Shakespearean Influences in Brave New World by Aldous Huxley

April 24, 2020 by Essay Writer

Contents

  • 1 1. Introduction
    • 1.1 Why I choose Huxley’s “Brave New World” to analyze and present from a political view?

1. Introduction

From the line: “”Oh, wonder! / How many goodly creatures are there here! / How beauteous mankind is! O brave new world, / That has such people in ‘t!””, we can see that “Brave New World” is full of references to Shakespeare “The Tempest”. In Huxley’s book, this idea it is expressed by John, the “”Savage”” who was raised on an Indian Reservation, and who, as an adult, is brought to the “”civilized”” World State, which is Huxley’s futuristic bad place.

John finds it really tragic that people from this futuristic society knows almost nothing about real religion, sacrifice, suffering, literature or arts. So when he quotes Shakespeare he is obviuos ironic, he is not really impressed with the shallow, superficial lives people lives. He finds it sad that people have traded deep relationships for security. People that lives in the World State traded giving up passion, art and freedom for comfort.

Huxley is ironic when he titles his book “Brave New World”. He tries to warn people through his dystopia against allowing this kind of shallow and dehumanizing world to develop.

In dystopian society, people are controlled by the offering of excess pleasure instead of using force.

The meaning of the word brave as we use it nowdays- It doesn’t make much sense in theasedays for any world to be described as ‘ready to face and endure danger or pain or showing courage’ – and this,;neighter Shakespeare and nor Huxley are using the term with this meaning here. Shakespeare was the very first if we consider the entery from the Oxford English Dictionary, to use the common modern sense of brave. So in Henry VI, Part 1, it was an earlier sense, a general epithet that suggest admiration or praise, which is definited as ‘good’. This was used in the late sixteenth century, but this says is considered archaic.

Further I will presents the thems that are found predominant in this book.

Aldous Huxley writes in his foreword to the novel that “The theme of Brave New World is not the advancement of science as such; it is the advancement of science as it affects individuals.”

In his dystopian vision, the World Controllers have “”solved”” social and class conflicts by means of a cloning process that homogenizes the population, brainwashing them into accepting their lot in life.Increased sexual freedom, and the addiction to a drug called soma, destroys traditional gender roles, family structures, and the heories of love and relationships. Consequently, the citizens of this brave new world are largely incapable of forming emotional attachments.

Another important theme in Brave New World is the past. This is evident because the World Controllers destroy all traces of the past, including art, history, and literature. Both intellectual curiosity and scientific innovation are frowned upon because they threaten the ruling class’ power over the masses.

Why I choose Huxley’s “Brave New World” to analyze and present from a political view?

I did that because that book warns us of how even an intelligent population can be driven to gladly choose dictatorship over freedom., and of the dangers of mass media and of peoples passivity.

I find really fascinating Huxley’s view of light handed totalitarian dictatorship that stands in contrast to the popular image of a dictatorship that relies on force.

While other dystopias are more well-know, Brave New World offers us a somber world that we’ve moved steadily towards over the last century.

The description of a nightmare society is Brave New World , where everybody is perfectly happy all the time. This is can be assured only through destroying the free will of most of the population by using genetic engineering and Pavlovian conditioning, and keeping everybody entertained continuously with endless distractions, and of course, offering a plentiful supply of the wonder drug Soma in order to keep people happy if all else fails.

This novel presets a world where children are being bringed to life in laboratories and scheduled for a specific work. This is a world where humans are devided into intelligence classes, for example: Alpha Plus geniuses and Epsilon Minus or Gamma Minus that are born to live under specific working conditions. Thease are people who are forever young physically and who sometimes… disappear.

They learn in a very simple way: they listen over and over again during sleep, and they wake up “”knowing from somewhere”” to do different jobs or having different information. But they can’t make the connections.

The basic word for this world is “UTOPIA”, and it’s motto is “”Community, Identity and Stability.””

In order for stability to exists, everything is programmed. Identity is lacking completing, but it is “created” for each individual by the daily sama (hallucinogen) mass distribution. The community is assured in the unique moments in which people choose to behave in the group.

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