Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
Harry Potter and The Sorcerer’s Book Analysis
- 1 II. Book Summary
- 2 III. Character Descriptions
- 3 IV. Literary Devices
- 4 V. Vocabulary
- 5 VI. Key Passage-
II. Book Summary
Harry Potter and The Sorcerer’s Stone is a book written by J.K. Rowling about a boy named Harry. When Harry was a baby, his whole family was killed by the evil wizard Voldemort. However, Voldemort was not able to kill Harry. After years of Harry living at the Dursely’s house, a mysterious man named Hagrid shows up on Harry’s 11th birthday to tell him that he possesses magical powers. Hagrid then takes Harry to attend Hogwarts School of Wizardry, where he faces the challenge of a lifetime.
III. Character Descriptions
Harry Potter- The main character and protagonist of the book. Has a lightning bolt scar on his forehead from where Voldemort failed to kill him as a baby. Harry found out that he was a wizard on his 11th birthday from Hagrid, and was enrolled into Hogwarts. Harry was very shy and timid at first, but matures and becomes brave by the end of the book from the many challenges he faced trying to capture the Sorcerer’s Stone.
“Harry had taken one stop towards it when a slithering sound made him freeze where he stood. A bush on the edge of the clearing quivered…Then, out of the shadows, a hooded figure came crawling across the ground like some stalking beast. Harry, Malfoy, and Fang stood transfixed. The cloaked figure reached the unicorn, it lowered its head over the wound in the animal’s side, and began to drink its blood.”
Hermione Granger- Comes from a purely Muggle family, meaning a family where no one holds any special powers. At first, she comes off as an extreme goody two shoes and know-it-all to Harry. However, by the middle of the book, she loosens up a bit and tells lies to cover for Harry. She even helps tremendously in the quest to find the Sorcerer’s stone. By the end of the book, she had developed a special friendship with Ron and Harry.
Goodness, didn’t you know, I’d have found out everything I could if it was me. – Hermione Granger
Ron Weasley- Harry’s first friend at Hogwarts. Ron comes from a very poor family and wears hand me down clothes. He is very shy, and isn’t very good at magic. However, Harry appreciates how loyal Ron is to him and he becomes Harry’s closest friend.
Hermione: Now, if you don’t mind, I’m going to bed before either of you come up with another clever idea to get us killed- or worse, expelled.
Ron: She needs to sort out her priorities!
IV. Literary Devices
Simile- Harry’s legs were like lead again. Pg. 96
Metaphor- He was a big, beefy man with hardly any neck, although he did have a very large mustache. Mrs. Dursley was thin and blonde and had nearly twice the usual amount of neck, which came in very useful as she spent so much of her time craning over garden fences, spying on the neighbors. Pg. 1
Allusion- Paracelsus was on the chocolate frog card that Harry opened on his first ride on the Hogwart’s Express pg. 82
Foreshadowing- “He was talking about interfering with what the planets say is going to happen… They must show Voldemort’s coming back… Bane thinks Firenze should have let Voldemort kill me… I suppose that’s written in the stars as well.” Pg. 138
Personification- The Sorting hat pg. 96
Tawny- having the color of tanned leather
Chortle- laugh quietly or with restraint
Grudging- Petty or reluctant in giving or spending
Astride- With one leg on each side
Scrawny- inferior in size or quality
Hoodlum- An aggressive and violent young criminal
Snivel- Snuff up mucus through the nose
Warlock- A male witch or demon
Ashen- Pale from illness or emotion
Apothecary- A health professional trained in the art of preparing drugs
VI. Key Passage-
“There are all kinds of courage,” said Dumbledore, smiling. “It takes a great deal of bravery to stand up to our enemies, but just as much to stand up to our friends. I therefore award ten points to Mr. Neville Longbottom.” Pg. 247
VII. Key Passage Explanation- This passage is key to the story because it shows the theme of the book. All of the characters had to develop courage and bravery throughout the story to accomplish their goals and/or solve the problems they faced. For example, at the beginning of the story Harry was very timid and wasn’t very brave. By the end, he had developed courage.
The Banning of the Harry Potter Series
The Harry Potter Series had been a controversial topic sense the first book Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone that came out in 1997. When we were first introduced to Harry Potter the Boy who Lived.
Throughout the books we are introduced to different characters both good and bad, there are deaths, torture, and discrimination but do I believe that the books should be banned? Not entirely.
The book shows us that anyone can be a hero no matter what happens when you were younger or who your family is. J.K. Rowling shows us that we should stand up for what we believe in even if others around us don’t believe in the same thing. To be strong and to be proud of who we are and where we came from. But not everyone feels the same way about the books like I do.
Some people find the Harry Potter books to be inappropriate reading because of the way Harry and his friends behave. Some note that Harry “”lies, breaks rules, and disobeys authority figures, including the professors at Hogwarts,”” and that he ends up being rewarded and praised for his actions.They feel that heroes should be entirely good people who do as they’re told and respect others (Harry Potter Banned).
While this may be the case in some instances, students could use this as a learning opportunity because no one is perfect and human beings all make mistakes. So when they say our hero’s should be entirely good it makes me cringe. So there saying when I get older I can’t be someone’s hero because I’ve made mistakes in my life how’s that fair?
What their saying isn’t entirely wrong breaking rules, lying, and disobeying authority is never good and can lead to other bad things later in life but should they really blame books for their problems or should they be looking at the ones raising them?
One school that banned Harry Potter was St. Mary’s Island Church of England school in Chatham, Kent. Head teacher Carol Rockwood explained that “”The Bible is very clear and consistent in its teachings that wizards, devils and demons exist and are very real, powerful and dangerous and God’s people are told to have nothing to do with them.”” She added that “”I believe it is confusing to children when something wicked is being made to look fun.”” (Harry Potter Banned).
Some people think that the Harry Potter books (especially the later ones) are too dark and scary for children to handle. The series begins as Harry is orphaned, and he soon learns his parents were violently killed. There are intense battles. Good people die, suddenly and horribly. (Harry Potter Banned).
Death has always been a big part of the serious. As the series progresses, it is death that defines Harry’s character development. Cedric’s death leaves Harry traumatized. Sirius’s death shows Harry the high cost of Harry’s mistakes and the extent to which death can alter his future. Dumbledore’s death, of course, leaves Harry rudderless and vulnerable, forcing him to mature to a new level of personal responsibility. (At the BookShelf)
By Book Seven, Harry’s own death represents the ultimate boon that bestows upon him the power to at last defeat Voldemort, whose vulnerability is created by horcruxes, dark magic used to protect him at the expense of his living soul. As Harry marches to his death, Every second he breathed, the smell of the grass, the cool air on his face, was so precious. In this moment, as Harry accepts death, life itself becomes sweet, even beautiful ??” a sharp contrast to the cursed life that Voldemort cannot escape from. (At the BookShelf)
This contrast is again the pivot-point of the mortality theme that Rowling develops. Voldemort looks like death, he brings death wherever he goes, his army are the Death-Eaters, and several aspects of his iconography associate him with the Grim Reaper of legend. (At the BookShelf)
In spite of this objection, Snape is willing to die for the cause of righteousness, just as James and Lilly were, just as Sirius was, just as Dumbledore was, and just as all the casualties of the Battle of Hogwarts were. Even Harry’s poor owl, Hedwig, chooses to die to protect something she loves. (At the BookShelf)
When perceived as a pattern, heroism in Harry Potter means accepting death. In contrast, fighting against death is analogous to raging against the storm for Shakespeare’s King Lear, who, like Voldemort, is reduced to a cursed existence in consequence. (At the BookShelf)
But one side of the Harry Potter controversy are those who say that J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter books are wonderful fantasy novels with powerful messages for kids and the ability to make even reluctant readers eager readers.(Harry Potter Controversy)
Some Christians believe Harry’s magical exploits pose an active danger. According to them, Hogwarts teaches the kinds of witchcraft explicitly condemned as punishable by death and damnation in the biblical books of Deuteronomy and Exodus. (Good Education)
So no I wouldn’t recommend a little kid reading these books and they should they be banned from elementary schools. But do I think they should be banned from high schools and libraries? No. In High School were almost adults so shouldn’t it be our choice to read what we want?
The Harry Potter series is alike Fahrenheit 451 because in both books there was a problem that had two sides good v.s evil and rebellion v.s The Law. There where people changing sides in both books.
Coping with Trauma in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
Near the end of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Harry Potter, at the young age of fourteen, is forced to watch Voldemort and one of his Death Eaters kill Cedric Diggory before Harry’s very eyes. This is likely the most traumatic event Harry has ever witnessed in his life at this point, and the repercussions of this event are seen in detail in the following book, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix. Order of the Phoenix is primarily about Harry learning to cope with his trauma, and due to the millions of children throughout the world who deal with abuse, neglect, and other types of trauma, it is a lesson that they also must learn as they grow up.
Upon first glance, Harry’s anger and defensiveness in Order of the Phoenix seem as though they are simply typical symptoms of teenage angst. However, upon further investigation, it is actually much more likely that Harry is suffering from something called Post Traumatic Stress Disorder aka PTSD. PTSD is defined by the Anxiety and Depression Association of America as a “debilitating condition that can occur in people who have experienced or witnessed a natural disaster, serious accident, terrorist incident, sudden death of a loved one, war, violent personal assault such as rape, or other life-threatening events” (“Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)”). There are three major symptoms of PTSD, and Harry exhibits each of them in Order of the Phoenix.
The first main symptom is “Re-experiencing the trauma through intrusive distressing recollections of the event, flashbacks, and nightmares” (“Symptoms of PTSD”), which Harry experiences in Chapter One of Order of the Phoenix:“I heard you last night”, said Dudley breathlessly. “Talking in your sleep. Moaning.” “What d’you mean?” Harry said again, but there was a cold, plunging sensation in his stomach. He had revisited the graveyard last night in his dreams. Dudley gave a harsh bark of laughter then adopted a high pitch, whimpering voice. “‘Don’t kill Cedric! Don’t kill Cedric!’ Who’s Cedric – your boyfriend?” (Rowling 15).Harry’s dreams and flashbacks about Cedric’s death show that it has affected him much more deeply than any other death in the series so far, to the point that he is truly traumatized.
The second main symptom of PTSD is “Emotional numbness and avoidance of places, people, and activities that are reminders of the trauma” (“Symptoms of PTSD”). Although it is extremely difficult for Harry to avoid reminders of Cedric’s death at Hogwarts due to the majority of his peers who wish to either hear about the story or expose him for lying about it, there are examples of Harry trying to force himself to forget about Cedric also found in the first chapter. “Don’t think about that, Harry told himself sternly for the hundredth time that summer. It was bad enough that he kept revisiting the graveyard in his nightmares, without dwelling on it in his waking moments too” (Rowling 8). Harry also refused to talk about Cedric’s death at the first meeting of Dumbledore’s Army (Rowling 341), or when Cho asked about Cedric on their first and only date (561).
Finally, the third major symptom is “Increased arousal such as difficulty sleeping and concentrating, feeling jumpy, and being easily irritated and angered” (“Symptoms of PTSD”). Harry is easily startled: “A loud, echoing crack broke the sleepy silence like a gunshot…and as though this was the signal Harry had been waiting for he jumped to his feet, at the same time pulling from the waistband of his jeans a thin wooden wand as if he were unsheathing a sword” (Rowling 4). He has difficulty concentrating due to feelings of anxiety: “Every day this summer had been the same: the tension, the expectation, the temporary relief, and then mounting tension again . . .” (Rowling 3) There are many examples of Harry’s angry outbursts throughout the book, the first of which appears in the fourth chapter of the book: But before he knew it, Harry was shouting. ‘SO YOU HAVEN’T BEEN IN THE MEETINGS, BIG DEAL! YOU’VE STILL BEEN HERE, HAVEN’T YOU? YOU’VE STILL BEEN TOGETHER! ME, I’VE BEEN STUCK AT THE DURSLEYS’ FOR A MONTH! AND I’VE HANDLED MORE THAN YOU TWO’VE EVER MANAGED AND DUMBLEDORE KNOWS IT – WHO SAVED THE SORCERER’S STONE? WHO GOT RID OF RIDDLE? WHO SAVED BOTH YOUR SKINS FROM THE DEMENTORS?’ (Rowling 65) When considering all of the symptoms exhibited by Harry in this novel, one could easily diagnose him with PTSD.
Because of this, much of Order of the Phoenix is about Harry learning to cope with the trauma he was forced to endure, just as many traumatized children learn how to cope with trauma as they grow up. He is forced to move on with life after Cedric’s death, but due to Professor Umbridge increased Ministry of Magic presence at Hogwarts, it is difficult for him not to stop thinking about his trauma. The Daily Prophet refers to him as an attention seeking liar, and he is further abused by one of his own teachers during his detention with Umbridge. Two of Harry’s most important mentors have opposing views on what Harry should do to deal with this trauma. The headmaster of Hogwarts, Albus Dumbledore, seemingly does not want Harry to deal with his trauma until he is old enough to do so. Dumbledore states that, “I cared more for your happiness than your knowing the truth, more for your peace of mind than my plan” (Rowling 838). Dumbledore wants Harry to keep his traumatic memories suppressed and try to be happy for as long as he can. Meanwhile, Sirius Black, Harry’s godfather, wants Harry to deal with his trauma by breaking rules and going on adventures. Sirius believes risk taking will help Harry cope, but due to the dangerous wartime environment the characters find themselves in, it would be too irresponsible for Harry to heed Sirius’s advice. Sirius is also trying to deal with his own trauma, living in the same house he was abused in during his childhood, and when Harry rejects his advice, Sirius reacts immaturely: “‘You’re less like your father than I thought,’ he said finally, a definite coolness in his voice. ‘The risk would’ve been what made it fun for James.’” (Rowling 305). This statement about James is meant to intentionally hurt Harry’s feelings, just because Harry does not wish to endanger Sirius. This immaturity and lack of forethought shows that Sirius has not fully dealt with his own problems of trauma, and is not the most reliable source for Harry to take advice from.
Due to Harry receiving less than stellar guidance from his most trusted mentors, Harry is forced to find his own way to cope. He manages to find a makeshift support group in Dumbledore’s Army, an organization founded on the basis of studying Defense Against the Dark Arts in secret. Harry finds comfort and meaning in teaching others, and it eventually becomes “the only thing he really looked forward to…” (Rowling 451). Harry, just like many other youths growing up with trauma, must find his own way of growing up and dealing with his problems. It is not easy for him, and he endures even more trauma throughout the course of the book, but the fact that Harry is able to make it through the year while dealing with so many issues shows how much Harry has grown since the first book.
AADA. “Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).” Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAA, 2018, adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd.
AADA. “Symptoms of PTSD.” Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAA, 2018, adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd.
Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban. London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 1999. Print.