The Russian Revolution and Communism Unite
The Bolsheviks rise to power was not a long drawn out process, yet, it was not a well planned one either. Social mobility had remained the same under Tsar Nicholas II as it was 200 years before under Peter the Great. Tsar Nicholas II merely changed the name of serfs to lessen the diversity between social classes, which only gave the illusion of equality.
This change lead to abysmal povertybetween the lower and middle classes. The failed attempt to trick the lower class lead to mistrust of the Tsar influencing small anarchist groups and revolutionaries to revolt. Eventually the lower class in Russia realized Nicholas II was not going to give up his control, so they began to plot for a revolt. In October of 1917, the Bolsheviks moved in while the country was falling apart and took over the government. Multiple decrees and numerous suppression tactics were issued by the new regime and forced upon the people. This also led to the Decree on Suppression of Hostile Newspapers The new regime shut down any article the Bolsheviks deemed to be propaganda and turned people against the press and towards the government. With no set blueprint for the government the Bolsheviks’, changes led to extreme communism in Russia, later influencing Joseph Stalin’s rise to power.
Russia prior to the Revolution of 1917, was a place of little to no social mobility and great differences between the classes. The lowest class known as the Serfs paid for most of or all of the tax income the state brought it. They also lacked a strong economy. They had a large ground army but a poorly trained one. In the early 1700’s Peter the Great issued 3,000 Decrees over the course of 25 years. The Decree on Western Dress states From now on no one of the above-mentioned is to wear Russian dress, sheepskin coats, or Russian peasants coats You can see the attempt to cover up anything Russian and try to push Westernization. There was also the class struggle between the classes. The Gentry and Serfs clashed often as the Gentry made the serfs into property. They were considered the un educated class. By the beginning of March 2017, Vladimir Lenin was sent to Russia and the first communist revolution began. Tsar Nicholas and his family were under house arrest and was abdicated. By November of 1917, the Bolsheviks took over. Lenin promised Peace, Bread & Land
After the take over by the Bolsheviks and the revolutionaries, new Decrees and legislations were imposed. Lenin is quoted saying We shall now proceed to construct the socialist order This was said out of no idea of what was next. Many different revolutionary advisers had different options of what to do with Russia, yet there was no set plan. …they had no blueprint for how to govern the country or how to reconstruct russian society This lead to the ultimate take over by a communist regime. The Bolsheviks began to dart ahead. Like Peter the Great but on a smaller scale they issued hundreds of decrees. The Decree on Land was one of the first Decrees made by the Bolsheviks. It abolished private ownership of any property. It gave the Right of use to the Russian state. They also imposed the Decree on Suppression of Hostile newspapers. This was in October of 1917, barely after they took to their rise of power. They moved quickly and swiftly in cutting off any negative or Hostile media attention. This was used to keep the public eye of the revolution in good condition to stray away from any more anarchist that would form. … cutting off the stream of mire and calumny in which press would be glad to drown the young victory of the people They are alienating the press from representing the people. They are making them to be the enemy in saying that they are trying to manimpitar the success of the revolution of the people.
When you look at the past Russian government you see a group of people who overtook something and put in place their own ideology. This was similar to Benito Mussolini and his doctrine on Fascism. Mussolini requested the king of Italy, Victor Emmanuel III to name him Premier. The King did not want to, this then led to the overtake of that regime as well. When the king hesitated, Mussolini organized a march resignation of the cabinet and causing the King to name Mussolini premier He then used him and his supporters to erode the italian parliament. By 1924, Italy was under a fascist Dictatorship. The slow but quick overtake of any regime and the replacement of the next can cause a drastic change in the people’s views. Mussolini used his supporters to Undermine the Italian parmilinet Similar to how Lenin used his revolutionaries to overtake the Tsar regime. The more supporters that are brainwashed to specific beliefs with nothing to sway them can be a dramatic consequence for any opposition in the way.
The lack of planning due to the extreme quick overhaul by the Bolsheviks caused a huge uproar. There was no new plan that had been set in place which caused the new political party to take control of everything. Crush the opposition immediately and take no prisoners. This arrangement made it easier to swiftly just control everyone. The idea was if we block newspapers and opposition to the public view then we can always maintain control. So that is what they did. It led to extreme forms of communism and millions of deaths later on. It also created a society that had a halt on any form of economic growth until the early 1930’s. A quote from Joseph Stalin, the new leader of the Bolshevik regime starting in 1928. The directors and managers of our industries now promise to increase the industrial output in 1931 by 45% Stalin delivered this speech in 1931, at a conference for industrial managers or anyone in higher business positions. This was for the beginning of the 5 year plan to bring economic success in 4 years.
Stalin also later in his speech goes to make the point how capitalism is is a ‘incurable disease of unemployment and waste among the masses Our system does not suffer from these diseases because the power is in our hands He says this to gain the attention to alienate a whole group of government that differs from theirs. This tactic is used to brainwash now business owners and managers to thinking that this is what is best. More governmental control and less privatization. This is so, if the thinking of the government then stems from the Business execs then it must trickle down to the employees and so on. This strategy was used over and over again in multiple speeches given by Stalin over his reign.
Joseph Stalin is known worldwide for some of his extreme humanistic approaches and how he made people believe that they were a good thing. Along with many of the community ideas and strategies came along multiple consequences. A quote from Nikita Khrushchev, a secretary and former soldier in the Red Army, which took place at a reception dinner for Military graduated from the academy is The future is with us, with socialism, with communism ! We have created all conditions we need to advance with giant strides along the road shown by Marx and Lenin – the road to communism. The hammering in of how everything Stalin and lenin did and does is for the best. The road to communism is the way to go. It showed that even while supporting peaceful coexistence, he harbored deep hostility toward the Soviet Union’s cold war rivals
The rise of the Bolsheviks was a great one. They overtook a massive regime with the power of the people. They continually used multiple strategies without any set plan in place or a Blueprint They used Decrees just like Peter the Great did and suppressed any uprising from the people by cutting of the press and anyone who took an opposed stance. They took away private ownership and neutralized governmental control across all aspects of the country. This was all apart of extreme communism techniques that eventually lead to death and human rights violations. The rise to power was quick and swift but the lack of planning and the strategy followed lead to more problems and the same government as before; just under a different regime.
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