Harriet Tubman was born between 1819 and 1820 near Buck town in Maryland. The actual date that she was born is not well known since her parents were slaves and there were no proper records that were kept for children that were born by slaves. Despite her being born and brought up in slavery, she was called by many Moses for leading majority of them out of bondage all the way to freedom. Her parents were slaves on Maryland’s Eastern Shore. The family that she was born in was a large one and her parents came from Africa. During the American Civil war, she was an abolitionist, a humanitarian, an integral part of the Underground Railroad, a spy and also a nurse during that period. As she grew up, she passed a lot of challenges since she was born a slave and brought up as a slave meaning that she had no freedom. One of the challenges that she passed through was child labor. At an age of between five and six years, she was loaned out to a different plantation despite that some of her siblings were sold out of the state buyer. In this plantation, she was given the mandate of working in checking muskrat traps that were located in a river. As she continued working here, she became too sick to work and therefore she was returned. At this time she had been malnourished and she was suffering due to excessive exposure to coldness. She was later lent to a different plantation after she recovered from this illness and in this plantation; she was working as a nursemaid to the child of the planter. During her teenage stage, she also worked as a field hand, hauling and plowing wood. All these were difficult jobs for someone who was of a tender age like her and this is considered to be child labor. At this period also, she was able to defend her fellow field hand who had tried to escape from the plantation. She faced the angry overseer who threw a two-pound weight at the field hand which then fell short and hit her in the head which caused a long-life headaches, narcolepsey and seizures to her. These were mistreatments that she faced since she was a slave who was seen to have no rights to fight for her. The marriage family that she had was also a problem since it was not stable and had no peace. Back in 1844, she married John Tubman who was a freeman but she still had to continue working for herself so as to sustain herself. After the death of their master back in 1849, she together with her two brothers ran away from the plantation that they were working as slaves. Her husband did not permit her to escape. Later, her brothers had a second thought and decided to go back to the plantation leaving her alone. She had no plan of going back but escaping completely from Maryland. After this, she left on her own on foot where she had to travel at night only for the sake of ensuring that she was secure and no one could know the route that she had followed. She used the North Star to travel during night and she also get instruction from helpers who were in the Underground Railroad and she was able to travel for a distance of 90 miles all the way to Pennsylvania. Marriage breakage; while she left for Pennsylvania, her husband John married another wife who was a free woman. After she had lived in the exile for a period of two years, she decided to go back and rescue any other slave who was willing to risk escaping together with her family. On her arrival at Maryland, she was shocked to find that her husband had already married another wife after she had left for her safety. She faced many challenges. Later after she was now completely free she had to marry up another husband which was a major challenge to her. Despite all these challenges that she passed through, she continue fighting for those who had been enslaved till they were set free. A good example of this is seen after the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 where she went to Canada where she made many slaves free. On the other hand, James Madison was born back in March 15th 1751. He was raised up in a plantation in sight of the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia, just the same way that Harriet did despite that he was not a slave. His father was rich from inheritance of wealth from his father together with marrying a daughter who belonged to a tobacco merchant and this also added his wealthy. James Madison was a sickly child who never came out of his mother’s sides during her child age, the same way that Harriet served several sicknesses during her early stages. The main different that existed between this two protagonists is that James was born in a freeman family that was also very wealthy, while Harriet was born in a poor slaved family where there was no freedom at all. One of the great differences between the lives of the two protagonists is that James was brought up in a stable family where she was also able to get adequate education that helped her in the future to become a U.S president. He was recognized as the father of the American constitution. On the other hand, Harriet was born in an enslaved family where she had no chance to study since she faced child labor by working in the plantations. As she participated in setting her fellow slaves for freedom, James played a vital role in ensuring that America had their own constitution and he was able to be called the father of constitution, as Harriet was called Moses for enabling majority of the slaves to escape. James played an important role in drafting some of the human rights that were included in the constitution later. The only difficulties that james passed through in his childhood was fear of being attacked by Indians during the French and Indian war of 1754 – 1763. On the other side, Harriet passed through many difficulties including breaking up from her marriage and escaping away into an exile while she ended up breaking her marriage with John, who married a free woman after she had left. As Harriet passed through some health sufferings in her tend age, James also passed through the same. He suffered from psychosomatic which is said to be a stress-induced illness, epileptic fits which is also similar to seizures, a similar disease that Harriet also suffered from and this plagued him on and off throughout his youth stage. After he returned back to Virginia back in 1772, he found himself caught up in tension between the colonist and the British authorities. This was also some of the challenges that he passed through. This can be seen to be similar to the one that Harriet passed through when she treated to defend one of her fellow slaves who had tried to escape from the plantation that led to her obtaining some severe injuries that caused her to obtain severe injuries which led to prolonged headaches. Despite this, the difficult that the two protagonists passed through were totally different. James found himself in trouble while fighting to get into power while Harriet found herself in trouble while fighting to set her free from slavery. These two situations are totally different from each other. Despite this, the two ended up being success. One of the major achievements between the two protagonists is that their fight influenced the society positively. Harriet fought for her fellow slaves to be set free while James for the Americans to have their first constitution that valued human values. Both achieved this with Harriet earning herself the name Moses for enabling many of slaves to escape for their freedom while James was renamed the father of constitution for ensuring that America got a new constitution. He also became the fourth American president. Also, Harriet played a key role in the invention of the railroad conductor. She also should to be very courageous by walking at night while using a star to guide her throughout her walk to the new state where she was able to get freedom and lived a better life.
Harriet Tubman: A Women In US History
Harriet Tubman was a well renowned public figure and a heroine who is popularly remembered for her contribution to the history of the United States. At the same time, Tubman is recognized as the most important symbol in the anti-slavery era. In fact, the actual activities she took part in her entire life made her prominence undisputable (Larson).
In addition, she is the third most identified as an African American historical figure. Harriet was a political activist who was active as early the 1820s.Tubman escaped slavery to become an activist (King et al.). She played a very crucial role in bringing an end to slavery for the black people, bearing in mind that she was brought up in a community where there were entitled in slavery for a long period of time during those eras. She led hundreds of enslaved people to freedom along the underground rail tracks. Her efforts were significant in that they brought a great change for the blacks in the United States.
- 1 Harriet Tubmanr’s Early Life
- 2 Tubmanr’s later life
- 3 Influences that shaped Tubmanr’s career, her personal life, and her family during her era
- 4 Tubmanr’s contribution in the United States
- 5 Tubman’s Controversy
- 6 Obstacles that Tubman faced
- 7 Challenges that Tubman Faced
- 8 How Tubman faced obstacles
- 9 Tubmanr’s triumphs
- 10 Conclusion
Harriet Tubmanr’s Early Life
Harriet Tubman was born between the years 1820 and 1825 in Dorchester County, Maryland in a family of nine children. Too unfortunate for her, both her parents, Benjamin Ross and Harriet Green was enslaved. She was named Araminta Ross. Most of her siblings had been sold to slavery. (King et al.). At the same time, she was deeply religious and her beliefs gave her confidence in enslaving her family and friends. However, she remained illiterate throughout her entire life. Harriett Tubmanr’s life was generally characterized by hardships. She was subjected to physical torture which caused her permanent injuries. She recounted on these scars in her entire life.
Between freedom and slavery, there seemed a huge boundary for them. Harriet was hired at the tender age of 5, as a babysitter. However, she preferred working in the plantations despite the hard activities that were there rather than being subjected to a white woman in household chores (King et al.). During her teenager age and working as a slave, she was hit with a metal object. The instance happened after a refusing to chase after a slave who had left the fields without permission. Unluckily, she obtained head injuries that gave her a real struggle with hallucinating and strange dreams throughout her tender age.
Harriet’s grandmother is believed to have found a way into the United States during the transatlantic slave trade. In this case, their origin is traced to be Ghana, particularly the Ashanti tribe of West Africa. She was married in the year 1844 to John Tubman who was a black free man. Despite marrying a free man, she remained a slave and worked in the plantations for the white men (Siener and Chambers). During this period of marriage, Araminta changed her name to Harriet to honor her mother. However, the couple did not bear any children since they feared that he or she would be enslaved. As a result, they parted ways and in 1869 Harriet married a veteran named Nelson Davis with whom they adopted a child named Gertie.
A few years later, her employer passed on and in this case, her family was at the risk of being sold. To avoid this, she escaped to Philadelphia through the Underground Railroad. The railroad also facilitated the escape of thousands of slaves to different parts of North America. After the escape, she went on settled and started working as a conductor on the railroad. Later on, she returned to Maryland on several occasions where she successfully rescued her family and at least 300 slaves before the start of the civil war (King et al.). During the civil war, she served as a cook, nurse, and a teacher. Tubman also had a role in the relocation of slaves. This made her join the scouting movement in which she hunted down enemy camps. The most important task that she took part in which she accompanied Colonel James Montgomery was to raid a gunboat in South Carolina. The reason behind this target was to enable those slaves who were unlucky to escape to find their way into the Union Lines. As a result, the raid played an important role in the liberation as more slaves successfully escaped. Tubman continued with similar missions while at the same time playing her role as a nurse.
Tubmanr’s later life
At the end of the civil war, she relocated to New York with her family. During this period she continued to be a necessary figure and fought against racism and women rights, she firmly stood for women suffrage and led them in the fight for allowance in the voting system. Tubman traveled to various parts of the United States to advocate for the rights of women (Larson). Despite her elderly age, Tubman still had the desire to yet fulfill another dream. She established a home for the aged. She also engaged in a long time struggle for recognition for her service during the civil war. She made use of her actions while in the civil war and worth noting is that was a speaker in The National Federation of Afro American Women during its first immediate conference.
As she aged, Tubman struggled with headaches and seizures. At the same time, her childhood trauma plagued her to an extent that she had a brain surgery. However the operation did not bear fruits and in this case, she experienced much pain to an extent that she had requested for anesthesia, or a being gunned down by a bullet. Later on, she passed on as a result of Pneumonia and was laid to rest in Auburn.
Influences that shaped Tubmanr’s career, her personal life, and her family during her era
Several factors can be traced back to the time of Tubman which had might have had an impact on her lifelong passions of liberty, equality and self- determination. To start with, Tubman was born in a humble family and was subjected to slavery and torture by the white men who had employed her parents (“Timeline of the Life of Harriet Tubman: Harriet Tubman”). In her life history, we are made to believe that she was born as a slave and she could only alternate only between walking and running like her fellow thousands of slaves hoping that she would one day be free. This unbearable condition opened her mind and as a result, she figured out ways in which she could fight for freedom.
In addition, to skills for adaptation, Tubman gained a great insight in the ability to endure hardships through experience with slave owners. When hired out by Brodess, she was frequently whipped and bore these scars for her entire life. We are told that during this period she was rented to a mistress, who ordered her to perform domestic duties (“Timeline of the Life of Harriet Tubman: Harriet Tubman”). She had no experience to perform the duties and as a result, she used to be punished severely at the same time she was struck with a metal by a slave owner nearly killing her. This exposure made her learn about cruel individuals and how to endure them. This is reflected in the context when she returned to Maryland to rescue her people. Therefore encounter with slave owners impacted her personality which she later on used as a perfection in her career.
Consequently, the experience with slave owners she learned that the life of an enslaved individual was not permanent. Tubman’s parents were answerable to different slave owners. Her family members kept on relocating to different places over time and the marriage system that existed during that era changed with time (Larson). As a result, she was made to appreciate the fact that life and other factors were subject to timelines. Therefore she had to be ready at all times to accommodate new relationships and conform to changes in the environment. We can assert this as we see that she was ready to settle with another partner during the civil war. This was necessary for her quickly come up with an effective resolution to a condition. This had a role to play in her career.
At the same time, during that period the United States was a capitalist state. During her slavery experience, she managed to appreciate the capitalist system. Importantly is that she could be given an opportunity to hire herself while paying a fixed annual fee to her employer in return of the favor extended to her (King et al). Familiarizing with the capitalist system made her appreciate the freedom of having capital that later impacted her goals. In addition, we are told that during the era of civil war, she could work with no pay. The absence of the knowledge of capitalism would have failed because she could not have managed to fund her goal in the liberation of African American slaves.
The Underground Railroad itself had significance in the career of Tubman. She operated as a conductor and this facilitated her ease locomote freely. This acted as a network since she could easily access other regions in Maryland (Siener, and Chambers). In this way she was able to have concepts on the situation in which the people were going through there. She effectively utilized this as a chance to spy on the southern regions in which she was able to identify the areas in which slavery was the word of the day similar to her origin. This factor played an important role in future practice. That is, we later see Tubman using the Underground Railroad to liberate the slaves.
Furthermore, the American civil war influenced the development of her career. During this period, she was a nurse, spy, and a cook at the same time. Her little contribution in the war made her known to an extent that she was offered a position to be a scout (Siener, and Chambers). Once she accepted the offer she was able to meet influential individuals from diverse backgrounds and locations. Most of them were powerful and here she learned the idea of manipulation for her to get the required intentions. Moreover, she managed to develop her communication skills which she later used in the suffrage movements and fighting for the right of women. This polished up her career.
Tubmanr’s contribution in the United States
The famous activist made numerous contributions that impacted the state in a number of ways. It is necessary to understand what her biggest accomplishments were during her lifetime. Some of the contributions are expounded below. First, Harriet Tubman was unconditionally aimed at the abolition of the slave trade by all means possible. Her exposure to slavery for many years was a major contributor to this fight (Siener, and Chambers). At the same time, her experience in leading slaves along the Underground Railroad was significant and also taking into consideration that she was familiar with the land. Moreover, she recruited individuals who were formerly slaves to hunt down for rebel camps and liaise with her on the movements of the Confederate troops. Using all these techniques, she luckily managed to bring many people from slavery to freedom. This pursuit of freedom was a very important contribution.
Secondly, Harriet made an indisputable contribution during the American civil wars. In fact, she was the first woman to lead a military expedition in the history of American wars. (Larson). Moreover, she served as a cook and nurse in the Union Army. Additionally, she acted as a spy during the war. During the war, she still had the ambition to liberate slaves. As evidence, she helped out more than 700 slaves to escape torture. In addition, during her late life, she still reinvented herself where she advocated for women rights in her suffrage movements
One of the major controversies that Tubman was involved in is based on the liberation of the slaves through the Underground Railroad. She contradicted her statement when she was asked the manner in which she managed to enslave hundreds of African Americans via the railroad during the American civil war (Larson). Her response was self-centered and staged. She answered that she could have saved thousands of them, if only she convinced them that they were slaves. In this context, we are left in suspense wondering what her implication was. As a matter of fact, we would expect a more meaningful response. For instance, she could have mentioned the reasons why it was only possible to liberate hundreds of slaves and not thousands. This was a major controversy during her time period.
Obstacles that Tubman faced
Despite her greatest successes in her life by helping save thousands of slaves in the Underground Railroad, Harriet failed to follow any rules. Most of her missions were led by her own manipulated rules (“Timeline of the Life of Harriet Tubman: Harriet Tubman”). However many people could say that was a true inspiration. What led Tubman throughout her mission in the United States was the quote “Failure is the secret to success.” Another failure that we can trace in her life, though personal, is that she did not maintain her marriage with her first husband. So unfortunate, she did not manage to give birth to children. Though the condition during that era was a little bit complicated it would have been a wise idea to sire children who could take after her and continue with her fruitful efforts.
At the same time, she advocated for capitalism which occurred and at the same time torturing the backs of the enslaved population. Through this, the rise of American power found its way to trade founded on colonialism. Europeans could buy products from slavery camps which were plantations (Coker). The increased production of cotton facilitated the continuation of the slave trade so as to meet the demand. This capital investment that made use of paper money really had a role in the continued slavery of Tubman and her people. In this case, she failed in the manner that while she was still working in the plantation she could be hired out other people and in return, she could bribe her boss. This can be seen as a betrayal to her own people.
Challenges that Tubman Faced
Tubman was challenged in helping slaves to escape without being harmed. She could try all means avoid these. During her early life, she faced physical torture from her employer. For instance, she obtained a head injury while trying to defend a slave who had left the field without permission and this condition persisted up to her later years (Coker). At the same time, she could suffer from hunger while she was young and as a result, she had to struggle with her parents to get the daily bread. Moreover while working with the white woman as a babysitter, she could be heavily beaten as she did not have any experience in domestic duties.
How Tubman faced obstacles
Tubman was a religious and devoted woman who used this as a weapon to keep her moving on every time. Another way in which she faced obstacles was by hardening herself. For instance, despite the many years in torture and slavery, she was still focused on her goal to bring slavery to an end (King et al.). Her persistence and stronghold on advocating for justice really helped her overcome the obstacles that she faced in her career. In addition, her quote Failure is the secret to success. Was also an encouragement in her life. All the above made her successfully advance on her career successfully.
Most of the successes that Tubman achieved have been seen throughout the paper. However, we will have a short recap over the same. To start with, Tubman managed to successfully free a large number of slaves who had been captured in various parts of the United States. Secondly, she was able to form troops from the ex-slaves who assisted her to liberate other slaves within a short period of time. She also owned a land which was later on donated for the needy. Nevertheless, she was involved in movements that advocated feminism and the rights of women. Also, she worked as a conductor in the Underground Railroad for 11 years. Her contribution to the civil war as a nurse and a cook at the same time cannot be neglected.
Harriet Tubman is one kind of a hero who has changed the lives of many. She is a great inspiration to the people of the United States and the whole world as a whole. She is a role model to others and itr’s our moral obligation to support such leaders for a better tomorrow.
Persona Of Harriet Tubman
Throughout history, women have fought for their rights to be treated as equals with the opposite gender. Evidence of this has been seen countless of times, but it has become more popular as our society has progressed. Some women are remembered with compassion and thankfulness for their actions.
Among them, there is Harriet Tubman, famous for freeing hundreds of slaves with the aid of the Underground Railroad. As a fugitive, it must have been terrifying thinking of everything that could happen if she was to be caught. However, even as she made it to freedom, her willingness for equality did not stop her from going back and forth to the South, establishing a permanent mark on the future of the abolitionist movement. This research addresses Harriet Tubmanr’s determination to keep going without regrets that led her to free over 300 slaves from bondage.
Growing up, Harriet had to overcome some difficult moments in her life that must have prepared her for the risk-taking journeys she took later on. Miss Susan, one of the first masters Tubman was hired off to, tasked her with cradling her baby, but if it wailed, she would get ruthlessly whipped. Having this happen regularly at night was a bad first experience, but it taught her a lot at the same time. Were it not for these long nights of torment, she might have never stayed focused in the dark, tiresome nights she spent with the Underground Railroad.
In addition, she got the bad luck of living her childhood surrounded by mobs and bogeyman against blacks. These groups of people accounted for an innumerable amount of manslaughters directed towards slaves and kidnappings that scarred Harriet for life. Even during her rescue missions traveling back to the South, she could not bear to stand the dreadful and devastating view of passing by plantations of her people suffering the barbarous treatments of slavery. These recollections made her wish for a world where this did not exist, which is how she was set on going to the north. In an account of Sarah H. Bradfordr’s Scenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman, Harriet describes to Sarah her ideal dream I seemed to see a line, and on the other side of that line were green fields, and lovely flowers. This was what she was going to fight for, and she was not going to stop until it was achieved.
In Catherine Clintonr’s Harriet Tubman: The Road to Freedom, the author argues that the most horrifying thing that could happen to a slave were auction blocks, rather than toiling in the fields, which is exactly how two of Tubmanr’s sisters never saw each other ever again. This loss had a tremendous impact on Harriet that it became the catalyst of her decision to go North. It opened her eyes to all the injustices done to blacks that she became determined in making sure it would not happen to anyone.
Once she reached freedom for herself, she felt like a stranger in a strange land. She knew the burdens that slavery could have on a person, and she did not want to be alone knowing her family was still suffering from them, so she had to go back to liberate them. Harrietr’s niece and her two children were to be sold off, but Harriet managed to rescue them and did not hesitate once. This was a very dangerous plan to orchestrate because back then, this was Harrietr’s first trip back to her home ever since she escaped, so she lacked the resources she had obtained later on. Regardless, she made the trip, corroborating that family was one of her strongest motivators to not give up on her journeys.
Even though she left her parents last to be taken to the North, it was a smart plan because of their age. Making two old, tired people walk long distances is a challenge, but it was one Harriet was determined to accomplish. Harriet carefully thought that she should take the more sustainable, younger slaves so that slaveowners ran out of options as to who to sell eventually in slave auctions. Because of her tactical mind, Tubman succeeded in her goals.
As a slave, it was hard not to get caught between the fearful moments inside a plantation. To get through these tough times, Harriet Green and Benjamin Ross, Tubmanr’s parents, kept their family bond strong and stable with their religion. It helped develop what made Harriet Tubman one of the bravest and most determined black woman of her time, and that is her faith in God. During the time that she became one of the most notorious fugitives in America, the price set for her head was huge, ranging anywhere from $12,000 to $40,000. Nevertheless, when asked how she kept moving forward while knowing this fact, she said Twas de Lord! I always tole him, ?I trust to you. Even though she did not know the way or was in absolute danger of getting caught, she relied on God to help her succeed.
In an article from The Richmond Palladium, a story about how Harriet asked God what she must do while escaping the South is described in such a way that it paints religion into a light of hope for people to follow. When God told her to go left, she obeyed, and soon after that, she found out that the side where God prohibited her to go to was where a searching party of men looking for her was walking by. Everyone that knew her was impressed by how self-assured she was in her faith. A letter written by Thomas Garret, a Wilmington Quaker, quotes She (Harriet) has frequently told me she talked with God, and he talked with her every day. The only fact that Harriet Tubman was confident about was that God was going to be by her side every step of the road, whether it was mentally or physically.
Tubman was surrounded by important people in her life who inspired her to do better. Not only did her parents imply faith in her, but they also set up a great example of strong-will for her, especially her mother. When one of her children was going to be sold away to a Georgia man, Harriet Green was determined to keep him hidden, claiming the first man that comes into my house, I will split his head open. This shows that Tubmanr’s mother was a strong-minded woman who would stop at nothing to get what she wants, foreshadowing to her daughterr’s persistent trips to free her people from slavery. It is clear Harriet Tubmanr’s mother was a great role model for her. Afterwards, Edwards Brodess, her master at the time, promised to give the family their freedom when he died if they stay loyal to him. This sounds similar to Harriet Tubman, as she tended to obtain the respect from her fugitive followers and of white people she worked with because of her actions.
The 19th century was a time of rebellious movements from abolitionists towards whites. These kinds of rebels would often inspire Tubman into her own journeys. One of the most famous persons involved in this was John Brown. In a letter to his son the day after he met Tubman, John describes her as the most of a man, naturally, that I have ever met with. John Brown truly believes that Harriet Tubman has the mentality of a man at that time because sher’s strong, independent, and a reliable soldier. Just as he admires Tubman, Harriet has respect for Brown as well. Because of this, it makes her even more determined to go after her goals of freeing slaves without giving up. Derer’s two things Ive got a right to, and dese are, Death or Liberty one or tother I mean to have. This quote perfectly describes Harrietr’s intentions to be similar to that of John Brown, who ended up dying when he didnt get liberty for blacks.
Although he did not have any face-to-face contact with Tubman, Nat Turner was an abolitionist who encouraged Harriet into her aspiration for freedom. One of the most popular black uprisings of the century was Nat Turnerr’s revolt of 1831, where him and his crew killed over sixty whites less than a hundred miles from where Tubmanr’s home was at the time. Although this event was seen as terrifying for the whites, it was exhilarating for the black community, from which young Tubman was a part of. Nat Turner must have been a big influencer for Harrietr’s bold personality that led her to become a national hero. Regardless of the revolt being a massacre, Turner had obvious beliefs, one of which included that blacks should not be treated as property. Harriet Tubmanr’s revolt to make her belief come true was to free slaves.
During her constant trips, the slaves who accompanied her were obviously scared. To calm them down, Tubman sang verses to them such as Hail, oh hail ye happy spirits, Death no more shall make you fear. These words would not only flow beautifully within the fugitives but also in Tubman herself. The goal of her music was to keep her people strong, so when they were ready to keep moving, Harriet could not give up on her already lifted up followers. Whether she realized it or not, the song meant for the fugitives was also a glimpse of hope for herself.
Harriet Tubman believed that she could foretell the future, which was a great asset in her determination. She claims that when she came to the North for the first time, one of the visions she had when she was younger replayed itself in real life exactly the way she remembered. That is why she constantly rescued slaves from the South without a second thought. She believed that any dream she could possibly have would become true. She was so assured of this because her father also had similar powers, given that he somehow predicted the outcome of the Mexican war.
Knowing the amount of faith in God that she had, she still could not have stayed on track if it was not for the help of friends and white co-workers. Passes were given to her by people who worked with her during the Civil War, allowing her ease of transportation, entrance to a building, or just to grab whiskey. If a white man did all the work Harriet achieved, it would have been easier to free slaves by simply crossing them over, only having to hide the slaves and not himself. That was not the case, so Tubman, as a spy for the Civil War, used these passes to do what she was appointed to do plus help lead rescue missions to free slaves deep into the occupied South Carolina.
Some might argue that because Harriet Tubman was very determined, her actions showed to be too extreme at times. One of her most famous quotes Dead niggers tell no tales depicts how Harriet would often threaten slaves into not giving up, because if they did, she would kill them. In contrast, this did show how smart she was, because even if she let one person go back to the South alive, the chance of Harrietr’s plan coming out to the public would have always been a possibility.
Harriet Tubman was a woman that made history by freeing countless of slaves without feeling content with freedom just for herself. Her fearless and intrepid personality is an abstract subject that has many reasons behind how it was formed and kept steady throughout her trips. What made her so special is that she kept putting herself in danger for an estimated amount of 19 times, even though Tubman herself never kept track of the number of her trips. Almost any book or article about Harriet Tubman will say that it is unknown how Harriet built up the courage to go back to the South, but they do not realize that the answer lays in the events of her life, beliefs, and people she encountered rather than just on hard facts that most historians rely on. All in all, Tubman was a remarkable woman with an amazing story behind her actions.
- 1 Bibliography
- 2 Primary Sources
- 3 Secondary Sources
- Bradford, Sarah H. Scenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman Auburn, NY: Dennis Bror’s & Co., 1869.
- The Richmond palladium. (Richmond, Ind.), 23 March 1869. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- Clinton, Catherine. Harriet Tubman: The Road to Freedom New York: Little, Brown and Company, 2004.
- Lowry, Beverly. Harriet Tubman: Imagining a Life New York: Doubleday, 2007.
Harriet Tubman And Five Greatest Leaders
Comparing Harriet Tubman to five of the worldr’s greatest leaders of all time, I will compare her to Adolf Hitler, Genghis Khan, Cesar Chavez, Gandhi, and Martin Luther King JR. Though some of these leaders believed in peace and were non violent, some of these leaders like Genghis Khan are notorious for their brutality.
Something that a lot of them had in common is that they all led a great fight for what they believed in. Adolf led all of Germany in his quest of supremacy and genocide, like Genghis Khan got an entire empire together to conquer the world. While Martin Luther King JR had revolutionized an entire country to bring equality and peace to light, Gandhi revolutionized the world with his message of world peace.
Harriet Tubman was an outstanding lady who fought relentlessly in her battle for equality. Much like Gandhi, she was a civil rights activist. She had also led a nonviolent battle. She escaped what would have ultimately kept her down, and made a stand. She was also an abolitionist like Gandhi. She fought relentlessly to abolish the cruelty of slavery and racism that not only riddled our country, but rather riddled the countries surrounding us as well. But, where she and Gandhi differ, is that Harriet Tubman did not run a religious campaign though Gandhi did.
She also had similar traits to those of Genghis Khan, though they had very different battles and had very different ideas. While Genghis Khan had sought out to take control of the entire world, Harriet Tubman had sought out to save the world and put an end to all the hatred that had taken over the southern United States. Genghis Khan is notorious to this day for his brutal force and violence he used in his expedition to conquer the world as well as his relentlessness, while Harriet Tubman is also known for her relentless fighting spirit but was not a violent protester. also, Harriet Tubman was an activist, rather than a ruler of an empire that sought world domination like Genghis Khan.
Although both were outstanding civil rights leaders for african americans in the United States, they still had some differences. Martin Luther King JR fought for the same things as Harriet Tubman, but he was wealthy and had not suffered the same brutality that Harriet Tubman had suffered. Alo, Martin Luther King Jr was a wealthy scholar. Harriet being a former slave, she had no money to afford an education and she lived rather poor. They were both very influential characters in the civil rights movement, both led non violent campaigns, and both were extremely determined to make a change happen in our country so that we can have the level of equality that we have today.
Another nonviolent civil rights activist was Cesar Chavez who also led a humongous revolution in the United States. While Harriet Tubman fought for the rights of the African American community, Cesar Chavez managed to create equality for the Chicano, or mexican american, community in America. They had both suffered the abuse of the white people who had attempted to hold them down and treat them as property rather than actual people., but still maintained their nonviolent stance. Cesar Chavez lost his home, and went into a deep depression afterwards. But harriet tubman didn’t have a home, he went out and found a place to call home after escaping the slavery in the South.
I found it surprising that with all she faced, Harriet Tubman never fought back violently, because with all the abuse she took, it must have taken even more courage to not fight back, but to fight back in peaceful protests. Another fact that I found to be surprising, is the that Harriet and someone as evil as Adolf Hitler did have something in common. Though the only similarity is that they both do everything in their power to secure their belief of a better future, it is still a similarity between them. Another fact that i found to be quite interesting, was the depression of Cesar Chavez. I would not have guessed that someone who had fought so hard and had so much determination, would then become even after winning his fight for equality.
Also, I found it interesting that even with all the things Gandhi had went through, he remained such a peaceful man and never caused any harm to anyone. Finally, I found it to be very interesting the strength of Harriet Tubman. Rather than remaining hidden after escaping the south, she became an activist and fought for the entire country to be freed.
In conclusion, through all the struggles and battles Harriet went through in her life, she was a very strong woman and made a great difference. Also, though these great leaders had their similarities, they were also very different from each other. These leaders each led an amazing fight for their beliefs, no matter if their belief was a good belief or a bad one. Either way, they are the worldr’s greatest leaders of all time.
Harriet Tubman: Portrait Of An American Hero
Kate Clifford Larson is an author of three historical biographies. These biographies are: Rosemary, The Hidden Kennedy Daughter (2015); Bound for the Promised Land: Harriet Tubman, Portrait of an American Hero (2003); and The Assassinr’s Accomplice: Mary Surratt and the Plot to Kill Abraham Lincoln (2008). She has a doctorate in History at the University of New Hampshire and has graduated from Simmons College.
She had been a consultant at many museums that relate to the history of Harriet Tubman and The Underground Railroad. Larson has also received many awards, one being the Wilbur H. Siebert Award for her excellent research done on Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad. Bound for the Promised Land: Harriet Tubman, Portrait of an American Hero is the biography of Harriet Tubman which is told through Kate Clifford Larson. Throughout this biography, the life of Harriet Tubman is revealed. This story covers her life in slavery, all the way to her few last breaths and how her actions affected lives today.
Araminta Minty Ross (Harriet Tubman) was born sometime in the early year of 1822 because like most slaves, she did not know her birth date. She was born on the Anthony Thompsonr’s plantation. Six years later she is sold to Brodess and after a few more years, she is hired out to others who were also abusive and cruel. Between 1834 and 1836, Araminta had suffered from an almost deadly accident. She was struck over the head with an iron weigh when an owner was trying to hit a runaway slave, but hit her instead. She suffered from this accident the rest of her life. By 1844 she had married a man by the name of John Tubman. In these years she had taken on the name Harriet in honor of her mother, Mariah Ritty. After being sold again, she fears this to be a repeating pattern, so she ran away in 1849. Soon, she will become one of the most famous conductors of the underground railroad.
She had met many people that have helped her achieve her heroic doings. Most of these people were freed blacks and quakers who were willing to help, and an occasional white who felt sympathetic. These people helped her hide and had hidden other slaves; they provided materials to help them move along. Tubman was a very intelligent and a resourceful person. These traits allowed her to make her thirteen trips back to retrieve her family members and others. She preferred traveling in the winter because there was more time to travel during the darkened hours of night. She would dress in middle-class styled clothes and sometimes even dressed as a male figure, so no one knew who she was.
Strategically, she would plan to leave on Saturdays because the newspaper would not print on Sundays and runaway slaves couldnt be publicized until Mondayr’s paper. Therefore, Harriet Tubman was wise with choosing the people she decided to get involved with. The people that she decided to associate with helped her save approximately seventy to around eighty slaves and possibly more. People believe there was an additional fifty or sixty of whom she gave detail about saving. This also was a successful plan because of her street smart actions.
After many years of Tubmanr’s countless trips back and forth between the Northern states/Canada and to Maryland, she had brought many slaves to freedom through The Underground Railroad. She proceeded to live in Ontario, Canada. Here, she meets John Brown, who got her involved in being more publicly active. She was part of the rescue of fugitive slaves, which was known as the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. Soon the Civil War started; Tubman had worked as a nurse, cook, spy, teacher, and a laundress for the Union force. Under the command of Colonel James Montgomery, she was the first woman to lead an armed raid. During this they freed around 700 slaves, defeat their enemies and proceed to burn their food, buildings and other essentials that they needed. After the Civil War ends in 1865, Tubman moves back home to Auburn. She is hired out as a nurse. She still encountered inequalities from people. One incident being she was when she was heading home she was thrown of a passenger train because of the racist conductor. In the 1880s she was still living on her 70 acre of land and farming it.
In this time, she opens a business of making bricks with Nelson Davis, who was her second husband. Sadly, he died of tuberculosis in 1888. Tubman became even more involved in conventions and attended the suffrage movement of both whites and blacks in the 1890s. During this time she had bought out land and turned it into a home and a hospital for sickened and aged African Americans. In 1913, Harriet Tubman took her last final breaths and is buried next to her brother at the Fort Hill Cemetery in Auburn, New York.
Harriet Tubman had affected many lives. After several long years she had saved countless people through slavery, the Civil War and the acts she had gotten involved in. She is the definition of an American hero through many peoples eyes. Harriet Tubman had put herself at risk a numerous amount of times to save others. Through heartache, abusive and other unacceptable behavior, she still had the heart and motivation to help others before herself.
Harriet Tubman: One Of The Most Essential Leaders
Harriet Tubman: The Moses of Her People and Her Struggle for Freedom The period of history leading up to the Civil War was one of turmoil and immense change- politically, socially, and economically- in the United States. With the war on the brink, many influential people arose during this time of conflict to take a stand and voice their opinions. During this period there was a particularly prominent, if not the most prominent, abolitionist woman by the name of Harriet Tubman.
Tubman was responsible for the freedom of over 300 slaves through the Underground Railroad. Due to her bravery, leadership, and selflessness, Harriet Tubman was one of the most prolific leaders in the struggle to end American slavery.
Because she was a brave and determined woman, Harriet Tubman freed hundreds of slaves during her time on the Underground Railroad, even though this work came with great risk and danger. As one man by the name of Levi Coffin put it,“Abolitionists were very unpopular characters at that time, both in religious and political associations, and many who favored the principles of abolitionism lacked the moral courage to face public opinion,” (Coffin) Utilizing a highly intelligent and effective system called the Underground Railroad developed by abolitionists, Harriet Tubman was able to save hundreds of men, women, and children from slavery. There were great risks to her work, but Tubman saw it as her calling and was eager to help those who needed her.
She was so prolific, she was addressed as Moses, “Her name was Harriet Tubman, they said, but she was better known as “Moses.” A namesake of the biblical prophet who had brought his people out of bondage and into the Promised Land, Tubman had led more of her brethren out of Egypt—as she called the slaveholding South—than any other person, black or white, male or female, in American history,” (Scott King and Taylor). Tubman was known as “the Moses of her people,” because of her work leading others to freedom. As told by the Bible, “He (Moses) helped bring the Israelites out of slavery and leads them for the next four decades,”. We can see why she would be called this, as she led her people from slavery to freedom. Just as Moses led the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, Tubman led black slaves out of slavery in the South.
Another thing that could be said about Harriet Tubman is that she was brave. “Harriet Tubman always carried a revolver on the Underground Railroad, and she was always ready to use it. “‘She could not read or write, but she had military genius,”’ a contemporary said of her,” () This further proves Tubman’s bravery and willingness to lay her life on the line to help her people. She was willing to sacrifice so much and out herself at the forefront of danger for the people she was freeing. In a letter written from Frederick Douglas, a prominent abolitionist leader at the time, to Harriet Tubman, Douglas praises Tubman’s character, comparing her to night and himself to day, referencing society’s failure to recognize Tubman and her achievements. He says, “The difference between us is very marked. Most that I have done and suffered in the service of our cause has been in public, and I have received much encouragement at every step of the way. You, on the other hand, have labored in a private way. I have wrought in the day—you in the night.”
Frederick Douglas, another notable abolitionist throughout the civil war, acknowledges all the substantial work she has done. Praise from someone with a reputation of such a high caliber means that Tubman was not a lost figure in history. Her work being honored by a man with the status that Frederick Douglas further proves how influential and important Tubman was in the fight to end slavery and free those enslaved. One can also see how influential Harriet Tubman was by the bounty put on her head. If she had been some low level, unknown person, the price would have been much lower. However, “Tubman continued to help slaves toward freedom without any consideration of the consequences of being caught. The authorities and slave owners were so desperate to catch her that at one point there was a $40,000 reward for her capture,”. () Her work was so important and well known, there was an extremely high price, especially for the time period, on her head. To be exact, “ $40,000 in 1865 is equivalent in purchasing power to $601,521.47 in 2017,”. () Even with a bounty of over half a million dollars in today’s times, she did not stop her work. All of those opposed to freeing slaves were looking for her, yet she continued on. This amount of money recognizes how important she was to the abolitionist movement and how much of a leader she was.
Harriet Tubman was one of the most essential leaders in the movement to free slaves and a huge part of the Underground Railroad. During her time working, Tubman led over 300 slaves to freedom, including her own family members. She was called “Moses” because of her role as a guide in the struggle for freedom, and she wore this title proudly. The name Harriet Tubman was a name met with trust, respect, and admiration because of her daunting work. She never lost a passenger, and this fact was very important to her. Harriet Tubman gave hundreds of previously enslaved persons a second chance at a new life: one free of enslavement, and instead filled with hope.
Harriet Tubmanr’s Life
Author Catherine Clinton has an astounding way of giving a brief history on Harriet Tubman, the woman we call Moses in the book called The Road To Freedom. In reviewing the two book reviews written by History Professors John W. Quist and Oscar Cole-Arnal, I will be discussing the similarities about their views regarding this particular book and how she made an impact during the Civil War, and the Underground Railroad.
Better known as Araminta Ross, which is her slave name, was born into bondage in Maryland. (Clinton, p. 4) She eventually changes her name to Harriet Tubman when she marries John Tubman who was a free slave. She assumed the name Harriet from her mother.
In 1849, Harriet decided that she would escape slavery by traveling north to accept a new life of freedom. For over a decade, it is estimated that Harriet Tubman has assisted over 300 slaves obtain their freedom, many of which included family members. She saved her money by doing seasonal jobs to help fund her trips. During the Civil War, Harriet also became a nurse to aid wounded soldiers and refugees from slavery.
As I continued to read the book reviews by these two professors, they both agreed that even though Harriet Tubman was illiterate, she knew how to communicate well with the slaves by singing melodies and words which involved secret codes that only the slaves would understand, (Quist, 2005 and Cole-Arnal, 2004) for which I found to be astonishing.
Even though she depicted herself as an old woman, Harriet was in her 20s when she first started her expedition to help freed slaves. The author sets the tone that gives us just enough historical information about Harriet Tubmanr’s private life as a unique and inspirational figure who fought for the rights of free slavery through her trials and tribulations as she faced being once a slave herself. It is also well documented that she had never lost a slave during her travels through the Underground Railroad to freedom.
Clintonr’s interpretation on slavery in her book recognizes the rise of the civil rights movement for both African-American men and women. Harriet Tubman played a vital role for feminism, as well as racism. Both authors mainly emphasized on the positive and negatives of slavery of this courageous and mythological figure in history. We have come to know that Harriet Tubmanr’s life was a struggle for cultural and political awareness of the mistreatment of slaves. Her book made it easy to read and understand how much she was a phenomenal woman with great bravery and power to overcome these obstacles both mentally and spiritually.
Harriet Tubman A Famous Political Activist
Harriet Tubman was an abolishment and political activist. She is known for beginning the underground railroad which provided fugitive slaves with food, and a bed. She made 19 trips into the South and escorted over 300 slaves to freedom and not once did she lose a passenger.
Araminta Ross was born a slave in Maryland and because of slavery, at such a young age her siblings and she were separated despite her attempts to keep them together. Araminta changed her name to Harriet and Tubman when she gets married at the age of 25 to John Tubman a freed black. She was raised under horribly conditions for example at the young age of five she was rented out as a nursemaid where she was whipped, at the age of seven, she was sent to work in the fields, and at the age of twelve, Harriet suffered an injury to the head when she steps in between a fugitive slave and a slave owner leaving her with narcolepsy; causing her to fall into a deep sleep at random. Harriet learned that her family was free base on her motherr’s last ownerr’s will before his death, but their new owner refused to recognize it.
On 1844 Harriet got married to John Tubman but he did not share the same dream; her dream was to travel north to be free. John would threaten her by telling her that if she ran away he would tell her master. With the knowledge that her two brothers Ben and Henry were about to be sold, Harriet resolves to escape with her brothers; but they changed their mind.
In 1849 Tubman was given a piece of paper that had two names by a white woman and gave her directions to get to the first house where she was put into a wagon, covered with a sack and driven to her next destination. In the second residence she hitched a ride with a woman and her husband that were passing by, they took her to Philadelphia where she met William Still; one of the conductors of the underground railroad.
The Underground Railroad consisted of a collection of abolitionists, Quakers, and other people that had established a network of meeting places, secret routes, passageways and safe houses used by fugitive slaves to make their way north to freedom. People in the Underground Railroad formed their own language; code words were used to enable people to communicate about the Underground Railroad without getting caught and to keep the network safe. The individuals who helped fugitive slaves escape from their slave owners were called “conductors”, the areas where they were held in while they traveled were called “stations”, those who hid them in their property were called “station keepers.” Conductors used creative ways to transport fugitives cautiously from station to station until they were free, for example, they were hidden under goods, in secret compartments in wagons, in crates shipped by train or boat. Fugitives were often disguised to keep them from matching descriptions on flyers.
In September Tubman became a conductor of the underground railroad. She returned to the plantation on several occasions to rescue family members, and she made 19 trips to the south freeing 60 to 300 hundred slaves. The actions that the underground railroad network participated in were illegal. The federal government passed the Fugitive Slave Acts in 1793 and 1850 making the underground railroad activities complicated and they tighten their security.
The Fugitive Slave Acts of 1793 demanded that if an escaped slave was sighted, they should be seized for the deportation back to the “rightful” owner and stimulated that it was illegal for any civilian to assist a runaway slave; if anyone refused to aid in the capture of a fugitive, interfered with the arrest of a slave, or tried to free a slave already in custody would go to prison for six months and pay a substantial fine of $500 or $1,000. It declared that slave owners had the right to search for escaped slaves within the borders of free states, but before taking them they had to bring them before a judge and provide evidence proving their ownership. If court officials were satisfied by their proof they were permitted to take custody of the slave and return back South.
The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was designed to strengthen the previous law, creating harsher penalties and set up a system of commissioners. The law stripped runaway slaves off their legal rights such as the right to a jury trial and the right to testify in one’s own defense. Any black could be sent south solely on the testimony of anyone claiming to be their owner.
The Fugitive Slave act produced widespread outrage in the North and any attempts to enforce this act provoked wholesale opposition. Frederick Douglass, Wendell Phillips, William Lloyd Garrison, and John Greenleaf Whittier led the fight against the law. Southerners regarded these attempts to obstruct the return of runaways as a violation of the Constitution and federal law.
Tubman became known as “Moses” because she had led so many people from the South to freedom. By 1856, slave owners had put a bounty on Tubmanr’s head a $40,000 reward. On December 1860 Harriet’s career as an underground railroad conductor had ended. During the 1861 Civil War, Harriet Tubman helped by nursing the sick and wounded back to health. She worked as a spy collecting information for Colonel Montgomery to help him organize the Combahee River Raid. Harriet Tubman also participated in the temperance and the womenr’s rights movements with Susan B. Anthony during the Civil war years. After the war, She got remarried to Nelson Davis and lived her days with him until she died.
A Role Of Harriet Tubman In History
Harriet Tubman was born into American slavery, a world that had been created by social, cultural, legal, and psychological effects for nearly 200 years. The revolutionary war opened new opportunities for African Americans, with growing support by the Quakers and others who were against slavery. Although slavery was becoming non-existent in the North, the elite of the south were against this new movement, and they feared this new ideology, as their economy depended on the supply and demand of cotton.
The south continued to defend their proslavery views, and Harriet Tubman could not escape the harsh circumstances of African American slaves during this period. At the time, no one could have ever imagined Harriet Tubman would become the woman she is known to be today, but the extreme circumstances that she had to overcome led to a legacy that will be remembered forever.
Harriet Tubmanr’s adolescent years were full of neglect. Harriet Tubman lived most of her younger years with her family on a plantation owned by the Brodess family near the town of Bucktown, located near Dorchester County, Maryland. The relationships between Harriet and her family is not well known because she was split apart from her family at a very early age (History). Her mother worked as a cook for the Brodess family, and her father, Benjamin Ross, was owned by Anthony Thompson. Her mother was the property of Matty Pattinson who married Joseph Brodess in 1800, but later died in 1803. It was then that Marry Pattinson married a widower named Anthony Thompson. It was at this time that the Brodess and Thompson family were united by marriage, and the mother of Harriett Tubman, Harriet Green, and her father, Benjamin Ross started a family (Jean McMahon 12).
Harriet Tubman witnessed the injustices of slavery, and the memories were ingrained in her mind from a very early age. It is said that Harriet Tubman believed her mother was slaved illegally, and she was right. She paid a lawyer $5 dollars to look up the will of her motherr’s first master, and she found out that her mother was slaved even long after she was due to be emancipated (Jean McMahon 14). As a child, she witnessed her sisters being taken away with a group of chained prisoner slaves (Jean McMahon 14). Having to deal with such discriminatory experiences at such an early age, Harriet Tubman developed a strong desire for liberation and freedom, not only for African American people, but the family that was taken away from her. Her difficult childhood did not stop there, her first job required her to take care of a new born. If the baby cried at night, she would be whipped by her master. Harriet Tubman was hired from house to house since she was 5 years old, working jobs that were mentally and physically taxing. At the age of 7, she contracted measles from a job that required her to be constantly wet, and she collapsed from exhaustion (Harriet-Tubman).
Throughout all the hardships Harriet Tubman faced in her childhood years, it seems she was born with a virtuous sense of character and fighting spirit, and her true character was unveiled when she stood up for a fellow slave. Her master demanded she help whip the slave for going to the store without permission, but she refused. The slave tried to run away, when the master picked up an iron weight and threw it. Harriet Tubman was struck in the head, with the weight crushing her skull. The attack left her permanently scared, and she would have seizures for the rest of her life (Americar’sLibrary). The extreme difficulties she faced as a child would be monumental, and the strength that she developed was necessary for the next chapter in her life.
Harriet Tubmanr’s middle years would set the tone in her search for freedom for her and her people. At the age of about 24 years old, she married a free man by the name of John Tubman in 1844 (Jean McMahon 15). Little is known about her relationship with her husband and she is not known to have any children in her life. At the time, slaved woman married at a very early age, and they were often advised to have children early. Punishment was often a consequence of deciding not to have children early. Even so, Harriet Tubman married in her later years compared to her peers, and it is believed that her mother may have played a role in doing so. Mothers of slaved woman during this period attempted to slow the pace of courtship (Jean McMahon 15).
The relationship between Harriet Tubman and John Tubman is said to have been a complicated one because she was still a slave while he was free man, but this very fate would be her opportunity to focus on the task at hand and pursue her escape (Jean McMahon 15). On 1849, her master, Edward Brodess died, and he left a will that stated the Tubmanr’s would be slaves for the purpose of raising his family (Jean McMahon 16). Harriet Tubman would have other plans, and she decided her escape in 1849, with two or three of her brothers (Jean McMahon 16). However, fearing the all the horrible things that might happen to them if they were caught, the brothers retreated, and Harriet Tubman was own her own.
Harriet Tubman’s Fight Against Slavery
Harriet Tubman was a very accomplished woman with many great aspects under her belt. Using the underground railroad Harrietr’s greatest accomplishment will bring down slavery freeing over 300 slaves. This meant the north aided in the escape of the slaves from the south, as a result, this made the south angrier leading to the civil war.
In Dorchester County, Maryland in the early 1800r’s Harriet Tubman was born into slavery. Her name was originally Araminta Ross later changing it to Harriet after her mother. Araminta (Harriet) was one of eleven children and the daughter of Harriet Green & Benjamin Ross. All throughout Harrietr’s childhood she experienced a system of slavery in which she was isolated from the rest of her family. Harrietr’s childhood only lasted a few years by the age six and seven she was considered an adult and had to work. For all of Harrietr’s jobs, she was forced to do them for the most part independently. Some of Tubmanr’s jobs included being a nursemaid looking after younger children, she was also hired out to be a hunter and trapper and a weaver breaking flax. If the owners she worked for werent happy with the results of her work or satisfied enough she was whipped servilely.
The main reason Harriet Tubman fought so hard for her beliefs and for her freedom stemmed from her hardships in life and the conditions she was raised in. She was constantly whipped, she was even hit with a heavy iron weight crushing her skull making it a lot harder for her down the road. When Harriet was around twenty years old, she married a free black man named John Tubman hoping she would become free herself. Unfortunately, it did not work in her favor and later Harrietr’s owner dies and she risked being sold like her sisters. This is when Harriet took the opportunity to escape through the underground railroad. Tubman risked being captured, her ears being cropped off (cut) and being branded as she traveled from Maryland to Pennsylvania. Harriet had freed herself and now intended to free her family and others as well.
As Harriet started to free the slave’s congress was handling matters of slavery because if slavery was outlawed the southerners threatened to leave the union. In around 1850 the fugitive slave act was passed, and all citizens had to return runaway slaves. This also meant that even if you were a free slave you could still be charged as a runaway slave like the former freed slaves that were sent back to slavery. For Harriet, this meant that she had to be extremely careful that she nor her followers were caught. Because of the changed made by the fugitive slave act, Harriet Tubman decided to redirect the underground railroad so that it would lead to Canada because their slavery was completely banned. Although It was a lot tougher on Tubman, she continued to make trips back and forth, in fact, she never lost a single passenger.
After saving her niece and kids from getting sold Harriet returned to Maryland for her husband to discover he was remarried and had no desire to be with her any longer. Harriet becomes very well known in the north for all her hard work. She no longer worked alone she was accompanied by abolitionists who were important to her. People that vindicated the abolition of slavery by helping with food clothes and shelter guiding the slaves to freedom. Two of the most compelling abolitionists who helped Harriet were William Still and Thomas Garrett and the most influential Frederick Douglass. Garett had provided Harriet with all of his money and supplies, he made sure she was safe through her journey. On the other hand, Fredrick compared himself as being very different from Harriet. He felt he had done his antislavery work in the light with encouragement as Harriet had done hers in the dark. Fedrick applauded Harriet for being so brave and strong hearted as he stated I know of no one who has willingly encountered more perils and hardships to serve our enslaved people than you have
At this time Harrietr’s actions had led up to the Civil War. During this time Tubmanr’s role was working side by side with the men in the Union army. She was set on helping the united states helping fight for everyoner’s freedom. Harriet Also served as a spy reporting to the army and aiding left behind blacks.