Defining Success in Gladwell’s Outliers: The Story of Success
An outlier is defined as a value that stands out from all the other values. In the book outliers by Malcolm Gladwell, the readers are shown the stories of success of the odd. Gladwell’s definition of success aligned greatly with the success story of Steve Jobs, the co-founder of Apple. As Gladwell describes, Job’s hour of hard work, his wisdom, family, and attitude contributed to his success. Job’s carried these characteristics which made him an “Outlier” as Gladwell described.
In Outliers, Gladwell defines success as an attribute you are born into. The biography of Steve Jobs’ exhibits the concept of an Outlier as Gladwell describes. From being adopted to, dropping out of college, to creating a multi-billion company, Jobs’ has proven himself;f to be an Outlier. Gladwell states “Working hard is what successful people do…” (Gladwell 280). That is exactly what Jobs’ did and him a successful man in this fierce world.
According to Gladwell, researchers have come with 10,000 hours which roughly equals to 10 years, for a person to excel in any activity. He uses Mozart to prove his 10,000-hour rule. Mozart’s first pieces weren’t very successful but, he composed his masterwork at the age of 21, which by then he has completed 10,000 hours. This rule can be applied to Steve Jobs success story. He worked day and night for hours and hours trying to create a system which no one has ever created. His hours of work for years added up to 10,000 hours by the time they were ready to launch the extraordinary product.
Apple was not solely found by Steve Jobs. Behind that great achievement, lies the hard work of many. Such as Steve Wozniak, Mike Markkula, etc. “ Steve Wozniak stayed with Apple since the beginning. “ To say that Steve Wozniak was wowed with the idea of a computer in a small box might be an understatement.” (Bluthmen 55). Wozniak’s geniuses lead apple to a bigger and higher place. Not only Wozniak but, Mike Markkula, former marketing manager of Intel had a huge impact on the success of Apple. “If Steve wasn’t thinking big enough, Mike Markkula definitely was (Bluthmen 77). Not only these but many more contributed to Apple. Jobs had many people around him guiding and helping his throughout the course. As Gladwell would say, it was not just only the geniuses that mattered their creativity and innate knowledge played a bigger role.
Gladwell point outs hidden factors that determine one’s success. He explains how inheriting wealth produces more opportunities for one. This factor can be seen in Jobs success story. “ The family bought a house in Mountain View, and as Paul put together his workshop in the garage,…. (Blumenthal). From him getting adopted to, moving into California were steps towards his success. Getting adapted to a more wealthier family gave him access to move to California and moving gave him more opportunities many kids did not have back in the time. When many kids did not have access to a computer, Jobs got the privilege to experience and learn new things. Jobs parents taught him“ how to build things, put things back together (Blumenthal 9). As Gladwell explains, the location you are born impacts greatly, as it opens up more opportunities for you, which then lead to your success.
Gladwell uses rice paddy farmers to demonstrate persistence and attitude towards your job. He describes how rice paddy farmers have to work throughout the year, harder than any other farmer growing rice requires additional attention and patients. Using the paddy farmers, Gladwell demonstrates the attitude and persistence one needs to succeed in life. “ He finished work late at night, arriving home at about ten p.m and fall into bed. Then, he’d get up at six a.m, shower, and do it all over again. (Blumenthal 197). Jobs’ success story is shown proving Gladwell’s definitions of attitude and persistence towards life true. Job’s would not have been able to produce the great company Apple without tenacity and positive attitude towards the creation. Jobs succeeds in proving the saying, hard work leads to success.
As the audience of both Outliers and the biography of Steve Jobs, it is visible how much of Gladwell’s concepts of an outlier aligns with Steve Jobs’ life and success story. Many factors, such as the 10,000-hour rule, the power of inheritance, his wisdom, persiatnceness, and attitude towards life. Jobs’ was able to achieve the success he desired through these qualities. Jobs’ can be distinctly identified as Outlier with the help of Gladwell’s concepts.
Attaining Greatness: Deliberate Hard Work or Luck
William Shakespeare, an English poet, believed that “Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them.” Most people perceive greatness as achieving a skill with excellence and a level of mastery, as well as being better than most persons also attempting to perfect that same craft. Humans are competitive by nature, and wanting to be the best is a significant desire for most. Striving for greatness is a fundamental human drive. Everyone wants to be the best at something or, maybe even everything. Some may have innate talent in a special area that may make them achieve greatness a lot easier than most. People have to keep working at perfecting their craft to maintain greatness. It takes a lot of hard work, practice, and consistency to be great, yet some do all of that and still have yet to achieve it. Thus, how does one attain greatness? The other day I interviewed an old friend, Yousef, to get an opinion on the topic. Yousef said no matter what it is people want to do in life they can be great at it. if they devote all their energy, time, and feelings towards getting better at that craft there’s going to come a day where everything just clicks. All that hard work they did to get to that moment will be worth it and will make sense if they just focus their energy on one thing. People have to want it with all their heart and mind. Yousef also mentioned the law of attraction, and that it allows an infinite amount of possibilities.
People need to imagine themselves with getting positive outcomes and no negatives one. Being great at great at your craft is something the universe will help them out in achieving. They have to want it with every fiber of their body and do the work that they need to do to be able to achieve in attaining it one day it’s going to click. They will look back at all the hard work they put in and it’s all going to be worth it. After interviewing Yousef about how to attain greatness, finding the answer won’t be as easy as predicted. Yousef is someone who puts in the work for something and most of the time gets a great successful outcome. Yousef’s point of view is about people’s work ethic and about the law of attraction. For him it is more spiritual yet for most it is not. Usually people believe greatness comes purely from hard work and dedication. Some people even believe that greatness can come naturally with those who have innate talent. Greatness can be achieved in many ways and can mean different things for people. As for Yousef he looks at greatness as being above average and being better than most and having to work hard for what you want to achieve. Yet some may look at it as just simply being skilled at something, not necessarily above people but just being good at what one does.
Greatness can be looked at in many ways and achieved in different methods. In an article from Psychology Today, psychologist, Dr. Jim Taylor talks about what it takes to be great. Dr. Taylor says that greatness can not just be done by the amount of time you put in. The reality of it is that genes matter, whether it be from inborn intelligence or physical talent. People can’t control their genes, so Dr. Taylor says to focus on getting the most on what you do have. He claims people’s goals should be to find their personal greatness. They should find out whatever natural talent they were born with. That innate ability may not be enough to be the best of the best, but if you put in the work necessary, you will find a reasonable level of success. Those who find personal greatness can experience the same intrinsic benefits as those who are truly great in their field. That experience is the real reason why people suffer blood, sweat, and tears as they pursue something as elusive and unlikely as greatness.
After reading Dr. Jim Taylor’s article, I’ve realized that I have a similar view on the topic. I agree that people who are born with talent have an advantage over those who are not. Those that don’t have innate abilities are going to have to work much harder. Talent is the only starting point to greatness, so it puts those people ahead to be excellent. Nevertheless, people with inborn talent still have to work hard to achieve the greatness they desire. However, I do not agree that people without natural abilities should give up on trying to be great and settle for less. As said before, they need to work twice as hard as those who do. But acquiring ‘personal greatness’ should not be the limit for people. Getting slowly better every day, by being committed, patient, and persistent people will eventually become great at their craft. In chapter 2 of Malcolm Gladwell’s book, Outliers, he talks about something called the 10,000 hour rule. Gladwell provides evidence that claims for an individual to become an expert in any skill, they need to spend about 10,000 hours practicing or working on it. He talks about statistics that show all successful people in their fields had at least 10,000 hours of experience before they made it big. Gladwell says that it usually takes about a decade to get in 10,000 hours of practice and people need a lot of luck and extraordinary circumstances.
He talks about a couple of successful people like Bill Joy, Bill Gates, and the Beatles and how they all had special opportunities to be able to reach 10,000 hours. Bill joy found a way to log in hours in a lab for free, Bill Gates went through a series of lucky events, and the Beatles played seven days a week for 8 hours or more a day. It was through experience that they gained from the hours they put in that made them so great and successful at what they do. Gladwell states that most people do not have fortunate circumstances that allow them to pursue their passion in dedicated time blocks. successful people share a similar story because of the luck they’ve had, they were able to spend about 10,000 hours on their craft. Although I do believe that the 10,000 hour rule holds true, I do not think that it’s the only thing necessary to be great and successfulI. people need to focus more on the quality of the practice and not the amount of time spent practicing.
Being great at something requires deliberate practice not just practice. It requires people to be motivated and performing tasks that stress the areas in which they need improvement on and not just mindless repetition. Most people also do not have the time to accomplish the full 10,000 hours, so I understand when Gladwell says it requires a lot of luck and for some, sacrifice. Nonetheless, someone that has logged in less than 10,000 hours can still become great at what they do. People who are athletes don’t only rely on the amount of time they have put in the sport but they also rely on their genetics. For example, someone who is 7 feet tall and has practiced way less than 10,000 hours in total will still most likely be drafted into the NBA based solely on his height. So even though deliberate practice is necessary, it is not the only key ingredient to greatness.
Outliers: Definition of Success According to Malcolm Gladwell
Success is a very powerful word which society uses to describe a person that is intelligent or genius. However the book Outliers shows a different meaning for success that most society isn’t familiar with. Outliers show that you don’t have to be born with talent in order to achieve things and to become successful but it is more about taking the time to practice and make the best out of everything. Outliers shows that culture, Timing, and opportunity play a big role in a person’s success and this book supported that with evidence and well known historian that were successful.
In the Outliers written by Malcolm Gladwell which he argues that success isn’t born with anybody and it’s only earned by the different factors that is called Matthew effect. People study the personality, intelligence, and lifestyle of those successful people that everyone believes that they were born with those talents that got them to be successful. But Gladwell used his method to prove that success takes a lot of practice and it also depends on factors such as age, opportunity and the right time. The age plays a big role in most cases as Gladwell described; age plays a big role in different cases such as sports and education. In hockey most players that were born in the early year months such as January, February, and march would most likely have better chance to be picked that the players than the ones that are born at the end months of the year due to the more time of practice that they had by being born almost a year ahead as Gladwell stated. Also in the baseball and the European soccer the players that were born at the beginning of the year most likely will be picked unlike the players that were born at the end of the year, Gladwell shows how age plays a main factor in sports but he also shows how age also plays a big role in education as well. The older the kids are the more things they learn than the kids that are born in the late of months of the year. Elizabeth Dhuey gave example about kids in the fourth grade which she found that the older the kids the more advantages than the rest.
The earlier months of the year that someone was born in the better chances they had in sports and education but age isn’t the only a role in being successful, Gladwell also said that practice, opportunity and good timing are main factors in being successful and play a bigger role in achieving things than being talented. Gladwell stated in order to master anything you have to practice at least 10,000 hours in anything you want to be successful in. Having a good opportunity plays a big role in being successful as well Gladwell gave us an example showing how bill gates became very successful because of the chance that he had which was having the opportunity to work with computers when he was in eighth grade during 1960s computers weren’t common and not a lot of people had a chance to used them, therefore bill gates had a better chance on everyone else by having a good chance of using computer which made him successful not his talent. Bill gates had a chance to get his ten thousand hours of practice on computers just like Gladwell had said which made him successful and this example support his theory. Another example that supports Gladwells theory are the two richest industrialist in the history which were John Rockefeller, and Andrew Carnegie which the age was the main factor that led to their success. Gladwell used all these examples to support his thoughts; He also said a Genius doesn’t have a better chance of success than that practice for long time. The theory of the outlier matters more than IQ test. In Gladwell opinion IQs set a view limit to the testers thinking, a British Psychologist Liam hudsin explains that a secintist with and IQ of 130 is likely to win a Noble Prize as one whose IQ us 180, Liam shows that a IQ test doesn’t measure how smart or how successful a person could be, just like Gladwell said IQ tests limit your way of thinking, Gladwell stated “ To Be a Noble Prize winner, apparently you have to be smart enough to get into a college at least as good as Natre Dame or the University of Illinois. That all” in this quote he shows how most people look at success in a way that to be successful you have to graduates from a certain school or be as good as someone otherwise you will not be consider as successful which is false in his opinion.
Gladwell believes that every person should be prepared and ready for the right time to achieve their success through one on his logic opportunities. Some parents may work hard to achieve a goal but never actually be successful themselves but they show their kids the way to be successfully which will affect the life of their kids in the long run. By the parents try to be successful this can built a better future for their kids and teaching them how to be successful for their own lives.
Gladwell believes that culture can play a big role in an individual’s success as well, attitude and behaviors that’s being taught in culture can shape the way a person’s reaction to a certain situation, and this can lead the individual to be successful or fail. Gladwell brings in an example about an experiment that was done and it was divided between people in the south and the north and finding out the way each group would react to threat. This experience proved that Gladwells logic was credible, and the results were the people in the south faced the threat with anger and on the other hand the people of the north were calmer and this shows how the culture makes a different in an individual’s opinion. Tradition and attitudes can lead to a person success or failure, because it culture can change the ways people would people with same situation but different ways of facing it. For example Asians are good with math which makes math easy for younger generation than the rest of the other countries, because math is easy for most kids in china shows how culture can also effect the education for better or worse depending on the case that a person is facing.
Gladwell also ends the story of outliers with a personal experience about how he had become famous, which was the help of the people that he knew like his mother, great mother, and great great-mother. His personal shows that no one will make it out alone without an opportunity or a perfect time, and he also said that luck plays a big role in being successful as well.
The Outliers shows helps us understand history by giving stories about the life of big legend that became in power and took over the oil filed which was Rockefeller and the reason that helped him become the person that he was. This book proves facts about successful people and the things that supported them to get to where they were and made them well known to everyone and mostly not because they had talent or were born genius, but more like they had better chances than everyone else during their times.
Gladwell Believes that in order to be successful you need the help from others or have some kind of chance that will get you to be famous, and also believes that being talented isn’t a role in order to be successful. To be outliers you need luck. Everyone needs practice for at least 10 thousand hours in order to be successful at anything in Gladwells opionon. This book gives different stories that show the reader how to become successful without being smart or born with talent but to earn it and always try to find the right timing to be successful and always look out for an opportunity.
Success And Luck In Life In Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell
Malcom Gladwell, the author of Outliers, discusses important factors that create a lucky combination for an individual to unlock the potential for success; this lucky combination is what sets individuals apart from others, making them outliers. The factors that lead toward success go beyond analytical intelligence,and the situations are both in and out of physical and personal control. Gladwell says that an individual is not able to achieve great success without some, if not all, of these factors being coincidentally lined up to benefit the individual.These factors are products of luck and hard work, learned and inherited behavior, and more importantly thehelp from others and the position of social location. A prodigy would be lost in a crowd if that individual does not possess the necessary skills that would separate one’s self from others and be able to swaysocial situations in personal favor. These factors that Gladwell says allows an individual to become successful include having a talent and the means to practice that talent excessively, extraordinary opportunities, the home and location an individual is raised in, the sense of self-entitlement and learned practical intelligence, and cultural legacy.
When thinking of success, most people imagine a very talented individual who climbs to the top through personal perseverance. However, mere talent is only a fraction of the cause for success, and certainly not the most important. Most trades can be taught and learned through extensive practice, although there is the existence of innate talent. That talent goes to waste, however, when an individual is not provided with the means to practice and hone in the skills of such talent. The mastering of a skill is generally thought of as reaching the practice of an intentional and determined ten-thousand hours, which is an overwhelmingly large amount of time. For an individual to recognize their talent at a young age and have the means to practice so intensely would mean that the parents of the individual could afford to give the time and support that would be necessary to put in so much effort (42). That talent then would need to be given the opportunity to advance beyond just passion and practice.
Opportunities are a major subject that Gladwell discusses, because it is through opportunities that an individual is able to take the practiced talent and transform it into a powerful advantage over others. Although it is unfair, people do not receive the same amount of opportunities throughout life. Institutions are a part of what brings opportunities, such as Bill Gates’ opportunities. Gateshappened to attend Lakeside High School as a young adolescent;the schoolalso happened tohave raised the funds for a time-sharing terminal in 1968. Another opportunity was living within walking distance of the University of Washington, where there happened to be free access to a terminal between three and six in the morning (54). Gates also received a lucky opportunity through the social connection of ISI founder Bud Pembroke of TRW, who needed programmers familiar with the very skills Gates had been practicing (53). Opportunities are unique to location, time and social connections; in other words, the individual’s social location in history. Opportunities may also arise from the very family an individual is born into and the advantages that family may provide.
Growing up in a family that is actively engaged in the development of skills and the mind creates a beneficial environment for an individual, but the location in which a family lives allows an individual to be given different opportunities which proves to be just as important. As seen with Bill Gates and the luck of living so close to a university that had free access to a terminal in an age where computers were rare, as well as going to a high school that had a terminal, location is important. For a person to be raised in an area in which the individual’s specific talent could be practiced in a special way that others do not get access to,in a time of which the skill becomes needed, is uncommon. Such luck can also be seen in the family behaviors towards mental development. It is generally thewealthier families in the upper-middle class that pay extreme attention to mental development and thus bestow the young mind with a sense of entitlement in which the individual is not afraid to put themselves on the same level as others; the child will, for example, not be afraid to question doctors or teachers or relate personal opinions to those authority figures (106). While it can be taught to lower class individuals as well, it is more commonly seen in the upper class because the lower class parents are typically timid of authority figures and tend to be quiet and submissive, thus teaching the children constraint (107). Interacting with authority figures is a cultural advantage acquired through parental encouragement and is a skill that Gladwell says is necessary for success (108).This entitlement is the foundation for an individual to interact in social environments and to learn the skills of practical intelligence; this is the knowledge of what to say, to whom, and when to say it for maximum effect in order to sway situations in personal favor (100). There is also another contribution that families provide towards an individual’s success, which are behavioral traits.
Cultural legacy is the behavioral traits passed down through the generations, dating back even hundreds of years, derived from the nature of the particular culture that a bloodline comes from. Certain cultures value personality traits differently, depending on the necessity of that trait for the area. For example, people whom the rocky mountainsides were the ancestor’s homes, tend to become more aggressive in situations that threaten honor because their ancestors had to defend their reputation and stock in a harsh terrain (167). This cultural tendencyto be aggressive, along with other behavioral traits and patterns, becomesingrained in genetics and is present throughout generations to come. Other traits, such as hard work, are also the product of culture. Gladwell explains that the reason Asian countries are able to excel so significantly in mathematics compared to others is because of their long legacy of rice farming, which is a very tedious and precise practice (233). This hard work ethic is applied to all aspects of life, including education, which means that giving up on mathematics is not an option; there is an expectation to number-crunch until the answer is found (230). These behavioral traits affect an individual’s response to situations and in turn, the ability to create the social web and situational skills that are beneficial to succeed. These behaviors develop into skills that bring forth possible opportunities to use a mastered talent as an advantage over other people, allowing an individual to achieve great success; in other words, all of the factors are interdependent.
For Gladwell to spell out the foundation of success means that individuals can interpret their own paths towards success in a more detailed and thoughtful way. While many people have different ideas of what success means, it is safe to say that Gladwell has captured the essence of great historical success stories by analyzing the lives and histories of different outliers. If a person has a great talent and wishes to enhance that skill towards mastery and fame, that individual can then relate Gladwell’s explanation of the ten thousand hour rule and understand that mastery only comes with dedication and unrelenting attention. That individual would then also understand fromOutliers that beyond talent there must be opportunities and that success is never achieved through a lone struggle. Globally, individuals could have a sense of understanding that for these factors to align in personal favor is rather unlikely, so perhaps there would be less disappointment and expectation for greatness; at the same time, people could find motivation to achieve their own success, even if that does not mean fame, through the means of rewarding work and perseverance.
Review Of Malcolm Gladwell`S Book “Outliers”
In the general view today, a predominant piece of society have come to envision that the building blocks of accomplishment are inside the personality and character of the individual. On the contrary to this conviction, Malcolm Gladwell certifies in his top of the line unquestionable book Outliers that accomplishment is shaped by external powers in which certain individuals are yielded correct openings and inclinations that only one out of every odd individual is given by predetermination. Regardless of the way that his condition passes on strong affirmation to the extent these distinctive forces of date of birth, family establishment, and altogether blessed openings; helping clear the road for gaining ground, Gladwell undeniably avoids the estimation of industrious work and confirmation. Gladwell’s theory of achieving accomplishment holds some authenticity, yet he deliberately precludes the middle essence of individual effort inside his examinations. The center of advance is inside the individual’s ability to persist through inconveniences and disasters as opposed to it only including people abusing diverse outside forces.
In his first segment, Gladwell looks at the birth dates of tip top Canadian hockey players fighting in the last club facilitate. In his examination, clearly an astonishing predominant piece of the players, around 70 percent, are considered inside the underlying three months of the year. Gladwell raises, “It’s fundamentally that in Canada the capability cutoff for age-class hockey is January initial” (24). Gladwell presumes that the basic favored point of view of physical improvement prompts the kids being detached into two social events; the “ordinary” and the “unprecedented,” or more decisively communicated, the “more energetic players” and the “more settled players.” This division gives those more prepared players the benefit of better teaching and wide practice hours in their starter athletic interests. Regardless of the way that his presentation is sensible, it undermines individuals who intentionally make windows of chance by virtue of their constant character. An exceptional case that showcases such productive responsibility and valor is the record of Oscar Pistorius. Pistorius is a paraplegic that battle physically fit enemies in the London 2012 Olympics in both the 4×400 exchange and the 400M dash, making astonishing history regardless of the troublesome are had no single great position to help him on the way, anyway in spite of apparently unrealistic resistance, he fanatically arranged to meet up and no more tip top wearing event on the planet. The nature of Pistorius’ consistency and responsibility give bottomless verification in how individual will can challenge all doubts and leave a mark on the world.
In the second section of Outliers, entitled “The 10,000 Hour Rule,” Gladwell underlines this specific measure of time while deciding the distinction amongst experts and beginners. In help of this rule, Gladwell gives his perusers stories of The Beatles, Bill Gates, and Bill Joy in their individual adventures toward riches and notoriety. While portraying The Beatles early days, Gladwell notices their aggregate measure of exhibitions in Hamburg, “The Beatles wound up heading out to Hamburg five times in the vicinity of 1960 and the finish of 1962. On the primary outing, they played 106 evenings, at least five hours every night… All told, they performed for 270 evenings in a little more than 18 months” (49-50). It surely bodes well that stretched out long stretches of training liken to higher effectiveness in any territory of expertise, however Gladwell’s fundamental contention is that the inceptive chance to play such long shows for a few evenings amid the week is the thing that gave The Beatles the likelihood of turning into a capable band, and accordingly exceptionally fruitful in their melodic vocation. In spite of the fact that the Hamburg opportunity gave The Beatles an unprecedented measure of time to build up their aptitudes, Gladwell presents this data in a way that ruins the essentialness of individuals who shape their own thriving. The virtuosic guitarist Steve Vai substantiates this subject of vigorous assurance without the requirement for a “brilliant opportunity.” One may contend that he had a chance to wind up an incredible artist since his folks got him his first guitar and upheld his enthusiasm. Anyway the essential distinction is that a great many people are special with occurrences of chance that others may never experience, however the rule is that some surpassed ordinariness due to their yearning character, along these lines extending their window of chance through cognizant exertion. Mr. Vai emerges among the rest; he earned a Ph.D in music from the esteemed Berklee College of Music and is viewed as a performer that altered the style of playing guitar. To put it plainly, Mr. Vai is confirmation of not just achieving your fantasies and thriving with progress, however he epitomizes the way towards authority through quality of character.
The Hill To Success In “Outliers” By Malcolm Gladwell
In the book Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell the author exclaims, “In Outliers, I want to convince you that these kinds of personal explanations of success don’t work. People don’t rise from nothing”. This demonstrates Gladwell’s purpose which is to change the world’s mind on how success does not happen overnight, it requires effort, opportunity, and help. Towards the end of the book, Gladwell begins talking about his own success that emerges from the hidden advantages and multiple opportunities that his parents and grandparents received, which is where his purpose for the book really begins. Moreover, Gladwell’s strategic organizational choice for Outliers is set by various examples. In each chapter, there are different reasons why people become successful. By choosing this organization, Gladwell makes it easy for the reader to acknowledge what he is saying. Malcolm Gladwell mentioning his own family story provides more reasoning on his purpose since it is based on a true story.
To begin with, Gladwell’s purpose of the book, Outliers is that one has to be given opportunities, be born at the right time, have the right cultural background, and have the help from others in order to become successful. An example that Gladwell states is one of the successful geniuses well known, Bill Gates who was given opportunities in order to accomplish his discovery of computer programming. As discussed in Outliers, Gates was not made successful himself. After school, he would go to an office to work on programming, but after they went bankrupt, Gates and his friends started going to the University of Washington’s library. The number of hours that Bill Gates and his friends stayed at the library accumulated to more than 10,000 hours of experience, but then again, he was not alone. Gates had his friends, parents, and the school’s help to become very successful. Moreover, Gladwell mentioning his family story towards the end of the book, it makes his purpose for the book more realistic to the reader since it contains real-life experience. In the excerpt, “A Jamaican Story,” it talks about a major civil strife in Jamaica as a possible contributor to his own current success. In addition, Gladwell describes the success of his own family as a series of lucky breaks that were not clearly designed to reach the current state. All the way from his great-great-great grandmother picking sugarcane in the plantations of Jamaica to his mother being a successful writer in Canada. This just shows how one can come from a tough background, yet receive an opportunity that can make one succeed even with those challenges, which is Gladwell’s point.
Next, throughout Outliers, Gladwell uses a specific structural organization. For each point Gladwell makes, he offers a story about success and follows it with a breakdown of the factors that caused such a fortune. An example of this use of organization is when Gladwell begins discussing The Beatles. Gladwell mentions where The Beatles originated which were full of strip clubs and bars, so they always had interesting gigs because their city lacked rock’n’roll bars. After a few years, they were sent to Hamburg, Germany and that is where George Harrison and Ringo Starr met John Lennon and Paul McCartney, who formerly had a tiny “band” themselves. They discovered each other’s dreams of becoming a rock band and created The Beatles and with more practice, they became very popular. Moreover, they would not have achieved the dreams that they wanted if it was not for the club gigs and their selection to perform in Hamburg. They had each other and the club owners supporting them. The reason why Gladwell’s family story helps this example is because Gladwell’s fate relied on a white man who had raped his great-great-great grandmother repeatedly, causing her to have a Mulatto son enough for him to avoid slavery. The riots based on racism in Jamaica allowed his mother to pursue the aspiration of education. Also, the courtesy of Mr. Chance lending her money for the University had helped shape the success in the family. Gladwell states “It takes no small degree of humility for him to look back on his life and say, ‘I was very lucky’”. This demonstrates how Gladwell and his family were very lucky to accept such great opportunities along their way. It was the dedication and the luck that granted Gladwell’s family to success, similar to the Beatles.
In addition, there are various principles represented to the reader. The “10,000-Hour Rule” is very important during the book since it is the most common ways people get the most successful at what they do. Gladwell discusses the success story of Bill Joy who went to the University of Michigan in 1971. Joy happened to come across the newly added computer center that had the most advanced systems installed and he was “hooked”. Moreover, the fact that Michigan was one of the very few that had time-sharing system computers and made it available 24/7, Joy was able to practice programming all day and night which enabled him to practice a lot more than most people in that time. Gladwell goes on to explain that no matter how talented one is and if they do not put enough practice in, they will not excel in their field. The “10,000-Hour Rule” really spoke to me in various ways. For example, during 5th grade, I started playing the clarinet. At just 12 years old, I was already joining in many extracellular activities. Since I never played an instrument before, I was very hesitant about even joining the school band thinking I was going to be awful no matter how much I practiced. Eventually, the school band teacher made me realize that I should practice a lot and even gave me some sheet music so I can achieve being a good clarinet player.
People and Their Learning Abilities According to Gladwell
Educational Success and the Advantages
Success is not something that is just given to someone, it is something that one has to earn. Educational success is determined on our own hard work and the choices that we make. One has to be very motivated and not only want to succeed but they have to try to succeed and work hard to achieve their goal. Even though success has to be earned there are many opportunities and advantages that are given to certain individuals. As Gladwell argues in Outliers, people who are successful in education have often had special advantages such as parents support, high IQ scores, and being born in certain months out of the year.
One of Gladwell’s arguments is that people born in the first three months of the year, January, February, and March have more of a chance towards success. In the first chapter he uses an example with hockey. There is a chart with all of the hockey players from a team and almost all of them are born in the first three months in the year. He states, “It has nothing to do with astrology, nor is there anything magical about the first three months of the year. Its simply that in Canada the eligibility cutoff for age-class hockey is January 1st.” So if there were two young boys, one born on January 1st and another born on January 2nd the child that was born on the second would not be able to play on that years team, he would have to wait until the next year. Because he has to wait until the next year, in that time of waiting that child is going to mature and grow and he will automatically have a better chance of being the better player on that next year’s team. Not only does this go with sports but cut off dates interferes with school and one’s education as well.
Because of the cut off dates it causes younger children to be in a class with an older age group and older kids to be in a class with kids who are younger. If you are one of the kids who is older in the class you are going to be more mature and learning will come easier to you rather than the younger kids. When a teacher sees a child excelling in a classroom, that child is rewarded and most times get special attention. This leads that child to have better self confidence. If a child is ‘too smart” to be in that grade they may get the opportunity to learn past the others in the class, this would lead that child to have more education and they are already one step ahead in their life.
Some people’s success comes from the environment that they grew up in whether it be good or bad. Kids who grow up in a bad environment or have little parent support for their education sometimes struggle in school or struggle making friends. Having parents support is very important for a child to succeed in school. A child’s first teacher is their parents, they are their role models while growing up. A parent’s attitude towards their child’s education can really affect a child to want or to not want to succeed. In my personal experience growing up I did not grow up in an environment where I was taught that education and school was important. In elementary school I do not remember ever doing homework and when I did do it, I did not have a parent to tell me to do it nor help me with it either. Because I lacked having parent support some of my grades dropped and I struggled a little more than others who had that support. Even though I was not taught that education was important I still loved school. I loved going to class everyday and learning new things.
When I was in 6th grade my mom got custody of me and my little brother. This is when I learned that I needed to do well in school. My mom provided great support for me and my brother during our later years in school. She helped me with my homework and projects as well as made sure that we got our homework done everyday. Before we went to hangout with our friends or played our video games we always had to have our homework or reading done first. My mom would bribe my brother and I with money, we were paid for every A and B that we earned. We were not allowed to get any grade below a B and if were to get anything below and 80% in a class then we would not get paid for that grade. This reward system that my mom made up really helped me thrive to get good grades not only because of the money but because I loved it when I made my mom proud.
During high school is when I was really introduced to the idea about college and furthering my education after high school. Neither of my parents went to college and did not even graduate from high school. This is what my mom says is one of her biggest regrets in life. Because she did not further her education she has struggled in her life, she does not want the same for her children. My mom has always told me that education is important, this is one of the main reasons why I plan to continue going through college. If I did not have her support through this whole thing I do not know if I would feel the same about my education.
Even though some kids do not grow up with support of their parents some kids learn from their parents mistakes and do not want to end up like them. Having to grow up in a bad environment pushes you to want better. In Outliers it talks about Chris Langins experience growing up and how he decided to move away from his past and go to college. In this chapter Langin says “To this day I have never met anybody who was as poor when they were kids as our family was.” Langin says how horrible of a life he had while growing up, his family struggled financially and he lacked support from his mother. Chris Langin was a very smart guy and even earned a scholarship which he ended up not getting because his mother did not send out the financial statement. Even though he went through some bad experiences he still pushed through it and got an education. Having a parents support throughout your educational journey really helps, with their support you can avoid having to go through some of the things that Langin had to deal with. Since Chris Langin was a very smart individual he had a little less of a hard time learning certain material.
Some people think that success is given to people and that it is something that they will never have. Being a genius or having a high IQ score does play a huge role in success in many cases, because they are naturally smart or talented. Being born smart will help in learning because that person will learn quicker than others. Even though being really smart can help you be successful, the achievement is not just going to come along with it. You have to work really hard and practice a lot to earn success. Other factors that help in educational success is classroom setting, teachers, and your participation. If a teacher cares about your education and helps you with things that you struggle with you are more likely to have a better education. Your education and your success is mainly on you. A person needs to pay attention and do assignments in class in order to actually learn the material.
In the educational system they use IQ testing to rank students to see how smart they are and to see what classes they should be placed into. Testing students puts them into separate categories basically telling them that they are smart or they are not. These test can bring down someones self esteem and make them feel as if they are not good enough, when in reality they are, they just have a different type of intelligence. There are many tests such as the SAT and the ACT. These specific tests only test on very few types of intelligence. There are several types of intelligences that people have such as creativity and leadership intelligence. Everyone is smart in their own way.
In chapter three Gladwell compares two very smart mens IQ scores. One of the men Einstein and the other Chris Langin. Gladwell says “Einstein had an IQ of 150 and Langan had an IQ of 195. …they are both clearly smart enough.” The point of Gladwell’s argument is having a high IQ score means that you are very intelligent, but after a certain point anything above that high score does not mean it is any better. Even though Langan’s IQ was 45 points higher than Einstein’s does not mean that he is any smarter than him. All it means is that they are both smart enough and that they can both figure out very complicated questions and both have very good chances towards success.
Success has to be earned. For success to be earned it requires dedication,motivation and hard work. There are advantages that many individuals have which helps them academically but everyone has the same chance towards success. Those who do not obtain the advantages such as parents support, having a high IQ score or who have birthdays before the cut off dates in school still have the same opportunity to further their education and be successful, they may just have to work a little bit harder, but the hard work always pays off.
Celebrities And Their Oppurtunities According To Malcolm Gladwell
We see it on television, online, and through the proverbial grape-vine on a daily basis; the rich elites of our country are asking their audiences to reach under their chairs to find the keys to a new car or inviting strangers on stage to trade a trivia answer for a new living room entertainment system. These celebrities, such as Oprah, Ellen, and numerous others, represent the disparity between the rich and the poor in the US and the ease with which many can manage to give away much of their wealth at the drop of a hat while hundreds of thousands of other Americans can hardly make ends meet in paying their bills and feeding their families. These celebrities as well as their peers in stardom have the ability to give much of their wealth away at no cost to themselves, but what is often seen is a lack of charitable output compared to monetary input; is this a problem? Peter Singer’s opinion that wealth, apart from the money allotted to necessities, should be given to the less fortunate is admirable and should certainly be followed by today’s elite.
America is certainly well-to-do in comparison to other countries globally, but alongside this wealth, a disparity between the haves and the have-nots is seen on a larger scale than many worldwide economies. Therefore the wealthiest of the wealthy, the best of the best should have no hesitations to giving away a great deal of money to those less fortunate. But according to Peter Singer, this money should be given to overseas charities and recipients. It is there that a qualification must be made; there are millions in America that are living at or near poverty, just as there are in other countries. While the conditions of other countries’ inhabitants may be different in practicality from those of Americans, there is an equal need for financial support in the US as there is in Africa, for example. As such, Singer’s claim that “overseas” should be the destination of the funds donated by America’s elite is misdirected. Additionally, it is fair to argue that celebrities’ earnings are their own money, to do with as they choose. I have heard many stories of celebrities working extraordinarily hard to get to where they are in stardom, as is the case with Harry Connick Jr., a current celebrity who attested to countless failed auditions and rejections before the “big break” came through. In this way, expecting celebrities to contribute to others’ lives may be an infringement on their enjoyment of their well-deserved spoils of perseverance.
Yet many of today’s celebrities owe much of their success to opportunities unavailable to most. This is yet another reason that charitable donations should be made by the wealthy, for, as Malcolm Gladwell describes in his book Outliers, success is a direct result of a string of opportunities, which he describes using cases such as the Beatles and even Bill Gates. Speaking of the wildly fortunate computer genius, Bill Gates, he owes much of the approximate 28,000 per minute that he earns constantly to opportunities, such as his hometown and upbringing. Shouldn’t he have to reciprocate the opportunities granted to him by granting opportunities to millions of others through substantial charitable donations? In response, he has–but his contributions, according to Peter Singer’s How Much Should Millionaires Give? totals only about 35% of his earnings, while other, less wealthy individuals such as Kravinsky have managed to donate 99.99% of their wealth while still retaining a comfortable lifestyle and a substantial inheritance to pass on to his children.
Therefore, while Singer’s wording may be to specific in identifying overseas as a location to which all charitable donations by the top earners of our society should be made, his ideals that philanthropy should be expected of the wealthy is true. Personally, I am not quick to dole out the money I have earned; I am generally hesitant to buy a friend’s Starbucks without confirmation that I will be repaid. But I earn minimum wage, working one to two days a week. So there is a definite contrast between what I earn and should donate and what Bill Gates earns and should donate. But even I, who earned less than $3000 working all of the previous year, tithe the 10% called for in the Bible, the most sold and most sought after book in the entire world.
In Singer’s How Much Should a Millionaire Give, he analyzes what this tithe-identical 10% giving would look like if everyone from the top 10% of American earners gave. The numbers were staggering, easily meeting the standards requested by a globally determined financial goal to substantially combat hunger and poverty worldwide. These numbers also revealed that, after a donation such as this, there was plenty left on which to live comfortably.
When we look at how the top earning individuals can easily, easily contribute and make a difference without endangering their own well-being, we see that there is no reason that they should not be doing so. Peter Singer was right in his claim that those who can give should give. As Gladwell’s Outliers professes, success stems from opportunities given, opportunities that the elite are well within their power to give.