Treasure Island is My Favorite Book
The book Treasure Island is a book full of craziness and adventure. Jim Hawkins is the main character and narrator. After the death of his father, he tried his best to help his mother work at the Inn. His parents owned an Inn called Admiral Benbow. An old seaman, Billy Bones, came in one day and asks if they would allow him to stay at the Inn. The old seaman asked Jim Hawkins to be his lookout person. Then, one day an old sailor arrives. They get into a heated conversation and get into a fight. Since Billy Bones is a little older, his health turns for the worst. Dr. Livesey tried to help take care of him. Though, Billy Bones was in denial of his drinking problem and did not listen to Dr. Livesey to stop. Then an older gentleman who was blind went to Billy Bones and gave him the black spot, not too shortly afterward he died.
Jim Hawkins and his mother found a key on his body. They use the key to open the chest and get what money they need for his stay at the Inn and decided to flee before the pirates come. The pirates go in there to look through the chest. They were fairly upset to find out that someone else has been through it. Desperate, Jim Hawkins seeks help and reaches out to Dr. Livesey and Squire Trelawney. Once the men saw what they were dealing with, they were thrilled and curious. So, the men made arrangements to sail to the island they found on an old oilcloth that mentioned something about a mysterious treasure.
The ship that they decide to go on is called the Hispaniola. New additions were added to this crew so that they can sail. There was only one person everyone on the crew had trouble dealing with and that is Captain Smollett. Although, once they arrived on the island they started to get along a little better and the Captain was not clashing with anyone. When the crew was sailing across the sea all was well. Until one night Hawkins overheard Silver wanted to kill some of the men. So Hawkins addressed this to Dr. Livesley and he and a group of people came up with a plan to defeat Silver.
Once they have reached the destination of the island the Captain let his pirate crew go out on the island. Jim Hawkins follows and sneaks out of the boat and goes on the island. A war breaks out against Silver and his men and the other men. They found a man who has been on the island for three years and he helps. They brought the treasure to the ship, it was in a cave because Gunn hid it there. All head home and split the treasures and used it on many different things.
One of my favorite characters is Jim Hawkins. He is the main character and narrator of the story. He is the son of the parents who own an Inn. This young boy was afraid of the outside world and too shy to even go and do anything. I would describe him as timid. All he knew is that he needed to help his parents out with the Inn. His father sadly passed and he needed to be a bigger man than before. He needed to be there for his mother when he passed. Everything was different when he met Billy Bones. He quickly changed and learned many new things when he met them. Billy Bones promised to pay him if he was the lookout for him and, of course, Jim Hawkins was questioning doing it, but he did. I would be scared too – he was an older creeper man. Billy Jones and Jim Hawkins became closer. Though, he loses Billy Jones when he had a stroke and passed away.
After two deaths that had a big impact on his life, he quickly matured. He helped his mother out and many other things. They discovered a key and he went to seek the treasures that this map had. Once they discovered the map and started to sail I think this opened Hawkins to new opportunities. He became more adventurous and curious. He wanted to learn more all the time. Many of the men helped answer a lot of his questions so that he could learn a lot more. I think throughout the journey he showed his bravery and confidence. He informed Dr. Livesey when Silver was making plans and if he was his old self back at home he may not have done that. He tried to stand against Silver and the other on his own. Although he was starting to mature, he still was a child and made silly mistakes. Jim Hawkins was one of my favorite characters.
Another one of my favorite characters was Dr. Livesey. He was a kind man who used his kindness to help others out. He may have been kind, but he was also stern and strict too. He did not let anyone walk over him. He believed what he believed. He was also a great mentor towards Jim Hawkins. He was willing to help people even though they did not want to be helped. He was willing to help Jim Hawkins every time something bad happened to him. He also, Billy Bones was an addictive drinker, but Dr. Livesey was trying to help him stop. He was one of the more inspiring characters throughout the book. I think that Dr. Livesey was a brilliant man who thought there everything thoroughly. Things like strategies and plans. I think that Dr. Livesey is a great man.
“But what is the black spot, captain?” This was a question of Jim Hawkins a young curious boy he was. He does not understand the life of a pirate In this story the black dot was a big deal. This was to resemble guilt and judgment amongst the pirates. It is only a black paper circle. It meant that the pirate was no longer a leader or can be killed. Even though, Billy Bones was threatened with this black spot he died of the stroke instead and did not have to die of someone else killing him. This is one of my favorite quotes because I think it is something that had an impact on Jones’s life and terrified him when it happened. I think that this was a part of the story that many people did not understand fully, but it did mean life or death for Billy Bones.
The words of Dr. Livesey explaining to Billy Bones that if he keeps drinking rum he could die as he says, ” I have only one thing to say to you sir if you keep drinking rum.” Clearly the Dr. Livesely was trying to emphasize to Jones that he has a bad drinking problem and that it needs to stop. He is trying to get him to stop at this point also because he is not making those payments either and everyone is too scared to ask him to make those payments as well. When he wants his rum he wants it. I think this quote is important also because after the death of Billy Bones there was a big turn in the story and a lot of questions that needed to be answered.
I think this is a great story. This story had a lot of plot twists and surprises. It was very fun and adventurous. I loved the way that it had a young boy to narrate the story and he made things very clear and understanding. There was always something going on in the book and there is never a moment you will be bored. I would recommend this book to people who are seeking to read about adventures. I really enjoyed learning more about pirates I never knew that much about them. Because of some of the violence and a few bad words, I would let a more mature age group read this book.
Stevenson, Robert. Treasure Island: The Franklin Library, 1899.
Robert Stevenson and His Treasure Island: the Book Review
About the Author and the Novel
“Treasure Island” was written by Robert Louis Stevenson. He was born on 13 November 1850 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was a novelist, poet, and travel writer. During his early age, he suffered from poor health due to which it was difficult for him to do regular schooling. He went to many schools and universities including Mr. Henderson’s School in Edinburgh (1857), Edinburgh Academy (1861), Boarding School in Isleworth (1863), and University of Edinburgh (1867). He showed no interest in studying engineering at university and devoted his time to art and literature. His popular works in the literature include “Treasure Island”, “A Child’s Garden of Verses”, “The Master of Ballantrae” and “Kidnapped”. He died on 3 December 1894 in Samoa.
“Treasure Island” is a classic adventure novel narrating a story of pirates, voyages, and treasure on an island. Before being published as a book in 1883, it appeared in a children’s magazine named Young Folks during the period of 1881-1882. When it was published as a book, it became the author’s first financial success.
Summary of the Novel
The story opens in an inn named “Admiral Benbow” near Bristol on the western coast of England. An old seaman, Billy Bones, arrives at the inn to stay there. He is carrying a sea-chest with him. He drinks too much rum and keeps singing an old sea-song:
“Fifteen men on the dead man’s chest
Yo-ho-ho, and a bottle of rum!” (page-13).
All the locals are frightened due to his drunkenness. He asks the owner’s son, Jim Hawkins, to keep looking for “a seafaring man with one leg”. One day, a pirate called Black Dog arrives at the inn to meet Bones. They start fighting with each other and both get wounded. The pirate retreats escaping a knife attack from Bones. After that Bones tells Jim about Captain Flint’s treasure. He and the pirate both were once in Captain Flint’s crew. Now all the other crew members are after him to know the location of the treasure.
Meanwhile, Jim’s father dies and Jim becomes busy in mourning and funeral work. For a few days, he gets no time to think about Bones’ story. After some days, a blind beggar named Pew comes to the inn and gives a black piece of paper, “The Black Spot”, to Bones. This is a summon to share the location of the treasure until 10 PM. Bones suffers a stroke and collapses immediately. After Bones’ death, Jim tells his mother Bones’ story of treasure. She decides to open the sea-chest and to make money from it, not more than what is due on Bones. They find coins from different countries, some clothes and some papers in the sea-chest.
Meanwhile, they see Pew and other pirates coming to ransack the inn. They escape from the inn and take papers and money with them. The pirates do not find what they are looking for in the inn and are chased away by some officers from the town. Pew dies in an accident during the chase. Jim and the officers visit Dr. Livesey and Squire Trelawney. Jim hands over the papers to them. They contain the map of the island where the treasure is located.
In a few days, Trelawney gets a ship called Hispaniola commissioned and hires a crew for a voyage. Jim is to go on a voyage as a cabin-boy and Livesey as the ship-doctor. In the crew, there is a cook named Long John Silver who has only one leg. This reminds Jim of the seafaring man which Bones had told him to look for. But he does not look like a pirate and has a very good nature. Before starting the journey, Captain Smollet warns the squire and the doctor that the crew is not trust-worthy and they are planning a mutiny on the ship. Trelawney and Livesey have decided to keep the story of treasure a secret but the whole crew somehow knows it.
For a few days, everyone on the ship acts very well and nothing suspicious happens. One day, Silver is overheard by Jim. He is convincing one of the crew members to join the group of traitors. Jim gets to know that Silver is planning to kill everyone who is not in mutiny, once the treasure is found. He also learns that Silver is one of Flint’s crew. He immediately tells all these things to the Captain, the squire, and Dr. Livesey. They decide against doing anything until they reach the island. When the ship reaches near the island, Livesey plans to separate the pirates. He tells the crew that some of them should go to shore in the boat for inspection. Silver goes with them to the shore and only six out of nineteen pirates remain on the ship.
Jim also sneaks to the shore and starts exploring the island. He sees two of the honest men, who don’t want to join the mutiny, being murdered by Silver on the island. Terrified that he will also be killed by Silver on being seen there, he runs towards the woods. He finds a wild-looking and dirty man in the woods. After talking to him, he gets to know that he is Ben Gunn, one of Flint’s old crew. Ben tells him that the treasure was buried by Flint on the island some years ago with the help of six men and he killed all of them after burying the treasure. Three years ago, Gunn came to the island along with some other men to search for the treasure. On not finding the treasure, the other men left him marooned on the island. Ben requests Jim to help him return home from the island and offers to help him find the treasure. Jim assures him that his friends will surely help him.
Meanwhile, Dr. Livesey, the Captain, Trelawney, and some other honest men on the ship collect food, drinks, and some weapons on a boat and leave the ship. The pirates start firing cannon-balls at them but they miss their target. Trelawney shoots some of the pirates on the ship. They take shelter in a stockade on the island. On hearing the sound of firing, Jim and Ben start running in different directions. Jim reaches the stockade. A battle occurs between the pirates and the men at the stockade. Pirates’ count is now reduced to nine and two of the honest men also die in the battle. Captain Smollet is also wounded. After taking some rest, Livesey arms himself and leaves the stockade to meet Ben Gunn as told by Jim. After Livesey leaves, Jim also arms himself with two pistols and a knife and sneaks away. He finds the boat, about which Ben has mentioned during the talk, behind a white rock. He takes the boat to the shore and starts sailing towards Hispaniola. On reaching the ship, he cuts its anchor cables. He climbs on board and finds one dead pirate and one wounded pirate on the ship. Jim brings the pirate some wine to drink and some biscuits to eat and also binds his wound. The pirate promises Jim to help him sail the ship to shore. Jim starts sailing the ship as instructed by the pirate. Once they reach the shore, the pirate attacks Jim. He saves himself by climbing up the rigging. The pirate throws his knife which gets pinned to Jim’s shoulder. Then Jim shoots and the pirate falls in the sea and dies. He safely returns to the stockade and plans to surprise his sleeping friends. On entering the stockade, he hears Silver’s parrot crying, “Pieces of Eight!”.
Pirates are there inside the stockade and they capture him. Jim promises Silver that he will protect him from being hanged on return to England. So, Silver takes Jim’s side while other pirates want to kill him. Then Silver reveals the treasure map, which has been given to him by Livesey, to the pirates. Jim wonders why the doctor has given a map to Silver. Now the pirates agree on not killing Jim. The next morning, Livesey comes at the stockade to treat the wounded pirates (He believes that he should always fulfill his duty as a doctor regardless of who the patient is). Jim tells the doctor about his last night adventure with the ship. The doctor tries to convince Jim to run along with him from there. But he does not agree and says that Silver has saved his life. When the doctor leaves, Silver, Jim and some of the pirates go to search the treasure.
On the way, they find a skeleton lying below a tree whose arms are pointing in the direction of the treasure. Then they hear the distant voice of a man singing the old sea-song. Some superstitious pirates get terrified as they think that Flint’s ghost is there in the woods. Silver tells them to keep these thoughts aside and continue on the way. On reaching the location of the treasure, they find that nothing is left there except a single gold coin. Someone has found the treasure before them. Knowing that Silver already knew that there is nothing left and has fooled them taking there, the pirates get enraged and try to kill Jim and Silver. At the same moment, Livesey, Ben, and another honest man appear from behind the trees and shoot the pirates. Thus both are saved. After that Livesey tells Jim that Ben found the treasure and hid it in a cave and he got to know this when he met Ben after the battle that day. On returning to the stockade, he handed over the map to Silver to distract the pirates, and he along with Trelawney and Smollet left the stockade to protect the treasure in the cave.
Now all of them load the treasure on the ship and sail off the shore. They leave three pirates in the stockade marooning on the island with some food, medicines, wine, and guns. On the way home, they stop at a port in South America. Silver escapes from the ship during the stop and takes a bag of gold coins with him. They return to England and take their share of the treasure. The author does not reveal the location of the island until the end because there is still treasure left on the island.
My Opinion about the Novel
I enjoyed a lot reading this novel. This is an adventure novel. All the scenes have been created in such a way that one can imagine it while reading. Scenes have been described in much detail. But the grammar used in the novel is terrible. It is quite different from what I know. “You was”, “I care”, and many other such phrases have been used in the novel which absolutely makes no sense. Also, many old English words have been used in the novel. I recommend this book to other readers. Those who love adventure novels must read this because in my view it is the best adventure novel. I give it 4 stars out of 5.
Treasure Island: the Plot, Characters, and Book Analysis
He is the book’s main narrator. He is a young boy who starts as timid and mostly insignificant but matures through the course of the novel. He ends up going on a solo adventure, rescuing the ship and saving Long John Silver. He also stands up to Silver, despite their relative ages and him being outnumbered.
Long John Silve
He is the book’s antagonist. He is the ship’s cook and is missing a leg, though is able to skillfully maneuver with his cane. He leads the mutiny against the captain and only cares for himself.
He is a narrator for a few chapters. He is the ship’s doctor and a judicial official. He is a calm individual who does not act spontaneously.
The Title of the Book
It is Treasure Island. The titular island is a hot-spot for pirate activity. Silver already knows the island well when they arrive. The island itself is described as “grey” and “melancholy”, and the doctor says that it is likely ridden with diseases. If I could change the title of the book, I would name it “A Boy in a Pirate’s World”. This new title shows that it is not just a story of adventure and treasure hunting but that it is truly a coming of age story. In the beginning, Jim is a child and afraid of pirates, running to his mother at the sight of strangers. He later reveals the mutiny to the captain and watches Silver kill an innocent man but still is able to recover. By the end, he laughs in the face of Silver despite overwhelming odds and ends up single-handedly saving the honest members of the crew.
One of the themes is that of Jim’s coming of age. The progression of his maturity is greatly explored throughout the book.
The Plot and Characters
The story starts with Jim Hawkins working at the ‘Admiral Benbow’ Inn. An old pirate arrives at the inn with a large chest. The pirate (Billy Bones) pays Jim to keep his “weather-eye open for a seafaring man with one leg”. Jim’s father, the owner of the in, falls ill causing Dr. Livesey to come to treat him. Another pirate named Black Dog comes to see Bill, and after a heated conversation, Billy chases Black Dog with a sword. Billy then has a stroke, and his life is saved by Dr. Livesey. Billy tells Jim that they are after his chest. Jim’s Father dies. Later on, a third pirate, a blind yet strong and sinister man named Pew comes again to see Billy. Pew gives him a ‘black spot’, and Billy yells that he has six hours left. This causes Billy to have a second stroke, and he dies.
Jim tells his mother about the pirate’s plan to get the chest, and so they get the key to it off Billy’s corpse. Inside the chest, there are gold coins and papers wrapped in oil-cloth, among other items. They hear a knocking at the door and flee. Jim’s mother faints and they hide under a bridge as Pew and other pirates come and raid the house. They are unable to find what they are looking for and arguing ensues. Police officers come and the men flee, but accidentally run over and kill Pew.
Jim takes the papers to Dr. Livesey, and they discover that it is actually a treasure map belonging to the now-deceased Captain Flint. A friend of Dr. Livesey, Squire Trelawney decides to set sail to the titular island described in the map and find the treasure. Squire Trelawney travels to Bristol, buy a ship, and attempts to find sailors to go along with them. He meets a one-legged man named Long John Silver, who agrees to become the ship’s cook. Silver helps Trelawney to hire the rest of the necessary men, and after a sad farewell to his mother, Jim travels to Bristol. He meets Silver and decides that this was not the one-legged man Billy had feared.
We also meet the captain, Captain Smollett. He expresses that he dislikes the crew and has a bad feeling about the voyage. They set sail and Jim seems in awe of the seafaring world. One day Jim is feeling hungry and so he climbs into an apple barrel to try to get a snack. However, he ends up secretly overhearing a conversation between Silver and other sailors, where they are secretly discussing plans for mutiny. He reveals that a majority of the crew are already disloyal to the captain. Jim tells the captain and Dr. Livesey about the conversation just as they make landfall. The captain allows the men to go ashore so that the ‘honest men’ could reclaim the ship.
Jim decides to secretly go with them, and ventures into the woods on the island. He secretly watches as Silver kills a man for not joining the mutiny. Scared, Jim goes deeper into the woods. He meets a man named Ben Gunn, who says he used to be a pirate but Captain Flint marooned him here. He seems to be insane and says he has survived for three years on the island. The narration is now picked up by Dr. Livesey, who describes how the remaining ‘honest men’ sail to the island and take refuge in an old stockade built by Captain Flint. After a minor exchange of fire hey fly the Union Jack (British flag) above the house and Jim soon reenters.
The pirates take the main ship and fly the Jolly Roger (pirate flag). Silver approaches waving the flag of truce and asks Smollett to give up the map in exchange for safe passage home. The captain refuses, and Silver then launches an attack on the stockade. The battle is a victory for the honest ones, due to their larger resources. The next day, Dr. Livesey goes into the forest to meet Ben Gunn and Jim decides to take Ben’s boat and cut the ship loose. He looks inside and sees several pirates wrestling, and all of them are drunk. He falls asleep on Gunn’s boat.
The next day Jim boards the main ship and finds that the only ones left aboard are the ship’s drunken pilot and a corpse. The pilot is named Israel Hands, and he strikes a deal with Jim that in exchange for alcohol and food, he will help Jim steer the ship back to the stockade. Hands suspiciously ask Jim for wine instead of brandy. Jim watches Hands in secret and sees him grab a long knife and hide it in his jacket. Hands shortly after attacks Jim and Jim pulls a pistol on him. Hands throw his knife at Jim but Jim shoots him. The knife is embedded in Jim’s shoulder but the wound is not very bad and he frees himself quickly. He returns to the stockade but finds that it has been taken over by the pirates.
Silver reveals that Dr. Livesey is happy to be rid of Jim, which saddens him but he is glad that his friends are still alive. Jim tells Silver about how he cut the ship loose and killed Hands. At this point, Silver’s men are unhappy about his leadership. They have a meeting without Silver or Jim and later give Silver a black spot, announcing that Silver has been deposed. Silver laughs at this and blames the mission’s failure on the men. They no longer question his rule. Silver tells Jim that Dr. Livesey willingly gave the pirates the map, the stockade, and would come to give the pirates medical aid every day.
During Livesey’s next visit, he speaks privately with Jim and learns of his adventures and the current whereabouts of the ship. Silver and the pirates begin the treasure hunt, with Silver having Jim on a literal leash. They come across a skeleton that seems to have been laid out as a pointer. Silver says that this was definitely one of Flint’s jokes and they continue. When they near the site, they hear a wailing voice from the trees and believe it to be the ghost of Captain Flint. Silver urges them to push on despite this omen. They get to the spot but find nothing but a large hole, suggesting that the treasure has already been excavated. Silver and Jim band together and Dr. Livesey and Ben Gunn charge at the pirates with their rifles, scaring them away. It is revealed that Ben was the one impersonating Flint earlier and that he had already dug up the treasure. This meant that the map was useless, and so Livesey gave it to the pirates.
Silver is extremely nice to the remaining men, knowing they saved his life. They load the bulk of the treasure onto the ship and marooned the remaining pirates. They stop in South America to gather supplies to return home, where Long John Silver is revealed to have stolen a bag of money and escaped. Finally, Jim returns home and remarks that nothing would “bring [him] back to that accursed island” and that he continues to have nightmares about the events that took place there.
Analysis of the Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson
“Here and there were flowering plants, unknown to me; here and there I saw snakes, and one raised his head from a ledge of rock and hissed at me with a noise not unlike the spinning of a top. Little did I suppose that he was a deadly enemy and that the noise was the famous rattle.” I feel like this emphasizes how Jim has been in his own little world his whole life. Jim lived along the beach his whole earlier life and it’s very unlikely to have a rattlesnake be at the beach. But I feel like this just proves the main theme a little bit more. I think this because he would have probably never have learned or known that rattlesnakes are extremely dangerous if he didn’t go on this adventure. Just like several other things that he learned on this journey.
“Oxen and wain-ropes would not bring me back again to that accursed island.” I feel like this is revealing that Jim truly doesn’t want the silver. This is revealing to us that he is not greedy and regrets his adventure. I think this is indirect characterization because it doesn’t just openly say Jim regrets the adventure, but you can infer that by the tone and the certain words he is using. One word that really stuck out to me was accursed which means the island his under a curse and is getting nightmares from his experiences. It’s pretty obvious those are very negative connotations but it doesn’t openly say it.
“Nor had we much time left to us for thought. Suddenly, with a loud huzza, a little cloud of pirates leaped from the woods on the north side and ran straight on the stockade. At the same moment, the fire was once more opened from the woods, and a rifle ball sang through the doorway and knocked the doctor’s musket into bits.” I feel like the main conflict in the story is Jim and his “crew” are searching for a treasure that Captain Flint left behind, but Captain Flint’s old crew members also want the treasure for themselves. Some of the crew members were poor and needed the money but also they just wanted to find the treasure because most of them were greedy, and just wanted more and more. So it’s a competition to see who will get the treasure first. I think this is mainly an external conflict because most of the time Jim and his friends had to “fight” Captain Flint’s old crew and win the ensure themselves of the treasure.
“That was Flint’s treasure that we had come so far to seek, and that had cost already the lives of seventeen men from the Hispaniola. How many had it cost in the amassing, what blood and sorrow, what good ships scuttled on the deep, what brave men walking the plank blindfold, what shot of cannon, what shame and lies and cruelty, perhaps no man alive could tell.” I feel like the main theme of this book is growing up and being brought forth to things that may be unfamiliar and learning how to navigate through that. Jim at the beginning of the book was very confined to where he lived and didn’t know very much about the outside world. He kinds lived in his own little bubble his whole life at the inn. First of all when his father passed he definitely probably needed to adjust and take the roles of his father at the inn even though he already worked there. He also had to go on a whole new adventure away from where lived all of his life which he needed to adjust to. One main thing that stuck out to me though was how Jim was seeking guidance from a father figure during the story. This also shows signs of growing up just as I would ask my father figure in my life for guidance through different troubles or problems in my life. Another thing could be Jim having to fight pirates. I feel like to be at your inn for one week and then some other week be fighting pirates is also another example of Jim growing up.
All in all, I feel like Jim really matured in the book from the young boy he was at the beginning of the story.
Literary Devices in Treasure Island Novel
Treasure Island is an adventurous novel with pirates, treasure and the exploration of a mysterious island. In the novel Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson, it becomes evident that the characters are greedy for treasure and because of this, people are murdered. Symbolism is used to represents the artifacts true meaning. Additionally, foreshadowing is used to portray the dangerous events to come. Lastly, theme literary element used in this novel which makes the pirates engage in evil deeds. In the novel Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson shows literary devices by symbolism, foreshadowing and theme.
Firstly, symbolism is my final literary device that occurs in many situations all through the novel. This is seen when the pirates are intoxicated with rum. “Yo-ho-ho, and a bottle of rum” (7) Rum reappears throughout the novel many times as a powerful symbol of the pirates’ recklessness, violence, and uncontrolled behavior. When the pirates drink rum they do not engage in social conversation like people these days, but when they satisfy their taste in rum, their drunkenness is destructive, as it reflects in the pirate song lyric about the “dead man’s chest” (7). Billy Bones was the first sailor to drink himself to death. He keeps drinking even though Dr. Livesey warns him it will kill him. Later in the novel, Mr. Arrow, falls overboard the Hispaniola as he is constantly drunk. When Jim climbs on board the ship, he finds that the two watchmen have lost control of the ship and that one of them has killed the other because they are intoxicated. When Jim finds his way onto the Hispaniola later, he is able to defeat Israel Hands because he is drunk. Rum symbolizes a pirates’ inability to control or manage themselves or other people’s property. Another example of symbolism which occurs in the novel is the treasure map which signifies adventure. “The doctor opened the seals with great care, and there fell out the map of an island, with latitude and longitude, soundings, names of hills and bays and inlets” (38). The treasure map that appears in the novel, Jim and his mother ransack Billy Bones’ sea chest retaining some fascinating and mysterious information about the treasure. Jim’s possession of the map transforms him from an ordinary boy to a sailor and later on, a hero. In addition, to symbolizing adventure, however, the map also symbolizes desire. Everyone wants the map and seem to do whatever it takes to obtain the map. In the end, Stevenson shows how ultimately useless he map is throughout the whole novel, as Ben Gunn has already dug up the treasure and transported it to his cave, which is quite ironic. The map directs Silver to an empty hole in the ground symbolizing the futility of material things. My last example of symbolism is when Jim discovers Ben Gunn’s coracle. “with some strength and dexterity, set my coracle, keel downwards, on the surface” (132). The coracle is a small boat made by Ben Gunn and Jim uses this to take over the Hispaniola. The irony here is that a small boy using a small boat overpowers a larger man in a larger ship which symbolizes Jim’s adventure. The coracle belongs to a former pirate which also symbolizes Jim’s departure of Captain Smollett’s crew. When he leaves he becomes a bit like a pirate himself. Despite Jim’s disloyalty towards his crew as he leaves, his adventurous spirit leads him eventually to save many lives and stop the pirates from escaping. The coracle thus also represents his inner pirate. theme is a literary device used widely throughout the book that leads
Secondly, foreshadowing is seen throughout the novel that is seen near the beginning of the book. The first instance where foreshadowing is evident is when Captain Smollett is feeling suspicious about his new crew. He said, “I don’t like them, sir, returned Captain Smollett. And I think I should have a choosing of my own hands,” (54). Captain Smollett is insightful, smart, and strict as he leads the Hispaniola to Treasure Island. His suspicions of the new crew aboard foreshadow the fact that there is most definitely a mutinous crew on board. He is an experienced sailor and knows what kind of people to trust. Captain Smollett does not trust the crew that was picked for him by Squire Trelawney and this suspicion foreshadows that bad events were coming soon. As seen, this bad event was the attack by the mutinous crew on treasure island which inevitably lead to death. Furthermore, foreshadowing in seen when Jim finally witnesses the one-legged man. Jim says, “I had taken a fear in my mind that he might prove to be the very one-legged sailor whom I had watched for so long at the old Benbow” (49). Billy Bones has warned Jim since the beginning of the novel to watch out for the one-legged man because he is dangerous. Jim gets to know the one-legged man, who ends up to be Long John Silver. Silver becomes friends with Jim which causes Jim to sees past his evil ways. This foreshadows the ruin and betrayal that the future events hold and to see that occur when the war breaks out on the island between the mutiny and Captain Smollett’s crew. Finally, foreshadowing reoccurs when the pirates sing their ditty which is, “fifteen men on a dead man’s chest” (7). This foreshadows Jim’s adventurous journey towards the Treasure Island, summarizing why every person aboard the Hispaniola is there, which is to find the treasure. When the song states “fifteen men on a dead man’s chest,” it is referring to the event in which fifteen of the seamen will end up dying over the treasure. As seen near the end of the novel, this event comes true. Foreshadowing gives the reader an idea of how the events in the story occur, but it can also foreshadow the theme of greed.
Lastly, the theme of greed occurs in the novel when Long John Silver friendship to obtain the treasure. This is seen when Long John Silver says, “I’ve always liked you, I have, for a lad of spirit, and the picture of my own self when I as young and handsome. I always wanted you to jine and take your share,” (Stevenson 162). Silver manipulates Jim into thinking he is a good guy and just as he wanted, they become acquaintances. This was important for Silver as he could now easily obtain the treasure with more people on his side. As such, Silver’s greed is only for the treasure and this becomes his motive as the novel progresses. Additionally, Long John Silver uses his cunning and deceptive personality to get pirates on his side so he can create a mutiny and obtain the treasure, leaving the other crew members behind. This is seen when Jim says,
“You may imagine how I felt when I heard this abominable old rogue addressing another in the very same words of flattery as he had used to myself. I think, if I had been able, that I would have killed him through the barrel” (Stevenson 64).
As seen, John Silver used the same words he used with the young seaman with Jim in order to get him on his side. This is a representation of greed as John Silver betrays the rest of the crew members and takes off with some of the treasure. The last example of greed in this novel is when Ben Gunn took all the treasure to his cave before the Hispaniola arrived. Jim states, “he had found the treasure; he had dug it up… he had carried it on his back, in many weary journeys, from the foot of the tall pine to a cave he had on the two pointed hill at the north-east angle of the island… two months before the arrival of the Hispaniola” (193).
Ben Gunn is a marooned pirate that has been on the island for about three years. He found out where the treasure was long before the Hispaniola arrived. Jim and the crew sated their greed while the pirates started to dig for treasure as they found an empty hole before them. This represents greed because the pirates went through this murderous journey to hope to get the treasure they were looking for but ended up receiving nothing. Many people died just to find this treasure, which was a disastrous event. Everyone’s motive was to find the treasure since the beginning and the theme of greediness got a lot of them killed.
In conclusion, the novel Treasure Island, by Robert Louis Stevenson shows literary devices such as symbolism, foreshadowing and theme. The symbolistic aspect of this novel was evidently shown with the pirate side of the story. Foreshadowing is shown throughout the novel that gave secret meanings behind it. The theme of greed that the characters in the story had for the treasure was mainly apart of why this all happened. Literary devices allow the reader to engage with the novel, thus making it more intriguing. As Jim Hawkins says, “Oxen and wain-ropes would not bring me back again to that accursed island,” makes me wonder if he ever truly does want to go back.
Role of Fate in Treasure Island Book
Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson: An ostentatiously ‘boys’ adventure book, this story holds within it much greater depth than might be expected at first glance, containing a veritable treasure trove of wisdom, mostly to do with the free will and fate encountered by the characters in the book. The main focus is on Jim and his group, as well as a crew of pirates, who are all seeking treasure for their own ends and attempt to combat fate for their own gain. The attempt of the treasure-hunters to control their own destiny could not succeed while fate existed, because their destiny always overpowered their free will.
Everything has a reason for occurring, because every event is fated. This is shown most clearly by the following quote found within the later half of the text, when Jim and some of his friends are attempting to trace a path to the island with treasure. “Even the ripples were a danger to our overloaded craft; but the worst of it was that we were swept out of our true course, and away from our proper landing-place behind the point” (112). It was fated that their boat should be swept away rather than strictly controlled- contrary to what Jim thought, they were not swept out of their ‘true course’, but rather set upon it. The course that they meant to take was the wrong one for their fates, and so the sea forced them along the path that was fated for them. This shows that nothing happens without being fated, and there must be major reasons for all things that occur in the lives of people. The ‘ripples’ seem kin to the ripples of destiny that stem from everyday and unusual occurrences, shifting fate slightly- even though it is impossible to change fate in a way that one can be certain of, one can still make ripples that have affects on one’s own fate. This reveals the contrast between fate and free will; on one hand, someone has iron control over what happens to them, while on the other hand, people are set adrift on the ripples of the sea with no hope.
The fated course is by definition going to occur no matter what, making struggle against destiny futile. In this next quote, Jim is shown to give way to his fate at last, allowing it to take him where destiny wills. “It was plain she [the coracle] was not to be interfered with, and at any rate, since I could in no way influence her course, what hope had I left of reaching land?” (153). The coracle moves with the waves and the sea, and symbolizes the fact that Jim could not struggle against his own fate and it is ‘not to be interfered with’, as he is unable to ‘influence her course’, which is similar to the course of destiny. Such influencing is similar to what many people in life try to do with their own lives, making changes that they hope will direct them towards greater fortune. He is hopeless, but at the same time, the coracle guides him eventually to his good fortune. Although fate cannot be changed in this story, his thoughts are his own- people are fated to reach wherever they end up, so nothing people do can change their destiny. Although this maxim may not be true in life, in the story it holds true for each character, directing them towards their fates no matter what they do. This juxtaposed opposition between attempts to change and the solid, unchangeable aspects of fate reveals a hardness of destiny that does not allow for even the most minute of changes, like a single stray wave forced from its path.
Trying to struggle against your fate will only get you closer to your eventual destiny. This is shown by Ben Gunn’s experience at the end of the book, when after finally receiving the wealth he had been seeking, he loses it. “As for Ben Gunn, he got a thousand pounds, which he spent or lost in three weeks, or, to be exact, in nineteen days, for he was back begging on the twentieth” (222). Benn Gunn went from poverty to riches and back to poverty; his attempt to lessen his poverty did nothing but make him go back to being poor after nineteen days. This occurred because of the futility of trying to change your own fate; he is destined to be poor, so he can do nothing to get out of it, no matter how hard he tries. And indeed he does try hard, from digging up an entire trove of treasure with limited tools and no knowledge of how to leave, to waiting the years it took until someone arrived on the remote island that could help him leave. Economic status is fated in his life even though it may not be considered ‘fair’, and his life goes in the direction of poverty. This shows the contrast between the rich and poor of the times, revealing the helplessness of man in the face of fate.
All in all, fate is shown to be the inevitable winner of any battles within the lives of mankind in the book Treasure Island. Everything conspired to force things along the way of destiny, from the seas to boats and to other people as well, all working together to achieve a not-always-visible end. The hardships of their lives were changed on a whim of destiny, proving that although everything is planned, nothing can be known for certain by anyone. Fate was shown to be the ultimate victor, and the attempts of people to combat fate in the story were met solely by failure.
Main Message in Treasure Island Novel
A Treasure With A Hidden Agenda
The novel Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson tells the tale of a young boy named Jim Hawkins. After the death of the old sea captain Billy Bones, he finds an old map in his chest. Jim takes the map to Dr. Livesey and Squire Trelawney who tells Jim the map is the location of hidden treasure buried by a well-known pirate, named Captain Flint. Trelawney gathers a crew and they set off to Treasure Island in search of the treasure. After a long journey, full of many obstacles and challenges, they find the treasure. His appreciation for the treasure is apparent, but he is happy about it for other reasons than its exchange value. Throughout the novel and its symbolic uses of coins, we see how Jim matures from a boy to a young man.
After finding the treasure the crew loaded the loot onto the ship. When Jim receives the coins he reacts differently than his counterparts exclaiming, “I never had more pleasure than in sorting them” (Stevenson, 220). This is particularly notable because his simple seeming want to sort contrasts with what gold usually represents for people. His humble joy in sorting something that holds so much power proves that the coins symbolize something much more than a monetary value for Jim and the readers.
After this he goes on to give a detailed description of all of the markings and pictures he sees on each one. In general, people would be too distracted by the wealth to notice these minute details that bring Jim Hawkins pleasure. Jim describes the coins from the treasure: “…oriental pieces stamped with what looked like wisps of string or bits of spider’s web, round pieces and square pieces, and pieces bored through the middle, as if to wear them round your neck…” (Stevenson, 220). When Jim compares part of the coins to spider webs it gives the reader a visual of coins and their fragility. Jim even believes they are beautiful enough to be worn around your neck. His fascination with the small details and his inquiry that it may be worn as a necklace shows once again his intrigue in something more than monetary value. He doesn’t care about the wealth as he does about the opportunity it supplied him to define himself. He enjoys the beauty of the coins as he enjoys the beauty of the journey. The journey Trelawney, Jim, and the crew took to find the treasure was not only for the prize, but for Jim it was a coming of age journey because it proved to himself, his dad, and others that he could do it. He survived, something a dependent child couldn’t do.
When Jim is sorting through the treasure he begins listing all the different types of coins. He elaborates, “English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Georges and Louises, doubloons and double guineas and moidores and sequins…nearly every variety of money in the world must, I think, have found a place in that collection” (Stevenson 220). Jim goes into detail in his description of the coins and other objects in the treasure, but not once does he mention their value. This reinforces his ignoring of the wealth they supply him with, and appreciating them for their beauty. Also, by listing all the different kinds and countries he shows his experience. It shows his knowledge and maturity. And, as the coins signify adulthood and maturity for Jim, the variety of countries in the collection then must signify the different kinds of person and attributes that make him an adult. It emphasizes the possibilities Jim sees himself have now; possibilities that were disguised or unseen when he was defined as a fatherless boy who hid behind his mother.
In the beginning of the novel, we learn that Jim’s father owns an inn. A man named Billy Bones stay the night for much less than he owes. For the short time Jim’s father appears in the novel, we only see him as a pushover. Later, Jim stands up for his father. He asserts to, “I want none of your money… but what you owe my father. I’ll get you one glass, and no more” (CITE PAGE NUMBER). This piece of evidence is significant as a starting point from when Jim strays from his father’s past. As the story proceeds Jim shies away from the family business and makes the choice to hunt for treasure. Therefore, when Jim finds it, it is evidently symbolic to the reader as him succeeding in not becoming his father. He didn’t want to be known has a pushover. By going to Treasure Island, Jim is proving that he is capable of being his own person.
Throughout the novel Jim’s opinion of finding the treasure changes many different times. At the beginning of the story readers see Jim’s childish side as he daydream that he will “mount at once and ride for Dr. Livesey” (Stevenson, 63). He is clearly interested in the glory that is associated with the treasure, much like the pirates are. However, as the story progresses, Jim is introduced to the corrupted life of piracy, due to money and treasure. Therefore, his hunt becomes more about changing his life and the lives around him through goodwill than being controlled by money, like the pirates are. Especially after losing his father, Jim realizes how finding he lost treasure would greatly benefit him and his mother. He is torn between the right and wrong thing to do. He then decided to fight for what his father deserved by going to Billy and asking for the money toward his stay at the inn.
Jim begins the narration of the story after it began, as a retrospective narrator. This allows the readers to see how Jim felt during crucial moments in the story, as well as emphasizes his maturity. Instead of being told by him when he is undergoing the transformation from kid to adult, it is told as he is already grown up. His style of narration is calm and mature as opposed to a story that is dramatic, exhilarating and glamorous. This contrast, his calmness amidst a outrageous story, shows how Jim has become who he is now. It emphasizes the journey’s importance in evolving him. It shows how the journey is more coming of age than it is about the glory of the treasure and jewels.
When Jim returns home the audience is able to see his transformation from boy to man. The journey was an eye opening experience that being a pirate is not everything. The lives they live are very immodest and cruel, which is not the type of person Jim was raised to be. Jim now understands how much cruelty there is in the world and that adventures are not as exciting and easy as they are made up to be, which is something a logical, mature adult would acknowledge. Readers see this realization when Jim says, “oxen and wain-ropes would not bring [him] again to that accursed island” (Stevenson, 224). He is acknowledging the realization that the adult lifestyle requires more responsibility and less glamor. He isn’t willing to sacrifice his life and his loved ones for a bunch of pretty pieces of metal. The treasure is a representation of not only his journey at sea, but his journey into adulthood.
Jim Hawkins begins his narration at the beginning of novel speaking of an adventure that happened in the past, sequencing his first loss of innocence. His changing vocabulary about treasure, adventure, piracy, and life in general chronicles his conversion from an unknowing, yet hopeful child to a responsible, and grateful adult. Robert Louis Stevens use of language, imagery and perspective show us the change in Jim’s character throughout this novel.
A Theme Of Deception In Treasure Island By Robert Louis Stevenson
Have you ever felt an intense feeling of having something? What would you do to get it? Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson showcases what limits a human would cross to get what he wants. Jim Hawkins life takes a big twist when Captain Billy Bones keeps a step into the inn. Jim is very excited for the adventure he was going to be a part of. However, this adventure was filled with bloodshed and while reading Treasure Island there are many themes that can occur to the reader’s mind like greed, deception and sense of duty. This report will focus on the theme of deception, when a human lies or tricks someone is called the act deception. Several characters depict this trait throughout the novel. Their decisions affect them and the people around them in either bad or a good way.
Captain Billy Bones is a pirate. He worked under Long John Silver. He comes to stay in Jim’s parent’s inn. He walked into the inn as a regular customer, however deep beneath he was hiding his true identity. In the following extract from the book, it’s learned how Captain Billy Bones reveals all his secrets to Jim. ‘Now if I can’t get nohow, and they tip me the black spot, mind you, it’s my old sea-chest they’re after; you get on horse-you can, can’t you?…. I was first mate, I was, old Flint’s first mate, and I’m the on’y one as knows the place. He gave it to me at Savannah, when he lay a-dying, like as if I was to now, you see. But you won’t peach unless they get the black spot on me, or unless you see that Black Dog again, or a seafaring man with one leg, Jim-him above all.’ Captain Billy Bones deceptive behavior is revealed before he dies of a stroke. In his confession to Jim, he reveals why he was asking him to keep a watch for a one-legged seafaring man. As a result, his deceptiveness benefitted him for some days as no one tried to steal the map from him and he could enjoy his life.
Long John Silver is the ship’s cook, however, on Flint’s ship Long John Silver was the quartermaster. He starts the cruise to find Flint’s treasure smoothly. However, there is a plan on his mind. ‘I’ll finish with ’em at the island, as soon’s the blunt’s on board, and a pity it is’. In other words, pretending to be nice until he has laid his hands on the treasure. Then conquer the ship and kill each honest person. Silver’s deceptiveness to act as an honest person helped him earn Mr. Trelawney trust. Mr. Trelawney allows him to pick the crew. So, the faithful party, the people who were not on Silver’s side, were outnumbered till they figured out Silver’s plan. Dr. Livesey is a nobleman. He is the doctor of the ship. Before Jim’s second disappearance Jim had told Dr. Livesey about Ben Gunn, the marooned man. Dr. Livesey visits Ben Gunn. The doctor wormed Ben Gunn to expose where the treasure is hidden. ‘…., next morning, he saw the anchorage deserted, he had gone to Silver, given him the chart, which was now useless-given him the stores, for Ben Gunn’s cave was well supplied with goats’ meat salted by himself-given anything and everything to get a chance of moving in safety from the stockade to the two-pointed hill, there to be clear of malaria and keep a guard upon the money.’ This is the reason why the doctor agrees to give Silver and his companions’ health check-ups, so he could keep an eye on them. This profited the faithful party as they got enough time to settle in their new campsite and come up with a plan to attack Silver and his companions. This surprise attack led to the death of Silver’s two people; the other three ran away; this led Long John Silver to agree to Dr. Livesey’s terms.
Analysis And Review Of Treasure Island By Robert Louis Stevenson
Robert Louis Stevenson, the author of this Treasure Island and many more, was born on November 13, 1850. Through the early stages of his life, he was heavily governed by his father, Thomas Stevenson, who worked as a lighthouse designer. At 17 Robert enrolled in University to study engineering with the goal of taking over his father’s business, though, Lighthouse design never really did appeal to Robert. So he decided to study law instead. However, law was just as meaningful as Lighthouse design, as Robert emerged from law school in 1875, but never practiced it. He truly felt that being a writer was his calling and being around young writers and painters as he traveled the world only furthered his belief. As his writing career continued he became one of the first authors to practice the short story in the United Kingdom. And through continuous practice of writing, he began to develop the ‘adventure-story narrative’ he is known for today. Around 1878, Robert published his first volume of work, An Inland Voyage later continued through the text, Travels with a Donkey in the Cevennes, which focused on the quality of using the voice and character of the narrator, rather than just telling a story. Later throughout his life, he met his future wife, Fanny Osbourne in 1876, who had two children. One of which helped Robert write one of his greatest works, Treasure Island. Which, ironically, started off with a drawing of a treasure map for his 12-year-old step-son. Soon after Treasure Island was published Robert began to get his first taste of popularity and his goal of becoming a famous writer had finally begun. Unfortunately, On December 3, 1894, Robert died of a stroke, as he had hemorrhagic lungs throughout most of his life. Fortunately, his works have remained in their glory and are still popular today.
Like previously stated, the idea of Treasure Island was ignited by a treasure map given by Robert to his step-son. In addition, Robert created a pirate adventure story to accompany the drawing telling the tale of a young spirit-filled boy named Jim Hawkins who travels the sea in search for the treasure formally owned by a devastating pirate called Flint, who puts Blackbeard to shame. He joins a crew of men that sail on a ship called the Hispaniola, but soon later figures out that most of the crew are a band of pirates, led by a man called Long John Silver, that plan to take over the ‘good-men’ on the ship and claim the treasure for themselves. No force strong enough to compare to the pirate’s scary image Jim is found caught between the world of chaos and the world of order, and must grow in character if he wants to save not only his friends on the ship, but himself as well. In the end, Jim’s brave and noble actions, along with the help of his friends they save the day and overrule the pirates. As they claim the treasure for themselves, the book ends with one pirate escaping and stealing some of the treasure, and Jim Hawkins scarred for life, never wanting to travel sea again, over the events that have unfolded over the past days.
An adventure novel, such as Treasure Island, usually does not have any themes. Rather the story of a quest and the common characteristics of quest stories like the hero’s journey, often to a mysterious place of unknown descent, usually in pursuit of treasure, etc. While Treasure Island no doubt fits this description it is not to say that there are no morals or lessons that could be taught. Robert Louis Stevenson, whether inadvertently or purposely, has many themes to portray. One of the most predominant themes is Chaos vs. Order, which can be demonstrated throughout the whole text. For instance, “I have only one thing to say to you, sir … if you keep on drinking rum, the world will soon be quit of a very dirty scoundrel!” This conversation between Dr. Livesey and Billy Bones in Chapter 1 is an early portrayal of the conflict between the World of Order, represented by Dr. Livesey vs. the World of Chaos, represented by Bill Bones; a pirate. Billy, even though is an outsider to the inn and to the general area he holds usurped power for himself, as he does not pay the money he owes for his stay at the inn and terrorizes other guests just by slamming the table. This type of power is considered insulting to the civilized world as it provokes the values that embody the World of Order. However, many characters such as Jim are fascinated by the unknown power the pirates hold and admire to be like them. Robert Louis Stevenson subconsciously plays with the reader’s mind as one of the inevitable questions is ‘as a reader which character are you?’ a character of order or chaos. While the characters in the text seem to favor the world of chaos, Robert adds contracting opinions to the text suggesting that the World of Order rank superior. One of which being right after the event I had previously explained is when Billy attempts to attack Dr. Livesey in return for insulting his manner, but Dr. Livesey retorts with saying “If you do not put that knife this instant in your pocket, I promise, upon my honour, you shall hang at next assizes.” Dr. Livesey demonstrates his calm authority and controls Billy’s rowdy behavior. Furthermore suggesting that ‘Good’ will always prevail in which it does as just like most adventure stories, no matter how impossible the challenge at hand, good will find a way on top. However, while both worlds seemingly have accurate points that could contribute to which one is better, we learn later on in the text that both the doctor’s and pirate’s world are flawed. Both lead to inevitable inspiration and destruction.
After reading the book the first time it could easily be said that the text has a very important message that should be heard by all kids. Treasure Island, while it is an adventure novel it also has the perfect story of a boy growing up, and showing increasing levels of maturity, confidence, and cleverness. Although the book uses a lot of different forms of language, like the speech of pirates, and is sometimes troublesome to comprehend it offers valuable insight on how we should deal with situations that are hard to deal with; not just for kids but for all ages. One common example is when Jim’s mother faints and he, with his quick wit, decides to carry his mother away from the inn towards a bridge where they remain safe, away from the incoming pirates and imminent death if they were caught. This is an early example of Jim’s maturity and growing character. Furthermore, Jim finds himself not only growing in intelligence but in many other ways such as security and bravery. As Jim kills Israel Hands, a pirate, he states. “The process was so slow and laborious that, in my new-found security, I laughed aloud.” Jim finds himself acting with strength and for once in his life not governed by fear. It is clear that Jim is no longer controlled or influenced by the world of pirates, but rather than his own ambitions; being the treasure. In short, Robert Stevenson uses Jim Hawkins as a way to convey the theme of Coming of Age and the battle of Chaos vs. Order to tell an excellent story for all ages. While the story is easy to read it tells an influential message that should never be forgotten.
Jim Hawkins: A Young Pirate
Stories about pirates are some of the interesting and clever stories to tell such as the Treasure Island. It is a classic story about a young pirate, written by Robert Louis Stevenson and published in 1883. It tells about the young boy, Jim Hawkins, who turned into a pirate with his crew searching for the treasure (“Treasure Island”). Robert Louis Stevenson was a famous Scottish author of travel and adventure books, but he also wrote fiction stories, essays and poems (“Robert Louis Stevenson”).
He pursued engineering first followed by law; however his interest was never in either of those.
He was fond of reading and travelled many places before he became a famous writer (“Treasure Island: About the Author”). The story about Treasure Island is narrated by Jim Hawkins. He tells the story based from his observations, feelings, perceptions, and on how he responds to the people and events around him. He became easily involved in the pirate game and treasure hunting since his family owned the Admiral Benbow inn.
There stayed Billy Bones, the captain who has the map of the treasure that Captain Flint buried.
Captain Flint is already dead however the men who worked for him are still alive and searching for his buried treasure (“Treasure Island: Character Profiles”). The first pirate that Jim met is Billy Bones who stayed at their inn. Bones is a ragged, scarred, and drunkard pirate who always sing a pirate song; but he was kind with Jim. He always asks Jim to look out for any seafaring men along the shore which Jim thought that the man only wants some company. However, it turned out that the man is eager to avoid the other seafaring men especially the ‘seafaring man with one leg’ (“Treasure Island”).
One day, another pirate named Black Dog, a companion of Billy Bones, came to Jim and asked for the whereabouts of Billy Bones. Both pirates wrestle until Bones is greatly injured. However, a blind pirate named Pew came with horsemen to Bones and delivered the ‘black spot’. After Bones died, Jim snatched a key and an oilskin packet from Bones. He and his mother left immediately and went to the next village. The village people, however, are not willing to help them and the two hide under the bridge. The men continuously searched for the “Flint’s fist” but they could not find it.
They escaped leaving Pew behind while the horses of the revenue officers from the village trampled him to death (Nelson). Jim and his mother stayed with Dr. Livesey and Squire Trelawney where the squire analyzed the packet that Jim got from Billy Bones. The squire said that it is the account book of the ‘black-hearted hound’. After studying the rest of the oilskin packet, they found a map of Captain John Flint’s Treasure Island. Trelawney became eager to find the treasure and planned the rest of the voyage including the finances.
He secured on of the best ships in England, the Hispaniola, and hired several men including a one-legged ‘seafaring man’ named Long John Silver and a group of sailors. Jim unexpectedly became part of the instant adventure (Nelson). Long John Silver was very much liked by Jim and the squire because of his performance as the ship’s cook. At the beginning of their journey, he is friendly and helpful to the rest of the crew however he is as notorious as Captain Flint who is concerned only about the money he can get (“Treasure Island: Character Profiles”).
Jim, while hiding in an apple barrel, accidentally overhears Silver, Israel Hand, and Dick talking about their plan of overtaking the ship once they get the treasure. After getting on land, Captain Smollet together with his men fought with Silver and the pirates. Jim and his group escaped together with Ben Gunn, one of the original members of Captain Flint’s crew who was abandoned in the Treasure Island three years ago. Jim together with his group is lead to Gunn’s secret cave where he relocated Captain Flint’s treasure.
In spite of Silver’s plan, Jim, Trelawney, Dr. Livesey, Gunn and the rest of the group are able to retrieve the treasure and haul it to Hispaniola and return to England (“Treasure Island”). Treasure Island is an exciting book inspired by adventures of notorious pirates. During the early 1700s, thousands of pirates wander along different seas in the world who plundered ships and private vessels for coins and precious metals that were likely hidden in small islands. This perhaps is one of the sources of Stevenson’s pirate stories.
However, most of the pirates began in their early twenties until they age fifty or so, some crippled, blind, or dead. Young pirates were also common, but there were no enough records to prove that teenagers became fierce pirates. Young pirates like Jim Hawkins is like a dream come true for kids who always dream of sailing and travelling and someday finding a treasure (“Treasure Island”). In the early 18th century, there was a story about a young boy who joined a group of buccaneers. The story was based from the records of Captain “Black Sam” Bellamy.
In 1716, Captain Bellamy’s ship Marianne attacked Bonetta, a ship travelling from Antigua to Jamaica. Some of Bonetta’s crew joined the pirates. John King, a kid travelling with his mother, also wanted to join the group of buccaneers so bad that he even threatened to kill himself after the captain did not allow him. It was not clear why John wanted to become a pirate, but there were speculations that maybe he was with a harsh parent or he does not want to go wherever they are going. Later, a kind a charismatic Captain Bellamy allowed John King to join the band (Krystek).
In connection with the story of John King, a treasure hunter named Barry Clifford searched for the remains of Captain Bellamy’s boat – Whydah that sunk along Cape Cod. He found a cannon, artifacts, and silver coins. The artifacts they found included a human leg bone, a stocking, and a shoe belonging to a tiny adult, as he said. However in 2006, after the bone was examined in The Center for Historical Archeology in Florida, they found out that the bone belonged to a child aged between eight and eleven years old. The tale of a John King, a little boy who turned into a young pirate indeed was true (Krystek).
In the early chapter of Treasure Island, the story was established through the first person narrative of Jim Hawkins. Money is introduced as the major driving force of the characters’ actions. Through Jim’s narration of events, greed and corruption are even more highlighted. As the number of pirates looking for the map increases, it pushes Jim into learning more about the treasure and acquiring the map. The first six chapters slowly unravel Jim’s transformation. He is now not controlled by Billy Jones and the other pirates and he chooses to stand with his mother and save her.
He is beginning to take part into the action happening and acted like a hero (Nelson). In the middle chapters, more terrible things happened which challenged how Jim would respond. Jim has witnessed several deaths including Billy Bones’ and Tom’s. However, his response to the death of Tom’s death is different from Billy Bones’. He cried at Bone’s but not to Tom’s death where he just sat in silence. Upon arriving at the island after all the terrible things that he witnessed, Jim found a friend and a father figure whom he has gained trust (Nelson).
At the later chapter, Jim is able to develop both physical and moral strength after their triumph against the pirates. Jim is able to survive and gain enough guts to face Silver and his crew and help his crew. He has matured and does not act like a child in the middle of the events. Jim is a child and adult in deciding and justifying the things he did. He is now acting not just to save himself but also the rest of his crew after he stole and find a boat. He became the story’s hero but not because of luck and fortune. Also, Jim does not forget how to be adventurous and try things despite failure.
He never gives up although he is now engaging to wrong choices, these are justifiable by the arbitrary death that could happen anytime (“Treasure Island: Character Profiles”). Throughout the story, Jim Hawkins character changed from a simple observer of the events around him into a character who became actively involved and became a certified pirate. Even though he is just a kid, he is able to help in uncovering the mutiny plan of Long John Silver and retrieve the treasure. He became a competent boy physically and beat Israel Hands.
He has grown morally mature after choosing not to run away from Long John silver despite Dr. Livesey urging him to. Jim is a smart boy with courage and good heart. Anyone reading the book could easily identity himself with Jim. Stevenson created it in such a way the reader could put his own imaginations in place of Jim. Jim Hawkins is an open, predictable character who narrates the story by telling what he sees and observed, but is close in telling his own feelings and thoughts about the other characters (Nelson). The transformation in Jim’s character was evident when he delivered a speech to the pirates.
He is able to survive and save himself against the fierce pirates by offering deals that an adult would usually do. His courage has developed from their journey, a courage that he does not have back to the inn. An interesting encounter between Jim and Long John Silver once proved Jim’s ability to stand up and fought for himself even though it is Silver, a notorious pirate, he is talking to (Nelson). Jim Hawkins justifies the thoughts and imagination of a teenager and later the beginning stage of maturity developed from the combination of different adversities.
The story of Jim Hawkins and the Treasure Island is not as exciting as it is when summarized because there is no other of telling his story in such an engaging way except reading all the chapters.
Krystek, Lee. “The Littlest Pirate”. 2006. 5 May 2008. <http://www. unmuseum. org/piratelittle. htm>. Nelson, Britanny. “Gradesaver: Treasure Island – Study Guide – Character List”. 2008. 5 May 2008. <http://www. gradesaver. com/classicnotes/titles/treasure/charlist. html>. “Robert Louis Stevenson”. 2008. Jalic Inc. 5 May 2008. <http://www. online-literature. com/stevenson/>. “Treasure Island”.
Bibliomania. com Ltd. 5 May 2008. <http://www. bibliomania. com/0/0/46/88/frameset. html>. “Treasure Island”. 2008. Wiley Publishing. 5 May 2008. <http://www. cliffsnotes. com/WileyCDA/LitNote/Treasure-Island-Character-Analyses-Jim-Hawkins. id-175,pageNum-32. html>. “Treasure Island: About the Author”. 2008. Wiley Publishing. 5 May 2008. <http://www. cliffsnotes. com/WileyCDA/LitNote/Treasure-Island-About-the-Author-Personal-Background. id-175,pageNum-1. html>. “Treasure Island: Character Profiles”. 2008. Novelguide. 5 May 2008. <http://www. novelguide. com/TreasureIsland/characterprofiles. html>.