Parents as failed role models: A Doll’s House and Fight Club Research Paper
As the world continues to usher in new generations, social, economic, and other demographic changes emerge. The current literature and empirical studies have focused on the significant socio-economic issues such as youth and development, women empowerment, gender parity, and empowerment of physically and mentally challenged.
According to Bempechat (43), family and youth studies, have continuously revolved around youth, children, or even teenagers with drug menace and parental responsibilities being at the centre stage.
Some researchers have argued that parental or family setting heavily influences the behavioral characteristics of individuals, while others believe acquaintances and peer group influence behaviors in children. Children behaviors and family responsiveness to the life of children has now dominated public debates, research studies, and the media as religious organizations and human rights organizations seem more worried about the issue.
Unfortunately, some parents have become failed role models in the society, which puts the future generation at risk because poorly mentored children translates to a poor and weak future generation. This essay seeks to investigate if parents have really become failed role models as shown in A Doll’s House and Fight Club.
A Doll’s House and Fight Club
A close look at the story of A Doll’s House reveals pertinent issues surrounding family matters pertaining to immorality and extravagancy as demonstrated by Nora (Ibsen 10). Two important women characters stand out in this play. Nora, the wife to Torvald Helmer and Christine Linde, a childless widow, are both seen desperately squandering money from other men outside the wedlock, and thus they commit adultery through secret affairs.
Surviving through controversial loans and secretly hiding money from her husband, Nora portrays childish behaviors to a point where her husband disregards her as the mother to his children. On the other hand, Fight Club, a 1996 masterpiece novel, brings an important theme about men’s lifestyles including drinking and drug taking. The characters in the novel become careless alcohol takers and engage in fights that form fight clubs spreading their dirty behaviors across the city.
Parents and children’s behavior
Human studies have significantly concluded that the environment in which human beings live is quite influential on their behavioral characteristics. This assertion explains the reasons behind changes experienced in different stages of human growth and development. In specific attention to children’s growth, family set up is a significant environment that influences children’s growth behavior.
Drawing lessons learnt from the two novels mentioned-above, the mannerism found in the parent’s dishonest and immoral affair practiced by the two women, and the behaviors found in Norton, Marla, and Tyler, children are likely to emulate their parent’s attributes (Palahniuk 10).
Since the attributes found in them form negative images in children, this consequently affects their growth behavior as well as their academic performance, which has remained paramount for the success of the children. Based on the novels, this study investigates the extent to which parents have failed at being good role models in the aspect of drug taking and sexual habits.
Parents and drug taking in children
Considerable research evidence has cited parents’ social interaction with their children as the most influential factor in children’s cognitive and behavioral development (Bempechat 31). Focusing on drug taking and drug trafficking, which have become major issues in the public domain, parents play a crucial role as immediate role models that compose children’s nearest environment.
Parents are always quite aware of the dangers of consuming drugs and alcohol. However, due to their personal issues, especially socioeconomic issues that compel them into indulging into drug and substance abuse, they finally expose their children into drugs.
Westernized parents, viz. describing parents with modern culture, seems to be rapidly consuming important traditional virtues and has led to serious defection of acceptable social norms. The western culture tends to divert parents into adopting poor living habits that make them to forget their parental responsibilities, thus fostering their children according to the changes living styles.
Empirical evidences obtained from several research studies reveal that parents have become failed role models, as they form an immediate environment for growth and development of children. A study conducted by Buchanan and Corby shows a growing trend in drug abuse in the United Kingdom according to estimates drawn from the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD), which unveiled that between 250,000 and 350,000 children have at most one parent seriously doing drug (5).
Amongst the children in such households, over forty percent of them have already tested drugs, mainly due to imitating parent’s behavior. Subsequently, children continuously become accustomed to drug taking as they find personal solutions to accessing drugs.
Parents addicted to drug taking, when questioned, they tend to be antagonistic and resentful, and normally consider intervention by activists as unfair judgment towards drug taking. This aspect empowers children into continuing with drug taking and finally to older stages, most probably drug trafficking itself.
Compared to other parental social influences on children’s cognitive and social development, drug abuse is more likely to result from influence from parents. Parents in the story of the Fight Club demonstrate how they often expose their children into drug and alcohol taking, as they turn irresponsible, moving around from one club to another thus increasing their alcohol consumption (Palahniuk 7).
Research conducted by Buchanan and Corby concluded that in the western society, pleasures and leisure attribute greatly to the exposure of children towards the use of alcohol and tobacco, something which parents have continuously become used thus consequently exposing their children to drugs (1).
The drinking culture of parents revealed in the story of the Fight Club underscores the elements that increase children’s exposure to alcohol and drug taking. Either through the aggressiveness found in children or the deliberate introduction of children to alcohol is always a failure in parents as role models.
Apart from constant drinking behavior in parents found in the story of Fight Club, adults in the novel engage in serious club fighting, behavior that finds it way into the house. Writing from personal experience, the author of the Fight Club extracted his ideas primarily from his parent’s behaviors, which culminated into a divorce when he was fourteen years old.
Ardelt and Day argue that the influence of parents does not disappear completely as one enters adolescence, but successful adjustment during adolescence can depend on the degree of the available social and emotional support provided by parents or family members.
Parents’ engagement in drug doing thus remains significant to the rest of the children life by playing a substantial role in the future of children. Taking example from parental traits found in the Fight Club novel, parents have demonstrated failure in their role modeling to children.
Parents and sexual/immorality behaviors
Parents have also played a significant role in determining the morality of children. As parents provide a composer to their immediate environment, moral attributes found in them consequently influence children’s behavior. Therefore, parents’ immorality and sexual behaviors lead to children engaging in early sex, thus resulting to early pregnancies eminent in the modern world. Ideally, several empirical researches have proven that problems of sexual immorality in children mostly result from single parenthood under stiff economic ties.
According to research by Withers, examining the position of single mothers in fostering children reveal that single mothers “face accusation of maternal neglect, providing inadequate discipline and poor role modeling of their children” (47). In most cases, children are subject to maltreatment resulting to poor growth as parents broadly engage in sexual activities in the presence of their children. Of the reported pregnant cases involving adolescents and children, majority of them happen in single parents households.
In the light of sexual immorality,the story of A Doll’s House is a complete copy of what people can describe as parents portraying a character of failed role models.
The character portrayed by Nora and the old widow reveals that parents play an important role in the morality of their children (Ibsen 11). In their conversation with the old widow, the character of Nora stands out as extravagant and contemptuously immoral. She struggles all the way through to ensure that she obtains money from other admirers at the expense of her husband’s health as a scapegoat.
The careless attitude in Nora is likely to influence children, as a mother and the only person close to them. According to empirical studies conducted by Withers, women desperately engage in dirty behaviors including immorality at the expense of helping their families (51), something that soon manifests in children as they try to emulate their behaviors.
Ethnographic studies across social and cultural behaviors conducted on women indicate that women, being the parents with closest relationship with their children, greatly influence their social structure. “Women who engage in illegal or deviant behaviors such as prostitution or forgery” (Ardelt and Day 315), consequently influence the behaviors of either their children or fellow siblings.
Following pressure from social and economic factors, parents tend to find means of survival for their children especially those born outside the wedlock. Due to poor background and lack of proper parental nurturing, children grow up with moral behaviors taped from their parents or even from peer group pressure because of parent’s failure.
According to a study conducted by Thompson and Kelly-Vance, over 52 per cent out of students performing dismally in academics come from poor backgrounds of single parents (231). However, the rest of the students also perform dismally despite having both parents, probably with poor behaviors.
Extravagancy is probably a conduct that children tend to adopt from their parents. As demonstrated in the play, A Doll’s House, Nora finds herself in complete danger due to her extravagancy, something she has failed to teach her children. The ethos of motherhood that she should possess erodes away due to her immorality, something that she feels no shame about.
The childish behavior found in Nora completely reveals how some parents have become failed role models. According to Ardelt and Day, “in most families, parents are role models for their children and the primary agents of socialization for social attitudes and behaviors” (319).
Submissive to their parents, children find it difficult to behave differently from their parents despite the fact that they interact with different people. Behaviors found in the parents of both stories underscore parents’ irresponsibility and unanticipated role models and any imitation by the children consequently to indiscipline in children.
Parents and their parental nurturing behaviors tend to influence their children’s characters. The two stories, viz. A Doll’s House and Fight Club are perfect examples of parents that form bad icons and inspirations, which is an eminent aspect in the current world. The extravagancy found in Nora and her immoral behaviors possibly create a bad image for their children, something that children are most likely to emulate and become accustomed to as they grow.
Sexual immorality and drug abuse are common problems that the public is facing as the number of early pregnancies, death from drug fights, and infection from sexually transmitted diseases is on the rise. Based on empirical evidence, parents form an integral part of their children’s cognitive and social development, which clearly provides evidence that poor social behaviors found in parents are likely to affect their children.
As parents consume and predispose their children to using illicit drugs as a leisurely thing, it is increasingly becoming a dangerous trend in changing and shaping the important cultural aspects in the children. Parents will only instill proper discipline in children by proving that they have good behaviors.
Therefore, if parents will not reconsider their behaviors especially while interacting with their children, drug taking and immorality in the society may further become uncontrollable in the future, as today’s children form the next society.
Ardelt, Monika, and Laurie Day. “Parents, Siblings, and Peers: Close Social Relationships and Adolescent Deviance.” Journal of Early Adolescence 22.3 (2002): 310-349. Print.
Bempechat, Janine. “The role of parent involvement in children’s academic achievement.” The School Community Journal 2.2 (1992): 31-41. Print.
Buchanan, Julian, and Brian Corby. Problem drug use and safeguarding children: a multi agency approach, 2005. Web.
Ibsen, Henrik. A Doll’s House. New York: Arc Manor LLC, 2009.
Palahniuk, Chuck. Fight Club. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2005. Print.
Thompson, Lynn, and Lisa Kelly-Vance. “The Impact of Mentoring on Academic Achievement of At-Risk Youth.” Children and Youth Services Review 23.3 (2001): 227-242. Print.
Withers, Stewart. “Re-positioning the experiences and situation of single mothers: Accounts from Samoa.” Women’s Studies Journal 25.1 (2011): 47-62. Print.
Significance of a Male Role Model for Forming Tomas and Gabe’s Personal Essay
Identity in Brian Ascalon Roley’s American Son
Filipinos migrate to the United States in order to become closer to the better life, to realise their dreams, and receive the chance to change their reality. In fact, Filipinos become the victims of the racial discrimination and begin to suffer from the impossibility to determine their national and cultural identity. From this point, those children who are born in multicultural families also begin to suffer from inability to find the right place in the society where people are not ready to discuss them as the real Americans.
Furthermore, the problem of identity and transnationalism is often associated with a range of other problems typical for teenagers and young adults. Tomas and Gabe are the protagonists of Brian Ascalon Roley’s American Son. These young men experience the difficulties of being the children of the American father and Filipino mother while living in the USA and observing the other Americans’ making their dreams real.
The situation is complicated with the fact that boys are brought up without their father. Thus, Tomas and Gabe have no opportunities to orient to the male role model developed in the family because those behaviour patterns which they remember as typical for their father are rather violent and racist, and as a result, boys have the erroneous vision of masculinity.
It is possible to pay attention to Tomas and Gabe’s visions of masculinity referring to the ideas developed by Tomas in relation to the question, to the opinion which is characteristic for Gabe, and to the male role model which is typical for the behaviour and attitudes of the boys’ father.
On the one hand, the image of Tomas can be discussed as the embodiment of masculinity because of his appearance. Thus, the young man’s muscles are covered with “gangster tattoos”, his head is “shaved down to stubble”, and moreover, Tomas is “really half white, half Filipino but dresses like a Mexican” (Roley 15).
On the other hand, the brutal behaviour of Tomas and his attitude toward his relatives and other people cannot be considered as the embodiment of the real masculinity. Tomas is inclined to misinterpret the notion of masculinity and act as a cruel man. The actions of Tomas can be explained from the point of his desire to determine his role in the society which is rather holistic in relation to the minorities. Moreover, brutality is the only behaviour pattern which is associated with the boys’ father.
Tomas as the elder brother should become the main man in the family. That is why, Gabe is affected significantly by the particular features of the elder brother’s influence (Roley 18). Later, Gabe even reflects the peculiarities of the young man’s behaviour in spite of the previous disapproval of the position supported by Tomas.
In spite of the fact that the life conditions and environments are the same in relation to both brothers, Gabe grows as a quiet boy who does not want to create new problems for his mother because she has to bring up two boys without the help of her husband. However, Gabe also has no correct vision of masculinity.
Gabe is inclined to act under the influence of his brother Tomas, and his image becomes the embodiment of masculinity for Gabe in spite of all his attempts to reject these behaviour patterns. Gabe experiences brutality, hostility, and discrimination almost in all the spheres of his life.
From this perspective, the absence of the male role model and the racial issues make the young man find his own identity and place within the American society. The particular features of the family relations and the problematic racial questions affect Gabe’s vision of masculinity which becomes the reflection of the visions which are characteristic for Tomas.
Tomas and Gabe are brought up by the Filipino woman, but they do not want their peers to see her communicating with the boys. The problem is in the boys’ perception of their identity and ethnicity. Nevertheless, the problem is also in the vision of the role of woman in the house and in society. This vision is the heritage of observing the definite male role model used by the boys’ father.
Gabe describes the situation when “dad stood over her making fun of Filipinos and her family and looked as if he was about to hit her, and my brother dragged him outside and tossed him onto the acorn” (Roley 24). Tomas and Gabe cannot define masculinity correctly because even those insignificant details remembered about the attitudes of the father toward the Filipinos and women cannot provide the boys with the examples of the behaviour which should be characteristic for the real man.
As a result, Tomas and Gabe experience a lot of difficulties, trying to find their place in the American society. These young men are not ready to adopt their ethnicity, and they are inclined to feel shame because of their mother Asian ethnicity (Roley 24). Furthermore, Tomas and Gabe have no male role model to help them to survive in the world full of ill-wishers. The only way to survive in this society is to act brutally and reveal the masculinity with references to violent actions.
That is why, Gabe is inclined to follow the life of violence because this model is more familiar for him depending on the experience of his father and brother. The inability of many Filipinos as any other migrants to build the life of their dream within the American society makes them feel frustrated, especially in comparison with the more successful representatives of the American majority. Thus, aggression becomes the only way to demonstrate the people’s dissatisfaction regarding the situation.
In Brian Ascalon Roley’s American Son, Tomas and Gabe have no opportunity to reflect the male role model of their father because the boys are not brought by the man. That is why, boys are unable to create their vision of masculinity which can be based on the positive examples of their father behaviours. As a result, Tomas and Gabe develop their vision of masculinity with references to the realities of the American society which is rather unfriendly and even hostile toward Filipinos.
Thus, Tomas is inclined to mask his problems choosing brutality and referring to the ‘gangster’ image, and Gabe intends to hide his difficulties with identity using the advantages of the non-Asian appearance. The young men’ behaviours cannot be discussed as the reflection or embodiment of masculinity, but they are affected by the absence of the father in the boys’ life.
Roley, Brian Ascalon. American Son. USA: W. W. Norton & Company, 2001. Print.
Role Model: Nelson Mandela Essay
Nelson Mandela was born in 1918 at Qunu. Mandela is widely known for his charismatic leadership skills. His political career ambitions started while at university when he realized the unjust nature in which the African society was. The blacks were denied the due chances both economically and politically. This disappointed Nelson Mandela which triggered his ambitions to join politics to fight for his people.
Throughout his leadership period, Nelson Mandela demonstrated excellent leadership skills which went beyond the political role. He committed his whole life fighting for the rights of the South Africans who suffered from discrimination. As a political activist, Nelson Mandela fought for his people which led him to be a political prisoner. Nelson Mandela struggled until he became the first black president of South Africa. These achievements by Nelson Mandela make him qualify to be one of the greatest men who have ever lived in history.
Fight against Apartheid (Discrimination)
Mandela’s early days in politics coincided with very high levels of apartheid in South Africa. Mandela was very disappointed by the system since it was characterized by high levels of discrimination (Glad & Blanton, 1997). Apartheid was the main vice in South Africa which incited Mandela to engage in endless struggles.
Mandela has been imprisoned for about thirty years for opposing apartheid system in South Africa (Ryan, 2011). During the apartheid system, the whites oppressed the blacks through their discriminative policies. In 1944, Nelson Mandela became an active leader of the American National Congress (ANC). This was just his first move to fight for the people’s freedom.
South Africa’s apartheid system was one of the worst racism and discrimination scenarios that have ever taken place in the world. However, Mandela managed to oppose the system courageously and persistently despite of the threats by the white leaders (Lieberfeld, 2003).
Therefore, Mandela has shown excellent and selfless leadership which cannot be found in many leaders. Most leaders are driven by their own benefits but Mandela was determined to undergo any torture for the sake of his people. Through the African National Congress party, Mandela was determined to undergo any form of suffering for the sake of the South Africans blacks who were facing a lot of suffering at the hand of apartheid.
Political Activist (African National Congress)
In most cases, many political parties in Africa which fought for the rights of the blacks were characterized by violent activities. Therefore, it was expected that Mandela’s political party (ANC) would be even more violent bearing in the mind the extent to which apartheid had reached in South Africa. However, Mandela’s movement was characterized by non-violent protests. However, the younger nationalists became discouraged because of lack of progress in the initial stages (Ryan, 2011).
Together with his colleagues, Mandela believed that incorporating violence in their activities would trigger police’s brutality and this would bring suffering to South African blacks (Glad & Blanton, 1997). In case they engaged in violent activities, they new that the white leaders would take that opportunity to finish their people.
This was the main reason why they refrained from engaging themselves in violent demonstrations. According to Lieberfeld (2003), Mandela demonstrated peace in every step he made. His struggle against apartheid in earlier days was characterized by peace.
Mandela was one of those kinds of leaders who never gave up. He was rarely intimidated by any resistance to make his moves. He persistently moved forward. For instance, later on after joining ANC, Mandela decided to join the African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL) (Ryan, 2011). This is because ANC was making very little progress during that time. Due to his thirst to save his people from the chains of apartheid, Mandela joined this party as it was more vibrant than ANC. This group was composed of the members of ANC who were more militant.
In 1949, ANCYL organized strikes and boycotts across the country (Ryan, 2011). These actions were directed to force for changes in policies which oppressed the Africans in South Africa. In 1951, Nelson Mandela was elected as the head of this political party in the country. Soon after being elected the leader of this group, Mandela initiated a Defiance campaign which was aimed at triggering a massive resistance towards discriminative policies. This was his next move after their initial moves yielded little results.
Due to his perpetual resistance to the prevailing system and organizing of boycotts and strikes, Mandela was arrested in 1952 (Ryan, 2011). However, Mandela won that time as his sentence was suspended some time later.
However, he was neither allowed to attend any public gathering nor attend ANC meetings. These restrictions were aimed at minimizing his interactions with the public to avoid further incitation. However, Mandela’s journey did not stop hear as many would have thought. This encounter just boosted her determination to pursue his goals.
To defend the people who were persecuted in the apartheid system, Mandela opened a law which defended the convicts. Later, Mandela and some other leaders were charged of treason. This case was later dropped. However, most of Mandela’s time was wasted as he was sometimes forced to make many appearances before the court. Despite of these commitments, Mandela still continued to fight four the equality in South Africa.
On realizing that non-violent resistance was not yielding any positive results, Mandela decided to adopt violence in his fight against apartheid. For instance, sixty nine people were killed while resisting for anti apartheid rule which restricted the movement of the blacks in South Africa.
This incident made Mandela to change his strategy of non-violent resistance to more harsh reaction. This is because the rate of discrimination was rising even after their efforts instead of falling. In connection to this, ANC commenced adopting armed resistance (Ryan, 2011).
After the banning of their party, Mandela with the support of other leaders formed an underground group. Through this group, Mandela and his colleagues targeted any official symbol of Apartheid and the government in their targets through sabotage. On seeing the extent to which apartheid had reached in South Africa, Nelson Mandela decided to travel across the African countries and Europe to seek support as well as learning the tactics of guerilla warfare (Ryan, 2011).
Therefore, Mandela realized the importance of the support from other countries in his struggle against apartheid (Glad & Blanton, 1997). Unfortunately, Mandela was arrested soon after going back to his country after completing his mission. He was charged for his involvements with the underground group and for moving out side the country without a legal prescription. This cost, Mandela five years in prison.
Despite of these sufferings which Mandela underwent during his struggle against discrimination towards the black South Africans, his stand was never shaken. During his trial, Mandela confirmed not to be intimidated by anything from his fight against apartheid (Ryan, 2011). He also explained the main aims of the newly formed group Umkhonto we Sizwe. Mandela together with his group narrowly escaped execution during these trials (Ryan, 2011). However, they were given a life imprisonment.
In 1964, Mandela was sent to Robben Island where he was supposed to spend the rest of his life according to the judgment. Later, he was kept confined alone in fear that he will intimidate his colleagues. All this suffering never shook Mandela’s ambitions. His people went to the extent of referring to him as a silent suffering martyr (Ryan, 2011).
Road to Freedom and Accomplishments
Later in 1984, negotiations for Mandela’s release started on condition that he will allow reallocation of South African blacks to specific places. However, Mandela rejected all these offers. This displays a strong character of determined and selfless leader who was ready to sacrifice himself for the sake of his people. This clearly shows that Mandela was not after any material gain in his struggle for equality.
Under the pressure of the international community and the black South Africans, the head of the National Party F.W. de Klerk softened his stand (Ryan, 2011). Restrictions on ANC were lifted and most laws which were discriminative were dissolved. After continued pressure, Mandela was released in 1990.
Soon after being released, Mandela continued with his fight for freedom. He was engaged in negotiations with de Klerk form ma democratic government. In 1993, Mandela was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize (Ryan, 2011). This was just three years after being released.
Through Mandela’s efforts, South African got the first chance to vote freely without impediments which mostly favored the whites. Mandela was finally elected the president of South Africa in 1994 under the ANC party. On becoming, the president of South Africa, Mandela came up with strategies to unite people and also released those imprisoned during the apartheid system through amnesty (Ryan, 2011).
From there, Mandela has received various awards for his good work to the community. For instance, he received Presidential Medal of Freedom from the former United States president Bush. Mandela was also determined in the fight against AIDs as well as care for the AIDs victims.
Summary and Conclusion
From this discussion, it can clearly be seen that Mandela is really a leader to be emulated. Throughout his leadership, he has demonstrated courage, humility, patience, perseverance, and determination, a combination of character traits which is very rare in many leaders. He persistently fought against discrimination in South Africa despite of the difficulties he faced. Mandela faced police brutality and imprisonment for about thirty years but was never discouraged from pursuing his goals.
This discussion has also indicated that Mandela opted for violence after the peaceful demonstrations proved futile. This indicates that he was a humble reader who looked beyond the leadership boundaries. He considered every move he made taking into consideration the end results. Although he had the power to use violence from beginning of his struggle, he avoided that.
Mandela’s leadership teaches us that one should never be discouraged from pursuing his or her goals despite of the conditions through which they pass. We should also not lose hope for whichever time period this may take. Mandela spent many years in jail but he never buried his hope.
Glad, B. & Blanton, R. (1997). F.W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela: a study in cooperative transformational leadership. Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 27, 1997.
Lieberfeld, D. (2003). ‘Nelson Mandela: Partisan and Peacemaker.’ Negotiation Journal. Volume 19, Number 3, 229-250, DOI: 10.1023/A:1024629628402
Ryan, J. (2011). Nelson Mandela. Nelson Mandela (Great Neck Publishing), 1. Web.
Celebrities as good role models Essay
In the introduction it is affirmed that celebrities have positive elements needed to become role models, hence explaining why most of them inspire others. In the body section, media personalities Angelina Jolie and Oprah Winfrey were analysed.
Angelina has strong values, which can be seen in her personal life as an international adopting parent and also in her role as a UN goodwill ambassador. Oprah’s success in her career and her philanthropic work teaches others how to be professionals and how to use their wealth selflessly.
These celebrities still have some flaws; but they have not let their past get in the way of their societal impact. In the conclusion, it was affirmed that celebrities’ accomplishments are easily identifiable to the public, as is the case with Angelina and Oprah, and this makes them good role models.
Since celebrities demonstrate what it means to be an extraordinary media personality, then they serve as exemplary role models. Angelina Jolie and Oprah are positive role models as seen through their career accomplishments and charity initiatives; they did not let their dark past defuse the change they instated in society.
Celebrities as role models
Some celebrities illuminate their position as media personalities through the right behaviour and attitude. A role model is one whose attitude and behaviour conform to that which people expect of a person in that role. Actress Angelina Jolie exemplifies this positive role through involvement in humanitarian work and her personal life. She has worked as a goodwill ambassador for the United Nations for several years.
Jolie took the personal initiative to contact the UNHCR concerning troubled regions of the world. She visited several African refugee camps in 2000. As a field agent of the UN, Jolie went to Pakistan and Cambodia to do mission work in refugee camps.
These trips started after she became the goodwill ambassador in 2001. The celebrity has visited approximately thirty countries in an attempt to create awareness about the plight of refugees. She has brought media attention back to forgotten civil conflicts. Furthermore, Jolie covers her own expenses during these missions, and shares the same deplorable conditions with other UN workers.
She undertakes these humanitarian missions bravely as seen through her entrance into conflict zones (Allen-Mills, 2008). Some celebrities may refrain from visiting dangerous places like Darfur and Afghanistan, but Jolie has not shied away from these regions. Her attitude and behaviour as a goodwill ambassador are exemplary and typical of a good role model.
Celebrities can inspire others to imitate them through their values and goals. In addition to visiting refugees, Jolie has done a lot of media campaigns and lobbying work. The celebrity even made a documentary about poverty-stricken communities in East Africa. She has worked with politicians and other bodies in Washington.
Jolie launched several foundations intended on helping children in conflict zones and those in the US who are immigrants. The actress’s long list of humanitarian awards testifies to her commitment and passion for people in need. Angelina Jolie’s accomplishments in this area illuminate the positive part that celebrities can play as role models.
She has dedicated her life to making the lives of others better, and this is something that the public can emulate (McFay, 2005). Society can also draw positive lessons from Jolie’s personal life.
The actress has adopted three children from three poor countries; that is, Cambodia, Vietnam and Ethiopia. Her international adoptions teach people how to surpass cultural and geographical boundaries in order to unite the human race. These actions reflect the values of self sacrifice and care that others can imitate.
Role models do not have to be perfect; they only have to do their best in prevailing circumstances. Angelina Jolie has had a dark past since she experimented with drugs during her youth. Furthermore, the celebrity had shaky relationships in her 20s and 30s.
Other people also claim that her humanitarian work keeps her away from her 6 children. All these imperfections illustrate that she is only human, so they do not mirror her accomplishments.
Some celebrities inspire others through their career accomplishments, and Oprah Winfrey is one such person. Her world famous show highlighted numerous instances of goodwill and care for others. She defied numerous odds to become the richest African American in the US.
Oprah overcame child abuse, poverty and negativity to make it as a talk-show host (Avtalion, 1998). Furthermore, she has encouraged literacy through formation of her own book club. This media personality has also promoted health and fitness by launching O-Magazine as well as talking about health issues on her show. In fact, this emphasis on good health and nutrition led to Dr. Phil’s and Dr. Oz’s careers.
The latter professionals have spearheaded the fight against obesity, psychological issues and lifestyle diseases in the US. Furthermore, Oprah has taught people about the importance of spirituality. She has done this in a way that includes even the non-religious. Oprah’s role as a female entrepreneur is also inspiring to many.
The media guru used exceptional and bold tactics to buy the Oprah show and own her own network. She has created a franchise of inspirational programs and businesses. Young people can definitely look up to her when starting their careers. Many women also admire her as an influential figure in the business world.
Since celebrities make a lot of money, they can serve as examples on what to do with immense wealth, which makes them role models for others. Oprah has engaged in a lot of charitable activities. The former talk show host opened a South African Leadership Academy for underprivileged girls in 2007.
She started by donating 40 million to the charity and has given an opportunity to children who would never have gotten such a chance. Oprah has also made donations to various charities. One of the most notable ones was Project Cuddle, which focused on the plight of abandoned babies.
Furthermore, the media personality has encouraged and publicised various causes on her show and on other media outlets (Quast, 2011). Oprah’s example illustrates that celebrates can inspire others to use their wealth selflessly.
One may question a celebrity’s ability to become a role model based on his or her personal life. For instance, Oprah has never been married nor had children. Therefore, one may doubt her ability to act as a role model since families are society’s basic unit.
Celebrities have all the elements needed to become positive role models, hence explaining why most of them inspire others. Two female media personalities, Angelina Jolie and Oprah Winfrey, have proved this assertion by their relentless drive in their careers and their philanthropic work.
Angelina’s values and use of her role as a media personality have inspired others. Oprah’s career accomplishments and charity work teach others how to be professionals and how to use their wealth selflessly.
These celebrities still have some flaws; nonetheless, their imperfections do not discredit all the positive work they have done. Celebrities’ lives are easily identifiable to the public and can thus make them good role models.
Allen-Mills, T. (2008, September 9). The other side of Angelina Jolie. The Sunday Times, p. 13.
Avtalion, O. (1998, November 8). Oprah Winfrey: A role model. The New York Times, p B8.
McFay, E. (2005). Angelina Jolie: Angel in disguise. California, LA: Icon Press
Quast, L. (2011, June 13). What career women can learn from Oprah Winfrey. Forbes, p. 4.
Willy Loman, a poor role model to his two sons Biff and Happy Essay
In his stage play “Death of a Salesman”, Arthur Miller introduces us to the family of Willy Loman. There is greater influence of the parents to the children as is portrayed in the play. Willy Loman’s laxity has weighed heavily on the conduct of his sons, Happy and Biff. The main theme in the play is sustained in the play with the sons of Willy attaining their personality from their father.
We learn that one’s upbringing shapes their behavior, whereas one’s surrounding shapes their character. This is quite evident in the case of a parent child interaction as portrayed in the play.
Since most of the time the child will look up to their parents, their ethical and moral values will be acquired from their parents. The impact of parent’s ethical degradation, on their children in is shown clearly in the play “Death of Salesman” by Arthur Miller.
Willy Loman set a very low morality standard for his sons by his actions and therefore he was not a good role model to them. For instance, the theft committed by Biff was never considered as such by his father; on the contrary, the latter actually encouraged his son’s actions.
It could be argued that the father was acting in good faith; on a second thought, though, it becomes clear that his motivation was not to save his children from an obviously harsh penalty for a theft, but pure desire to encourage his children’s worst qualities, such as lying in order to get the appreciation of the authority – a coach, in the given case.
On another occasion, lumber was stolen from a construction site by Biff and his brother Happy. In place of rebuke, they received appreciation from their father for the wrong they did. He was proud of the large amount of lumber they stole.
By praising them, Willy blurred his sons’ vision of stealing as immoral and ethically wrong. Past studies show that what children see as warranted actions from authoritative people, primarily, parents, will later on be considered as generally acceptable by such kids as they grow up. In the case of Biff and Happy, much hope was lost due to their father’s irresponsibility and lack of will.
Apart from dishonesty as the means to get promoted in the eyes of the leader by resorting to theft and lies, Willy also approved of deceit in family relationships, which has affected the boys on a much deeper level, leaving them not only financially irresponsible, but also socially isolated.
There is no need to stress the significance of family support and the significance of trustworthy relationships with relatives; being deprived of the given elements, one is most likely to lead an unhappy life, with no one to care for and no supporting spouse to be by one’s side.
By showing his children that one can legitimately cheat on his/her spouse, Willy destroyed his children’s chance to ever become family men and have supportive spouses. Granted that at some point in their lives, Biff and Happy will forget about this example set by their father, the pattern of family relationships will be imprinted in their mind, which will inevitably lead to them repeating this pattern over and over.
The given event was not the only time when Willy mistreated his wife. For instance, Willy was married to Linda but went ahead to have another woman. He had an affair with another woman because he was not satisfied with his marriage. His poor treatment of his wife misled his sons to see it as acceptable to be dishonest. The children, in turn, viewed women as inferior objects of use.
As a result, Willy’s sons underestimated women in general. To Biff and Happy, they never knew the moral law of treating others as one would want to be treated. This was a major failure on Willy’s part for not shaping his sons on even the most fundamental principles of moral values. In the end, it all turned against him when his sons started treating him the same way he treated other people. He had no one to blame but himself.
In conclusion, the play “Death of a Salesman” points out the flaws often left unattended by parents in having a tangible influence on their children. The complacency in instilling discipline to their children has resulted in moral and ethical decay. Arthur Miller points out the need to inculcate proper moral and ethical standards in children during their upbringing. Doing so will help guard them from committing crimes.
The play also provides an important lesson on the responsibility of the parent to be strict with their children, so that as their children grow, they could be able to differentiate between moral and immoral. It is also clear that the action of the parents with will always serve as a reference point for their children once the latter step into adulthood and start building their own behavioral patterns.
Parents are undoubtedly the ultimate role models to their children; therefore, parents should strive to maintain high standards in whatever they do to create an example for their children to follow.
In the case of Willy, if he had been stern with his children and quick to rebuke them when they steal or do any other thing that was wrong, his sons would have grown to be law-abiding members of the society; it is unlikely that children will grow to be ethical if their parent is unethical.
Education and Leadership Role Modeling Essay (Article)
Although the application of desired leadership and employee management qualities in the endeavor to achieve an organization’s set goals may sound an easy undertaking, this is one of the primary nightmares facing most leaders (Harris, 2010, Para 1).
According to research findings obtained by Development Dimensions International (DDI), Deloitte Consulting and other organizations, most workers felt stagnant in their occupations and were not ready to take leadership positions, because of the increased leader-employee mistrust and poor leadership styles.
Therefore, because of the current economic recession and increased disparities in employees’ level of satisfaction, recruiting of workers has become one of primary organizational challenges; hence, the current practice of organizations redefining their employment strategies (Para. 2-7).
Contrary to DDI’s findings, other organizations’ research findings, for example, Gallup showed that, most employees are satisfied with their occupations. Different from this, other organization’s surveys showed that, its leaders who have caused the employee-leader trust problem, as most leaders have altered their leadership styles by adopting leadership styles, which are beneficial to organizations only, neglecting employee motivation and development (Para 8-11).
Further, as research findings show, most leaders assume the significance of management-employee trust in leadership. In addition, most leaders rarely respect workers’ rights, a case that is common with the prevalent misuse of energetic and young workers’ potentials, with little trust in what they are doing (Para 13-17).
Trust and respect of ethics should be vices that all leaders should ensure they embrace in their leadership; hence the need for alteration of leadership training methodologies.
Through being good role models and restructuring leadership orientations, which emphasize the building of trust, leaders will have a guarantee that they will succeed in their endeavors hence, be able to create stable and strong organization. In addition, training methodologies should emphasize the importance of innovation and work engagement, as this may provide a channel of breaking down the barrier between managements and employees (Para. 11-36).
Good leadership is one of the primary factors that determine the success of any organization. It is a leader’s role to ensure an organization defends its employee’s fundamental rights, and an organization attains its set targets. Hence, for leaders to have the appropriate leadership knowledge necessary to lead workers with different behaviors, talents, and weaknesses, leaders must ensure they adopt appropriate leadership methodologies.
Although individuals may argue that, leaders are born and not made, education forms the foundation of any successful leaders. Through sound education, individuals are able to gain the required expertise on correct management systems, necessary to meet the ever-changing socio-economic and political needs of the society.
This article clearly presents the inadequacies in most leadership styles, a fact that is clear in the author’s argument that; “most present training orientations, emphasize business skill enhancement, while foregoing the importance of ethical leadership and trust” (Para. 13-14).
Considering this, the article defines the platform that all leadership-training institutions should base their policies and goals. In addition, the article provides an insight on what exactly educators must ensure they impart in leaders (trust), as a mechanism of ensuring the skills acquired by trainees are practical in the changing society. Therefore, to ensure that individuals change their held perceptions about leadership, there is need for education to emphasize the significance of building trust and desirable leadership qualities.
Generally, the article is of great significance to education, for it provides a guideline on what leadership trainers should emphasize in their endeavors of ensuring that education builds all round and sound mind leaders, who command employees’ trust. In addition, the article defines important concepts that any educational training should encompass, for example, appropriate motivating strategies; hence, the need for alteration of training methodologies.
Harris, P. (2010). Leadership role models: earn the trust and profits. American Society of Training and Development. Web.
Father as a Male Role Model Essay
Parents are means of structuring their child’s future. They have a very crucial role to play in their child’s growth and his/her conduct. During the days when schooling was considered to be accessible only to the children of the opulent, those who were not privileged enough to go to school, remained at home and helped their parents in daily chores.
Such children used to emulate their parents in their deeds and conduct because they were of the opinion that their fathers have done great in life (How do parents influence children in life, 2010). It is a well researched and established fact that children, whose fathers take active part in their upbringing, inculcate most of their habits; irrespective of the habits being good or bad (20 Reasons why your child needs you to be an active father, 2000).
But during the years, owing to the numerous opportunities available, parents have started devoting more time towards their work. Moreover, education has been simplified and has easy access. Children have started going to schools and as such, both parents and their children don’t have enough time to spend with each other.
But still there are parents who devote time towards their children and try and teach them. It has been observed that children, who have their parents’ guidance and participation in their school activities, achieve more in life as compared to those who totally depend on their schools.
Irrespective of their gender, children need constructive and encouraging role models (male or female). Unlike the earlier days, when children did not have much exposure to the outer world, now-a-days, by virtue of the available resources like internet, children have a larger world. Now, they are able to read about and listen to several successful people from different fields such as entertainment, science, education, etc.
It has been observed that children get fascinated by such people and try to emulate them (Rush, 2014). Children watch such celebrities on the television, magazines, advertisements, newspapers, etc. Moreover, it has become a daily routine sort of thing.
When the children watch the celebrities on a daily basis, they ought to be inspired or fascinated by them. So we see that the scenario has changed completely. Earlier, where a child’s role model was his/her father, now, due to exposure to the outer world, the preference has changed.
But if we think it logically, this trend of the children’s preference is not good for their future. Children tend to think about them even when they are not watching the television or reading a magazine (Teens and celebrities, 2014). It is human tendency to run after whatever seems to be good. But we forget the price that we might have to pay for this.
Like for example, what celebrities do on the television is part of their job and they get paid for that. But when children emulate them, they have to spend from their own pocket (indirectly from their parents’ pocket). Moreover, it is not necessary that if any particular celebrity has achieved success, each one of us will also be successful in the same manner. We have our own limitations and we should teach our children the importance of such limitations.
Being disciplined is one of the most critical requirements of being successful. Similar to the habit of achieving targets, discipline also doesn’t come instantly. It has to be inculcated since childhood. Parents can teach discipline to their child by following certain rules. They can have strict time frames for different activities of their child at home such as study hours, watching the television programmes, having supper and other meals, and going to bed. A sense of responsibility can also be imposed on the child by allocating to him/her certain house-hold tasks.
Achieving one’s goals in life is a very important factor of success. Success comes to those who achieve their aims and objectives. Even though there are no fixed parameters for achieving success, it solely depends on the hard work, enthusiasm and motivation of a person. These qualities don’t come instantly but have to be nurtured since childhood.
So parents, who want their child to succeed, should start giving him/her small targets to be completed in a given time-frame. Gradually, the child will be habituated to achieve targets and this will be helpful to a great extent in his/her future life, may it be his/her education or professional career.
Simply by getting involved in their child’s school activities, parents cannot guarantee their child’s success. Parents should be well acquainted with the ongoing educational process and various courses available. Information on when to go for any particular course is very crucial. As for example, parents must be aware of any courses that their child might require before going to the college.
There are various pre-college courses that improve the grasping power of students. Further, a child will not be able to tell as to what he/she wants to achieve in life. But parents, by knowing his/her interests, can assess their child’s inclination and can further encourage him/her to pursue those interests.
20 Reasons why your child needs you to be an active father. (2000). Web.
How do parents influence children in life. (2010). Web.
Rush, M. (2014). Parent vs. Celebrity influence. Web.
Teens and celebrities. (2014). Web.
Gloria Steinem: A Role Model for Millions of Women Research Paper
Out of a variety of inequality types existing, gender discrimination is probably the most aggravating one. Historically, women used to be considered as a weaker sex, and up until recently, they were not allowed to participate in political, social, and economic affairs at the same level and to the same extent as men. Even nowadays, some females suffer from a gender pay gap in many offices or experience discomfort at being treated as merely beautiful adornments to their husbands.
However, for the majority of women, the situation changed considerably after the initiation of the suffrage movement in the 19th century, which found its reflection in the women’s rights movement of the 20th and 21st centuries. One of the most prominent and inspiring activists of the latter is Gloria Steinem. Steinem is a feminist, a liberation leader, and a role model for many women whose right to equality she has been defending ardently for many years.
Steinem’s activity as a female rights activist began in 1960 when the USA started to be involved in a new wave of feminism. Numerous speeches, writings, and programs prepared by Gloria allowed her to challenge “many of society’s injustices” (Attebury 13). Through her active participation in the feminist movement, Steinem succeeded in highlighting the miseries of those living “on society’s fringes” (Attebury 13).
Despite other important achievements, such as fighting for professional and racial equality, Steinem has become most recognized for her work on defending women’s rights. Many people consider it Gloria’s accomplishment that a modern girl can grow up “to become anything she wants to be” (Attebury 13). While Steinem is one of the pioneers of the women’s rights movement, she was not the first one in her family to be a radical feminist.
Gloria’s paternal grandmother, Pauline, used to be an ardent supporter of women’s right to vote. Pauline was born in Poland, and she insisted on going to school despite her parents’ objections (Wittekind 21). She moved to the USA in 1887 after getting married, and there, she served as a leader in various community groups and organizations. It is possible to assume that the eagerness to help the less fortunate was inherited by Gloria from her grandmother. Another reason for the girl’s obsession with freedom was the lifestyle led by her family, the father of which enjoyed living on the road rather than staying in a conventional house (Marcello 11). Thus, Steinem’s determination to be independent and gain the same privilege for many others was nurtured in her since childhood.
Steinem became known as a fighter for females’ rights in her thirties. In 1968, when she was 34, Gloria attended the Democratic National Presidential Convention. In the next year, she became a “staunch” feminist after participating in the abortion speak-out (Marcello xiv). After these events, there was the acquaintance of Shirley Chisholm and Bella Abzug, who became her loyal colleagues and friends (Marcello 114). However, the most famous of them was Steinem, who was known for her refusal to tolerate inequality and the use of radical methods to prove her position.
Gloria realized the unfairness of men’s treatment of women at an early age when she saw how doctors dismissed her mother’s evident mental illness. The activist worked on topics that were not commonly discussed at the time. In 1962, she wrote about contraception, which became available to all females only in about a decade (Karbo). She spoke of abortions long before the topic was legally allowed to discuss. Steinem realized that race and class tended to “double and triple the degree of oppression” experienced by females (Karbo). She shared her own stories of not being trusted by landlords to rent an apartment due to being a woman. Most of all, however, Gloria pitied women of color since they realized that their sufferings were much more intense than those of white females.
While working for the Show magazine, Steiner participated in one of the most renowned undercover experiments, which she described in an article called “A Bunny’s Tale.” Gloria wanted to show how unbearably difficult life is for women working for Hugh Hefner at his Playboy Club (Marcello 79). Steiner described the terrible costumes females had to wear, which were accompanied by push-ups to make bosom look bigger.
There were also high heels which made one’s feet swollen by the end of the shift, Bunny ears, and a white cotton puff for a tail (Marcello 79). However, the outfit was not the worst part of the job. What Steinem wanted to show was the “pitfalls of the seemingly glamorous life” (Marcello 79). Bunnies were constantly sexually harassed, and men seemed not to consider them as human beings but rather as their toys. Gloria’s account of the experience raised a wave of fury among women, more and more of whom realized they were ready to defend their rights.
Throughout her long life, Gloria has initiated and participated in a vast number of activities aimed at gaining equality for both sexes in society. One of the most productive attempts was the initiation of the Ms. magazine, which was used for proclaiming her positions, as well as those of her supporters (Karbo). Steinem has traveled much, spreading the word on women’s rights and participating in conventions, meetings, and conferences.
She has published several books and has received awards for her achievements, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2013 (Keppeler 23). Steinem is considered a “difficult woman” with her own classic “cool, calm, and witty” tone (Karbo). This woman has experienced many difficulties, but her enormous strength helped her overcome all of them.
One of Gloria’s features, which is usually treated as a benefit for a woman, is her beauty. For being too pretty, she used to be dismissed in many endeavors, including magazine founding, political activism, and investigative journalism (Karbo). However, it would not have been Gloria if she had given up, so she kept working on reaching her goals persistently and efficiently. Having spent many decades of dedicated work on attaining equal rights for women, Steinem became “the face” and “the voice” of feminism (Karbo).
Faludi mentioned that “there is only one Gloria, and someone with her combination of conviction, wit, smarts, and grace under fire doesn’t come along every day” (qtd. in Hepola). Indeed, Steinem is a unique personality whose contribution to the improvement of society’s core views on femininity cannot be overestimated.
The modern world has made many achievements in various spheres, including technology, medicine, and science. However, some crucial social aspects that have been bothering societies for centuries still have not found their complete resolution. Gender equality is one of such issues, and Gloria Steinem is one of the most dedicated activists of the movement for women’s rights. Remembering her efforts gives strengths and inspiration to new generations of activists.
Attebury, Nancy Garhan. Gloria Steinem: Champion of Women’s Rights. Compass Point Books, 2006.
Hepola, Sarah. “Gloria Steinem, a Woman Like No Other.” The New York Times. 2012. Web.
Karbo, Karen. “How Gloria Steinem Became the ‘World’s Most Famous Feminist’.” National Geographic. 2019. Web.
Keppeler, Jill. Inside the Women’s Rights Movement. Gareth Stevens Publishing, 2018.
Marcello, Patricia Cronin. Gloria Steinem: A Biography. Greenwood Press, 2004.
Wittekind, Erika. Gloria Steinem: Women’s Liberation Leader. ABDO Publishing Company, 2011.