The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
The Key Concepts of Loyalty and Friendship in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, a Novel by Mark Twain
Analysis on ‘The Adventures of Tom Sawyer’
In the Adventures of Tom Sawyer written by Mark Twain, friendship and loyalty are concepts that are important in the lives of humans. In this novel, Tom makes new friends and new experiences. However, he especially treasures the bonds that he has with Huckleberry Finn and Becky Thatcher. With Huckleberry Finn, the author, Mark Twain shows how simple adventures, blood oaths and more can bring two people close together. Also, Twain illustrates how meaningful the feeling of love can be and how loyal Tom and Becky must be to build a relationship that will last for a long time. Therefore, the theme of this book is friendship and loyalty and can be recognized through many scenes and characters in this book.
One of the strongest points of friendship and loyalty between Tom and Huck is portrayed in the scene where the friends make a blood oath. Their friendship blossomed when they began sharing various superstitions that could cure warts. One particular superstition which they spoke about was entering a graveyard with a dead cat at midnight. According to Huck, eventually the “Devil follow corpse, cat follow devil, warts follow cat.” This led them to the scene where they entered the graveyard to try and put this superstition to the test and ended up witnessing the murder of Doctor Robinson. Later, they managed to escape the place they were in and forged a blood oath to keep mum or quiet about this unfortunate incident. “Now look-a-here, Tom, less take and swear to one another- that’s what we got to do- swear to keep mum.” “but there orter be writing ‘bout a big thing like this. And blood.” Here in these two quotes from the text, one could understand that the two friends exchanged much trust and loyalty to believe that each of them would keep mum about this dangerous murder after a blood oath. Therefore, the heights of friendship and loyalty between Tom and Huck could be understood well in this chapter.
Friendship and loyalty between Tom and Huck is also demonstrated when the two friends decide to run away from home on another adventure to Jackson’s Island. One night, Tom decides to return home and check on how his family members, Aunt Polly, Mary and Sid are coping. While he is hiding under the bed at home, Tom finds out that there will be a funeral for Huck, Joe and himself on a Saturday afternoon. As a result, on a Saturday afternoon, there was rustling in the gallery and the church door opened slightly; Tom, Huck and Joe had returned. Everyone was eccentric and Aunt Polly, Mary and the Harpers began to welcome Tom and Joe with warm hugs and kisses. Meanwhile, Huck was looked upon with many unwelcoming eyes and began to uncomfortably move away from the present situation. At this moment, Tom said, “Aunt Polly, it ain’t fair. Somebody’s got to be glad to see Huck.” He understood how Huck was feeling left out. When Tom stood up for Huck, their true friendship and loyalty were proved yet again. As a result, Huck was welcomed as well and also received Aunt Polly’s loving attention. Therefore, there was true friendship and loyalty that Tom felt towards Huck deep down in his heart.
Mark Twain also exhibits the friendship and loyalty between Tom and Becky. He first begins his conversation with Becky Thatcher when he is punished for playing hooky and is asked to sit next to her. Eventually, he admits that he loves her and becomes engaged to her. However, their relationship comes to an abrupt end, and as a result they make many attempts to make each other feel jealous by being with friends who are from the opposite genders. Later, they make up and go to an island together where they become lost. “Becky cried, and Tom tried to think of some way of comforting her.” Here, one can understand that Tom tries his best to support and look out for Becky. He was also willing to drown his fear in love in order to help his one and only Becky feel better. Also, “Tom said they must go softly and listen for dripping water- they must find a spring.” This example displayed the leadership that Tom wanted to show towards the suffering Becky. Overall, the friendship and loyalty of Tom and Becky were well illustrated in these chapters, truly and meaningfully.
In conclusion, Mark Twain successfully illustrated the theme of friendship and loyalty in this book. The friendship of Tom and Huck was exceptional and profound. They were willing to support each other in every situation and trust each other 100%. Additionally, whereas the friendship between Tom and Becky was rocky in the beginning, it improved gradually as they spent more time together. In fact, Tom was able to become mature enough to look after Becky and show loyalty to her all the way on the island when they were lost. Therefore, in the book, The adventures of Tom Sawyer, the author, Mark Twain was able to effectively display the importance of friendship and loyalty in a person’s life and how special it can make someone feel.
Discussion On Whether Tom Sawyer Has Gone Too Far In The Adventures Of Tom Sawyer
Even though Tom Sawyer is just a young boy in the chapter “Here a Captive Heart Busted,” his actions cross the boundary of child’s play and enter into the boundaries of wrongdoing. This comical, yet tedious chapter in Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn gives insight into a main point of the novel, that Jim is a human being just like the whites and deserves to be treated like one. At this pre-Civil war time, most people conceive slaves to be sub-human, or half-human, which allows them clear consciences to sell and use them for labor. Needless to say, slaves were not allowed to escape. Runaway slaves like Jim were not sympathized as humans claiming freedom, but chastised for stealing property from their masters. Twain challenges us in this view, and uses the simple hearted Huck Finn to recognize human characteristics in him like love, kindness, and loyalty. After many chapters of this metamorphosis in Huck’s mind, Tom Sawyer enters the story. The way he treats Jim stands in sharp contrast to Huck’s way, and his absurd demands cause the reader to become exasperated. An evaluation of specific details leads us into a better understanding of Twain’s racial beliefs.
In the “Captive Heart” chapter, Tom demands Jim to do ten ridiculous tasks: each task originates in Tom’s notion that Jim must perform the role of an adventurous prisoner. These tasks are so ludicrous that even Huck has a hard time seeing the point. They are tediously described as “the work and bother of raising the mullen, and jew’s-harping the rats, and petting and flattering up the snakes and spiders and things, on top of all the other work he had to on pens, and inscriptions, and journals, and things, which made it more trouble and responsibility to be a prisoner than anything [Jim] ever undertook” (254). One of Tom’s ideas is for Jim to write out a lengthy inscription explaining the woes of a prisoner on the side of the “prison” walls. Yet, Tom rejects the log walls because “they don’t have log walls in a dungeon: we got to dig the inscriptions in a rock” (249). Comically, the grindstone they choose is too heavy for the two boys to carry all the way that Jim has to slide out of his chain, walk out into the field, and carry it back with Huck. That the prisoner temporarily frees himself in order to fulfill conditions to be free is ironic, and it reveals that Tom regards Jim’s freedom as a game; unfortunately, Jim does not feel this way, his escape is a matter of rights, freedom, and his life. Tom and Jim’s different priorities create a conflict that pulls the readers to desire Tom to stop handling Jim’s life so haphazardly.
Another instance where Tom’s absurd notions are fulfilled at Jim’s expense occurs when Tom demands that Jim have a rattlesnake for a dumb pet. Tom expects Jim to tame it and pet it so that it will love Jim and follow him around everywhere. Scared for his life, Jim pleads, “Please Mars Tom doan’ talk so! I can’ stan’ it!” (251). Tom replies, “Jim, don’t act so foolish. A prisoner’s got to have some kind of a dumb pet [?] there’s more glory to be gained in your being the first to ever try it than any other way you could ever think of to save your life” (251). Again, a conflict arises between Tom and Jim’s priorities; Whereas Tom is playing a game, Jim is negotiating his life and freedom. The structure Twain uses here causes readers to protest that it does not matter if Jim gains any glory by being a pretend prisoner. Instead, readers are encouraged to sympathize with him and want him to become free. Furthermore, it is clear that Jim is not the fool, but rather Tom. Yet, because Jim is a slave, he must submit to any whimsical idea Tom may have because he is white. Through such interactions, Twain leads readers to recognize a great injustice in slavery.
There is only so much nonsense that Jim can take. Every preposterous new idea adds to his frustration. He finds “so much fault with [having an onion sent to him in his coffee], and with the work and bother of raising the mulllen, and jew’s harping the rats, and petting and flattering up the snakes and spiders and things, on top of al the other work he had to do on pens, and inscriptions, and journals, and things, which made it more trouble and worry and responsibility to be a prisoner than anything he ever undertook, that Tom most lost all patience with him” (254). Here, Jim’s complaints can be understood and forgiven because they are so acceptable. Although Jim should have the right to protest these ridiculous ideas, Tom loses patience with Jim the one who thinks with reason and clarity. He counters that Jim “was just loadened down with more gaudier chances than a prisoner ever had in the world to make a name for himself, and yet he didn’t know enough to appreciate them, and they was just about wasted on him. So Jim he was sorry, and said he wouldn’t behave so no more [?]” (254). Readers are allowed to witness a sensible adult man under the controls of a silly young boy. Readers can sympathize that Jim is forced to try to make a name for himself as a prisoner, when all he wants to do is be free and be united with his family. He is even forced to appease his white friend by apologizing that he is behaving wrongly. Such a humble admission causes Jim’s character to be viewed as noble and friendly. No doubt, Twain forms these details to comment that Jim is a human who is capable of thinking and making decisions. Readers are made to feel that it is an injustice for Jim to be subject to Tom’s whims.
Chapter thirty-eight of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn elaborately depicts the schemes of a young boy to create a fanciful adventure about a captive prisoner. As charming as this plot is, it loses its fun when the prisoner turns out to be a real slave. Tom’s attempts at fun are so out of place that readers become frustrated that Jim is forced to perform such stupid and unnecessary tasks. Tom’s requests and attitude show that he does not take Jim seriously as a human being. This attitude contrasts to that of Huck who has learned to value Jim through the relationship he formed with Jim on the river. Mark Twain fashions these details to infuriate readers at the injustice of slavery and challenges them to regard former slaves as whole human beings. To treat them negligibly is to be as outlandish as Tom Sawyer.
The Adventure of Tom Sawyer
An imaginative and mischievous boy named Tom Sawyer lives with his Aunt Polly and his half-brother, Sid, in the Mississippi River town of St. Petersburg, Missouri. After playing hooky from school on Friday and dirtying his clothes in a fight, Tom is made to whitewash the fence as punishment on Saturday. At first, Tom is disappointed by having to forfeit his day off. However, he soon cleverly persuades his friends to trade him small treasures for the privilege of doing his work. He trades these treasures for tickets given out in Sunday school for memorizing Bible verses and uses the tickets to claim a Bible as a prize. He loses much of his glory, however, when, in response to a question to show off his knowledge, he incorrectly answers that the first two disciples were David and Goliath.
Tom falls in love with Becky Thatcher, a new girl in town, and persuades her to get “engaged” to him. Their romance collapses when she learns that Tom has been “engaged” before—to a girl named Amy Lawrence. Shortly after being shunned by Becky, Tom accompanies Huckleberry Finn, the son of the town drunk, to the graveyard at night to try out a “cure” for warts. At the graveyard, they witness the murder of young Dr. Robinson by the Native-American “half-breed” Injun Joe. Scared, Tom and Huck run away and swear a blood oath not to tell anyone what they have seen. Injun Joe blames his companion, Muff Potter, a hapless drunk, for the crime. Potter is wrongfully arrested, and Tom’s anxiety and guilt begin to grow. Tom, Huck, and Tom’s friend Joe Harper run away to an island to become pirates. While frolicking around and enjoying their newfound freedom, the boys become aware that the community is sounding the river for their bodies. Tom sneaks back home one night to observe the commotion. After a brief moment of remorse at the suffering of his loved ones, Tom is struck by the idea of appearing at his funeral and surprising everyone. He persuades Joe and Huck to do the same. Their return is met with great rejoicing, and they become the envy and admiration of all their friends.
Back in school, Tom gets himself back in Becky’s favor after he nobly accepts the blame for a book that she has ripped. Soon Muff Potter’s trial begins, and Tom, overcome by guilt, testifies against Injun Joe. Potter is acquitted, but Injun Joe flees the courtroom through a window. Summer arrives, and Tom and Huck go hunting for buried treasure in a haunted house. After venturing upstairs they hear a noise below. Peering through holes in the floor, they see Injun Joe enter the house disguised as a deaf and mute Spaniard. He and his companion, an unkempt man, plan to bury some stolen treasure of their own. From their hiding spot, Tom and Huck wriggle with delight at the prospect of digging it up. By an amazing coincidence, Injun Joe and his partner find a buried box of gold themselves. When they see Tom and Huck’s tools, they become suspicious that someone is sharing their hiding place and carry the gold off instead of reburying it.
Huck begins to shadow Injun Joe every night, watching for an opportunity to nab the gold. Meanwhile, Tom goes on a picnic to McDougal’s Cave with Becky and their classmates. That same night, Huck sees Injun Joe and his partner making off with a box. He follows and overhears their plans to attack the Widow Douglas, a kind resident of St. Petersburg. By running to fetch help, Huck forestalls the violence and becomes an anonymous hero. Tom and Becky get lost in the cave, and their absence is not discovered until the following morning. The men of the town begin to search for them, but to no avail. Tom and Becky run out of food and candles and begin to weaken. The horror of the situation increases when Tom, looking for a way out of the cave, happens upon Injun Joe, who is using the cave as a hideout. Eventually, just as the searchers are giving up, Tom finds a way out. The town celebrates, and Becky’s father, Judge Thatcher, locks up the cave. Injun Joe, trapped inside, starves to death. A week later, Tom takes Huck to the cave and they find the box of gold, the proceeds of which are invested for them. The Widow Douglas adopts Huck, and, when Huck attempts to escape civilized life, Tom promises him that if he returns to the widow, he can join Tom’s robber band. Reluctantly, Huck agrees.
The Significance Of The Conscience Of Tom In Mark Twain’s The Adventures Of Tom Sawyer
Tom Sawyer Analytical Paragraph
In The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, by Mark Twain, it is the job of Tom’s conscience to nag him about anything he does that is wrong, and not to give up until he is convinced, and does something about it. Early on in the novel, Tom and his friends, Huck and Joe, have stolen food and run away to Jackson’s Island. However, they cannot go to sleep: “But an intruder came, now, that would not ‘down.’ It was conscience. They began to feel a vague fear that they had been doing wrong to run away; and next came the thought of the stolen meat, and then the real torture came” (105). Here, Tom is not allowed to go to sleep by his conscience. Instead, he is made to feel like he has done wrongs, and he is “tortured” by it. Later on in the novel, Tom, (the only one besides Huck who knows that Muff Potter is not really a killer) is at Muff Potter, the supposed murderer’s, trial, when he gets called up: “Every eye fastened itself with wondering interest upon Tom as he rose and took his place upon the stand. The boy looked wild enough, for he was badly scared… After a few moments, however, the boy got a little of his strength back, and managed to put enough of it into his voice to make part of the house hear” (170). Here, even though Tom is downright terrified, he is convinced by his conscience that telling the truth is the right thing, and the only thing, to do. His conscience will not let him rest until he tells. Because Tom is convinced, he “got a little of his strength back” in order to do the good deed. Even if Tom does not want to admit it, his conscience plays a very important role in his life, and decides many things for him that he definitely would not have otherwise done.
Essay of The adventure of Tom Sawyer
Tom Sawyer lived with his Aunt Polly and his half-brother, Sid. Tom dirties his clothes in a fight and is made to whitewash the fence the next day, as a punishment. He cleverly persuades his friends to trade him small treasures for the privilege of doing his work. He trades the treasures for Sunday School tickets which one normally receives for memorizing scriptures, redeeming them for a bible, much to the surprise and bewilderment of the superintendent who thought “it was simply preposterous that this boy had warehoused two thousand sheaves of Scriptural wisdom on his premises—a dozen would strain his capacity, without a doubt”. Tom falls in love with Becky Thatcher, a new girl in town, and persuades her to get “engaged” by kissing him.
But their romance collapses when she learns Tom has been “engaged” previously, to a girl named Amy Lawrence. Shortly after being shunned by Becky, Tom accompanies Huckleberry Finn to the graveyard at night, where they witness the murder of Dr. Robinson. Tom, Huck, and Joe Harper run away to an island. While enjoying their new-found freedom, the boys become aware that the community is sounding the river for their bodies.
Tom sneaks back home one night to observe the commotion. After a brief moment of remorse at his loved ones’ suffering, Tom is struck by the idea of appearing at his own funeral. Back in school, Tom gets himself back in Becky’s favor after he nobly accepts the blame for a book she has ripped. Soon, Muff Potter’s trial begins, in which Tom testifies against Injun Joe. Potter is acquitted, but Injun Joe flees the courtroom through a window. Tom then begins to fear for his life as Injun Joe is at large and can easily find him. Summer arrives, and Tom and Huck go hunting for buried treasure in a haunted house. After venturing upstairs, they hear a noise below.
Peering through holes in the floor, they see Injun Joe disguised as a deaf-mute Spaniard; Injun Joe and his companion plan to bury some stolen treasure of their own. From their hiding spot, Tom and Huck wriggle with delight at the prospect of digging it up. Huck begins to shadow Injun Joe nightly, watching for an opportunity to nab the gold. Meanwhile, Tom goes on a picnic to McDougal’s Cave with Becky and their classmates. In his overconfidence, Tom strays off the marked paths with Becky and they get hopelessly lost. That same night, Huck sees Injun Joe and his partner making off with a box. He follows and overhears their plans to attack the Widow Douglas. By running to fetch help, Huck prevents the crime and becomes an anonymous hero. As Tom and Becky wander the extensive cave complex for the next few days, Tom one day accidentally encounters Injun Joe, although the boy is not seen by his nemesis. Eventually, he finds a way out, and the two children are joyfully welcomed back by their community.
As a preventive measure, Judge Thatcher has McDougal’s Cave sealed off, but this traps Injun Joe inside. When Tom hears of the sealing several days later and directs a posse to the cave, they find the corpse of Joe just inside the sealed entrance, starved to death. A week later, having deduced on Injun Joe’s presence at McDougal’s Cave that the villain must have hidden the stolen gold inside, Tom takes Huck to the cave and they find the box of gold, the proceeds of which are invested for them. The Widow Douglas adopts Huck, and, when Huck attempts to escape civilized life, Tom tricks him into thinking if Huck returns to the widow, he can join Tom’s robber band. Reluctantly, Huck agrees and goes back to the Widow Douglas.
The Coming Of Age In Mark Twain’s “The Adventures Of Tom Sawyer”
In his novel Mark Twain shows how this young boy named Tom acts as he progresses through childhood. He lives with an aunt named Aunt Polly who is a very strict person. When Tom does things that he should not do she punishes him. Even when he knows that he is wrong and should not be stealing he still does it anyway. He knows what not to do because they are also religious. They go to church almost every Sunday but Tom hates it and thinks that the sermons are boring. After a while adulthood starts to come in and he starts calming down and he does not do the things he used to do. He starts to realize different things and he starts maturing more into a different Tom. The different Tom is better because he obeys, he stopped stealing, he was not as lazy as he used to be so the different Tom was a better Tom. In The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Mark Twain shows the coming of age and how the typical American boy progressed through childhood.
In The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Tom shows how some young kids like him are very rebellious and disobedient. In the beginning of the novel Tom is stealing jam out of the pantry when his Aunt Polly finds him. When Aunt Polly finds him before she can do anything he tricks her into turning the other way, and when she turns the other way he hops over the fence and runs before getting a punishment. In another incident Tom is asked questions by his Aunt Polly because she feels like he did not go to school that day, but little does she know that while she is asking him questions he is stealing sugar. His brother Sid sees him stealing sugar and tells on him but Tom is quick enough to leave the house before he gets a punishment once again. While he left the house he seen this boy on the streets so troublesome Tom decided to start arguing with this boy and then they start fighting over nothing. When he decided to go to his crush house and he got water poured on him he threw a rock at the window and broke it and snuck back in the house. Some children change their attitudes if they go to church or have a role model in their life. Tom goes to church and Sunday School but he thinks that is very boring and really does not pay attention to what Mr. Walters is saying.
In the story Aunt Polly shows how she disciplines rebellious, disobedient kids like Tom. When he did bad things sometimes she would make him do house work or what she thought was a good punishment for him. In the beginning of the story Tom was stealing jam and she tried to beat him but he tricked her into not beating him. She tries to give him other types of punishment instead of beating him all the time. Tom was stealing sugar at the dinner table and left the house before he got a punishment so when he tried to sneak back in his Aunt Polly told him to whitewash the fence. When Sid tried to steal sugar Aunt Polly blamed it on Tom and beat him even when he did not do it. That really hurt Tom because he got blamed for something he did not even do. And she did not even apologize to him after she found out Sid did it. After this happens Tom feels very sad and wonders what she would do and say to him if he was to just die. Tom says, “How she would throw herself upon him, and how her tears would fall like rain, and her lips pray to God to give her back her boy and she would never, never abuse him any more”! After a while she started slacking up on how she disciplined him. Once he went on that pirate adventure with his friends and did not tell her and they thought they were dead she starts to realize that she should not have treated him the way she did. Aunt Polly says, “He wasn’t bad, so to say only micheevous. Only just giddy, and harum scarum, you know. He wasn’t any more responsible than a colt. He never meant any harm, and he was the best hearted boy that ever was”. When she found out about Tom’s trick she felt like it was cool but she also was disappointed because he did not tell her that it was just fun and games. Aunt Polly got angry because she was made foolish because Joe Harper had already told his mom about Tom’s trick. Even when Tom said he did not think they knew, Aunt Polly could not believe him because she cannot trust him anymore even if she tried.
At the ending of the novel Tom begins to grow up. He is not the same boy as he was in the beginning of the novel. Even though he might still play a lot and have some childish ways some things he stopped doing for the better. He was not the same Tom that did not do his chores, or the one that stole things, or the one that was lazy he was a more mature Tom. The adult in Tom came out when he went back to Aunt Polly’s house and considered to leave her a note to tell her that he was okay even though he did not do that. Tom even stopped stealing because at first he always felt like he had to steal things. For example he had stolen sugar from the dinner table and also jam from the pantry and always got caught. When he went on the pirate adventure with his friends they stole many different things. When Tom and his friends first met up they each had stolen supplies such as boiled ham, a few trifles, skillet, half cured leaf tobacco, and other supplies. They even stole a raft just so they could get to the journey they was destined to get to. They even pretended to be Indians and decided to smoke a pipe.Before they went to sleep they prayed and they got scared that lightning would come down and strike them because of all the bad things they are doing. When they prayed they promised to not steal as pirates ever again because they knew what they were doing was very wrong and that the bible does not command of that. This is the start of the reason why Tom stopped stealing because they promised not to steal as pirates. Once you get into a habit of doing something you continue to do the same thing over and over so if he did not steal for a long time most likely the outcome after the adventure was going to be him not stealing anymore. He started maturing as an adult and growing up when he witnessed the murder of Dr. Robinson. Tom got put into a situation that he really did not understand as a boy but he understands when he starts maturing. With all the lies he has ever told once he got into the mature stage everything changed he could not keep silent about the murder and he told the truth about everything. He did not think about himself anymore and he did what was right so when the Widow needed to be saved he goes and help save the Widow.
Tom really seta a good example for people like him that starts out pretty rough but starts seeing things different. Some kids are “bad” but all you need is something to turn your life around or somebody to come in your life and teach you certain things other people could not teach you. Aunt Polly could not teach Tom how to start being mature and act like an adult as he got older he had to get into certain situations to where he had to make adult decisions. Beatings are not always the answer if a kid does something wrong because then kids like Tom start to wonder how their guardian would feel if they was to die or run away. You should also take time and talk with your kids to see why they are acting the way they are and maybe that will stop bad behavior.When you start doing things over and over it is a habit so if you steal and you promise not to steal and you do not steal every day you most likely will not steal again if it is a habit. In the story it shows how Tom stole everything he could get his hands on if he wanted something he stole it. As time progressed it took that one situation such as the adventure they went on to change his mindset about stealing since he did not steal again. People always need second chances to prove themselves even if you feel like they do not need a second chance. They can always change and make you realize they are not the same person they used to be.
Thomas Sawyer Character of the Mark Twain “The Adventures of Tom Sawyer”
Imagine banning a book and disregarding its significance based on the softness of present day society. Well, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer was banned because throughout the book, derogatory terms were directed at black people. The language used in writing reflects the culture of its time.
Books should not be banned because offensive language is used, especially if it was the intent of the author. Mark Twain quoted in The Wit and the Wisdom of Mark Twain The difference between the almost right word and the right word is really a large matter. ’tis the difference between the lightning bug and the lightning. Language is now a sensitive matter certain people. The banning of books limit us from different perspectives of the past, and the culture of that time.
Indeed, many would agree that there are many uses of racial slurs throughout the book. Additionally, these words are taboo in society today and would be described as discrimination. Studies have been done on discrimination and its effects psychologically. For example, Brown states greater rates of discrimination are associated with lower self-esteem and life satisfaction; a greater likelihood of hopelessness, depression, and depressive symptoms; greater anxiety; and more delinquency and aggression (8). Additionally, everybody reacts differently in response to discrimination. Victims of discrimination may believe that people are targeting or working against them. In some cases, this may be true. As stated by Brown, children who are discriminated by peers, are more likely to exhibit racial mistrust (1). Furthermore, Brown states that children who are discriminated in school, perform worse academically, are prone to dropping out, and motivation plummets (10). To summarize, discrimination tends to have many negative psychological effects on victims. Books should not be project to this same judgment. People have the choice to read the book or not to, the insults are not forced upon the individual. The choice to read this book requires maturity, and should not be enforced in a school curriculum. Although many believe racial slurs should be censored from the public, these books are relics of previous generations and should be used to portray the environment of that era.
The language used in the past reflects the social norms of that time. As stated by Shodhganga, language is social by nature, and develops with society (2). One example is the word YOLO. YOLO is an acronym meaning You Only Live Once. This word was popularized during the twenty-first century by the rapper Drake. This word portrays society’s focus around pop culture during this time. Language should be used as a tool that conveys traditions and values related to a group identity (Sirbu).
Additionally, Sirbu comments as a tool of communication among the members of a society, language is influenced by the very society where it functions . Furthermore, unrestricted words allow the writer to be more descriptive in his/her writing to portray different messages to the audience (Shodhganga 7). Based on these claims, language reflects society and because of the need to be more descriptive, we may further understand the life before us.
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer Hypocrisy in Society
Society’s hypocrisy and the transition into social maturity are exhibited in Mark Twain’s novel The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. The novel follows the childhood escapades of Tom Sawyer and his friend Huck Finn, as well as their gradual transition into maturity.
The story begins with Sawyer running from his aunt and getting in trouble for having a fight when he should have been at school. He falls in love with a girl named Becky Thatcher, but they break up very quickly after Sawyer says he’s been in love with someone else before. He spends time with his friend Huckleberry Finn during the night, and they witness Injun Joe, a half Native American, kill Dr Robinson while grave-robbing. Injun Joe blames another member of their party, Muff Potter, for the murder, but both Sawyer and Finn witnessed it and tell what happens at Potter’s trial.
Both Sawyer and Finn later find out Injun Joe hid a box of money and go searching for it. When Tom Sawyer goes on a picnic with Becky, Finn follows Joe and discovers he’s going to beat someone. Joe runs away before Finn can get help or tell anyone. During Tom and Becky’s picnic, they both get stuck in a cave and find Injun Joe is stuck too. They escape, the cave is sealed and Joe dies from starvation. Both Sawyer and Finn realize that Joe left the box money in the cave. They recover it and split the money between them.
The story is set in the 1840s in a fictional town by the Mississippi River called St Petersburg. There are two main characters in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer: Tom Sawyer himself, as well as Huckleberry Finn, one of his friends. Sawyer is the central protagonist in this novel, and is first seen escaping punishment from his aunt, Polly. He does so twice in the opening chapters, and is punished with whitewashing aunt Polly’s fence. He avoids the punishment by convincing another boy, Ben Rogers, to whitewash the fence for him by telling him a boy doesn’t get a chance to whitewash a fence every day (23). These actions characterize Sawyer as a manipulative, mischievous boy who would rather play than work. Huckleberry Finn, the son of the town drunk, is also much like Sawyer, in that they both have a strong sense of adventure and do not adhere to the rules their society has set for them.
The theme expressed in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is society’s hypocritical nature. Although Tom Sawyer and his friends are breaking the rules of society by harassing others, skipping their classes and randomly sneaking out at night to play, the way they do so is structured much like the society itself. This is because Tom Sawyer uses rules that define how one should act during their play, such as how to be a pirate. Sawyer and his friends are avid believers in superstition, as well as convention, and this mirrors the way St Petersburg views religion and other practices, such as church and school.
The second theme of the novel is the transition from childhood to social maturity. Throughout The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Sawyer undergoes many changes from when he is first introduced in the beginning of the novel. In the beginning, Tom Sawyer is more concerned with himself, getting out of responsibility and causing a ruckus. As the novel progresses, Sawyer begins to become more selfless. This is shown when he takes the blame for Becky in the middle of the story. His newfound selflessness is also evident when he testifies in Potter’s trial, stating that Injun Joe murdered Dr Robinson.
As I read The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, I was fascinated by the way Sawyer was able to make Ben Rogers whitewash the fence for him. He presented it in such a way that Rogers believed the work was a fun privilege. Literary scholars Dan Ariely, George Loewenstein and Drazen Prelec conducted a study related to this unusual phenomenon:
Tom’s law challenges the intuition that whether a familiar activity or experience is pleasant or unpleasant is a self-evident matterat least to the person participating in that activity. .do individuals have a pre-existing sense of whether an experience is good or bad?(1)
Just after reading this segment of the novel, I did not believe this sort of persuasion was possible, but after reading this article I was surprised. It appears that it is possible to be persuaded to perform a task by making the experience seem rewarding, as Tom Sawyer did with Ben Rogers.
Overall, I enjoyed reading The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. The first few chapters progressed slowly, but I believe that the exposition was needed in order to set up Sawyer’s character development. I particularly enjoyed the time Sawyer spent with Huckleberry Finn on Jackson’s island, as well as the ending when Sawyer and Finn look for the treasure.
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is a classic. Although many elements can be used to date the novel, many of its events could happen today in a similar fashion. The novel also portrays a realistic image of childhood’s wonders, as well as its ups and downs. Additionally, the novel also provides an accurate portrayal of the 1840s in America, as the author based the events on many of his own experiences in childhood. Overall, the novel’s themes will be relevant for many generations to come.
“The Adventures of Tom Sawyer” by Mark Twain
The novel begins with Tom being hollered at by his Aunt Polly. It is made clear from the very beginning that Tom is a boy who often finds himself in mischief, whether it’s skipping his chores or making a commotion at church, he is always up to something. Tom lives with his Aunt Polly and his half-brother Sid.
Tom quickly finds himself head-over heels for the new girl in town, Becky Thatcher, but his plans to make her his fiance fail and he turns to the town-drunk’s son for some relief. Tom meets up with Huckleberry Finn in the graveyard to find a cure for warts, but the two young boys both witness something they weren’t supposed to that night. They witness the murder of Dr. Robinson by Injun-Joe. After witnessing the murder, both Huckleberry and Tom make a blood oath to never speak of what they saw that night ever again. This was until the boys hear that the murder is being pinned on Muff Potter, and with his arrest the boys’ guilt grows immensely.
They then decide to runaway to an island alongside their friend, Joe Harper, to become pirates. As the boys rejoice in their freedom, they discover that their community now believes they’re dead. Tom sneaks back into town to check on what’s going on and finds his family grieving over him. The boys decide to return home the day of their funeral and they’re met with great rejoicement by the whole town. Things soon return to normal, this was until Potter’s trial begins and Tom caves under his guilt and testifies on the behalf of Muff Potter. Potter is aquitted, but Injun Joe escapes from the court room out the window. Summertime is impending, and Tom and Huckleberry go treasure hunting in a haunted house, as they’re upstairs they hear a noise from down below.
They peer downstairs to see Injun Joe in a disguise accompinied by an unkept man, they discuss burying the gold in the house and almost do-so until they see the tools left behind by Huckleberry and Tom. They quickly become suspicious and leave with the gold in their arms instead of burying it. Huckleberry Finn is now following the criminal pair every night, and he overhears the criminal duo’s plan to attack the Widow Douglas. He quickly runs to tell authorities and becomes a hero. Meanwhile, Tom goes to a picnic with Becky and their other classmates at McDougal’s Cave. While they’re there Tom and Becky get lost in the cave, and no one notices they’re gone until the next day.
The town is now searching for the two but find no luck. Tom and Becky are slowly growing weak as they run out of resources for survival. Tom finally decides as the situation escalates to look for a way out of the cave. It only gets worse when Tom runs into Injun Joe using the cave for a hideout. As the searchers are beginning to lose all hope Tom escapes from the cave. The whole town rejoices and Becky’s father locks Injun Joe in the cave until he dies.
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer Novel
The Adventure of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain takes place in the fictional village of St. Petersburg, Missouri, around the mid 1800s. St.
Petersburg is a typical village with a safe life and dull people. A mischievous boy named Tom Sawyer, who dream of being well known in the town of St. Petersburg and becoming wealthy, lives with his aunt polly and half brother Sid. It starts of with tom getting in trouble for starting a fight with a kid on the street because he was jealous of the way that boy dressed. Aunt polly grounds him and makes him wash the fence, but tom manages to convince the other kids on the street to do his work for him. One night out in the graveyard, tom and his friends encounter Injun Joe murdering, Dr. Robinson. In order to stay out of trouble, they swear to never speak of this again. But Injun Joe has blamed the murder of Dr. Robinson on Muff Potter. The guilt builds up inside Tom and he decides to testify against Injun Joe for false accusations of the murder.
During the trail Injun Joe escapes from the courtroom. During the summer Tom and Huckleberry Finn go hunting for gold in a haunted house and manage to spot Injun Joe with his accomplice. Huckleberry Finn starts to keep an eye on Joe and eavesdrop on his conversation. Huckleberry overhears Injun Joe in creating a plan to murder the widow next. The widow is a kind person to Tom and his friends. Meanwhile Tom and his girlfriend Becky are on a picnic in McDougal’s cave and soon become lost in the cave. Huckleberry Finn goes off to find the widow to keep her out of harm’s way. The towns fokes have noticed Tom and Becky disappearance but can’t seem to find them.
Tom and Becky find a way out of the cave, but in doing so, they have bumped into Injun Joe who had been using the cave as an hideout. The people of St. Petersburg come to their rescue. They decide to seal of the cave with Injun in it as his punishment for the murder. Over time, Injun Joe dies of starvation. Tom and Huckleberry Finn remember that Injun Joe’s treasure still lies within the dangerous cave. So they go back to retrieve it. The boys find the riches and become wealthy. And they’re are well known in the town of St. Petersburg. This changes their lives drastically and Tom is live his dreams.
Is it our differences or similarities that matter? Well, I believe that are similarities matter more than out differences. Everyone argues over their differences whether it’s over a favorite team, or a game, or their opinion on a common topic. We seem to be full of hatred and discriminate over everything and everyone. But deep down we are all humans; we have hands, lungs, feet, and hearts. It’s just our exterior that’s different and the way we perceive the world. So why not move past that? We can accept our differences and acknowledge that we are all the same. Why not celebrate our similarities and see perceive each other as equals. In the story of The adventures of Tom Sawyer, Tom was jealous of the other kid on the street and fought with them because he could not accept that he was different. And at the end of the novel everyone united putting their differences aside to stand up against Injun Joe. Everyone wanted one thing, to protect their loved ones and the only way to do that was to unite. This similarity brought everyone together.