Heroism in the Book The Outsiders
Hero. This word is mentioned a lot, but what makes a person a hero? Is being a hero only saving the world from villains trying to enslave the humans, or can it be a small act of kindness? Could it be both? Yes, a hero is someone who is brave, courageous and helps others in need. In the book The Outsiders by S. E. Hinton, Ponyboy, Johnny, and Dally can be described as heroes because they are not afraid to step up, and help people. Ponyboy is a hero because he rescued people and befriended a soc. Similarly Johnny is a hero because he used his heroic qualities to help people. Finally Dally is a hero because of his kind and heroic actions towards Johnny. All three of these Greasers, Ponyboy, Johnny, and Dally show that heroism is not only a matter of saving the world, but it is also a matter of doing something for someone else.
Ponyboy is considered a hero because he is courageous and not afraid to rescue and help people in their times of need. A main reason why Ponyboy is a hero is that when school children are stuck in a fire Ponyboy ran in to rescue them. Ponyboy yells to the teacher, “I’ll get them, don’t worry… I’ll get them,” and immediately rushes into the burning building to rescue the children. This quote shows the true nature of Ponyboy because he is concerned for a group of children trapped in a burning church. He was so worried that he goes in to the burning church with disregard for his safety and saves the kids. What he did when the church was burning meats the definition of a hero perfectly, he was courageous, saved people who needed his help, and was even called a hero by the newspaper. Another way that Ponyboy is a hero is that when Randy, a soc comes over and talks to Ponyboy, Ponyboy listens and talks to Randy about Randy’s problems. Randy then goes on to say, “Thanks kid.” This is a small gesture of kindness shown by Ponyboy, yet it is an act of heroism too. People do not have to save the world to be a hero, a small act of kindness still can take a courageous gesture like overcoming the differences between two people like Ponyboy and Randy did. Heroism in its own simple but pleasant way being kind to others is also heroic. Ponyboy is a hero because no mater how big or small the act of heroism he committed was, it saved, and helped people.
Jonny, like Ponyboy, is a hero in his own unique way. Johnny is a great example of heroism because he shows that everybody has heroic qualities of bravery courageousness and helpfulness inside of them and all it takes is an event to bring the qualities out. One important example is that during the chapter when the church is on fire Johnny not only saves school children but saves Ponyboy by pushing Ponyboy out of the church leaving him self in great danger of being crushed by the building’s falling timbers. Ponyboy describes it like this; “Johnny shoved me backwards towards the window… get out.” This shows Johnny’s bravery and heroism because the building was collapsing and about to crush him. Another act of heroism that Johnny commits is that he stands up for two girls who were being bullied by Dally. Here is the section that Johnny stops Dally from bulling the girls.
“Leave her alone, Dally.””Huh” Dally was taken off guard. He stared at Johnny in disbelief. Johnny couldn’t even say “Boo” to a goose. Johnny gulped and got a little pale, but he said, “You heard me. Leave here alone.”
This part in the story was an exciting and surprising part, were Johnny stood up to Dally whom he admires. Ponyboy puts it this way, “Johnny worships the ground that Dally steps on.” and yet Johnny stood up to Dally to protect two girls. In doing so he earned new friends and gained respect. Both of these are act of heroism because Johnny protects two girls from being bullied by Dally, and is also courageous because Jonny admires Dally and Dally could have beat Johnny up for saying what he did. Instead Dally stormed off in a different direction and didn’t bully the girls anymore. Cherry, one of the girls that Johnny rescued said, “Thank you, he was starting to scare me.” This again shows that Johnny did the right thing, in being brave and courageous, and standing up to Dally. Overall Johnny is a hero because no mater how small or big the deed he committed was, Johnny saved and rescued people. This shows that anyone can be a hero, even a quiet, and reserved kid like him.
Surprisingly, even Dally is a hero. Even though he has done some really bad things, he still has good inside of him. Dally is a great example of how no matter what your background is you can still commit an act of heroism. The best example is when during the fire in the church, a falling timber hits Johnny and Dally runs in to save him. One of the teachers of the kids that Ponyboy and Jonny saved, describes Dally’s action like this. “He burned one arm pretty badly… trying to drag the other kid out the window.” This shows that Dally is a hero because he runs into the collapsing building, without a second thought, and risks his life to drag Johnny out. This is something very special because Dally a criminal who has had many run-ins with the law, yet when given the choice he become a hero by rescuing Johnny . This is definitely an act of heroism because he is saving a life, which is brave, and courageous. Another act heroism that Dally commits is that when Johnny is dying Dally is so worried and concerned for him, that when the doctor doesn’t let him see Johnny, Dally pulls out a switchblade and says, “We gotta see him… We’re gonna see him.” This may seem unimportant, but this small act of heroism, of making sure that they are able to comforts the dying Johnny is very moving, and special. It is tough to know that you are dying, and when Dally and Ponyboy comfort him it allows Johnny to go peacefully and happily, which is especially heroic because it take a big act of courage to see a friend pass on. Both of the times that Dally acts like a hero he shows that anyone can be a hero no matter who you are or where you came from.
A hero is someone who is courageous with noble qualities that allow him to be admired by his peer and other people. In the book The Outsiders by S.E Hinton three boys Ponyboy, Johnny and Dally are all greasers, and have had run-ins with the law. But then during the book they commit heroic acts, and the biggest one was when Ponyboy, Johnny, and Dally saved children and one another that were trapped in a building that was on fire. S. E. Hinton’s The Outsiders shows that everyone has heroic qualities and all it takes is a dramatic event such as saving someone or an event as small as making peace between you and some one else to expose the heroic qualities of bravery and courageousness.
The Analysis Of Stephen King’s New Book “Outsider”
Outsider review into Stephen King’s new book.
Yep all 500 pages every single word, and oh boy he really wrote a lot. I liked it didn’t love it but liked it. This book definitely doesn’t deserve a movie but it’s a decent read. My thoughts: after reading the outsider I thought it was pretty good. That being said a lot of it is boring, the supernatural element didn’t even become an issue till page 200. The book is mainly about the murder of an eleven-year-old boy and how it affects the residents of Flint city. There are countless eyewitness and DNA evidence that all point to one of flint town most pristine residents the little league coach Terry Maitland. In the middle of a big game detective, Anderson arrested coach terry in front of a crowded audience. After this event, the book continues to focus on detective Anderson, holly, Howie gold, and the grieving wife Marcy as they fight auguste the outsider (that man). At the end like every other Stephen King book, there is a standoff and our hero’s triumph to a certain extent.
What I liked: I liked detective Anderson’s wife she made some good references and helped move the plotMarcy was written very realistic, this really helped you feel for the charter.Howie gold was a fun and heartfelt additive to the bookIt’s well written and very descriptive The defective parts are very interestingThe supernatural part is out of left field It’s disturbing in the right wayThe mystery is very interesting The standoff is greatThe Gerald grocery references were perfectHolly is a good charter and I’m glad she was in this book.Things I didn’t like:It’s really longIts drawn out Parts of the books seem to drag onToo much emphasis on static chartersThe outsider has a lot in common with ITKing kills off terry too earlyIt should have been a crime thrillerThe supernatural element seems forcedTerry’s killer could have had more motivationThe first 200 pages are a different book from the next 300The suicide element of the book could have been more intense.Shapeshifters are never scary no matter what they do.
Analysis: while it was good the book was a little too long for my taste. While that doesn’t ruin a book for me (IT) this one was affected by the length. Books can be good even if they are long the outsider, but where this book fluter is around it’s structuring. For example, you could take the first 200 pages can be put it into a three-act structure. For example act 1 the discovery of the killer and the arrest of coach Terry. Act 2 the interrogation of coach Terry Maitland. Act 3 the death of Terry Maitland. There is even a charter ark with detective Anderson for example in act 1 he is for sure Terry Maitland is the killer. Then in act 2, he starts to question it, act 3 the death of Terry and in death when Terry admits he never did it terry. This is a pretty dark ending but I feel like it should have worked in a good crime thriller. But then Stephen king goes into other direction having holly the pregnant cop from the beginning of the book come in and team up with detective Anderson to solve the case. I guess my main gripe with Stephen King’s latest book is that it takes such a sharp twist if you want to write a paranormal bookwright a paranormal book don’t write a crime drama then a paranormal book.
So, in conclusion, This book would have been better if it was a short story. Grade: C+ if you like numbers I’d give it a 77% its a book you should read if you have no other good Stephen King books to readWould I recommend this book?: All of that being said I would recommend this book if you like Stephen King. If this is your first ever Stephen King book may be read IT or The shining but if you’ve read all of Stephens classics I’d say give this one a look. Because this book is long and drawn out a majority of this book is dark, scary, and entertaining. So if you want a decent book to get scared by Id say give the outsider a read.
The Outsiders by S. E. Hinton – Why the Greasers Were Considered a Disgrace and Menace to Society
From looking at the two gangs, the Greasers and the Socs, in the book The Outsiders, it is safe to say that the Greasers were the true disgrace and menace to society. The Greasers were able to show this from their looks, their behavior, and their choices that they make.
One reason that the Greasers are considered a disgrace to society was because of their looks. From just looking at them you could tell that they meant trouble. Greasers were not the average group of kids, they were hoods. A quote from the book describes exactly what people thought of them, “But most looked at us like we were dirt.” ,15. Greasers wear their hair long, dress in blue jeans and T-Shirts and leave their shirttails out and wear leather jackets and tennis shoes or boots. They are below middle class and look like they are always trying to steal something because they can not afford anything. The Socs on the other hand are very rich, wore expensive clothes, drove Mustangs. The Socs did bad things but they never get in trouble because they didn’t look like they would do anything bad. If the Greasers and the Socs both did something equally as bad, the only people that would be blamed would be the Greasers because they are a true menace to society even though they might not truly be one.
Another reason that the Greasers are considered a menace to society is because of their behavior. “Greasers are almost like hoods; we steal things and drive old souped-up cars and hold up gas stations and have a gang fight once in a while.” ,3. This quote from the book shows that people will think even worse of the Greasers because of their actions. Normal people would not do what they are doing because they have principals. The Greasers were criminals and this gave people a even bigger reason to be scared of them and consider them a disgrace to society. The Socs did similar things but were not punished for them like the Greasers, and were still able to keep a excellent image of themselves. “Not like the Socs, who jump greasers and wreck houses and throw beer blasts for kicks, and get editorials in the paper for being a public disgrace one day and an asset to society the next.” ,3. This quote shows that unlike the Greasers, whatever the Socs do, it will not ruin their reputation at all. Overall from looking at both the Greasers and the Socs, it is easy to say that the Greasers are a bigger disgrace to society concerning their behavior than the Socs.
One final reason that the Greasers are a bigger menace to society is because of the choices that they make. The Greasers could have been average people but they chose to drop out of school and make them who they are now. Darry is an example, “He had been a real popular guy in school; he was captain of the football team and he had been voted Boy of the Year.” ,16. He couldn’t afford to go to college and now works at a gas station. This may not be his fault but if he would have went to college he could have gotten a good job and would have not become a hood. One final example is Sodapop, who had dropped out of school. If he would not have done that then he too would probably not have become a hood and would be working at a good paying job with his brother Dally. The Socs on the other hand did not have to worry about their choice because their money could fix anything bad that they ever did. Overall from looking at the Greasers and the Socs, putting into consideration their choices the Greasers were a bigger disgrace to society than the Socs.
From looking at the looks, the behavior, and the choices of both the Greasers and the Socs it is able to be concluded that the Greasers were the true disgrace to society. Even though the Greasers and Socs both did many bad things, at the end of the day, the Greasers had the worst image of all.
The Outsiders: Racism in the Media and Targeting of Minority
Last week, James Lull’s “Hegemony” and Stuart Hall’s “Deconstructing the Popular” discussed how dominance is asserted over other cultures, both actively and passively. As I mentioned in my response last week, Lull tends to favor a more passive model of hegemony, while Hall describes the process as “active marginalization.” This combination of active and passive dominance over minority groups was demonstrated in several of this week’s readings.
In “The Whites of Their Eyes,” Stuart Hall describes these active and passive processes as “overt” and “inferential” racism. Overt racism fits the definition of marginalization Hall gave previously, where favorable coverage is given to those advocating for openly racist positions. Inferential racism, on the other hand, fits closer to Lull’s passive model, where unquestioned assumptions create racist undertones, often without the speaker even realizing what they are doing.
Various examples were given fitting both of these definitions. “Reel Injun” described the homogenization of various Native American cultures into a stereotyped Plains Indian, regardless of where the setting of the film actually was. This effectively stripped most Native American groups of their culture and national identity. The film explained that this choice was mostly utilitarian, to allow Native Americans in film to become a highly recognizable archetype, rather than a deliberate assault on Native culture, making this an example of inferential racism. More overt examples, closer to Hull’s definition, came with depictions of Native Americans and African Americans as savages and villains nearly exclusively, a trend which began in the early to mid-20th century and continued through the Civil Rights movement. As described in both “Reel Injun” and “Beyond Ferguson,” this was done actively to minimize the atrocities of slavery and colonialism committed against these people groups, and downplay their calls for civil rights.
As one would expect, minority groups resisted these depictions. One of the main means of resistance was through the establishment of Native and African American media. “Talking Back, Moving Forward” explains that this process allowed Native Americans to control how they are depicted by employing Native actors and directors, even making films specifically designed for the Native audience. A similar process was described in “New Heroes,” where African American writers created comics with black heroes specifically targeting black audiences.
There is significant debate within these groups as to whether minority-centered media should target an exclusive audience, or make the film accessible to “outsider” groups as well. While the exclusive films can be valuable to preserving culture, as described in “Reel Injun,” I believe that in general, these products should be accessible to outsiders. Simple economics is a primary motivator for this. “Avengers: Age of Ultron” cost $280 million to produce in 2015. If, to take an example from “New Heroes,” a superhero movie with a black protagonist was produced for an exclusively black audience with little carry over into outside groups, even if all 41.7 million black Americans bought a ticket, the film would turn a rather meager profit. One of the strongest arguments for these types of films is that minority children deserve to be able to see heroes like them on the silver screen. To accomplish this, the film must have a broad enough appeal to generate the revenues studios look for. The recent release of “Wonder Woman,” which depicts a non-American, female protagonist, used this broad appeal to help propel itself to the top of the box office.
Beyond this, some feel that they can more effectively advocate for their people groups with a broader appeal. By inviting in outsiders, they are able to reshape the stereotypes held by these groups, as was shown in the works of Sherman Alexi, among others. Some filmmakers reject titles like “Native filmmaker” for this reason; they find the term puts an undo amount of pressure on them to “speak for their tribes” and pigeonholes their works. They prefer to simply describe themselves as artist who make films about things they are passionate about, which includes the proper depiction of their people groups. This trend is not an uncommon one in groups that appeal to a small, specialized audience. Artists like U2, Paramore, and Twenty One Pilots, for example, identify as Christians and incorporate Christian themes to various extents in their music. All three of these artists reject the label of “Christian band” for many of the same reasons minority filmmakers reject their labels – they feel it narrows their audience, ultimately hindering their ability to express what they believe in their music.
My two questions this week center around the contrasting ideas I discussed above. First, in what ways is media today both overtly and inferentially racist? Where and how does overt racism take place in a society where many like to believe such things are “behind us?” Second, how do you feel about appealing to “outsiders” in media produced specifically for minority groups, like Native cinema?
The Five Stages of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs in The Outsiders, a Novel by S. E. Hinton
“Psychology is the endlessly fascinating science of the human mind and behavior” (Gillespie 1). Psychological criticism is used to enhance the knowledge of literature by analyzing the behaviors and motives of dynamic characters throughout several theories. Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is one of many theories. This concept has five stages: physiological needs, safety needs, belongingness and love needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization. The stages are arranged in a triangle, with the fundamental needs at the bottom. Maslow wanted to understand what motivates people and their actions, and this is shown through his pyramid. First, people are motivated to meet their basic survival needs including food and water. Once those are met, they move on to be motivated by the next stage up, such as esteem or belonging needs. Eventually, when all their needs are satisfied, they may move on to the self-fulfillment stage. In S. E. Hinton’s The Outsiders, Johnny Cade’s motives and actions, over time, can be categorized into all the different stages of Maslow’s theory.
Safety and love needs are closely related for Johnny. First, he reached his safety needs. “His father was always beating him up, and his mother ignored him… He would have run away a million times if we hadn’t been there”. Although he did not feel safe at home, he felt safe with the gang. Also, he had his love and belonging needs met along with the physical needs. “If it hadn’t been for the gang, Johnny would never have known what love and affection are” (14). The other greasers gave him a sense of belonging, especially considering his rough life at home. They loved and cared for him even if his parents did not. This also caused his shy and timid actions at the time since he struggled with his safety, love, and belonging at home. He was motivated to reach a feeling of belongingness or safety, and once he got there his motives affected his further actions.
As Johnny started to move past the basic needs, he eventually reached the stages of esteem needs and self-actualization. After he saved the children from the burning church, he was praised and respected. “Their lives are worth more than mine, they have more to live for. Some of their parents came by to thank me and I knew it was worth it”. He knew that endangering his life for them was the right choice to make, and he was content with it. He had earned the respect of other people, even though he was a greaser. After he satisfied the esteem needs, he reached the self-actualization stage before death. He told Pony, “Stay gold, Ponyboy. Stay gold…” . He fulfilled his life, and knew that dying was worth it to save the children. He also realized the meaning of the poem, and how it related to him and Pony’s lives. “You’re gold when you’re a kid, like green. When you’re a kid everything’s new, dawn. It’s just when you get used to everything that it’s day” . He wanted to tell Ponyboy to stay young and innocent, and not to make the wrong choices in life. Johnny made his way through all the stages, because once he met his physical needs, he moved on to satisfy his emotional and psychological needs.
In conclusion, Johnny’s actions over time can be categorized into the five stages of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. He was motivated to meet his safety and belongingness needs, and these were provided by the gang. Afterwards, he saved the children and was praised and respected, which fulfilled his self-esteem needs. Finally, at his death, he reached the self-actualization stage when he realized all of his choices were worth it. He realized that everything he did was worth his life, and he advised Ponyboy to stay young and innocent. Johnny shows that, even with rough conflicts and struggles in his life, he was able to move past them and was motivated to reach self-actualization.
The Influence of Bad Parenting or the Lack of Parents in The Outsiders, a Novel by S. E. Hinton
Without parents-or good ones at least- where would you be today? In a gang, in jail, or even dead? That is the lifestyle that too many children and young adults face and it is no different in The Outsiders, by S.E. Hinton, where good parents and a whole family are far and few between. Almost everyone in the gang, from Johnny to Bob is experiencing or has experienced at some point parent issues and this seldom has nothing to do with them being in a gang and going through mental and/or physical trauma. Hinton skillfully lets the readers infer the underlying theme of such common problems between the gang members. By the end of the book, it’s quite evident that parenting, and family as a whole, is an important part of how people develop and how they live their lives.
One of the first and most prominent examples of this in the novel is Johnny’s case horribly of abusive parents. His parents beat him and make him feel unwelcome to the point where he pretty much lives on the streets. Because of his family’s destructive behavior, Johnny joins a gang to get even a miniscule idea of what it’s like to have a family. Even when he is in the hospital, weak and vulnerable, his parents’ cruelty was never forgotten. “A nurse appeared in the doorway. ‘Johnny,’ she said quietly, “your mother’s here to see you.’ Johnny opened his eyes. At first they were wide with surprise, then they darkened. ‘I don’t want to see her”. His parents’ abuse towards Johnny even leads him to find himself on the streets when he gets jumped by Socs and kills one of them which subsequently leads to his death. Due to his terrible circumstances, Ponyboy even describes him at the beginning of the novel as, “a little dark puppy who’s been kicked too many times and is lost in a crowd a strangers”. Although this judgment may have seemed harsh at the beginning of the book, that is exactly what Johnny was, and the quote proves the point that the reason he found himself in a gang was because of him being “kicked around too much” by his parents. Johnny could of been a tremendously different and stronger person had it not been for the iron fist of evil his parents had clenched him with.
Although it’s not as evident in the novel, there are some rather large hints towards the fact that the Curtis boys would’ve been a much different and much more successful in life had it not been for the death of their parents and an auto crash. It’s mostly hinted that Darry would’ve finished school and done something with his life before the need for a parent figure appeared in the Curtis family. Due to this instantaneous succession and him needing to play the part of two parents for three children, Ponyboy makes a remark at the beginning of the book that sums it up nicely. “But then, Darry’s gone through a lot in his twenty years, grown up too fast. What Ponyboy is stating here is that Darry had matured very quickly and he later remarks that he dropped school to take care of Sodapop and Ponyboy. “One time, Steve made the mistake of referring to him as ‘all brawn, no brains,’ and Darry almost shattered Steve’s jaw…Darry has never really gotten over not going to college.” Darry quite obviously would’ve become a different person than he was in the book if his parents were still alive due to his feeling of necessity to dropout of school and him becoming the father figure and maturing very quickly. Parenting or lack thereof clearly took its toll on the Curtis family.
One last example of bad parenting or lack of family leading to unfortunate or unwanted results is Bob Sheldon. All the information about Bob that the reader receives is either from Randy, Cherry or from inferencing and reading between the lines. Randy tells Ponyboy that Bob wasn’t really a bad person but his parents let him do anything that he wanted with no sense of boundary, limit, or consequence which led to him joining a gang and terrorizing the Greasers. Cherry also reinforces a similar image of Bob being a good guy after Ponyboy inviting her to visit Johnny in the hospital and her declining saying, “‘You only knew his bad side. He could be sweet sometimes, and friendly. But when he got drunk.” . Bob had a good side but his bad side was a monster feeding off his parents’ negligence of it. His parents never even showed a watching or even caring eye about Bob’s activities and this leads to his death in the end. The inference the reader needs to make about Bob is near the end of the novel where Ponyboy is looking through an old yearbook and finally sees the Bob that Cherry knew. “What was he like? I knew he liked to pick fights, had the usual Soc belief that living on the West Side made you Mr. Supper-Tuff, looked good in dark wine-colored sweaters and was proud of his rings. But what about the Bob Sheldon that Cherry Valance knew?”. This is a moment of realization to Ponyboy, where he sees the real Bob, not the one his parents let take hold of him through turning a blind eye to his behavior. Maybe if he had better parents he wouldn’t have died such a young death.
In the novel, The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton, parenting plays a big role in developing characters and influencing their decisions from Johnny to Bob- two polar opposites. It affects who they are, what they do and most importantly, who they become in the novel. Parenting can have a positive or negative affect and bad parenting can cause people to be lost in life, and even die in the cases of Johnny and Bob. Through clear examples in the book, such a theme is almost hard to miss, and it plays such an important role in the evolution of each and every character.
“The Outsiders” by S. E. Hinton
I believe that, in the book “Ponyboy”, the Socs, socialites or social rich kids from the west, are more of a disgrace and menace to society than the “greasers”, the poorer students from the east. The Socs’ idea of fun is throwing big parties, including beer blasts, and jumping greasers. They drive Mustangs, Corvairs and Corvettes. “Greasers are almost like hoods. They steal things, drive souped- up old cars, hold up gas stations and have gang fights once in a while”. Page 3’. Socs wear madras shirts, wine coloured sweaters and ski jackets.
The greasers wear their hair long, dress in blue jeans, T-shirts, leather jackets and tennis shoes or boots. Socs get editorials written about them in the newspaper for being a public disgrace one day and an asset to society the next. Greasers, on the other hand, are known as juvenile delinquents because of their appearance and behaviour. “We take turns getting our names in the pape”. Page 48. The Socs make underprivileged people’s lives distressing. They also jump them for kicks. Ponyboy refers to them as cold blooded men who are heartless and don’t feel anything. “We’re sophisticated – cool to the point of not feeling. Nothing is real for us”. Page 47. Still, not all Socs are like that.
For instance, Cherry Valance and Ponyboy Curtis get along, sharing their love for literature and sunsets. Their bond can fill the gap between rich and poor. As Cherry said (on page 42), “things are rough all over.” Before Ponyboy met Cherry, he thought all Socs were rich kids who acted cruelly without motivation. The Socs have no loyalty, even to each other. When Johnny stabbed Bob, all of Bob’s friends ran off leaving him lying in a pool of his own blood. “They ran when I stabbed him. They all ran…Page 70. This shows that every person is for himself. But the greasers stick together like a big family although they are just friends. They are always there for each other no matter what the situation is. For example, when Dally found out what Johnny did he gave him a gun and 50 dollars and told him where to hide until everything was clear. Dally had nothing to do with it, but he still helped them. Also, Johnny wanted to turn himself in because he didn’t think is was it fair for Ponyboy to stay, especially with Darry and Sodapop worrying about him. There were many forms of violence used in this book, both physical and emotional. The characters used their fists, switchblades and guns.
They insulted each other and called each other trash. But the Socs looked for fights to entertain themselves, usually attacking those who would be outnumbered by them. “The Socs are rough they gang up on one or two”. Page 37. The greasers only fought in self-defense or to back up a friend. When you consider privilege and underprivilege, loyalty and disloyalty, fairness and unfairness, it is obvious which group is truly a societal disgrace and menace and which is simply trying to get by in the world. The greasers band together to try to survive their environment, while the Socs prey on everyone they consider to be weaker than they are. Which do you think is more menacing?
The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton Research Paper
“I wished I looked like Paul Newman. He looks tough and I don’t. The other thing-it’s a long walk home with no company…And nobody in our gang digs movies and books the way I do. So I lone it” (Hinton, 1967, p.6). From this passage, it is evident that the main character, Ponyboy Curtis, who is fourteen years of age, will be telling the story from the first person perspective. This is important to the story because he describes the events in a slangy, youthful voice that makes his narration easily believable.
I liked this passage because it shows that though Ponyboy belongs to a gang, he is not stereotypical as he loves being alone in pursuit of his own interests. On the other hand, this passage does not interest me in the sense that Ponyboy wishes to be another person, instead of focusing on his own strengths. The fact that Ponyboy regards himself as “superior,” despite his young age, to other gang members amazes me.
“…so I can still help Darry with the bills and stuff…Tuff enough. Wait till I get out…I told you he don’t mean half of what he says…” (Hinton, 1967, page 26). This phrase illustrates the method of communication between the gang members. Since they speak in street slang, this illustrates that the two rival groups of the greasers and the Socs share some things in common.
This potential for agreement is important for the story since the reader can feel the aversion between the two teenage groups when they are engaging in a conversation. I like this method of communication because it is able to harmonize the division between the groups. However, I hate it because it is full of grammatical errors. Though the interpretation of this street slang may be difficult, it is an interesting youthful way of talking.
“I could fall in love with Dallas Winston. I hope I never see him again, or I will” (Hinton, 1967, p.46). This quote is what Cheery told Ponyboy when they were having a conversation in chapter three. I like this conversation since it shows that Dallas Winston, the meanest person, could make a lady, like Cherry-a Soc girl with good habits, like him.
This also amuses me as well. I hate the words Cheery uses in this instance because she seems not to be considering the personality of Dallas. She is simply speaking because she has been driven by emotions. Cherry’s attraction to Dallas is of essence in the story since it illustrates that the conflict between the two teenage groups is reconcilable.
“I had to. They were drowning you, Pony. They might have killed you. And they had a blade… they were gonna beat me up…” (Hinton, 1967, p.57). These words were spoken by Johnny to Pony. I liked this phrase because it shows the sincerity in Johnny. Although he had killed Bob, he only did so to defend himself, otherwise he could have been killed instead.
One thing I hate about this incidence is that instead of finding an easier way of solving the problem, Johnny, a greaser, opted to commit murder. It is sad that Bob, who played a critical role in defending the Socs, lost his life in such an unfortunate way. The death of Bob increased the rivalry between the two contending gangs.
Ponyboy thinks, “That was the first time I realized the extent of Johnny’s hero-worship for Dallas Winston” (Hinton, 1967, p.76). This is another phrase that captures my attention in the novel. After reading Gone with the Wind, the boys come to terms with what they are going through.
I like this phrase because the book managed to open Ponyboy’s eyes such that he was able to seen the extent to which Dallas has been idolized. On the other hand, I doesn’t like the notion that the boys were unable to realize their own sense of worth by having a high esteem of the concerning the ideas of Dallas.
The tension between the two rival groups continued to increased after Ponyboy and Johnny came to that abrupt realization. And, Dallas even started to walk around with an gun so as to threaten his enemies.
“Greasers will still be greasers and Socs will still be Socs. Sometimes I think it’s the ones in the middle that are really the lucky stiffs” (Hinton, 1967, p.117). These words were spoken by Randy. He was informing Ponyboy that he will cease to engage in fights in the rumble. I find these words interesting because they signify the futility of the conflicts between the two groups.
Randy brings a good point by suggesting that the recurring Soc-greaser conflict will make them unable to rise above their social identities. This message is important in the story since it signifies the socioeconomic differences that were the root cause of the bitter rivalry between the two gang groups. These disparities between the social classes were the source of the tension between the greasers and the Socs.
Hinton, S. E. The Outsiders. (1967). New York: Viking Press, Dell Publishing.
Analysis of The Outsiders from the Perspectives of Social Work Theories and Applications Essay
Summary of the Book and Analysis of Characters’ Relations
The Outsiders is a book that narrates about social struggles premised on differences in social outlooks, wealth, and cultural beliefs (Hinton, 2005). The rivalry between the two gangs – the Greasers and the Socs – turns into the struggle in the context of social problems. Thus, the story represents a microcosm in which people with problematic backgrounds confront social challenges.
The main protagonist Ponyboy is a 14 years old boy who lives with his elder brothers – 16-year old Sodapop and the eldest brother Darry. The latter takes responsibilities for his brothers because their parents died in a car accident (Hinton, 2005). Ponyboy, along with his friends Johnny and Dally, confronts Bob and Randy, the members of the Socs, after returning from the cinema with Socs’ girlfriends Cherry and Marcia. Later, Bob and Randy decide to revenge on the Greasers and threaten Panyboy to kill him.
In a struggle, Johnny kills Bob because the latter attempted to drown Ponyboy. Both Johnny and Ponyboy decide to escape and hide in a church. However, when the church got on fire they rescue a group of children, but both teenagers are seriously wounded. Learning about the rescue of children from church, local newspapers proclaim Johnny and Ponyboy as heroes.
In a hospital, Johnny dies because of serious injuries whereas Dally suffers from Johnny’s loss and decides to commit suicide while confronting the police. After the accident and recovery, Ponybody returns home and leads a normal life, but his grades in school leave much to be desired. Then, he writes a term paper based on the story of his life, which later turns into a novel.
The book reveals a complex interaction between representatives of different layers of society resulting in rigorous struggles between the rich and the poor. The story is also about complicated family relations, as well as how family background influences teenager’s outlook on social interaction and communication.
In this respect, the three brothers – Ponyboy, Sodapop, and Darry – are left without parents’ attention and, as a result, they have to take on extra duties and responsibilities. Ponyboy is irritated by Darry’s extreme care. He befriends Johnny and shares his outlooks on life.
Sodapope is a handsome and carefree high school student who gave up studying. Along with his best friend Steve, he works at the gas station and knows everything about how to steel hubcaps. All these relationships are presented in the context of specific behavioral codes dictated by external constrains. All the members of the gang, therefore, are committed to the idea of honorable actions, which implies readiness to stand for each other in front of the Greasers’ enemies.
Johnny has also a problematic family history with his abusive mother and father paying insufficient attention to their son’s education. Therefore, he is vulnerable enough to the external environment. The three brothers are also left without attention and, therefore, they are ignorant of generally accepted codes of behavior in a community.
Exercising violence against other social groups seems to be the only means of protection accepted by the characters. In addition, there are also cases of substance abuse that can be seen the way drunken Socs attack Ponyboy and his friends.
Approaches Related to the Case
From a social worker perspective, many theories and approaches are applicable to the case. Particular attention should be paid to the social theories related to the analysis of the place of gangs in society, as well as the nature and causes of social struggles (Heinonen & Spearman, 2000). In this respect, consideration of community development theory, crisis theory, family relationships and processes, as well as ego psychology is imperative for explaining the social problems and concerns the book heroes encounter.
Applying Approaches to Solve Social Problems
Regarding the case under analysis, social work practice should be implemented by using strength and ecological perspectives. The idea of the strength perspective is premised on the theory of positive psychology and cognitive therapies that would enable individuals to search for their resourcefulness and worth.
Recognizing personal skills and abilities and acceptance of other views and outlooks can contribute to building a positive environment, as well as successfully interacting with other people (Ronen and Freeman, 2007 p. 7). From a social worker perspective, Ponyboy and Johnny should accept their worthiness and resourcefulness to fulfill themselves in such disciplines as literature and music. Moreover, the strength perspective allows the social workers to address resilience of individuals interacting in social and family context.
The need to focus on solutions rather than on challenges and problems is paramount as well (Ronen and Freeman, 2007). Flexibility and readiness to changes, therefore, should come to the forth when it comes to case of Dally’s suicide. Indeed, the hero fails to find a solution because he cannot reveal other way-outs. At this point, the Greasers have chosen the wrong tactics while confronting the outside society and considering those enemies.
From an ecological perspective, the situation presented in the book should be considered as a sophisticated interaction of microcosm, mesosystem, and macrosystem. The microcosm is represented in the form of relationships within the gang and between Panyboy and his brothers, which are quite complicated because each one encounters significant psychological problems (Pardeck, 1996).
These problems are also revealed while considering the interaction of the gang with other members of the community, which refers to the idea of mesosystem. Finally, macrosystem addresses the issues related to the conflicts and interaction between different cultures (Pardeck, 1996). Because the characters of the book have different family backgrounds and outlooks on life, social workers cannot solve the problem by analyzing psychological characteristics and behaviors separately.
Rather, social contexts should be considered to define what challenges and reasons an individual has while committing a particular action. In other words, the ecological perspective should address the “person-in-environment as one entity” (Greene & Rubin, 2008, p. 200). Social workers should deal with Ponyboy’s problems with regard to the relationships with his brother and his best friend Johnny and define what influence the gang as a social construct has on his outlook on society.
Conclusion: Social Perspective and Outcomes
Regarding the social and family problems experienced by the main characters in the book, the story provides a typical account on how different social layers interact, as well as how different social groups accept the reality. In fact, the title of the book, The Outsiders, provide sufficient explanation for social issues.
The principle of differentiating people according to social status, wealth, gender, and sex leads to spreading the concepts of superiority and inferiority where the dominant group disapproves the action performed by the outsiders. Therefore, the book provides an adequate portrayal of social struggles.
Judging from the above analysis, the outcome of social work practice should be similar to the one practiced in reality.
Greene, R., & Rubin R. (2008). Human Behavior Theory and Social Work Practice. US: Transaction Publishers.
Heinonen, T., & Spearman, L. (2000). Social Work Practice: Problem Solving and Beyond. US: Irwin Higher Education.
Hinton, S. E. (2005). The Outsiders. US: Penguin Group.
Pardeck, J. T. (1996). Social Work Practice: An Ecological Approach. US: ABC-CLIO.
Ronen, T., & Freeman, A. (2007). Cognitive Behavior Therapy in Clinical Social Work Practice. US: Springer Publishing Company.
The Outsiders: Critical Review Essay (Movie Review)
A film is a visual medium and normally attempts to portray certain parts on thoughts of characters not explicitly expressed. Recognizing themes of loyalty, moral crisis, honor, and revenge, Ford Coppola brings life into the film The Outsiders.
Thus, this analytical treatise attempts to explicitly and critically review the elements of storytelling, acting, cinematography, editing, sound and style, directing, themes, genre, and the impact of the film on the society, framing and scene selection in the film The Outsider. Besides, the treatise analysis the main themes in the film directed by Ford Coppola.
At the onset the film, viewers are introduced to the class stratification in the society and rivalry between the rich kids and Curtis’ camp. Its visual representational meaning conveys the relationship between Curtis and the depicted structuring of subsequent scenes. The creation of a visual representational meaning proposed the space-based model for analysis centered on the placement of objects within the semiotic space as represented in the plot of the film (Monaco, 2009).
The relationship between the visual participant-interactive or represented- in this film is realized by elements defined as vectors or processes which correspond to a group of action in the surprise of fear (Coppola, 1983, scene 8). The story takes place in a society consisting of clear lines between the rich and the poor.
Coppola has created an interesting fictional premise that takes the route of a thought-provoking path of action and chase scenes. Reflectively, this creates a feeling of an imaginative casting. Factually, the storyline is far more and fascinating than the film. Coppola even goes ahead to include slow motion pictures yet the film is a high speed genre.
This adversely distracts the flow from its original interesting and provocative aspects. For instance, in scene seven, where the Greasers are in the church, the audience is interrupted by their presence which the director modified through the use of slow motion pictures of them (Coppola, 1983, scene 7).
The theme of violence is fully exploited. However, the thriller misses the truly poetic orchestrations of actions and heroic displays of bravado especially on the aspect of flow. The film has an intriguing premise on the theme of violence: characters in the film are drunkards, smokers, bullies, and are involved in fights using crude weapons and even end up killing (Coppola, 1983, scene 2-8).
This metaphysical fiction genre captures the lives of the Greasers (Curtis, brothers, and friends living in the low income side of the town) and the Socs (wealthy kids living in higher income side of the town). Drawn from life experiences, this movie reveals the decay of the society as contributed by the themes of monopolistic corporations, misery, twin-self, paranoia, violence, peer influences, and drug abuse.
The actors are mostly young adults who still live a carefree life in the midst of poverty. From the third scene to the seventh scene, the Greasers are drunk. The state of anomy in the story line seems to suggest a weak social system and failed family life. For instance, Curtis brothers and their friends find themselves in the company of chaotic greasers. Across the film, a series of tragic events unfold and climax with death. The main character looks moderately concerned and a bit confused. In fact he fails to play his role convincingly.
Contact is one of the most important visual systems as it enables the viewer to distinguish between images that depict different objects and scenes, such as a person or an animal. Contact visualization has been achieved by use dark background that introduces the characters at the beginning of the film.
However, from the picture motions, the main character is very cautious in thought and action pattern. Furthermore, the lighting also creates an attitude which relates to the way the viewer relates to the image in either horizontal or vertical angle (Monaco, 2009). Reflectively, when the viewer looks from a vertical angle, it is in order to opine that it depicts class stratification. For example, when the viewer looks up from a low angle, the motion images show rebellion from authority.
On the other hand, when the viewer looks down from a high angle, the images show vulnerability. In the film The Outsiders, the above cinematic invisibility forms indicate the themes of vulnerability, fear of the unknown and class stratification surrounding this society. These themes are critical in exploring the plot of the film set in a background of poverty and violence (Coppola, 1983).
Visual communication relies on both the eyes that see the images and the brain that processes and makes sense of the information received. An active mind therefore is capable of remembering visual images; consequently having both text and images enables one to analyze the pictures (Monaco, 2009).
The frame in the storyline of this film deals with factors that the plot language is ill equipped to handle. To be precise, the visually salient elements of the subject and its spatial position are symmetric. In the third scene, the frame picture of Curtis invokes meaning by adding information to the words presented, for example, the story teaches on the importance family values of care, protection as a measure against deviant behavior (Coppola, 1983, scene 4).
This frame of the film creates a conceptual process that is visually characterized by the presence of a chronological order piece. This conceptual process defines, analyzes and classifies the place, people or things including abstract ones into a symbolic and analytical parameter. The classification categorizes people, things or places in a tree structure in which things are represented as belonging to a particular class or order. In the film, conceptual processes occur when Curtis and the brothers encounters a surprise fear of the unknown
Composition and Soundtracks
Since the invention of motion pictures, music has been a vital tool as a communication medium in films. As a matter of fact, the use of music resonates on the facets of the plot and its significance in defining and modeling the synopsis via the creation of desired effects (Monaco, 2009).
Often, music takes the form of filmic metaphor, that is, the message being communicated. The choice of instrument used and monotony of the soundtrack Stay Gold in the film The Outsiders and Tomorrow is a Long Time by Elvis Presley have created the unique coded sounds for recognizable geographical access.
Though constantly and consistently playing in the background, these soundtracks are not heard consciously. Rather, they function actively in the subconscious mind as they lead the audience to the preceding scene. Besides, tonal balancing makes these soundtracks a subordinate to visuals and dialogue, though they are part of the narrative vehicle (Coppola, 1983).
The background sound track Stay Gold by Wayne Wonder in the film createsan ambience in the plot and ensures continuity as integrated by emotions. In the process, emotional act is invoked for different characterized trait played by each character in the cast.The emotional play is organized into music to make the audience appreciate and feel the same way as expected from the film maker.
From the type of music being played, the audience can predict the turn of events in the next scene; whether bad or good. Besides, this soundtrack evokesthe sensational horror of the synopsis (Monaco, 2009). Without music, this narrative presented in motion pictures would have minimal impacts on the audience as compared to the same with a variety of musical soundtracks (Coppola, 1983).
In addition, the song Tomorrow is a Long Time by Elvis Presley in the film enables the audience to identify themselves with Curtis and relate to his role in the film. This composition relaxes the mood in the movie as sadness intensifies. To align to the traditional setting aspects of production design and the society, this composition heightens hyper-real palate of emotional expression.
Moreover, this choice of music was essential in the need for a proper balance of production aural, sound accordion, and permeates scenes (Monaco, 2009). Subsequently, this balance has facilitated the addition of decadent uncertainty feeling across the film and in the cast (Coppola, 1983).
Style and directing
As a matter of fact, irrespective of the level of knowledge and understanding of research facets, literature versions are inclusive of literature tools such as metaphors. Literature comparison is about enjoying the phrases, feeling the actor’s words in action, imagining, and placing oneself in the actor’s shoes.
Creation of scenes with consistent assumptions and symbolic insinuation add comprehensiveness to film perception by the audience.The film shows how an individual’s sense of identity is vulnerable to manipulation by others within the same peer group (Coppola, 1983, scene 5). Coppola relied heavily in a balance of irony, realism, and parody in the film The Outsiders to present a distinct literary style in depicting different societal setups.
The director artistically underscores the traditional position on triangulated desires as a trajectory and paradoxically dependent on desire nurtured by peer pressure to form the underlying huddles towards fulfilling the traditionally internalized protagonist beliefs in discipline as a normative social positioning institution. Reflectively, integrating this in the theme of triangulated desires to overcome introduces physical and emotional insistent which is climaxed in momentous fulfillment achievement as perceived by the Greasers.
The theme of hidden and recurring desires control the lives of the main characters in this wobbly plot. This aspect is narrow and creates an essence of assuming a static plot setting (Monaco, 2009). This is a wise way to maintain the literature touch, making it simpler to understand. Thus, the director has created a quantifiable and intrinsic viewer understanding of what metaphoric use of a character was about and the resultant effect created (Coppola, 1983).
Reflectively, human soul acquires great experience and remains unhurt in the experience of maturity in expression and emotional display. Human intellection is healthier when people lead the “life of nature” and are not troubled with societal challenges which in the real sense do not exist. Besides that, when people persistently build original intention, without conforming to recognized culture, they would never be confused in speculation. Instead their intellection would have achieved significant reality that other individuals would learn from them.
As a matter of fact, these events indicate that the Greasers and Socs had themselves to blame for their unfortunate situations. Their unruly behavior and abuse of drugs not only affected their lives but also the lives of their family members. In fact, their lives are consumed by series of sad events as it is apparent that the Greasers may not overcome poverty (Coppola, 1983). Besides, their low economic class is an impediment towards relating with the rich Socs.
From this film, Coppola displays the existing class discrimination on the basis of the economic worth. The haves always look down upon the have-nots simply because of the external advantages they may have above others. In addition, Coppola displays alcoholism and drug abuse as a rebellious strategy against the harsh realities of the society.
This film adopts a mixture of fantasy and western genre. Since the plot is directed towards a well arranged tone, the film can be classified as a genre film. The elements of tone, music track, and character of the cast is critical towards genre classification.
Criticism and Analysis
The film also elevates doubt of irony and actually misleads viewers with incorrect and strident imagery. Moreover, the film is a sarcastic declaration on unrealistic obsession with violence. Actually, this aspect is informed by the perception that the film holds a solemn disposition on the decay in the society. Actually, the director attempted to suggest a swift change of imagery which entailed street rivalry and darkness. Coppola deliberately uses such metaphors to portray a practical and likely result of an obsession with violence.
From the above reflection, it is apparent that Coppola’s film The Outsiderscombines the artistic presentation and the soundtracks to create a sense of drama within a minimal feeling of manipulation. Coherently, the level of auditory componenthasa different cinematic repertoire for sensory connection; commonly referred to as context modality.
Generally, from the stimuli created by movie excerpts and series of dynamic structural alignment in the film The Outsider, it is in order to accredit Cappola for his creativity. The performance of the cast is not condescending. Thus, it is in order to confirm that this film have lived to its potential.
Coppola F (Executive Producer). (1983). The Outsiders [DVD]. Warner Bros: California.
Monaco, J. (2009). How to read a film: movies, media, and beyond. London, UK: Oxford University Press.