Lord of the Flies

338

A Look at Disturbing Events Highlighted in William Golding’s Book, Lord of the Flies

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

Traumatic experiences and difficult moments help to define an individual’s resilience and character. These traumatic experiences often occur during one’s adolescence and are part of one’s coming-of-age rite of passage. Whether beneficial or destructive, these significant moments alter lives irreversibly. In particular, most adolescents encounter trying times which help them to grow morally and psychologically. Usually, these pivotal moments become the focus of numerous coming-of-age novels. For instance, in Lord of the Flies by William Golding, Ralph’s experience on the deserted island irrevocably transforms his perspective of human nature. Without the presence of adults and equipped with the dizzying freedom to make his own decisions regarding good and evil, to lead a tribe of schoolboys, and to choose his group of close friends, Ralph encounters numerous unexpected challenges. By dealing with these challenges, he becomes wiser and eventually becomes to terms with “grown-up” issues.

Ralph loses his innocence and he witnesses the death of Piggy during his time on the deserted island, but he fails to fully realize the significance of these monstrous events until the conclusion of his time on the island. When the naval officers rescue Ralph and his comrades from the forest fire on the island, they jokingly inquire if casualties occurred during the boys’ “make-believe war”. At this moment, Ralph realizes the overwhelming barbarism of the boys’ conduct, and he begins to sob. Ralph weeps for the “end of innocence, the darkness of man’s heart, and the fall through the air of the true, wise friend called Piggy.” Following these tragic events, Ralph finally understands the human capacity for evil, which leaves him grappling with the notion that everyone possesses “darkness”- the capacity for evil within them. This revelation officially marks Ralph’s transition from adolescence to adulthood, signifying that the lessons he learned from his experiences on the island have made him wiser and broadened his perspective in the ways of the world. He realizes that even seemingly innocent, civilized British schoolboys possess dark, murderous tendencies that become evident without the presence of civilized society and explicit expectations for humane conduct.

The Lord of the Flies summarizes the boys’ transition from civilized individuals to savage barbarians in the absence of a civilized social construct. As the first leader of the island, Ralph initially represents the epitome of order and goodness. He governed with fair laws and democratic decision-making processes that included each member of the tribe. However, dark, powerful forces constantly challenge Ralph’s authority. The innately evil forces of fear, blood-lust, and violence become steadily apparent as the boys free themselves from the constraints of civilized society. Gripped with vengeance for losing the leadership position to Ralph, Jack leads an antagonistic faction that rebels against Ralph’s authority. Jack organizes his hunting-obsessed group and appeals to the boy’s need for nutritional meat. Jack enforces his power through a tyrannical violence. At first, Ralph and his scarce population of followers represent the forces of good whereas Jack and his followers distinctly represent evil. However, the distinct line between good and evil become increasingly blurred. Gradually, Ralph and Piggy become afflicted by these powerful evil forces, and in their desperate attempt to acquire food from Jack’s hunt, they participate in the macabre hunting reenactment that contributed to Simon’s death.

From the carefree boy that stood on his head whenever he felt the overwhelming excitement of the island to the weeping adolescent that felt the weight of the world on his shoulders, Ralph’s life drastically changes in William Golding’s bildungsroman, Lord of the Flies. Because of the obstacles he faces as well as his experience with imminent death, Ralph grows wiser throughout the novel. With this wisdom comes the burdensome knowledge of the human tendency toward barbarism. Ralph realizes that the beast exists; not as a creature that haunts the island, but as a sinister force that dwells inside of humans, waiting to be unleashed. Only society’s expectations can restrain the beast.

Because of his encounter with the darkness of human nature and his struggle to restrain the beast within himself, Ralph discovers the evil secrets of man’s heart. This evil irreversibly transformed Ralph’s perspective of humanity and leads him to become more conscious of his personal decisions. Furthermore, in Lord of the Flies, Golding demonstrates the ability of man’s innate darkness to rapidly taint innocence and overwhelm one’s civilized tendencies. This tumultuous coming-of-age tale focused on the dark, whirlwind moral and psychological development of the British schoolboys. However, the children’s marred innocence serves as a reminder that the awareness of man’s evil cannot and should not be forgotten.

Read more

324

Lord Of The Flies By William Golding: Analysis Of The Character Of Ralph

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

If a bunch of boys were stranded on a deserted island. In Lord of the Flies midst an unspecified war only boys survive an airplane crash on a deserted island. At first social structure is established, but as the plot develops order erodes. Golding, mainly known as a British novelist, was a teacher that won the Nobel Prize in Literature. The protagonist, Ralph, one of the older boys, has fair hair, is a courageous and handsome boy. In Golding’s novel Lord of the Flies Ralph is a round and dynamic character. “Justice” and “democracy” could be considered as the values of his moral code. Ralph is not the smartest, but inherently good. Ralph’s diverse personality shows roundness. Jack, Simon and Ralph discover the island during the exposition.

Ascending a mountain, Ralph initiates the echoing of words: “Ralph turned with shining eyes to the others. “Wacco. ” “Wizard. ” “Smashing. ” The cause of their pleasure was not obvious. ” (Golding 35) In the rising action during an assembly anarchic speech annoys Ralph, who is speaking from the chief’s seat: ““There’s too much talking out of turn,” Ralph said, “because we can’t have proper assemblies if you don’t stick to the rules. ” (Golding 128) Ralph’s roundness is created by this variety. During the exposition Golding presents him youthfully; “shining eyes” and letting funny words echo is typical for young boys. “There’s too much talking out of turn” expresses Ralph’s serious side, as he wants order. Golding’s choice for roundness is important to show Ralph as interesting and amusing, but possessing inherently good virtues. Despite the harsh situation Ralph experiences boyish joy. On the other hand, he is portrayed as a serious boy: he wants productive assemblies. Without his roundness Ralph would either appear as a carefree, playful boy or unexciting. The effect of the roundness Golding created on the reader is sympathetic. Ralph is a boy grown-ups adore: amusing, but diligent. His funny side is charming, whereas his seriousness shows that he is not useless. The evolution in Ralph’s personality indicates dynamicity. In the exposition Ralph is presented as a leader.

During an assembly Ralph speaks to the boys on the island to share his vision: “We’ve got to have special people for looking after the fire. Any day there may be a ship out there. ” (Golding 58) In the rising action Ralph loses faith in his authority. During a conversation with Piggy on the place for the assemblies this becomes clear; “You could …”, says Piggy. Ralph anticipates: “Call an assembly?” “Ralph laughed sharply as he said the word and Piggy frowned. ” Piggy reacts: “You’re still chief. ” “Ralph laughed again. ” (Golding 223) Through the evolution from a leader to a boy who lacks authority, Golding presents Ralph’s dynamicity. In the exposition Ralph stresses the need of order, whereas in the rising action “Ralph laughed sharply” as Piggy said, “you’re still chief”. Ralph realizes that his natural authority is not effective anymore. The importance of Golding’s choice for Ralph’s development is that Ralph starts to think more rationally. Leaders should think quickly, but without his authority Ralph can take time to consider options. He is not used to complicated thinking though, which makes him slower and obvious things confuse him later in the rising action, for example when he could not find the reason for the fire. The effect of Ralph’s dynamicity created by Golding on the plot is that it gives rise to the conflict. The more Ralph realizes his failure as a leader the more his authority decreases; Ralph’s new confusion and slowness render him eventually totally unable to control the boys, so the overall structure erodes. The antagonist, Jack benefits from the situation and leads the majority of the boys into savagery, which is the opposite of Ralph’s attempt to construct a social system.

The main values of Ralph’s moral code are “justice” and “democracy”. In the rising action there is an assembly during which the boys start to argue on the existence of things like ghosts and beasts. Since there is no general consent, Ralph proposes to vote: “We’ll have a vote on them; on ghosts I mean. ” (Golding 128) Just before the climax, Ralph approaches Jack’s tribe together with Piggy, Sam and Eric to talk about the theft of the fire and Piggy’s glasses. As Jack is not open for discussion Ralph gets really angry: “You could have had fire whenever you wanted. But you didn’t. You came sneaking up like a thief and stole Piggy’s glasses!” “. . . ” “You’re a beast and a swine and a bloody, bloody thief!” (Golding 258) Golding presents Ralph’s strong moral sensibility based on democracy and justice through his actions: Ralph’s urge to vote for example is based on democracy. Right before the climax, Ralph is very mad at Jack because of his unfair actions and calls him a “bloody thief”. Therefore justice must be really important to him. Golding’s choice to present Ralph as a highly moral is important because by seeing the boys evolving towards savagery Ralph learns that the inherently dark and savage nature of mankind is very hard to fight. In the nature of boys sense for democracy and justice can hardly be found, which infuriates him. The effect of Ralph’s high morality on the theme is that the theme gains shape. One of the main themes in Lord of the Flies is the importance of social construct. Ralph embodies democracy, which contrasts with the true values of the majority of the other boys. Through this contrast and the lesson Ralph learns about mankind one of the true themes of the book is shaped and expressed.

It is clear that in Golding’s Lord of the Flies the round and dynamic Ralph epitomizes “justice” and “democracy”. I would not be excited for long intellectual talks with Ralph. However, his inherently naïve, but good virtues do shape him as a trustworthy friend. Ralph’s evolution drives the plot and what he learns shapes the theme. These characteristics make him very important to the novel as the protagonist.

Read more

214

The Problems Preventing Solar Energy Manufacturing Adoption in India

March 18, 2021 by Essay Writer

China is the sector’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases. Its water, air, and soil are closely polluted. China’s speedy industrialization has lifted hundreds of thousands out of poverty. However, it has come to an environmental fee. Its boom is based on coal and the dirtiest fossil gasoline. This contributes to excessive stages of air pollution in towns together with Beijing. China’s leadership sees pollution as a danger to social stability. Citizens have protested about pollutants and poor air first-rate. The government is likewise concerned about the impact of health. It has launched programmes to smooth up its surroundings and improve its air high quality. The management recognizes the risks posed by way of whether trade and sees the economic possibilities in growing renewable energy. In 2015, China expanded its sun ability via 74%. Making it the sector’s biggest manufacturer of solar electricity.

In 2015, China invested $111bn in smooth electricity. It plans to boom this to $361bn with the aid of 2020. China is reluctant to surrender coal but it is far nicely aware of the costs. Like the USA, steps returned from tackling climate exchange there are hopes that China will fill the gap. China – China passed Germany as the sector’s biggest manufacturer of photovoltaic strength in 2015, extensively helped by the truth that the USA. Is also the sector’s largest manufacturer of solar panels? In fact, China has already handed its government’s 2020 target for solar installations, assisting to offset the USA’s massive carbon footprint. Japan – With its advanced technology and manufacturing industries, Japan became capable of generating almost 5% of its general energy intake from solar energy in 2016. For the reason that Fukushima Daiichi nuclear catastrophe the Japanese government has approached solar energy with power, and it has set targets for 28 GW and 53 GW for 2020 and 2030, respectively.

Germany – Germany has been among the leaders in manufacturing of photovoltaic power for years and turned into one of the first international locations to introduce grid-scale sun electricity in 2004. Renewable power is considered an excessive precedence by means of the nation’s government, which objectives to supply 80% of energy from renewable sources via 2050. US – the USA is domestic to some of the arena’s largest sun strength flora, even as home photovoltaic installations are also popular. Many person states have set bold renewable energy goals surrounding sun electricity, and the solar industry lately overtook oil, gasoline, and coal inside the provision of employment. Italy – despite the fact that Italy has historically depended on overseas imports for a sizable proportion of its electricity, recent years have visible rapid boom within the USA’s solar strength technology and the advent of beneficent government schemes to incentivize home renewable strength production. After the ECU set a goal to generate 20% of energy from renewable sources with the aid of 2020, Italy turned into one in every of 11 international locations to reach the objective years in advance of the cut-off date. UK – authorities tasks encouraging faculties, groups, and houses to introduce sun panels, along with a lower in the value of photovoltaic generation, have helped the United Kingdom set up itself as the leading USA.

In sun energy production. In 2016, 3. 4% of power within the UK has generated the usage of solar electricity, and the government expects that four million homes will be sun-powered by way of 2020. India – a country with one of the fastest-developing sun industries, India quadrupled its sun-technology ability from 2014 to 2017. In addition to that specialize in the grid-scale photovoltaic era; India is introducing sun merchandise to rural, energy-deprived regions to minimize reliance on fossil fuels. The following are the roadblocks, which are preventing Technology A from being adopted in India due to – Issues on immense sun-powered vitality mix with the network – rather than coal, and fuel principally constructed power plants in light of which the electrical utilities have trusted for right around a century; Sun-controlled assignments are not fit for creating power on interest. Loss of sunlight or floating of mists over a sun-based plant can diminish its capacity yield extensively, and if the plant is giving the principal extent of the network’s vitality, this quick absence of power can realize the loss of the lattice recurrence appropriately underneath 50 Hz, causing framework unsteadiness or even a power outage. Underneath such examples, while not having an adequate guide from other customary and sustainable sources, it may be uncommonly difficult to play out a powerful framework with such an enormous measure of sun-based vitality. The absence of essential transmission offices – Solar plants have a low incubation length and, thusly, a put off in their network with the matrix may furthermore present basic issues related with gainfulness and feasibility of huge sun based plants. Thus, making arrangements and change of transmission machine must be attempted legitimately sooner than the implantation of network intelligent sun power.

In the Indian circumstance, numerous states are well off in sustainable power source age and can wind up power overflow, while numerous different states, particularly in the Northern segment generally need extra power. A decent method to solidly use the period from sun-based power, solid clearing foundation is mandatory. Low execution, declining yield, and intemperate substitution costs – The Conversion execution of thin film (7– 13%) is a mess diminish than crystalline silicon sun based cells. inferable from the low execution, the thin film innovation requires an outstandingly preferable region over that required with the guide of a crystalline period for the indistinguishable capability of the power plant. saving in musings the shortage of land for sun based errands in heaps of states, this component merits intrigue. further, because of the bigger unfurl place of thin-film exhibits, the cabling cost alongside both material charges of link and work expense of establishment can be superior to anything its crystalline partner will. on account of thin-film sun cells, smaller scale splits show up because of the temperature distinction among the best and base layers, causing comparatively decay of their general execution on account of the entrance of dampness. thin film SPV vitality plants ought to obligatorily refresh 1% of modules for every year that expands the incentive also. in this manner, overreliance on the thin film innovation may also affect the gainfulness and long-term suitability of the sun quality undertakings with a set term (25 years) vitality purchase Agreements (PPA).

Future development perils related with thin-film modules – Massive amounts of thin film modules with poor agreeable at the appearance of alleged low esteem are being dumped in India with the guide of outside versatile makers who appreciate extensive nation sponsorship to practice savage estimating and, along these lines, crush the home sun industry. In 2011, thin film time represented eleven% extent in the worldwide market and is anticipated to curtail to 7% through 2019 in view of inconveniences related with keeping up the favoured execution stage and high elective costs. Underneath such events, high dependence on thin-film innovations in India’s sun-powered activities may be a temperamental suggestion. Over that, exorbitant import reliance on sun oriented cells and modules have its own one of kind consequences on India’s capacity security. Ecological impacts – Electricity from sunlight-based power is not as unpractised in light of the fact that it has been depicted. Indeed, even from the natural perspective, in the meantime, as sunlight based power vegetation contain tons bring down carbon outflows over their ways of life cycle than coal fundamentally based vegetation, sun-oriented vitality isn’t in every case totally “smooth”. Generation a photovoltaic (PV) sun cell requires a lot of intensity beginning from the mining of quartz sand to the covering with ethylene-vinyl acetic acid derivation – frequently got from the consuming of grimy petroleum products. While there is no carbon, discharge related with the period of intensity from sun-oriented power, there are outflows related with various degrees of the PV presence cycle, for example, inside the extraction of crude materials, materials generation, module producer, and machine/plant perspective make. India, without finish end-of-life administration rules for PV modules, does not require PV makers/designers to have broadened maker obligation applications. Thinking about overwhelming dependence on imported PV cells and modules and furthermore considering the huge organization of thin film PV modules, India’s strong sun-powered limit expansion objectives upgrade extreme inconveniences related with wellness, assurance, and natural damage, which need to be disguised into the ways of life cycle costs.

The sustainable power source is an unmistakable victor concerning boosting the economy and making employment. The sustainable power source is presently huge and is not anymore a specialty fuel. Non-renewable energy sources (coal, oil, fuel, and gas) are initially framed from plants and creatures that lived a huge number of years prior and ended up covered far below the Earth’s surface. These then overall changed into the burnable materials that we utilize today for fuel. The soonest known petroleum derivative stores are from around 500 million years back, when the greater part of the real gatherings of creatures originally showed up on Earth. The later petroleum derivatives, for example, peat or lignite coal (delicate coal), started shaping from around five million years prior. Right now, we are (over) dependent on non-renewable energy sources to warm our homes, run our autos, control our workplaces, industry, and assembling, and react to our voracious want to control the majority of our electrical products. Almost the majority of the vitality expected to meet our requests – 80 percent of worldwide vitality – originates from consuming petroleum products. At the present rate of worldwide vitality requests, petroleum products cannot renew quick enough to meet these developing needs. The (over)consumption of these non-inexhaustible powers has been connected to the outflow of ozone-depleting substances and contaminations into the environment – the main source of a worldwide temperature alteration and environmental change. The sustainable power source is vitality that is gotten from normal procedures (e. g. daylight and wind). Sunlight based, wind, geothermal, hydropower, bioenergy and sea control are wellsprings of the sustainable power source.

As of now, renewables are used in the power, warming and cooling and transport parts. The sustainable power source, overall, gives just around 7 percent of the world’s vitality needs. This implies petroleum derivatives, alongside atomic vitality — a non-sustainable power source — are providing 93% of the world’s vitality assets. Atomic vitality (a disputable vitality source among popular sentiment) at present gives 6% of the world’s vitality supplies. Consuming petroleum products makes carbon dioxide, the principle ozone-depleting substance producer that adds to an Earth-wide temperature boost, which hit its top in 2012. Over the most recent 30 years, temperatures have ascended to the hottest since records started. In the event that we keep on directing ozone-depleting substances into our condition, the normal worldwide temperature could increment by 1°C to 4°C by 2100.

Regardless of whether we changed today to utilizing more sustainable assets rather than petroleum products, for instance, increments could be between 1 to 2. 5°C. India has been an observer to incessant vitality neediness and very nearly, one-fifth of its populace is without access to power. This likewise clarifies why India’s per capita power utilization is among the most minimal on the planet has appeared. Moreover, the accessibility of power in numerous regions is constrained to a couple of hours amid the day. In this way, at present, a lot of interest is neglected inferable from restricted accessibility and availability of power. India is inexhaustibly supplied with all types of sustainable power source assets. Sustainable power sources and advances can possibly give answers for the longstanding vitality issues being looked at by the creating nations like India. Sunlight based vitality can be an imperative piece of India’s arrangement not exclusively to add new limit yet additionally to build vitality security, address ecological concerns, and lead the gigantic market for the sustainable power source. Sun oriented warm power (STE) otherwise called focusing sunlight based power (CSP) are rising sustainable power source advancements and can be produced as the future potential choice for power age in India. In this paper, endeavors’ have been made to abridge the accessibility, status, procedures, points of view, advancement approaches, significant accomplishments and future capability of sun based vitality choices in India.

The investigation advocates for patching up state-wise sun oriented limit expansion target in view of the sun-powered Vitality capability of the state; more noteworthy accentuation on CSP advancements and de-brought together uses of sunlight based power. A CSP plant can be combined with traditional coal or gas based warm power, and in this manner sparing fuel. Accentuation ought to likewise be given on gas-SPV cross breed control plants in urban territories. It is generally acknowledged that in the rising and less created nations, provincial zap can essentially add to monetary improvement. Focusing extensive sun based limit at one place, despite the fact that has the advantages of economies of scale, however auxiliary costs, for example, augmented transmission lines, substantial transformer stations and so forth and the loss of favorable position of geological assorted variety are frequently disregarded. A smaller scale or little network, with appropriated vitality age, stay away from high interest in transmission foundation. Taking a gander at the expansive number of un-zapped family units, control deficiency, high T and D misfortunes, poor matrix network and poor monetary status of the circulation organizations and furthermore tuned in to the worldwide pattern, it would be more proper to advance decentralized sun oriented applications in India. It is additionally critical to make a vigorous residential assembling base for sun-powered cells, modules and other supporting instruments in accordance with Indian Leader’s “Make in India” crusade. This will not just make more occupations, yet additionally, protect our economy from outside unsettling influences. Likewise, with such a huge spotlight on sunlight based power, a far-reaching end-of-life administration enactment and strategies for PV modules requiring PV makers/designers to have expanded maker duty require critical consideration.

The Inexhaustible Buy Commitments ought to be made more enforceable. In this specific circumstance, there is a pressing need to de-politicize India’s vitality area to make Discoms as autonomous benefit focuses. At last, India must investigate all supply choices that incorporate traditional and sustainable power sources like sun oriented, twist, little hydro and biomass to connect the blossoming request supply hole. The spotlight ought to be given on cleaner coal advancements alongside atomic power for India’s base load control age. Cleaner coal innovations like super and ultra-supercritical burning advancements, coal-to-gas innovation have the capacity to limit the outflow of ozone-depleting substances from warm plants because of their higher warm productivity. Household coal ought to be our real wellspring of vitality with a specific end goal to make vitality cost reasonable. It is likewise critical to quicken “India’s three-phase atomic projects” with the goal that we can use our tremendous thorium save to deliver power at stage three. The re-established enthusiasm for atomic vitality in cutting-edge economies like the US, France, and Germany gives a critical flag of its suitability and wellbeing. Vitality protection and vitality effectiveness upgrades have critical possibilities to lessen vitality utilization, which has a coordinate bearing on outflow decrease at a lower cost.

Read more

296

Negative Consequences Of Fear In “Lord Of The Flies” By William Golding

December 9, 2020 by Essay Writer

Imagine that you have been on an air crash; you land on an island in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. You have nothing except for fear. What would you do? Fear, is not only an emotion frightens you, but it also would come along with other undesired influences. In the novel “Lord of The Flies” by William Golding explains this point perfectly through the survival of a group of young boys on an isolated island.

Throughout the entire story, fear brings about several negative consequences to people, such as, weakening courage, losing mind, and preventing people from doing appropriate things. First of all, fear is likely to weaken people’s courage. In other words, it makes people cowardly. In the beginning of the novel, the boys didn’t express much fear against the beastie in the jungle. They still had adventurousness to explore around the island and ignite fire to make signal on the mountains. However, the circumstances changed after they discovered something that made their hair stand on end. “No go, Piggy. We’ve got no fire. That thing sits up there – We’ll have to stay here”. This speech from Ralph responded to Piggy reveals that he had been completely defeated by fear. He didn’t dare to go up the mountains anymore. He was not as brave to take risks as he used to be. The contrast above distinctly identifies that fear reduces courage.

Other than weakening people’s courage, fear will also result in losing people’s mind. One, Two, fear leads people to make impulse decisions and judgments that end up with grave consequences such as death. “Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood! Do him in!” This speech was yelled out by a bunch of boys when the saw the “beastie” ran towards them. However, this is an example of dramatic irony, the “beastie” was actually Simon who was going to announce that the “beastie” they saw is only a dead body of a pilot. As the boys were nervous and panic awfully, they murdered the “beastie” – Simon without even thinking twice. As a result, they made a careless and serious mistake which is enough to attest that fear will lose people’s ability to think. Thirdly, fear is apt to prevent people from doing appropriate things. According to the novel, at the beginning of chapter five, Ralph used the conch, which is a symbol of power, to convene an assembly in order to censure the kids for their failure to obey the rules. Due to the fear of unknown and beastie, the boy wandered around anxiously instead of courage.

Read more

325

Survival – a Theme in “Lord of the Flies

December 9, 2020 by Essay Writer

Survival is a theme in Lord of the Files because of the way that it changes the humanity in the boys and because survival is the most important factor of survival. In the begining the boys were worried about surviving, finding out where they were. Signal fire was started, and the boys tried their best to keep it running. In the end, the boys had to fight for survival against Jack’s tribe, eventually survivors would rescue the boys who were left.

The boys followed the Hyerarchy of Needs, beggining with things like shelter and water, they eventually develop their own government, electing Ralph as leader. Ralph seemed to be more aware of the fact they had to keep themselves alive, worried more about keeping the fire going and having basic needs of survival. They created a hunting party to kill pigs and get meat. They also gathered fruit. They built huts for shelter.

Jack cared more about hunting and messing around, never worried about the problem at hand. He wanted power over the boys and didn’t care much about survival. Jack was the first to lose his humanity as his savage nature took over.. The signal fire was a huge symbol for survival in the Lord of the Flies, which was the only way for them to be noticed for rescue, to cook food, and stay warm.

Peggy kept Ralph in line and helped him keep his focus on getting rescued instead of giving himself over to the beast. Peggy symbolized order on the island. Peggy’s specs lit the fire that allowed the boys to be rescued and survive. The fire was necessary in their survival because it allowed thr officer to find them. They lost their identities as their survival instincts took over. The order they established on the island fell apart when the beast became a reality. The boys went to extreme measures to survive.

The conch symbolized authority and government. Ralph and Peggy respected the conch and taught it was necessary in survival. In the beginning the conch helped them create rules to help them survive. The idea of having to keep themselves alive eventually pushed the boys to the savage ways towards the end of the novel. The term „Survival of the Fittest” really played a role, as the boys had to fight to stay alive after the fighting behind the two tribes broke out.

At the end of the story, survival and rescue came for the remaining boys. Survival made itself evident throughout the whole novel, whether it be in a good or bad way.

Read more

245

Nature Settings: Symbolism and Shaping Perception

December 9, 2020 by Essay Writer

Natural occurrences are often portrayed in literature as accurate reflections of mankind’s actions. In William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, the weather patterns frequently correspond to the happenings on the island. Upon the arrival of the schoolboys, the island is plagued by destruction caused by their irresponsible actions. On various other occasions, the weather predicts coming incidents, including death and rescue. Natural occurrences often serve as visual representations of how the boys feel. However, the first evident connection between the boys and the natural setting is the destruction that the characters inflict on the island.

The instant the boys arrive, they immediately disturb the bliss on the island and begin to destroy the natural and pristine setting. Upon the children’s arrival, they create “the scar” which is the location where the plane crashed. This event is the first form of damage they inflict on the island. Shortly after their arrival the boys begin to adapt to their surroundings; Ralph creates the idea of a signal fire, which the boys quickly agree to. Despite the good sense behind this new feature, their placement of it was thoughtless. This lack of judgement leads to the first forest fire: “Beneath the dark canopy of leaves and smoke the fire laid hold on the forest and began to gnaw. Acres of black and yellow smoke rolled steadily toward the sea” (44). Because this idea was not well thought through, it contributed to the destruction of the island. And this was not the only occasion when fire caused havoc on an isolated location as a result of their actions. Later, the savage boys on the island are overpowered by the need to kill Ralph and almost kill themselves in the process. In the attempt to assassinate him, a forest is set on fire once again, but far more severely this time: “Now the fire was nearer; those volleying shots were great limbs, trunks even, bursting. The fools!” (198). The absent-minded decisions the boys have made have further pushed the island toward complete ruin. In addition to setting the fires, the boys also affect the well-being of the island through their shifts of attitude. The boys quickly become lazy and ignore the rules put in place in order to help maintain the purity of the land, leading them to contaminate the island with man-made waste: “We chose those rocks right along the bathing pool as a lavatory. That was sensible too.” (80). Specifically here, the younger characters are becoming careless of the rules, corrupting the cleanliness of the island with their own pollution.

The next key reason that will establish the connection between nature and the boys is the foreshadowing created by the depictions of weather. As the island is quickly established as a Utopian paradise, any change of weather is easy to notice, further showing the change of the proper school boys into savages. The first significant alteration in the weather involves the clouds forming above the land: “Over the island the buildup of clouds continued” (145). Due to the fact that the island sky is consistently clear, the clouds become more meaningful when presented in this scenario. The darkness that forms over the island enhances Simon’s terrible position, and the negative energy around him foreshadows more doom to come. During the final battle between the savages and Ralph, the sun appears once again, adding hope to the sense of doom within the situation: “He could see the sun-splashed ground over an area of perhaps fifty yards from where he lay, and as he watched, the sunlight in every patch blinked at him” (197). Since the sun is a symbolic representation of a hero and light symbolically represents hope, the shining of sunlight foreshadows the near rescue from the Navy officers.

The collective emotional state of the boys is also reflected by the natural settings on more than one occasion. At the time that the boys arrive, the setting is bright and beautiful: “The shore was fledged with palm trees. These stood or leaned or reclined against the light and their green feathers were a hundred feet up in the air” (9). When the boys enter this location, they become overjoyed with their new-found freedom and with the absence of adult authority. The overwhelming euphoria in this situation is expressed by the surroundings. Although the weather often reflects the optimism and joy in certain situations, it can have a negative association as well. When the boys kill Simon, the weather changes to mirror the savage action they have just completed: “Then the clouds opened and let down the rain like a waterfall. The water bounded from the mountain top, tore leaves and branches from the trees, poured like a cold shower” (153). The rain in this instant is used to encompass a variety of emotions. Sorrow, an impulse commonly associated with rain, is present in this situation due to the loss of an innocent child. The guilt in this scenario is only felt by those who have remained civilized; the rain symbolizes the overcoming rush of emotions perceived by those in grief. Yet violence is demonstrated by the savages in this scene as they attack Simon viciously: “At once the crowd surged after it, poured down the rock, leapt on to the beast, screamed, struck, bit, tore” (153). The description of the boys murdering Simon is represented by how violently the rain is striking the island, hence giving the same uncontrollable characteristic to both savage and civilized. As the physical deterioration of the island occurs, the mental deterioration of the boys is also occurring, further creating the connection between the settings and the characters.

Within Golding’s narrative, the connection between the young boys and natural setting is significant due to the effects that these two aspects of the narrative exert on one another. As the boys destroy their temporary home with reckless ideas, they are leaving a physical impact on the island that reflects their inner feelings. The environment not only parallels the past actions of the boys, but also predicts the boys’ future actions as well. Essentially, the weather and setting act as mirrors–and frighteningly lucid ones–for many of the children’s emotions.

Read more

243

The Theme of Savagery versus Civilisation in The Lord of the Flies by William Golding

December 9, 2020 by Essay Writer

The Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a novel in which the theme of savagery versus civilisation is explored. Some British boys are stranded on an isolated island at the time of an imaginary nuclear war. On the island we see conflict between two main characters, Jack and Ralph, who respectively represent civilisation and savagery. This has an effect on the rest of the boys throughout the novel as they delve further and further into savagery.

The theme of savagery versus civilisation is first introduced to us through the symbol of the conch shell which we associate with Ralph as he is the person who first uses it and becomes the elected leader of the boys. This symbolises authority amongst the boys. At the first assembly Ralph says “I’ll give the conch to the next person to speak…he won’t be interrupted”. This suggests civilisation as Ralph is allowing each boy to have an equal say and opinion. If they have the conch, no matter who they are or what age they are they will be given the chance to speak and will be listened to by the rest of the boys. The boys have created the island to be a democratic place which shows a civilised side to them as they try to mimic the homes they have just left.

Contrasting with the symbol of the conch is the symbol of the beast which comes to be associated with Jack as by the end of the novel he is almost devil worshipping it. The beast begins as a “snake thing” but by the end of the novel it has become “the Lord of the Flies”. The first quote shows us that the beast is clearly evil. Western society considers snakes to be bad omens because it was a snake that led Eve to eat from the tree of knowledge. However at this stage of the novel the beast is quite insubstantial as it is only a “thing”. As the boys fear of the beast grows so to does the beast itself until it has manifested into the devil – the ultimate and most powerful evil. He has a strong status as a Lord although it is over something pretty disgusting – the flies. The boys belief in the beast leads them to behave more like savages as they act out from their fear and they begin to loose hold of the rules, led by Jack, thus demonstrating the theme of savagery.

One of ways Golding shows conflict between savagery and civilisation is when Jack and some of the other boys are killing the first pig. Jack chants “kill the pig, cut her throat, spill the blood”. This suggests savagery as the boys are being violent and aggressive when killing the pig and they don’t care about it. This is particularly clear through Golding’s word choice. Jack talks about cutting the pig’s throat which makes it sound like a savage action and spilling her blood which reinforces the lack of care and feeling shown towards the pug’s carcass. This shows that the boys are no longer feeling guilty about what they have done thus showing them becoming savages.

We can see the conflict between savagery and civilisation developing further when Piggy’s glasses are broken. We are told “Piggy cried out in terror ‘my specs!” This shows us that the boys savage natures are beginning to overule their more civilised sides. At the start of the book Jack would never have dared touch Piggy, but here he actually snaps and goes for Piggy who he despises. We can tell that Piggy is really scared as Golding chooses the words “cried” and “terror” to describe the scene. Piggy sounds like he is hurting and is genuinely terrified about what Jack might do to him and the loss of his sight. Piggy’s glasses have also come to represent intelligence on the island, with them breaking we see that the pathway to savagery is now completely open for the boys. This is the first true piece of violence between the two factions on the island and it will result in nearly all the boys becoming savages.

A final way in which we see the theme of savagery versus civilisation being demonstrated is when Ralph sticks up for Piggy after he is attacked by Jack. Ralph says “that was a dirty trick”. This shows that Ralph is really angry at Jack for what he said and did to Piggy. He is still attempting to impose himself as leader here as he says this in an aggressive and assertive tone. This suggests there is still some glimmers of civilisation on the island at this point as there is still someone with a sense of moral goodness ready to fight for justice.

In conclusion

The Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a novel in which the theme of savagery versus civilisation is shown. Ralph represents civilisation as he wants to enforce rules and let everyone have an equal say. Whereas Jack who represents savagery as he rules over the boys and he is not interested in what they have to say. Through the boys actions Golding shows us that we need rules and to consciously impose them to make sure society functions properly.

Read more

290

Lord of the Flies: The Analysis of the Gender-Related Impact

December 9, 2020 by Essay Writer

Did the role of gender have any influence on the actions in the well known novel the Lord of the Flies? Would things have turned out differently if it was all girls stranded on the island, instead of all boys? Gender criticism explores the differences between men and women, the gender stereotypes that are enforced by today’s society, and how William Golding portrays the role of gender in his novel, the Lord of the Flies.

Men and women have some clashing characteristics that separate themselves from each other. For instance, men have larger hearts and lungs, and they have higher amounts of testosterone, which makes them 30% stronger than women. Men are more violent and physical, while women are more emotional and gentle. Also, men and women process information differently, because of differences in a portion of the brain called the splenium. A woman’s splenium is much larger and has more brain wave activity. Women have better night vision, and see better at the red end of the light spectrum, and have better visual memory, while men see better in the daylight. When women try to solve a problem, they often rely on help from those close to them. Women will talk through their problem, discussing the situation in detail, and how they could solve it. While reaching the solution is important, how they solve the situation is important too. Men like to dominate the problem and use it as an opportunity to demonstrate their ability.

Society and media has a huge role in enforcing gender stereotypes. Male images in today’s world portray the male race as being dominating and violent, strong and overpowering. These stereotypical portrayals target young men and make them think that in order to live up to society’s standards, they must resort to aggressive and dominant behavior. Female stereotypes are totally opposite. The media portrays women to be very “ladylike”. They show women as caring, passive, polite, and nurturing. Parents usually raise boys on aggressive sports, such as football or hockey, which encourage competition and violence. Girls, however, are generally brought up on “feminine” activities, such as dance or figure skating, which promote a gentle nature. When a boy shows more interest in dolls than in trucks, his family may be distressed, and provoke him to reveal his “masculine” side. Displays of emotion by boys are often criticized for being “unmanly”, whereas emotional behavior in girls tends to be expected and accepted. As a result, boys tend to not only hide their feelings, but criticize others for showing their emotions. Girls, on the other hand, encourage one another to express feelings and console one another naturally.

In The Lord of the Flies, we are made aware that all of these boys come from boarding schools, an early indication that they have been kept from the company of females from an early age. William Golding isolated these boys from the opposite sex, showing us the nature of men alone. Had females been in the same situation as the boys in the Lord of the Flies, we can infer that they would have fared considerably different. The Venture Theater in Montana staged two versions of the Lord of the Flies, one male, one female. “The girls are more psychological and the boys are more physical,” said Wood, the director. During rehearsal, the boys stomped around an imaginary campfire with great intensity, alternatively screaming, “Kill the beast” and “Kill the pig.” When the girls rehearsed the same scene, their dance was much more choreographed with each girl moving independent of the others. During the dialogue scenes, the girls used body language and tone of voice to show their savagery. The boys would just let whatever felt right come out. Girls are masters of the nasty and well-known talking-behind-your-back-and-make-everyone-hate-you trick. Any and every girl, even the sweetest, has this talent, and it can and will reveal itself under dire circumstances. The girls don’t need to become savages to outcast someone. But savages they would very well become anyway. The evil would reach them eventually just as it took over the boys. Order would be lost, and although there wouldn’t be as much violence as there was with the boys, rivalries would still be manifested.

In conclusion, gender played a huge role in the Lord of the Flies. Physical differences between men and women, media stereotypes on ideal gender conduct, and family socialization, are all factors that contribute to the actions of the boys on the island, and how things would’ve turned out had it been girls instead of boys.

Read more

238

Lord of the Flies by Golding : the Light in the Dark

December 9, 2020 by Essay Writer

The Light in the Dark

In the midst of darkness, there is light. Light is often used as a symbol for purity and divinity. The evil of human nature often exposes the inner darkness that lies within people. Those who do not let their human nature take over are the light that strays away from the darkness. This becomes clear in Lord of the Flies. A plane crash leaves a group of boys stranded on an island. As time passes they become progressively more barbaric and turn into savages, except for one boy named Simon. In the last four paragraphs of the chapter entitled “A View to Death” in Lord of the Flies, Golding uses an abundance of light imagery in his descriptions of the sky and water, of the creatures, and of Simon himself in order to suggest the apotheosis of Simon.

The light imagery used in the sky and water glorified Simon. Golding emphasizes the skies description to show Simon’s character. He talks about how “the sky was scattered” with the “incredible lamp of stars”. The clearing of the sky to show the bright stars implies Simon’s significance. He is only one who recognizes the true beasts on the island. Golding uses the “lamp of stars” to signify Simon’s apotheosis because gods are often looked upon as bright and holy. He does this to highlight Simon’s innate goodness. Golding uses the water that surrounds Simon’s body to convey a holy image. The “streak of phosphorescence” and “the great tide flowed”. The phosphorescence provides more light to the scene while the tide represents the cleansing of Simon from his sins to prepare him for ascension. Golding symbolizes the water as a separation of Simon and the savages on the island. Simon is calm and orderly unlike them. The author shows the transition of the sky to contrast the chaos of the killing. As the “rain ceased” the “clouds drifted away”. The drifting of the clouds clears up the sky, indicating calm and peacefulness. This represents the transition from darkness the savages ushered upon the island to Simon’s tranquil ascension. This transition puts emphasis on Simon’s goodness against the opposing evilness. Golding uses the planets above to represent Simon’s ascension. “Over the darkened curve of the world the sun and moon were pulling”. The earth’s gravity pulls the moon and the Sun’s gravity pulls the Earth. This illustrates Simon’s body being pulled to a greater place, namely heaven. The environment, particularly the sky and water, portrayed by light imagery indicates Simon’s innocence.

The creatures and Simon’s body also signify his apotheosis. Golding depicts the bright creatures surround Simon to glorify his body. The “creatures busied themselves round his head”. The creatures convey an image of a halo. Halos generally surround godly or enlightened beings. Golding uses the image of a halo to show how Simon has qualities of enlightened beings as he is the only pure and holy one on the island. The author also uses Simon’s body to parallel him to Christ. His body “laid huddled on the pale beach”. Golding does not specify how he laid but could be interpreted similarly to Jesus’s death. Showing the similar qualities between the two, Simon represents the Christ figure in the story. He finds food for the boys and died while trying to spread the truth. Golding then beautifies Simon’s body to highlight his significance. Nature dressed Simon’s “coarse hair with brightness” and the “line of his cheek silvered”. The silver and brightness add further radiance to Simon. Nature can often be harsh and unyielding as portrayed in the other parts of the book; but in this scene, nature seems to be accepting Simon. This presents Simon as a unique person since he is the only character to present natural goodness. Golding also depicts Simon’s body disappearing out to the sea to show the loss of goodness. Simon’s “dead body moved out toward the open sea”. As Simon’s body floats away, so does the light on the island. This is significant because, without the light, the boys will quickly plunge the island into darkness. Through the image of the creatures and the portrayal of his body, Simon is created as a holy and blissful character.

Golding describes many aspects of the environment such as the sky, the water, the creatures, and Simon’s body using light imagery while indicating Simon’s apotheosis. The purity and goodness of humanity can easily be taken over. While the boys lose their humanity, Simon remains unchanged. Simon is deified repeatedly throughout the chapter, showing that he stands out from the others due to his good qualities.

Read more

248

The Frightening Character of Jack in Lord of the Flies

December 9, 2020 by Essay Writer

In his novel, ‘Lord of the Flies’, Golding highlights Jack and one of the story’s pivotal characters. Whilst it may originally appear that Jack is just one of the many confused boys on the island, Golding quickly sets Jack aside from the other boys by establishing his frightening character. In this essay I will analyse and explore the linguistic techniques and structural elements of Golding’s writing to determine the ways in which they present Jack as such a frightening figure throughout the novel.

Golding presents Jack as such a frightening character in the novel as he describes how naturally ruthless he is. Golding describes how ‘he gave orders, sang, whistled, threw remarks at the silent Ralph’. The juxtaposition between giving orders and pleasant activities such as singing and whistling, combined with the aggressive lexis ‘threw’, demonstrates how Jack lacks boundaries and that in his mind, the difference between right and wrong is extremely ambiguous, hence why it is so easy for Jack to be ruthless. The lexis ‘silent’ has connotations of vulnerability, Golding’s intention being to reveal how Jack thrives on Ralph’s shortcomings, particularly because at the beginning of the novel, Ralph is presented as a strong orator and is listened to by all the boys. Golding makes explicit the contrast between these two characters, with the intention of foreshadowing later events in the novel whereby Jack rather easily assumes the role of leader, depriving Ralph of the title. This indeed makes Jack a frightening figure as the reader feels sympathetic towards Ralph and his weakness compared to Jack’s power. Jack’s natural brutality is seen elsewhere in the novel as Golding describes how ‘[Jack’s] laughter became a bloodthirsty snarling.’ This is another example of juxtaposition whereby Golding contrasts his innocent qualities with his affinity for savagery. Because these two different sides of Jack’s temperament are so ambiguous, the reader is constantly uncertain of which ‘version’ of Jack to expect, indeed presenting him as a frightening character. Furthermore, the animalistic imagery in the lexis ‘snarling’ is symbolic of Jacks decline into evil, the dehumanisation indeed presenting him as a frightening character by implying he lacks self-control and the basic human moral instinct for right and wrong. Here Golding’s intention was to forewarn the reader that Jack’s primitive nature is something which does indeed become very dangerous later in the novel, making him a frightening character since at this point the reader is afraid of the possible consequence that may arise as a result of Jack’s instinctive brutality.

Furthermore, Golding makes Jack a frightening figure in the novel when exploring his style and success as leader of the boys on the island. After Jack has achieved the role of leader, Golding describes how Jack ‘painted and garlanded, sat there like an idol’, this simile implying that Jack is indeed a leader, but more so a king or a god, the religious connotations of the lexis ‘idol’, implying that the boys, instead of just merely obeying Jack, now worship him, indeed presenting Jack as a frightening character as the reader questions how such an ordinary boy managed to obtain such invincible power. Furthermore, the powerful descriptive noun ‘idol’ implies Jack has a considerable amount of control over the boys and the island and Golding’s intention by implying as such was to create a foreboding tone whereby the reader considers what consequences could ensue now that Jack, an extremely evil yet cunning character, has control over the minds of so many impressionable young boys, indeed making him a very frightening figure. The progression of Jack’s power amongst the boys increases very steadily throughout the novel; in chapter 1 Jack struggles to even be considered as leader, so that fact that now he has totally managed to convince so many boys of his capability as leader, reveals Jack’s manipulative disposition, presenting him as a potentially dangerous and frightening character. In addition, Jack’s totalitarian leadership style speaks a lot about his moral values, or lack of them. This is evident when the reader witnesses a turning point in the novel whereby Jack decides that ‘the conch doesn’t count at the top of the mountain’. This imperative is extremely powerful and definite, emphasises Jack’s power as he establishes leadership for one of the first times in the novel. The harsh alliteration creates a very aggressive tone, which considering Jack is already so aggressive at this point relatively early on in his obtainment of power, foreshadows all the extreme brutality that is yet to come in the novel. Golding’s intention at this point was to ensure the reader feels suitably intimidated by Jack, indeed making his character a frightening one.

In addition, Golding implies that a great deal of Jack’s frightening nature is simply a result of his confident persona, in that he is not afraid to establish dominance and generally lacks the instinctive fear that is present amongst many of the other boys on the island. At the beginning of the novel Jack exclaims that ‘[He] ought to be leader’, and Golding immediately enables the reader to understand that Jack is a very arrogant and indeed frightening figure. The lexis ‘ought’ implies Jack feels particularly entitled and by placing him in a dystopian environment, Golding allows Jack to thrive and gain power, his immediately evident assertive and self-assured disposition foreshadowing his impending establishment of leadership. Jack’s frightening amount of confidence is often displayed in moments of conflict, particularly those throughout the novel that involve Ralph. In chapter 11, arguably at one of Jack’s most brutal moments, Golding illustrates how ‘viciously, with full intention, [Jack] held his spear at Ralph’. This moment is very dramatic in that the fate of both characters, indeed that of Ralph considerably more so, is uncertain. Golding’s choice to inform the reader that Jack’s actions are ‘with full intention’ is extremely deliberate, and sets Jack aside from the other characters in that it is clear he is not being controlled by anything or anybody, therefore making him a frightening figure, as the reader realises that Jack’s brutality is most likely a result of a pre-existing tendency, rather than as a result of his situation. This significant element to Jack’s character, whereby he lacks the innocence that Golding portrays within the other boys, combined with his abundant self-assertion is a key part of how Golding makes Jack such a frightening figure throughout the novel.

In conclusion, Golding’s presentation of Jack as the main antagonist of the novel displays in him certain qualities that are particularly frightening; it is through his successful employment of rhetorical devices, combined with the carefully considered structure of his novel that Golding is able to create an emphatic sense of foreboding and portray the brutality of Jack’s character and leadership style, that combined make Jack such a frightening figure throughout the novel.

Read more