Plato’s and Aristotle’s Theories of Human Nature Essay (Book Review)
Chapter five of Kupperman’s book “Theories of human nature” looks at great philosophers, namely Plato’s and Aristotle’s points of view in trying to define humanity. Both of these great philosophers assigned reason as a central role in defining humanity. Plato came before Aristotle, and their arguments seem to agree and differ on the definition of humanity.
Plato’s view was more complex as he used a simple word reason which has multiple definitions. Aristotle’s view, on the other hand, defined a human being as a rational creature with an ability to switch the rationality on and off. The most significant explanation offered by Plato is the logical point of understanding reason, whereby if a certain idea is preconceived to be good, then there must be a number of reasons that lead to that assumption or conclusion. The writer goes ahead and relates Freud’s explanations of human personality in three parts leading to a link between these arguments and those offered by Plato.
Plato looks at a human being as a soled creature governed by reason. The sole is spirited and is interested in studying the environment. Plato’s view of reason entailed an individual doing what he believes is correct if given a chance. The writer tries to illustrate the complexity of defining a word from Plato’s point of view. The word game is used as an example in highlighting numerous available definitions.
Aristotle being a biological scientist, uses his knowledge to try to differentiate humans from other animals by exploring their rationality. He concluded that humans are complex double-sided creatures who have both good and bad sides. The two sides of humanity are inseparable as they complement one another. Aristotle looks at life as a combination of normal life pleasures, and the use of human virtues in a moral or civic way.
Dialogue The following represents the hypothetical dialog that could have taken place between Isocrates and Aristotle, in regards to what should be considered the discursively sound conceptualization of the rhetorical […]
Aristotle was one of the classical philosophers who discussed the issue of leadership in the city-state extensively. In his view, democracy was the worst system of governance because it gave […]
Political science is a contemporary discipline that is related to social science. Today, political science as a branch of the social studies is worked out independently, and the main objects […]
In Aristotle’s Rhetoric, syllogism and enthymeme represent the frameworks of persuasion and argument. According to Rapp, Aristotle defines syllogism as a form of persuasion that uses logical concepts and interrelated […]
Introduction Aristotle’s writing in this document is a provocative economic analysis of the ancient period. The document discusses how justice was executed in distribution and exchange. It uses the reality […]
Nicomachean Ethics is one of the most significant works of the prominent ancient philosopher, dedicated to the analysis of the moral purposes and virtues of a man. It had become […]
Introduction Although Buddha was a religious philosopher, his philosophy of ‘The Middle Way’ shows several similarities with Aristotle’s theory of virtue and moderation. Noteworthy, Aristotle was a philosopher with little […]
Introduction In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle argued that a good life is the one driven by reason. To substantiate this assertion, the philosopher introduces the concept of virtues as placed between […]
The philosophical concept of being as being is concerned with the notion of existence, more specifically, that of the thing in and of itself. Regarding a person, for example, this […]
Chapter five of Kupperman’s book “Theories of human nature” looks at great philosophers, namely Plato’s and Aristotle’s points of view in trying to define humanity. Both of these great philosophers […]