Titanic Summary Titanic is a flawlessly crafted film that includes both a dramatic lavishing romance and the historical story of the sinking of the Titanic. It stars both the elegant star, Kate Winslet and the gorgeous Leonardo DiCaprio in a fictional romance that begins between a rich girl and a poor boy who meet on the voyage of the “unsinkable ship”, Titanic. It is narrated by an old woman known as Rose who claims to be a survivor of the Titanic and tells her experience on the Titanic to a group of treasure hunters, who are in search of a rare diamond in the Titanic’s remains. She tells about her unexpected encounter with a young, unwealthy artist named Jack Dawson who she falls madly in love with. This causes much drama for Rose and her family though because she had an arranged marriage to a conceited man named Cal. Jack sees the true Rose hidden behind the upper class snob. The two fall madly in love and plan to stay happily together. They never imagined such a devastating misfortune to happen on this indestructible ship and how it would change their lives forever. Nothing on Earth Can Come Between Them… ” Purpose of Movie Titanic was produce in 1997 by director James Cameron. The producer and directors purpose of this film was to bring the Titanic back to life. They wanted to recreate this “Mother of all Shipwrecks” for viewer’s to get a taste of what it was like the be aboard this huge vessel from its beginning to its last few minutes afloat. This tragic film was meant to show viewers how life can be unpredictable. You can never tell what fate lies ahead. Relevance to Me Titanic is relevant to me in numerous ways. Just as the movie has a heart-breaking disaster, I too, in life, encounter misfortunate events that come my way. For instance, when my great grandfather passed, it was a very unexpected life changing event that took place in both my family and my life. I was on a student ambassador trip traveling throughout Europe when I got an abrupt phone call from my mother explaining to me what had happened. It was not an occurrence that I could prepare for or predict to happen. If it were so, I would have not went to Europe, and would have been able to support my family and friends after this misfortune occurred. Titanic relates to my point of view because I assume most, or if not all passengers that were shown in this film, knew what fate lied before them, they would have never boarded the ship. Not only can I relate to this tragic film, but probably others, if not everyone, can find one unpredictable event that took place in there lives. Overall, I am a huge fan of this movie. My opinion is this inspiring film has strong acting, outstanding effects, and one of the most captivating, irresistible love and historical stories ever created into a film. It is known as one of the top movies of all time and one 11 Oscars in its days. This legendary movie is hard to resist!
Truth Knowledge Pursuit of Happiness in Titanic
Truth, knowledge, and the pursuit of happiness are all just words and phrases that signify nothing unless you transmit them power. When people utter these words and phrases it causes you stop and think about your beliefs, your experiences, and how you fit in the universe. In the movie Titanic you have the main character Rose who is a very restricted and sheltered woman.
The leading character uses truth, knowledge, and the pursuit of happiness to obtain her goal, which is getting away from her current life and becoming a person who can make their own decisions and destiny. I will sufficiently explain how truth, knowledge, and the pursuit of happiness remain critically important key components to leading a happy life and how the main character Rose in the movie Titanic supports this thought.
To begin this paper, we need to understand some background information. The movie Titanic is a movie that has captured audiences since its release in 1997. The movie Titanic was number one in the box office for 15 weeks straight and the most expensive movie at the time with all in expense at about $200 million. The film won 11 Oscars, 121 awards, and about 75 nominations. According to one critic named Roger Ebert this movie is flawlessly crafted. Some people call this movie a love story and others call it a tragedy. The truth is that it was both. This movie is a story about Rose who comes from a wealthy family and is pressured to marry a man who she does want to be with. Rose fights back against her current way of life by acting out of what she is supposed to be. She eventually meets a young man by the name of Jack who shows Rose that living within your means and going where the wind takes you is more rewarding than her current situation. Jack is the wild character who has just about nothing except his name but lives very well and is extremely content with his way of life. Rose finds this way of life appealing and that is where the story really begins.
To commence your journey to leading a happy life it starts with the truth. Finding the truth can represent a laborious task to do just like Rose in Titanic. James Fieser says truth is not just found in the philosophical theories but rather in the critical give and take around those theories. Rose displays this concept when she meets Jack. Jack has shown Rose that his lifestyle is something that she has always wanted. Rose wants to be able to make her own decisions, live life freely, and express herself how she wants. Rose decides to take Jack’s lifestyle, but she is giving up her life of wealth, status, and family. Rose wants to be free to achieve the wants that she could never have living her first-class life. She properly understands that if she does leave, that she will be most likely penniless and living on the street. When Rose acquires all these ideas about what the truth is she leaves her restricted and unhappy life for a new one that she thinks will produce a much joyous life. Life is about sacrifices and that is something Rose throughout the course of the movie understands.
Have you repeatedly heard of the phrase that knowledge is power, well there is many truth to that phrase. Rose gains quite a lot of knowledge about how her future husband is to a degree abusive and possessive of her. He pushes her to the edge so much that she says in the movie she is screaming on the inside. Feiser talks about how people need to acquire knowledge to survive if we want to experience any sort of happiness. Rose struggles with this concept because she desperately wants to get away from the pressures of her life. Rose learns through the course of the movie that she must gain knowledge in order to segregate herself from her current situation. Rose gaining this knowledge sends her frantically on a search for an escape route out. There is a critical scene in the film where Rose is pushed so much that she attempts suicide by trying to jump off the back of the boat. This is the first scene where Jack and Rose meet and Jack talks Rose out of her decision to end it all. Rose learns that Jack is her alternative to suicide. Jack is the escape route out. The more time she spends with Jack the more she learns that there is whole other life that she wants. Rose going on this search for knowledge is defiantly a contributing factor to her and anyone who is in a similar situation for leading a happy life. Some people might look at knowledge as some thing that is irrelevant and not needed to lead a happy life, but I disagree with this because in order to do anything in your life rather if it is big or small you need knowledge.
Our final stop on the roadway to leading a happy life is pursuing happiness. Rose never recognized what she wanted until it was displayed right in front of her. That display was the key that would unlock the door to the life she always wanted. That key was the pursuit of happiness. Jack showed Rose so many brilliant and attractive things about living just within your means and not worrying about what the future holds. The moment Rose decided that she wanted that lifestyle she commenced her journey on the pursuit of happiness. Sigmund Freud puts it best as to say we cannot avoid going on a quest for happiness. Rose is merely achieving that. Rose is searching for a better place that she can be herself. People do not notice the happiness that is in their ordinary lives says Sissela Bok. People are sometimes blinded to things that they want that will make them happy or the things that they already have that will make them happy. The pursuit of happiness is a vital dominant key or for some people it is not but in this case let’s just say it is to conduct and implement the happy life that you have been or are yearning for. A happy life does not inevitably have to be hard to find or conceptualize. Sometimes it is the small things that matter to you most just like Rose in Titanic.
This movie is something that lives on with you forever. It is something that can set a precedent for the rest of your life. Yes, everyone is different and there are many different opinions to what leading a happy life can be, but this message right here can surpass all the others. Someone else might say that leading a happy life is drinking beer and watching keeping up with the Kardashians and that is their opinion. What I am trying to show you is a more educated approach to a modern-day dilemma. Rose shows us that leading a happy life starts with truth, progresses with gaining knowledge, and finally ends with the drive to happiness.
Second Major Effort
The cheering quit as quickly as it had erupted. Each member of the space agency froze in sudden silence, staring wide-eyed at the monitor with one anxious mind. The explorer had descended perfectly through Titan’s atmosphere and plunged into the largest of its many methane lakes. Now the great exploration had begun.
This second major effort in the quest to find extraterrestrial life in our solar system is much different than the first one. The first mission, fifteen years earlier to Mars, turned into one of the most momentous events on earth. A new calendar became popular around the world starting year zero when the Martian microbes were found. From this find two stunning lessons were learned about life on earth: Mars had life before Earth did and these Martian microbes are nearly identical to the primitive ones of earth. These Martians were the ancestors of us all! They must have arrived on Earth in the exchange of planetary fragments during the violence of the early solar system.
For this mission to Titan there was a third lesson from the Mars experience: Living microbes could be found in unexpected places with harsh conditions. After Mars the search expanded to Saturn’s moon Titan, a place covered in lakes of methane, because numerous experiments had shown that the basic processes of life’s chemistry could work in liquid methane at minus 290 degrees, though much slower. These life forms, if they existed could be nothing like Earthling-Martians. In looking for life on Titan no one quite knew what they were looking for.
This was the moment Bronson Vandertide and his team had worked long and hard for. The deep satisfaction of seeing their Titan explorer illuminate the lake bottom so brightly and operate with such nimble flawlessness was just the beginning. The moment was so engrossing that it was easy to forget they were watching what happened eighty minutes ago.
A collective gasp was elicited by the group when a structure of water ice appeared looking like a miniature volcano.
I name it Mt. Fuji. said Bronson. There was brief laughter among the team and silence once again as the craft sped on past it.
It’s slowing down! Bronson exclaimed moments later in a hushed voice.
Though he was the first to notice, all instantly knew what it meant. Everyone bent forward and narrowed their gaze upon the upper right corner of the monitor. The craft was programmed with the intelligence to recognize certain shapes of interest, such as living colonies of cells on the lake bottom. Any idea what such living colonies might look like on the bottom of a methane lake on Titan was highly speculative of course, but once again, the craft did perform as they had intended in choosing as they would where to pause and investigate.
THERE! LOOK! shouted another as he rose from his chair, pointing. Murmurs and gasps filled the room as everyone saw it. Irregular dark blotches occupied a region ahead where the lake became deeper.
Everyone keep in mind, commanded Bronson in a monotone voice designed to cover his excitement, no one can say what these are-yet.
The craft remained hovering, waiting for further instructions from earth. The whole room stared in open-mouthed wonder, gripped by a feeling resembling horror.
Bronson was the first to stop breathing. He felt as if he had turned to stone. The others drew in a collective breath soon after. Many slapped their hands over their mouths. No one expected this. Just off to the right barely visible in the darkness, floating over the floor of the lake were oblong bulbs with shiny speckles embedded in them. Some structures seemed connected to these but details were difficult to see. The gem-like speckles were the most eerie of all the mysteries seen so far, seeming to reflect back at them with a similar sense of horror and curiosity.
Expand that portion over there! ordered Bronson, aware that everyone knew where he meant. There was just enough to illuminate that dark region with the reflecting gems to give the oblong structures barely discernible definition. For several long minutes all of them just stared.
They’re turning. whispered Bronson.
Movement is 4.7 millimeters a minute. reported Darrin, the head control operator.
Living, Bronson whispered, then became silent in a momentary state of shock, Beings. he finally uttered.
Everyone kept staring without blinking, mesmerized by the creatures who barely seemed to move, yet communicated life to those watching. Bronson started to breathe heavier and faster. Soon he was hyperventilating. He stood and fidgeted clumsily with his chair, then he tossed it over and burst forth with a shouting command;
SHUT IT DOWN!
What? asked Darrin, innocently.
The light! Stop burning them with it! Shut it down. Darrin quickly touched in a command. Still rapt in silent staring, all remained frozen until Bronson’s next outburst;
I SAID he shouted with fury, then stopped all of a sudden when he snapped out of shock and realized his mistake.
It’s eighty-two light minutes to there, sir. said Darrin in a high and gentle voice trying to avoid provocation.
What is wrong with yousir? growled Mike Martz at him with a tone of sarcasm. Bronson rubbed his hands into his face, then with clenched fists he shouted back;
We are NOT to do harm! Whatever this is, I will not let us become destroyers of alien life forms. We have found some life form here perhaps yes, but I hope we haven’t blasted them to death with our light!
The other agency members began to murmur and look back and forth between Martz and Vandertide.
Good decision! yelled Martz derisively. He glared with hatred at Vandertide for a few seconds and then angrily walked out. Vandertide had picked up his chair and sat back down. He became lost in his own thoughts, unaware of anything outside of himself.
When he became aware of his surroundings again he realized that Mike Martz had left. He saw everyone else still watching the monitor on the wall with great intensity, but he couldn’t watch anymore. Back into his shell of contemplation he went until he heard a sudden murmur in the room and the noises of people rising from their seats and shuffling about. The craft had finally received the command and its light had gone out. The only light left was the distant, dim sunlight penetrating through the moon’s clouds and finally the lake, so the monitor was nearly black. Vandertide rose. They all stood still and turned to him in attention. He gathered himself mentally and began with a hint of shame in his voice;
Well, it looks like our mission had a major success and major failure all in one. We talked about finding sentient beings beyond earth like drunks talk plans for future wealth and fame. We didn’t properly consider how this should be handled. I think the truth is that none of us really believed we’d find this. We’re unprepared in all kinds of ways.
I don’t want this news out yet. We’ll have to light them up again and have a look, but no more of this bright light. We have the capabilities to vary the wavelengths as well as intensities on the craft’s lighting. I want you all to work on finding a possible combination of lighting parameters with low enough energy to use here. There’s so much you can do with light. Let’s come up with a way to shine a beam that won’t harm them. I’ll come back in a few hours.
Bronson needed time alone to think and one of his favorite places to be by himself was at the science museum in a room called The Twentieth-Century Laboratory, a place no one ever visited or found interesting except Bronson Vandertide. He usually looked forward to his routine stroll there to be alone, but before he left the agency building he saw something very disturbing.
On the wall in the lobby was a television monitor which was always on but with the sound off most of the time. It was on the space agency news channel as usual, but Mike Martz was on talking to a reporter, which was not normal. Stunned to see him on the news, Bronson fumbled to get the sound on.
I believe Dr. Vandertide has become incapacitated. Said Martz without emotion. Of course, I have no idea how long his fit will last. He has been known to have these fits and has forced us all to secrecy about it. Bronson’s jaw dropped.
I take it upon myself to let you know this since the integrity of the agency requires disclosure of such.
YOU MOTH! yelled Bronson at the TV.
I will be taking command of the agency as soon as I am in possession of the Comm Transmitter. We have protocol for passing along authority which I will activate Martz went on.
In reaction, Bronson grabbed his chest and felt inside his coat for the Comm Transmitter. Holding it firmly in his hand he answered back;
THERE’S NO WAY YOU’RE GETTING YOUR HANDS ON THIS, MIKE!
I am taking this action not only because we need a new leader at the agency, but because there has just been an exciting new find from the Titan explorer Martz began revealing.
As soon as he heard this he ran down a hallway to the old locker room. He had abandoned his old locker long ago like everyone else had. As with the Twentieth Century Lab, storage lockers were a relic of the past which no one had yet bothered to tear down and remove. Inside his locker were old clothes, paper notebooks, phones, chargers, wallets, metal keys, writing pens, I.D cards, toothbrushes and various other things which hadn’t been in use for decades. Under the junk was a motorcycle helmet he used back in his early days at the agency.
This helmet is so old, he thought to himself, and I’ll look strange, but it’s best that I’m not seen right now. He put it on and walked swiftly out of the building.
Out on the street he heard people starting to talk about the newly found Titans. Quickly the rumors became wild with descriptions of monsters as large as lakes devouring each other as in the Greek myths. He heard one woman say she knew that he, Dr. Vandertide was on board the ship and the Titans had taken him hostage, forcing him to fly them back to Earth to lead a Titan invasion of our planet. Bronson was at least grateful about one thing; the growing Titan mania was so distracting that he escaped being noticed wearing his strange old motorcycle helmet.
He knew he couldn’t hide in the Twentieth Century Laboratory for long. Martz knew about his habit of coming here to be alone, and if he wanted the Comm Transmitter he would be here, too. Yet he believed Martz was enjoying a fantasy of having the power he sought and a moment of fame. Once it all collapsed, it would be easy to fire him.
He swung open the door to the lab, pulled off his helmet and stepped inside. It was relaxing for him to be among the old flasks and graduated cylinders, glass distillers and Bunsen burners. He took in a deep breath, let it all out with a weary sigh and felt a little better. Now he could plan his next steps.
Bronson had miscalculated. It would be the last good breath he’d take for a couple of minutes. Mike Martz appeared behind him at the door walking silently in. He was holding a plastic trash bag with a plastic ribbon draw string. He crept up to the unaware doctor and quickly threw the bag over his head. Bronson reacted right away, violently scratching at his face, tearing the plastic open. Then Martz pulled hard on the ribbon and tried to throw Bronson on the floor but he stood tough and stayed on his feet while ripping at the bag.
The struggle between the men heightened. Bronson forced his fingers under the ribbon on his neck and pulled out while Mike pulled harder to close it on his neck. Bronson moved his head frantically from side to side, burning the skin of his neck from the extremely taut ribbon. Now Martz miscalculated. He pulled on the ribbon with all of his might and the ribbon snapped. Bronson was completely free and hadn’t lost consciousness. He turned around and saw Martz holding the torn-up bag with a momentary expression of shame on his face. Martz then gave Bronson a hard stare and threw down the bag.
Give it to me. he demanded. Bronson rubbed his throat and said in a raspy voice;
So you didn’t waste any time coming for the Comm, did you, Mike? I underestimated you.
I’m sick of you and your weak, high-minded ideas. he spat back. I want total control of the agency because I am not afraid of taking command and ploughing forward even if it hurts something. Give me the Comm and get out of my way.
Mike, you’re right about one thing: I am afraid. I’m afraid of ignorance and the harm we do because of it. It isn’t weak to respect the life we find, leaving it alone if that’s the only way to avoid molesting them. But why am I talking to you about not molesting them after what you just tried! I would never turn over authority to someone like you!
I just told the world about you.
Oh, your brilliant news conference. That’s right, I’m unfit, so your said.
Everyone sees that you’re weak, and after the way you acted today no one wants you back! I am not afraid to burn the guts out of those creatures in order to see what’s inside. It’s our right. We’re the ones who built the craft which got us there. As far as I’m concerned they are ours and they have no reason to exist but for our science. Give me the Comm Transmitter. Martz stepped threateningly towards him.
Strong emotions froze Bronson thinking, making him forget how he had just fought for his life and won. He was overwhelmed for the moment, plagued by self-doubt. As Martz approached staring at him with wide, furious eyes Bronson felt more of his will melt but managed to bend slightly towards him and put his hand out to halt his advance.
Let’s talk this over. Don’t you realize the problem of contact with living beings in a cold methane lake? Bronson pleaded. What good does it do to destroy them like this? We are as red-hot coals to them. Just shining our light to have a look boils them. If we reach into their lake our arm would instantly freeze and break off. Their metabolism has to be thousands of times slower than ours. If we want to know them we have to give this lots of time and take it way easy. Bronson stepped forward and took Martz by the shoulders at arms length.
Mike, I trusted you. I still do because I have to trust everyone collaborating on this project. Scientists should be careful, sensitive observers, not cold dissectors. These Titans and we are two extreme life forms to each other. Our world operates on fire and fury, not theirs, so for us to study them requires us to stop our furious probing and learn to hold still in the dark for a long, long time. Martz violently pulled away from him.
We own them. said Martz. We own them all! Nothing else matters about them but what they are worth to our science. You already have your fame and reputation as the man who first found life beyond Earth. Mars was yours. Titan is mine. If you won’t blast them to smithereens, I will. I won’t let the agency back away now and leave our craft dark, unable to gather data. I mean it, Bronson. Give me the Comm, or better yet, give the order to reactivate, now and then hand it over. said Martz
Martz stared threateningly at him again. Bronson bent his head down and slapped the back of his neck in a gesture of pained acceptance. He had crumbled. Forgetting all he stood for, he felt at the moment intimidated and humiliated. Reluctantly he pulled out the Comm.
So, said Bronson, subdued and sad, for you this is about you building a reputation, not about finding extraterrestrial life.
You have your place and I want mine. said Martz. Bronson raised the Comm to his mouth.
Darrin, I order the lights reactivated now. We shall proceed on Titanwith whatever caution we can know to use. He lowered the comm to his lap and stared at Martz.
That was weak. Martz sneered. But it will work. Now hand over the Comm.
Instantly, remorse began to eat at Bronson. It turned to anger, and anger turned to hate filled rage. He held the comm out towards Martz as if to surrender it to him, then as Martz was about to grab it, Bronson deliberately dropped it.
I can’t believe you really would kill me, Mike. What would you do then? How were you planning to get away with it?
I am prepared to take over at the agency Bronson, and I will because Titan is mine. As for getting away with it, who ever comes here but you? The protein digester still works; I have plenty of time to make you disappear into a vat of murky acid.
Neither men had a weapon nor much knowledge of hand to hand combat. Bronson blew open the valves to his rage and leapt upon Martz with greater might and speed than he had possessed in years. Something burst in his hands at the very moment he lost awareness. What it was that had burst was as much a mystery to him at as he was to himself. When Bronson regained full consciousness he was holding the broken neck of Mike Martz. Horrified, he jerked his hands away and Martz fell to the floor, gasping for breath for a short while before he died. Bronson looked at the body with its twisted and unnaturally bent neck in disbelief for a long time, then he shut his eyes and sat with the corpse for a half hour, still with his eyes closed.
The reporters were shouting and screaming out their questions at the locked doors of the space agency. Soon the doors were being jostled to the breaking point. A man wearing an antique motorcycle helmet cautiously approached, then aggressively pushed his way through the crowd. He unlocked the doors and rushed in before anyone else, then sprinted to the stair way. Moments later he was alone glancing down upon the confused and furious crowd twirling about in the lobby looking for anyone to attack with questions. He burst through the control room door and quickly shut it behind him. Everyone turned from their work and stared.
Is that you, Dr. Vandertide? asked one of the members.
Sanctuary. said Bronson after he took off his helmet and set it aside.
Titanic: A Closer Look
Titanic: A Closer Look
The Titanic was a film like no other, offering audiences all aspects that they love to watch in one movie. It included a compelling love story based on a historical reference of the sinking of the Titanic. The Titanic offered a captivating story the was based on the real-life events on the sinking of the Titanic ship.
It did all of this while also portraying the story with attractive protagonists that made the story even more appealing because it offered many generations to also see romance, and a love story the audience knew most likely wasn’t going to end well knowing the fate of the Titanic.
The film was influenced by audiences need for tragedy and use of a real-life event, that was the sinking of the Titanic. The film influenced other films with its use of making a real-life event into a fiction love story, it made audiences feel that this event could have happened in the real-life event. The film impacted a whole generation with its captivating storyline, use of directorial skills, and character development.
The film accomplished exactly what its generation was looking for, they needed a storyline that made them feel for its characters because of the love story that ends in tragedy. Titanic accomplished its goal of making people feel and then some. Cameron made the feeling of sadness that the movie goers would feel at the end almost addicting to them. Audiences would go watch the film more than once sometimes three to four times, this was also not just in the United States.
People in other countries would go watch the film more than once even in countries like France where it was not known for people to go watch films more than once (Ansen, D., Brown, C., Sawhill, R., Yahlin, C., & Takayama, H. ,1998). The films story was an original story with the touch of real life events that was the sinking of the Titanic. The film made audiences fall in love with the characters and the love story and basically took it all away from them at the end. The film touched audience’s emotions in ways that they were not expecting when they first watched the film. Its Audiences enjoyed the feelings that the film made them experience even if it ended in tragedy, that aspect was what was most appealing to the audience because they may have felt like this extravagant love story could have happened aboard the Titanic.
The films story gave audiences hope that people that lived in two completely different worlds such as Jack being the poor guy, and Rose the rich girl could grow to fall in love so deeply regardless of their social status. It made people believe in love at least for the three hours and 14 minutes that the movie lasted. That is a powerful thing for a movie to achieve. It gives the idea that money does not matter and has nothing to do with happiness, but that love is what brings happiness. This especially was attractive to the younger teens that watched the movie countless times after its release. It also related to teens in the sense that they could relate to the rebellion that Rose was demonstrating to her mother and her finance. Rose’s mother did not want Rose to lose her fiance because she did not want to lose the money that was in store if Rose did marry.
The film made people of all ages believe that there was a thing such as true love out there, females especially thought that there might me a Jack for them and guys imagined that there might be a Rose out waiting for them also. Although the movie had great special effects such as the scene of the Titanic actually sinking, the emotions and the love story conveyed on screen is what really impacted the audience. In essence the people aboard the Titanic is what made the film so great, such as when they were all waiting for their death and the scenes that Cameron was able to capture of the passengers in their final moments of life.
The characters in the film also made it possible for audiences to fall in love with the film. James Cameron the director of the film made two great choices in the protagonist of the film with Leonardo DiCaprio as Jack, and Kate Winslet as Rose DeWitt. When Leonardo was cast in the role he was still a relatively unknown actor, only starring in a few select films before the Titanic such as Romeo and Juliet. Cameron made sure the he cast Leonardo instead of a more well-known heartthrob knowing that Leonardo was the right man for the job, He also made sure the Jack was portrayed as the man of any woman’s dream with barely any flaws to his personality. Jack lite up the screen every time he was had a scene and that worked out for the film in the end because every girl fell in love with Jack just like Rose did.
James Cameron’s directorial skills is also what made the film what it is and why it made the impact that it did on our society. Cameron was a director that has much passion about the films that he makes. He did not skimp on the amount of money that was spent on the film, just the scene that demonstrates the ship sinking cost the studio $4.5 million. Cameron is a director that does not care whether he makes a profit on a film because he believes in his art which is movie making. He made sure that everything in the film looked as authentic as possible including the costumes that they wore to the most minimal detail that the average movie goer probably didn’t even notice. Cameron could capture the time period that the film was set in perfectly down to the last detail. Cameron was also very hands on with the film and made sure that he always worked as hard as he could on the film.
He also worked his actors hard so that the film could look as authentic as possible, especially the scene where Jack and Rose were at the end in the water, since they had to be inside the cold water for hours on end. If anyone else had directed Titanic it would not have had the same impact that it did and still had had in our society. Cameron’s directorial skills took its audience to the movie itself, making its audience experience the movie and not just watch it.
Titanic had a great influence on the films that came after it, but not necessarily on the artistic way, instead making other filmmakers try to strive to gain the $1 billion that Titanic was able to reach worldwide that no other film had done before it. Unlike Cameron that could reach to that point with a love story, other filmmakers reached that point mainly with sequels. They would make already big hits in the box office, for example like the Harry Potter series into an even bigger film with the sequels that followed it (Corliss, R. 2012). A sequel would usually be the film that was able to hit the $1 billion mark at the box office. Cameron was able to achieve this without a sequel and not using the same format the films that followed the Titanic.
The films that followed the hero usually prevails at the end while in the Titanic the ship sinks and the hero being Jack dies and the end. James Cameron was able to beat his own box office record with his film Avatar. Titanic changed movies forever in the way that movies now focused more on the money aspect than the story and art aspect of it. Titanic was one of the most expensive films to make, but it ended up paying off in the end since it did reach the $1 billion mark at the box office. Many films following that made tried making their films as big as possible in order to achieve that same goal, which made the films actually lack many of the things that made Titanic great such as the narrative and the originality of the film.
Titanic also had an influence on society because it changed the way that we went to the movies. Before Titanic movie goers did not have the habit of going to see that same movie more than once at the theater. While when Titanic came out in theaters people, especially the younger generation would go see the movie more than once. It made audiences sit through a movie that was more than 3 hours long and enjoy every minute of it. This opened audiences to especially American audiences to broaden their horizons when it comes to long movies because even though they are long it does not mean that they are bad movies, just like Titanic proved.
Titanic has proven to be a film great for all times, with its storyline that kept audiences all around the world entranced to the screen. Its characters on the screen that could perfectly capture the love that they felt towards each other regardless of the odds that they faced because of their social status. It made people believe in love and feel emotions that they were not necessarily expecting when the ship sank and most of the people died, including the hero of the film and Roses true love.
James Cameron’s directorial skills and the amount of risk taking that he had on the film was also what made the film be as impactful as it was and still is to this day. He had such great attention to detail and cared so much about his film that he was able to capture the time period and its characters perfectly that really took the audience to the time period and really made them feel the story. He was also able to push his actors in ways that they would act totally authentic in their roles. Titanic also changed the way that people made movies, production studios focused more on the money aspect of movie making then before. Since Titanic was one of the most expensive movies to make, but it was also the highest grossing film in the box office having reach $1billion, they wanted to produce even more films of that magnitude after Titanic.
American Epic Romance
Titanic is a 1997 American epic romance, drama and disaster film, directed, written, co-produced and co-edited by James Cameron. A fictionalized account of the sinking of the RMS Titanic, the film starred Leonardo DiCaprio who plays Jack Dawson a penniless third-class artist and Kate Winslet who plays Rose DeWitt Bukater a beautiful first-class aristocrat. The film follows the forbidden romance between Jack and Rose from beginning to its tragic end.
Produced by three different production companies, Twentieth Century Fox, Paramount Pictures, and Lightstorm Entertainment, Titanic is the second highest-grossing film of all time worldwide with $2.187 billion in global box office. Before Titanic James Cameron had successfully established himself as a leading action-movie director, thanks to his films such as The Terminator and Aliens. He was known for his perfectionism and for high handed dealings with actors, crew, and studio bosses. Cameron had a fascination with shipwrecks, and at his age knew he would never able to consider an undersea expedition.
Cameron considered The Titanic to be the Mount Everest of shipwrecks and when he learned of an IMAX movie of the Titanic, Titanica, had been made using footage shot of the actual wreck, he wanted to do same. To fill the void, he decided to seek Hollywood funding to pay for an expedition and do the same thing. In an interview with Playboy Magazine, Cameron says, I made Titanic because I wanted to dive to the shipwreck, not because I particularly wanted to make the movie. Cameron and his team researched the ship’s story for more than five years before production of the film. He insisted on filming the actual wreckage, which was discovered in 1986 about 400 miles offed the coast of Newfoundland. The crew shot the real wreckage eleven times in 1995 and organized several dives to the site for two years, with this production officially began on the film in 1995. Cameron wrote a scriptment for the film, and pitched it as a Romeo and Juliet story on the Titanic to twentieth Century Fox. Cameron was able to sway the executives based on the publicity the shooting of the wreck received. After filming the underwater shots, Cameron began writing the screenplay.
Cameron spent six months researching all of the Titanic’s crew and passengers so he could honor the people who died during the disaster. The film was initially budgeted by Twentieth Century Fox at $109 million but set construction had been so costly and time-consuming that caused the film to be two months over schedule before any filming was done. Fox got nervous about the increasing costs of the film and sought a production partner. Universal Studios was in the running for a long time, but ultimately passed. Paramount Pictures was able to get a hold of the script and immediately wanted to get on board with the film. After negations, Fox and Paramount agreed to split the $109 million budget evenly for the film.
Later on, Paramount had concerns over the unexpected magnitude of the film and had to renegotiate their original deal. The two ended up agreeing that Paramount would pay for half the set, a total of $65 million, in exchange for U.S. distribution rights, and Fox would cover the remaining half including any overages making the budget set at a total of $135 million. In the end, the film ended up being about $100 million over budget totaling to about $200 million. Majority of the budget ended up going to the production design of the film. Production delays grew worse as building the ship took far longer than anticipated.
The set for Titanic cost a total of $30 million with most of that going towards the creation of a 90% scale replica of the ship, which in turn was housed inside a whopping 17-million-gallon tank that cost $40 million. In an interview with Vanity Fair Magazine, Fred Gallo, head of physical production, recalled how Cameron was determined to build sets with real wallpaper and shoot a special submarine, the only one of its kind in existence. The film’s $200 million budget ended up costing more than the cost of the real ship. Fox Executives panicked about the tremendous cuts and suggested shortening the three-hour long film, in order to save money.
However, Cameron did not agree with this at all and threatened to quit, the executives did not want to have to star over because this meant losing their entire investment. Cameron forfeited his $8 million director’s salary and his percentage of the gross when the studio became concerned at how much over budget the movie was running, Cameron explains his reasons behind this in an interview saying, ?Titanic’ also had a large budget to begin with, but it went up a lot more. As the producer and director, I take responsibility for the studio that’s writing the checks, so I made it less painful for them. I did that on two different occasions. They didn’t force me to do it; they were glad that I did. The filming schedule was intended to last 138 days but grew to 160. Many cast members came down with colds, flu, or kidney infections after spending hours in cold water.
Due to production delays the film was released six months later than expected. Paramount was expected to handle the North American distribution while Fox would handle its international release. The two expected Cameron to complete the film for a release on July 25, 1997. However, Cameron said the film’s special effects were too complicated and that releasing the film would be unable to release in the summer, forcing Paramount to push back its release date to December 19, 1997. There were speculations throughout Hollywood that the film’s delay in release meant that it was a disaster. However, on July 14 there was a preview screening of the film that generated positive reviews and positive media coverage. The film finally premiered on November 1, 1997, at the Tokyo International Film Festival, and domestically on December 19, 1997 on 2,674 screens.
Titanic received amazing success contrary to rumors revolving around it, the film came in at number one at the box office, earning $8.6 million its opening day and $28.6 million its first weekend. The film was number one at the box office for a record fifteen consecutive weeks from December 19th, 1997 to April 2nd, 1998. Titanic had a total of fourteen Oscars nominations and won eleven of them. The film also successfully took home four Golden Globe awards and one SAG award. It won various awards outside the United States, including the Awards of the Japanese Academy as the Best Foreign Film of the Year. Titanic eventually won almost ninety awards and had an additional forty-seven nominations from various award-giving bodies around the world. Also, a book about the making of the film topped The New York Times’ bestseller list for weeks. Titanic received mainly positive reviews from film critics, and was positively reviewed by audiences and scholars, who commented on the film’s cultural, historical and political impacts. On movie review website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 89% with a rating average of 8/10.
Also on Metacritic, Titanic has a positive Metascore of 75 and ranked the number one most discussed movie of 1997. Despite a few reviews from critics that commented on Cameron’s depiction of the authenticity of actual events, Titanic is generally a well-loved film receiving both critical and commercial success. Although there is not sequel in the works for Titanic, the film’s Director James Cameron has participated in several specials about the film and the actual disaster that inspired it, including a 2012 National Geographic special titled Titanic: The Final Word with James Cameron. In 2017, they released a one-hour documentary special on National Geographic for the 20th anniversary of the film titled Titanic: 20th Anniversary.
Overall, Titanic is one of the most successful movies in history and one of my favorite movies to watch. The enormous success this movie received is proof that you shouldn’t be quick to judge something. It was a surprise to me to learn about all the negativity and doubts this film received while it was still in the production phase. Based on interviews of Cameron’s experiencing creating Titanic, I think production companies interfere with the creativity of films. Cameron knew everyone expected his film to be terrible, even the people paying for it, that type of pressure could obstruct anyone’s creativity. When Titanic received the popularity it did, I know everyone involved with the film felt a sign of relief. It’s always good feeling when you doubt yourself, and think somethings going to fail and it turns out to be the complete opposite.
The Terrible Tragedy
Titanic, was a film produced in 1997, based on the true story of the British luxury steamship that sank in the Atlantic Ocean on Apri15th, 1912 after colliding with an iceberg during its voyage from Southampton, England to New York. Titanic is the most watched movie of all time and second in popularity across the world with over 900,000 votes (Most Watched Movies n.p.). Despites the lack of international funding during production, the Titanic was extremely popular with international audiences.
The history of the tragedy, its emotional effect on viewers and its romantic nature made the movie wildly appealing to movie goers.
The terrible tragedy, resulting in the loss of more than 1,500 lives, was at the time, a traumatic event, felt worldwide. Of these that lost their lives, the majority was the third- and second-class passengers, as well as over 1300 of them being men (How Many People n.p.). The story of the Titanic and of the events surrounding her fateful maiden voyage has become a well-known and circulated legend of the sea (Edgette n.p.). Many people wondered how the ship sinking was possible, and this was the first media production about it. So therefore, attracting many viewers just based on the mystery helped them become successful worldwide. The state-of-the-art technology, in the movie’s production of the dramatic events, impressed audiences and contributed the film’s success.
Love stories are some of the most popular and most viewed genre of movies worldwide. Titanic incorporated a Romeo and Juliet love story which had international appeal. The love story featured the characters Jack Dawson and Rose Bukater, both 17 years old. Rose an English, upper class passenger broke from the social norms spending time with Jack, a lower class, American stow away. As time goes on, Jack goes to extensive lengths to impress Rose and even saves her life at the conclusion of this drama filled movie. This movie is a buildup of romance inside of a traumatic event. As the young couple starts to fall in love, disaster strikes, and the ship begins to sink. This romance is very suspenseful and intriguing which keeps viewers watching contributing to the success of the movie worldwide. If this movie was a documentary, it would not have attracted the large amount of people. The combination of the love story and the dramatic, true story, events captured the audience’s attention. The research, which resulted in the blend of the true dramatic events and young love story, was a perfect combination.
The sinking of the RMS Titanic was a tragic event that had viewers rethinking their own lives in a positive way. Tragic movies, create an emotional factor, bringing viewers into the theatre. After viewing tragic movies, people tend to appreciate their current life situation. Tragic movies bring out emotion, boost pain tolerance and even make us happier. In a study that surveyed 361 students, Ohio State’s professor Silvia Knobloch-Westerwick found that people felt happier after watching a movie with tragic events. Watching tragic movies makes some people happier because they bring attention to positive aspects in their own lives. And this leads viewers to think about their loved ones and count their blessings (Villarica n.p.). When viewers are happy about how they feel after a movie and how it motivated them to live a better life. This creates a lasting, positive effect. It becomes a solid recipe that appeals to a diverse and wide audience.
James Cameron and his studio are both big reasons why the movie did so well with global audiences. Cameron is a well credited filmmaker and deep sea-explorer, so this production came very naturally. The quality of this movie created great interest in the historic event. As mentioned by Joseph Edgette, The release of James Cameron’s film version of Titanic in 1997 is a good illustration of this kind of renewal (n.p). Previous to producing Titanic, James Cameron wrote and directed Terminator and II, as well as, Alien. His early success enabled Cameron to gain the approval to write and direct Titanic. Contributing to the reality of the movie, Cameron added historic footage of the wreck, which added to the movie’s validity. The studio made sure to include this real footage to increase viewer empathy for the tragic events. The Titanic set a world record by grossing $2,186,772,302, which makes it today’s second highest worldwide grossing movie, behind Cameron’s own Avatar movie, which acquired $2,787,965,087 (Highest Grossing Movies n.p.). Cameron also won an extensive number of awards for Titanic. Including the following; best director, best film editing, best original screenplay, best foreign language film, outstanding directional achievement in motion pictures (James Cameron n.p.).
According to a study by the University of Cambridge, actors that have earned previous awards or recognition, which positively impact reviews, which influences consumer’s choice on viewing the movie (Sydney n.p.). Leonardo DiCaprio who played Jack Dawson, was a previously well know actor with 18 years’ experience before he filmed the Titanic. He appeared in several successful television shows and movies. Kate Winslet, who played Rose Bukater, 6 years of film experience. She is a British actress, who attracted her European fan base to the new film (Kate Winslet n.p.). The concept and characters of Titanic were well chosen by James Cameron. Winslet being a famous British actress and DiCaprio being a famous American actor, they both contributed to the attraction of international audiences. Given the citizenship of both actors. It parallels the nations involved in the real events, adding to the movies appeal.
The target audience of the movie also contributed to its appeal and approval. James Cameron and the studio made sure to promote the film to all demographics. Because the movie is based off a worldwide tragedy, many were already aware of its historical context. Cameron implemented an easy storyline to appeal to the typical viewer. He also used a simple plot that captured many people’s hearts through a love story. According to Joseph J. Edgette, The general public was not only mesmerized by the film, but also began to seek as much information as possible to satisfy both an intellectual and popular curiosity (NP). As a result, the public did more research about the sinking of the RMS Titanic. This is a generation movie, with the idea that this movie will pass down family generation lines to learn about history and will continue attracts new audiences due to its good quality
The success of Titanic was a result of a mix of several, well blended story lines that appealed to a large demographic. The Titanic was an eventful and dramatically filled movie that was easy to follow and very successful worldwide. The financial and critical success are evidence to Cameron’s solid work. Some reasons that the movie was so successful was the insertion of actual footage. Giving the viewer a real-life experience. The love story contained within the tragic events also added to the movie’s emotion. Identically, the writer and producer James Cameron were a huge factor in promoting and delivering a quality movie to the viewers while having a studio under his leadership. Moreover, the demographic of the movie helped contribute to the popularity and success of the movie. Altogether, the Titanic was a worldwide successful movie for a variety of well-made choices by James Cameron, which continues to appeal several years after its production.
The Titanic Was A Ship
The Titanic was a ship created by Harland and Wolff Shipyard in Belfast. It was known as The Ship that could not be sunk. Many people believed this to the point that they had no fear to be on the ship, even in the winter. Unfortunately, she never lived up to the expectation. Some reasons she sunk was because it did not have Ice Patrol, enough lifeboats, or a reliable radio system.
On April 10, 1912, the Titanic sailed into open waters headed from Southampton Ireland, to Western New York. It carried over 2,000 people who had all the faith in the world that she would get them to their destination. They had no idea how wrong they were.
April 14, just 4 days later, the Titanic struck an iceberg. The Captain, Edward Smith, was drunk and asleep in his cabin that night. There was no one in the entire area to call for help. They were on their own, with limited lifeboats and definitely not much time to get enough people on board. Because of the limited life boats and a poor radio system, 1,503 people perished that day.
Next year I am going on a cruise to Mexico. They have updated several rules so that my family and I will be protected. Ice Patrol is now required for when any ship travels into the sea. An Ice Patrol’s job is to scout and monitor the ocean and locate any icebergs and movement with the sea. To go along with the Ice Patrol, sufficient lifeboats are now on each ship. The Titanic’s lifeboats could only hold 50% of its passengers. The law now requires that there has to be enough lifeboats for the entirety of the ships passengers. The last rule is Radio Control. Since this new law, ships now have to maintain constant communication with coastal ships so, that the ship is not lost or sunk like the Titanic was sunk.
Even though the Titanic had its downfalls, it lets us know how important it is for ships to be prepared. If the Titanic was properly prepared with Ice Patrol, sufficient lifeboats, and Radio Control, there was a chance more people would have made it out alive. I can now get aboard a cruise ship without the fear of sinking because of the updated rules and procedures. This gives me great comfort on cruise ships because I know everyone will have my back, and they will have a reliable system.
By Limiting The Number Of Lifeboats
April 14th, 1912, a day that will be remembered throughout history, the day The Titanic sank. The appalling event that led to the fatal deaths of thousands of people is still a triggering occurrence that still effects society today. Although this event attracted a lot of controversy within several theories about who is at fault for it sinking, there is one obvious answer. That answer is Bruce Ismay, head of the company who owned The Titanic. Ismay caused this tragedy by three impactful decisions.
By limiting the number of lifeboats, rushing travel, and using poor engineering, all effected the deaths of many people. Who is Bruce Ismay you may ask, and why is he the cause of the well-known tragedy, The Titanic? Bruce Ismay was the owner of the company, White Star Line who later became chairman for fourteen years. As a creator of other ships including the Olympic, The Titanic would have been his crowning achievement. He and his company spent over two years creating the ship. The first dreadful decision that Ismay made while creating the ship was limiting the number of lifeboats.
It was first discovered by the chief designer of the Titanic that Ismay made the decision to regulate how many lifeboats could be permitted on the ship. This ship could fit at least forty-eight lifeboats in the deck. While knowing this, Ismay still insisted on having only sixteen on the boat. This amount was enough to save about one-third of the crew and passengers who were on board of the ship. That is thirty-two less lifeboats that were not on the ship the could have saved dozens and dozens of more people. The ship was first made to have about thirty-two boats, but because they thought that the deck of the boat would be extremely filled, the number was condensed. The argument that Ismay revealed was, Why litter the deck, when the ship is herself a lifeboat.
He believed that when a disaster strikes, the boat would save them, but little did he know, that would not be the case. If there were a more amount of the sixteen lifeboats given, then how many less people could have died? Crew and passengers included there was 2229 people, 1503 of that total, died that night. Most of the lifeboats that left the Titanic that night carried only twenty-eight people, when they could have held sixty-four people. Although there were enough life jackets for everyone, that was not enough to save all those people from dying. During the horrible events that occurred, on the last lifeboat, Ismay not only took the last seat but he went ahead of all the other passengers. Women and children were the first priority to be on the lifeboats but even though Ismay knew this, he took advantage of the situation. It was also discovered that the crew were least priority to enter the lifeboats it was the passengers who were supposed to go first. So, most of the ships men and crew were left to die that night because there were not enough boats on the ship to save them. Sir Alfred Chalmers expressed, If the Titanic had carried fewer lifeboats, more people might have been saved, since the existing boats would have been filled to capacity instead of partially empty when the ship sank.
The question that is left with people today is, if Bruce Ismay allowed more lifeboats on the ship, how many people would have still been alive? It was not just Ismay’s decision about how many lifeboats would be on the ship, but it was the rushed travel that caused the fatal crash. On June 1914, not only was Ismay questioned about the amount of lifeboats, but also the speed of the Titanic. Two surviving passengers from the ship, Elizabeth Lines and Emily Ryerson negated Ismay’s statement on trial from what the heard on the ship. On Saturday, April 13th, Ms. Lines caught a two-hour conversation between Bruce Ismay and Captain E.J. Smith. Ismay caught her attention when she heard him say, We made better today than we did yesterday, and we will make a better run tomorrow than we did today. By saying this, he meant that they would arrive one day earlier then they initially arranged.
Every day, Ismay wanted the captain to continue a faster speed then the day before. Not only did she witness him saying that, but she also heard him say, We will beat Olympic and get in to New York on Tuesday. He stated that by arriving earlier, they would have beaten another ship, the Olympic that was on the same route. Ms. Ryerson remembered seeing Ismay with a message in his hand later the following day. The message that he had stated, We are in among icebergs. Regardless of knowing that they were near dangerous icebergs, he still continued going at a faster speed. He told her that in order to surprise everyone that night with a quicker arrival, he would be placing additional boilers to go faster. No matter hearing anything about icebergs nearby, he wanted to keep going. His reason behind for continuing a rapid speed, was fame. If this White Star Line’s chairman, Bruce Ismay, arrived at their destination earlier then they had planned and at a fast speed, he would have been well known everywhere.
He wanted to prove that his company, White Star Line could sail all the way across the Atlantic in just six days. By doing so, he hassled Captain Smith to now slow down but go faster as they passed through the ice fields. A book was published about the Titanic that stated the rivalry that White Star line had with other competing companies, especially Cunard Line. The ship was all about success and fame for Ismay, not about safety for others.
“Deeply regret advise you TITANIC sank this morning after collision with iceberg, resulting in serious loss of life. Full particulars later.”
-J. Bruce Ismay, Director of the White Star Line
The Titanic was a luxury cruise liner with a disastrous fate. It set sail on the 10th of April, 1912. No one could have predicted the unimaginable. It was a great tragedy, but some good was able to come of it. The Titanic influenced many generations for the better, despite the terrible losses.
Thousands of years ago, man grew curious of the new lands they could posses, but there was only one way to travel to these new lands; by ship over rough waters. It first started with the Vikings sailing the Atlantic in open boats. The risks were, of course, great. The invention of covered ships in the later centuries was an improvement, but they were still at the mercy of wind and waves. Traveling by ship was very dangerous. The passengers suffered weeks of seasickness, disease, and even death because of the unsanitary and cramped conditions. As more and more immigrants wanted to make the journey across the Atlantic in the late 1800’s, steamships and ocean liners were created to meet the demand.
To transport the wealthy members of first class, more luxurious boats were built. The new steamships boasted better service and faster speeds then had ever been seen before. The journey for less affluent immigrants making their way to America was not as glamorous. A report in 1911 by Anna Herkner from the Immigration Commission said, Immigrants lie in their berths for most of the voyage, in a stupor caused by the foul air. The food often repels them. It is almost impossible to keep personally clean. When the Titanic was first announced to be built, the conditions were advertised to be the best of its kind, even for third class passengers.
The RMS Titanic was from a new class of ocean liner. It was called a floating palace at sea and it claimed to have the amenities of a five-star hotel. The ship boasted nine decks that held a crew of 899 and 1,300 passengers. On the one-week voyage, a staggering amount of food, chefs and tableware were needed to satisfy the enormous amount of passengers onboard. There were 127,000 pieces of silverware, along with 60 chefs and assistants. Also on board were 40 tons of potatoes, 36,000 oranges and 16,000 lemons. There were 840 staterooms in all, 416 in First Class, 162 in Second Class and 262 in Third Class.
Powering the Titanic was no small feat. 29 triple-furnace coal-fired boilers gave the giant steamship the power to move with 162 coal burning furnaces on board. There was 6,611 tons of coal stored in the ship’s bunkers. Approximately 825 tons of coal were used per day. The ship was so gargantuan that Charles Lightoller, the Titanic’s second officer, said, You could actually walk miles along the decks and passages covering different ground all the time. I was thoroughly familiar with pretty well every type of ship afloat but it took me 14 days before I could, with confidence, find my way from one part of the ship to another.
Building the Titanic would prove to be a major challenge. The White Star Line, the owners of the Titanic, hired the Harland & Wolff shipping yard in Belfast, Ireland to house the project. The Titanic was so intricate, and gigantic, that it took three years and 15,000 men to complete it. Thomas Andrews, the chief designer, oversaw the men as they built 26 house-sized boilers. Twenty horses were needed just to haul the gigantic anchor. 3 million rivets were used to keep each of the pieces in place, around a third of which had to be hammered in by hand. The work was rigorous, but the outcome was what some called a floating palace and the epitome of naval architecture. Titanic was fitted with a grand staircase, elegant cabinets, fans to ensure fresh air, elevators, restaurants that offered fine dining, and the best telegraphing system of the time.
First class passengers were among the wealthiest and most important people of the time. They included famous businessmen and millionaires like John Jacob Astor IV and Benjamin Guggenheim, railway magnate Charles M. Hays, the Countess of Rothes, an eminent journalists named W. T. Stead and noted couturiere, Lady Duff Gordon. The first class conditions on board were arguably better than had ever been seen before. Amenities included veranda cafes, a large smoking room, restaurants, a dining saloon and a reading and writing room. While dining, the first class passengers were treated to gourmet meals and a live orchestra. The more spry passengers could play shuffleboard, use the gym, play squash on the designated courts, and use the onboard swimming pool, the first of its kind. First class had 39 private suites located on the higher levels of the ship. Each suite included two large bedrooms, two walk-in closets and a private bathroom. They even had a large living room for guests! The suites cost up to ?‚¬870 which is equal to ?‚¬79,000 today.
Second class passengers were mostly tourists, made up of professions such as teachers and clergy. Many chauffeurs and nannies for the first class also traveled in second class. The second class conditions were definitely not as luxurious as the first class, but they still were very respectable. The rooms designated to second class were located in the middle of the ship and mostly consisted of cabins with bunk-beds. Each cabin had either two or four beds. There was room for around 550 passengers total.
They did not have private washrooms, but they were treated to sinks and mirrors in each room and the bed linens were changed everyday. The facilities for second class included an outdoor promenade, a smoking room, a library and a dining room. Afternoon tea and coffee was also served to all second class passengers in the library. The dining room could seat 2,400 people at one time and a pianist was provided to entertain the guests.
The third class passengers were not travelling on the Titanic for luxury, they traveled in search of the freedom and opportunity provided by America. Third class, or steerage, was mainly immigrants that came from a variety of places. They came from Ireland, England, Scandinavia, some Jewish migrants from Eastern Europe and even some from Lebanon. The third class conditions were certainly not as cushy as the other classes, but it was still a higher level of luxury than many of the passengers had ever seen.
They enjoyed a general room to socialize in and there was even a piano for the passengers to entertain themselves with. There was also a smoke room and a dining room. The dining room could seat up to 473 people at a time, so they had to eat in shifts. The meals were very basic, but they were appreciated. At the time, most ships required steerage passengers to provide their own food which was supposed to last the entire journey. The cabins were pretty cramped throughout the journey. Cabins fit up to 10 people each and over 1000 passengers had to share only 2 bathrooms, but for those escaping the poverty and persecution of their homelands, the conditions were more than amazing.
Some of those immigrants that were escaping poverty were a small group of fourteen Irish immigrants from a little village called Addergoole. They were affectionately nicknamed the Addergoole 14. Annie Kate Kelly, Delia McDermott, Annie McGowan, Catherine Bourke, John Bourke, Mary Bourke, Mary Canavan, Pat Canavan, Bridget Donohue, Nora Fleming, James Flynn, Catherine McGowan, Delia Mahon and Mary Mangan were the names of the fourteen. They traveled in two main groups. Annie McGowan was related to Catherine McGowan. Catherine McGowan had immigrated to Chicago twenty-two years earlier and had made the journey back to Addergoole to take her niece, Annie, back with her. Her’s was a story of success in America.
While she was home, she told the village tales of her successful business and all the opportunities she had in Chicago. It encouraged the fourteen to travel with her. Annie Kate Kelly, Nora Fleming, Bridget Donohue and Delia McDermott already had plans to travel to America, but going with Catherine, to them, meant safety and security. Catherine Bourke was a close friend of Catherine McGowan. She and her husband John had only been married a year and had been childhood sweethearts. They realized that the only way they could live the life they wanted with each other was to go to America. Mary Bourke, upon hearing the news of her brother emigrating, decided to travel with them. Mary Mangan also lived in America, but had traveled back to tell her parents of her engagement. Pat Canavan, his sister, Mary Canavan and his friend, James Flynn all decided to travel in search of a better life. They were the largest group all to leave from one place, which made the loss of the town so great. Only three of the original Addergoole 14 would survive.
Ireland was a very hard place to live at the time. It was a poverty stricken country. Every family was poor and worked around the clock to just to make ends meet. Because life was so tough, villages were very close knit and relied on each other to survive. Because nutrition was so bad, people only lived to about forty or fifty. Because of the awful conditions and the low prospects of work, emigration was common and was looked at as almost a right of passage. People left Ireland as early as fourteen. If they had the means to go, they would. The price of a ticket in third class on the Titanic was just over seven pounds sterling.
It would take over three years for an average Irish family to afford this price. Those who were lucky enough to make it to America sent money home to provide a way for the next generation to come.
The week the fourteen were set to make their journey, fourteen wakes were held in their honor. The were not real wakes, but what they called American wakes. When immigrants were leaving for America, their families would throw one final party for them. They would sing, dance and say their goodbyes. For most but a lucky few, this was the last time they would see their village, friends and family. They were bittersweet affairs.
Rms Titanic Was A British Passenger Liner
RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner on the largest ship of her time. She sank in the North Atlantic ocean in the early hours of April 15, 1912, after colliding with an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City. Over one thousand five hundred people died in one of the deadliest commercial maritime disasters in modern history.(RMS Titanic np) Most of the deaths were mainly from third class and particularly the men. This comes off as suspicious to many researchers and made them wonder, does your social class affect your survival chance?
The Titanic is defined as,¨ A British luxury liner that sank after colliding with an iceberg in the North Atlantic on its maiden voyage in April, 1912, with a loss of one thousand five hundred seventeen lives.¨(Titanic np) This liner was owned by White Star Line and was the most luxurious of its time. This was White Star Line’s largest ship and was going to be their superstar. That all changed in April of 1912.
This paper was made to show how social class and money was a big factor on if you got to survive on Titanic. It will show how back then, money meant everything, even life or death. Did first class get luxury and safety, or is that just a common myth. That is what this paper will tell you, how did the deaths on the Titanic vary from social class to social class?
Everyone on the Titanic was sorted into different social classes. A social class is,¨ A broad group in society having common, economic,cultural, or political status.¨(Social Class np) Social classes on the Titanic could be sorted into three different classes. These classes were first class, second class, third class, and crew. First class is,¨of the highest or best class or quality, best -equipped and most expensive, and given entitled to preferred treatment, handling, ect.(Titanic np) There were around three hundred twenty five first class passengers on the titanic including one hundred seventy five men, one hundred forty four women and six children. They were some of the richest people of their time. First class got all of the amazing amenities of the Titanic but for a cost. A single birth first class stateroom would cost back then, thirty pounds or one hundred fifty dollars.(Tickets np) They would get all of the first class amenities. More wealthy passengers could buy a parlor suite. These suites cost around eight hundred seventy pounds or four thousand three hundred fifty US dollars. (Tickets np) These rooms were very large and luxurious.
The next class down on the Titanic was second class. Second class is,¨of a secondary class or quality, and,¨ second rate; inferior.¨ (Titanic np) There were two hundred eighty four passengers in second class. (survival np) Second class staterooms were very nice for their time. These staterooms cost around twelve pounds which is sixty US dollars. (Tickets np) The second class passengers didn’t get as many nice amenities as the first class passengers but they still got very nice amenities.
Third class passengers were the lowest social class of all. They were very well known to have the nickname, steerage. They are,¨of the lowest or poorest class or quality; inferior.¨ (Titanic np) The third class passengers were usually very poor and weren’t considered real gentlemen or women. Their staterooms cost anywhere from three to eight pounds or about forty US dollars. They were known to talk in the main lounging area for their type and play deck games on their deck.
The final big chunk of people on the ship that fall under many social classes are the crew members. The crew are,¨ The people who sail or operate a ship or boat.¨(Titanic np) There were many different crew members on board including the captain, the officers, the deckhands, the maids, the engineers, the security, and many more. These were the people who saved many lives and ran the ship. If it weren’t for them, many more people would have died that night.
On that tragic night of 1912, many people unwilling fully lost their lives. Over one thousand five hundred people lost their lives.(RMS Titanic np) But if you crack down the numbers into classes a little bit more, you can see something interesting, but that will come later.
From the first class passengers, sixty one percent survives and thirty nine percent died.(Survival np) Out of those numbers four women died but three voluntarily stayed on the ship. Out of the second class passengers, forty two percent survived and fifty eight percent of them perished.(Survival np) Out of the deaths, fifteen of the ninety three women died.(Survival np) Of the third class passengers, only twenty four percent survived and the other seventy six percent died.(Survival np) Out of the deaths eighty one out of the one hundred seventy nine females died.(Survival np) Out of the crew, twenty four percent survived and seventy six died.(Survival np) There were not many children on board the Titanic but the death results are sad. Out of one hundred and nine children,there was one death in first class, zero deaths in second class, and fifty two deaths in third class.(Survival np)
The survival chance of the passengers could be determined by their social class. When the call was made by the officers to have the passengers board the lifeboats the first and second class passengers could get to the boats first. The Titanic had specific decks for specific social classes. Second and first class shared a deck and that happened to be where the lifeboats were located. The first and second class passengers could go up a flight or two of stairs and be at the boats. That was not the case for the third class passengers. These passengers had to navigate through a maze of corridors and staircases to get to the boat deck, and by then, it was to late. It was not easy for the third class passengers to get up to the boat deck and that was not fair for them.
The officers made the call that women and children were to board the boats first. On both sides of the boat women and children had to board first but on one side of the boat let men on if there were no more women in sight. However both sides would let some elderly first class men on the boats, but many of those men gave up their seats for women. Those men were considered real gentleman, and went down with the ship.
One of the biggest controversies of the Titanic was if their were gates blocking third class passengers from getting up to the boat deck. There have been many statements about gates being located in the lower decks of the Titanic blocking third class passengers from getting up. White Star Line had denied that the blocked the passengers from getting to the boats. They said that they used the gates for immigration reasons.