Survival – a Theme in “Lord of the Flies
Survival is a theme in Lord of the Files because of the way that it changes the humanity in the boys and because survival is the most important factor of survival. In the begining the boys were worried about surviving, finding out where they were. Signal fire was started, and the boys tried their best to keep it running. In the end, the boys had to fight for survival against Jack’s tribe, eventually survivors would rescue the boys who were left.
The boys followed the Hyerarchy of Needs, beggining with things like shelter and water, they eventually develop their own government, electing Ralph as leader. Ralph seemed to be more aware of the fact they had to keep themselves alive, worried more about keeping the fire going and having basic needs of survival. They created a hunting party to kill pigs and get meat. They also gathered fruit. They built huts for shelter.
Jack cared more about hunting and messing around, never worried about the problem at hand. He wanted power over the boys and didn’t care much about survival. Jack was the first to lose his humanity as his savage nature took over.. The signal fire was a huge symbol for survival in the Lord of the Flies, which was the only way for them to be noticed for rescue, to cook food, and stay warm.
Peggy kept Ralph in line and helped him keep his focus on getting rescued instead of giving himself over to the beast. Peggy symbolized order on the island. Peggy’s specs lit the fire that allowed the boys to be rescued and survive. The fire was necessary in their survival because it allowed thr officer to find them. They lost their identities as their survival instincts took over. The order they established on the island fell apart when the beast became a reality. The boys went to extreme measures to survive.
The conch symbolized authority and government. Ralph and Peggy respected the conch and taught it was necessary in survival. In the beginning the conch helped them create rules to help them survive. The idea of having to keep themselves alive eventually pushed the boys to the savage ways towards the end of the novel. The term „Survival of the Fittest” really played a role, as the boys had to fight to stay alive after the fighting behind the two tribes broke out.
At the end of the story, survival and rescue came for the remaining boys. Survival made itself evident throughout the whole novel, whether it be in a good or bad way.
Chapter Summary And Analysis Of Lord Of The Flies By William Golding
The Sound Of The Shell
Awareness Drawn in the Group
Lord of the Flies opens with Ralph encountering Piggy. Their conversation provides the background of the situation they are in: A group of boys was being evacuated to an unnamed destination during a nuclear war. Their plane had crashed and dragged out to sea, leaving the boys stranded on the exotic island. It’s likely that no one knows the boys are because of an atom bomb’s explosion.
Ralph actually seems delighted to be on a tropical island without adults, however Piggy is less pleased. The two boys made their way to the beach out of the jungle. On the beach, Ralph investigates a pink granite platform overlooking a long pool that had formed in the beach. Later on, after a short swim he spies a conch shell and thinks to use it to summon any other survivors on the beach. Soon, after Piggy urges him to use it, boys between ages 6 and 12 come running out the jungle onto the beach near them. Afterwards, the boys discuss about the situation and to vote on a chief, choosing Ralph over Jack. Ralph suggests then that Jack remains in charge of his group of choirboys classifying them to be hunters. Ralph decides to forms a search party, reaching out for help and to get rescued from the island. Jack, Simon along with him to discover the island to be uninhabited. They enjoy their haunt into the wild, being exhilarated with adventure and the new friendship between them. On their return, they encounter a piglet trapped in jungle vines, testing Jack’s hunting skills and nerve. Jack pulls out his knife he possessed but hesitates, and the pig gets away; he promises fiercely that next time he will cooperate.
Fire on the Mountain
Later afternoon after the three boys return, Ralph blows the conch to call the other boys to assemble while they had to describe the results of the exploration. Jack interrupts immediately to elaborate on the importance of an army for hunting pigs. So that only one person will speak at a time in the group, Ralph demands for a conch rule: Only the boy holding the conch can speak, and only Ralph can interrupt the one who holds the conch. First, Piggy takes the conch so he can make the point that they are still undiscovered and that they could be on the island for quite a while. At this point, the group of littlest boys started to describe the “beastie” they saw in the woods the night before while the older boys quickly assured the little ones that there is no beastie. Ralph guarantees that they will definitely be rescued, mentioning that they’ll need to attract passing ships using fire. Quickly, Jack takes over the group, leading the group up the mountain to create a fire. Ralph had attempted to maintain them organized and in good order, but everyone had rushed after Jack so he followed up.
Using Piggy’s glasses, the boys started a fire after finding a huge patch of dead wood on the mountaintop. Then, Jack tells his hunters to signal with the fire. Suddenly, in the midst of a complaint that no one will let him talk, Piggy sees that they’ve started a forest fire. Piggy, scolds the boys realizing they had started a forest fire and for the lack of thinking ahead that they could have built shelters. I believe that apart from the boys themselves the signal fire and the “beastie” could carry symbolic meanings. The signal fire is like the boys maintaining their ties with civilization: as long as the fire burns, they retain hope that they will get rescued, but they begin to lose interest in fire after becoming increasingly obsessed with killing or receiving power.
Huts on the Beach
Shelter on the Seashore
Alone on a pig hunt, Jack had learned some tracking techniques yet was frustrated that he may not catch one again. Jack then returns from the jungle, and goes to Simon and Jack’s area where they were working on building shelters. Although, all the boys have agreed to help and build shelters, only Simon had put in effort along with Ralph. Ralph emphasized the need for shelters while Jack insists that he takes the other boys in need of meat. In addition, a new side of Simon had been revealed in this chapter. He possessed a secret hideout in the jungle formed by vines, trees and some boulders resembling some sort of hut. After helping Ralph with the shelters all day he snuck to his place, making sure he wasn’t seen or followed.
Painted Faces and Long Hair
The chapter opens up with the progression of the island throughout the days and the boys playing together. Jack gathers the hunters to reveal his new strategy for hunting by using charcoal and clay to camouflage their faces. Later on, Jack assigns Samneric who was on fire duty to join in a hunt along with the hunters. Ralph had spotted a ship in the distance and supposed that the crew on the ship might spy the smoke signal. In fact, Simon points out that there is no smoke because the fire had gone out and left unattended; he races with Ralph and Piggy tagging along up to the mountain’s top. Where in fact, by the time all three had reached the fire site, the ship had gone out of sight. Meanwhile, Jack and his hunters are proud marching towards them with a carcass of a pig. Ralph addresses the anger about the fire left unsupervised to Jack who apologizes. While they eat the pig, tension eases and the boys reenact the kill with a dance of celebration then get called by Ralph to assembly.
Beast from Water
Creature at the Sea
Ralph had called everybody to attend the assembly as reminder of the agreement they had to observe sanitation measures, building shelters, gather fresh water and to keep the fire going. Still, many of the younger boys were overwhelmed with the night coming and brought up the beastie; Ralph puts it to the side again saying if there was a beast on the island he would have seen it during hunting trips. Furthermore, one of the little ones proceeds to describe a large creature he saw in the jungle yet Simon reveals that it was him, going to his special hideout. Before falling asleep, Percival expresses the beast could arise from the sea, while Simon attempts to explain that something in the nature or the boys themselves could be their actual fear. Regardless of the explanation, it had come out unsuccessful advancing to speaking about ghosts and who believes in them. Rebelling against Ralph’s authority, Jack leads the boys to the beach for a tribal dance. Ralph had remain on the platform with Piggy and Simon urging for everyone to return, but hesitating not moving with confidence trampled. Suddenly, the three boys get startled by a mysterious cry as Percival awakes alone in the dark.
Beast from Air
Figure Through the Wind
After the assembly the boys set themselves to sleep while an aerial battle was taking place above them. A casualty from the duel floats down to the island on his parachute. Samneric, who was supervising the fire on the mountain, caught a glimpse of the body’s actions and the parachute inflating by the breeze. The group then dashed in panic to Ralph exaggerating their observations out of fear. At dawn, Ralph calls the boys up for another assembly, where they had decided to investigate a part of the island unexplored: a castle-like rock formation at one end. Ralph and the others go to the castle while Piggy remains to watch over the little ones. Bravely, Ralph takes the lead going first by himself, followed by Jack a few minutes after. After they initiate that there is no beast, the other boys quickly join them in the castle earning to play. Once more, Ralph announces that they need to all check up on the fire while they resists, yet he forces the topic and Jack leads the way up to the fire site.
Shadows and Tall Trees
On their way to the mountain, Ralph catches a boar with his spear while Jack got slightly wounded on the hunt. Urging the all the boys on their way back, Ralph realizes the difficult path before them. Simon then had volunteered to cross the island alone to inform Piggy the others won’t be home after the night falls. By the time they reach the bottom of the mountain, it had already got dark but Jack, Ralph and Roger volunteered to continue the search for the beast while the rest of the boys return to the platform. Once they have reached the burnt patch, Ralph who was tired of Jack mocking, had challenged Jack to go on forward by himself; he later on returns from the mountaintop terrified. Roger and Ralph investigate also and become as equally terrified once they caught glimpse of the beast: the deceased paratrooper appeared to be a living creature similar to an ape that seemed to look at them when the breeze catches his parachute. In the end, the boys flee through the dark to the platform in horror.
Gift for the Darkness
Being provoked, Jack got infuriated by Ralph telling Piggy that even Jack would hide if the beat would attack them. With most mutiny, Jack tries to convince the other boys to impeach Ralph. Sometime later, Jack announces his courage and runs off in the forest after the boys refuse to vote against Ralph. Simon suggests that they all go check what’s up on the mountain yet everyone object. Once Jack leaves, Piggy proclaims wanting them to build a fire signal on the beach once again so they shouldn’t have to go up the mountain. While everyone proceeds to gather wood, most of the older boys crept away with Jack, and Simon disappears going to his hidden spot to rest.
Meanwhile, Jack had caught another pig and had tended its head on a stick as offer to the beast, coincidentally in sight to Simon’s concealed spot. Shortly afterwards, Simon loses his conscious while hallucinating that the head was talking to him. Jack had stolen some burning branches that were on the beach’s fire for a roast; also inviting Ralph’s tribe as a bribe to join his.
Ralph tries to rally his group to his side but loses his train of thought when he tries to remember the importance of being rescued, causing them to doubt him briefly.
A View to a Death
Predicting a Passing
Simon awakens from his blackout and goes up to the mountain to the beast spot during the unrolling storm on the island. He encounters the body of the paratrooper and investigates it realizes what it could actually be. From his location, he saw the other boys at Jack’s fire camp so he made his way to tell them about the news. Out of curiosity and hunger, more of the older boys from Ralph’s camp head to Jack’s camp; they ate and then Jack asks if they’d like to join his group or remain with Ralph’s. Ralph hopes for the boys to remain as his group, reminding them of the election their first day, however Jack has a bigger bond with them playing the role of a tribal chief. Some time passing, Jack orders a dance in response to the storm that had spread out over the party. Abruptly, Simon comes out of the forest and into the core of the dance circle they had made, trying to explain the real identity of the beast on the mountain’s top. The group being uncontrolled and caught up in dancing, weren’t table to hear Simon and at the moment had turned on his as if he was the beast and murdered him. Afterwards, the boys back off as the rain continued to grow, leaving Simon’s figure on the beach while a tide carried it away. That same night, the storm had filled the dead soldier’s parachute and lifted him up and across the island to the sea, while the boys scattered screaming in horror.
Simon had understood the nature of evil that was on the island yet as written above, he wasn’t able to share his revelation with the boys not being ready to understand or accept it and the murder. They had been living a behavior of the beast’s actions while they had believed themselves to be some type of painted savages; Jack’s idea of fun–and the true beast’s as well.
The Shell and the Glasses
The upcoming morning, Ralph had observed that the only boys left in his camp were some of the little ones and Piggy along with Samneric. Thinking more clearly, he realizes and points out to Piggy that they had murdered Simon. Piggy doesn’t want Samneric to know that he and Ralph had somewhat been involved in the murderous dance and refuses to use the term “murder”. Jack goes berserk, acting more barbarous, as example having one boy being tied up and beaten up once he had gotten angered. Also, he follows up to convince his followers that they had killed the beast the previous night, and that now they should raid on Ralph’s camp to get fire for another pig feast. Jack elaborates that the beast had come to them disguised in huge denial to them killing anyone former to the group. Moreover, the boys and Ralph decide rather than collecting more branches in the dark, to let the fire die down. Jack’s group goes ahead and attacks Ralph’s group and steals Piggy’s glasses, being unable to steal burning branches.
Palace in Woodland
Piggy urges that they have an assembly where they decide to appropriately ask for his glasses back as for the importance of making the fire signal also. Observing the other boys, Samneric expresses his fear of interacting with them, seeing they have completely developed in to savages. Surfaces from the forest after hunting, Jack commands Ralph to go back to his part of the island. Jack’s boys shortly threaten Ralph with their spears after labeling Jack as a thief for stealing Piggy’s glasses. Uncontrollably, the savages laugh at Ralph and his idea of having need of signal fire. Picking a fist fight with Ralph again, Jack also gives orders to his tribe to tie Samneric. Once more, Piggy interrupts prompting to have a speech while holding the conch. Piggy began speaking about the boys becoming savages; Piggy comes to sight with a boulder sent his way by Roger, which then had knocked him off the cliff and to his death on the rocks below, carried away by a wave. Samneric remains tied up while Roger prepared to torture him, while Jack had exclaimed with victory throwing a spear at Ralph which had bounced off but had wounded him before he fled for his life.
Cry of the Hunters
In summary, the tribe was inside Castle Rock feasting while Ralph had made his way to the platform. Once arrived, Ralph thinks about going to Jack’s end of island to reason again not wanting to spend the night alone in the shelter. On his way, he encounters the pig’s skull that had exchanged words with Simon, which he then knocks down and takes its stake as a weapon. Ralph spots Samneric, who was on watch after being forced to join the tribe. Cautiously, he attempts to speak to them and gain back some trust; they gave him some meat to eat and told him about the plans for a manhunt the upcoming day, yet someone had heard them talking and they got punished. Afterwards, Ralph discovers a dense thicket to rest for the night which had gotten betrayed by Samneric in the morning. The tribe then rolled boulders into it and set it on fire not being able to reach him in it. Ralph then rapidly goes off on the run, while being followed by them who are communicating with an ‘ululating cry’. While Ralph was still on the run, he had spotted another thicket but was immediately discovered there too. The fire from the savages had spread across the whole island while he still had to outrun them. Finally, he encounters a newly arrived British naval officer that had been attracted by the smoke from the island’s humongous fire. In the end, Ralph sobs at everything he had lost, while being rescued and taken on the ship off the island.
Lord of the Flies by Golding : the Light in the Dark
The Light in the Dark
In the midst of darkness, there is light. Light is often used as a symbol for purity and divinity. The evil of human nature often exposes the inner darkness that lies within people. Those who do not let their human nature take over are the light that strays away from the darkness. This becomes clear in Lord of the Flies. A plane crash leaves a group of boys stranded on an island. As time passes they become progressively more barbaric and turn into savages, except for one boy named Simon. In the last four paragraphs of the chapter entitled “A View to Death” in Lord of the Flies, Golding uses an abundance of light imagery in his descriptions of the sky and water, of the creatures, and of Simon himself in order to suggest the apotheosis of Simon.
The light imagery used in the sky and water glorified Simon. Golding emphasizes the skies description to show Simon’s character. He talks about how “the sky was scattered” with the “incredible lamp of stars”. The clearing of the sky to show the bright stars implies Simon’s significance. He is only one who recognizes the true beasts on the island. Golding uses the “lamp of stars” to signify Simon’s apotheosis because gods are often looked upon as bright and holy. He does this to highlight Simon’s innate goodness. Golding uses the water that surrounds Simon’s body to convey a holy image. The “streak of phosphorescence” and “the great tide flowed”. The phosphorescence provides more light to the scene while the tide represents the cleansing of Simon from his sins to prepare him for ascension. Golding symbolizes the water as a separation of Simon and the savages on the island. Simon is calm and orderly unlike them. The author shows the transition of the sky to contrast the chaos of the killing. As the “rain ceased” the “clouds drifted away”. The drifting of the clouds clears up the sky, indicating calm and peacefulness. This represents the transition from darkness the savages ushered upon the island to Simon’s tranquil ascension. This transition puts emphasis on Simon’s goodness against the opposing evilness. Golding uses the planets above to represent Simon’s ascension. “Over the darkened curve of the world the sun and moon were pulling”. The earth’s gravity pulls the moon and the Sun’s gravity pulls the Earth. This illustrates Simon’s body being pulled to a greater place, namely heaven. The environment, particularly the sky and water, portrayed by light imagery indicates Simon’s innocence.
The creatures and Simon’s body also signify his apotheosis. Golding depicts the bright creatures surround Simon to glorify his body. The “creatures busied themselves round his head”. The creatures convey an image of a halo. Halos generally surround godly or enlightened beings. Golding uses the image of a halo to show how Simon has qualities of enlightened beings as he is the only pure and holy one on the island. The author also uses Simon’s body to parallel him to Christ. His body “laid huddled on the pale beach”. Golding does not specify how he laid but could be interpreted similarly to Jesus’s death. Showing the similar qualities between the two, Simon represents the Christ figure in the story. He finds food for the boys and died while trying to spread the truth. Golding then beautifies Simon’s body to highlight his significance. Nature dressed Simon’s “coarse hair with brightness” and the “line of his cheek silvered”. The silver and brightness add further radiance to Simon. Nature can often be harsh and unyielding as portrayed in the other parts of the book; but in this scene, nature seems to be accepting Simon. This presents Simon as a unique person since he is the only character to present natural goodness. Golding also depicts Simon’s body disappearing out to the sea to show the loss of goodness. Simon’s “dead body moved out toward the open sea”. As Simon’s body floats away, so does the light on the island. This is significant because, without the light, the boys will quickly plunge the island into darkness. Through the image of the creatures and the portrayal of his body, Simon is created as a holy and blissful character.
Golding describes many aspects of the environment such as the sky, the water, the creatures, and Simon’s body using light imagery while indicating Simon’s apotheosis. The purity and goodness of humanity can easily be taken over. While the boys lose their humanity, Simon remains unchanged. Simon is deified repeatedly throughout the chapter, showing that he stands out from the others due to his good qualities.
The Theme of Savagery Versus Civilisation in the Lord of the Flies by William Golding
The Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a novel in which the theme of savagery versus civilisation is explored. Some British boys are stranded on an isolated island at the time of an imaginary nuclear war. On the island we see conflict between two main characters, Jack and Ralph, who respectively represent civilisation and savagery. This has an effect on the rest of the boys throughout the novel as they delve further and further into savagery.
The theme of savagery versus civilisation is first introduced to us through the symbol of the conch shell which we associate with Ralph as he is the person who first uses it and becomes the elected leader of the boys. This symbolises authority amongst the boys. At the first assembly Ralph says “I’ll give the conch to the next person to speak…he won’t be interrupted”. This suggests civilisation as Ralph is allowing each boy to have an equal say and opinion. If they have the conch, no matter who they are or what age they are they will be given the chance to speak and will be listened to by the rest of the boys. The boys have created the island to be a democratic place which shows a civilised side to them as they try to mimic the homes they have just left.
Contrasting with the symbol of the conch is the symbol of the beast which comes to be associated with Jack as by the end of the novel he is almost devil worshipping it. The beast begins as a “snake thing” but by the end of the novel it has become “the Lord of the Flies”. The first quote shows us that the beast is clearly evil. Western society considers snakes to be bad omens because it was a snake that led Eve to eat from the tree of knowledge. However at this stage of the novel the beast is quite insubstantial as it is only a “thing”. As the boys fear of the beast grows so to does the beast itself until it has manifested into the devil – the ultimate and most powerful evil. He has a strong status as a Lord although it is over something pretty disgusting – the flies. The boys belief in the beast leads them to behave more like savages as they act out from their fear and they begin to loose hold of the rules, led by Jack, thus demonstrating the theme of savagery.
One of ways Golding shows conflict between savagery and civilisation is when Jack and some of the other boys are killing the first pig. Jack chants “kill the pig, cut her throat, spill the blood”. This suggests savagery as the boys are being violent and aggressive when killing the pig and they don’t care about it. This is particularly clear through Golding’s word choice. Jack talks about cutting the pig’s throat which makes it sound like a savage action and spilling her blood which reinforces the lack of care and feeling shown towards the pug’s carcass. This shows that the boys are no longer feeling guilty about what they have done thus showing them becoming savages.
We can see the conflict between savagery and civilisation developing further when Piggy’s glasses are broken. We are told “Piggy cried out in terror ‘my specs!” This shows us that the boys savage natures are beginning to overule their more civilised sides. At the start of the book Jack would never have dared touch Piggy, but here he actually snaps and goes for Piggy who he despises. We can tell that Piggy is really scared as Golding chooses the words “cried” and “terror” to describe the scene. Piggy sounds like he is hurting and is genuinely terrified about what Jack might do to him and the loss of his sight. Piggy’s glasses have also come to represent intelligence on the island, with them breaking we see that the pathway to savagery is now completely open for the boys. This is the first true piece of violence between the two factions on the island and it will result in nearly all the boys becoming savages.
A final way in which we see the theme of savagery versus civilisation being demonstrated is when Ralph sticks up for Piggy after he is attacked by Jack. Ralph says “that was a dirty trick”. This shows that Ralph is really angry at Jack for what he said and did to Piggy. He is still attempting to impose himself as leader here as he says this in an aggressive and assertive tone. This suggests there is still some glimmers of civilisation on the island at this point as there is still someone with a sense of moral goodness ready to fight for justice.
The Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a novel in which the theme of savagery versus civilisation is shown. Ralph represents civilisation as he wants to enforce rules and let everyone have an equal say. Whereas Jack who represents savagery as he rules over the boys and he is not interested in what they have to say. Through the boys actions Golding shows us that we need rules and to consciously impose them to make sure society functions properly.
Analysis of the Lord of the Flies by William Golding
In Lord of the Flies by William Golding, adolescence is shown as a time of confusion and horror. The actions of the boys stranded on the island consistently correspond with their fear and or confusion towards the unknown things thought to be lurking on the island.
The way the boys act towards each other is a representation of their fear. They acted as if “They were savages, it was true, but they were human” (Golding 169). When Simon came back from the clearing , the boys, blinded by their fear, proceeded to beat him to death. It is said that during childhood, kids are the most innocent of all ages. So when the boys, who are no older than twelve, carry out actions such as this, one may wonder at what age we are exposed to such darkness and if being pulled out of an everyday society such as the characters were, changes our depiction of what is right, what is far from it and who says which is which.
Jack let fear be the guide in every situation he faced from the moment Ralph named him leader of the hunters on. When Jack went hunting, he put on “the mask”, “the mask was a thing on its own, behind which Jack hid, liberated from shame and self-consciousness” (Golding 80). Pride and fear are two dangerous things for a human being to feel and Jack felt them both at the same time and eventually loses his mind. As Jack lost hope, he gained fear and slowly began to stop listening to the directions of Ralph. But when he and his hunters caught their first pig, he swelled up with pride. When these two emotions mixed is when the trouble truly started. He disregarded one of the most crucial jobs of all, making sure the fire stayed lit at the top of the mountain.
The “signal fire” is a representation of Ralph’s leadership. When the fire gets out of control, so do everyone else. When the fire is forgotten about or dismissed, so are Ralph’s rules and wishes. Ralph was intent on keeping order and reminds the other boys that, “We’ve got to have rules and obey them. After all, we’re not savages” (Golding 40). Ralph’s attempts to have everyone remain civilized dwindle as the novel progresses due to the sheer fear of not being saved.
The growth of all characters were results of fear and adaptation. Void of all routine forms of society, adaptation was a must. All the boys adapted one of two ways, they became ruthless and let their evil emerge like Jack, or they stuck to the humanity that was left in them like Ralph.
The Issue of Fear in the Lord of the Flies by William Golding
Fear, crucial for the survival of the human race, it has always been engraved in everyone from birth and used until death. In the novel The Lord of the Flies, the boys on the island are massively affected by fear, as it manipulates their decisions and their way of thinking. William Golding hints to fear as the most dangerous and destructive force on the island and supports this by Jack’s fear of losing power results in his manipulative nature, Ralph’s fear of the unknown that leads to his downfall and Piggy’s fear of death which leads to the destruction of society. In the novel the Lord of the Flies, William Golding uses fear on the island to display the true destructive nature of fear towards their reaction through Jack’s hunger for power, Ralph’s fear of the unknown and Piggy’s fear for his own survival.
Jack is one of the main characters in the Lord of the Flies. He is also one of the characters that is most influenced by fear. Jack is the most power hungry boy on the island in the Lord of the Flies. Firstly, Jack has a fear of losing control over the boys on the island. Jacks sees how the boys on the island are slowly leaving him over for Ralph. Jack scares the boys on the island with the mystical and bloodthirsty beast and frames Ralph as he has no plans to deal with the mysterious Beast “‘Quiet!’ shouted Jack. ‘You, listen. The beast is sitting up there, whatever it is–‘ ‘Perhaps it’s waiting–‘ ‘Hunting–‘ ‘Yes, hunting.’ ‘Hunting,’ said Jack … ‘I’ve got the conch. Ralph thinks you’re cowards, running away from the boar and the beast. And that’s not all.’” (Golding 138). Jack uses the Beast to make the boys conform under his will, he also makes it seems that the carnivorous and mystical Beast would get them sooner or later and there’s no point in running away from the Beast. Lastly, Jack is afraid of opposition to his power. He burns down the entire island just to remove his one and single opposition Ralph. “They’re going to hunt you to-morrow!’ … They had smoke him out and set the island on fire” (Golding 209, 219). Fear got the best of Jack in the final chapter of the Lord of the Flies. It shows the extent of what Jack would do because of his fears. Jack, although power-hungry, uses fear as his main driving factor throughout the novel.
Secondly, Piggy is one of the most frightened boy on the island, he always seems to worry about something at any given time in Lord of the Flies. Piggy’s worries for his own survival drives him throughout the Lord of the Flies. Piggy loves his glasses, it is his only way of seeing clearly and the only means of survival. Piggy has a fear of not seeing clearly especially in an island filled with savages, his fear of not seeing clearly leads to his demise and the destruction of the conch. “‘I know. They didn’t come for the conch. They came for something else. Ralph – what am I going to do?’ … From his left hand dangled Piggy’s broken glasses. … ‘…I want my glasses’. The rock struck Piggy a glancing blow from chin to knee; the conch exploded into a thousand white fragments and ceased to exist” (Golding 186, 189, 200). Piggy’s fear of not seeing clearly inevitably became the catalyst for the destruction of the island. Piggy’s self-centered views on survival on the island show how fear will lead to destruction. After the conch ends up in oblivion, the savages and Ralph lost the idea of civilization and society. Finally, Piggy’s last fear is his fear of being a savage. Piggy has always a strong stand on keeping himself civilized and survival even on an island isolated from the outside world. This fear results in a barrier between Piggy and the other boys on the island. Piggy wants to look clean and civilized towards the savages “What are we? Humans? Or animals? Or savages? … ‘ … washed and hair brushed–after all we aren’t savages really and being rescued isn’t a game–’” (Golding 98, 189) Piggy always fears savagery, he tries his best to stay away from savagery he puts savagery lower than animals and Piggy’s barrier to reach the other boys resulted in a separation with the civilized boys and the savages. Piggy although being one of the smartest but yet frightened boy on the island has some fears that result in the separation of the boys on the island and the destruction of society.
Finally, Ralph, the leader of the boys has some crucial fears that the helps with the survival of the boys on the island. Ralph is the leader of the boys for the most of the novel, Ralph is utterly scared of the unknown, his fear ultimately leads to his downfall. Ralph’s biggest fear on the island is the fear of not getting rescued. This fear results in his obsession with the signal fire. Ralph’s obsession with the signal fire leads to a heated argument between Jack and Ralph which ultimately divides them apart and made them both rivals throughout the novel. Ralph is upset that Jack let the fire out and let a ship pass by. “You and your blood, Jack Merridew! You and your hunting! We might have gone home–’ … ‘I was chief, and you were going to do what I said. You talk. But you can’t even build huts–then you go off hunting and let out the fire–’ … Jack went very red as he hacked and pulled at the pig. Jack stood up as he said this, the bloodied knife in his hand. … The two boys faced each other” (Golding 74, 75). Ralph’s obsession leads to the downfall of Jack, Jack’s hatred towards Ralph grows throughout the novel and Ralph’s obsession with the fire stayed the same. The uncertainty of being rescued has always been brought up by Ralph multiple times throughout the book, Ralph with the idea of his father in the navy has some insecurities about getting stuck on the island. Ralph’s leadership skills and fear of not being rescued was his greatest downfall. Ralph was also utterly scared of this carnivorous beast. Ralph was venturing up the hill to find the mythical beast with Jack and Roger. “In front of them, only three or four yards away, was a rock-like hump where no rock should be. Ralph could hear a tiny chattering noise coming from somewhere– perhaps from his own mouth. He bound himself together with his will, fused his fear and loathing into a hatred, and stood up. He took two leaden steps forward”. (Golding 135) William Golding describes Ralph’s fear towards the beast as a combination of fear and hatred, William Golding uses this exact combination of emotion to show the dangers of combining these two together. Fear and hatred is a vital emotion throughout the novel Lord of the Flies. Ralph although a valiant leader relies on emotions that would make him an inconsistent leader which leads to the downfall of Ralph and all the other characters in the Lord of the Flies.
William Golding shows that Jack’s devious fears, Ralph’s apprehensions, and Piggy’s self-centered nature demonstrates the controlling and harmful nature of fear. Jack demonstrates the destructive powers of fear on the island by setting the entire island on fire. Secondly, Piggy’s selfish fears display the destruction it can cause to others around him and finally, Ralph’s fear of the unknown leads to clashing ideas and hatred to take over him and led with emotion that ends up becoming his undoing and ultimately leads to the island covered with fire. Fear although natural to the human race will always be perceived differently by different people.
Boys’ Behavior in the Lord of the Flies by William Golding
Having parents that are strict on you could be a good or a bad thing.When it comes to you not being around them it shows how you’d act if they weren’t around. In the Lord of the Flies by William Golding, the boys behavior is affected by the way they were raised.reasoning, Piggy’s aunt led him to being proper, Ralph’s dad is a commander in the navy, and Jack likely had a poor relationship with his parents.
For Piggy growing up with a proper and respectful surrounding it would be good for him to be alone because he would know how to act with no parents around. Knowing that there are no girls on the island and Piggy lived with his aunt he’d be the only female voice of the group. Piggy likes to be Ralph’s advisor knowing that he cannot lead the group on himself. Piggy believes that holding the couch gives him the right to be heard. Piggy also likes to keep life scientific.
Ralph represents leadership and a decency of intelligence. Shows obvious common since. Ralph is the one who makes the meeting place, the fire, and the huts. Ralph was the only elected leader for the boys.Ralph starts to lose his power of organized such as when he struggles to make an agenda for a meeting. Ralph was the only one to realize that Simon’s death was a murder. Since his dad was a commander in the navy Ralph will know all these things because he gets it from a father figure.
For Jack, Jack gave a evil and violent type of character based on the fact that he had a dark side in survival. Jack came with a mindset that he would control eachand one of the boys and run them over when quite frankly he didn’t. He wanted to make rules and punish people who didn’t want to follow them even tho eventually he starts breaking his own rules he creates. Jack wants to rule the group other than just working with Ralph then being against Ralph. Jack doesn’t even follow the conch rule, but uses it in advantage when he has the power to do so. Jack wasn’t really good with his parents he got sent to military school and wasn’t really doing so great.
All in all, when you are raised correctly or mutually you will conquer a lot in life. When you choose to not listen to what your parents tell you or make you do it can reach based on how you perform in public. If your parents are strict on you it’s better for you because when your not around them it will show what they meant to you when they told you to do this or that. Could even be when adults, adults parent just how they are raised or though to do so. This is how you would know if kids and or adults react in certain situations.
Bounce’s Car: A Symbol of Freedom Lost and Gained
In William Golding’s “The Pyramid”, the idea of freedom, both lost and gained, is encapsulated in the symbol of Bounce’s car. Oliver is part of the events involving the car but is only a spectator, not fully understanding the manipulation that occurs. The car is a tool used to gain control, both sexually and emotionally, and is also a symbol of the freedom lost and gained by society as a whole. The piece of technology ultimately overtakes the town as Oliver’s love of music is overtaken by his father’s urgings to pursue chemistry. Ultimately, the car is only a decoration, a memorial to the freedom that it took and gave as it sits in a garage after Bounce dies.
The book opens as Evie rudely interrupts Oliver’s dreaming of Imogen by asking him to help get Bounce’s car out of a pond where Robert Ewan had crashed it while he and Evie were having sex. From the beginning of the novel, the vehicle is presented as a dirty get-away car, used for lewd, lustful acts carried out in the dark of night. The driver, Robert Ewan, is a spoiled, pretentious man who refers to Evie as “young Babbacombe” and is rude to Oliver. A doctor’s son, he is quite high in the Stillbourne social hierarchy and would not be seen as an acceptable match for Evie, the town crier’s daughter. He escapes the confines of his position by using Bounce’s car to disguise himself in the town. Oliver realizes this, thinking “I understood that the son of Dr. Ewan couldn’t take the daughter of Sergeant Babbacombe to dance in his father’s car. Didn’t have to think. Understood by nature” (9). However, as the car slides into the pond Robert loses this freedom because he requires Oliver’s help, someone he looks down on.
Oliver feels this incident is a victory over the boy he loathed. He expresses jealous contempt for Robert’s boarding school, college promotion and red motorbike, and recounts how Robert referred to him as his servant when they were younger because Oliver’s father worked in Robert’s father’s office. Using simply common sense, Oliver is able to do what Robert cannot and feels a certain sense of self confidence. Unfortunately, he realizes that with this event, “something had not ended. Something had begun” (12), possibly referring to the lust for Evie that was beginning to creep into him. For his favour to Evie, Oliver expected something in return, which turned into an obsession that he could not escape as he preyed upon her until he got the gratification he was seeking.
Evie expected to gain freedom from her father’s wrath as she enticed Oliver to help move the car, but instead found herself entrapped in physical lust. Like Robert, she finds freedom from social standards and expectations in Bounce’s car, but the night the car ends up in the pond, loses her cross necklace and begins to fear the consequences of her actions. Oliver comes to her rescue by locating the necklace and returning it to her. The car is a tool for sexual gain in the first scene, offering freedom from social standards for Robert and Evie, and giving Oliver an opportunity to become sexually involved with her. At the same time, the car is also used to show the loss of freedom that occurs as a result of this manipulation, as Robert must request outside help from a man he deems lower than himself.
Later on in the novel, Oliver has a flashback upon seeing the car in Henry’s garage many years after the pond incident. Through Oliver’s reminiscing, the car’s role as symbol of the loss and gain of freedom is seen in Henry’s emotional manipulation of Bounce. As Oliver walks through Henry’s new garage, he sees Bounce’s two-seater, gleaming like a trophy in pristine condition. Oliver is taken back to the first day he came in contact with Henry and how Henry convinced Bounce to buy a car, offering to keep his eye out for a good price and to teach her how to drive. Henry shared Bounce’s love of music and used this common interest to gain her trust. She, despite her father’s staunch disapproval, follows Henry’s suggestion and buys a car that she and Henry drive together.
Oliver noticed a change in Bounce as she escapes the dark, isolated music room and continues driving with Henry. However, this freedom is conditional upon Henry, who single-handedly cares for the car and teaches Bounce to drive it. The limitation is evident when Bounce went out to start the car and it stalled, forcing her to wait for Henry to come and fix it for her. Nonetheless, Oliver notices that “possession of a car seemed to make Bounce herself more amiable” (153). In referring to Henry refusing monetary payments for his service to Bounce, Oliver’s mother compares him to, “a sprat to catch a mackerel” (151), implying Henry will eventually manipulate Bounce for later. Oliver’s mother proves correct when Henry eventually moves into Bounce’s house with his wife and son and begins to take away the one thing that gives Bounce a sense of escapism – her music. The noise from his own cars and his “mechanical surgery” (159) begin to overtake her music lessons, and his family takes over Bounce’s house and life.
Later on, Oliver meets Bounce and finds she has crashed her car on many occasions in vain attempts to win back Henry, who eventually moved out. The car is again an object of manipulation as Bounce tries to make Henry come back to her. Instead of embracing her freedom, Bounce drives badly and eventually gets her license revoked for hurting someone. Henry continues to care or the car, but no longer gives attention to Bounce. Seeing this, she claims his actions are simply “a penance” (178).
Bounce’s car is presented directly and indirectly as a symbol of freedom being lost and gained. Usually this occurs in the form of a type of manipulation – with Robert, sexually, and with Henry, emotionally. In the grander scheme of things, Bounce’s car stands for the way industrialization reduces the gap between upper and lower classes, forcing a new way of life on the occupants of Stillbourne. This amalgamation of classes is the only way the town will be able to escape its complacency.
Henry climbs the social ladder because of his focus on cars, especially Bounce’s, and is unaware of class distinction. Oliver, like Bounce, gives into the lust of technology and buys a car, but finds a freedom and protection in it that Bounce did not. Oliver’s car was a symbol of freedom from the threat of nostalgia and heartbreak. As soon as his feet touch the ground, he feels “adolescent” (132) and as though he has nowhere to go or hide. This feeling of isolation is swept away as he sees Bounce’s car, a “familiar” (133) object which gives him a sense of comfort. He cries out that he hates Bounce because she was not content with her car and wanted more – in the same way that Evie was not content with the superficial sex she had in Bounce’s car and instead wanted love from Oliver. The book ends as Oliver realizes that if he could give in to music, to flesh, and to feet, he would be happy. But instead, he gets into his car – his protection from the standards and expectations of society, his freedom from manipulation and hurt of others – and is content.
Greed, Fear, And Savagery In The Lord Of The Flies By William Golding
Raw human characteristics are not meant to sustain for the future, therefore innate yearns should be controlled to maximize mankind’s potential to live happily.
William Golding showcases greed, savagery, and thirst for power through children in The Lord Of The Flies. Over the course of the book, children are presented with various struggles hindering them to live and maintain their society, without the enforcement of adults. Each and every one of these children bring out many of man’s flaws, eventually leading to turmoil within their society. The desires for man can consume the larger goal of happiness, life, and sustainability. Therefore failure of civilization and mankind is due to lack of self-restraint in the absence of enforcement, man’s greed for power, and fear due to the beast. Greed can take various forms in terms of power, wealth and social envy. Throughout lord of the flies, Jack is greedy for power and breaks all parameters to attain it. Golding remarks, ” “Conch! Conch!” shouted Jack. “We don’t need the conch anymore. We know who ought to say things. What good did Simon do speaking, or Bill, or Walter? It’s time some people knew they’ve got to keep quiet and leave deciding things to the rest of us. ” Jack is willing to forgo modern ruling for his own as well as all socially accepted virtues. He is self-centered and his main focus is to hunt. To achieve his goal, he does not mind rukus and turmoil under his rule. The greed of his own ambitions is tainting his rational and common sense therefore he has also forgone the conch, which symbolized civilization, therefore he is incoprehendile of the future that awaits.
Fear is known to be lethal once it succumbed to. Golding states “fear can’t hurt you any more than a dream. There aren’t any beasts to be afraid of on this island. Serve you right if something did get you, you useless lot of cry-babies!”. Fear is non-existent till the point its comes across one’s conscious. The realm of fear is merely an association to hypothetical ideas. In the realm of fear, the littluns were devoured and could not comprehend the state of matter. Later in the story, Jack and his tribe offer a sacrifice to the beast. This is in response to their fear, therefore to fall to the beast. Fear is what has driven the group downhill and is what lead to each characters personal battles with it. In the tribes case, fear overcame them so they did all they can to ease it without realising the bigger picture. Simon and Piggy have resisted the fear and had continually put forth their efforts the save the, Innate savagery is within every character in lord of the flies and it is up to their will if they are allowing the “id” to possess them.
Many actions are due to their innate savagery as children in The Lord Of The Flies are able to commit gruetesc acts that were signs of political downfall. “Kill the pig! Cut his throat! Kill the pig! Bash him in!” Jacks id is prominent in this scene and the if can be a major flaw for mankind. If too much of the id comes into reality, one loses morality and resorts to primitive behavior. Jacks chant influences the others as they start to take Jacks side near the end of the story. Each individual is given equal opportunity to steer away from a dark path but it is up to them if they are capable of doing so.
All throughout LOTF we see the fall of mankind and its greatest flaws are put forth. Greed, fear, and savagery propel the downfall of any hierarchy. Whenever a child did something wrong, was a signal of loss of innocence. Once the pattern gained enough momentum, the children were lured into madness and caused them to ruin themselves. The downfall is a result of overarching power, essentially controlling an individual’s actions.
The Theme Of Power In Kindred By Octavia Butler And Lord Of The Flies By William Golding
Royalton Ambrose once stated “Those who have true power share it, while those who hunger power abuse it.” This is clearly shown in the novels Kindred, by Octavia Butler, and Lord of the Flies, by William Golding. One of the main points portrayed by both authors is how to exert and maintain power over others. Rufus, from Kindred, and Jack, from Lord of the Flies, both use similar tactics to maintain their power over their peers. Both attempt at hiding their insecurities by hurting others and abusing the power they are given, leading them both to fail at retaining their given power.
In Lord of the Flies, written by William Golding, Jack attempts to hide his insecurities as he diminishes Ralph’s power while abusing his own. Lord of the Flies is about British schoolboys who find themselves stranded on a deserted island without adult supervision after their plane was shot down over the Pacific Ocean. The boys elect Ralph as leader, since Ralph is the oldest; the boys assume he, Ralph, must also be the wisest. However, Jack wishes to be chief as well, which leads him to gradually seize power and authority from Ralph. The author portrays Jack as a born leader and competitive individual who in reality, is actually insecure and is affected easily by others’ opinions and actions. For example, when the boys decide to have a vote to choose their leader, Jack states, with simple arrogance, “I ought to be chief, … because I’m chapter chorister and head boy. I can sing C sharp”. However, the only boys who vote for him were the choirboys, and they did so “with dreary obedience”, since they feel obligated to stay loyal to Jack. The rest of the boys vote for Ralph instead, and when this happens, “Jack’s face disappears under a blush of mortification”, so Ralph offers Jack the role to be in charge of the hunters. Clearly Jack is insecure and believes that the power should belong to him since he is “head of the choirboys” and a “natural born leader”. Due to this belief, he attempts to seize power and authority from Ralph by badmouthing him to the rest of the boys when stating, ‘He Ralph is not a hunter. He’d never have got us meat. He isn’t perfect and we don’t know anything about him. He just gives orders and expects people to obey for nothing. All this talk’. Jack constantly tries to make Ralph look like a bad chief in order to take the power away from Ralph and claim it for himself. Another way Jack attempts to gain his own authority is by abusing his power over the choirboys. In the later chapters of the novel, Jack makes himself the chief of his own tribe, which consists of all the “biguns,”except for Ralph, Samneric, and Piggy, and most of the “littluns.” Jack abuses his newly given power by using violence against Ralph’s group and even his own tribe members. He also continuously steals other people’s property for his own selfish needs. For example, when Jack is angry at Wilfred for his wrong doings, he keeps Wilfred tied up for hours as Roger beats him due to Jack’s command, and when Jack determines his crew needs to start their own fires by using Piggy’s specs, he plans a raid on Ralph’s campsite to obtain them. During that raid, Jack, Roger, and Maurice use violence: ‘hitting, biting, scratching.’ The boys do not question Jack’s decisions, and Jack uses the boys’ fear against them. Jack threatens his tribe and tortures them for all to see; because of this, the boys all following Jack and listen to his commands to avoid getting punished.
Likewise, in Kindred, by Octavia E. Butler, Rufus attempts to hide his insecurities as he abuses his slaves to maintain his authority. Kindred is about a modern black woman named Dana who is taken from her home in California and is transported to a slave plantation in the South to save her ancestor’s, Rufus, life. Throughout the novel, Rufus, just like his father, uses cruelty, threats, violence, his race, and the slaves’ fear of him to hide his insecurities and to maintain his power and authority. Once he inherited his father’s position as slave owner, Rufus begins to believe that he has been given the right to control the lives of others which leads him to become a tyrant. In the beginning of the novel, Rufus Weylin is first perceived by the author as a curious and innocent young boy with slight insecurities. However, as the book progresses, Rufus turns into an abusive tyrant; a stereotypical Southern slave owner. As he grows older, instead of getting more mature, he becomes more evil and childish: he feels as though he is entitled to anything he wants and gets frustrated when things do not go his way. Rufus also does not take personal responsibility for his actions, but instead he blames everybody else for his problems and failures: “Rufe, did you manage to rape that girl?” said Dana…“Why would you do such a thing? She used to be your friend… “When we were little, we were friends,” he Rufus said softly. “We grew up. She got so she’d rather have a buck nigger than me!”. He basically blames Alice for forcing him to rape her; he says it wouldn’t have been rape if she would have just let him. Throughout the novel, Rufus constantly misuses his power that he maintains through violence, and he causes physical and emotional pain to those around him. However, even though Rufus is mainly perceived by the author as a cruel, abusive slave owner, there are some points in the book where he is portrayed as an insecure “child”: “Say something! Talk to me!” said Rufus “Or what?” I Dana asked. “Are you going to have me beaten for not talking to you?”. The author shows Rufus as a harsh person who beats and punishes others for their wrong doings, as well as a person who is insecure and always wants someone beside him to lean on and talk with. This is also shown before Dana decides to kill him: “Abandonment. The one weapon Alice hadn’t had. Rufus didn’t seem to be afraid of dying… But he was afraid of dying alone, afraid of being deserted by the person he had depended on for so long”. The author portrays Rufus as an insecure man, afraid of abandonment, so he exerts his insecurities and the anger within him onto others using abusive methods.
Jack from Lord of the Flies and Rufus from Kindred are both unsuccessful leaders because they constantly abuse the power given to them. Even though Jack, from Lord of the Flies, might be considered an effective leader because he maintains leadership, he is still not a good, successful one. A successful leader would take care of his followers, but Jack only has feelings for himself and his needs. He is not interested in trying to get his tribe rescued, nor does he care about anything besides his obsession with hunting and accumulating power. Due to Jack’s greed and obsession with obtaining more power, he allows his tribe to commit “savage” doings, such as stealing Piggy’s glasses to start a fire, participating in Simon’s murder and feeling no remorse for what had just occured, and allowing Roger to drop a boulder that crushes Piggy, causing him to fall forty feet off a cliff, and the conch Piggy was holding. Jack maintains obedience using violence and fear, which is not how a good, successful leader would act, and he even attacks Ralph directly with his spear. If the boys had not been rescued, Jack would most likely have gained complete control of the island, and it is inevitable that more deaths would have occurred, considering Jack had this tribe set the jungle on fire and hunt Ralph with spears. At the end of the novel, when the boys luckily get rescued before Jack can take over the island, the author portrays Jack for who he really is: “The officers asks, “Who’s boss here?” “I am,” said Ralph loudly. A little boy who wore the remains of an extraordinary black cap on his red hair and who carried the remains of a pair of spectacles at his waist, started forward, then changed his mind and stood still”. So even though Jack is an intimidating, violent person who maintains leadership by force, he is also portrayed as just a little red-haired boy who is intimidated by others. In the eyes of the boys, Jack is seen as a powerful, savage chief. However, to the naval officer, and the readers, Jack is seen as just a “little boy.” Likewise, Rufus, from Kindred is not considered as a successful ruler which is shown when Dana ends up killing him at the end of the novel after she is fed up with his abusive ways: “I Dana could feel the knife in my hand, still slippery with perspiration. A slave was a slave. Anything could be done to her. And Rufus was Rufus — erratic, alternately generous and vicious. I could accept him as my ancestor, my younger brother, my friend, but not as my master, and not as my lover,”. Since Rufus is such an “erratic” individual who has a tendency to make wrong choices when things do not happen in the way his wants them to, Dana “twisted sharply, broke away from him… raised the knife… sank it into his side”. She kills Rufus in order to relinquish hers and the other slaves fear of getting abused any further. Dana is fed up with helping Rufus any longer and getting abused for it, so she ends Rufus’s life in order to keep hers.
In conclusion, the authors of both novels portray the different techniques used to exert and maintain power over others. William Golding and Octavia E. Butler’s have one common technique: they portray their character as an insecure individual who attempts to hide their insecurity and maintain authority by hurting others and abusing the power they are given. The techniques used by both Jack and Rufus to maintain power leads to the exact opposite; both lose their power and authority and have unsuccessful endings.