The Effects of Racism on Learners Academic Outcomes Research Paper
Many studies that have been conducted to investigate the causes of poor performance outcomes among African-American students, especially those who come from poor economic backgrounds (DeCuir-Gunby, 2009). Racism has been recognized as a major cause of unsatisfactory academic performances. Some researches to investigate the causes of low grades have focused on institutionalized racism (DeCuir-Gunby, 2009). This paper focuses on investigating the effects of racism among African-American adolescents at school level vis-a-vis performances.
What are the effects of racism on academic outcomes among African-American learners?
Racial ideologies and segregation influence academic performances of African-American adolescents. In addition, there is the development of fears in relation to self-concept, which leads to low self-esteem (DeCuir-Gunby, 2009). This has made them perform poorer than it has made their counterpart whites. Black students have been denied rights to use informal elements of education that are crucial to good performance outcomes (Walton & Cohen, 2011). They do not have access to teaching aids that are important in learning, especially those who come from poor economic backgrounds (Walton & Cohen, 2011). A black learner would find it difficult to interact with a white student to access the informal materials. Critical information from the administration and faculties is not availed to black adolescent students (Walton & Cohen, 2011).
Data and methods
The representative sample was made up of 150 students from African-American high school adolescents. The population was from different schools. The sample was made up of students aged between 15-17. Both males and females were represented reasonably in the sample. Data collected focused on racial perception, interactions, and favoritism experiences among the blacks. Questionnaires were administered to the interviewees.
Most learners who participated in the study responded to the questions without any problems. There were clarifications from the interviewees to gain more data. In addition, discoveries were made with regard to how students considered and felt about particular topics, and why they thought that their views were correct.
The method required many questionnaires, which were difficult to administer. The method was time-consuming, i.e., interviewing, analyzing data, and reporting took a lot of time.
Black adolescents who were experiencing difficulties in interacting with white students obtained lower grades than those who easily interacted. In addition, there was a difference in the dependent variable where boys obtained higher grades than girls. Most of the participants reported that their parents and/or guardians had high school certificates and did not have good earnings in relation to white citizens. This indicated that they came from poor economic backgrounds. In most district schools, the schools had 60% whites, 18% blacks, 3% Asian, and 19% other minority races (Walton & Cohen, 2011).
The study utilized the conflict theory that holds that a society has varying environments (Neblett, Philip, Cogburn & Sellers, 2006). In this context, the black students were the weak, while the strong were the white learners, and all of them were struggling for education (Neblett et al., 2006). This is contrary to symbolic interactionist and functionalist theories that concentrate on affirmative characteristics of a community that lead to its security.
In conclusion, there are adverse effects of racism on academic outcomes of African-American adolescents at school level. Therefore, governments should intervene and make regulations that will promote performance outcomes of black students. In addition, they should equip the students with learning materials.
DeCuir-Gunby, J. T. (2009). A review of the racial identity development of African American adolescents: The role of education. Review of Educational Research, 79(1), 103-124.
Neblett, E. W., Philip, C. L., Cogburn, C. D., & Sellers, R. M. (2006). African American adolescents’ discrimination experiences and academic achievement: Racial socialization as a cultural compensatory and protective factor. Journal of Black psychology, 32(2), 199-218.
Walton, G. M., & Cohen, G. L. (2011). A brief social-belonging intervention improves academic and health outcomes of minority students. Science, 331(6023), 1447-1451.
In a reality-show, “Black. White” first broadcasted in 2006, there were two families taking part: a white one and a family of color. Within the frame of the project, they […]
The selected extracts come from the laws issued by the Virginia House of Burgesses in the 17th century. All of them include the concepts of race and ethnicity without actually […]
Even though some may believe that racism and discrimination are phenomena that belong in the history books, the contemporary discussion around them is as dynamic as ever. The present paper […]
Martin Luther King, Jr. (“MLK”) is not only known for making great speeches about the ill effects of racism. He is also a genius when it comes to writing thought-provoking […]
The United States of America is the most multinational country in the world and it has been this way for centuries. This country was founded and built by the immigrants. […]
Multiculturalism is one of the main problems of the USA. Being inhabited by many nationalities and ethnical groups, it is obvious that national minorities are going to face a number […]
Introduction It is indisputable that language is a prerequisite for the existence of humanity. It provides a crucial platform for interacting and sharing people’s needs. In fact, in the contemporary […]
Introduction Racism is a negative behavior associated with discrimination and prejudice. Human beings discriminate others based on their social backgrounds and biological disparities. Racism and discrimination are detestable practices because […]
To some degree, racism takes its origins in the ideas that emerged in the nineteenth century. They could be supported even by the intellectual leaders of that period. For instance, […]
Introduction Many studies that have been conducted to investigate the causes of poor performance outcomes among African-American students, especially those who come from poor economic backgrounds (DeCuir-Gunby, 2009). Racism has […]