Totalitarianism In 1984

George Orwell’s novel 1984 inspires people to wonder how it would be if a totalitarian government took over the modern day society. In the novel, Orwell describes a world which totalitarianism has complete authority and in which freedom has been long forgotten. The government knows every detail of the citizen’s life whether they like it or not and even simple gestures can lead to death. He warns the future about how technology would play an immense role in manipulation and can be an advantage for the government.

However in this generation many people can’t stay without interacting with social media which would be an easy way to take control of what people think and do. Since people have the tendency to accept what they read on social media, the U.S government gets the opportunity to change itself to Orwell’s totalitarian Big Brother government who utilizes language, propaganda, and manipulation to maintain control and limit individual freedom which alerts modern-day readers to beware of similar current societal and government practices or trends which infringe upon personal liberty.Language is the initial source of communication. It’s one of the ways to share ideas and thoughts to one another.

Instead of expanding the use of language in the novel, the party believes that by modifying the language so they can impose their egregious reality. For instance, Newspeak involves cutting the language down to the bone so that all vagueness and useless shades of meaning are destroyed. The Party does not want people to feel discontent with them so they cut down the vocabulary and leaves the person to have no words to reveal their emotions. Myriad number of opinionated people watch CNN, Fox news and other news broadcast and agree to what they portray as the truth because of the evidence that supports their claim is clearly efficient, but some information is purposely incorrect to guide a person to fight for the wrong cause.

The author mentions, If thoughts can corrupt language, language can also corrupt thoughts. It describes how it is easier to control a group of uneducated people, depending on what situation someone is currently in they can alter their words to change someone’s perspective on an idea or thought. Controlling language is effective to the society no matter what year it is, it would help many political leaders get their point across to individuals who have different outlooks on life.To have more control on the citizens living in Oceania the party feeds them false facts, rumors, and stories. One of the concepts the party uses against their citizens is propaganda. The government has brainwashed people to assume that the party is there to help and protect them from the outsiders, they don’t realise information given to them is significantly far from the truth.

Orwell emphasizes the quote, War is peace, Freedom is slavery, Ignorance is strength countless times to show how rebellion is prevented in Oceania since the citizens believe the society they live in perfect. Moreover, this quote in reality is connected to the modern day world. As citizens people have freedom to do anything they want however people still have to pay taxes for properties they own and have no choice other than to work to feed and take care of themselves. On the other hand, when it claims that Ignorance is strength it shows if everyone ignores the laws and accepts everything that goes around, the world will be in peace. Orwell implies, Big Brother is Watching You.
For the citizens in Oceania this means they are in safe hands, but if you compare the same logic in today’s society it delineates to the camera’s in the stores you walk into watching every move so people don’t perpetrate a crime. Another way the government in the novel, 1984 controls their citizens is by manipulation. In the past, many governments have tried to psychologically manipulate people into agreeing with facts that are too gullible to believe in, some have succeeded in this way of persuading people but not all.

However in today’s society the media knows how to trigger people’s emotions. For example on news channels instead of talking about the pleasant things that happen daily they focus more on the miserable parts of the world, so people would constantly live in fear. The author proclaims, He who controls the future controls the past who controls the past controls the present. Since the party controls the past it would be much easier for them to control the present and future. The less someone knows the less power they have, the more they know the more authority they have over people.

Lastly, Orwell concludes, In the end the Party would announce that two and two made five, and you would have to believe it. This reveals the parties abilities to easily manipulate the humans mind. To keep today’s government away from being Orwell’s totalitarian Big Brother government who uses language, propaganda, and manipulation to maintain control and limit individual freedom. People need to pay more attention to what happens around them and to think of situation thoroughly through instead of rushing into it.

1984 Comparison With The Soviet Union

Contents

  • 1 1984 Comparison With The Soviet Union
  • 2 Works Cited

1984 Comparison With The Soviet Union

George Orwell, also known as Eric Arthur Blair, is the writer of 1984. Orwell wrote many other well-liked fictional and nonfiction books such as; Coming Up for Air,animal farm ,and many more. 1984 takes place in a dystopian society.

According to Vocabulary.com a dystopian society is, “ imaginary society that is as dehumanizing and as unpleasant as possible”(Vocabulary.com). The unpleasant world in 1984 is about how the people are controlled by their government. The purpose of orwell writing this is to show what would happen if there is a totalitarian type of government still was in power. This similar event has happened in the our world. Specifically this is similar to The Soviet Union. They are similar by: torture, superstates, Big Brother, socialist, secret organization, and Famine.

Throughout history, the Soviet Union was known for its strong-arm tactics of using torture to get what they wanted out of a person. Either it was a confession or respect for their leader. This was all under the rules of Joseph Stalin; the leader of the Soviet Union. He made many rules for the people to follow. Going against these rules would mean torture;which most of the time means death for that person. According to Ekaterina Loushnikova,a radio and print journalist based in the city of Kirov, states that, “If you don’t sign a confession, we’ll go on beating you. We’ll leave your head and right hand alone, but we’ll turn the rest of you into a shapeless bloody lump of meat”.(Lushnikova). The forced them to do what they were told to do. Going to show that they would not stop until they get what they wanted to get. The words “ shapeless bloody lump of meat” shows they would use their power of torture to the max where they get to the point of killing.

The Soviet Use of torture parallels The Party’s method of torture. They both used torture to get what they wanted out of people. According to George Orwell in 1984 “you don’t have to take me to the place! Haven’t I told you everything already? What it else is it you want to know? There’s nothing! I wouldn’t Confess nothing just tell me what it is and I’ll confess a straight off. Write it down and I’ll sign it- anything! Not room 101!”(Orwell). The way they were tortured was how life under the party. They would use their power to get their confession of love of their government ,and confessions of the crime they did. My evidence shows how they both used torture to get their message across of not to do crimes ,and to get the truth out of people.

Secondly the Soviet Union was known for its strong-arm tactics of using superstates.The meaning of superstates is to have a surplus of land. The Soviet Union had control of a lot of land. According to Robert Conquest,writer for britannica, wrote, “the U.S.S.R. covered some 8,650,000 square miles (22,400,000 square kilometres), seven times the area of India and two and one-half times that of the United States”( Conquest). He had a large part of land which makes the Soviet Union a super state. No matter if they took the lane or they found the land it makes it a super state.

The Soviet Use of superstate parallels The Party’s method of superstate. They would take control the lands that surround it. Making their populations and land grow. According to Frank Jacobs, a writer for big thinks, writes that, “Oceania covers the entire continents of America and Oceania and the British Isles, the main location for the novel, in which they are referred to as ‘Airstrip One’. Eurasia covers Europe and (more or less) the entire Soviet Union. Eastasia covers Japan, Korea, China and northern India”(Jacobs). Just like the Soviet Union they had a lot of land. The took over most of the world. Although they have different names, they follow the same rules. In life the area they have is about the same.

The Soviet Union is also known for having a powerful leader in charge. They have had a person in charge who is in total control of them. The Soviet Union leader at this time was Joseph Stalin. Joseph Stalin was a fearless leader. He brung terror and fear into the people of Russia (History). They wouldn’t go against him, knowing that they would be killed. According to Library of Congress,Repression and terror: Stalin in control , states that, “ Millions of soviet people were sent off to camps or killed. After a while of this the soviet people started to grow fearful of stalin no longer wanting to go against him”(Library of Congress). For all of the stuff he did they began to fear him. Which eventually kept him in office for so long. They feared to go again him knowing that they could die.

The Soviet Union and 1984 leaders had much in common. They both wanted power and respect. Big Brother was the keeper of everything. Even though he was never seen. He still influenced others.“Big Brother is infallible and all-powerful Every success every achievement every victory every scientific discovery all knowledge , all wisdom, all happiness, all virtue, are help to issue directly from his leadership and inspiration“(208). Even sometime it was physical pain they were put into in order to get them to show their loyalty. They thought of him as a god. They worship them just as they worship joseph stalin. Life under 1984 were the same. They both had a ruler whose rules were that were outrages.

The Soviet Union was broken down in categories. These catergy are making a major difference in the separation of the soviet people. Although they are still broken up they still follow the same leader. The encyclopedia states, “Soviet industry was owned and managed by the state, and agricultural land was divided into state farms, collective farms, and small, privately held plots” (encyclopedia). What this is say is that, they are put in these categories and have to follow those rules set with the land they have. Those rules are managed by Joseph.
Although the people of oceania may not know but they are indeed the same. They follow Big Brother rules. They have land that is broken up just like the Soviet Union,but they are enemies of each other. But they follow they same rules. There is no difference. Orwell states, “ Everywhere there is the same pyramid structure the same worship of semi divine leaders, the same economy exiting by and for continuous warfare. It follows that the three superstates not only cannot conquer one another ,but would gain no advantage by doing so”(orwell 197) They were the same. The states could never have actually have war with each other. Life under The Soviet Union and under 1984 were the same. They were broken up in “states” , but they were ultimately the same.

At first there was no one there to try and stop the group. The people were to scare ,until a group came together. There a group that was going again the Soviet union. They were trying to stop them from the horrible things they were doing to the innocent people. BBC states, “Islamic insurgent groups called the Mujahideen, were determined to fight against the Soviets”(BBC). Due to the mass killing that the soviet leader had ordered they were determined to take the Soviet Union down.

Oceania also had a group like this. The wanted to defeat the government for their abuse of power and what they had done to their land. This group was called the brotherhood. It was a very secretive group that not many people could join. If they would have gotten caught they would have been putting in jail. According to orwell “ we believe that there is some type of conspiracy,some kind of secret organization working against the party and that you are involved in it. We want want to join in and work for it. we are enemies of the party”(Orwell 170). There was a secret organization jus like in the Soviet Union, that goes against their leader. Life under both was hard they wanted to take their government down,but they knew what was at stake. Even though one was successful and the other one wasn’t, the fact that they risked their lives to save others is a great thing. They had organization going against leader. Powerful leaders that had many followers.

Lastly the Soviet Union has had many problems with Famine under the control of Stalin. According to voabulary.com the definition of famine is, “A famine is usually caused by crop failure or disaster”(Vocabulary). The “disaster” coming from Stalin caused famine unto the Soviet people. He would take away from there family,because he wanted to as produce materials. Leaving the people with little things to survive.

The Soviet Union was parallel to 1984 by famine. They both had a shortage on food caused from the government. The government would give them so little things to survive not just on food, but on clothes,and toiletries. Life under both was hardly survivable. The History place explains,”By mid 1932, nearly 75 percent of the farms in the Ukraine had been forcibly collectivized. On Stalin’s orders, mandatory quotas of foodstuffs to be shipped out to the Soviet Union were drastically increased in August, October and again in January 1933, until there was simply no food remaining to feed the people of the Ukraine”(history place). After all of there food was taken away by stalin, there was nothing left for them to have. They would have all of there had work from farming taken away from them. This is life under Oceania as well. They would have there food token away and given back so little. However they would be mind controlled thinking it was a lot, nut in stalin case he would just take it way not caring.

Although the Soviet Union and 1984 were different, they were more alike. This goes to show that life could be the same way. It could go back to the same way if we have the wrong people in charge of our government or another country’s government. We can get affected in these same ways:torture, superstates, Big Brother,socialist ,and secret organization. As a whole 1984 has many parallels to the Soviet union.

Works Cited

  1. Planning D-Day (April 2003) – Library of Congress Information Bulletin, Victor, www.loc.gov/exhibits/archives/reps.html.
  2. The History Place – World War II in Europe Timeline, www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/genocide/stalin.htm.
    “Comrade Stalin’s Secret Prison.” OpenDemocracy, 13 Jan. 2015, www.opendemocracy.net/od-russia/ekaterina-loushnikova/comrade-stalin’s-secret-prison.
  3. Dewdney, John C., et al. “Soviet Union.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 20 Dec. 2018, www.britannica.com/place/Soviet-Union.
  4. “Higher History – The End of the Cold War – Revision 2.” BBC News, BBC, www.bbc.com/bitesize/guides/zq63b9q/revision/2.
  5. Jacobs, Frank. “A Map of George Orwell’s ‘1984.’” Big Think, Big Think, 10 Dec. 2018, bigthink.com/strange-maps/66-the-world-in-george-orwells-1984.
  6. Orwell, George. 1984. Propyla?en-Verl., 1984.
  7. Republics.”, “Union of Soviet Socialist. “Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.” The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th Ed, Encyclopedia.com, 2019, www.encyclopedia.com/places/commonwealth-independent-states-and-baltic-nations/cis-and-baltic-political-geography/union-soviet-socialist-republics.
  8. “Famine – Dictionary Definition.” Vocabulary.com, www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/Famine.

Comparison of Qatar And Oceania

Though George Orwell’s 1984 may seem shockingly unrealistic, sadly enough, the inhumane treatment and violations of human rights found in the novel occur today around the world, such as in Qatar.

Qatar is located next to the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia. The capital is Doha. According to Lewis and Skutch, Qatar occupies 4,412 square miles that contains petroleum and natural gas, which is the country’s main source of income. As of 1999, Qatar’s population was around 720,000. The primary language is Arabic but English is also widely spoken. Qatar is led by the Al-Thani family and lacks a legislature. The adult males of the family pick the emir, whom is the leader and prime minister. The emir appoints members of the executive Council of Ministers. The emir holds complete power, but is kept in check by religious laws, consulting with leading citizens, rule by a consensus, and any citizen being able to ask the emir to appeal government decisions.

Qatar is known for its lack of religious freedom. As told in the Qatar 2017 International Religious Freedom Report, the emir of Qatar has to be Muslim. Along with that, apostasy- converting from Islam to another religion- is strictly prohibited and is illegal. Even if a non-Muslim woman has a child with a Muslim man, the child is required, by law, to be raised Muslim. The Qatari government strongly supports the Islamic religion and frowns upon most other religions. An example of this can be seen by a law to makes different religions first register through the government in order to obtain a place of public worship, though most of these religions remain private. The government is stubborn in the types of religions it will allow or support.

The exclusive religion in Oceania is represented by Big Brother. This is made known, as all citizens are required to obey the rules given by Big Brother, who is their leader. Anyone thought to be conspiring against Big Brother is to be found and punished. Children are raised to follow Big Brother and even spy for him. There are no other religions, and any other suspected religions are to be compromised. The government in Oceania required that all citizens must follow Big Brother and obey his every command. Big Brother is the only religion that the government will allow in order to keep unity and control over the citizens of Oceania.

Censorship is used to eliminate disruptive or derogatory material that the government would like to keep secret. This is seen in Qatar as, starting in 2006, Qatar’s internet provider, Qtel, started to block websites that include political criticism of Gulf leaders, anti-Islamic themes, or pornography. In addition, several online chatting sites are also being blocked, as they serve a threat to the telephone business, which Qtel also runs. The manager of Qtel says that the company blocks these cites to, Maintain ethical standards and protect the culture of the society. The websites display a message reading, The webpage you are trying to access has been blocked by the internet of Qatar as it contains materials which are prohibited in the state of Qatar. The Internet in Qatar is kept under control by Qtel in order to maintain a good image for Qatar.

All other sources of media are also closely watched in Qatar. For example, Journalists can be prosecuted for criticizing Qatar’s government, its ruling family, or the Islamic religion. Qatar practices self- censorship in order to avoid prosecution. For instance, when there was a report about the poor treatment and conditions of immigrant workers, most of the media outlets did not cover the story except for the company Doha News, which was soon blocked in Qatar. The Qatari government enjoys keeping negative information a secret and promoting positive information.

Oceania suffers extreme levels of censorship in all forms. The main reason for censorship is told by the motto, Who controls the past controls the future: who controls the present controls the past, (). Censorship is strongly enforced by the government of Oceania. For example, the Ministry of Truth alters historical records in order to manipulate the population into thinking only good things about the government. In addition, the Ministry of Truth only allows news to get out that positively portrays Big Brother. The Ministry of Truth does whatever it takes to feed the citizens of Oceania false information rather than allowing them to see the ugly truth.

Big Brother is always watching, because telescreens and spies are everywhere enforcing censorship. Citizens even have to censor their own thoughts in fear of commiting a thoughtcrime. Speaking or thinking of rebelling against Big Brother, contradicting the government, or wanting independence results in punishment. This can be told by Winston, when he writes, Thoughtcrime does not entail death; thoughtcrime is death (Orwell 28). Censorship has escalated to a new level in Oceania, and allowed the government to control all aspects of the populations perspective on Big Brother.

Discrimination can range from unequal payment for women to poor treatment of immigrants. For example, Qatari women who marry a non-Qatari spouse are not able to pass Qatari citizenship down to their children, while Qatari men can. In addition, Women will generally inherit half of what their male counterparts would. Qatari men are able to divorce their wife for any reason, while the wife is only allowed to file for divorce for a specified reason. Women are far from having the same rights and privileges of men in Qatar and struggle to compete against men in legal activities.

Qatar generally treats migrant workers with little respect. This is seen as less than ten percent of Qatar’s population-2.1 million- are nationals of Qatar. Many migrant workers have complained that their employers have paid them late or not paid them at all. Employers are also able to prevent migrant workers from leaving Qatar to visit their home country. Migrant workers have fallen captive to Qatari employers.

Oceania has little to no gender discrimination. Men and women work as equals. Men and women are not allowed to look at the other gender in a sexual manner. Winston and Julia have relations to rebel against Big Brother and get punished for this crime, along with others. Gender discrimination is nearly non existent due to the government equal view men and women.

Oceania’s government treats the Proles as if they are not a part of society. 85 percent of Oceania’s population is made up of Proles. The Proles live in poverty because they are ignored by the government. Because of this, the Proles are actually granted more freedoms such as gambling, religious worship, and divorce. The government discriminates against the Proles because they are seen as ignorant, unintelligent, and weak.

Some governments fear assembly because a revolution could spark from the ideas expressed at an assembly. Due to this, Qatar does not allow political parties and elections only occur for the advisory municipal council. Private societies are required to register with the government before being allowed to meet Membership in international organizations that are critical of any type of Arab government is unlawful. Qatar’s strict laws against assembly result in few societies and groups legally being able to meet in one place.

Oceania’s government does not usually allow communication with others, nevermind communication between large groups. This leads to a secret society, as told by Winston when he says, He was the commander of a vast shadow army, an underground network of conspirators dedicated to the overthrow of the State (Orwell 13). Oceania’s government does not allow assembly, especially without surveillance, in fear of rebellion. The government is afraid of large groups because there are several conspirators that they have yet to catch who could influence others.
Some governments use torture as intimidation in order to get information they need, hide information, or punish enemies. Qatar’s constitution and laws prohibit torturous practices. Despite this, there have been a few reports of abuse carried out by government officials. Authorities have kept few detainees in solitary confinement while in Qatar’s prison. The Qatari government typically frowns upon torture.

Qatar also has called for minor types of torture under fairly specific circumstances. The government does allow corporal punishment for certain criminal offenses. An example of corporal punishment allowed is flogging, which is court-ordered in cases involving alcohol consumption and extramarital sex by Muslims. However, corporal punishment in the form of amputation is strictly prohibited under the Islamic law. Qatar does not endorse torture, but has recorded few instances in which minor levels of torturing occurred.

Oceania’s government uses severe methods of torturing and brainwashing in order to eliminate rebellious thoughts. The Ministry of Love is responsible for all of Oceania’s police and torture related actions. For example, Room 101 is a torture chamber in the Ministry of Love. Whoever is in Room 101 faces their worst fear, typically rendering them defenseless and utterly afraid. Room 101 is considered to be the most relentless and unforgiving form of punishment in the Ministry of Love.

Other forms of physical abuse takes place in order to make the victim confess to anything and everything. Some examples of other ways the victim is tortured include starvation, psychological degradation, and attempted brainwashing. The victim can also experience frequent drug injections that can lower their pain tolerance or even knock them out. The victim often fails to recognize themselves in the mirror, as they have been so malnourished and mistreated that their body only slightly resembles what it used to look like. The Ministry of Love uses cruel and inhumane torture methods which allows them to get whatever they want.

Children in Qatar are treated differently than adults because they are more easily manipulated or controlled. For instance, children in Qatar get their education for free between the aged of six and fourteen. This is because school is not required by law, leading to low education rates. In addition, corporal punishment is not able to be a response towards the actions of a minor. Children in Qatar habe quality privileges, but there are soft laws or rules in place to help these children get the most out of their privileges.

Even Qatari children face some discrimination. For example, the minimum age that boys can get married is 18, while the minimum age for girls is 19. Young girls face the risk of domestic violence, especially if in an arranged marriage. On the contrary, children with disabilities are being treated better, having improved living conditions and developing structures to accomodate for their specific needs. In general, Qatar’s children are treated fairly respectably, only having minor problems to deal with.

Children in Oceania are manipulated and even turned against their own parents. This is because children are trained to be spies. The children are to report any unusual activities or conversations that could be rebellious or detrimental to Big Brother. As Winston explains, It was a device by means of which everyone could be surrounded night and day by informers who knew him intimately (Orwell 133). The children in Oceania often mistreat the adults, rather the the other way around.

Some adults are afraid they could accidentally say something in their sleep and be overhead by their own child. This is because children are awarded with public acknowledgement if they turn in their parents. Turning in a parent gives the child an honor from the government as a hero who protected their nation. Often times, these children will turn in their parents for any slight slip up in order to receive recognition. The constant thought of being recognized as a hero keeps the children alert, ready to turn in their parents.

Famous George Orwell Novel 1984

Imagine a society where the thoughts, emotions, and actions of every human are supervised by the government, and there is absolutely no freedom. This is a common theme for a dystopian society, as represented in the famous George Orwell novel, 1984. The Party had the power to control all humanity inside of Oceania.

Winston Smith and his beloved coworker, Julia, are against them in light of the fact that they feel discontent about the oppression and inflexible control of the Party. In the novel, they work together in an attempt to overthrow the Party, until they unfortunately realize it may be best to embrace the Party’s doctrine once they come upon O’Brien, a powerful member of the Brotherhood.

Winston, along with all of the other residents of Oceania, are constantly watched by Big Brother, the government. The constant watch is kept on him by a telescreen, which is always monitoring not only his every action and word, but his facial expressions as well. The slightest notion through appearance or gesture against the Party, who support Big Brother, could automatically mean death, or maybe a much worse torture. He must appear to be a member of the Party in every aspect, and the Thought Police are always there to enforce that loyalty. (LSCHS) This allows us to imagine the cruel, totalitarian society Winston lives in, and just how selfish and power-hungry the government is. It is evident that anybody living under these circumstances would rather be elsewhere.

If there is hope, it lies in the proles. (Orwell 89) This quote means that Winston believed that if they could all come together, they would be strong enough to destroy the Party since the proles make up eighty-five percent of the population of Oceania. If they chose they could blow the Party to pieces tomorrow morning. (Orwell 89) He does not think the Party can be overthrown from within. In addition, the proles are given freedom and have no connection with the Party because they are seen as the lower social class, meaning they are not important enough to pay much attention to. However, this concept becomes less significant later in the novel once Winston and Julia meet O’Brien.

O’Brien wants to make Winston perfect in the Party’s image to save him, by bringing torture unto him. If Winston could perhaps become rehabilitated, it was believed that he would be clean from preexisting thoughtcrime. Different torturous techniques he suffered were threats, degradation, starvation, and many others. However, this was not for Winston’s sake, but for the Party’s to prevent it from becoming corrupt. In addition, it would turn out that Winston was being watched for many years by O’Brien and there was his chance to catch him, and to brain wash him into thinking what the Party wants him to think.

The author uses this power struggle to enhance the meaning of the story. 1984, which was written in 1949, was intended to warn its readers in Western nations of the dangers of totalitarian government, or communism. This was important at the time due to the fact that the Cold War was at the verge of escalating. However, communism would begin to spread more rapidly later on. The pre-war international system had collapsed, causing the USA to face an enormously strengthened Communist USSR across large stretches of Europe and even vaster stretches of the non-European world, whose political future seemed uncertain except that in this explosive and unstable world anything that happened was more likely than not to weaken both capitalism and the USA, and to strengthen the power which came into existence by and for revolution. (Hobsbawm 231)

In conclusion, George Orwell’s 1984 is about the dystopian, totalitarian society in Oceania. A totalitarian government us defined as a government that has almost complete control over the lives of its citizens and does not allow freedom to oppose them. (Cambridge English Dictionary) It describes Winston and the other citizens’ struggle trying to cope with living in such a society, trying to avoid getting caught and executed, and trying to escape it’s rule. It was written to inform readers about what might happen in the event that communism spreads across the world during the Cold War. Winston never actually became free from the Party, instead he was only deceived into changing his opinion on the Party, and when that didn’t work, he had many more unfortunate things in store for him.

Picture of Government in 1984

As in 1984, surveillance and lack of privacy is the main topic and key theme. As human beings we are completely being monitored on our technology devices of any sort. By being monitored the Government can see exactly what we are doing.

Unfortunately, some things are meant with good intent, some are not so good. For example, when you head to the airport and go to a different country they ask you questions until they get what they want. The Government has released multiple articles regarding the privacy of a good samaritan. By the Government releases information it is supposed to keep people informed with what is happening.

The Government will never be totally in control of our life, because we will only enable what we want. We cannot control the fact that technology is so easily accessible, but we can control how it is used. It is your choice to go out and buy a smartphone, just like it is your choice to download social media networks that make seeking eachothers personal information easy. Social media is the biggest comparison i can make from our current lives to 1984. We subject ourselves to the government’s surveillance due to all the upcoming technology. As the naive humans we are, we allow our thoughts and beliefs to be influenced by social media. No one really has their own opinion anymore, just like the people of Oceania.

In 1984, the purpose of technology is to have complete control over citizens in Oceania, they do not want anyone to have their own opinion, beliefs, or rights. Big brother uses technology to make sure there is no such thing as personal thoughts or feelings. Many say that George Orwell wrote 1984 as a warning/prediction for what technology would do to us in modern day time. What is different for us is that we willingly allow the government to have nonstop surveillance of us because of all the new and upcoming technology. Technology today has become so advanced and electronic that we open up our homes and minds just to make it easier on ourselves. On the positive side of the advancement of technology, we are able to travel new exotic places, keep in daily touch with friends who live across the world, and we have cures for millions of illnesses and diseases.

Orwells hidden message in writing 1984 is to not to make us hate the government, but to forewarn us what will happen if we allow the government to gain too much control. Orwell shows us what a world with no freedom or privacy would look like. He wants to make readers aware of one big possibility that could happen if the government ever gets too powerful to overthrow. In some ways our technology is taking us closer and closer to a world like Big Brother, because everything is at the touch of our fingers. Our society is gradually becoming more and more democratic which, in theory means we care more for the people, but in reality it means we love the government and want them to help us in every way from providing healthcare, paying medical costs, and raising our pay for the simplest of jobs which really just means giving the government full and total control over our civilian lives.

A Dystopian Novel 1984

George Orwell, is a English novelist, essayist, and critic who is famous for his novels Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-four. The novel 1984 is a dystopian novel that tells the story of Winston Smith and how is tries to rebel against the totalitarian state in which he lives.A Dystopian novel is a society that is as dehumanizing and is uncomfortable to all that live in it.Orwell wrote 1984 to warn society about what would happen if we accept totalitarian governments into society. In comparison to the soviet union the book 1984 mimicked some ideas from Joseph stalin such as: torture, censorship and propaganda, a big political figure, Vaporizing or killing, and the secret police..

Joseph Stalin started a campaign called the Great Purge or as some like to call it The Great Terror. This campaigns main motive was to kill any remaining members of the communist party and anyone who was a threat. More than millions were sent to labor camps and thousands were killed. During the great purge the began a thing called the moscow trials. The moscow trails were where those who were accused do being a traitor and spies were forced into confessing after being tortured and interrogated. Stalin’s terror and torture ultimately made everyone bow down to him.

Similarly in 1984 acts of terror and torture were used to run Big Brothers dictatorship.The use of torture is direct parallel to the soviet union because In 1984 winston cried out to O’brien. “Do anything to me!” he yelled. “You’ve been starving me for weeks. Finish it off and let me die. Shoot me. Hang me. Sentence me to twenty-five years. Is there somebody else you want me to give away? Just say who it is and I’ll tell you anything you want. I don’t care who it is or what you do to them.”(pg 236-237). While in the interrogation room winston stated that“…there were five or six men in black uniforms at him simultaneously. Sometimes it was fists, sometimes it was truncheons, sometimes it was steel rods, and sometimes it was boots….There were other times when he started out with the resolve of confessing nothing, when every word had to be forced out of him between gasps of pain”(pg 240).

In the soviet union the torture they went through were called , “The trials, which became known as the Moscow Trials, were clearly staged events. The accused admitted to being traitors and spies. Later, historians learned that the defendants agreed to these forced confessions only after being interrogated, threatened and tortured.”(history.com). Also,“Stalin’s acts of terror and torture broke the Soviet people’s spirits and effectively eliminated certain groups of citizens, such as intellectuals and artists. His reign as dictator also made his people completely dependent on the state.”(history.com).

In the book winston, “ did not know whether the thing was really happening, or whether the effect was electrically produced, but his body was being wrenched out of shape, the joints were being slow torn apart… he set his teeth and breathed hard through his nose, trying to keep silent.. “ you are afraid” said O’brien… “that in any moment something is going to break”( pg 245). In the book the ministry of love was a building where people got tortured until they believed in big brother. It enforces loyalty to Big Brother through fear. Similar to the Soviet Union they they were tortured and brought to their lowest until they couldn’t helped themselves and they were helpless. The torture influenced anyone who went through it to do anything.

In the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin used censorship and propaganda to keep control of his citizens. To make sure revolts didn’t happen “Stalin made sure that his regime was not criticised by having his close friends run the press.” also, “ he had history books rewritten to put him in favourable light ….He even had himself credited as the brains behind the reform of Russia’s economic condition during Lenin’s rule.”(sahistory). Because Stalin had control over the books and textbooks it gave him control over the youth. Later youth groups started popping up that train children in socialism and they were lead to believe that stalin is god like. In the soviet union,stalin used the cult of personality, As a way to hold Stalin to a higher pedestal than god. He wanted to make sure that anyone who doubted him was killed. He didn’t erase people’s memory He rewrote history in his favor.

The use of censorship and propaganda is a direct parallel to 1984 because in the book Winston said “if all records told the same tale then the lie passed into history and became truth. “Who controls the past,” ran the Party slogan, “controls the future: who controls the present controls the past.” …..Whatever was true now was true from everlasting to everlasting. ….All that was needed was an unending series of victories over your own memory. “Reality control,” they called it: in Newspeak, “doublethink.” (1.3.18). Winstons jobs consisted of “ continuous alteration ….. to every kind of literature or documentation which might conceivably hold any political or ideological significance.” (1.4.8).

In soviet union and INGSOC use censorship and propaganda in different ways to come out with the same result. In 1984, the work Winston does is to make the Party’s seem eternal and inevitable, by erasing any evidence of mistakes, poor decisions, and opportunities for the Party’s actions to be criticized. Because of that it confuses the citizens and to make them doubt their own memory. Also, the Party also disrupts personal loyalties to anything other than the party.

The downfall of being a dictator is not knowing who is following the rules at all times without having an inside man or group. Stalin ruled by terror and with a totalitarian grip in order to eliminate anyone who might oppose him. He expanded the powers of the secret police, encouraged citizens to spy on one another and had millions of people killed or sent to the Gulag system of forced labor camps.

Joseph Stalin was notorious for seeking out people who opposed him and killing them. “In 1934, it became known as the People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs, which in Russian is abbreviated to NKVD. The main purpose of the NKVD was national security, and they made sure their presence was well known. People were arrested and sent to work camps for the most mundane things. Individuals would report on their friends and neighbors because they feared that the NKVD would come for them if they did not report suspicious activity.” (crime museum). “Stalin ruled by terror and with a totalitarian grip in order to eliminate anyone who might oppose him. He expanded the powers of the secret police, encouraged citizens to spy on one another and had millions of people killed or sent to the Gulag system of forced labor camps.” (History.com).

Similarly in 1984 Big brother knew he couldn’t control everything and so he rallied up two groups. One was the “thought Police. In the book Winston says that “The thought police would get him just the same. He had committed–would have committed, even if he had never set pen to paper–the essential crime that contained all others in itself. Thoughtcrime, they called it. Thoughtcrime was not a thing that could be concealed forever. You might dodge successfully for a while, even for years, but sooner or later they were bound to get you.” [Book 1, Chapter 1]
A big political figure is important in this type of society because it gives the rest of the society something to believe. In 1984 “Just like a tyrant, a despot, a god, or a dictator, big brother demands complete obedience to his rules and laws” (enotes).The black mustachioed face gazed down from every commanding corner. There was one on the house-front immediately opposite. BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU, the caption said, while the dark eyes looked deep into Winston’s own. Down at street level another poster, torn at one corner, flapped fitfully in the wind, alternately covering and uncovering the single word INGSOC. (1.1.4).

In 1984 big brother wanted their only to be love in his people’s hearts for only him so he outlawed sexual intercourse and relationships because that showed that you love someone other than him. While big brother was never an actual figure it meant something, Big brother is used “when you talk about dictators and their authoritarian governments, or to describe abusive intrusions of more democratic governments into their citizens’ privacy.”(vocabulary). The basic meaning of big brother is a dictator. In the soviet union Joseph Stalin was a modern day big brother. “Joseph Stalin (1878-1953) was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1929 to 1953. Under Stalin, the Soviet Union was transformed from a peasant society into an industrial and military superpower. However, he ruled by terror, and millions of his own citizens died during his brutal reign..” (History). Joseph Stalin ruled over his people by putting fear in their hearts. So that if they’ll never disobey him so he would have a problem with revolts .By having a powerful political figure your showing that their power is unmovable and can’t be terminated. They are viewed as all knowing and if you don’t follow them then you’re wrong and get punished.

Both big brother and Stalin made others disappear or vaporized according to George Orwell for disobeying the political figure. “Stalin had eliminated all likely potential opposition to his leadership by late 1934 and was the unchallenged leader of both party and state. Nevertheless, he proceeded to purge the party rank and file and to terrorize the entire country with widespread arrests and executions. Stalin ruled as absolute dictator of the Soviet Union throughout World War II and until his death in March 1953.”(loc).

One of the things Stalin did was “Not only in such things as the faked public trials, the disappearance of leading figures, of writers, of physicists, even of astronomers, but in the invention of a factually non-existent society”.(Guardian). Stalin made sure he made others that wanted to run against him “disappear” by killing them to make sure he stayed in power. To further prevent revolts he killed off those he denied that he was god by having purges to put fear in anyone who thought about disobeying him. In 1984 the act of making someone “disappear” was called vaporizing winston said that “People simply disappeared, always during the night. Your name was removed from the registers, every record of everything you had ever done was wiped out, your one-time existence was denied and then forgotten. You were abolished, annihilated:vaporized was the usual word”(Chapter 1). He also said that “The diary would be reduced to ashes and himself to vapour.

Only the Thought Police would read what he had written, before they wiped it out of existence and out of memory. How could you make appeal to the future when not a trace of you, not even an anonymous word scribbled on a piece of paper, could physically survive?” [Book 1, Chapter 2]. Big brother ultimately made others disappear before they could uncover any secrets that could destroy the party. When you were vaporized people remember you but that delete evidence that you were evening living, so when the the new generation came you wouldn’t even be remember. This was one of big brother tactics to insure absolute control.

Orwell wrote 1984 to show us that society like what he wrote already has happened and can happen again. He compared The Soviet Union and the book 1984 through five comparisons: torture, censorship and propaganda, a big political figure, Vaporizing or killing , and the secret police. While there are other comparisons such as superstates and the party they represent there are other dystopian society that have already happened such as hitler. He used the Joseph Stalin’s rule over russia to show the comparisons of things that can happen if we don’t heed his warning.

Power and Politics In 1984

George Orwell’s 1984 is a novel of social science fiction that was written in 1949. Notably, the book talks of a totalitarian super state known as Oceania that will come to control the world. The author describes Oceania as a state that was controlled by an arrogant government that concentrated more on manipulating the way of life of the citizens, affecting the people’s lives adversely.

Additionally, Orwell states that the people in Oceania were strictly governed by influential leaders, who expected the citizens to submit to their authority completely. The essay will explore the theme of power and politic more profoundly and analyze how elements of the totalitarian system he writes against manifest in our world today.

It is evident that the state described in the novel has some striking similarities to our current government. The way of life the government of Oceania had adopted is not too far off to the world we live on a daily basis. For instance, the author shows how deteriorated the standard of living of the people in Oceania was, yet their dictatorship government made the people to believe that their living standard was better than others and to ensure that they received to contradicting information the government blocked information from other regions. The author shows how citizens were brainwashed into believing in a reality that never existed, despite that anyone who tried to oppose the government received harsh punishment and in some instances, one was sentenced to death. Additionally, people were imprisoned for giving their opinions. Similarly, in today’s world, the government is in control of everyone, for instance, spying is out of control, from Facebook to Net Neutrality. Additionally, NSA spying is depriving citizens the privacy to emails, text messages and phone calls (“NPR Choice Page”). Also, free speech is under attack. A government that is entirely in control of not providing citizens the freedom to privacy is similar to a government that brainwashes its citizen to only accessing what the government wants. Additionally, the spying relates to the author consistently used a slogan that “big brother is watching you.”

In our world today people get charged for their opinions leaving people with fear to oppose the government. Additionally, people are being muzzled, and the conservative information is suppressed, this is a clear indication of the kind of totalitarian system citizens are undergoing. Concerns about having a government that controls the media to curb the flow of information have been witnessed in our world today which is similar to what Orwell’s talks about in his book. A reporter, Politico, reports about the possibility of the White House trying to put a stamp on the Voice of America, the station that pushes democratic ideals across the world (Kakutani). Notably, this is a clear indication that the people are being suppressed from information to blind their judgment and only receive what the government sees as appealing.

His novel “Nineteen Eighty-Four” presents a world that where the government uses fear to control individuals who don’t conform to the usual political orthodox. The author’s statement can be related to what is happening where the government is using the war and defeating of an enemy as a reason for the increased surveillance. In general, the way is used as an excuse to give the government a way to look into people’s lives.
Orwell indicated talked of the value of confusion that was brought about by the government. Orwell would not be surprised by the confusing state of affairs in the government (McCrum).Notably, this confusion is brought about by the denials, and the counter denials passed to the citizens. The government is continuously denying that they are spying on citizens and then going ahead to convince people the only reason it’s conducted is due to the terrorist attacks.

In the novel, Orwell calls some people as the “proles” citizens who help the state to keep an eye on people to be able to be in control. That kind of totalitarian system can be seen clearly in today’s world, especially with the advent of smartphones and the widespread of surveillance cameras, makes people’s movement or conversations in the public sphere not to be considered as private. The United States current state of war is similar to the state in “1984”. Where in Oceania the people were made to believe they were always at war and they were the victims though at times they were the ones causing war. The party members were the only ones who knew what was happening. Similarly, citizens of the US have become oblivious to actual issues, where most times people are not aware who they are fighting with and why (McCrum). People are currently living in a world where they don’t know what peace is much like the slogan “war is peace.”

The novel offers a thought-provoking learning experience. People can see the similarities between Oceania and the current state of affairs. The book makes it clear how the government is hypocritical but with a twist to make citizens believe their motive. It is a clear basis for learning and building people to be better leaders.

Chaos And Struggle In 1984

Following the political chaos and struggle for power after World War 2, George Orwell’s novel 1984 brings attention to the dangers of oppression and shows the nightmarish world of the possible future. The book portrays a totalitarian dystopian world where citizens are restricted from having their own thoughts and are constantly being brainwashed. Citizens serve for the party like miners in a landslide, without any knowledge of the past or freedom. The politicians in 1984 suppress and eliminate their freedom by creating fear through propaganda, strict laws, and incessant surveillance.

In 1984 the government uses fake information to control how citizens think. The Party mostly uses propaganda as their weapon of control. Propaganda increases the citizens’ confidence and makes them think that what the party tells them to do is always right. There are two main types of propaganda; Doublespeak changes the truth, and another creates fear. The party’s popular slogan WAR IS PEACE. FREEDOM IS SLAVERY. IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH. (George Orwell, 4) is a good example of doublespeak. The action-point of the slogan is to persuade citizens into thinking that what they want, is what they already have. Only war can make peace, so peace is no longer peace, it becomes war. Anyone who is enslaved and wants freedom, already has freedom. You can only have strength by not knowing things and being ignorant. The slogan changes the truth and make the citizens think that anything they want, that is not what their government wants, can only make them unhappy, therefore, no one will consider rebelling because they truly believe that the Party’s way of governing is the best and only way.

The laws in the world of 1984 are another tool for politicians to limit citizens freedom. The citizens live a very restricted life with no parties, no dates, no love, and a curfew. Although these laws are strictly applied, they cannot technically be called laws because they are not written in a system. In 1984, there is no such thing as a constitution or court, but that is how fear is created, because citizens are always living in doubt and uncertainty. An example is , And yet it was a fact that if Syme grasped, even for three seconds, the nature of his, Winston’s, secret opinions, he would betray him instantly to the Thought Police (George Orwell, 30). There is not a real law that defines thoughtcrime but Winston could be arrested any time for committing thoughtcrime. Even an almost unnoticeable facial twitch that suggest struggle, could get anyone arrested on the spot. The idea of having no written laws is quite fairly political genius because the Party can adjust the strictness of laws whenever it wants. Citizens will never know if they have committed a crime so fear is created within the population.

Surveillance is virtually everywhere in Oceania but it is mostly used through televisions. There is a two-way screened television in every apartment and street that monitors all of the citizens. The Party gets images of what its people are doing at the exact time that they are doing them. Only senior members of the Inner Party have access to turn them off for short periods of time. Children are also used to watch their parents, The children, on the other hand, were systematically turned against their parents and taught to spy on them and report their deviations (76). This system was used by the communist party of China during the Cultural revolution. With extreme surveillance, citizens have no way to express their negativity towards the Party.

In 1984 Orwell creates a world where language, a word, or a sentence, can determine a person’s life. Through language, strict laws, surveillance, and total government control, the part manages to manipulate its entire population. In Oceania, thoughts are suppressed until they vanish after generations. In this world, not even a bird is free.

The Loss Of Choice In 1984

The decimation of history makes individuals comply with the gathering more and wind up thoughtless items to the gathering. The gathering forced on the off chance that all records told a similar story, the lie go into history and moved toward becoming truth. “Who controls the past” ran the gathering trademark “controls the future”who controls the present controls the past” And the through of its inclination alterable never has been altered{ Orwell p.31}.

It speak to symbolism and discussions about how the gathering controls them and makes them see things that would scar them for life.The party is distorting records to support them to acquire power over the general public they do this for the general reason to control society members.”Do you understand that the past beginning from yesterday has been really abolished”Every second wrecked or misrepresenting each book has been reworked each image has been renamed each date has been altered.It discusses the general population being deceived and that the gathering revised everything pictures,dates,all changed and indeed the annihilation or history making overlook everything.

His considerations pondered again.almost unwittingly he followed with his fingers in the residue on the table 2+2=5.Winstons is naw unfit to have his very own musings and is currently supporting the party.”His mind as contemplations shying far from something appeared to be not able concentrate”.Winston saying 2+2=5 was an image that it worked and the gathering had authority over him now and it reveals to you the end result for’s him like he can’t think another symbol.The is happy and coquius the negativity.”The jury sing…the loathe song”the symbolizes how he has a desire for abitiar future (Orwell pg 218).

Shows now the tune controls and symbolizes that he needs a superior future.O’brien talks about the proles and the difficulty that they will ever ascend in insubordination having no limit with respect to intelligence.”They can be conceded scholarly freedom since they have no astuteness”( Orwell pg 173).One did not how what occurred inside the service of adoration yet it was conceivable to figure torment drugs fragile instruments that enlisted your apprehensive responses continuous wearing out by restlessness and isolation and constant questioning(Orwell pg 138).The inward gathering has figured out how to transform love into something vile in spite of the fact that the deficate instruments sound provocative.It is a fighting of restricted points between warriors who unfit to pulverize each other have no materials cause for battling and are not separated by any veritable ideological distinction( Orwell pg 153).

Persistent fighting exists as an end in itself.All three countries at war have no motivation to battle other than battling keeps the decision party in power henceforth the platitude “war is peace”.The piece of hymn a small crease of pink like sugar rosebud from a cake moved over the tangle. Legislative issues is a fragile and explicit science governments can lead the world to being a cheerful better place or it can get the general public into different bedlam 1984 governmental issues of the gathering have taken control of everything. Unrestrained choice is annulled by the misrepresentation of history records love being cut lowed and attack of their protection.

The loss of choice in the general public individuals from the year 1984 is evident as history is being nullified and change each day the withering of genuine love and the intrusion of protection. History being lost love is never again a feeling to disclose to someone else and the intrusion of protection demonstrate that the world in 1984 does exclude the rights and 21st century has now. Life can either be a dressing or a revile I just nothing but fortunes can spare you.

Role Of The Government in 1984

Many writers when writing a dystopia write about things that they would never want to happen, but many of these scary, predicted things have. Winston Smith is a lower party member in the capital of Oceania who has no privacy anywhere he goes because the thought police watches him. He also cannot go anywhere without seeing the party’s leader big brother.

The Party also has rules against thought crime (committing thoughts against the party) and eventually creates a new language, Newspeak, that eliminates any vocabulary against the party. In George Orwell’s novel 1984, the work is relevant to a person in 2018 because of the government’s promotion of ignorance among people, the lack of privacy from government, and the government manipulating hate towards enemies.

In today’s society we cannot go anywhere without the government being able to see what we are doing. This is very similar to 1984 because they are being seen and listened to through telescreens by their Party. When Winston and Julia were caught in rebellion against the party, the iron voice of the telescreen says, Remain exactly where you are. Make no movement until you are ordered (Orwell 221). This is the telescreen beginning the arrest of Winston and Julia after it contacts the thought police. This is an example of the Party not giving its people privacy because they listened to their conversation in their homes. Similarly, in the article, Driving to the Panopticon:a Philosophical Exploration of the Risks to Privacy Posed by the Highway Technology of the Future, the author, Louis Brandeis, said that IVHS [Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems] information systems [will] contain information on where travelers go, the routes they use, and when they travel. This information could be used to disadvantage people, and should be secure. This essentially means that the government has information and records on where we go and where we have been. Them obtaining this information gives Americans no privacy because the government can see where we are always.

The government should not have a say in the relations between a man and woman having it be just and right. Winston and Julia had to hide their love from the government because they were rebelling the government by being in a relationship. It says in the novel 1984, He did not look at her. He unpacked his tray and promptly began eating. It was all important to speak at once, before anyone else came (Orwell 112). This part of the text is describing him finally being able to talk to Julia after she handed him the note saying she loved him. They were prohibited from speaking before they were alone because they could have tipped off someone causing the party to find out and they would be punished. This is an extreme lack of privacy because the Party should not be involved in people’s affairs or prohibit them. This is similar to today’s society because marriage has become between man, woman, and the state; because it used to be and should be between man, woman, and the church, making it part of the government’s way of controlling and keeping track of its citizens and not it being an intimate religious part of society. The novel 1984 is relevant to today’s society due to the lack of privacy from the government.

Today, many government officials take advantage of their citizens by convincing them to hate or decide against an enemy country. Oceania, Winston’s country in 1984, host a hate week in which they promote and enforce hate against their enemy, rather it be Eastasia or Eurasia at the time. In the novel, it describes a Mongolian soldier from Eurasia as having a gun From whatever angle you looked at the poster, the muzzle of the gun seemed to be pointing straight at you (Orwell 149). This is describing the enemy as being a monster and causing the Oceanians to be scared and to hate the Eurasians. The part is manipulating hate on the enemy by intimidating their citizens with them. In another instance the program of Two Minutes Hate varied from day to day, but there was none in which Goldstein was not the principal figure (Orwell 12). Emmanuel Goldstein is the country’s main enemy so they flash his face over the telescreens causing the people to recognize him as someone to hate. This is a great example of the Party manipulating hate toward enemies.

In a very similar way, our recent politicians have encouraged us to not be for other countries and in fact against them. In Trump’s hate speech, or presidential campaign speech, he deflects hate towards enemies encouraging us to hop on the Trump Train and view as he does. In the article Aristotle’s Rhetoric in Trump’s Hate Speech the author, Ana Jimena Casillas Castaeda, says, we find anger to be the main emotion Trump is moving to influence our judgment. Our country is in serious trouble When was the last time anybody saw us beating… China in a trade deal?… When did we beat Japan at anything?… When do we beat Mexico at the border? This section of the speech is where Trump encourages hate towards the countries beating us economically, or essentially our enemies. This example of government manipulating hate towards enemies relates to the novel because Hate Week encourages the Ocainians to hate their enemies as well. Very similar to 1984, the government enforces hate on us very easily. The reader can easily infer that the government easily infers hate.

In the novel, it is very obvious that the Party enforces ignorance among its people in many ways. This can also be seem very similar to today’s society in which education reform constantly demolishes important skills and information to American citizens. In the novel 1984, one of the party’s slogans is: IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH (Orwell 16). This is a contradicting statement that promotes the Oceanians to believe that they should be ignorant. Relating to the novel, the new york times author, Maria Konnikova said, today The Common Core standards call for teaching legible writing, but only in kindergarten and first grade. After that, the emphasis quickly shifts to proficiency on the keyboard (Konnikova 1). Primarily this states that they are moving from teaching cursive and handwriting and more towards typing. This is the government promoting ignorance so that people cannot read important documents such as the Declaration of Independence. Higher level government want its citizens to remain ignorant so that they cannot fight for their rights.