The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

The Reasons to Read the Adventures of Tom Sawyer

April 13, 2021 by Essay Writer

An Adventurous Book

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is a literary classic. It is a great part of American literature and history. It is a great model of writing to all those who read it. Not only can this book be a considerable source of inspiration to all writers, this book is enjoyable unlike all of the monotonous books you might read daily. Who doesn’t want to read an exciting book with a fun story line? This is a very adventurous book. At some points keeps you on the edge of your seat from all of the suspense. While at other points Twain has you laughing as Tom gets into more mischief. This is a book that makes you want to read more. There is no better reason to read a book then for the enjoyment you receive.

Realistic Representation

Twain based his novel, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, mostly on his personal memories of growing up. Twain states, “most of the adventures recorded in this book really occurred”. In addition, the character of Tom Sawyer was based off a couple boys that he knew. This means that Twain’s novel is a realistic representation of life back in the 1840’s. While reading this book people can learn what it was like to live back in the 1840’s. Nearly all of the characters in Twain’s novel resemble people he knew from his childhood.

Utopian Picture

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer spends most of it’s focus on creating an utopian picture of boyhood. Therefore, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer never really deals with the larger issues that some of Twain’s other books contain. For example, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer doesn’t directly deal with slavery. Furthermore the book seems to exhibit xenophobia against Native American Injun Joe, but Injun Joe’s murders justify the town’s hate and fear for him. Because the novel evades explicit criticism of racism, slavery, and xenophobia, the novel has been able to escape the debate about the xenophobia and language. Nobody should shy away from this book for these reasons alone. To this day, this book still remains as one of Twain’s more popular works.

Life Lessons

The story follows the moral development of a troublemaker. Twain’s novel teaches us a lot of important life lessons that we can use, and who wouldn’t want that. For example Tom discovers in the book that you should always tell the truth. Tom withheld the truth for so long and felt horrible. He teaches us that telling the truth helps to take away that horrible burden. We can take this lesson and all of the other ones found in the book and apply them into our own lives.

The Essence of Childhood

Sometimes it seems like Tom and I are the same. Some of the stories in the novel are reminiscent. Tom is making the transition into adulthood just like many of us. He reminds us of all the fun and trouble we had as a child. Tom gets into a lot of mischief just like we did as kids. He lies a lot, often runs away, and steals. We start to see ourselves as Tom Sawyer. Even if you’re an adult the events of this book evoke the memories of childhood in your mind. Twain has captured the essence of childhood. Whether or not one has read the novel, many of the scenes are familiar and have become a part of our cultural heritage.

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Twain’s Attitude Towards His Characters

April 13, 2021 by Essay Writer

Twain’s unequal attitude towards characters

After a Huck Finn returns from his voyage and experiences with the King and Duke, he is reunited with Tom Sawyer. The two stand in the middle of the road as Huck recounts his adventures with Jim. During this time, Twain provides insight on his attitude towards the characters and their ideas, specifically focusing on Huck’s overconfidence despite his innocence, and lacking any specific thoughts about the morals of Tom Sawyer.

First, Twain portrays Huck as a young boy with too much self confidence. When he talks to Tom about his experience with the Royal Nonesuch tar-and-featherings, he states, “I knowed it WAS the king and the duke” (Twain 239). The capitalization of all the letters in the word “was” show emphasis on Huck’s idea that this was most important. Nobody was questioning him, so it’s clear that this overconfidence is part of Huck’s normal routine. Twain shows how Huck’s bold storytelling places too much importance on details that can be told with more ease.

Even so, Twain sympathizes with Huck while he tells of his feelings after watching the tar-and-featherings: “Well, it made me sick to see it; and I was sorry for them poor pitiful rascals” (Twain 239). This shows how the author still feels bad for the main character, despite his arrogance. Twain realizes that Huck has been through a lot, and that could be overwhelming to a boy of his age. He provides details of the impact on Huck, specifically how it makes him feel “sick”. Not only does this passage show how Huck felt, but it also shows his feelings towards others when he tells of his own sorrow for King and Duke. This shows Huck’s empathy for others in addition to the empathy he deserves.

Finally, Twain displays an attitude of indifference towards Tom Sawyer. His name appears only three times throughout the entire passage. This alone shows a lack of importance of his character. This could simply be because he’s being reintroduced and Huck is doing most of the talking. However, even when he does offer and opinion, “Tom Sawyer says the same” (Twain 239). This proves that the author sees little value in explaining Tom’s ideas because they would be redundant and not add any content to the story. This is very similar to where Thoreau merely says his second year in the woods was similar to his first. Twain’s attitude towards Tom shows that he doesn’t care and it isn’t important enough to add to the story at this point.

All in all, Twain proves that Huck Finn is overconfident, but at the same time invokes sympathy for him because of his age and innocence. While Huck does most of the talking, Twain shows he is the most important character at this time because of all these emotions he associates with the young boy. While Tom Sawyer is still present, Twain shows the insignificance of his character by not even telling his story over the time he was gone when the two are finally reunited. Overall, a lot can be said about Twain’s attitude towards characters by examining the details he provides or leaves out about each individual.

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Evolution of Tom Sawyer

April 13, 2021 by Essay Writer

“To exist is to change, to change is to mature, to mature is to go on creating oneself endlessly”(Henri Bergson). In the beginning of the novel, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, by Mark Twain, the main character Tom was very immature. He was manipulative, puerile, and egocentric. He would manipulate others for his own benefit, not caring about any damage he caused. As the novel continues, Tom begins to develop and start becoming a man. He journeys through adolescence, and starts to mature. Because of his growth into manhood, he starts to do things for others, and commit courageous and brave acts. As Tom Sawyer grows throughout the novel, he starts to show signs of maturity and commits courageous acts.

As the novel progresses, Tom shows signs of maturity. In the beginning of the novel, Tom Sawyer was very selfish and didn’t really care about responsibility. Later in the novel, Tom witnesses things and goes through many experiences that helped him sofisticate and taught him many important lessons. He begins to put others before himself, and tries to help others, which show that he is becoming more wise and responsible. When Huckleberry Finn is gifted with a chance to live normal life, he wants to abandon it to run away. Since Tom cared about Huck, he convinces him to stay and try to deal with the certain rules that living like a kid have. Tom uses his manipulative ways but not for his own good, this time. When trying to convince Huck to return home Tom says, “Huck, I wouldn’t want to, and I don’t want to-but what would people say? Why they’d say, ‘Mph! Tom Sawyer’s Gang! Pretty low characters in it’ They’d mean you, Huck. You wouldn’t like that, and I wouldn’t” (Twain 211). Huck then agrees to go back to Widow Douglas so he could be a part of their “gang”. Tom manipulates Huck to go back to the Widow Douglas. This situation shows Tom’s growth and adulthood because in the beginning of the novel, Tom would manipulate people for his own benefit. But, this situation shows how Tom manipulated people for good. Tom wanted Huck to live a better life with the Widow, so he said that he could be in their gang if he goes back. But in actuality, Tom just wanted Huck to live a good life. Tom shows his adulthood when he begins to use his manipulative nature for other’s benefits.

Tom shows boldness throughout the novel, by doing things that others would fear to do. Since the beginning of the novel, Tom has done things that normally people wouldn’t do. But, when Tom and Huck witness a murder, Tom does something incredibly brave. Even though both Huck and Tom make an agreement to never speak of what happened the night of the murder, Tom defies that because he did not want an innocent man to be punished. When viewing the trial of Muff Potter Tom decides to speak up and say who the true murderer is even though his safety may be in danger because of this. “Tom began-hesitatingly at first, but as he warmed up to his subject, his words flowed more and more easily: in a little while every sound ceased but his own voice; every eye fixed itself upon him; with parted lips and bated breath the audience hung upon his words, taking no note of time, rapt in the ghastly fascinations of the tale”(Twain 143). Tom spoke about the night of the murder even though he knew that Injun Joe would come after him. He decided that he needed to speak up about the murder, even though he was slightly scared. Everyone watched as he spoke about the incident, bravely. To be courageous is to face difficulties without having fear. When Tom sees that Muff Potter is being accused of murdering someone, when he really didn’t do it, he speaks up. This is remarkably brave because he says who the true murderer is. And he knows that once he testifies and says that Injun Joe is the actual murderer, Injun Joe would want revenge and Tom would then be in danger. Even though Tom knew this information prior to saying what he saw, Tom decided to testify anyways because he knew it was the right thing to do. Tom shows bravery and courage when he speaks up about the true murderer of the doctor.

Tom Sawyer starts showing bravery and signs of adulthood, as he ages throughout the novel. Tom shows fearlessness and adult qualities when he tries to help others and speaks the truth. He helps Huck try to live a normal kid’s life by convincing him to go back to the people that love him. Tom also helps a man that was wrongly accused in trial by speaking up about what really happened. As people grow older, they become more cultured and some begin to help others and do things with audacity.

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The Growth and Development of Tom Sawyer

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

Introduction

In Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, the pre-teen protagonist Tom has a propensity for rebellion and mischief. His vulnerability and uncontrollable nature take him on adventures the average child would not consider. Tom’s guardian, Aunt Polly, struggles to keep an eye on him and feels unsuccessful in guiding him to act more responsibly. The immature Tom is however welcoming of the strange adventures that often take place with his friends, the equally misguided Huck and Joe. Although the Tom Sawyer we meet at the beginning of the novel is an immature boy who gravitates towards bad influences, the adventures he goes serve to build his maturity, encourage his growth and create the circumstances for him to become a so called ‘town hero’ by the end of the novel.

Rebelliousness

Mark Twain doesn’t hesitate to establish the young and vulnerable Tom Sawyer’s immaturity. From the very beginning of the novel, the author paints Tom as a mischievous boy. When Aunt Polly warned Tom not to go into the pantry and take out any of the jam. We see the rebelliousness that defines Tom’s character throughout the novel in his disobedience. He doesn’t listen to Aunty Polly’s warning and defies her orders by going behind her back and nonchalantly taking the jar of jam from the shelf and indulging in the jam. Tom makes a mess with it, and gets jam all over his face and clothes, making it very obvious to anyone that he ate some of the jam. Moments later, Aunt Polly finds Tom and seizes him out of anger: ‘There! I might ‘a thought of that lost. What you been doing in there? … Well, I know. It’s jam, that’s what it is. Forty times I’ve said if you didn’t let that jam alone I’d skin you” (2). By fleeing from the situation and not owning up to his actions, Tom demonstrates the influence of tenacity and immaturity on his behavior. Tom’s rebellious streak pops up again when Aunt Polly forces him to whitewash the front fence as punishment. Tom doesn’t like to work so he opposes the job required of him by using mischievous methods to get out of doing the work himself. A master manipulator, Tom uses reverse psychology on young Ben, who was initially reluctant, to become interested in doing the job for Tom. By claiming that whitewashing is a hard task and rejecting Ben’s (fellow town child) offer to do it for him, Tom’s cunning allows him to entice Ben into wanting so much that Ben offers to complete the job as well as the rest of his apple. Selfishly, Tom allows Ben to do whitewash the fence for him. Encouraged by his success, the devious boy sets up a system for the other towns children, that in order to help whitewash the fence they would have to give him a goodie in return. Tom has played the children, having them complete his punishment while he relaxes: “And while the late steamer Big Missouri worked and sweated in the sun, the retired artist (Tom) sat on a barrel in the shade close by, dangled his legs, munched on the apple, and planned the laughter of more innocents” (14). This elaborate scheme shows Tom’s immaturity as he clearly does not understand the importance of completing the whitewashing himself as an act of repentance for taking the jam. His cunning and selfish nature cloud his judgment and instead his only intention is to get out of doing the whitewashing by any means necessary.

Mischief and Cowardice

With the emergence of Huck Finn in Tom’s life we see an increase in the intensity and dangerousness of Tom’s adventures. Huck Finn, a scruffy looking older boy, is looked down upon by the town for his troublesome nature. Many parents/guardians in the town disapprove of their children engaging in activities with Huck. Rather than steering clear of danger, the impetuous Tom courts danger by befriending Huck and foremost looking up to him. This friendship with Huck demonstrates that Tom gravitates towards bad influences and mischief which hints at another reason his immaturity. Together, the two boys embark on adventures that see that reaching new levels of mischief but also serve as a test of their maturity. When Huck steals a dead cat, he preaches to Tom that by swinging a dead cat over a dead body it will cure warts. To prove the belief, Tom decides to meet Huck at the graveyard in the night. However, the bravery that bolstered them to go to a graveyard at night quickly turned to fear as is evidenced by the caution that the boys showed in making slow steady steps over the graves. They were both terrified of being in a graveyard at night. Later when they spot three manly figures in the shadow on a small hill, the boys become even more terrified and hide behind a tree in an attempt to go unnoticed. They recognized the three men as Dr. Robinson, Muff Potter, and Injun Joe. The boys watched while the men snatched bodies from graves. They were witnesses when the conflict arose when Injun Joe wanted his money from Dr. Robinson before he started removing the corpse from the grave. Tom and Huck saw Dr. Robinson refuse Injun Joe, when the two began to tussle, and when Injun Joe takes Muff Potters knife and kills Dr. Robinson.

The twist to this violent scenario was Muff Potter was unstably drunk and lying on the ground not aware of his surroundings. Despite being eyewitnesses to the stabbing, the boys watch in silence as Injun Joe puts the knife in Muff’s hands: “After which he put the fatal knife in Potter’s open right hand, and sat down on the dismantled coffin. Three — four — five minutes passed, and then Potter began to stir and moan” (72). Despite the minutes that passed between the stabbing and Potter’s revival, the boys did not find the courage to sound an alarm and stop Injun Joe in his tracks. Even when Muff awakens and comes to some realization seeing the bloody knife in hand and Dr. Robinson dead on the ground the boys remained in their hiding place and stayed silent. What is even stronger evidence of the boy’s cowardice is the fact that they continued to keep their silence at the emotional reaction of Muff Potter when he and Injun Joe have dialogue where Muff is frightened and unaware that he committed the murder and Injun Joe lies and claims that Muff did it. “I thought I’d got sober. I’d no business to drink to-night. But It’s in my head yet – worse’n when we started here. I’m all in a muddle; can’t recollect anything of it hardly. Tell me, Joe-honest, now, old feller — did I do it, Joe? I never meant to; ‘pon my soul and honor I never meant to, Joe. Tell me how it was, Joe. Oh, It’s awful — and him so young and promising. Why, you two was scuffling, and he fetched you one with the headboard, and you fell flat, and then up you come, all reeling and staggering like, and snatched the knife and jammed it into him just as he fetched you another awful clip, and here you’ve laid dead as a wedge till now” (72-73). The chance to save Muff Potter from the self-pity and agony of thinking he committed murder was in the hands of Tom and Huck but neither had the nerve to bring clarity to the situation. In a characteristic absence of good sense, the two flee out of fright and promised each other to keep it a secret and not tell anyone. Tom writes a treaty and both sign their initials using their own blood, a juvenile reaction to a grave issue.

Carelessness and Irresponsibilty

Joe Harper, a companion of Tom Sawyer adds fuel to the mischief of Tom and Huck’s adventures. You could probably call them the three stooges when they unite, a fact that becomes clear when analyzing their adventure to Jackson Island. One day when Tom leaves school early in a deeply depressed state, he stumbles upon Joe in a similar state. Joe is crying and claims he recently got whipped by his mother for eating the cream. Tom and Joe decide to head out to Jackson’s Island to get away from the town. In doing so, Tom is rebelling against school and the system it underpins, where he is constantly being put “under the bus” and treated differently than the other students in his class. While Joe is rebelling against his mother for the beatings. Tom and Joe agree to not telling anyone where they are going. Their lack of foresight that something serious could happen to two young vulnerable boys and no one would know is revealed through their careless decision. Their boyish thinking that to solve their problems they could exist in a world without rules and adults to guide them reinforces their shortsightedness. Without a care in the world and free to do as they please, the three boys gallivant and pretend to be pirates on the island. Huck even teaches the two boys to smoke pipes of tobacco. “These novices had never smoked anything before but cigars made of grape-vine, and they ‘bit’ the tongue, and were not considered manly, anyway. Now they stretched themselves out on their elbows and began to puff charily, and with slender confidence. The smoke had an unpleasant taste, and they gagged a little, but Tom said: ‘Why it’s just as easy! If I’d a knowed this was all, I’d a learnt long ago.’” (118).

Tom’s inclination to behave irresponsibly and flout authority is encouraged in the presence of Huck Finn. Tom’s and Joe’s innocence have been crushed as they undergo peer pressure to indulge in smoking from Huck. Yet Tom continues to marvel at Huck who does nothing to rehabilitate the younger more impressionable boys. Mark Twain uses these situations to clearly outline Tom’s immaturity and vulnerability. Further, when the entire town becomes afraid and worried that they all drowned in the lake by Jackson’s island, because there hasn’t been sign of them for days, the author uses the boys reaction as a further indication of their naivety. The head of town sends commanders on rafts in the lake to shoot cannons in the lake so that drowned bodies would rise to the surface: ” ‘they done that last summer when Bill Turner got drowned; they shoot a cannon over the water and that makes him come up to the top” (105). Little did the townspeople know, Tom, Huck, and Joe were having the time of their lives. In spite of the defiance that led Tom to leave home without telling anyone and his thinking that he was mature enough to survive an adventure away from home for so long, Tom begins to get homesick. He visits home without anyone knowing. Even after seeing that Aunt Polly is in tears along with Sid (Tom’s half-brother) and Mary (Tom’s cousin) in sorrow, Tom heads back to Jackson’s Island. The boys decide to make an appearance in town the following day. The town has prepared a funeral for the boys and the boys have prepared to “rise from the dead.” The boys hid out of sight and watched from upstairs in the gallery as the townspeople slowly sit down in their sits with their faces full of sadness. Half way through the funeral service, Tom, Huck, and Joe make their way down the stairs where they greet everyone: “The congregation rose and stared while the three dead boys came marching up the aisle, Tom in the lead, Joe next, and Huck, a ruin of dropping rags, sneaking sheepishly in the rear. They had been hid in the unused gallery, listening to their own funeral sermon!” (127). Tom’s immaturity is evident in the fact that he found amusement in the solemnity of a funeral. His decision to hide and prank the town shows that he is so childish that he does not understand the difference between pranks that are funny and those that are not. The fact that he prioritized a prank over consoling his devastated family shows that his judgment is deeply flawed and seriously lacking a mature perspective.

Showing Off

Even Tom’s interactions with girls at the beginning of the novel portray a clear image of immature behavior in the face of young love. Mark Twain uses the interaction of Tom and Amy Lawrence as a way of showing just how far reaching Tom’s immaturity is. Tom wasn’t just a mischievous boy who found trouble wherever it lurked, he was also so childish that he did not know how to display his affections in a manner that wasn’t off putting. When Tom sees Amy Lawrence in her front yard, picking flowers from the garden, Amy hadn’t noticed Tom. Tom is very shy and doesn’t want to engage in any conservations with her but instead: “pretended he did not know she was present, and began to ‘show off’ in all sorts of absurd boyish ways in order to win her admiration. He kept up this grotesque foolishness for some little time; but by-and-by, while he was in the midst of some dangerous gymnastic performances” (18).

Abstaining from Pleasurable Things

However, a turning point in Tom’s growth and development begins when he joins the Cadet of Temperance. From this point on in the novel, readers can examine that Tom’s decision making skills improve not only in a mature manner but also a positively moral manner. In joining the Cadet of Temperance, Tom: “promised to abstain from smoking, chewing tobacco, and profanity as long as he remained a member” (155). Tom who has previously taken oaths to join a gang and hide the secret that Injun Joe is a murder seems to be finally taking oaths that are of a more upstanding nature. By promising to abstain from things that Tom is known to indulge in it is clear that Tom is not only willing to submit to authority but also willing to give up things he found pleasurable. Though Tom’s maturity may be questioned by his motivation for joining the Cadets (to wear the Cadet’s uniform) and his decision to quit as soon as Judge Frazier recovers from his illness (once Tom realized that he won’t get the chance to wear the uniform at Judge Frazier’s funeral), the fact that he took the step to join the Cadets, a group subject to rules, shows that he was starting to turn from some of his childish ways.

Telling the Truth

Tom’s redemption really speeds up as the murder trial for Dr. Robinson inched closer. As the town grew more convinced of Muff Potter’s guilt, Tom and Huck grew more thoughtful about the secret they were hiding. Twain juxtaposes the boy’s treatment of Muff Potter with the way the town treated the man on trial as a subtle hint at the fact that Tom and Huck were growing up. Their fear that Injun Joe would kill them led them to pledge once more to keep their roles as witnesses a secret but as a way to ease their conscience, the boys slipped little treats into Muff Potter’s cell to comfort him about his imminent conviction and sentencing. These small acts of kindness helped to relieve Tom’s conscience but not enough for him to be completely satisfied with his decision to remain silent. Tom understanding that his silence could send an innocent man to prison is the fuel that kept his conscience burning. We see Tom begin to acknowledge his emotions as a preteen. When he drops off the treats at Muff Potter’s cell, Muff Potter always thanks him, but Tom’s guilt and conscience bothers him because deep down he knows that Injun Joe is the actual murderer. Good sense finally prevails when we see Tom approach this tangled situation he is stuck between, whether to tell the truth or not, with maturity and good morals. Putting all consequences behind he made up his mind to not only act as a hero towards the town but also put himself in a step further to his growth. The trial begins and the atmosphere is tensed. The Judge calls on Tom Sawyer as an eye of witness to express his side of the story: “Tom hesitated and looked confused. ‘Speak out, my boy — don’t be diffident. The truth is always respectable” (164.)When Tom beings to tell story, taking pauses as he looks at Injun Joe, Injun Joe is looking at Tom with anger and evil in his eyes as he has a knife out as a threatening mechanism. “Tom began — hesitatingly at first, but, as he warmed to his subject, his words flowed more and more easily; in a little while every sound ceased but his own voice; every eye fixed itself upon him; with parted lips and bated breath the audience hung upon his words, taking no note of time, rapt in the ghastly fascinations of the tale. The strain upon pent emotion reached its climax when the boy said, ‘And as the doctor fetched the board round and Muff Potter fell, Injun Joe jumped with the knife and – ‘Crash! Quick as lightning, the half-breed sprang for a window, tore his way through all opposers, and was gone!” (164-165). Tom, the boy who hid in fear and pledged his silence, comes to rescue and finally tells the truth about the murder of Dr. Robinson. We see in this moment his growth and maturity expanding as he owns up to his emotions and conscience. Tom can be placed in the category of a hero as he ties up the loose ends of this controversial murder by turning in Injun Joe and corroborating the truth.

Standing Up for Himself

Tom’s last adventure really ties up his maturity and growth level and provides more evidence of his hero status. Tom Sawyer and Becky Thatcher (The Judge’s daughter) were on a panic, when they were exploring and got lost in the cave. They stumble upon Injun Joe drunk and fast asleep on the ground. A slight movement of Tom’s foot wakes Injun Joe and Tom takes off running in fear. He climbs up a couple rocks, while Injun Joe follows behind. Tom lifts his leg over the ledge and forcefully kicks Injun Joe off the rocks he was climbing up on. Injun Joe falls off and doesn’t get up. Tom in this moment is taking control and standing up for himself. At the beginning of the novel, we would always see Tom running away from his problems but now is standing up for himself, albeit in self-defense. Tom and Becky quickly find an exit to the cave and leave. The following day Tom and Huck go back on the hunt to find the lost treasure hidden by Injun Joe. The boys head back to the cave where Tom and Becky got lost. “By this time everything was ready and the boys entered the hole, Tom in the lead. They toiled their way to the farther end of the tunnel” (229). Tom stumbles upon some clay with candle grease and gives Tom an idea to dig under it as Injun Joe might have hid it there. “I bet you the money is under the rock. I’m going to dig in the clay… Huck began to dig and scratch now. Some boards were soon uncovered and removed. They had concealed a natural chasm which led under the rock…’My goodness, Huck looky here!” (230-231). They found the hidden treasure that was stolen by Injun Joe. This is another instance where Tom stands out to qualify for the “town hero.”

Conclusion

Mark Twain does an excellent job of character development through the growth of Tom Sawyer. By showing Tom’s transformation from a boy who avoided responsibility and favored mischief to one who stands up for justice and honesty, we see the growth of a character who would not have undergone this process if not for the wild adventures he went on. The series of events that culminates in Tom’s decision to improve his life by going to Military school and eventually finding Huck who has run away from civilization and encouraging him to go back to the town and embrace respectability really show that by the end of the novel Tom had come full circle.

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The Adventures of Tom Sawyer: Money Can’t Always Buy Happiness

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

The Summary of the Novel

This is a story about a boy named Tom Sawyer, a rebellious boy who lives in St. Petersburg, America. He lives with his Aunt Polly, a strict woman who constantly worries about him.

Tom is crafty and sly, tricking most of the boys in his town to paint his fence for him. His closest friend is Huck, another rebellious boy like himself. A new family moves into town, the Thatcher’s, and Tom is in love with their daughter, Becky. As Tom and Huck play in a graveyard with a dead cat, they overhear some men and witness a murder by Injun Joe, a violent man set on revenge. Tom and his friends pretend to be pirates on a nearby island, living out in the woods for a while. However, because they are gone for so long, the townspeople assume that the boys have drowned in the river. Tom and the boys eventually return. Tom wrestles on whether to tell anyone about Injun Joe, but he is then forced to testify in court and Injun Joe runs away. As the manhunt for Injun Joe continues, Tom and Huck decide to search for buried treasure. However, they come across a haunted house, which is Injun Joe’s hiding place. They overhear that he has buried the treasure in a secret location and try to follow him, but instead Huck stops the murder of a widow. Tom takes Becky on a trip to a nearby cave and they get lost. Things look bad, as they’ve run out of food, but Tom finds a way out and saves Becky. Tom then tells Huck that the treasure is in the cave and the two of them get it. They both become instantly wealthy.

In the end, Huck struggles to the rich lifestyle, while Tom enjoys the money, but intends on being a classy thief.

Adjusting to Life with Money

As always a lot can be said about this story, but what draws my interest and attention is the idea that money can’t always buy happiness. In today’s world, it’s often a matter of “If I only had more money, I’d be happy” but we don’t see that in the world of Tom Sawyer. In his world, the poor are often the most free.

By the end of the story, the author provides two rowdy country boys with an enormous amount of wealth and they don’t know what to do with it. In fact, they struggle to adjust to life with money.

All Huck wants to do is go outside whenever he wants and enjoy nature. He wants to fish, swim, and explore caves. He doesn’t care about the fancy clothes and gourmet food. In his simple ways, he recognizes all of the obligations that wealth brings with it, like manners, politics, and how possessions can begin to possess us. And so for him, wealth is bondage, not freedom.

Even Tom pushes back against his wealth in a way. Instead of investing the money or buying nice things, Tom wants to start a gang of thieves. And while some may say that this shows his growing desire for more wealth, I think Tom wants to be a thief for the thrills and rebellion, not the accrued wealth.

Аnd so it’s kind of interesting that the two characters in the story that probably want or need the money the least end up the richest. But that’s a good thing. It shows that money doesn’t have to change people, especially for our protagonist, even if that protagonist is as rebellious and mischievous as Tom Sawyer.

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The Character of Tom Sawyer

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

When we are first introduced to Tom Sawyer, via his good friend Huck Finn, we learn of his conservative nature near immediately. Tom suggests they tie a slave to a tree, “for fun,” (p. 6) and while we can assume that this is common behavior for young men of his time, Huck is a far different story. Later, when approached with the idea of freeing Jim, the aforementioned slave, Tom Sawyer agrees to go along with his dear friend’s plan, but not solely out of believing it is the noble thing to do, instead because he knows it will require an adventurous spirit. This shows us just how stubborn and ignorant the young boy is. Followed by a group of bored, but adventurous, children, Tom repeatedly mentions how he wants to start a gang of boys. We can assume he longs to start trouble with this group of young men, I came to this conclusion after studying his other behavior. He often ropes others into his mischievous plans by stating that they will join in, rather than asking them. This shows just how authoritative he is, even from the very beginning of the story when he suggest they begin the gang by stating, “Now, we’ll start this band of robbers and call it Tom Sawyer’s Gang. Everybody that wants to join has got to take an oath, and write his name in blood,” (p. 7) suggesting that the others show their utmost loyalty to him by taking a blood oath. We see just how inspiring Tom’s bravery is on the other children when Huck convinces himself to continue onward with his plan by thinking of how Tom would handle the situation. Huck states that, “Tom Sawyer wouldn’t back out now, and so I won’t either.” (p. 70)

We see this again near the climax of the story when Tom changes the plan mid-action. Huck questions his decision and Tom responds with, “but it’s the plan now,” (p. 238) suggesting that his idea is superior to the original plan.The first time we see a major change in Tom is when he is reading the list of scrawlings they had written, deciding which one to engrave on the wall. The writings were heartfelt and tear-jerking, clear when we see that, “Tom’s voice trembled whilst he was reading them, and he most broke down,” (p. 261) suggesting that Sawyer was nearly moved to tears by the pain written in these words.

We see that he is not as ignorant and unkind as previously thought, he is just a kid growing up in a time when being unkind and brash is the only thing taught to these young men. Tom Sawyer is not an unkind young man. He was raised in a time when masculinity and brashness were key characteristics that made a well-rounded man. Trying his best to balance being a child and growing into the shoes of a man must have been a hard task to handle. In summary, Tom Sawyer is a stubborn, but adventurous, young man with a conservative mind- one shaped by the household we can assume he grew up within. He has a loyalty to his friend, but remains strong-willed and mischievous.

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The Reasons to Read The Adventures of Tom Sawyer

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

An Adventurous Book

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is a literary classic. It is a great part of American literature and history. It is a great model of writing to all those who read it. Not only can this book be a considerable source of inspiration to all writers, this book is enjoyable unlike all of the monotonous books you might read daily. Who doesn’t want to read an exciting book with a fun story line? This is a very adventurous book. At some points keeps you on the edge of your seat from all of the suspense. While at other points Twain has you laughing as Tom gets into more mischief. This is a book that makes you want to read more. There is no better reason to read a book then for the enjoyment you receive.

Realistic Representation

Twain based his novel, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, mostly on his personal memories of growing up. Twain states, “most of the adventures recorded in this book really occurred”. In addition, the character of Tom Sawyer was based off a couple boys that he knew. This means that Twain’s novel is a realistic representation of life back in the 1840’s. While reading this book people can learn what it was like to live back in the 1840’s. Nearly all of the characters in Twain’s novel resemble people he knew from his childhood.

Utopian Picture

The Adventures of Tom Sawyer spends most of it’s focus on creating an utopian picture of boyhood. Therefore, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer never really deals with the larger issues that some of Twain’s other books contain. For example, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer doesn’t directly deal with slavery. Furthermore the book seems to exhibit xenophobia against Native American Injun Joe, but Injun Joe’s murders justify the town’s hate and fear for him. Because the novel evades explicit criticism of racism, slavery, and xenophobia, the novel has been able to escape the debate about the xenophobia and language. Nobody should shy away from this book for these reasons alone. To this day, this book still remains as one of Twain’s more popular works.

Life Lessons

The story follows the moral development of a troublemaker. Twain’s novel teaches us a lot of important life lessons that we can use, and who wouldn’t want that. For example Tom discovers in the book that you should always tell the truth. Tom withheld the truth for so long and felt horrible. He teaches us that telling the truth helps to take away that horrible burden. We can take this lesson and all of the other ones found in the book and apply them into our own lives.

The Essence of Childhood

Sometimes it seems like Tom and I are the same. Some of the stories in the novel are reminiscent. Tom is making the transition into adulthood just like many of us. He reminds us of all the fun and trouble we had as a child. Tom gets into a lot of mischief just like we did as kids. He lies a lot, often runs away, and steals. We start to see ourselves as Tom Sawyer. Even if you’re an adult the events of this book evoke the memories of childhood in your mind. Twain has captured the essence of childhood. Whether or not one has read the novel, many of the scenes are familiar and have become a part of our cultural heritage.

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Life Through The Eyes of a Naive Boy With an Adult Soul

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

The book ‘The Adventures of Tom Sawyer’ Is a timeless classic that has an amazing cast of characters and immerses you into the setting and keeps you entertained for hours. This book is a great read and can be entertaining for any possible reader as it has creativity, entertainment, and makes it so you can relate to the characters. This book has many amazing character relationships, character growth, and detailed and involved branching plots. These parts of the book make it the amazing book it is. From the fact that the branching plots keeps you immersed and entertained thus keeping you from not liking it or getting bored of it. This book is a great read and is good for any reader that enjoys books that have, aventure, creativity, a good plot, and a great set of characters.

Mark Twain the author of the book made sure all of his characters were detailed and relatable to real-life people and their interactions and relationships are extraordinary examples of great writing and literacy with his detailed and descriptive relationships such as, the relationship of Tom and Huck, or Tom and Becky. The relationship between Tom and Huck is one of a leader and a follower who are substantially equals. They are practically brother in their relationship as they do most everything together. Even if Tom tends to take the roll of being the ‘leader’ they still treat and accept each other as equals and brothers in a loose definition of the meaning. Then there’s the unique, relatable, and deep relationship of Tom and Becky who are in a romantic relationship which as all do has its bumps but they truly love each other so just as it should in a real relationship they manage to work things out and end up loving each other honestly and strongly.

Mark Twain uses branching plots in his book to keep the reader engaged in the story and keep you wanting to read. some examples of this would be but not limited to, when Tom, Huck, and Joe run away to the island, the beginning parts of Tom and Beckys relationship, when Tom and Huck go treasure hunting. These branching plots keep the reader entertained and interested in what’ll happen next. For example, one of the branching plots would be when Becky And Tom get lost in the caves and cant find their ways out so they have to try to escape in any possibe way while the whole town simeltaneously looks for them but undenounced to them Tom and Becky are far too deep for them to find. A different branch was when Tom, Huck, and Joe Harper went off without telling anyone to an island and hid away, had to make their own food, and sleep outdoors all for the fun of showing up at their own funerals. The way the author conveys and writes out these events keeps the reader entertained and intreauged in the book untill the end.

In conclusion the book, ‘The Adventures of Tom Sawyer’ is a classic and timeless read good for readers who like creative plots and interesting characters. This book has an amazing way of portraying its characters in a believable and relatable way to real life.

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The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain: Review

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

Its moms birthday and everybody in the family has bough mom a gift, except Joe. Mom would not mind because she knows how Joe acts. As mom enters the kitchen everybody gives her the gifts, then it was Joes turn. He looks at mom then runs out side. He returns back with a box. Joe gives it to mom, and as mom opens the box, a beautiful diamond ring is revealed. Joe had saved enough money to buy mom a new diamond ring. Joe acts like a devilish person, but he really is more like Tom Sawyer in, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Mark Twain acknowledges that even the most devilish boy has a good side, through his adventures as a pirate, at the trial, and his love for Becky Thatcher.

This good and intelligent boy is first seen in his adventure as a pirate. The beginning of the book, when Tom persuades everyone to think that whitewashing was fun. Like it? Well, I dont see why I oughtnt to like it. Does a boy get a chance to whitewash a fence every day? (Twain 21). Mark Twain shows Toms unique intelligent. This intelligent is seen more and more in the book after every chapter. When Tom returns back from Jackson Island to see his aunt Polly. He turns from a devilish boy into a loving and caring person. And you went to bed, and I was so sorryI went and leaned over and kissed you on the lips. (Twain 136). One critic also says that Toms becoming more mature Aunt Pollys discovery that Tom has come from the island to tell her of his safety. (Blair 464).

Toms good side is mostly reveal in his love for Becky Thatcher. He gives Becky a brass andiron knob, which she gives back to him It was his brass andiron knob! (Twain 87) when seeing the brass andiron knob, Toms heart just broke, this broken heart show how much Tom cared for Becky. Tom also saves Becky from getting a spanking. He courageously stands up, and takes the blame for tearing Mr. Dobbins book. I done it! (Twain 149) This shows how his feelings for Becky have grown. That night Tom goes to sleep thinking about what Becky told him Tom, how could you be so noble! This also shows how Toms love for Becky has grown. (Twain 150).

This is also reveal at Muff Potter trial. He shows his interest when he first starts to hang around at the court to see what is happening at the trial The boys did as they hadtobacco and matches (Twain 164). At the trial Tom show his bravery by standing up and telling everybody what really happened at the graveyard. Tom beganhesitatinglyInjun Joe jumped with the knife and—- (Twain 168). Toms real story destroyed Injun Joe, which cause him to escape.

After getting his mom a brand new diamond ring, Joe family finally realize how kind and caring Joe can be, even thought Joe is still devilish his family now see that he has a good side. Just like Tom after everything he goes through his aunt and everybody else sees that Tom really has a friendly side.

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The Adventures of Tom Sawyer – Literary Analysis

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

Within Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Tom Sawyer novel, Injun Joe comes out as a vindictive character; most of Joe’s actions are motivated by his desire to take revenge. For instance, citing some mistreatment he went through in the hands of the deceased Mr. Douglas, Joe attempts to attack Mrs. Douglas. Moreover, Joe kills Dr. Robinson because, sometime ago, Dr. Robinson’s father sent Joe to prison. This essay highlights Joe’s vindictiveness within The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by analyzing the following behaviors: Joe attempts to attack Mrs. Douglas based on the fact that, sometime back, Joe experienced mistreatment in the hands of Mr. Douglas; and Joe murders Dr. Robinson because, sometime ago, Dr. Robinson’s father sent Joe to prison.

Given that Joe tries to attack Mrs. Douglas based on the fact that, sometime back, Joe experienced mistreatment in the hands of Mr. Douglas, Joe illustrates his vindictive personality. On this note, it is important to note that, while in his usual wandering ways, Joe happens to pass by Mrs. Douglas’ house. At this point, Joe halts his walking and observes that, to take revenge against Mrs. Douglas, he could attack the owner of this house. To rationalize his motive, Joe explains that, a while ago, Mr. Douglas mistreated him. In his capacity as the Justice Of The Peace, Mr. Douglas ordered for Joe to be flogged. This punishment was meant to discourage Joe from being a vagrant. Based on this negative experience, Joe insists that he was mistreated by Mr. Douglas. Insisting on the need to take revenge, Joe asks his companion to help in executing this revenge mission (Twain, n.d.). While reviewing this scenario, a reader would reasonably hold that Joe has a vindictive personality. Thanks to this vindictiveness, Joe retains the memory about being flogged by Mr. Douglas. Consequently, years later, when an opportune moment presents itself, Joe readily takes advantage of the situation and seeks to punish Mrs. Douglas for Mr. Douglas’ ‘error’. The word ‘error’ is in quotes because a reader learns about the mistreatment that Mr. Douglas’ inflicted on Joe solely from Joe’s perspective. It is thus likely that Mr. Douglas did not engage in any wrong behavior. It is highly possible that Joe employs his subjective thoughts to declare Mr. Douglas an evil individual. Such subjectivity motivates Joe to desire to take revenge against Mrs. Douglas. Joe’s desire highlights his vindictive personality. If he were not vindictive, Joe would not plan on taking revenge against Mrs. Douglas.

Further, to illustrate his vindictive personality, Joe murders Dr. Robinson because, sometime ago, Dr. Robinson’s father sent Joe to prison. In this regard, while in the company of Muff Potter, Joe attempts to extort money from Dr. Robinson. After Dr. Robinson knocks and makes Potter unconscious, Joe grabs Potter’s knife and stabs Dr. Robinson in the back. While executing this cold blood murder, Joe states that, sometime ago, Dr. Robinson’s father sent Joe to prison for being a vagrant. By killing Dr. Robinson, Joe thereby takes revenge against the doctor for the father’s mistake (Ibid.). While analyzing this situation, a reader would discern that Joe is vindictive. Such vindictiveness causes Joe to retain the memory of having been sent to prison by Dr. Robinson’s father. When a suitable opportunity presents itself, Joe murders Dr. Robinson. It is instructive to note that, if the situation were different, Joe would not murder Dr. Robinson. This is because, if Potter did not become unconscious, Joe would not access Potter’s knife. From this analysis, it is clear that Joe is a vindictive character. If he were not vindictive, Joe would not murder Dr. Robinson on account of the mistake of Dr. Robinson’s father.

In conclusion, within The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Joe illustrates vindictiveness. On this note, Joe attempts to attack Mrs. Douglas based on the fact that, sometime back, Joe experienced mistreatment in the hands of Mr. Douglas. Further, Joe murders Dr. Robinson because, sometime ago, Dr. Robinson’s father sent Joe to prison. It is would be insightful to investigate what prompted Twain to depict Joe as a vindictive character.

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