Lord of the Flies

“Lord of Flies” by William Golding Essay

September 29, 2020 by Essay Writer

Introduction

The author uses a rational narrator. It can be seen when Simon, Ralph, and Jack reach the top of the mountain and they are filled with excitement.

The narrator expresses that “the cause of their pleasure was not obvious” (Golding 35). They are happy without a real reason. Levinson argues that it is necessary to use aesthetics so that the other domains such as “ethical, practical, or intellectual can be sustained” (3). There is a pleasure that moves through the reader as he/she inspects the stylistic devices used.

Analysis

The boys met after Ralph had blown the conch (Golding 24). The reader will wonder that all the boys respond in the same manner to the sound of the blown shell. They expect a gathering. There must be a ship. Jack the leader of the choir asks, “Isn’t there a ship, then?” (Golding 25). The author shows response and expectation. According to Jack, if there is no ship, the blowing of the shell was useless.

The boys decide to select a leader and make a few rules (Golding 28). The author tries to teach the reader how to “arrange society or how to behave in society” (Philosophy Notes 2). Ralph, the boy who blew the conch, uplifts his hand to speak. Using his reasoning, he says “it seems to me we ought to have a chief to decide things” (Golding 28). The author shows that leadership is necessary in society. Without leadership and rules, there is disorder and unresolved disputes.

The author tries to show the reader “how to behave in society” (Philosophy Notes 2). Ralph names the fat boy ‘Piggy’, Piggy follows him with complaints. Ralph was faced with the options of giving more insults or apologizing (Golding 32). He looked at Piggy’s face and saw that he had offended him. He chose to apologize to calm him down. The character of Ralph in this scene shows that a leader must show a sense of responsibility. He needs to unite people.

In a situation to avoid (Philosophy Notes 2), the reader is taken through the character of Piggy. Piggy tells Ralph his nickname then he begs him not to tell the others (Golding 12). It does not prevent Ralph from announcing to the whole group that the fat boy’s name is ‘Piggy’. Piggy could have avoided the situation by telling Ralph his real name rather than his nickname. Ralph would not have known about ‘Piggy’. In that case, he would remain with the power to determine if they should know his nickname.

There is use of aesthetics in the literature (Philosophy Notes 2). Aesthetics tends to give an impression about social values and issues. A reader may find the use of broken language on Piggy’s speech artistic. It indicates that he comes from a different region from all the rest. Aesthetics are also used in cases an object seems very valuable to the group.

In the expression of the fire, the author explains that “whole limbs yielded passionately to the yellow flames that poured upwards and shook a great beard of flame” (Golding 56). There is the personification of the flame. The author uses aesthetics to drive emotions out of the reader about the value of fire to the boys.

Ralph, Jack and Simon go on an exploration to confirm that the place is an island. There is “projection of the perceiver’s response into an image” (Philosophy notes 2). The three boys try to find reason by asking “What made this track?” (Golding 34). They think of animals but not people. The substitution of concern between the reader and the characters ends in a rewarding experience (Philosophy Notes 2). The boys discover a shortcut to the platform at the beach, and pigs to substitute fruits for meals.

The reader can learn that “all our ideas of the world are interpretations of sense data that represent the existence of an independent material object” (Philosophy Notes 3). It is illustrated in the little boy’s perception of the ‘snake thing’ (Golding 48). The group is not sure of where the little boy saw a snake. It could be a formation in his memory.

One of three boys reflects that “That’s a reef. A coral reef. I’ve seen pictures like that” (Golding 38). Russell argues that the truth is not absolute because it relies on a belief or fact (Eames 168). The boy has only seen reefs in pictures and out of this reflection concludes that those are coral reefs.

The use of repetition and emphasis is used in the front pages on Piggy’s spectacles. On use of emphasis, it is stated that “the amount of time spent on a particular subject indicates its importance” (Philosophy Notes 4). The author uses emphasis on Piggy cleaning his spectacles so that the reader does not forget their existence. Their importance is demonstrated in the lighting the fire (Golding 55). The lenses also become the cause of the conflict that leads to Piggy’s death (Golding 260), and the search for Ralph through the entire forest.

Ethics requires that rules are followed by everyone. The group adheres to the rules about speech at meetings until Jack breaks them. Ralph has realized that Jack is becoming uncontrollable. He gives a reinforcement that “Hear him! He’s got the conch!” (Golding 126). He stood out for Piggy for the first time.

Ralph always emphasized the importance of following rules. He argues that “we can’t have proper assemblies if you don’t stick to the rules” (Golding 128). The reader is made aware that allowing one person to break the rules will result in everyone desiring to break the rules. In that case, those who follow rules are likely to lose.

Politics results in the group splitting into two. Jack questions if there are benefits of adhering to rules. He also questions the benefit of having Ralph as a leader. Jack says, “He just gives orders and expects people to obey for nothing” (Golding 182). Jack claims that his boys provide meat, protection, and keep the fire burning.

Hobbes argues that “no man is a fit arbitrator in his own cause” (69). When Jack asks who should be the chief, the boys still choose Ralph. The boys are afraid of an enraged leader. Campbell argues that “the inflated ego of the tyrant is a curse to himself and his world” (11). Ralph uses democracy where the group decides what to do. He is not able to give thoughtful decisions by himself.

In the first contest to have the boys, Ralph seems to win. Politics takes a turn when Jack and his group have killed a large pig. Jack utters in pride that “tonight we are having a feast. We’ve killed a pig… you can come and eat with us” (Golding 202). Ralph offers the solution to find their own meat but the little boys are afraid of the jungle.

He uses the moment to increase the size of his ‘tribe’. In this case, Jack uses plenty of food on his side to win against Ralph. Campbell argues that the tyrant “touches lives with blight through friendship or assistance” (11). In real politics, a group may choose one who offers grants instead of good policies.

The little boys show a lack of responsibility. For a person to be counted as responsible he must show a clear understanding of the consequences of his action (Philosophy Notes 2). Action is preceded by a motive. Jack describes that “when the meeting was over, they’d work for five minutes, then wander off or go hunting” (Golding 70). The children do not realize the importance of huts because there is no rain. Jack with the older boys has agreed to keep the fire burning and surveillance.

The narrator describes that the “generosity brought a spatter of applause from the boys” (Golding 59). Comparing the two groups, the big boys have a sense of responsibility while the ‘littluns’ only want to play and eat. Hobbes argues that a just person is “he that taketh all the care he can, that his actions may be all just” (66). The foreseeable consequences of the big boys’ action are that there will be meat for meals and a signal for rescue. The whole group benefits from their actions.

The children find themselves in a situation guided by soft determinism. This appears in the instance where they are able to make rules and choices that are not essential for survival. Hard determinism is seen when the boys hunt down the sow that has piglets (Philosophy Notes 7).

The narrator says that “the hunters followed, wedded to her in lust, excited by the long chase and the dropped blood” (194). The boys would behave differently if they were living in cities. They would be afraid of blood. They would show kindness to a wild pig so long as it had suckling piglets. The environment has made them ferocious for survival.

The effect of environment has a different impact on different people. For example, Ralph shows mercy to the pig stuck on a creeper (Golding 41). Jack wants the strong to rule. Hobbes argues that “when a covenant is made, to break is unjust” (64). On the other hand, Ralph prefers to be chosen.

Jack’s perception is influenced by hard determinism. Campbell argues that “the logic, the heroes, the deeds of myth survive into modern times” (2). Ralph is influenced by soft determinism where he acts in a civilized manner even in the wilderness. In modern times, complete democracy is not realistic. A few people form rules they consider best for everyone and enforce them. Ralph forms rules by involving everyone so that everyone will respect them.

A researcher may be considered responsible for the invention of his tools. Piggy and Ralph argue that everyone else outside the island could be dead as a result of the atomic bomb (Golding 16). Some technology could be considered good or bad depending on the purpose they serve.

Simon, Jack and Ralph use a rolling rock to form a path while exploring the island (Golding 37). On the other hand, Roger uses a rolling rock to kill Piggy (Golding 260). In the same manner, nuclear technology is used for weapons and to provide energy at a low cost. Planes were used massively to drop bombs on cities during the world wars but today they are mainly used for business.

The reader may realize that benefits of research do not rely on the motives that initiate them. Some forms of technology are formed as a result of hard determinism. It is a similar case that forms knowledge about a rolling rock when the three boys wanted a path.

The author tells the reader that culture has some influence on people’s behavior. Jack speaks out that “After all, we’re not savages. We’re English, and the English are the best at everything” (Golding 58). The boys are proud of their culture. They agree that they ought to have more rules because they are English. Locke argues that “it is impossible to have an idea that we are not conscious of” (Fuller, Stecker & Wright 67).

The same perception is seen from the naval officer. The officer says that “you’re all British, aren’t you? – You should have been able to put up a better show than that” (Golding 290). In this situation, the children themselves and the officer believe that morality and ethics is determined by culture. It is difficult to judge immorality that comes as a result of culture (Philosophy Notes 7).

Maurice shows morality through conflict resolution (Philosophy Notes 8). The children had started to cry when Maurice pretended to fall over. They started laughing “so absurdly that the biguns joined in” (Golding 123).

On the other hand, Piggy seems to intensify arguments about whether the hunters should neglect the fire for a pig (Golding 99). Instead of turning to Jack, Ralph punches Piggy on his belly. The tension that was building between the two leaders was lessened. It may appear to the reader as unjust to hit Piggy but it prevents a bigger conflict. It is morality through guidance of action.

Conclusion

The story is given a happy ending. Campbell argues that “it is justly scorned as a misinterpretation, for the world as we know it yields but one ending, death” (19). The author uses the happy ending to relieve the reader from ‘substituted concerns’. Jack is portrayed as a boy capable of doing anything to satisfy his greed. This is the situation when he burns the entire forest just to capture Ralph (Golding 284). The author uses Piggy to show oppression of knowledge that does not conform to pre-existing knowledge or beliefs.

Works Cited

Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces, Novato: New World Library, 2008. Print.

Eames, Elizabeth. Bertrand Russell’s Theory of Knowledge, New York: Routledge. Print.

Fuller, Gary, Robert Stecker, & John Wright. John Locke: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding in Focus, London: Routledge, 2000. Print.

Golding, William. Lord of the Flies, New York: Global Village Contemporary Classics, 1954. KOMAScript and LaTeX. Web.

Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan. Boston: Digireads.com Publishing, 2009. Print.

Levinson, Jerrold. The Pleasures of Aesthetics: Philosophical Essays, New York: Cornell University Press. Print.

Philosophy Notes, 375A. “Philosophy & Literature: 8 Jan-26 March 2013”.

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Literature Studies: “Lord of the Flies” by W. Golding Essay

September 29, 2020 by Essay Writer

Introduction

The similarity between a beast and a human being is striking. Despite centuries of progress and the ability to think abstractly, there is still a remnant of the beast within every single person. The essence of being human is, therefore, not to get rid of it entirely, but to be able to control it even in the circumstances that encourage the most violent and outrageous behavior.

Although Jack Merridew, one of the lead characters of William Golding’s shockingly unforgettable Lord of the Flies novel, is a child and still has a lot to learn in terms of how society works, the fact that he let his craving for power coordinate his actions and even lead him to commit a murder makes it obvious that he is to blame for the desperate state that the residents of the island finally happened to be in.

Re-Establishing The Theory Of Crime

The case is relatively simple. Although Jack did not kill Piggy on his own and did not succeed at murdering Ralph, his opponent, he still had a huge influence on his tribe and, therefore, must be held responsible for the effects that his influence had on the members of the tribe.

Such responsibility is predetermined by the self-control theory of crime (Goode 3), which presupposes that criminal behavior is a result of poor self-control, the latter triggered by the lack – or, to be more accurate, absence – of deterrents.

Reviewing Evidence: Clear As Day

Technically, Jack did not murder Piggy with his own hands; nor did he manage to kill Ralph, his arch nemesis. However, the numerous attempts that he undertook to murder Ralph, as well as the fact that he fooled his “tribe” into thinking that Piggy deserves death, is equally as big a crime as the actual murder.

To start with, Jack mentions on several occasions that Ralph must be exterminated so that Jack and his tribe could live peacefully on the island. At this point, it becomes clear that Jack is becoming obsessed with power and that the desire to be the leader takes hold of him, ousting his common sense and the need for returning to the civilization: “I’m chief then” (Golding 29).

It should also be mentioned that Jack never actually considers the members of his tribe as an individual; instead, he envisions them merely as valuable – or invaluable, as the case of Piggy’s murder will show – resources. Instead of using his power to help the children survive and attract the attention of the ships passing by, he abuses his power to create his cult: “He began to dance, and his laughter became a bloodthirsty snarling” (Golding 89).

While the facts above may be considered irrelevant to the case, they show the transformation that Jack undergoes. He turns into a vengeful monster from a sensible and self-assured leader very soon: “Jack clamored among them, the conch forgotten. ‘Come on! Follow me!’” (Golding, 52).

As a result, in several days, he craves for nothing but killing Ralph, his opponent: “Viciously, with full intention, he hurled his spear at Ralph” (Golding 201). He commits attempted to murder several times, though, fortunately, with no success: “The pint tore the skin and flesh over Ralph’s ribs, then sheared off and fell in the water” (Golding 201).

Though the case of Piggy’s murder is not that simple, it is still obvious that the tribe started ostracizing Piggy under Jack’s influence: “We don’t want you,” said Jack, flatly. “Three’s enough” (Golding, 31). As a result, Jack has to share the responsibility for the murder; more to the point, he is to be held the organizer of the murder, seeing how the tribe was obeying his orders.

Arguing Against The Opposition’s Case

A single look at the opponent’s case will show that the evidence in favor of Jack does not hold any water. One of the most common arguments is that Jack is still a child and, therefore, cannot yet comprehend the wrongfulness of his actions. However, one must mention that the narrator never actually states the characters’ age, which means that they might as well be in their early teenage years.

Also, the fact that the characters manage to form a kind of society shows that they have an understanding of how society works. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that they are capable of differentiating between the moral and the immoral as well.

Conclusion: The Duty Of Being Humane

Even as far as Jack’s youth and lack of experience go, he was still capable of having influence over the rest of the tribe and control others, which is why he is to blame for the effects that his influence has had on the other children. It is the duty of any person to stay humane in any circumstances, which Jack has failed at, succumbing to hatred instead of contributing to the mini-society and striving for their salvation.

Therefore, Jack must answer for a range of attempted murders, as well as for solicitation of murder, the latter resulting in Piggy’s tragic death: “Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of a true, wise friend called Piggy” (Golding 291).

Works Cited

Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. 1954. Global Village Contemporary Classics. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.

Goode, Erich. Out of Control: Assessing the General Theory of Crime. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2008. Print.

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The darkness of man’s heart in "Lord of the Flies"

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

To “explore the darkness of man’s heart” is one of the key themes in William Golding’s novel Lord of the flies. As the boys on the island regress from well-behaved, well-mannered children aching for rescue to cruel, bloodthirsty hunters who have no desire to return to civilization, the boys naturally lose their sense of innocence that they possessed at the beginning of the novel. This novel is about young English boys Marooned on an uninhabited island, with no adult supervision, forcing them to create their own “civilization”.

Three key ideas of darkness of mans heart are loss of innocence, characters and symbolism. Golding also suggests that every person has the evil within them and often it takes a special event to these things to materialize

Paragraph 1- Loss of innocence

Golding highlights darkness of mans heart by showing the boy’s loss of innocence. One of the key quotes to describe “Darkness of mans heart” is “Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of a true, wise friend called Piggy”.

This quote is at the end of the novel where the boys encounter the Naval officer, who appears out of nowhere to rescue them. When ralph sees the officer he realizes that he is now safe and will be returned to “actual civilization”. Ralph understands he has lost his innocence and learned about the evil that loiters within all human beings. In the Novel Golding does not expose this loss of innocence as something the children have done but he implies that the loss of innocence comes naturally. It is ironic how the boys become evil savage and cruel to each other creating a war just like the one they have fled from.

Agnolishes

Paragraph 2- Characters
Golding explores the darkness of mans heart by showing the good of young English boys then he shows how “how every person has a dark side”. The boys naturally lose the sense of innocence that they possessed at the beginning of the novel. Ralph, the novels protagonist, is a 12-year-old boy who is elected leader on the island. Ralph tries to create a civilization though- the boys are not co-operating and tension rises. Ralph loses his belief in the innocence of humanity, because he himself does not commit any immoral act, from memory. Whereas Ralph and Jack stand at different ends of the “battlefield” between civilization and savagery.

Paragraph 3- Symbolism

Darkness of mans heart can be interpreted in the novel by using symbolism. “Lord of the flies” is the bloody, severed sow’s head that jack spears in the forest glade as an offering to the beast. This symbol becomes the most significant image in the novel when Simon confronts the sow’s head in the glade and it speaks to him. Telling him that the evil lies within every human heart. Lord of the Flies biblical meaning is named “Beelzebub, a powerful sometimes thought to be the devil himself. Golding uses Piggy’s violent death symbolically to represent an end to civilization and order on the island. Roger, the symbol of evil, releases the giant boulder that smashes the conch and kills Piggy his death is incredibly symbolic, especially in the way he dies being smashed by a boulder is not only an extremely violent way to die, but it is also senseless and meaningless. The moment is a snapshot for the most important theme of the novel Darkness of mans heart and savagery.

Conclusion:

William Golding novel has successful portrayed the darkness of mans heart through these key points, Loss of innocence

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Lord of the Flies as an Allegory

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

The Lord of the Flies if read at face value can be interpreted as short book about the struggle to survive on a deserted island and its physical and psychological impacts on its inhabitants. But when the reader looks deeper, they see a novel that is an allegory that is filled with rich and detailed symbolism in almost all aspects of the book. An allegory is defined a type of writing that presents abstract ideas or moral principals in the form of symbolic characters, events, or objects.

“The theme is an attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature” (Golding 204). The novel begins as our protagonist wanders along the beach.

Ralph represents leadership, order, and civilization for the island. He uses his power for the good of the people, especially to protect the “littluns.” The littluns represent the people ruled by a government. In their case, the “bigguns” (the older boys), take advantage of the little boys and soon neglect them entirely.

As the conch was blown “A deep harsh note boomed under the palms, spread through the intricacies of the forest and echoed back from the pink granite of the mountain” (Golding 17). Giving off a mighty sound, the conch also possessed the qualities of authority, unity, and power. When the society is formed, the boy who holds the conch is the only one allowed to speak. Jack first instituted this when he said “I’ll give the conch to the next person to speak” (Golding 33). As the story progresses, the conch looses its power and influence over the

children and is eventually crushed when Piggy is trampled by a boulder. This marks the end of any democratic and civilized society on the island.

Piggy represents intelligence and mortality. He acts with reason like a grownup would in his situation. Besides acting like a parent figure, Piggy also provides leadership before and after the tribe is split in half. “But nobody else understands that about the fire. If someone threw you a rope when you were drowning. If a doctor said take this because if you don’t take it you’ll die- you would, wouldn’t you? Can’t they understand? Without the smoke signal we’ll die here?” (Golding 139).

The signal fire is another symbol that changes to reflect the downward spiral of the children. The fire was instituted by Ralph and Piggy as an attempt to draw attention in hopes of rescue. The fire can be seen as a connection to civilization and as civilization itself. When the fire burns well at a normal pace, the island is at peace. “We’ve got no fire. That thing just sits up thereƒ{ we’ll have to stay here” (Golding 129). But when the fire is out, the boys seen to loose interest in civilization and revert to primitive, savage beings, which cause problems for the fragile island society. Oddly the fire that brings about the boy’s rescue is not the signal fire, but a forest fire started by Jack to drive Ralph out into the open. The fire symbolizes power and the leadership of the tribe, as it provides warmth and heat for cooking. When Jack gains the ability to make fire, he seizes control of the tribe.

Piggy’s glasses allow for the creation of all fire on the island. The glasses symbolize science and intelligence and their impacts on society. The glasses also play a pivotal role in the foreshadowing of the chaos that will eventually ensue on the island. “Jack smacked Piggy’s head. Piggy’s glasses flew off and tinkled on the rocks. Piggy cried out in terror: ‘My specs’” (Golding 71). The breaking of Piggy’s glasses can be considered the start of the events

that will cause the island to descend into complete and inescapable chaos led by Jack’s anarchy.

Jack Merridew represents a thirst for power and savagery comparable to primal instincts. Jack uses his power for pleasure only, slowly evolving into a total dictator by the time the tribe splits. “There isn’t a tribe for you anymore! I’m chief” (Golding 181). Jack cannot accept compromises in his authority and systematically takes part in, if not responsible for, the deaths of those who oppose him in his path to power. Jack uses the beast as a means to hunt more often and later gain power.

The beast is nothing but the evil and primal instincts imbedded deep within all of us. Everyone on the island is afraid of it, while in reality it is simply does not exist. It appears that the more the boys act savagely, the more real the beast becomes. Soon the boys start to worship the beast and leave offerings to the beast. This head is for the beast. It’s a gift” (Golding 137).

The lord of the flies is the gift left for the beast. It’s a bloody pig’s head on a stick. The lord of the flies is a physical manifestation of evil who invokes the inner beast within us all. When Simon speaks to the lord of the flies, its true nature is revealed. “You knew, didn’t you? I’m part of you” (Golding 143).

Throughout the story Golding uses his characters, objects and events as symbols to get a deeper meaning across. The book weaves a compelling tale of optimism against the darkest side of human evil. Even though the novel shows that evil in every person exists, the basic human goodness still appears to prevail when all is said and done. The Lord of the Flies is truly a modern classic with a message for everyone.

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William Golding's thesis of evil

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

On the following pages the unique “Lord of the Flies” and the 1950’s in Britain will be discussed.

The introduction will exclusively deal with the book of William Golding and the author himself. The basic information includes of course a summary, a portrait of the author, the island setting of the unique and a characterisation of the characters that are of value because of they are political signs and extremely crucial throughout the novel.

The primary part introduces the 1950’s in Britain with a historic survey that includes the Suez Crisis due to the fact that the crisis will be gone over in one of the main styles, too.

The three central styles in the main part are how the kids on the island refer to their old-fashioned system, how the theory of the political thinker Thomas Hobbes can be compared to the concepts of the “Lord of the Flies” author William Golding and some examples from the history of the 1950’s will be related to William Golding’s idea of the evil in man.

The idea to consist of Thomas Hobbes is from the politic class where we discussed Thommas Hobbes and specifically his idea of guy. While checking out Lord of the Flies and some recensions I typically remembered this concepts.

The conclusion is a personal statement and a brief analysis of how realistic and comprehensible the specific subjects were.

Intro

The author “William Golding” – a brief bio

William Golding was born upon Sept. 19, 1911 in Cornwall (in the following compare MSN Encarta). He was a British author who won the Nobel Reward for literature in 1983. In school he was already captivated with language however not really proficient at mathematical research studies.

Golding attended the Oxford University and planned to complete a degree in the natural sciences because his moms and dads wanted him to do so. However he soon switched to English which fit more to his “temperament and aspiration to write”. His very first book, a volume of poems was published prior to he made his bachelor’s degree at Oxford, in addition to a diploma in education. Certainly Golding continued to compose but he likewise started a career as a social worker, acted and produced plays for a small London theatre. In 1939 Golding married Ann Brookfield and embarked upon a mentor career.

But by the outbreak of World War II Golding had to join the Royal Navy although he had just begun his work as an English and philosophy teacher at Bishop Wordsworth’s School in Salisbury. Golding served on different battleships until he became the commander of a rocket firing ship. When the war ended Golding reassumed teaching and began to write again.

The 1954 the publication of “Lord of the Flies” in England was his first success. In 1959 the book became a success in the USA, too and it is considered one of the great works of 20th-century literature. Just like in “Lord of the Flies”, the good and evil in human nature is the central theme in Golding’s other novels (e.g. “The Inheritors” (1955) and “Pincher Martin” (1956)), too.

Sir William Gerald Golding died on June 13, 1933.

Summary

(In the following compare MSN Encarta)

The story of “Lord of the Flies” takes place on a Pacific Island during a nuclear war. An evacuated group of english schoolboys gets downed in their plane due to warfare and no adults survive the plane crash. First of all the boys are able to accomplish the loss of civilization because the island offers enough water, fruits, wild pigs and even the chance of rescue. One of the boys, called Ralph, blows the conch which he finds in a lagoon to call up the other boys who have survived. The conch is a criteria for the others to select Ralph as their leader.

The boys build up a signal fire under Ralph’s direction; they collect food and water, go hunting and organize themselves into a new society which is abutted to the regiment life of school. For Ralph the main objective is to be rescued from the island but for Jack, who is jealous of Ralph because he wants to be the chief, the killing of pigs is more important than the rescue. Moreover, the enjoyment at killing takes possession of Jack and he is not longer open to Ralph’s reasonable arguments. The makeshift government under Ralph disintegrates with the novel progressing and a brutal gang arises from the hunters under the leadership of Jack which tries to destroy those “who have tried to form a purposeful, just society”.

The brutality and savageness of this growing second group culminates in two homicides. Ralph gets hunted all over the island by the hunters, until he collapses on the beach where a naval officer is waiting.

Setting

William Golding does not accurately describe where the Island is located in the real world. (Below compare Lektürehilfen Lord of the Flies pp.17-18) All we know is that it is located somewhere in the ocean. The reader gets told that it is a tropical island and that it is “shaped like a boat”. You can see a map below this text and this is one example how the reader may imagine the island while reading the novel.

That is a very interesting feature by the way: The reader does not get a drawing or another form of a picture of the island. But he is, together with the boys, exploring the island step by step so that he has got a clear imagination of it at the end of the novel.

This is just one idea of the island’s “composition”. The first location which is described is the beach including the bathing pool (water lagoon) and the platform where the meetings are being held. Not far away in the jungle is the fruit orchard where the boys can get their meals from.

Amongst the island is the jungle, including “Simon’s nature area” (that is where he goes to see plants and vegetation) and the pig’s head on the stick (the “Lord of the Flies”). The mountain is where Ralph, Jack and Simon wage their first expedition to. Moreover, it is the place where the boys make the signal fire and the parachutist lands. In the end there is the “Castle Rock” which becomes Jack’s base and Piggy’s location of death.

Characters in “Lord of the Flies”

At first I want to describe Ralph because in the novel he is the first boy who is being introduced, too (below compare Lektürehilfen Lord of the Flies pp. 9-10). Ralph is a blond boy of twelve, is well-built and good-natured. Furthermore he is a very charismatic person, so to say quite likable, and that was the deciding attribute for him being elected for leadership. Ralph is anxious to build up and keep going the signal fire to call attention to passing ships because of his strong belief that someone will come to rescue the boys.

Ralph uses the conch to call for the assembly and he personates democracy. He arranges votes concerning important decisions and he “[…] knows that it’s important for each of the boys to speak his mind”. Moreover, Ralph never uses force although most of the boys do not implement the decisions made by the assembly, “instead he tries to talk sensibly to them”. Ralph’s personality changes during the Island stay and with his responsibilities. Problems like Jack or the beast are difficult for him to accomplish and he recognizes that he is not as intelligent as piggy what leads to a lack of self-confidence.

All things considered, Ralph is a basically good person, although he is not very skilled at being the chief because he should punish the boys for not finishing their duties.

Concering Piggy I want to discuss his name at first (below compare Lektürehilfen Lord of the Flies pp. 14-15). Obviously his name refers to pigs and Jack is in favour of hunting pigs in the jungle. Piggy has several disabilities like his corpulence or his asthma and near blindness. This attributes set him apart from the other boys. He is more intelligent than most of the others and he is able to speak his mind in the assemblies. To Ralph Piggy adopts an advising position, he has rational solutions to problems. Piggy reminds the other boys and even the reader what rationally thinking people would do. With his death, and it is important to say that the conch “dies” with him, the last instance of rationality disappears.

“Piggy is Golding’s argument for the need of civilization and his case against man’s return to a more innocent state in nature”.

The third and last character I want to deal with is Jack (below compare Lektürehilfen pp. 10-12). I want to leave out Simon because he is often described as a metaphor to holiness and that is not the topic here.

Jack is described as “tall and thin, with red hair and freckles” . Apperently Jack is the character who has the most conflict with Ralph. When the reader gets to know Jack he is leading the boys’ choir along the beach. Here Jack refers to the rules he learned at school but it also shows his addiction to leadership and his cruelty. His choir has to march in the glaring sun and they are not allowed to rest until Simon nearly faints.

Jack often tries to achieve his aims with force and brutality later in the novel, but even the first scene with the boys’ choir shows that “there is something about his manner that suggests military or authoritarian power” . Piggy is often attacked by him although or maybe even because he is weaker than Jack.

Later on in the novel Jack becomes a savage who is only conducted by his primitive instincts. He cares only for his own power and not for the common good and when he gains control of the boys he demonstrates another way in which power may be used. The fear of the beast becomes Jack’s instrument to achieve his power. But instead of Ralph’s methods to deal with the problems such as “the beast”, the extreme methods of Jack could be more useful. But that is a matter of opinion.

So Jack is the counterpart to Ralph – a mix of both of them could be the ticket to success.

The conch in “Lord of the Flies”

The author William Golding uses a lot of symbols permanently throughout the novel. These symbols may be objects as well as persons or animals. The most important and mostly used political symbols in “Lord of the Flies” are the conch and Ralph.

The conch. To me this is a very apparent symbol in “Lord of the Flies”. The conch represents law and order and democracy, too. When Ralph blows the conch it is a signal for all other boys to come to the assembly to discuss important topics (firstly used on page 17, ll. 8-14). But the second meaning of it and even the more important one is that the boy who got the conch has a right to speak in the assembly. Piggy says on page 42, ll. 13-14 “I got the conch. You let me speak.” This quote shows that “Piggy embraces the ideology of a democracy” and he feels to deserve the right to speak when he holds the conch in his hands. Piggy also often tries to help the younger boys to articulate themselves facing the older ones. So, for Piggy, the littluns matter just as much as the older boys do.

The symbolism of Ralph is already illustrated in the characterization.

Survey of the 1950’s in Britain

At the end of World War II Britain still seemed to be a powerful nation and was considered to be a superpower just like Russia or the USA (Below compare “The Twentieth Century World, pp. 145-146). The wartime government under the direction of Winston Churchill commissioned Sir William Beveridge to create a plan which makes life better for the British people.

They had also passed an Education Act in 1944 which contained that all children should go on to a secondary school. That included that every eleven years old took an examination which determined which type of secondary school a child should attend. In 1945 Churchill and the Conservative Party were deserted in the General Election and the Labour Party was elected by the British people who wanted a change. The so called “Beveridge Report” was set into practice by the new government. In the late 1940’s the government (factual after the war) had to continue rationing of food and clothes and was forced to introduce bread rationing. Even during the war it was not necessary to ration bread at all. The last straw was that the National Coal Board was not able to provide enough coal for the people in the severe winter of 1946-47.

So the Conservative Party was re-elected in 1951 and Winston Churchill was Prime Minister again until he retired in 1955 and Anthony Eden (who also came from the Conservative Party) became Prime Minister.

The Suez crisis. The governments of Britain and France controlled a company which was in possession of the Suez Canal which runs through Egypt. President Nasser of Egypt nationalised the canal in 1956 and Britain as well as France sent troops to Egypt “to get the canal back”. The problem was that the Russians supported Nasser and there was the danger of a nuclear attack on the Russian’s side. So President Eisenhower of the USA told Britain and France to return their troops, otherwise he would “cut off American economic aid”.

This menace was too hard for Britain and France, so they withdrew and Britain was no longer a world’s superpower but was dependent on the USA’s support.

How do the boys keep to the directives they learned?

The topic that will be discussed now is how the boys refer to the rules they learned at school.

At the beginning of the novel the behaviour of the boys is kept to the rules they learned at school. Jack Merridew leads his choir very severe and that is the first example. Jack lets his choir march “approximately in step in two parallel lines”( page 19, ll. 29-31). This shows that even Jack uses the directives that the school taught him.

Later on Ralph recommends that the boys “ought to have a chief to decide things”(page 22, ll. 10-11). The idea of a chief is also abutted to the rules of behaviour taught at school. So the boys construct a command structure but not in a totalitarian way for the boys elect their chief and have a right to speak in the assembly. This assembly is firstly just a meeting convened by Ralph. But after a certain “reform” thought out by Ralph the meeting becomes the assembly. This reform is Ralph’s idea to give the conch to the boy who wants to speak in the assembly.

This happens on page 33 ll. 15-39; Ralph decides that the boy who holds the conch in his hands will not be interrupted by anyone except for Ralph himself. And when Piggy gets the conch and wants to speak up the assembly develops (ll. 38-39 “Piggy took off his glasses and blinked at the assembly while he wiped them on his shirt”). In school there are assemblies with the students and the teachers to decide about miscellaneous topics and issues. The gymnsiums are often used as an “assembly hall” because they are big enough to accept all the students. Here is one example how a proper assembly hall of a school could look like:

(compare attachment

“pictures”)

Ralph can be compared with the man standing on the stage, the other boys are the students sitting in the assembly hall. The conch can be compared with the microphone the man helds in his hands (in the 1950’s actually it was not a microphone but a megaphone). The one who helds the microphone is the one who may speak – just like the function of the conch during the assemblies.

Historical evidence for Golding’s idea of the evil

“It [Lord of the Flies] then illustrates and tries to prove the authors belief in the baseness of human nature of which even children are not exempt. This is documented by the regression of almost the entire group into a state of primitive savagery, fittingly mirrorring many a political development and fact in our adult, enlightened and scientific twentieth-century world”

This quote shows Golding’s thesis of the evil and the ignominy in every human creature of the entire world.

When the brutality and primitiveness of Jack and his gang finally lead to a manhunt for Ralph, the reader realizes that despite the strong sense of British character and civility that has been instilled in the youth throughout their lives, the boys have backpedaled and shown the underlying savage side existent in all humans. In the following some examples of the 1950’s politics in Britain that could prove William Golding’s idea will be presented.

The first example I chose is from 1957; the Conservative Party had passed a Rent Act (also called the “Tory Act”) what “had removed all rent and tenure controls on privately rented flats and houses” . Here one part of Golding’s intention in “The Lord of the Flies” and also in his other novels is realized, namely the decrease of control. The Communist Party called the “Tory Act” a “savage attack on living standards” . The landlords, that is to say the men who owned property, could force their tenants to pay every rent increase which the landlord demanded, otherwise they were evicted.

So the Rent Act caused less controls, but it “had also bred an an unscrupulous type of property exploitation” so the landlords took advantage of that. This historical event could support Golding’s statement of the evil that emerges when the human is not controlled by any institutions.

The second example refers to the international politics concerning the Suez Crisis (compare “Survey of the 1950’s”). The Soviet Union was ready to perform a nuclear strike but Britain and France were not willing to withdraw from Egypt. It was only after the USA told them to do so or to accept no more economic aid.

The USA could here be accounted to be the controlling institution, Britain and France are the controlled ones. Without the USA’s instruction, it could have come to a war of a far greater dimension than the conflict in egypt. So the Suez Crisis is also potential to confirm Golding’s ideal.

Thomas Hobbes vs. William Golding

Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) was a political philosopher whose political theory, and with that his idea of man, is in some points very similar to the belief of William Golding.

Hobbes’ vision of the world is strikingly original and still relevant to contemporary politics. His main concern is the problem of social and political order: how human beings can live together in peace and avoid the danger and fear of civil conflict. Hobbes answer to this problem is to give the obedience to a souvereign, that is to say a person or group empowered to decide every social and political issue. Otherwise what awaits us is a ‘state of nature’ that closely resembles anarchy and civil war – a situation of universal insecurity, where everyone has reason to fear violent and death.

Thomas Hobbes called this souvereign the “Leviathan”, which was also the name of his most important work (Leviathan, 1651). Hobbes’ idea is in some aspects near to Golding’s idea of man. In Hobbes idea it is true that every human being is capable of killing any other. Human motives are guided by unenlightened self-interest, and these could, if left unchecked, have highly destructive consequences.

The Leviathan is the State – whether in the form of an absolute monarch or a democratic parliament, it does not matter. The important point is that the State will be given a monopoly on violence and absolute authority. In return, the State promises to exercise its absolute power to maintain a state of peace (by punishing criminals, etc.)

One of the interesting elements of Hobbes’s story is that concepts like morality, liberty, justice, property, etc. have no natural, intrinsic or eternal meaning. They are pure social constructions. They are generated and imposed by the Leviathan, through his laws and institutions, to keep war and social disorder at a low level.

In “Lord of the Flies” Golding shows what happens when civilization with all it’s rules and structures drops out of human life. He even carries it to extremes by using children who are considered to be innocent because of their youth.The themes of Goldings novels are often the fallen nature of man or the good and evil in human heart to name but a few of that kind .According to this Golding’s idea of man is very similar to that of Thomas Hobbes. Both see the necessity of a state which controls the citizens and both see the savagery (or in Hobbes theory it is the self interest) in human’s nature what can lead to homicide.

In the end the ideas of William Golding and Thomas Hobbes look very similar. Both ideas inhere the thought that society would end up in anarchy just like Jack’s group in “Lord of the Flies” which is just hunting and having fun. Golding sais it is necessary to have civilization and rules to domesticate the people. Hobbes as well emanates from the idea of the evil man and compiles a theory of state to control the human nature.

Conclusion/personal statement

Was it comprehensible to compare Thomas Hobbes idea of man with that of William Golding? The analysis shows yes and I think it is right. Of course the source was not Thomas Hobbes whole work “Leviathan” because it consists of 4 books and would have been enormous to evaluate. The idea to analyse Hobbes political theories comes from the politics class .

It is very interesting that the ideas of a man with a such pessimistic view of man’s nature is so easy comparable to those of a political philosopher of another time. Consolidated it was a very interesting experience to see how similar views two different men could have.

To prove Golding’s view of human nature on the basis of the two historical events in the 1950’s was a very difficult business because there was no source which gave evidence to my thesis. The sources were the “Cambridge University Press” and “Lord of the Flies”. Actually the novel itself was not the source that was compared with the history but it was Golding’s point of view.

Of course this point of view is represented in “Lord of the Flies” but it was more proximate to refer the point of view itself to the history of the 1950’s in Britain than the incidents in the novel. And that is because the novel does not reflect the political and social climate of the 1950’s in Britain, it tells a fictitious story on an island which is not accurately located, but it does reflect the authors belief and his view of man. And his belief can be compared with the 1950’s, it was even confirmed by some events of that time.

All things considered it was very interesting to read and to examine the “Lord of the Flies” in relation to British history and even to a political philisopher who was a very interesting man with even more interesting theories.

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Lord Of The Flies And Animal Farm

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

The two books, Lord of the Flies written by William Golding and George Orwell’s Animal Farm, despite the vastly different themes and storylines they both share fairly similar meanings. Orwell’s illustrates the story of the fatal lives of the farmyard animals. It is just as equally politically minded as Golding’s tale of the life or death situation for a group of juvenile boys stranded on an island with the task of installing democracy into their new lives. These two books both display themes which are of comparable nature.

They both focus on points which vaguely revolve around democracy, diplomacy and sovereignty while shedding an eye-opening and frightening light on drastic realities. If I were to be stranded on a deserted island with all of my closest friends, there would definitely be a hierarchy, since there is already one naturally. In L.O.T.F, there is a clear hierarchy between the boys. On top would be the Lord of the Flies himself, which symbolically represents the evil in each of the boys and unveils the disintegrating mental state of some of the members of the group like Simon.

The next two on the hierarchy would be Ralph and Jack, however, in any group of people, there is always competition. The competition involves Ralph belittling Jack in front of other island inhabitants saying “I was chief and you were going to do what I said. You talk. But you can’t even build huts ?– then you go off hunting, and let the fire out.” Ralph loves the feeling of being the leader of the pack’ and being able to boss people around despite his constant rivalry with Jack for power in the group. When reading the lines ‘More wood, all of you get more wood’ you can really tell he enjoys directing and telling people what to do. But eventually, weakness in Ralph’s character leads him to be overthrown by Jack. Jack has seemingly equal power to Ralph, except is far more ruthless, harsh, violent and overall more dangerous. Jack’s leadership skills are similar to Napoleons in Animal Farm, just as authoritarian and hostile.

They have similar attitudes when reading and comparing these two books. This dictatorial style of leadership to me wouldn’t be an ideal system of living under due to the stresses and conflicts that occur. In George Orwell’s Animal Farm, it represents a newly formed society with proposed ideals that don’t always end up working out. Both texts also display how a seemingly perfect democratic system can very quickly descend into madness. In Animal Farm, I enjoyed learning about the Soviet Union portrayed in a story form. The comparisons between the leaders in the book Napoleon who represented Stalin and Snowball who represented Trotsky. The representation of a violent and turbulent society with citizens beginning to follow the new system with the idea that the former society was in fact worse than the newly proposed one. This is also similar to how L.O.T.F operated, with 2 leaders making the decisions These two stories illustrate well that a new society can often bring change, which isn’t always for the better and can very easily make society worse than what is already started off as. While it may seem attractive to get rid of suspected evils of a current leadership system, a new, possibly more evil system can emerge. Change does not necessarily mean for the better, and these books firmly illustrate the fact that a different society is not always a better society.

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Lord of the Flies Essay on Pathetic Fallacy

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

“This is our island. It’s a good island. ” (Golding 35). Contradictory to this quote, nature is never to be claimed by man, nor is always good- it is man that is controlled by the dynamically changing nature. In Lord of the Flies, William Golding reveals the nature’s beauty and power by personifying the island into a divine sentience that both rewards and punishes civilization and savagery. In allowing the natural elements to influence the boys’ behavior, Golding uses the relationships between the individual boys and the island, with consequences for their actions.

The benevolent and generous side of the island’s nature is seen with Simon, the most civilized and humane individual in the group. When Simon walks alone through the forest in chapter 3, his delicate and admiring attitude towards nature is immediately rewarded. When Simon is rushed by the littluns who were frustrated by unsuccessful attempts at raiding a tree of its fruits, he is compensated by “double handfuls of ripe fruit” (56).

Here we see the stark difference in the island’s treatment to the disrespectful and the respectful.

Golding uses the island’s personification that rejects those who “cry nintelligibly” (56) while cherishing Simon’s gentle nature to magnify the island’s abundant, yet unforgiving natural setting. The island’s nourishing treatment to civilization doesn’t end there, as it continues to prove its comforting nature when Simon is alone by himself. After demonstrations of Simon’s respect towards the island- such as when he places fallen leaves back into their places-, “green sepals drew back a little and the white tips of the flowers rose delicately” (57). Golding uses this adoration of the island towards Simon’s presence to enhance the original gentleness of the island’s atural setting. Nature is emphasized in this particular part of the novel as peaceful and comforting.

Golding breathes generosity and gentleness into the island’s personality to magnify and augment its natural beauty. However, despite the island is pleasant and rewarding -it is a “good island,’ after all- Golding makes sure to reveal the judgemental and punishing side of the island to the savagery of the other boys. The sentience of the island given by Golding is provoked first by the boys- as soon as they get together, they decide to set a fire.

Initially starting a rescuation signal fire, the boys end up creating a massive inferno that “laid hold on the forest and began to gnaw” (44). The pain that the island goes through is reacted towards by the boys with “shrill, excited cheering” (44). This ecstatic sensation of destruction of nature stimulates the boys’ wild instincts that later evolves into savagery and bloodthirst, that becomes the ultimate key to their self-destruction.

The savagery that is launched from the fire, becomes an uncontrollable state of uneasiness the boys experience in the island. Even Jack, the savage hunter, dmits, “you’re not hunting, but- being hunted. ” (53). Golding uses this state of fear to emphasize that the nature is an intimidating, and powerful force that can not be tamed by man. The natural setting of the island is enhanced through this relationship between savage Jack and the punishing island reminds the reader that nature is a force that is far greater than an individual’s power or ego. The boys’ attempts to conquer the island and destroy it only brought their submission into barbarism and a hard lesson that man will either compromise with nature, or else suffer.

Golding personifies the island in order to establish silent relationships between the inanimate and actual characters. These relationships enable in many ways for the author to enhance both the beauty and intimidation of the island’s natural settings and give depth to the story’s given physical environment. Furthermore, one must also note the intricate ways the island adores civilization while punishing savagery not only enhances the plot setting within, but creates philosophical sophistication and complexity of characters that enhances the novel’s general completion and execution as a literary classic.

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Lord of the Flies Literary Analysis Essay

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

After analyzing the characters in William Golding’s novel, Lord of the Flies, one can recognize that many of the characters embody the theme of the novel. One of the prominent themes in Lord of the Flies is man’s inner savage; man’s inhumanity to others, and Golding manages explore and capture this theme in a way that is enjoyable to read. Three characters in the book who truly illustrate the theme of man’s inner savage; man’s inhumanity to others are Jack, Ralph, and Simon.

The theme of the novel, man’s inner savage; man’s inhumanity to others is most apparent in Jack Merridew’s character. Our first true glimpse into Jack’s inner monster occurs after he kills his first pig:

His mind was crowded with memories; memories of the knowledge that had come to them when they closed in on the struggling pig, knowledge that they had outwitted a living thing, imposed their will upon it, taken away its life like a long satisfying drink (Golding, 81).

Jack’s excitement stems from having “outwitted” a living thing, and having “imposed” his will on it, which he later does with Simon, and Piggy. Jack really has no reason for killing showing that, “Perhaps the most disturbing motives for killing is just for the thrill of it.” (Ramsland, 3). Throughout the book, Jack is driven by his thirst for power, and is willing to go to any lengths to get what he wants, which includes killing anybody that steps in his way. He slowly begins to lose his conscience, as shown by the fact that he feels no remorse, guilt, or regret after participating in the brutal murders of both Simon, and Piggy. The fact that Jack could turn from a proper, English boy to a murderer who can kill and feel no remorse, shows that Jack does harbour a monster inside of him, is a savage, and he is very capable of being inhumane to others, thus, illustrating the theme of the novel.

Read Also: Analytical Essay Topics for College

Another character who briefly illustrates the theme of the novel is Ralph. Ralph shouldered the responsibility of rescuing all the boys, proving him to be the leader that the boys on the island needed, but even then, Ralph senses himself falling into the same savagery as the other boys at times during the book. On the hunt that Ralph participates in, Ralph’s inner savage has one of its only opportunities to reveal itself, “Ralph too was fighting to get near, to get a handful of that brown, vulnerable flesh. The desire to squeeze and hurt was over-mastering” (Golding, 164). This hunt proved that even Ralph, the sensible, responsible, and intellectual leader who represented the struggle for order, civilization, and democracy on the island, has an inner savage, just waiting to get out.

Near the end of the book, Ralph was close to falling victim to the other boy’s savagery as they were chasing him through the island, ready to kill him. He trips and falls at the feet of an officer, and begins to cry, “Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of a true, wise friend called Piggy” (Golding, 290). Ralph cries for all that he has lost, and at that moment, he realizes that he will never be the same since he has learned about the evil that lurks within all humans, illustrating the theme of man’s inner savage; man’s inhumanity to others.

Man’s inner savage; man’s inhumanity to others is first recognized by the character, Simon, in the novel, Lord of the Flies. When the boys discuss the possibility of there being a beast on the island, Simon steps forward and says, “Maybe it’s only us.” (Golding, 126) implying that it was the boys themselves who were the “beast”, capable of hurting, of killing, and of committing other acts of evil. This theme is explored prior to the killing of Simon, the other boys chant, “Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood! Do him in!” (Golding, 219) and when Simon is being murdered, Golding describes it in brutal detail to emphasize the inhumanity shown by the other boys, and to show how savage they have become:

The sticks fell and the mouth of the new circle crunched and screamed. The beast was on its knees in the center, its arms folded over its face. It was crying out against the abominable noise something about a body on the hill. The beast struggled forward, broke the ring and fell over the steep edge of the rock to the sand by the water. At once the crowd surged after it, poured down the rock, leapt on to the beast, screamed, struck, bit, tore. There were no words, and no movements but the tearing of teeth and claws (Golding, 219). On the island, Simon was the only character to represent hope, and innocence, but in the end, he was a direct result of the other boy’s savagery, and inhumanity. His death signified the end of innocence, and goodness on the island.

In William Golding’s book, Lord of the Flies, the theme of man’s inner savage; man’s inhumanity to others is explored in many ways, one of them being through the characters Jack, Ralph, and Simon. Jack embodies this theme the most, since he is the first to turn savage, and impose his will on the other boys. Ralph comes close to becoming a savage at times throughout the book, and Simon is one of the only characters who manages to keep his innocence, but is a direct result of the savagery shown by the other boys on the island in the end. William Golding managed to explore and capture the theme of man’s inner savage; man’s inhumanity to others perfectly in his book, Lord of the Flies in a way that is enjoyable for all to read.

Works Cited

Golding, William. Lord of the flies. New York: Coward-McCann, 1962. Print.

Ramsland, Katherine. “The Unthinkable — Children Who Kill and What Motivates Them” Retrieved December 2, 2012, from http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/weird/kids2/index_1.html

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Defects in Society

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

“The theme is an attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature. The moral is that the shape of society must depend on the ethical nature of the individual and not on any political system however apparently logical or respectable. The whole book is symbolic in nature.” — William Golding

In lord of the flies, Golding expresses elements of multiple defects in society that can be traced to be defects in human nature. Whether it’s lack of self-control, violence, savagery, authority, common stereotypes, etc.

, we’re all accountable for our defects as people. I believe the characters portrayed within the book also give us a good sense of what our society is like in present day.

Characters such as Ralph demonstrate a good, authoritative, head-on-shoulders kind of person, a person wanting to be in charge to keep order, their interest being for the betterment of the people, a positive side for society. While characters such a Jack show a selfish, power hungry, discriminatory side of society, which leads to all things negative.

Both characters are very much alike in a sense though. As people, we strive to be the best we can and if getting there means we have to incorporate both sides, then we’ll do it.

Components of society such as lack of self-control, violence, savagery, authority, societal stereotypes, etc., are demonstrated immensely throughout the book. Golding expresses this with examples such as the boys jumping to conclusions about Simon and putting him to his death with the threat of him being the ‘beast’, the superiority vs. inferiority expressed with the dividing of the two groups; the “Biguns” and the Littluns”, then you have Jack as a prime example of lack of self-control where he becomes power hungry in the sense of an authority leader, removing ralph from his position and gaining the respect of the tribe just as Ralph had once did.

A societal stereotype demonstrated within lord of the flies is the fact that throughout the whole novel, Piggy was unnamed, no one even bothered to know his name, and he died nameless. The boys had placed an initial view on him and proceeded to not inquire about him any longer. This happens in our society on a daily basis. We place a label on someone, push them away, humiliating those who differ, and making them outcasts. I believe this was a strong statement from Golding’s perspective.

As a society, I believe Golding was trying to communicate that essentially, when the going gets tough, we just give up. When we’re faced with difficult situations or put in a predicament we’re not exactly comfortable with or is not considered our norm, we turn the other cheek and shy away from what’s in front of us. This was demonstrated within the novel as the boys we’re getting too in over their heads about their horrid fears of the beast. Not actually knowing what is was, they let their fears get the better of them without investigating, only to find out that it was the farthest thing from a beast; a simple parachutist. Obviously, their situation was different to today’s standards, but the idea’s similar.

As stated previously as a societal component, savagery played a large part throughout Lord of the Flies. This was communicated between aspects of civilization also. Both were demonstrated by Golding with a few major symbols within the novel; those being the conch shell, as well as the Lord of the flies, which both are represented by Ralph and Jack. Throughout the chapters, you see the aspects of savagery come out more with jacks’ person. From the times of leaving the signal fire in times of hunting, he has lost his sense of innocence. It became a situation of food over thought. With the conch, it was solely the deciding factor of who had authority within the group or whose turn it was to speak essentially. This still conducted order and made things run smoothly. Everyone had adapted to it for the time being until savagery took over and the killing of piggy ended the custom of the conch as well.

In conclusion, despite the various aspects William Golding has incorporated into Lord of the Flies to demonstrate the defects in society being traced to the defects in human nature, everything within the book still remains true today and I definitely believe that’s what he was going for. He wanted something for civilization to read and reflect upon and that’s exactly what I’ve done. How he’s incorporated societal views, perspectives and problems and found a way to relate it back to a group of young boys stranded on an island fighting for survival is intriguing.

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Good vs. Evil – Lord of the Flies

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

Star Wars, Superman, James Bond—all of these are stories which chronicle the ever-present warfare between good and evil. What exactly is good? How does one describe evil? The answers to these questions are highly subjective, and could be debated for years on end without ever reaching a final conclusion. However, it is widely agreed that each person is inherently born with two sides; one of which is good, the other evil. It is this sense of inherent good and evil in all of us that William Golding tried to warn and protect society against in his classic, The Lord of the Flies.

It is clear to anyone who reads this book that Golding is trying to exaggerate the inherent good and evil in the boys on the island. The boys are all well-raised, British prep school boys. They have grown up in a dignified and sophisticated society, and are by no means savage before they crash on the island. However, in a very short period of time, the boys lose the intelligence and sophistication they had been raised with, and become wild and crazy and almost completely devoid of any signs of civilization.

The boys come to the island controlled by their inherent good, but the longer they stay, the more the inherent evil begins to take over. Inherent good and evil are also represented in the book through different characters. For example, Simon seems to be the most sensitive and civilized boy on the island. He is also the only one who recognizes that the true beast on the island is inside the boys themselves. Simon represents the inherent good in human beings. However, Roger is clearly bloodthirsty with little or no concern for those he hurts when while he is trying to accomplish a task.

In fact, Roger enjoys deliberately hurting other boys on the island. Roger is representative of the inherent evil in man-kind. Through these examples and many more, Golding clearly warns us against the good and evil inside all of us. One may wonder, however, what society can do in order to help prevent catastrophe. After all, if good and evil are truly inherent—what can be done to fix the problem? Golding shows us the answer to this problem through certain events in his book. One of the most obvious examples of this is in the chapter “Huts on the Beach.

” This chapter describes the process which the boys go through to build their shelters on the beach. When they begin the first hut, all of the boys are working together. The final result it strong and of high quality. However, as work continues on the second and third huts, the boys begin to leave for an assortment of reasons—and discontinue their work on the huts. The second hut, with only a few boys working on it, does not end up as strong as the first one. Predictably, the third hut, with even less boys working on it, is of the worst quality out of the three huts.

The building of the huts shows that when the boys work together, the end product is much higher quality than when only a few boys are working to create the shelter. Symbolically, Golding is trying to tell society that if we work together, we can ultimately saves society from ourselves, and the inherent evil in all of us. Another example of this message is in an example of what will happen if society instead, continues on the path it is currently on, and people continue to right against each other rather than working together. Toward the end of the story, Jack creates his own group on the island.

This divides the island in two—Jacks’ group on Castle rock, and Ralph’s group which remains on the beach. At the time of this separation, the already lacking democracy on the island weakens drastically, and everything falls apart. Simon is killed, Piggy’s glasses are stolen, SamnEric are tortured and manipulated, Piggy is murdered, and Ralph’s life almost comes to a dramatic end. These events represent the obvious truth that when the people fight against each other, the result is extremely counter-productive, and will eventually corrupt society.

Inherent good and evil, and the qualification of each, is a topic that has been debated for centuries, and is sure to be debated in the future. We may never all agree on one true definition for good and evil. We may never even agree on whether good and evil both truly exist. However, the important thing is to realize that what Golding was trying to warn us against is a real problem. Society is heading in a negative direction, and if we don’t do something soon, it may be too late to turn back.

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