The Influence Of Technology On The World
The recent advancements in technology have meant that it has developed a huge reliance on technology by humans, we live with technology all around us, in our homes, schools and even pockets or wrists. And in the future, we will most likely gain more of a dependence on technology. There have been many advantages that have come out of modern technology, such as it has allowed becoming globalized, this is as we can communicate across the globe instantly over the internet. Only 40 years ago there was no such thing as the internet. In this essay, it will explore two main points linked to my main question. Firstly, the essay will explore how technology has linked the world, optimized many aspects of our lives and how it enables us to be better humans because of it. On the other hand, it will explore how the exponential advancements of technology have potentially made us complacent and unsociable.
The modern world is filled with new technology, with the recent advancements in the manufacturing process of computer processing units (CPU), it means that computer chips are getting more efficient, more powerful, all while getting smaller. This has caused a huge improvement in artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence (AI) is defined as the intelligence that is displayed by machines. Some scientists have claimed that the current exponential advancements in AI have caused many people to become surrounded by the technology, and have instant communication from other sides of the globe. In the recent years now 51.7% of the world population use the internet daily, this has increased from 0.4% in December 1995.
In the first article that I will address, is from Forbes magazine, this article outlines over the past 5 years how the world had developed and evolved, due to the rise in technology. In the article, they highlight that computer programs have developed to the point that they are beating the world champions in GO, (an obscure board game of pure luck), just over 5 years ago the programs couldn’t have even beaten an unskilled amateur. This source is evidently for the change in technology and highlights how the world has changed for the better. The source was written by James Altchuer, he is an author, entrepreneur and wall street investor. The strengths of this article are that they have much experience in writing as they are a credited author, Alutcher has written many other articles all on different topics this shows that he is a wide ranged article author and he knows how to investigate and find out information as this article was well informed and very objective, there weren’t many opinions in the article and this means that the information in the article is very relevant. Forbes magazine itself, where the article was posted, is a well-credited business magazine and this indicated that they are a reliable source to gain information from, this the means that the information gathered from one of their articles can be seen as truthful and trustworthy. However, the article is written by someone who has no scientific background, this could mean that the information in the article can be reliable but not truthful and accurate, this means that any statistics found on the article could be incorrect, thus discrediting the article.
The second article that I will address, is from the Huffington Post, the article shows how much communication has changed since the development of technology. It covers the rise in use of social media and how it connects each other over the internet from the comfort of our own home, but I also addresses that we could of gone to far with social media, highlighting that many people feel the need to have a different personality online to their real life, thus causing people to have a great deal of self-worth and high expectations, however, the article shows that people haven’t gone too far it is just that they haven’t become conscious of how dangerous social media can be and if they want they can remove themselves from it completely as there are no mandatory requirements to have a social media account and post on it. The author of this article is Dr Carol Morgan, she has a PhD in communication. This means that she has a scientific qualification, this means that all of the information in the article has come from someone who has knowledge and credit in this type of subject, this thus allows her article to be reliable and relevant, but also truthful so any information in the article can be used and seen and the truth. For the final source that I will address it suggests that technology can be seen as having a good side, a bad side, and an ugly side. The Article written by Elyse Freeman, comments on how the world has come to adapt to the rise in modern technology. The source highlights that your phone has now replaced many aspects of modern day life that was usually only done with considerable efforts, such as banking, there are many apps that allow you to control your money and also monitor it, there are also services that allow you to type in an address and it give you directions in a matter of seconds. The article was posted on a website called Penna Powers, this is a website based in Utah. The article was written by someone who has no credible degrees, this means that the source can be seen as relevant as the article focuses on technology changing the world but it cannot be seen as reliable as they are only giving opinions with no credible research to back it up.
On the flip side, the world has also seen some very negative aspects that have come out of the advancement in technology, there have been much more advanced weapons being mass produced, there is a new threat of cybersecurity to the world, and even a danger to flights from dangerous drones flying. This has caused many people to question if the world has gone too far with some technology as these people see the rise in technology deteriorative to your health, as we now spend more and more time plugged into these devices especially in the youth. In an article from the New Zealand Herald, it suggests that from early age children have been exposed too much to technology and it is making them more reliant on technology as they grow older compared to maybe only 30 or even 20 years ago. It gives evidence from a survey that found that 78% of parents of children aged 5 to 7 said their child could use a mobile phone and 89% can use the TV remote. This means that the modern age is filled with technology and the world has introduced these young children at an early age. And a study shows that the rise in the anti-social use of social media has increased since 2007. This article is well accredited as the author has published many articles about science and technology, the article also includes numerous references to studies and scientific research.
The Betrayal of Trust in Great Expectations, a Novel by Charles Dickens
Embracing the Deception
English satirical poet, Charles Churchill once said, “Keep up appearances; there lies a test. The world will give thee credit for the rest.” This was initially meant as a jab at untrustworthy politicians and the lies that they tend to tell. This can also apply to various situations in real life as well as fictional literature. Appearances tend to be deceiving and do not always reflect reality. This leads to betrayal of trust which can have disastrous consequences such as married couples splitting up or treasured friendships being broken beyond repair. In Charles Dickens’s Great Expectations, Magwitch and his former partner in crime, Compeyson, show that people are not always who they seem to be. Because Magwitch and Compeyson hide their true selves, they live lives that are based around lies.
When Magwitch commits crimes, he does so to survive. He “first [becomes] aware of [himself], down in Essex, a thieving turnips for [his] living”(340; ch. 42). Despite the fact that stealing is illegal, Magwitch does not have the luxuries that most people do and has no choice but to steal everything he needs. However, after an encounter with Pip in the marshes while escaping from prison, Magwitch decides to turn his life around and become a gentleman. Magwitch manages to accumulate a large sum of money, but “no varnish can hide the grain of the wood; and that the more varnish [one puts] on, the more the grain will express itself”(320; ch. 39). Being a gentleman is not simply about money. It is also about social elegance, which is a skill that must be learned over time. Realizing this, Magwitch decides to focus on giving Pip a chance to be the man he could not be, knowing that he will be in trouble if he is ever found out.
Compeyson on the other hand, hides his identity for a far more nefarious purpose. In order to steal Miss Havisham’s wealth, “he [practices] on her affection in that systematic way, that he [gets] great sums of money from her…on the plea that when he [is] her husband he must hold and manage it all”(320; ch. 39). After successfully making Miss Havisham fall in love with him, Compeyson extracts money from her. To put salt on the wound, he leaves Miss Havisham on what was supposed to be their wedding day. He is even referred to as having “no more heart than a iron file, he [is] as cold as death, and he [has] the head of the Devil”(342; ch. 42). He is the source of most of the conflict that occurs in the story and has caused misery everywhere that he has gone. When Compeyson is put on trial, Magwitch notices “first of all what a gentleman Compeyson [looks, with] his curly hair and his black clothes and his white pocket-handkercher, and what a common sort of a wretch [Magwitch looks]. When the prosecution [opens] and the evidence [is] put short, aforehand, [he notices] how heavy it all [bears] on [Magwitch], and how light on [Compeyson]”(345; ch. 42). By making himself look like a gentleman, Compeyson manages to fool the judicial system into giving him an easier sentence than Magwitch, despite the fact that he was the primary culprit. Compeyson continuously uses trickery and deception to get what he wants.
Magwitch and Compeyson use deception for two completely different reasons. While Magwitch uses it to fit in and be accepted, Compeyson is selfish and takes advantage of those who fall for his lies. Deception is extremely common in the real world as well. This particularly applies to politicians, who often project a false image of themselves in order to get elected for a position. They claim to support certain minorities or to devoutly follow a religion simply to gain public support. In doing so, they build up a public image filled with lies and false promises. When the general public finally becomes wise to the act, it is too late. Deception is a part of everyday life and not many people are exactly who they say they are.
The Price of Life: Chekhov’s “The Bet”
Would you accept the offer of two million dollars in exchange for fifteen years of your life? Despite what you may think, some people would accept the offer without thinking twice. The short story “The Bet” by Anton Chekhov perfectly demonstrates that wealth delivers a happiness that only lasts for a fraction of time, while wisdom could last a lifetime. The symbolism employed by the author creates a vivid understanding that wealth is not everything; money without freedom is wealth acquired in vain.
“The Bet” mainly focuses on two characters, the old banker, and the young man. The banker was rich, while the young man was poor, so that each character could serve as a representative of a broad group. During a debate focusing on whether capital punishment is more just than imprisonment for life, the banker bets that the young man cannot stay imprisoned for more than five years in solitary confinement, for two millions, but the young man offers that he could “stay not five, but fifteen years” (Chekhov 89). The man was young, and prideful. He thought that he had found a way to get rich fast without putting worth effort, a decision he would later regret. He of course accepted the bet, believing that “to live anyhow is better than not at all” (Chekhov 89). Yet the young man soon leans that living anyhow is not always better than death, because he is even driven to the verge of insanity from the imprisonment. The young man goes through countless books during the imprisonment, and gains incredible wisdom for free, since the banker had to purchase all the books. After almost fifteen years, the young man has grown old, and the banker has grown much less wealthy than he once was. Since it seemed that the young man was going to win the two millions, the desperate banker tries to murder the young man and thus retain his money, only to find that the young man is not going to accept any new arrangement. So, the next day, upon finally reaching fifteen years, the young man (who is not so young anymore) breaks the contract and escapes. When the old banker learns of this fact, he is delighted, yet also painfully aware of what he has done. While the banker kept his money, and the young man gained knowledge, both lost something they would never regain: time (Chekhov 93). While you may think that only the young man wasted fifteen years of his life, the banker also did. The hard-earned money that the banker made from his job, which took time, had to be used to support the prisoner and his books.
Throughout the story, the game of Russian roulette holds out strong as the main symbol. By the rules of this deadly game, only one of the two players will emerge victorious, and wholly intact. Both of the players stake not only wealth but also the most prized possessions of all; their lives and freedom. In the game, two people sit across from each other at a table, and after they bet all their money, they take turns shooting themselves in the head with a revolver. There is only one bullet loaded in the gun, and if you happen to be unlucky and shoot the chamber with the bullet, you die, and of course the winner takes all the spoils. But just as importantly, the two people who play Russian roulette constantly torture each other indirectly. While “capital punishment kills a man at once, but lifelong imprisonment kills him slowly,” in Russian roulette, the person with the gun may be killed quickly with the pull of a trigger, but the other man will be imprisoned in a cage of shock and realization, hoping that the other man will die, but also thinking of when his own time will come (Chekhov 89). The revolver is not merely the “leech of freedom”; it is also the “bringer of death” (Chekhov 90). Thus, the simple revolver in Russian roulette has a chance of killing someone, and therefore of stripping him or her of the freedom to live, but also the freedom to possess wealth. People who play Russian roulette are either desperate or lazy and want an easy alternative to making money. But, they are overlooking the fact that making money fast could also fast forward your life, and cut it short by a great amount. While money and wealth can easily be replaced or regained, three or four years of your life cannot ever be replaced, let alone fifteen (Chekhov 90). Yet, the years of your life also have wealth, more than money or jewels could ever buy; as indicated by “The Bet,” the years contain experiences, some which only happen once in a lifetime.
Experiences are eternal, while wealth only aids you for a short while, and is worth absolutely nothing if you are dead or denied the freedom to use it. Either way, if you attempt to get wealthy and live a good life, remember that there are more important concepts in life to carry to the grave, concepts which only time can supply. These are the messages that Chekhov’s “The Bet,” part parable and part psychological study, conveys.