Propranolol is a medication of the beta blocker type

December 9, 2020 by Essay Writer

Propranolol is a medication of the beta blocker type. It is used to treat high blood pressure. It is used to prevent migraine headaches and to prevent further heart problems in those with angina or previous heart attacks. It is administered by oral route. Propranolol enters in the systemic circulation after 30 minutes and has a maximum effect between 60 and 90 minutes when adminietred by oral route. It is a non-selective beta blocker which works by blocking β-adrenergic receptors.

Propranolol should not be used in those with an already slow heart rate and most of those with heart failure. Quickly stopping the medication in those with coronary artery disease may worsen symptoms. It may worsen the symptoms of asthma. Greater care is recommended in those with liver or kidney problems. Propranolol has harmful effects on the foetus if taken during pregnancy. Its use during breastfeeding is probably safe but the baby should be monitored for side effects.

Propranolol was discovered in 1964. It is on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines. Propranolol is available as a generic medicine. The wholesale cost in the developing countries is between US$0.24 and US$2.16 per month.

Medical uses

  • Hypertension
  • Angina pectoris
  • Tachyarrhythmia
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Tachycardia
  • Portal hypertension to lower portal vein pressure
  • Prevention of esophageal variceal bleeding and ascites
  • Anxiety

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy


Propranolol may be contraindicated in people with:

Reversible airways diseases, particularly asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Bradycardia (

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