Introduction to Art, Renaissance and Baroque Art Essay

October 14, 2020 by Essay Writer

Art as a whole and single entity is difficult to define. Many refer to art as an expression of one’s creativity, what is produced as a product of skill and imagination. Art has over the ages evolved to different forms of expression. History has been marked by many different events in art. Art has over the years influenced history in many ways. It is on this background that art continues to influence the environment around as well as the future.

The Renaissance

Renaissance is the rebirth of something, to be bringing out the old in a whole new way. Renaissance was characterised as the period between the 14th and the 16th centuries. This period marked major changes in the world of art (Witcombe, 2011, 2). This period brought a lot of changes to artist such as sculptors, architects as well as painters. These forms of art that is sculpting, painting as well as architecture began to emerge unlike before where they were simply regarded as artisans or apprentices (Witcombe, 2011, 3).

It is commonly referred to as art of the middle ages, it is believed to have been a revolution having began in Italy (Annenberg, 2011, 3). Renaissance art was influenced by Italian painters, sculptors as well as architects. During the renaissance period, artists are said to have experimented with diverse many forms of art, mixing complex as well as simple ideas of expression. It is with this freedom of expression and an urge to experiment that led to the development of baroque art.

Baroque Art

Baroque art has been referred to as the form of art that utilises a lot of ornamentation to create a dramatic effect. It is a period and style that used exaggerated motion and contrast that when interpreted in detail leads to a dramatic effect (Pioch, 2002, 1).

This was a style that was largely popularised by the Catholic Church in Rome and spread rapidly through Europe (Annenberg, 2011, 7).Baroque art is commonly referred to as the art of the seventieth century. As a style, it represents dynamism in transformation as well as continuity of the ideas that the renaissance represents.

Baroque art utilises several varied and different ornaments to create a dramatic motion effect. During the renaissance art and science are said t be connected and the two are used to complement each other. Two great artists in the Baroque art include, Caravaggio and Annibale Carracicci who brought a new dimension to Italian painting. Before then art was artificial lacking a sense of depth and challenge these artists were looking for.

Annibel in his work has an expression that was considered by many as a style of his own. Another artist Caravaggio created his own art and with this he sought to create a great physical prescence. These artist as well as other artists of the baroque art utilised motion to create a deep and intense intention embedded in emotions (Pioch, 2002, 3).

Renaissance led to the development and emphasis to a better description of painting as well as sculptures. This in turn emphasised the need for great knowledge as well intellect to achieve this (Witcombe, 2011, 11). With these developments many works of art were seen as unique and complex and having employed aspects of divine intervention.

Art was see as adopting aspects that imply that art was influenced by religion. During the period of renaissance Plato as well as Platonism was revived. Here art and religion is fused together and as a result art is viewed as divinely inspired. It is through all this that artists, that is sculptors, painters as well as architects began to be regarded as artists the same as poets or writers, for their art.


In the modern day art culture, baroque is used to describe the different works of art. Since the Renaissance, baroque is very well adopted in many forms of modern day art such as architecture, sculpting, theatre, that is in plays and opera and so on, literature as well as philosophy and painting. Many modern day scholars as well as artists believe baroque art as the end as well as the new beginning for renaissance.


Annenberg Media. (2011). Art of the Western World: The early renaissance (n.d). Available at
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Annenberg Media. (2011). Art of the Western World: The High Renaissance (n.d). Available at
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Witcombe, C. (2011). Art & Artists: The Renaissance & the rise of the Artist. Available at <http:|||artartist|renaissance.html>

Pioch, N. (2002). Baroque Webmuseum: Available at

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