Boys and Girls
All American Boys
“Hey, Will, I said into the picture. This is for you. Ma’s always telling us to take responsibility. That we have to live up to what dad died for. We need to get good grades and go to college and take advantage of every damn minute of our lives because he died for us. I believe that. But I believe he died for this, too. If he died for freedom and justice-well, what the hell did he die for if it doesn’t count for all of us”(293)?
Quinn declares his father’s legacy and the true meaning of All American. American values should be given to all citizens regardless of race and that is what Quinn is protesting for. He is trying to emphasize that if freedom and justice doesn’t count for every American then what did their dad die for? Quinn is trying to pass down the values of what it means to be a American to his brother so he shows what his dad died for.
“I just wanted him to stop beating me. I just wanted to live. Each blow earthquake my insides, crushing parts of me and never seen, parts of me I never knew were there. ‘Fuckin thug’s can’t do what you’re told. Need to learn how to respect authority. And I’m gonna teach you, he taunted, and was whispering in my ear”(25).
Rashad s thoughts of being beaten shows how brutal Officer Paul Galluzzo attack was. Rashad is not even sure if he will survive. Officer Galluzzo is clearly using a level of force that is immensely unnecessary for the situation with Rashad. Furthermore Officer Galluzzo’s comments about “fuckin thugs” show that his attack on Rashad is not personally aimed at Rashad but an act motivated by his prejudice against African-Americans and his need to show his power.
“All I wanted to do was see the guy I hadn’t seen one week earlier. The guy beneath all the bullshit too many of us see first-especially white guys like me who just haven’t worked hard enough to look behind it all”(309).
This quote represents Quinn’s realization of how to fight racism by him and his fellow white Americans learning to see individuals as they truly are rather than their stereotypes. and shows his own maturity. This quote also shows Quinn growing as a young man. For Quin, learning to see others as they truly are and taking his own time and effort to do so shows that he is truly learning about who he wants to be. He realizes that the nation needs to see people how they truly are to fight against racism.
An Importance Of Satire In The Episode of The Office
Satirical humor uses different techniques such as ridicule and irony to criticize or comment on issues going around in society. The TV show “The Office” is a satirical documentary, or a mockumentary, about the office place. A precise example would be Season 2 episode 15, called “Boys and Girls.” This episode uses satirical techniques including irony, incongruity, and exaggeration to focus on issues with women in the workplace.
To begin with, this episodes main criticism focuses on gender norms in society, and more specifically in the work place. The episode opens up with every female character in a meeting talking about woman empowerment. Michael, one of the bosses and main characters, keeps trying to be a part of the meeting and listen in because he feels threatened that he’s not included and even has the audacity to think that the women were having a meeting about him. The episode continues on to Michael forming his own meeting of only men and how they feel towards their issues in the workplace and about women’s rights, only to capture Jens attention who’s running the “woman in the workplace meeting”. Since Michael was being very obnoxious with his meeting, Jan makes them move the meeting down to the warehouse where other concerns arise like starting a union, and not only talking about gender based equality but also on racial topics. Meanwhile back in the meeting, Jan who is trying to be a feminist and pro active is being prosecuted and criticized by the other women.
The fist technique of satirical humor that was used in this episode of The Office was exaggeration. Exaggeration is when a situation is hyperbolized or overstated. An example is when Michael walks into the “woman in the workplace meeting”, what was supposed to be a simple meeting gets blown out of proportion. Michael starts his own meeting and is overly loud and makes everyone start clapping just to get the attention of everyone in the female meeting. Another example is when Michaels “men in the workplace meeting” is taking part downstairs he exaggerates so many issues that all the workers decide it’s a good idea to start a Union against management.
The whole episode was ironic because a discussion that was supposed to touch on gender based equality and woman empowerment had so many underlying issues. For example, Pam wouldn’t follow her dreams and continue educating herself on what she enjoys because of what her husband wanted her to do instead. Another example is when Jan is trying to make her female employees feel just as important in the work place one of them criticizes her outfit and calls her a “whore”, and another woman also calls her out for sleeping with their boss. That was the complete opposite of women empowerment, not to mention that when asked about their life goals one woman answered with “I don’t want to be a stay at home mom who drives a mini van. I want an SUV”. Instead of wanting to grow as a person they all have a closed off mindset and belittled futures for themselves.
Another technique used was incongruity because you would not expect such unprofessional behavior in the workplace or from your bosses. For example, When the “males in the workplace” meeting gets moved to the warehouse Michael states “I’m actually head of the warehouse and I haven’t been there in months!” which is not what would be happening in real life. When Michael is in the warehouse with both the office and warehouse employees he completely destroys the warehouse by knocking everything down and playing with the machines. Instead of the boss being concerned about all the shipments, he doesn’t care that everything is going to run late now and that none of his employees are getting any work done because of his interruptions. Another contributing factor is that its frowned upon to have sexual relations with your partners of work but in this episode everyone knows that their bosses are sleeping together and there are also several other relationships going on through out the show.
To conclude, in this episode of The Office, satire is very important and crucial to properly portray the issues of gender equality in a humorous manner. The script of this show used satirical humor techniques that included irony, incongruity, and exaggeration to show the negativity in society when it comes to the differences between males and females in the work place. While this whole episode was still a parody, a deep problem in society was touched on and reviewed.
Main Characteristics of the Boys and Girls Club of Central Indiana
The Boys and Girls Club of Central Indiana, (Boys and Girls Club of Indianapolis) is an organization that reaches a wide variety of stakeholders. It engages them in several different ways, which are uniquely tailored to the needs of each group of stakeholders. The three main stakeholder groups for this organization include the clients of the organization, potential volunteers, and potential donors. By connecting resources, activities, outputs and outcomes, the organization connects and communicates with the different stakeholder groups and encourages them to make decisions that are amenable to the organization.
The direct clients of the program are, as the name would imply, the boys and girls of Indianapolis. Specifically, clients include children from at-risk and lower socioeconomic status groups who may have difficulty affording food, much less finding safe places to hang out, do homework, and ostensibly, get an education so that they have more resources than their parents did and so that they become engaged community leaders and participants in democracy. The organization is funded through private donations and corporate partnerships, which means that it must nurture significant relationships with potential donors. (Boys and Girls Club of Indianapolis) Therefore, the prioritization of the stakeholders for the formal communications of the organization tends to be donors first and clients second. This is because the choice to attend the club is largely made for people on behalf of the clients, since these children cannot make legal decisions for themselves, and they are young enough that a website will not be very persuasive for them.
Stakeholder group Prioritization Comments
Clients: Children Second Children are not the main decision-makers here, but the pictures of happy kids having fun could persuade a reluctant child to be excited about the club.
Clients: Parents (Decision-Makers Third Secondarily, the organization communicates to parents who may want to choose to send their children to the clubs. By introducing the clubs as places where kids can be safe, have fun and achieve academic success, the organization communicates its values to others and generates a new group of stakeholder interest
Donors First The organization’s official communications are designed to appeal to potential donors and to make them feel good about the choice to donate. By emphasizing long-term outcomes, as well as the non-profit status of the organization, the organization increases this group and its interest in supporting it.
Volunteers or potential employees Fourth The organization emphasizes its ethics and the positive difference it makes, which appeals to those who want to work or volunteer there and thus become first-order stakeholders.
Given this stakeholder prioritization, it is clear that an underlying logic informs the ways that this organization communicates with stakeholders. The logic model, below, outlines some of the resources, activities, outputs and outcomes of the organization and what it strives to do and to achieve.
Evaluation Design & Evidence
The original assignment indicated that donors are first priority in terms of evaluation, while children (as clients of the program ) are fourth in priority. Based on a more specified evaluation design, this has all but been reversed, with donors still as first priority but children (as the clients) coming as the second priority for evaluating the program in the Boys and Girls Club of Indianapolis. With this in mind, the table above has been updated to reflect that donors have first priority in evaluation, followed by children, followed by parents (as clients of the program), and ending with volunteers or potential employees of the program. This change in the prioritization stems from one important fact: a stakeholder-focused approach for program evaluation should first and foremost focus on those that have the most stake in a given program. As one source states, “The people who need solutions are the most interested in looking at the problems and are the most able to solve them” (FERA, 2015, 1). In other words, those who have the most to gain or else lose from the Boys and Girls Club in Indianapolis are the best sources of information for how the program should be evaluated and, eventually, improved.
With this underlying assumption in mind, the evaluation design will focus on the following question: what value has the Boys and Girls Club of Indianapolis brought to the community so far, and how can it bring more value to the same community into the future? This specific question will help evaluators determine what the program has done well in the past and what it can do better in the future. Better yet, this evaluation will be from the perspective of the four specific stakeholders in the program: donors, children, parents of participants, and current and potential volunteers and employees (in this priority). The evaluation design (which begins with the interview questions outlined below) will gather the personal opinions of these stakeholders in order to evaluate the program as a whole. More specifically, engaging the various stakeholders (i.e. the perspective of children participants and the perspective of adult donors) will provide evaluators with a more holistic picture of the program. For instance, the children will be able to provide specific insight into how the programs work, what they enjoy, and what they do not. In turn, donors will be able to provide insight into the effectiveness of the programs in more financial terms, such as return on investment and opportunity cost for other available programs. This approach has a secondary benefit, as well: it will allow stakeholders to “establish sense of ownership in the evaluation process and in the results, increasing the likelihood that the results will be used” (FERA, 2015, 1). This is why the evaluation design will chose to focus on interviews by way of collection, as opposed to observation or internal documents. The data, then, will be the survey and interview responses of stakeholders. While the form this data will take is not yet known (whether positive or negative), it will be used to answer the evaluation question by painting a very personal picture of the stakeholder perspective of the Boys and Girls program.
- What A personal perspective on the Boys and Girls program from various stakeholders
- Where Initial surveys and follow-up interviews with stakeholders
- How In-person surveys at predetermined meetings and events
- Who Donors & Clients (Children in the program)
- Why These two stakeholder groups provide the most holistic insight into the program’s effectiveness and what can be done better
- Interview Question Instrument
- #1: What programs do you enjoy? Which ones are not your favorites?
- Who: Clients (Children)
- Why: To determine which programs are meeting their goals
- #2: How often do you come to the Boys and Girls Club?
- Who: Clients (Children)
- Why: To determine the amount of participation from stakeholders
- #3: Why do you donate to the Boys and Girls club?
- Who: Donors
- Why: To determine the stakeholder’s priority in the program
- #4: How do you see your donated dollars being used?
- Who: Donors
- Why: To determine the effectiveness of the programs in the past
- #5: How do you want to see your donated dollars being used?
- Who: Donors
- Why: To determine how programs can be adapted in the future to match donor expectations.
Sexual Maturing Of Boys and Girls
During adolescence, several psychical, cognitive, identity, and social developments occur. One of the major changes that occur during this transformation from childhood into adulthood is the expression of sexual characteristics. Sexual characteristics begin to emerge when the adolescent begins to experience puberty.
Puberty is defined as the sexual maturing in late childhood related to a wide range of emotional, behavioral, and social changes (Broderick & Blewitt, 2010). Puberty results when pulsatile secretion of gonnadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH) is initiated and the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis is activated. These hormones stimulate other endocrine glands to increase their hormone production, which include the gonads-testes in males and the ovaries in females, which now increase the production of both masculinizing hormones and feminizing hormones. These hormones are produced in both males and females, yet at different ratios. Puberty often begins in females between the ages of eight and thirteen and in boys between the ages of nine and fourteen. However, it has also been shown that African American girls reach puberty sooner than any other girl, with puberty starting as early as six (Carel & Leger, 2008).
Puberty corresponds with the adolescent growth spurt, which is a rapid increase in size accompanied by changes in the shape and proportions of the body. Over an approximate four year span, different parts of the body will grow. Facial features, such as the ears and nose, will grow before the skull. The hands, arms, and feet will grow before the torso. There can even be asymmetries in growth between the two sides of the body, with one breast or testicle growing before the other (Broderick & Blewitt, 2010).
During puberty, girls will gain around thirty-eighty pounds on average. The growth spurt will begin and end about two years earlier than for boys. Girls will experience breast growth and greater pelvic spread. Boys will gain on average around forty-two pounds. Their heart and lungs will increase more than in girls, as will their bone mass and muscular tissue. Both males and females will gain around ten inches in height.
A popular subject to discuss in regards to puberty is the behavioral changes (adolescent moodiness) experienced. G. Stanley Hall referred to the full complement of difficult behaviors as the storm and stress of adolescence. The storm and stress of adolescence include characteristics such as increase conflict, moodiness, negative affect, and risky behavior. Moodiness and negative affect, including depressed moods, are increased by hormones, but only if combined by other negative life events. Girls are more susceptible to depressed moods than boys. This is apparently because of differences in stress and methods of coping with stress. Girls are also more likely than boys to deal with stress using a ruminative coping style, which increases the risk of depression (Broderick & Blewitt, 2010).
Early and late puberty can affect the psychological well-being of adolescence. The reasons most depend on factors other than hormones. Girls begin puberty before boys, and early maturing girls are bigger than most other children. Girls that are larger and heavier tend to be more unhappy with their body, especially in a culture that prides itself on sliminess in females. She is also more likely to be teased and rejected by other girls her age. Additionally, early maturing girls also tend to have more behavioral problems, especially if they get involved with older boys (Palmert & Dunkel, 2012).
Early maturing boys are the opposite. They seem to be less moody and less likely to exhibit depressed mood. It is actually late maturing boys who seem to be more affected by stress and storm. Being larger and stronger than other boys gives early-maturing boys an edge in socially approved male activities, whereas late maturing boys are at a distinct disadvantage. Generally, early maturing boys are more confident than late, more popular, and more likely to be leaders among their peers. Late maturing boys are more likely to be socially awkward, insecure, and variable in moods (Palmert & Dunkel, 2012).