minutes Obama spent delivering the Democratic National Convention Keynote speech was what rose him to fame and eventually paved his way into the White House. It is fair to say that his articulate use of language in his speeches was a huge part in sending across the incredibly message which undoubtedly touched the hearts of millions of Americans and people around the world.

This goes to show the level of impact his words had which was what allowed him to beat the odds in many tough situations he and his country faced in his career. Before and throughout his presidency, his convincing voice was consistently maintained with the help of persuasion techniques, “a psychological phenomenon which is deeply connected to language”. Ultimately, his linguistic talents played a huge part in enabling him to make people relate to his life situations and believe that they too, can make a change in their lives.

Like mentioned above, one of Barack Obama’s first and most inspirational speeches is the Democratic National Convention Keynote speech he presented in 2004. He delved into his family background, rejected political polarization and expressed his gratitude towards America for all the opportunities he received which he couldn’t gotten anywhere else in the world. The response after his address completely turned his life around. Just overnight, his status within the Democratic Party was further elevated as well as turning his reissued memoir into an all-time bestseller. The 2297 significant words he uttered during his national debut was written by his own hand filled with anecdotes and his life-long experiences in order to keep it personal and that was obviously, the right decision.

Barack Obama opens his speech by saying “On behalf of the great state of Illinois, crossroads of a nation, land of Lincoln, let me express my deep gratitude for the privilege of addressing this convention”. The use of the metaphor “crossroads of a nation” signifies the importance of the busy and commercial center through the theme of Patriotism. Obama is adding a lot to his credibility, integrity, and appeal to authority by mentioning about the great state of Illinois. By mentioning “Land of Lincoln”, it also adds authority to his speech which helps him to justify his point.

Abraham Lincoln was a very respected former president and a great hero of USA. The audience will feel more attached, in his favor due to the emotional force and accept him the delegate of the state of Illinois. He uses ethos as it makes him credible which will help the audience to take the propositions as acceptable and true. The use of the word “let” shows his politeness and gives the audience a sense of authority which shows that Obama respects them. Obama starts talking about his father who “was a foreign student, born and raised in a small village in Kenya. He grew up herding goats, went to school in a tin-roof shack. his father — my grandfather — was a cook, a domestic servant to the British.” This shows how humble Obama is and his willingness to introduce his origin which furthermore, enhances his integrity and credibility. Obama is aware of his unlikely success in his political career and talks about the struggles of his ancestors “But my grandfather had larger dreams for his son. Through hard work and perseverance my father got a scholarship to study in a magical place, America, that shone as a beacon of freedom and opportunity to so many who had come before. Her father worked on oil rigs and farms through most of the Depression. The day after Pearl Harbor my grandfather signed up for duty; joined Patton’s army, marched across Europe.” Obama’s grandparents and parents worked hard and dreamed of a successful future of their children. The word “magical” highlights the idea American dream and the land of opportunities of how anybody can become successful. The metaphor of “a beacon” is really effective as it allows the allusion to the statue of liberty and the audience’s idea of America being a shining light compared to the world which shows that it is a perfect country. There is a contrast between the basic Kenyan life and life in America helps to illustrate how America is a greater country. Obama later on mentioned his “grandfather signed up for duty; joined army, marched across Europe”, “bought a house through F.H.A., and later moved we stall the way to Hawaii in search of opportunity”. This shows patriotism of his grandfather of how he was proud and willing to fight for the sake of America. Buying a house through Federal Housing Authority shows the honest and fair struggle of his family for the betterment of their future. The use of the All-American history sets the scene to represent himself as the “American Dream” and shows no uncertainty about his heritage. His parents “would give me an African name, Barack, or “blessed,” believing that in a tolerant America, your name is no barrier to success.” This gives the listeners positive feelings to be in favor of Obama. By talking about his family history, the audience develop that Obama is a child from a family whose perseverance, honesty of purpose and loyalty to the state is time-tested. He represents the protector of moral and social values. This furthermore, increases the credibility of Obama’s character. Barack Obama uses four processes with two ellipted clauses “I stand here today, grateful for the diversity of my heritage, aware that my parents‟ dreams live on in my precious daughters”. This sentence starts with the material process “stand”, mental process “grateful” and “grateful for the diversity of my heritage” shows the circumstance of cause as Obama shows his gratitude to diverse heritage. “Aware” is the mental process that has ellipted first person singular pronoun subject. “Live on” is the last process, material process. He refrains from using first person singular pronoun with the second and third process sentence as audience could have felt separation from Obama. The ellipted subjects helped to reduce the likelihood of creating picture of an egocentric Obama in their minds. He successfully talks about his successes of representing Illinois and being appreciative of his parenting and his ambitions for his daughters. He portrays all of that by the use of a variety of expressions created by ellipted subjects.

Moreover, these ellipted subjects minimize the possibility of creating an egoistic image of Obama in the audience’s minds. So, within just two-line sentence Obama proudly speaks of his successes as the representative of the great state of Illinois, his feeling of being proud over his parentage, and his own ambitions for his daughters.. Barack Obama refers to the larger American story, foreshadowing that it could possibly bring him to the White House “I stand here knowing that my story is part of the larger American story, that I owe a debt to all of those who came before me, and that, in no other country on earth, is my story even possible”. Obama shows his relation with America and the audience can identify his spot within them. He uses a mental physiological aspect by mentioning that he “owe a debt”. This sense of obligation allows the reader to feel that Obama is really grateful and modest. Obama’s “story” would have been impossible in any other country highlights his belief in the justice and strong political structure of America. In the next sentence, Obama talks about USA as a nation “Tonight, we gather to affirm the greatness of our nation, not because of the height of our sky-scrapers, or the power of our military, or the size of our economy”. “Tonight” is a really uncomplicated word which serves to focus on the moment. Obama uses contrast to produce a Q&A dilemma that will help to keep the audience’s attention to hear the revelation of USA. Obama chooses to be passive “Our pride is based on a very simple premise, summed up in a declaration made over two hundred years ago, We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal. That they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights. That among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” The phrase “our pride” shows America’s pride combined as country -unity which creates a sense of superiority and positive vibes to the audience. The passive structure increases the impact of the last three sentences Obama quoted from the Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence, gives a feeling of pride and that everyone are equal to each other.

In the next part of his speech, Obama uses the emotional force of the audience in favor of the speaker. He carefully illustrates pictures in very brief clauses. It is human nature that he wants to protect the next upcoming generation and it is the dream of every human being that they want to see their child flourishing and joyful “a faith – a faith in simple dreams, an insistence on small miracles; that we can tuck in our children at night and know that they are fed and clothed and safe from harm”. Obama uses imagery to explain the satisfied, fed, and safe children and imagery of Utopia where there is a liberty of expression both in writing and saying. There is no external social hindrance to what we think and want to do, no fear of bribe and retribution in political process. Note that Obama also use humor by mentioning the election in 2000s in Florida where there was a recount. Obama uses mental imagery by talking about the plight, wishes and hopes of the workers of Galesburg, Illinois “more work to do for the workers I met in Galesburg, Illinois, who are losing their union jobs at the Maytag plant that’s moving to Mexico, and now are having to compete with their own children for jobs that pay seven bucks an hour;”. The loss of their jobs creates an imagery of an old man competing for seven bucks an hour with his own children, showing a mental image and visualizing the mental pain of the senior workers. Furthermore, Obama talks about “more to do for the father that I met who was losing his job and choking back the tears, wondering how he would pay 4500 dollars a month for the drugs his son needs without the health benefits that he counted on; more to do for the young woman in East St. Louis, and thousands more like her, who has the grades, has the drive, has the will, but doesn’t have the money to go to college.” By mentioning a jobless man who has to pay $4500 a month for the drugs his son needs, and a woman who has a good academic record and a desire to study more but doesn’t have the money, will evoke audience’s emotions and they will feel to that they want to stand by his side. Barack Obama uses anecdote by talking about his young self when he a young man “Shamus” in Veterans of Foreign Wars- one of the world’s largest military organization named. This helps to create bond to the message and alters the pace of the speech. By mentioning the name of the man he met helps to increase reliability of his account. Obama himself asks a rhetorical question the audience “are we serving Shamus as well as he is serving us?” This gets the audience thinking, it allows sufficient for people to think of the answer. He continues and mentions about “900 men and women — sons and daughters, husbands and wives, friends and neighbors who won’t be returning to their own hometowns”. The audience is able to recall that war is taking away their relations forever. This strengthens Obama’s antiwar agenda. Obama always like to seek permission from the audience “Now let me be clear”. The verb “let” gives the audience a feeling of importance and privilege. In the next sentence, Obama claims that “We have real enemies in the world”, utilizes English syntax of Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Using have with the compliment and subject shows us that material process of event was used. It is used with the situation of spatial place which deals with the idea of the entire world. By using material process, it gives the audience a solid idea of the presence of enemies. Obama makes use of transitivity which is really thoughtful as he is attempting to communicate to the listeners that he is conscious of the existence of enemies of USA. He is showing them respect.

The following clauses show his comment to a great extent: “These enemies must be found. They must be pursued and they must be defeated”. They all have a passive tone. “Find”, “pursue” and “defeat” are all material processes of action. Transitiveness shows that Obama’s brain is constant with his utterance and thoughts. All these clauses are identical in the group of mental process, affection. By being consistent in choosing the same group of the material and mental processes tells that he is string and certain in his view that the enemies of USA must defiantly be demolished. Obama talks about John Kerry who is a candidate for the American President by using another constant set of processes “John Kerry knows this. And just as Lieutenant Kerry did not hesitate to risk his life to protect the men who served with him in Vietnam, President Kerry will not hesitate one moment to use our military might to keep America safe and secure”. “know” and “hesitate” are both mental process of cognition. Obama uses this technique as President Kerry and Lieutenant Kerry are the same person. By using the same mental processes for a future and past, this creates an effect that Obama is trustworthy and his previous actions are admirable and praiseworthy, this means that his future action would also be too. He uses infinitives which is a type of non-finite verb such as “to use” “to risk”, to keep and “to protect”. They are material processes of action and helps to make reference to John Kerry as someone who takes immediate action and make fast decisions. Obama’s use of consistent group of processes helps to portray Kerry’s reliable character. Obama uses all the techniques of persuasion, Pathos, Logos and Ethos. Even though the speech address national unity. The main motive was to persuade the audience to be in favor for John Kerry who will run for president in 2004. This speech intends to help him in the election campaign. The speech convinces the audience logically with the idea of John Kerry as the President of USA. Obama uses many clauses and one sentence in the last part of his speech. He uses one six-word sentence of blessings near the end “Tonight, if you feel the same energy I do, the same urgency I do, the same passion I do, the same hopefulness that I do — if we do what we must do, then I have no doubts that all across the country, from Florida to Oregon, from Washington to Maine, the people will rise up in November and John Kerry will be sworn in as President, and John Edwards will be sworn in as Vice President, and this country will reclaim its promise, and out of this long political darkness, a brighter day will come. Thank you and God bless you”. Obama uses a lot of repetition he uses mental process of affection in the first 4 clauses. “Feel” is ellipted but it is not used here. “I do” is used with an ellipted “as”, but it can also be used as “as I do”. “Do” which is a verb allows the audience and speaker to compare. Almost all of the remaining of the clauses use one or the other group of the material process. “Rise up” and “swear in” are both material processes of action. “Come” is the material process of event. “Have” is the material process of event “then I have no doubt … a brighter day will come”. “Bless” is the mental process of action and “Reclaim” is the verbal process since “this country” is the participator and “its promise” is also the participator of the process. The last section of the speech opens with and closes with mental clauses of affection. It helps to change the emotions of the audience to show their sympathy positively of Obama’s views. By using a lot of material clauses, it helps to physically motivate the listeners to vote for John Kerry. The material process of action “swear in” creates an image of the workplace of the president of USA who is Kerry. The spinning use of language obliges the audience be in favor of Obama in the next elections. Obama does not use the word vote although he uses material, physiological and verbal clauses strongly to ask them to vote for Kerry. Obama utilizes parallel structures “If there is a child on the south side of Chicago who can’t read, that matters to me, even if it’s not my child. If there is a senior citizen somewhere who can’t pay for their prescription drugs, and having to choose between medicine and the rent, that makes my life poorer, even if it’s not my grandparent. If there’s an Arab American family being rounded up without benefit of an attorney or due process, that threatens my civil liberties.” This parallel structure creates mental images in the audience’s mind. The image of the child in Chicago who cannot read, the thought of the senior citizen who can’t afford to pay for her prescriptions and the image of an Arab-American family who is being penalized by the executives of USA without due legal process- ‘The principle that an individual cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property without appropriate legal procedures and safeguards’, are rhetoric devices which shows the emotional feelings of affirmative bonding with Obama. By showing concern for every citizen, the audience feels emotionally attached to Obama. Obama gives the audience an element of hope. Obama speaks in the inspiring rhetoric of hope which is the hope that Americans and America as a country, America as the land of courageous people, ordinary people and independent people, are responsible for each other’s’ dream. By using the rhetoric of hope, the audience will feel in favor of Obama. Throughout the speech, Obama uses personal pronoun such as “I” and “we”. By using “we”, it gives an insight into the context of how Obama wants to be looked at and analyzed by the audience. The use of the first person singular pronoun “I” shows personal contribution of Obama in a matter under discussion and his vanity. It shows Obama as a self-important and self-obsessed person. When Obama talks about something good, he uses this pronoun to take the whole credit.

The plural pronoun “we” shows responsibility is shared during more dubious or terrible state of affairs. Nonetheless, the distance between the audience and Obama the speaker is kept to the minimum by using the plural pronoun “we”, it helps to build rapport. Furthermore, it gives a sense of inclusiveness which is the feeling that the audience and speaker are not poles apart and are the same being. This feeling gives a sense of oblivious pride to the listeners. The audience will start to admire and be in Obama’s idea. This also helps to fortify ethos.

Conclusion

Obama uses all aspects of the persuasive language Ethos, Lagos and Pathos in this speech frequently. This helps to persuade and motivate the audience’s emotional side. The material process of action is used the most frequent in this speech. Another technique he used is mental Language in process of affection and relational process. Obama uses circumstance of temporal location, circumstance of spatial location, and circumstance of cause. By using material processes often, it helps to motivate the audience to physically congregate around him and support his ideas. Furthermore, Obama uses the mental processes of affection to strike to the element of Pathos so that the audience will lean towards and be in favor of him.

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An Ethos Analysis of Obama’s “A More Perfect Union”

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States who was still a presidential candidate at the time, faced a major challenge as he delivered his “A More Perfect Union” at the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Just a week earlier, the national media had picked up on a series of comments that Obama’s pastor, Jeremiah Wright Jr. , had made during sermons that were racially charged and targeted many different racial groups. Obama’s speech that day, titled “A More Perfect Union”, had to address that. Since ethos is one of the three main modes of persuasion as listed by Aristotle, we can ask “What ethos strategies does Obama use in his speech ‘A More Perfect Union’ to protect his reputation and discuss other topics meaningfully? ” Similarly, we can ask the more general question “What ethos strategies can be used to help protect a reputation? ” These questions matter for us today as there are always situations, especially political ones, where we need to defend our own credibility in a competent manner.

In his speech, Obama not only responds to his former pastor’s comments but also addresses the larger topic of race in the United States and argues that America can only continue to grow as a nation if all races and socioeconomic classes join forces and work together on problems. His major methods of development are narration and logical analysis. He presents a history of events and lists some problems before presenting logical solutions to each one. He supports this claim with three reasons: while Reverend Wright’s comments are deplorable, they consist of an amalgam of the worst statements he has ever made and do not reflect Reverend Wright as a person; that these types of situations reflect on America as a whole, with individuals all contributing different backgrounds; and that America needs to set aside history, and overcome and push forward in unity. He supports these reasons with some anecdotal evidence, but not much else, as is typical in speeches.

Obama’s purpose is twofold: he wants to make it clear that he doesn’t support his pastor’s racial comments, but he also wants to convince the audience to unite together in order to create a better America in the future. His implied audience are American voters, including those present physically at the speech and those at home. His rhetoric, however, excludes audience members who are against racial unification, specifically groups of Americans that have views that still involve some form of segregation—for example, white supremacists. Moreover, Obama was the democratic candidate, so his audience was likely biased towards more liberal on the political spectrum. He adopts an objective but still hopeful tone, a tone which is appropriate for the implied audience. His audience and the situation pose the following barriers and constraints: First, they are a very heterogeneous population, which means that trying to pander to a specific type of person might distance Obama from other groups. Second, the audience is wary of politicians as they are standardly depicted as two-faced, saying one thing while doing something else. Third, some in the audience were inherently biased against Obama as he was not the typical candidate since he was African-American.

In order to overcome these barriers, Obama had to establish himself as someone worth listening to, which is just the problem of establishing ethos. Classically, to establish ethos, you can display sagacity (knowledge of the issue, wisdom, or expertise), moral character, or good will toward the audience (Strang 1). By using these techniques, Obama manages to establish that he is someone with a strong spiritual and intellectual foundation. Three major aspects of Obama’s ethos stand out in this speech: sagacity of wisdom as shown by his mixed heritage, sagacity of knowledge, and good moral character and good will towards the audience as expressed through his religious background and morals.

Near the start of his speech, Obama states “I am the son of a black man from Kenya and a white woman from Kansas[,] … was raised with the help of a white grandfather who … serve[d] in … World War II and a white grandmother who worked … while he was overseas” (Obama P8). By saying this, he establishes that he is deeply connected to many parts of the country, like Kansas, and that he can connect with both the African-American population and the white population as his father was Kenyan and his mother was white. He also states that “I am married to a black American who carries within her the blood of slaves and slaveowners—an inheritance we pass on to our two precious daughters” (Obama P8), further connecting him to the African-American population. This makes it clear that he not only connects with the African-American population of the present, but also with the African-American population of the past and the struggles, including slavery, that they went through. In this short snippet of his speech, he wraps up with “I have brothers, sisters, nieces, nephews, uncles and cousins, of every race and every hue, scattered across three continents” (Obama P8), which further cements his ability to view racial issues in the United States from a variety of perspectives by demonstrating sagacity of wisdom.

Obama also establishes that he is knowledgeable by saying that “I’ve gone to some of the best schools in America…” (Obama P8), namely Harvard, which demonstrates that he has a very strong educational background. This is also supported by his recall of seminal court cases like Brown v. Board of Education (Obama P29), and statements about the racial inequalities that are due to the “legacy of slavery and Jim Crow” (Obama, P29). Moreover, he even discusses conflicts in the Middle East and the root causes of them (Obama, P15). These statements show that Barack Obama not only understands present-day conflicts, but also knows the history well.

As a final method of building credibility, Obama establishes his good moral character and shows good will toward the audience. He states that “for as long as I live, I will never forget that in no other country on Earth is my story even possible” (Obama P8), which makes it clear that he still thinks America is the greatest country, even with all the hardships he has overcome. The fact that he starts the speech with a reference to the constitution and ends it similarly also indicate that he tries to align himself with the country. On the more religious side of things, Obama states that “more than twenty years ago [he was] introduce[d] …to Christian faith” (Obama P18). Thus, Obama has aligned himself with both God and country, so Obama seems untouchable from a moral/religious level.

Since Obama uses such a diversity of techniques to establish his ethos, I don’t think there’s much he could have improved on. He chose very targeted examples that allowed him to come across as an expert on racial issues, an intelligent person in general, and as someone with the purest of goals. The audience also resonated with the speech and it was generally well received, so it seems that they agree as well.

From Obama’s establishment of ethos in his speech “A More Perfect Union” we see that trying to approach the problem of protecting your reputation from many directions and trying to demonstrate competency in many facets is effective. Additionally, aligning yourself with both religion and patriotic views helps strengthen your platform as a candidate. Although political platforms might not be applicable to the general population, countering from many directions is a skill that can be transferred over to any rhetorical problem in general.

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Racism in the United States

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

Racism can be described as an unusual thing which misleads and classify folks based on color, caste, cultural background and religion. Barack Obama, a politician, who served as the first African American president of the United States, wanted to solve the issue of racism. “He delivered a speech ‘A More Perfect Union’ on March 18, 2008 during presidential campaigns. This speech was mainly based on race relations.” (Obama 613). “It was delivered at the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania” (“A More Perfect Union (speech)” 2018). This speech was a response to controversial comments made by Reverend Jeremiah Wright (Obama’s pastor). Obama modified his response into the main issue of racism in the nation. This speech is structured in a way that his speech left a series of evidence to follow from the starting to the end. He reviewed his point of view with his own story, his upbringing and racism in the nation. He also contextualized that why and how the nation needs to be changed. He started it with the topic of slavery and race relations and ends it by making everyone understand that racism will end with growth of a strong union. This structure indicates that Obama is speaking to all the black and white Americans who have voted for him, can vote for him or being discouraged to vote him due to his Pastor’s (Reverend Jeremiah Wright) comments. Obama also used rhetorical strategy in the structure to make people understand that racism is unhealthy for their nation.

Obama began his speech by talking about slavery and racism. He mentioned slavery as a dirty mark and an original crime of the nation which has divided the colonies. “… nation’s original sin of slavery, a question that divided the colonies” (Obama 613). He encouraged everyone by saying that a perfect and strong union may solve this issue. “I believe deeply that we cannot solve the challenges of our times unless we solve them together- unless we perfect our union…” (Obama 614). Then he moved on to his own life story by mentioning that the belief of a strong union comes from his own American story that he is a son of a black man and a white woman. He raised with the help of a white grandfather and a white grandmother. He is married to a black woman and has relations in every color, caste and religion. (Obama 614). Further, he referred to Wright’s controversial comments. He said that these comments were not only against injustice, but these misleads the nation as well. “They weren’t simply a religious leader’s effort to speak out against perceived injustice. Instead, they expressed a profoundly distorted view of this country” (Obama 615). At the end, he stated that making a stronger union is a way to finish racism by mentioning about Ashley and an old black man. During campaign in Florence (South Carolina), Ashely (the organizer of the campaign) was sitting at a roundtable discussion where everyone was sharing their story and the reason of being in the campaign. Ashley’s reason of being in the campaign was that she wanted to help millions of children who want and need to help their parents. There was an old man who was sitting quiet during the whole discussion. When the turn comes to that old black man, he said that he was there just because of Ashley which represents a union which is growing more stronger because Ashley is a young white girl whereas that old man was a black man and a black person was supporting a white person. There was no relation between them except the relation of humanity (Obama 623).

Obama has used rhetorical strategy to make people understand and to encourage people to end racism. In the beginning, he recites, “We the people, in order to form a more perfect union” (Obama 613). It is the first line in the United States Constitution which means that the people who do not have complete knowledge regarding the issues Obama wanted to discuss, can understand that something important is being discussed with them. Afterwards, he mentioned that he is a son of a black man and a white woman. He has married a woman who carries the blood of slaves within her. Thus, he wanted to say that he is an authority on race. (Blasingame, Rhetorical Analysis of “A More Perfect Union” Speech, 2008). Moreover, he told a story of his grandfather “who survived a Depression to serve in Patton’s Army during World War II” (Obama 614). It is obvious that no one will disrespect and ignore the person who died serving the nation and they will have emotions for that person. The words ‘Depression’, ‘Patton’s army’ and ‘World war II’ stimulates the emotional responses of self-sacrifice and devotion for the nation. It creates a biological connection with the audience.

Moving further, he talked less about his father and more about his white grandmother just to gain interest and sympathy of white people by praising about his grandmother. Moving on, he said that “inequalities passed on from an earlier generation that suffered under the brutal legacy of slavery and Jim Crow” (Obama 618) and also mentioned that “a view that sees the conflicts in the middles east as rooted….” (Obama 615) to show that he is aware of the history of the United States and understand the situation of present which is affecting the country. Thereafter, he also talked about the manipulation done to the people of the country to win elections which keep the folks far away from unity. Subsequently, when he said ““Not this time.” This time we want to talk about the crumbling schools that are stealing the future of black children and white …. the benefits they have earned” (Obama 622). From these lines, he tends to make audience understand the value of time and America realize that they must react to it. Also, Obama played with the emotions of the audience by saying that “We do not need to recite here the history…… legacy of slavery and Jim Crow” (Obama 617-618). He is using rhetorical strategy and cause-and-effect to play with the emotions of the people of the America.

Finally, he ends his speech by sharing a memory of A campaign held at Florence, South Carolina. This campaign was organized by a young white girl named Ashley Baia. During this campaign, everyone was sitting around a table and were discussing about their life stories and reason of being in the campaign. Ashley’s reason for being in the campaign was that she wanted to help millions of children who want to help their parents (Obama 623). There was an old black man who was sitting very quiet during the whole discussion. He did not utter a single word. When it comes to his turn, he stated the reason that he was just there because of Ashley. It represents humanity and unity. There was no other relation between that white young girl and that elderly black man but still there was a feeling of unity among them (Obama 623). The motive of telling this story to the audience was that Obama wanted to encourage them to get united to fight against racism and to secure their future. He also wanted to show that being a black person, he is able to rule the nation which creates a positive feeling among black people. “Obama’s position in the White House conjures the legacy of black freedom struggles because black visibility is an important signifier of the relationship between race and nationhood in the United States.” (Read-dukeupress-edu.ezproxy.kpu.ca, 2018).

Obama uses several rhetorical theories and strategies to create a feeling of dignity and unity among the audience. Obama wanted to heal America’s racial legacy. He used rhetorical strategies to clear the misunderstandings and controversies regarding his personality. He tried to have an honest conversation based on racial discriminations and unity among the people. This speech affects the emotions of the people and create a feeling of unity.

Making suggestions and finding solutions is not everything unless these are applied on the problems to solve the issues. Racism is a major issue which should not be followed in any nation. Every person is equal to the law. Written rules and law can not create a feeling of unity unless it is felt by people themselves. Unity creates happiness and freedom which spreads peace and harmony in the nation. Racism creates a society where people disrespects each other which can affect people’s wellbeing and their future regarding access to job, education etcetera. It is rightly said that Racism is good for politics and bad for health. Racism can have very bad impact on the lives of the people whether it is done intentionally or unintentionally. To get rid of this, everyone should be provided knowledge regarding human rights, children should be given knowledge regarding this so that they should be aware of being discriminated. Various workshops should be organized to make people aware of it. People who discriminate others based on race, caste and religion should be punished and warned so that they would not be able to do it again. Children should be treated equally so that they must feel free to get education in any school or institution regardless being white or black.

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Barack Obama – a Great Leader

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

A great leader is the one who sets standards for others and leads by example. He is the one who uses his interpersonal skills to be able to motivate others to act in a certain way in order to achieve specific objectives. Barack Obama is one such leader. The SDI model exhibits that he shows signs of a strong red while he also has certain characteristics that relate to green and yellow.

To begin with, Obama puts in conviction and perseverance in whatever he does, which holds true why he is a fiery red. He believes that if someone has a strong belief that something is right, then you can motivate others and make them do what you want them to do. For instance, his campaign slogan when he contested for elections for the first time was “Change we can believe in”. He was able to inspire others with his commitment in bringing a change and that led him becoming the first ever African American to serve as a president. He was of the opinion that even if many are against us, we can turn the odds in our favor if we truly believe in the change we are seeking. Further, just like a successful leader he was focused and unshakable about anything he had an opinion about. He believes that no change can happen overnight and in order to achieve the objectives we must remain consistent. For example, he stuck to his core values and beliefs when he openly supported same-sex marriage. By showing this trait, he highlighted that there should be justice for everyone and that a true leader stands for the betterment of all. Obama also had another inherent quality of a leader of a risk-taker. During his tenure, he took many foreign policy risks. One of them was when he went beyond the line and carried out an operation to kill Osama Bin Laden, which was against the will of many in power at that time.

There are certain qualities of Obama that correspond to a yellow. A leader cannot be a successful one unless he is a great communicator. In order to be a great communicator, a person has to have good listening, writing and reading skills. Being a good listener is as important as being a good speaker as a good leader respects the opinions of others. Obama has certainly mastered the art of communication as he knows well how to talk to any person or a group irrespective of their age, gender, caste, etc. He can draw up anyone’s attention to his words by his charisma and charm, and his fantastic comedic timing. Another trait professed by Obama was that not only was he was not just compassionate towards the people he worked with on a daily basis but also, he made the citizens feel that they were cared for by his actions. He has always taken decisions that were for the greater good of many, and even if it meant losing support of the influential and wealthy. He also practiced equality as he put emphasis on just one race that was the human race.

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