The Lottery Review

The specific details Jackson describes in the beginning of “The Lottery” set us up for the shocking conclusion. In the first paragraph, Jackson provides specific details about the day on which the lottery takes place. She tells us the date (June 27), time (about 10 A.M.), and temperature (warm). She describes the scene exactly: there are flowers and green grass, and the town square, where everyone gathers, is between the bank and post office. She provides specifics about the town, including how many people live there and how long the lottery takes, as well as about neighboring towns, which have more people and must start the lottery earlier.

In the paragraphs that follow this introduction, Jackson gives us characters’ full names—Bobby Martin, Harry Jones, and Dickie Delacroix, among others—and even tells us how to pronounce “Delacroix.” Far from being superfluous or irrelevant, these initial specific details ground the story in reality. Because she sets the story firmly in a specific place and time, Jackson seems to suggest that the story will be a chronicle of sorts, describing the tradition of the lottery.

The specifics continue throughout the story, from the numerous rules Mr. Summers follows to the names of the people who are called up to the box. In a way, there is safety in these details—the world Jackson creates seems much like the one we know. And then the stoning begins, turning reality on its head. Because Jackson is so meticulous in grounding us in realistic, specific details, they sharpen the violence and make the ending so incredibly surprising.


The Danger of Blindly Following Tradition

The village lottery culminates in a violent murder each year, a bizarre ritual that suggests how dangerous tradition can be when people follow it blindly. Before we know what kind of lottery they’re conducting, the villagers and their preparations seem harmless, even quaint: they’ve appointed a rather pathetic man to lead the lottery, and children run about gathering stones in the town square. Everyone is seems preoccupied with a funny-looking black box, and the lottery consists of little more than handmade slips of paper. Tradition is endemic to small towns, a way to link families and generations. Jackson, however, pokes holes in the reverence that people have for tradition. She writes that the villagers don’t really know much about the lottery’s origin but try to preserve the tradition nevertheless.

The villagers’ blind acceptance of the lottery has allowed ritual murder to become part of their town fabric. As they have demonstrated, they feel powerless to change—or even try to change—anything, although there is no one forcing them to keep things the same. Old Man Warner is so faithful to the tradition that he fears the villagers will return to primitive times if they stop holding the lottery. These ordinary people, who have just come from work or from their homes and will soon return home for lunch, easily kill someone when they are told to. And they don’t have a reason for doing it other than the fact that they’ve always held a lottery to kill someone. If the villagers stopped to question it, they would be forced to ask themselves why they are committing a murder—but no one stops to question. For them, the fact that this is tradition is reason enough and gives them all the justification they need.

The Randomness of Persecution

Villagers persecute individuals at random, and the victim is guilty of no transgression other than having drawn the wrong slip of paper from a box. The elaborate ritual of the lottery is designed so that all villagers have the same chance of becoming the victim—even children are at risk. Each year, someone new is chosen and killed, and no family is safe. What makes “The Lottery” so chilling is the swiftness with which the villagers turn against the victim. The instant that Tessie Hutchinson chooses the marked slip of paper, she loses her identity as a popular housewife.

Her friends and family participate in the killing with as much enthusiasm as everyone else. Tessie essentially becomes invisible to them in the fervor of persecution. Although she has done nothing “wrong,” her innocence doesn’t matter. She has drawn the marked paper—she has herself become marked—and according to the logic of the lottery, she therefore must die. Tessie’s death is an extreme example of how societies can persecute innocent people for absurd reasons. Present-day parallels are easy to draw, because all prejudices, whether they are based on race, sex, appearance, religion, economic class, geographical region, family background, or sexual orientation, are essentially random.

Those who are persecuted become “marked” because of a trait or characteristic that is out of their control—for example, they are the “wrong” sex or from the “wrong” part of the country. Just as the villagers in “The Lottery” blindly follow tradition and kill Tessie because that is what they are expected to do, people in real life often persecute others without questioning why. As Jackson suggests, any such persecution is essentially random, which is why Tessie’s bizarre death is so universal.



Family bonds are a significant part of the lottery, but the emphasis on family only heightens the killing’s cruelty because family members so easily turn against one another. Family ties form the lottery’s basic structure and execution. In the town square, families stand together in groups, and every family member must be present. Elaborate lists of heads of families, heads of households within those families, and household members are created, and these lists determine which member draws from the box. Family relationships are essential to how the actions of the lottery are carried out, but these relationships mean nothing the moment it’s time to stone the unlucky victim. As soon as it’s clear that Tessie has drawn the marked paper, for example, her husband and children turn on her just as the other villagers do. Although family relationships determine almost everything about the lottery, they do not guarantee loyalty or love once the lottery is over. Rules

The lottery is rife with rules that are arbitrarily followed or disregarded. The intricate rules the villagers follow suggest that the lottery is an efficient, logical ritual and that there is an important purpose behind it, whereas the rules that have lapsed, however, reveal the essential randomness of the lottery’s dark conclusion. Mr. Summers follows an elaborate system of rules for creating the slips of paper and making up the lists of families. When the lottery begins, he lays out a series of specific rules for the villagers, including who should draw slips of paper from the black box and when to open those papers.

When someone is unable to draw, the lottery rules determine who should be next in line. At the same time, there are ghosts of rules that have been long forgotten or willfully abandoned altogether, such as those for salutes and songs that accompany Mr. Summer’s induction as the chairman of the lottery. The fact that some rules have remained while others have disappeared underscores the disturbing randomness of the murder at the end of the lottery.


The Black Box

The shabby black box represents both the tradition of the lottery and the illogic of the villagers’ loyalty to it. The black box is nearly falling apart, hardly even black anymore after years of use and storage, but the villagers are unwilling to replace it. They base their attachment on nothing more than a story that claims that this black box was made from pieces of another, older black box. The lottery is filled with similar relics from the past that have supposedly been passed down from earlier days, such as the creation of family lists and use of stones.

These are part of the tradition, from which no one wants to deviate—the lottery must take place in just this way because this is how it’s always been done. However, other lottery traditions have been changed or forgotten. The villagers use slips of paper instead of wood chips, for example. There is no reason why the villagers should be loyal to the black box yet disloyal to other relics and traditions, just as there is no logical reason why the villagers should continue holding the lottery at all.

The Lottery

The lottery represents any action, behavior, or idea that is passed down from one generation to the next that’s accepted and followed unquestioningly, no matter how illogical, bizarre, or cruel. The lottery has been taking place in the village for as long as anyone can remember. It is a tradition, an annual ritual that no one has thought to question. It is so much a part of the town’s culture, in fact, that it is even accompanied by an old adage: “Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon.” The villagers are fully loyal to it, or, at least, they tell themselves that they are, despite the fact that many parts of the lottery have changed or faded away over the years. Nevertheless, the lottery continues, simply because there has always been a lottery. The result of this tradition is that everyone becomes party to murder on an annual basis. The lottery is an extreme example of what can happen when traditions are not questioned or addressed critically by new generations.

Foreshadowing and Suspense

Many of the seemingly innocuous details throughout “The Lottery” foreshadow the violent conclusion. In the second paragraph, children put stones in their pockets and make piles of stones in the town square, which seems like innocent play until the stones’ true purpose becomes clear at the end of the story. Tessie’s late arrival at the lottery instantly sets her apart from the crowd, and the observation Mr. Summers makes—“Thought we were going to have to get on without you”—is eerily prescient about Tessie’s fate. When Mr. Summers asks whether the Watson boy will draw for him and his mother, no reason is given for why Mr. Watson wouldn’t draw as all the other husbands and fathers do, which suggests that Mr. Watson may have been last year’s victim. Jackson builds suspense in “The Lottery” by relentlessly withholding explanation and does not reveal the true nature of the lottery until the first stone hits Tessie’s head. We learn a lot about the lottery, including the elements of the tradition that have survived or been lost.

We learn how important the lottery is to the villagers, particularly Old Man Warner. We go through the entire ritual, hearing names and watching the men approach the box to select their papers. But Jackson never tells us what the lottery is about, or mentions any kind of prize or purpose. She begins to reveal that something is awry when the lottery begins and the crowd grows nervous, and she intensifies the feeling when Tessie hysterically protests Bill’s “winning” selection. And she gives a slight clue when she says that the villagers “still remembered to use stones.” But not until the moment when a rock actually hits Tessie does Jackson show her hand completely. By withholding information until the last possible second, she builds the story’s suspense and creates a shocking, powerful conclusion.


1. Mr. Summers spoke frequently to the villagers about making a new box, but no one liked to upset even as much tradition as was represented by the black box. This quotation, from the fifth paragraph of the story, reveals how firmly entrenched the villagers are in the lottery’s tradition and how threatening they find the idea of change. The villagers have no good reason for wanting to keep the black box aside from a vague story about the box’s origins, and the box itself is falling apart. Beyond shabby, it barely resembles a box now, but the villagers, who seem to take such pride in the ritual of the lottery, do not seem to care about the box’s appearance. They just want the box to stay the same. Their strident belief that the box must not change suggests that they fear change itself, as though one change might lead to other changes. Already, some towns have stopped holding lotteries, but these villagers do not seem to be headed in that direction. Instead, they hold firm to the parts of the tradition that remain, afraid to alter even this seemingly insignificant part of it for fear of starting down a slippery slope.

2. Although Mr. Summers and everyone else in the village knew the answer perfectly well, it was the business of the official of the lottery to ask such questions formally. This quotation appears about halfway through the story, just before the drawing of names begins. Mr. Summers has asked Mrs. Dunbar whether her son, Horace, will be drawing for the family in Mr. Dunbar’s absence, even though everyone knows Horace is still too young. There is no purpose to the question, other than that the question is part of the tradition, and so Mr. Summers adheres to the rule despite the fact that it seems absurd. Even though other parts of the ritual have changed or been discarded over the years, this rule holds firm for absolutely no logical reason.

Large things, such as songs and salutes, have slipped away, and wood chips have been replaced with slips of paper. Yet this silly, pointless questioning continues. The villagers seem strident in their adherence to the tradition. Old Man Warner, in particular, is adamant that tradition must be upheld and the lottery must continue. But the reality is that there is no consistency among what rules are followed and which are discarded. This lack of logic makes the villagers’ blind observance of the ritual even more problematic because the tradition they claim to be upholding is actually flimsy and haphazard.

3. Although the villagers had forgotten the ritual and lost the original black box, they still remembered to use stones. This quotation, which appears near the end of the story, distills the lottery down to its essence: murder. The villagers may talk of tradition, ritual, and history, but the truth—as this quotation makes clear—is that the traditional parts of it have long been discarded. The original ritual and box may indeed have borne along a tradition, violent and bizarre as it may be, but now, without the original trappings, songs, and procedures, all that remains is the violence. The haphazard ritual, the bits and pieces that have been slapped together into some semblance of the original, have led to this essential moment of killing. The villagers are all too eager to embrace what remains, eagerly picking up the stones and carrying on the “tradition” for another year.

Character Analysis

Tessie Hutchinson

When Tessie Hutchinson arrives late to the lottery, admitting that she forgot what day it was, she immediately stands out from the other villagers as someone different and perhaps even threatening. Whereas the other women arrive at the square calmly, chatting with one another and then standing placidly by their husbands, Tessie arrives flustered and out of breath. The crowd must part for her to reach her family, and she and her husband endure good-natured teasing as she makes her way to them. On a day when the villagers’ single focus is the lottery, this breach of propriety seems inappropriate, even unforgivable; everyone comes to the lottery, and everyone comes on time. The only person absent is a man whose leg is broken. Although Tessie quickly settles into the crowd and joins the lottery like everyone else, Jackson has set her apart as a kind of free spirit who was able to forget about the lottery entirely as she performed her chores.

Perhaps because she is a free spirit, Tessie is the only villager to protest against the lottery. When the Hutchinson family draws the marked paper, she exclaims, “It wasn’t fair!” This refrain continues as she is selected and subsequently stoned to death, but instead of listening to her, the villagers ignore her. Even Bill tells her to be quiet. We don’t know whether Tessie would have protested the fairness of the lottery if her family had not been selected, but this is a moot point. Whatever her motivation is for speaking out, she is effectively silenced.

Old Man Warner

Old Man Warner, the oldest man in town, has participated in seventy-seven lotteries and is a staunch advocate for keeping things exactly the way they are. He dismisses the towns and young people who have stopped having lotteries as “crazy fools,” and he is threatened by the idea of change. He believes, illogically, that the people who want to stop holding lotteries will soon want to live in caves, as though only the lottery keeps society stable. He also holds fast to what seems to be an old wives’ tale—“Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon”—and fears that if the lottery stops, the villagers will be forced to eat “chickweed and acorns.” Again, this idea suggests that stopping the lottery will lead to a return to a much earlier era, when people hunted and gathered for their food. These illogical, irrational fears reveal that Old Man Warner harbors a strong belief in superstition. He easily accepts the way things are because this is how they’ve always been, and he believes any change to the status quo will lead to disaster. This way of thinking shows how dangerous it is to follow tradition blindly, never questioning beliefs that are passed down from one generation to the next.

Mr. Summers

Despite his breezy, light-hearted name, Mr. Summers wields a frightening amount of power in the village, power that seems to have been assigned to him arbitrarily. A married, childless business owner, Mr. Summers is “jovial” and pitied by the townspeople for having a nagging wife. No one seems to question his leadership of the lottery, and it seems to have never been challenged. Perhaps he took on the role himself, or perhaps someone offered it to him. Whatever the case, he now has complete control. Mr. Summers not only draws the names on the day of the lottery, but he also makes up the slips of paper that go into the black box. It’s up to him to make the black circle that ultimately condemns someone to death. Jackson never explains why the villagers put such pure faith in Mr. Summers, and the assumption that he will continue to conduct the lottery is just one more inexplicable but universally accepted part of the ritual.

The Lottery: Fiction Essay Thesis and Outline

“The Lottery,” written by Shirley Jackson and “The Rocking Horse Winner,” written by D.H. Lawrence both use the stories settings in contradicting ways in order to present the seriousness of the stories. Jackson used the setting as a way to sidetrack the readers while Lawrence used the setting to construct the story. Setting is an important piece in any story and is extremely true in the two short stories that are about to be shared.

In “The Lottery”, the setting is used by Jackson in an effort to distract that reader.

By distracting the reader by using beautiful memory visuals, the author is able to formulate an ironic ending to the story. The setting is illustrated to be warm, bright, happy and peaceful. Some readers may suggest that the scene is pleasant and in a certain way, suspenseful. The author described the day to be “clear and sunny, with the fresh warmth of a full-summer day.” (Jackson p.250) Jackson used the specific description in hopes to create a harmonious, calm and amiable scene for the readers.

This calming mental picture of the atmosphere made the readers believe that the story will have a happy ending. The characters also played a role in throwing off the horrific ending. Throughout the story, the character all remained calm and happy. As the readers continue to read the story, they soon realize the truth about what is truly about to happen. This deceives the idea of a perfect ending. The portrayal of the buildings, town and the lottery box all added to the setting that throws readers off track of the gruesome reality of what is going to happen.

In “The Rocking Horse Winner”, written by Lawrence, the setting is the center of the short story. Lawrence also used real life places throughout the world and London to help create the setting in short story. The author also used real life events and hobbies to help the reader really feel involved in the story and not feel the need to try very hard to mentally visualize the setting. Lawrence outlines the characters struggles to constantly be competing with the neighbors. The in-depth description that Lawrence uses of the house and gardens paint a picture of the conflicts of income and actual lifestyle. The mood and environment fit well with this story setting. There is not a lot needed from the author to paint the scenery. Since a lot of readers have personal experiences with horses, the readers are able to read and understand without much thought. As soon as a reader can relate to an event, the little details are not needed to pull the reader into the story.

There is one similarity and a few differences in these two short stories. The one and only similarity of these two short stories is that in both of these short stories, the settings are reasonable, realistic and convincing. The settings in both stories are either real locations or places that have a huge possibility of existing. In difference, Jackson used the setting to distract the audience from the gruesome, shocking and horrific ritual of stoning that was about to take place. The readers were all swayed from this reality until the end of the story. Contradicting, Lawrence incorporated the setting into the story and used vivid descriptions to allow the readers to add their own memories. Lawrence created the setting in an effort to draw the readers in as the story unfolded.

In conclusion, although both stories had a similarity, they both used the setting in different ways. Shirley used the setting to distract the readers while Lawrence used the setting as the main focal point in the story. Both stories surely provided the readers with firsthand examples on how important the setting can be in a story and how it can have a huge impact on the readers perception. “The Lottery,” written by Shirley Jackson and “The Rocking Horse Winner,” written by D.H. Lawrence both use the stories settings in contradicting ways in order to present the seriousness of the stories. Jackson used the setting as a way to sidetrack the readers while Lawrence used the setting to construct the story.

Works Cited:

? Kennedy, X. J, and Gioia, Dana,eds.. Literature: An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, Drama, and Writing, Compact Interactive Edition. 7th ed. New Jersey: Upper Saddle River, 2013 ?Jackson, Shirley. “The Lottery”. 250-256.

?Lawrence, D.H. “The Rocking-Horse Winner”. 234-244

Literary Analysis on Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery”

Shirley Jackson bewildered the world when her short story “The Lottery” was published in The New Yorker magazine. The piece got a great deal of negative reaction for its shocking and gruesome story. Readers didn’t know what or why Shirley Jackson wrote this piece. She said she wanted to show the story with a “graphic dramatization of the pointless violence and general inhumanity in their own lives.” She wrote a piece about a town that continues the tradition of killing one person each year for no reason other than tradition.

The theme is to show how easily a village of friends and family can follow ways of others, even if it is cruel and unusual. In this short story, she displays the theme with the use of irony of setting, situational irony, and verbal irony. The detailed description in the short story helps to build up an unexpected ending. When the story begins to introduce the setting of the book it reads, “The morning of June 27th was clear and sunny, with the fresh warmth of a full summer day….

The way the author writes it makes the readers feel like the story is going to take place in a happy environment and something good is going to happen. That may seem the case but as the reader continues to read, the story is actually talking about winning a death. This irony of setting illustrates the happy environment that they seem to live in, but that is not the case once the “winner” of the lottery is stoned to death. Readers may think Mrs. Hutchinson will not get chosen due to her positive attitude, but the story shows that is not the case at all. Mrs. Hutchinson acts like the drawing is not a big deal when she shows up late saying, “Clean forgot what day it was,” and “Wouldn’t have me leave m’dishes in the sink, now would you, Joe?.” She acts as if she wants to hurry up the process and get back to doing what she was doing. Mrs. Hutchinson has this attitude that she has nothing to worry about, yet it is her who ends up “winning” the lottery.

The situational irony shows that readers may think that the lottery is no big deal, but in fact it leads to a pointless death. The title of the short story is very misleading at first. The title “The Lottery” would make anyone assume the story is going to be about winning some money or some big prize. In the short story, Shirley Jackson wrote, “The lottery was conducted—as were the square dances, the teenage club, the Halloween program….” She makes the readers sense that the lottery is a normal thing and something good will come from it. That is the exact opposite of what the author is portraying. To win the lottery in the stories “village,” is to get beaten to death with stones by all the people in the community.

The verbal irony is when the author shows that winning the lottery is winning a death by your friends and family, compared to the readers who speculate that the lottery will be something good. Shirley Jackson shows the readers how easily friends and family turn on one another because of tradition. She states the irony of setting by stimulating a good, happy environment, but it turns out to be a dramatic day. With the verbal irony, no one actually wins something; someone ends up losing their life instead. In situational irony, the author shows how someone can blame others for their own mistakes. All of her different types of irony end up making “The Lottery” a very dramatic short story.

Works Cited
“Shirley Jackson.” Shirley Jackson and “The Lottery” N.p., n.d. Web. 04 June 2014.

“A Rose For Emily” and “The Lottery”

“A Rose for Emily”, by William Faulkner and “The Lottery”, by Shirley Jackson are both short stories that deal with conflict from either the community or individually. Faulkner hints us readers the main conflict in “A Rose for Emily” is not only Emily but other characters in this short story. For “The Lottery”, Jackson hints the readers the conflict is more on the social side meaning the community or society not only the main characters. But the main comparisons between these two short stories are the characters, and the communities that seem to be stuck in the past.

William Faulkner starts the short story off with saying the character Emily, from “A Rose for Emily”, is dead. Faulkner divides the short story into five parts, and those five parts talk about Emily’s life which is spoken from the town’s perspective. Emily is described as a burden, whose “old fashioned” and is basically a mean old lady. The first part starts off with Emily not wanting to pay her taxes and the mayor sets up a meeting of the Board of Aldermen to her home.

Not only was she showing no manners, she kept saying she had no taxes to pay and tells her servant, “the Negro” to show the gentlemen out. The short story continues on with mentioning Emily’s father’s death. The town’s people felt sorry for Emily, not only on the fact that he passed away but the fact that her father was a controlling man. Controlling meaning her father didn’t want her to seek men. Emily was in denial for her father’s death, “She told them her father was not dead. She did that for three days” (151). She couldn’t let her father go because her father was her life and that was the only life she had.

The other parts talk about Emily’s sweetheart named Homer Baron. Everyone in town are happy about her having a sweetheart, but it goes downhill once they find out Homer Baron liked young men. Emily ends up buying poison and it wasn’t easy buying since the druggist was curious as to why Emily wanted it for. The townspeople on the other hand assumed it was so she can kill herself since she’s going through a lot. But Emily doesn’t only purchase rat poison; she ends up buying hologram toilet set with H.B written on them. Six months has passed by and Emily hasn’t been seen, till one day when people noticed her weight gain. Towards the end of the story the people noticed the Negro (servant) runs away while Emily is dying. They then open a door and the first thing the town’s people notice is Homer Baron’s body being decayed. Next to his body was a print of a body that seemed to lay there every night and a piece of Emily’s grey hair.

“The Lottery”, by Shirley Jackson is about a small town that gathered in a square on a summer day, June 27th. When you think of “Lottery” you probably assume something positive that deals with money. But that’s not true, in this short story “The Lottery” is a ritual that’s been going on for generations. It has to do with throwing a rock to a person that gets a mark in the middle of the paper, all towns had stopped doing this ritual but this was the only town that continued. The person who’s in charge of this ritual is Mr. Summers along with a helper Mr. Graves who’s the post master. The Lottery starts off with mixing the papers inside a box and calling out the names from a list. Once everyone had picked out the paper and seen if they had got picked, the people in the village noticed Bill Hutchison ended up getting the black dot. Tessie who is the wife, stands up for her husband and say’s it wasn’t a fair pick so Mr. Summer gives them another chance. Everyone in the family got to pick a paper out and this time Tessie ends up getting picked. Now since it’s a ritual it was something you had to do, that’s when everyone in the village including Tessie’s family picked up rocks and threw it to her. “It isn’t fair, it isn’t right.” (192) Tessie constantly is yelling this because she knew this wasn’t right, it wasn’t right to kill an innocent over a ritual.

Both these short stories seem to fall in a similar comparison which is conflict between individual and the community. The narrator in “A Rose for Emily” gives away that Emily is stubborn; she doesn’t care at what anyone says of her. But in this short story it’s not only one conflict, its several conflicts we notice. One was Emily’s father; she didn’t want to let his body go because he was her only life especially since he was controlled. Another conflict was the community and Emily. People that lived in that town would always say rumors, and basically won’t help her they would just sit back and wait. Then we have Emily and Homer Baron, Emily was lonely, and Homer seemed to be the only person that was someone she loved. Even if it didn’t turn out the way she hoped, she knew just having his presence there was enough.

So this shows Emily had conflicts with reality, present and past, and being lonely. “The Lottery”, on the other hand was conflict between community and individuality, for example Tessie and the village she was living in. The whole ritual “The Lottery” symbolizes any sin or any bad behavior that has been caused to be passed down from generation to generation no matter how cruel it could be. Tessie is against this whole ritual, she finds it not fair because of killing an innocent person. Old Man Warner was also another person who noticed this ritual wasn’t right, he notices the changes throughout all the years he’s been around. He mentions, “It’s not the way it used to be,” “People ain’t the way they used to be.” (191). In “The Lottery” it shows that no matter if the box changes, the ritual will always remain the same, and instead of the town actually stopping this from happening they join. The past and the community seem to be one of the other noticeable conflicts. The reason for why Tessie could’ve also been yelling out “It isn’t fair” because this ritual has ended everywhere else but continued in this village. The village is still holding onto the ritual that’s been taking hold for so long that they aren’t really thinking of any other consequences. Both of these short stories fall into somewhat of the same conflict. Like Emily, if she wasn’t so focused into the past meaning being “old fashioned” then she would’ve fit well into the society without feeling lonely. As for Tessie and her village, if they stopped continuing a ritual that was held on for so long then Tessie wouldn’t have been killed.

The Lottery – Characters’ Views on Acceptance

All human beings judge other people based on who they are. People judge others because they are somewhat different from them. Being judgmental is the basis part of human nature. Despite our flaw as human beings, Barbara Jordan comments on the collection “Ourselves and Others” that, “We, as human beings, must be willing to accept people who are different from ourselves.” This quote plays out in the texts “Texas v. Johnson Majority Opinion” by William J. Brennan, “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson, and “My So-Called Enemy” by Lisa Gossels.

The characters in these texts deal differently toward those who are different from them. As the authors portray their characters’ views on acceptance, the authors’ views on acceptance are also revealed to the readers. While some show acceptance toward others, some have a harder time accepting and choose to discriminate. For this reason, the quote by Barbara Jordan plays out varyingly in the texts chosen from the collection.

The people in the text, Texas V.

Johnson Majority Opinion, are accepting of those different from them. The characters in the text express their own opinions through their actions. One of the characters, Judge Brennan, shows what he think is right by supporting the 1st Amendment. The U.S Supreme Court claimed that the man’s expression of burning the flag is protected and legal according to the U.S constitution. As said on line 3-5, “To say that the government has an interest in encouraging proper treatment of the flag, however it is not to say to punish a person for burning a flag as means of the 1st Amendment.”

The Supreme Court discriminated Gregory Johnson by arresting him without the consent of the 1st Amendment. They discriminated him due to the fact that his actions were cruel to think that he had violated a state law, which is said to be illegal to destroy the items that should be respected. In addition, Justice Brennan showed how he thinks it is right to not violate the flag burner through the support of the constitution. Based on the Supreme Court’s final decision, Justice Brennan showed acceptance toward the flag burner.

On the other hand, in the second text, “The Lottery”, the characters aren’t as accepting as those of the people in “Texas V. Johnson Majority Opinion”. A character in the story, Mrs. Delacroix, does not show acceptance toward Tessie Hutchinson. As shown on line 315, “ Mrs. Delacroix selected a stone so large and had to pick it up with both hands and turned to Mrs. Dunbar “come on” she said “Hurry up”. Mrs. Delacroix and Tessie Hutchinson were good friends as shown in line 108-110, “Clean forgot what day it was, she said to Mrs. Delacroix, who stood next to her, and they both laughed softly.”

Even though both were such good friends, Mrs. Delacroix ends up killing Tessie Hutchinson by throwing stones at her. Mrs. Delacroix showed her true self through the tradition of the lottery. This shows how Mrs. Delacroix does not accept Tessie Hutchinson because she was chosen as the lottery winner. “The Lottery” is written differently compared to “Texas V. Johnson Majority Opinion”. They are different in the way Justice Brennan shows acceptance to those who are different, but Mrs. Delacroix does not.

Like the text Texas V. Johnson Majority Opinion, the characters in the text, “My So-Called Enemy”, are not judgmental to those different from them. In the video, girls from different backgrounds are found to be enemies toward one another but end up accepting each other based on who they are as people. Inas, who is Palestinian, says “when I see the Jewish girls as individuals, I love them and all of them are my friends. We talk everyday and we eat together, we dance together, and we see the movies together.” Even though the girls are very diverse because of their different nationalities, Inas thinks of the others like her own friends. She is willing to accept others who are different from her. As said on the screen text, the six girls, who are taught to be enemies, are given 10 days to fight for something better. In the video, all of the girls hang out in the bowling alley and scream Girls! Girls! Girls! It is rational to think that they have changed and became closer through their bonding.

Furthermore, Gal (Israeli) said, “my friendship with Rezan is one of the most important thing for me in the world. And I’m afraid that something like the army is going to conquer it.” In the times that they were together, they have had a closer relationship, which makes them accept each other no matter who they are. Compared to “Texas V. Johnson Majority Opinion”, both shows acceptance to those who are different. However, the “Texas V. Johnson Majority Opinion” is different from “The Lottery” because they do not accept those who are different just because of a specific ritual that needs to be followed. In addition, the girls in “My So Called Enemy”, conquer to strive for what is right based on accepting those around them.

Comparing the three texts, the characters of “Texas V. Johnson Majority Opinion, “The Lottery” and “My So Called Enemy” have different views on accepting others. In “Texas V. Johnson Majority Opinion”, the people show acceptance by being able accept those who have different opinions. However, in “The Lottery” one of the characters does not show acceptance to those who are different from them in the village. Inversely, “My So Called Enemy” shows that people should accept those who are different from them. By reading the three texts from the collection “Ourselves And Others”, we learn that we should accept others and not judge those different from us. Instead, we should learn to acknowledge and accept their differences.

Tessie Hutchinson in “The Lottery”

Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery” portrays a small town in which the citizens gather for a yearly lottery. The story begins on a beautiful summer afternoon. The town’s citizens are eager, gathering in the town square in order to take part in the yearly lottery by drawing slips of paper from a traditional black box. Everyone, including Mrs. Tessie Hutchinson, awaits this yearly tradition and most of them agree that this tradition should continue to be held in their small town.

The lottery seems exciting; however, unlike a typical lottery the reader finds that toward the end of this short story it is not a lottery anyone in the small town wishes to win. The unlucky winner of the lottery, Tessie Hutchinson, is a character of tardiness or procrastination, anxiety, whining and annoyance; however, she never questions the reasoning behind the lottery, only why it is her that has to die.

From the very beginning of this story, the author curiously builds up the character of Tessie Hutchinson so that she seems to deserve her cruel execution.

Of all the villagers, Tessie shows up late, dressed in her apron, proclaiming that she’d forgotten what day it was. Even before the lottery begins, she is already guilty of tardiness and deserves punishment just like a student disrupting a class in school. It is ironic that one could truly forget something that is so awful. After reading the story and knowing the outcome, I wonder if Tessie was dreading this day all along. When Tessie was in no danger she was gossiping with the other ladies and even encouraged her husband to go and pick a piece of paper.

When Hutchinson’s name is called out to come draw a slip of paper, Tessie hurried her husband by telling him to get up there. This conduct makes her seem to be anxious about the drawing, but confident that their slip of paper won’t have the dreaded black dot on it. Her anxiety and excitement makes the reader believe that drawing the marked lottery ticket is good, such as the case of winning lottery tickets in this day and age. We’re clueless that the drawing of the black dot will bring about an evil execution.

Later, Tessie’s attitude towards the lottery’s development makes her whiny and annoying to the reader as well as to her fellow villagers. When she discovers that her husband drew the paper with the black dot, “Suddenly, Tessie Hutchinson shouted to Mr. Summers, `you didn’t give him time enough to take any paper he wanted. I saw you. It wasn’t fair!’” She whined and complained that her husband, Mr. Hutchinson, should be able to draw again. Tessie even tried to plead for a re-draw, saying that her daughters weren’t included in the drawing. She knew that they belonged to their husband’s family, but she tried whining about it anyway.

When Tessie wins the lottery; she pleads for another chance and screams for mercy. She demands that her daughters take their chances as well, which is indicative of regression toward our basic instinct of survival. She did not seem to be upset that she would soon lose her life, but she demands that the drawing was unfair. Mrs. Hutchinson seemed to be a well-liked person in her town, although her kindness was overlooked when she began to complain and protest the method of the lottery drawing. Her good friend, Mrs. Delacroix, was one of the first in the crowd to say, “Be a good sport, Tessie.” Other characters in the story also make comments concerning Tessie’s complaints and annoying cries.

One can’t help but feel sorry for poor Tessie, who sadly lost her life due to the cruel and unusual death by stoning at the hands of her fellow townsmen. They did all this for the sake that it may bring a fruitful crop for the coming harvest season. Surprisingly, even Tessie’s closest friends were among the crowd who stoned her to death. Mrs. Delacroix, the friend Tessie first spoke to when she finally arrived at the town square, was mentioned as finding the largest stone ~ one that she could barely pick up. Mrs. Tessie Hutchinson was tardy to the biggest event of the year. She desperately hoped that her family would not win the lottery, yet her whining and complaining annoyed everyone and tends to make the reader feel that she deserves the death that she was awarded, although no one should have to suffer such cruelty.

Theme Of “The Lottery” By Shirley Jackson

“The Lottery” Shirley Jackson uses several literary elements to show why authority should be questioned and not taken for granite throughout the short story “The Lottery.” Jackson uses the litearay elements irony, color, and point of view throughout the short story to demonstrate how authority should be questioned.

Irony is used throughout the short story to demonstrate why authority should be questioned. On page 63, Mr. Adams questions Old Man Warner about the purpose of the lottery explaining that in the other village, the lottery is no longer in effect.

Without a reasonable explanation, Old Man Warner shuts down Mr. Adams who obviously does not believe in the lottery. If Mr. Adams would push the issue more, Mrs. Hutchinson possibly would not of been brutally murdered for no reason along with many other people in future lotteries. This comment is ironic because people are afraid to put a stop to something that is obviously injustice to society simply because people are afraid to question authority and tradition.

On page 64, Mrs. Hutchinson yell’s to some other citizen’s stating, “Make them take their chance!” This comment is ironic because she is the one later chosen to die by stones thrown at her from the very people that she is yelling at. Mrs. Hutchinson’s death could have easily been prevented if someone, anyone had the guts to stand up for what they feel is right and justice.

Jackson uses colors to portray the mood of the story by frequently using the color black. The black box is tradition for the small town this story was based in, the citizens were afraid to question authority and get the box cleaned up, “but no one liked to upset even as much tradition as was represented by the black box”¦the box grew shabbier each year.” The entire mood of the story was very somber, people acted fake, they were afraid to question authority or to be different. One of the papers put in the black box was stained black using coal; this stain represents a somber and evil mood in the story. This is a society where citizens are so afraid to be looked down upon that they will not question an immoral and injustice annual practice know as the lottery. If Jackson would have used the color blue or green, a positive lively color, then the story would not be so depressing and people would be happier in the story. Jackson effectively uses black to portray a sense of unhappiness and depression.

Point of view is another literary element used by Jackson throughout the story. The third person point of view hides the thoughts and feelings of the characters. By hiding the characters thoughts and feelings, readers can only make assumptions based on the actions of the characters. Based on some of the characters actions, it’s obvious that many characters do not agree with the lottery and the practices of the town, but are simply scared to question the practices. Old Man Warner is never strongly questioned throughout the story; he seems to be the authority figure in the story, the one that the citizens do not question.

In conclusion, Jackson’s message is clear “” Authority should always be questioned and not taken for granite as well as tradition! Jackson’s use of irony, color and point of view to clearly present her message. She effectively, but casually presents her feelings towards the subject matter throughout the story using literary elements.

“The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson and “The Shawl” by Cynthia Ozick

The Lottery by Shirley Jackson and The Shawl by Cynthia Ozick are two short stories that when read in comparison can be seen as lacking similarity. It is often the case that when literature is read in contrast to another work there are a vast number of obvious differences between them. Aside from the two stories having apparent diversity in authors and characters it can be found that various other elements are exceptionally varied from one another. However, in many cases if a closer look is taken in the examination and comparison of two stories, similarities can be found.

Perhaps both stories use symbolism in a similar manner by presenting the reader with a powerful message or maybe the two have a similar plot. Perhaps the similarity lies in something as simple as the theme the story portrays. By taking a closer look as to what The Lottery and The Shawl have in common, it can be seen that despite their differences they both have similar image presenting symbolism, a theme of survival, as well as a grim plot filled with tension.

It should come as no surprise that both of these shorts stories utilize the literary element of symbolism. Symbolism is used in a story to offer either strong or subtle images of a message that the author is trying to convey to the reader without saying it outright. In Jacksons The Lottery, the small village can be seen as a symbol primarily aimed at illustrating the dangers of the ignorant pursuit of tradition. Just because things have always been done a certain way in this village, does not mean that such practiced traditions are valuable for the people and community. It is possible that this symbol can convey and stress the importance of knowledge as opposed to the blind adherence to rules and in this case traditions set forth by the village. In Ozicks The Shawl, we find the majority of symbolism is possessed in the shawl itself.

Within the story, the shawl in a sense could represent obedience because it provides the ability to hide and remain hidden from sight. Concealed by the shawl, Magda creates no opposition and is not noticed by officers who would kill her. In this, a subtle similarity can be found with the symbolism in The Lottery, because the people of the village blindly follow with no opposition just like Magda. The people of the village are just like Magda in the sense that they do not create opposition and try to remain unnoticed in order to not become a target for the sake of survival. The village and the shawl are both symbolic of the same idea, which is that while the town shields the people from opposing the lottery; the shawl shields Magda from the guards. Both stories use symbolism to express a concealed yet imperative idea in the story.

Aside from symbolism, both short stories obtain a theme of survival. In The Lottery, the story begins by presenting the reader with a setting of a pleasant simple town where everything seems ordinary, but as the tension builds it is understood as to what exactly is going on. Unlike the people of the town who are following rules and traditions, the people in The Shawl are being led to concentration camps. Both groups of people are faced with imminent death and are doing what they are told in hopes of not killed. In this sense, the theme of both stories are one in the same because both groups are only trying to be inconspicuous and survive the day by doing as they are told so that they can be allowed the right to live.

Of course both short stories are diverse in relationship to who dies, why it is that they die, and the possibility of multiple deaths. However, it is the case in both stories that there is a powerful uncertainty about who will die which causes the plot to thicken with tension. As for the characters in the story, this causes all of them to exist in a state of constant stress and fear, which in return causes the reader as to what will happen. Despite the fact that The Lottery takes place in what seems to be a simple town and The Shawl in a concentration camp, the tension is similar in both because the characters in each do not know their fate or what gruesome events will take place.

In retrospect, it can be seen that although Jackson and Ozick did not intend for there to be similarity in their short stories; it exists. Despite the fact that their differences greatly outweigh the resemblance if a close look is taken into the elements that makes the stories what they are it can be seen that two stories which appear to be completely dissimilar can really be viewed as one in the same. Although there are many ways in which the elements in the two stories can be interpreted in comparing The Lottery and The Shawl it can not be overlooked that there is parallelism of the two short stories symbolism, plot, and theme.

OutlineI.Introa.Central Idea: Despite differences between the The Lottery and The Shawl, similarities of symbolism, theme, and plot can be found.

b.Thesis Statement: By taking a closer look as to what The Lottery and The Shawl have in common, it can be seen that despite their differences they both have similar image presenting symbolism, a theme of survival, as well as a grim plot filled with tension.

II.Bodya.The symbolism in both stories is similar because both the village and the shawl shield from opposing forces.

b.Characters in both stories support a theme of survival as they strive to live another day.

c.The plot in both stories is filled with tension, which takes the reader on a rollercoaster of uncertainty.

III.Conclusiona.Topic Sentence: In retrospect, it can be seen that although Jackson and Ozick did not intend for there to be similarity in their short stories; it exists.

Works Cited

Jackson, Shirley. “The Lottery.” Literature: An Introduction to Reading and Writing. Edgar V. Roberts and Henry E. Jacobs. 3rd ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2006. 208-14Ozick, Cynthia. “The Shawl.” Literature: An Introduction to Reading and Writing. Edgar V. Roberts and Henry E. Jacobs. 3rd ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2006. 242-45

Compare and Contrast The Rocking Horse Winner and The Lottery

THESIS: The two short stories, “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson and “The Rocking Horse Winner” by D. H. Lawrence both use symbols to help the reader understand the theme of the story; however the themes of both stories were completely different, one about love the other the lack of love.

In “The Lottery” and “The Rocking Horse Winner” both authors use symbols to help convey the central message of the story to their readers.

In “The Lottery”, Jackson uses the black box to symbolize the villagers’ connection to the tradition of the lottery.

“The original paraphernalia for the lottery had been lost long ago” The villagers were willing to let some parts of the lottery change but never question why or even think about changing the lottery itself

“The black box grew shabbier each year”. Falling apart but villagers show no interest in replacing it

The Black box had no significance the rest of the year and could be found in several different locations throughout the town

In “The Rocking Horse Winner”, Lawrence uses the whispering house and the rocking horse to show how greed gets you nowhere.

“There must be more money” The house spoke of it often, usually when the children received things that they knew that the family could not afford. They had servants but no car of their own, because they were poor.

Paul thought he could stop the house from whispering if he could win enough money. After giving his mom all of his earnings the house simply got louder. “The voices in the house went mad”

This scared Paul and made him want to get more money. He could no longer hear from the rocking horse. This made him ride it faster and longer. In the end Paul died trying to quiet the whispers in the house.

While both authors used symbolism to convey the message of their stories the themes of the stories could not have been more different.

In “The Lottery” the theme of the story is the lack of love shown by the villagers

The villagers follow custom with no questions asked

The villagers are not willing to give up the customs

They are teaching lack of compassion to the next generation

The theme in “The Rocking Horse Winner” is love.

Paul loves his mom so much he is desperate to prove himself lucky and perhaps this would make her love him. Paul was angered by his mother not believing that he was lucky and set out to prove her wrong.

Paul risks himself to give her what she needed, money. He sacrificed his own life for his mother. Paul gave his mother all of his earnings because he thought he could always get more. He then stopped having all the answers and lost money. He rode his horse nonstop until his ultimate death.

When people hear the word “lottery”, their minds usually turn to positive things and most likely the chance of winning something such as money. The title “Rocking Horse Winner” would make readers think that this story would be about a child winning a rocking horse. From the simple titles alone, most readers would think that these stories would have a positive outcome. They both draw you completely in and turn out to have a much different ending than you would imagine. The two short stories, “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson and “The Rocking Horse Winner” by D. H. Lawrence both use symbols to help the reader understand the theme of the story; however, the themes of both stories were completely different, one about love and the other about the lack of love.

In “The Lottery” and “The Rocking Horse Winner,” both authors use symbols to help convey the central message of the story to their readers. In “The Lottery,” Jackson uses the black box to symbolize the villagers’ connection to the tradition of the lottery. The black box was not the original box that was used for the lottery and was old and worn down. “The box grew shabbier each year” (par. 5) but the villagers showed no interest in replacing or fixing it. Many of the old traditions of the lottery had been abandoned, but for whatever reason the lottery was still held each summer without questions from the villagers. Even though “the original paraphernalia for the lottery had been lost long ago” (par. 5) and many of the customs had been abandoned or changed to suit the needs of the growing town, the villagers were unwilling to change or even question giving up the lottery itself. The black box had no significance the rest of the year in the town.

It could be found in several different locations throughout the town. In “The Rocking Horse Winner,” Lawrence uses the whispering house and the rocking horse to show how greed gets you nowhere. When the children in the story received gifts that their family could not afford, the house would whisper “there must be more money” (par. 5). The family seemed to outsiders to be well off because of the house they lived in and that they had servants, but they had no car. Paul thought that he could stop the voices in the house if he could just make enough money gambling. After he gave his mom all of his winnings, the voices in the house only got louder and “the voices in the house suddenly went mad” (par. 176). This scared Paul and only made him want to get more money, but he suddenly could not hear the winner from riding his rocking horse. Paul began to ride his horse longer and faster than ever before. In the end Paul, dies trying to quiet the whispers in the house.

While both authors used symbolism to convey the message of their stories, the themes of the stories could not have been more different. In “The Lottery,” the theme of the story is the lack of love shown by the villagers. The villagers were all willing to follow the customs of the lottery without asking any questions. Even when Mrs. Hutchinson was chosen as the person to be stoned, she never once asked why or tried to get out of it; her only defense was “it wasn’t fair” (para.50). The village people were willing to give up most of the original traditions of the lottery but not the lottery itself. Several of the other towns had already stopped doing the lottery, but in this town the peoples’ only defense was “there’s always been a lottery” (para. 31). The villagers were teaching lack of love and compassion to the next generation.

Even Mrs. Hutchinson’s own son was given rocks and took part willingly in stoning his own mother to death. The theme in “The Rocking Horse Winner” is love. Paul loves his mom so much he is desperate to prove himself lucky and perhaps this would make her love him. Paul is angry when his mother does not believe that he is lucky and sets out to prove her wrong. He risks himself to give her what she needed, money. He sacrificed his own life for his mother. Paul gave his mother all of his earnings because he thought he could always get more. He then stopped having all the answers and lost money. He rode his horse nonstop until his ultimate death.

In “The Lottery” and “The Rocking Horse Winner,” both stories use different symbols to help the reader to understand them, even though the themes of both stories are completely different. One story tells about the lack of love and compassions shown by villagers to each other, and the other tells about the love a boy has for his mother. Lawrence and Jackson were both able to use symbolism to effectively add depth and richness to their stories.


Lawrence, D.H. (2013). “The Rocking Horse Winner”. In Kennedy, X.J., & Gioia, D. (Eds.), _Literature: an introduction to fiction, poetry, drama, and writing_ (pp. 234-245). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education Inc.

Jackson, S. (2013). “The Lottery”. In Kennedy, X.J., & Gioia, D. (Eds.), _Literature: an introduction to fiction, poetry, drama, and writing_ (pp. 250-256). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education Inc.

The Lottery Symbolism

Symbolism is the application of symbols to signify things or bring them to mind. In her story “The Lottery”, Shirley Jackson expresses her emotions towards man’s carelessness and violent practices of traditions. This is shown when the lottery takes place in the story and the “winner” is stoned to death to help crop growth in the village. Shirley Jackson uses symbolism to represent a sequence of events that occur throughout the story. She uses symbolism in the characters’ names, the black box, and the lottery itself.

Symbolism is exposed in “The Lottery” in some of the characters’ names, which include Mr. Summers, Mr. Graves, Old Man Warner, and Mrs. Delacroix. In the story, Mr. Summers is a man who is responsible for all the civic activities including the lottery. His name is symbolic because the tradition of the lottery takes place in the summer time. Also, the word summer is used to describe happiness, beauty, and tranquility. So, despite the feelings of happiness and relaxation that may come from his name, Mr.

Summers plays a role in helping with the death of a villager.

Mr. Graves, the holder of the black box, assists Mr. Summers in conducting the lottery. Mr. Grave’s name symbolises death which is the outcome of the short story “The Lottery”. His name foreshadows that death is to come. The author chose to associate his name with his character, revealing that Mr. Graves plays a role in the death of the villagers.

Old Man Warner is the oldest man in the village, and has participated in seventy-seven lotteries. He is fearful of change and therefore, he does not want any changes in the tradition of the lottery regardless of the dreadful outcome. He expresses that when he says, “…used to be a saying about ‘Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon’…” Reading that his name is Old Man Warner, the reader would assume that he will warn people of doing the right thing and that he will be the wisest one amongst all the villagers – since he is the oldest thus the more experienced one. However, he does not, and he demonstrates that when he is at the front of the crowd encouraging people to throw stones at the victim of the lottery, Tessie Hutchinson, and saying, “come on, come on, everyone” (Jackson 6).

Mrs. Delacroix’s name is also significant in this story because the word “Delacroix” in French means “of the cross”. In the Christian religion, the cross symbolizes dignity, respect, courage, and compassion, which is the exact opposite of the actions she portrays. In the story Mrs. Delacroix was the one who picked up the largest stone to throw at Tessie Hutchinson and said to her friend Mrs. Dunbar, “come on, hurry up” (Jackson 5).

When people think of the colour black they think of evil, darkness, and/or something bad. In this short story, a black box is used to hold the slips of paper that are drawn out by the villagers. The black box is shabby and the villagers can see that clearly, however, they do not want to replace it. As Shirley Jackson says in her short story “Mr. Summers spoke frequently to the villagers about making a new box, but no one liked to upset even as much tradition as was represented by the black box” (1). This quote shows that because they think it is a part of the tradition of the lottery, the villagers want to leave it as it is.

Shirley Jackson uses the colour black to symbolize evil; the wickedness that will come from this black box. Shirley Jackson could have also used the black box as a reference to Pandora’s Box. In Greek mythology, it is said that Zeus gave Epimetheus’ wife Pandora a box and told her never to open it. Out of curiosity, Pandora opened the box and it unleashed all the bad things that exist in the world such as hate, poverty, and sickness. Therefore, Shirley Jackson could have used the black box in the story to symbolize that when the black box in “The Lottery” is opened, something bad will happen as well.

Shirley Jackson uses a great amount of symbolism in the actual lottery itself. She uses the brutal and merciless practices of the lottery to draw attention to the cruelty found in society today. The lottery is a tradition practiced by these villagers to bring luck in their corn growth, by sacrificing a villager. It isn’t logical that any good would come out of stoning someone to death, yet the traditions and practices make the villagers think otherwise.

The short story “The Lottery” uses a great amount of symbols to deliver what the author wants her readers to see. Symbols such as the characters’ names, the black box, and the lottery itself make up the story and foreshadow events and ideas that later present themselves. In conclusion, by using these symbols, Shirley Jackson was able to successfully portray her emotions towards man’s carelessness.

Works Cited

“Classic Short Stories” _The Lottery_. Web. 26 March. 2010.

“Online Dictionary” _Symbolism_. Web. 26 March. 2010