Harry Potter

Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 Analytical Essay

September 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part2 is the final release of the eight Harry Potter series. This second part completes the much anticipated adventurous two full length motion film picture. The final epic “shows a battle between the good and the evil forces of using magic in the wizard world” (Schilling np).

This part continues from the fist Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows series where Harry seeks to find and ensure he destroys Lord Voldemort Horcruxes who killed Harry’s parents and also has for a very long time planned to kill Harry and gain control of the wizard world.

Its first release on Friday 15th July recorded massive revenue returns of $ 92.1 million. According to McClintock, this collection is the biggest day gross time of all time.

From overseas, the first day of the film’s opening collected $75 million in sales. Harry Potter becomes the only movie series to record the highest opening weekend record world wide with a total of $314 million breaking the record set by the Dark night series for three years internationally. Before its release, advance tickets to watch the film had recorded $32M in sales marking a new preopening record.

At the beginning of March, a series of interviews were carried out after the fist preview of the movie was done. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows first poster was released on 28th march with an interesting caption “IT ALL ENDS 7.15”depicting the last series of the movie to be produced and also the first day of its first release to the theaters.

In April the movie’s theatrical trailer was released showing footages of the much anticipated movie. A lot of efforts were put into consideration to market the movie. During the June MTV Awards Emma Watson gave a sneak preview of the movie (Silvester 50).

Harry Potter movies are based on the novels written by J.K Rowling, a renowned fiction writer. Records show that over 450 million books have been sold to children and hundreds have been borrowed from the libraries.

The movie is rated 13 making it a family genre fit to be watched by all people. The reason why the movie works is because its series has been consistent in the output or the end results from each Harry Potter movie for over a decade since its creation.

Feedback From the loyal fans of Harry Potter, the scale efforts used to produce the movies has not changed. More so the producers have tried to add more special effects making the movies even more interesting especially putting into consideration that the lead characters encounter ordinary situations have fears and their prejudices bringing out the fantasy world close to reality.

The better part of this movie is the conversion made from 2D-3D a conversion the producers noted to have used in order to make the end result a satisfying experience to its audience and to also serve as the reason why the story becomes real. The movies production excelles in the photography techniques used (Gray np).

Harry potter is a film production of the Warner Brothers Pictures. This film was produced in a number of studios including; Heyday Films, Moving Picture Company (MPC), Warner Bros. Pictures Warner Bros. and the sets were directed from Leavesden studios, Pinewood Studios. There were several distributors who were involved but the Warner Bros was the main distributor.

It has been directed by David Yates, an English filmmaker and the director of the last four series of the Harry Potter movie. His film efforts have been recognized by the BAFTA awards where he was awarded for his excellence film directing. He has also directed a number of movies including, Harry Potter Half-Blood Prince, Harry Potter and The Order of the Phoenix, the girl in the café, Sex Traffic, Yong visitors and the Minnie TV series, the way we live now, among others.

Harry Potter films makes Yates become the most influential director of the series according to the end result of the movie which has a unique sense in terms of the visual look and the style of the movie. Besides that the director, David Yates, is known to focus on character development and bringing out the emotion felt by the audience.

The actors in this series include Daniel Radcliffe , Ralph Fiennes, Emma Watson, Rupert Grint, Alan Rickman and others who have been actors of the series since its first production in 2001. By the start of the movie series, the actors were simple ordinary actors but after the 8th movie these actors have become stars (White np) .

In the box office, the film has garnered $214,887,891 around the United States and Canada by July 20th 2011 while the international markets recorded $425,300,000 making a total of $ 640,187,891 worldwide. Its first open day was recorded as the biggest open day in terms of gross revenues in several countries.

In Australia, it recorded $7.5 million, in United Kingdom $14.8 million Belgium $1.4 million, Japan $5.7 million and so forth. Deathly Hallows – Part 2 also surpassed the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 record ($1.5M) for the largest IMAX midnight launch earning approximately $2M (Lemire np).

Works Cited

Gray, Brandon. “Weekend Report: ‘Harry’ Makes History”. Box Office Mojo. 18 July 2011. Web.

Lemire, Christy. “Review: Final Potter film is sad and satisfying”. Sify. 2011-07-21. Web.

McClintock, Pamela. “Box Office Report: ‘Harry Potter’ Grosses All-Time Domestic Best of $168.6 Million”. The Hollywood Reporter. 17 July 2011. Web.

Schilling, Chris. “Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 – review”. The Observer. 17 July 2011. Web.

Silvester, William. Harry Potter Collector’s Handbook. NY: Krause, 2010. Print.

White, Michael. “‘Captain America’ Opens at No. 1, Knocks ‘Potter’ From Top Spot”. Bloomberg. 2011. Web.

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Harry Potter Books and Movies Compare and Contrast Essay

September 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

One of things that make life fascinating is the diversity and variance that different people and things exhibit. These differences may be obvious or deeply disguised requiring one to take a critical look at the item in order to notice them.

In this paper, I shall set out to compare two items; J. K. Rowling’s “Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban” the Book and its movie adaptation. By so doing, I shall demonstrate that there do exist significant differences as well as similarities between the two items despite them appearing to be wholly similar.

A Comparative Analysis

Both the book and its film adaptation share the character set. The lead character is the hero Harry Potter, a famous wizard whose adventures are the central focus of the book and the movie. In the wizard world, Harry Potter is engaged in a prolonged fight to defeat the immensely powerful and evil wizard Lord Voldemort. Harry potter is assisted in his noble quest by his two best friends Ron and Hermione. These two characters play significant roles in the plot development of both the movie and the book.

The magical school that Harry and his friends attend so as to learn about wizardry is represented in an identical manner in both the book and the movie. The school building is a gigantic and daunting castle which is inaccessible to non-magical people. According to the book, the castle has a lake, extensive grounds and a forest.

The Movie properly depicts this as a lake can be seen as the students arrive at the school by use of a train. The imposing nature of the castle is evident and in many scenes from the movie, Harry Potter and his friends venture out into the fields and forests that are part of the school grounds.

However, the representation of one of the lead characters Hermione in the movie is not a true depiction of what she is in the book. In the book, Hermione is described as a brightest girl in the school. Her know-it-all attitude alienates her from the rest of the students.

Nothing to the book indicates that Hermione is an attractive girl and she is in fact describe as having large protruding teach and bushy brown hair. However, the movie presents Hermione as a physically attractive and likable character. This is inconsistent with the image that one builds form reading the novel.

In the book, the prisoner of Azkaban, the character Sirius Black who is Harry’s godfather, plays a minor role despite him being central to the plot of the book. His appearances in the book are relatively few considering that he is the focal point of the book.

The book instead focuses on developing the story around Sirius and therefore, despite his not being mentioned every now and then, one can sense his involvement throughout the book. In the movie, Sirius plays a more predominant role and he is afforded relatively more screen time than one would expect from the book.

The movie adaptation contains numerous omissions of events that are recorded in the book. This is to be expected considering the relatively small length of the movie compared to the size of the book. Harry Potter’s exchanges with his uncle’s family are left out and one can therefore not correctly gauge the nature of the relationship from watching the film. From the book, it is clear that Harry Potter hates staying with his relatives who despise him.


In this paper, I set out to compare two items so as to highlight their similarities and differences. From my comparison of the book “Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban” and its movie adaptation, it is clear that there are a lot of similarities and differences between the two. Nevertheless, both the movie and the book prove to be equally entertaining despite their differences.

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Heroes at Hogwarts: The Journey of the Hero in the Harry Potter Series Analytical Essay

September 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

The theme of a hero’s journey appears repeatedly in the narratives of many cultures. Joseph Campbell, in his 1949 book, inspired by his studies of James Joyce, sets forth his formula for the monomythological adventure, found across most cultures (Monomyth Home Page)[1]:

“A hero ventures forth from the world of common day into a region of supernatural wonder: fabulous forces are there encountered and a decisive victory is won: the hero comes back from this mysterious adventure with the power to bestow boons on his fellow man.” (Campbell 30).

Books such as the Harry Potter series fit into the same mythic tradition, a feature which might explain some of the books’ massive appeal and success (Sickels 110).

Campbell’s formulation for reading legends has gained popularity because it can help readers to re-frame their own life events as stages in the hero’s process of departure, adventure, and return. This exercise can add clarity and distance to even very painful or confusing situations (Campbell 382-391)

Finding parallels between tales from widely disparate cultures, well beyond the Classical, encourages young readers from diverse backgrounds to engage with “old school” literature, some of which may be less palatable than others. As another benefit, youthful readers may identify personally with otherwise alien protagonists, in the course of discovering the hero over and over again in literature.

Likewise, in an era of disaffection for “great books”, any print publication which kids stand in line to buy (Turner-Vorbeck 329) is a welcome arrival for those who teach. That the Harry Potter books are written in a fashion robust enough to allow for close reading, for example, in the context of the monomyth of the hero, or in light of philosophical concepts, is another gift (Cline).

Additionally, the Hogwarts youngsters behave like normal kids (unlike the Dursleys, who want to think of themselves as normal (Natov 67)), and the quotidian challenges of their lives include a mass of vivid detail (Behr) . This makes it easier to reflect on personal parallels with the reader’s life.

Consider Harry Potter’s journey in light of the hero’s journey. Concealed and neglected for 10 years in Little Whinging, for his own safety, his identity concealed, he is yanked away by avalanching owl-borne letters and Hagrid’s strength. His Muggle relatives vociferously try to refuse the call for him.

Hagrid (fulfilling the role of crone) explains his miraculous infancy (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 35-58). The wizard world quickly alerts him that he is destined for special achievement by having survived his encounter with Voldemort merely scarred (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 69, 83-85, 95). How he fulfills this special destiny is the meat of the story over the next books (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Chamber Of Secrets passim) (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Prisoner Of Azkhaban passim).

Temptations abound, e.g., the mirror of Erised, offering a precious glimpse of his lost parents (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 209), the sorcerer’s stone which threatens to revive Voldemort, and the yielding up of which could save Harry from the Dark Lord’s wrath (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 294). Even the Marauders’ Map offers a temptation to break rules and take unfair advantage (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Prisoner Of Azkhaban 192-194).

Challenges also abound, e.g. trolls (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 172-176) hexed broomsticks (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 189), three-headed dogs (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 161), the giant spider Aragog (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Chamber Of Secrets 275) , and sentient trees.

Some of the perils come from the very teachers who are entrusted with his care, such as Quirrel (Rowling, Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone 291-294), and others are perpetrated by the very guardians of order in the wizard world (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Prisoner Of Azkhaban 83).

Sometimes they only seem to be perpetrated by teachers – Severus Snape is an ambiguous, but ever-recurring figure throughout the series (Appelbaum 93), reminiscent of the dangerous supernatural guides in the mythic tradition, who are just as likely to eat you, or turn you to stone, as to help you.

He gradually comes to realize that his destiny is try to eliminate the threat to both the wizard and Muggle worlds by Voldemort and those he influences. His career at Hogwarts – the classes, the study, the social life – all this is the surface of his life. The real thrust consists of his preparation for an ultimate conflict with the Dark Lord (Appelbaum 85).

Like the hero of myth Harry forays riskily past the threshold of the seen world into non-normal realms, often in subterranean locales, with which Hogwarts is so plentifully endowed (for example the hole into which he conveniently, and in prime archetypal fashion, slides headfirst to access the Honeydukes establishment (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Prisoner Of Azkhaban 195-196).

He returns safely from these “places”, but often only with the skill of Madame Pomfrey’s nursing (another crone figure), or the help of the brilliant and talented Hermione Granger, an obvious stand-in for the gray-eyed Athena!

Harry also encounters father figures, just as in the Campbell formulation, and the father in himself: the unreal image of his father in the mirror of Erised, the Patronus stag that seems to appear to help him, (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Prisoner Of Azkhaban 237-241), Albus Dumbledore, Sirius Black, Mr. Weasley, and even Severus Snape, the character we all love to hate.

Over the course of the series, Harry must lose most of these mentors, and his idealistic picture of his real father; all are taken from him save the father within himself[2].

Whatever their attitude towards the spiritual or the religious, many people have a need to make sense of their lives. The spiraling journey of the hero that Harry follows over the course of the series allows readers to articulate a personal life narrative[3]. This can be a useful aid in reflection and self-awareness.

The availability of a hero narrative, conveniently embedded within such a wildly popular book, accessible to young readers, places this tool for reflection within the reach of a broad population of kids and adults world-wide (especially since the series has been extensively translated).

In the hands of a wise instructor, the theme of the hero, expressed so entertainingly in the Harry Potter books, can serve both as a valuable bridge to the consideration or re-examination of the ancient tales of classic literature, as well as to self-discovery.


Appelbaum, Peter. “The Great Snape Debate.” Critical Perspectives on Harry Potter. Ed. Elizabeth E. Heilman. 2. New York: Routledge, 2009. 83-100.

Behr, Kate. “Philospher’s Stone to Resurrection Stone: Narrative Transformations and Intersecting Cultures across the Harry Potter Series.” Critical Perspectives on Harry Potter. Ed. Elizabeth E. Heilman. 2. New York: Routledge, 2009. 257-271.

Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1949.

Cline, Austin. Harry Potter and Philosophy: If Aristotle Ran Hogwarts. Web.

Cosentino, Donald J. “African Oral Narrative Traditions.” Cosentino, Donald J. Teaching Oral Traditions. Ed. John Miles Foley. New York: Modern Language Association, 1998. 183.

Dickens, Charles. Oliver Twist, Or The Parish Boy’s Progress. Vol. 2. Cambridge: Riverside Press, 1869.

L’Engle, Madeleine. A Wrinkle In Time Quintet. 5 vols. Harrisonburg: R.R. Donnelly and Sons Company, 2009.

Monomyth Home Page. Ed. Michelle Delattre. Office of Resources for Area and International Studies of the Universiity of California, Berkeley. Web.

Natov, Roni. “Real Lessons From A Fantasy World.” Readings on J.K. Rowling. Ed. Gary Wiener. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2003. 64-78.

Rowliing, J.K. Harry Potter And The Order Of The Phioenix. New York: Scholastic, 2007.

Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter And The Chamber Of Secrets. New York: Scholastic, 2007.

—. Harry Potter And The Deathly Hallows. New York: Scholastic, 2007.

—. Harry Potter And The Goblet Of Fire. New York: Scholastic, 2007.

—. Harry Potter And The Half-Blood Prince. New York: NY, 2007.

—. Harry Potter And The Prisoner Of Azkhaban. New York: Scholastic, 2007.

—. Harry Potter and the Sorceror’s Stone. New York: Scholastic Books, 1997.

Sickels, Amy. Mythmaker: The Story Of J.K. Rowling. 2nd edition. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 2008.

The Minoan Bull Leaping Fresco. 1999-2005. Web.

Tolkien, J.R.R. The Return Of The King. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1956.

Turner-Vorbeck, Tammy. “Potter Mania: Good Clean Fun Or Cultural Hegemony?” Turner-Vorbeck, Tammy. Critical Perspectives On Harry Potter. Ed. Elizabeth E. Heilman. 2nd edition. New York: Routledge, 2009. 329-341.


  1. Protagonists such as Gilgamesh, Odysseus, Oedipus, Theseus, Moses, Jesus Christ, King Arthur, Oliver Twist (Dickens passim), the Bagginses (Tolkien passim), and even Meg Murry, Madeline L’Engle’s spunky heroine (L’Engle passim), exert a continuing fascination, arising, according to Joseph Campbell, from their stories’ underlying conformance with the monomyth’s narrative arc. Harry Potter is a worthy addition to this list of heroes (Sickels 110).Campbell’s model also stimulates ongoing and very lively criticism. He has been faulted for over-emphasizing universality, thereby obscuring ethnographically significant detail in oral traditions (Cosentino 183). This seems to be a quite legitimate caution. For example, the tale of Theseus and the Minotaur should be examined in cultural context, including mysterious portrayal, on Minoan artifacts, of bull-leaping (The Minoan Bull Leaping Fresco)
  2. Although the final denouement occurs past the scope of the third book, his ultimate vanquishing of the forces of Voldemort, in company with Dumbledore’s “army”, bequeaths to the wizard world a safer future, albeit sadly bereft of dear friends. The relatively normal wizard family that he is foreshadowed to eventually build with Ginny represents the return to life that completes the hero’s journey (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Goblet Of Fire passim) (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Half-Blood Prince passim) (Rowliing passim) (Rowling, Harry Potter And The Deathly Hallows)
  3. What constitutes our call to adventure, our leap into the unknown? What positive, constructive gift of insight or maturity can we bring back from a powerful experience such as illness or loss of a loved one? How can we reconcile with the progenerative parent figure or figures in our lives or within ourselves? How can we atone for our misdeeds? How can we re-integrate ourselves into the world after a transformative time of internal struggle?
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Gender Role in Harry Potter Books and Movies Research Paper

September 21, 2021 by Essay Writer


Rowling’s’ Harry Potter series has managed to capture a global audience for both print and film. This sensational fictitious tale has ensnared the hearts and minds of many children and adults alike. Mostly, the children read them right into adulthood, growing simultaneously with the famous Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, and Hermoine Granger as the heroes and heroines of the novel.

The implications of such passionate attraction to the literature may be grim if the literature in question is rigged with flaws such as gender bias mainly because the target audience is children. Naturally, these children are very impressionable because they are at a formative age (Fagot and Hagan 133). Most of them begin the series and immediately identify with a particular character that they feel most similar to.

Most of them then tend to read or watch and learn from this character’s behavior, and adapt it into their own. A few with stronger characters may manage to distance themselves from the influence of their favorite characters.

However, it is important that if the children and adolescents are going to be affected, it should stand out as a positive influence making gender one of the timeless societal problems that should be approached with due care hence forming the basis of this research on the gender roles as depicted in Harry Potter’s books and movies.

This paper will deal with three areas: impressionability of youth through literature, the role of socialization in gender inequality and the depiction of gender inequality in literature. To address these three areas, it will further refine its study to gender roles, sexuality, and power to narrow down the discussion.

Gender Roles

The role of male characters in Harry Potter obviously overshadows that of female characters, at least physically. Harry Potter is male and the hero of the tale, with amazing magical skills and a male arch-rival-Lord Voldermont who gives Harry his purpose in the sequel, to slay him. Dumbledore, Harry’s mentor is male, as well as most of the professors at Hogwarts, and his friend Ron Weasley.

Hermoine Granger is also a very powerful character, a female. She is the last part of the trio that is part Harry and Ron. She is not depicted to be very strong physically and Ron and Harry push her out of the way of danger more than once in trying to protect her. However, she is a very intelligent and witty witch who is always getting the other two out of their own messes.

Ginny Weasley is another powerful female who develops along the series from simply being Ron’s little sister to a beautiful, and very defiant young woman who can hold her own against the dark wizards. She is capable of leading a group of students against the evil lot that siege Hogwarts and this is very noble of her. Other key male characters include Professor Snape, Draco Malfoy, Bill Weasley, and the Malfoy Twins.

However, the females remain also well represented, with Fleur Delacour being very potent sexually since she is partly vela. Veelas are similar to the mythical sirens whose songs were the cause of many sailors death. Fleur’s grandmother possessed adequate magical skills that she could employ on men for persuasion and deception. This is a negative depiction of women, as having the ability to apply sexuality to get whatever they want from men without applying much effort.

Had she been a male who could influence women thus, this would have been accrued to be strength. However, men can use their sexuality all they want and nobody will see them as any less able. Narcissa Malfoy is another woman we encounter in Harry Potter, who is terrified of Lord Voldermont.

When he demands to use her son Draco in his deadly endeavors, all she seems capable of is staring away, and hoping that her son would not end up dead, this depicts weakness. It is almost impossible to imagine her role being that of a male because it would be pitiful to imagine such a powerless male.

Bellatrix Lestrange is another evil female character. She is a death eater and seeks to destroy, rather than nurture life, as is the general perception of a woman’s nature. Molly Weasley is the total opposite. She takes in Harry Potter and treats him like her own child.

Later, she fights and kills Bellatrix when the evil death eater seeks to take Ginny’s life. She is the protective and care giving mother that everybody admires.

Harry Potter’s own mother loses her life trying to save him from Voldermont and leaves upon him a mark that will remain until he stops calling his aunt’s place ‘home’. This is evident of her protection of him even after death. Not to mention her intelligence in deciphering that Harry would not be welcome at his uncle’s place hence the mark.

Male roles are definitely more physical and powerful as compared to women’s roles. They can wave their magic wand with exponential results, while simultaneously acting very thoughtlessly and causing major damage. They also have explosive tempers that usually result is disaster for both themselves and their victims. Generally, they are almost ‘clumsy’. However, women on the other hand are very well coordinated.

They clean up the messes of their male counterparts soothe them when they are angry, heal them when incapacitated, and take care of their households. They are the ones that enable the men to do what they do by ensuring that the required conditions are laid ready in advance, during, and after their encounters. Under this microscope, there seems to be a symmetrical balance between the male and female roles.

It is almost as though they are there to supplement each other; balance each other’s excesses (Fry 76). However, there are the usual extremes such as Voldermont and Bellatrix: those who cannot seem to fit in to the knitting of the fabric. These should not be used to pass judgment on the roles of men and women.

Since its publication, Harry Potter’s books have been researched on extensively with different scholars analyzing them from various perspectives recording their results on the same. Various scholars have dissected and viewed gender roles under the microscopic lenses (Fry 23). However, nobody seems to be keen to study both male and female roles together and their contributions to the series as a joint couple.

Most research is either from a feminist perspective, hence focusing on which non-traditional roles are allocated to women, or even more common, heroic: focused on Harry Potter as a character and his contribution o the series (Nikolajeva and Elizabeth 45). Some researchers have studied the role of key characters and their contributions but rarely does anybody model their research solely on the roles played by males and females in the series and the effect of this portrayal of socialization in the society.

Socialization is an old vice that haunts the society since time immemorial. The social roles that cut across boys and girls due to their biological engineering that seem to survive even the toughest philosophies of time, such as feminism. Apparently, it is impossible to change the way society thinks about what men should do and what women should not do.

This being the position, it becomes impossible to miss an aspect of male chauvinism in the Harry Potter sequel. However, this line of thought if taken as such will be biased and so to moderate its implications, there is need for an unbiased research, and in order to achieve that type of research, the best approach or perspective to take would be a neutral one (Berger 12).

Forget about how society programs us to think about gender roles, forget about our own disagreements and biases with feminism and chauvinism and then think about the Harry Potter series in particular. Think about what each character’s role in the sequel is and whether or not they are able to execute the said role to the best of its potential while being of the gender that they are.

Then imagine if they had been of the opposite sex and judge whether they would have created a better story line if so. This way of thinking is bound to achieve an unbiased result and conclusion because it is unbiased in its direction right from the beginning.

The youths stand out as very impressionable making it worth noting that what they watch or read can influence them. The social learning theory is what advices this thought train. Individuals learn a great deal about the world outside of their immediate setting through what they see and hear, particularly through television exposure (Bandura 67).

This theory also applies to grownups although for them they have preset notions that are probably definitive of their personalities. However, that does not change the fact that they will act in reaction to external factors according to how they are wired and therein lays the cause of all prejudices that different researches harbor (Berger 54). The key to an unbiased research is in the approach guiding it.

Since time immemorial, it has become apparent that a picture is worth more than a thousand words, or actions speak louder than words. Now more than ever with the onslaught of the digital age and extensive developments in technology, children are at more risk of being affected by what they see (Fagot and Hagan 43).

The publication of the Harry Potter’s series saw to the influence of millions of young minds through Rowling’s’ creative writing. However, the production of Harry Potter as a sequel saw to the demonstration of what he captured in words on the big screens and more minds became ensnared. Programs such as wrestling nowadays come with disclaimers of “Please, Don’t’ Try this at Home.”

Advertisements of alcohol contain the minority age for drinking. These are evident of their awareness of the need to warn impressionable youth. Clearly, there has risen a need to study the implications of this work of literature, if for nothing else, to judge its suitability for growing minds, hence the overwhelming research in the field.

The key elements that are apparent from the trend of most researchers are the effects of the work on society’s view of violence, evil and occult, and gender. It is indeed important to look into the depiction of these themes to prove that they will not influence negatively on the youth that are being influenced by them.

Gender inequality is a vice that is still plaguing our society and socialization is just one of the major elements that fuel it. Socialization refers to how a society brings up its boys and girls into different personalities whose roles and position is society seems clearly cut after the society’s fabric (Fagot and Hagan 33). This simply means that in a male dominated society, boys will grow up knowing that women should be subjugated and girls will grow into shadows of their true potential, always hiding behind the mean in times of a crisis.

“The media is a major agent of socialization” (Berger 77). It influences culture and lifestyle, and sometimes it presents an ideal image of the society where films like Harry Potter’s come in.

It is important that what is being aired be of healthy value to society, and that is why it becomes necessary to understand the message that the audience gets from watching the sequel and reading the series. The films, based on the gender message depicted therein, provides an advice on any concerns of damage control if need be, or to provide a path for future writers and producers of similar works of literature.

The depiction of gender inequality in literature as mentioned above could be either because of the writer’s personal convictions about gender, or because of the society’s own understanding of the gender roles. Either way, this depiction has the potential to influence viewers into mimicking the implied behavior, much to the chagrin of society.

There is therefore a need for a standardized depiction of both gender roles, one that will not build any prejudices about the other gender in the minds of the viewers. Quite understandably, such a standard needs to be established and cultivated if at all it is to take root among the world of literature. “…Classical writers such as Shakespeare who lived in the Victorian age or earlier are irrefutably male-oriented” (Nikolajeva and Elizabeth 53).

The unfortunate bit is that most modern generation writers aspire to be like them, hence emulate them, even in their flaws. Extensive research on the gender roles in Harry Potter has been conducted with the results spurring heated debates over the domination of male roles.

However, this paper aims at providing a different perspective of the opposite sexes and their different or maybe even unequal roles in the sequel. The hypothesis of this paper is that women are given different roles from men and not necessarily unequal roles in their magnitude, just on a different sphere altogether from the male roles.


Rowling knows what he is doing in the sequel and the series. At this point, it is important to note that that there is no significant difference in gender roles between the films and the novels. The films are less graphic, and so whatever contrast rises in gender roles in the book are not furthered by the films.

The author has presented his characters in a manner that is ‘correct’ by society’s standards and the gap between males and females seems socially correct (Fry 34). Women are given traits that no man could possibly pull off without appearing ‘queer’. Men on the other hand are given physically dominative roles that would seem out of place if appointed to women.

To that extent, this research has proved that the depiction of gender roles is in no way inappropriate to impressionable minds. Opportunities of success have received an equal share in both the books and the movies. This research proves that it is okay for women to be depicted as they are without necessarily translating this to gender inequality.

In the simple roles presented, there is massive strength required to execute their tasks. Strength of character is also prevalent among the virtuous implementation of their roles. Does Rowling stick to traditional gender roles in this sequel? The answer is two way: Yes and no. Ginny provides a good example of a revolutionary female who authorizes a group of students to defy authority.

This research proves that trying to compare between the magnitude of the male and female roles from a level standing is futile. The strengths of each role extends from different dimensions altogether and such uni-level comparison is inaccurate.

Works Cited

Bandura, Ann. Social cognitive theory of mass communication.” (Eds), J. Bryant & D Zillman. Media effects: Advances in Theory and Research. Mahwah: NJ: Erlbaum, 2002.

Berger, Aggrey. Media and Communication Research Methods: An Introduction to Qualitative ad Quantitative Approaches. London: Sage Publications, 2000.

Fagot, David and Hagan, Ryan. Observations of Parent Reactions to sex-stereotyped behaviors: Age and Sex Differences, 1991.

Fry, Mull. Heroes and Heroines: Myth and Gender Roles in Harry Potter Books. London: Word Press, 2003.

Nikolajeva, Maria and Elizabeth, Heilman. Harry Potter-A Return to the Romantic Hero. Harry Potter’s World: Multidisciplinary Critical Perspectives. New York: Routledge, 2003.

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Media Interpretation of Harry Potter and Sexuality Research Paper

September 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

Media interpretation of Harry Potter fantasy novels differs greatly from Joanne Rowling’s books. One of the most noticeable issues is sexuality. Those people, who have read these novels, know that this topic is not at the main focus, while the movie producers as well as actors clearly explore sexuality to appeal to the viewers. In part, it can be explained by their desire to attract a larger audience.

There are several examples that show how film-makers capitalize on sex and gender roles. First, one should mention that official trailer of the last sequel features Ginny Weasley (played by Bonnie Wright) and Harry Potter (Daniel Radcliffe) kissing one another. More importantly Ginny is portrayed as a mature woman rather than as a teenage girl.

This portrayal is supposed to create an appeal to adolescents or adults, rather than children. It should be noted that this scene take only several seconds, but it eloquently shows that the creators of this film did not overlook people’s desire for intimacy and sex. This is one of the details catches the eye of the viewers, especially those ones, who are aged above fifteen.

Another example of sexuality is portrayal of Hogwarts students. Joanne Rowling continuously mentions that her characters wear robes which conceal figure of a person. These clothes are gender-neutral, and they can be equally suitable for men and women.

However, the directors of Harry Potter do not agree with Rowling’s perception of Hogwarts students. This argument is particularly important when we are speaking about female characters like Hermione or Ginny. The movie producers make them wear tight jeans, sweaters, low-necked dresses, and so forth.

This change proves that desexualized novel was not suitable for the needs of mass media. This trend emerged in the third sequel Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban and continued in later films.

Thus, it is possible to argue that this emphasis on sexuality is an attempt to attract adults’ attention to these movies. Certainly, this change may not be noticeable to children, but an experienced viewer can see this difference very clearly.

In addition to that, there are several sexual innuendos in these films; the most notorious one is the scene featuring Harry and Hermione kissing one another in nude. Certainly, it is very blurred and viewers can hardly see the actors but it is a clear reference to sexual desires of adult audience.

It should be mentioned that many parents feel very concerned about this scene because it is not appropriate for a children film, and it was not present in the book (Wall, unpaged). This erotic scene clearly violates those standards which are normally set for children movies.

Again, one can hardly imagine Joanne Rowling including such a description in her novel. In the majority of cases, mass media always aim to serve popular demand, and this Harry Potter film was not an exception. It should be borne in mind that those people, who take interest in Joanne Rowling’s novels, are normally aged between seven and fifteen, while this film series, especially later sequels, are intended for a much wider audience.

This is the main reason why sexuality plays more prominent part in them. The key issue is that this change is driven mostly by commercial rather than artistic considerations.

There are some other sexual innuendos in this film serious. One of the examples is Bellatrix Lestrange played by Helena Bonham Carter. Some scholars and critics believe that this female character is full of desire for Voldemort (Rana, 86). Her portrayal in the film is even more sexual, and to some extent, she symbolizes female submission to male. This meaning was not implied by Joanne Rowling in her books.

Apart from that, it should be pointed out that in the fifth film of the series Harry Potter and the Order of Phoenix, she urged Harry to use force against her. Again, if one tries to look for sexual innuendos, this scene can signify male domination over women. Thus, one can argue that media interpretation of Harry Potter books places much more stress on sexuality than the author does.

This explicit sexuality is intended primarily to male rather than female adults who may take interest in this film. It has to be admitted that some of the sexual innuendos can be unintended but they would have been impossible if the film-makers had wanted to appeal only to children.

Certainly, one cannot expect screen adaptation of the novel cannot completely coincide with the text. However, the examples that we have discussed demonstrate that desexualized portrayal of characters was rejected by movie producers and mass media.

One should take into account that Joanne Rowling conceived this book series as a Bildungsroman describing psychological and moral development of the characters. In contrast, film-makers decided to pay more attention to sexuality.

Moreover, one should take into consideration that the actors playing the major characters have become mature and film-producers take advantage of this fact. Their sexuality is explored both inside and outside the movies. One may pay attention to the interviews given by Daniel Redcliff, Emma Watson, and Rupert Grint.

These people no longer appear to be children or adolescents; more likely, they seem to be sexually mature people, who should not be associated only with fictional characters. A person, who is watching their pre-release interviews, does not think that the final movie of the sequel is intended for child audience. These interviews convey specific messages to the potential viewers and one of them is that Harry Potter and the Death Hallows will be of some interest to adults.

If we speak about the actor’s reliance on the sexuality, we should mention their participation in various commercial projects. For instance, Emma Watson represented such fashion house as Burberry and, in fact, became the face of their new collection (Topping, unpaged).

Moreover, she appeared on the cover of such magazines as Vanity Fair, Cosmopolitan, and People. In each of these cases, sexuality was at the forefront. The same thing can be said about Daniel Radcliffe, who exploited his sexuality while performing in the play called Equus (Wiegand, unpaged).

Those movie producers, designers, and advertisers, who make these actors exploit their sexuality, understand that these actors are familiar to a great number of people from all over the world, and that their overt hyper- sexuality can attract very large target audience, especially those people, whose age ranges between fifteen and twenty two. The thing is that during these years people pass through a period of pubescence and sexuality is a very important part of their lives.

These cases suggest that eroticism can be used to engage the viewers. This is one of the possible explanations but it is not the only one.

One should not assume that their performance outside Harry Potter is only driven by commercial interests. In this way, they try to prove to others and to themselves that they are able to play mature and rather complex roles. To some degree, Daniel Radcliffe and Emma Watson attempt to demonstrate that they can be successful actors outside Harry Potter film series. By exploiting their sexuality, they break stereotype that links them only on Harry Potter and Hermione Granger.

This can be one of the motives which underlie their behavior. Overall, people focus their attention on the overt sexuality of these actors because they are accustomed to their idealized and slightly childish characters. Viewers are not used to their new roles and this might be one of the reasons why many people can be so concerned about their behavior.

On the whole, these examples indicate that media representation of Harry Potter books strongly relies on sexuality. As it has been identified in the previous sections there are several reasons for such an interpretation. First of all, film-makers want to make Harry Potter film series more attractive to adult audience.

Secondly, overt sexuality can be accounted by the fact that majority of actors have grown much older, and they try to break out of child roles. The most important thing is that this film series is not fully suitable for child audience. By comparing and contrasting screen adaptation of the novels and the text itself one can see how mass media transforms popular perception of adolescence and sexuality.

Works Cited

Rana Marion. Creating magical worlds: otherness and othering in Harry Potter. NY: Peter Lang, 2009. Print.

Topping. A. “Emma Watson is named Hollywood’s highest paid female actor”. The Guardian, 2010. Web.

Wall Cleon. “’Potter’ scene is worrying some families”. Deseret News. 2010. Web.

Wiegand Chris. “Radcliffe to star on Broadway”. The Guardian 2009. Web.

Yates David. “The Official Trailer of Harry Potter and Deathly Hallows Part Two” Warner Bros. Pictures. Web.

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Comparison between Hooters Translates in China and Harry Potter and Magical Realism Essay

September 21, 2021 by Essay Writer


“Hooters Translates in China” is a piece of literature done by Craig Simon, an American author who has done a lot of literary work in the country. Having stayed in china for a long period, Craig wanted to bring to focus the culture and the lifestyle of the Chinese.

He closely brings to focus the current culture, which he describes as liberal and compares it with the past conservative practices. To help put this into perspective, he uses a popular American restaurant, Hooters, which was contracted in China successfully.

Harry Potters and Magical Realism, what others have preferred to call Harry Potter phenomena, is a series of literature that transcends various cultural backgrounds with custom-made messages. The books have been written with some sense of mastery of different cultures across the world.

As Mims (336) notes, the author has keenly knitted his literature using materials found in the specific targeted region. From the cultural perspective to the political and religious aspects, the series brings out different societies in different ways within their right contexts. It also focuses on mass media and its role in the society.

Given a close comprehensive look, the two sets of literatures that is, Hooters Translates in China and Harry Potters and Magical Realism, compare closely not only in terms of the context but also the intent.

This essay seeks to analyze the similarities between Hooters Translates China and Harry Potters and Magical Realism.


Literature is one of the most powerful tools used to pass a given message to a specific audience. Literature has seen some transition from the time it was just orally told (oral Literature) to the current written Literature. In both cases, Literature has always been used to express some feelings that the authors seem to realize.

According to Zipes (54), no piece of literature comes from the blues. Literature comes from within the society we live. It is what we see and the writer experiences in the society.

The process of retelling the story may involve adding a few factious aspects, but even the factious parts are real occurrences only that they are presented in supernormal manner. For this reason, many of the current world literatures compare closely, apart from a little differences that may be caused by cultural, political, and social differences.

The essays Hooters Translates in China and Harry Potters and Magical Realism compare very closely. Below are some of the aspects that make the two essays appear similar.


According to Reynolds (69), no piece of literature would go without touching on the aspects of culture. The two essays touch on cultures of different societies. Craig, in his essay ‘Hooters Translates in China’ talks about an American firm with American values gaining popularity in China.

In this essay, the director of Hooters restaurant in Shanghai once said, “Hooters isn’t just a restaurant, it is also an American culture, and that appeals to many Chinese,” (Mims 334). The author brings out the culture of American society and closely connects it to that of china. She notes that for a long time, china had been weary of the western culture but this seems to have changed.

The same idea regarding culture is also brought out in the writings of Daniel Nixon in his series ‘Harry Porters and Magical Realism’. Just like Craig’s comparison of the American culture to that of china, Nixon compares the cultural practices of the Muslims and Christians.

Basing his essays in Indonesia, Gulf States and other Islamic nations, the book has gained popularity in many Islamic societies that seem to appreciate it. As Craig notes, the culture of American people was resented in China in the past but this is changing (Mims 335).

Similarly, the Christian culture was strongly resented in among the Muslim. Although this hatred is still evident, both sides are currently tolerant to each other, with each side trying to understand the other’s way of life.

Traditionalism and Modernism

Both essays have given relevance to the current changes taking place in various societies, especially due to changes in technology. Both stories give accounts of societies transforming from traditional archaic way of living to ways that are more modern.

In the account given by Craig, Chinese current society is contrasted with what was there before. From the text, we are informed that because of relaxed attitude of the Chinese, they would now accept the American culture without much trouble.

We are also told that in 1960’s, the society in China never tolerated women who wore short skirts and kept long hair for this was considered a culture of the west. However, this has changed and women currently find it easy wearing short skirts and keeping long hair.

Xu, the director of Hooters in shanghai observes that, “The younger generation is very different from our parents” (Mims 334) This was in reference to the changes that had taken place in the society concerning cultural norms.

The account given by Nixon also reflects the changes within various societies in response to technological and social changes. One aspect of culture that has great impact on the lives of people is religion. Zipes (97) argues that the worst prison on earth is religion. Religion comes with very many rules and regulations that believers must observe.

Some of these beliefs are literally retrogressive. They are practices that have serious complications and restrictions in one’s social life. Nixon gives an overview of Islamic religion and how it related to Christianity in the past and how it relates presently.

There is a marked difference. In many societies, especially among the Muslim societies, women were denied several rights and freedoms. There were places they could not go without permission. They had to dress in a given manner as a sign of etiquette. This is fast changing and women are getting into the corporate world.

Gender Inequality

Both essays give an overview on issues relating to gender inequality within various states. In china, Craig notes that the perception of the society towards women has changed (Mims 333). However, issues relating to the use of women as a tool in marketing are still in practice.

This author observes that many companies within China still prefer associating some of their brands with beautiful women to attract sales. From the two texts, women have never enjoyed their rights in human history. Men have always used women to fulfill their wishes and desires.

In the Islamic world, women are never allowed to participate in political processes such as voting. In the western world, women are incorporated in the financial system as underdogs.

In society, women are not allowed to interact freely as compared to their male counterparts. Their culture is devalued and their opinions are not considered when major policies are made in government.

Many firms would also demand that job applicants attach a copy of their recent photo so that merit would be given based on the attractiveness of an individual.

This has been a concern as many communities have come strongly to oppose the culture that makes one gender appear to be a tool of trade. It is a sign that women are yet to realize their full freedom in a society that claims to offer the same treatment to everyone, irrespective of gender.


Both essays had a similar intent to the target audience. The message that majorly comes out from the two essays is that the world is changing and there is need for every society to realize this fact and make adjustments as would be appropriate.

Technology has dramatically redefined the way human beings approach various issues. It has turned the world into a global village. Information is everywhere. In order to realize a harmonious co-existence, there is need to eliminate the walls created in the past that defined boundaries in terms of tribe, religion or country.

We are a single family, and therefore should live peacefully. Women should be empowered economically and politically in case the society is to develop uniformly. No sustainable growth can be realized in case the society mistreats the majority of its members.


Literature is one of the most powerful tools that man has ever discovered. Through literature, messages have been coded in order to advise, inform, warn, or just entertain. The two essays, Hooters Translates in China and Harry Porters and Magical Realism are such literatures.

They have both successfully brought different societies into focus in terms of their culture, religion and issues pertaining to gender equality. The messages in the two essays are similar that is, we need to appreciate one another in our society, embrace the culture of unity, and work as a team in order to our aims and goals.

Works Cited

Mims, Joan. Mirror on America: Essays and Images from Popular Culture. New York Bedford Martins, 2011. Print.

Reynolds, Kennedy. Children’s literature: a very short introduction. Gosport: Oxford Press, 2011. Print.

Zipes, James. Happily ever after: fairy tales, children and the culture industry, New York: Routledge, 1971. Print.

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The Harry Potter Series Critical Essay

September 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

Joanne Rowling’s books on adventures of Harry Potter in the magic world are discussed as perfect examples of literature for children. However, the series about Harry Potter is also actively read by many adults because a lot of philosophical questions are discussed in the books, and researchers are inclined to find different hidden meanings and allegories in the story of an adolescent wizard.

That is why, today there are many critical articles on the Harry Potter series in which different aspects of the books’ content are analyzed. Being an example of children’s literature, the Harry Potter series is also used the classroom.

To focus on the effective use of the books for stimulating the learning process, it is necessary to examine certain examples of the critical literature on the series in order to choose the most appropriate resource to adapt the book series for teachers’ goals and objectives.

Thus, in his article “Cryptozoology and the Paranormal in Harry Potter: Truth and Belief at the Borders of Consensus”, Peter Dendle discusses the role of the paranormal in the books. Julia Pond in her work “A Story of the Exceptional: Fate and Free Will in the Harry Potter Series” pays attention to the combination fate and free will in the story.

In spite of the fact that both the critical works contribute significantly to understanding the Harry Potter series, Dendle’s article is more relevant regarding the preparation of the books for using in the classroom because of providing the detailed analysis of issues influential for children’s development.

In his article, Peter Dendle concentrates on the role of the paranormal, especially cryptozoology, in the books about Harry Potter. This concept is analyzed in association with the role of learning and knowledge. The author of the article states the books present the story of the characters’ searching for new knowledge in order to resolve the important or life-threatening issues.

Furthermore, it is important to pay attention to the role of authority figures which can help characters find the solution and acquire the new knowledge or prevent Harry Potter and his friends from receiving the important information. Harry Potter’s adventures develop in the context of the paranormal world, and the characters seek for answering the questions about the magic figures.

Dendle states that the world of knowledge crosses the world of the paranormal in the field of pseudosciences which are described in the books (Dendle, 2011). The author focuses on discussing the aspects of the paranormal and cryptozoology in comparison with the objects and situations from the real world, applying the aspects of the magic world to the reality.

On the contrary, Julia Pond in her article is inclined to discuss the features of the books from the theoretical perspective, using the theories of Friedrich Nietzsche about will and fatalism and Joseph Campbell about the mythological hero. Thus, compared to Dendle’s approach and practical associations with the reality, Pond’s discussion of the Harry Potter series is more theoretical in its nature.

Pond claims that less attention is paid to the analysis of the balance of free will and fate in the books about Harry Potter that is why it is important to concentrate on this issue (Pond, 2010). The author of the article provides the detailed analysis of the evidences of fate in the story in the form of magic objects and the evidences of free will which is reflected in the behaviours of the main characters.

Pond states that following the theory of Campbell, Harry Potter is the typical mythological hero. However, it is necessary to distinguish between myth and fairy tale in relation to the story about Harry Potter (Pond, 2010). Pond’s arguments are convincing because they are based on the proper analysis of details and facts from the text with references to the above-mentioned theories.

Nevertheless, the analysis provided by Dendle can be discussed as more consistent and logical. Thus, the author connects the concept of knowledge with the issues of cryptozoology basing on the discussion and explanation of cryptozoology as the modern tendency.

According to Dendle, cryptozoology can be discussed as a result of combing the objects of the people’s fantasy with the culture and reality imposed by the tabloids and media (Dendle, 2011). From this point, at each stage of his analysis, Dendle uses the real evidences and apply the story’s peculiarities to the reality.

That is why, Dendle’s arguments are logical and convincing. The description of the wizard world becomes more detailed, and many aspects are examined from the perspective of the contemporary world.

Although both the articles are useful for understanding the multidimensional nature of the Harry Potter series, the work by Pond is appropriate for the discussion of the books at the higher level than the work with the series in the classroom.

The provided theoretical background does not present the practical contributions for adapting the story for children and for explaining its aspects. That is why, the article by Dendle is more appropriate for working out the plan of using the books in the children’s studying process.

To support teachers’ certain goals and objectives, it is possible to refer to the discussion in Dendle’s article and concentrate on the role of knowledge and learning in the human life. The role models of Harry Potter and his friends are interesting to be discussed from the point of their pursuing for knowledge, problem solution, and discoveries.

Dendle’s article focuses on the details in the books which can be used as illustrations to explain the role of learning to children in the classroom. Thus, the books can be appropriate to develop the discussion on the importance of knowledge and information, and on the role of authorities in the learning process with references to the positive and negative examples discussed in the article by Dendle.

Although the author pays much attention to the analysis of cryptozoology issues in the books, his implications and conclusions associated with the modern reality are important to state the connection of the books with the modern life while presenting the material to children.

Thus, the article “Cryptozoology and the Paranormal in Harry Potter: Truth and Belief at the Borders of Consensus” written by Peter Dendle as the critical analysis of the Harry Potter series is more useful in the classroom than the discussion provided by Julia Pond.

The article by Pond is based on the complex theoretical analysis which is rather difficult to use and interpret while teaching children with the books about Harry Potter as sources. The association of the Harry Potter’s world with the classroom reality is more relevant for the usage in the studying process.


Dendle, P. (2011). Cryptozoology and the paranormal in Harry Potter: Truth and belief at the borders of consensus. Children’s Literature Association Quarterly, 36(4), 410-425.

Pond, J. (2010). A story of the exceptional: Fate and free will in the Harry Potter Series. Children’s Literature, 38(1), 181-206.

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Harry Potter Movies in Concentric Circles Model Essay

September 21, 2021 by Essay Writer


There is no use denying the fact that there is a great number of regularities which functioning makes the existence of the modern world possible. It is vital to analyze the main aspects of these process in order to understand the main principles according to which our society functions. The knowledge obtained from this analysis can help to create the more efficient model of our society and help people to understand the way in which they interact with each other. That is why, many various models have been created throughout the history of humanity. These models try to find peculiarities according to which some process are performed. Concentric Circle model is one of the models which could be applied to a great number of different spheres as it has rather universal character (Bunyi, 2010). That is why, it is possible to analyze its main concepts using the Harry Potter franchising as the background.

Concentric Circles model the main idea

First of all, it is vital to give a clear definition of the given model and outline its main peculiarities and concepts. It should be said that the given model is usually described with the help of circles which disperse from the center. The given scheme shows the general view of the model

Concentric Circles model the main idea

As it becomes obvious from the scheme, one of the main advantages of the Concentric Circle model is its wide applicability as it could be used to describe a great number of different processes in various spheres. It could also be used in terms of media and its influence on people. The given sphere uses “concentric circles to describe the relative influences on media content of individuals, routines, organizations, factors outside the medium and ideology” (Keith, 2011, para. 3).

Main ways of its usage

With this in mind, it becomes obvious that the above mentioned model can be used to describe the influence of a certain phenomenon on the life and conscience of people. The center of the model is the most important notion which influences a great number of other issues and leads to the appearance of new layers which could be compared with the ripples on the surface of the pond (Jacobson, 2015). That is why, it is very important to determine the key concept and speculate resting on the fact that in influences a great number of other issues. Under these conditions, it is possible to say that the usage of the Concentric Circles model can help to identify the main aspects which influence a person and which lead to the appearance of some other layers which, in their turn, also promote their influence on people (The “Concentric Circles” Model, n.d.).

Besides, it should be said that the story of Harry Potter was chosen as the background for the investigation of the Concentric Circles model. The choice was determined by several important reasons. First of all, there is no use denying the fact that the story of Harry Potter has an outstanding influence on the modern culture and mentality of people. There is hardly a person in the civilized world who has never heard about the boy with the scar who saved the world from the evil sorcerer. The author of the story, Joan Rowling, managed to create the new reality which now exists in the minds of millions of people. That is why, it is obvious that the series of films, created basing on this story, only made this cultural phenomenon more influential. Publication of the first book led to the appearance of a great number of other issues which disperse like the ripples and influenced people greatly.

With this in mind, it is possible to say that the Concentric Circles model could be used in order to analyze the growth of the influence of the story of Harry Potter on people and the way in which the means of media helped to spread it. The given model will center around Harry Potter and the development of his story which is reflected in eight movies. They also can be taken as a very powerful remedy which determined the change in the mentality of people and their attitude towards a certain issue. That is why, the life and actions of Harry Potter could be placed in the center of the model as these facts were the phenomenon which triggered the appearance of some other layers.

The issue of Harry Potter

Starting the analysis of the given issue in terms of the Concentric Circles model, it should be said that the center of the model is occupied by the boy with the scar and his life story. The first appearance of the movie about Harry Potter led to the renewal of the interest towards the franchising and to the creation of a new layer which could be characterized as the growth of the interest under the influence of the means of media. Media was interested in the creation of the positive image of the story in order to make spectators follow the main events of the story as the new movies would be created. That is why, the influence of the media could be seen on the second stage.

Thus, creation of the second movie and further development of the story promoted the appearance of the new circle which could be characterized by some other factors that influence people. Development of the action of the story and further complication of the plot make people, who already have a strong interest in it, follow the main events. This stage could also be characterized by the appearance of some new factor. There are people who have read the story and people who just got to know about the boy in with the help of film. They have different motifs for watching the movies. The first category wants to see the embodiment of the main characters and events while the second one follows peripeteia of the plot and enjoy the game of actors and visual effects. That is why, it is possible to say that the new circle of the model can be described as the appearance of two kinds of interests.

Application of the concept in terms of the movies about Harry Potter

However, the further development of the influence of the story could be observed. Creation of the third movie led to the increase of the level of popularity of the franchising and evolution of the interest among people who can already be described as the admirers of the story. With this in mind, it is possible to say that the next circle of the model can be characterized by the organizational influences. The movies about Harry Potter became very popular and since that time means of media have been highlighting all facts and events connected with the given issue. Besides, a great number of different actions are organized around the franchising in order to influence a viewer and save his/her interest in the issue. That is why, this very layer is characterized by the significant increase of the level of involvement and different events which are organized to promote it.

Thus, it should be said that since that time appearance of every new movie about Harry Potter became an important event in the life of a great number of people who could be taken as the admirers of the story. Moreover, people, who have never read it and just watched the movie, also follow the plot as they are influenced by the means of media which also try to make a profit on the clamor connected with the appearance of new movie. Moreover, the actors, who play the main roles in the film, became very popular and some kind of worship appeared. That is why, it is possible to say that the next level of the model is connected with the with some extramedia influences which is exerted on a person who follows the story.

Nevertheless, it is possible to say that the appearance of the next movies could be taken as a great event in the cultural life of society. There are several reasons for this statement. First of all, it is possible to say that the story of Harry Potter became a sort of subculture which obtained a great number of members all over the world (Gierzynski, 2014). Every new movie was taken as the unique phenomenon and attracted an outstanding attention in different countries. The box sales revenue of the films could be taken as the great evidence of a great success of the movie. People all over the world wanted to see the movie and were ready to pay for it. That is why, it is possible to speak about the appearance of a certain ideology connected with the franchising. Yet, it is possible to say that the next circle of the concentric circle model can be characterized by the ideological influence which the story has on people. The appearance of this layer is possible due to the combination of the popularity of the story and the work of different means of media which tried to spread the favor of the franchising and make people involved in the process of development of the main character. Being the last circle of the model, it still has an outstanding influence on people and shows how the cooperation between the means of media and some alternative reality can influence the mind of people.


With this in mind, having analyzed the main concepts of the Concentric Circle model and an outstanding influence of the story about Harry Potter, it is possible to make a certain conclusion. First of all, it should be said that the given model can help to understand the way in which the movies about the boy with the scar became the part of the culture of people all over the world and how media helped to promote this influence (Vivian, 2012). Moreover, it should be said all circles of the model show the gradual development of popularity of the franchising. Summing it up, it is possible to state the fact that modern means of media can help to increase the influence of every phenomenon and create a certain kind of ideology which proves great efficiency and power of media.


Bunyi, J. (2010). Concentric Zone Model. Web.

Gierzynski, A. (2014). Harry Potter did help shape the political culture of a generation. The Conversation. Web.

Jacobson, S. (2015). Journalism and Society. Web.

Keith, S. (2011). Shifting Circles: Reconceptualizing Shoemaker and Reese’s Theory of a Hierarchy of Influences on Media Content for a Newer Media Era. Web.

The “Concentric Circles” Model. (n.d.). Web.

Vivian, J. (2012). The Media of Mass Communication. London: Pearson.

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“Harry Potter Casts a Spell for Tolerance” by A. M. Paul Essay

September 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

This paper is based on the article taken from the website of the New York Times newspaper. The article is called “Harry Potter Casts a Spell for Tolerance”, it was written by Annie Murphy Paul and posted on the website on the fourteenth of August.

The author of the article explores the role of literature in the social and moral development of the adolescents and children. The article explains that through reading about familiar experiences in popular literature young people can perceive the equality of all social groups, learn to respect the differences of people, be tolerant and friendly towards the diverse members of the society.

Taking a fantasy novel by J. K. Rowling as an example of explanations of social discrimination and the value of tolerance the author demonstrates how such methods provided through popular books can educate young people about the life in a diverse society.

“Harry Potter” novels present diverse social groups within its fictional society, but instead of the cultural clashes typical for our society such as the differences between white and black people, between Muslims and Christians, the author creates her own conflicting social groups such as wizards, muggles and mudbloods (Paul 2014). The article notes that literature can help young people to develop tolerance by enforcing their diversity of imagination.

The author of the article mentions that the best and only way to destroy the unfriendly stereotypes and judgments is a long-term communication between the members of the confronting groups. To increase the time teenagers spend experiencing the issues of diversity this aspect is brought into the products of modern culture such as movies and books.

This subject is an applied example of developmental psychology in adolescence. This stage starts with the beginning of puberty and goes on for several years. During the period of adolescence children grow to learn about the social roles and statuses of adult people, their responsibilities and duties.

This is the stage when teenagers start forming their social opinions and identity and employ the morals and behaviors they believe are appropriate in various situations. This is why proper social education is highly important at this stage. It allows the adolescents to learn more about such important aspects as manners, etiquette, tact, tolerance, respect, trust, and reliability.

It is a well-known fact that adolescents tend to unite into groups and follow the same behavioral patterns. For the children of teen age, it is highly important to feel like they belong together with someone, that their experiences are shared by other members of their social groups.

The device employed by J. K. Rowling in her novels allows the adolescents reading these books to recognize the experiences they have been through, relate to the characters and learn from their behavior. The experience of being discriminated educates young readers about the importance of tolerance and makes them realize that behind all the differences people are still equal, this is why hostility and ignorance in a diverse society are not appropriate.

It is important to know that in the United States adolescence started to be seen as a separate stage of personal development only in the twentieth century (Belsky 2010).

For generations young people have been known for their hot temper, emotional behavior, quick and radical judgments and the tendency to rebel against the common social rules, although the scientists started to associate all of these behaviors and call them as one of stages of life fairly recently.

Today, developmental psychology pays quite a lot of attention to the emotional, mental and physical processes that happen during the period of adolescence and the changes they cause on a psychological level.

When the government first decided that all adolescent people should go to schools and receive proper education, this caused a massive effect. First of all, it very quickly created a serious educational gap between young people and their parents that never attended high schools.

Besides, it served as another reason for young people to unite into groups, spend more time together, with the people that shared their wave length and with whom they could find understanding and speak a common language. Finally, these small unions soon produced many different subcultures with their own beliefs, rules, dress codes, and attitudes.

Feeling alienated and misunderstood is very typical for teenagers. This feeling often becomes the reasons of rebellions and protests. Unusual clothes, bright makeup, loud music, smoking, and other provocative behaviors are the signals that a teenager is going through a stage of adolescence.

What is often perceived by adult people as “acting crazy” is a normal reaction of an adolescent brain to all the changes that happen to a person’s mind and body at this stage of life. Puberty raises the levels of hormones in the body. As a result, a teenager start to go through multiple new experiences that at the beginning of adolescence are simply shocking for the young persons.

Feeling lost and lonely the teenager starts to look for people that go through similar experiences. This is when literature and films start playing an important educational role for the adolescents.

Puberty throws the teenagers into a completely new world where they have to re-evaluate their social status, re-think their identity, form their morals and opinions. Teenagers badly need any possible help with distinguishing between what is right and what is wrong.

It is fascinating to notice that most of the contemporary novels popular among adolescents contain examples of diversity and confrontations between the representatives of different cultures, social classes, religions, and races. “Harry Potter” books by J. K. Rowling are, without a doubt, very skillful and beautiful, but not the only examples of the author using fantasy literature with educational purposes.

Among the most popular novels that fulfill the teenagers’ desire to understand the society around them and learn to deal with its diversity are “Twilight”, “The Hunger Games” and “The Mortal Instruments”. Te films based on this book help to carry out and spread their educational capacities.

Besides, contemporary cinema started to introduce more diversity into its products and emphasize the social and cultural diversity using including diverse groups of main characters and showing the ways they work through their differences, grow closer, learn to cooperate and develop genuine relationships and friendships.

To conclude, it is highly important that such an important aspect of modern life as social and cultural diversity is taught not only in schools but through the mass media and social media too. Learning about the society that surrounds us is a crucial part of the psychological development of an individual; this is why today the scholars, psychologists, and artists have united their efforts to deliver the message about the value of tolerance.

Reference List

Belsky, J. (2010). Experiencing the Lifespan. (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Worth Publishing

Paul, A. M. (2014). Harry Potter Casts a Spell of Tolerance.

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The Themes of Hope and Trauma in “Harry Potter” Essay

September 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

The Harry Potter series has entered the public consciousness and became an instant classic. It captured both children and adults due to its complex themes and nuanced characters. The author is not afraid to write about dark subjects, such as death, torture, madness, and abuse. The themes of hope, trauma, and maturation are expressed throughout the series. The main characters have to contend with the loss of loved ones and find a path forward to help each other.

Today, Harry Potter and his friends are as commonly known and beloved as Cinderella, Hansel and Gretel, or Dorothy. Their struggles against the dark forces come at a hefty price that some have to pay from the very beginning. The inciting incident of the series is a giant man breaking down the door and telling Harry about his horrible legacy (Rowling 35). Lily and James Potter were murdered in cold blood by an immortal dark wizard who laughed as he killed them.

Harry, being an infant at the time, remembers very little of it, and cannot fully grasp the situation. The trauma that Harry feels is not a single instance of negative emotion. Pedersen writes, “the traumatic symptoms which manifest themselves in the present are not the re-experiencing of the past because the past event was not actually experienced to begin with” (42). That statement fits the Harry Potter series perfectly, as Harry does not merely experience the death of his parents with a delay. He recontextualizes it constantly, and it informs his present emotional reactions, such as seeing them in the Erised mirror or learning about Ron’s family life.

After the loss of his parents, he came to depend on his aunt and uncle, who treated him terribly. Only later would he find out that his aunt Petunia herself suffered from neglect because her sister was magical, and she was not. She unloaded this resentment on Harry because she could not deal with the trauma in her own childhood. She took control of her trauma by overcorrecting, where the wizard got neglected and abused, while her “normal” son was pampered and spoiled.

Hogwarts represents an integral part of Harry’s coming of age. He learns the magical arts, finds his first friends and parental figures, and develops as a person. Hogwarts is by no means a safe space: in the first days of studying, people get injured, endangered, and harassed. That school is not meant to create an ideal environment for helpless children. Instead, it helps them grow stronger and more equipped to deal with the dangerous world. Zacarian writes that humans can overcome the odds stacked against them (17). This ability to overcome is essential, as it gives people hope and faith in themselves and their allies. Through facilitating growth and friendship, Hogwarts becomes a home for Harry that the Dursleys’ house never was.

The author creates an example of an improper way to deal with trauma in Petunia Dursley, which is rejection, avoidance, and, to some extent, the demonization of the source of her unhappiness. Becoming strong and resilient helps people self-actualize, and Rowling seems to recognize that, as she casts all who rise and fight in a positive light. Harry’s closest friends choose to act in the face of the unknown.

Even Neville’s willingness to stand up to his friends to protect them is commended, which speaks volumes. The book teaches children to be strong and independent instead of relying on adults. The author seems to make the point that home is where people grow stronger together, and that this strength makes trauma bearable.

The Harry Potter series is a nuanced book with complicated characters. While it is a children’s book full of magic and adventures, it is often surprisingly dark. However, throughout the series, the author impresses the importance of self-actualization and inner strength. Many characters in the book have suffered, and their willingness to stand up for themselves and others is what helps them overcome their past. Strength and resilience create hope, and hope gives the characters strength and resilience in turn.

Works Cited

Rowling, Joanne K. Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone. Scholastic Inc, 2003.

Pedersen, Cassie. “Encountering Trauma ‘Too Soon’ and ‘Too Late’: Caruth, Laplanche, and the Freudian Nachträglichkeit.” Topography of Trauma: Fissures, Disruptions and Transfigurations, edited by Danielle Schaub, et al. Brill, 2019, pp. 25–44.

Zacarian, Debbie, et al. Teaching to Strengths: Supporting Students Living with Trauma, Violence, and Chronic Stress. ASCD, 2017.

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