A Raisin in the Sun
The Changes in a Raisin in The Sun, My Big Fat Greek Wedding And American Born Chinese
The most important decision about your goals is not what you are willing to do to achieve them, but what you are willing to give up¨, Dave Ramsey tells readers. A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry was a play created to tell the story of a poor African American family that live in the southside of Chicago during the 1950’s.They received $10,000 from insurance and Mama takes the money and buys a house in a white neighborhood. American Born Chinese by Gene Luen Yang is a graphic novel about Jin Wang who moves from San Francisco and is being stereotyped by all the kids in his class just because he’s Asian. My Big Fat Greek Wedding by Nia Vardalos is a movie about a 30 year old Greek women who falls in love with a non-greek man but he goes out of his way to please her family and change his beliefs just so he could be with her. The most common theme between all three stories is that everyone changes in a way at the end and they all have to give something up in order to grow. All the characters in the three stories had to go threw the hardships of life just to get what they wanted.
A Raisin in the Sun
In A Raisin in the Sun, Mama gave up the $10,000 that she got just for her family. She wanted them to live a better life and so she moved them into a house that was spacious and were Travis didn’t have to sleep on the couch and were they didn’t have to take turns for the shower with other people outside their family. Her kids wanted to do other things with the money but she knew it would be best if she used the money towards a house instead of purchasing a liquor store and medical school.
My Big Fat Greek Wedding
In My Big Fat Greek Wedding, Toula, changes herself. She goes to college and works at the agency instead of just working for her parents at their restaurant, she wanted more for herself in life. Ian, Toulas boyfriend also changes throughout the movie. He changes his religion and beliefs just so he could be with the women he loves. He didnt care what he had to do, he just wanted her. Gus changes as well throughout the movie. In the beginning he was not accepting of Ian and didn’t want his daughter to marry or even date a non-greek, but as he sees what Ian would do for her he has a change of heart and accepts the fact that Toula love´s Ian and that they are getting married.
American Born Chinese
Lastly, in the novel American Born Chinese JIn Wang changes from being seen as a stereotypical Chinese kid to being an american little boy. Chasing your dreams was another common theme between the three stories. Who knows if Toula would have ever meet Ian if she never went to college and quit working at the restaurant. Her family never thought she was going to get married, but because she saw how others were living their life and were already married and had kids she wanted that for herself. And she got that with the support of her mom and aunts. Walter had the dream of buying his own liquor store so he could provide a better life for his family. Beneatha wanted to go to medical school and needed the $10,000 to do so but Mama knew using the money towards a house would have been more beneficial. In ABC Jin Wang´s dream was too fit in and be like a regular boy.
Everyone goes through hard times in life. That’s just the way it is, but people can always learn from the difficult times and their mistakes. People have to work hard for what they want in life and if that means coming across bumps in road they can hopefully make it worthier and learn. You have to work hard to accomplish your goals and that may cause you to make bad decisions but it will be worth it in the end.
From The Fire Next Time to Between The World And Me
The Fire Next Time
Fire Next Time is made out of two articles, ‘My Dungeon Shook: Letter to My Nephew on the One-Hundredth Anniversary of the Emancipation’ and ‘Down at the Cross: Letter from a Region in My Mind.’ These articles inspect issues of racial imbalance in America, religion, and the impediments of intolerant reasoning. The two of them address the up and coming age of dark individuals and instruct white individuals about the experience of being a dark man in America during the 1960s. Baldwin reasons that brutality and racial rebellion are not substantial answers for accomplishing power. Baldwin accepts that dark individuals may have the option to accomplish enduring force in America on the off chance that they cherish and acknowledge white individuals
A Raisin in the Sun
The Value and Purpose of Dreams: A Raisin in the Sun is basically about dreams, as the fundamental character’s battle to manage the severe conditions that standard their lives. He ponders whether those fantasies wither up ‘like a raisin in the sun.’ The Need to Fight Racial Discrimination: The character of Mr. Lindner makes the topic of racial separation noticeable in the plot as an issue that the Youngers can’t maintain a strategic distance from. The overseeing body of the Youngers’ new neighborhood, the Clybourne Park Improvement Association, sends Mr. Lindner to influence them not to move into the all-white Clybourne Park neighborhood. The Importance of Family: The Youngers battle socially and financially all through the play, however, join at last to understand their fantasy about purchasing a house. Mother emphatically trusts in the significance of family, and she attempts to instruct this incentive to her family as she battles to keep them together and working.</p>
Literary Genre and Literature as an Expression of Culture: History specialists today differ in the year wherein the Civil Rights Movement authoritatively finished. Some refer to the death of Martin Luther King, Jr. in 1968. The character of Mr. Lindner makes the subject of racial segregation conspicuous in the plot as an issue that the Youngers can’t keep away from. The administering body of the Youngers’ new neighborhood, the Clybourne Park Improvement Association, sends Mr. Lindner to induce them not to move into the all-white Clybourne Park neighborhood.
Between the World and Me
Bigotry in America: The most evident subject of the work is the racial separation that exists in America. Reaching out from early American history when blacks were subjugated to the present day in which dark bodies are under steady reconnaissance and danger, white society has reliably prevented the humankind from claiming blacks to keep up its fake ‘Dream.’ The Dream: The Dream probably won’t sound that terrible superficially – it involves an agreeable rural home, roomy yards, and garages, BBQs and pool gatherings, pie and strawberry shortcake. Notwithstanding, it is significantly more treacherous than it sounds. It was made by students of history and invigorated by Hollywood, Coates composes. The Black Body: One of the most striking segments of the content is that the dark body is always under risk. Bigotry, Coates composes, is an instinctive encounter. All through American history, dark people were shackled, beaten, tormented, lynched, assaulted, and showered with high-control firehoses.
Between the World and Me is Ta-Nehisi Coates’ acclaimed letter to his high school child, Samori, about being a dark individual in America. It traverses the individual, for example, experiencing childhood in Baltimore and his development of a scholarly and political awareness at Howard University during the 1990s, and the authentic, as found in his dialog of the manners by which the dark body has consistently been conscious of pulverization. Written in a striking, prompt, and now and again enthusiastic and furious voice, Coates spots contemporary occasions like the killings of Michael Brown and Trayvon Martin in this bigger story of dark battle.
A Raisin in The Sun By Lorraine Hansberry: The Wish For Material Wealth Against The Wish For Freedom
For several of Hansberry’s characters, money is a promise of salvation, a gift to be stored up and fought for whenever possible. But as the story unfolds the younger family must repeatedly weigh their wish for material wealth against their wish for freedom. Beneatha, Walter, and the others ultimately choose abstract ideals, education, dignity, love– over easy alternatives that hold out the promise of more money. By dramatizing the crisis they face before they arrive at these decisions. Hansberry shows that wealth is not always as desirable as it seems, and she reminds us of the sacrifices people make for their freedom.
Throughout the play, members of the younger family act as if the money is too precious to be parted with. In the opening scene, Travis asks his mother for fifty cents, and seemingly paltry sum is too much for the impoverished Ruth Younger to give away. Although Beneatha doesn’t love George Murchison, her family tells her to continue dating him and taking pride in the match, because George comes from a wealthy family. A financial offer from the Clybourne Welcoming Committee briefly seduces Walter: the money would give him an opportunity to start his own business and become rich. Ruth considers an abortion because her unborn child would drain the Youngers of the little money they currently have. Walter pleads with his mother to donate her ten thousand dollars to his liquor-store scheme, arguing that the Youngers would benefit from the liquor sales. Almost every character shows an occasional lust for money.
However, each time the Youngers are presented with an opportunity to gain or save their money, they must relinquish something else that is valuable. If mama doesn’t give Travis the fifty cents he asks for, she denies him the chance to participate in a classroom activity, furthering his education and bolstering his pride. By settling for the wealthy George, Beneatha would sacrifice her intellectual passion and spend the rest of her life with a man who casually admits to disliking books. Accepting the offer from the Clybourne Welcoming Committee would mean capitulating to a racist demand: the whites have offered the money to the Youngers because the whites do not want to live in an interracial community. As mama argues, Ruth’s money-saving abortion would represent a moral defeat for the Youngers, an acknowledgement that the family does not have the love and energy to support a new person. Money that assists Walter in his liquor store plans could instead be invested in Beneatha’s education or a house for Travis—less lucrative ideals that mama nonetheless clearly prefers to Walter’s dream. Nowhere in A Raisin in the Sun does a character guiltlessly accept or hold onto his or her money.
Again and again, the rejection of wealth is a cause for celebration among Hansberry’s characters. Ruth laughed when Walter gives his fifty cents to Travis: the couple acknowledges that the act of generosity is the right decision. Mama does not argue with Beneatha when she announces her rejection of George, and Beneatha comments on this rare instance of maternal understanding. The climax of the play occurs when Walter rejects the offer from the Welcoming Committee: both mama and Ruth declare their pride in this deeply flawed man. Ruth chooses not to have an abortion, to mama’s great relief. The investment in a house for Travis delights each of the Youngers except Walter, and even Walter eventually recognizes the dignity and wisdom behind this hard decision. Each time a character turns down an essay financial offer, the other characters applaud his farsightedness and strength.
It’s surprising that money turns out to be a villain in the Younger family’s story. Like Ruth and Walter, we initially think that any offer of cash is a blessing for the Youngers because it represents a chance to abandon their dingy apartment and begin a new life. But Hansberry shows that no pride is high enough for freedom. The Black characters she describes must defend their right to an education, a loving home, and a sense of self-worth—even when the white community wants to pay them to abandon these ideals. Throughout the play Hansberry conveys a sense of anger and disgust. No family should have to make choices but yay confront the Youngers as their dreams are repeatedly deferred.
Analysis Of “A Raisin in The Sun”, “The Glass Menagerie”, “Trifles”
A Raisin in the Sun
Of the major characters in A Raisin in the Sun (Beneatha, Walter Lee, Mama, Ruth), choose one which you would consider to be a protagonist and which to be an antagonist and explain why.
Given the variety of interactions exhibited within the play, there are a few different ways this answer could go. One could name Ruth the protagonist and Mama the antagonist if considering the situation surrounding Ruth’s unexpected pregnancy and the implied route of abortion she had begun to take. Mama, in her deeply religious ways, was adamantly against the idea and berated Ruth for even thinking of terminating the pregnancy, despite the financial situation of the family and the low point Walter Lee and Ruth’s relationship had hit.
It could be said that Beneatha was a protagonist and Walter Lee was an antagonist when it came to Beneatha’s education. She believed that her schooling was her ticket to a better life and worked hard to achieve her goal of becoming a doctor. Walter Lee, on more than one occasion, belittled her quest and remained rooted in his idea that his sister should follow the same path that his mother and wife had taken. The clash in values could almost be seen as generational, though the years between Beneatha and her brother were far less than that of a typical generation gap. His negative view of her education could also be taken as a flare of jealousy, as she was on her way to making something more of herself than Walter Lee had been able to thus far.
The main quarrel in the story, though, presented itself with Walter Lee as the protagonist and Mama as the antagonist. The coveted check had been long due for the family, long enough that every member had come up with their own way of spending it. But no one had become as dead set on a plan as Walter Lee. His plot to use the $10,000 check to invest in a neighborhood liquor store was met with fervent opposition, the most important foe to the plan being Mama. It is constantly said that “Mama knows best”, and perhaps Walter Lee should have heeded that warning since he ended up taking a good chunk of the money and handing it off to a ne’er-do-well, never to be seen again. Thankfully, Mama had kept a decent amount, and used it to see the family off into a new start in a new home.
The Glass Menagerie
Of the main characters (Tom, Laura, or Amanda), which face life most unrealistically? Does this contribute to the themes of illusion versus reality featured in the play?
While a stunning case can be made for Laura, in this instance, the curious case of Amanda Wingfield is the clear winner. Having grown up as a sort of southern debutante, the reality she is met with during the timeframe of the play is a far cry from what she was raised within. Somewhere along the line, the tables turned, and Amanda’s only line of defense was to allow herself to steep in a world of fantasy. She didn’t want to face the fact that her son was not the prodigal businessman he attempted to portray himself as, nor did she wish to deal with her daughter’s disability, or Laura essentially following a similar path of make-believe as a coping mechanism.
Amanda’s consistent war with reality runs right alongside the theme of illusion versus reality. Her way of life has basically set the stage for the way her children have handled and continue to handle the inevitable life events that arise. The mere fact that she all but refuses to admit that her daughter is actually disabled, though subtly adheres to the limits Laura has otherwise, is proof in point of her world of delusion. She is present and aware, but in a constant state of denial. Laura’s state is completely mowed over by her mother’s inability to handle the reality of it, a steady stream of “gentlemen callers” always somewhere out there for her daughter despite the truth of near isolation.
Each of the Wingfields lives in their own personal reality; Laura and the world of glass, Tom and his budding business ventures, Amanda and her life as a southern belle. But given the fact that her children were seemingly raised to exist this way, I dubbed Amanda’s perception of life as the most unrealistic. Somewhere along the line, her reality shifted so drastically that her main form of coping was to basically forget the change ever happened.
How might the circumstances of the character Minnie Wright compare to Mrs. Mallard from The Story of an Hour or the narrator from The Yellow Wallpaper?
Much like the aforementioned women in the other stores, Minnie Wright (formerly Foster) lived a life caught up in the trappings of her husband. Like the narrator of The Yellow Wallpaper, Minnie is doomed to live in a cage of a house, no outside company to allow any sort of escape from her implied oppression. Her captor is her husband, a quiet and solemn man named John whom, after some detective work and female intuition, is shown to have been a bit of a brute (showcased by the grisly death of the canary) and a dimmer of light. Mrs. Hale is someone who can attest to the shift in Minnie Wright. A bright, cheery, young woman turned near recluse thanks to what is proven to be a form of imprisonment, much like in The Yellow Wallpaper.
I find the main similarity between Mrs. Mallard and Minnie to be the hidden aspect of their misery. Mrs. Mallard’s oppression was thinly veiled by a husband who simply seemed to always know best, and Minnie Wright’s agony was the by-product of a seeming lack of proximity to the rest of the world. In The Story of an Hour we read about Mrs. Mallard’s sister shielding her from the truth concerning her not-dead husband, implying that her sibling knew enough about the suffering Mrs. Mallard dealt with to know what her reaction might be. The same apologetic tone is taken with both Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters, the women coming to the realization, together, that Minnie may well have committed the crime she was accused of, but with valid reason.
All three women were found to be dealing with the throes of feminine oppression that ran rampant within the eras these stories were written. Each of them was shown reaching a life-changing breaking point; Mrs. Mallard simply dropped dead at the mere sight of her very much alive husband, the narrator of The Yellow Wallpaper succumbed to what came across as a psychotic break due to her captivity, and Minnie Wright was implied to have murdered her dispiriting husband.
The American Dream in “A Raisin in The Sun” By Lorraine Hansberry
A Raisin In The Sun is a book based around what each individual sees as the better life. Every human has a different idea of what they think is the better life. The book focuses on completing your dream no matter the struggle. Mama wants to take care of her family (even though Walter should be doing that) with her husband. Every morning mama waters her plants and tells everyone that even though it doesn’t get enough sunlight it’s still breathing. This sentence is talking about how mama never gave up on her dreams even though it seemed unlikely.
Then mama didn’t want her family to split up used some of the money to buy a house so they can live together in an all-white neighborhood. Mama is the king of the house and always makes sure that her family are taken care of and that each one is a good person. She wants them to have more respect for themselves and to succeed. Ruth or Walter’s wife wants the same dream as mama. She wants a big happy family that can live together in a big house, and Ruth got so happy when she found out mama bought a house.
Beneatha’s dream is to become a doctor and prove that your race doesn’t matter and that should always strive for your dreams. She grew up in a society where women stay at home and tedious work instead of actual jobs. And money was also a big part in holding her back since before the check she was most likely not be able to go to med school. She is different to where she is not like other girls her age because it’s usual to be a sit inside wife and tend to the house. Beneatha and her brother Walter didn’t agree on what a better life actually was. Beneatha thinks Walter’s idea is a waste of money, and she thinks Walter doesn’t have the drive or skills to be successful and is happy mama said no to the liquor store.
Walter’s character is someone who can change their attitude instantly throughout the book (to be honest Walter sounds bipolar) because of his idea of a better life. Walter isn’t a bad person it’s just his idea of a better life has made him act differently because he was given the chance to have more money. He wants so badly to be the only provider and the one who takes care for the house. Walter is also embarrassed about his job as a chauffeur driver. He thinks he is loved by how much he makes and how successful he is. Because of this he goes through with his plan even though Mama, and Beneatha said no and loses all his money to Willy who ran off with the money, and even bobo his other partner said he put his savings into it.
After a good talking to he realized how important family and what is more important in life. Besides all the problems the Youngers went through they were still able to stick together and move to the new house the dream they all should have had.
A Raisin in the Sun Book and Film Adaptation: a Comparison Piece
Lorraine Hansberry wrote the play A Raisin in the Sun in 1950 in New York; the play’s first performance was in 1959. The play touched on a very emotive topic at the time, that of racism. The play attracting a broad audience from both the white and black communities and consequently it was adapted into film twice; first in 1961 and then in 2008, starring Sean Combs. The play and movie showcases a week in the lives of the Younger family who receive $10,000 as a life insurance check. The films are adaptations of the play hence there are numerous similarities; however, there are also differences.
One similarity is that both the films and the play are set in the Younger’s house in the Southside of Chicago. However, one significant difference is that events in the play all happen in the living room while in the films there are different sets such as the bar, new house, and Walter’s work. The addition of sets gives the audience a broader understanding of the Younger family.
In both the play and the films, Walter stops working after he is not entrusted with the money to start his venture. Lena, feeling guilty, entrusts him with the remaining money. In the films, Lena takes the money to him in a bar. However, in the play, the scene takes place inside the apartment.
Another major similarity is that in both the Younger family decides to move to the new house knowing very well that their soon to be white neighbors do not welcome them. One major difference is that in the films the audience is shown the family in their new house. Even though they are unsure about their future, the added scene gives the audience a sense of hope that things will be better.
I felt the films were much more interesting than the play. The play held its own in delivering the message to the audience, but the added scenes in the films built a bit more contrast and broadened the viewer experience. The scenes in the bar and the family moving to the new house created feelings and perceptions that were not as advanced in the play. All in all, both medium highlight an important message that we should give up on our dreams as the Younger family persevered and eventually theirs were fulfilled.
Depiction of the Relationship Between a Writer and Their Work in the Play A Raisin in The Sun
Lorraine Hansberry grew up on Chicago’s South Side. She used this setting in her writing of “A Raisin in the Sun”. Lorraine Hansberry uses her life events in her writing because she had no one to talk to when she was little since all of her siblings were older. In her autobiography she says “the last born is an object toy”, from the “Young, Gifted and Black”, which basically means no one wanted anything to do with her. The theme she conveys in both her fictional writing and autobiography is love and racism. Racism is shown in her life because she had to deal with with being beat up at school and not feeling safe at home. People would throw things through their windows to try to hurt/scare them.In her writing, the Youngers have to face not being welcomed into a new “white” community.Love is definitely a major part and theme in both her writing and autobiography because of these hardships that were present in her childhood.The question appears, when is the right time to love someone.
There are a lot of connections between Lorraine Hansberry’s life and her writing. She faces hardships like when her hardworking father died. She incorporated his death into her writing. The Younger’s hardworking father died too, and he also tried to do what was best for his family. She also writes about how mama loves her kids when they need it the most, and her real mom shows them tough love and doesn’t share her feelings about love directly, but she still loves them and protects them from the harsh world in which they are living. When Lorraine Hansberry’s dad died, her mom and siblings comforted each other. This shows that they loved each other when they needed it, and not when they were at their highest point, but at their lowest point. In her writing, mama talks to Beneatha about loving people and family when they need it the most, not when they are fine.When they get treated poorly by racist people in her real life, Hansberry’s mother takes on the role as the protector, and guards her house and family from harm. In her writing, mamatakes on the the role as the head of the house and tries to protect and do what’s best for her family. Mama’s main role in the play is to show that they all need to support each other, and Lorraine Hansberry’s real mom doesn’t show a lot of love, but she shows support and affection.
The theme of both her life and writing is to know when the right time to love is. Some examples from the play are when the mama gave a speech to Beneatha about when to love someone. She told Beneatha that she should love Walter now, because he is going through a hard time in his life. Mama says, “It’s when he’s at his lowest and can’t believe in hisself’ cause the world done whipped him so!” (page 145). By this she means that when a person is in the deepest battle and doesn’t have any more to give, that is when that person needs the most support. In her autobiography, she says, “At his funeral I at last, in my memory, saw my mother hold her sons that way, and for the first time in her life my sister held me in her arms I think”. Lorraine Hansberry’s family loved each other when they were at their lowest point, just like in the play when mama says her love speech.
In the play, the Younger’s are faced with racism when Mr. Lindner comes and says, “Our association is prepared, through the collective effort of the people, to buy the house from you at a financial gain to your family” (page 118). This means that the “white community” that they are moving to doesn’t want them there and that they will do almost anything to not have them move into their neighborhood. This is when mama thinks people should love each other the most too, because they have to go through a hard time like this. In her autobiography, she says that her mother would stay up at night and guard her house from the racist people. In her autobiography she says, “And I also remember my desperate and courageous mother, patrolling our house all night with a loaded German Luger”. This is an example of loving when people need it the most too.
In the play and Lorraine Hansberry’s life, there are many connections. The theme of love and racism brings these two worlds together. In the play, mama is a very stern, passionate, and respected figure. She firmly believes in loving people in their time of need, not their time of greatness. In Lorraine Hansberry’s life, her mother is also a very passionate and respected figure. Her mother shows her love to her family when they are faced with obstacles such as racism and a family death. Lorraine Hansberry also used her dad to make connections between her writing and life. In the play, the Younger’s dad died, but they describe him as a very hardworking man that loved his family. She says in “To Be Young, Gifted and Black”, “Imagine in my mind is a man whom kings might have imitated and properly created their own flattering descriptions of.” She is saying that her father was a man that even a king would look up to. Lorraine Hansberry’s father died when they were young too, and he was also a hardworking man.
When is it the right time to love? According to Lorraine Hansberry’s writing and real life encounters, the right time to love is when they are in their darkest hour. She uses her family members in real life to create her storyline. Lorraine Hansberry also uses her writing to let her emotions out about her life, because when she was younger, she had no siblings that wanted anything to do with her. Being the youngest of the family makes it hard she says because by the time you get older, your siblings have had enough and become bored with you. Her mom and dad really help her make the connection between the real world, and her writing. With her mom showing love when needed, and her dad being hardworking, they complement the characters in the play almost exactly.
Representation of the Future Life Progression in the Novels A Raisin in the Sun and New Year
The Future is Coming
Picture the world in ten, twenty, thirty, or maybe even forty years and compare that to the present. Cultures, styles, and beliefs will change in the future. The world cannot stay the same for decades, it must move ahead; but the old beliefs are never forgotten. For example, to the family in A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry, they are still following their own beliefs from the past and are adding new ones as the future comes. On the other side, the family or the clan from New Year by Gail Harada are still celebrating the New Year’s holiday with their old and new traditions. While the play talks about old and new beliefs; and the poem talks about old and new traditions, both are conveying the same message that the world will move on and new ideas will come, but the past and its ideas will remain unforgotten!
In New Year by Gail Harada, “This is the old way, the whole clan gathered, the rice steaming over the charcoal…” (Lines 1-3), the quote flashed back to the old tradition of celebrating New Year’s Day. The tradition the poem shows is that their clan is gathering together to celebrate and enjoy themselves. In Asian culture, it is traditional for families and friends to gather up and celebrate. In another part of the poem, “This is the old way, setting off firecrackers to drive away evil spirits, leaving the driveways red for good fortune…” (Lines 20-22), the quote tells the reader that newer ideas are being mixed with older ones. Parts of the quote are showing old ideas, but the newer ideas are also being told. Another quote from the poem, “The new year arrives, deaf, smelling of gunpowder.” (Lines 23-24), the quote tells us that the new ideas the old generations might not understand are being more known to people in the future. The activities told here are new ideas and the author is introducing them to the readers. The clan did remind readers that the world is moving on and new beliefs are being created, but the world will never forget the past and its beliefs.
The family in A Raisin in the Sun by Lorraine Hansberry also reminded readers that there are new ideas, but the old ones still exist. In the play, an example would be that the mother is having a difficult time understanding her son, Walter Lee Younger because they both have different goals with the money that their family had. This quote said by Walter, “Yeah You see, this little liquor store we got in mind cost seventy-five thousand…There’s a couple of hundred you got to pay sob’s you don’t spend your life just waiting for them clowns to let your license get approved.” (p. 15) proves that he wants to spend the money on investing in a liquor store. This quote said by Mama, “You mean that liquor store? We isn’t no business people…We even picked out the house” (p.24) shows the reader that Mama strongly disagrees with Walter’s idea of using the money to invest in a liquor store. Mama would rather spend that money on a new and better house for the family to live in. Walter has a new idea that Mama’s family had never thought of in the past. Mama wants her son to understand her past beliefs. Later in the play, Walter then realizes that his mother is right and he did not invest in a liquor store. This is similar to the clan in the play because the clan realized their old traditions and they decided to celebrate New Year’s Day in that style. It conveys the message that old ideas are still present because when Mama is still alive, she can show her and teach her family her old beliefs and ideas. Another quote from the play in Act III indicated by Mama, “…Isn’t nobody in my family never let nobody pay’em no money…” shows the reader that Mama’s old belief is to never take money from people. She then taught Walter that idea so that he can follow it. Walter wanted to take the money before his mother taught him her old belief and wants Walter to understand it. At the end, Mr. Lindner offered money to buy the house from Walter, he refuses to take the money because his mother taught him to never take money. Since the family did not take the offered money, they went into financial issues and had make a lot of sacrifices. The family’s new idea is to sacrifice because the older generation of the family did not have to suffer. This is similar to the poem when new and old are mixing. The new idea is to sacrifice and suffer in order to follow the old idea which is to not take payment from anyone. Finally, this quote said by Walter, “…we come from people who had a lot of pride. I mean—we are very proud people. And that’s my sister over there and she’s going to be a doctor —and we are very proud“ shows the reader that Walter’s family is united and together because they are proud people filled with pride. This is like the clan that is when they are getting together and celebrating a holiday. It is the point that the family in the play is not only together and united, but they are also following their old beliefs as well.
In the end, both families from different stories convey the idea that the new is coming, but the old is not dead. Both families are different, but they show the same concept. Both families have learned to be prepared for the future and the new beliefs. It is important to know that the past will never disappear because it creates history. History will always allow us to not only remember the past and its culture, but to also learn and embellish the past. As the world progresses to the future, new ideas will come while the old ones are creating history and the future generations can learn and treasure about the old ideas. The world will never be stuck on a specific generation and the ideas will be the same, new ideas will always be created, but it does not mean that the old ones are permanently gone.
Review of Different Themes: The Dead, By James Joyce Vs. a Raisin in the Sun, By Lorraine Hansberry
James Joyce’s The Dead reveals characteristics of frustration, restraint, and violence. Lorraine Hansberry’s A Raisin in the Sun reveals dreams as the main characters struggle to deal with the oppressive situations that overrule their lives. With these negative aspects of the stories, both authors incorporate the theme of nature in order to tie in metaphors, quotes, descriptions, and statements. Nature as a theme in these stories can include human nature to the green outdoor nature.
In The Dead, Joyce’s Dubliners are trapped in monotonous lives of frustration and negativity. One of the themes of Dubliners is nature. Obviously, Gabriel has been enduring a broken marriage because of the paralysis, a natural condition experienced by most of the characters in the book. Gretta and Gabiel’s marriage has decayed, similar to any natural food, plant, or living organism-even human. Many comparisons metaphorically are made throughout the story to symbolize the state of certain situations such as the marriage. Joyce uses natural symbols of snow and ice and also represents the colors yellow and brown. She uses snow and ice as a way to point out that something is frozen and motionless just like paralysis. When Gabriel comes into his aunts’ party, “A light fringe of snow lay like a cape on the shoulders of his overcoat and like toecaps on the toes of his galoshes; and, as the buttons of his overcoat slipped with a squeaking noise through the snow-stiffened frieze, a cold fragrant air from out-of-doors escaped from crevices and folds.” This theme of nature is reoccurring at the end of the story. The last paragraphs describe a snow blanketing across Ireland.
Even poetry is incorporated in this story when Gabriel quotes a poem by Robert Browning. Gabriel wears galoshes, fashionable in Europe, but uncommon in Ireland. He earned his college degree at Anglican Trinity College in Dublin. In the mind of this character, nature fills his thoughts. The snow-covered monument to Wellington comes to Gabriel’s mind when he thinks of going outside; a theme of nature occurring once again. Gabriel’s grandfather riding his horse, Johnny over and over again around the statue of William III, conqueror of Ireland on behalf of England is another sign of nature. “The Dead” connects paralysis with the English and with the theme of nature. Gabriel suffers from paralysis, at least somewhat because of his lure to things English. A shocking image in the story is the Trappist monks sleeping in their coffins. This symbol relates to the theme of nature because the author portrays the godliest clergymen as living dead. They are zombies in nature living among the humans.
Nature is portrayed in the story with redolent descriptions like the one of Freddy Malins: “His face was fleshy and pallid, touched with color only at the thick hanging lobes of his ears and at the wide wings of his nose.” The senses of sight, touch, and imagination are powerful in short lines as such and give a greater appreciation for the nature of humans and their features, facially and personally. Freddy is defined to be “rubbing the knuckles of his left fist backwards and forwards into his left eye.” Visualization using the natural aspects of characters in The Dead is the author’s main success. Lines are easy to visualize because they incorporate themes of nature, beautiful ones at that.
The story incorporates aspects of nature in many descriptions and quotations, but it is up to the reader to inspect and dissect what is being read. Bursts of emotion are also reoccurring within the story, a natural aspect of humans. “One by one they were all becoming shades,” Gabriel ponders about the people he has taken for granted until now. Shade is a natural aspect. “Better pass boldly into that other world, in the full glory of some passion, than fade and wither dismally with age.” Here, another analogy to the word “wither” can be made with plants in nature just as “decay” can be related to living organisms in nature.
In A Raisin in the Sun by Hansberry, nature is presented in many lines throughout the story. The story’s overall plot involves dreams, a natural aspect of humans, as the main characters fight to deal with the depression that surrounds them. The title first off gives the impression of the story centering on nature. Langston Hughes wonders if the dreams he wrote about were forgotten or just put away. Could the dreams have shriveled up “like a raisin in the sun?” Although the story focuses somewhat on materialistic things, opposite of nature like Walter’s desire for money and Beneatha’s desire to become a doctor, many examples of nature can be found throughout the story. Dreams control these materialistic possessions and goals and in a sense nature controls the physical world. The Youngers go through great trouble to reach these dreams, and much of their happiness and depression is immediately related to whether or not they reach their dreams. When the family is united in the end by the last dream, it is realized that a natural phenomenon, a dream, really does control the outcome.
The phrase “eat your eggs” appears in the play from Ruth to Walker. This phrase and the meaning behind it define the natural world of man versus woman. Walter means for the phrase to illustrate how women prevent men from reaching their goals. He claims that every time a man gets excited about something, a woman tries to temper his joy by telling him to eat his eggs. This is a natural competition between men and women; to blame one another for each other’s failures, distractions, or letdowns. The theme of nature ties in with the theme of life; they go hand in hand. Being quiet and eating one’s eggs represents an acceptance of the hardship that Walter and the Youngers compete with in life. The nature of the eggs represent Ruth’s support for Walker, despite what he says about women. The nourishment of Walker by Ruth is symbolized through nature; eggs and life between man and woman.
Yet another symbol of nature or natural symbol is mama’s plant, which represents her care and dream for her family. When she first appeared on stage, mama moves straight toward the plant to take care of it. She states that the plant never gets enough light or water, but she takes pride in how it still grows beautifully under her hands. So much nature is composed in this description of the plant and this therefore reveals about mama and how caring she is; a natural quality of any mother. Her care for her plant is parallel to her care for her children. She gives unconditional love and aids in growth. A garden and a yard are also discussed when mama’s desire for these things are revealed. She wishes that her gardening skills only became better with practice with this plant. These aspects of nature reveal much about the inner character of mama. Her achievement with the plant helps her believe that she would be a great gardener. Characteristics that these themes of nature bring about in mama is her persistence and dedication as a person, not only to the plants but to her children and herself- she wants her dream to come true.
Beneatha’s hair is a natural symbol. In the beginning of the play, it is straightened and halfway through the play, she cuts it to an afro. The afro, another symbol of nature represents her embracing her natural heritage. It can be seen here that this powerful social statement has been controlled by nature-her natural hair. This is another assurance that nature often controls the physical and social world. It holds more power than materialism. Dissecting texts like these allow the reader to think beyond the physical natural things discussed or mentioned in a story, like animals or dirt. Symbolically, the Afro serves as a way to say natural is beautiful. Rather than force her hair to conform to the current society’s styles, which dictate so many girls, Beneatha chooses a style that assists her to easily reveal and represent her identity and culture. This again is an example of how natural aspects of characters and of anything described in the story is a representation of the inner self of a character. Beneatha wants to be natural, a sign of being true and humble. “Beneatha’s new hair is a symbol of her anti assimilationist beliefs as well as her desire to shape her identity by looking back to her roots in Africa” (cliffsnotes).
The natural family, emotions, and other aspects of physical and social nature appear throughout the course of both stories, A Raisin in the Sun and The Dead. Although nature in has been discussed in a different way as expected, these aspects of nature found in both stories are a unique way to look at the topic. Rather than discussing nature such as trees, grass, and animals, the nature of the social world and of the human mind and human roles was focused on. Both stories understand the importance of nature in each and every character and scene. Both had a positive attitude on the aspect of nature, using it in the forms of metaphors, quotations, and statements.
Analysis Of Some Important Issues In “Raisin In The Sun”
Walter’s and Beneatha’s attitudes about money
Walter believes that money is mandatory to achieve happiness. He feels that investing money plays a huge role in gaining money, which is why he wants to invest in a Liquor company, which ultimately fails, and he loses all the money he invests. When asked by Mama why he talks so much about money, Walter responds by saying, “Because it is life, Mama!” He believes that money adds to your overall experience on life, even though he has never truly experienced having money. Beneatha believes money is a way to cushion herself. She has big dreams and goals that can only be fulfilled by spending money. On the other hand, she experiences how money can make you condescending through her interactions with George. I relate to both of these characters viewpoints on money. I believe that money is necessary for you to strive; to do the things you want to do. Also, if money is so important to you, you will never have enough to satisfy you. Money is important to have happiness in terms of buying things, but money can’t buy you loyal friends or good grades. Hard work and being an overall good person also bring happiness, which is the idea that I have been raised off of. The hard work has to be in place to be rewarded by something that costs money.
Contrast between George Murchison and Joseph Asagai
Before George Murchison enters the play, Mama and Beneatha are talking about him. Beneatha admits that she likes him, but also says, “Oh, I just mean I couldn’t ever really be serious about George. He’s- he’s so shallow”. When he first enters the play, this trait is immediately shown. When Beneatha is trying to talk to George, he responds by saying, “Drop the Garbo routine, it doesn’t go with you. As for myself, I want a nice- (Groping) – simple (Thoughtfully)- sophisticated girl… not a poet- O.K.?” George wants to change Beneatha into his ideal girl, which shows he is shallow. On the contrary, Joseph Asagai is kind and sees eye to eye with Beneatha. Asagai got Beneatha robes all the way from Nigeria. When he tells her this, she is surprised that he sent them all that way. He tells her, “For you- I would do much more…” When talking about their feelings, Asagai says, “Between a man and a woman there need be only one kind of feeling. I have that for you… Now even… right this moment…” It is blatant to the reader that Asagai has strong feelings for Beneatha, and he doesn’t want to change her. In the end of the play, he even asks for her hand in marriage and to move to Africa with him. We never get the chance to hear her response. George is shallow and controlling whereas Joseph is kind and loving. Beneatha is attracted to both men because George is a rich colored man and Joseph is a loving and understanding man.
Who has the most power in A Raisin in the Sun?
Lena (Mama) has the most power in A Raisin in the Sun. She has a strong sense of moral power. She is the matriarch and glue of the Younger family. Lena has a plant, which is a symbol for the way she takes care of her family and her dream. She nurtures them both but also lets them flourish on their own. For example, she lets the plant grow in the sun (lets her children argue), but then water’s it (help them see each other’s prospective) and lets it flourish. Even though the conditions of the plant and of her family are not ideal (living in a two-bedroom house with five people, and not getting enough sun) she never lets the house or her plant unfold or die. She holds this plant close to her because it represents her dream of owning a house with a garden. A big part in having power is trusting others. Even though Walter fails when he is trusted, she still turns it into a moment for him to grow into the person she always saw him as. In the end of the novel, she determines the final decision by pressuring Walter. Walter was about to take money to leave the house Mama bought, so Ruth told Travis to leave but Lena looked into Walter’s eyes and said to Travis, “No. Travis, you stay right here. And you make him understand what you doing, Walter Lee. You show where our five generations done come to”. Lena had the power over Walter to convince him to do the right thing, but pressuring him in front of his son. In addition, most of the characters had dreams that were discussed. The only dream that came true during this play was Lena’s dream of getting a new house and making her husband proud that she did the right thing.