Of Mice and Men

The Tragedy in Of Mice And Men By John Steinbeck

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

When a book is considered a tragedy it is because the main character, the hero of our story, a good person goes through a downfall causing the audience to be in suspense and feel sorrow for the character.

In the story, Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck we have the main character Lennie is seen to be the most tragic character in this story because he just wants to pet soft things but never thought that this would lead him to his death. Curley’s wife the only women on the ranch goes through a tragedy herself as well, her tragedy is that she receives racial discrimination and her husband possessiveness, he doesn’t allow her to conversate with any of the other men. Another character, Crooks also receives discrimination because he is the only black man on the ranch. He is also a very lonely person and is always kept to himself and has no friends. Lennie Small is an innocent man who would never do anything to harm anyone intentionally. He is “loyal” to his companion George and can be skeptical at times but he means well. He is also very happy to live out the American dream with George and be able to pet all the soft things that he wants. So, right from the beginning you can see that Lennie is a great guy and that’s until the tragedies come falling into play.

Lennie has this obsessive urge to pet soft things but he is very strong and can get carried away. His urge to pet turns into aggression and he unintentionally causes harm to those around him or to what he is petting. He was petting Curley’s wife’s hair and got carried away and got a little violent causing him to snap her neck leading to her death. After this everybody else on the ranch wanted to get back at Lennie to teach him a lesson so his best friend George, companions of so many years, had to kill his longtime friend. This is very tragic because Lennie really did not mean no harm. He cannot help himself, he has issues and did not deserve to die.

Our second tragedy will start with Curley’s wife. She is known to be the only women on the ranch. She receives a lot of gender and racial slurs from the other men on the ranch as, “jailbait” and “tart”, they say these things to her because they believe she dresses like a whore because she wears a lot of red and ostrich feathers and wears a lot of makeup. Her husband forbids her from speaking to the other men so, she always hangs around the bunk house and asks for Curley as an excuse to talk to the others. On top of her husband not allowing her to speak to anyone he does not spend time with her himself and is usually not even in her presence. She really feels alone and she feels as if she lost all her dreams. Before, she desired to be famous and wanted to make it big and declined a man who wanted to help her fulfill that dream. Instead she marries Curley, to get back at her mother, a man she does not even like to talk to or be around because he is so belligerent. She is sadly killed by Lennie who broke her neck accidentally while petting her hair and she talking to him.

Curley’s Wife’s story is very pitiful because her life never worked out how she wanted it to. She never got her dream job, did not marry the guy she wanted to, could not conversate with others and when she did the man broke her neck and she died. Crooks, the saddest and loneliest person in our story. He is a major victim of racial discrimination and was rather lonely but by choice. He preferred to keep his distance and advised everyone else to keep their distance as well. He had no friends on the ranch and was always alone until one day he decided he wanted to join George, Candy, and Lennie in pursuing the american dream but, that quickly got shot down when George was being racist to him. Crooks is never invited to any of the meetings or card games. Even when he does receive kindness he still takes it as hate after so many years of being treated like a waste. He receives the most hate from Curley’s wife all the time. Mom stop discrimination. All crooks ever wanted was to be treated equally just like he was when he was younger. Then, he finally stands up to Curley’s wife for teasing Lennie because of his rabbits she quickly shoots him down by saying that she can and will get him lynched.

This tragedy is very unfair and nobody deserves to be treated the way Crook was treated and when he had the guts to stand up for himself he got threatened with his life. In conclusion, the story Of Mice and Men is a very tragic story because the people in the story did not deserve anything that happened to them. It is also very tragic because of the way the people died in the story.

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‘Of Mice And Men’ By John Steinbeck: Why Do Humans Sin?

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

Every major religion states in its teachings that committing any sin would turn humanity away from their deity and invite only misfortune and strife. It is generally accepted that the act of sin is wrong and human society is designed in a manner that alienates those who sin. Yet why do people still sin? Why do we still continue to commit acts of treason against our own kind and ourselves? What is there to gain in sin? The novel Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck characterizes its characters with the act of sin and uses it to great extent to establish what the motivations of the characters are in the story. Along with an interesting plot and setting, as well as themes that tackle still prevalent issues, the novel is worthy of the luster and recognition it has retained throughout the decades.

In the novel, we see a common trait in the characters: sin. We see the major characters commit acts that can be considered unacceptable to the prying eyes of society. We see Curley attack Lennie in a fit of rage, Curley’s wife seducing the ranch workers, Lennie’s murder of Curley’s wife, and George ending Lennie’s life with a bullet at the back of the head. With their sins in mind we may ask to ourselves: why did they commit such grievous crimes? Why did they sin? I do believe that it is conceited for me to answer this question in behalf of all humanity, but I will still answer this question. I do believe that humans sin to attain one thing: happiness. We all commit sins to please ourselves or others, to bring forth change in our situations, to avoid shame or embarrassment, to eliminate all that bother us, to minimize damage from our faults and mistakes, and to preserve what we love and avoid sacrifice. These reasons all have one thing in common: they stem from happiness. Though the fruits of sin usually lead to grief or torment, the reasoning behind them is pure and innocent. Curley attacks Lennie due to his insecurity. He is aware of his own weaknesses such as his small stature and immediately dislikes Lennie due to his fear of his wife being stolen from him by someone larger and sturdier. Curley’s wife flirts and seduces with the ranch workers due to her persisting loneliness which has developed from her husband’s lack of attention on her brought about by his own jealousy and due to her failure in attaining her dreams. We see in the novel of how she mistreats Crooks due to his race. During the time of the Great Depression, people with darker skin and of African descent were looked down upon and are considered ugly. Curley’s wife may despise Crooks due to her own insecurity, similar to her husband. Due to her failure in attaining her dream of becoming a movie star, she may be self-conscious about her appearance and uses Crooks as a medium to vent her frustration. Lennie murdered Curley’s wife but not intentionally. He was born mentally challenged, but it is compensated with his immense strength. Despite his immense strength, he adores soft objects and often pets and caresses them which results in the destruction of said object. As a man of limited mental capacity, his thinking is one based on sudden urges, not longtime plans. When he wants something, he will proceed to obtain it. He murdered Curley’s wife due to his desire for soft objects. When he caressed her hair, Curley’s wife did not expect the astounding strength he possessed and promptly panicked, which resulted in Lennie accidentally snapping her neck. George killed Lennie not because of hate or fear but out of love. He ended Lennie’s life to save him from the painful death that awaited him. These instances of human nature through sin is what makes this novel fascinating. The author has given the characters life not limited to dialogue only but also in actions. Observation of these characters reveal that they have their own desires and motivations, as well as flaws and blunders that make them human.

The author uses quite a bit of foreshadowing in his writing style and it is superbly written. In my first reading, I did not notice the signs and merely thought of it as world building. I failed to realize that world building is ineffective in a novel of measly length and that world building to this extent is unnecessary for novels with a historical setting. The author’s use of foreshadowing is disguised and subtle which makes it impossible for it to serve as a spoiler and instead further supplements the already brilliantly written characters. The author followed an important principle in writing known as Chekhov’s gun. Chekhov’s gun states that anything memorable or noteworthy event, character, or object must be relevant to the story. Some instances of foreshadowing include George telling Lennie where to go when he is in trouble and the tale of Candy’s dog, which was shot in the head by Carlson. The first instance foreshadows the location where George finds Lennie after Lennie accidentally kills Curley’s wife and the second instance foreshadows Lennie’s death at the hands of George. There are, however, several controversies regarding John Steinbeck’s usage of words and vocabulary in the novel. The novel has been criticized and repeatedly censored by various organizations due its use of language considered “offensive”. I personally did not find the author’s choice of words degrading and offensive. In fact, I appreciated it. The author’s choice of words accurately reflects the vernacular and consensus of the time (the novel was first published on 1937). This made the book feel more personal and intimate which made the book more effective in delivering its intended impact to the readers. Despite this, I understand the concerns of those who want the book censored. Yes, the novel uses racial slurs and words that may offend certain individuals. Yes, this novel may promote racism. However, it does not sugarcoat. It does not hide the reality of the time behind a veil of deceptions. The act of banning this book obscures from the general public the injustices that have occurred during days past. Humans possess the capability of learning from mistakes but what if they are not aware of their mistakes? What if their mistakes were hidden away, leaving no trace of its existence?

The plot is lackluster compared to the characters, but is interesting nonetheless. The plot also has a historical basis, which make it more believable which in turn makes the characters seem more human and makes the reader empathize more with them. The plot is based on a real occurrence known as the Great Depression, which crippled the world’s economies from 1929 until the genesis of World War II. This event devastated the livelihood of millions of citizens worldwide which led to starvation and desperation. What is interesting to note about stories with a historical setting is that they do not need to put much effort in world building as the world is already described in much detail in history books. Stories with settings unfamiliar to the readers must put quite a bit of effort and time to describe to the readers what the setting of the story looks like and how it impacts and affects the story. The setting of Of Mice and Men affects the story by being the main motivator of the character’s primary wants and desires. George and Lennie struggle to survive during times of economic turmoil and desire to own their own farm to profit more and to ensure their survival. The plot lacks plot twists of incredible magnitude and is rather predictable, but it is unnecessary. To summarize the plot, it is simply just a pair of friends attempting to attain their dreams and how their plans are foiled by the machinations of fate. If a plot twist of massive magnitude is inserted into the story (examples: George being Curley’s missing cousin, Lennie being The Boss’s illegitimate son, aliens appear to annihilate mankind, etc.), then the plot will deviate so much from the original theme that the impact and morality that made the story a classic would be lost. I do believe that the plot is not as interesting as the characters, but that is fine in its own right. It is the simplicity of the plot that gives the characters emphasis.

The story tackles a variety of different themes: friendship, euthanasia (mercy killing), neglect, discrimination, poverty, and fate. Friendship is seen on the relationship of George and Lennie. Despite of George’s constant caretaking and irritation at Lennie, he still continues to pamper and take care of him. He even decides to purchase a homestead not only for himself but also for Lenny. His murder of Lenny is not one based on malice or hatred; he murdered Lennie out of love. Euthanasia or mercy killing is seen on George’s murder of Lennie. This is a sensitive theme, however, and is still debated by numerous parties up to this day. One side would argue that murder is an affront to God and that humanity lacks the authority to take away His gift. One side would argue that if they truly cared for another person, then they would not tolerate seeing them suffer for any longer. One side would say that arguing is foolish and that the freedom to choose life or death lies on the afflicted person and their families, and that science and religion should not take part in their decision. With numerous other arguments presented, I do believe it is best to leave this topic alone to avoid unnecessary arguments and debates. Neglect is seen on the story most noticeably on Curley’s wife. With barely any interaction from her husband, she becomes depraved of love and consequentially sought attention through immoral or perverse means. George also neglects Lennie when he leaves to go out with his fellow workers, and without George watching him, Lennie commits a grave mistake through the murder of Curley’s wife. Discrimination can be seen on the interaction of Curley’s wife and Crooks. With intense racism rampant during the time, Crooks is forced to tolerate unjust name calling and hate speech on a daily basis. Lennie’s mental illness can also be a source of discrimination, though not obvious in the story. In the beginning of the story, it was mentioned that George and Lennie had to leave from their previous occupation due to Lennie’s desire for soft objects. Lennie had grabbed unto a woman’s clothes which was misunderstood as attempted rape. George and Lennie were chased out of town afterwards. In this scenario, one can infer that George must have attempted to appeal to the mob that chased them out of town about Lennie’s mental deficiencies and how Lennie meant no harm. Yet, they were still chased out of town. The mob must have ignored George’s appeal to their humanity and must have acted in hate, even with full knowledge of Lennie’s state of mind, though this is merely speculation and lacks conclusive evidence. Poverty is rampant throughout the entire novel. With a historic background of economic turmoil, the need for money and the urgency of survival serves as one of the main motivators of the characters. Fate is shown in the story as the inevitable turn of events. The theme of fate shows that even the most innocent and earnest people are still subject to it, and their plans are nothing more than pebbles in the bulldozer of fate. With various themes and interpretations in place, it is no surprise that Of Mice and Men is still a required read in many educational institutions worldwide. Though the book is many years old, the themes in it are still relevant to today’s society and reading the book may open the reader’s eyes to various topics and issues the world is currently facing.

With brilliant characters, an interesting plot, continued relevance, and a fascinating writing style, Of Mice and Men is truly deserving of the praise it has garnered. With the amount of literature being written every year that allows the reader to project themselves on it and dismiss their everyday life with unreal situations and idealistic, overpowered characters, Of Mice and Men serves as a grim reminder that we will forever be powerless against the machinations of fate and that we will always be slaves to our desires. May this remind us that with the continuous pursuit of desire comes the continuous prevalence of sin.

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Of Mice and Men, a Novel by John Steinbeck: Character Analysis of Crooks

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

For which character of Mice and Men do you have most sympathy? Show how John Steinbeck’s presentation of your chosen character creates sympathy for him or her.

In my opinion, Crooks is the character who possess and deserves the most sympathy. I say this as it is clear that Steinbeck encourages the reader to feel compassion towards Crooks in the novel through the way he depicts his character and develops his story. Crooks is the only black man in the novel and is fittingly named as Steinbeck’s chosen title illustrates his disability as he has a crooked back caused by a kick from a horse. Through the use of Crooks, Steinbeck shows us the position of coloured people in society during the 1930’s, which is very different to our modern day views as whites and blacks were segregated and coloured people were considered as 2nd class citizens. In the novel, Crooks is constantly referred to as ‘nigger’ by the other characters, showing that black men and women were often treated as barely human and degraded constantly by white people during this period of time.

However, the author also demonstrates the subservient position of disabled individuals by purposely creating Crooks to be a physically disabled character. Segregation and racism was the norm during the 1930’s due to the Jim Crow Laws, which were regulations in America enforced between 1876 and 1965 that provided a legal basis for segregating and discriminating against African-Americans. Therefore, not an ounce of sympathy would be felt from the readers towards a man purely because he was black as discrimination was common and culturally accepted by the white society of America. For this reason, Steinbeck burdens Crook’s with a physical impairment in order to evoke compassion from his audience.

Crooks is introduced half way through the book as the stable buck who owns “pain-tightened lips” and a “face lined with pain” however, his eyes are ‘patient’.’ In this first description, Steinbeck instantly gains our sympathy as we know Crooks is in pain. However, the pitiful character is noble about it as his eyes are patient. Additionally, Steinbeck’s introduction of Crooks portrays him to be obedient and dutiful towards ‘Mr Slim’, as he offers to do more than he has been asked by insisting to put warm tar on the Mules foot for him and he informs Slim that Lennie is playing with the puppies in a way ‘that won’t do them no good.’ Through showing Crook’s willingness, the author increases the reader’s feelings of empathy towards the touching character as the atrocious and constant abuse that he receives from his ranch works and other members of society hasn’t lead to a reduction in his kind and honest behaviour.

Our sympathy is further raised when we meet Crooks for the second time through the way that Steinbeck describes his living quarters. He is banned from the bunkhouse with the exception of Christmas day and doesn’t live with the other ranchers’ as he inhabits a stable alone. This is exemplified at the beginning of the novel when Candy states ‘they let the nigger come in’ which implies the occasion to be a special treat for Crooks. Steinbeck uses this quotation in order to underline the irony of the lack of Christian charity in the ranchers’ behaviour during the festive period. As a result of his isolation and lowly living arrangements, the reader develops the impression that Crooks is seen to be below the other men on the ranch. Sadly, the implication from the author is true as the 1930’s was a period of inflamed class conflict. The upper class consisted of mostly white Aristocratic families that dwelled in large and stately mansion. Whereas the lower class consisted of the labourers which included ranch workers, however, all African Americans were seen as lesser citizens and though to be at the bottom of America’s society. By virtue of the country’s class system, it would have been natural for the ranch workers to victimize Crooks as his place in society was lower than theirs, meaning that the white workers owned power over Crooks and the right to segregate him as a result of his disability and race. With regards to Crook’s living space, the author creates the image of an animal living in the stables whiles sleeping in a box by stating ‘Crooks had his bunk in the harness room’ and ‘his bunk was a long box filled with straw’. These quotations convey the daily abuse that Crooks receives and through using animal imagery to present Crook’s living conditions, Steinbeck successfully manages to expand the readers’ feelings of empathy towards the woeful character.

A key theme in the novel is loneliness and the suffering it can cause and the author highlights this theme through the uses of Crook’s character. When Lennie pays Crooks a visit in the stable room to see the puppies, Crooks initially attempts to be unwelcoming. ‘I don’t know what you’re doing in the barn anyway’ he complained, but he soon mellows to Lennie’s company as demonstrated when Steinbeck writes ‘Crooks scowled, but Lennie’s disarming smile defeated him.’ The reader is encouraged to see a warm, friendly side to Crooks, which exists despite the way he is excluded by the others. Steinbeck creates an affectionate picture of someone who again complains when Candy comes to join them, but is clearly actually pleased to finally have some company. This is shown in the following quotation: ‘Come on in. If ever’body’s comin’ in, you might just as well’. It was difficult for Crooks to conceal his pleasure with anger’. The reader warms to this excluded character as he clearly lives in physical and emotional pain, but can still show kindness to others despite the daily discrimination he receives.

The author develops the effect of loneliness further in the stable scene through this moving and heart-breaking description.”S’pose you didn’t have nobody. S’pose you couldn’t go into the bunk house and play rummy ’cause you were black… A guy needs somebody – to be near him… I tell ya a guy gets too lonely an’ he gets sick.” The reader pities Crooks and our compassion towards the character increases as he describes how he is discriminated against by the ranchers to the point where he feels unwell from the experience.

On the contrary, Steinbeck uses Crook’s character to show how a lifetime of prejudice and unfairness can affect people. The author does this through showing how Crooks can’t resist the temptation of manipulating Lennie as he realises that his status in society could be higher than his mentally disabled acquaintances. The weaker characters, who include Crooks, Lennie and Curley’s wife, have been left behind while the others go into town. Despite his intelligence, which Steinbeck informs the reader about at the beginning of the chapter through informing us that he owns ” a tattered dictionary and a mauled copy of the California civil code for 1905″. This evidences that he’s a knowledgeable man with little or no schooling but does what he can to better himself and that he also wants to be aware of the few rights he has as a black man. In defiance of his own experience of discrimination, Crooks can’t resist taking an opportunity to pick on Lennie in a cruel way by convincing Lennie to believe that George has abandoned him in order to acquire a better life. ‘S’pose George don’t come back no more. S’pose he took a powder and just ain’t coming back’. The motives of the weaker characters show the complexities of relationships when people are continually downtrodden themselves. The reader’s sympathy towards Crooks deteriorates in this scene as he is a wise individual who’s endured a life of pain; meaning that he should know better than to take advantage of Lennie on the basis of his mental health and is being hypocritical by doing so. Additionally, Crooks is frightened by the intensity of Lennie’s reaction, and is clearly physically intimidated by him, possibly giving an indication of things to come as Steinbeck portrays Crooks to be a bright and insightful man.

By contrast, Steinbeck develops the readers regard and empathy for Crooks by showing that he has endeavoured to rise above the discrimination and pain through the way other characters describe him. ‘Nice fella too. The boss gives him hell when he’s mad. But the stable buck don’t give a damn about that. He reads a lot, got books in his room’. The author clearly admires Crooks in the way that he presents him. He is investing a lesser character with independence, dignity and intelligence, which may have been surprising to a typical reader at the time, who might not expect such positive qualities from a black disabled man. Steinbeck is clearly challenging stereotypical views through the novel.

At the end of this passage, Steinbeck uses Curley’s wife to show just what a dangerous position black people held in society. As she arrives at the stable, Crooks tries to prevent her from entering by showing some pride and independence over his living space. “You got no rights comin’ in a coloured man’s room’. Her scornful response immediately demeans him, “you keep your place then, Nigger. I could get you strung up on a tree so easy it ain’t even funny.” She implies that she could frame Crooks and would be believed without question, even if the other people present supported Crook’s version of events as her position in society was higher that his, even as a woman. Steinbeck’s description of Crook’s reaction is a chilling example of how powerless black people were in society at this time. ‘Crooks had reduced himself to nothing. There was no personality, no ego –nothing to arouse either like or dislike.’ He is used to being in threatening situations and knows he must be meek and not at all assertive as he is potentially saving his life. The reader pities Crooks as all of his dignity and independence disappears quickly and he is obviously very used to being in this situation.

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Evaluation of the Subject of Seclusion in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s, The Scarlet Letter and John Steinbeck’s, Of Mice and Men

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

The Grandeur of Isolation

Everyone has friends, some are closer than others. That is the difficulty in life; the human factor of closeness. Some would choose to live their entire lives in isolation rather than become close to others. Why would one partake in this solemnity by choice? For what reason would an individual give up their God-given right of companionship and choose to live their life as a forlorn solitary? The answer is simple; to ensure the quality of life deserving of one they love. Despite their isolation, multiple characters in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter and John Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men rise above their circumstance to achieve personal victory.

Without doubt Hester Prynne lived most, if not all, of her life in isolation; despite her isolation, Hester attempts to give Pearl a better life by rising above her circumstances. First, Hester’s time spent in prison was a unique punishment which had never been borne by another soul. The shadow of a grotesque and ghastly man hurls open the cell door of Hester Prynne. This silhouette of a man seems to represent the Puritanical society of the period as a whole. The face of a stranger no longer matters to Hester Prynne; she would be analyzed the same, regardless by whom, as the sinner she identified being. Hester’s “existence, heretofore, had…acquaintance only with the grey twilight of the dungeon, or other darksome apartment of the prison” (Hawthorne 39). This quote demonstrates that Hester began her life-long term of isolation in prison. Hester is strong-minded and pushes her silhouette of a guard away to walk freely; she understands the burden now on her existence. Pearl, the constant reminder of her sin, has known only darkness until this point. Hester will endure the burden of isolation and condemnation to raise Pearl in the most normalcy possible.

In addition to isolation, Hester feels remorse for her actions; she reminisces over the life that could have been. Furthermore, Hester subliminally realizes the land of opportunity that is Boston; she knows the opportunity and possibility she has thrown away. Boton’s puritanical society was enamored with the use of public-shaming and the like. Regardless, Hester willingly stays in Boston and chooses to brandish the scarlet “A” and endure the hardships which are sure to envelop her life as an adulteress. Hester is brought to the scaffolds to display her “A” to all; she looks around and sees the faces of the people she once knew and the buildings she once populated. In this moment Hester realizes what she truly has in life: Pearl. Hester “clutched the child so fiercely to her breast that is sent forth a cry; she turned her eyes downward at the scarlet letter, and even touched it with her finger…..they were her realities; all else had vanished” (Hawthorne 45). This quote demonstrates to the reader that Hester now knows she must take initiative and provide for Pearl the life she failed to attain. In that moment Hester clutches her child and feels for her scarlet “A” as all former aspirations disappear. These two symbols are physical reminders of her shame; never letting her forget the sin of her past, but giving her the needed tunnel-vision to see important undertaking of her existence: providing the quality of life for Pearl that she never had.

Furthermore Hester has quite literally traded her quality of life for Pearl’s. Her child is her only tangible reason to continue living; for what other reason would Hester not up and die? Hester lives in a continual sadness embodied by the scarlet “A” embroidered on her breast. The only release is her only happiness; her daughter. Pearl has grown up alongside her mother. As Pearl states in the reading, she knows no “Heavenly Father”. The only parental figure in Pearl’s life is Hester, who is also her closest friend. Pearl has seen the cruelty of the world. Her eyes have gazed upon the the land and her soul reflects what she has seen. Almost taken from her mother, harassed by peers, knowing no father, having no companions-Pearl’s life was quite literally a living hell. With this in mind one might think Hester failed her life’s one true task, but this is not the case. Hester has Sacrificed much for Pearl, and has made given her the quality of life she deserves, but not immediately. Hester wonders to what extent her child’s knowledge reaches. She inquires “‘Dost thou know child, wherefore thy mother wears this letter?’” (Hawthorne 142)

This demonstrates the interest of Hester in her younger daughter Pearl. She has not given Pearl the material quality of life, but the intellectual quality. Does her child understand this sacrifice? Against all odds, Hester has raised her daughter, a symbol of her sin, and given her the tools to build a successful life. The compassion seen in Pearl’s care for her mother as she is harassed by children, consistent mother-daughter closeness, alike personalities-these things and more have all been give to Pearl by her mother. Hester has raised a daughter, and taught her, that even through adversity you must remain adamant about who you love and care about. She has been taught to never quit attempting success even if the odds are stacked against you and to stand up for what she believes in. The scarlet “A” was transformed from a symbol of isolation and strife into “able”. Pearl was transformed from a mere symbol of sin into compassionate young woman. Hester Prynne succeeded in her life’s one and only true goal.

In a similar fashion, in John Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men, George lives a life of isolation so Lennie is never required to. George Milton has spent most of his existence as the caretaker of Lennie Smalls as per the request of Lennie’s late aunt. The duo are polar opposites; George is “small and quick, dark of face, with restless eyes and sharp, strong features…..every part of him was defined”. (Steinbeck 2). Lennie is “a huge man, shapeless of face, with large, pale eyes, with wide, sloping shoulders”. (Steinbeck 2). The diagnosis of Lennie Smalls is never shared in Of Mice and Men, but it can be observed through thought processes, activities, and lack of social skills that Lennie is somehow mentally challenged. George has ensured the safe keeping of Lennie, but part of him wants to be a free soul; he is conflicted. As anger gets the best of him George twists his true feelings to hurt Lennie “‘God a’mighty, if I was alone I could live so easy. I could go get a job an’ work, an’ no trouble. No mess at all’” (Steinbeck 11). This quote demonstrates the intricacy of the situation at hand. George wants to live, but he cannot leave Lennie to be alone. George realizes the stress he continually puts on his shoulders as he routinely cares for Lennie. George lives in this isolation, moving place to place, to give Lennie a life he could not obtain on his own.

Equally important is that George wants exactly what Lennie does; to settle down and live life in the slow lane. To accomplish this task for Lennie is to accomplish it for himself also. George has found the pair work and is attempting to save up for their farm. Lennie, anxious as always, ends up revealing the duo’s plan to Candy. Lennie asked “‘George how long’s it gonna be till we get that little place an’ live on the fatta the lan’ an’ rabbits?’” (Steinbeck 56). This quote shows the disconnect between the two. George shroud their plan in secrecy whilst Lennie has no filter. The two are opposites, but yet are even more alike than they could possibly know.

Additionally George and Lennie have no one else; only each other. George, at times, may become frustrated with his situation, caring for Lennie, but he needs Lennie just as much as Lennie needs him. George routinely says hurtful things to Lennie, but he always stays. He cares about Lennie too much, being around him is George’s norm. George has lived in isolation in an attempt to provide a life of normalcy for Lennie for Lennie’s late aunt, but also for himself. Lennie is the brother he never had. Without each other they would both live a life of great destitute. Lennie’s favorite story “‘Guys like us that work on ranches are the loneliest guys in the world. They got no family. They don’t belong no place……’” (Steinbeck 13). This is the quote that solidifies the relationship between George Milton and Lennie Smalls. Who do they have without each other? Their bond goes far beyond a caretaker and an impaired man. This is brotherhood.

The bond between the two helps to explain George’s actions at the end of the novel. The entire event was foreshadowed earlier as Carlson shoots Candy’s old dog; leaving Candy to wish he had done it himself. Many would believe that George’s actions were not out of compassion, but there is evidence to prove it is. When Curley’s wife is killed and a pigeon flies overhead two things come to mind. The soul of an unhappy woman being released from her prison, and the symbol of Lennie running away as he would soon have to. George recites to Lennie his favorite story before pulling the trigger; he wanted Lennie to die happy. George did his best to provide a life of normalcy and happiness for Lennie; he was successful even if things ended poorly. There was truly no other alternative. With nowhere to run Lennie would either have been shot by Curley, imprisoned, or worse. Lennie Smalls died a happy man; which was George’s objective.

Nonetheless, even with isolation consistently seen as a key theme in The Scarlet Letter and Of Mice and Men, both books share similarities and dissimilarities. The key similarity in both novels is the self-sacrifice by one character for the benefit of another character. This is demonstrated in The Scarlet Letter with Hester and Pearl, and in Of Mice and Men with George and Lennie. Main characters overcome adversity to help give those they love a chance at life. The duos in both novels succeeded, but the circumstances are somewhat different. The key dissimilarity is that Hester provides Pearl with the skills to lead the life of normalcy and happiness that she was unable to, while George provides Lennie with a normal life, and a reason to continue trying; a cause. Long story short; at the end of stories Pearl is alive and Lennie isn’t. That does not, however, negate any of George’s actions; simply that Lennie’s period of happiness was provided in the here and now while Pearl’s was ensured for the future.

Despite their isolation, multiple characters in Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter and John Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men rise above their circumstance to achieve personal victory. The characters in both novels live in some form of isolation to ensure a better life for a loved one. Do they succeed in their task? Yes, but should they have ensured a better life for themselves as well and found happiness? Who’s to say, but that’s the difficulty in life; the human factor of closeness.

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The Significance of the Subject of Loss as Depicted in John Steinbeck’s Book, Of Mice and Men

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

How Important Is the Theme of Death in the Novel?

Steinbeck explores many different themes in his book but arguably one of the most prominent themes is death. Death is the reason for the numerous tragedies throughout the novel that eventually lead to the death of Lennie. He illustrates this concept through the use of symbolism and description infused within a semantic field of death, especially apparent in chapter six. Not only does the idea of death allow Steinbeck to engage the reader but it also allows him to explore the idea of suffering of characters due to their description before and after their death. Furthermore, it ultimately allows him to explore sub themes such as dreams due to the death of the American dream and also the role of women on the ranch and the impact it has.

Symbolism is one of the key linguistic techniques Steinbeck uses and in particular he uses animals to foreshadow and represent the death or deterioration of characters in the book. This idea is greatly explored through the death of Candy’s dog who as we can tell through the description is used to represent Candy. Candy is described as having a “stick-like wrist” and the noun “stick” has connotations of being fragile and therefore implies that he is physically weak but could also mean he is emotionally delicate. Furthermore, this idea of Candy slowly deteriorating fits in with his dog being described as “struggled lamely … grunting to himself” but Candy explaining that he was “a good sheep dog when he was younger”. This similar comparison between the two is clearly used to infer that Candy’s dog symbolises Candy and his future. As the book matures, Slim states “I wisht somebody’d shoot me shoot me if I got old an’ a cripple”, in order to convince Candy to let his dog be killed. However, the death of his dog and the quote by Slim shows that Candy will soon face a similar fate after being deemed useless and also introduces the idea of Darwinism and survival od the fittest into the book. Additionally, as the book develops, the animals Lennie kills progressively get larger in size starting with a mouse and growing to a puppy. This use of animals getting larger not only shows Lennie’s animalistic instincts but also foreshadows the inevitable death of Curley’s wife. Furthermore, when Steinbeck is describing her passing he uses animals further to symbolise death. He writes “A pigeon flew in through the open hay door and circles and flew out again”. One interpretation is that it represents her short time on the ranch and the use of the noun “circle” also references the overall cyclical structure of the book and the concept that nothing ever changes on the ranch. However, an alternative interpretation is that the “pigeon” is the ranch equivalent of a dove which not only represents her death but may infer that Curley’s wife is finally at peace. Therefore, symbolism is one of the novel’s key features and the symbolism of animals is one way in which Steinbeck represents the theme of death, whether it is through animals symbolising characters and ultimately their fate or the use of animals to foreshadow death in the novel.

Death is also an important way in which Steinbeck explores individual characters and the impact of the ranch on them, this concept is especially significant in regards to Curley’s wife. She is first presented to us as being “jailbait” or a “tart” and this is heavily assisted by the use of the colour red to portray her. When describing her the author says she wore “red mules, on the insteps of which were little bouquets of red ostrich feathers”. The repetition of the word red is significant as it may symbolise passion and sexuality or danger, portraying her as a threat to the American dream. Furthermore, she is described as “brittle” and “heavily made up” which may show that she is in fact vulnerable and wears a mask of makeup in order to seem more grown up then she is or it may serve as an alter ego. Furthermore, it may indicate that she is alike a doll and is not only fragile but beneath the flirtatious layers is actually a “girl”. This first impressions the reader creates significantly contrasts with the image of her after her death. Once Lennie has killed her, Steinbeck writes “the meanness and the planning and the discontent and the ache for attention were all gone from her face”. This may show that after her death, her real personality was exposed and she is now portrayed as innocent and “simple”. Therefore, through her death Steinbeck could be attempting to show how the ranch impacts people and changes them. In particular Curley’s wife helps to represent the stereotypical characterisation of women on the ranch which is also explored through a female dog’s “heavy and hanging duds”, showing she is just used with no empathy towards her. As a result, death plays an important role in the novel in exposing characters for who they truly are showing how the ranch impacts them but also shows how women and objective and characterized which the reader also experiences due to the contrast between Curley’s wife’s first and last impression.

Chapter six marks the end of the novel and is the most tragic part of the book for the readers exploring many different themes. Chapter six begins in the same place as chapter one does but also in the same way in regards to it opening with a description of the setting referencing the overall cyclical structure of the book. During the opening narrative, it clearly has a semantic field of death with the theme infused within the description. The sun is described has having “left the valley”, which foreshadows death of either Lennie or the American dream seen as the word “sun” is commonly associated with the idea of hope. Contrastingly, when Lennie appears at the scene and disturbs the natural environment the sun is said that as it climbed the “mountains [it] seemed to blaze with increasing brightness”, which may reference that hope is returning for George when Lennie dies or that the depression for him is over. However, an alternative interpretation is that it represents the gates to heaven where Lennie will eventually go. Steinbeck deliberately uses edenic language to reference the idea of temptation, with Curley’s wife symbolizing the forbidden fruit such as “snake”. Nevertheless, the most obvious event that occurs in chapter six is the shooting of Lennie which as a result causes the death of the dream. However, the idea that their personal heaven is destroyed by his death is foreshadows from the beginning of chapter one. Steinbeck opens, similarly to the opening of chapter six, with a deep detailed description of the nature. He deliberately uses adjectives that allude to a fairytale which is, in reality, unattainable and furthermore, he uses long sentences that are detailed, the parallel of Lennie and George’s dream. Additionally, not only is this idea of beauty unattainable but it is disturbed by the “two men emerging”, referencing the nature being destroyed by the impending darkness of humanity. Furthermore, the edenic scene is further ruined by Lennie killing the mouse. His likeness for soft things which ultimately lead to death is first introduced to the reader in chapter one and hence foreshadows the death of Curley’s wife due to her soft hair. Therefore, the cyclical structure of the book means that chapter one as well as six explore how the use of the environment and the opening description of the chapters foreshadows the end of the book. It also carries the theme of death within the description as well as the idea of the American dream being unattainable from the beginning.

Therefore, overall the theme of death is infused within every aspect of the book and it intertwined with every event. Steinbeck uses mainly literary devices to convey the idea of death but he puts emphasis on foreshadowing and symbolism by representing the end of the book through the animals Lennie kills. He further uses symbolism through the description of the chapters to either represent the paradise of nature and garden of Eden or create a semantic field of death. Additionally, he uses death to present to the reader the way disabled people and women were treated on the ranch and the lack of authority they had on the ranch as well as the impact it has on them in regards to it changing their personalities. In this way Steinbeck effectively carries the concept of death to deliver powerful messages to the reader that evoke empathy.

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A Purpose in Life: Of Mice and Men, America and I, American Progress

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

Many societies have a common pattern in everyday life: people who have goals find ways to achieve them. Unfortunately, money, social status, and countless other factors halt the plans of several. Despite the negative flow of events, the ambitious people among all choose to believe in their dreams. Such people prefer that over giving up hope because they want a purpose to live. The desire to achieve drives many to believe in themselves, and work towards their goals despite the hardships.

Hope often keeps a person positive in their life, even if everyone around is pessimistic. In the novel Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck, George and Lennie express this positivity despite their poor lifestyle. During the Great Depression, earning and making a living appeared impossible for many people. Despite that, and a slim chance that their plans come true, George describes their future in great detail. Lennie also expresses his strong belief by repeatedly conversing about his future with George. The two discuss about owning a farm, with a food supply and a place to stay (Steinbeck 56-58). Steinbeck expresses their confident attitude to an extent like they are rich beings. This attitude helps not only George and Lennie, but people in the real world to stay calm and raise their self-confidence. George and Lennie know that they earn fifty dollars a month. Hence, they let Candy join in on their plan to arrange all the money needed (Steinbeck 60). Likewise, this attitude also motivates people to initiate a plan and find solutions to their problems. A person without hope seldom has an intention to deal with their difficulties, whereas a person who does tends to solve them. Choosing to believe in likely unattainable dreams is a beneficial mindset to hold.

The process of believing in one thing after another is a common nature in society. Some do it because they like to believe in many ideas, but ones hungry for success need something to believe in. In the short story America and I by Anzia Yezierska, the author initially thinks of America as a nation where she will find success. Unluckily, she struggles to find a job and make a living (Yezierska 70). It is common for hurdles to come between people and their aspirations, causing them to give up on some of them. However, many immediately find new goals. Yezierska displays a similar solution to her problem. Having no vision of a successful life, she chooses to believe in the result of the American Dream (Yezierska 74). What determined people believe in changes due to restrictions, because that belief supports a reason to continue living. It helps people to have that reason because it gives them a sense of importance in society.

Dreamers save their visions for the future, even if they are not achievable at present. When the plans become possible in the future, they will come into existence; their dreams will be achieved more easily, step by step. The painting American Progress by John Gast visualizes the future expansion of American achievements: how technology will help transform the uncivilized regions. Using the color of the sky, Gast conveys that the Americans will bring their inventions to transform the unexplored lands. If the communities facing hardships are similarly revolutionized, then the plans of dreamers will fall into action and help them succeed in life.

Having a vision is more beneficial to a person than not having one to believe in. It is the key difference between a happy, successful being and a discouraged one without a reason to live and enjoy life.

Works Cited

  • Gast, John. American Progress. 1872, Autry Museum of the American West, Los Angeles.
  • Steinbeck, John. Of Mice and Men. Penguin, 1986.
  • Yezierska, Anzia. America and I. Short Stories About The American Dream. Short Story Guide. N.p., n.d. Accessed 11 Dec. 2016. www.shortstoryguide.com/short-stories-about-the-american-dream
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A Feminist Approach Analysis on the Curley’s Wife Character from Of Mice and Men

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

It’s hard to know whether or not Curley’s wife is the victim or the cause for how she’s treated. On the one hand, she is discriminated against by the men on the farm. On the other hand, what she’s doing is unfair to the men and could cost them their jobs. The combination of typical stereotypes, commonplace patriarchy, and the context of the dust bowl make this question a difficult one. In John Steinbeck’s Of Mice and Men, Curley’s wife is unfairly discriminated against and stereotyped by the men, but is also at fault for the choices that she makes. In the 1920’s, sexism, patriarchy, and negative stereotypes of women are extremely common throughout society.

Although in this time women were starting to get new rights, like the right to vote, there wasn’t that big of a change. For example, one stereotype that is seen throughout history is that men are stronger than women. This means that men are seen as more physically able and entitled to do “manly labor”. This leads to the complimentary thought that women can’t do things, and therefore shouldn’t be in such an environment. Meaning that they’re better off staying at home, probably cooking or cleaning. In Steinbeck’s book, when Curley’s wife walks around trying to find Curley and in doing so would talk to the men, Carlson gets annoyed and says to Curley, “Why’n’t you tell her to stay the hell home where she belongs?” (62). This quote shows that A) Carlson doesn’t think she belongs in this kind of environment and B) that she, like any other woman, belongs in a home. This is regardless of the wife’s actions, Curley would have probably said that even if she was just standing there.

There’s nothing she could do to make him think any other way. Another stereotype that is represented in Of Mice and Men is that women are more soft and sensitive, get more easily offended than men, or get defensive. This leads the men to think women are emotionally weak. When Curley’s wife comes in “looking” for Lennie, she questions Carlson about how he got his hand injured. She starts going on a rant about how she never gets to do anything. At one points she says, “—Sat’iday night. Ever’body out doin’ som’pin’. Ever’body! An’ what am I doin’? Standin’ here talkin’ to a bunch of bindle stiffs—a nigger an’ a dum-dum and a lousy ol’ sheep—an’ likin’ it because they ain’t nobody else. ” (78). Her needing to put down other people and give them insulting names, makes her a bully, who in reality is emotionally weak. It’s as if she’s overcompensating her own weakness by giving insults to others. Although Curley’s wife is portrayed through multiple stereotypes, she is also the cause for a lot of worry at the Ranch which causes the men to lash out on her. The Dust Bowl was a difficult time for America. Dangerous winds and dust swept from Texas to Nebraska.

Due to these winds, the crop life quickly died leaving lots of Americans hungry and poor. Not to mention that this was also smack in the middle of the Great Depression. America was in deep financial struggle and many people were getting poorer by the day. People were incredibly lucky if they had a job, and we able to keep that job. In this book, Curley’s wife could’ve had all these men fired in an instant due to her actions. Whenever Curley’s wife would start to “play” with the other men on the ranch, they would always try to avoid her because they just had to keep their job. There was no other choice. Once again, in another one of Curley’s wife’s “search for Curley” she tries to engage in conversation with the men.

After she tries Crooks says “Maybe you better go along to your own house now. We don’t want no trouble. ” (77). Clearly, Crooks and the other mean recognize that whenever they talk to Curley’s Wife, they realize that actions she chooses, can easily cost them their jobs and in some cases their lives. An example of how that would be so is when Crooks tries to stand up against Curley’s wife. She shoots right back at him and says “. . . I could get you strung up on a tree so easy it ain’t even funny. ” What Curley’s wife is saying is that if she were to say anything whether it be true or not, she could have Crooks fired and maybe even lynched. There’s a reason that this book portrays Curley’s wife as the victim of these Stereotypes and also makes her responsible for her own actions is because one feeds into the other. The fact that she walks around looking for someone to talk to and trying to get the other boys to talk to her, makes the boys think that she’s nothing but trouble. Because of that, the book portrays Curley’s wife through stereotypes to make it seem as though her actions are the reason for the other men stereotyping her. Throughout the book, Curley’s wife is portrayed like the villain and the victim multiple times.

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Power in Of Mice And Men Power

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

A few characters that strive for power in this novella are Crooks, George, and Curley. The time of the great depression affected humans, by making some strive for power, to possibly result in more land and most importantly more money. First is a man named Crooks, a black man who values simple rights and power as much as striking gold, but in the ages of black discrimination and the great depression, unfortunately for Crooks, these two things don’t collaborate as well as other things do. Also known as Stable Buck, Crooks desire of power has been shot down so much that he has start to feel depressed, but still somehow he gains enough bitterness from isolation, to lash out and have a strong sense of urgency. Lennie and Crooks are having a meaningful conversation when Crooks says, “‘S’pose you didn’t have nobody.

S’pose you couldn’t go into the bunkhouse and play rummy ‘cause you was black. How’d you like that? S’pose you had to sit here and’ read books”’ (72). Crooks tells this to Lennie because he really feels a desire to be able to be like everyone else, and having the strong but quite simple power of having rights, sounds like heaven to crooks. Crooks would die just to hang out with the men and play card games, but not yet has he been treated other than an animal when in thought of human rights. Crooks knows he’s far away from these luxuries but he won’t give up his urgency and hatred to not having any power. Crooks finds this urgency in another conversation and this happens to be with Curley’s wife who is a prostitute.

Crooks gets very annoyed with Curley’s wife because she is trying hard to flirt with men especially Lennie. Crooks blurts out, “You got no rights messing around in here at all. Now you just get out, and get out quick”(80 ). Even though Crooks knows what Curley’s wife can do, which consists of hanging him, he stands up for himself with his strong sense of urgency, showing how much he wants some sort of power. Crooks is just one man out of the many that has an urge for power, but yet Crooks’s could be argued to have the most strong desire out all of the characters. Nextly is Curley, a small but handy and aggressive man who has a different sense of urgency for power, consisting of hating mediocrity in terms of being the inferior man in the situation. Right away when Curley meets George and Lennie, who are applying for the ranch job, Curley tries to assert his dominance over the bigger man. After George tells Curley that they are in fact the new guys right away Curley says “Let the big man talk”(25). Curley wants Lennie to see him as a man that is way bigger than him, leaving an impression on Lennie of simply that Curley wants to be way more superior than Lennie. He calls Lennie out because there is a sense that Curley is afraid of being taken over in terms of power, because of size and strength. Another time Curley was striving for seniority was later in the novella, again against Lennie. Curley was being made fun of and Lennie had a smile on his face that made Curley very mad, because the man that he was trying to gain power over, was laughing as it seemed at insults that were being thrown at him. Curley had enough and said “No big son of a bitch is gonna laugh at me. I’ll show you who’s yella”(62). Curley is taking his urge for power to a different level by not using words to intimidate Lennie, but rather physical violence. “Curley hides his insecurities behind a mask of macho toughness. His competitive bravado makes him push too far” (Scarseth 2). A man who is half the size of a swole beast, does not whatsoever back down in any sense in terms of losing his confidence in winning power over Lennie.

Finally George, a small man with strong hands has a dream for land in the time of the great depression, and land in this time is considered having power. George from the very beginning of the novella, even before they go to their job, tells Lennie he can’t talk at all when they see the boss and others. After George keeps hearing promising remarks by Lennie he says “Good boy! That’s fine, Lennie! Maybe you’re getting better. When we get the coupla acres I can let you tend the rabbits all right. Especially if you remember as good as that”(14). George has the strong dream of getting power, which is becoming in possession of a large amount of land. To achieve his dream George believes that if Lennie becomes a follower and does almost exactly what he says than George and Lennie could achieve their dream of having the large amounts of land giving them a lot of valuable power. Another example that clearly explains George’s desire for land and power, is when they get Candy on board to add money to their dream, making the dream seem much more realistic. Lennie asks George when they are going to go get the land and George says “In one month. Right squawk in one month. Know what I’m gonna do? I’m gonna write to them old people that owns the place that we’ll take it”(61). George is overly excited, determined, and desperate for this increase in power and land. Desperate enough to make the dream come true very quickly and very soon. George’s life is depending on the dream of having new land, with his great friends.

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Of Mice And Men By John Steinbeck: Loneliness And Need For Companionship in Times Of The Great Depression

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

The Great Depression is a very important part of American history which explains that life can change at any second. During the Great Depression, the stock market dropped all of a sudden which made tough to get a good job because most of the companies were bankrupt. The novel Of Mice and Men was written during the Great Depression. In the novel Of Mice and Men John Steinbeck represents the lonely life in the ranches California, during the 1930s that how people needed companionship so, they can share their time and feelings.

In 1930s, a lot of people worked as migrant workers. A migrant worker is a person who travels alone from farms to find a job and a place to live. They don’t have a home where they can stay forever neither a place that they can call it their own. In the book, John Steinbeck puts light on the friendship of George and Lennie who are also migrant workers but unlike others they stick together. George is more intelligent and sensible than Lennie because Lennie has some kind of mental disorder. He doesn’t know how to react to situations and has a obsession of feeling soft things in hands. Somehow Lennie always gets George and himself in trouble. Even in the start of the book when they were resting near a River, George and Lennie had a argument about the mess Lennie created on the last farm. He touched a lady’s dress after seeing the velvet on it but the lady start screaming because she thought he was trying to harm her. So, their boss fired both of them. Lennie said, “If you don’t want me I can go off in the hills to find a cave. I can go away anytime.” When Lennie offers to go in the woods and live by himself George was terrified because he could never imagine life without him. So, he reply to Lennie “No, I was jus’ foolin, Lennie.‘Cause I want you to stay with me.” They both are depended on each other and need each other to survive.

In the story, most of the characters are living in isolation on the ranches where George and Lennie are working. In the book, Candy an old swamper on the farm who’s hand was cut offed while working . He is also a victim of isolation because of his disability and age. Nobody wants to talk to him and he is always left behind to sweep and to clean the ranch because other workers on the ranch believes that he is weak and cannot participate in other activities with them. He said, “A guy on a ranch don’t never listen nor he doesn’t ast no questions.” Candy gives a good definition of a lonely person. Someone who doesn’t ask any questions and doesn’t listen in other people’s conversation. He is not a nosy person. He was isolated and his only support was his old and ill dog. From candy’s conversation looks like that for Steinbeck being isolated is mostly about staying quiet but Friendship is mostly about sharing feelings and talking to friends.

Being isolated is nobody’s choice but sometimes you don’t have any choice like Curley’s wife. Curley is the son of George and Lennie’s boss who always wants to pick a fight with someone who is weaker than him. He got married not a long time ago and no matter how hard Curley’s wife try to fit in but she just can’t. For example she tries to talk to farm workers but nobody replies her nicely instead she ends up getting ignored because of her flirtatious reputation.“Why can’t I talk to you? I never get to talk to nobody. I get awful lonely”, she told Lennie. In the book, Curley mostly ignores his wife and don’t talk to her properly. She also doesn’t like him but she only married him because she ran away from her house. Whenever Curley sees her talking to some other guy on the farm he gets awfully jealous and beat that person up. So, she is being forced into isolation even though she is trying her best to get out of loneliness but it is not helping. In early American history, African Americans are always had been underrated because of their skin complexion. In the book, there is also the same story. Crook is an only African American on the ranch and nobody pays attention to him neither want to talk to him because of his skin tone. He is also isolated because of the people critical thinking. He said, “They play cards in there, but I can’t play because I’m black. They say I stink. Well, I tell you, you all of you stink to me.” Crook told this to Lennie who came in his room after seeing the light in it. No, one has talked to Crook for a long time so, when Lennie came to his room that made him shocked. He didn’t know how to react because he had not talk to someone for years and today he finally get take his all inner feelings out. He was so mad that he has been alone for such a long time without any great reason. So, he doesn’t care about anyone anymore because to him everybody stink and nothing is valuable to him not even friendship.

Loneliness is an unavoidable matter of life that nobody can neglect. The book Of Mice and Men is basically based on Prejudice and Isolation. Crooks, Candy and Curley’s wife all suffer from these logics which led them to loneliness. It was never their own choice. They were forced into it. Candy is old and disabled that’s why everybody thinks he is useless than on the other hand Crooks is alone because he is an African American on the ranch so, nobody talked to him because of his skin tone. Even in this period of time segregation is still a fact. Curley’s wife who is forced into isolation because of Curley’s insecurity. He neglected her which made her to seek other people attention even if it meant to act flirtatious. Steinbeck refers that it is nobody’s choice to spend their life in loneliness but they cannot compete with their fate.

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How Appearance Betrays: an Analysis of Natural Criticism in Of Mice and Men

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

Due to human nature, the characters in Of Mice and Men have always been fast to judge people based on their physical appearance. The author, John Steinbeck demonstrates how stereotypes are not true and eliminates the social prejudice of judging individuals based on their appearance in this novella. Firstly, the character Lennie is one of the most deceptive characters. Lennie’s big, tall built has always made others perceive him as a tough and an intellectually strong person. When George was telling Lennie to be cautious of Curley, “Lennie’s eyes were frightened. ‘I don’t want no trouble,’ he said plaintively. ‘Don’t let him sock me, George’” (Steinbeck 29). Lennie’s response indicates that his character is opposite of his appearance. While he appears to be intimidating, the quote suggests he is really a childlike and innocent person who people treat differently because of his physical features.

Another important character is Curley’s wife, who is the only female on the whole farm. Because she is the only female, othermen on the ranch are quick to assume that she is a flirt and is always giving them ‘the eye’. When Lennie approaches her she says, “‘I get lonely,’. . . . ‘How’d you like not to talk to anybody?’” (Steinbeck 87). Through this conversation, the readers learn that in reality Curley’s wife is someone who doesn’t love her husband and just wants someone to converse with. Lastly, Crooks, the stable buck is shown as an arrogant black man. However, when the other characters get to know him, they recognize that he is actually a kind man. When Lennie enters Crooks room, he was hesitant to open up to Lennie but when he did, he expressed his isolation and how he truly feels. He tells Lennie how “If I (Crooks) say something, why it’s just a nigger sayin’ it” (Steinbeck 70).

Crooks was a black man in a time period when there was a lot of discrimination and as a result, people judged him by the color of his skin. The quote indicates that under all his tough skin, Crooks is hurt by the fact that people just see the color of his skin instead of who he is as a person. Through Crooks’s character, Steinbeck portrayed that people should never be judged based on the colour of their skin and every human being has a dream. The different forms of appearance versus reality that Steinbeck uses helps realize that the characters’ natures are like real people, quick to judge and this perception creates many conflicts in people’s everyday lives.

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