The Virtue of Gratitude in the Novels The Giver and All Summer in a Day
People ought to be grateful for what they have, typically they think their world should be greater, however, the one thing that they don’t recognize is that it doesn’t last forever. Once they recognize those nice things in their life, it’s already gone. In ” The Giver” and ” All Summer in a Day” each author develops a strong perspective (Perspective offers a unique outlook on how our self being grateful to what we have) about being grateful. Both authors develop this perspective through dialogue and imagery, which are intended to make the reader consider the importance of the concept, being grateful for what you have cause nothing lasts forever. One day it could all change, people should be cherished and happy with what they have now.
Lois Lowry develops the concept of being grateful in “The Giver” with the craft of imagery and tone. “From the distance, Jonas could hear the thud of cannons. Overwhelmed by pain, he lay there in the fearsome stench for hours, listened to the men and animals die, and learned what warfare meant,” (Lowry, 151). This illustrates the idea because Jonas was very grateful that he has never been through such pain in his community. The purpose of using this author’s craft to develop the theme is that through imagery the author can describe the pain of the men and animals. The impact on the readers is that it tells them just how agonizing the memories were/are. “Jonas frowned. ‘I wish we had those things, still, just now and then,’” (Lowry, 106). This illustrates the notion because Jonas wants more color and choice. He wishes his life could be more colorful than before, but still, he is grateful for what he has. The reason why the author used this device is that she wants to use tone to show how Jonas wanted and he wished they could have color in their community. But he was still very grateful. The effect on the readers is that it makes them grateful for what they have.
All Summer in a Day
After discussing Lois Lowry’s “The Giver” we’re looking forward to “All Summer in a Day” by Ray Bradbury. For the most part, Bradbury used imagery and tone for the craft, the same as Lois Lowry. “A few cold drops fell on their noses and their cheeks and their mouths. The sun faded behind a stir of mist. A wind blew cold around them. They turned and started to walk back toward the underground house, their hands cut their sides, their smiles vanishing away,”(Bradbury,4).
The author used this craft with evidence to connect the concept. The sun was shining in the sky replacing the “forever” rain, the kids thought that rain would never end. It shows that nothing lasts forever, we should be grateful while things are still there. Using imagery, the author describes the scene putting the readers in the children’s shoes. The second author’s craft is tone. “But Margot remembered. ‘It’s like a penny,’ she said once, eyes closed. ‘No it’s not!’ the children cried. ‘It’s like a fire,’ she said, ‘in the stove.’ ‘You’re lying, you don’t remember!’ cried the children,”(Bradbury 2). This illustrates the idea because Margot was being grateful that she has memories of the sun that other people lack. The purpose of using this author’s craft to develop the concept is that by using tone the author can show how excited and grateful Margot is. She is so grateful and happy to have memories of the sun.
The reason why each author uses different author’s craft is that they want to make the story more interesting and special. If the author just used one author’s craft it would be very boring and the reader won’t be that attentive. If the author chose a different craft, it wouldn’t have much difference because it would still get the concept across, it’d just give readers a different feel. The effect of imagery in “The Giver” is that it tells us how painful the memories were and to be grateful for what we have. The effect of tone in “The Giver” is that Jonas is grateful, even when he really wishes they had color. The effect of imagery in “All Summer in a Day” is showing what it must have been like to have a fleeting moment of happiness and making the reader grateful for what they have. The effect of tone in “All Summer in a Day” is that it touches the reader with how a young girl cares so much for her fleeting memories and is still so grateful. Using author craft is very beneficial for you; it can make the story alluring and it can help the writer better connect the story with their main concept.
Being grateful is a very important part of our lives. In ” The Giver” and ” All Summer in a Day” both authors develop the perspective of being grateful for what you have when nothing lasts forever through the author crafts of dialogue and imagery. You should always cherish what you have instead of longing for more.
The Theme Of Inequality in The Giver By Lois Lowry
Alexander Solzhenitsyn, a Russian novelist, “Human beings are born with different capacities, if they are free, they are not equal”. The author of The Giver, Lois Lowry, displays this message across the whole book.
The main character, Jonas gets the job of the receiver, he has to replay messages. There are many dangers of seeking a perfectly equal world, In the book, Fiona’s hair is different, Jonas’s dad does not know what love means, and kids are not allowed to choose which job they want.
By seeking a perfectly equal world, people lose individuality. By losing individuality, someone loses how to express themselves. In The Giver Fiona’s red hair sets her apart from everybody else. This is considered “different” because people living in this community don’t see color. The community focuses on being equal, Jonas notes that: “We’ve mastered Sameness. I suppose the genetic scientists are still hard at work trying to work the kinks out. Hair like Fiona’s must drive them crazy. ” Clearly, the community wants everything the same. Individuality is important for people to express themselves. Expressing yourself is important because then one will be different than everyone else
The poem by Julio Noboa Polanco expresses the importance of individuality by expressing, “I’d rather be unseen, and if shunned by everyone, than to be a pleasant-smelling flower. ” By seeking a perfectly equal world, people lose independence. It is clear that a loss of individuality would occur by seeking a perfectly equal world. Wanting an equal world results in people having no freedom, which leads to a loss of choice. In The Giver the kids in the community can’t pick which jobs they want. People in the community don’t get choices. The narrator says this quote: “Jonas shrugged. It didn’t worry him. How could someone not fit in? The community was so meticulously ordered, the choices so carefully made. ” This quote shows the reader that choices are made for them. If the people in the community can choose what they want to do, then they would be happier.
Lastly, people who want the world equal have no feelings. By losing feelings, one doesn’t know how to react to situations. In The Giver when Jonas asks his dad if he loves him, he asks him to use precision of language. In the Giver, people in the community don’t have feelings. “Do you love me? There was an awkward silence for a moment. Then Father gave a little chuckle. Jonas. You, of all people. Precision of language, please!”. This quote shows the reader that people in the community eliminated all feelings. By having the feeling of love, people would be able to express how they love someone.
By seeking a perfectly equal world, there are many disadvantages therefore it is a bad thing. The author, Lois Lowry, wrote this book to show people that we don’t all have to be the same. Everyone is different which is a good thing. Being equal does not have to mean everyone has to be the exact same person.
Analysis of the Theme of Sameness in Novels The Giver and Divergent
Manipulation of Restriction of Divergence by Government Control
The Giver by Lois Lowry and Divergent by Veronica Roth are both dystopian novels that depict a society that seems perfect at first, but really is an illusion of perfection. A dystopia is a futuristic, imagined universe in which oppressive societal control and the illusion of a perfect society are maintained through corporate, bureaucratic, technological, moral, or totalitarian control. The Giver follows the life of a boy named Jonas as he lives in a perfectly organized community where the Council of Elders dictate a person’s life and the idea of “sameness” is valued. He is specifically chosen as the next “Receiver of Memory”, a position given to a person who is capable of handling the memories of life that the community had abandoned in order to avoid pain and conflict. Through his training with The Giver, the one who transmits the memories to the next Receiver, he begins to discover knowledge of a better life full of color, choices, and emotions. Divergent portrays the world that Beatrice Prior lives in, a society where an individual’s life is defined by the faction they choose. Beatrice finds out that she is a Divergent, someone who possesses multiple virtues, and does not belong in any of the five factions where only one virtue is honored in each. While hiding this fact, she soon realizes that her society isn’t so perfect and why people like her are a threat to the system. Both societies restrict individuality; however in The Giver restriction is represented by the idea of “sameness” while in Divergent it is the five factions. The governing power in The Giver is able to enforce “sameness” because it had been the norm for generations, so the government would be able to reassure the public if a sudden change were to occur. The governing power in Divergent lies within the factions themselves since citizens have been raised to believe that their faction and the honored virtue of it defines them as an individual.
In The Giver the community values the idea of “sameness”. According to Google, sameness is lack of variety; uniformity or monotony. The Giver depicts “sameness” as the elimination of difference in the community. In order to achieve this Sameness, individualism is discouraged, and rules and discipline made by the Council of Elders matter most. By celebrating group birthdays, allowing only one kind of clothing and haircut, assigning spouses, jobs, children and names, and eliminating sexual relations, Jonas’s society stifles the things that allow for individual differences. Negative emotions such as jealousy loses its importance, thus eliminating competition and conflict as well. Things such as color, choices, and music had to be eradicated for “sameness” to occur. Citizens aren’t aware of the sacrifices that had to be made, but they have no doubts about their current life styles because this had been the norm for generations. Only The Giver and Jonas, who have access to the memories and knowledge of what life was like in the past, question their current society. On page 97, Jonas explains his frustrations with not being able to pick out his own clothing. He says, “‘If everything’s the same, then there aren’t any choices! I want to wake in the morning and decide things! A blue tunic, or a red one?’ He looked down at himself, at the colorless fabric of his clothing. ‘But it’s all the same, always.’” Jonas’s aggregation is understandable; yet he is the only one who dares to be discontent with the lack of choice. These thoughts would never enter a citizen’s mind because “sameness” provides the community with a false sense of happiness.
The society in Divergent is both similar and different from The Giver’s idea of “sameness”. In the society exists four factions; each of them dedicated to the cultivation of one virtue. At age sixteen, all citizens are required to take an aptitude test to help them determine which faction they belong in for the rest of their lives. This system was built on the foundation that a single individual will only possess one virtue, and it is how the society has been able to govern themselves. A person can transfer out of the faction that they were born in, of course, if they do not hold that virtue. All of the factions help the society function as a whole. The five factions are: Candor, Abnegation, Dauntless, Amity, and Erudite. The Candor believes in honesty and provide trustworthy leaders in law. Abnegation values selflessness in the service of others, and the governing council is made up of entirely them because they are incorruptible. The Dauntless are those who strive to become fearless, and they provide protection from threats both within and without. The Amity are against violence and conflict. They are the counselors and caretakers. The Erudite prioritize intelligence, and they are the teachers and researchers. Though it’s rare, an individual can have more than one virtue and are capable of living in multiple factions. They are known as Divergent. There is one more group that is not part of the social classes or factions, the factionless. They are the people who failed to complete their initiation into whatever faction they chose and live in poverty, doing the work no one else wants to do. The citizens are all raised to believe that their faction is basically their life; what defines them as an individual. They are led to believe that their faction, and the virtue they represent, are the most important in the society and all of the other factions and values do not matter. Our protagonist, Beatrice, questions herself about this during her Choosing Ceremony, the time she is to decide her faction. On page 43 she wonders, “‘In our factions, we find meaning, we find purpose, we find life.’ I think of the motto I read in my Faction History textbook: Faction before blood. More than family, our factions are where we belong. Can that possibly be right?” As far as the readers can tell, Beatrice is the only one so far who seem to have these thoughts. The fact that she is Divergent might have caused her to doubt the rules and discipline of her society.
In the Giver the government controls the community through the idea of “sameness”. This idea had been embedded into their way of life for such a long time that nobody doubts it. It had been the norm for generations, so the citizens are only aware of the lives that they had been taught to have. They depend so much on “sameness” and the government that if a sudden change were to occur, the community would be sent in panic. An example of this is on page 1 when Jonas recounts the time that an aircraft had suddenly flown over the community. He says, “Frightened meant that deep, sickening feeling of something terrible about to happen… Jonas, looking around anxiously, had seen others — adults as well as children — stop what they were doing and wait, confused, for an explanation of the frightening event.” Fear of the unexpected immediately struck him and all of the citizens surrounding him were in the same state. Activity ceased and time stood still for a moment as the community waited for the government, in this case the speaker, to reassure them. All of them are afraid of the unexpected, something that destroys their “sameness”, and assurance from the ones who have control over their society is needed. The government takes advantage of this ignorance by enforcing “sameness”, something that provides a deceiving security and false happiness. In Divergent government control are within the factions. Each faction benefits the society and from each other. However over time faction leaders have forgotten the original purposes of the creation of factions. Some people have begun to think that their own factions are more significant than the others, and plot to overthrow all of the other factions in order to have the most power. Jeanine, the leader of the Erudite solely because of her IQ score, tells Beatrice on page 429 that she thinks the every faction other than her own’s is not necessary and should be eliminated. She says, “‘Currently, the factionless are a drain on our resources,’” Jeanine replies. “’As is Abnegation. I am sure that once the remains of your old faction are absorbed into the Dauntless army, Candor will cooperate and we will finally be able to get on with things.’” Absorbed into the Dauntless army. I know what that means—she wants to control them, too. She wants everyone to be pliable and easy to control.” The protagonist knows that Jeanine’s true intentions are to have control over every faction and make everybody into her puppets. Since she’s very intelligent she is able to make a serum and with the help of the Dauntless leaders, who are trying to boost their own political standings, the injection of the serum into all of the Dauntless faction turns them into pawns who are willing to obey Jeanine’s every command. The balance of power in Divergent has been tipped because of greed for power and control.
Both The Giver and Divergent depict restriction of individuality in their dystopian societies differently yet how governmental control benefits from it are very similar. The Giver shows it through the idea of “sameness”, an idea that eliminates any differences in the community. Citizens have their lives planned out, precision of language or speech prevents abstract things such as love, and nobody is ever singled out. Nobody doubts this way of life because it has been in place for generations and it is all they’ve ever known. Divergent’s society is a bit more lenient, with everyone split up into the five factions depending on what virtue they possess the most. An individual is taught that his or her faction and virtue defines everything that they are. Citizens don’t question this system because it had been created for the good of the people though a Divergent like the protagonist, who is able to possess multiple virtues, starts to question why an individual can only have one quality that defines them. Other people have also began to challenge their society yet for another reason. Jeanine, the primary antagonist, recognizes that all five factions contribute to the society; however in her eyes, all of the other factions compared to her own are unnecessary thus they need to be eliminated. The Council of Elders in The Giver take advantage of the community’s fear of the unknown and unexpected. They are important in the citizens’ eyes because they can bring reassurance to everyone. They can continue to manipulate the ignorance of the community while also providing them with false happiness. In conclusion, both The Giver and Divergent portray restriction of individuality in different ways yet both display how government control plays a role in it similarly.
The Giver Directed by Philip Noyce: a Review
The movie The Giver, was published on August 24, 2014. The atmosphere of the community is like a dystopian community taking place in the year 2048. The people in the community have no idea what “the real world” is actually like, only what they have been taught, almost like a dictatorship. In the community only one person has the privilege to have memories, the Receiver of Memory. Phillip Noyce did a very good job directing the movie and hitting almost every aspect of the book. I thought that the movie was a pretty good copy of the book.
The movie did a pretty good job representing the book and how the society is being represented as a whole. The movie started out with a black and white almost a sepia effect. The outlook of the perspective of all of the characters except for one. The government in the community was almost like a dictatorship, keeping tabs, on everyone and everything they do. The society the people in which the people are apart of is a very censored and an abnormal community. Strict rules were placed to keep order, and “protect” them from harms way.
As far as the adaptation of characters in the movie, I thought there were some drastic changes made in a few of these characters. Odeya Rush (Fiona), Brenton Thwaites (Jonas), and Cameron Monaghan (Asher), were presented as older than they were in the book. At the age of 18, they were chosen there jobs. The receiver, drone pilot, and nurturer. Moving along with the movie, Jonas starts getting more and more stirrings about Fiona. Jonas fantasized over Fiona, his stirrings started growing stronger. Jonas eventually knew that if he could make it to the end, he would not only be helping himself, but showing everyone in the community there is more to the world then what the Chief elder is putting off, or telling them.
Some of the characters were casted very well, and did an accurate job portraying the characters from the book. Others not so much, almost as if they were awkwardly playing their part, or unsure of something. Brenton Thwaites, played the most accurate part, Jonas. Everything about his character, Thwaites portrayed in a very simple and modest version of Jonas. Odeya Rush played Fiona in a more modest, and subtle way. Keeping Fiona accurate but yet, she had a very modern twist. Jonas’ main goal was to prove to everyone there was something beyond their community. On the other hand Cameron Monaghan did not act as if he should of been casted as Asher. I feel as if Monaghan should have been casted as someone else. Everything about his character was almost in an awkward stage, but the awkward stage never left.
Keeping the book in mind when writing the movie, I thought that the movie left out some very important aspects of the book. In the book before every meal they would share a dream they had, talked about the dream, and explained about the dream. The movie also skips over the younger kids having a comfort object. Lilly’s object was what they called a “hippo” which in reality was an elephant. When watching the movie it was moving very quickly, almost too quick. Keeping in mind everything flowed right, but almost made to the point of confusion.
Overall I thought the movie was okay. Everything was portrayed in an all right way, but there could have been ways of improvement. Keeping information the same in transition from book to movie is complicated. Even though thing’s were left out, or new things were added, it gave the movie more of a dramatic effect, and keep the movie suspenseful and yet still entertaining. In the end Phillip Noyce did an alright job on the movie.
Novel Summary: The Giver
The novel “The Giver” begins with Jonas, a twelve year old boy who lives in a utopia where there’s no such thing as pain, war, fear, or hatred. In the community he lives everything is pleasant and as fair as possible. With the upcoming national Ceremony of the Twelve, where he’s bound to be assigned his work occupation for the rest of his life. He is nervous about the ceremony so he seeks comfort from his father, a nurturer, who cares for newborns. Also his mother who’s an official in the Department of Justice.
Jonas is unlike everyone else in the community, he has unusual powers of perception. He is the only one in the community that can perceive flashes of color; for everyone else the world is as deprived of color as it is of pain, hunger, and love.
The next day at the Ceremony everyone is given they’re assigned vocation for the rest of their lives, except for Jonas. He’s is assigned the highly honored Assignment of Receiver of Memory. The Receiver is the single keeper of the community’s collective memories. These are the memories of pain, war, and emotion. Someone is assigned to retain these memories, so the community can avoid making mistakes of the past. Jonas is set to receive all of these memories from a wise old man who calls himself the Giver.
The Giver shares his memories by placing his hands on Jonas’s back. The first memory he obtains is of a sled ride. Later on he receives memories of pleasure and pain, of bright beautiful colors and severe weather, of excitement and fright and hunger and love. Those memories start to make Jonas’s life more meaningful, and wants to share these memories with everyone he loves. Although he can’t, everyone in the community has lost the capacity to feel anything in exchange for a peaceful existence. Jonas becomes more and more frustrated with the community, and the Giver, whos felt the same for a very long time, encourages him. Meanwhile, Jonas’s father is worried about Gabe, a newborn who is falling behind on his health expected goals, and has received permission to bring him home. The baby has pale eyes, like Jonas and the Giver, soon Jonas becomes attached to Gabe. More so, after he discovers that he is able to share his memories with Gabe. Jonas learns that if Gabes health does not increase, he’ll be released or taken elsewhere.
The Giver eventually reveals to him what released actually means by showing him a video of his father doing his job. In the video his father unknowingly injects one twin baby with poison before placing the body in a box. After witnessing that, Jonas became filled with anger, confusion and horror.
Book Review:The Giver by Lois Lowry
The Giver by Lois Lowry
In the book the giver the people in this world do not see color. They don’t know music. They do not know about death. They are told that the people that are release go to a different community. People believe that they spend their lives in that community forever. Everybody seems happy. They also spend a lot of time sharing their feelings within the family group and trying to make each other feel better. One of the games that the children play is a war-like game. They are pretending to have guns and shoot at each other. They don’t think it is something bad because they don’t know what war is.
The main character in this book is Jonas. In the book the main character’s age begins at the age of 11 and the book ends when he is 13. The Ceremony of the Twelves is special for him because he finds out that instead of being assigned a job, he is “chosen”. He is to be trained to be the new Receiver. The Receiver is a sort of historian. He is more than just a historian. The Receiver bears the memories of wind, war, sunshine, savoring, music, and color. This is done to be sure that the people do not experience the pain that can come with having strong emotions.
The old Receiver, who tells Jonas to call him The Giver, transfers the memories to Jonas by a unique method that sounds a bit like how people can read other people’s minds. Jonas then finds out about war, colors, music, snow, sunshine and about pain and joy and all kinds of other intense emotions. He becomes confused and doesn’t understand. In the end he decides that he can no longer live in these communities, with the help of the Giver he runs away but by running away he will help his people because the memories will leave him and will return to the people. This is the only way in which the people will realize that there is more to life.
What I liked about this book is that some ideas are related to some things that happen in real life. The theme of the book is that somewhere in the past somebody tried to create a life with no pain, no war, basically no insecurities. But along the way that life also become a life without much color, a life with few individual choices. The ending of the book is kind of ambiguous because it is unclear if he lives and reaches a kind of world like in his memories, or if he dies. At the end of the book, the author describes a scene in which Jonas sees an image of Christmas, with singing and color. He also sees a sled and uses it to slide down a hill.
Givers versus Takers
There is a reason why the biblical phrase “it is better to give than to receive” is so popular. For a long time, authors described successful people in business as having talent and luck, but nowadays according to Adam Grant, they share another quality; they give back (Brandom, 2013, para 1). In this context a dilemma surfaces. One component that distinguishes organized cultures is whether the cultures themselves are framed by giver or taker philosophies. The main reasons that make the giver culture better is the preferences for reciprocity, the mission of the company, and the success of the philosophy.
In the frenetic world of business development, companies differ in their preferences for reciprocity. At this point in time, most businesses are anchored with two extremes: the takers and the givers. In giver environments, employees operate as high-performing intelligence to: help others, share knowledge, offer mentoring, and make connections without expecting anything in return.
At the other end of the spectrum, the norm is to get as much as possible from others while contributing less in return.
Taker employees help only when they expect the personal benefits to exceed the costs, as opposed to when the organizational benefits outweigh the personal costs (Grant, 2013, para. 3). Takers are selfish, and evaluate what other people can give them. Givers, however, are characterized for being selfless, giving more emphasis to what others require from them. Many people limit the giver label to prodigious heroes such as Mahatma Gandhi. Phenomenal acts are not required for being a giver, only strategic acts (Grant, 2013, para 15). Giver and takers are not defined by their affinity for money. Rather, they differ in their attitudes and actions toward other people.
A Company environment starts with the organization’s leadership, and how they create, communicate, and behave to support the mission. In this context, there are two aspects that identify what kind of CEO a company has, and, as
a result of their actions, how the mission is established. The first indication is their speech. The takers tend to use first-person singular pronouns, like “I” and “me,” while the givers use “us” and “we”. The second aspect is the CEO’s character’s reflection on the company. Takers believe that it is all about them. For example, they usually think, “I am the single most important figure in this company”.
When you look at their photos in the company’s annual reports, they have larger photos, and they are more likely to be pictured alone. On the other hand, giver leaders consider the company as a whole, and how everyone is an essential part of it. Due to this perspective, they prefer to be pictured with the entire team. After the type of CEO is identified, the mission of their company becomes clear. It is recognizable that a mission based on giver beliefs benefits the helping nature within the company and assists the employees to freely contribute their knowledge and skills to others.
Giver companies achieve a greater and more meaningful success than taker companies. Both givers and takers can achieve success. Nevertheless, there is a peculiar difference that happens when givers succeed. It disperses and cascades in a way that creates a ripple effect, enhancing the success of people around them.. In consequence, people around them are rooting for and supporting them. Unlike givers, when takers win, there is usually someone else who loses, and people tend to envy successful takers. The principal difference lies in how giver success creates value, instead of just claiming it (Popova, 2013, para 17).
The approach to a giver’s success is determined over a long period of time. The results of the strategies are not immediate; however, it has a long-term repercussion in the company development. In contrast to givers, takers may achieve success, but it is likely to be short-lived and not rooted in meaningful or equitable relationships (Stanger, 2013, para. 4). In fact, the patterns of success based on reciprocity giver’s philosophy are remarkably efficient. In conclusion, givers and takers are philosophies of business interaction, but the lines between them are defined by differences in reciprocity, mission, and work outcomes. Namely, giving culture in a company is the best option which provides genuine support, better satisfaction of the clients, and an increase in the productivity of the employee system.
Brandon. (2013). Why Givers (Not Takers) Usually Win. Retrieved October 21, 2013 from https://www.inc.com/john-brandon/qanda-adam-grant-author-of-give-and-take.html Grant. (2013). Givers take all: The hidden dimension of corporate culture. Retrieved October 21, 2013 from Grant. (2013). Good Return. Retrieved October 21, 2013 from https://www.upenn.edu/gazette/0713/feature2_1.html Popova. (2013). Givers, Takers, and Matchers: The Surprising Science of Success. Retrieved October 21, 2013 from https://www.brainpickings.org/2013/04/10/adam-grant-give-and-take/ Stenger. (2013).What’s The Real Secret to Success? A “Giver” Instinct. Retrieved October 21, 2013 from https://www.stengerandcompany.com/blog/86-what-s-the-real-secret-to-success-a-giver-instinct
The Giver Book Review
I. Setting: In an isolated Arcadian community at an unknown time in the future
II. Characters and Commentary:
A. Jonas – The eleven year old protagonist (turns twelve at a point) who has “bizarre powers” and is chosen as the Receiver of Memory. He has a wide variety of interests. For a pre-adolescent, he is extremely wise, curious, thoughtful, and has a much deeper understanding in life than the others in his community. B. The Giver – Formerly known as the Receiver of Memory until Jonas was chosen (making him The Giver).
Just like Jonas, he is very patient, wise and understanding; He helps in making important decisions in the community. He looks old but actually is not as old as he looks because he deals with a lot of loneliness, frustrations, and painful and traumatizing memories.
C. Gabriel – Gabriel is a loveable and cute child Jonas’s family takes care of. Jonas gets very attached to him especially at night when Jonas puts him to sleep with beautiful memories.
D. Jonas’s father – Jonas’s father is a good-natured, compassionate and loving Nurturer who works with infants. He is an incredibly sweet, affectionate, silly man and father. He enjoys his job and is fond of children. E. Jonas’s mother – Jonas’s mother is your everyday lovely working mom. She has a significant role in the Department of Justice. She, like any warm-hearted mother gives guidance and advice to Jonas.
F. Asher – He is the high-spirited, clumsy, playful best friend of Jonas. He is always punished by his teacher for not have proper language acquisition and for frequently being late. Though in the ceremony of twelve’s, he is assigned Assistant Director of Recreation. G. Fiona – She is a friend of Jonas who is assigned as a Caretaker in the House of the Old. She is red-haired (which only Jonas can see) and is kind-hearted, gentle and patient. Jonas acquires sexual stirrings for her. H. Lily – Jonas’s little sister is very talkative and loud. But she is a very knowledgeable girl. I. The Chief Elder – She is a well-informed elder who is the leader of the community. She is the head of the Council of Elders, a committee that creates laws and controls the community.
III. Plot Summary
In a futuristic utopian society that has abolished pain, frustrations, sorrows, hatred and fear, everyone and everything is equal and the same; A perfect world where every person is assigned a role once they reach twelve years old. When Jonas, the wise and understanding protagonist turns twelve, he is assigned a very special role: The Receiver. He is trained by The Giver and receives different memories and feelings that were kept from their community. As Jonas learns more and gains deeper understanding, he finds out that when his father “releases” babies, he kills them. This makes Jonas very furious thus giving him a burning desire to change things in his community.
To achieve this, he abandons the community with Gabe (a new child who has been staying with them), suffering from hunger and pain, and avoiding search planes to convey feelings and color to his community and bring himself to the world he has dreamed of knowing. When he reaches a point of physical exhaustion and starvation, he sees lights and hears music from a place ahead of him. IV. Point of View: The book was written in a “limited omniscient” 3rd person point of view. It was written in third person with the points of view and feelings of Jonas.
V. Themes or Morals:
Do not give up and stand up for what you believe in. Just like Jonas, we should be able to gather up our courage to do whatever we can to achieve something especially if that something has a positive outcome and is for the good of many. Balance liberty and security. What is life when you are too sheltered? Life is about taking chances and being able to be free to do what you want. But there must also be a limit to this. There can be no pleasure without pain and vice versa. Pleasure and pain are considered a package deal. You simply cannot value how wonderful an experience is if you have no idea how suffering feels like. Without enjoying the beauty of life, you also do not feel sorrow and discomfort. Life would be very meaningless and dull without one or the other or even both.
Memories are vital. First of all, if your mistakes are forgotten, they may be repeated. This statement is also related to “there can be no pleasure without pain and vice versa”. Yes, without memories, we will forget about all our sufferings and anguish but there will also be no true pleasure in life. Acknowledge differences. In The Giver, each individual is assigned by his/her interests especially at the age of twelve. Like in our world, at around twelve years old, we start shaping our own identities. We should celebrate these differences and not be intimidated by the trends and peer pressure. Be who you are and respect others for being themselves.
VI. Author’s style:
The author used different literary techniques to make the story more interesting and mysterious. A. Cliff hanger – In the end, Jonas sees lights and hears music, people singing. It doesn’t specify what happened to neither Jonas, Gabe nor the community. It makes the reader wonder if Jonas and Gabe found the destination they’ve been looking for or maybe they passed away. B. Foreshadowing – When he bathes the old woman in the House of the Old, he feels closeness and love which foreshadows his longing for personal relations. – In the beginning, Jonas was apprehensive about the Ceremony of Twelve this foreshadows his disappointment with his community. C. Symbolism – Fiona’s red hair especially the color red represents burning desire and passion. Thus, giving Jonas stirrings for her.
– The river which streams through the community to some other place represents escape from the boundaries of the community.
– Gabriel symbolizes hope, light and regeneration.
VII. Author’s purpose (perspective) – The author’s purpose is to inform and entertain. She sees that even a utopian society can be imperfect in many ways. Also, she finds memories are very significant VIII. Strengths or Weaknesses of the book: The book’s plot is very original, unique and inspirational. The storyline was presented in a beautiful way. Though fictional, it is somewhat relatable and the themes are clear and moving. But, there are complex thoughts that require maturity to able to be interpreted well. Though, I do not see this as a weakness.
a. As a person
As a person, first of all, be balanced. Anything in excess or lacking is not good. Whether pleasure and pain, or liberty and security. Secondly, keep hold of your memories. They aren’t just a part of your past; these can also define your future. Also, never give up. Always give your 110% and you will succeed. Lastly, be who you are. As Dr. Seuss said “Today you are you, that is truer than true. There is no one alive who is youer that you” b. As an artist
As artists, we should be able to acknowledge each other’s interests and respect each other’s works of arts. Also, originality is important. I quote Dr. Seuss: “Why fit in when you were born to stand out?” c. As a member of the community
As a member of a community, you should be able to do everything that you can for the good of the community.
X. Recommendation (why should a person read this book?)
This Newbery Award winning novel seems quite simple yet it has very complicated views with an extremely interesting, one-of-a-kind and mind-blowing plot. This 179-page book will surely enlighten you and will change the way you perceive life.
Society of The Giver
“There’s absolutely nothing we can do. It has constantly been in this manner.” Think of a world where everything was the very same. No difference, no outliers, nothing out of the regular. In the so-called utopian society of The Giver, the neighborhood which the main character, Jonas, resides in is precisely like this. The society which is depicted in the story is an impression of what a paradise is. Through the relationships that we have the ability to see in the story, such as interactions with the opposite sex, Jonas’s relationship with the Giver, and relationships between relative, we can plainly see that the idea of an utopia has actually clearly been misinterpreted by the society and its leaders.
In the society of The Giver, interaction between members of the opposite sex is clearly limited. When Jonas goes to the House of the Old, he helps the senior by bathing them. Even though this is an example of simply a young boy helping the society, a guideline in place exists, which states that it is “against the rules for kids or grownups to take a look at another’s nakedness; but the guideline did not use to new children or the Old.
” (Lowry 30) Clearly, the idea of a utopian society can not be maintained by intimacy, or simply look at another individual’s naked body. Likewise, when Jonas informed his intimate dream with Fiona at the Home of the Old, and wanting to bathe her, his parents right away offered him pills so that he would never ever experience the wanting ever once again. Despite the fact that this shows that the interaction in between opposite genders is profoundly restricted, it shows that there also is very little liberty inside The Provider’s society.
It shows that they all have to believe the very same method, and not experience any wanting within. Another manner in which the society limits relationships with the opposite sex is when you recognize that there can be no intimacy whatsoever. In the society of The Provider, everyone is designated a job, and they stay with that task their entire life. Individuals are not given any liberty to select which task they would like. One of these tasks is being a birthmother, which essentially is a person who brings to life the society’s children. In this method, it reveals that Jonas’s moms and dads never in fact conceived Jonas, nor ever had any intimate relationships with each other, despite the fact that they are couple.
The relationship between Jonas and the Giver is much more free than between those who live in the Community. When Jonas is first introduced to The Giver, he does not understand many of the things which the Giver says, simply because he has never experienced them before. When the Giver starts to compare being the Receiver of Memory to a sled slowing down while it pushes more and more snow, Jonas is completely puzzled, as he has never seen snow, nor a sled. As he starts to accumulate more memories from the Giver, he realizes what a great world it truly was, until people started to turn to Sameness. When the Giver starts talking about Sameness, it is implied that he refers to the physical sameness of the land, because he was talking about how all hills were leveled, and all snow disappearing.
The use of the word “sameness” can be used to talk about the land, however, the use of the word could have a metaphorical meaning to explain the psychology and behavior of the people who live inside the community. The word is a powerful metaphor to the emotional and psychological monotony of the inhabitant’s lives. As his relationship with the Giver moves on, you start to see Jonas perceiving the world in a different way, even though it is already apparent that he does this in the beginning. He starts to learn all about color, and he starts to see it more in the Community. It shows that the gap between Jonas and his society is widening when you see that he is curious, and starts to question the values that society had brought him up with. When he tries to transmit the memories of color to his friend Asher, and to Lily, he fails, simply because the two of them are just physically incapable of perceiving colors. A clear disadvantage of the relationship with Jonas and the Giver is that he starts to alienate himself from his own society.
Last of all, the problem with The Giver’s society is that it cannot truly create any real family bonds between people and their family. In the society, monotony and sameness are the values that are truly apparent and seen in the story. Inhabitants in the society have become accustomed to living in that way for such a long time, that they forget to have feelings, and grow out of ever living with passion. In Jonas’s society, as mentioned above, jobs are chosen by the Elders for the people who live in the Community, and they stick with that job for their entire life. As mentioned before, birthmothers contribute to the society by giving birth to babies.
The babies are actually assigned to a couple, who are also chosen by the Elders. In truth, the baby is not from the parents that take care of them. In the society, love does not exist, mainly because the so-called families who live with each other do not love each other. It takes a lot to love a child who is not yours. When Jonas is introduced to the memory of Christmas, he realizes what love is. “Jonas repeated it. ‘Love.’ It was a word and concept new to him.” (Lowry 125) Also, an example that clearly shows that love is not apparent in the society is when Jonas asks his parents whether they love him or not. They respond with the saying that love is meaningless, that love is without a doubt obsolete. Although the bond between Jonas and his family is a close one, it is not deep and not complete, because of the lack of love.
The society which Jonas lives in is a one that has been in many modern societies of today. For example, Soviet Russia, as well as China during the Cultural Revolution. In the Soviet Union, people believed that uniformity and monotony were the core values of the country, and should always be upheld. Just like in the Community, the Soviet government also arranged who you were going to marry, and how many kids you would have. Just like each individual government of a country, they believe that their way of government is still the best, just like the Elders think that Jonas’s society is a utopian society, when regretfully, it is not.
Even though the Elders believe that the society in which their people live in is a utopia, through the relationships that were stated above, it is strongly stated that it clearly is not. Through the absence of love, constrained friendships, and alienation from his community, Jonas is clearly unhappy in the situation in which his community has been put in. The way that this community has been manipulated has clearly been shown in the wondrous story of The Giver.
The Giver by Lois Lowry
Using specific examples from the book compare and contrast Jonas world with your world.
Jonas lives in a peaceful and structured community where people follow rules and instructions without hesitation (p.1). Most instructions and reprimands are transmitted over the loudspeakers that are placed around the community (pp.
2, 22-23, 37). In Jonas world, children are born to Birthmothers (pp. 21, 53) and are raised in the nurturing center with other newborn infants. Children are given a name and a number and are assigned to couples (p.
13) who are only allowed to have two children, a male and a female (p.8). Underweight infants (pp.148-150), maladaptive citizens (p.7), people who break rules (pp.2 and 9) and the elderly people (pp.7, 28, 31-32) are released from the society.
Children are well behaved and they are not allowed to ride the bicycle until they turn nine (p.13). From eight to eleven years of age, children are required to do volunteer work (pp.26 and 45) and at twelve, they are given their assignments or careers as new adult members of the community (pp.53-60). People in the community cannot see colors (p.95) nor feel pains (p.110) and love (p.126-127) because they chose sameness (p.95). In our world, we have the liberty to choose our professions and our spouses.
Parents nurture and give birth to their own children. Couples can have as much children as they want. We are open to diversity and we accept individual differences. The law in our society does not permit the practice of euthanasia on children with congenital abnormalities as well as the elderly people. Although we are governed by laws, we are not expected to behave in a structured manner. Most people have the capability to see the colors of our environment, to experience joy, sadness, love and pain.
How does the author Lowry use imagery to describe snow and war?
In describing the snow, Lois Lowry use imagery that relates to the visual, tactile and kinesthetic sensation of the body, e.g. sight of a bright, whirling torrent of crystals in the air (p.81), feeling of cold air and snowflakes on Jonas skin and tongue (p.80-81, 92), and the sensation of going downhill on a sled (pp.81-82, 92). Since Jonas has received so many memories in the past, he was asked to share the painful memory of war that was too much for the Giver to endure (p.118).
The imagery used by Lowry in describing war is more detailed. The images appeal to our five senses – the sight of several groaning men on the field (p118), a boy in uniform glistering with wet, fresh blood (p.119) and witnessing men and animals die (p.120); the scent of the foul-smelling place (p.118); the sense of hearing the thud of cannons and people begging for water (p.119-120); and the sense of touch or feeling as Jonas hold the metal container of water and feel the excruciating pain in his arm (p.119).