Old-New World Exchanges and Influences on Peoples Essay

October 14, 2020 by Essay Writer

The discovery of America is considered as the main event, which contributed to the development of the Old and New Worlds. It is evident that it played a significant role in the world history and contributed to the development of the global trade, internationalization, and multiculturalism. Despite being uncertain and risky, the discovery of America is of a high significance and contributed to the development of the world trade, globalization, and innovation by introducing new products, starting the colonization period, acquiring of the natural resources, necessity to develop new vaccines and medicines, development of new religious doctrines, and establishment of new trade routes. The primary goal of this essay is to evaluate Old and New World exchanges, determine the effect on various social cohorts, and assess the impact on the development of the lifestyle of the average workers in colonies. In the end, the conclusions are drawn to determine the importance of the event to the global economy and society.

Old and New World Exchanges

Firstly, the Old and New world have to exchange knowledge and lifestyle to continue their sustainable existence. First, aspect is the Colombian exchange since it contributed to the globalization of food and cultivation of the agricultural cultures such as tomatoes in Europe (Boivin, 2012). In turn, the domestic animals, which were transported from Europe, were actively grown in the New World. It is evident that this aspect was a principal contributor to the development of the international trade and globalization. In this instance, the food exchange was beneficial to the world economy and allowed having an efficient distribution of the resources in the world.

Another aspect is the fact that Columbus discovery contributed to the colonization period, which was beneficial to Europe. In this instance, it is apparent that the countries were discovering the new territories rapidly to improve their dominance in the world. It is evident that this fact contributed to the migration to the new land (Powell, 2009). Nonetheless, migration allowed empowering internationalization on the American continent, as representatives of various cultures and ethnicities traveled to the new land to discover new opportunities. Consequently, colonization and migration were the first steps for the introduction of the United States of America, as an extremely international country with numerous opportunities.

Lastly, the Old World acquired the natural resources from the discovery of the American land such as gold. It is apparent that this aspect contributed to the development and advancement of the European treasuries and reserves. Moreover, it was one of the principal drivers for the development of the economic stability in Europe. In turn, the New World gained the ability to trade its products with the rest of the world due to the development of the routes. Development of trusting relationships on the international trade market allowed a sufficient exchange of goods and services in the world.

Groups, Which Were Affected by the Event

The social and cultural groups were affected in the New and Old Worlds. One of them is indigenous people, as they lost their rights to their land and control of their lives (Miller, 2005). Consequently, their lifestyle did not exist anymore, and it can be associated with slavery. It could be said that this factor is rather negative, as the conflict between the newcomers and indigenous people still have a tendency to exist. Nonetheless, it is evident that the discovery of the New World can be beneficial from all perspectives, and have to have some drawbacks.

Another group is Puritans, as their migration affected their religious views and made them believe that indigenous people were closely related to the Jerusalem (Weir, 2014). Moreover, their lifestyle changed since they decided to amend the location of living and adapt to the new environment. It could be said that in this instance, the discovery of the New World contributed to the development of different religious views and dogmas, as several ethnicities have to coexist in the same territory. It is evident that in this case, this aspect allowed cultivating principles of internationalization and multiculturalism in the New and Old Worlds.

Moreover, the European farmers were affected by the discovery, as they actively participated in food production and destitution. It is evident that the Columbian exchange helped explore and develop the system for the growth of new vegetables such as tomatoes and corn. They have to adapt their thinking and develop new planting approaches. It is apparent that the discovery positive influenced the agriculture and the food distribution, as the flexibility and ability to adapt new techniques were essentialities for enhancing the revenues and ability to avoid the shortage of products in the word.

Furthermore, the European traders also were vehemently influenced by the development of the new routes and discovery of America. It is evident that their traveling paths had changed, as now they were obliged to travel to America. It is apparent that this action was an essentiality since the New World was fulfilled with opportunities and had a high market potential. Nonetheless, the traveling distances became longer. Consequently, the traders had to be prepared to spend more time on the ship. Moreover, they have to be prepared to carry higher volumes of goods due to the intensified trade between the continents. Nonetheless, it is evident that their lifestyles were affected in a positive way, as the changes contributed to the generation of the higher revenues.

Lastly, the lifestyle of the medical personnel was affected since they globalization and continuous exchange led to the transportation of various diseases (Nunn & Qian, 2010). It seems that this aspect has only a negative impact, as a significant percentage of the European population died due to the unknown reasons. However, it is apparent that the new vaccines needed to be developed. Moreover, the doctors had to adapt to the treatment of the patients with unexplained symptoms. In the end, it could be said that the discovery contributed to the enhancement of the medical treatment and preparation to the uncertain situation related to the medical issues.

The Ways the Creation of Global Trade Routes Affected the Lifestyle of Average Working American in the Colonies

The establishment of the new routes affected the occupation and lifestyles of the average working Americans in the colonies. Firstly, the trade was intensified since the products were transported to the further distances. In this instance, more time of the average working American had to be devoted to the packaging, as the transported vegetables have a tendency to spoil rapidly. It could be said that this aspect contributed to the ability to schedule efficiently and maintain the quality of the products on the same level after the transportation.

Secondly, higher volumes of goods were transported due to intensified trade and longer time, which is required for transportation. It is evident that this aspect contributed to the economic growth of the region (Newell, 2008). In this instance, more workers were assigned to unload and load more ships than before. It could be concluded that in this case, the workers had less time for their hobbies or performed the duties more efficient to be able to have a rest. This aspect contributed to the development of a particular trait such as self-organization and responsibility.

Thirdly, the maritime routes were dominating since the transportation of the goods have to be done between two continents, which are separated by the ocean (Hatfield, 2007). In this instance, the colonial workers have to adapt to the remote mode of transportation. It is evident that they have to devote more time to the structuring the bulks of goods in the ships. In this case, critical thinking was involved, as it required loading the ships efficiently. In this instance, this feature assisted in the development of the critical thinking and ability to find a solution to more severe problems.

Moreover, the new trade routes contributed to the development of internationalization since the workers had a tendency to meet the traders from the foreign cultures. It is evident that they have to communicate more and be able to express their thoughts to the foreigners. Additionally, they had a tendency to adopt new traditions and become more educated regarding the other countries and their cultures. It is evident that in this case, the workers were becoming more knowledgeable about the world and wanting to share their views with their family members.

Lastly, the workers had a tendency to discover new goods since the variety of the transported products was continuously extending. In this case, the workers had a chance to explore different innovations and inventions and adapt them to their lives. Despite having a monotonous job, it could be said that their lives started being filled with the joy, as they were able to discover new cultures and languages continuously. In the end, all of the aspects contributed to the globalization of culture, trade, innovation, and social perspectives. It is evident that the changes had that positive influence on the lifestyle of the workers and contributed to the development of the necessary skills.


In conclusion, it could be said that the significance of the Colombian discovery is high, as it contributed to the development of internationalization and globalization concerning culture, innovation, inventions, religion, and trade. It is evident that it played a significant role in the formulation of the global economy, appearance of multiculturalism, and internationalization in the world. Additionally, it had a strong influence on the elaboration of the personal traits of the workers, which were necessary for the efficient performance of tasks. Furthermore, it is apparent that the discovery contributed to the developments, discoveries, and innovation in the medical sphere. Nonetheless, the primary drawbacks are the inability to indigenous people to adapt to changes and presence of the lack of understanding of their culture by newcomers. Nevertheless, this discovery contributed to the development of the United States of America, which is a significant player in global economy and politics.


Boivin, N. (2012). Old world globalization and Columbia exchange. World Archaeology, 44(3), 452.

Hatfield, A. (2007). Atlantic Virginia: Intercolonial relations in seventeenth century. Philadelphia, PA: The University of Pennsylvania Press.

Miller, R. (2005). Discovering indigenous lands: The doctrine of discovery in the English colonies. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Newell, M. (2008). Economy. In D. Vickers (Eds.), A companion to colonial America (pp. 172-193). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing.

Nunn, N., & Qian, N. (2010). The Colombian exchange: The history of disease, food, and ideas. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 24(2), 163-188.

Powell, J. (2009). Encyclopaedia of North American immigration. New York, NY: Facts on File, Inc.

Weir, D. (2014). Francis J. Bremer. Building a new Jerusalem: John Davenport, a Puritan in three worlds. The American Historical Review, 119(2), 514-515.

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