The movie The Hunger Games

The movie, The Hunger Games takes place in a totalitarian-like nation called Panem and it’s 13 districts. The Capitol of Panem, is a utopian city that oversees all the districts and is governed by the dictator, President Snow. The citizens that reside in the capitol are amongst the wealthiest and most influential individuals within Panem, the citizens here are known for their extravagant lifestyle and over the top sense of style.

Meanwhile, the citizens of each district work hard to provide the Capitol and it’s resident with the resources needed to maintain their lifestyles. Having to export everything to the Capitol, leaves the district citizens with little to nothing to survive off. Panem used to have 13 Districts but after a rebellion in District 13 broke out, President Snow released toxic bombs onto District 13 and now only 12 Districts remain. As a means of instilling fear and destroying the citizens’ sense of Hope, President Snow created and built a televised arena to host an annual competition, known as the Hunger Games. This competition consisted of 1 male and 1 female from each District, for a total of 24 participants and they were sent into a televised arena to fight for their lives, as there could only be one victor. The games went on uninterrupted until the 74th Annual games, when Katniss Everdeen volunteered to take her sister’s place. This act of love gave other’s hope and it was that small amount of hope that started a new revolution. Based on the summary, one would assume that Social Conflict Theory would best fit this movie, but let us first explore all three paradigms and then determine the best fitting paradigm for The Hunger Games. The first paradigm, Functionalism Theory advocated by Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim; it sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote stability and social order. These different parts, known as social structures, are seen as fulfilling specific social functions. For example, the purpose of family is to fulfill the role of socializing children and in turn teach them how to live within society.

In the film, Katniss’ father passed away and left behind two daughters and a widow. Due to the lack of a father, Katniss steps up and assigns herself that paternal role. When this role is reassigned, Katniss unknowingly is proving her family with attention, emotional support and protection within her family. Another example of functionalism, it the role each District provides the Capitol with. Each district is in charge of providing the Capitol with a specific resource and together, all the districts help provide for the Capitol. Seeing as the Capitol is the sole controller of Panem and its’ districts, it maintains order by setting up an effervescent government, strict caste system and shared norms, ideas and values. In the eyes of the Capitol, the rules are set up fairly to favor both the elites and the districts and allows people to believe in this disillusioned belief that if people work really hard, they too can move up the ranks.

The second paradigm Conflict Theory, is advocated by Karl Marx. Conflict theorists imagine society as being composed of different groups that struggle over limited resources such as status, power, money, land, etc. This view sees change as being fundamental to society. The entire premise behind this movie is the class-conflict between the two classes, the Capitolist who have immense wealth, influence and power and the Districts who have to work to barely survive. This way of life works for some time but eventually resistance is bound to take place. This resistance forced the Capitol to take severe actions on its’ own people, as a means to ensure balance was restored. The use of the Annual Hunger Games functions to intimidate and isolate the districts, provide entertainment for the Capitolists and give hope to the participants that they would be that one remaining victor. Lastly, Interactionist paradigms advocated by George Mead, Charles Cooley and Erving Goffman. Interactionism focuses on people’s individual social situations, and the meaning that they attach to them. Interactionism understands society as the product of everyday social interactions, such as the shared reality that people create through interactions. Interactionists see society as a large group of people interacting with one another. The Capitol is the epicenter of the Districts, and it closely monitors everything around them. It sees when police presence is needed to teach district residents about respect and order and that they are to follow orders not matter what. Another example of symbolic interactionism is the main character, Katniss Everdeen; she is the symbol for change, fire, destruction and rebellion and is nicknamed the mockingjay. She unintentionally goes against all norms, provides people with a sense of hope and sees what’s wrong with the world. During the televised games, Katniss shows remorse towards a fellow competitor by giving the competitor a proper burial. This act of selflessness hadn’t been seen in previous games and everyone is shocked when they see that not everyone lacks humanity.

At the end of the film, Katniss decided to one again go against the rules and decides that for this year’s games there will either be two or no victors. Based on the three paradigms presented, the movie The Hunger Games is vastly represented by Social Conflict Theory. The film revolves around the idea that change is needed in order to maintain a form of social order within the districts. This change stems from President Snow’s totalitarian regime, where he has divided Panem into the Capitol and the Districts. The uses of the Annual Hunger Games and PeaceKeepers (police presence), allows the Capitol to remain in power by having total control of the districts and their resources. The difference in power, allows capitol resident to feel at ease as they do not need to send volunteers to the game. While, district residents have no choice but to participate in the random selection process. Another form of conflict theory is the characters’ appearances based on clothing. Capitalists have these outrageously, colorful and standout outfits while the districts have on grey colored clothes. Conflict theory revolves around the idea that social order is derived from superiority rather than unity and obedience.

The Hunger Games Review

Suzanne Collins’ book series ?The Hunger Games? takes place in a dystopian America, where there are twelve districts that live in full control of the Capitol. Each district works for a different field, and being born in a district forces you to go into the workforce in that field when you turn 18. Each district also lives in great poverty.

Most of the materials, products and goods from every district go into the capitol, the only place without poverty. Each year, something similar to a draft called a Reaping happens in every district, and chooses a boy and a girl from the ages of 12 through 17 to go to the Hunger Games. The Hunger Games is organized by the Capitol, and is a fight to the death with only one winner. The books are told from the perspective of Katniss, a girl from district twelve who volunteered for the games when her sister got chosen. In this essay I will be focusing on Catching Fire, the second book in the series. In this essay, I will be writing about the theme in the second book of the series, The Hunger Games: Catching Fire. I think the theme of Catching Fire is that good things come in unexpected ways. First, after learning of the strike that the other districts are doing, Katniss meets some people from district 8 that escaped to try to get to district 13, which is believed to still be active despite the nuking that had happened when they tried to rebel against the capitol. When these people meet Katniss, they are immediately grateful, and explain the symbol of rebellion she is used as. Katniss has been thinking about rebelling against the Capitol, and finally has a better grasp of how much political power she has. The people she meets, Bonnie and Twill, only escaped their district because of the tragedy that had been occuring there.

It was not just by chance that they managed to meet Katniss, and describe what kind of impact she has on society. Another reason I think this is the theme is because of when she is brought into the games. It is announced that for the year 75 Quarter Quell, two victors from every district, one male and one female, will be brought back into the games. Katniss finds out and is devastated, as she is the only female victor in district twelve. While most would see this as a bad thing, they forget that this is what eventually leads her to escaping from Panem altogether. Every tribute has always had the goal of keeping Katniss alive and overthrowing the capitol. The head gamemaker himself, Plutarch Heavensbee, is part of a secret group within the capitol that believes in district rights. He designed the games in a way that Katniss would be able to escape to district 13, where she would continue to act as a model for hope within the districts. When Katniss first enters the games, she thinks that all hope is lost, but because she is able to escape, she is defying what she believed. This example is by far the most valid sample of this theme, because as she starts to think that all hope is doomed, she gets saved, and even finds out that almost every district has stopped functioning, as hoped for. Not only does Katniss survive and continue to act as a sort of spokesmodel for the rebellion, but we also find out that the rebellion itself is finally in full effect. Another example of this theme within the story is in the beginning, when Katniss and Peeta are visiting district 11 on their victory tour.

At the end, shortly after Katniss talks about her sincere thoughts about Thresh and Rue, an old man whistles the same tune that represents the end of a work day, and safety in the arena. After that, everyone present puts three fingers to their lips, and then raise them in the air as a sort of salute, more specifically a salute that is associated with rebellion against the capitol. After Katniss and Peeta are supposed to be leaving, Katniss realizes she forgot a bouquet of flowers that she got from the district. When she goes back for them, she sees some peacekeepers dragging him in front of the crowd, making him get on his knees, and then shooting him. It seems as if this may have no significance, but to me it does. For one, seeing what happens to people who rebel in very subtle ways inspired Katniss to continue the path of defiance she had been taking the entire time, while also playing all the right cards to stay alive in the process. Another reason this turned around in a good way is because as we find out later, every district goes on strike. The death of this man, while maybe common within 11, definitely added pressure to the tension within 11, that eventually caused it to corrupt entirely. Terrible things occur in the story, but they always manage to get turned around in a positive way. District 8 gets bombed, a man in district 11 gets brutally killed, and Katniss is forced into the games once again. As I have described in the paragraphs above, every one of these events has a good result. In conclusion, I believe that the theme of The Hunger Games: Catching Fire is that good things can happen in unexpected ways.

The Hunger Games Reversed Stereotype

The Hunger Games is a movie series based around the female lead character Katniss Everdeen. The movie introduces a very unique perspective on gender roles and gender stereotypes. The main plot of the movie involves people of the lower class districts, which represent the lower class, are placed in a battle royale death match.

Katniss is entered into the event and can be viewed as a symbol of strength and independence by a woman as opposed to the usual portrayal of a damsel in distress in media and other films. She ends up being a part of The Hunger Games, a televised entertainment event which people must fight for their lives. Her ability to achieve victory without needing to be saved by someone is a positive representation for women who often are portrayed as weak, and not leaders. Her father dies in the film and Katniss immediately has to take the role of the leader pof her home. She must hunt and provide for them, leaving the area of the village she lives in for adventures in the woods. This is how she begins to build her character and independence.

The first example of Katniss’s characteristics in the film is when she volunteers in place of her young sister, Prim, who was selected as a participant in the upcoming Hunger Games. When her sister’s life was threatened, she stands out among the crowd as a brave woman who is willing to risk her life to save her sister, unlike the many others in the crowd who would have rather let the young girl go to battle than go themselves. Katniss is now placed in the hero role of the movie. She doesn’t plan on going to die either, as she knows her family depends on her. While an action like this is usually given to a male character to portray the stereotypical heroic and manly thing to do, Katniss is driven by her maternal instincts to protect her sister and to make it out alive for them. She will endure the the harsh conflict herself for her family. Katniss’s primary goal in The Hunger Games is survival and nothing more. At some point, she ends up in the midst of an elaborate plan with another character and participant of The Hunger Games, Peeta. Katniss’s plan is to pretend to fall in love with Peeta for the cameras to watch. The cameras that broadcast the event spectate the survivors during the game. In order to attract the attention of some sponsors, she needs to deceive the viewers into believing she has romantic interests.

The sponsors are her best bet to survive. They will provide Katniss with the help she needs to ensure that she survives the Hunger Games. Katniss and Peeta also want to assure President Snow that their main interest is true love driven by their romantic passion, and not a rebellion against the upper class. After their success in The Hunger Games, they begin to prepare a wedding which is actually an elaborate trick. This emphasizes Katniss’s rejection of the traditional narrative of a feminine romance. Usually the woman will feel like she needs to seek a romantic interest at some point in their character development. Katniss does not want to marry Peeta and she doesn’t need the stereotypical happily ever after ending. She is not that kind of feminine character. She is her own person in the film. She consistently gives off a serious tone. She only has one goal and she doesn’t let anything distract her from it. She needs to return to her family, so she will save herself, not rely on being saved. The Hunger Games will occasionally put Katniss in female roles throughout the movie, but not to show a change of thought by Katniss. This is done in order to emphasize how nonsensical such female roles are, and she is visibly uncomfortable investing in those female roles. She wears multiple dresses in the film which completely changes Katniss’s appearance and makes her seem like a more desirable woman than usual. Katniss does have a strong bond with the designer Cinna, and because of this she admires the dresses despite how much she dislikes the idea of dressing up to look pretty. She wears the dresses because she has to, not because she wants to. The reason why she has to dress up is because she wanted to win the sponsors over from the Hunger Games battle. However, her plan after the Hunger Games is actually to inspire a resistance against the capital, the upper class people who are responsible for having created and organized The Hunger Games as a televised event.

The dresses she wears are all part of an act. They serve as a decoy for her grand scheme, rather than as an expression of her own personal identity or choices. Connecting to the main theme that this film implies, Katniss is not a stereotypical female character. She is a leader who develops her own ambitions and wants to influence a rebellion. Katniss ultimately takes on leadership and displays qualities that are often held by a man in films. Peeta, on the other hand, seems to swap the role commonly held by the female. Peeta is actually committed to the romantic act that he and Katniss put on. He really loves Katniss and constantly expresses it directly to her. He seems to fill that role of a damsel in distress that Katniss has avoided. Katniss and others save Peeta multiple times from danger and near death throughout The Hunger Games. This further supports that the stereotypical gender roles seem to be reversed in The Hunger Games. Katniss is seen as a hero who helps Peeta, the damsel in distress. However, some believe that throughout the movie there is too much of an emphasis on typical male qualities in the character of Katniss. Some believe that she should have embraced more feminine characteristics while maintaining the role as a leader. Katniss could be seen as the media still pushing the ideas of a dominant male lead because of Katniss’s masculine characteristics and rejection of feminine qualities.

This is the wrong approach to the ideas pushed by the film. The Hunger Games is telling the story of a woman who lost her father and learned how to provide for her family on her own. She developed traits of not only a father but of a mother as well. Her influence on others in the film was a result of her desires. She didn’t let outside factors distract her from her objective, and in the end, she ended up seeking more to accomplish than just stay at home to protect her family. She shows that women are capable of being successful when they have a goal, that women can be the leader of change. The Hunger Games series is based on the kill or be killed excitement of a battle royale to the death. It celebrates Katniss for her heroics, leadership, and ambitions. The stereotypical masculine characteristics do seem to be present in Katniss throughout her violent battles. However, Katniss should instead be viewed as a strong female who is driven by her maternal instincts to protect and to provide for her family. She has her own goals of leading a rebellion rather than indulging in a romance. She is the symbol of a focused and ambitious woman, a quality which is underappreciated and overlooked in the development of so many female characters in films.

The Use of Symbols in the Hunger Games

Written by Suzanne Collins, the Hunger Game is an adult dystopian novel with various symbols. The aim of this paper is to discuss three important symbols in the narrative and explore their role in the setting. To start with, Panem is an important word in the novel that symbolizes the dystopian United States.

Recalled as Panem et circenses in ancient Rome and used to refer to circuses and bread in Latin, Panem is referenced to gladiatorial games of Ancient Rome. In reference to Roman Ceaser, the Panem phrase is used as a strategy to lure the public minds using a forceful discontent. Roman Caesar provided entertainment and plenty of food to the public as a strategy of quelling discontentment. The novel combines reality television and gladiatorial Games to create the narrative behind the Hunger Games.

There is a link between the Panem and the U.S culture as the author decides to retain the U.S cultural heritage such as Appalachia mining industry within the present-day U.S Panem setup. However, the metaphor behind the District 12 becomes complicated due to the influence of Ancient Roman on Panem. Connections between the modern U.S and Ancient Rome exist as a result of Panem, suggesting that the modern United States is derived from its own systematic Panem et circenses strategy. To remind the districts of their powerlessness, the games were created as a defeat mechanism for the Capitol. In addition, people from Panem are discontent to the fact that the districts are underfed. Panem has failed to emulate Panem et circenses strategy given that most peoples have decided to be rebellion. For instance, due to less availability of food, Katniss decided to engage in illegal hunting as the District 12 is directly involved in the large black market (Collins 3). In this perception, Panem as a symbol in this novel is used to describe the state and offer criticism towards the modern culture in the United States. In summary, there is a similarity between the North American colonies with the thirteen districts of Panama. It is hard to reflect on the fate of all 13 districts of Panem, given that they are ruled by an autocratic system of government. Mockingjay is the second most important symbol in this novel that represents defiance.

The symbol is derived from the bird’s symbolism as a result of a failed project that was influenced by the Capitol to spy and mark the movements of the rebellious districts. The bird symbolism acts as a reminder of the district’s recalcitrance and the failure of the Capitol to trace all movements within the districts as Katniss acknowledge that it as something that slapped the face of the capital (Collins 2). From the start of the novel, Katniss is given a Mockingjay pin Madge as an emblem reflecting resistance, but later the use of the bird symbolizes defiance. However, Rue and Katniss used the birds as a means of communication with Mockingjay becoming a link between the two. However, the death of Rue affects Katniss as she decided to decorate the body of Rue with flowers as a form of defying the Capitol and memory to Rue. The level of hatred Katniss has over the Capitol increased when she later came across the Mockingjay. It reminds her of Rue and she wishes to take revenge over the rebels from the Capitol. Apart from symbolizing the rebellion against the Capitol, Mockingjay itself offers an additional symbolism that reflects on a creature with a spirit of its own as far as the behavior of Katniss is concerned. It is through this spirit that the Capitol has failed to concur, impose power and control all living creatures within 13 districts. The last important symbol in this novel is the Katniss’s dresses symbolize the spirit of the girl.

The Katniss dresses are designed from Cinna and transform her in an epithet since these particular designs reflect and acknowledge the coal mining industry based in the Katniss home district. The dresses are embroiled with synthetic flames to reflect the burning coal. Though the rule of power belongs to the Capitol, the spirit symbolized by the Katniss’s dresses implicate that the power is in the people and the cultural heritage has to embrace the people’s desire. In conclusion, the aim of this paper was to discuss three important symbols in the narrative and explore their role in the setting. The first symbol was Panem, which is an important word in the novel that symbolizes the dystopian United States. Panem also acts as a symbol used to describe the state and offer criticism towards the modern culture in the United States. The second important symbol discussed in this paper was the Mockingjay, a symbol that represents defiance. Last, Katniss’s dresses were the third important symbol that describes the spirit of the girl and her desire for cultural heritage.

The Hunger Games vs. Divergent Final Draft

The Hunger Games and Divergent are two thrilling movies, and they share many similarities and differences throughout the screenplays. Both movies have similar plots and follow the same plan as the stories unfold for the audience. The movies share a dynamic female as the protagonist who faces many obstacles as they fight for righteousness for their communities.

The protagonists, Tris and Katniss, battle adversity in their own unique settings. The movies compare and contrast with their protagonist, political system, and setting. Both movies entertain movie goers with an exciting tale of two brave heroines. In both The Hunger Games and Divergent, Katniss Everdeen and Beatrice Tris Prior are brave characters. The characters are both credible and authentic to the moviegoing audience. Although the characters are similar in their will to make the society better, they each have their own reasons for wanting change. Tris chooses to go against the government in Divergent when she makes the choice to challenge the ways and laws of her community. When she makes the decision to seek reform, she feels the framework of the government is corrupt. At this time the community is divided into sections that they called factions. The community is suffering from a war among these different factions. The community divided, and Tris feels that she can make a change. The factions were divided according to a person’s specific personality strengths. Tris is defined as divergent. This meant she possessed diverse personality traits. The different traits allow Tris to help her community as a leader because of her diverse skills.

In the movie The Hunger Games, Katniss faces hardship herself when the government chooses her sister, Prim, to go to battle for them. Katniss volunteers herself in order to protect her sister and go in her place. At first, Katniss does not want to take on the government. However, to send Prim to The Hunger Games would be too hard on her family. As Katniss begins the games known as the Hunger Games, she realizes that her purpose becomes more than just protecting her family, but she is going to eventually save all Panem. Everyone would benefit from a change in the governmental structure that Katniss would fight for. The individual motivations of Katniss and Tris are different in the beginning. However, in the end their societies are both improved by their efforts and heroic acts. The settings of these two movies also have similarities and differences. Divergent and The Hunger Games both take place in societies that have sustained universal destruction. However, both films also contain some differences in detail. In Divergent, the setting is in Chicago. It is post war Chicago. The city is in ruins and has obviously been shattered. The community is surrounded by a wall. It is then divided into parts called factions. The sections are determined by a test given to the citizens. The civilians with similar traits are grouped together. The setting is in a smaller, confined very specific area which is in contrast to The Hunger Games which spans throughout all of North America. All of the districts in The Hunger Games make up the society of Panem. Both movie settings are after an apocalypse and appear destroyed and weakened.

The setting of both movies is similar in the destructive way they look, but Divergent is confined to one city and The Hunger Games reaches all across North America. One more aspect that can be compared and contrasted throughout the movie is the political framework. In both stories, the citizens live in an oppressed state. In Divergent, the government is centrally operated. The government does not tolerate the society to have different opinions. The conflict or war is waged between the government and the citizens. The main character, Tris, wants the society to have the honor of having opinions to express and rights. The government in The Hunger Games is also centrally operated known as totalitarian. The society is not divided into factions but is broken into twelve districts determined by each individual’s wealth. The citizens have to fight for goods such as food in order to survive. Both protagonists want to improve the government structure that is controlling each of their communities. The desire for change was initially different for both Katniss and Tris. Divergent and The Hunger Games are two science fiction novels that were adapted into movies. The movie plot follows the stories of the two main characters, Katniss and Tris. Both young women battle for reform in war torn communities while facing many hardships caused by the political system they find developing around them. Through the similarities and differences, the movies both explore the theme of perseverance and determination as moviegoers enjoy a thrilling tale.

A post-apocalyptic fictional story – The Hunger Games

The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins is based on a girl named Katniss Everdeen who volunteers to compete in the Hunger Games in exchange for her sister’s safety out of the game. In the Hunger Games 24 participants are chosen to fight to the death until only one participant is left. Katniss displays, but also challenges feminism throughout the story, in which this connects with Mary Wollstonecraft in A Vindication of The Rights of Women and her belief on societies portrayal of women and how it still exists today.

The Hunger Games also reinforces the idea of feminism, especially when Collins chose a female protagonist to be the main character. By examining Katniss through a feminist lens, one can see that Katniss embodies masculinity and with no choice she embodies feminism by using it to her advantage to get through and survive the games. Katniss embodies masculinity when she takes on the head of household after her father passed away, with the way she carries herself, and her ability to care for her family. Due to her father’s passing, she is forced to step up as the provider of her household and she developed skills in hunting and archery.

She goes to the Hob, to trade and bring back what she can for her family, They lose all dignity, in acquiring power, and act as men are observed to act when they have been exalted by the same means (Wollstonecraft 198). Wollstonecraft is explaining the double standard that men are expected to act a certain way and to be successful but if a woman were to do the same there’s a chance the woman would have to pay the consequence. Katniss took on roles that were meant for the men in the family, in which she had no choice. Katniss is also the protector for her younger sister, Primrose, she embodies this when she volunteers to compete in the Hunger Games instead of her sister who was first elected to compete in the games. Katniss felt the need to protect her sister since she was the provider, protector, and head of her household, and because no one else could have protected her sister, she states They’re not our kids, of course. But they might as well be. And you can throw in our mothers, too, because how would they live without us. (Collins 9). When Katniss had a moment to speak with her family and friends before the games, she spoke with her mother. Katniss states, Well you have to help it this time. You can’t clock out and leave Prim on her own. There’s no me now to keep you both alive. (Collins 35). The way her tone and usage of language during the conversation regarding her sister was not a conversation that a mother and daughter would have, it was more of a conversation that a Husband and wife would have. Katniss played the role of a mother and father for her sister, in the games the same role appears when she tries to protect Rue. Since Katniss wasn’t very feminine those that oversaw her appearance had to train her to be less masculine and more feminine. Another thing that symbolized her masculinity, was her bow and arrow. In society it isn’t the norm to see a woman with a weapon, but this is not the first fictional story to have a female protagonist with a weapon, in Speech Sounds by Octavia Butler the main character Rye also carries a gun, The bow and arrow is my weapon. But I’ve spent a fair amount of time throwing knives as well (Collins 57). In Hunger Games, Katniss uses her bow and arrow to not only fend and protect herself in the games, but she also uses it to put food on the table for her mother and Prim.

In Speech Sounds, Rye uses her gun to protect her through the apocalypse, but she never used it until Obsidian died. Both characters are alike since they are strong willed, and brave, but they both also use their weapons as a way of protecting themselves from those that try to harm them. In which this goes against Wollstonecraft’s definition of feminism since women in the past needed men to protect them, but Rye and Katniss did not. During the games Katniss embodies masculinity when she had to protect Peeta, in society men are usually portrayed as the protector and the muscle, but in this story Peeta wasn’t so masculine because he relied on Katniss to protect him, What do I care? I’ve got you to protect me now, (Collins 312). Katniss embodies feminism by how she provides for her family and the amount of responsibility she takes on. Although it does not meet societies expectation of women it still works in favor of feminism because of the equal right of men and women. Since she takes care of her sister, Katniss has become more nurturing and more of a mother towards Prim which is an ability she uses during the games. Katniss couldn’t stand the thought of Prim being killed, so she willingly competed in the games, she took Prim’s place and Prim didn’t have to compete that year, I volunteer. I gasp. I volunteer as tribute (Collins 22). Katniss risked her own life to protect her sister, this was a prime example of how this sacrifice could of came from a thought process of a motherly mindset. Katniss had the same mindset when she met Rue during the games, Rue was about the same age as Prim which helped the two bond a lot faster, I bite my lip. Rue is a small yellow flower that grows in the meadow. Rue. Primrose (Collins 99). Since Rue reminded Katniss of Prim, when she died Katniss sang Rue a lullaby that she sang to Prim, then buried and made a salute to Rue in the cameras so District 11 can see, I want to show the capitol. that Rue was more than just a piece in their games. And so am I (Collins 237). Katniss realizes that she’s being watched by the Capitol because of the stunt she did with Peeta with the berries, creating two victors. The Capitol decided to come up with the idea that the two were star crossed lovers that were willing to sacrifice both their lives if they both couldn’t become victors. Those working for the Capitol were teaching her to act more feminine and classier in front of the Capitol and their people.

She used this to her advantage to get closer to the Capitol and try and take them down for what they’ve done. Katniss’s reinforcement of feminism was her relationship with Peeta, it was all a faade and a tactic of survival because she knew if she pretended to be in love with Peeta for the cameras it would get her closer to the Capitol. Another way she embodies feminism during the games was with Peeta, when she nurtures him and takes care of him while he was wounded in the caves. When Katniss was assessed on her abilities and skills as a hunter and a fighter, she was shown no attention at all, it was as if she never existed. When Katniss speared the apple in the pig’s mouth with one of her arrows, she was trying to prove to them that she is worth the recognition and that she does exist. Thank you for your consideration. I say. Then I give a slight bow and walk straight toward the exit without being dismissed (Collins 102). Mary Wollstonecraft even discusses that women must take extreme measures to get the attention and power they deserve. In the story the president of Panem is male and the president of the United States is also a male, it becomes obvious that those in power not only in real life but in a fictional story is men. Its as though society has portrayed women as incapable of having that amount of power over a large population of people. In Hunger Games the highest main power in Panem lays on a man’s shoulders, in which shows their belief that women are incapable of such power and responsibility even in a fictional story. It forces society to believe that even in a postapocalyptic world, male figures are the only ones to be in charge and have a say on what goes on in a nation. The idea of Katniss is important to this novel because she becomes a role model for man girls and even boys who are still eligible for the games. She may have instilled a courage in these kids to not conform to the way the Capitol expects them to comply but instead to show them the Capitol that they are not just some game piece. Katniss over time becomes not only a person or role model but the face of a revolution to change the history of Panem.

The Hunger Games is a futuristic post-apocalyptic fictional story that is about empowerment and how one girl can be driven enough to defeat anyone who stands in the way of what she’s trying to reach. Katniss embodies what feminism would look like in a fictional society and how she can conform to the roles of women at the same time. Mary Wollstonecraft discusses that women need to take a stand and not listen to what society expects of them, whether it be how they speak, dress, and portray themselves to others. In the Hunger Games Katniss defines what Wollstonecraft was talking about, a woman that uses what society expects of her to her advantage to make a change for not only herself and her family but everyone else in Panem. Katniss embodies that it doesn’t matter whether a person is masculine or feminine, they can still be driven and not let societal norms stop them from achieving their goals. By analyzing Katniss embodiment of feminism and masculinity, she becomes aware to the idea of feminism she does not reject it, but she embodies it by nurturing others and outsmarting the Capitol to get out of the games, while also using her masculine skills such as hunting and archery to win the games. This becomes significant to the novel because Katniss plays this major role of defying the odds against what the Capitol expects of her, and how she was able to use her skills and abilities to her advantage to not only care for other but to use against higher power.

Feminism and The Hunger Games

Feminism has always been dominated by white woman’s issues, and often will leave out African American woman’s struggles. Also in cinema, being black has often correlated to being problematic. In the movie, The Hunger Games we see two main female characters, Katniss a young white female and Rue a young black female.

In this essay I will be using feminist film analysis techniques and concepts, in particular a critical race theory lens, and bell hooks concept of the oppositional gaze, to shed light on the on going issues of black representation in the cinema. Even though The Hunger Games is seen by many as a pro feminist film, depicting a young woman conquering death without the help of a man, it fails to properly represent African American woman, and instead follows many stereotypes of black woman in film. Since media products are tools that shape the mind of society and assist in forming opinions on cultural identities and concepts, it is important to analyze them.

Through this film analysis I hope to expose the underlying layer of societies ways of thinking, and see how this way of thinking shapes black and white female characters. Firstly, it is important to recognize the differences in the roles Katniss and Rue play. Katniss (the white female protagonist) is depicted as a strong, complex, independent female warrior, and is very critical to the story line. Rue ( the black female sidekick) is shown to be weak, timid, and is a far less developed character. Her role seems to be in place only to emphasize Katniss’s character traits, and does not show her as female warrior, but instead as a helpless girl whom Katniss needs to protect. The relationship between Katniss and Rue is complex, and does steer away from the stereotype that white and black females cannot be friends, but instead be must be competition. Their relationship shows Katniss as somewhat of a surrogate older sister to Rue and they build an alliance while in the game arena. Even though their relationship is seen as a positive female alliance, it instills the message that white woman have the upper hand. The directors of this film had an opportunity to build on Rue’s character as well as Katniss and Rue’s bond, but instead chose to kill her off shortly after her character was introduced.

Even in Rue’s death scene the audience’s sympathy was not towards Rue, but instead focused on Katniss’s emotional pain while losing a friend. Secondly, Bell Hooks writing on the oppositional gaze is a concept that I found prominent in this movie. Instead of the typical feminist film critique that the male roles in cinema hold a dominant gaze over woman, we now see a white female dominance over black woman. While Katniss is free from any gaze, Rue is still subjected to the white female gaze. In the entire Hunger Games movie Rue gets only a few shots, and majority of these shots are from Katniss’s point of view. While these shots do provide background to Rue’s character’s, it doesn’t allow the audience a chance to connect with her role, therefore they will continue to relate and sympathize with Katniss more. By choosing to film Rue from Katniss’s POV for majority of the scenes, the movie follows the stereotype that black woman are in the position of other in a white dominated culture. Even when representations of black women were present in film, our bodies and being were there to serve, hooks argues. Rue’s role in this film is consistent with Hook’s claims that while black woman may be included in film, they’re often playing roles that are only in place to serve meaning to more prominent white roles. Lastly, as a viewer it is vital to view movies through a critical race theory lens. Critical race theory , is the view that race, instead of being biologically grounded and natural, is socially constructed and that race, as a socially constructed concept, functions as a means to maintain the interests of the white population that constructed it (brittanica.com).

When viewing The Hunger Games through this C.R.T lens it could be assumed that African Americans were only included in this movie to fulfill a quota. Besides Rue, there were only two other speaking roles which black individuals played, and if taken out of the movie there would be no substantial differences to the story line. By including Katniss and Rue’s relationship in the movie it allows a white viewer to feel satisfied with the inclusion of diversity, but doesn’t make them give up their self imposed superior title, which places it in what I would like to call a racial comfort zone. In conclusion, I believe that The Hunger Games shows a lot of feminist film potential, but fails to properly represent black woman and their experiences. Through analysis of Rue and Katniss’s roles we are able to see the differences in their character traits. While Katniss is a strong, active, and complex character, Rue is timid, relatively weak, and far less developed. Katniss is seen by the audience as a female warrior, and Rue is not. Rue mirrors the problems that white women were faced with in classical cinema, such as passivity in action, being the target of an oppositional gaze and never being the protagonist.

Hunger games sociology

The eco-apocalypse movie that I have decided to do an analysis of is the first Hunger Games. I’ve watched the whole trilogy as well as read the first two books, so I’m familiar with the concept portrayed in the whole series. The movie Hunger Games was directed by Gary Ross, which is a direct correlation to the book with the same title written by novelist Suzanne Collins.

The whole trilogy was written and published by 2010 which was before the first movie was released in 2012. A short overview of the whole trilogy is that the setting is in the unspecified future located in Panem, which is post-apocalypse North America. Due to an assortment of different disasters, famines, wars, ect. the people are placed in districts based on wealth, and due to rations and for the entertainment of the Capitol, kids from each district were chosen to kill each other. The trilogy revolves around this idea in futurist world and the protagonist fights back against the Capitol to fight for what is right. The Hunger Games includes examples of both Diamond’s 5-point framework and Nolan & Lenski POCET model throughout the movie, which raises the question if Panem can survive the inevitable downfall. Panem is home to 12 Districts that all serve importance to their land. Each District has a main job to do and they trade with others to be able to survive. For example District 3 is technology based, so they export firearms and electronics, District 6 main export is medicine, District 7 handles all lumber resources, District 8 makes clothes using kids at a adolescent age to do so. Much like the slavery in Mayan civilization, District 11 acted as slaves, where they were tightly controlled by the capitol because they were in charge of the food supply, meanwhile they were being underfed and poorly mistreated. Within the movie and much like most civilizations throughout the history of the world, power and wealth is a direct correlation to how your portrayed by other citizens and how the Capitol treats you.

The movie starts out by telling the audience how a boy and girl ages 12 to 18 from each district get chosen to participate in what they call a reaping. Right from the start it shows the main character Katniss hunting animals to be eaten, unlike most previous societies where the men would go hunting and supply the food for their families and groups. Her weapon for hunting animals is a bow and arrow, which was very common during the Hunting and Gathering time period. This is a futurist world, so the fact that the poor people have to resort to using bow and arrows is showing how society must’ve collapsed and the wealth shared between rich and poor grew far apart. Next scene shows a character named Gale pull out a piece of bread from his bag and offer it to Katniss, who then says oh my god, Is this real?. Fresh foods is scarce and really hard to come by in their society due to her exclamatory reaction to a piece of bread. Next important scene is where all the people from District 12 gather to see who is selected for the annual Hunger Games. While standing waiting for the names to be announced a video starts playing, probably made by Capitol, which states how this kids fight to the death for honor, courage, and sacrifice and the lone victor would serve as a reminder of our generosity and forgiveness. This is how we remember our past, this is how we safeguard our future. This is an example of the Capitol using media to portray mass murder to be something other than what is actually happening. The Capitol wants to show the citizens that you should be prideful and that it is an honor to fight to the death to represent your District and families. Katniss’s sister got selected to be in the Hunger Games, but Katniss volunteered as tribute to take her spot in the battle, which has never happened in the reaping before. This is for several reasons, Katniss’s sister is unskilled and very small, which in result means that she would be killed very early and likely have no chance of winning.

On the other hand Katniss is known around her District for having an amazing shot with the bow and arrow, and much older and mature to be able to have a real chance of winning and coming back home. Katniss final words to Gale before being sent off for the games in whatever you do, don’t let them starve., which once again shows how scarce food is to come by in their specific District at least. Katniss is the girl selected from District 12, and the boys name selected is Peeta. They leave DIstrict 12 to head to the Capitol where the ceremonies are held. On the way there they are given a mentor named Mitch who has one the games in the past and help those two learn survival techniques, which includes gaining fan support or sponsors. During the games, sponsors can send you care packages with life saving gear, so it is a good strategy to become likable and entertaining. While at the ceremony, it shows how extremely wealthy they are, unlike many of the Districts. This is similar to past civilizations where the rich were filthy rich and the poor were dirt poor with really no inbetween. Everything about the ceremony shows how overly rich they are, the way people dress, eat, and the materialistic things that they posses. The majority of the movie is showing the actual Hunger Games, where 2 kids from each District are fighting for their lives against other contestants and natural causes that are completely controlled by the Capitol since it is a futuristic world. Throughout Panem the games are being broadcasted to the citizens so they can watch hoping that their loved ones will persevere and become the lone victor. At the end of couple weeks, the movie shows how only Katniss and Peeta are left standing, which due to rule changes stated that if the last 2 people left are from the same district then they can both survive. This was a rule change because they knew that everyone watching wanted to see a love story between the two.

The final scenes are post-Hunger Games once Katniss and Peeta have returned as victors, despite making the Capitol very unhappy since they were considered underdogs and President Snow explained why he doesn’t like underdogs. The Districts had no say in anything, they were completely controlled by the Capitol which had all the power in Panem. This style of government was a tyrannical dictatorship, which means that the President, in this case President Snow, had complete control over Panem, such as political and economic power. Propaganda is portrayed several times throughout the movie, the main example is when the Capitol will show the people of the districts videos that make it seem like their life isn’t bad and that one day they will have wealth as well. Capital punishment issued by President Snow takes place at the end of the movie once Seneca, who is the head of the Hunger Games and a public figure working for the Capitol bends the games rules to allow for two winners instead of the traditional one. President Snow feels like it is an embarrassing and weak move to try to please the viewers who wanted both Katniss and Peeta to win, so in result he locks Seneca in a room with poisonous berries and it is inferred that he’s killed. The Capitol due to its tyrannical dictatorship tries to control all of its citizens minds into thinking alike whether that be through propaganda or other deceiving strategies, which is called collective consciousness.

In the movie, President Snow is talking to Seneca and asks him why do you think we have a winner?… hope, hope it is the only thing stronger than fear. a little hope is effective, a lot of hope is dangerous. and that is fine as long as it is contained, so contain it This is a perfect example of how the government is giving people false hope that everything will eventually be good, so that they remain calm and follow order. So to instead of tending to the Capitol after winning the games and participating in the social norms, Katniss decides to be the face of the revolt against those in power. People never thought to not follow Capitol’s orders, due to the extreme fear that they implemented into the minds of the citizens and The Diamond model is demonstrated once a little girl from District 11 named Rue is killed during the games. Her death started a moab uproar in her district were the people started attacking and killing the peacekeepers, which are Panem’s police/army. This revolt is an example of society’s response to problems that Jared Diamond talks about in his 5 point framework. Another example of Panem responding to problems is when the main characters in the movie Katniss and Peeta, who both were in the Hunger Games started to act out against the government by first both winning the games which has never been done before, but it the following movies all the district work together to sabotage the corrupt Capitol and overthrow it. This is very similar to the Mayan civilization which is believed to be overthrown by the peasants due to being overly controlled by their government. A fairly obvious correlation to the ancient world and the Hunger Games is the gladiator battles in the roman colosseum.

In both cases people brutally murdered each other for the spectator’s enjoyment. Winning the Hunger Games gives the victor an abundance of spoils and glory, while gladiators would occasionally be granted freedom if they distinguished themself in battle. The common theme between the two is that the fighters were instilled with just enough hope, so they would never lie down and quit. President Snow even nefariously says that a little hope is actually a good thing. Winning the audience over proved crucial during the Hunger Games with viewers or sponsors sending in care packages which ultimately ended up saving their lives having medicine and food in it. During the gladiator fights gaining popularity was the difference between life and death, if they gave thumbs up you would survive, but if they thumbs downed you, you would be murdered. People spectating this extreme violence show a lot about how humans are subconsciously infatuated with violence and how our society chooses to respond to violence, even modern days the shows that get the best ratings are usually physical sports like football or boxing. Unlike many societies in the past, gender inequality doesn’t seem to play a factor at all in the movie. Not once did Katniss encounter someone that had less hope in her chances of winning due to her gender, however the fact that she was from District 12, made her and Peeta underdogs in the games.

Gender roles are shown a little bit in the movie, for example Katniss’s dad died in a coal mine explosion and coal miners are always men, and the women would do things around the house such as take care of the kids, make clothes, and house chores. The Districts each seem to be different type of societies that have been seen throughout history. The higher Districts seem to use parts of the Hunting & Gathering for hunting animals with bows and arrows, knives, and maybe spears. Horticulture and Pastoral is where basic farming and domesticating animals begin which Districts 9 and 10 main job for Panem is. Agriculture is the next type of society and District 11 handles all of the Agriculture in the movie. There are 3 Districts that I feel show Industrialization the best, these are 3,5, and 6 because they are control of technology, power and transportation. Finally Post-Industrialization is only showed by District 1, where the Capitol is, because their luxury lifestyle with advanced technology and in the movie shows futurist objects that don’t exist yet. Some of Diamonds 5 point framework of how societies collapse could show how Panem was brought about after previously being the United States and Canada. Climate change shaped the landscape of Panem, due to unspecified reasons of sea levels rising the land area is significantly smaller with the ocean moving in on all angles. Due to many disaster that took place within North America, the little amount of stuff that remained caused wars over which maybe have been with friendly or hostile neighbors, but either way it is apart of Diamonds societal collapse theories.

Society’s response to this problem was the Capitol would make 13 Districts, which they tried to revolt against the Capitol but were defeated and the 13th was completely destroyed. They called that time the Dark Days, because of that the Hunger Games was created as a reminder of that time and how it must not be repeated again. Nolan and Lenski POCET model is The Five Basic Components of Human Societies as stated in Chapter 2 of their book. Population is important aspect of the Hunger Games, because since Panem is separated into Districts there is trading between but need to rely on what your District has to survive. Katniss’s Districts main job is to supply the Capitol with coal and they don’t get much if any assistance from the Capitol to support their citizens, so in result food is a concern for many Districts. Due to their terrible living conditions families don’t have many kids because they wouldn’t be able to support them. Organization is very important to the Capitol, they have complete control over all of their citizens and brutally enforce the Districts to supply them with specific goods to better their own lives while treating everyone else like slaves. It is important for a society to make it possible for members to satisfy both their own individual needs and the needs of the society as a whole(Nolan & Lenkski 38), and these practices aren’t being followed by the Capitol. Culture is shown throughout the movie whether it is shown through symbols or clothing. Some key symbols in the movie are the mockingjay pin Katniss got and kept with her during the games, the act of holding up 3 fingers which is shown when showing appreciation or admiration, but the movie doesn’t tell if there is a more important meaning to the gesture.

The most obvious sign of culture in the Hunger Games is while all the contestants are at the Capitol for the ceremonies the upper class citizens had exotic dresses with colorful hair and makeup on, even most of the men wore it as well. Environment caused a lot of chaos during the games itself. For example since the battlefield was completely controlled by the game makers they could control the environment and they made a forest fire, poisonous berries, and tracker jackers all to try and eliminate players from their game. Technology is prevalent in only couple DIstricts and is what the Capitol revolves their lives around. The futuristic lifestyle of the important people in the movie heavily relies on technology. The Hunger Games included many examples of both Diamond’s 5-point framework and Nolan & Lenski POCET model throughout the movie. This futuristic world has a great deal of problems that all stem from higher hierarchy, which is President Snow. According to both books and the research that they have found, Panem in likely to collapse due to many mistakes made by the Capitol. It is only a matter of time before the citizens of the Districts follow previous civilizations and attempt to overthrow the tyrannical government.

Reference

Juenger, Kayla. Hunger Games Sociology Presentation. Prezi.com, 6 May 2014, prezi.com/4rvnekhsgsv-/hunger-games-sociology-presentation/.

Rizzuti, Becki. Katniss Everdeen’s Relationships in ‘The Hunger Games.’ HobbyLark, HobbyLark, 11 May 2016, hobbylark.com/fandoms/Katniss-Everdeens-Relationships-in-The-Hunger-Games.

What Caused the Apocalypse in the Hunger Games? Science Fiction & Fantasy Stack Exchange, scifi.stackexchange.com/questions/68587/what-caused-the-apocalypse-in-the-hunger-games.

Can the hunger games really happen?

The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins is a book that is set in a dystopian future. The children and teenagers of the society are forced to participate in a game known as the Hunger Games. They are known as tributes.

They must kill all the other people who have been chosen as a tribute in order to be the last one standing. If they are the last one standing, they win the games and a year of supplies of food for their district. The games were created to punish the districts for a rebellion that happened many years ago. The Hunger Games are very brutal. The tributes have to kill each other. Many people wonder if those types of games can happen in our current society. Many say that there is no way this could happen.. Others say that it can happen. They use the example of ancient gladiators who fought to the death. I believe that while there is a small chance it can happen, it won’t. The reason I believe it can happen is that of all the horrible videos that are online. There are many videos that show little kids beating each other up. There are videos that show people getting bullied. There are many leaked videos that show the horrible things that can happen to people. All these videos have millions of views. Some people actually want to watch these kinds of things, so there is a chance they would want to watch something like the Hunger Games. Television is the same.

There are many programs that are bad. Then more people watch them, the more numb we become to it. We start to see it as something that is normal or part of life. Television has many reality tv shows. People seem to like seeing how others live their life. They also love the fights and drama that come from the shows. Many shows on television might seem harmless but if you really think about it, it has some questionable content. Nancy Lambert said in her article titled Could the Hunger Games Really Happen?, Clearly, competition on Toddlers and Tiaras is a far cry from popping the little princesses into an arena and watching them fight for survival. However, we’re certainly not above creating some pretty ethically questionable material involving children, just for the sake of entertainment. Even though there are many reasons to believe that the Hunger Games could happen in our society, there are more reasons to believe that they won’t happen. One reason is found in the article Five Lessons in Human Goodness from the Hunger Games. It says that killing is against human nature. Many people who have committed a murder are left with a guilty conscience. They want to apologize to the family of the victim. Many of them would want to go back in time and stop themselves from committing the crime.

A second reason to believe that the games won’t happen is that humans were created with good intentions. But most people don’t try to control the bad desires and they let the bad get the best of them. Humans aren’t naturally bad. Another reason to believe that the games won’t happen is that our society doesn’t tolerate anything that cause harm to children and that’s a great thing. Whenever somebody is seen doing something that harms a child, they go to the child’s defense. Children have way more protection than ever before. Before, children would have to work in factories. But now there are many laws that prohibit children from working at a young age. Even though there are many reasons to believe that the Hunger Games could happen in our society, there are many reasons to believe that they won’t happen. Yes people like watching violent content. Yes people post videos that show them beating up others. But humans are naturally good. Goodness in humans wouldn’t let this happen. People care about children. They wouldn’t let them participate in games that could potentially kill them. Our society wouldn’t let the games happen. They would be to gruesome. The Hunger Games wouldn’t happen in the U.S.

The best selling novel: The Hunger Games

The Hunger Games is one of the best selling novel which subsequently developed into one of the most viewed novel based movies. So what is the hunger games series? what makes the series so exceptional that it had the third highest grossing opening weekend in U.S history (Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014) ? The film revolves around an annual event in which one male and one female each are selected from 12 districts surrounding the capitol via lottery. Whoever gets selected takes part in a mandatory televised game to death.

Each participant is under 24-hour surveillance, calls to mind reality tv which was know as RTV (Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014). The film hunger games is a work of fiction that revolves around the lives of people participating in the games. The whole story of hunger games revolves around one female character Katniss Everdeen, A female protagonist in the film with a performing not performing whiteness and femininity qualities. Katniss is positioned as the hero of the film. She is one of the most radicle female characters to appear in American movies (Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014).

After reading the article The hunger games: performing not performing to authenticate femininity and whiteness, It can be concluded that there is a greater depth to the story if analyzed by a critical lens. I came to an understanding that the film hunger games is so much more informative, especially after reading the article by Dubrofsky and Emily ryalls’ ”The Hunger games: Performance not-performing to authenticate femininity and whiteness”. The article critiques and compares the film with other films and how the protagonist of the film is female with a number of conventionally ”masculine” qualities. In my essay, I will be including a variety of examples from the movie and the article about authenticity, ”centering whiteness, post-racism, exceptional whiteness and femininity (Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014). It will explain and provide clarity and answers about the deepest ideas included in the book and how the world would be a different place if stereotypes and gender roles did not exist in our society. My interest in Katniss began to develop when I noticed in the beginning of the film , Katniss a white female who instantly gets attention when her 12-year-old sister prim gets selected for hunger games and instead Katniss decides to volunteer to participle and becomes an instant hero in the film hunger games (Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014). After all the members from the district get selected, Katniss is seen travelling to her destination with her mentor. A white female later is seen with her mentor who is also a white citizen of capitol. Which is to be believed as being coincidental. Not only this but prior to the games, When Katniss gets there for her training, she meets the career tributes from the different districts who are also all white characters. So the question that arises here is whether the hunger games only focused on displaying whiteness in their film. According to the Dubrofsky and Ryalls article, RTV authenticates how heroism is linked with whiteness and played a big factor in Katniss performing not performing. RTV sets the standards in relations to the presence of whiteness in the hunger games (Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014). It is a white person who is seen the most on RTV and, every other color participant has to behave authentically under surveillance(Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014, p 50) .Katniss’s appearance is seen to be setting the standards for exceptional whiteness in the story.

She was one of the exceptional white character with blemish free skin, naturally red lips, high cheekbones, shiny hair, and white and straight teeth. She never displayed any nervousness on her physical appearance and surprisingly while coming from a poor background she still does not display any signs of malnourishment in her. As we know Katniss is seen without her make-up for most of the story but still embraces natural white beauty, mostly through lighting(Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014, p 51). According to Dyer (1997), Katniss was a naturally beautiful white women whose credit he gives to the characteristic glow of white women. (Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014, p 51). There were a number of scenes in which Katniss’s skin was glowing majorly because of the lighting and the frames used on her. The standard of whiteness set by the characteristics of Katniss not only contrast to black people but to the other white members in the film as well. The exceptional whiteness of Katniss could be compared with another while characters in the film. Effie for instance is another white female in the film who is not portrayed as heroic as Katniss. She on the other hand is displayed as a female with rough facial features. Effie’s bumpy skin and ghostly white foundation on her face are highly noticeable throughout the hunger games. Sadly white exceptionalism is not the only problem seen in the film, the Author talks about the naturalizing of whiteness through the casting of the film. Notably, the physical characteristics of Katniss are very different in the novel as compared to the film. In the novel, Katniss is described as an olive colored female with grey eyes and black hair, leaving her racially open to many races, but the film portrays Katniss as white female (Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014).Centering whiteness without paying attention to the fact is not a mistake rather is something that Projansky and Ono call strategic whiteness (Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014). Dubrofsky and Ryalls challenge the myth of post-racism as they point out Katniss’s whiteness highlighting the main story.

While black people were present for a significant amount of time in the film, They were still seen as secondary members in the hunger games. Cinna and rue for instance, two black members who are usually seen in typical fashion in the film, Their typical fashion is presented in a way which promotes the centering of white hero: Katniss. Surprisingly, these secondary members were usually seen in the fashion which is not different than something white people would wear. None of them were portrayed as a hero, but instead, through the film they sacrifice to make Katniss win the game. In the post-racial context, Rue, a secondary black character plays the most significant role as sacrificing himself, which enables Katniss to win the hunger games. Although, Post-racism can be seen in the scene where Katniss was centered for her caring action towards Rue as she stays with her while she dies. It is very rare occurrence, to see a person of color being highlighted in the film and unsurprisingly, the one single time a person of color gets highlighted in the film is when ”Thresh, a black masculine male who is physically strong and does not speak much, saves Katniss’s life in the honor of Rue. (Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014).This was the only time when a black characters takes the center stage. Thresh was being focused by RTV in the honor of rue. Naturally, A moment focused on a colored person on saving the heroic Katniss really questions post-racism in hunger games. However, after reading the hunger games article the portrayal of racial diversity in the film is both post-racial and racist in the sense that there is a significant number of colored people in the hunger games, but still not portrayed as the white people.

Although, It is confirmed that whiteness holds the standards of heroic racial identity in the film, Katniss also effortlessly sets the standard for heterosexual femininity displayed in the film. In the film, hunger games, Katniss’s traits are not clear, there are many aspects of her appearance and performance that may display post-feminism and questions gender roles at the same time in the film. The character of Katniss displays the mixture of both masculine and feminine characteristics. Masculine because she is the protagonist in the film, she is someone who is not aware of her own beauty, she is a physically strong women who’s brave, she is seen performing most of the action scenes in the film, and she does not express her emotions to connect with anyone else. These are the some of the examples that display Katniss’s masculinity .Meanwhile, her overwhelming feminine characters like her role of caregiver in some situations, and family oriented personality, can be clearly observed in the film. In the whole film Katniss performing not performing manages to become attractive without making any efforts on her appearance , while on the other hand, ”Effie’s appearance is marked by her efforts and the outfits that she wears. (Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014). Authors talks about Katniss’s characteristics as not those of a typical heroine who shows interest in the opposite sex, moreover, she shows the quality of being the perfect mother or wife.

The one example that I noticed is, despite having no interest in Peeta, a white male character, Katniss recalls her mother nurturing her sick parent and saves his life in the final hours of the game(Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014). Lastly, Dubrofsky and Ryalls claim that Katniss appears in the American culture as a postfeminist, post racial role model but that, ideologically, The Hunger Games recreates familiar systems of oppression by portraying female goodness as deriving from maternal instincts and whiteness and, ultimately, affirms systems of sexism and racism (Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014). however, after reading the analysis on the hunger games, I believe that there were efforts made by the film to portray Katniss as maternal . Maternal in the sense when Katniss ”lovingly pins a broach on prim, telling her the pin will protect her (Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014, p 56). Thus, maternal nature does not contradict her heroic reputation because she only desires to win so she can go back and take care of her sister prim. In the light of this, I would like to conclude that Dubrofsky and Rayalls did a great job explaining the Hunger games: performing not performing to authenticate femininity and whiteness. It allowed me to gain insight into something that was not known to me. This essay has allowed me to analyze the hunger games through a critical lens. (Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014).

The film hunger games breaks some serious stereotypes linked with females in the movie. The film portrays Katniss as a feminist not because she can fight other men but because she is capable of opening herself to the power which eventually helped her in winning the game. Typically a female is seen relying on a male hero and is presented as weak in the films however, In hunger games, Katniss is presented as an empowered female hero, who plays a key role in the authentication of whiteness and feminism. The whole story revolves around this white female with both masculine and feminine characteristics. She is the protagonist and seen performing most of the action scenes. Meanwhile, her caregiving nature is a clear sign of feminism. (Dubrofsky, and Ryalls, 2014). Her overlapping characteristics are what make the movie interesting. Katniss embodies post-feminism in the sense that she holds a powerful position with extraordinary athleticism, skills, and strength compared to heroines in other films.

Bibliography

  1. Dubrofsky, Rachel E., and Emily D. Ryalls. The Hunger Games: Performing Not-Performing to Authenticate Femininity and Whiteness. Critical Studies in Media Communication, vol. 31, no. 5, 2014, pp. 395–409., doi:10.1080/15295036.2013.874038.