Fidel Castro

Shortly About Fidel – the Real Fidel Castro

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

The world would never forget the name Fidel Castro, the Cuban Prime Minister/dictator who ruled for almost 50 years. However one of the highly secretive issues in his life was his dalliance with Dalia Soto Del Valle. This Cuban lady who bore 5 sons for Fidel was not known for decades as he completely shut her out of the prying eyes of the public.It was later known that Dalia met Fidel Castro through her passion for teaching when he was on a literacy campaign in Cienfuegos sometime in 1960. As the story goes, Fidel picked interest in the young teacher as soon as he met her and within a short while, they became secret lovers before settling for marriage in 1980.

Dalia Soto Del Valle’s BioDalia Soto Del Valle is a woman who has never lived an open life as it was only sometime in the year 2000 that her identity was made known to the world. There is, therefore, no information about her date of birth but it has been confirmed that her birthplace was in Trinidad, a town located in the province of Sancti Spíritus in Cuba.Concerning her education, it was gathered that the Cuban lady received a standard education in her hometown and upon completion of her studies, she decided to join the teaching profession. Sources have it that Dalia was in her teenage years when she started to teach and this was what paved the way for her entrance into the life of the past Cuban dictator, Fidel Castro.In the 1960s, the Cuban government was very keen on improving the literacy level of its indigenes and Dalia Soto Del Valle who was very passionate about education joined the bandwagon to campaign for literacy. She was noticed at one of the literacy forums that was organized in the city of Cienfuegos, Cuba. Dalia was then invited for a grand dinner where she found herself seated next to the Prime Minister and from then onwards, her life changed as she entered the socialite class in the country.

Dalia Soto Del Valle’s Parents & KidsDalia Soto Del Valle came from an affluent family as her dad, Fernando Soto Del Valle Guinart was the owner of lands and a massive farm. They also had a very comfortable home in Trinidad where Dalia is believed to have spent her formative years. However, not much has been said about her mother and no source has mentioned her name before.The Cuban lady started a secret relationship with Fidel Castro and not too long after, they welcomed their first child named Alex Castro Soto. After the birth of her son, Dalia was asked by the Prime Minister to relocate to Havana where he got her an exquisite Spanish Mansion. Their relationship produced four other children namely: Antonio Castro-Soto, Alejandro Castro-Soto, Alexis Castro-Soto, and Angel Castro-Soto.Dalia with her husband Fidel Castro meet Pope Francis image source Fidel finally decided to tie nuptial knots with his lover in 1980 but he still kept her identity hidden from the public.

The pair broke the secrecy in 2000 when Dalia was seen demanding the return of the young Elian Gonzalez – who was rescued after his mother drowned while fleeing to the United States. The next year, she was also sighted at the yearly Cigar Festival held in Cuba but her first appearance by the side of Fidel Castro was in 2010. Afterward, Dalia Soto Del Valle made a series of other appearances with Fidel Castro and attended interviews with him. She stayed by his side when his health was seriously deteriorating and when the dictator’s reign finally ended, Dalia was very supportive alongside her children. She was with Fidel Castro when he passed on in 2016 and she mourned his loss.

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Beginning of Cuban Missile Crisis

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

The Cuban Missile Crisis was truly one of the world’s worst esculations of tension between two willing and able superpowers that could have resulted in damages both parties would still be recovering from today. Beginning with issues concerning Cuba, the crisis came to involve the United States president John F. Kennedy and the USSR leader Nikita Khrushchev. The United States involvement with Cuba came way before that of the USSR’s, though, once the USSR came into the picture the thirteen day crisis officially began. To what started as the U.S.’s attempt to overthrow Cuba’s corrupt government became a puzzling stalemate over nuclear warfare between two militarily strong world powers at the time. Serving as both a catalyst for future legislation and a reminder of how fragile international relations can become, the cuban missile crisis was an event on one wishes to ever again come close to.

Before Cuba became the center of conflict during this thirteen day period, it was under the watch of the U.S. for almost a decade prior. The United States was one with Cuba at one point in time, prior to 1962 and then again after 2015. Trading and overall relations between the two were no different from that of your typical international relationship. Both benefited from the purchasing of each others goods economically, the U.S. enjoyed its investments, and a peaceful climate generally existed between the two. There was only one problem that occured that unsettled this mutual relationship and that was the rise of Fidel Castro. Prior to his rising, Cuba was governed under the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista. The U.S. backed Batista and his policies, in fact Batista himself, then in his second term, came to power in similar ways as did Castro. Though with a declining defence base and civil corruption, Batista was officially ousted in 1959. “He and his supporters then fled to the Dominican Republic”. Castro then took Batista’s position and began cutting and forming international relations one by one. The first on his list to go were those with the United States. “U.S. businesses, oil refineries, factories and casinos were nationalized, prompting the U.S. to end diplomatic relations and impose a trade embargo that was lifted just recently in 2015. Concurrently, cuba was developing relations with the soviet union, becoming increasingly dependent upon their support and resources. Castro himself then openly identified with the soviets and their command as being one who stood on their side, terming his platform a Marxist-Leninist. By 1961, not only was the U.S. concerned with the communist expansion of the far east, but now with a satellite just 90 miles east of their coastline.

U.S. officials were not happy with the events that transpired leading to Castro’s assumption of power. In fact they tried over a dozen times to take him out using clever ways to do so. “From poisonous cigars, to the infamous Bay of Pigs invasion, all failed and castro continued with his plans of action unbothered”. All the while, Cuba was benefiting greatly from the military support and resources delivered by the soviet union. They would also help out other countries within the Latin Americas later on by providing similar aid. Nonetheless, products ranging from daily necessities to firearms and ammunition were being sent to Cuba by the boatload. At the time, Castro and Khrushtev, then of the soviet union, developed relations so strong that the USSR and cuba secretly agreed for the soviet union to deploy “short range missiles” in cuba. This at first went undiscovered by the U.S. until images from their U-2 spy plane revealed the sights of soon to be missile plants. Just a few days into October of 1962, the U.S. government was in shambles as not only were there campaigns taking place but now they were under threat by their close neighbor.

The day was October 14th, 1962 and what came to be termed the Cuban Missile Crisis had officially begun. Watching from a distance, the U.S knew about Cuba’s diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union, though, it was not until the missiles were detected that affirmative action needed to be taken place. “Krushchev, the supplier of said missiles, and the inner circle of soviet policy-makers fully realized the probability that their missiles in cuba, if discovered, would provoke a crisis with the United States. They accepted this risk because they expected to reap considerable political and strategic gains if the missiles were not detected until they became operational”. President Kennedy of the U.S. began by establishing assemblies or specific groups to discuss the measures that would need to be taken, they would be called the security council or X-CON. Various ideas ranging from throwing the first missile, invasions, air striking the missile plant and many many more ideas were discussed, however, Kennedy wanted chose a calm approach to settling this issue, by talking it out.

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The Story of a Hero Became Villain: Castro’s Revolution and Rise to Power

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

In modern stories of oppressive government, an archetype of a ruler who doesn’t care for his people, violently ends protests and seems to simply be the villain. Debatably, the man who created this archetype is Fulgencio Batista.

Batista was elected president of Cuba in 1940 and voted out in 1944, however he regained power by less lawful means in 1952. In a three-way election, Batista was a distant third place in the polls, and seemed to have little to no chance of winning, but on March 10, 1952 Batista led an illegal seizure of the Cuban government , canceled the election he was doomed to lose and appointed himself the head of Cuba as a “Provisional President”. (Kapcia)

Illegally taking over a democratic government could never go well with the Cuban people, and the egregiousness of Batista’s later actions only cemented him as negative to the people of Cuba. Batista allowed Cuba to, metaphorically, become the dumping yard for America’s elite. Gambling licenses were radically easy to obtain, the police were corrupt and as a result, drugs and prostitution became rampant.

The United States government did little to stop Batista as Eisenhower’s administration supported Batista’s regime, and provided a plethora of weaponry to Batista’s army, helping to keep Batista in absolute control. Rich foreign businessmen would come to Cuba for “Dirty Holidays” where they would take advantage of the plentiful gambling and exploit citizens living in poverty.(Hugh)

In the days leading up to the beginning of the revolution, Fidel Castro, the leader of the Cuban Revolution, recruited lower class men who held menial jobs such as delivery men, chauffeurs and unskilled labor. Mixed raced Cubans were seldom recruited as the majority supported Batista, who was also of mixed heritage, in addition, Intellectuals were also excluded as Castro feared they may challenge his ideas. (James)

In order to train his men, Castro brought them to shooting ranges in Havana, disguising them as businessmen interested in hunting. The rebels were armed with a variety of civilian firearms, including 12 and 16-gauge shotguns, .22 calibre rifles, and a variety of varying handguns and rifles. The first battle of the Cuban Revolution was fully explained the day of, Castro and his men gathered at a farm in Sibonev, and worked out their objectives. Castro’s men planned to take over the Moncada Barracks in Santiago, steal their weapons, spam the military airwaves and use Santiago’s radio stations to mobilize the public against Batista. (James)

On the dawn of July 26, 1953, Fidel Castro led a group of over 150 rebels to to the Moncada Barracks. The attack did not end well, Fidel Castro’s men had mobilized in cars, and the car carrying the heaviest firepower had been lost, leaving many of the rebels unarmed. Fifteen soldiers and three police were killed, with 28 more wounded, the rebels lost nine men with eleven wounded, however 56 were executed in retaliation. In addition to the executions, other rebels were sentenced to jailtime, including Fidel Castro.(Hugh)

Ernesto Guevara was born on May 14, 1928 in Rosario, Argentina to an upper class family. Guevara spent his childhood as most other Armenian children did, though it is noted that he had a lack of hygiene and was especially promiscuous with women. Guevara attended medical school in Buenos Aires, but took a break before finishing his final year to take a motorcycle trip with his friend Alberto Granado. Though the trip had a primary goal of volunteering to help at a leper colony in Peru, it was mostly planned to explore South America and have fun before graduating college. On the trip, Guevara was subjected to seeing poverty, something he’d neglected to acknowledge in his youth. From being subjected to shocking scenes of the lower class struggling, Guevara developed an anti-Capitalist marxist worldview. Though Granado opted to stay in Caracas, Venezuela, Guevara returned home to Buenos Aires to complete his medical schooling.(Anderson)

Once Guevara completed medical school he continued to travel around South America, but would eventually set his destiny in Guatemala. Guevara arrived during the presidency of Jacobo Arbenz, who was in the process of attempting to turn Guatemals into a prosperous Capitalist society and cut off foreign influence. Arbenz’s policies ended up causing outside forces to plan a government takeover. Guevara joined forces with pro-Arbenz Guatemalans to stop said takeover, but the group ultimately failed, forcing Guevara into Mexico City. In Mexico City, Guevara would earn the name “Che”, as “Che” was in some dialects similar to the word “hey”, other revolutionaries would yell out “Che! Guevara!”, and it eventually stuck.(Anderson)

Back in Cuba, Fidel Castro was let out of prison in May 1955, after only two years through amnesty. Castro went into exile in Mexico City immediately afterward. It was here where Castro and Che met, and began forming the “26th of July Movement”. In Mexico City, Castro formed a battle plan to retake Cuba from Batista, with Che as a head in the movement. Small disturbances from the 26th of July Movement took place in Cuba, though nothing major had taken place as every major player still remained in Mexico City. (Anderson)

At the end of 1956, a group from 26th of July Movement, including Che and Castro, sailed to Cuba on a decaying yacht named the “Granma”. The rebels reached Cuba’s Southeastern coast on December 2, 1956. From this point, the group made their way for Havana in an attempt to overthrow Batista. In regards to the battles fought during the Cuban Revolution, it is said that Che was especially ferocious in battle, his men told stories of him dealing with serious battle wounds like they were negligible cuts, and acting like a hardened vet despite having no prior military experience.(Hugh)

On the path to Havana, Castro’s forces remained relatively small, often dipping below 200 men, and though Batista had over 30,000 men, Castro managed to defeat them time and time again, heavily outgunned and heavily outnumbered. Factors that played into Castro’s success in Cuba included a weapons embargo the United States had put on Cuba and heavy determination in his men. These factors played a key role in the landslide victory of Operation Verano where Batista send 12,000 men, a large number being untrained recruits, into the Cuban mountains. Castro’s men won by a landslide, losing 76 men, but killing 126 and capturing 240. (Kapcia)

On August 21, 1958 Castro’s forces went full offensive in a series of battles leading to the Battle of Santa Clara in late December where Castro’s forces took the entire city with support from civilians, and set a final route for Havana. Castro’s victory at Santa Clara scared Batista into fleeing to the Dominican Republic. Castro’s forces marched to the Havana and met no opposition, Castro’s initial choice of president, Manuel urrutia Lleo took office on January 3, 1959(Chomsky)

After the revolution succeeded, hundreds of Batista-era public servicemen were tried for war crimes and other human rights violations. All of the convicted were either executed or imprisoned for a long period of time. Che was appointed the supreme prosecutor, though he later resigned to fight other revolutions before being killed by the CIA on October 9, 1967. Castro became president of Cuba from December 1976 until February 24, 2008, and is still living to this day.(Hugh)

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Fidel Castro – One of the Most Hated Men in History

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

Susanna Kaysen, author of the bestselling 1993 novel Girl Interrupted once wrote, “….I told her once I wasn’t good at anything. She told me survival is a talent.” There isn’t a more appropriate statement for Fidel Castro, a man who was nothing short of a survivor. According to the 2006 British documentary 638 Ways to Kill Castro, “More people have tried to murder the world’s most famous socialist than any man alive.” It was recently confirmed by the former director of Cuba’s intelligence services that there were more than 600 attempts to destabilize or assassinate Castro prior to his death in 2016 although the exact amount is rather fuzzy. His attempted assassins are alleged to have plotted to kill him in a variety of ways, including poisoning him with pens and drinks, dosing his dive suit with fatal botulism, blowing him up during a speech and so on. If you can imagine an assassination attempt, it was probably plotted against Fidel Castro at some point. The number of people who wanted Castro dead, or at least erased from power, rose after he seized power in 1959, embraced the Soviet Union and communism as the new norm, took over US property on the island, cut ties with Cuba and the outside world, and forced thousands of Cubans into exile. These attempts were back by various sources that opposed of his communist regime that lasted from the 1950s to the early 2000s. One of these sources was the United States, who often operated at a distance by using anti-Castro Cuban exiles, known as Marielitos, or gangsters.

The Marielitos left in three waves. The first group was known as ‘the first arrivals’, who escaped to Miami in 1959 by boat or sea, the ‘freedom flights’ who were granted refugee status in places such as the US from the mid to late 1960s, and the ‘Mariel Boatlift’. These Marielitos were exiled by Castro in the early 1980s by claims of conspiracy and a way to rid Cuba of the ‘trash’. The boatlift was also triggered by housing and job shortages caused by the ailing and deeply struggling Cuban economy. These factors also lead to the simmering internal tensions on the island that were around until Castro’s death in 2016.

As previously mentioned, on assassination attempt came from mobster forces who worked closely with the American government. These two forces shared a common hatred for Castro and his regime and this led to a more than an unusual partnership. The mafia had paid off Cuban officials prior to the power shift which allowed them to operate businesses, such as hotels, casinos brothels on the island. However, this all came crashing down when Castro came into power and seized the mobsters’ businesses. The US hated this power source for more obvious reasons. A CIA agent met with the famous mobster Sam Giancana in Miami in 1960. The agent then asked Giancana to help the American government kill Castro, to which he agreed and even said the mob would waive their usual fee. However, firearms were not the way the agent asked for Castro to be eliminated. Therefore, the mob delivered cyanide pills. The decision was made to serve chocolate milkshakes laced with the cyanide because that Castro adored them and was very unlikely to resist the temptation. Despite a well-orchestrated approach of attack, the attempt did not kill Castro. Fabian Escalante, former head of Cuban Intelligence and responsible for watching over Castro during his time in power, wrote in his book, Executive Action: 634 Ways to Kill Fidel Castro, “They ordered a chocolate milkshake, and in the rush and nervousness brought on by the moment for which he had prepared himself for over a year, he broke the capsule of poison while trying to pick it up, as it had stuck to the shelf of the freezer in which it was hidden.” However, this was not the only failed attempt by the CIA, as the assassination attempts from 1959 to the 1960s were mostly orchestrated by the US bureau of Central Intelligence. Despite this, the plots occurring from the 1970s onward were by exiled Cuban who wanted a taste of revenge.

Another interesting attempt by the CIA involved a femme fatale love interest for Fidel Castro. They tried pills again, recruiting a lover of Castro’s to deliver the poison named Marita Lorenz. Lorenz had met and fallen in love with Castro shortly after the revolution began and she described their relationship as a whirlwind of romance. In fact, she recounted their love affair in her memoir, Marita: One Woman’s Extraordinary Tale of Love and Espionage from Castro to Kennedy. However, she was recruited and convinced by the CIA to poison her lover, and was sent back to Cuba with poison pills. Sadly, she recounts, when she got to Havana, she found that the pills had dissolved in the jar of face cream. The factoid that worsened the ordeal was that Castro, who had eyes and ears everywhere was one hundred percent aware of her plot. In her memoir she recalls Castro asking her, “Are you here to kill me?”, to which he followed suit by handing her his pistol. Overcome with emotion and shame, instead of shooting Castro she fell into his arms.

Fidel Castro will forever be known and recognized for establishing the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere. This came post overthrow of the military dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista in 1959 in which Castro lead and orchestrated. He ruled over Cuba for nearly five decades, until handing off power to his younger brother Raúl in 2008. Fidel is also infamous for suffocating the citizens of Cuba with a lack of economic and political freedoms. What were once politically active, decently wealthy people became poor, financially struggling citizens chained to Castro’s ideals. If they strayed, the results would be incarceration, being exiled, and death. Castro’s Cuba also had a highly antagonistic, problematic relationship with the United States. Which resulted in the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis. The two nations officially mended their broken relations in July 2015. They also ended the trade embargo that had been in place since 1960, which filtered what came in and out of Cuba such as products, media, people, and etcetera. Castro died on November 25, 2016, at 90 the age of 90, 8 years after handing over power. Castro will forever be known as one of the most hated men in history.

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Decades of Ruling Over Cuba, One Dictator after Another: Castro Versus Batista

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

Cuba is one of only a handful of countries that still stands as Communist in the world of today. This is in thanks to Fidel Castro, who led the country for over half a century upon overtaking the role of dictator from Fulgencio Batista. Castro had a large role in shaping Cuba to look like it stands today, and pushed many reforms for the country. He has been a spectacle of international attention for years, and often his predecessor Batista and his reign have been overlooked. This brings to attention the question: how did the overtaking of Fulgencio Batista as dictator of Cuba by Fidel Castro affect the nation? Consequences of this change in power stem directly from the change in leadership between these two men and include vastly different leadership attributes, education, and a combination of economy and international relationships.

Fulgencio Batista ruled from 1940-1944 as President of Cuba after making many attempts to fix the nation. “Batista supervised Cuba’s transition from a military dictatorship in 1934 to a nominal constitutional democracy in 1940.” One can see early on that Batista was a leader who was not content with mediocracy. He pushed for the country to take on liberal democracy and strived for a system more similar to the United States in order to provide stability for the country, a feat rarely achieved for a considerable amount of time in Cuba. Batista strived to alleviate unemployment and make more systematic plans for social and economic measures through his three year plan. He easily could have forced a harsh dictatorship at any time, “It is true that Batista was still the strongman of Cuba. When people spoke about military power versus civilian authority, they were speaking about Batista.”

Batista did have power and influence, but he chose to win the position of president in a respectful, orderly manner in 1940. Batista eventually did end up forcing his hand by overthrowing President Socarras in 1952. Batista did so preceding the election of 1952, due to his belief that the country and all of his reforms would fall apart without his control. The “coup d’etat by Fulgencio Batista was greeted with widespread relief,” but was not necessary as he was financially secure from his previous positions. He risked everything to put his country in a better position. He maintained the role of President and refrained from changing Cuba’s political power structure. At the end of the day, what Batista had that made him a unique leader for Cuba was his deep desire to pursue liberty no matter the circumstances. “The people who know him intimately, those who have seen him fret and worry about the plight of his country, believe that Batista in his entire career has never taken a step without first convincing himself that it was for the good of Cuba.” Batista was a patriot, a man motivated by the idea that his country deserved the best.

A little over a year following Batista’s revolution, Fidel Castro mounted an attack on the Moncada military barracks with a small group of followers. This rouse failed due to his underestimation of the garrison which led to his capture and imprisonment. Fortunately for Castro, he was able to avoid the detriment this mistake posed. It ended up being a beneficial experience for him. He was freed from prison much sooner than his fifteen year sentence suggested, gained political insight, and became a focus of national attention. Batista clearly crushed his rebellion, but Castro came out of this situation with the upper hand. He gained support and was ultimately able to empower the diverse leadership of his 26th of July movement. This date was representative of his attack on Moncada and led to the revolution over Batista. The lower class heavily supported Castro because he appealed to their needs. Castro believed that the best way to change their situation was to continue his pursuit of a coup, which he finally achieved through a drawn out process of guerilla warfare. His struggle for all of these years was a result of his passion to make Cuba strong. Castro passionately articulated, “Peace is not attained through weakness. Peace is attained through strength, courage, and determination of peoples. I believe this is what characterized our revolution.” To him it was irrelevant that there was violence in his coming of power. It was necessary in his mind in order to create a powerful and simultaneously peaceful country. No longer did Castro want to see Cuba as a weak Latin America country, he wanted to rule a world power and saw Communism as the best route to attain this.

Education in Cuba changed distinctly between the two leaders. During Batista’s reign, education remained stagnant and failed to improve although he made many efforts to fix the conditions present. His intentions were pure, but failed to gain tangible results. “Fulgencio Batista cited the many educational laws and decrees that had been passed between 1936 and 1958. Yet the 1950 World Bank Report clearly demonstrated inept administrative practices coupled with graft and political patronage.” The clumsiness of the laws could not prevent the deterioration of the system. The fact that the “Cuban educational system had deteriorated between 1925 and 1959” played out to Castro’s advantage. He had the opportunity to change an educational system that had struggled for years for the better. “The student movement in Cuba gave considerable support to Fidel Castro’s struggle against Batista.” The fact that the students supported Castro and wanted change motivated them to excel. The entire outlook on education was changed through the new ruling and created a positive environment to learn. “The phenomenal expansion of education included a campaign which, it was claimed, reduced illiteracy to insignificant amounts.” Therefore the coming into power of Castro proved to be beneficial for Cuba’s educational system. Illiteracy decreased along with the students becoming happier and increasing in volume attending. This was a system for success that worked out well for the country thanks to Castro.

Economically, Cuba was in a good state during Batista’s ruling. This is reflected by, “Cuba, although a poor country in many respects, was certainly among the richer countries of Latin America.” Latin America as a whole was poor during this time period, but among these countries Cuba was one of the most well off. The sugar industry did a lot for the country. The United States relied on Cuba for sugar along with the fact that Cuba was the world’s largest producer of sugar at the time. Batista encouraged the healthy relationship with the United States and once again was not stagnant. He continued the progression of the country and “took steps to cultivate the trade unions, passing social welfare legislation, building houses for workers and creating employment through large public works programmes” even after solidifying backing from the United States. However, the situation changed rapidly when Castro came into power. Instead of fostering a good relationship with the United States, Castro did the exact opposite and teamed up with the Soviet Union in 1960, which would “buy 425,000 tons of sugar in 1960, and 1m. tons of sugar each of the subsequent four years.” This pushed the limits and caused the United States to become indignant regarding Cuba. The relationship changes from mutually beneficial to dysfunctional in a short amount of time. The United States actions to this day reportedly include, “weather modification to induce drought, ruination of a sugar cargo on a ship seeking emergency help, introduction of animal diseases, not to mention attempted murder of the president.” This is directly reflective of the change in ruling.

Along with his Soviet agreement, Castro strived for all salaries to be equal in society. In his mind, this would mean that several things, such as education, would be free to everyone. It worked to some degree, as illustrated by historian Louis Perez, “Labor received wage increases, the unemployed received jobs. The effects were visible.” However, there were flaws in Castro’s thinking, particularly the treatment of social classes, that held him back, “Thus Fidel Castro’s ideal plan for the 1960s did not come to fruition.” Castro did not fully take into account the fact that the upper-class and educated citizens were not in favor of his reforms. Their rights were revoked and many decided to leave in order to better utilize themselves elsewhere. This results in the loss of “social capital – the very skills, education, and contacts that Cuba most needs to restructure its economy.” Skilled workers that help drive the economy, such as doctors, were leaving left and right and left Cuba in a vulnerable position. The upper class was more or less swept away and there was not necessarily even a middle class anymore. Ultimately there was a massive push towards one central economic value placed on everyone and classes according to wealth were eliminated.

Fidel Castro’s rise to power over Batista severely impacted Cuba through their diverse leadership focuses, education, and an economical and international blend. Castro and Batista are two very different men. The latter came to power respectively through the military and endeavored to consistently improve his nation. Castro, on the hand, came to power in a rapid turn of events by overthrowing Batista and began to move towards a communist society. A reoccurring theme apparent is that Batista never failed to do what he believed to be right for the country, whereas Castro achieved vastly different goals than Batista although he ultimately pursued his own desires as well. However, this observation does not translate to a perfectly black and white picture. Both pursued their own personal motives to better their country, but found divergent results. Castro improved the education immensely upon receiving power. This is one definitive advantage Cuba saw from the change in ruling, but the issue of economics remains cloudy. The upper class became extinct while the lower class thrived after the revolution. The relationship with the United States was permanently severed and Castro guided the U.S.S.R. to step into that role. Castro coming into power changed the scope of Cuba and left behind the legacy of Batista. Cuba developed a unique identity from the revolution specifically in the facets discussed.

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The Perception of Fidel Castro’s Image as a Cuban Icon

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

In January 1959, Fidel Castro assumed power after overthrowing the current dictator Fulgencio Batista. Castro caused radical changes within Cuban society, especially with social issues such as women’s rights, and gender relations. These changes have been beneficial as well as bad for Cuban society.

One of the biggest changes with women’s lives was schooling. In 1960 schools were created for young women to be educated. They developed skills, confidence and hygiene skills. (Doc 2) This increase in education caused improved illiteracy rates, and more active womens. (Doc 8) Women in Cuba encouraged these changes because it allowed their children to attend school away from home (Doc 7) The source of this is a Cuban mother being interviewed by a US journalist. However this could be bias because Fidel Castro could have influence in her answers, as well as the fact that she is a mother and her daughters are attending school for free so she sees the benefits to it. Before Castro took over, Women’s roles were domestic and they did not attend schools such as the ones created in the 1960’s.

This schooling allowed women to break into the workforce, and black women got jobs in areas other than servantry. (Doc 2) This change lead to equal rights for women, and advancement in their career development. The source of this was a pro castro, pro revolution feminine politician (Doc 7) Castro also influenced a strong independence movement for women as well as equality to men. Castro is a strong advocate for the change in Women’s lives. Before Castro, son’s were freed when they became adults, however women were also under the rule of men. These conditions did not change until 1959. (Doc 1) This also could have been bias because she is a socialist and a feminist which is the backing for her views and she could have exaggerated her ideas. The changes allowed for more opportunities for women, they no longer were subject to occupations such as prostitution or became mistresses. With Castro’s takeover they became independent, free and equal. (Doc 4) This source is also subject to bias. It comes from a 12 year old daughter of a revolutionary. Meaning, her parents are revolutionaries who support Castro’s rule and changes. So their ideas and views on the issue influence their daughters ideas. Castro believed the fight for equality was not over and needed to continue. In order to stay in power, he needed love from his country. This kept women liking Castro. (Doc 5) These are the changes in women’s lives post-1959, before it was much different.

However, there is also an argument against these changes in women’s lives. One woman who was attending school became pregnant and she was expelled. When the baby was born it did not even have a mattress to sleep on because she was not allowed to buy one without a certificate for her baby. She did not have enough soap for her clothes, and because of government swimming pool put in at a private residence on her block, she did not have enough water either. She was not given equality when it came to maternity leave. (Doc 6) Some women even worked double what they did before. Working at their job during the day, and attending to domestic work once they get home. (Doc 10)

Gender relations also went through some tension as well. There were tensions between men and women over household work and who was responsible for it. Because before, men went to work and women stayed at home, but now because both are going to work there is work to be done at home. (Doc 10) There was also resistance by me and old people who did not want the changes. They were accustomed to the way it was and in their minds it worked, and when Castro took over he shook their culture up. (Doc 6) One document that would be nice to see to address this question would be another anti-castro document such as an interview with an older man or women

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