Edgar Allan Poe
Phenomenon Of The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution catalyzed one of the most prevalent literary movements in human history, as the harsh living conditions forced writers and poets to evolve from mimetic writing, to expressionist writing. The people of Europe were seemingly surrounded by the harsh realities of living in a rapidly evolving country, many of them feeling as though they were incapable of escaping the factories located on every dirty street corner.
Directly following the Enlightenment, the Romantic Era brought a new style of description and expression to the dull streets of newly industrialized Europe, as writers felt unfulfilled and uninspired by conventional mimetic expression, leading to an era of deep introspection and self-examination in the literary community. This new style of writing was composed of pointed political rhetoric, flawlessly integrated with descriptions of nature, in stark contrast to the mechanical and unforgiving Realist style of writing that existed in Europe prior to the emergence of Romanticism. In example, William Wordsworth revolutionized poetry after traveling France, and being exposed to the rampant poverty that permeated the French way of life.
The French people did not revolt against the monarchy that rendered them starving and helpless until the closing of the American Revolution, as the patriotism and righteousness that characterized Americar’s rise to political independence inspired the downtrodden French citizens. William Wordsworth wrote about the deplorable scenes of poverty that he witnessed throughout France, leading to harsh criticism from institutions that supported the French monarchy. Poets during this era took cues from the already industrialized American continent, wish resulted in an influx of political and social commentary dispersed throughout their poems and other written works. Wordsworth focused primarily in his poetry on class division, and it can be argued that this rampant Classism was caused by the stress of the Industrial Revolution on the newly divided french state.
Wordsworthr’s most famous piece of writing, The Lyrical Ballads, put strong emphasis on the financial and social disparities of people living in Europe at the time of the Industrial Revolution, and truly revolutionized poetry in the way that he chose to utilize unconventional rhyming and free verse. In example, Sweet is the lore which nature brings; Our meddling intellect, Misshapes the beauteous forms of things; ”We murder to dissect, (Wordsworth, Lyrical Ballads). This excerpt demonstrates the strong emphasis that Wordsworth and other writers of his time period put on the Human Condition, and the ideals that make a human being feel alive and in tune with nature. Wordsworth continuously acknowledges that there is a great deal of pain and suffering permeating the earth that society inhabits, but chooses to advocate for the appreciation of feeling and emotion, even if it does involve enduring sadness and grief. Another theme in the Lyrical Ballads, as well as in other works of writing, is the concept of human intervention and the manifestation of selfishness and destruction through the continued overutilization of natural resources.
Although he was an American poet, Walt Whitman greatly contributed to the school of thought permeating Post Industrialized Europer’s literary community, revolutionizing Stream of Consciousness poetry, and teaching his European counterparts expressionist writing. Whitman wrote primarily about social issues, as he was deeply impacted by the cruel punishment endured by African Americans that he encountered whilst living in New Orleans. This style of expressionist writing that unapologetically revealed political and social discontent for large and seemingly impenetrable social institutions like slavery, as well as the deeply oppressive monarchical system in France- showed the literary community that Romanticism was not a fad, and would cement itself as one of the most impactful and enduring forms of literature of all time.
Walt Whitman took deep inspiration from the Enlightenment period in Europe, taking from their style of writings about nature and science, and effectively intertwining this with self-expression and emotion that the Neoclassicism period lacked. Whitman wrote about his deep connection to nature and his appreciation of the natural world, emphasizing the effect that simple snapshots in nature had on his spirit, and somehow found a way to make these writings deeply political and rooted with antislavery sentiments, appealing to his liberal colleaguer’s viewpoints on the concepts of equality and the meaning of liberty and prosperity. Whitmanr’s European counterparts expanded on his style of free verse poetry intermixed with political and social rhetoric, using this vehicle of literary expression to criticize the overutilization of natural resources, the mistreatment of the impoverished, and countless other social ills plaguing Europe during the Industrial Revolution.
Another leading novelist and poet of Industrial England, is Mary Shelley. Shelley completely revolutionized the subject matter that was acceptable by writers within the literary community, and absolutely destroyed the preconception of women being confined to write only on certain subjects. Shelleyr’s writings were considered highly controversial during the period in which she was alive, as she was a woman writing gothic stories with underlying themes of political and social criticism aimed at human production and the rapid advancement of technology and enterprise. Mary Shelleyr’s most famous piece of writing, Frankenstein, tells the story of scientific advancement gone horribly wrong, which most historians and literary experts within the Romanticism field believe to be an allusion to her rampant distaste for technological advancement and the complete lack of emphasis put on human emotion and the wellbeing of the people around her. The Industrial Revolution put many writers into a state of emotional monotony, as they were angered by societyr’s complete lack of regard for all things human and real, and the growing sense of importance placed on putrid and seemingly emotionless subjects like technological advancement and scientific innovation.
It is almost impossible to write about Industrialized Europe without detailing the rise and fall of one of the most prolific and profoundly disturbed poets of all time, Edgar Allen Poe. Although Poe, like Walt Whitman was American, he greatly contributed to the gothic style of writing prevalent during the time of the Industrial Revolution that existed in Europe. Many literary experts argue that writers like Mary Shelley, and Edgar Allan Poe, discussed taboo themes that centered around death, sexuality, and the overall bleakness of life because they were surrounded by the harsh realities of living in an industrializing country that valued technological advancement above human emotion and artistic expression.
The Industrial Revolution greatly impacted the subject matter that writers of the Romantic period chose to discuss, and allowed them to separate their spirits and minds from the overarching theme of dissatisfaction and numbness that permeated the psyches of people existing during this era. Authors chose to expand their styles of speech in order to escape their oppressive surroundings, leading to a form of prose that existed multifacetedly, and allowed for writers living around the world to criticize daunting institutions that they had previously believed to be insurmountable in changing. Romanticism revolutionized the way in which humans perceive their spirit and inner selves, and taught the world that emotion on all scales, and in all forms can be personified through the use of expressionist writing.
Comparison Between Edgar Allan Poe and Vincent Van Gogh
Edgar Allan Poe’s life he had faced many problems which led him to express his problems through his writings and work. Vincent Van Gogh is also similar to Edgar, as they both had many personal problems in their life, but Gogh was a painter and Poe was a writer. Both Edgar and Vincent had mental health problems and was advised to get help with it but neither of them did.
Edgar Allan Poe and Vincent Van Gogh both used their work as a way to deal with all the issues in their life, such as their depression, loneliness and mental problems. Edgar Allan Poe had a rough life through his childhood because he never really knew his parents. He had a lot of problems about feeling like he was worthless. His dad left the family before he could even really know him, and his mother died of tuberculosis at the age three. After the death of his mother, he was split from his brother where he moved to Richmond, Virginia with a foster home. Around thistime Edgar was 13 he was already a talented writer, but his foster father wanted him to take over the family business and discouraged the idea of being a writer. While, he was growing up he was poor and financially unstable and Poe wanted to go to college to pursue his dreams. In 1826, Poe attended the University of Virginia were Edgar was a spectacular student in his class. Despite his excellent performance in the classroom he was unable to graduate as he couldn’t afforded the cost of college anymore and had to drop out. Because of all the debt
Poe was in he decided he would start to gamble to try to get the money to pay back UVA, but he eventually got into more debt as result. After realizing how much trouble he had gotten into with gambling, he had to go back home only to find out that his fiance was leaving him. While he was gone she had gotten engaged to another man which left him heartbroken and he decided to move to Boston because he had nothing else where he lived. After dropping out and moving he published his first writing while enrolling in the army. A few years later while still being enrolled in the army Edgar discovered that his ex was dying of tuberculosis. He traveled back to Virginia to mourn his ex’s death but to also attend West Point. Poe was a great student but was kicked out for not doing his duties right. After being kicked out Edgar Allan Poe began writing a lot more and started to become a popular artist. He didn’t care about the fame though, as his writings were more of asking for help than for just writing. Before anyone could help him he died on October 7th, 1849 to congestion of the brain.
Vincent van Gogh, just like Edgar Allan Poe, suffered through many things in his life which caused him to become mentally and emotionally unstable. Vincent van Gogh was born on March 30th, 1853 in Groot-Zundert, Netherlands. His family was poor and was unable to provide for him by the time he was 15, so he had to drop out of school and work for his Uncle’s art dealership to contribute to his family’s financial struggles. Gogh eventually switched jobs a few years later and moved to London. During his time in London Gogh fell in love with English culture and during his free time he would visit the local art galleries; in particular he was fascinated with Charles Dickerson and George Eliot and wanted to become like them. Vincent also thought he had found the love of his life, the landlady’s daughter. He thought they would go on to get married, but when he proposed she rejected him and left him with a broken heart. After that he gave up most things in life and devoted his life to God. Gogh decided to preach, but during his tenure as a preacher, he was fired at two churches due to talking bad about the Latin language. The time had finally come to him to realize he wanted to be an artist, so he moved to the Brussels to pursue his dream. Just after a couple paintings, he had become one of the best painters in the business. No matter how famous he had gotten, it couldn’t stop his physical illness, and because of that he started drinking turpentine and eating paint. Gogh’s brother found out about his condition but Gogh wouldn’t let him help. Sometime later, Gogh went out to paint but also brought a pistol with him, where he shot himself in the chest. Surprisingly he didn’t die that day, but two days later when he died in the hospital.
Edgar Allan Poe showed how much help he needed in his writings, as in the Tell-tale Heart he talked about creeping on an old man and killing him in the house. In the writing he killed him because the old man was playing games with his mind which shows how Poe’s head was really working. Vincent van Gogh doesn’t show his pain through his paintings, they are more of the setting he is in. One of his famous paintings is The Yellow House Gogh is painting a painting of his new house and the stores and friends around him. Another one of Gogh’s famous paintings is where he painted a picture of his bedroom to show his sister, the name of the painting is The Bedroom.
Vincent van Gogh and Edgar Allen Poe were in different times but resembled a lot of each other. Both artists had childhood that impacted them further in their lives. They battled mental illness as both of them were messed up due to childhood memories. Gogh and Poe both had poor families and had passions for becoming artists that their families didn’t care about. They both fell in love at an early age and ended up gotten heartbroken, which left them depressed and angry and only made their mental illness worse. Because of all the trials in their life, they were pushed offed the edge. Gogh couldn’t take the pain and started to torture his body, and Poe wrote about murdering people.
Vincent van Gogh ended up being one of the greatest painters in history and the same for Edgar Allan Poe with writing and poems. It’s a shame their lives were shortened due to mental illness. They both faced childhood problems and heartbreak that caused them to do things that a normal person wouldn’t do. They are still great artists, and will always be remembered as two of the best artists of their time.
Edgar Allen Poe and Gothic Literature
Edgar Allan Poe embodies the gothic movement through his dark, eerie writings. Edgar Allan Poe has many pieces but in my opinion his best pieces are; Berenice , The Imp of the Perverse. Edgar was born in Boston Massachusetts on January 19, 1809. Edgar Allan Poe suffered from several mental illnesses.
I personally think Edgar Allan Poe’s most gothic type pieces are Berenice and The Imp of Perverse. Berenice is a story about obsession, Egneus married his cousin Berenice and soon becomes uncomfortably obsessed with his cousin’s teeth. I personally think this piece is scary because, Egneus marries his cousin who he doesn’t want, but Berenice secretly desires to be with him regardless of them being family. Another very dark piece from Edgar Allan Poe is The Imp of Perverse in this story Edgar expresses his self destructive impulses. Edgar explains he believes The Imp of Perverse causes people to result in mischief. The last piece is The Raven where the unknown narrator’s beloved passed after and he is seeking to relief his sorrow over the loss. Most of Edgar’s pieces are dark and eerie with a much deeper meaning within them. In conclusion I believe that all of Edgar Allan Poe’s pieces are a prime example of the Gothic Movement through their; dark, eerie, unexplainable meanings.
Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston Massachusetts, Poe’s parents were professional actors who unfortunately deceased when he was only three years old. Edgar was later taken in by a wealthy family who were, John Allan, and his wife Virginia. One of Edgar’s main influences was a British poet Lord Byron who was Poe’s hero when he was a child. Edgar’s parents sent him off to college with only a fraction needed for tuition due to the lack of funds Poe took on gambling as a source of income. By the end of Poe’s first semester he’s was tremendously poor that he lit his furniture on fire to keep warm. Poverty was slowly destroying Poe’s life, not only was he facing dispar but he also faced humiliation due to poverty, he had to drop out of school and return to Richmond. Poe went back to Richmond to his fiancee only to find out she had became engaged to another man, this left Edgar heart broken. To conclude Poe’s early life all the events he faced led him to decide that he wanted to be a poet as well as encounter adventure.
Although Edgar Allan Poe’s is an incredible writer he also suffered from several neurological disorders. Poe suffered from depression and he was also known to be schizophrenic. Edgar would foretell his illnesses through his illnesses through his works. Poe’s work suggested a bipolar disorder as well as alcohol and drug abuse. These disorders Poe suffered from could have happen due to all the events and obstacles he endured throughout his early life. Poe faced extreme poverty and humiliation that led him to drop out of school as well as finding out his fiancee had gotten engaged to another man these events could have permanently scarred him. Edgar Allan Poe eventually died from what seemed to be a brain tumor which did in fact affect his behavior before his death. Poe endured a pretty harsh life, Poe died and was buried in an unmarked grave in Baltimore.
Edgar Allan Poe as well as his works are a prime example of the gothic movement through his dark, eerie writings. Poe suffered from many events throughout his lifetime that scarred him, but without those events his pieces wouldn’t be so incredible, his suffering turned him into this amazing poet which influenced many writers.
A short biography of Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe was a distinguished American writer of short stories and poetry. He was a controversial literary editor as well as critic. Poe was best known for his Gothic literature and his association in the American Romantic Movement. His creation of “detective stories” influenced many authors today. Poe was a literary genius and possessed natural talents to write, even at a young age. The tragic occurrences during his childhood and early years, shaped him to be one of the most acclaimed men in American literature.
Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, 1809, in Boston, Massachusetts. He was the second child of three siblings: William Henry Leonard Poe – the eldest – and Rosalie – the youngest. Both his parents, Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins and David Poe Jr., were actors. Although they struggled financially, Poe’s mother was a well-known and praised actress. A few months after Poe was born, the family moved to New York (“Edgar Allan Poe” TheFamousPeople.com). Soon after, David abandoned his family when Poe was only two and a half years old (Meyers 5). The apostasy of Poe’s father was most likely due to his feelings of jealousy towards his wife’s successful career, heavy drinking, short temperament, and lack of responsibility to take care of his children (Meyers 5-6).
Left alone to take care of two sons, Poe’s mother – pregnant at the time – carried many hardships. Residing in New York, Elizabeth struggled to provide for her children and sustain the family financially (“Edgar Allan Poe” TheFamousPeople.com). Additionally, she had to deal with the constant moving to cheap houses and the demands of her career. As a result of the misfortunes in her life, she gradually became severely ill. Poe and his siblings, would have to just stand there along their mother and observe the sacrifices she had to make for her beloved children. Poe would be a witness of the gruesome scenes of his mother slowly dying. He observed the strained and bloody coughs, the abrupt hemorrhages, and his young mother’s body laying on her deathbed. On December 8, 1811, she died of Tuberculosis at the age of twenty-four, leaving her young sons and a daughter behind (Meyers 6-7).
After the death of his mother, Poe was separated from his siblings. Rosalie was adopted by a Richmond merchant, William Mackenzie, and his wife, Jane Scott Mackenzie. William Henry was taken in by their biological grandparents. Lastly, Poe was taken in by the Allans: John Allan, his godfather, and Frances Valentine Allan, his wife. Subsequently, Poe would acquire the middle name of “Allan” (“Edgar Allan Poe” TheFamousPeople.com). Allan, in contribution with Charles Ellis, exported Virginia tobacco, which was a profitable business at the time (Meyers 8). Tragically, two weeks after the passing of his mother, several people died in a devastating fire at Richmond Theater – where Poe’s mother would perform. The whole city mourned together, along with Poe, to remember those in the accident and one of the finest contributors to the theater… Elizabeth (Meyers 7).
Considering that Poe lost his mother at a very young age, he possessed great affection for his foster mother and father. Poe was praised as a child and would be exhibited to guests to recite poetry. He attended the finest schools and was brought up as an Episcopalian. In addition, he would visit luxurious resorts with his foster parents and never lacked materialistic things. Despite being raised like a son, Poe was never officially adopted by the Allans. Thus, always felt a void in his heart for a sense of family and paternal figures (Meyers 9).
By alternately being spoiled and scolded, Poe was a confused child. When he was punished at school for being disobedient, he was forced to wear a vegetable around his neck to face humiliation (Meyers 9). His family and him later moved to London in 1815. Around the same time, the United States was at war with Great Britain. Poe studied grammar school at Irvine and Scotland for a short period of time. He was later separated from his parents when he was sent to a boarding school at Chelsea in 1816. A year later, he attended Manor House School at Stoke Newington and finally returned to Richmond in 1820. (“Edgar Allan Poe” TheFamousPeople.com). At Stoke Newington, he described the claustrophobic environment as well as the dismal daily routine he had to endure. Additionally, many teachers would characterize him as a brilliant young boy, but would heavily criticize his parents for spoiling him. They would explain how the Allans allowed Poe to acquire considerable amounts of money, thus, become mischievous. Overall, they would feel pity for the young boy (Meyers 12-13).
In 1820, Poe entered the school of Joseph Clarke. There he learned an abundance of skills, including Greek and advanced math. After years of study there, Poe – eleven years old at the time – wanted to publish a manuscript volume of poems. However, Clarke advised him not to continue with the publication because he did not want to adulate Poe’s egotism and possibly, add on to the child’s misbehavior (Meyers 14-15).
Although Allan supported Poe financially, he discouraged his literary talents in his teenage years. Tensions between the two developed into a problematic relationship. Allan condemned of Poe’s ambition to become a writer. He believed Poe was not appreciative of his well-being and seemed compelled to take him out of his will. Instead, his foster father wanted him to pursue the family business. As a result, Poe would write poems on the back of his father’s important work papers to persevere his natural calling for writing (“Edgar Allan Poe” Biography.com).
In 1823, Poe entered William Burke’s school at the age of fourteen. Although he possessed great skill for athletics, some peers viewed him as There, he was involved in a fight with a massive boy. A friend revealed that Poe was beaten brutally until the guy was weary enough to hit him back. He would explain these situations in such a way that it would amaze his schoolmates. Later on, he got into other minor fistfights throughout the years, and soon would become reticent and despised by his peers (Meyers 16).
A year later, in October 1824, Poe had his first military experience when he became a soldier during his second year at Burke’s school. He joined General Lafayette’s company after being chosen to attend the parade in Capitol Square. As a cadet, he was assigned as a bodyguard and accompanied the General himself in a parade. That same year, Poe met Jane Stanard. When his happiness could not be fulfilled, he desired her sympathy. Hence, he constantly received her compassion and benevolence. Due to insanity, Jane died in April of 1824 at the age of twenty-eight. Soon after, Poe suffered of eerie nightmares and confessed to have horrifying visions (Meyers 17).
A year after Jane’s death, Poe fell in love with his neighbor’s daughter, Elmira Royster. She was fifteen at the time and was secretly engaged with Poe. Her father, however, did not see fit their engagement. Her father defined Poe as financially and socially unfit for a husband, not to mention that he also believed that they were too young to get married. As a result, Elmira later on married someone else, yet, claimed to still love Poe (Meyers 18). Heartbroken, he moved to Boston (“Edgar Allan Poe” Biography.com).
During this time, Poe’s relation with his foster father intensified to a point where they would separate their family ties. Although Allan was asked about the publication of Poe’s poems, he acknowledged the fact that his foster son was impetuous and erratic. Due to an economic depression in 1824, Allan was forced to quit his job, leaving him with not much money. Overall, Poe was greatly criticized by him. Allan wrote a letter to Poe’s older brother, Henry, where he described how badly he treated the family and questioned the way he raised Poe. He would recall the money put into Poe as well as the superior education he offered him and the opportunities given to him to become a prosperous man. Instead, he would be described as a rebellious adolescent and ungrateful son. This was a turning point in his life because Poe was already going through the death of Jane and the abandonment of Elmira (Meyers 19).
When Poe attended the University of Virginia in 1826, he had many financial problems. As a result, he became in debt and resulted to gambling in order to raise money. He soon fell prey to an addiction to bet money while playing cards, digging himself even further in a gambling debt. Not meeting ends meets, he demanded money from his foster father (“Edgar Allan Poe” Biography.com). Not willing to pay, Poe found himself returning home and abandoning his studies in 1827. This angered Allan, however, that Poe would throw away his exceptional academic excellence due to his addiction and lack of self control (“Edgar Allan Poe” TheFamousPeople.com).
Poe’s childhood was an occurence of unfortunate events. With the abandonment of his father, the death of his mother, the separation from his siblings, the movement of schools and homes, his conceited demeanor, the discouragement of his writing, the loss of his first love and romances, the criticisms from peers and family members, gambling addiction, and the long-lost sense of belonging, all contributed to shape Poe to the writer he is recognized today. His traumatic infancy and isolation from the world made him a notable individual. Poe will be remembered for his dark and tragic life and continue to amaze future generations through his literary legacy.
Edgar Allan Poe Bioscript
January 19, 1809, this was the time of birth to the creator of detective fiction, the alcoholic gambler, and literary pioneer, Edgar Allan Poe. With his birth came a new era for literature. An era filled with happiness, sorrow, and success.
His birth parents, Elizabeth and David Poe, despite them being his parents there relevance would fade when his care fell to the Allans. This was due to his deceased mother and fathers abandonment, one year later. This sparked his tramatuce life and poor decisions with alcohol and gambling. Which then lead to his lifelong struggle with depression. Even though the Allan’s treated Edgar as their own, he didn’t feel as though he belonged. At the age of six Edgar temporarily moved to Scotland with his parents and attended Irvine Old Grammar school, then switched to Manor House boarding school for eight years. After he attended the University of Virginia. He then started drinking heavily and quickly became in debt. Attempting to attain money from John Allan results with no sympathy and anger at Poe for dropping out of school With no money left he had to quit school and join the army in Boston.
After the death of Mrs.Allan he returns home. It is only them when he and his father make amends and his fathers sponsors his attendance to West Point. This endeavor was quickly put to death when he realized he was in no shape to participate .He dilbritley got kicked out of West Point in 1831. Following his recent pattern of dramatic decisions, he becomes a full time writer and literary critic after struggling to make a living for several years.Seaking the help of Mr.Allan again results in no aid. Trying to support himself, he submits stories to magazines and is rejected again and again. In this time his adopted father dies leaving nothing to Poe in his will.
In 1835 after winning a literary contest he lands a job as an editor of the Southern Literary Messenger . He began looking for a job to support his newly wed wife who was his thirteen year old cousin. Despite this being negatively viewed on in modern times having a wife( despite her being thirteen and being related) it served as a source of encouragement for finding a job. Poe’s complete lack of mercy when criticizing made him many enemies but the controversy attracted higher rates of purchase so he was allowed to continue. Poes contervitionalailty in criticism gained him such a high raise in awareness that he felt over qualified for Richmond so he left for New York. Within a duration of two years Poe publishes two more books the first Ligeria and the second which was published a year after the firstThe fall of the house of usher.After that publication he published Tales of the grotesque and arabesque . The Fall of the House of Usher was one of his most famous works and gave momentum to his career. This momentum led to his birth to the detective fiction genre. Its creation was phausable through the publishment of The Murders in the Rue Morgue which surpassed The Fall of the House of Usher in achievement to its name.Both works had popularity and were the start to his name once shadowed but when the works it authored were read it was envied by all. Poe’s life shifts before his next notable work is published.
In New York he began working for a new magazine called Rams. He published Murders in the Rue Morgue the magazine had an additional 34000 in circulation within a year of Murders in the Rue Morgues’ publication. This brought him praise for its uniqueness in its time. While this praise was very high and the poem gave him fame he ceased to believe his worthiness. Around this time he was interviewed about his life and provided false information. This false information included a fake age and background. Edgar moved to Philadelphia in 1838. He continued to write classic pieces of detective literature like the raven in 1845, but his soon found happiness with his wife and his job as a literary critic came to end when his young wife died at the age of 24, this struck poe with griff and anger. This was going to be their 11th year of marriage but it was cut short because of her. Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe died of tuberculosis. Her death caused poe to struggle with his already bad depression and chronic alcoholism. With this he moved back to lowell, massachusetts and settled into his new life.
His poems became more and more obsessed with his wife and her death. They also became more obscure like Lines on Ale and For Annie. He fell in love with Nancy L. Richmound, a married women. In 1849, he finally confessed his feelings for in a poem called For Annie
The Mysterious Death of Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe was an oddity. His life was odd, his legacy and literature were also bizarre (Ocker 1). He was an author of unique vision, expression, and ability.
His dream was to evolve or invent the entire variety of literature as a way of expression. One of his exceptional works ‘The Murder in the Rue Morgue,” resulted to the creation of modern detective story. Poe’s work establish the production of 80% of contemporary televisions and literature programming (Ocker 1). Unfortunately, Edgar Allan’s life was mysteriously cut short 1849 at the age forty (Hopkins 41). Known as an originator of the detective story, Poe’s own death remains mysterious (Cheuse 63). This paper seeks to conduct a literature review concerning the mysterious death of Edgar Poe.
The inexplicable death of Edgar Allan Poe continues to attract huge attention. The incident is worthy to be associated with a mysterious imagination or story by Poe himself (Beidler, 252). Hopkins reveal that Edgar Allan Poe took a business trip during the fall of 1849. The journey to New York and Philadelphia resulted in his strange disappearance (41). He was later discovered in Baltimore streets on 7th October 1849 in a state of alcoholic stupor and exhaustion. He was admitted at Baltimore hospital where he lost his life (Hopkins, 41). A big question that ponders in the minds of many is whether Poe purely met his death as a result of alcohol, underlying health causes such as brain fever or epilepsy or a premeditated or unplanned murder (Beidler, 252).
According to Hopkins (42), a popular opinion that exists in contemporary cycles is that alcohol abuse was the main reason for Poe’s demise. Most people were aware that Poe had a long history of excessive drinking, essentially within the depressing five years between 1842 and 1847 after the death of his young wife Virginia who succumbed to tuberculosis (Hopkins 42). Nevertheless, medical tests did not detect the cause of demise to be associated with the alleged alcoholism. The autopsy failed to confirm the existence symptoms of liver sclerosis in his body. It is of note that the finest source that affirms that Poe succumbed to a death that was alcohol related was propagated by Kennedy. J. P who wrote a publication concerning Poe’s death three days after his passing (Hopkins 43). The writer stated ‘On Sunday Edgar A. Poe died from the effects of debauch.” He further unraveled that Poe was tricked by a companion who attract him to excessive drinking. Although Poe had made an oath earlier that he will never get close to a drop of liquor to the extent of signing a document. Kennedy, however, believed that Poe did not keep his promise. The implications of that event were madness, delirium, and fever (Hopkins 43).
According to Kennedy (533) in his publication The violent Melancholy: Poe against Himself reveal that from the onset, the poet had coined his professional identity using a strategy that would result in making hostile relations. In an edge of his relatively short magazinist career, he did offend a number of American writers, either through sodden incoherencies, sober threats, insulting letters, biting journalistic profiles, and lashing reviews (Kennedy, 533). In most cases, when presenting his views, Poe would assassinate other authors, he also criticized the publishing practices of stakeholders in the publishing world and ridiculed literary coteries. For instance, in one of his critique escapades, he made a remark concerning Fredrick. W. Thomas by saying’ Let no man accuse me of leniency.” The statement offended Mr. Thomas. According to Kennedy (533), Poe did not compromise his sentiments. He had many associates and scores of foes and detractors. At the time of his demise, Rufus Wilmot Griswold wrote an acidic memoir that taunted the poet’s image for years to come. He was perceived as moral lunatic, a lonely man, and derision (Kennedy, 533). An existing dilemma is whether his poor relations with others may have influenced his untimely death.
A theory that seeks to explain Edgar Poe’s murder is the cooping theory (Walsh). The theory is emphasized in many Poe biographies, however, the premise of the notion cannot be proven as factual. According to the Cooping theory, electoral malpractices often result in murder and violence (Edgar Allan Poe Society). Poe may have been caught up in the mayhem that is electoral related. A twist of fate or not, on the very day that the poet was discovered on the boulevards it was an election time in Baltimore. In addition, the location where he was identified was a polling station and a bar. During this period, most elections in the area were mired by malpractices, violence, and corruption. Baltimore had groups of political mobs that were prepared to go to any length to ensure that their candidate won the elections (Edgar Allan Poe Society). The votes were often stolen, the voters in the opposing factions intimidated, and judges were enticed with bribes. The cliques would also kidnap blameless bystanders and order them to vote several times for their preferred candidate. The victims were also beaten and forced to take alcohol. The theory was propagated by Thompson John in the initial years of 1870 to clarify the mysterious death of Edgar Poe. A fact that supports the perspective is that he was wearing clothes that did not belong to him. This means that he might have been forced to change his clothes in order to go for another round of voting (Edgar Allan Poe Society). The theory was, however, contended by various scholars. The first analogy that opposes the theory Poe was a well-recognized individual in Baltimore (Edgar Allan Poe Society).
Smith (154) unveils another conspiracy theory that explains the mysterious death of Edgar Allan Poe. In her 1867 writing on The Facts of Poe’s Death, the writer discloses that Poe’s death was due to his relations with a woman. According to Smith, Poe had injured a lady and in order to revenge the grievances, he was beaten cruelly an incident that resulted in brain injuries.
Peltak introduces another conspiracy theory that explains the death of Edgar Allan Poe (2). According to Peltak one of the biographies purported to uncover proof that Elmira Shelton’s brother had, in fact, killed Poe (2). His impending marriage to Elmira Shelton a wealthy widow may have instigated a motive to assassinate the poet (Didier 119). Elmira’s family was unhappy about the marriage, and her three brothers may have wanted to protect the family money and name from an alcoholic poet with a scandalous reputation as a womanizer. In this version concerning Poe’s last days, the poet took the train to Philadelphia. The three siblings then had followed him. The men then trapped him in his hotel room and insisted he continues on to New York, threatening his life if he went back to Richmond. Poe exchanged his usual clothes and followed the instructions. The three brothers later followed him to Baltimore and killed him (Peltak (2).
In conclusion, the above review has examined various intrigues that surround the death of Edgar Poe. Based on the facts presented by various authors, it can be stated that the murder of the poet is still very controversial. The paper, however, acknowledges that he was a talented writer whose life was cut short.
The Life, the Death, the Mystery of Edgar Allan Poe
Death can be a tragic situation for most people living on this earth. There will be times where people ignore the word death and try to avoid it. But what is our response to someone who is about to die or when we hear the word death? Many times people are very sad and feel some kind of depression from their love ones; especially when someone had died in a recent time.
Although there are those who think in a positive mindset, attitude, who have different view and reaction into it. The Mysterious Death O Poe, have been explained in various ways over the years. Many scholars writer have come up with varied of different clarification and there is no right or wrong interpretations on what any of the scholars have said about the Mysterious Death Of Edgar Allan Poe. Matter of fact everyone have different view in world, and everyone think differently from one another.
In a world of writing, Edgar Allan Poe won a heart of many “scholar’s” writer, and also he left an enormous mark on the literature field by writing outstanding “poem” “book” and so on. Poe’s was one of the first American writers to have a lasting impact on the literature field. And is also known for his dark and mysterious poems. However, one of the great mysteries that still lies with in Edgar Allan Poe’s life is his death, as nobody knows how he died. Struggling through lifelong depression.
While many historians agree that Poe’s death was intriguing, many agree that Poe’s life is as well (Thomas; Pullman 7; Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore). Edgar Allan Poe was born on January 19, 1809, in Boston, Massachusetts. However, his parents died before he was 3, resulting in Poe being adopted by the Allans who lived in Richmond, Virginia. The Allans sent Poe to boarding schools and attempted to make his life as comfortable as possible. Poe excelled in his studies and before much later, was accepted into the University of Virginia (“A Short Biography”) However, Poe soon became an alcoholic, and started to gamble his money away, forcing him to ask his father for financial help at which his father refused because he would only pay tuition for a scholar, not a gambler. Poe eventually had to drop out of the university. Poe then decided to join the army and he was admitted into the United States Military Academy in 1827, where again, he could not pay for the tuition and dropped out (Edgar Allan Poe). Poe goes to live with his cousin, Virginia, who he soon married in 1836, but he still lived a meager life and, to some historians, Virginia is the reason that he still clung to life (Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore; Thomas). When Virginia died of tuberculosis in 1847, Poe fell back into alcoholism and depression. Who later founded Poe’s on a street and was quickly taken to a hospital. He died in the hospital shortly thereafter (Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore).
Many sources hypothesize that “Poe’s,”depression and alcoholism to his death. (Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore; Thomas). Philip Pullman discuss that:
and like many other writers, he found himself returning to the same idea frequently, as if who drew his imagination to them like a moth to a flame. One of Poe’s obsessive themes was the death of a beautiful and beloved young woman. We find this in many of his stories, instead such as many poems here, not least The Raven itself. Look at Annabel Lee; look at my own favorite, the strange and unforgettable Ulalume.” (7)
Which leads many to believe that one of the main causes of Poe’s depression was the death of his wife, Virginia (Edgar Allan Poe; Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore). His father also ignored “Poe” after he dropped out of college. When Poe asked his father for financial support, no help came. When john died, Poe does not mention in his will. To help allay his debts, Poe became an editor for the Southern Literary Messenger.” Poe quickly became a sensation and increased the circulation of the paper by six times, but he did not get a raise so he continued to struggle in poverty (“A Short Biography”).
Even through his depression, Poe managed to write. Edgar Allan Poe is the Father of the Modern Detective Story.” and Sir Arthur Conan, author of Sherlock Holmes claimed that Edgar Allan Poe’s detective stories were a model for all time.” Edgar Allan Poe created the Rules of the Game which were after his detective stories. They stated that a detective story must be fair and it must be readable. Being fair in detective stories came down to all the facts to solve the mystery before revealing the solution. Being readable in detective stories simply meant that we must understand what the author is saying. Edgar Allan Poe came out with his first mystery story in 1841 called The Murders in Rue Morgue.” This book followed all the Rules of the Game,” and it was one of the first book to allow the reader solve the mystery of the book by observation and deduction. It was a locked room mystery story which meant who committed the crime under almost impossible at (Thomas). Funny how Edgar Allan Poe died in a locked room himself (Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore).
Edgar Allan Poe died in a hospital room in Baltimore, Maryland. However, as said before, Edgar Allan Poe’s cause of death is enigmatic. According to Joseph Walker, a passerby that happened to find Poe, Poe was found next to a tavern in great distress and in need of immediate attention.” Poe was quickly sent to a hospital where his doctor writes that he had lesions on his brain, fever, and occasional spasms. Poe’s spasm bring up the theory of Rabies, but this is quickly brought down because Poe did not have hydrophobia (Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore; Edgar Allan Poe). Also, because Edgar Allan Poe was a heavy alcohol user, he may have died of alcohol poisoning. Poe’s location next to a tavern supports this theory. However, there was no sclerosis on the liver and did his breath smell like liquor “according to” his doctor. “Alas, Edgar Allan Poe may have been beaten to death by gangs.” Poe is next to a tavern that, when was a popular place to hold election polls. Fanatic gang roamed around these election polls, searching for people to vote in the poll repeatedly, pushing them with physical force and liquor. If Poe encountered one of these gangs, he might not have been able to forced the pressure on him. However, Poe had a cane with him that was valuable for his income. Had he encountered one of these gangs, who would rob him, but he wasn’t, so that also brings theory down. Who formed no other theories, but the mystery, is always lurking, waiting to be uncovered (Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore).
Edgar Allan Poe may have struggled through depression and alcoholism, but he still gave birth to the modern detective story before he died (Thomas). Besides that, he created many poems and short stories that who is still reading him today (Edgar Allan Poe; Pullman 7). Poems such as The Raven still entertain readers as some struggle to find the meaning behind the poems while others enjoy them for their dark tones and setting (Pullman 6). Poe may have left behind the destructiveness story, allowing generations of people to copy off his template, but Edgar Allan Poe left one mystery story that who answered one mystery story?, one mystery story that has played in the minds of historians for hundreds of years, one mystery story so intricately threaded, Edgar Allan Poe could write it himself, the death of the father of the detective story (Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore; Thomas).
How Did Edgar Allan Poe Influence Literature
Edgar Allan Poe, a writer who is most famously known for his gothic stories. Some believe he set the standards for scary stories and scary movies.
Edgar Allan Poe had left Richmond to attend the University Of Richmond. He excelled in his classes but racked up students debts while attending the University. Since Poe could not support himself, as a result of this he enlisted into the United States of America’s Army. He later then pivoted his focus on his literary work. He then released multiple poems, and stories which created a new way of looking at scary stories. Mr.Poe released stories just by reading can give the reader goosebumps. He put a lot of creativity and imagination into the stories and still made them realistic.
Edgar Allan Poe died on October 7, 1849. Mr.Poe died a mysterious death, and what was even more mysterious is that it is said to say he was found dead in clothes that weren’t his. The day Mr.Poe was buried an obituary was released in the New York Tribune signed Ludwig. This piece was soon published throughout the country. Ludwig was soon found out to be Rufus Wilmot Griswold. Rufus was known as a nemesis of Poe. Rufus would release propaganda of Poe to reduce his popularity. Some of the fake news was that he was a drunk and a addict to opioids. To this day his death remains a mystery some think rabies, heart disease, epilepsy, or cholera.
Poe was most famously known for his gothic themed stories. This really set the “standard” for scary stories and helped influence other artist. Beyond horror, Poe also wrote satires, humor tales, and hoaxes. For comic effect, he used irony and ludicrous extravagance, often in an attempt to liberate the reader from cultural conformity. Works with obvious meanings, he wrote, cease to be art. He believed that work of quality should be brief and focus on a specific single effect. To that end, he believed that the writer should carefully calculate every sentiment and idea. To this day he inspires people to be a great author just like him. Also his work is still read today in classes to show an example of literary work back then and the language used in this time.
Fascinating Facts about Edgar Allan Poe
Did you know that Edgar Allan Poe may have been named after a Shakespearean character? Me either! Did you know that he also got kicked out of West Point on purpose? This happened because he showed up to role call butt naked. He also was obsessed with cats. Everytime he wrote he would have a cat sitting on his shoulder.
Edgar Allan Poe is one of the most famous writers from the 19th century. He is most known for his mystery, detective, and horror short stories. Edgar Allan Poe was a great American writer, editor, and literary critic and through his childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and his literary influence, which changed the American literary landscape.
Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston, Massachusetts on January 19, 1809 and died on October 7, 1849. He is the son of David Poe Jr. and Elizabeth Arnold Poe. Both of his parents were professional actors. He had an older brother and a younger sister. By the time that Edgar was three years old, he and his siblings were orphans. Each of the children were sent to different families. Edgar then moved to Richmond, Virginia and lived with John and Frances Allan. He later took the name of Allan as his middle names. John and Frances Allan were wealthy people, because John was a industrious merchant. However, they never adopted him but he was always treated like a son until he entered his teenage years and wanted to become a writer. John Allan was disappointed and disapproved of him becoming a writer, gambling, drinking, and believed he wasn’t living up to his potential. He was so against him becoming a writer that it seems that he may have cut Poe out of his will. It was a rough patch for Poe, and he turned to gambling when it came to needing money. In about eight months he had lost two-thousand dollars, or in today’s value about forty-thousand dollars.
In 1827, Poe signed up for a five-year term in the United States Army. Not only did he enlist in the army, around the same time he published his very first book. A couple years later, after enlisting in the U.S. Army, he was given notice that Frances Allan was dying of tuberculosis. By the time Poe had arrived back in Richmond she had passed away. After he had come home, he made peace with John and John helped Poe get an appointment with the United States Military Academy at West Point. While Poe was at West Point, he had fought with his foster father about him getting remarried and not telling Poe about it. Even though Poe had excelled outstandingly at West Point, he ended up getting kicked out like I had recently mentioned earlier on. In between the years of him enlisting in the Army and getting accepted into West Point he had published his second book. After he had been kicked out of West Point, he published his third book. Along with publishing his third book, he went on to win a short story contest in the Baltimore Saturday Visiter. The Baltimore Saturday Visiter was a weekly periodical in Baltimore that published some of Poe’s works. If it weren’t for his great education he never would have become such a excellent writer.
Edgar Allan Poe was taken in by a wealthy family but not adopted as you already know. What most people don’t know is that his foster family put him through private academies to give him the best education he could possibly get. Not only did he attend private academies, but he went and stayed in England/Scotland for 5 years and given a classical education. After being across the world for five years, he came back and attended the University of Virginia for eleven months, in 1826. During this time, he was having money issues as I mentioned earlier on and he got into gambling. This did not help him however as I have already told you. He enlisted in the U.S. Army again. After this, he attended the United States Military Academy at West Point. Along with his education helped him become a great literature influencer.
Edgar Allan Poe is a great American literary influencer. He was a writer from the 19th century but he is still a well known writer in the 21st century. Poe still has a great impact on writer of today’s society. Edgar was one of the first writers to develop the genre of both detective fiction and horror, which set him off from different writers during this time. Poe’s work is not only known by Americans, but became an influence overseas such as the French, Italians, and writers in Spanish and Portuguese in the Americas acknowledge and demonstrate their debts to Poe in technique and vision. He has many short stories that are still being read in today’s english classes. Many people are still learning from his short stories and learning a whole lot.
Edgar Allan Poe was a great, American writer, editor, and literary critic due to his early life, his adulthood, his education, and his literary influence on the American literary landscape. Edgar is one of the most famous writers from the 19th century that we still learn from today. Poe wrote great mystery, detective, and horror short stories. He may not have grown up with his birth parents due to them passing away but he had a very well educated childhood and a very nice home to stay with. He had turned to gambling when his foster father took him out of his will when he found out that Poe wanted to be a writer. Edgar then enlisted into the army for 5 years. Around the time he enlisted into the army he had published his very first book. His foster father then helped him get into West Point Military Academy, which he ended up getting kicked out due to the fact that he showed up to role call butt naked. Poe may have died in 1849 but he will always be known as one of the greatest American writers and he will always be a great American literary influencer. He not only influenced in the Americas but all over the world. As Poe often said, Believe only half of what you see and nothing that you hear. This quote pretty much means what it says, believe only half of what you see no matter where it is at and don’t believe anything you hear because people change stories around to make them more interesting.
Edgar Allan Poe: The Master of Horror Writing
Edgar Allan Poe, a Master of Suspense was an american writer, poet and critic famous for his poems and tales of horror and mystery. Called by many the father of a detective was born January 19, 1809 in Boston, Massachusetts. At the age of two his mother had passed away from a disease called Tuberculosis and his father had already abandoned the family.
He was soon taken in as foster child by the Allan family that in which were successful tobacco merchants. By the age of thirteen he started to write poetry and worked constantly improving his writing. In 1826, he attended the University of Virginia and went into debt and started gambling to pay off school loans but ended up in greater debts which lead to him withdrawing out of the university.
In the year of 1830, he joined the United States Military Academy at west point, after realizing that wasn’t for him he turned to writing full time. Years later he ended up secretly marrying his thirteen year old cousin, Virginia, which was the made public in 1836. Poe was overcome by grief following the death of his wife, he continued to work suffering from poor health and struggling financially. Working in several newspapers and literary magazines his primary occupation was being a literary critic in which many thought he was harsh. During his lifetime writing he published short stories in his 1840 collection which were unusual and creepy that many thought he had to be strange himself. Poe’s career went back and forth leading to his major success hitting The Raven, the poem was known for its uncanniness on October 7, 1849 he was declared dead but his final days remain somewhat of a mystery due to him leaving to Virginia heading to New York and disappearing. A week later he died in a delirium and was found dead in Baltimore with no evidence tracking his death. Edgar Allan Poe’s legacy will be forever carried on throughout his mysterious writings.
Edgar Allan Poe was his own enemy and if he was alive today that would be a problem for him. I feel that he would be a part of a big scandal like be an alcoholic or be involved in a drug charge of some kind, he was a greater writer so I don’t think he would steal other people’s ideas in some way causing problems. The scandal he would be involved in would definitely he drug related due to his wife dying at a young age of tuberculosis, and him struggling economically this is a recipe is disaster he would definitely try to find an escape from problems. He would most likely be known for his drug addictions, and he would be in very poor health condition from all the abusive substance in his system, he would probably come out in the news because if his emotional state, due to his past I can speculate that he would be involved in prior drug charges, felonies, tickets, even be in jail there are endless possibilities. Let’s just say he wasn’t an addict he would, most likely be a part a big drama of some kind like him bashing other writer’s why? Well we know of his self destructive attitude he would constantly be unhappy with himself he would be depressed, mad, and angry all the time. So due to his unhappiness that would make criticize other writers and him getting himself involved in a big drama that would have the literature community going nuts. Because of this he would be involved in social media in some way.
If Edgar Allan Poe used social media today, he would be using facebook and twitter. If he used twitter he would be writing about poetry and write about mysterious short stories. There are a lot of people that love to follow weird people and he would be one of those people. His novels were very mysterious and terrifying it like he doing a show, in a book. If he used facebook he would pretty much do the same exact thing but at the same time we would criticizing other people’s work. William Shakespeare would be one of the people would that he would so fraud.
He would steal other writers work and Edgar Allan Poe would make fun of him because he doesn’t even think or do his own work. Also on facebook and twitter we support young his father did not support on what he loved the most.His father wanted him to follow his steps, which were to run the tobacco business. He would encourage them to follow their dreams and be writers. Another thing he would follow or support on social media is the tuberculosis page, because his mother and his wife died from this disease. He would be a creepy person to follow on social media but he would entertain his followers. Edgar Allan still to this day we would be one of the most famous writers, an american writer.