Understanding the Illustration of Desire, Magnificence, And the Way People Express Themselves Sexually As Shown In Sam Mendes’ Movie, American Beauty
Through the discoveries of the characters, Sam Mendes’ American Beauty, attempts to change the socially ingrained image of beauty. The motif of the red rose petal is utilised throughout the movie to represent lust, beauty, and sexuality. Its seductive power is reinforced within the cheer scene, as Angela creates a vector line toward her crotch with her hands and clothes zipper, as rose petals fly from her chest – portraying her as an object of desire. Angela represents the typical, superficial depiction of beauty, “If people I don’t even know look at me…it means I really have a shot at being a model”, and is shrouded in red rose petals within Lester’s fantasies – further highlighting her sexuality. Throughout the closing sequence, as Lester is led to his impending demise, the roses reappear which juxtapose their previous portrayal of beauty and lust. As Lester looks back on his fondest memories, each character within the final moments before his death are depicted as associating with the colour red – representing each of their discoveries surrounding beauty. Ricky Fitts discovers the true meaning of beauty within a floating plastic, as he describes it as “the most beautiful thing I’ve ever filmed”. Both his and Jane’s faces are shadowed by darkness, until they come to realise true beauty, and the two characters’ faces appear in the light, “Sometimes there’s so much beauty in the world. I feel like I can’t take it and my heart’s just going to cave in”. Angela, after admitting to being a virgin, discovers that pure beauty is not only found on the surface as Ricky tells her “..you’re boring, and you’re totally ordinary, and you know it”. Thus, as the characters are presented with the true meaning of beauty, due to their discoveries, their previously held beliefs are ultimately challenged and changed.
Sam Mendes’ ‘American Beauty’ represents the false nature of the American Dream, through the discoveries made by the characters, Lester Burnham and Ricky Fitts. The inculcation of the typical suburban dream that strives for wealth and status, within American Beauty, is challenged by Lester’s realisation of his living nightmare of neglected desires. The simile within the opening scene “It feels like I’ve been in a coma for forty years, and I am just waking up”, marks the beginning of his discovery, which eventually turns him into the antithesis of the American Dream. As Lester quits his slavish job, the background features geometric patterns and lines, which suggest the orderliness that Lester no longer fits in with. The mundanity is further juxtaposed by Brad Dupree’s reading of Lester’s job review “My job basically consists of masking my contempt for the assholes in charge…”, and as the shot shifts, the red wall behind Lester contrasts with the blue surrounding the rest of the room. Lester’s wife, Carolyn, represents the obsessive materialism of the American Dream, as portrayed in the ensuing dialogue after Carolyn and Lester kiss on the lounge “This is a $4,000 sofa. It is not just a couch”, “This is not life, this is just stuff. And it’s become more important to you than living”. The ideal of upholding status is accentuated within the Real Estate King’s philosophy, “In order to be successful, one must portray an image of success at all times”. The American Dream traditionally represents a happy life and family, which is further juxtaposed by the characterisation of Ricky Fitts. Ricky represents the breaking down of a nuclear family due to his discovery of true beauty and happiness, in contrast with his father’s conservative views of the world. As the Fitts family are shown watching television, there is a clear space on the lounge where Ricky should be seated – emphasising his detachment from the family unit. The television program is also in black in white, despite being in a time where television is usually in colour – which further accentuates his father’s old fashioned beliefs, that Ricky rejects. This highlights his alienation from his father and juxtaposes the ‘perfect family’ notion found within the American Dream. As Ricky and Lester meet at the real estate convention, they are shown wearing different coloured suits from everyone else in the room – illustrating their disconnection from the rest of society.
Review of Robert Burns’ Story, “A Red, Red Rose”
The nature of science and intuition would hold that everything visible to the eye must cease to be. No form of life, no cause, nor even movements of a generation may surpass the bounds of its finite existence. Yet this same consciousness insists there must exist a transcendental seal from one creation to another. This naked link, too, bracketsliterature gone byto that which belongs to the succeeding generation, otherwise accepted as love. In his “A Red, Red Rose,” Roberts Burns introduces an interminable romance which lasts through all tempering and ceasing. To develop this sentiment, the author presents a sundry of finite models and elucidates that regardless of the prototype, his intimate endearment will abide. Burns implicitly concedes the reader these ideals through his use of assorted repetition to spur thoughts of constancy, metaphorical imagery to evince the seasons of the relationship, and strategic placement and construction of words to embody the contractions to come and overcome.
Enunciated, perspicuous repetition erects the permanence of Burns’s love for the one he speaks of in his poem. To inaugurate this intention, Burns names his writing “A Red, Rose Rose.” The epizeuxis applied in the title employs the reader to note that repetition and constancy will be prevalent in the words to come. The first stanza, though still utilizing “a red, red rose” (1) from the title, approaches permanence using anaphora. The odd lines of this stanza begin with “O my luve’s like” and the evens with “That’s.” Burns exploits this repetitive mechanism in every line of the first stanza, the only stanza to do so in every line, to prepare the reader’s mind for the immutability that prevails in the poem. The next marked repetition appears in stanzas two and three as Burns moves past anaphora. For three consecutive odd lines, he ends with “my dear.” (7) Echoing this name of endearment to whom he is writing not only makes a spectacle of his affection, but the epistrophe he uses discloses that his affection is regular and perpetual.Concurrently, Burns closes stanza two and opens stanza three with “Till a’ the seas gang dry.” (8)The repetitions in these stanzas are coupled that they may be viewed as ceaseless. Though the stanza may end, his amiable words do not. Reiteration of this contrivance exists finally in the fourth stanza, opening the first two lines with “And fare thee weel.” (13) Burns closes his poem with this stanza opening to prove that his incessant love is undeterred by these words of farewell to his companion, accentuating the motif that while his words and life may be fleeting, love is not. Anaphora and epizeuxis are incorporated for a last time in lines thirteen and fifteen as both begin with “And” and close with “luve.” (13)The motley of repetition Burns indites in this work most candidly acquaints the reader with his proclamation of an immeasurable love.
Sensation-provoking illustrations in “A Red, Red, Rose” constitute the adherence of Burns’s ideas to the reader’s understanding, birthing a palpable emotional contact. He commences his writing with the likeness of his beloved to humble familiarities. Much the same as the pregnant earth springing flowers, being “newly sprung in June” (2) bears images of youth and joy that he is attributing to his lover. After the conception of this youthful romance, Burns offers her as a “melodie / [t]hat’s sweetly played in June,” (3-4) imploring the reader to dwell on their own reminiscence of summer memories and assign those emotions to the reader and his sweetheart. Cultural references conjure the established connotation, which Burns considers when calling her his “bonnie lass,” (5) referring to the Scottish folk song of a distant romance. This endeared mention has the reader wander towards sentiments of a fantastical, almost whimsical, romance and passes the relationship from a newly budded connection to a flattering, smitten alliance. Burns presses with scenes of life culminating as “the seas gang dry” (8) and “rocks melt wi’ the sun” (10) to consummate the circle of seasons relationships face. He proposes life itself is halting, yet he “will love thee still,” (11) enduring the inevitable ceasing of everything around the couple. This sampling of models through which Burns and his dear withstand impart reflections of destruction and ensures the reader surveys the surviving love amidst death. Burns’s lasteffigy of this pair is the parting of himself and his partner saying “fare thee weel, my only luve,” (13) drawing mental figures of devotion and goodbyes for the reader. This devotion continues as he’ll return to her “though it were ten thousand mile,” (16) propounding that the love has aged from the sprouting romance to an exchanged dependency of the companions to one another. Burns uses his imagery to goad the reader’s thoughts, inducing cognizance of the development of his relationship with his love as it grows and persists.
Vowel and word placement act as Burn’s instruments in “A Red, Red Rose” for spawning the light air of the poem while accentuating the variability of the surroundings of he and his lover. Burns forthwith introduces “O my luve’s like a red, red rose” (1) to set the precedent of assonance for the rest of his poem, largely emphasizing the role of vowels. Without regard to the rhyme scheme in place, every even line in a stanza rhyming, Burns forms rhyme elsewhere such as “melodie” (3) and “sweetly.” (4) This euphony flows the words and engages the reader to read swiftly and lightly. Burns says “fare thee weel” (13) in place of fare thee well for this exact purpose, pairing the double “e” in both words. Yet, the crux of his vowel usage may be seen in his spelling of “luve.” (1) Burns writes “luve” twice in each of his first two stanzas; yet, in the third stanza, Burns writes “love.” (11) The “o” may be in accordance with the other “o” he writes into the line, “O I will love,” to further his fluidity of vowels, but may also represent the growth of his love from its youthful stage to the matured commitment they take on- from luve to love. This change is not only shown in vowels, but also in the placement of his words in odd-numbered lines. He varies the meter in each stanza, comparable to his intentions in repetition. The first stanza is written in trochaic tetrameter with one anapest in each odd-numbered line, having “O my luve’slike a red, red rose” (1) contain the unstressed “like a” in the middle. Contrarily, the second stanza takes the form of iambic tetrameter without interruption. Burns sets the meter in odd lines in likeness to the second stanza, but casts the even lines with one opening anapest such as “And the rocks melt wi’ the sun.” (10) “And fare thee weel, my only luve” (13) gives the last stanza another iambic tetrameter in odd lines, yet Burns chooses to close with a suspension to this meter. A final anapest concludes his work in “Though it were ten thousand mile” (16) which does not exist in the partnering even line in that stanza. Burns’s purpose in varying the meter as he does is to shows that love will be never-ending though there indeed will be inconstancies surrounding the couple.
“A Red, Red Rose” acts as Burn’s note of assurance to his lover that their romance will abide. The reader implicitly draws this message through the assorted repetition, metaphorical imagery, and placement and construction of words. The precedence of permanence appears in the immediate use of repetition, preparing the tone for the rest of the poem. Image and reference usage touch the reader’s own memory to connect words to emotion, while wording is the covert instrument to clinch the ideas. These mechanisms awaken his own romantic sentiment to the reader most simply publish that the love of Robert Burns to his beloved will concede no cessation.
Red Rose Comment’ by Jenny Lyn Flores
Rose looked around the room she was in, blinking and breathing faster and faster as she tried to remember all the events that had led to her lying on the floor, bleeding and without any possible hope of surviving the night. She burst into tears as she began to remember everything that led to this moment trapped in this terror-like room. Then suddenly, she gasped in terror as she heard his voice. “Rose!!! Where the hell do you think you’re going?! Please! I can’t live without you, you know that! Please come back!!!” Peter’s voice screamed out with barely contained rage laced within its intonation. He looked at his fist, red and bleeding from the wall he had punched just before he began this night of madness. Peter barely had any time to process what happened in the past few weeks in their hellhole of a school when Rose screamed very loud. “Go away Peter! Please, this isn’t funny anymore! Don’t you get it?! People are dead, you monster, and it’s all because of the stupidity you’ve been pulling all week!” Rose’s tears fell down, every single falling drop another reminder of all that had happened all around their school and so many of her classmates that were close to her heart.
Elaine is dead, poor sweet Elaine, hanging from a wire she had tied herself as if death was the only way to make the voices that terrorized her finally stop from screaming at her. James, Andrew and Philip, all lying dead on a gutter because they were driving drunk to forget the pain they all started feeling one sudden day. Joseph, locked in prison and under mental assessment for burning down a storefront and laughing with absolute glee and delight in his voice. Joseph claimed the fire would cleanse him of all his sins and that the book had told him it was the only way to truly be free to do what he wanted. Even as the police put him in handcuffs, Joseph had been staring at the ashes of the store that he had watched burn down quietly. Then there were some of the others too, Simon, Bartholomew, Thomas and Matthew, some of the school’s shining stars. They were the boys that everybody loved without any conditions or any exchange to be given to anybody, they were the group that the teachers always asked to help them with activities or with study plans, and they would accept with a gracious smile on their faces. Everyone loved the “gang” as they liked to call themselves. Once, Peter was another one of the gang that was so adored by the student body.
At least that was what Peter was, before he suffered the same fate as so many of his fellow class and schoolmates had undergone during that hell year. He read a book in the library, and before the world could hold its breath, monsters long forgotten rose up once more to feed on the damned and their delicious misery. By the time the book had left its mark on Peter’s mind, something truly horrible would have happened. Peter, in his mad rage and arrogance, found and murdered every single member of the gang with his bare hands. Even I, so used to humanity’s cruelty as a witness to all of mankind’s faults over my endless times of existence, could not help but weep silently as I saw the broken and dirty corpses that were once the members of the gang.
Peter’s book, he smiled at the memory, was a black book bound in red that was known as the “Red Stars”. It was written in ink so dark and oddly reddish that it could easily considered as blood. It was one of a few of its kind, ancient books written by mad men as a way of summoning forgotten horrors upon our world as they once roamed the world in the old days. And these horrors hungered for nourishment for it had been countless eons since they had feasted on the misery of Humanity and all of its faults.
Those books were monstrous in their construction, but now that they had been unbound their curses could at long last be unleashed into the world material. Peter’s curse, sadly it seemed, twisted his passion and his courage into something much more resembling of a mad berserker His love for Rose, no matter how much they fought sometimes, was another part of his mind that grew into something much more twisted and cruel in its mockery of Peter’s slowly fading influence within his own mind and its place in the world. If he could not have his red-haired Rose, then no one else could. And so Rose hid in her room, shivering in fear as she heard Peter scream out loud over and over again until his voice was rough and husky. With each slam of the door that kept her from life and death, Peter grit his teeth as his hands now bled freely, blood flowing from his hands like a waterfall. He banged at the door with all his might, rage slowly consuming his thoughts just as he thought of Rose’s hair.
Peter had always loved Rose’s hair, crimson like blood spilled by twisted thorns. He remembered his first time seeing her, with her scarlet hair that is very long. He had fallen in love then and there, and even more so when he first heard her lovely laugh. He promised that he would always be there for her, through thick or thin, through ups and downs, no matter what happened. And he promised himself, even in that first glance at his red Rose, that he would always love her without any conditions or exchange. But now, those promises were forgotten. Nothing more than another part of Peter that the curse of anger had consumed in its cruel desire to destroy all it can. Now all that Peter promised himself was that he would see his red Rose bleed. And then, only then, would Rose truly be his to love.
This is the story of how Peter killed Rose. Peter finally managed to bash the door open with one last massive heave of all his tremendous strength. He wept, as he plucked the life of his red Rose from this world. He sat on that room, weeping as he cradled the broken body of his first and only love. The curse, it seemed, was cruel enough to know that seeing his Rose dead by his own hands would be enough to finally fully break Peter. And so Peter wept, until he could cry no more. I was there too, as I have always been in those moments of passing and death, and I too wept at the tragic tale that lay ahead of me. My brothers, for all the bad their curses had cause upon this world, were nothing if not the kind who could show us all the stories of humanity that truly showed each side of their existence.
I am sad to say, though, that this is also the story of how Peter died. In his immense grief over all that he had done, he felt as though all hope was lost forevermore. Peter, age 18, bought a pistol and prepared for the day ahead. And at 9 in the evening, he raised the barrel to his mouth, and he pulled the trigger. I was there once more, and I wept for humanity and the tragic tales my brothers and sisters had been creating at the expense of countless innocents.
The Red Rose Girls and Many Interesting Things
There is no doubt that during the early 1900s there was a large amount of sexism, especially towards women and their responsibilities, abilities, and their work. At the time there was no exception in the world of illustration. Women were not allowed to use nude models to practice their anatomy drawings, they could not get a job in any field unless they were closely related to a man who already had a place in the field, they were not even allowed to live together or even converse without the supervision of a man. Three women known as The Red Rose Girls broke all of those rules and became some of the most successful illustrators of their time.
The Red Rose Girls was a group of female illustrators made up of three women by the names of Jessie Willcox Smith, Elizabeth Shippen Green, and Violet Oakley. These women were some of the most successful female illustrators. Smith and Green enrolled into Howard Pyle’s Saturday Illustration class offered by the Drexel Institute where they met Oakley. They then started living together and they were then called the Red Rose Girls.
Although they were all very successful Jessie was the most successful of the group.
While the Red Rose Girls lived together in their own home, they were accompanied by another woman named Henrietta Cozen. She was someone who helped them take care of things around the house which they were very grateful for. Henrietta wrote an essay in 1929 called A Room of One’s Own in which Virginia Woolf, a 20th-century english writer, states “Women could achieve eminence if given equal educational opportunity, Financial Independence, and privacy. The book suggests that if Woolf had known of the Red Rose Girls then she might have added to that list “the opportunity to collaborate” for it was the fact that they lived together that gave them the freedom from not just their domestic responsibilities as women but their ability to separate themselves from the world that helped them achieve what they had.
I think the Red Rose Girls were and still are some of the most inspirational women artists. They found their own successes independently without the help of anyone. They became some of the most famous illustrators of their time despite the academy’s rules of how women were meant to gain success.
A Red, Red, Rose and so We’ll Go No More A-roving: Poetry Comparison
Compare ‘A Red, Red, Rose’ to ‘So We’ll Go No More A-Roving. How do they convey feelings of desire and loss? Both a ‘Red, Red, Rose’ and so we’ll go no more a-roving’ are wrote in ballad form. They are romantic poems about desire, loss and regret. ‘So we’ll go no more a-roving’ (L1) is to be spoken with regret in a melancholic tone. Byron knows and accepts that he can no longer go out ‘So late into the night’ (L2) he shrugs of his wanting with the use of the word ‘So’ but the desire is still there even though it can no longer be achieved. ‘Though the heart still be as loving, And the moon still be as bright’ (L3-4). Even though the moon is old like him it can still stay out late into the night.
The moon is a representation for Byron still being young of mind, his emotional will and desire to go out are still as bright as they were when he was young. Now he is too old to do all of these things he used to do and still wants to do. Byron is reminiscing about his past and looking back wishing/desiring that he can do them all over again and relive the experiences once again unfortunately he knows that this is not possible and is regretful over this. ‘For the sword outwears its sheath’ (L5) this represents how Byron was in his youthfulness his ability to dual, stand up for his self and generally take part in energetic activities. Even though Byron still wants to do all of these things and in spirit he is still able, but his body is too worn to let him. ‘And the soul wears out the breast’ (L6). Byron’s soul will last forever wanting to stay out late into the night but again his old worn out body is too tired for Byron to have the physical ability to carry out his emotional desires.
Yet Byron will still be desiring long after his body has decayed. ‘And the heart must pause to breath’ (L7) Byron’s heart skips a beat at the intensity of the emotional desires in which he feels. As is the case with many older people, when they have become overwhelmed with emotion, reminiscing about their past or have taken part in an exercise which is a little too strenuous for them, they have to pause, sit down for a while to take a breath, calm down and collect their thoughts together. ‘And love itself have a rest’ (L8). Byron must put his own feelings and desires away while he collects himself to realize that they can no longer be for filled, so there is no point in getting worked up about them.
Though the night was made for loving, And the day returns too soon’ (L9-10). Although the night is perfect for going out and having fun and the spirit is willing in flesh/ in body he is not able. The night is not long enough and time for him is also running out ‘Yet we’ll go no more a-roving, By the light of the moon’ (L11- 12). The moon is a representation for all of the emotional feelings and desires that Byron is having. The moon will still be there late into the night as will his soul long after he and his old worn body has gone.
A Red, Red Rose’ compared to this is also wrote in a musical ballad tone, with the same theme as ‘So we’ll go no more a-roving’ of time passing and running out. Burn’s feels that he will love his lady forever ‘Till a’ the seas gang dry, my dear, And the rocks melt wi’ the sun’ (L9-10) because the sea will never go dry and rocks will never melt, but eventually his love for her runs out and he no longer has the ability to love her. ‘And fare thee awhile’ (L14). His time for loving her runs out and he must go away ‘And I will come again, my luve, Though it were ten thousand mile’ (L15-16). He is wanting to go back to her and feel the way he did for her before. This is similar to Byron he no longer has the ability to go out late into the night but both have the desire to repeat and experience what they once had though neither can go back to experience the feelings again.
Both poets feel intense emotions of desire for the feelings/emotions that they have lost. Byron shrugs off his desires with ‘So’ but Burn’s tells his lady and himself that he will be back in order to disguise his emotions and desires.
Love Theme in Robert Burns’ a Red, Red Rose
This poem is about a man who has just found love for a woman and is describing how much he loves her. Robert Burns is known for writing about love. “Till all the seas go dry, my Dear, And the rocks melt with the sun!”(9-10). The speaker is the person who has an unconditional love for someone and the audience is the person he loves dearly. The phrase “Till all the seas go dry”(8) is used twice in the poem among other repetitions. “And fare you well”(13) Is used twice as well as “O,my love”(1). These phrases are echoed a line or two later, making it easy to listen to or read. This also helps the reader remember what is said which is another good attribute when confessing your love for someone.
The phrase “And I will”(7) is used twice in different sections of the poem to link everything together. The speaker uses a simile to say that “O, my love is like a red,red rose”(1). The poem is named after this first line and the stanza it is in uses two couplets that start with “O,my love is”(3). In these couplets the speaker elaborates on the first line. In the first couplet he writes about how beautiful his love looks because it is like a rose sprung in June. In the second couplet the speaker complements the first to write about how his love is like a beautiful song. In the second stanza the speaker says “As fair are you, my lovely lass, so deep in love am I. And I will love you still my dear, Till all the seas go dry”(5-8). The speaker changes from talking about how beautiful his love is in the first stanza to talking about how deep and unconditional it is. The speaker says that his love is deep, giving the imagery of being deep undersea.
By saying he will love her until the seas go dry, the speaker means that no matter what happens he will still love her. In the third and final stanza the speaker sums up everything he has said. He says that he will love her “Till all the seas go dry, my Dear, And the rocks melt with the sun!”(9-10) showing his unconditional love. His great love for her is illustrated when he states that she is “my only love”(13). The speaker continues on to say more about how much he loves her by saying that “I will come again,my Love, Although it were ten thousand mile!”(15-16). He is saying that no matter how far he will come back, giving her hope for his return. There is nothing that can stop him from coming back to her.
Lines Written in Early Spring and a Red Red Rose: Poetry Comparison
The first author is William Wordsworth with the poem “Lines Written in Early Spring”; he has a way of bringing out nature’s great offerings. The following author will be Robert Burns with his poem “A Red, Red Rose”.
I heard a thousand blended notes,
While in a grove I sat reclined,
In that sweet mood when pleasant thoughts
Bring sad thoughts to the mind (1-4)
Wordsworth is describing how he is sitting out in a grove, in a peaceful atmosphere and when everything is calm and for him it brings out the gentlemen with emotions. He is also saying that if we take the time to get out and enjoy nature that it will relax us and we will begin to see what is important. He is also hearing the birds singing that brings something to mind, perhaps past love.
Wordsworth seems to be in some sort of pain, questioning if his lost love is fair or not, if it was is suppose to be with the following lines:
If such be Natures holy plan,
Have I not reason to lament
What man has made of man (22-24)
Perhaps he is blaming it on himself that it is his fault that he is heartbroken. He may have brought on his hurt by himself, by what he has become and tried to do all that he could, but then he sees no worry with it because he sees nature and then thinks that it is the way it is suppose to be when he says:
If this belief from heaven be sent (21)
Wordsworth is also hinting at look how simple and basic nature is, we should also do the same by way of the birds in the poem and how they do not need to even move to get a point across. He wrote much of his work with the influence of nature not in a negative way but more in a positive.
The second discussion is of Robert burns and his piece “A Red, Red Rose”. Many thoughts may come to mind when you read the first line of his poem but as you go on it is as if you are in a way reading a fairy tale.
Not everyone has their love relating to a red rose, some to a different color or some will not even compare or express there love through flowers or nature but as we look at Burns’ first stanza he surely compares himself, his emotions with a piece of nature.
O my Luve’s like a red, red rose,
That’s newly sprung in June;
O my Luve’s like the melodie
That’s sweetly played in tune. (1-4)
With this stanza he is expressing his love to her with a red rose and maybe he chose a red rose as a color of his heart, that he is giving her his heart, there a many possibilities. In the second line, with the month of June, maybe that is when roses are in full bloom and are looking their best and so he wants to give this young lady a “perfect” rose just as their love is for each other. Also it is in a way saying that their deep love for each other has just come about in June, just like the recently bloomed rose. So he is comparing his love to a rose, something that is natural just as his love is for her.
In the third and fourth lines he telling her that his love for her is like when a piano is in tune and played with the right chords that it is a very sweet sound and thought. Another possibility of how he feels his love is for her is how sweet the rose smells, almost indescribable but she knows. Maybe he chose to give her a rose because of all the wonderful interpretations she may have from a single rose. It appears that he knew what nature has to offer and that a single red rose by its self could say more about his love towards her than any words he can say.
Wordsworth and Burns both choose to use nature in their writings to get the point across that they want, it may be in different ways or reasons but it still has the center of attention on nature.