Thomas Edison: First of the Greatest Inventors in History
Have you ever wondered why Thomas Edison is called “one of the greatest inventors that ever lived”? Thomas Edison invented many useful things that changed the world. His creations of the phonograph, incandescent light bulb and the motion picture camera helped the world be more productive and efficient in their daily lives.
The phonograph made life easier. It was Edison’s favourite invention, created in 1877, to record sound. It contained two needles. The first needle recorded the sound by indenting it onto a cylinder covered with tin foil. The second needle played back the exact sound. The benefits of the phonograph were far-reaching. Edison imagined the phonograph could record music, important conversations and speeches. He dreamed that it could create talking books for the blind, music boxes, and a way for recording a message on a phone when the person did not pick up. All of these came true! The phonograph’s recording ability allowed the world to access news, music, messages, education, speeches and entertainment when at home or at work. People did not have to go to concert halls or clubs to listen to performances by famous musicians. They could listen whenever they wanted to. For example, many soldiers of World War I brought a phonograph to war. The phonograph’s music was used to cheer the soldiers up! The phonograph made entertainment, communication, and learning more available and convenient, saving time and money. The world was never the same again! The incandescent light bulb changed the world. It used low electric current to heat a filament until it glowed. It had already existed, but its light lasted a very short time. In 1879, Edison experimented with different filaments to make it last longer. He found that the cotton thread could last for over thirteen hours! Later, he found yet another filament made of carbonized bamboo which lasted over 1,200 hours! Edison’s work resulted in a longer lasting light bulb. Prior to the light bulb, people mainly used oil lamps and candles, but these had a greater risk of fires and fumes in the house. Having a longer lasting light provided protection as people could see hazards in the dark. They also used the light bulb to do their work at night. Work days lasted longer, resulting in increased productivity. Also, people could spend more family time together even at night.
Another major benefit of the incandescent light bulb was its low-cost. People today still buy the incandescent light bulb, even though it uses 80% more electricity than other light bulbs. Edison made the light bulb so affordable, he said, “only the rich would dine by candlelight.” His priceless invention allowed society to be safer, more social, more productive and more efficient. The motion picture camera was vital in making entertainment more accessible to the world. In 1892, Edison and his men built the Strip Kinetograph, which was the early motion picture camera. The “strip” was a 35mm celluloid film that was wrapped around a wheel. The film was moved by sprockets in stop-and-go motion behind the shutter. Edison’s team also built the Kinetoscope, which was a machine to watch movies. Edison is sometimes called the “Father of Motion Pictures.”He once said, “I am experimenting upon an instrument which does for the Eye what the Phonograph does for the Ear.” Edison’s motion picture camera filmed magic shows, plays, cowboys, and boxing matches. People could then watch recorded shows, news, and movies from the comfort of their own home. They did not have to rely on live-action shows or travel to specific destinations. This saved them time and money. Edison’s creation paved the way for later inventions that allowed the television and filming industries to grow. Our society relies on television and movies for entertainment, relaxation, education and socialization. The phonograph, incandescent light bulb, and the motion picture camera increased productivity and gave greater access to both knowledge and entertainment. Edison’s inventions had a powerful impact on our world. His inventions changed society forever!
Creator of the First Light Bulb and Great Inventor – Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison is born in Milan, Ohio, in the winter of 1847. He is the youngest of seven Children. His parent are, Samuel and Nancy.
At age 12, he starts working as a new butch on the Grand Trunk Railway where he sold newspapers, magazines, candy, sandwiches, paperback novels, and whatever else his customers needs, also fresh vegetables that had been grown on his father’s land,his fresh vegetables becomes so popular that he opens a vegetable stand at the Port Huron station. Eventually, he prints his own newspaper, the Weekly Herald, to sell on the train.
After seven years he begins work as a telegraph operator at the main Wester Union office in Boston, Massachusetts, he starts to sell some of his telegraphic inventions.
Thomas Edison is famous for registering over a thousand patents in his career as an inventor. In Boston, he registers his first patent, for an electronic vote recorder. He find few takers for his invention. Although he would eventually become a businessman, this first venture failed.
But this failure didn’t slow dow the young inventor, his starts his own business which is fixing and repairing telegraph wires.The failure of the vote recorder had taught him a valuable lesson, inventing is not enough,so he thought to invent something people would d buy, then he invents an improved stock ticker, that was an electronic device that businessman used to keep up to date with the quickly changing prices on the stock exchange, which becomes a success.
He buys a home in Menlo Park New Jersey, after getting married and having two kids. And builds a new laboratory next to.
Alexander Graham Bell took the technology of the telegraph to the next level, announcing in March 1876 that he’d successfully created the world’s first working telephone. It was a landmark discovery and Edison was very jealous. Then he figures that although, he didn’t make the first telephone, he would make the best telephone. As a result of his sense of competition, Edison and his saff successfully test their phonograph,that makes him famous all over the world. On1876, Edison files his first patent application for the phonograph. Edison starts thinking seriously of electric lighting. On 1879, Edison and his team discover a long burning filament for his incandescent light blub, and he demonstrates his working incandescent light blub and lighting system to large crowds of eager sightseers outside of his Menlo Park lab.This innovation, solidified Edison’s reputation as an inventor, and it made him one of the most famous scientists in the world. On 1891, Thomas Edison purchases the Ogden Iron company in Ogdensburg, New Jersey, which eventually fails. After one year, the General Electric company is formed, merging Edison’s company with the rival Thomson-Houston company.
Also, William Dickson produces the first motion picture to receive a copyright, by the end of 1894, Edidon’s team will copyright approximately seventy-five films. In this year, the first commercial viewing of Edison’s peephole kinetoscope is held in New York city. September 1900, Thomas Edison suspends activity at his Iron-ore operations, his greatest business failure. Edison will later recycle some of the machinery for use in cement and storage- battery businesses. And he organizes the Edison Storage Battery Company. By the following year, he’s successfully road-testing electric vehicle equipped with his batteries. December 1903 , the Edison manufacturing Company releases Edwin S. Porter’s The Great train Robbery, an important milestone in film history. On 1910, Edison exhibits a scale model of his poured concrete house at a real estate exhibition in New York city. August 1926, Edison steps down as the president of Thomas A.Edison, leaving his son Charles to oversee all of the business interests. Finally on 1931, Thomas Edison dies in Glenmont, New Jersey. Thomas Edison was a persiste inventor who don’t give up and achieve his ideas whatever they take, a curious person who wants to understand everything, a creative man who changed the world to the best, a opportunity chaser and a business builder.
How Thomas Edison Teach Us not to Give Up
There goes a saying that: “Adversity causes some men to break while others to break record”(William Arthur Ward) Thomas Edison, being the youngest child of a family which have seven kids, was expelled from school and taught by his mother, sold candy in train carriages at an early age while kept researching and experiencing in his self-created laboratory and finally become one of the greatest inventor of all time. The story is the life of Thomas Edison-the inventor of the light bulb which generates an industrial revolution all over the world. Edison was and will always be the representative of a hopeful man, who surpass his own ability in spite of several arduous challenges. In this essay, there will be reasons for people’s weakness to give up as well as persons who have left behind their difficulties and set their own record.
“We all have our own life to pursue, our own kind of dream to be weaving, and we all have the power to make wishes come true, as long as we keep believing.”(L. May Alcott). The quote have presented one of the most common reasons for people’s sponge in life: lost of belief in themselves. Receiving several criticisms from friends as well as others, people will become afraid to try, to experience new thing and become inferiority of themselves. For instance, a black teenager will be afraid to dance in the school’s festival because of his color skin being ridiculed as the lower races. However, be that as it might be, Nelson Mandela, the first black president, have certainly surpassed the races barrier thanks to his talent and determination as a president. To sum up, self-confidence is a crucial manner for a person to bravely complete their match without fear of criticising.
The second reason for people giving up is their indolent and lack of managing time and work while doing a task. Having an Inconsequential schedule, people will find it much more difficult to complete a task as the period of working can be too long or too short, which can cause both tiredness and less effective. For example, a timetable of a student is too dense can create the feeling of boredom every time he works and can lead to the boy’s scariness of studying. However, a too space-less timetable is not working, also. The boy will just have to much time of doing his own habit instead of studying his homework. So, a well-managing schedule can be the best support for your work.
However, in order to solve the problem effectively, solutions must be under consideration. To people who afraid of criticism and underestimate themselves, learning to build their own belief and motivation is the best way to get rid of the issue. Going to church, listen to music, create social relations and sometimes eating will do the matter. if these do not work, find and see a psychology doctor diagnose your mental state is also cost-effective, by the way. With these methods, your squareness and loss of belief in self-abilities can be rebuilt day by day until it disappears. About people who have difficulties in time-managing, rebuild their schedule is obviously on the list of solutions. Instead of deciding how many hours of working or study a day, people should clearly analyze the job and separate the progress day by day but never forget to set time for entertaining and relaxed.
In conclusion, according to Edison’s life story, we now learn that the determination to overcome adversity and surpass our limitation in fact not as difficult as we imagined. With the suitable schedule as well as a certain feeling of confidence in our own ability, difficulties can be solved easily.
Thomas Edison – How Belief in Yourself Overcame Everything
Many know Thomas Edison for inventing the electric light bulb, one of the most important inventions ever to be built by man. Thomas Edison wanted to expand the way entertainment reached people especially the middle class. By doing so, he had his own plan. The Kinetoscope, better known as Edison’s “peep show” was a viewing machine which showed short motion pictures for the length of one minute. It became widely popular between 1893 and 1896. Edison’s vision for the Kinetoscope was to connect his talking machine to projected photographs. As the Kinetoscope business grew popular, competition seemed to grow stronger.
Edison’s view on the kinetoscope and the kinetograph were similar but yet different they served different purpose, the kinetograph was a fast motion camera, which took about 46 shots in a second or so which when you play it would look as if the pictures were moving, almost like a flipbook. Which this “picture movie would play for up to 30 minutes or just about, plus you were about to add sound to the film. The American Mutoscope and Biography company introduced to the public a competing machine, the Mutoscope Viewing Machine. This machine used postcard-size flip cards unlike the kinetoscope which used strip film. Mutoscopes became very popular in amusement parks and are still used now. The mastermind behind this new competing machine was Thomas Edison’s old assistant William K.L. Dickon. He stopped working with Thomas Edison in 1895.
Dickson and Edison were both very hard working. They were “busy men, preoccupied with the complex task of making movies.” They made sure to have total control over their projects. Because Dickson was more hands on then Edison, Dickson discovered which themes for peep shows were more popular than the rest.Edison and Dickson were able to collaborate their visions. As a result they both came up with motion picture projections at a large scale. This of course drew the public and audience in drastically. Due to all the hype
, Edison soon became his own obstacle to his progress. He lied to the public by telling them he was so ahead of his time that many greater inventions were on their way, he was even credited for inventions which he didn’t create. Since it was an early age, mostly everyone believed in Edison especially after winning so many patent wars thus causing other film companies to feel uncompetitive.
Thomas Edison: an Incredible Inventor
One of the most well known technological innovator and manufacturer was Thomas Alva Edison. He invented many devices which are still being used today, with some modifications. He even built a vote-recording device before he was twenty-one. Some inventions were the phonograph, incandescent light bulb, and the kinetoscope, which was much like a motion picture camera. In total, he has patented 1,093 inventions. He earned the nickname “The Wizard of Menlo Park”.
While Edison was in Newark, NJ, he and a team of researchers worked on different aspects of projects. He would hire unique and brilliant individuals. Each were given specific research responsibilities. He took the time to take meticulous logs off everyone’s responsibilities, their progress, and their discussions. All progress needed to be put down somewhere. This becomes useful later on for when he gets a patent lawsuit. Edison moved with some workers to Menlo Park, New Jersey in 1876 to allow this place to be an “invention factory”. This was the start of some of the greatest innovations. He worked with Charles Batchelor and John Kruesi and together they “made major discoveries involving the telephone, the phonograph, the electric light bulb, and the electric generator” (Caery). Menlo Park was essential to this time period because the concept of it was new. It was a facility specifically for inventing new technology. Technology was just starting to come forth and slowly build up speed. Eventually, competitors started to make their own research and development type facilities similar to Edison ‘s Menlo Park. None were able to match or truly compete against it.
Menlo Park is an essential part of modern businesses. It represented the first research and development facility. What Edison does in Menlo Park creates a strategy of innovation that even businesses use pieces of in today ‘s structure. A known concept of what Edison does is called technology brokering. There are two main parts to it. One is to connect distant communities. Some companies take part in different industries and markets which allow the company to see how technology can effect one market. Two is so that they then can see if that technology can be applied to their other industries. When one technology is in used in another industry, that becomes its own community, which can be expanded upon. It would require new networks of people that can lead to new ideas. It also allows new challenges to be solved and allows technology to reach other industries through the new ideas and communities. An example with Edison ‘s telegraphy, which consists of transmitters, specific batteries, and receivers, can be used in other aspects and places. He built a police alarm which had a dedicated telegraph line from home to police station (Hargadon). Another example is a gold-price indicator he built, which uses the telegraph and an automatic recorder. With this, it would sent gold prices to the stock market offices (Hargadon).
Edison had competition with other innovators. Competitions grew to see who could get a patent for an invention first when multiple companies are working on a similar idea. For example, Edison, Alexander Graham, and Elisha Gray were competing for the telephone patent. Bell won since he was able to publicly display a working telephone model. Later on, the telephone that Bell manufactures eventually uses parts from Edison ‘s design (Carey). Other inventions that Edison made, such as a way to strengthen in longer distances, eventually were integrated into Bells other models. This type of competition is extremely time sensitive. Having Menlo Park ‘s lab as just a research and development area helps with the researchers since they would only need to focus on their research. Bell Labs is a company that is still up and running even today. This brings up some questions. If Edison and his team finished the telephone on time, with a demonstration ready, how different would today’s telephone company ‘s be? With Bell Labs, they created many departments that grew and eventually separated from the company. Would today be different if Bell Labs never existed and none of the companies were built?
One of Edison ‘s most significant event was when he found a way to make electricity useful. He worked with George Westinghouse and Nikola Tesla during the late 19th century so bring electric lighting into houses and offices. Incandescent lighting is when light is produced by heat. Around 1870s, there was already lighting called arc lighting. Those were placed in large indoor rooms such as a stage and outdoors in streetlight lamps. Arc light was proven to be impractical in housing or offices. During the 1879, Edison did research in an entire electrical systems which would deal with a generator, a distribution system, and a light bulb. His main focus though was the light bulb. It needed to be strong enough so that the heat wouldn ‘t cause the light bulb to explode. He worked with carbon filaments which burned inside a glass globe as electricity flowed through the filaments. During the same year, Edison worked with Francis Upton to make a generator that produced direct current, which is also what Edison is very well known for. Direct current was used for incandescent lighting.
With what he currently had in lighting, he was able to get investors, such as J.P. Morgan, to form Edison Electric Illuminating Company of New York in 1880. At this point, Edison made a simple and basic distribution system between his generator and his light bulbs. In 1881, the company started building places for the generators and the cables that connect those to buildings in New York. There was no point in staying in Menlo Park, so in 1882, Edison closed that lab and moved to New York City.
Direct current and indoor lighting had become commercialized. People can pay for electricity, wiring, and light bulbs. During that time period, Edison removed gas lamps and any danger they caused. With lighting commercialized, Edison can find different ways of using light bulbs. Whether he did or not, does not matter, what matters that in our time, we are still using the concept of wiring and light blubs. A lot of wiring, electrical distribution, and light bulbs have changed over time to be safer and more efficient. Other inventors found different ways of applying light bulbs such as flash lights. We also still pay for electricity.
This brings up a few question. It was known that there was a rivalry between Nikola Tesla and Edison. Tesla announced that he had found a way for free energy while it was wireless energy. But he stopped working with Edison and could not find enough funding for this project. In the end, he only completed a portion of it. If Edison wasn ‘t such a great business man, would we have free electricity today? Or another phrasing of the question, if Edison wasn ‘t so greedy for fame and tried to work with Tesla, would there be free energy today? Would technology be further ahead if Tesla and Edison worked together?
In 1887, Edison built a five-story laboratory in West Orange, NJ. He mostly moved on from electricity after the formation of General Electric Company in 1891, which is composed of Thomson-Houston Electric Company and Edison ‘s manufacturing operations. He focused on motion pictures, storage batteries, and mining. Edison met a photographer who photographed animals in motion which lead Edison to try to develop a solution. He based his approach on “recording movement as if it were sound” (Carey). With his research team, they invented the kinetograph, which would be considered the first motion picture camera. Sadly, it only allowed one viewer to see the images move. Nonetheless, the concept reached modern times. The projection has also become much stronger and detailed.
In the 1890s, he started working on storing power with alkaline batteries. It was made with a purpose of powering homes that didn ‘t have electricity to “powering telegraph signals along remote stretches of railroad track” (Carey). In today ‘s world, alkaline battery is used often. The double A batteries used in a television control is an alkaline battery.
Edison was known as an inventor and a businessman. Some of his business strategies and innovation strategies are part of today ‘s technology company ‘s structure. Many of what was invented by him and his team have been redesigned for safety and for today ‘s needs. No matter what, a concept of something he made will live on in business and technology.