To promote cleanliness of our surroundings

The primary theme of the story is of survival and a return to primitivism. Pizer writes that the theme is allegorical and clear: “the strong, the shrewd, and the cunning shall prevail when … life is bestial”.[28] Pizer also finds evident in the story a Christian theme of love and redemption, as shown by Buck’s refusal to revert to violence until after the death of Thornton, who won Buck’s love and loyalty.[29]London, who went so far as to fight for custody of one of his own dogs, understood that loyalty between dogs (particularly working dogs) and their masters is built on trust and love.

[30]

BACKGROUND

By 1897, California native Jack London had traveled around the United States as a hobo, returned to California to finish high school (he dropped out at age 14), and spent a year in college at Berkeley. He then traveled to the Klondike by way of Alaska during the height of the Klondike Gold Rush, later saying of the experience: “It was in the Klondike I found myself.

”[4] Leaving California in July, he traveled to Dyea, where he went inland. To reach the gold fields, he and his party transported their gear over the Chilkoot Pass, often carrying on their backs loads of up to 100 pounds (45 kg).

They staked claims to eight gold mines along the Stewart River.[5] London stayed in the Klondike for almost a year. He lived for a time in the frontier town of Dawson City, before moving to a nearby winter camp, where he spent the winter reading books he had brought: Charles Darwin’s The Origin of the Species; and John Milton’s Paradise Lost.[6] In the winter of 1898, Dawson City (today mostly deserted) was a city with about 30,000 miners, a saloon, an opera house, and a street of brothels.[7] In the spring of 1898, as the annual gold stampeders began to stream into the area, London left.

He had contracted scurvy, common in the Arctic winters, where fresh produce was unavailable. When London’s gums began to swell he decided to return to California. With his companions, he rafted 2,000 miles (3,200 km) down the Yukon River, through portions of the wildest territory in the region, until they reached St. Michael, where he hired himself out on a boat and returned to San Francisco.[8] In Alaska, London found material that inspired him to write the novella The Call of the Wild.[4] Dyea Beach was the primary point of arrival for miners at the time London visited, but without a harbor access was treacherous, so Skagway became the new arrival point.[9]

From there, to reach the Klondike prospectors had to navigate the White Pass, which became known as “Dead Horse Pass”, with horse carcasses littering the route; it was too steep and harsh for them to survive the ascent. Dogs began to replace horses to transport material over the pass,[10] and at this time strong dogs with thick fur were “much desired, scarce and high in price”.[11] London would have seen many dogs, especially prized Husky sled dogs, in Dawson City and in winter camps close to the main sled route. He became friends with Marshall Latham Bond, who owned a mixed St. Bernard-Scotch Collie dog; in a letter to his friend London later wrote: “Yes, Buck is based on your dog at Dawson.”[12]

Beinecke Library at Yale University holds a photograph of Bond’s dog, taken during London’s stay in the Klondike in 1897. The depiction of the California ranch in the beginning of the story was based on the Bond family ranch.[13]

Summary, Plot, Moral Values, Themes the Call of the Wild

Summary: Buck, the lead character, is a much loved and pampered dog living a comfortable life on a ranch under the loving care of his owner, a wealthy judge who makes his pet want for nothing. Then one day, Buck’s life takes a dramatic turn when he’s sold off by an unscrupulous servant to pay a debt. He travels in a cage for the first time and is sold in Alaska, where dog-sleds are the primary mode of transportation.

Buck has to quickly adapt to his new life as a sled dog and learn how to survive in a dog-eat-dog world where the competition is tough and often deadly. The basic comforts he had hitherto taken for granted, namely abundant food and warm shelter, are replaced by the bare necessities for survival which have to be fought for tooth and claw. Buck learns quickly, his physique and natural intelligence standing him in good stead, all the while improving as a sled dog and ultimately deposing the pack leader, his arch enemy: Spitz.

His life changes sharply yet again, as he is sold off to Hal and his wife, people who know nothing about sledding or caring for animals till at last he is rescued by a kind and loving man, his last master: John Thornton. At last Buck finds a master who loves him besides caring for or pampering him. However this happiness is not built to last, his master is murdered by the vicious Yee-Hats, a tribe of brutal savages. In the midst of his anguish, Buck has to find his true self, he has to listen to the Call of the Wild and to answer it to go leaping towards his destiny… Get this e-book now at a very low price. Summer Promotion at eBooks.com! Take $15 off on $100 or more purchase. Use code: SUMMEREBOOKScp. Valid until Sep 22, 2012

Social/Historical context: The book was published in 1903, the time of the gold rushes and adventures in vast, unexplored tracts of land. A time before the full use of machinery and sophisticated technology, when often, dog sleds and carts were the only means of communication in the wilderness. London’s masterpiece, as it is often hailed to be, explores the heart of those yet-primitive societies on the edges of civilization, through the minds of their beasts.

Writing Style: The book is written as a third-person narrative, continually following the central character and from the point of view of the central character. The language is extremely simple and lucid, and combined with a gripping plot, the book is easy to follow and hence suited for younger as well as seasoned readers. London has explored society from a dog’s perspective. However the deeper, darker messages of unbound greed, ambition and ultimately the necessity of adaptability to change are easy to spot. There is an innocence in the way the author has attempted to capture the scene from a dog’s point of view, this adds to the simple charm of the book.

My Thoughts: One of my early classics, I read this for the first time when I was 9 and I loved it because I loved animals as all children of that age do. Now, when I reminisce about it I relate, with an adult mind, to the other themes in the book. I cannot help but wonder at the complexity of the layers, so deep yet so simply structured. A timeless tale for all and sundry.

Analysis Of White Fang By Jack London English Literature

Jack London was an American author who wrote quite a few books. The main focus of this paper will be on White Fang one of his more popular books. Jack London’s White Fang exhibits his naturalist way of thinking, when discussing how the environment and natural world around him is able to raise society and exhibit the deeper truths. Throughout the book there are many references to naturalism with the use of symbols and metaphors. He also uses survival of the fittest and romanticism as major themes.

Jack London wrote many books with Darwin’s popular ideas in mind, particularly White Fang and The Call of the Wild. The process of “natural selection” means that only the strongest, brightest, and most adaptable elements of a species will survive. This idea is embodied by the character, White Fang. From the onset, he is the strongest wolf-cub, the only one of the litter to survive the famine. His strength and intelligence make him the most feared dog in the Indian camp.

While defending Judge Scott, White Fang takes three bullets but is miraculously able to survive. One element of the book one might overlook is White Fang’s ability to adapt to any new circumstances and somehow survive. He learns how to fight the other dogs, he learns to obey new masters, he learns to fight under the evil guidance of Beauty and, finally, he learns to love and be tamed by Weedon Scott.

White Fang was written during the courtship and marriage of London to Charmian Kittredge and a romantic theme is part of the novel. Part V reflects how love can tame natural behavior and instincts. As White Fang learns to love Weedon Scott, this love produces a desire in the dog to do anything to please his “love master.” This includes having Weedon’s children climb and play with him, and learning to leave chickens alone, although the taste was extremely pleasing to him. Just as White Fang was tamed by love, Jack London was tamed by love as he began staying away from the whorehouses in San Francisco and trying to overcome a severe drug habit.

The Wild is a dominant symbol for the perilous nature of life. The Wild symbolizes life as a struggle: for example, the Wild is a place in which the sun makes a “futile effort” to appear (I.2). White Fang himself is a symbol of the Wild (IV.1). The Wild is, for White Fang as a pup, the “unknown” (II.3)-and he, in turn, becomes the embodiment of the “unknown” for others (V.3). And yet the Wild is not a wholly negative metaphor in this story, for the Wild gives White Fang much of his strength. For example, in the final chapter, as he is struggling for life, White Fang is able to survive when other animals may not have, for White Fang, we are reminded, “had come straight from the Wild, where the weak perish early and shelter is vouchsafed to none. A constitution of iron and the vitality of the Wild were White Fang’s inheritance” (V.5). The Wild is thus a multivalent metaphor in White Fang, but tending to express the power of life to survive and even thrive. Like the Wild, the life force cannot be completely tamed.

Light is a common symbol for life in the world’s literature, because light is, of course, a physical necessity for life. Light’s symbolic function in White Fang proves no exception. In II.3, for instance, we read that as the young pups starve, “the life that was in them flickered and died down,” and that White Fang’s sister’s “flame flickered lower and lower and at last went out.” In that same chapter, however, the “wall of light”-the entrance to the wolves’ lair-is a symbol for living in the larger world. Life is as precarious as a flickering flame, yes, but it is also persistent: “The light drew [the cubs] as if they were plants; the chemistry of the life that composed them demanded the light as a necessity of being.” Similarly, the light and warmth of Gray Beaver’s fire attracts White Fang (III.1). Readers will note other examples of light serving a symbolic function, because light is equated with life, and the persistence of a life is a dominant theme of the book.

Clay is a metaphor employed several times in the book to describe the “raw material” of a person or animal’s makeup. It is the metaphor London chooses to use to address the perpetual debate about the relative importance of “nature” and “nurture” in determining identity. London offers three clear examples of characters whose clay has been harshly molded through harsh experiences (which can only be called “nurture” for the terms of the argument): Beauty Smith, Jim Hall, and White Fang. Interestingly, Smith and Hall seem beyond “redemption”: Smith runs away into the night after White Fang attacks him (IV.6), and Hall is killed by White Fang (V.5). Only White Fang is “redeemed,” and that occurs through a nurture that is worthy of the name: Weedon Scott’s love of the animal. The key passage, perhaps, occurs in IV.6, when we are told explicitly about the two very different “thumbs of circumstance” that have worked their way on the clay of White Fang’s character-first, an oppressive thumb that turned him into a vicious and savage fighter; last, the loving thumb of Weedon Scott that helped him transform into “Blessed Wolf” (V.5).

One central theme with which London seems preoccupied in White Fang is the theme of the nature of life. The theme was much on the minds of 19th-century readers and thinkers. In 1859, Charles Darwin advanced ideas that came to be popularly understood as “survival of the fittest”-that life was a struggle, and that only the powerful and strong survived (and, in some applications known as “social Darwinism,” perhaps only they deserved to do so). About a half-century later, London publishes this novel, which may be read as a “taking to task” of such “social Darwinism.” London’s story seems to posit that life is more than a “bleak and materialistic” (III.5) struggle where only power matters. The “redemption” that White Fang undergoes at Weedon Scott’s instigation suggests that the greatest power in life is the power of love.

This theme connects quite naturally, then, with another key theme. If London’s novel explores the meaning of life, it also quite clearly explores the meaning of civilization. One way in which it does so is through the character of Beauty Smith. Beauty Smith stands as an argument against the misrepresentations of Darwinism noted above-i.e., the justification of the weak and powerless’ exploitation at the hands of the strong and powerful; and an attempt to free individuals from the responsibility to exercise their own volition by an appeal to a pre-determined destiny. We are told that Smith is the product of harsh experiences. Like White Fang, his clay has been roughly molded. Even so, Smith has had and presumably still has choice about how to respond to his environment-a choice, for instance, whether or not to “vindicate” his existence by tormenting men and beasts less powerful than he. White Fang, in order to survive, does not. This marks the sharpest contrast between the two characters. It also heightens the novel’s overarching reflections on the struggle of life, however, for even as Smith is wrongly exercising his power, White Fang is rightly exercising his to continue to live: “He had too great vitality. His clutch on life was too strong” to continue to resist Smith. Ironically, he demonstrates power through submission. Thus, if Smith truly were a civilized man, he would know to treat White Fang better.

London has raised this question earlier in his novel, of course. In II.5, for example, he introduces “The Law of Meat.” By laying bare the often brutal dynamics of life in the Wild, London is holding a mirror up to us, giving us the opportunity to see those dynamics at work in us, for good or for ill. Do we recognize “the law of meat”-“EAT OR BE EATEN”-when we see it, and do we adhere to it ourselves, or strive to adhere to a higher law, a law that requires us to curb our instincts for a greater good?

Representation of Darwin’s Theory in White Fang

Jack London is known for using naturalism and brutality as themes in his novels; however, it is also common for him to use philosophical ideas to advance his plots. One example that effectively shows this is London’s White Fang, which is significantly informed by Charles Darwin’s theories of survival and competition. More specifically, this work centers on the study of Social Darwinism, which is a belief that “the process of natural selection acting on variations in the population would result in the survival of the best competitors and in continuing improvement in the population” (“Social Darwinism” 1).

This theory is articulated within the changes in White Fang’s behavior in different environments. White Fang shows how one’s behavior adapts through external influences and demonstrates the underlying presence of Social Darwinism.

The human characters have a significant impact on White Fang, prompting major changes in his behavior. One of these alterations occurs when he is forced into an unfamiliar and harsh environment.

He must learn to survive with his new master, Beauty Smith, who is a described as “a sadistic master who beats White Fang and starves him to make him fight harder” (Reesman 3). The neglect and abuse from Smith has an important impact on White Fang, since now he must learn new tactics for survival. Through this struggle, he learns to behave like a vicious beast in order to survive and protect himself from being killed. Eventually, this leads him to fight and often kill any dog that crosses his path. Virginia Crane explains how White Fang gets the name “The Fighting Wolf” by being “abused and exploited so harshly that he develops into a ferocious killer” (Crane 3). With Smith in control, White Fang learns and replicates Smith’s immoral and malicious traits. Smith treats him with such cruelty that he must adapt to the harsh environment in order to not be killed. London states that because White Fang is beaten and chained up for a long period of time, “[White Fang] now became the enemy of all things, and more ferocious than ever. To such an extent was he tormented, that he hated blindly and without the faintest spark of reason” (London 220). White Fang begins to manifest the hate that he receives from Smith, which is another reason he begins to behave as “The Fighting Wolf”. He now believes that violence is the only way to live, since he has never before been treated with love.

Another major change in White Fang occurs when Weedon Scott rescues him during a dangerous dog fight. From that moment on, White Fang’s life is completely different. Opposing the qualities of Beauty Smith, “Scott represents a greater good because he chooses to make White Fang his responsibility, and he chooses knowing that he is taking on a killer” (Norvell 2). Being treated with the care and love that Scott provides is new to White Fang, so he must relearn how to behave and survive for life in this environment. Although this is a challenge for both of them, Scott doesn’t give up while training White Fang and helping him to earn a new reputation. White Fang’s change in behavior is tested and proven when he resists his natural instinct to kill other dogs when they begin to pick on him. Norvell explains that “White Fang has learned not to attack dogs, and so he soaks up their abuse for Scott’s sake” (Norvell 2). Previously, White Fang only knew how to survive through fighting and killing to rule out competition. Scott treats White Fang with love and patience, so White Fang adapts to this behavior and changes his way of life. Instead of resorting to violence, White Fang ignores the other dogs and behaves calmly, showing how Scott is an overall good influence on White Fang. Virginia Crane agrees, stating that “allegiance and affection for a man springs from this good treatment, and White Fang becomes ‘The Blessed Wolf’” (Crane 3). Because of Weedon Scott’s good nature, White Fang finally learns to love and care. This marks the end of his days as The Fighting Wolf, and the beginning of his new reputation as The Blessed Wolf.

White Fang’s behavior changes to ensure survival in each environment, suggesting the idea of Social Darwinism. London includes this particular philosophical idea because of White Fang’s two opposing behaviors and how his ability to easily adapt and survive proves that he is one of the stronger dogs in the idea of survival of the fittest. The use of Smith and Scott “enables Jack London to again examine behavioral adaptation via principles of Darwinian evolution. He shows how chance, nature, and external influences function as forces that shape all animals’ evolution” (Vermaas “White Fang” 1). Vermaas suggests that London’s use of White Fang’s adaptations and behaviors further demonstrates the idea of Social Darwinism. The external influences are Smith and Scott, who both play important roles in White Fang’s behavior. During these times in White Fang’s life, “they were his environment, these men, and they were molding the clay of him into a more ferocious thing than had been intended by Nature. Nevertheless, Nature had given him plasticity. Where many another animal would have died or had its spirit broken, he adjusted himself and lived, and at no expense of the spirit” (London 222). London describes how White Fang is strong and portrays Social Darwinism due to how he easily adapts to environments that would cause weaker animals to die off.

During White Fang’s time with Smith, White Fang is shaped into a brutal wolf due to the poor treatment he receives. White Fang quickly adjusts and lives this new life of violence, which would typically be a struggle for other dogs. Crane argues this point by reminding us how “repeatedly, [White Fang] is brought to the edge of extinction, only to recover by adapting to the laws that govern his own nature and the laws that structure his new environments” (Crane 4). Each environment has a different set of laws. London again articulates this idea through the laws of the Wild, and how “White Fang knew the law well: to oppress the weak and obey the strong” (London 187). By learning these new laws, he is able to modify his actions accordingly. Matthew Bruccoli believes that the “domestication of the wolf is complete when White Fang sires a litter of pups, thus proving that adaptability is the key to survival” (Bruccoli 1). The internal conflict and major change within White Fang is complete at the end of the novel when White Fang becomes accustomed to the domesticated lifestyle. He begins to act more like a house dog, rather than a wolf in the wild fighting to survive. White Fang shows how the theory of Social Darwinism will have an effect on one’s behavior, since it will cause one to adapt to changes in environment while fighting for survival.

Through the influences of Scott and Smith and the ideas of Social Darwinism, White Fang provides evidence for one’s behavioral adaptations. This idea is demonstrated within White Fang’s adjustments to survive within the different environments. The ideas of Social Darwinism further explain White Fang’s major transformation in behavior through the different needs of survival. One will adapt to different influences and environmental surroundings over time in order to live and prosper.

Works Cited

Bruccoli, Matthew. “White Fang.” Student’s Encyclopedia of American Literary Characters (2009): n. pag. Bloom’s Literature. Web. 3 Dec 2015.

Crane, Virginia. “White Fang.” Masterplots II: Juvenile & Young Adult Literature Series, Supplement (1997): 1-2. Literary Reference Center. Web. 10 Nov 2015.

London, Jack. White Fang. New York: Macmillan Company, 2003. Print

Norvell, Candyce. “Critical Essay on White Fang.” Novels for Students 19 (2004): n. pag. Literature Resource Center. Web. 10 Nov 2015.

Reesman, Jeanne Campbell. “White Fang.” Critical Companion to Jack London: A Literary Reference to His Life and Work, Critical Companion (2011): n. pag. Bloom’s Literature. Web. 3 Dec 2015.

“Social Darwinism.” Encyclopedia Britannica (18 March 2016): n. pag. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 22 March 2016.

Vermaas, Lori. “White Fang.” Encyclopedia of Themes in Literature (2011): n. pag. Bloom’s Literature. Web. 12 Nov 2015

A Person’s Treatment of Animals in The Call of the Wild by Jack London

Have you ever noticed a similarity in someone’s behavior that is consistent with everything they do? In the novel The Call of the Wild, by Jack London, a dog named Buck is put through a series of multiple owners that treat him and his fellow sled dogs differently depending on their character. There are many themes that are conveyed throughout the novel, however the major theme about humans’ treatment of animals conveyed in The Call of the Wild is that A person’s treatment of animals can somewhat portray their behavior and mannerisms toward other people.

This is most noticeable through the behaviors of Buck’s owners Hal, Charles, Mercedes, and John Thornton.

Hal, Charles, and Mercedes, a group of Bucks owners, support the theme. At the beginning of chapter five, the trio is prepping their sled to head to Dawson, when some bystanders attempt to give them advice on lightening the load to make the labor of pulling the sled easier.

The three retaliate and claim that they know what they are doing and don’t need assistance. Hal then orders the dogs to go, but when they aren’t able to pull the sled, Hal becomes agitated. “The lazy brutes, I’ll show them’ [Hal] cried preparing to lash at them with the whip” (London 94). He then proceeds to repeatedly whip the dogs until one of the bystanders stops him and tells Hal it would benefit both the trio and their dogs if they broke the runners out of the ice. This time Mercedes it the one to speak. “Never mind that man,” she said pointedly, “You’re driving our dogs and you do what you think is best for them” (London 95). After another failed attempt to move the sled, Hal listens to the bystanders and they head off. From this event, it is clear that Hal, Charles, and Mercedes are stubborn and ignorant to the wild and its dangers. They also have a disregard for others opinions and needs. This is both shown in the way they neglect the dogs’ need for rest and ignore the bystanders’ advice.

Later in the sled team’s journey, they come across John Thornton’s camp, which they stop at for a small break. At this point, the entire sled team is exhausted from not receiving proper amounts of rest or food during their long journey. Hal tells Thornton that they plan to cross a lake that is frozen over. John Thornton warns them that the ice isn’t strong enough to hold the sled, the team, and the three of them at the same time. Hal ignores the advice and demands the dogs to rise. All of them are able to, except for Buck, who doesn’t move at all. This enrages Hal, causing him to continue to whip. When Buck once again resists his demand, Hal exchanges his whip for a club and continues to beat Buck with it until, “John Thornton sprang upon the man who wielded the club. Hal was hurled backward, as though struck by a falling tree” (London 113). The two fight and exchange threats. Thornton cuts Buck’s harness off of him. Hal is too enraged to care and, despite Thornton’s warnings, steers the sled onto the lake’s ice, which moments later breaks, plunging the entire team and the trio into frozen water. The entire team drowns except for Buck, who is now in the possession of his new owner John Thornton. This instance once again displays Hal, Charles and Mercedes’s ignorance, while also introducing John Thornton’s character. He heavily contrasts the trio in the way that he treats his dogs as well as other people. When with his dogs and others, “He never forgot a kindly greeting or a cheery word, and to sit down for a long talk was as much his delight as theirs” (London 119). Thornton also serves as a mediator in some situations. For example, “Black Burton, a man evil-tempered and malicious, had been picking a quarrel with a tenderfoot at the bar, when Thornton stepped good-naturedly between” (London 126). Overall, John Thornton is a good person and the most ideal master compared to Buck’s previous owners. He is friendly, caring, and treats his dogs with the same high respect as people.

Though not completely apparent, there are many other examples throughout The Call of the Wild in which a person’s treatment of animals. Francois and Perrault, for example, are respectful and have a friendly work-based relationship with the dogs and one another. The man in the red sweater is cruel with Buck and does not show mercy until Buck surrenders to him. Though not receiving much character development, it is assumable that he would not be as accommodating or friendly as John Thornton based on his treatment with Buck. In conclusion, a person’s treatment of animals can depict their treatment of other people.

Percy Jackson book report

The book is funny and witty, effortlessly matching old mythology and tradition with modern culture in a way that makes the book engrossing and unpredictable. There is talk of gods having affairs with mortals, and quite a bit of married gods having affairs with other gods. In the following book report, I will first introduce the plot of the story. Then, I will talk about the writing of the author and the strengths and weaknesses of the books. After that, I will talk about the main character and other major character in the books and talk about what I have learnt after reading.

At the end, I will share my overall response to the book and my recommendation. Percy Jackson, the main character, is 12 years old. He is a kid who lives with his single mother and is unsure of his dad’s identity. He has ADHD. He has a rep for getting in trouble. With help from his best friend Grover and his favourite teacher Mr.

Brunner, he finds out that there is a perfectly good explanation for all of it, that he’s not a bad kid, and that he comes by everything quite naturally. He is actually a half-blood of a demigod. His father is Posiedon, God of the Seas, and Percy has some control over water.

After a creepy math teacher transforms into a monster and tries to eat him, Percy’s friend Grover takes him to Camp Half-Blood. Soon after, he must go on a quest with Grover and Annabeth, daughter of Athena, to take back Zeus’s stolen lightning bolt and prevent a catastrophic war between the gods. On the basis of this short description, you can see that there are a lot of superficial similarities to the Potter books. “The Lightning Thief” is all a little Harry Potter in concept – an orphan, with supernatural powers, who has two friends (one brainy girl and one geeky sidekick), several envious rival students.

He goes to a special school and he is highly skilled at the school’s favorite sport, chariot racing. He is personally charged with a quest that, should he fail, will result in the ruin of the world. The author, Rick Riordan, spends the first half of the book exploring the nature of Camp Half-blood and the various demi-god kids, as well as dropping hints about Percy’s parentage. Although, given the number of times he makes water misbehave, you would think someone would have guessed. Fortunately the plot picks up about halfway through, when the whole matter of the bolt and thieving gods comes into play.

I think the author has done a great job. Rick Riordan almost seems to be teasing the audience with these similarities to Harry Potter. But he’s having fun with it, and his style and humor are refreshing, humorous, and quite different from Rowling’s. He gets to the point much faster. The action starts on page 1 and never stops! Riordan has a snappy fast-moving style, and he peppers the story with plenty of plot twists and monstrous action. And he has quite a sharp-edged sense of humor. The snarkiness is a bit annoying in the first chapter, but after that, he has produced some fun dialogue.

Also, he does a good job with the concept of gods and monster surviving over the center of the western world, as well as spooking some fun at the gods’ behavior. For example, Dionysius whining “Father loves to punish me. The first time, Prohibition. Ghastly! ” Besides, I found Percy rather annoying in the first couple chapters, but Riordan slowly evolves him from a rather bratty, rebellious kid to a reluctant hero. Annabeth is an excellent counterpart to Percy, smart and measured if rather haughty in attitude, while Grover is a likable little sidekick who is chewing his nails over the possibility of losing his job.

And the supporting cast of gods and demigods is pretty well-drawn, especially the paternal Chiron and embittered Luke. After reading this book, I appreciate to Percy’s courage. Although he is only twelve, he is powerful and strong. Percy Jackson has to protect himself and also his friends from the many monsters that dared to attack him. He tries his best to prevent a war between the gods and take back Zeus’s stolen lightning bolt. It reminds me that we always suppose that we are too young to make some great accomplishments, but, actually, we can do it if we believe we can!

Even though the book doesn’t express its message obviously, through reading the story, I learn that we have to know about our weakness and strength. Also, we can’t finish something if there are only you. Just like the book, Percy defeats all the Greek monsters and prevents the war successfully with the help and support from his friends, Grover and Annabeth. We need our friend’s pleased help to overcome difficulties. All in all, I was amazed at how much I enjoyed this book. The book is full of magic, and mystery, and adventure.

At first, I only began to read the stories because I had watched this book’s movie version at the cinema. The movie is marvelous. And to me, a book must be worth-seeing as it has to be good enough to put into a film. As I went farther along in the book, it became more exciting. I was constantly desired to read this book more and I found it hard to put down. It has so much going on. You could revolve your entire curriculum around for quite some time. I would immerse myself in completely.

In fact, I was in tears at the end of the book not because the ending was depressing which went deep into my heart. It leaves the door open for more adventures from Percy Jackson. Anyway, I like this book as it has a little bit of everything: danger, heroes, villains, action, mystery, and adventure. It’s funny sometimes, and scary sometimes, and powerful sometimes, and even sad sometimes, but it’s a story that will keep you turning the pages as fast as your eyes can read the words. It is a whole new and fun way of looking at the Greek myths. I highly recommend this book to all of you!

Greek Mythology Reflective Essay

Mythological Influence in Today’s Society – Reflective Essay I’ve always thought myths were irrelevant. Dead, even. Things that no one thought were more than just stories made up by old dead people when they were bored, without any real purpose. I couldn’t have been more wrong. Through analysing numerous parts of Greek mythology, watching Harry Potter, and then putting our knowledge together with the mythology photo essay, I have come to learn that myths are anything but dead in modern society.

They indeed have a very large impact on modern society.

They live in our western culture, lives, perspectives and ways of thinking, as well as names of companies, games, and other things. Among the vast amount of aspects of Greek mythology that have been integrated in our modern world, the name Pandora chosen for the jewellery company and books, such as “Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Lightning Thief”, stand out the most to me. Throughout this unit, I have learned that very many companies’ names are derived from Greek mythology.

These include Hercules (Heracles), Poseidon Seafood, Amazon, Pandora, Medusa (the cement company), Nike, Odyssey Cruise Lines, Trident gum, and many others.

All of these companies have given me insight about why companies would choose these names, where they came from, and what they wanted their company to be like. Among these companies, Pandora stood out the most. On the surface, this name seemed to be always seemed like a unique, thoughtful name, even when I had no idea what the background to it was. Because this name seems to be mysterious and have a deeper meaning behind it, I came to like the company more and regard it as superior, with high quality products.

After digging down and finding the root of what the company’s visions are, I have discovered a whole new world below the surface, full of deeper meanings hidden behind a word. I think that these names, because of a semi-hidden deeper meaning, attract more customers, even if the customers don’t know what the origin of the name is. These companies become a part of our lives more and more. Because of Greek mythology, many companies’ profits have been impacted, as with these aspects in people’s lives today. Companies named after aspects of mythology are very influential compared to companies named otherwise.

Another way that Greek myths affect us is in books and movies. Certain parts of movies have always appealed to me, but I never knew why. Before this mythology unit, I just assumed there wasn’t a reason. Now, I see that some of the plots in books and movies are actually based on entire Greek myths. Also, there are some plots that don’t use the whole plotline, but they still use very evident patterns and archetypes. By watching Harry Potter, I have understood that there was a lot of research deep in the world of mythology in order to make these stories more interesting.

One of many examples of another movie including mythology would be “Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Lightning Thief”. In this mythology unit, we studied archetypes. Percy is the hero who has to defeat Luke, the destroyer, while Grover (protector) and Annabeth (companion) always stayed with him. Well-known Greek gods were also in the story. When I found archetypes in these stories, I realized that no matter how much time passes and how different societies are, there will be parts and archetypes that are the same in every society at every time. This sets almost a criteria that makes books more interesting.

Sometimes the author makes a conscious effort to incorporate mythology into the story to make it more interesting. However, sometimes mythology integrates itself into stories without the author realizing it, but nevertheless makes the story a lot more intriguing. Myths influence our stories, and stories influence our lives. Books and movies are very influential in modern society. In conclusion, myths have a large impact in today’s society. They are present in the names of companies, such as Pandora, having a background that we can understand only by delving into the deep world of myths.

Mythology is woven into stories, like “Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Lightning Thief”; subtle until identified, yet impossible to ignore once they are. I have learned so much about the impacts of myths in our world throughout this unit. Yet, I know that we have barely scratched the ice; we have explored only the tip of the iceberg. Greek mythology has so many impacts on us, but are so many more impacts that I haven’t yet come across. Modern society’s influences from Greek mythology are as alive as ever.

The Lightning Thief

Percy Jackson the main character in The Lightning Thief,who is the son of Poseidon. Perseus Jackson a low esteemed person who,has Dyslexia and (ADHD); has been kicked out of of a boarding school…. again. When he got back,his mother suprised him with a vacation to Montauk,once he got there he was shocked to find Grover later on that evening knocking on his door. Grover is Percy’s best friend from the Yancy Academy (he also is a satyr and Percy’s protector).

He told his mother its time that Percy goes camp.

As they were driving along getting closer to there destination,his mother was explaining what was going on. Percy Jackson is a demigod,a person who is half human and half god. A couple of miles away they ran into trouble. A Minatour attacked him and took his mother but somehow killed the Minatour and took his horn. Percy barley got away and woke and woke up in Camp Half-Blood.

Camp Half-Blood is a safe place for demigods like Percy;it’s a place to train. On the second day there he started on training he played a game of capture the flag when Are’s kid’s attacked him.

Percy was wounded but magically healed himself after steeping into the water and Poseidon (god of the sea) claimed his child. A trident rose above his head. Percy then found out what was happening with the gods . It was between his father Poseidon and, uncle Zues and his other uncle hades whi is the god of the underworld. Zues Master Bolt has been stolen and Percy is to blame. If the bolt isn’t returned back to Zues by the summer solostice,a war between the gods will commendcausing, World War.

Chiron (a Centaurs and a trainer of hereos),believe’s that Hades took the bolt and sends,Percy, Annabeth and,Grover on a quest. Percy goes on the quest with Grover and his new friend Annabeth Chase daughter of Athena. Percy only has ten days to travel west to Los Angeles to get to the Underworld and return the bolt to Zues. Before he goes on his journey Luke gives Percy a pair of magic flying shoes to use on his expedition,but he told Grover to wear them instead.

Percy Jackson and the Lightning Theif

Percy Jackson and the Lightning Thief is an amazing book (in my opinion) that was created by Rick Riordan. I enjoyed this book a lot because of all the detain that Mr. Riordan had put into the book and with all of the facts about Ancient Greek myths, I picked it out in the first place because I had became really interested in finding out about different cultures which included Greece . The main character, Percy Jackson, lives in New York city with his mother, Sally Jackson & his lazy step-father, Gabe Ugliano.

Later on in the story, Percy finds himself living in Camp Half-Blood with his best friend, Grover Underwood.

Camp Half-Blood is for children with Greek Godly parents. All children who go to the camp have ADHD & Dyslexia. The camp is on Long Island Sound and is funded by a strawberry farm that the camp takes care of. I think that the book is placed in the modern days.

You can figure it out because in the camp, you are forbidden from bringing any electronics, such as cell phones since it can easily attract monsters. One of the main events in the book is when Percy and his class are on a field trip to the Museum of Natural History.

As his history teacher, Mr. Brunner babbles on about the museum, Ms. Dodds (a teacher who came along) pulls Percy away from the group and into the Roman & Greek center. Just after entering the room (no one else is in there), Ms. Dodds turns into this hideous monster with glowing red eyes, wings & long fingers. Obviously, she wasn’t human. Ms. Dodds lunges at Percy (who was still confused and shocked) until Mr. Brunner comes running into the room. The history teacher throws a pen at Percy and out comes a sword that Mr. Brunner used in class during special events.

Percy kills Ms. Dodds after that (she turns into gold dust) and later returns to the school bus. Nobody in his class remembers Ms. Dodds & when Percy asked Grover, he looked very nervous before replying. Obviously, something was going on. A second major event is when Percy and his mom go to Montauk & stay in a cabin at the beach where his mother and father had met. Later at night, a hurricane is starting to form & Grover suddenly shows up with (as Percy describes it) “Shag carpet pants on” . Grover urges Percy and his mom to leave immediately &the three of them hop into Sally’s car.

Percy soon learns that Grover is actually a satyr though he had called him a “half-goat” at first which offended Grover. As their car speeds away from the cabin, a strike of lightening hits the car which makes the car swivel into a ditch giving them an image of a beast of some sort charging towards their car. The three of them escape the car and run (Though Grover was unconscious). The beast was actually a minotaur (half-man, half-bull) and it ‘kills’ Sally. Percy builds up his strength and pulls out it’s horn and stabs it, turning it into dust.

He soon passes out. That event gave Percy the urge to go rescue is mother from the Underworld. . Later in the story, Percy finds out who his father really is. The camp decides to play capture the flag. Percy is assigned to patrol a small creek by Annabeth Chase (daughter of Athena) & is suddenly attacked by a group of Ares children, Clarisse La Rue & her siblings. They came back for revenge because he had humiliated her and her siblings by shooting toilet water in their faces just as Clarisse was about to shove his face into the toilet.

Clarisse charges at Percy with her electric spear given to her as a gift and Percy stumbles into the creek. Instead of feeling weak, he suddenly feels a sudden surge of power go through his r his head. “Poseidon. . . Earth shaker, Storm binger, Father of horses, Hail Perseus Jackson. son of the Sea God. ” body. “But then something happened. The water seemed to wake my senses, as if I’d just had a bag of my mom’s double-espresso jelly beans” . Percy, suddenly feeling a lot of strength, fights back against Clarisse & her siblings until they are all defeated. Percy even snaps Clarisse’s spear in half.

Luke Castellan (son of Hermes) captures the flag for Percy’s team & Percy tries to step out of the water, suddenly feeling weak again. Suddenly, a “black hound the size of a rhino, with lava-red eyes and fangs like daggers” appears out of nowhere and attacks Percy, ripping through his armour. Chiron (Aka: Mr. Brunner and centaur) shoots several arrows at it and Percy staggers back into the water and an image of a trident appears ove Another main event is when Percy finds out who had stolen Zeus’ Master & Hades Helm of Darkness before returning to camp half-blood, Percy had gotten into fight with Ares, the God of War.

The war God had given Percy a backpack in the beginning of his quest & inside of it was Zeus’ bolt the entire time. Ares confesses that he stole the Helm of Darkness and Lightning Bolt from the original thief, planning on making a war between Hades & Zeus. Percy and Ares get into a fight & Percy eventually wins, earning the Helm of Darkness, A helmet of Hades that was stolen from him. Percy, Annabeth & Grover fly to New York from California to return the bolt to Mt. Olympus on the top of Empire State Building. Percy returns the lightning bolt alone while Annabeth & Grover go back to the camp.

After returning the bolt, Percy meets his father and who had acknowledged him as his son. Percy returns to Camp Half-Blood as a hero & at the end of summer, Luke Castellan confesses to Percy that he had stolen the bolt & helm before attempting to kill him with a scorpion. Luke runs away while Percy is saved by a group of wood nymphs . The main character is of course, Percy Jackson . He is described fairly tall, good looking with bright green eyes and jet black hair. Percy is introduced as a troubled twelve year old. His green eyes often remind his mother of his father. Percy is considered very troubled.

He gets irritated when called by his first name which is ‘Perseus’ and has been expelled from every single school that he had been to. Throughout the book, Percy becomes stronger in both physical and mental ways. He becomes more brave, confident, and learns that he is a natural leader. Percy is also very willing to risk his life for others. He showed that trait by journeying to the underworld to get his mother back. Percy hopes that he can bring back Zeus’ Master Bolt & get his mother back before it’s too late. Percy is described the protagonist in the book while the antagonist isn’t exactly shown until later in the book.

While Percy, Annabeth and Grover do the best they can while out on the quest, Luke Castellan was the unsuspecting villain. Luke always acted nice towards Percy, trying to get close. When he had given Percy flying shoes to help him in the quest, Luke had meant it to lead Percy to his death. Overall, I enjoyed this book a lot and I give it a nine out of ten. The book is filled with lots of adventure (there’s never a dull moment) comedy & things that people now a days would consider, ‘fake’ or ‘untrue’ even though it is very interesting.

I recommend this book to all ages but a bit more to people ages 10 to 12, even teenagers. I recommend it around that age because that’s around the age where you start to become more curious about things out there in the world. You start to become more open and realize what you really are interested in and Percy Jackson and The Lightning Thief is a great book to realize what types of book genre you’re interested in & it helps show you that there is always a hidden potential inside of you.

Hades in Media and Pop Culture in Modern Society

Hades can be found across multiple forms of media and pop culture in modern society. One popular form when the god is seen is in film. Some relatively recent and popular films where the god makes an appearance are Clash of the Titans (2010) and Percy Jackson and the Olympians: The Lightning Theif (2010). For me, my interest and love for Greek and Roman mythology started with the Percy Jackson books and movies. The series was the first ever series of book that I read while growing up and my favorite movies to watch.

That is why I have chosen to look at the Percy Jackson movie for this section. Hades plays a huge role in this movie as Percy Jackson much make the quest to find the lightning bolt in order to save his mother who was taken by Hades.

The first time that Hades makes an appearance in the movie is as a huge monster that comes from a fire. The whole camp of half-bloods is terrified.

Some run and hide while others are ready to fight. This can be easily explained by modern society because Hades is most often associated with or as the place that the dead go to. Most humans have a fear of death and in turn, fear Hades. However, in ancient times even with these possibly deadly associations, Hades was never feared as satanic or evil because death was believed to be a part of life. Unlike the ancient depictions of Hades, modern depictions show Hades as an evil and demonic figure. There is no doubt that this is a way that Hollywood plays off of modern perspectives in order to as more drama and flair to their movies.

Unlike some movies, such as Disney’s Hercules who has Hades looking like a Satan-like creature, Percy Jackson also presents Hades as more of a complex human. In the movie, Hades is fairly hot-headed and had a punk-rock look to him. He has long messy hair, a beard, and wears black and leather clothes with jewelry. He plays his cards in order to get what he wants and does have an aspect of trickery to him. He is clearly meant to be someone the audience is either scared or intimidated by. In the end, however, he does let Percy Jackson and his friends go with the lightning bolt. Something that was seen in the myth of Hercules’ and his 12 trials when Hades allows him to take Cerberus and return him.

One thing that does match up with the orginoal myths in the movie, is that Hades is clearly in love with Persephone when the two are seen together when Percy is in the underworld.

The modern Hollywood interpertation of Hades is mosy likely one that the ancient Greeks would not agree with soley on the fact that his attribution are mainly focused around death and evil which is not what they believed.