Santiago and the Marlin

Ernest Hemingway is one of the best authors at using symbolism in his books. Santiago is an old fisherman who fishes out of a small Cuban village in the 1940’s. Santiago has fished for a living his whole life and the past 84 days he has not caught a thing.

85 is his lucky number, so on the 85th day he thinks he will catch something. Sure enough he hooks up with a massive marlin and spends 3 long days fighting it. Hemingway portrays interesting symbolism between Santiago, the old fisherman, and the marlin that he catches. In Hemingway’s novel, The Old Man and the Sea, the great marlin symbolizes Santiago in many ways.

Being old and wise is one of the many themes that Hemingway develops in this novel as he compares the marlin and Santiago. “Like an athlete he forces himself to eat and sleep, although he likes neither” (Wittowski). Santiago doesn’t want to waste his time eating or sleeping, but he knows that both are essential for his success at catching the marlin. Santiago is an old man, but along with age, comes wisdom and experience. “I may not be as strong as I think…But I know many tricks and I have resolutions” (Hemingway 23). We all probably think we are smarter than what we truly are.

In the battle for his life, the marlin puts up a strong fight. Like Santiago, he too seems to be old and wise. “The big fish refuses to surface and begins to swim out to sea, towing the skiff behind it” (Napierkoski 197). The marlin seems to know that it must stay below the surface of the water if it wants to survive. Hemingway suggests that the marlin knows this because, like Santiago, the marlin is also old and wise. Over the years, Santiago learned many lessons. The gigantic marlin obviously must have learned many things too, as he had survived this long without being caught by a fisherman. Never have I had such a strong fish nor one who acted so strangely. Perhaps he is to wise to jump. He could ruin me by jumping or a wild rush. But perhaps he has been hooked many times before and he knows that this is how he should make his fight” (Hemingway 42). Throughout the novel, it is reinforced that Santiago is a good man. Even as he battles the marlin, he is fair. Like friends, there seems to be a mutual respect between Santiago and the marlin. “It is part of the ritual of the fighter that opponents demonstrate good friendship at every opportunity” (Wittowski). He is tiring or he is resting,” the old man said (Hemingway 62). It is not only a fight, but a game between Santiago and the marlin. This quote demonstrates that Santiago is wondering what the marlin is up to. Again, he respects how smart the marlin is and he is enjoying the challenge of out smarting him. Hemingway also uses symbolism as he describes the physical appearance of Santiago. “They were strange shoulders, still powerful although very old, and the neck was still strong too and the creases did not show so much when the old man was asleep and his head fallen forward” (Hemingway 19).

Hemingway suggests that although Santiago looked old, he is still young and strong at heart. Hemingway also vividly describes the marlin. “The fish came alive with his death in him, and rose out of the water showing all his great length and width and all his power and his beauty” (Hemingway 71). As he fought for his survival, the marlin jumped out of the water. Hemingway suggested that the fish was showing off, as if the fish was proud of his own beauty and size. Santiago grew a fondness for the marlin during his fight to land him. He respected the marlin.

Thus, once the fish finally died, Santiago actually felt guilty. “After the sharks have begun to mutilate the carcass of the marlin, Santiago expresses his sorrow at having killed the marlin; he has gone out too far from shore” (Wittowski). Santiago had won the battle with the fish, but he was sad to watch the sharks mutilate the marlin because they were also, slowly but surely, mutilating him. Hemingway reiterates through out the story how much Santiago admired the beauty and size of the marlin. “…the fish swam just below the surface; the old man could see his huge bulk and his purple stripes…” (Hemingway 68).

This is another example of that determination they both have. Santiago and the marlin were both survivors. Despite his many trials in life, he continued to be mentally positive and strong. Hemingway symbolizes this strength of character when he compares Santiago’s shirt to the sail. “His shirt has been patched so many times that it was like the sail and the patches were faded to many different shades by the sun” (Hemingway 19). Santiago is old and worn out like the sail, but he is also wise. He continues to face life’s many challenges, just as the patched sail continues to do its’ job.

The marlin and Santiago are not only old, wise and look alike, but they also are both strong, determined and persevere. “His body is old but still strong, and he maintains his grip on the line despite his age and increasing discomfort” (Napierkoski 197). This quote portrays Santiago’s physical strength despite his age, and his strong will. Regardless of his discomfort, Santiago showed perseverance. “He took all his pain and what was left of his strength and his long gone pride and he put that against the fights agony” (Hemingway 70).

Santiago wasn’t going to give up to the fish and the fish wasn’t going to give up to Santiago. “But the fish kept on circling slowly and the old man was wet with sweat and tired deep into his bones two hours later” (Hemingway 66). These words paint a vivid picture. Deep sea fisherman will tell how even fish a fraction of the size of the marlin Santiago is fighting are very strong and determined to fight as long and as hard as they can to survive. Santiago was determined to out last the fish, just like the marlin was determined to survive. His perseverance and will power allowed him to keep holding on.

Santiago was all alone fighting the marlin. He could not rely on the strength of his young friend, Manolin. “Without the boy to help him, he knows that either he or the fish will die from this” (Napierkoski 197). It was strictly a battle between he and the fish, and only one of them would survive. Hemingway demonstrates Santiago’s perseverance as well as the marlin’s perseverance when he writes “…settled himself against the rounded planks of the bow and felt the strength of the great fish through the line he held across his shoulders moving steadily toward whatever he had chosen” (Hemingway 43).

The marlin was settling himself in for a long fight and Santiago was preparing for the same. Regardless of what each other chose to do, they would both be ready. The symbolism between the marlin and Santiago is endless in Hemingway’s novel, The Old Man and the Sea. The symbolism shows how the marlin resembles Santiago because they are both old, wise, persevere and they’re appearance is alike. Hemingway did a great job showing they’re resemblance and is definitely one of the best authors at using symbolism throughout his books.

The Old Man and the Sea and The Martian by Andy Weir

Imagine being stranded on a world alien to your own, unknown which direction you are facing, how long until the night falls, wondering if you will ever make it home to see your family again. One of the most fascinating human characteristics is the way we operate in Isolation. In both Ernest Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea and Andy Weir’s The Martian, the protagonists are stranded in places foreign of their own.

However, isolation in the middle of the ocean is a whole different ball-game to interplanetary isolation. Both Santiago and astronaut Mark Watney struggle through their hardships and become triumphant, never yielding to the insurmountable forces of nature despite their desolation. In The Martian, we watch as the brave botanist Mark Watney is stranded along on Mars, forcefully separated from everything and everyone that he holds dear. The planet Mars isn’t the most terrifying aspect of his predicament, it’s his crippling loneliness. Mars is a barren wasteland and I am completely alone here. I already knew that, of course. But there’s a difference between knowing it and really experiencing it (Weir 101).When Mark leaves the Martian Habitat to go out on the surface, he gets a brutal reminder of how isolated he truly is.

The Hab provides a level of comfort the presence of this man-made structure reminds him that his home is somewhere upon the orange hue of the Martian atmosphere. Mark’s isolation causes him to feel a bit crazy, and other times a bit hopeless, other times wishing he had a volleyball as a best friend. As we watch Mark endure these difficulties and suppress these dark feelings, a lot can be learned about how he copes with the powerful effects of isolation in comparison to Santiago. Mark’s situation is quite a but like Santiago’s, however in the old fisherman’s case, he is forced into isolation amongst his peers. He struggles with his loneliness, but distracts himself with tasks and catching the marlin. His choice had been to stay in the deep dark water far out beyond all snares and traps and treacheries. My choice was to go there to find him beyond all people. Beyond all people in the world (Hemingway 96). Santiago spent most of his life isolated from people, especially out in the deep blue. In fact, his isolation defines who is is, despite being a weakness.

However, his loneliness becomes a key element in his battle with the marlin. The theme of isolation is prevalent in both of these novels. In most stories, loneliness gives the reader a sense of urgency and impact for the stakes that the story sets up. Even though Mark Watney is a peppy, proactive character there’s no doubt in anyone’s mind that being stranded totally alone on a planet 140 million miles from home is not the most ideal of situations. To make up for this, however, Mark uses his intellect and wit in order to keep his sanity while Santiago uses pure strength and endurance to accomplish his goal. This will kill him, the old man thought. He can’t do this forever. But four hours later the fish was still swimming steadily out to sea, towing the skiff, and the old man was still braced solidly with the line across his back (Hemingway 80). Santiago’s battle with the fish isn’t just a battle of strength-It’s a battle of wills. We can connect Santiago with the marlin because their endurance match each other, sharing a determination which ultimately separates man from creature.

Similarly, Mark’s perseverance is what keeps him alive. Mark uses his shrewdness to his advantage, taking the seriousness of the situation and turning into a learning experience. Sirius 1 was aborted after one hour. I guess you could call it a ‘failure,’ but I prefer the term ‘learning experience,’ (Weir 68). Mark’s mission on Mars is exciting, he can’t expect to do everything right on the first try. He keeps trying and is eventually successful; one of his more honorable traits. Both Santiago and Mark Watney show a connection through their endurance. They both, however, see their situations in a different light. Their vision of becoming something bigger than themselves is what drives them to continue on, even though it may be hard in isolation when giving up is just as easy. In The Martian and The Old Man and the Sea, the theme of Isolation is prevalent between the two works. Throughout the stories, we see the way Mark Watney and Santiago handle their loneliness, and how perseverance is a key role in doing so.

Works Cited

Hemingway, Ernest. The Old Man and the Sea. Scribner, 1952. Weir, Andy. The Martian. Ebury Digital, 2016.

Christian Symbolism: the Old Man and the Sea

The Old Man and the Sea may seem like a shallow book on its face level, but many extensive themes are evident throughout the book. Specifically, Christian Symbolism is apparent throughout. These are the themes displayed in my artwork, which shows Santiago as a Christ-Like figure. This is because he persevered through pain and suffering, and turned it into reward and victory, just how Jesus went through pain on the cross, but renewed his life and won. These themes are initially evident in the book during his struggle with the fish.

First, while the old man is fighting the marlin, his hands are cut by the fishing line. The cuts not only symbolize the wounds on Jesus’ hands while he was on the cross, but how he went through pain and suffering in his crucifixion. Santiago is a direct portrayal of Jesus and his suffering. The old man is willing to suffer and maybe even sacrifice his own life, just how Jesus was willing to do the same. Also during the fight, on page 107, Hemingway describes a noise Santiago has made, Just a noise such as a man might make, involuntarily, feeling the nail go through his hands and into the woods” (107). This is a direct association of Santiago and Jesus Christ. This quote relates to how Jesus’ hands were nailed to the cross, and a sound he might have made when nails were driven through his hands into the wood.

Another example of Santiago being a Christ life figure is how he carried the mast of his ship up the hill and back home. This alludes to Jesus’ walk towards Calvary with the cross on his back. Also, towards the very end of the book, when Santiago lays down on his bed, Hemingway describes him laying down face down with his arms out and his palms/hands up. This evokes a picture of how Jesus Christ was suffering on the cross. He does this to even further link Santiago to Jesus. The whole story draws similarities between the two, where they both turn pain and loss into benefits and victory. Because of how often they relate, I chose to draw Santiago as Jesus to show this connection and how Hemmingway relies on this symbolism as a major overarching theme in the book. The parallels between the two drive how the old man is willing to sacrifice for the greater good, and the praise that comes from this sacrifice. He matches the two to relate to how Jesus sacrificed himself for the greater good of man. This connection also develops other, more face value, themes that Jesus and Santiago both show.

Santiago being a Christ like figure plays into the theme of perseverance. You must go through some discomfort and a fight to yield rewards. Persevering and sticking through hardships results in rewards. Both Jesus and Santiago went through tough times but eventually their struggles bore fruits. In Santiago’s case, the strenuous fight with the marlin shows this because he eventually killed the fish and ended his fishing drought. Also, the book shows how skill of mind is more important than brawn. Jesus didn’t actually fight people with his hands in wars, he used his knowledge of God and stories to gain followers and baptize people.

Santiago did the same where his knowledge and experience of the sea makes up for his weak self (being an old man). He may not have been able to finish the fish if he didn’t have knowledge of the oceans and fishing. Santiago won by outsmarting the fish, rather than trying to forcibly and physically beat it. Both used their minds and knowledge more, rather than their physical strength to do their work. It again shows how the mind is more important than physical strength. Santiago is symbolized as a christ figure throughout the novel, both Jesus and Santiago were fixed to their faith in times of uncertainty and suffering. Santiago is meant to symbolize Christ, his teachings, and his struggles during his crucifixion. All of these reasons relate to the connection between Jesus and Santiago, and it is why Jesus was drawn in the art, to show this relationship.

The Old Man and the Sea Essay Rough Draft


  • 1 Introduction
  • 6 Works Cited


People have different interpretations of The Old Man and the Sea. Some may believe Santiago’s trip was worth it while others may disagree. In The Old Man and the Sea, Hemingway provides his readers with an allegory that illustrates the path to earned respect.


An allegory is a story, poem or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. This book has many hidden meanings and symbols. The sharks, fish, and skeleton are just a few of the symbols used in this book. Each symbol is a representation of something in Hemingway’s life.

Santiago’s fishing trips relate to Hemingway’s life in many ways. For example, Hemingway went about ten years without writing a successful novel (Clint Kalbach 1). In the novel The Old Man and the Sea, the 84 days that Santiago went without catching a fish represents the ten years that Hemingway’s went without writing a successful novel. Both the old man and Hemingway went through a period with some failures, but they overcame these hard times and succeeded.

The sharks represent the literary critics of Hemingway’s book. In The Old Man and The Sea, the sharks tore apart the marlin. The sharks leave Santiago with nothing but the stripped carcass of his hollow victory (Sean M. Donnell 7). This can relate to how the critics tore apart Hemingway’s book. The Marlin was a great accomplishment for Santiago, just as Hemingway’s novels were accomplishments to him.


Santiago proved his strength by going far out and catching the marlin. He had not caught a fish in 84 days (Hemingway 3) Many people believed he wasn’t a good fisherman anymore due to his old age and weakness. However, Santiago proved his strength when he returned from his fishing trip with the skeleton of the marlin he had caught. He caught the marlin by being patient and not giving up. During his trip, he endured significant amounts of pain and faced many challenges that tested his strength. He could feel the steady hard pull of the line and his left hand was cramped. It drew up tight on the heavy cord and he looked at it in disgust.(Hemingway 26). This is just one of the challenges he faced, after he caught the marlin, sharks came and attacked. They tore the marlin apart, and Santiago fought as much as he was physically able to. Although the only thing left of the marlin was the skeleton and the head, he proved to everyone that he was strong enough to be a great fisherman despite his age.


At the beginning of the novel, the other fishermen had little respect for Santiago. They believed that since he had not been successful for 84 days, he would not be successful in the future. Even Manolin’s parents did not believe Santiago would ever be a good fisherman again. After 40 days without catching a fish, Manolin’s parents would not let him fish with Santiago anymore. This did not stop the boy though, he was the only one there for the old man and possibly the only one that truly believed he was still a great fisherman. When Santiago refuses to fish with Manolin because of his own lack of luck, the boy says he will bring the luck(Saeed Momtazi M.D. 8&9). At the end of The Old Man and the Sea, when Santiago brings the marlin’s skeleton back from his fishing trip, the other fishermen have more respect for him. They see he is still capable of being a fisherman. Now that they see this they know that he is not just a weak old man, he is a brave and strong man.

Manolin and Santiago have a unique relationship. They take care and are always there for one another. While Santiago took care of Manolin on the water by teaching him how to fish, Manolin takes care of Santiago on land by, for example, making sure the old man eats.(Saeed Momtazi M.D. 2). The old man taught Manolin how to fish at a young age and earned his respect. He takes the boy out fishing whenever the boy is allowed. In return, the boy takes care of the old man by bringing his sardines to make sure he has something to eat.


Santiago’s fishing trip was definitely worth it. There are many reasons why this statement is true. Before the trip, he had no respect from others. By the end of the novel, everyone respected him and they realized how capable he was the whole time. While he was on the trip, he proved to himself that he was still a great fisherman. He doubted himself a few times and wished for the boy to be there many times. He had to eat raw fish and stretch his one bottle of water out to last him his entire fishing trip. His hand and back were wounded from holding the line for so long, and he did not sleep much. Despite all this, he gained admiration from others and brought home the marlin’s skeleton to show he had succeeded. If Santiago would not have gone so far out to fish, he might not have caught a marlin. He would not have gotten the other fishermen’s respect, and he would still be looked at as just a weak, old man.

Conclusion: In the Old Man and the Sea, Hemingway uses allegory to and symbols to give the readers a message about life. This novel shows that the only thing you need to succeed is to have faith in yourself and be brave. Believing in yourself allows you to achieve your goals in life.

Works Cited

Donnell, Sean M. The Old Man and the Sea: Hemingway’s Dialectic of Imagery. 2002.

Hemingway, Ernest. The Old Man and the Sea. Macmillan Pub. Co., 1980.

Kalbach, Clint. A Biographical Analysis of The Old Man and the Sea. LEGACY, 2018,

Momtazi, Saeed. Destroyed but Not Defeated: Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea : A Psychotherapeutic Story. History of Science – Bibliography – Pseudo-Science & the Occult – Dr Robert A. Hatch, 2003,

“The Old Man and the Sea” by Ernest Hemingway

Concealing the pain and suffering can be necessary to define true power and character. Hemingway’s interpretation of Santiago in the novella The Old Man and the Sea can be seen as a comparison to Christ and his struggles through excruciating treatment and crucifixion. The portrayal of Santiago as a Christ figure reflects the importance of inner strength to overcome challenges.

The mast of Santiago’s skiff can be recognized as Christ’s cross he carried to his crucifixion, posing a challenge to the feeble old man who consistently concealed his pain to create a tough shell. The old man carried the mast on his shoulder, (Hemingway 15), relating to Christ hauling the cross on his shoulder to his forthcoming demise- a reflection of Santiago beginning his soon-to-be dreadful expedition. Santiago arrived back in his town and had to sit down five times before he reached his shack, (Hemingway 121) emphasizing the absolute exhaustion of Santiago after his physical deterioration from reeling in the marlin and battling the sharks. Santiago started to climb again and at the top he fell and lay for some time with the mast across his shoulder, (Hemingway 121), characterizing him as one who perseveres through tough situations and makes an effort to assert his strength even with an aching struggle on the inside. The ideal of stoicism can be used to depict Santiago’s mindset in the novella due to his motive to conceal his misery and prove himself to his surroundings.

The sharp pain that Santiago receives throughout the fishing process can directly relate to Christ as he was nailed to the cross and Hemingway’s emphasis on the peskiness of Santiago’s left hand alludes to the Bible’s descriptions of the left hand as hellish and evil. Santiago is pictured feeling the nail go through his hands and into the wood, (Hemingway 107), alluding to the nails that were hammered through Christ’s hands in the bible and suggesting a relationship between the pain Christ endured while being hung on the cross and the pain Santiago felt in his hands that were severely slashed by the fishing line. Santiago’s burden on his left hand was illustrated as the fishing line burned his back and his left hand, and [it] was taking all the strain and cutting badly, (Hemingway 82), creating a clear exaggeration on the displeasure felt on his left hand over his right; which the Bible has repeatedly declared sinister. Santiago portrayed his left hand as a traitor [that] would not do what he called on it to do, (Hemingway 71), further illustrating the analogy of the untrustworthiness and trouble his left hand brought him relating to the negative connotation the Bible describes the left hand as. The similarities Santiago and Christ share throughout their experiences allow the comparison of Santiago to the agony of Christ’s crucifixion.

Santiago deeply expresses his character throughout the novella through personal commentary on his pain and perseverance; much of relating to Christ’s enduring pain throughout the path to crucifixion and concluding death lying on the face of the cross. The importance of the qualities of a man to Santiago are seen as one that can be destroyed but not defeated,”” (Hemingway 103), indicating his attitude towards giving up and persevering through even the toughest instances, such as his battle with the sharks. Santiago’s conflict with the sharks enables him to show [them] what a man can do and what a man endures, (Hemingway 66), characterizing him as one who allows the basic qualities of a man define his thoughts and actions. Santiago confesses in the end that the sharks truly beat [him],”” (Hemingway 124) and admits that he suffered plenty, (Hemingway 126) in a discussion with Manolin, reflecting the ultimate resolution to Christ as he was truly destroyed as he hung from the cross and relating to the finale to Santiago’s struggle with the sea and his eventual death. Both Christ and Santiago faced the same fate; however, both endured as tremendously as possible and never allowed themselves to be defeated.

The consistency of Santiago concealing his pain even when he fished in isolation the entire trip defines his character as he constantly denies complaint and never gives into adversity. The major connections to Christ seen through the novella such as the carrying of the mast and the nails in his hands highlight the strength and perseverance of Santiago and provide insight on the excruciating pain both Christ and Santiago endure throughout their hardships. Hemingway concluded the novella with the implied death of Santiago, a comparison to the eventual death of Christ on the cross. Though Santiago was physically broken throughout the catching of the marlin and the battle with the sharks, Santiago never accepted defeat and persevered throughout all pain and aching, proving to be a strong-willed masculine figure that Hemingway strives to interpret into his novels.

Works Cited

Hemingway, Ernest. The Old Man and the Sea. 1952. New York: Scribner, 2003.

What about the Left Hand of God?,

The Old Man and the Sea: The Relationship Between Santiago and Manolin

Throughout The Old Man and the Sea, it’s evident that Santiago and Manolin have an interestingly deep relationship. However, the contributions that the old man and Manolin put forth into this substantially loving, strong, and caring relationship change as they both age.

In the beginning of the old man and Manolin’s relationship, love is established and one can see that Santiago takes care of and mentors the boy. Hemingway states, The old man had taught the boy to fish and the boy loved him (10), therefore one can conclude that the old man taught and was the primary caregiver in this relationship. However, as both themselves and the relationship ages, the roles Manolin and Santiago play in the relationship reverse. For example, Manolin has the same partially fictitious conversation with the old man every day, asking ‘May I take the cat net?’ (16), making sure Santiago has enough to eat, and discussing baseball along with yesterday’s paper. Evidently, Manolin now takes care for Santiago to much larger extent than Santiago takes care of Manolin. In the end of the novel, Manolin declares, ‘we will fish together now for I still have much to learn’ (125), which allows Santiago to once again take care of Manolin to a greater extent, specifically in the manner of teaching and mentoring him like he did when Manolin was a younger boy. Overall, it’s undeniably evident that Santiago and Manolin’s relationship is filled with care and caretaking, even though the caregiving positions of the boy and Santiago change throughout their relationship.

There are numerous other elements in Manolin and Santiago’s relationship, including faith, love, and selflessness. In the beginning of the novel, Hemingway straightforwardly states, The old man had taught the boy to fish and the boy loved him (10). From this, one can understand that the love in Santiago and Manolin’s relationship came from early on. Furthermore, Santiago states, ‘I wish the boy was here’ numerous times while on his journey which patently shows that the old man both loves and misses Manolin (50). Faith in their relationship is also displayed in the commencement of this novel. The old man says, ‘I know you did not leave me because you doubted’ (10), which shows that he has faith in the boy and their relationship. Additionally, after Manolin states that his father doesn’t have a lot of faith, Santiago says, ‘But we have. Haven’t we?’ and the boy assures him by simply saying, ‘yes’ (11). Therefore, Santiago and Manolin have an immense amount of faith in each other and their relationship. Moreover, selflessness plays a substantial role in the relationship between Manolin and the old man. For instance, when Manolin offers to fish with Santiago again in the beginning of the novel, the old man denies his offer and explains to Manolin, ‘You’re with a lucky boat. Stay with them’ (10). Santiago selflessly denied Manolin’s offer to fish with him again as Manolin would be better off fishing with the lucky boat. We learn that Santiago wishes Manolin was fishing with him as he states it a multitude of times throughout the novel, therefore he would’ve been much more content if he would have accepted this offer. Patently, the relationship between Manolin and Santiago is filled with selflessness, faith, and love.

In final consideration, one can clearly identify and describe the old man and the boy’s relationship in The Old Man and the Sea as caring, loving, faithful, and unselfish. Although who’s taking care of who in Manolin and Santiago’s relationship changes, their relationship is undoubtedly still rich in care.

Discuss the function of Martin, proprietor of the Terrace, in the novel.

In The Old Man and the Sea, the proprietor of the Terrace named Martin obtains a key function in the novel. Martin is a benevolent man who generously gives Manolin beverages and food, free of charge in both the commencement and conclusion of the story. By doing this, Martin functions as a character who further developed the character of the old man as humble, grateful, and wise.

Martin, the proprietor of the Terrace, helps identify and form Santiago’s personality. Martin is a charitable character who gives Martin food for Santiago without charging them money. The generous actions and character of Martin function in a way that they further build Santiago’s character and personality as both grateful, wise, and humble. The old man’s reactions to the kind acts of Martin identify Santiago as grateful because when he finds out that Martin had given Manolin the utensils, food, and beer they were about to use or consume, Santiago wants to ‘give him the belly meat of a big fish,’ after he declares, ‘I must thank him’ (20). From this, one can already decipher the old man as grateful. When Santiago finds out that Martin has good-heartedly given them food on more than one occasion, Santiago states, ‘I must give him something more than the belly meat then. He is very thoughtful for us’ (20). One can now understand that the old man is even more substantially grateful for the proprietor’s actions than before, evidently making Santiago a grateful character. The fact that Santiago accepts the food makes him humble because it clearly indicates that he does not think he is too superb to accept such charitable acts, but also wise because he accepts food that he clearly needs even though he can’t repay Martin immediately for his kind actions. Evidently, Martin functions as a side character that further develops the character and nature of Santiago.

All in all, it is apparent that the function of Martin, proprietor of the Terrace in The Old Man and the Sea is to advance the development of Santiago’s character. Martin’s actions highlight the wiseness, humbleness, and gratefulness of the old man’s personality.

Evaluate the author’s choice of the third-person omniscient point of view with regard to the development of the plot.

Throughout his novel, The Old Man and the Sea, Ernest Hemingway chose to implement the point of view of third-person omniscient into his writing. With regard to the development of the plot, I firmly perceive that Hemingway was wise in this decision because without the use of third-person omniscient, the story would be confusing and less intriguing.

With the use of third-person omniscient in this novel, the reader gets to understand how the old man feels throughout his journey, what goes through his mind, and how strong Santiago and Manolin’s relationship truly is. Without these factors, the novel would merely become insipid, uninteresting, and possibly confusing. For example, during the development of the plot, the reader learns a lot about how the fish, marlin, and skiff are moving, why they’re moving in this way, and how it affects Santiago through his thoughts. For example, Hemingway states, They were moving more slowly now and the glow of Havana was not so strong, so that he knew the current must be carrying them to the eastward. If I lose the glare of Havana we must be going more to the eastward, he thought (47). In this quote, there is both the narrator’s description of what was occurring and the old man’s thoughts. Without Santiago’s thoughts, most readers wouldn’t know that the feeble glow of Havana and slow motion of the skiff meant that current was carrying the skiff eastward. Therefore, The Old Man and the Sea being told in the third-person limited point of view where the narrator doesn’t know or share the character’s thoughts would leave readers confused and simply uninterested. Through the use of third-person omniscient, the reader also learns how strong of a bond Manolin and Santiago have. For instance, the old man states, ‘I wish the boy were here’ and expresses how he misses the boy out loud several times while on his journey to catch and bring home the marlin (56). The narrator also explains how the boy has the same conversation with the old man and how they went through this fiction every day (16). Consequently, if the novel was told in first-person where you only read the narrator’s thoughts and the dialogue they hear and speak, one wouldn’t understand the tightly-knit relationship of Manolin and the old man, and a lesser or no bond at all would be formed between the reader and the characters. Second-person point of view obviously wouldn’t work because second-person is typically used for instructional writing purposes, while this novel is telling a story. Evidently, Hemingway made an intelligent decision in writing this novel in the third-person omniscient point of view as the novel written without third-person point of view purely wouldn’t work.

Patently, I undoubtedly believe that Ernest Hemingway made the correct decision in writing The Old Man and the Sea in the third-person omniscient point of view. If it were written in any other point of view, the novel wouldn’t be able to include or as effectively include how and what Santiago feels and thinks as well as the significant bond between him and the boy, which are crucial to the plot.

Examine various examples of symbolism employed by Hemingway in this novel, and explain how the use of symbolism contributes to both plot and characterization.

In Ernest Hemingway’s The Old Man and the Sea, Hemingway employs symbolism various times throughout the novel. The use of the mast across Santiago’s shoulders, the position he sleeps in, the lions in his dreams, and the great DiMaggio are all uses of symbolism that contribute to both the plot and characterization in the novel.

On numerous occasions towards the conclusion of the story, the old man carries the mast on his shoulders. For example, Hemingway states, He started to climb again and at the top he fell and lay for some time with the mast across his shoulder. He tried to get up. But it was too difficult and he sat there with the mast on his shoulder and looked at the road (121). This symbolizes and alludes to not only the cross of Jesus, but also to the struggle and suffering that Jesus undergoes. The mast on Santiago’s shoulders makes him look similar to the symbol of Jesus on the cross, and highlights how the old man is too hurt and exhausted to even get up, with injuries on the palms of his hands and back. The position in how the old man sleeps, He pulled the blanket over his shoulders and then over his back and legs and he slept face down on the newspapers with his arms out straight and the palms of his hands up (122), also symbolizes Jesus on the cross, specifically in how Santiago’s injured palms face up. This use of symbolism contributes to characterization in this novel by developing the old man’s character as a compassionate, enduring, and humble person alike to Jesus. The symbolization of the mast on the old man’s shoulders also contributes to the plot by in some way giving an explanation to why Santiago was able to endure such pain for three days, similar to how Jesus endured pain on the cross. Evidently, Hemingway uses the old man’s sleeping position and the mast on his shoulders to symbolize Jesus in this novel.

Another use of symbolism in The Old Man and the Sea is when Hemingway uses the great DiMaggio and his story to symbolize the power of being persevered and persistent, in which the old man also portrays. Santiago thinks to himself, I must have confidence and I must be worthy of the great DiMaggio who does all things perfectly even with the pain of the bone spur in his heel (68). Clearly, DiMaggio is a persevered player who overcome the challenge and pain of his bone spur to continue playing baseball, whom Santiago reveres and glorifies. Similar to DiMaggio, Santiago overpowers the pain of the injuries in his palms and on his back in order to catch and return with the marlin through hard work and perseverance. This use of symbolism contributes to the plot because without Santiago’s persistence through his injuries, he would’ve had to simply give up on the marlin and sail back to his shack. This novel would then either contain a substantially insipid plot or feeble plot, and the reader wouldn’t have been able to create as strong of a bond with Santiago throughout the plot. This example of symbolism also contributes to the characterization in this novel by developing the old man as a persistent and persevere character. Patently, Hemingway uses DiMaggio to symbolize the old man’s persevering actions throughout his journey.

Hemingway uses symbolism in Santiago’s dreams, in which he dreams of lions on the beach from his youth. Lions are strong, prideful, and substantially capable animals, all of which the old man also was in his youth. The lions symbolize everything Santiago is trying to hold on to from his childhood, as he never dreams about anything current in his life. For instance, Hemingway states, He no longer dreamed of storms, nor of women, nor of great occurrences, nor of great fish, nor fights, nor contests of strength, nor of his wife. He only dreamed of places now and of the lions on the beach and He never dreamed about the boy (25). It seems as if the old man only dreams of what he is desperately trying to hold onto during his later years, as holding onto the capableness of his young self would evidently aid in ending his eighty-four day dry spell. The use of lions as symbolism contributes to the plot because it helps the readers understand why Santiago needs to return with the marlin so desperately, and contributes to characterization by developing Santiago’s past and current desires. Evidently, the old man dreaming about lions symbolizes characteristics from his youth that Santiago intensely desires and wishes to hold on to.

All in all, Hemingway uses symbolism numerous time in The Old Man and the Sea which immensely contribute to both characterization in the novel and the plot. The lions in the old man’s dreams, the great DiMaggio, the mast and Santiago’s sleeping positions are all used as symbols in this novel.

Do you think Santiago is a tragic hero who brought down his own destruction? If so, what in your opinion, is his character flaw? In other words, what thing within him caused his destruction? If you do not think Santiago fits the description of a tragic hero, explain why not, using evidence from the novel.

Catching the marlin in the novel, The Old Man and the Sea, is what primarily made Santiago a hero. He persisted through pains and aches that no old man should have to experience and travelled vast distances, just to catch the great marlin. Accordingly, I don’t think that Santiago is a tragic hero, as his character flaw plays a significant role in his heroic actions.

I simply do not believe that Santiago fits the description of a tragic hero, although he does indeed have a character flaw. As stated in the prompt, as tragic hero can be defined as one whose downfall or destruction is brought about by some character flaw within himself. However, without this character flaw of travelling too far out (115), Santiago wouldn’t be a hero in the first place. I firmly perceive that Santiago is indeed a hero, but that enduring injuries and pain throughout his journey to catch the marlin is what made him a hero. In the novel, Hemingway states, four hours later the fish was still swimming steadily out to sea, towing the skiff, and the old man was still braced solidly with the line across his back (45). From reading what was previously stated, the reader is able to understand that the old man knew that in order to catch the marlin, he would have to sail out exceptionally far. Consequently, if catching the marlin is what makes the old man a hero, then travelling far out was simply a risk a part of his heroic journey. Evidently, the old man isn’t a tragic hero because his character flaw was required for him to become such a hero.

In final consideration, although the old man is a hero, he is does not fit the description of a tragic hero. Santiago’s character flaw is critical in making him a hero, therefore he clearly is not a tragic hero in The Old Man and the Sea.

The Old Man and the Sea Themes

In The Old Man and the Sea the author, Ernest Hemingway, uses methods of characterization and point of view in order to help the reader better understand the story’s characters. In this novela, the old man, Santiago, and the boy, Manolin, have an inseparable friendship. Even with Santiago growing older each day Manolin still treats him like the greatest fisherman alive, and serves him with whatever he needs. In The Old Man and the Sea, Ernest Hemingway uses Santiago’s thoughts and Manolin’s actions to introduce and develop their characters throughout the story.

The thoughts of Santiago in this story show his unwillingness to accept defeat even in his darkest moments out on the treacherous sea. As Santiago is at a constant battle with the Marlin and in his worst state physically he thinks to himself, a man can be destroyed but not defeated (93). Destruction means to completely ruin or spoil. Throughout the novel Santiago has experienced destruction from day one. He starts off with not catching a fish for 84 consecutive days, but he never stopped returning to the sea everyday. He continued to be unsuccessful each day, but his spirit and pride prevented him from accepting defeat. Even in the fight with the Marlin he had the choice to spare his life and let the fish go, or continue his fight and reel the fish in. The choice that Santiago made displays the type of man he is and his unwillingness to give up even in the face of death. As the old man continues his battle with the marlin he begins to think about nature and the marlins feelings. As he plunges deep into thought he thinks, besides, he thought, everything kills everything else in some way. Fishing kills me exactly as it keeps me alive (48). Santiago knows that he is becoming older and fishing is not as easy as it used to be in his younger days. The reason that Santiago is still a fisherman, even at his age, is because he wants to feel important.

The old man wants to feel as if he has a place in society and he isn’t just a waste of space. Hemingway gives the reader Santiago’s thoughts in order to show his strong pride and determination even when his physical state has been depleted over and over again. Ernest Hemingway uses Manolin’s actions to show his willingness to always help Santiago, and also his gratitude towards the old man for teaching him how to fish. Manolin would always watch, the old man come in each day with his skiff empty and he always went down to help him carry either the coiled lines or the gaff and harpoon and the sail that was furled around the mass (1). Santiago was the man who taught Manolin how to fish at the age of five years old. Ever since then Santiago and Manolin have had a very close friendship because fishing in their society is a way of life and survival. By teaching Manolin how to fish Santiago taught him how to care for himself and survive, so now Manolin is the one helping the old man. Manolin’s parents have forbidden him from fishing with the old man because of his terrible luck.

However, this has not stopped Manolin from helping the old man unload his gear everyday and returning to Santiago’s hut to make sure he has eaten and drunk. In addition to helping Santiago unload everyday, Manolin is always eager to help the old man in any way possible. One night in Santiago’s hut Manolin says to him, ‘can I go out to get sardines for you for tomorrow?’ ‘No. Go and play baseball. I can still row and Rogelio will throw the net.’ ‘I would like to go. If I cannot fish with you. I would like to serve in some way’ (12). A very important reason for Manolin serving Santiago is that he wants to remind the old man he is the greatest fisherman alive. Manolin does not help Santiago because he pities him and thinks he cannot do the tasks himself. He helps Santiago because he feels he owes him a debt for teaching him how to fish all those years ago. Santiago helped the boy when he was younger, so now the boy is helping Santiago as a way to repay him and show gratitude. The actions of Manolin are used to show gratitude towards Santiago for teaching him how to fish, and his willingness to always help the old man.

Ernest Hemingway used the third person omniscient point of view in The Old Man and the Sea in order to give the reader more insight on the character of Santiago. In using this point of view a narrator tells the story almost as if they are on the outside looking in, and the reader is able to gain knowledge on Manolin and Santiago’s thoughts. Through the thoughts of Manolin the reader is able to better understand the character of Santiago. One night when the boy was in Santiago’s hut he thought to himself, where did you wash? The boy thought. The village water supply was two streets down the road. I must have water here for him, the boy thought, and soap and a goo towel. Why am I so thoughtless? I must get him another shirt and a jacket for the winter and some sort of shoes and another blanket (21). The narrator chose to give us these thoughts of Manolin, so the reader can view Santiago from another character’s perspective.

The thoughts of Manolin reveal Santiago’s character as someone Manolin cares deeply about. He views Santiago as a fragile man and he believes he needs to take care of him, hence the blankets, soap, and water. The third person omniscient point of view was used to help the reader better understand the character of Santiago. In conclusion, Ernest Hemingway uses the methods of point of view and characterization to better develop the characters in the story, The Old Man and the Sea. In, The Old Man and the Sea, the author uses Manolin’s actions and Santiago’s thoughts to develop and show the growth of their characters as the story unfolds. In this novela, Manolin takes care of Santiago because of their inseparable friendship. When Manolin was just five years old Santiago brought him out onto a boat and taught him how to fish. This skill, in their society, is very valuable and Manolin feels he owes Santiago a great debt for teaching him how to fish. This novel teaches the reader that a man’s pride and strength can carry him through any physical pain that might be thrown at him, and the accomplishment at the end will be greater than the challenge.

The Old Man and the Sea: Life Struggle to Survive

The novella Old man and the sea by Earnst Hemingway is a very simple story about an old man and his life struggle to survive. The author has shown many positive characteristics through the character of Santiago who preservers through the ups and downs of life and yet maintained his self-pride always. Hemingway has chosen Santiago to send this positive message that heroism can be demonstrated in your everyday life and actions through perseverance and endurance against all adversary.

Santiago is an excellent example of one who has the qualities of pride and heroism, two thematic concepts which Hemingway has used throughout the novella.

Heroism can be demonstrated by persevering despite adversity and suffering. Santiago fulfills the traits of a hero in this novella because has attributes honor, courage, endurance in adversity and suffering. Santiago has been a hero since the beginning of the story and did not give up until end. Santiago is described as someone who might look defeated physical, but eyes are still undefeated. Everything about him was old except his eyes and they were the same color as the sea and were cheerful and undefeated. Santiago once suffered through a long and painful arm-wrestling match that required all his concentration, motivation, and physical strength, but through his perseverance, he won the match, proving his heroism. [A]t daylight when the bettors were asking that it be called a draw and the referee was shaking his head, [Santiago] had unleashed his effort and forced the hand of the negro down and down until it rested on the wood (26). He has not caught a single fish in eighty-four days and yet he goes out in the sea with the hope to catch a fish without any complains. Instead he compares himself to his favorite baseball player Joe DiMaggio of the New York Yankees who had a painful bone during his ball game. But I must have the confidence and I must be worthy of the great DiMaggio who does all things perfectly even with the pain of the bone spur in his heel. On the eighty fifth day also, Santiago has not lost hope. He is hopeful that he will catch a big fish/ With that hope, he goes deep into the sea to catch fish. With his experience he follows the seabirds. Santiago has immense courage as he fights to bring down a really big fish. He fights with the fish for hours and goes through physical pain but does not give in. My hand is only cut a little and the cramp is gone from the other. My legs are all alright. Also, now I have gained on him the question of sustenance.

Santiago struggles for hours. He perseveres. He tells the fish I will stay with you until I am dead. He was able to capture the fish and tie it to the boat. But he soon realized that his misfortune is not over because the sharks will try to feed on this fish. He will have to save his catch from the other predators in the sea. Unfortunately, when he nears the land, he has already lost all the meat on his catch. He still proves to the other fishermen that he did not have another day without a catch. Most importantly, he never gave up he fought till the end. First, he fought Marlin to control him and then valiantly fought the sharks who were attacking Marlin despite his

Pride has always been malignant to humankind. In this novella, Santiago has shown many instances of human pride and humility. Santiago proved that his fishermen instincts were still alive even though he has been down with his luck for such a long time. Santiago’s pride is one of the most important attributes that makes him reach his greatness. He is ridiculed by the other fishermen about his unsuccessful days without a catch, but he does not let that bother him. They sat on the Terrace and many other fishermen made fun of the old man and he was not angry

Manolin wants to help Santiago and offered him four fresh sardines for his bait but Santiago refuses. But then later he accepts two of the sardines. He is humble enough to accept half of what Manolin offered making a balance between pride and humility. Further on, we see that Santiago claims that he has dinner, yellow rice and fish when Manolin asks him but then accepts the food that the boy offered. Manolin later offers to sail with him on the boat but Santiago refuses to take his help because of his pride. He knows that Manolin’s parents don’t like him helping Santiago. Santiago does not want to hurt his pride by showing his need even though he knows he can use his help. He was too simple to wonder when he had attained humility. But he knew he had attained it and he knew it was not disgraceful and it carried no loss of true pride.

Manolin encourages Santiago by telling him that There are many good fishermen and some great ones. But there is only you. Manolin knows that even though Santiago has been unfortunate, he is very skilled at what he does. He has many years of experience and has just been down with luck.

Pride has motivated Santiago to continue his journey back to the land after the marlin has been eaten by the sharks, as he still possesses pride even after having been beaten, thus keeping him alive to reach the land. …[h]e knew where he was now and it was nothing to get home (45). Despite losing the meat of the marlin to the sharks, Santiago’s pride is not affected, as he himself knows that he truly did catch the marlin, and such pride is enough for him to continue home.

You did not kill the fish only to keep alive and to sell for food, he thought. You killed him for pride and because you are a fisherman. You loved him when he was alive and you loved him after. If you love him, it is not a sin to kill him. Or is it more? After capturing the fish and bringing it towards to the shore, Santiago is not able to save the fish. With great bravery and effort, Santiago is able to defeat Marlin but could not protect it from other sharks. By the time he reaches the land, there is no meat left on Marlin. Santiago tries to make sense of everything. He thinks if this was all worth it. He feels apologetic for Marlin. He thinks that he did not hunt Marlin for food or his livelihood, but he hunted him to protect his pride of a fisherman. At the end, his situation did not improve but his pride is restored.

Ernest Hemingway has underscored the above mentioned two themes- heroism and pride in various incidents throughout the novella. Santiago is a true hero because he feels pride in working tirelessly through the adversaries of life, symbolized by sea. Even after constant failure, Santiago is very proud of his profession. Enduring through the hardships, Santiago’s pride is hurt by others and protected by Manolin. Santiago’s fight with Marlin challenges his physical ability and pride. Even though Santiago is able to control Marlin, he could not save it from the other predators. By the time Santiago reaches the shore, there is nothing left on the Marlin that Santiago could use to sell but probably he satisfied his pride and proved everyone that he still can fish.

The Old Man and the Sea Critical Evaluation

The Old Man and The Sea is a short novel by Ernest Hemingway. An old Cuban fisherman, Santiago, and a young boy, Manolin, have been going out to sea fishing for forty days, but each day, returned with nothing. Manolin’s parents forced him to leave the old man whom they referred to as the worst form of unlucky, (Hemingway 1) on the fortieth day.

The young boy moved onto a more prosperous boat, where he was able to catch more fish and made more profit than he did with the old man. Santiago went forty more days without a companion and still without catching any fish. Manolin still helps the old man carry his gear after they get back from fishing, so he knows what the old man is going through. The young boy decides to take his profit and help Santiago with bait. On the eighty fifth day out at sea, Santiago finally felt a tug on the line. His luck has finally turned around.

The relationship between the young boy and the old man grows throughout the story. The old man is more of a grandfather figure to the boy. The old man was wishing the boy was there to be able to help him with the fish, and see how he is being towed. Santiago said, I wish I had the boy (Hemingway 21). The young boy did not just leave the old man in the past. He still went and helped him out in the evenings. He carried his gear and even used his own money to buy the old man bait that would be more useful than the bait Santiago was using.

Is the old man stubborn or determined? The old man is stuck in his old ways. He has not updated his equipment nor any of his techniques. The boy tries to help him by getting him better bait, but the old man did not want to take it. He thought it was humiliating to take advice from a younger fisherman. Santiago is a very prideful old fisherman, so when he tries to get help from other people he does not think it will be beneficial to him. He does end up taking the bait that the boy gave him and ended up being able to catch something. A heroic man like Santiago should have pride in his actions, and as Santiago shows us, “”humility was not disgraceful and it carried no loss of true pride””(Hemingway 13) . At the same, though, it is apparently Santiago’s pride which presses him to travel dangerously far out into the sea, “”beyond all people in the world,”” to catch the marlin(Momtazi). Santiago is also a determined man. He does not give up on catching a fish. He went eighty four days before even getting a bite on the line. He came back at night and was ready to go again in the morning. He did not give up on what he wanted. He kept reaching for his goals. He did not let the fish go that had towed him further out to sea, he simply hung in there with it. Not only is he determined to catch the fish, but he is determined to be a good role model to Manolin. He wants to be able to show him what a man can do and what a man endures(Hemingway 4).

Ironic paradox is implied in Hemingway’s and Christian thoughts through the suffering and grace throughout the short story. Santiago represents St. James, which is one of Christ’s disciples and a fisherman of trade. It says when he was holding on to the fish he cut his hand; this shows that he is willing to sacrifice his life for the fish. ..the meaning of the great fish is, the Ichthus. A major aspect of Christian doctrine is the idea that (before the term “”Christian”” existed) it was God who sought man, through the Incarnation( Hamilton). The old man struggles up the hill on the way to his village with his mast across his shoulders resembles Christ’s march towards Calvary. Even the way the old man collapses on his bed face down with his arms straight out and palms up remind me of the way Christ suffering on the cross. He found in the art of fiction what was denied him in life, the paradox being that his greatest art came from transmuting experience into fiction; yet in the physical part of his experience, and perhaps in the psychic as well, lay one major factor that was to contribute substantially to his death. Yet, perhaps after all, he has been like Santiago, only defeated and not destroyed. (Hamilton) Hemingway gives images in the last pages of the novella to connect Santiago to Christ, this demonstrates transcendence by turning loss into gain, defeat into victory, and death into life.

The marlin symbolizes the old man’s perfect opponent. Santiago is lucky to find himself matched against an animal that brings out the best in him. His strength, bravery, love, and respect are brought out in the old man while out in the sea. The sharks symbolize the destructive laws of the universe, the laws can be transcended when equals fight to the death. The old man does not get any glory from battling the marlin or the shark, simply because they are base predators.

In everyday life there will always be struggles and stuffering. Santiago and Manolin face struggles and stuffering day-to-day throughout the story. At the beginning of the story, Manolin was forced to stop fishing with Santiago. The old man and the boy went forty days without catching anything at all, so Manolin’s parents told him that he had to fish on a higher performing boat. Manolin said, It was papa who made me leave. I am just a boy, I must obey him (Hemingway 1). The boy struggles with his parents decision about the fishing situation, but he helps the old man on a daily basis with his fishing gear and other fishing duties that he would normally do when he was fishing with the old man. The boy might be struggling with his parents, but Santiago is struggling with himself. His body isn’t like it was when he was younger. The story tells that it took three days for Santiago to harpoon and kill the marlin. Even when the old man was was exhausted and being towed out to sea, he still held on and fought to lure the greatest catch of his life in. When he finally gets the marlin in, he can not get it in the skiff. The old man felt faint and sick and he could not see well (Hemingway 26). While his body was exhausted and he was more than ready to give up, but he kept pushing himself to get the fish of his dreams. The suffering is not just physical, but emotional too. Santiago suffers because of his age and he doesn’t have the ability to perform like he once did in his younger age. This is where having the boy really helped the old man. If the young boy would have been with the old man he could have helped him in many ways. He could have harpooned the marlin, and could have helped the old man hold onto the fish, instead of him having to do it by himself. Everyone loses strength and muscle as they get older, so having someone who has more strength could have helped the old man get the marlin a little quicker than he did. Both the old man and the young boy went through emotional suffering. The boy wanted to be fishing with the old man, even though his parents wouldn’t allow him. He was happy being with the old man even if they didn’t catch fish like the other fishermen. The old man wishes the boy could be there to see everything that he was experiencing. Santiago was not a huge fan of being alone on the skiff, but to show the other fishermen he could fish just as well as them he kept going out everyday without anyone to be by his side. The relationship between Manolin and Santiago is more of a family relationship. They might not actually be family, but Santiago act like a grandfather figure in Manolins life.

Although the novella written by Hemingway is short in length, it is full of life lessons. It reminds us to never give up. It shows us that to reach a goal, you have to be persistent and you have to work hard. No matter what the obstacle, it can be conquered. It also exemplifies loyalty. Santiago was loyal to his trade, fishing. Although Manolin was forced to fish on another boat, his loyalty to the old man never wavered. He helped him every day, and eventually both prospered. He also gave the old man hope by continuing to be his friend. The fish is my friend too.I have never seen or heard of such a fish. But I must kill him. I am glad we do not have to try to kill the stars. Imagine if each day a man must try to kill the moon, he thought. The moon runs away. Then he was sorry for the great fish that had nothing to eat and his determination to kill him never relaxed in his sorrow for him. There is no one worthy of eating him from the manner of his behavior and his great dignity. I do not understand these things, he thought. But it is good that we do not have to try to kill the sun or the moon or the stars. It is enough to live on the sea and kill our true brothers (Hemingway 75). In this quote from the short story the old man learns to respect nature and its beauty. He does not want to kill the marlin, but he knows he must in order to survive. Another life lesson that the old man learned was success is how you define it. He might have failed at being a fisherman, but he succeeded at being a nobleman. He lived by his values. He worked hard and had so much integrity to offer. He set out to earn the success, he didn’t just wait for it to come to him.

Old Man and the Sea

This being a research paper on the book written by Ernest Hemingway, the novel The Old man and the Sea. I am going to be reviewing articles on this book to come up with a comprehensive research paper that discusses the themes in this book and the characters in the book. In this research, I will use articles on this book as well as other books that talk about this book.

This book gives the struggling story between old fishermen with his hugest catch of his lifetime. Santiago, a very old fisherman of Cuban origin has for 84 days gone to sea and returned with nothing. The old man seems so unlucky to an extent that Manolin, his current friend as well as a young trainee, is forcefully advised to quit the old man’s teaching and join other prosperous fishermen by his parents. Nonetheless, the young trainee surprisingly continues taking good care of the old man whenever he comes back from fishing each and every night. Manolin assist Santiago to carry his kit into his hut, gets food for him while the two talk together about many things, including the what is happening in the American Baseball and especially the trials of Joe Dimaggio who is Santiago`s hero. Santiago has not given up, he has confidence that he is not going to be unproductive in his fishing forever. The following day, he makes up his mind to sail in his boat farther into the sea than he has ever done before.

Santiago does as he promised on the 85th day. He makes the lifetime attempt by sailing far away into the shallow water, up to the coast of the island until he arrives at the streams of Gulf. He goes about his business as usual. He formulates the fishing lines and drops them into the waters. At around midnight, a big fish, a marlin, get caught by the hook when trying to take the bait pined by the old man below the water surface (Gurko,1955). Santiago hooks this fish with all the expertise he has gained during his time fishing but the trouble comes in that he is not able to pull this fish into the boat. I turn out that the fish rules the situation and starts pulling the boat.

The old man decided not to tie them onto the boat because out experience he fears that the big fish could spontaneous a taut line. In its place, the old man holds the line with his bare hand, straining his old body and he stays prepared in case the fish try’s to make a run. The fish never give in instead it pulled the olds man boat all the day long and night and the following day and night as well. The fish at first swims at a steady motion heading to the northwest and as it get exhausted, it follows the current which follows to the east. All this time, Santiago is forced to bear the pain that is being exerted on him by the fishing line (Hayen, 2007). Santiago is badly hurt by the cord every time the fish tries to free itself from the hook. Although Santiago is weary and wounded, he is deeply empathetic for the fish and he admires it a great deal. He now considers it as a brother of his in the suffering that they are both going through, resolve and strength.

The struggle continues until the third day when the fish gets tired and Santiago who is deprived of sleep and injured is now in a position to pull this fish near the boat close enough that he kills it using a harpoon with a few sticks on its head (Brenner, 1991). Santiago has never seen or fished a fish this big in his entire life as a fisherman. He pulls it into the boat. He then raises his boat`s mast and starts to sail towards his home. He feels so excited that he would earn enough money when he delivers the fish into the market, but he is not sure if the people who are to the fish if are worth his luck. He believed that this catch would his worth by proving himself to his fellow fishermen who had doubts in him. This earns him the tragic hero title with a tragic imperfection unfortunately as Santiago sails with the dead fish, the blood of the dead fish leave a trail of blood behind. This attracts the sharks and puts him at the risk of being attacked the sharks. Santiago is attacked by many sharks which he fights off to the best of his ability. He stabs these vicious predators with a spear that he makes by the use of his knife and an oar. He also uses the boat`s tiller to club the sharks. Despite his attempt to kill several sharks in order to scare the rest, all is in vain and the sharks succeed to feed on the olds man price leaving him the bone leftovers (Morgan, 1962). The old fisherman chastises himself because he went out too far and also because he sacrificed his catch. He manages to get hone before the crack of the dawn and stumbles to his hut where he falls deeply asleep.

Early in the morning, lots of fishermen gather around the old man’s boat surprised by the great number of sharks surrounding the boat. This is because of the remains of the Marlin, the tourist and the fishermen confuse remain of the Marlin with that of the sharks. Mandolin has been deeply worried about the fact that Santiago has been absent. He sheds tears when he finds his old man safely sleeping on his bed. He makes some coffee for the old man and gets for him the newspaper of the day with the scores for baseball. He then watches him as he sleeps. After the old man has woken up from his sleep, they agree with Manolin that they should begin to fish together once again (Hemingway, 2007). This did not only bring joy to the old man but he felt respected by the young boy. In his bed that evening, he finally dreams he had dreamt the long time ago, a lion playing on beaches of Africa.

This book is authored by Ernest Hemingway whose writing career started in 1917 writing for the Kansas City Star. The Old Man and the Sea are the utmost widely held work of Ernest Hemingway. In the year 1953, the book won the great Pulitzer Prize and later on, in 1954, Ernest himself won the Nobel peace prize award of literature.