Farewell to Manzanar
The Careful Characterization And Setting In Farewell To Manzanar
One of the settings in the book is in Japan when Woody, Jeanne’s brother, was visiting his aunt. Woody entered a rock garden first. The sand was all white and raked and there was bamboo bordering it. When he got inside, it was mostly empty. There were a few mats but that was mostly it. In the first room there was an altar. In the book it said that “the war itself, the years of losing, had turned the house into a clean swept, airy skeleton”. Only Aunt Toyo lived there.
The next setting that was in the book is the Block 28, where their house was. Outside, Jeanne’s dad had made a little garden. There were stones from the desert and built a little rock garden out of it. There were succulents and moss growing there. Inside, there were a few mattresses. The father had gone on trips outside of Manzanar and would bring home wood he would find. He would carve them into furniture all around the room. For example, the wood carved table legs and lamps.
Jeanne, the main character, is about seven in the beginning of the book. During the end of the book she is twelve. She becomes older and older in the book so it is sometimes hard to tell what age she is at. In the book she describes herself as a slanted-eyed girl from that looks Asian. She isn’t very tall. Jeanne is a very gentle person. She is intelligent and athletic. She cares about other people before she cares about herself. At the end of the book she learns how important family is when growing up. She learns about her survival at Manzanar and so forth. She learns about how unfairly people treated her.
At Manzanar, Jeanne went to school there. Her fourth grade teacher was one of the people she remembers about Manzanar. The teacher had sharp eyes. She wore slacks and sweaters that were short at the sleeves. The teacher was about forty years old and had an “Appalachian” accent. She was tall and would always wear a scarf around her head. She was strict but open-minded. Jeanne said that this teacher was the most amazing teacher she had ever had. Because of this teacher they got to go outside of the barbed wire in Manzanar.
Another person at Manzanar that Jeanne remembered clearly was a dance teacher. She used to teach ballet before Manzanar. Even if this lady used to teach ballet, she wasn’t fit enough to do it anymore, “… she was so anxious to please us, her very need to hold on to whatever she had been scared me away”(page 101; paragraph 2). She was a heavy woman with a few gray hairs. Her legs and feet were what Jeanne explained the most about. The lady’s legs were thick and very pale. There were blue veins above her thighs. When this woman finished dancing for the class, she took her ballet shoes off. Her toes were a bit bloody. Jeanne felt bad for this woman and I do, too.
What started the conflict was Japan. They had dropped a bomb on Pearl Harbor. That is what started the war between Japan and America. This was World War II. In the book, when this happened, Jeanne, her mother, and her brother’s wife were saying goodbye to all the fishermen in the family. It included Jeanne’s dad and two other brothers. When the boats got to the horizon, they stopped. Everyone was very confused. They started sailing back and told them that Pearl Harbor had been bombed.
What resolved the whole war was a bombing. America had bombed Hiroshima on August 6. America had won the Second World War. Jeanne remembered looking at pictures of the bombing. There was a huge dark cloud looming over Hiroshima. Since everything was over, people had to leave all internment camps by a due date. A lot of Jeanne’s family had already left. Woody went to join the army and Ray in the Coast Guard. Four of Jeanne’s other siblings were all in New Jersey and Eleanor was in Reno while her husband was in Germany with the army.
The Lesson On Mistreatment In Farewell To Manzanar
There were two main settings in the book Farewell to Manzanar. The first setting lasted for only two chapters in the book. The first setting was Jeanne’s old home, Santa Monica, California. She lived in a nice house and lived a very peaceful life. It was a very calm place to live, at the time. There were islands near Santa Monica, one was called the Terminal Island, this is where Jeanne’s brother lived with his wife. Her house was near the water.
Manzanar was a Japanese internment camp. It had rows and rows of barracks, that had almost no space inside to live, they were made of planks of wood and tar paper. Instead of a normal house with a kitchen, they had to go to a big cafeteria-style kitchen that everybody else went to as well. Manzanar was by the Sierra Mountains and it was hot in the Summer and cold in the winter. There were wind storms That blew sand around as if they were in a sandstorm. People found work easily but did not get paid nearly enough for what they were doing. The camp was boarded with a barbed-wire fence. They also sound some people that could cook so they helped cook meals for everyone in the camp. The camp consisted of almost 10,000 members. Because there were so many members of the camp they all decided to make it look nice so people planted gardens. It was not their choice to go to the internment camp, but they had to because they were Japanese.
The main character in the story was Jeanne Wakatsuki. The story was all about her time and thoughts in Manzanar. Even though she was only seven when she was imprisoned in Manzanar she still had to do the same things as all the adults. Jeanne thought of herself as Americans because they were born in America. Jeanne was trying to make the best of what she had because she was seven, you can’t do much at seven years old. And because she couldn’t do much she didn’t really complain. She really loved her family and later in life, she realized her father had to start over twice. She found herself in many strange situations because her family kept falling apart. That is why Manzanar had such a big impact on Jeanne.
Two other characters were Jeanne’s mom and dad. Her mother was a kind gentle person that didn’t understand why they were imprisoned in Manzanar. Jeanne’s mother was short but still knew how to handle everything. When everyone was taken to Manzanar nobody knew what to do including her. She was completely lost and she didn’t know what to do. Her dad, on the other hand, started as a nice man that loved fishing until he got arrested. After he got back from prision he became addicted to drinking and that made him angry and mean. Until years later when he almost killed himself on whine three years after Manzanar. He stopped drinking and then he became a nice man once more, but it took him almost six years to realize enough is enough.
The main conflict was how the Americans imprisoned the Japanese. America was fighting Japan during World War 2. The Americans put Japanese people in internment camps for three years. Even Japanese people that were born in America got imprisoned just because they were Japanese. The people that were imprisoned mostly spoke English, lived among other Americans and thought of themselves as Americans. They were put in internment camps just because they were Japanese people and they were looked at with fear and mistrust. They put them in an internment camp that was maybe a little better than prison, not much better though. There was no room to live or do whatever they wanted. They had to follow America‘s rules because America thought they might be spies or somebody like a spy who is just working for Japan in America.
The story started as Jeanne waved goodbye to her dad who was leaving for a fishing trip with two of his sons. When he was almost out of sight, he turned back and headed back to shore. He was coming back because Pearl Harbor, a navy base, had just been attacked by the Japanese. Jeanne’s dad was arrested because he was accused of selling oil to Japanese submarines offshore while he was on his fishing trips. Even though Jeanne’s dad didn’t sell oil to Japanese submarines Jeanne was only seven at the time so she didn’t understand the concept of being arrested. After that Jeanne, her mom, and two of her brothers moved to Terminal Island where one of Jeanne’s older brothers lived. Two months after that Jeanne and her family were taken to a camp called Manzanar. Manzanar was a Japanese imprisonment camp. Even though Jeanne was an American citizen she still had to go to Manzanar because she looked like a Japanese person. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt said that Manzanar would be just like their everyday lives, it was anything but that. Manzanar was a place with small houses that could only fit a few people. The house that they were assigned to had to fit everybody in their family which was Jeanne, her nine siblings, her mother, and some of the older brother’s wives. Manzanar was a terrible place to live.
After about a year people started to understand Manzanar, but it still wasn’t an ideal place to live. Instead of having family meals or get-togethers now and then, they had to eat with everybody in the same cafeteria at the same time with 10,000 other people. Not only was Manzanar a prison the weather there was very intense. It was hot in the summer and cold in the winter. There were frequent sandstorms that interrupted everyone’s lives. These storms made everyone have to go inside their houses. Jeanne learned that she really liked baton twirling during the time she was in camp. She thought she might like ballet even though she didn’t really know what it was. when she went to the first ballet lesson she didn’t really like it, so she quit. After another year or so she and her family were released from Manzanar. She went back to a normal town and lived there for the rest of her life.
The main conflict was resolved when the American government realized that they shouldn’t have imprisoned the Japanese people, so they let them go. It was a happy day for all the people that were imprisoned in an internment camp. When Japanese people were released they were given $100 and the freedom to go anywhere they wanted. The bus that was free that took people back to civilization from Manzanar was going to Northern California so Jenny’s parents went to South California so that they wouldn’t be around so many Japanese people. Almost all of her problems were solved for her younger life when she left Manzanar. It was a good day for all of the Japanese people.
To me, the theme of the book was to not mistreat people because of how they look. For example, they imprisoned all of the Japanese people and not just the ones they had reasons to mistrust. The Americans knew what they were doing but, it was not the right thing to do. All of the innocent Japanese people were imprisoned for no reason besides the fact that they were Japanese.
The Main Settings And Themes In Farewell To Manzanar
So one of the settings is the internment camp, it was named Manzanar. The camp’s ground has sand all over the place and you would see a lot of little houses. At the end of the houses named blocks you would see a mountain. When it is night time it gets very cold and the sand would blow and would block the person’s view. Also in the morning you would see kids running or sometimes people wearing white robes. You would always see barbed wires and people standing with guns aiming at the camp not outside to protect but to shoot people if they do something wrong.
The second setting is the Mess Hall, it is in the middle of the whole camp. You would maybe see a lot of people and talking while sitting. Also eating their food and you would smell cold food sitting on a counter. And might hear the people talking about life and what to do. You might see chiefs and soldiers standing watching them eat their food. Also you might be able to see through the window or you might be able to see the sky from the holes in the ceiling. Through the window you will see a American Flag and also some block.
So the main character is Jeanne she is a Japanese girl who was taken to an internment camp. She is a very kind and loves her family and in the endish she wanted to be Catholic and be baptized. Jeanne loved to dance and that she is very hyper. She loves to go on hikes on the mountain since papa would go with her hiking. And she really liked art and music. It didn’t really describe her but I could infer that she would wear a lot of jackets. I think she had learned a lot of things in the camp such as surviving there.
The two characters I chose was mana and papa. So mama is very quiet and works very hard to keep the family stable. While she is doing that papa is mostly outdoors or maybe sipping on adult beverages and not doing a lot of productive things. Papa wears the sweater that mama made him before World War 2. Mama take care of the children and sometimes papa. Papa would sometimes go hiking with Jeanne.
The conflict is the war and about racism, so the war made the Japanese look bad. And that it made people think that they are bad people and that they are treated unfairly. And even if they look Japanese they get sent to the camp. Also that they impacted them in a negative way.
So first her family is put into an internment camp they where there by bus. They had to set up their bed and they had to take a lot of responsibility. The kid thought it was a place to place and have fun so they did that and ran around the camp. And they were pretty bored and they were broke. So papa was getting drunk by sipping on rice wine. Now they have other things to worry about like the war and what to do. So it end by the war ending and that they were free. They leave the camp and live a normal life for in forever. And that they don’t need to be etch every second of their life. That is just very weird to be watched every second.
I think that the resolution is when the war ended. And that the people are free but still not love as much. Because they are still Japanese so they don’t get treated well like when it was the time of slavery and that the African Americans were not treated well.
I think the theme could be a lot of different answers but I think it that they are in an internment camp. Jeanne wants us to learn what is like to live in a camp with very little things to work with. And that you need to be very grateful for what you have. Because if you don’t you wouldn’t live a very good life.
Rhetorical Analysis Of Houston’s Farewell To Manzanar
Though it was supposed to be a time where people were celebrating equality and equal rights, the 1970s were a time where racial injustices were still occurring on a daily basis. Some, like author’s Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James D. Houston, would even compare it to the time prefacing World War Two as “After Pearl Harbor was bombed and the United States entered World War II, the FBI declared all Japanese Americans, German Americans, and Italian Americans to be ‘dangerous enemy aliens.’ The government arrested and detained people on a daily basis” (Marsala). Though the United States did not intern people in the 1970s, the racism seen targeting other minority groups such as African Americans, women, Asian Americans and others was very comparable to the racism seen in the 1940’s prefacing the Japanese internment. One is able to see the demonstrated racism throughout all of World War Two, but specific evidence such as a bill passed by President Roosevelt in 1942 is a direct example. The bill legally allowed the United States government to hold and detain citizens of questionable actions and “Although the word Japanese did not appear in the executive order, it was clear that only Japanese Americans were targeted…” (The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica). The rounding up of innocent Americans took effect as the United States government believed that Japanese—but also German and Italian—citizens had spies living within the United States. Citizens “were transported inland to the internment camps (critics of the term internment argue that these facilities should be called prison camps). The first internment camp in operation was Manzanar, located in southern California” where the Wakatsuki family was held captive. (The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica). Through this holding, Jeanne and her family went through physical and mental traumas that would stick with the family for the rest of their lives. Not allowed to continue with their normal lives or leave the camp, these families endured the worst suffering, the separation from their father, even though he did no wrong.
In the preface of the memoir, the authors are able to appeal to the ethics of goodsense by giving a brief outline of Jeanne’s life, leading readers to see that she is a credible source to listen to. They begin with writing about Jeanne’s racial background and family life before the internment began. Soon after though, the authors recognize the fact that “her father was arrested because his seafaring activities were regarded as suspicious by military authorities looking for spies feeding information to the Imperial Japanese Navy” (Houston and Houston 715). Through the point that Jeanne is a Japanese American and she has dealt with discrimination in the past, it allows the authors to make themselves a more credible source to talk about discrimination and social injustices. Along with this, the authors use details from Jeanne’s life to talk about her unfortunate circumstances and the reasoning as to why the authors wrote the memoir. Wanting to prevent any further discrimination akin to how her family was discriminated against in the 1940’s, the Houston’s write the memoir to demonstrate the severe mental trauma that discrimination can lead to. The Houston’s further establishes their goodsense with audience members as they detail specific events that happened within the internment camps, as in the areas the families were forced to live in, the traditions surrounding Christmas time and the leaders who took charge of the camp. Thus, they create an understanding between readers and the author’s that Jeanne understands the barrier of social injustice because she is always fighting it along with the audience.
The Houston’s also use logical appeals to demonstrate to the listeners that as authors they want the best for those who are impacted within their audience and that pulling from specific examples, or induction, they are able to demonstrate the destruction of the minority groups due to racism. The authors utilize the memoir as a message to clue in readers of the trauma endured in the camps and they pull from specific examples in Jeanne’s life to demonstrate the racism that she experienced. Moments like the discussion of “Yes Yes No No” (Houston and Houston 723) and the description of “the Nikkei community to the attack on Pearl Harbor and life in the relocation camps” mention the mental problems that many people suffered throughout the camp, and after they exited (Houston and Houston 715). The authors use this specific example of what happened inside of the internment camps to persuade the audience of the discrimination argument placed before them, and for the message to carry through the modern era. Using examples such as Yes Yes No No demonstrate to the audience that the authors are picking certain points from Jeanne’s past to push forward their argument. The family not having faced this amount of discrimination before left both the Wakatsuki family along with the entire community in shock as the Japanese Americans were treated as less than human.
Throughout the author’s memoir, they implement the genre of forensic rhetoric as both are looking back on the past to determine what happened throughout the family’s internment. The authors wrote the memoir over 30 years after the horrors of the Japanese Internment occurred, taking a look into the past and the social injustices that took place. This can be seen through the continued use of past tense, and quotes such as: “After the war, Wakatsuki Houston…and her husband wrote Farewell to Manzanar about her internment experience…” placing the memoir on a timeline in the 1940’s (Houston and Houston 715). Through the preface, one learns that Jeanne was one of the interned Japanese Americans living through this traumatic event, giving her and her husband a strong base to look back on this case. The memoir utilizes a strong example of forensic rhetoric as it reviews the past and makes a judgement on the injustices that each interned family and discriminated against person faced. Forensic rhetoric allows readers to connect with the authors, and to understand the writers perspective and judgement on the pressing issue.
The last rhetorical appeal that the authors of Farewell to Manzanar utilize to connect with audience members of the 1970s is pathetic appeals, specifically emotive. Though there are many examples of emotions throughout the text, the one that sticks out the most is sympathy. The authors utilize moments of fear to attain the audience’s sympathy through moments that the audience members can connect with: “He yelled and shook his fists and his very threats forced her across the cluttered room until she collided with one of the steel bed frames and fell back onto a mattress…‘Kill me then. I don’t care. I just don’t care’” (Houston and Houston 719-720). Whether it is the shaking fists of Jeanne’s father or her mother’s plea to die, the audience is able to comprehend the mental trauma that internment and racism lead to. Wanting nothing more than to die, audience members are able to sympathize with Jeanne’s mother and realize how detrimental racism and discrimination can be. A woman who before the internment was happy, now has nothing left – a feeling that many others who were discriminated against can relate to. Bringing it back to the audience, the writers utilize a sympathy card, in an effort for readers to connect with Jeanne’s mother and the racism that she has endured.
Throughout the memoir Farewell to Manzanar, authors Houston and Houston use the rhetorical styles of ethos, logos and pathos along with forensic rhetoric to address the memoir in its entirety. Through ethos, the authors make themselves credible by utilizing goodsense and talking about Jeanne’s history with internment demonstrating that the authors are both credible and reliable sources. Utilizing logos, the authors describe specific moments through the family’s internment to persuade the audience of their argument and to push their argument forward into the world. Along with the other two methods, the authors use forensic rhetoric as a look into the past and the injustices that the Wakatsuki family endured, along with the injustices that all minority groups suffered through at the time of the Japanese internment and through the social injustices of the 1970s. The authors finish with pathos, specifically emotions, to evoke sympathy and fear from the audience, and to connect with the modern detrimental problems associated with racism. This emotion allows the audience to sympathize with not only the families of the interned, but also those belonging to minority groups of the 1970s who are still being discriminated against. All of the methods come together to push forward the ideas of the authors: the racial injustice and the horrors of the 1970s that compare closely to the 1940s when Japanese internment was a burning issue.
The uses of rhetoric allow the authors to tear apart the social aspects of the 1970s in a comparative matter to the 1940’s where minority groups were also treated with complete injustice. Using rhetorical statements and examples, the authors are able to identify the problems that people of the 1970s are dealing with. Though there were bills and laws just passed to get rid of discrimination, it was a prevalent issue that was not being fixed. Through writing, the authors are able to demonstrate the problems of the government and with the citizens of the United States. While the authors of Farewell to Manzanar wanted to push forward Jeanne’s story of internment with her family, they also argued for the justice of all minority groups and that everyone is equal. Though one may feel that a piece like this is directed solely at minority groups, it was a call to action for all citizens of the United States to stand against racism and to make a point to the government that these methods will not be accepted any longer. At a time when human rights were unstable in the United States, a memoir like this is able to push forward the movement and call all citizens to action, something that should have been done long before the memoir was even written.