Animal Farm

The Use of Wrongful Information As Demonstrated By George Orwell in His Book, Animal Farm

February 11, 2021 by Essay Writer

He Squeals Propaganda

There was a quote by American moral and social philosopher, Eric Hoffer, “Propaganda does not deceive people; it merely helps them to deceive themselves.” In the fiction novella of Animal Farm, George Orwell creates an allegory for the Russian Revolution; The animals on Manor Farm are sick of being so poorly treated by their human owners. When their farmer forgets to feed the animals they began to revolt against him and allow the pigs to be their leaders in hope of receiving better treatment. In reality, the pigs end up just as bad as the humans (if not, worse) as they try to create a perfect society under a social structure the animals call Animalism. Squealer, a convincing orator of the world of Animal Farm, represents all the different propaganda tactics used by Stalin against the Soviet Revolutionaries in attempt to convince them into his point of view.

In one chapter, the animals have finished harvesting all the windfall apples and in addition all the cows have just been milked. The pigs then ask the animals to move all the apples as well as the milk to the harness room to store for the pigs. Because of this request the animals begin to ask questions of why the pigs have kept all the food to themselves. Squealer then responds with the claim of, “You do not imagine, I hope, that we pigs are doing this in a spirit of selfishness and privilege? Many of us actually dislike milk and apples.” (Ch.3, Pg. 35) He then goes onto to claim that milk and apples were a necessary part of a healthy pig’s diet, and that if the pigs had not kept all the apples and the milk for “brain food” to themselves Farmer Jones would surely come back. Here, Squealer is using the big lie tactic as well as a fear tactic. This scene is an allegory for when the aristocracy in Russia took the tax money of all the Revolutionaries, claiming the money was taken to “protect the people”.

After Snowball had run out of the farm in Chapter 5, Squealer explains that Napoleon had never completely disagreed with idea for the windmill, but that Napoleon only disagreed as a covert way to get rid of Snowball. ( Pg. 57-58 ) Using Snowball as a scapegoat in an attempt to encourage the animals to build up the windmill (again) Squealer encourages the “big” lie. The windmill as a symbol of industry, now has the animals focused on industry instead of agriculture, which in return will gain the pigs more money, yet not provide food for the rest of the animals. This correlates back to how Stalin wanted to industrialize Russia to keep up with the rest of the western world.

Continuing to use Snowball as the fall guy, Squealer persuades the rest of the animals that Snowball had not been fighting on their side during The Battle of the Cowshed, but instead was fighting on the opposite side. Trying to prove this, Squealer tries to bring falsified documents knowing that all the farm animals are illiterate and to fool them even more, Squealer has Boxer, a horse who only knows the first four letters of the alphabet, to read the documents to them. This has become an analogy for the propaganda that was used against Trotsky, by Stalin, saying that Trotsky had never fought for Russia, but against Russia. In addition, Stalin even tries to provide false documents for evidence as well.

Propaganda used by Squealer is a direct parallel of propaganda used by Stalin in Soviet Russia, not only was it used to strike fear into the hearts of the common but confuses them into believing lies they they never would’ve believed before. Squealer is Napoleon’s way of keeping the rest of the animals under control by use of propaganda. Even though it may go unnoticed, propaganda is still used today. A major example of propaganda would be all the Uncle Sam posters during the Vietnam War.

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Animal Farm Essay Analysis

February 11, 2021 by Essay Writer

George Orwell was a English novelist who wrote “Animal Farm,” which was an interesting story that portrayed the world around him in the 1940s. In the book characters like Napoleon represented the sign of a dictator while characters like his dog henchmen represented the armies that oppressed the people of conquered lands. The book was made and released during the early 1940s and it won the Prometheus Hall of Fame award in 2011 and the Retro Hugo Award of Best Novella in1996. Animal Farm relates to the Marxist viewpoint of how a society should function by showing how society is built like a pyramid, media/propaganda influences peoples actions, and how an individuals money/power is highly influential. One of the first ways that a Marxist view point is shown in Animal farm is how society is built like a pyramid. The article states that “This pyramid of social existence determined the rights and duties of its citizens, and the rights were nearly all at the top of the social scale” {Spirkin 4}.

This basically means that the people who have more money and those which a higher social status usually get more rights then those lower on the social scale with less money and it is important because this is supported in Animal Farm. This is supported in Animal Farm when you see how the pigs raise them selves above others like they where leaders of a great society and that every one else was just a lowly peasant only there for them to kick around and kill when ever need be.

The evidence for this is seen when the pigs start living in the house then they have the dogs kill the chickens and hens and a few other animals. Another way that a Marxist view point is shown in animal farm is when our see how media/propaganda can really affect what a person does and says. The article states “He is influenced not only by modern mass media, but also by the writings of all times and every nation” {Spirkin 2}. This basically means that media and what powerful people say can influence many with only a few words and it’s important because it is seen in Animal Farm. This is shown in the story when we see that even after Squealer rewrote the animals commandments without them knowing they still went along with is because they though that no matter what the commandments where always right. This supports the main idea because even though they didn’t think it was right they went along with it because they where told to.The final way that a Marxist viewpoint is represented in animal farm is when we see how a individuals money and power can influence a lot.

You see this in the article when it states “The wealth and complexity of the individual’s social content are conditioned by the diversity of his links with the social whole” {Spirkin 1}. This means that a person with money and more connections can seem to get many extra helping hands then those who don’t and its important because you see this happening when you compare the pigs and the rest of the animals.

You can see this in animal farm when napoleon uses trade with other farms to get money and the frighting power of his dogs to keep the other animals in line. The evidence for this is seen every where from when he kills the first animals after he takes power to when he has the commandments written over to better himself.Now after reading this are my three viewpoints really useful in the world today. Really if you get deep enough into it you’ll see it they really are still relevant. Though some might say that society is no longer built like a pyramid and that not only the people with money and a high social standard have power, but if when really look at the world is it, has the world really changed that extremely. It really hasn’t, take this for example, look at North Korea, there still basically a dictatorship and if you look at how much propaganda and oppression goes on in that country do you still think that the world is such an advanced place Though the world has changed there are still many ways that society is built like a pyramid, media/propaganda influence a lot of people, and ways that a lot of people with money and high social standing have a lot of power.

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“Animal Farm” By George Orwell: Analysis

February 11, 2021 by Essay Writer

Animal Farm, by George Orwell, was first published in 1945. Propaganda and the abuse of power are prevalent themes in the satirical novel, accentuated by the deliberate use of carefully selected language techniques. This essay will illustrate how a wide range of language techniques can be used to support a theme that runs through every aspect of the story and leaves a lasting impression on the reader.

Context is essential in understanding the underlying elements in the book. The book was written in 1945 and reflects the events leading up to the Stalin era before the Second World War. Setting is important in this novel as it relates to the themes in the book. Animal Farm is a story where animals are personified to resemble the Russian Revolution and the rise of Stalin. Parody is found in this mocking imitation of real-life people as some of the animals are based on Communist Party leaders: the pigs Napoleon and Snowball, for example, represent Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky. Animal Farm is a political satire where Orwell criticizes socialism and capitalism in a humorous way. Propaganda and the abuse of power are issues that are most often associated with politics.

The characters play a vital role in revealing the hidden themes in the story. They are the ones who drive the action and who the reader connects with. From the passage, it is clear that Napoleon is the animal in charge and the one with the most power. This is revealed in his title as ‘Leader’ as well as the interaction between Squealer and Boxer. Boxer’s reply; “If Comrade Napoleon says it, it must be right” highlights the power imbalance in the relationship between the animals. It relates to both the themes of abuse of power and propaganda, as in his position of power, Napoleon’s word is accepted as an unquestionable truth. It also reveals how propaganda has worked into brainwashing the animals into believing this truth. Squealers’ reply of, “That is the true spirit, comrade”, relates to the theme of propaganda as it reinforces the idea that everything Napoleon does or says is in the right. Napoleon’s power (and abuse thereof) can also be found in the act of awarding himself medals of “’Animal Hero, First Class’ and ‘Animal Hero, Second Class’”. A portion of his power comes from the fact that he controls the dogs. This relates to the theme of abuse of power as he uses the dogs (that only he can control) to capture the pigs. The other animals are at a disadvantage as he is the only one with a “weapon”, and he uses that weapon as a means to control them with fear. Both the dialogue and actions of the characters are essential in informing the reader of the position of each character and how they relate to others.

While it is important to look at these as a whole, even more is revealed by looking at the hidden message that these contain.The text is a collection of individual words, that when combined, create a certain meaning, but it is also important to look at those words individually as they often carry connotative meanings that might change the overall meaning of the text. Certain words stand out more than others to the reader as they are emphasised by the writer. ‘Comrade’ is a word in the passage that immediately draws the attention of the reader. ‘Comrade’ is a term used to refer to a companion or fellow soldier, and is often used as a term of address by socialists or communists. It is repeated three times by Squealer in the passage (emphasising the term); once when addressing his fellow farm animals and twice when referring to Napoleon. The word ‘comrade’ is capitalised as a title when referring to Napoleon. This capitalisation indicates a distinction between Napoleon and the other animals and puts him in a position of power. In the first sentence, he is referred to as “Our Leader, Comrade Napoleon”. ‘Leader’ is also capitalised as a title and not merely refers to a position.

From the very first sentence, a distinction in power is established to the reader. ‘Categorically’ is another word repeated in the first sentence that immediately draws attention. When something is stated categorically it is done so directly and without ambiguity, like a command. It is also important to note that “categorically, comrade” is placed between dashes and indicates an interjection. The writer does this to mimic natural speech and for emphasis. ‘Categorically’ relates here to the theme of abuse of power. It is being implied here that what is being stated cannot be contradicted or denied. This is an abuse of power as it stops the questioning of that power. ‘Categorically’ can also be tied to the theme of propaganda as propaganda is delivered as fact, and therefore beyond questioning. The language used by the animals is simple but ‘categorically’ is a more complicated term. The choice of this particular word relates to the theme of propaganda as the use of this more complicated word gives weight to the importance of the speaker and the message.Propaganda is biased information used to influence the audience, such as when Squealer states that “Snowball was Jones’s agent from the very beginning”. This information is not supported by any evidence but is still relayed to the audience as fact for the purpose of influencing that audience.

Propaganda often appeals to emotions and so not just the message but the deliverance is important. Squealer speaks very “slowly and firmly” and uses interjections (“- categorically, comrade” and “- yes”) for emphasis. These interjections also serve the purpose of making the announcement seem more like a conversation and less command-like. It gives the appearance of unity; that they are all united against the enemy: Snowball and Jones. Later Squealer ‘cried’ “that is the true spirit, comrade!” The writer uses words and punctuation to show the reader how the information is delivered with emotion and change in volume. He does this so the reader might recognise these techniques. It relates to the theme of propaganda as this is how propaganda is often delivered. The term ‘comrade’ is also tied in with the theme of propaganda. Propaganda does not work well in isolation and so establishing a group mentality is important. Referring to everyone as ‘comrade’ has the dual effect of establishing a group identity and placing the person of authority in that group, and therefore, “one of us”.Just as it is possible to make the reader “hear”, it is possible to create an image within the mind of the reader. Imagery is a powerful technique used by writers to convey meaning. Imagery is created with the emergence of Napoleon from the house “wearing both his medals…with his nine huge dogs frisking round him”. The idea of a pig wearing medals brings to mind a caricature that is both humorous and grotesque.

The writer also creates imagery in his description of the reaction of the animals after Napoleon emerged from the house: they “cowered silently” and had “shivers down [their] spines”. This imagery evokes strong emotions and relates to the theme of abuse of power as the other animals are overwhelmed with fear at the sight of the one in power. More imagery is created as the dogs “seized four of the pigs by the ear and dragged them, squealing with pain and terror, to Napoleon’s feet”. This relates to the theme of abuse of power as force is used as a controlling technique by the one in charge. While some of these words create powerful images, they also evoke feeling by sounding like they do in reality. Onomatopoeia can be found in ‘cried’, ‘growls’, ‘whimper’ and ‘squealing’ – all words with negative connotative meaning – that relates to the theme of abuse of power as these are either aggressive or fearful sounds. Alliteration can be found with the repetition if the initial /s/ sounds in “stood sternly surveying”.

The /s/ sound has a connotative meaning that suggests a snake-like quality that implies slyness and danger. This relates to the theme of abuse of power as those that do so usually embody sly and cunning qualities.A skilled writer uses language and language techniques with purpose and careful consideration. Orwell employed language techniques to challenge the reader to think. He wrote a novel that told a story that went far deeper than the words on the pages, and he made that happen with the use of humour and several other language techniques. With the use of words that carry different connotative meanings, punctuation, tone, sound and imagery; the themes of propaganda and the abuse of power are woven expertly into all parts of his writing and highlighted to leave a lasting impression. The setting is also vital in understanding the themes and overall message of the novel. By personifying these animals Orwell gives a warning against tyranny, oppression and propaganda.

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The Idea That Power Corrupts in “Animal Farm” And “Lord Of The Flies”

February 11, 2021 by Essay Writer

Not all leaders are selfish and greedy for the urge of power. Fortunate enough some leaders are more reliable with power but others can’t stand it. They are always there wanting unlimited power, no matter how much they are willing to sacrifice. In George Orwell’s and William Golding’s novels, inferior characters, who play the roles as a spokesperson, followers and enforcer, strengthen the power of the leaders by reinforcing them through their fears, thus ensuring the leaders’ success. George Orwell and William Golding both illustrate different outcomes of such a situation in their novels “Animal Farm” and “Lord of the Flies” respectively. In both stories, a stable government is replaced by a volatile, even hostile environment. Both text share similar concepts in that a new government can commonly appear to be more stable and reliable than the previous authority, when in reality it evolves to be much worse which reflects upon how power can corrupt a society and that “absolute power, corrupts absolutely.”

Some people seek power so that they can control and manipulate others and in contrast there are those who seek power for the benefit of the collective. These two distinct motives are clearly seen in both novels. In George Orwell’s novel, Napoleon who became the leader after the rebellion converted into more of a strict and selfish dictator. Napoleon believed that the animals were inferior, a lower class of society that could become manipulated into working for him. Furthermore Napoleons heartlessness happens during a scene, after Snowball was exiled, Napoleon summons the animals for an authorized meeting based on the confessions relating to the crimes of the animals. Napoleon then followed this up by slaughtering the animals that disagreed with him, such as the hens who disapproved upon putting their eggs for sale which led to their swift death. “And so the tale of confessions and slaughters continued until there was a pile of corpses laying before Napoleons feet and the air was heavy with the smell of blood.” This clearly reflects upon how hostile and terrifying Napoleon was for power. Snowball who is Napoleon’s counterpart is intelligent and passionate in which he is based on Leon Trotsky the Soviet politician. Snowball is less devious and proved to be a better speaker then his counterpart which indicates that he is more likely to win the loyalty of the animals which weakens the reinforcement of Napoleons triumph. This indicates that Snowball was the more reliable leader, which made Napoleon feel threatened by him and that’s why Napoleon decided to chase him out of the farm to regain more power over the animals. Alternatively in Golding’s novel, the leader, Ralph is a reliable leader and is a rather laid back character within the text, although he may possess the sinister undertones of a possible evil presence.

His means of being bad are a lot more underhanded and quiet and mostly unintentional. In addition Ralph stands for all that is good. Jack however is a more selfish and devilish leader who opposes on destructible hunting. His rules allow ruthless killing and unethical behavior in regards to unnecessary violence. Jack’s society ultimately leads to corruption, killing many innocent people in the process, while Ralph’s safe as the boys are rescued. Ralph also used a repetition of hope towards being rescued while Jack manipulated the once civilized boys into complete savages within a short amount of time.

Power corrupts commonly through the leaders who continually manipulate others to fear their current status. This creates an illusion of unethical and conflicting behavior. In George Orwell’s novel “Animal Farm the power that the 3 pigs obtained had unethically corrupted them, in which Napoleon established total power amongst the animals, which corrupted the society as a whole.

Similarly his text “Lord of the Flies” William Golding indicates that power absolutely corrupts, in which the desire for power divides the boy’s brittle civilization. History overall has clearly proven that power is the evil that exist in communism style governments and congregation. Similarly in Golding’s novel “Lord of the Flies” Jack the antagonist of the text, uses fear to manipulate the boys with the beast “Beelzebub,” which led to an excessive thirst for power, in which this destroyed the boy’s brittle civilization which ended up causing major havoc and competition inside the untouched jungle. Power was also used in positive way in the text before everything was thrown into chaos. Piggy who discovered the conch shell, used this to keep their civilization, this is because the conch shell symbolized the authority of civilization and order which kept the boys together after the crash. Jack however neglected the conch shell and disregarded anyone who held it.

Both texts share a mutual response when identifying their respective audiences. In William Golding’s text “Lord of the Flies” teaches that any individual has the capacity to become evil. In addition the maturity level for, “Lord of the Flies” was intentionally targeted for adults. As for George Orwell’s Novel “Animal Farm” the text itself is targeted to the general population of the USSR (Union of Soviet Specialist Republic) which was a former communist country in Northern Asia and Eastern Europe which was established during 1922. This was also targeted to the people who wanted to be informed about the possible outcomes and dangers of communism in World War II. He also wanted to let the future generation know about communism and how communism affects people’s lives. Satire was the novels most evident styles and allegory was an additional style that used seemingly useless characters into establishing those characters into important figures in Russian History.

Each text both share similarities of how power corrupts overtime. Comparing both texts, the Lord of the Flies is surrounded by a myriad of young military cadets who miraculously survived a plane crash inside an isolated island. However “Animal Farm” is a society overrun by animals after they disposed Farmer Jones. George Orwell used language techniques such as characterization for characters who symbolizes iconic people throughout the recent course of Russian history. Farmer Jones symbolizes Tsar Nicholas II who was stubborn and regarded his power as the world of god. This is similar to how Farmer Jones mistreated the animals in his farm, he believed that he had full power and control of his animals, until they fought back for their rights. This also reflects upon how the rebellion of Russia fought for the disposal of Tsar Nicholas II who was overthrown by Lenin and the Bolsheviks who later on took power during the start of the Russian Revolution in 1917 and leading to the rise of the Soviet Union. Napoleon who is one of the main antagonists in the novel emerges as the leader of Animal Farm after the rebellion, Napoleon portrays Russian Communist Joseph Stalin who became the Soviet Dictator after the death of Vladimir Lenin. Similarly in William Golding’s allegorical novel “Lord of the Flies”, many of his characters reflect upon significant ideas and themes throughout the text. Ralph who is the protagonist represents civilization, order and leadership. Piggy represents rationalism, intellect and scientific aspects of civilization. In addition Jack represents uncontrolled savagery and the craving for unnecessary power.

In both texts, rules are there to suppress unethical behavior, however in a totalitarian regime these rules can be distorted through propaganda to promote unethical behavior. In George Orwell’s text, he respectively created the 7 commandments which encrypts “All animals are equal” but realistically “Some animals are more equal than others.” In which this is an allusion to the 10 biblical commandments. However in William Golding’s text, there is a rule that if you hold the conch shell in the beach, it will immediately grant you the permission to speak. Reflecting upon this significant item, the conch shell becomes a powerful symbol for unity, order and civilization within the novel. Furthermore there was an intriguing scene where piggy was brutally murdered by a falling boulder which hurled him down off the mountainside to his unfortunate death. The death of piggy and the broken conch shell symbolized the absolute destruction of civilization and rationality within the island. Piggy’s glasses however represented the authority of science and intellectualism within the society, this is evident to when the boys used Piggy’s glasses to focus on the sunlight to exert heat into producing fire. To where fire is an important factor into humanizing a society. However when Piggy’s glasses are shattered, this symbolizes the loss of order and civility which has caused an outbreak within the society which indicates that all hell breaks loose within the text.

Propaganda is used to promote political reviews or causes through misleading or biased information. Each text apply propaganda as a reinforcement to strengthen the antagonist’s character. Propaganda has played an important role throughout the Russian Revolution and because of this propaganda is one of the main themes throughout ‘Animal Farm”. In “Animal Farm” George Orwell cleverly conveys the use of propaganda through the use of manipulation speech, he decided to portray this theme of propaganda through Napoleon’s spokesperson Squealer. Squealer used propaganda to take advantage on the animal’s stupidity. He manipulated the animals through describing a twisted version of the events on the battle of the cowshed in order to promote Napoleon’s point of view. Squealer claimed that Snowball was planning to leave the field to the enemy.” Another example used within the text is the song “Beast of England,” which spread around farms, this specific song was used to motivate the animals into thinking about the revolution, and to create a hatred bond between animals and humans. Similarly in William Golding’s novel “Lord of the Flies” Jack the unbridled savage advocate’s propaganda about the superior beast “Beelzebub” who is located on the mountain, but in reality it is the dead pilot that is still attached to his parachute. Jack manipulates his associates by putting fear into their minds by promoting his imaginary ideas into believing that there is an actual threat. Jack then presents himself as a strong leader who is capable of hunting and protecting the boys from the beast. He also provides just enough evidence for the existence of the beast into forcing the boys to follow him blindly. This shows that Jack uses the beast in a similar manner as real propagandist from history used to create scare tactics. The resolution in animal farm was that the pigs evolved into humans and that the animals later on began to realize that there wasn’t much of a significant difference from them towards their original oppressor. This is evident to how George Orwell quotes “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.” “The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.” Golding however saves the day, by ending the horrific conflict that was produced by the boys. The naval officer who appeared at the end of the book, saved Ralph from being disposed of, this was a sign that their civilization came back and the irony of the ending was that it wasn’t particularly happy, due to the unbridled savagery and horrific violence that took place in the island.

Although both text are based on completely different stories, each text has incorporated literary techniques respectively to convey the theme that power corrupts. In both novels, they both acquire a myriad of literary techniques such as symbolism and characterization that captures the narratives plan. With everything taken into account the activities of the fundamental characters who endeavored to pick up control over the others in the general public were in the long run prompt the defilement of the two social orders. In the end both authors convey the text efficiently by showing how the urge of power can degenerate a general public by utilizing their characters in their books. Both of the texts intentionally give the reader the perspective of how society may be corrupted if the leaders of our nations become degenerate with power.

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Animal Farm – Personal Choice

February 11, 2021 by Essay Writer

Mrs. Daniels:

The reason I am writing to you is to suggest a book that the class may read during the curriculum. The book I am suggesting for our class to read during our time in the curriculum is Animal Farm by George Orwell. We should read this book during our academic English year because we can learn a lot from the literary devices presented in the book, it can be compared with other books, can be compared amongst our peer group, can be related to the world, allows for us to grasp more concepts and has an interesting plot. A plethora of things can most definitely be taken from this book.

For starters, as with most books in general, there are some forms of literary devices that can be found within them. In particular, Animal Farm has a splendid use of literary devices throughout the novel which helps derive it. These literary devices include repetition, symbolism, allusions, imagery, and more. Another thing about the literary devices used in the book do is that they help individuals comprehend how the literary devices here work. Furthermore, with the help of these devices, the stories and ideas presented in the novel are able to get across what the author wants to get across. The use of the literary devices ultimately benefits the book in many ways.

One of the other things that Animal Farm would allow us to do is compare it with other books as well. The novel George Orwell wrote, in particular, can be compared with other works similar regarding the contents, ideas, and other things presented in the novel, Despite there being many books that can go head-to-head with Animal Farm, one of Orwell’s other works that could match closely would be 1984. One of the ways the books can be compared with each other comes in terms of the microcosms set in the novels. In the world of 1984, the higher class people regarded as “The Inner Party” have other certain privileges that others do not have. In Animal Farm, the pigs actually are portrayed to be good when in reality they are bad. Another thing that can be compared about the books are the characters. In 1984, the protagonist is Winston, who rebels against the Party but ultimately is changed in order to love the Party. In Animal Farm, the protagonist is Napoleon, who rebels against the humans and takes control of the farm. Another difference between the novels is that rebellion is good in Animal Farm, while in 1984 it is a bad thing to rebel. Furthermore, in Animal Farm, Napoleon abuses his power for good reasons supposedly, while in 1984, Big Brother abuses his power for bad. Last but not least, certain characters can be compared with each other as well. The protagonist in 1984, Winston rebels against The Party, who controls all of the society in a way, while Mr. Pilkington is the complete opposite of Animal Farm and how it’s run in Animal Farm. This just one of the many ways the novel can compare with other text of its similar content.

Another thing that the novel would also to do as a class allows for us to compare it amongst our peer group. The novel presents different characters, personalities, and opinions within the book. Not just that but throughout the book, certain people begin to change for the better or for the worse. Just like within our own peer group, there is a variety of opinions, personalities, and, people may change for the good or for the worse. Another thing that the book is able to show is the dark actions of manipulations. At times in the book, Napoleon and the pigs get the other animals to do the labor and end up with most food despite not doing any labor themselves. However, when questioned about getting the most food, the pigs respond saying they need more of it because they need to fuel their brains in order to run the farm smoothly. In some situations, amongst our peers, we may be manipulated intentionally or unintentionally without even noticing at all, which is scary to think of. Not only that, peer pressure is another thing seen throughout the book that is not mentioned as much and, through which some of my peer group has gone through at one point. This just makes the book even more impressive than it already is.

Another thing that the novel allows us to do is to put it up against different places around the world. In fact, the book was based on the fear of the Soviet Union and its practices of communism after World War II. It may not be recognizable at a first glance, but as the story begins to unravel, it becomes more noticeable that the characters start to resemble certain places and people. Moving on, besides the book about being Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union, many places and countries in the world were at one point practice communism. Some of these countries include Albania, Hungary, Poland, and more. As a class, we could be able to look at these countries and compare what they went through, see if they were treated differently in a way, or if they had the same fate as the characters in the novel. The book, in general, can relate to the world in many ways.

Animal Farm is an outstanding book for many reasons. One of those reasons has to be the interesting plot. For starters, he begins the novel with the setting of a farm. Once he describes the farm, focuses on particular character, Old Major, who is the oldest pig on the farm, decides one day to speak to every animal on the farm. During his speech, he begins to talk about overthrowing the humans since the animals are being killed off for food and are mistreated as well. After getting the animals rallied up together, they wait one day and decide to rebel against the humans on the farm. Once they overtake the farm, they begin to sing a certain song, create commandments, and more. However, as time moves on, the first leader, Squealer, begins to get out of hand. In order to control everything, the animals decide to get rid of Squealer and replace him with Napoleon. After Napoleon comes to rule, things start to change suddenly. The pigs now have more rations of food than the other animals regardless of special occasions and special work, the commandments and song change, and a lot more. The animals at times question the requests of Napoleon, yet they still carry them out. One day, however, they are attacked by Squealer and everything changes. The animals are now being killed, Napoleon begins to negotiate with humans along with much more. Now Napoleon had done all this, he made things worse by sending Boxer away to “get put down” when in reality, he sent to be recovered but the animals had taken it the wrong way. In the end, the entire farm had changed the rules to one simple rule and, was still ruled by the pigs. Truly an interesting, unraveling plot with so much tension.

Overall, I feel that if we were to read this book, we would be able to gain a lot from it. The book is truly versatile, which is a very ideal thing for any book. Besides it its versatility, it can be a book that should be read to better our learning. The book can truly improve our reading skills so much. Hopefully, you choose this book to read in our class.

Sincerely,

Terri Perez

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My Turkey Farm

February 11, 2021 by Essay Writer

Farm growth always comes with expenses growth. We presently have 5 female turkeys that have started laying. At their laying season early this year, we couldn’t get any chic from them as the major problem was most of them laying in the bush and rain disturbed the eggs, they most times do not sleep on their eggs and it results into a waste as the fertile eggs went bad.

We have confined them to a hall as we approach their season which is from this month and they have already started laying. They have collectively laid over 30eggs as at today. We confined them so that we will know where they are laying and be able to monitor the process. The major limitation we might face is the hatching of the eggs – for this, should the turkeys refuse covering the eggs for the necessary period of time, the eggs might go bad. To put this in check, we will need an incubator to start hatching the eggs. This will help us to start having and selling day old turkeys and other livestock plus also have them readily available in the farm. But because of the light supply which is not constant, we will need an incubator that has inbuilt inverter which will help us to cover for the lack of supply of electricity.

I searched online for incubators with inbuilt inverters and saw the TR112 Incubator. The incubator is said to have 1. Egg tester-which we help us check if the egg is fertilize or not before incubating Temperature and humidity alarm Digital temperature control and regulator Automatic egg turner- this will mean that there wont be need to open the incubator to turn the sides of the egg to the heat supply Etc. The price of the incubator range from between N90,000 to N130,000. The incubator can accommodate more than 90eggs at a time and the one of about N130,000 has an additional 300watts inverter that comes with it. This is presently the area I need urgent help with. Though this may be a small scale business, there is no need to limit its growth. Its a Farm affair and i am living and loving it!

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Symbolism and the Depiction of Author’s Own Personal Experience in Animal Farm by George Orwell

February 11, 2021 by Essay Writer

George Orwell’s Animal Farm publication debuted on August 17,1945. Orwell’s inspiration was a reflection upon his own experiences during the transition period between the Russian Revolution of 1917 and into the Stalinist era of the Soviet Union. Animal Farm is full of allusions and symbolism among the characters relating to this time period. This further concludes George Orwell’s depiction of this era through his eyes.

An explanation of Animal Farm without all of the symbolism or in a literal sense is a book about farm animals starting a revolution for their own freedom from humans. Throughout the book characters like Napoleon and the other pigs show how having too much power results in greed and arrogance. At the closing of the book the last paragraph compares the pig’s supremacy to how the humans used to be. “The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.” (George Orwell, 1945, pg.141) From my perspective this comparison is significant to Orwell’s book in many ways because not only does relate to human absolute authority over all animals but the leaders in the Soviet Union during the Russian Revolution. Napoleon the “Father of All Animals, Terror of Mankind, Protector of the Sheep-fold, Ducklings’ Friend, and the like.” (George Orwell, 1945, pg.93) traits resemble Joseph Stalin or the “man of steel”. Stalin was the dictator of the USSR and he had the same intention of Napoleon in transforming a poor civilization into a military superpower.

All things considered my view on Animal Farm is the same as how the sheep feel about four legs-, good. (“Four legs good, two legs bad! Four legs good, two legs bad!”-George Orwell, 1945, pg.34). Animal Farm was a good book to me because of character development in relation to real historical people. In addition, it was a very interesting story line due to the true events through symbolism. I liked how all of the farm animals had their own personality which is important because it showed how they all fit in the puzzle. Like Boxer the horse, he portrayed the loyal working class which is confirmed by his motto; “I will work harder”. Or even the objects that aren’t animals like the windmill in the story which represents the legitimate Stalin five-year plan which was implemented between 1928-1932. On the other hand, there are a few adjustments and questionable ideas that are being presented in the plot. Firstly, why didn’t the rebellion start earlier, to me it is a little off that they didn’t do anything sooner about their living conditions especially because they have leadership skills and the smarter animals can read while all of them talk. Major the pig is he first one to bring it up because he is the wisest and he has lived he longest life. But there were plenty of other animals that came before him so why was he the ‘first’ to come up with this great idea. Furthermore, I think that the plot gets a little corrupted because of the extreme repetition, it lost my focus and interest frequently. Predominantly when Napoleon keeps on changing the rules to his liking even though it is a big component to the plot which occurred on a variety of different occasions.

Weighing up both perspectives, I suppose that overall the book was good. Despite the minimal flaws nevertheless it was very enjoyable. In addition I would highly recommend it to anyone who hasn’t read yet, it has many climatic cliffhangers that’ll keep you reading.

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Nudging in Animal Farm: a Critical Analysis of the Novel by George Orwell

February 11, 2021 by Essay Writer

Nudging in Animal Farm

A “nudge” is a gentle push in a certain direction. Sometimes a person or government “nudges” people to make a specific decision by making some choices easier, or harder, than others. Animal Farm, a novel by George Orwell, concerns this topic. In Animal Farm, a rebellion of the animals on the farm against humanity is started. However, the animals’ new society is drastically different from what they had imagined. The farm and its inhabitants are meant to represent Russia during the Communist Revolution. At the beginning of the book, Old Major, a pig who represents Karl Marx / Vladimir Lenin, stirs up the other animals with ideas of rebellion and images of a farm run by animals that is able to provide for itself without the cruelty of man. Soon after Old Major dies, the Rebellion is started, and the humans are chased off the farm. Napoleon, a pig meant to represent Joseph Stalin, eventually rises to power and becomes a selfish and cruel leader. The rest of the animals on the farm represent the citizens of Russia. “The Nudge Debate”, an article in the New York Times by David Brooks, also confronts the issue of nudging. While Animal Farm uses allegory to demonstrate the evils of nudging, “The Nudge Debate” weighs the pros and cons of a government nudging its people into the perceived “right” direction. It can be assumed that George Orwell believes nudging to be a negative thing when misused. Governments should not make one choice harder than another.

In Chapter Four of Animal Farm, Boxer, a horse who is the strongest animal on the farm, has just killed a human in the Battle of the Cowshed. This battle was an attempt by the former owner of the farm to retake it. When the battle is over (the animals being the victors), Boxer feels remorse for killing a human. Snowball, one of the pigs who lead the farm, explains why Boxer shouldn’t feel sorry. “‘No sentimentality, comrade!’ cried Snowball. […] ‘War is war. The only good human being is a dead one’” (Orwell 43). Snowball tells Boxer and the other animals that death is the reality of war. He nudges them to feel animosity towards all of mankind and encourages them to feel more comfortable with killing humans.

In Chapter Five, Napoleon makes an announcement after Snowball’s sudden and violent expulsion from the farm. “He [Napoleon] announced that from now on the Sunday-morning Meetings would come to an end. They were unnecessary, he said, and wasted time. In future all questions relating to the working of the farm would be settled by a special committee of pigs, presided over by himself. These would meet in private and afterwards communicate their decisions to the others” (Orwell 54). Napoleon declared that debates will no longer be held by the animals at Sunday-morning Meetings. Instead, discussions would be held by the pigs in private. This decision nudges the animals to not speak their minds and to disregard current events.

In Chapter Eight, Napoleon is awarded new titles. “Napoleon was now never spoken of simple as ‘Napoleon.’ He is always referred to in formal style as ‘Our Leader, Comrade Napoleon,’ and the pigs liked to invent for him such titles as Father of All Animals, Terror of Mankind, Protector of the Sheep-fold, Ducklings’ Friend, and the like” (Orwell 93). Napoleon now has formal titles he is to be referred to by. This nudges the animals to view him reverently and almost god-like.

In “The Nudge Debate”, Brooks considers how nudging is a bad thing. “Do we want government stepping in to protect us from our own mistakes? Many people argue no. This kind of soft paternalism, will inevitably slide into a hard paternalism, with government elites manipulating us into doing the sorts of things they want us to do. Policy makers have their own cognitive biases, which will induce them to design imperfect interventions even if they mean well. […] If government starts manipulating decision-making processes, then individuals won’t learn to think for themselves” (Brooks 1). Brooks deliberates on the reasons gentle nudging could lead to government making our decisions for us.

While Animal Farm uses allegory to demonstrate the evils of nudging, “The Nudge Debate” weighs the pros and cons of a government nudging its people into the perceived “right” direction. It can be assumed that George Orwell believes nudging to be a negative thing when misused. Governments should not make one choice harder than another. Through analogies of the Russian Revolution, Orwell shows how nudging can have a negative effect on a society. The nature of humans can be evil and selfish, as shown in these examples from Animal Farm. However, humans can be kind and good-hearted as well.

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Optimism & Its Impact On People’s Well-Being

February 11, 2021 by Essay Writer

In order to be truly aware of one’s marginalized status in society there needs to not only be an awareness of the oppression itself, but also an understanding of its causes and repercussions. Nora Helmer, the protagonist in the play A Doll’s House by Henrik Ibsen, is oppressed by her husband, Torvald Helmer, and the male-dominated society in which she lives. Conversely, Benjamin, a character in the novella Animal Farm by George Orwell, is oppressed by his government and its totalitarian leader Napoleon. Comparatively, Nora’s omniscient awareness of her oppression in her patriarchal society is greater than that of Benjamin’s awareness of his oppressive state due to his indifference to society, and this is evident through their opinions on their role in society, choice of diction, and emotional reactions to their oppressors.

An individual’s role in society is often reflective of their status and treatment in that society; individuals, who are oppressed, such as Nora and Benjamin, do not appreciate their forced roles in society. Their voices and opinions on this oppression reflect how truly aware they are of their marginalized status. Benjamin’s voice of indifference to his government and the overall well-being of the farm shows that he is aware of his oppression. He knows that no matter what form the political structure of the farm takes, the bourgeoisie government will continue to oppress him and other the proletariats. This demonstrates why he “seemed quite unchanged since the rebellion” against the farmers (Orwell 12). He believes it would make no difference to protest and continues to accept his designated role. In contrast, Nora is not only aware of her marginalized role in society, but also has enough knowledge to stand against it. In Nora’s society, she is expected to sacrifice her own wishes in order fulfil her “duty to [her] husband and children” (Ibsen 310). This generic taken for granted that women are solely caregivers and wives is perpetuated in her patriarchal society and deprives her of an identity as an individual. Nora fights against this as she stands firmly behind the belief that her “duty to [herself]” is just as “sacred” (Ibsen 314). She understands that her need to express and serve herself before others is not only acceptable, but a “basic personal freedom that is necessary” for any human being regardless of gender (Markussen 3). By rejecting her stereotypical feminine identity as a mother and demanding personal freedom to be herself, she exemplifies the basic rights and freedoms that every woman should have in any society. Even in contemporary society, women still struggle between choosing to raise their children and pursuing their passions. This shows that Nora is not only aware of her oppression, but can identify its repercussions, as opposed to Benjamin, who just ignores it.

Diction is a very powerful tool used by characters to convey their ideas and emotions in a passionate way, and it is undoubtedly important to consider when comparing Nora’s and Benjamin’s awareness of their marginalized status. Benjamin is constantly sarcastic and has a very pessimistic outlook on life and the government. This is because he is aware of the oppression he is experiencing and watches other low-class animals being brainwashed into accepting their oppression. During the construction of the windmill, the animals were assured by Napoleon that the windmill would be very beneficial to the farm, and thus the animals dedicated more effort and time towards its completion. Benjamin remained indifferent and believed that “life would go on as it always has gone on [and] that is badly” (Orwell 20). This sarcastic remark demonstrates his understanding that the windmill will only benefit the bourgeoisie like Napoleon, and life will continue on just as badly for the lower-class animals. It also demonstrates a very shallow understanding of his situation as he cannot describe how or why the animal’s lives will continue on just as badly nor does he care enough to do anything about it. His diction reiterates his negligence, and this careless attitude does not allow him to discover more about his marginalized status, which is why he is not fully aware of his marginalization. On the other hand, Nora’s choice of diction accurately portrays her marginalized status and shows her comprehensive awareness of her oppression. Nora believes she lives in a “dollhouse” and that she is a “doll” as Torvald plays with her like she would “play with one of [her] dolls” (Ibsen 14). Her choice of the word doll portrays herself as being objectified into a doll which Torvald can use however he pleases. Similar to the way a doll cannot leave the doll house, Nora illustrates this vivid imagery to show how “women are often being trapped by the world that controls them” (Ford 1). Nora realizes she is trapped in a house where her every action is controlled by her husband, simply because of the patriarchal constructs that women are objects solely for a man’s pleasure and must obey all of their commands. Nora’s choice of diction and symbolism exhibits a much deeper and well developed awareness of her oppression compared to Benjamin’s sarcastic remarks.

Nora and Benjamin both have emotional confrontations with their oppressors, but only Nora is conscious enough of her oppression to stand against it and put an end to it. Benjamin’s continuous indifference to his government does show his awareness but also proves to work against him. While Benjamin’s friend, Boxer, is being sent off in a van to be killed, all he can do is scream to his fellow animals about reading the animal disposal advertisement “written on the side of the van” (Orwell 26). Although he knows that his friend is being sent off to die, all the other animals are too brainwashed to think of such a thing. Napoleon has forced them to be illiterate by overworking them and so they cannot read what is on the van. Benjamin cannot do anything to save his friend and is forced to watch idly as Boxer is being sent off to die. This proves his awareness is meaningless as he is not conscious enough to foresee this happening and prevent it from happening. Instead of being forced to watch idly, Nora proves that she knows enough about her marginalization to fight against it in a productive manner. Nora has been subjected to many things over the span of her marriage to Torvald; however, she finally reaches a breaking point being on the receiving end of a tirade from Torvald for forging a loan to save his life. She expected him to at the least thank her, but his harsh response made her realize that she “has been living with strange man” and that thought drove her so crazy it made her want to “tear [herself] into little pieces” (Ibsen 70), Torvald is no longer the kind and loving man she married, and through his constant sexualisation and objectification of Nora, he became the embodiment of her oppression. She sees that their relationship is representative of how men continue to oppress women in society, and because of this Nora decides to leave. Nora’s exit to the “outside world is an act of liberation” (Forward 11). By leaving, she proves her omniscient awareness of her marginalized status as she is able to free herself from the shackles of her patriarchal society. This represents how all women, no matter what they face, can liberate themselves from their oppression. Therefore, Nora’s awareness is much greater, as she is able to use fight against her oppressive husband and end her oppression, while Benjamin fails to do anything about his.

In conclusion, both characters are conscious of their oppression in society, but Nora’s omniscient awareness of her oppression is much greater than Benjamin’s awareness as she is consistently able to use it in an accurate and positive manner. She is able to effectively demonstrate her awareness by expressing her opinions on her oppression, accurately illustrating her marginalized role in society, and, most importantly, freeing herself from her oppression. While Benjamin is also able to express his opinions and show his marginalized role in society, he lacks Nora’s depth and accuracy, a reflection of his lack of awareness in general. This is why Benjamin cannot free himself from his oppressive society. Nora’s capacity to free herself from oppression makes her the epitome of what all women and other oppressed individuals can accomplish when they are truly aware of their marginalized role in society.

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Comparison of Themes of Authority and Dishonesty: Animal Farm by George Orwell, And V for Vendetta by James McTeigue

February 11, 2021 by Essay Writer

The obtaining of power and its leading to corruption is able to be represented in George Orwell’s allegorical novel “Animal Farm” and James McTeigue’s dystopian film “V for Vendetta”. While the obtaining of power may bring corruption, a benevolent leadership does not necessarily mean power will become corrupt. Both composers explore the major flaws of human nature and that people’s desire to obtain power can lead to the diminishing of morals and principles. Wielding power requires us to acknowledge our human flaws, those who are not able to do so, become corrupt. Those who are in power become corrupt and ruthless and will go to certain lengths to remain in power.

Orwell is able to identify that the obtaining of power and its corruption, can lead to the diminishing of morals and principles. Squealer’s tone of superiority with his manipulative in “many of us actually dislike milk and apples” and “taking it to preserve our health” (this is the answer that the pigs have given to cover the fact that the milk and apples are not seen by the other animals and only the pigs are consuming them) show inequality and contradict the Old Major’s original idea for animalism. Lying and manipulating others goes against our morals and principles and although the animals used to live in unity, the corruption of power has caused them break ethics for their own beneficial reasons. The morals and principles that have formed are opposed by the constant desire for more power and control. Orwell is able to accurately portray the dirty, greedy and obnoxious side of human nature through the symbolic use of pigs. Similarly, the destruction of beliefs is also able to be seen in “V for Vendetta” where powerful characters, break their morals and principles to attempt to achieve their own personal goals.

McTeigue focuses the attention of the audience to the flaws of humanity, our desire for power can cause it to become corrupt and lead us to dismiss our morals and principles. McTeigue questions the morality of society as a whole through the characters as they struggle to gain power through many immoral methods. The director alludes to World War Two with the anecdotal evidence of the spreading of the St. Mary’s virus is one of the most distasteful examples of corruption with the obtaining of power. The government’s decision to exploit the vulnerabilities of the citizens through fear shows their pathetic and cruel nature and their willingness to dismiss their own personal morals and principles. Although government is leading malevolently, V’s breaking of morals and principles to achieve the freedom of the citizens is beneficial. His murders lead to a unified country, showing that power does not always have to become corrupt. McTeigue and Orwell clearly show that the obtaining of power, causes many to become corrupt and reject their morals.

When wielding power, the holder of power may become corrupt if their flaws are not acknowledged. The use of visual imagery in “Nine enormous dogs came bounding into the barn. They chased Snowball” allows the readers to visualise how the corruption has affected the power of the pigs. Snowball’s and Napoleon’s natural disagreements were not acknowledged by either of them and causes Napoleon to resort to violence to gain more control and power. Orwell’s makes the audience question their own flaws and if it corrupts the power in their own relationships. This acknowledging of flaws in also seen in “V for Vendetta”.

McTeigue similarly questions the flaws of humanity and how by not acknowledging them, the person in power will become corrupted. The corruption of Norsefire is frequently exposed throughout the film by V, but their decision to cover up this flaw through the media continues to show their decline further into corruption. The destruction of the Old Bailey, meant that justice was no longer existent and chaos would ensue as the Old Bailey symbolised justice. Acknowledging the flaws of human nature can lead to a more benevolent leadership instead of a malevolent leadership.

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