Givers versus Takers
There is a reason why the biblical phrase “it is better to give than to receive” is so popular. For a long time, authors described successful people in business as having talent and luck, but nowadays according to Adam Grant, they share another quality; they give back (Brandom, 2013, para 1). In this context a dilemma surfaces. One component that distinguishes organized cultures is whether the cultures themselves are framed by giver or taker philosophies. The main reasons that make the giver culture better is the preferences for reciprocity, the mission of the company, and the success of the philosophy.
In the frenetic world of business development, companies differ in their preferences for reciprocity. At this point in time, most businesses are anchored with two extremes: the takers and the givers. In giver environments, employees operate as high-performing intelligence to: help others, share knowledge, offer mentoring, and make connections without expecting anything in return.
At the other end of the spectrum, the norm is to get as much as possible from others while contributing less in return.
Taker employees help only when they expect the personal benefits to exceed the costs, as opposed to when the organizational benefits outweigh the personal costs (Grant, 2013, para. 3). Takers are selfish, and evaluate what other people can give them. Givers, however, are characterized for being selfless, giving more emphasis to what others require from them. Many people limit the giver label to prodigious heroes such as Mahatma Gandhi. Phenomenal acts are not required for being a giver, only strategic acts (Grant, 2013, para 15). Giver and takers are not defined by their affinity for money. Rather, they differ in their attitudes and actions toward other people.
A Company environment starts with the organization’s leadership, and how they create, communicate, and behave to support the mission. In this context, there are two aspects that identify what kind of CEO a company has, and, as
a result of their actions, how the mission is established. The first indication is their speech. The takers tend to use first-person singular pronouns, like “I” and “me,” while the givers use “us” and “we”. The second aspect is the CEO’s character’s reflection on the company. Takers believe that it is all about them. For example, they usually think, “I am the single most important figure in this company”.
When you look at their photos in the company’s annual reports, they have larger photos, and they are more likely to be pictured alone. On the other hand, giver leaders consider the company as a whole, and how everyone is an essential part of it. Due to this perspective, they prefer to be pictured with the entire team. After the type of CEO is identified, the mission of their company becomes clear. It is recognizable that a mission based on giver beliefs benefits the helping nature within the company and assists the employees to freely contribute their knowledge and skills to others.
Giver companies achieve a greater and more meaningful success than taker companies. Both givers and takers can achieve success. Nevertheless, there is a peculiar difference that happens when givers succeed. It disperses and cascades in a way that creates a ripple effect, enhancing the success of people around them.. In consequence, people around them are rooting for and supporting them. Unlike givers, when takers win, there is usually someone else who loses, and people tend to envy successful takers. The principal difference lies in how giver success creates value, instead of just claiming it (Popova, 2013, para 17).
The approach to a giver’s success is determined over a long period of time. The results of the strategies are not immediate; however, it has a long-term repercussion in the company development. In contrast to givers, takers may achieve success, but it is likely to be short-lived and not rooted in meaningful or equitable relationships (Stanger, 2013, para. 4). In fact, the patterns of success based on reciprocity giver’s philosophy are remarkably efficient. In conclusion, givers and takers are philosophies of business interaction, but the lines between them are defined by differences in reciprocity, mission, and work outcomes. Namely, giving culture in a company is the best option which provides genuine support, better satisfaction of the clients, and an increase in the productivity of the employee system.
Brandon. (2013). Why Givers (Not Takers) Usually Win. Retrieved October 21, 2013 from http://www.inc.com/john-brandon/qanda-adam-grant-author-of-give-and-take.html Grant. (2013). Givers take all: The hidden dimension of corporate culture. Retrieved October 21, 2013 from http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/organization/givers_take_all_the_hidden_dimension_of_corporate_culture Grant. (2013). Good Return. Retrieved October 21, 2013 from http://www.upenn.edu/gazette/0713/feature2_1.html Popova. (2013). Givers, Takers, and Matchers: The Surprising Science of Success. Retrieved October 21, 2013 from http://www.brainpickings.org/index.php/2013/04/10/adam-grant-give-and-take/ Stenger. (2013).What’s The Real Secret to Success? A “Giver” Instinct. Retrieved October 21, 2013 from https://www.stengerandcompany.com/blog/86-what-s-the-real-secret-to-success-a-giver-instinct
The Giver Book Review
I. Setting: In an isolated Arcadian community at an unknown time in the future
II. Characters and Commentary:
A. Jonas – The eleven year old protagonist (turns twelve at a point) who has “bizarre powers” and is chosen as the Receiver of Memory. He has a wide variety of interests. For a pre-adolescent, he is extremely wise, curious, thoughtful, and has a much deeper understanding in life than the others in his community. B. The Giver – Formerly known as the Receiver of Memory until Jonas was chosen (making him The Giver).
Just like Jonas, he is very patient, wise and understanding; He helps in making important decisions in the community. He looks old but actually is not as old as he looks because he deals with a lot of loneliness, frustrations, and painful and traumatizing memories.
C. Gabriel – Gabriel is a loveable and cute child Jonas’s family takes care of. Jonas gets very attached to him especially at night when Jonas puts him to sleep with beautiful memories.
D. Jonas’s father – Jonas’s father is a good-natured, compassionate and loving Nurturer who works with infants. He is an incredibly sweet, affectionate, silly man and father. He enjoys his job and is fond of children. E. Jonas’s mother – Jonas’s mother is your everyday lovely working mom. She has a significant role in the Department of Justice. She, like any warm-hearted mother gives guidance and advice to Jonas.
F. Asher – He is the high-spirited, clumsy, playful best friend of Jonas. He is always punished by his teacher for not have proper language acquisition and for frequently being late. Though in the ceremony of twelve’s, he is assigned Assistant Director of Recreation. G. Fiona – She is a friend of Jonas who is assigned as a Caretaker in the House of the Old. She is red-haired (which only Jonas can see) and is kind-hearted, gentle and patient. Jonas acquires sexual stirrings for her. H. Lily – Jonas’s little sister is very talkative and loud. But she is a very knowledgeable girl. I. The Chief Elder – She is a well-informed elder who is the leader of the community. She is the head of the Council of Elders, a committee that creates laws and controls the community.
III. Plot Summary
In a futuristic utopian society that has abolished pain, frustrations, sorrows, hatred and fear, everyone and everything is equal and the same; A perfect world where every person is assigned a role once they reach twelve years old. When Jonas, the wise and understanding protagonist turns twelve, he is assigned a very special role: The Receiver. He is trained by The Giver and receives different memories and feelings that were kept from their community. As Jonas learns more and gains deeper understanding, he finds out that when his father “releases” babies, he kills them. This makes Jonas very furious thus giving him a burning desire to change things in his community.
To achieve this, he abandons the community with Gabe (a new child who has been staying with them), suffering from hunger and pain, and avoiding search planes to convey feelings and color to his community and bring himself to the world he has dreamed of knowing. When he reaches a point of physical exhaustion and starvation, he sees lights and hears music from a place ahead of him. IV. Point of View: The book was written in a “limited omniscient” 3rd person point of view. It was written in third person with the points of view and feelings of Jonas.
V. Themes or Morals:
Do not give up and stand up for what you believe in. Just like Jonas, we should be able to gather up our courage to do whatever we can to achieve something especially if that something has a positive outcome and is for the good of many. Balance liberty and security. What is life when you are too sheltered? Life is about taking chances and being able to be free to do what you want. But there must also be a limit to this. There can be no pleasure without pain and vice versa. Pleasure and pain are considered a package deal. You simply cannot value how wonderful an experience is if you have no idea how suffering feels like. Without enjoying the beauty of life, you also do not feel sorrow and discomfort. Life would be very meaningless and dull without one or the other or even both.
Memories are vital. First of all, if your mistakes are forgotten, they may be repeated. This statement is also related to “there can be no pleasure without pain and vice versa”. Yes, without memories, we will forget about all our sufferings and anguish but there will also be no true pleasure in life. Acknowledge differences. In The Giver, each individual is assigned by his/her interests especially at the age of twelve. Like in our world, at around twelve years old, we start shaping our own identities. We should celebrate these differences and not be intimidated by the trends and peer pressure. Be who you are and respect others for being themselves.
VI. Author’s style:
The author used different literary techniques to make the story more interesting and mysterious. A. Cliff hanger – In the end, Jonas sees lights and hears music, people singing. It doesn’t specify what happened to neither Jonas, Gabe nor the community. It makes the reader wonder if Jonas and Gabe found the destination they’ve been looking for or maybe they passed away. B. Foreshadowing – When he bathes the old woman in the House of the Old, he feels closeness and love which foreshadows his longing for personal relations. – In the beginning, Jonas was apprehensive about the Ceremony of Twelve this foreshadows his disappointment with his community. C. Symbolism – Fiona’s red hair especially the color red represents burning desire and passion. Thus, giving Jonas stirrings for her.
– The river which streams through the community to some other place represents escape from the boundaries of the community.
– Gabriel symbolizes hope, light and regeneration.
VII. Author’s purpose (perspective) – The author’s purpose is to inform and entertain. She sees that even a utopian society can be imperfect in many ways. Also, she finds memories are very significant VIII. Strengths or Weaknesses of the book: The book’s plot is very original, unique and inspirational. The storyline was presented in a beautiful way. Though fictional, it is somewhat relatable and the themes are clear and moving. But, there are complex thoughts that require maturity to able to be interpreted well. Though, I do not see this as a weakness.
a. As a person
As a person, first of all, be balanced. Anything in excess or lacking is not good. Whether pleasure and pain, or liberty and security. Secondly, keep hold of your memories. They aren’t just a part of your past; these can also define your future. Also, never give up. Always give your 110% and you will succeed. Lastly, be who you are. As Dr. Seuss said “Today you are you, that is truer than true. There is no one alive who is youer that you” b. As an artist
As artists, we should be able to acknowledge each other’s interests and respect each other’s works of arts. Also, originality is important. I quote Dr. Seuss: “Why fit in when you were born to stand out?” c. As a member of the community
As a member of a community, you should be able to do everything that you can for the good of the community.
X. Recommendation (why should a person read this book?)
This Newbery Award winning novel seems quite simple yet it has very complicated views with an extremely interesting, one-of-a-kind and mind-blowing plot. This 179-page book will surely enlighten you and will change the way you perceive life.
Society of The Giver
“There’s absolutely nothing we can do. It has constantly been in this manner.” Think of a world where everything was the very same. No difference, no outliers, nothing out of the regular. In the so-called utopian society of The Giver, the neighborhood which the main character, Jonas, resides in is precisely like this. The society which is depicted in the story is an impression of what a paradise is. Through the relationships that we have the ability to see in the story, such as interactions with the opposite sex, Jonas’s relationship with the Giver, and relationships between relative, we can plainly see that the idea of an utopia has actually clearly been misinterpreted by the society and its leaders.
In the society of The Giver, interaction between members of the opposite sex is clearly limited. When Jonas goes to the House of the Old, he helps the senior by bathing them. Even though this is an example of simply a young boy helping the society, a guideline in place exists, which states that it is “against the rules for kids or grownups to take a look at another’s nakedness; but the guideline did not use to new children or the Old.
” (Lowry 30) Clearly, the idea of a utopian society can not be maintained by intimacy, or simply look at another individual’s naked body. Likewise, when Jonas informed his intimate dream with Fiona at the Home of the Old, and wanting to bathe her, his parents right away offered him pills so that he would never ever experience the wanting ever once again. Despite the fact that this shows that the interaction in between opposite genders is profoundly restricted, it shows that there also is very little liberty inside The Provider’s society.
It shows that they all have to believe the very same method, and not experience any wanting within. Another manner in which the society limits relationships with the opposite sex is when you recognize that there can be no intimacy whatsoever. In the society of The Provider, everyone is designated a job, and they stay with that task their entire life. Individuals are not given any liberty to select which task they would like. One of these tasks is being a birthmother, which essentially is a person who brings to life the society’s children. In this method, it reveals that Jonas’s moms and dads never in fact conceived Jonas, nor ever had any intimate relationships with each other, despite the fact that they are couple.
The relationship between Jonas and the Giver is much more free than between those who live in the Community. When Jonas is first introduced to The Giver, he does not understand many of the things which the Giver says, simply because he has never experienced them before. When the Giver starts to compare being the Receiver of Memory to a sled slowing down while it pushes more and more snow, Jonas is completely puzzled, as he has never seen snow, nor a sled. As he starts to accumulate more memories from the Giver, he realizes what a great world it truly was, until people started to turn to Sameness. When the Giver starts talking about Sameness, it is implied that he refers to the physical sameness of the land, because he was talking about how all hills were leveled, and all snow disappearing.
The use of the word “sameness” can be used to talk about the land, however, the use of the word could have a metaphorical meaning to explain the psychology and behavior of the people who live inside the community. The word is a powerful metaphor to the emotional and psychological monotony of the inhabitant’s lives. As his relationship with the Giver moves on, you start to see Jonas perceiving the world in a different way, even though it is already apparent that he does this in the beginning. He starts to learn all about color, and he starts to see it more in the Community. It shows that the gap between Jonas and his society is widening when you see that he is curious, and starts to question the values that society had brought him up with. When he tries to transmit the memories of color to his friend Asher, and to Lily, he fails, simply because the two of them are just physically incapable of perceiving colors. A clear disadvantage of the relationship with Jonas and the Giver is that he starts to alienate himself from his own society.
Last of all, the problem with The Giver’s society is that it cannot truly create any real family bonds between people and their family. In the society, monotony and sameness are the values that are truly apparent and seen in the story. Inhabitants in the society have become accustomed to living in that way for such a long time, that they forget to have feelings, and grow out of ever living with passion. In Jonas’s society, as mentioned above, jobs are chosen by the Elders for the people who live in the Community, and they stick with that job for their entire life. As mentioned before, birthmothers contribute to the society by giving birth to babies.
The babies are actually assigned to a couple, who are also chosen by the Elders. In truth, the baby is not from the parents that take care of them. In the society, love does not exist, mainly because the so-called families who live with each other do not love each other. It takes a lot to love a child who is not yours. When Jonas is introduced to the memory of Christmas, he realizes what love is. “Jonas repeated it. ‘Love.’ It was a word and concept new to him.” (Lowry 125) Also, an example that clearly shows that love is not apparent in the society is when Jonas asks his parents whether they love him or not. They respond with the saying that love is meaningless, that love is without a doubt obsolete. Although the bond between Jonas and his family is a close one, it is not deep and not complete, because of the lack of love.
The society which Jonas lives in is a one that has been in many modern societies of today. For example, Soviet Russia, as well as China during the Cultural Revolution. In the Soviet Union, people believed that uniformity and monotony were the core values of the country, and should always be upheld. Just like in the Community, the Soviet government also arranged who you were going to marry, and how many kids you would have. Just like each individual government of a country, they believe that their way of government is still the best, just like the Elders think that Jonas’s society is a utopian society, when regretfully, it is not.
Even though the Elders believe that the society in which their people live in is a utopia, through the relationships that were stated above, it is strongly stated that it clearly is not. Through the absence of love, constrained friendships, and alienation from his community, Jonas is clearly unhappy in the situation in which his community has been put in. The way that this community has been manipulated has clearly been shown in the wondrous story of The Giver.
The Giver by Lois Lowry
Using specific examples from the book compare and contrast Jonas world with your world.
Jonas lives in a peaceful and structured community where people follow rules and instructions without hesitation (p.1). Most instructions and reprimands are transmitted over the loudspeakers that are placed around the community (pp.
2, 22-23, 37). In Jonas world, children are born to Birthmothers (pp. 21, 53) and are raised in the nurturing center with other newborn infants. Children are given a name and a number and are assigned to couples (p.
13) who are only allowed to have two children, a male and a female (p.8). Underweight infants (pp.148-150), maladaptive citizens (p.7), people who break rules (pp.2 and 9) and the elderly people (pp.7, 28, 31-32) are released from the society.
Children are well behaved and they are not allowed to ride the bicycle until they turn nine (p.13). From eight to eleven years of age, children are required to do volunteer work (pp.26 and 45) and at twelve, they are given their assignments or careers as new adult members of the community (pp.53-60). People in the community cannot see colors (p.95) nor feel pains (p.110) and love (p.126-127) because they chose sameness (p.95). In our world, we have the liberty to choose our professions and our spouses.
Parents nurture and give birth to their own children. Couples can have as much children as they want. We are open to diversity and we accept individual differences. The law in our society does not permit the practice of euthanasia on children with congenital abnormalities as well as the elderly people. Although we are governed by laws, we are not expected to behave in a structured manner. Most people have the capability to see the colors of our environment, to experience joy, sadness, love and pain.
How does the author Lowry use imagery to describe snow and war?
In describing the snow, Lois Lowry use imagery that relates to the visual, tactile and kinesthetic sensation of the body, e.g. sight of a bright, whirling torrent of crystals in the air (p.81), feeling of cold air and snowflakes on Jonas skin and tongue (p.80-81, 92), and the sensation of going downhill on a sled (pp.81-82, 92). Since Jonas has received so many memories in the past, he was asked to share the painful memory of war that was too much for the Giver to endure (p.118).
The imagery used by Lowry in describing war is more detailed. The images appeal to our five senses – the sight of several groaning men on the field (p118), a boy in uniform glistering with wet, fresh blood (p.119) and witnessing men and animals die (p.120); the scent of the foul-smelling place (p.118); the sense of hearing the thud of cannons and people begging for water (p.119-120); and the sense of touch or feeling as Jonas hold the metal container of water and feel the excruciating pain in his arm (p.119).
The Giver's Ending
Jonas and Gabe was walking towards the door. Jonas hears the same music that he had heard early. As Jonas and Gabe get closer, the music gets louder. When Jonas opens the door he sees that the fire place is lit which is weird since no one else would leave the community, but as Jonas turns he sees the grand piano and the person that’s playing is Rosemary The Giver’s daughter and The Receiver that had failed 10 years ago.
Jonas looked shocked when he saw her but Jonas wasn’t the only one shocked. Rose said “I wasn’t thinking you’ll be here already” Jonas said while looking shocked “Your Rosemary The Receiver that failed 10 years ago and also your The Giver’s daughter.” “Yes I am, I been living here, they were going to release me but i management to escape “Rose said “So that’s way chaos broke out before” Jonas was thinking. “Chaos broke out because I crossed the boundary, but can you tell me is The Giver still alive?” Rose asked “Yeah why? “Jonas said while wondering “I’m asking because since you passed the boundary, memories are being released to everyone in the community.
” Rose continued “So what about it he has more memories to stop them.” Jonas said, “He maybe have more memories than them but he stop them once there not going to listen to him again.” Rose replied “Jonas you need to rest for today tomorrow we’ll go save The Giver,” Rose insisted.While Jonas is resting on the couch, Rose quickly prepares upstairs for tomorrow and quickly goes to bed. Jonas was having a dream of him making a snow angel until something else took its place and something heavy began to press against his crest and legs. The thing against his crest and legs were a blur until he made it out, it was one on the drones. The drone had crashed right into him and he was losing oxygen fast. Jonas woke up gasping for air and he had pain in his crest and legs, he had to go talk with Rose about this “dream.” Jonas goes upstairs first to see if shes awake yet and she was already awake and making breakfast. This breakfast was new for Jonas because it was like the food in the community. Jonas had told Rose about the dream but she told him that it was a dream it was a memory from the future. “Every time a Receiver cross that boundary The Giver and The Receiver both get a memory of the future.” Rose continued. “The only reason why I knew who you where was because the memory was about you.”Rose had said. Rose told Jonas to wake up Gabe and also get the baby food from the fridge this was going to be a one day and three hour journey. “One more thing Jonas the Community is already in chaos but there’s are some people who’s trying to stop it, well those are your friends and The Giver so we should hurry up and go.” Rose explained.The journey was longer than expected it was because the environment was much more harder to climb and run on. They finally made it to the community but every thing was in rumble even the walls that protects the citizens from going to far. They first had to find Fiona, Jonas just knew where to find her. “We need to find Fiona first before we get to Asher.” Jonas command, Rose just nodded without saying a word. Jonas and Rose with Gabe in her arms they looked for Fiona who was keeping the babies calm. They told her to find Asher but she insisted that she stay he to keep the baby calm. Rose replied “OK you and Jonas can stay he while I go find my dad.” Jonas nodded without saying a thing, Rose gave Gabe to Fiona so he could get feed. Jonas and Fiona had to take care of the baby until Rose came by with The Giver. A hour later Rose came back see couldn’t find him but he was out there and they told Jonas and Fiona to find Asher and they’ll take care of the babies. Asher was in the control center piloting one of the drone when Jonas and Fiona came in. Asher was on his drone trying to pick up rumble that was on the floor of houses, when all of a sudden his drone went down so with Jonas and Fiona by his side looking at the screen they knew they had to travel on foot to find The Giver. They all ran outside to see the crash drone and some one was under it. It was The Giver this was Jonas memory had to go help him because Jonas knew that he’s running out of air fast. Every one was trying to help him get unstuck, after lifting 150 lb drone The Giver was finally free, “We need to start calming everyone down or else The Community is going be gone for good.Every one in the community was still in chaos, but they had a plan. Their plan was to give a speech about the loved ones in are life. Their speech would be heart warming and it also be meaningful to every one. ” Hi my name is Jonas as you know I’m The Receiver of Memory or was, as you know there’s no evidence of disease, hunger, poverty, war, or ever lasting pain exists in The Community. That’s because The Community had eliminated it, pain and strife when they converted to “Sameness” Their Speech took every one by heart so the community was no longer in chaos, also the people learned that we all have loved ones so we should spend time with them. Even though the chaos was over, The Community was still in rumbles from the chaos.There was only one thing left to due since the community was in rumble. It was to reform the laws and re-build houses. The planning and re-building will take a long time but with hard work and determine they will have it done as fast as possible. Every one would pitch in so the work will be done faster. Even though The Community is destroy with every ones help it would be soon re-built.
Shen Te Character Analysis
First performed in 1943, the play “confronts one of the great contradictions of modern life the impossibility of being good while participating in the market”. Shen Te, as her character is explored throughout the play and contrasted with the prudent split personality of Shui ta, is a hopelessly magnanimous giver. Her attitude of giving borders on foolishness and she is brought to the brink of ruin. In a poverty-stricken and self-serving society, Shen Te’s goodness might have emerged from the guilt that she is conditioned to nurture because of the stigma around a woman who has once lived as a prostitute – a lifelong stigma that her landlady repeatedly makes her feel.
The god’s when they first arrive define goodness in someone as “we must at least be able to show some people who are in a position to keep our commandments”. For them, it is the principle of moral absolutism.
When looked at from the perspective of being burdened the goodness itself comes into question, it would seem that Shen Teh’s foolish goodness which is constantly taken advantage of is something to be emulated which completely counters Brecht’s purpose.
No form of goodness can effectively function when it is burdened by uncompromising commandments which also discourages the giver to continue to be helpful. Shen Te,s goodness is subject to an immense number of resolve shaking hurdles. Brecht represents the flawed system that has turned most people victims of the capitalistic system. The playwright introduces Shui Ta from the very same Shen Te so that one must understand that the good person herself has some limits beyond which they cannot be pushed. At first, Shui Ta only appears when Shen Te is in a particularly desperate situation, but as the action of the play develops, Shen Teh becomes unable to keep up with the demands made on her and is overwhelmed by the promises she makes to others. Therefore, she is compelled to call on her cousin’s services for longer periods until at last her true personality seems to be consumed by her cousin’s severity.
“In Szechwan, the god’s commandments, which urge love and goodness, are in direct conflict with the requirements of the economic situation for ruthlessness and brutality.”
Brecht famously wrote himself: “Grub first, then ethics” which is really relevant here. It means to say ” survival must always come first, and morality and consideration for the ethics concerning the means of survival must come second.
Shen Te, in order to survive, must become Shui Ta ” despite the moral and ethical implications. This idea of survival over morality is explored in the play and “the resulting parable play” ” as he himself dubbed it ” confronts one of the great contradictions of modern life ” the impossibility of being good while participating in the market” (Unwin, 2005:205).
THEMES ANALYSIS of THE GIVER The Importance of Memory This story developed from the author’s understanding of the importance of memory, an understanding which came from her observation of someone who no longer had their memory. When one has no memory they cannot remember painful episodes in their life. Some people with memories of horrors, losing those memories can seem to be a blessing. But, if they also cannot recall the emotions associated with their good relationships with others, it is a mixed blessing. The author appears to believe that having all memories, good and bad, is better than having no memories. This book presents a convincing argument for the importance of memory. Memory is important for preventing repetition of mistakes. That is where the Receivers give their community valuable help. Without the Receivers, the community would have wanted to increase the population. But, because the Giver/Receiver had memories of famine and hunger, they avoided suffering through famine and hunger again. Jonas learns to love through memories. Those in the community who do not have memories are unable to experience love. This has enormous importance. The Importance of the Individual What Jonas accomplishes shows what an individual can do. He manages to not only change his life and the lives of Gabriel and the Giver, but also the lives of everyone in the community by making it possible for the memories to go to the community. Before the Ceremony of Twelve, Jonas was one of a group of Elevens who were all living according to the rules of the community. | Your browser does not support the IFRAME tag. | After the Ceremony of Twelve, when he became the new Receiver, and after he began receiving the memories, he developed into an individual with a life separate from that of the community. At that point, he was able to make a difference in the life of everyone in the community. Soon, now that they are receiving memories, they will also be able to act as individuals and make even more changes for the improvement of the community. The Value of Freedom to Make Choices Sometimes we make the wrong choice, but, even so, the freedom to make choices outweighs any good that would come from losing our ability to make choices. Jonas, who has gone through his entire childhood without making a choice, begins to make choices after he starts receiving memories from the Giver. He learns what he has been missing. He knows that the freedom to make choices is the key to getting the most out of life. The choice that he makes to leave the community helps the community as well as himself, Gabriel and the Giver. Jonas’s choice to leave the community seems to have extra value because it will enable the community itself to begin making choices. The Relationship between Pain and Pleasure A memory of pain gives meaning to pleasure. In the community, life is monotonous because pleasurable things do not have the value that a memory of pain would give them. Pain is not felt as fully as it would be if the person experiencing it had knowledge of pleasure. In the community, due to lack of memories of pain and pleasure, feelings are muted. As Jonas receives the memories, he is better able to experience pain and pleasure. This gives his life added richness. He wants to share this richness with his community, especially with his friends and family. The Value of a Multi-generational Family The family in which Jonas grew up was only a temporary grouping of parents and children. When Jonas and then Lily grow up, it is expected that Father and Mother will live with the Childless Adults until they go to the House of the Old. Jonas and Lily will no longer be in contact with them. As Jonas receives memories, he is exposed to memories of households that include grandparents, households filled with love shared by three generations. He is very impressed by the love that he finds in such households. He desires to live like that. The Importance of Making Connections Memories are important. Sharing them is also important. Connecting with people with whom we can share memories enriches our lives. The feeling of being connected to the past that comes from memories of the past is also enriching. Having connections makes pleasurable memories more pleasurable and painful memories less painful. As Jonas gains memories, he has an increasing need to connect with his family and friends, a need that they cannot meet because they have no memories. He proceeds to solve the problem in a way. Because of Jonas’s departure from the community and his journey toward Elsewhere, the community recaptures the memories. We can assume that soon, with the help and support of the Giver, they will be able to love and make connections. However, Jonas is not planning to return to the community. The Value of Diversity The community in which Jonas lives has, many generations before Jonas, moved to what they call Sameness. Those who set up the new way believed that Sameness solved many problems. By getting rid of diversity, life is simpler, but it also lacks the richness that diversity gives. Without diversity it was easier to gain control of what was left. As Jonas receives memories, he learns that it was a bad trade-off. The Importance of Honesty We learn, with Jonas, the importance of honesty. When Jonas finds out that he can lie, he realizes that other Twelves may have also been given that permission. He can no longer feel sure about anything that is or has been told to him. Anything he has been told is now open to question. The situation worsens when Jonas discovers that his father lied to him about releasing a newchild. Jonas does accept the Giver’s statement that, although he has permission, he does not lie to him.
The Real Voyage Of Discovery Consists
The real voyage of discovery consists not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes. This quote by Marcel Proust speaks of discovering whatr’s right in front of you by seeing it differently, with new eyes. In The Giver, Jonas, the main character goes through the same thing when discovering his Capacity to See Beyond.
With an awareness and mindfulness that most people lack, Jonas can see his Community in a different way. Mindfulness is in fact one of the central themes in the book. Although the book starts by describing how the Community is a perfect utopia, it later turns out that everyone there is living a fake and superficial life. As Jonas begins his job as the Receiver of Memories, through the wisdom he receives, learns that the Community is missing feelings and emotions that the memories give. In the end, Jonas has a new respect for his way of seeing and chooses to go against the Community to restore mindfulness and memories back to the people.
The people in Jonas Community share their feelings after each day in their dwellings. However, these feelings are merely surface feelings by the mindless people going through their fake and superficial days. For example, when Lily expressed anger over the incident at the park with the boy from another community who did not follow the rules, her anger was not truly anger. Instead, Jonas was able to realize that she felt impatient and exasperation and her feelings were calmed after discussing them with her family. Another example, after Jonas received a memory of a family celebrating Christmas, Jonas asked his father, Do you love me? His father laughed and was surprised that Jonas would use such a meaningless word. He suggested it would be more appropriate to consider whether he enjoys Jonas or takes pride in his accomplishments (page 127).
In the beginning of the book, Jonas is like every other person following the rules in the Community. However, when something unexpected happened, like the flashback of the plane flying overhead, Jonas waited for someone to tell him what to do. Jonas, looking around anxiously, had seen others”adults as well as children”stop what they were doing and wait confused, for an explanation of the frightening event (page 1). However, as he received memories, learns about color, diversity, and war. From the memory of the red sleigh to the war, Jonas receives memories that give him a different outlook of the way he sees the world. Not just does he take on memories, but feelings such as joy and love, feelings that he had known before becoming the Receiver of Memory. Jonas ends up sharing memories, such as the elephant with Lily and colors with Asher, to give people a new understanding and meaning of the life they live.
Finally, as Jonas grew more and more accustomed to his new way of seeing things, he decided to take it upon himself to restore the memories and mindfulness to the people in the Community he lives in. The thought of this happening only grew inside of him when he whispered to Gabe how different things would be if everyone could see things the he could and knew their grandparents. He told the sleeping new child that everyone could have the memories, and best of all, There could be love (pages 128-129). At once, he and The Giver devised a plan to give back the memories to the people, that way everyone have the emotions and feel love and pain, and most importantly so not one person would be the only one to have the memories.
Once Jonas found out that Gabe was scheduled to be released, he immediately started with his plan. He stole food and his fathers bike, and him and Gabe set off to restore the memories to everyone in the Community.
In the end, it is up to the reader to decide if the Community learned to see themselves and the world through new eyes. However, as Jonas comes truly understand the mindfulness that everyone was missing, the reader is left with a new understanding. Mindfulness made Jonas go from a fake life, like the people in the Community, to true love. How can the mindfulness that Jonas found help the reader find the fake or superficial parts in their own lives? How will the reader find a new understanding for the way they see things? And whom will the reader give their new insight too?
The Giver Analytical Paper
Imagine living in a world designed to be free of conflicts and hunger? When fragments of memories are taken out from oner’s consciousness, how does one think and feel? When life is devoid of colors, will there be genuine happiness can be drawn out of sheer blandness? What is family when love is strange and is truly undefined? When your destiny is already pre-determined, what else challenges or excites you as the sun sets and rises the next day? What if one doesnt need money for survival- how long will you wish to stay in a pseudo utopian society defined by contentment and conformity? Yet, for Jonas, the one chosen to receive the burden of taking in the collective memories of the populace, itr’s how soon can he manage to escape when he begins to discover the dark secrets and painful truth amidst this seemingly ideal society as the Giver “who is the sole keeper of memory- finally reveals to Jonas the truth that lies beneath the word release which was thought to be a beautiful journey to Elsewhere. These are few questions that will help examine your conscience as the writer takes us to alternate world defined by contentment and conformity..
In what seemed to be a utopian community, people live in an orderly calculated manner following certain standards in their day-to-day life “where every aspect of it follows a community-based rule governed by committee of elders who determine every citizenr’s fate including the use of language appropriate for any given situation. After all, this is what they strived for Sameness – unity and comfort for every citizen within the society owing to what they perceived that peace can be attained when everyone is equal and the same.
The society runs systematically where every one plays a key role pre-assigned to him or her on the basis of oner’s strength and weakness. Defying the rules or falling short of the given standards will cause a member to be released. “which actually means Euthansia or mercy killing but is hidden from the publicr’s eyes.
Precision of language is the required norm for people in the community in their interpersonal relationship so that it functions accordingly. Even in expressing statement of apology, it has to be consistent and in accordance with the standard script. Also, there are accurate words to describe certain level of emotions in Jonas world. Hence, language is paramount that it has become a powerful tool used to advance the societyr’s agenda. Its creative manipulation and persuasive character has been too effective to make people believe in something that for them is the absolute truth. This is called Euphemism in English literature. Euphemism is commonly understood as the substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for one thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt. https://truthandcharityforum.org/deadly-and-deceptive-euphemism/ Ashley Noronha, S.T.L. Ph. D. cand.
Part of the process, from birth to release, every member of the society goes through a transitioning phase each year until the age of twelve where a member is given a permanent role in the society deprived of freedom and free will. The members of the single family does not have biological relationship with one another. Thus, the true essence of a family bound by love does not exist unlike in our contemporary society where family plays a crucial role in an ideal society.
The Committee of Elders is said to be endowed with wisdom to run the society smoothly following their agenda of achieving peace and equality. To achieve this, they manipulate the minds of the people by letting them take a pill every day that will take away their memory, their capacity to experience pain, to love and to think logically. In short, some aspects of human beingr’s natural behavior have been deliberately removed which is riveting & unacceptable in the context of todayr’s current society. This is a thought “provoking scenario since in our contemporary society, we all aspire to live in a world where peace and harmony abound but if people are deprived of freedom and human rights it will most likely result in uprising and chaos. Politically speaking, Sameness is akin to Socialist form of government which is still being practiced nowadays by a few countries in the world like North Korea minus the removal of memories that is of course fictional in nature. Just like North Korea, Sameness society tends to isolate itself from the rest of the world.
Meanwhile, in John Lennonr’s most controversial song released in 1971 entitled, Imagine the lyrics of the song were strongly scrutinized due to various misinterpretations by people critical to the message of the song. However, Lennon himself had affirmed that the message of the song was nothing but a wishful thinking of a man to live a world where social constructs are removed so that division and war may no longer exist like in the world of Jonas.
Since Jonas exhibits the ideal character befitting for a future Giver he has been selected as The Receiver the most honored & revered job in the community but arguably carries the heaviest burden.
However, when Jonas began to discover the dark secrets of the community revealed to him by the Giver, he was compelled to device an escape plan along with Gabriel, with the help of the Giver. The awakening of Jonas conscience and awareness to the truth, had caught him in the crossroads of making a decision where escape is a must for himself and Gabriel to the outside world that is yet unknown to him, but he had already seen subconsciously during the memory transmission process done by the Giver. Did the thought of saving the community exist in Jonas mind upon escape? What was the place with bright lights he had seen from a distance while going downward ? The answer is up to us to interpret his ultimate fate after that dangerous escape.
There are words in every language which people instinctively avoid because they are considered indecent, indelicate, rude, too direct, or impolite. As the offensive referents, for which these words stand, must still be alluded to; they are often described in a roundabout way by using substitute called euphemism. ( Antrushina GB et al, 1985 English Lexicology).
Euphemisms! Theyre the worst. Or I should I say theyre a negative outcome benchmark? Euphemistic language is the timeless enemy of anyone concerned with clarity. Straight shooters such as novelist George Orwell and comedian George Carlin have blasted soft, vague language, including Carlinr’s classic lament that shellshock devolved into battle fatigue, then operational exhaustion, before finally morphing into the mouthful post-traumatic stress disorder. https://www.bbc.com/capital/story/20170126-the-hidden-danger-of-euphemisms, Mark Peters.
So in the community of Jonas, there were plenty of subtle nuances in the use of language in the story so as to make the people believe into something vague and shady. The most intriguing one is the word release in place of death.
In his 1946 essay, Politics and the English Language, George Orwell criticizes the language of his day as ugly and inaccurate. He purports that mid 20th century prose was being used so carelessly that it had lost its genuine meaning and had instead become ambiguous and hollow.
https://truthandcharityforum.org/deadly-and-deceptive-euphemism/ Ashley Noronha, S.T.L. Ph. D. cand.
In the Philippine society, similar with other cultures in the world, the art of euphemism is applied almost in all aspects of the peopler’s daily communications in order to soften its potentially dreadful outcome. In Philippine politics for example, former president Benigno Aquino III often used euphemism in his public speeches so that people will be convinced of his ideas. Let alone his campaign slogan, Tuwid na Daan . Ironically, the current President Rodrigo Duterte is not fond of camouflaging his thoughts and ideas hence, he is sometimes misconstrued and lambasted by media for taking his words so literally. From this standpoint, euphemism without critical thinking ability makes people confused and gullible.
Words are deeds, wrote the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein. They may often be used not to convey thoughts, but to perform an activity. The term that Wittgenstein coined for this type of activity is: language-game. Accordingly, in trying to understand President Duterter’s recent statements, it will be more useful to ask what her’s doing, rather than what her’s saying. https://opinion.inquirer.net/115479/dutertes-language-games
The advantage of euphemism however is more pronounced in the aspect of health as it touches human emotions and sensitivity by giving glimmer hopes amid uncertainties. Euphemism could be part of the medical code of ethics among health professionals in treating their patients. This is obvious every time we hear doctors making diagnosis and while explaining to the patient his/her health condition. In the study of human psychology, this is related to the notion that bad news will exacerbate the patientr’s condition. This I suppose is a universal practice in the healthcare industry all over the world.
However, to illustrate an specific example in the Philippine culture, it is a known fact that people from the upper social class often employ sophisticated medical terminologies in describing their illness just to be able to emphasize their social status. On the other hand, people from the lower class use common terms to describe such similar disease which sounds disgusting or gross and is often associated to being poor. Take the word skin allergy for the rich, while korikong for the poor. Itr’s euphemism at its finest!
When it comes to personr’s age, calling the person matanda or amoy lupa is rude and impolite. Hence, there is a need to sugarcoat them such as; may edad na , or senior citizen . In the case of death, passing away , rest in peace , now in the arms of our Lord are less painful to say than dead.
For human bodyr’s physiological functions, having period is pleasant to hear rather than saying menstruation , making love for sexual intercourse or not feeling well instead of sick . There are countless of words we use whether consciously or unconsciously in our every day communication purposively.
Filipino virtue does not seem to depict one that is straight forward; and interpersonalism and frankness is not quite seen in the general concept and culture of the people. Filipinos are known for their courteous insincerity. Likewise the concern for not hurting the feelings of others is approached by the indirect ways and imprecise vague words. https://davisnaimemason.blogspot.com/2015/12/14-euphemism-in-filipino-language.html
Thus, the general response and reaction varies depending on the circumstances, localities, and how it is delivered. There are many different factors to be considered when eliciting response from whom the word is addressed to such as; regional culture, religion, social class, demography, etc. Nevertheless, euphemism greatly influences our perception and judgement. From business to politics, media to religious institution, health and education, in our daily social interaction, the use of powerful linguistic tool is embedded so deeply. But one thing is certain, that when it strikes a nerve in our sensitive being “that word must be rude.
While it remains a fact that language is culture by itself, it is now empowered further by social media impacting our lives in many different ways fueled by technological advancement. Therefore, to be always relevant we should always be on guard on what is new to be able to filter the truth from lies.
The Giver Utopia
Some say perfection is the key to life, but not everyoner’s perfect is the same. The Giver portrays Sameness as a utopian society, perfect world. It has removed war, prejudice, racism, and poverty. All things that we would like to extinguish from our known society. Because of this no one would feel incapacitate which is an improvement to the society we know of now, America.
In The Giver little to no one makes or is presented with choices. Everyone is given a job, spouse, kids, and rules based on specifically them. Everything is designated to them so no one can make the wrong choice. Jonas at first thought that they should be able make choices when he learned what choices could be made. But soon he came to the conclusion that it wouldn’t be safe when said, What if they were allowed to choose their own mate? And chose wrong. (98) To back up his realization of how dangerous it would be. Because they weren’t allowed to make choices no person had the stress of choosing, nor the anxiety of picking the right choice. For these reasons The Giver way of restricting choices is renovation to how we live.
Feelings are not relevant in the giver strictly because they are not necessary. In The Giver humans do not feel anything no fear, pain, hunger, illness, love, or hatred. They always feel neutral and ordinary. The Elders, government, hide all these feelings in memories in which are only contaminated by Jonas and the Giver. They did this so no one can be hurt by the feelings but they need the information incase something unusual could happen. So because they restrained the feelings everyone is bland with no emotions to drag them down on a daily basis. Jonas eventually learns about pain but is told he couldn’t express them. He soon came to the reasoning that no one other than the past givers have felt what he is feeling when thought They have never known pain, he thought. This realization made him feel lonely , and he rubbed his throbbing leg. (110) So as Jonas had felt, feelings aren’t always good. Imagine other people feeling the loneliness and pain as Jonas and we feel now. Consequently, people now end their own life because of these feelings just as how the Giver’s daughter had. Because these feelings are completely avoided they live in comforting environment.
The Givers utopia has some flaws such as releasing and looks. The first deficiency is that they release,kills,the people when they mess up, or get old. At one point everyone is going to mess up and by removing the is not going to prevent someone else from accidentally messing up. So they should let someone learn from their mistakes rather that killing them. Also why would you speed up someone’s death instead of letting them live a longer life. What’s really wrong with an old person they haven’t done anything wrong but grow up, itr’s normal. Another thing they need to improve is that everyone looks the same. Everyone has the same skin color, hair and eyes, with an exception of a few. Covering up it is not solving anything, it’s useless. Not everyone features are the same so embrace it. Yes different skin color can cause racism but with all the respect they have that is easily solved. It’s not causing harm to anyone.
Due to all these improvements of America the giver creates a safe environment. A utopia is almost impossible to achieve but we could try and get close by improving ourselves. We could set peace and respect each other. Then we could try to protect and not hurt each other mentally and physically. And last but not least we could help each other through all the hard times. Little changes will get us closer to a perfect society we want.