Fidel Castro

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Shortly About Fidel – the Real Fidel Castro

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

The world would never forget the name Fidel Castro, the Cuban Prime Minister/dictator who ruled for almost 50 years. However one of the highly secretive issues in his life was his dalliance with Dalia Soto Del Valle. This Cuban lady who bore 5 sons for Fidel was not known for decades as he completely shut her out of the prying eyes of the public.It was later known that Dalia met Fidel Castro through her passion for teaching when he was on a literacy campaign in Cienfuegos sometime in 1960. As the story goes, Fidel picked interest in the young teacher as soon as he met her and within a short while, they became secret lovers before settling for marriage in 1980.

Dalia Soto Del Valle’s BioDalia Soto Del Valle is a woman who has never lived an open life as it was only sometime in the year 2000 that her identity was made known to the world. There is, therefore, no information about her date of birth but it has been confirmed that her birthplace was in Trinidad, a town located in the province of Sancti Spíritus in Cuba.Concerning her education, it was gathered that the Cuban lady received a standard education in her hometown and upon completion of her studies, she decided to join the teaching profession. Sources have it that Dalia was in her teenage years when she started to teach and this was what paved the way for her entrance into the life of the past Cuban dictator, Fidel Castro.In the 1960s, the Cuban government was very keen on improving the literacy level of its indigenes and Dalia Soto Del Valle who was very passionate about education joined the bandwagon to campaign for literacy. She was noticed at one of the literacy forums that was organized in the city of Cienfuegos, Cuba. Dalia was then invited for a grand dinner where she found herself seated next to the Prime Minister and from then onwards, her life changed as she entered the socialite class in the country.

Dalia Soto Del Valle’s Parents & KidsDalia Soto Del Valle came from an affluent family as her dad, Fernando Soto Del Valle Guinart was the owner of lands and a massive farm. They also had a very comfortable home in Trinidad where Dalia is believed to have spent her formative years. However, not much has been said about her mother and no source has mentioned her name before.The Cuban lady started a secret relationship with Fidel Castro and not too long after, they welcomed their first child named Alex Castro Soto. After the birth of her son, Dalia was asked by the Prime Minister to relocate to Havana where he got her an exquisite Spanish Mansion. Their relationship produced four other children namely: Antonio Castro-Soto, Alejandro Castro-Soto, Alexis Castro-Soto, and Angel Castro-Soto.Dalia with her husband Fidel Castro meet Pope Francis image source Fidel finally decided to tie nuptial knots with his lover in 1980 but he still kept her identity hidden from the public.

The pair broke the secrecy in 2000 when Dalia was seen demanding the return of the young Elian Gonzalez – who was rescued after his mother drowned while fleeing to the United States. The next year, she was also sighted at the yearly Cigar Festival held in Cuba but her first appearance by the side of Fidel Castro was in 2010. Afterward, Dalia Soto Del Valle made a series of other appearances with Fidel Castro and attended interviews with him. She stayed by his side when his health was seriously deteriorating and when the dictator’s reign finally ended, Dalia was very supportive alongside her children. She was with Fidel Castro when he passed on in 2016 and she mourned his loss.

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138

The Story of a Hero Became Villain: Castro’s Revolution and Rise to Power

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

In modern stories of oppressive government, an archetype of a ruler who doesn’t care for his people, violently ends protests and seems to simply be the villain. Debatably, the man who created this archetype is Fulgencio Batista.

Batista was elected president of Cuba in 1940 and voted out in 1944, however he regained power by less lawful means in 1952. In a three-way election, Batista was a distant third place in the polls, and seemed to have little to no chance of winning, but on March 10, 1952 Batista led an illegal seizure of the Cuban government , canceled the election he was doomed to lose and appointed himself the head of Cuba as a “Provisional President”. (Kapcia)

Illegally taking over a democratic government could never go well with the Cuban people, and the egregiousness of Batista’s later actions only cemented him as negative to the people of Cuba. Batista allowed Cuba to, metaphorically, become the dumping yard for America’s elite. Gambling licenses were radically easy to obtain, the police were corrupt and as a result, drugs and prostitution became rampant.

The United States government did little to stop Batista as Eisenhower’s administration supported Batista’s regime, and provided a plethora of weaponry to Batista’s army, helping to keep Batista in absolute control. Rich foreign businessmen would come to Cuba for “Dirty Holidays” where they would take advantage of the plentiful gambling and exploit citizens living in poverty.(Hugh)

In the days leading up to the beginning of the revolution, Fidel Castro, the leader of the Cuban Revolution, recruited lower class men who held menial jobs such as delivery men, chauffeurs and unskilled labor. Mixed raced Cubans were seldom recruited as the majority supported Batista, who was also of mixed heritage, in addition, Intellectuals were also excluded as Castro feared they may challenge his ideas. (James)

In order to train his men, Castro brought them to shooting ranges in Havana, disguising them as businessmen interested in hunting. The rebels were armed with a variety of civilian firearms, including 12 and 16-gauge shotguns, .22 calibre rifles, and a variety of varying handguns and rifles. The first battle of the Cuban Revolution was fully explained the day of, Castro and his men gathered at a farm in Sibonev, and worked out their objectives. Castro’s men planned to take over the Moncada Barracks in Santiago, steal their weapons, spam the military airwaves and use Santiago’s radio stations to mobilize the public against Batista. (James)

On the dawn of July 26, 1953, Fidel Castro led a group of over 150 rebels to to the Moncada Barracks. The attack did not end well, Fidel Castro’s men had mobilized in cars, and the car carrying the heaviest firepower had been lost, leaving many of the rebels unarmed. Fifteen soldiers and three police were killed, with 28 more wounded, the rebels lost nine men with eleven wounded, however 56 were executed in retaliation. In addition to the executions, other rebels were sentenced to jailtime, including Fidel Castro.(Hugh)

Ernesto Guevara was born on May 14, 1928 in Rosario, Argentina to an upper class family. Guevara spent his childhood as most other Armenian children did, though it is noted that he had a lack of hygiene and was especially promiscuous with women. Guevara attended medical school in Buenos Aires, but took a break before finishing his final year to take a motorcycle trip with his friend Alberto Granado. Though the trip had a primary goal of volunteering to help at a leper colony in Peru, it was mostly planned to explore South America and have fun before graduating college. On the trip, Guevara was subjected to seeing poverty, something he’d neglected to acknowledge in his youth. From being subjected to shocking scenes of the lower class struggling, Guevara developed an anti-Capitalist marxist worldview. Though Granado opted to stay in Caracas, Venezuela, Guevara returned home to Buenos Aires to complete his medical schooling.(Anderson)

Once Guevara completed medical school he continued to travel around South America, but would eventually set his destiny in Guatemala. Guevara arrived during the presidency of Jacobo Arbenz, who was in the process of attempting to turn Guatemals into a prosperous Capitalist society and cut off foreign influence. Arbenz’s policies ended up causing outside forces to plan a government takeover. Guevara joined forces with pro-Arbenz Guatemalans to stop said takeover, but the group ultimately failed, forcing Guevara into Mexico City. In Mexico City, Guevara would earn the name “Che”, as “Che” was in some dialects similar to the word “hey”, other revolutionaries would yell out “Che! Guevara!”, and it eventually stuck.(Anderson)

Back in Cuba, Fidel Castro was let out of prison in May 1955, after only two years through amnesty. Castro went into exile in Mexico City immediately afterward. It was here where Castro and Che met, and began forming the “26th of July Movement”. In Mexico City, Castro formed a battle plan to retake Cuba from Batista, with Che as a head in the movement. Small disturbances from the 26th of July Movement took place in Cuba, though nothing major had taken place as every major player still remained in Mexico City. (Anderson)

At the end of 1956, a group from 26th of July Movement, including Che and Castro, sailed to Cuba on a decaying yacht named the “Granma”. The rebels reached Cuba’s Southeastern coast on December 2, 1956. From this point, the group made their way for Havana in an attempt to overthrow Batista. In regards to the battles fought during the Cuban Revolution, it is said that Che was especially ferocious in battle, his men told stories of him dealing with serious battle wounds like they were negligible cuts, and acting like a hardened vet despite having no prior military experience.(Hugh)

On the path to Havana, Castro’s forces remained relatively small, often dipping below 200 men, and though Batista had over 30,000 men, Castro managed to defeat them time and time again, heavily outgunned and heavily outnumbered. Factors that played into Castro’s success in Cuba included a weapons embargo the United States had put on Cuba and heavy determination in his men. These factors played a key role in the landslide victory of Operation Verano where Batista send 12,000 men, a large number being untrained recruits, into the Cuban mountains. Castro’s men won by a landslide, losing 76 men, but killing 126 and capturing 240. (Kapcia)

On August 21, 1958 Castro’s forces went full offensive in a series of battles leading to the Battle of Santa Clara in late December where Castro’s forces took the entire city with support from civilians, and set a final route for Havana. Castro’s victory at Santa Clara scared Batista into fleeing to the Dominican Republic. Castro’s forces marched to the Havana and met no opposition, Castro’s initial choice of president, Manuel urrutia Lleo took office on January 3, 1959(Chomsky)

After the revolution succeeded, hundreds of Batista-era public servicemen were tried for war crimes and other human rights violations. All of the convicted were either executed or imprisoned for a long period of time. Che was appointed the supreme prosecutor, though he later resigned to fight other revolutions before being killed by the CIA on October 9, 1967. Castro became president of Cuba from December 1976 until February 24, 2008, and is still living to this day.(Hugh)

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116

The Perception of Fidel Castro’s Image as a Cuban Icon

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

In January 1959, Fidel Castro assumed power after overthrowing the current dictator Fulgencio Batista. Castro caused radical changes within Cuban society, especially with social issues such as women’s rights, and gender relations. These changes have been beneficial as well as bad for Cuban society.

One of the biggest changes with women’s lives was schooling. In 1960 schools were created for young women to be educated. They developed skills, confidence and hygiene skills. (Doc 2) This increase in education caused improved illiteracy rates, and more active womens. (Doc 8) Women in Cuba encouraged these changes because it allowed their children to attend school away from home (Doc 7) The source of this is a Cuban mother being interviewed by a US journalist. However this could be bias because Fidel Castro could have influence in her answers, as well as the fact that she is a mother and her daughters are attending school for free so she sees the benefits to it. Before Castro took over, Women’s roles were domestic and they did not attend schools such as the ones created in the 1960’s.

This schooling allowed women to break into the workforce, and black women got jobs in areas other than servantry. (Doc 2) This change lead to equal rights for women, and advancement in their career development. The source of this was a pro castro, pro revolution feminine politician (Doc 7) Castro also influenced a strong independence movement for women as well as equality to men. Castro is a strong advocate for the change in Women’s lives. Before Castro, son’s were freed when they became adults, however women were also under the rule of men. These conditions did not change until 1959. (Doc 1) This also could have been bias because she is a socialist and a feminist which is the backing for her views and she could have exaggerated her ideas. The changes allowed for more opportunities for women, they no longer were subject to occupations such as prostitution or became mistresses. With Castro’s takeover they became independent, free and equal. (Doc 4) This source is also subject to bias. It comes from a 12 year old daughter of a revolutionary. Meaning, her parents are revolutionaries who support Castro’s rule and changes. So their ideas and views on the issue influence their daughters ideas. Castro believed the fight for equality was not over and needed to continue. In order to stay in power, he needed love from his country. This kept women liking Castro. (Doc 5) These are the changes in women’s lives post-1959, before it was much different.

However, there is also an argument against these changes in women’s lives. One woman who was attending school became pregnant and she was expelled. When the baby was born it did not even have a mattress to sleep on because she was not allowed to buy one without a certificate for her baby. She did not have enough soap for her clothes, and because of government swimming pool put in at a private residence on her block, she did not have enough water either. She was not given equality when it came to maternity leave. (Doc 6) Some women even worked double what they did before. Working at their job during the day, and attending to domestic work once they get home. (Doc 10)

Gender relations also went through some tension as well. There were tensions between men and women over household work and who was responsible for it. Because before, men went to work and women stayed at home, but now because both are going to work there is work to be done at home. (Doc 10) There was also resistance by me and old people who did not want the changes. They were accustomed to the way it was and in their minds it worked, and when Castro took over he shook their culture up. (Doc 6) One document that would be nice to see to address this question would be another anti-castro document such as an interview with an older man or women

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