Comprasion of Robert Browning’s Dramatic Monologue and W. B. Yeats’s Mask Theory
Even though two poets were not contemporaries, it is very interesting that they show some similarities in poetic skills and subjects. Unlike Romantics revealing a poet’s subjective feeling directly in their poems, Robert Browning created the dramatic monologue to develop the field of the objective expression.
In his “dramatic monologue,” a character instead of the poet utters the speech that makes up the whole of the poem, in a specific situation at a critical moment. This person addresses and interacts with other people and we know of his presence, as well as what they say and do, only from the clues in the discourse of the single speaker. In his “My Last Duchess” the Duke is negotiating with an emissary for a second marriage, and the reader can know the speaker’s cruel character and intentions. In his “Andrea Del Sarto,” though Andrea was one of the greatest painters in the Renaissance period, he was a failure as an artist because of his artistic passion and indomitable spirit. Excusing his artistic frustration, he once more tries to believe his wife’s lies.
When Yeats entered art school in Dublin in 1884, he was an enthusiastic reader of English poetry, especially Browning. Yeats was an admiring reader of Browning’s poetry, and Browning was one of the nineteenth-century forefather poets of Yeats. He explored, as Browning did, the themes of creative men divided within themselves and struggling to unify their inspirations toward love and intellect, aesthetic contemplation and heroic action.
In this process, Yeats developed the concept of masks from the other self in contrast to the natural self perceiving a man as the conflicting existence between subjectivity and objectivity. In his doctrine of mask, Yeats provided a formal aesthetic for the poet’s need to speak dramatically through the masks of other personalities; Browning had long practised dramatic poetry in principle in which he donned the masks of personalities totally unlike his own. Browning tended to hide his interests behind the masks of his characters, whereas Yeats more openly voiced a variety of mystical and antithetical thoughts.
Yeats happened to find an occasional, almost incidental similarity of language and a shared attitude toward the sources of poetic inspiration with Browning’s. By 1929, when he was sixty-four years old, rewriting and revising his poetry with an eye to a collected edition, he announced that he would be turned from Browning. Yeats was an appreciative reader of the older poet, but the great achievement of Yeats’s poetry transformed and transcended the influence of Browning.
When a person meets someone new they try to recognize their human nature, whether it be how they act, speak, or train of thought. In Gulliver’s Travels, a fresh, astonishing […]
In ‘Death be not proud’ (Divine Sonnet X), Donne turns his rhetorical skills on his greatest poetic adversary – death itself. “Divine Sonnet X” by John Donne is one of […]
By writing Mansfield park to be a real-life foil to Elizabeth Inchbald’s interpretation of August Von Kotzebue’s Lovers’ Vows, Jane Austen re-inverts Kotzebue’s subversive moral standard and creates a work […]
The importance of deception in courtships during the early nineteenth century cannot be understated. This was a time in which all affection was hidden for the purpose of public decency, […]
Jane Austen’s 1814 novel Mansfield Park begins and ends with the topic of marriage. In this regard it seems to fit into the genre of the courtship novel, a form […]
Long regarded as fundamental documents that laid democratic ideals of rights and liberty in Britain and United States, Magna Carta and Declaration of Independence enjoyed high reputation in both countries. […]
In this book author Dan Jones writes about the history and origins of the Magna Carta and how it came to be. He starts his story roughly 60 years before […]
The Magna Carta was one of the first documents that kept power in check between a single authoritarian figure and the soon to be called bureaucrats of the land in […]
The poem ‘I wandered lonely as the cloud’ tells of a man who found an element of succour for his lone moments, in daffodils dancing to the tune of waves. […]
Even though two poets were not contemporaries, it is very interesting that they show some similarities in poetic skills and subjects. Unlike Romantics revealing a poet’s subjective feeling directly in […]