Bernhard Schlink’s The Reader and Francois Truffaut’s Fahrenheit 451: a Study of the Literary Theme in Both
Literature is a fundamental theme in both Schlink’s novel The Reader and in François Truffaut’s film adaptation of Fahrenheit 451. There is a perspicuous connection between reading and the human emotion of their retrospective characters, and through this literature is presented as a force which increases both emotional and social intelligence. Emotional intelligence, a term coined by Savaloy and Mayer, is defined as the ability to ‘recognise, and manage our own emotions [as well as] recognising, and understanding […] the emotions of others’ (Savaloy and Mayer:1996). The notion that reading fiction has an effect on one’s emotional intelligence is suggested by Bal and Veltkamp, who explore this in their journal ‘How Does Fiction Reading Influence Empathy? An Experimental Investigation on the Role of Emotional Transportation.’ The representation of literature in the works studied mirrors this theory, as both Schlink’s and Traffuat’s works portray literature as a means of enhancing the readers’ empathy, and thus emotional intelligence. This is expressed through the characters’ subsequent reformed stances on situations once exposed to literature. Furthermore, the two works express literature’s effect on emotional intelligence through the development of the character’s emotional management once having access to fiction. Finally, social intelligence is a term described as ‘a person’s ability to interact, maintain, and build relationships with others’ (Coleman:2011). Again, it is a Bas and Veltkamp conception which interlinks the theory with literature, as they state that reading can help ‘people understand the world and how they should interact with other people’ (Bal and Veltkamp: 2016). Here lies the argument that literature does in fact increase social intelligence; the perspective is present in regards to the two works, and the idea is developed primarily through the exploration of key characters whom do not partake in reading literature, and their irregular responses to social interactions.
The first way in which literature is presented as a medium to increase emotional intelligence is through the depiction of its ability to enhance character’s empathy. Veltkamp and Bals suggests the idea that people who have access to literature are more empathetic than those who do not, their explanation being that ‘people who read a lot of fiction become more empathetic, because fiction is a stimulation of social experiences, in which people practice and enhance their interpersonal skills’ (Veltkamp and Bal:2016). When considering both Schlink and Trauffaut’s works, one can argue that the characters presented in both appear to adhere to Veltkamp and Bals’ hypothesis. If we begin by contemplating The Reader, and more specifically, Hanna and her flippancy towards other people, we get a sense that the character lacks empathy. This can be seen when she is asked whether she was aware during her time as an SS guard of the murder that took place at the camps. The character states ‘yes but the old ones had to make room for the new ones’ (Schlink: 1998: 111); Hanna is presented as having no regard for the victims, this is exemplified in the quotation, as she describes the people as old and new ‘ones.’ This extremely impersonal choice of words acts in presenting not only a lack of respect for those who were murdered, but also a lack of understanding, and indeed empathy. It is also significant to discuss the opening of her statement, as the character begins with ‘yes but’ (Schlink:1998:111), there is an indication that Hanna stands by this decision, as through the use of the word ‘but’ she excuses the murders for something that had to be done, they ‘had to make room’ (Schlink:1998:111). This evidence suggests that the text’s illiterate character has no empathy, as if one cannot empathise with those who are unwilfully murdered, can one truly empathise with anything at all? The argument that it is literature which enables people to become more empathetic, and thus emotionally intelligent is further illustrated, as Schlink presents Hanna as being far more considerate of others once she has learnt to read. There is a sense that the character is somewhat reformed upon gaining a sustainable access to literature, this is displayed as she ‘lent some tapes [of Michael reading stories] to the aid society for blind people’ (Schlink:1998:205). To begin with, this selfless act is an example of the character’s empathy, as she helps the disabled and vulnerable, for no other reason than that she can relate to them, in the sense that she too was once incapable of experiencing literature. As a side note, it is also important to recognise that this act is not related to the Holocaust in any way, and so it is discernible that this a selfless act of kindness and not a plea for redemption. Here there is a clear distinction between empathy, or lack thereof, that Hanna showed prior to reading and the level of empathy shown once the character became literate, thus it is manifest that in this instance literature is presented a mode of enhancing one’s emotional intelligence.
If we now consider, Trauffaut’s film adaptation of Fahrenheit 451, we can also draw connections between Veltkamp and Bas’ argument and the levels of empathy and thus emotional intelligence shown by readers and non-readers. For example, if we focus on the scene where the woman is burnt alive with her books, we can easily distinguish between the emotive reactions of Montag, who at this stage is reading literature, and his fellow fireman who are not. Whilst the chief of the fire brigade allows the woman a countdown from ten before he sets her alight along with her books, there is a manifest sense of indifference on his part in regards to the woman’s life. As previously stated this is contrasted with Montag’s concern over the matter, this is seen as he exclaims ‘she must leave,’ and in response the chief states ‘well she refuses to leave.’ (Trauffaut:1966). Montag is clearly empathetic of the woman, and tries to prevent her death, this is expressed through his shouting ‘she must be forced to leave’, to which the chief simply says ‘look out’ (Trauffaut:1966). It is palpable when watching this scene that Montag is both emotionally and physically distressed, he is wide-eyed, red in the face, and as previously stated is shouting. If we compare this to the almost nonchalant air of the chief and other firemen, there is a distinct difference in the attitudes towards the woman’s life. The fact that the chief ignores Montag’s last statement and shouts ‘look out,’ is a clear indication of his eagerness to simply get the job done, he has no time for debates, and is not interested in the life of this woman. This is also further presented, as once the woman has begun to burn, all of the firemen bar Montag evacuate the house, here we get the impression that the character is so shocked by the horror of the men’s actions that he is fixed frozen in his place, again suggesting that he is more empathetic than the others, who seem rather apathetic throughout the entire ordeal. This is presented as none of them attempt to prevent this unnecessary death, as well as the fact they leave without so much as a glance towards the woman they played a hand in murdering. With this in mind, it appears that Fahrenheit 451 does in fact express the notion that reading literature has a positive effect on a people’s emotional intelligence, as it has the ability to enhance one’s potential to empathise.
Another way in which literature and its influence is presented, is the notion that is has the capacity to strengthen people’s emotional intelligence through allowing them to better understand, and in turn, control their emotions. This is displayed through the characters in the two works studied. The Reader incorporates this interpretation through Hanna’s vast difference in emotive behaviour succeeding her literacy. Early in the novel Hanna is depicted as having difficulty understanding how to manage her anger stemming from her inability to read. The character takes this anger out on Michael, this is described through her violent outbursts, as she held ‘the narrow leather belt that she wore around her dress, she took a step backwards and hit [him] across the face’ (Schlink:1998:55). First and foremost, it is clear that the character struggles to contain this anger, as well as dealing with the cause of it. Following this paragraph further, the character then ‘beat her fists against [Michael’s] chest then gave a deep sigh and snuggled into [his] arms’ (Schlink:1998:55); here this rapid change in emotion reiterates the idea that the character has difficulty controlling it, as her acts’ begin with extreme violence and quickly flow into a state of warm affection, as seen through the use of the word ‘snuggled’ (Schlink:1998:55). However, if we initially consider the act of violence alone, and compare it to the unmistakeably calmer actions taken by Hanna once she is literate, there is the potential to believe that the character has gained a better understanding of her emotions and how to manage them. This is expressed in the description of Hanna’s action regarding the prison library cuts, where she ‘held a sit-down strike until [they] were reinstated’ (Schlink:1998: 204). At this stage in the novel, Hanna’s passion for literature is clear and one can assume the pain and anger the character would feel regarding the cut backs. In this instance, the calm and collected actions of the character can be perceived as an example of literature having a positive effect on the way people control and recognise their emotions, as it seems there has been an enormous improvement from her prior violent outburst. With this in mind, it is a clear example of literature proving its ability to increase the emotional intelligence of its reader.
The same can be said for Fahrenheit 451, in this instance, this presentation of literature is portrayed through the character Linda and her immoderate reaction to a disagreement with her husband. The scene in question consists of Montag disillusioning his wife, and her belief that she alone was part of the television programme The Family. In response to this, Linda replies ‘That’s not true, I mean even if it was true you didn’t have to tell me, that was very mean’(Truffaut:1966). The use of the word ‘mean’ is vital here in presenting the triviality of this disagreement, the word does not inspire images of spite or hatefulness, but rather comes across almost childlike. As viewers, it seems a relatively ordinary exchange between husband and wife, and the disagreement appears as a minor contretemps. However, it is the actions which follow that present the idea that those who do not read, such as Linda, have difficulties understanding their emotions and how to manage them. In the next scene where the character is present, she is unconscious after having overdosed on prescription medication; due to this, the drastic act is presented as a direct result of the conversation. The mere fact that Linda attempts to end her life over such a minor matter, one which she herself does not describe as overtly nefarious, insinuates the notion that the character indeed has difficulty handling her emotions. We are left with the impression that those who do not read have a limited emotional intelligence, as the characters cannot comprehend the intensity of their feelings and in turn how to suitably manage them.
Furthermore, in Bal and Veltkamp’s journal, they state that it is ‘the imitation of real-world experiences in fiction [that] might be associated with processes that people use in daily life to comprehend what happens in the world. Consequently, [it is] through this sense making process [in which] people gain a better understanding of the world and how they should interact with other people’ (Bal and Veltkamp:2016).
The representation of literature as a force which has the ability to educate people on how to correctly, and appropriately interact with others is common within the two works studied. Together, they exemplify the idea that literature can influence our social intelligence. This representation is presented through the characters who do not have access to reading, and their consequent lack of apt social interactions and behaviour throughout the texts. If we first take Schlink’s novel into consideration, and study the actions of Hanna, the illiterate female protagonist, we can identify the character’s inability to understand the ways in which to treat people in order to ‘maintain a relationship’ (Coleman:2011). An example of this is when the narrator Michal states ‘Hanna forced me to be home on time’ (Schlink: 1998: 41). This notion of force is implicit in presenting Hanna’s domineering and inequitable relationship with Michael; although it is arguable that one can use force and pressure without it necessarily concerning their social intelligence, it is clear throughout the text that this is not an isolated incident. This is presented as later in the narration, Michael explores another event stating that ‘she threatened, I instantly and unconditionally surrendered’ (Schlink: 1998:49). It is manifest through the use of violent terms such as ‘forced’ and ‘threatened’ that the character Hanna is depicted as a figure who treats her lover in a cruel manner which suggests her poor ability to interact and ‘maintain a relationship’(Coleman:2011). As previously stated, the fact that these are not isolated events also indicates the idea that the character shows no remorse for her actions, as they are ongoing. On the other hand, it could be the case that Hanna in fact does not understand her wrongdoings, which coincides with the consequence of Bal and Veltkamp’s theory: that without access to literature, people may have a weaker understanding of how to suitably interact with others, and in turn, a lesser social intelligence.
This representation is also prevalent in Truffaut’s Fahrenheit 451, however, in this case, it is the contrasting social skills of a character who reads with one who does not, which exemplifies this point. To begin, it is the character Clarrise who acts as the figure of the reader; if we focus on the character’s introductory scene, we notice that she is presented as extremely sociable, and talkative. The character approaches Montag, stating ‘I think we’re neighbours’(Truffaut:1966). Here she is clearly instigating a conversation and in turn trying to ‘build[..] a relationship’ with Montag (Colemean:2011). A point that may be overlooked upon first watching this scene, is the character’s friendly behaviour as she laughs and smiles throughout this exchange; the reason behind the viewers’ potential failure to notice this is due to the normality of the behaviour. It is only when contrasting this with the extremely antisocial conduct of the character Linda, a non-reader, that one might begin to acknowledge these traits, as the two characters act in mutually highlighting one another’s level of social intelligence. This contrasting relationship is further developed through the director’s choice of having the two characters’ introduction scenes directly follow one another. The character Linda’s antisocialism is presented in her exchange with her husband Montag, where she appears to not acknowledge his presence immediately, as she watches television. The characters’ eyes do not divert from the screen at any point during this conversation, and her extreme disinterest is presented through her delayed responses, to the point where Montag is left to ask ‘are you listening?’ (Trauffaut:1966). In this film, those who read are presented as having a better sociality and in turn understanding of how to communicate with others, than those who do not. In relation to the two developments discussed here, it is manifest that literature is portrayed in both works as a medium which allows people to understand how to appropriately interact with others, and in a broader sense, it is represented as a means to increase social intelligence.
To summarise, in the case of the two works studied, literature is represented as an instrument of enhancing both social and emotional intelligence amongst readers. With regard to the social aspect, the two works exemplify this point through the depiction of differing social abilities amongst the literate and illiterate characters. They present the notion that reading improves one’s abilities to interact with others, in order to build upon a relationship. As regards the emotional intelligence, the works’ involvement in the portrayal of literature’s capacity to increase this is illustrated through the ideas that reading holds the power to improve one’s empathy, as well as that it can better one’s ability to control and understand one’s emotions. This analysis could be taken further, in order to discuss the ways in which the medium affects this representation of literature, exploring the differences portrayed by film and novels.
Assessment of the Concept of Group Value as Depicted in Ray Bradbury’s, Fahrenheit 451
People in general seem to be drawn to entertainment. Whether it is books, movies, television, or video games, these solutions for boredom seem to consume us. With this in mind, it is not hard to see how someone’s idea of the future might involve a society obsessed with mindless soap operas and advertisements. Fahrenheit 451 is a novel about a society where books are forbidden and burned by firemen, one of which being the protagonist Guy Montag who eventually realizes the importance of books. Ray Bradbury wrote Fahrenheit 451 in 1953 when mass culture was just taking off. Bradbury predicted some of the technology of today by satirizing the idea of mass culture through looking at it through the lenses of radio and television.
The first form of media that Bradbury criticises in Fahrenheit 451 is radio. Instead of the bulkier, non portable versions of radio that existed in the 1950s, characters in the novel had seashell radios; completely portable, wireless headphones that fit directly into the wearer’s ear. It was the seashell radios that Mildred, Montag’s wife, wears both when she is awake but also when she is asleep. Montag often describes her frequent use of the seashell radios as an ocean and even goes as far as to comment that “there had been no night in the past two years that Mildred had not swum in that sea” (pg. 12.) Based on the fact that Millie is so obsessed with radio, it’s reasonable to assume that the rest of this dystopian world may be. In the 1950’s radio was extremely popular; they were often used for advertising products. Bradbury reflects this when Montag rides the train and is bombarded by advertisements. Though Montag rebelled by trying not to listen to the radio, the other people on the train were “tapping their feet to the rhythm… the people whose mouths had been faintly twitching the words Dentrifice Dentrifice Dentrifice” (pg. 79.) This shows that people are so used to the advertisements that they’ve accepted them into real life. Similarly, in America today some of these predictions have come true. Wireless headphones, such as Apple’s AirPods, make it possible for someone to go through life casually wearing headphones. Also, people have become so accustom to commercials in their everyday lives that they’ve genuinely started to enjoy them. For example many people will watch the superbowl just for the commercials. What could simply be dismissed as science fiction had real life meaning in Bradbury’s time and continues to in present day.
The next form of media that Bradbury predicts will become more powerful is television. In the 1950’s, television was still relatively new, but many families already had one. These small, black and white boxes were almost nothing like the floor to ceiling wall screens of Fahrenheit 451, however the did have several similarities. For instance, during the 50’s, many women were housewives. After the invention of television, their leisure time was often spent watching daytime television, which was almost specifically meant for them. In the novel, Mildred spends the time that she isn’t listening to her seashell radio watching TV. The full wall screens were extremely immersive to the viewers, even to the point where it was interactive. Montag refers to the parlor wall characters as Millie’s “family” and throughout the book, we see that she cares for them like a family. With this level of attachment to their televisions, the people of this world have gotten less and less social. Montag notices that he and Millie are less close and that there was “a wall between him and Millie… not just one wall but 3” (pg. 44). This line shows not only how Montag feels that television has not only driven a wedge between him and his wife, but also alienated him from society. This prediction came true with people who get together to watch certain TV shows or games. Studies have also shown that people, especially young people, have become less social by opting to stay inside and binge watch shows. These predictions were true in 1953 when the novel was first penned and continue to be to this day.
Though Fahrenheit 451 was written in a time completely and fundamentally different from present day, it continues to be relevant to this day. The novel manages to criticize our dependence on both technology and constant entertainment while still managing to remain nonspecific to any particular time period. Ray Bradbury successfully predicted how the technology of the future would impact culture by reimagining radio and television.
The Destruction of Written Material as Illustrated in Ray Bradbury’s, Fahrenheit 451
Behind the fire
Fahrenheit 451 takes place in future in 24th century where people live in a society where reading is banned and it is illegal to own any type of book. And because the government bans books firmen no longer put out fires they start them by finding people that own books going to there house and burning their books and house. Fahrenheit 451 focuses on the main character which is Guy Montag. Guy Montag is a 30 year old man that live a decent life, he has a wife named Mildred has been married to for the past ten years, has a house and he loves his job as a firemen. Guy has been working as a fireman for the past ten years. Everyday Montag wake up with a smile on his face. Guy never take his time to think or question about things that he does or things that are going on around him. He is just a happy fellow. Until he meets Clarisse McClellan. Clarisse is a 17 year old that is unique from every other teenager because she enjoys doing thing the nobody likes to do like observe objects and have a conversation. Once Guy meets Clarisse he starts to think and do things he would’ve never done. Guy and Clarisse become friends and Clarisse later dies. Clarisse’s death impacts Guy’s life and does crazy things and even goes as far as stealing books and reading them and disobeying the law.
The first line of chapter one is “It was a pleasure to burn”. This line is very important because it shows that Guy Montag loved his job and he liked seeing books burn.Throughout chapter one “The Hearth and Salamander” there is a drastic change in Guy Montag. Guy changes the way he thinks and things he does in his everyday life. There is a third person narrator throughout the chapter and the narrator says things that Guy does or what he is thinking, and in chapter one the narrator talks about how Guy enjoys the smell of kerosene and enjoys watching books burn. In chapter one in page 2 it says “While books went up in sparkling whirls and blew away on a wind turned dark with burning. Montag grinned the fierce grin of all men singed and driven back by flame.” This text proves that Guy is loving his job. Everything goes Guy’s way until he meets Clarisse. On that same day at night Guy is walking home and sees Clarisse walking. Clarisse and Guy meet for the first time and introduce themselves. Clarisse talks to Guy about things that not even an adult would talk about. Clarisse goes on and tells Guy that she once heard that she once heard that firemen use to put out fires and Guy laughs and Clarisse says, “You laugh when i haven’t been funny and you answer right off. You never stop to think what I’ve asked you.’’ This makes Guy think about things he has said which is one of the reasons Guy changes in the novel. As they are walking Clarisse talks about her family and how her uncle has been arrested for driving slowly and being a pedestrian. Before clarisse goes to her house she ask Guy if he is happy which keeps Guy awake thinking about what he has in life. In page seven it says “Then she seemed to remember something and came back to look at him with wonder and curiosity. “Are you happy?” she said. Am I what?” he cried. Later on in chapter one “The Hearth and Salamander” Clarisse and Guy talk more and Clarisse words and action have a big impact in Guy’s life. Some simple things that Clarisse does makes Guy wonder even about his marriage. For instances, Clarisse gets a dandelion and tells Guy to rub it under his chin and if a rubs off it will mean that you are in love. Clarisse’s dandelion rubs on her chin but Guy’s dandelion doesn’t which makes Guy irritated because he is married to Mildred for the past ten years. “What a shame she said. You’re not in love with anyone.” this makes Guy talk to Mildred about their marriage and how they meet. But to a surprise Mildred does not remember how they met ten years ago. As the chapter goes on and Clarisse dies Guy does things that are illegal. Mildred informs Guy that Clarisse has died because she was ran over by a car. This shocks Guy, later on Guy goes to work and has to go to a woman’s home because she has books. Once Guy arrives at the woman’s home she is ready to burn her books, but before she burns her books Guy got a book not knowing that it was the last copy of the bible. She burns her books but refuses to leave, Guy tries to convince the woman to leave. Captain Beatty Guy’s boss tell him to leave her. Hours later the woman is burned with her books and this makes Guy feel bad because he could of done something. “Play the man, Master Ridley; we shall this day light such a candle, by God’s grace, in England, as I trust shall never be put out.” this is the quote the woman says moments before she kills herself and burns her books. When Guy goes back home he talks to Mildred about the woman and says, “There must be something in books, things we can’t imagine, to make a woman stay in a burning house; there must be something there. You don’t just stay for nothing.” This shows that Guy wants to start to read because he wants to know why people can’t read books and why the government banned books. That is the start of his desire to read. The next day Guy does not want to go to work because he got a book and feels sick not physically but emotionally because of what happened the night before. Captain Beatty comes to Guy’s home uninvited and starts to tell Guy about the consequences about having a book and while Beatty is talking to Guy, Mildred starts to clean the bedroom. While cleans the bedroom she tries to get the pillow that is under Guy, but Guy does not want to give the pillow to Mildred because he has to book he stole from the women from yesterday. While Guy is talking to Captain Beatty Mildred finds the book, but does not tell Captain Beatty instead she ask Beatty what would happen if a firefighter had a book and Beatty responds by saying, “A natural error. Curiosity alone,’’ said Beatty. “We don’t get overanxious or mad. We let the fireman keep the book twenty-four hours. If he hasn’t burned it by then, we simply come burn it for him.” Later Beatty leaves and Mildred starts freaking out because she might lose everything lose everything, in the novel in page 65 it says, “He’ll come in,” said Mildred, “and burn us and the books!”. This text shows that Mildred is scary because they can be caught. And this is was the end of chapter one “The Hearth and the Salamander”. Chapter one is very important because it is the chapter where the reader can see that Guy has changed into a new and different person.
“The Sieve and the Sand” that is the name of chapter two. In chapter two many things happen and Guy finally starts to take action. For instance Guy read the book he stole with Mildred. In page 67 of chapter two in “The Sieve and the Sand” it says, “They read the long afternoon through, while the cold November rain fell from the sky upon the quiet house” in another part of page 67 it also says, “The parlor was dead and Mildred kept peering in at it with a blank expression as Montag paced the floor and came back and squatted down and read a page as many as ten times, aloud’’. Guy wants to learn more about books and knows its illegal so in secret he contact a old english professor named Faber. In page 71 Guy contacts Faber, “Montag identified himself and was met with a lengthy silence. “Yes,Mr.Montag?” “Professor Faber, I have a rather odd question to ask. How many copies of the bible are left in this country?”. Guy later take it a step further when he goes to Faber’s home and shows him the bible so Faber wouldn’t think that he is lying. In page 81 Montag says, “This afternoon I thought that if it turned out that books were worthwhile, we might get a press and print some extra copies”. Once Faber and Guy get together they come up with the idea, that they should plant books on fireman home. In page 82 it says “Plant the books, turn in an alarm, and see the firemen’s houses burn, is that what you mean?’’. This is something that Guy wouldn’t do in the beginning of the novel instead he probably would have turned in Faber. After meeting with Faber Guy goes to his home only to find that Mildred is home with her friends talking about war. This wouldn’t have bothered Guy in the beginning but now it does. Guy tries to talk to them but, they don’t listen so he shows them the book and reads a poem called Dover Beach.. In page 94 Guy tries to read poem to Mildred’s friends, in page 94 it says, “Why don’t you just read us one of those poems from your little book.” Mrs.Phelps nodded “I think that’d be very interesting.” “That’s not right” wailed Mrs.Bowles”. This piece of evidence shows that Montag was going to read a book to Mildred’s friends. In page 106 it says, “At last Montag raised his eyes and turned. Beatty was watching his face. Something the matter, Montag?”. “Why,” said Montag slowly, “we’ve stopped in front of my house.” This text show that right after Guy reads the book to Mildred’s friends, Guy goes to work only to get an alarm that a house has been spotted in a person’s home and that person’s home is Guy’s home. That was the end of chapter two “The Sieve and the Sand” which is very important because this is the chapter where Guy recognizes what is happening and that everything that has been told to him is a lie. And because Guy now recognizes this lie he has been told he takes action by stealing a book and reading it.
The next and final chapter is chapter 3 “Burning Bright”. In chapter three Guy ends up in his house because he discovers that Mildred turned in the fire alarm and Guy now has to burn his books and his house. But Guy refuses to burn down his home instead he burns Captain beatty alive which in result of being burned he dies. A mechanical hound injects him with a needle of poison so he wouldn’t escape. Guy successfully runs away and in a matter of minutes becomes a criminal. In page 111 it says, “Was it my wife turned in the alarm?” Beatty nodded. “But her friends turned in an alarm earlier, that I let ride.” This text shows that Mildred and her friends turned the alarm so Guy won’t be able to have books. And in page 113 it says, “And then he was a shrieking blaze, a jumping, sprawling gibbering mannikin, no longer human or known, all writhing flame on the lawn as Montag shot one continuous pulse of liquid fire on him”. This text proves that Guy lit Beatty on fire and killed him. After this Guy and Faber runaway to a with people that have memorized books so that they can teach other people about books when they are ready to learn about literature. Guy memorizes the book his stole from the women that burn herself alive, and the book he stole was one of the last copies left of the bible. While Guy is safe in a place where reading isn’t illegal, there is a war going on and bombs are falling from the sky. The war is happening where Guy use to live. After this chapter was the end of Fahrenheit 451. At the end of Fahrenheit 451 Guy is a different person that he was when the novel began. In Chapter 3 Guy goes of with people to memorize books so they can later teach them to people. I don’t think Guy would of thought of doing this in the beginning of the novel.
Throughout the novel Guy Montag changes. At first Guy Montag is a man that loves the way he lives and doesn’t think about the things he does, he definitely does not think about what he actually does in his job and why he does it. Until he meet Clarisse, and that is when Guy starts to take action and thinks about what he has done those ten years working as a fireman. These thought that Guy has result in Guy stealing books so he can read them, killing his boss in a fire and escaping with a retired english professor so he can go and live with people in a place where reading is okay. After this the novel Fahrenheit 451 ends and Guy is a different person that he was in the beginning.
Ignorance to Enlightenment in Fahrenheit 451 and Uglies
Imagine not being able to be yourself, read books, or make decisions on your own, this was normalized for Montag and Tally until they met the people that would change their perspective on everything. In Uglies, all sixteen-year-old children are required to have cosmetic surgery that will make them “pretty.” Tally Youngblood can’t wait to become pretty, but then she meets Shay, who wants to remain “ugly”, her perception changes. You can relate this to Fahrenheit 451 due to Montag not knowing any better and destroying books. Not until Montag meets Clarisse does he start to realize that there’s more to life than screens. Westerfield and Bradbury show in these novels that you can’t realize how ignorant you are until someone makes you question yourself and wonder if you are good enough.
Montag and Tally both let the government influence themselves on what they should be. Montag let the government control his mind by not being able to read books and obtain knowledge. “While the books went up in sparkling whirls and blew away on a wind turned dark with burning. Montag grinned the fierce grin of all men singed and driven back by flame.” (Bradbury 1) Montag as a firefighter and burning books brings him joy but not the joy that we feel, just less empty than he usually does. On the contrast, in The Uglies the government wants everybody to undergo surgery to become pretty. Tally really wants to go through the surgery to be pretty so she can be in New Pretty Town with her best friend Peris. “There was a certain kind of beauty, a prettiness that everyone could see. Big eyes and full lips like a kid’s; smooth, clear skin; symmetrical features; and a thousand other little clues. Somewhere in the backs of their minds, people were always looking for these markers. No one could help seeing them, no matter how they were brought up. A million years of evolution had made it part of the human brain.” (Westerfield 16) Tally knows that no matter how many surgeries she has people will still see tiny things that make her ugly. Montag and Tally are both unaware on how fatal they’re ignorance is until they meet Clarisse and Shay.
On the contrast, Montag and Tally both had people try to criticize and belittle their character. Montag was a firefighter with a wife, Mildred, at home, he lived what they would consider a happy life, but montag was not happy. Mildred believed in screens and pain pills her and Montag had no connection, but on the other hand Clarisse introduced him into the idea that knowledge is not evil. Clarisse didn’t directly point it out, but made him realize how wrong this society is. Meanwhile, Tally is getting thrown out of buildings and pulling fire alarms just to see her friend. By doing this she meets Shay, they get in a lot of trouble together and Shay almost convinces Tally that she does not need the surgery. “Shay didn’t look, just shrugged. ‘That’s not me. It’s some committee’s idea of me.” (Westerfield 45) Tally takes this advice to heart and is actually contemplating the surgery, when Tally shows Shay her new face Shay decides it could clear Tally’s head. Even though they know it’s wrong to be hanging out with Clarisse and Shay, they cannot stop something fascinates them leaving them wanting more.
On the quest to know more they both find out that the journey may be more complicated than they think. Montag is become more and more uncomfortable with his life when Clarisse disappears he knows he has to change something. Montag starts to read more and then calls in Faber, an old professor to help him. Montag and Faber start to read and talk more and decide that taking over the firemen would be their best option to get their freedom. “There must be something in books, something we can’t imagine, to make a woman stay in a burning house; there must be something there. You don’t stay for nothing.”(Bradbury 48) Montag now knows what he is fighting for and is willing to take down whatever stands in his way. Tally and Shay are becoming closer friends, so when Dr. Cable wants Tally to turn in Shay she is hesitant but decides to go through with it. Tally finds Shay and feels like she cannot betray her so she starts to stay with Shay in the Smoke and actually enjoys it. Now Tally is the one wanting to stay with the smoke and remain ugly. When she’s hiding with the Smokes she finally realizes whether she is ugly or pretty she will be the same person and finally gets the surgery. In the end they both discover that it doesn’t matter what others want you to be, ultimately you will know when you find joy.
By writing Fahrenheit 451 and The Uglies Bradbury and Westerfield show what could happen if we do not focus on ourselves. They both try to instill the theme of happiness with knowledge, with Bradbury he focused on gaining that knowledge through books and learning while Westerfield more so focused on being happy and confident with who you are. In conclusion, Bradbury and Westerfield are saying to learn what makes you happy and do not let people take that away.
A Perspective about Human Nature in Fahrenheit 451 and All Summer in a Day
Nothing is the same, not even identical twins. Everyone should be individual and think for themselves, regardless of the outcome. In Fahrenheit 451, and “All Summer in a Day,” Ray Bradbury develops a strong perspective about human nature. Bradbury develops this perspective through figurative language and dialogue, which are intended to make the reader consider the harsh actions society takes when individuals differ from the norm.
First, Ray Bradbury develops the theme of human nature in Fahrenheit 451 with figurative language and dialogue. For example, “‘You ask Why to a lot of things and you wind up very unhappy indeed, if you keep at it. The poor girl’s better off dead,’” (Bradbury 58). Special people, like Montag, are treated differently than the rest of society. In this case, Clarisse was terminated because of her uniqueness. By eliminating those who question, the government is able to manipulate & brainwash its citizens. Bradbury uses dialogue to show a variety of views on the topic. Using it shows how Beatty is sided with the government and why he believes in what they do. If someone else were to say what he had said, it could be perceived differently by the reader. Beatty and the society don’t like people who don’t conform to their standards. The dialogue adds to the impact of the quote.
In addition, Bradbury writes in Fahrenheit 451, “‘You think you can walk on water with your books. Well, the world can get by just fine without them. Look where they got you, in slime up to your lip. If I stir the slime with my little finger, you’ll drown!’” (Bradbury 111- 112). Beatty tries to tell Montag he thinks he is special because he has books that give him knowledge. He is different than the status quo which is to avoid books. The human nature for a person in this society is to call out the individual. Beatty is warning him of the government’s actions. They will make it hard for him to spread his knowledge of the books. Bradbury incorporates an allusion & a metaphor to show how the government goes out of its way to make an individual’s life harder.
The allusion of walking on water refers to the biblical story of how Jesus walked on water. Many were shocked to see Jesus walking on water, just how many were to see Montag with a book- especially since he was a fireman. The government will do everything to trap Montag, hence, the metaphor of slime. It’s sticky and messy, just how Montag’s situation is. The figurative language used gives an extensive elaboration on the treatments the society gives to a person. The figurative language gives visuals to what’s happening in the story.
All Summer in a Day
Likewise, Ray Bradbury continues to develop the theme of human nature with figurative language and dialogue in “All Summer in a Day.” For instance, “But Margot remembered. ‘It’s like a penny,’ she said once, eyes closed. ‘No it’s not!’ the children cried. ‘It’s like a fire’ she said, ‘in the stove.’ ‘You’re lying, you don’t remember!’ cried the children. But she remembered and stood quietly apart from all of them and watched the patterning window,” (Bradbury). The other children are treating her poorly because they haven’t seen the sun for a long time. Margot sticks out from the crowd because of this and is being “bullied” by them. Their instinct is to make her feel peculiar because she has something they don’t. Bradbury adds dialogue and a simile to the text in order for describing what Margot was going through. Since the other children were rebutting her comments, it shows how she was being treated poorly by the majority, the society. It was their instinct to automatically ostracize Margot and for them to be satisfied with them being “right.” The children’s dialogue shows how everyone was being terrible to Margot. It emphasizes on how society is harsh to those who are unalike from them.
To add on, in “All Summer in a Day,” it states, “They stood as if someone had driven them, like so many stakes, into the floor. They looked at each other and then looked away… They could not meet each other’s glances. Their faces were solemn and pale. They looked at their hands and feet, their faces down,” (Bradbury). Margot is different which causes the other children to be jealous of her since she has memories of the sun. They lock her up because their human nature is to eliminate those who aren’t like you. The children realize what they have done and begin to feel remorse. Bradbury uses past figurative language to use a simile to demonstrate how the children feel. He called the children, “The children pressed to each other like so many roses, so many weeds,” (Bradbury). They are alike and intermixed with each other, just how roses and weeds grow. He then compares them grounded into the floor. Their feelings are bringing their spirits down after experiencing the sun. This shows how the children feel guilty after their human nature was to act in defense and lock up Margot. The comparison of the children tied down shows how they acted out and feel guilty.
Moreover, Bradbury chose to use different types of author’s craft to develop the theme of human nature. Bradbury chose to use different types of author’s craft to have multiple ways of conveying human nature topics. If Bradbury were to use symbolism, it would give the reader something to think about. Whereas figurative language is more imaginative while symbolism represents significant things or events. Bradbury hopes the readers are able to catch on to his crafty language, analogies, and dialogue. Figurative language gives extensive and things to imagine. It adds more beef to the meaning. Author’s craft deepens the meaning of the text and adds more complexity.
In conclusion, Ray Bradbury uses dialogue and figurative language to show how our human nature is to ostracize those who are different. If our natural instinct is to eliminate those who are different, then what are we, clones of each other? We need diversity, differences, uniqueness in our world. Our differences can create a bigger impact.
Seeking for Change in Fahrenheit 451 and a Lamb to the Slaughter
Society consists of rules and standards in which not all individuals are joyful about. This can lead individuals into seeking change. This was portrayed by Guy Montag in Fahrenheit 451, and Mary Maloney in A Lamb to the Slaughter.
To begin with, Guy Montag is a key example of change. Books are shown to be terrible to humanity as the government wants to keep everyone complacent. This is all related to the government’s plan as his goal is to tell people what to think, instead of allowing them to think on their own. Montag, who notices this states, ‘There must be something in books, things we can’t imagine'(Bradbury). Montag realizes that there must be something the government is trying to hide from them, and that is found within books. Since he is a fireman who is told to burn books, he denies this, and instead starts to collect them.
He is disobeying orders as he is seeking change. He embarks on a journey to find others who are also against this theory, and teams up with them to bring the government down. When the government discovers books in Montag’s house, he tries to arrest him. Montag decides to burn the government with his flame thrower. This act was committed out of anger since the government was not permitting freedom to the people, which resulted in society going against his orders. This develops the character of Montag as he was on the government’s side at the beginning of the story, but ended up going against him once he realized how wicked he really is.
A Lamb to the Slaughter
Additionally, Mary Maloney also seeks change. She started off as a caring, and genuine person at the start of the novel. She loved her husband immensely, and would always treat him as a king. Conversely, he would treat her terribly, and she would still reply back in a sweet tone. When he stated, ‘This is going to be a bit of a shock to you'(Dahl), this is when everything started to go downhill. He wanted to divorce his wife, even after all the kind, and generous actions she would do for him. This left Mary heartbroken, and enraged herself with anger. She whacked her husband with a lamb of leg to the back of his head.
This resulted in his death. She was exhausted from how impertinent her husband was, and decided to get back at him by ending his life. All Mary ever wanted was affection from her husband. Since she did not receive the love and attention she desired, this impacted her choices. She transitioned from a kindhearted person, to a psychotic maniac. If her husband was to display fondness towards her, she would not have developed into the crazy person she is. She giggled about this homicide at the end, which further shows how deranged she is.
To sum it up, a desire for change can lead a person to go through drastic measures. This was strictly shown through Guy Montag in Fahrenheit 451, and Mary Maloney in A Lamb to the Slaughter. Change is key to growth of an individual.
Different Types Of Social Control Represented in Ray Bradbury’s Book Fahrenheit 451
There are several different types of social control represented in Ray Bradbury’s book Fahrenheit 451. Internal social control is a major form of social control seen in the book. Society sets rules, norms, and values that are used in order to keep individuals from exhibiting non-conforming behavior (Chriss, 2013). As a result, individuals internalize the rules and typically consider them in their decision making process. Unfortunately, even unpopular norms can be enforced through social control. This concept is known as the emperor’s dilemma (Chriss, 2013). Many individuals assist in reinforcing unpopular norms in order to go along with the crowd to avoid sanctions (Chriss, 2013). In Fahrenheit 451 many citizens believe that the laws created by the government were put into place for their own protection. Citizens often reinforce unpopular norms because of to misrepresentation. In Bradbury’s book intelligence is viewed as a negative characteristic; For example, Montag is called “snobby” when he reads poetry to the women (Bradbury, 1981).
The government in Fahrenheit 451 has developed new rules in order to keep limit social interaction. For example, porches are no longer allowed due to their use of social interaction by people sitting in rocking chairs and socializing on them. Several characters in Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451 abide by the norms set by society including the heavy reliance on technology as a form of entertainment. In the book, technology is used as a form to isolate people. An example seen in the book are the use of “seashells” and “parlor walls” as tools for the government to promote social control through its ability to decide what programs will be shown and also to monitor and listen to what is going on in each household. The parlor walls (which consists of television screens), even create a virtual family for Mildred to connect with.
Family, peers and the media are primary agents of control. Agents of social control assist children in conforming to social norms and expected behavior through rewards and punishments (Chriss, 2013). According to Chriss, socialization is the process in which individuals learn culture and social norms (2013). This process help the individual develop an understanding of the social norms. Clarisse had relatives that were viewed as non-conforming, therefore, Clarisse’s behavior was more similar to them. For example, Clarisse mentions to Montag that her uncle was arrested for driving too slowly and also for being a pedestrian (Bradbury, 1981). Captain Beatty indicates that Clarisse was a risk due to her continuation of these types of behaviors, therefore, she was killed (Bradbury, 1981).
In order for the government to promote total conformity, Captain Beatty mentions that the government has lowered the age for young children to enter kindergarten. Decreasing the age of children entering kindergarten prohibits families that might be seen as non-conforming from influencing those values of their young children. Education is typically used as a form of social control by promoting socialization within children, however, according to Captain Beatty the role of schools changed over time to be geared more towards athletics and technology (Bradbury, 1981). According to Beatty, the educational institution was producing more athletes than scholars, leading to the word “intellectual” being viewed as a curse word (Bradbury, 1981).
The media is another commonly used agent of social control in Fahrenheit 451. The media can often assist of social control by distorting a picture of crime and creating fear of crime for its viewers. In the book, the media uses the parlor walls to display the search and capture of criminals in order to attempt to deter and create fear of breaking the law for other citizens. In order to achieve it’s full goal and create deterrence within society, it even portrays a fake capture of Montag so that citizens know that the hound will follow through with its job of capturing criminals (Bradbury, 1981). The media also limits what is seen by its citizens so that they are not made “unhappy”. For example, Montag mentions hearing rumors about citizens in other countries starving, but it is not a focus of the media because it is not a positive topic (Bradbury, 1981).
In order to control how social agents effect individuals, the government creates virtual families through the use of the “parlor walls” (Bradbury, 1981). Mildred develops such a deep relationship with her virtual family, that she tends to put them above her own husband. This is seen when Montag is sick and asks her to turn the parlor walls off; instead of accommodating her sick husband but turning them off, she only offers to turn them down (Bradbury, 1981). Towards the end of the book, when Mildred learns that her house is going to be burned down, her primary concern is not her husband, but her parlor family (Bradbury, 1981).
Individuals that do not conform with the societal norms set in the book are as viewed as “abnormal”, rare, and even deviant. For example, when first meeting Clarisse, Montag is surprised by her use of other forms of entertainment involving socializing with people and exploring the outdoors. Society’s definition of socialization has shifted from actually socializing with other individuals, to heavily relying on technology as a form of socialization. This leads to the fellow students to view Clarisse as anti-social, even though she enjoys socializing with others (Bradbury, 1981). Clarisse also mentions that she was sent to a psychiatrist to find out why she likes to hike, watch birds, and collect butterflies (Bradbury, 1981).
There are also several forms of external social control seen in Bradbury’s Fahrenheit 451. External social control relies heavily on the use of positive and negative reinforcements to shape behavior (Chriss, 2013). This can be seen by the use of law, firemen, punishment in school, and bullying by peers in order to promote conforming behavior. There are three subcategories of external control: proximate, sequential, and social control (Chriss, 2013). In Fahrenheit 451 the firemen exhibit forms of proximate control by physically removing books from individuals and burning them. Sequential control uses chain of command, telephone, the internet, or face-to-face interaction to change behavior; this is seen by Mildred and her friends “pulling the alarm” to report Montag to the authorities for reading poetry ( Bradbury,1981).
In Fahrenheit 451, society was shaped to view certain behaviors and actions including reading, exploring, socializing, and learning as deviant (Bradbury, 1981). The result of this is seen by the use of informal social control in the book. Informal social control uses society’s opinion or reaction towards a certain behavior or belief in order to shape behavior (Chriss, 2013). This form of social control does not punish deviant individual’s through the use of the law, instead it uses forms of social punishment (Chriss, 2013). In Fahrenheit 451, individuals that chose to read books instead of watching television or listening to music were viewed as social outcasts within society (Bradbury, 1981).
Social change modifies the way people work, raise a family, educate their children, govern themselves, and seek meaning in life (Vago, 2013). It can also lead to restructuring the ways that people within a society relate to each other with government, education, and even family life (Vago, 2013). In Fahrenheit 451, the increased reliance on technology is the one of the causes of social change within society. Mildred seems to have a closer relationship with technology than people for example, when Montag asks Mildred if she remembers where they met, she states she does not (Bradbury, 1981). Technological growth affects the psychological and social well-being of individuals. When Montag informs Mildred of the effects of burning the woman she is and is very insensitive to the effects this event has had on her husband (Bradbury, 1981). For example, Mildred indicates that she hates the woman, even though this is a woman that she doesn’t know (Bradbury, 1981).
Law is used as a tool of formal social control by its use of restricting individuals from owning and reading books. New law can be created as a response to social change, but also as the result of social change (Vago, 2013). Alterations in social conditions, technology, knowledge, values and attitudes may also cause a legal change; law is reactive follows the social change (Vago, 2013). In Fahrenheit 451, law is used as both a dependent and independent variable. For example, law is put into place as a result of society viewing books and knowledge as something that could potentially make them unhappy. In this context, law is being used as a result of social change; however, it is also used as the result of social change in order to keep citizens conforming.
The use of the law and legal system as a tool to promote social change is known as legal control. This form of social control relies heavily on individuals having fear of the consequences that go along with breaking the law (Chriss, 2013). The Hound, in Fahrenheit 451, is used to enforce the laws created by the government to gain control as well as the government’s manipulation of technology to help attain its goal of control over society. The firemen are also agents of legal control through their new responsibility of carrying out the law and ensure that books are eliminated by burning them and monitoring members of society that tend to be a threat to this. Instead of the perceived idea that firemen burn books to keep society happy, they actually are doing it to keep individuals from reading new ideas and limiting individual thoughts that could be threatening to the government’s ultimate goal of a conformed society. Beatty suggests that firemen are used as the judge, jury, and even executioner of those that deviate without any form of due process (Bradbury, 1981).
“Fahrenheit 451” By Ray Bradbury – The Importance Of Literature
Literature has an overwhelming approach in today’s world, it connects the world literature with one another. Literature record detailed human experiences from the past which people are able to connect on levels of sentiment and desire. Literature is a form of art which reflects the society. Literature has a significant impact on the development of society, it changes constitutional system, shapes civilization and exposes injustice. People develop new ideas and ways of thinking about the world through studying literature. Literature involves the contemplation of the essence of society and how individuals work within the confines of society’s structure. Something that ought to be given more attention is that people need to understand how literature motivates and reflect the individual’s society. It brings a general sense of “spiritual” well-being and different sentiments.
Studying literature is an eye-opening experience and helps in construction of valuable society and enriches people’s life. People understand the philosophical ideas and movements that pervaded different cultures at different time periods through studying literatures. The role of literature could be divided into two types, active and passive-engaging and reflective. The action of reading and writing represent the active role of literature which could be a major development of an individual. People form ideas and opinions about the society. These ideas and opinions then form into an ideology derives people’s engagement, motivation, and action in the society. The reflective role of literature is more about observed things rather than done things, people observe and then derive them to think. The ideologies and action are major developments of a society.
In the book “Fahrenheit 451” by Ray Bradbury, the author creates a dystopian society where books have been forbidden. Author often speaks to the readers through the characters. First, Clarisse, a young girl represents individuality, free-thinking, and artist in the story. She represents the conflict for the society. In early of the novel, conversations between Montag and Clarisse, she mentions how the society get caught up with speed where people desire fast things and instant feelings and how their lives become feelingless and superficial. And Captain Beatty, the captain of the firemen who holds an anti-book rage. He hates the contradictory of books, he hates to think because thinking does not give him the “instant” answer. Says Beatty, “speed up the film, Montag, quick… Whirl man’s mind around about so fast under the pumping hands of publishers, exploiters, broadcasters that the centrifuge flings off all unnecessary, time-wasting thought!”. He misses the point of literature, he misses the importance of literature because he wants everything fast and faster. Also, Beatty tells Montag how the society came to become the way it is now earlier in the story, because certain people were offended by certain books, so they cleansed of anything seen as offensive to the point where they had no meaning or value things because they were so bland which caused people to stop reading and eventually to stop thinking, too.
Books, says in the book, is where the “norms” will receive the knowledge. This definition is just accurate for the society in the story. People in the society only know what is told to them in a very diluted way. Bradbury warns against censorship. Bradbury is encouraging people to read. By having Beatty says of what happen to a civilization if they only want live fast life thus miss the importance of reading, of literature, of life.
Often, author speaks through the character, Professor Faber, an educated man who was a former teacher, and someone who still in love with books because he remembers the how the life was before books became illegal. Faber still can remembers the power of written words and the emotions he receives from reading literature, and the impact of books on others. However, he has been living under shame, since he was unwilling to publicly revoke new laws of turning firemen into book-burners. Faber repeatedly reminds readers the purpose of literature serve in human civilization. He defines the value of books by saying it is not book Montag needs to be look for, but the contents and thoughts that writer put in the book. These ideas, beliefs, emotions, views, life meaning in the books are the what define literature-their true value. Books, to Faber were “only one receptacle where we stored a lot of things we were afraid we might forget”. To Faber, books are where people stored their great thoughts and the result of their conscientious comprehensions undertaken by humans. Faber also says, “Books show the pores in the face of life.” By saying this, he means that books allow people to think and to form their own opinions and ideas based on reality, even if the reality isn’t always pretty. People can have well rounded knowledge through different angels of view. Faber then goes on to say the knowledge is out there in the world can also be found and be gained in books through the extensive experience, yet not everyone gets the opportunities to get all the experience needed, therefore, it is where books came in.
Through this book, Bradbury wants people to understand the importance of literature, both active role and passive role of literature- reading and thinking. He constantly reminds readers the consequences of not appreciate literatures in the book. The quote, “You don’t have to burn book to destroy a culture. Just get people to stop reading them” pretty much sums up the main message he wants to develop through this book. People do not need to hurt literature “physically”, that won’t be the worst way to treat literature. The worst way to treat literature is not reading it, waste the chance to understand the unknown things, waste all the ideologies and emotions that writers put in, and waste the opportunity to live a better live. All these wastes eventually lead you to destruction, or more, lead the whole civilization to destruction.
The Impacts of Books Being Replaced with Technology in Fahrenheit 451
At first when I read the book I feel like it changed my perspective on a lot of things.With this book being so diverse it points to a lot of things that are extremely relatable in present day reality. Being that this book is around 50 years old it shows how things can carry over for years to come.
In this novel it talks about how books are no longer being used and burned and their usefulness, is going down due to easy access to the internet. This is something society can learn from by modern day where people can no longer look things up in a dictionary due to them being a slave to there tool. People have such easy access to the internet they would rather look it up than research this, it’s not saying the internet is such a bad thing just that people rely on it as a crutch instead of a a helping aid.
Kindness and generosity is something important because in the beginning of the book he meets a girl by the name of Clarisse McClellan who points out in many details of how he should take time to enjoy the little things in life such as looking at the moon and smelling the leaves little things that people don’t appreciate.Society can and still does take notes on how to notice the little things. In prisons across the world people with life sentences although for having such a sentence you probably did not do any good but to survive you have to look at all of the little things in life. “Bet I know something else you don’t.There’s dew on the grass in the morning” Clarisse McClellan to guy montag.
Media and how it can be falsified , media can be falsified in many ways as shown in Fahrenheit 451 which could be loosely compared to North Korea how they think that they are living life but propaganda has become a lifestyle there. In the novel Fahrenheit 451 the common everyday people are relying on Television as their main source of knowledge where if I was a tv station I could feed you false info for your whole life and you wouldn’t know any better. Even if everything I told you was a lie to only benefit me the power holder. Websites online are also easy prey to falsification Wikipedia for an example can be changed to Michael Jordan has a pet zombie. Which is false but if I told you that from when you were a baby you only knew that you would think that Michael Jordan has a pet zombie. In society now some old fashion teachers would rather have you work out of a textbook simply in the fact that book can be more reliable.
In conclusion Ray Bradbury brought across many points indirectly on how books are becoming obsolete and they need to be read and acquired more. People nowadays are losing vocabulary and other key things that you get from reading a book. I personally feel that guy montag played a big role in the book when he realized the power in books which is true. For example I’m a millionaire I can have anything I want but I lose everything what can he do now. Knowledge can never be stripped from you, if I tell you my secret recipe and don’t tell anyone else u can have that knowledge for life. So to finish this off get off your email and go and enjoy the little things in life like the sunset.
Fate And Free Will in ‘Fahrenheit 451’
Fate and free will is a topic that can go in a variety of ways. I personally believe that we are raised to recognize the choices given to us, their impact on our actions and the effects they have on our daily lives. With free will, we can take one path or the other and see where the road takes us. But, our future does not always turn out the way we plan it, due to the free will we perpetrate. As a result, we create our own destiny with our own actions every single day.
In the book Fahrenheit 451, the main character Guy Montag, faces lots of examples of free will. Throughout the passage, Montag is able to carry out his duties of burning books without any issues. However, when he started to become curious about these books, he began to doubt everything. On one evening, he was forced to burn a stack of books that was owned by an old woman that absolutely did not want to leave her books. Consequently, the old woman committed suicide because she did not want to abandon her belongings, including the books. When Montag finds out the truth and the effects of reading the books, he takes action by carrying out his free will and it motivates him to create his own destiny. With that, he decided to steal a book. Moreover, Montag carries out his free will when he decides to go against the law and read the book. This is one of the many events that started to change his views.
Later in the text it mentions other characters, Clarisse and Professor Faber that also take part in changing his views. Throughout this story, the people are either supposed to follow society or use their free will to shape their own destiny. Towards the end of the book, his destiny is changed when he meets a group of people that encouraged him to follow his dream of changing the world with books.
In conclusion, every day, with every action, every thought, and decision we make, we are exercising our free will. The result is that we are carving out our future. Hopefully, all of these factors will shape our lives as we hoped it to be. Unfortunately, sometimes those same actions take us down a different road and lead us to a completely different place just like it did with Montag.