The Great Gatsby
Great Gatsby – The Jazz Age
The Jazz Age was the period during the 1920’s ( ending with the great depression) when jazz music and dance became popular. The birth of jazz music is often credited to the African americans but expanded and over time was modified to become socially acceptale to middle-class white americans. Jazz music really came into its own and became the definition of music to most people. This music played an important role in peoples lives .
The great gatsby by F.Scott Fitzgerald has many themes, which were all set in the jazz age.
Not all people of the jazz age were wealthy and famous, but most of the characters fitzgerald wrote about were. During this time , there was a boom in production and the ammount of money that many people had was beyond belief, we today, know this as the American Dream, which was set place in the Jazz Age. Tom,Daisy,Nick and Gatsby were the type of people who did buy liquor despite prohitibion.
They had expensive objects such as Gatsby having his Rolls-Royce ( An english brand refering to the Rolls Royce motor company ) Nick has his books, and Tom and daisy had their car.
Cultures focuces shifted to glamour, advertising, consumer goods, new jazz music, automobiles and magazines. This era resulted in the creation of… bootleggers ( Bootleggers were criminals who smuggled illegal alcohol, especially during the american prohibition and other times where alcohol was illegal ) Gangsters- A gangster is a criminal who is a member of a gang. And Flappers- A Flapper was a “new breed” of young western women in the 1920’s who wore skirts, bobbed their r hair , listened to jazz and flaunted their disdain for what was then considered acceptable behavior. Flappers were rebellious and more independent.
Radios had now started to spread jazz music through the country, making t popular. The jazz age had now been more socially acceptable by the society, and was distinguished as the “Anything goes” era. This time period, people started to relax with trying to save money, and drinking and dancing had become a common past time. People started to rebel against what was known as socially acceptable and push the limits to what was considered normal. Many americans found new wealth and enjoyed the booming economy. Women bagan smoking and drinking in public, a practice unheard of in previous years. However, with these bold changes in culture came a shift in the morals of the American People.
One of the most obvious forms of materialism is the pursuit of money. In The Great Gatsby money is more useful for where it can take his characters, such as a lavish home in east Egg or a day trip to a New York Apartment, than for what it can by them Fitzgerald connected the jazz age to the Great Gatsby very well. With the gaining of money and spending it recklessly, came parties. Gatsby throws extravagant parties as evidence by the number of guests, the food, the drinks, and the entertainment.
The reason gatsby threw theses wild parties was to gain the attention of his love daisy. He wanted to flaunt off his money because during this era, money meant alot about your life style. However even with the grand scale of his parties, none of his guests seem to know who Gatsby is, some even coming up with wild stories to explain his mystery. Most of these guests are simply there to enjoy the glamour which they believe to be the American Dream.
Gatsby’s parties are typical for this time period. On his extravagant festivities “charm, notoriety [and] mere good manners weighted more than money as a social asset.” (p.3,3.paragraph). Proofs for this statement can be in all the gossip about Gatsby that is talked by his guests. Interesting at this point is that most of his guests do not even know him and spread rumours about him all the same. That’s how he got his notoriety: “I‘ll bet he killed a man.”(p.39,9). The good manners are reflected by gentlemen who always offer a helpful hand to charming ladies.
At Gatsby’s parties “people were not invited – they went there […] came for the party with a simplicity of heart that was its own ticket of admission.”(p.36,23-29) For this spontaneous society Gatsby’s huge “party lawn” is an amusement park, a place animated with chatter and laughter where “casual innuendo and introductions forgotten on the spot”(p.36,6f) are on the agenda. Since these parties are very large, there is time for privacy when anybody wants it and time for intimate moments without anybody realizing.
Before the jazz age,Many americans had wanted someone to look up to as royalty to help them create their own. This is where hollywood was introduced. People were now being recogninzed as “stars” and now being recognized from movies, and radio’s. These people lived lavish lifestyles and were considered americas royalty, as to this day.
Amongst all of the glamour of the jazz age, there was a feeling that the culture of America was morally bankrupt. Many americans shared the emotional crash that was present in many of Fitzgerald’s novels, however it was hidden under the energy of the time period. This sence of emotional loss was present in the Great gatsby, as well as in the hearts of american people of the Jazz age. Many times in history we find that the “booming prosperity hides the underlying distress that cultures experience” (which is a quote we found said by F.Scott Fitzgerld that I found). This is evident in the false, corrupted values , materialist and disillusionment of the jazz age. Fitzgerald does a super job of taking the bad with the good, and highlighting not only the prosperity of the jazz age in his novels, but the despair and moral corruption as well.
The stunning similarity between The Great Gatsby, and the Jazz Age can be traced back to the life of F. Scott Fitzgerald in the early twentieth century. These insights to Fitzgerald’s way of living are present in the topics of his works as well as writing style. It is this nuance of life in the 1920’s that allow the reader to fully put themselves in not only the emotions of the characters but the history of the time period. The Jazz Age itself was a glamorous time for America, but through further research it is apparent that much despair and convolution was present under the surface of the era. This moral corruptness, materialistic ideals, and disillusionment was captured in a snapshot of The Jazz Age in the classic work of literature The Great Gatsby.
Great Gatsby and Elizabeth Barrett Browning
The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald written in the Jazz age of 1920s America, and Sonnet from the Portuguese written by Elizabeth Barrett Browning composed in the wake of Romanticism, although the two texts were composed in two distinct time period both texts are influenced by their varying contexts in their portrayal of the enduring human concerns. Both authors explore the universal human concerns of love, hope and mortality through the use of various language features such as metaphors, use of irony and the subversion of the established values of their time.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning employs the Petrarchan form and male linguistics to challenge the tradition of courtly love whereas Fitzgerald critiques the hedonistic lifestyle, and the fall of the American dream to illustrate the illusion of love and hope. During the Victorian Era people were still very religious and EBB was no different and is reflected in her poetry. She implies that love, if it more than merely attraction and desire, must have a spiritual element.
It also further reflects the value of Victorian ideology in its religious affirmations and patriarchal attribution of masculine power.
This is especially shown In Sonnet 43 when she writes “as men strive for Right.. as they turn from Praise. ” She also writes how their love will continue after their deaths into the afterlife, “I shall but love thee better after death. ” This suggests her deep passion for her love, and how it will carry on. Even in Sonnet 32 where she is very doubtful, the sonnet still shows spiritual, soul-bonding power of ideal love as the poem ends with the musical and spiritual analogy that, together, they create ‘perfect strains’ and their ‘great souls, at one stroke, may do and coat.
As a person like EBB who experienced melancholy, love was very unexpected for her and thus created a lot of doubt, but nonetheless accepts the power of transformation that love brings. In Sonnet 32 she has feelings of inadequacy shown by the extended simile as herself as an ‘out-of-tune Worn viol. ’ EBB makes a magnitude of musical references while also deeming herself unworthy for her lover such as “To spoil his song… in haste, is land down at the first ill sounding note. ” This is saying how she does not want to ruin the song.
She also references the male dominance of the Victorian Era showing how the male which is the active, powerful agent which appears to be playing instrument, and is being referenced to Robert. She also appears to express her doubt about the relationship in Sonnet 13, specifically with the imagery of the torch between both the lovers. However the repeated ellipses suggest an inarticulate awkwardness in expressing her feelings and thus drops the torch. Although in the sestet she recognises the great power of love to cause transformation in life.
SHe mentions her love is “rendering the garment of my life. ” Realising that she cannot deny love, and the enormous power it has. While Browning sonnet’s explore deeply felt love in Victorian Era England, F Scott Fitzgerald explores the elements of love throughout his character of Gatsby and how his obsessional desire for love was futile and destructive, ultimately reflecting the values and perspectives of the 1920s Jazz Age of America. Gatsby’s pursuit of Daisy involved the accumulation of vast wealth used to host massive lavish parties.
The green light on Daisy’s dock repeated 3 times throughout the book symbolises the dream being at the tip of your fingers, yet being unachievable. This was the obsessive, unreasonable longing found expression in the lavish parties at his mansion, as Jordan Baker later explained “so that Daisy would be just across the bay. ” Nick expresses the intensity of Gatsby’s devotion in the metaphor “He waited 5 years and bought a mansion where he dispensed starlight to casual moths. ” Gatsby wins Daisy but is revealed to be illusory.
The Degree to which Gatsby’s desire is based on a false premise and unworthy object is shown when he finally achieves his goal and takes Daisy and Nick to his house. Fitzgerald uses the repeated motif of ‘wonder’ to express Gatsby’s ‘inconceivable pitch of intensity. ’ However Gatsby is soon left defeated as Daisy fails to please Gatsby when she fails to say to Tom “I never loved you”. The fallacy of Gatsbys idealised love is evident in his total defeat: dismissed by TOm as “Mr Nobody from Nowhere. ” However Nick still admires Gatsby for that.
Fitzgerald later reveals there meeting before Gatsby went to war was also illusory and superficial, reinforcing the fact that the values of that time appeared to be based more on materialistic wealth. Finally the failures of Gatsby’s pursuit can be linked to the failures of the American Dream and the loss of spiritual values. The book raises questions whether genuine love is possible in the society and culture of the 1920s where it seems to suggest the impossibility of real love when selfishness, greed and infidelity predominate.
It also depicts how Hedonistic materialism precludes spiritual values and the idealism of the American Dream. The dilapidated billboard “ the eyes of Dr T J Eckleburg” represents the pervasive consumerism and materialism have taken place of spiritual values. . Dr T J Eckleburg appears later in the book as a motif for the absence of God in the world as when Wilsons remembers confronting Myrtle about infidelity, he said “ You may see me… God sees everything. ” In Conclusion the two texts offer differing viewpoints in regards to love, this can be linked to both their author’s values and perspectives during their particular time.
The Great Gatsby: Film and Novel Comparison
The Great Gatsby is a novel which critically discusses the ideals of the American Dream and recapturing the past. In the film adaptation, producer Jack Clayton stays very closely to the plot and even quotes the novel verbatim but fails to capture the essence of the themes portrayed in the novel. The text did not translate well into film; some facts are distorted, the depiction of the characters are different, the general ambience of certain settings do not match, and the movie is weighted towards the beginning of the book, with half of the movie based closely on the first two chapters of the book.
Gatsby’s character in the novel is very distinct from his portrayal in the film.
In the novel, Gatsby was seen as one who is withdrawn, quiet and romantic. In the film, however, he is portrayed as one who is loud, obnoxious and openly proclaims his wealth. Also, the movie revolves mainly around Gatsby, which makes him more of a personal character, whereas in the book, Gatsby is a main character but is not as prominent as he was in the film.
Tom’s character in the film also differed greatly from his persona in the novel. As portrayed in the book, he was a “sturdy straw-haired man…, with a rather hard mouth” whose “arrogant eyes had established dominance over his face” and “not even… his clothes could hide the enormous power of (his) body”. (Fitzgerald, 12) Tom was a strong, built man. However, in the film adaptation, he appears no stronger than the average man. His strength symbolizes his authority over Daisy and his dominance provided contrast against Gatsby, who was more reserved. It also places emphasis on their greed and callousness, which we observed when Tom and Daisy placed the blame of Myrtle’s death on Gatsby and left town. Because this aspect of Tom was left out, the film is less effective in showing this.
Mia Farrow was very convincing in her role as Daisy Buchanan. She appeared to be very sweet and light-hearted upon reuniting with Nick. However, I felt she sounded overly sarcastic in certain scenes, namely, when she said “I’m paralyzed with happiness” to Nick and when she cried when Gatsby threw his shirts at her. Aside from her high voice and sarcastic acting, there is not much difference from the novel.
In the book, Myrtle appeared to be gaudy, impulsive and arrogant. Generally, she was not well liked and was not particularly attractive. The actor responsible for Myrtle’s role seemed too tasteful and classy, not enough for the audience to dislike. Myrtle, in the novel, contrasted Daisy; Daisy was beautiful, elegant and mannerly. Myrtle, in the film, was almost similar to Daisy: beautiful, elegant and mannerly, but to a lesser degree.
Gatsby’s mansion seems more dull in the film than in the novel. In the book, his mansion is described as lavish and tasteful (though Gatsby himself is not tasteful, his mansion and its furnishings are). But in the film, his mansion is but a venue for parties – it is grandiose but lacks taste. This aids in accentuating the fact that Gatsby’s wealth does not satisfy him – his mansion seems grand and elegant from the outside but is tasteless from within; he is rich in material wealth but is empty and dissatisfied inside.
Tom & Daisy’s Home
Tom and Daisy’s home was depicted in the novel as an inviting place where “the windows were ajar and gleaming white against the fresh grass outside that seemed to grow a little way into the house.” (Fitzgerald, 13) Tom and Daisy’s house appeared plain and monochromatic with white and yellow furnishings. This does not adequately show the elegance and taste of their home as described in the book.
Aside from the above, the other differences I observed are not very significant as they do not alter Fitzgerald’s meaning for the novel. The addition or omission of various insignificant scenes could effectively direct the audience’s attention to more pivotal scenes. •Neither the man with whom Nick had planned to share his house with nor their maid were ever introduced in the movie. •In the novel, Gatsby and Nick’s first encounter took place at the party. Nick was very relaxed and spoke casually with Gatsby because he was unaware of his identity. In the novel, however, their first acquaintance took place at Gatsby’s office. Nick knew Gatsby wanted to speak to him because his butler had informed Nick of this prior to their conversation, which very formal as a result. •Gatsby is never shown requesting Jordan to ask Nick to arrange a meeting between Daisy and Gatsby. •In the novel, Gatsby grows impatient while waiting for Daisy to arrive for their meeting and takes a walk around the house.
In the film, Gatsby does not talk a walk outside the house. •During Gatsby and Daisy’s reunion, they claim they have met for 8 years. In the novel, they had been acquainted for only 5 years. •After Daisy and Gatsby are reunited, they dance in Gatsby’s mansion. In the film, they dance with only the light from a candle. In the book, they dance with only the light gleaming from the hallway. •At Gatsby’s party, a dog prances on a table and eats some food. This was not mentioned in the novel. •Neither Owl-Eyes nor the library are mentioned in the film. •Nick does not seem skeptical of Gatsby’s wealth or past. •Nick and Daisy are unusually intimate for cousins who have not met for a while. •Daisy is not shown hitting Myrtle while driving in the film. In general, the film rendition of The Great Gatsby follows the book very closely. Even so, the film fell short of my expectations. The acting and the styles of the cast was fair but the appearances of some of the actors were unfitting.
Tom was expected to be a strong, built man and Myrtle was expected to be unattractive, gaudy and clueless – she was supposed to be a pest. The actress who took on Myrtle’s role did not understand her character: she was too sweet; the audience would sympathize for her, rather than dislike her, which was Fitzgerald’s original intent. To portray a more realistic interpretation of The Great Gatsby, those actors should be replaced. Aside from Tom and Myrtle, the rest of the cast was decent. The overall wardrobe was a little disappointing. To my knowledge, the fashion trends of the 1920’s were characterized by and array of eye-catching colours, feathers and tassels, which there was not enough of during the party Gatsby had hosted. I had also expected to see a wider variety of dance moves. While this is not significant, it definitely would improve the overall ambience of the film and would better engage the viewers.
In addition, I would redecorate the interior of Tom and Daisy’s home. In the film, all of their furnishings are white or yellow, very bland. This contrasts the description in the book, their house was inviting and lively. Décor of colour and class would invigorate their living area to more closely match its description in the book. Many scenes of the plot differ as well, between the film and the book. During Nick and Gatsby’s first encounter in the novel, Nick is very relaxed and does not realize who he had been speaking to. In the film, their conversation was very formal and tense. In the novel, Fitzgerald placed Gatsby and Nick’s first encounter in the party to illustrate the fact that Gatsby is unsure of himself.
Placing him in an office setting places him in the position of authority, giving the impression that Gatsby was sure of what he was doing, which he wasn’t (which was why, in the novel, he had approached him at the party instead). The movie should follow the novel’s plot. As well, Myrtle’s death scene was omitted. I feel this was crucial to the story. Also, in the scene where Gatsby reaches for the green light near Daisy’s house, the meaning is lost in the film. In that scene, Gatsby awkwardly reaches out. Instead of reaching out, he should have just stared and appear to be in deep thought.
In all, the Jack Clayton’s rendition of Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby was mediocre. Like many films based on books, the themes and much of the meaning are lost in the translation from text to film. Clayton should add new scenes to develop and reinforce the themes and feelings in the film. Even with said improvements, it is difficult to replicate all the meaning in a well written book. Jack Clayton’s version of The Great Gatsby is no exception; it fails to capture the emotions and the spirit of the original.
The Great Gatsby: Love in the Time
The actions of human nature with regards to sexual drive and concepts of love are not easily explained using only conventional conceptual studies such as Evolutionary Sociology. For instance it is some how difficult to explain human behaviors such as celibacy, homosexuality, and adoption from these aspects. However, the evolutionary process is used to describe how humans came into being by a process of change over a substantial period of time.
In this case, some human actions is viewed as direct results of certain behavioral evolution, which makes use of thorough studies of other primates and many other animals in the animal kingdom, with the aim of discovering linking keys to unlock some behaviors.
On the other hand, some of the strongest concepts can be linked to Evolutionary Sociobiology where the evolutionary past of humans is a vital tool for the explanation of their present actions.
Additionally, all concepts that humans act upon, not easily explained with evolution in today’s world, can be shown to be results of the interactions of an information pattern, held in each individual’s memory and which is capable of being passed to that of another individual.
Thus, these ideas can be stored biochemically in human brains, but also can be transmitted in visually or orally, in writing, music, or TV for example. These facts are fundamental to the views of this paper, which is a stringent account aimed at exposing the influences of two seemingly dicey elements of human interactions, namely; love and lust.
This paper presents its views with vital emphasis on the lessons inherent in two of Scott Fitzgerald’s publications; that is ‘The Great Gatsby’ and ‘The Offshore Pirate’, as well as other vital resources which were consulted during this research. Introduction. Love can be defined as a number of emotions and experiences related to a sense of strong affection. It can refer to a variety of different feelings, states, and attitudes, including pleasure (for example, one can be in love with a substance such as fashion, life style, car and so on) and in interpersonal attraction (such as falling in love with someone).
The circumstance in which one falls in love with a particular entity can some times be strange. An instance of this is found in the fiction story ‘The Offshore Pirate’, in which one the characters (Ardita) fell in love with a stranger whom she met under an unforeseen circumstance, thus she didn’t hesitate to confess her feeling to him (Fitzgerald 29). Although the nature or essence of love is a subject of frequent debate, different aspects of the word can be clarified by determining what isn’t love.
As a general expression of positive sentiment (a stronger form of like), love is commonly contrasted with hate (or neutral apathy); as a less sexual and more emotionally intimate form of romantic attachment, love is commonly contrasted with lust; and as an interpersonal relationship with romantic overtones, love is commonly contrasted with friendship, although other definitions of the word love may be applied to close friendships in certain contexts. On the other hand, lust is a shallow type of love known as Eros.
Recent critics have tended to prefer desire or Eros over love not only because of the latter word’s association with sentiment but also because an earlier generation of Shakespeare scholars identified it with a state in which characters rise above the trammeling conditions of social, political, and economic relations (Schalkwyk 76). Thus, Lust is merely a variation of consciousness’s project to become its own foundation, a project that necessarily fails. How Can Love Be Identified?
Love between humans can be identified in many ways, but the most common way is that it connotes a sense of steady friendship and faithfulness as well as the spirit of forgiveness even in the face of faithfulness. Just like the couple (Tom and Daisy) in Scott Fitzgerald’s ‘The Great Gatsby’ forgave each other’s flaws. Love is a subset of desires of which sexual acts such as kissing is an integral part. So it is not strange for one to develop such desires at first sight of what he or she wants or would love to have.
Thus, the case of the nineteen year old ‘Ardita’ expressing her feelings for the young stranger she met (Fitzgerald 30). Love tends to bring together things that would naturally be in diversity, forcing these to rather identify what they have in common (Fitzgerald 23). Hence, it is a gateway to romantic relationships. A romantic relationship is an important part of many people’s lives, but not the whole. Balance is about understanding where your relationship fits into the life you have.
A person who’s working 80 hours a week may genuinely not have time or energy for any kind of relationship at all. A person who’s raising children must consider their needs as well as his or her own. Emotional honesty (starting with that first time you confess love) isn’t achieved simply or quickly. It takes work, work that will go on for the rest of your relationship, both with yourself and with your partner. It also brings deep rewards in the form of closeness and trust. Signs of healthy relationships include being open to change, to the process of facing and accepting uncomfortable emotions.
More than any other part of a relationship, the work of emotional honesty is founded in love. It takes a leap of faith to drop your defenses and trust your partner with the feelings, thoughts, dreams, ideas and words that are most essentially yours. Human Actions mentored by Love. Responsibility; this act includes having the time to devote to the physical capacity to carry out certain tasks. This requires a lot of time and sacrifice from all parties involved. Time, more often than not, is something that gets in the way of being able to devote oneself.
Commitment; this involves boycotting all nefarious acts such as unfaithfulness, which tends to breach the contract instituted by love. Achieving Goals; this includes the ultimate goal of mastering the art of love as well as all the stepping stones along the way. Staying focused on the present is important, yet without an idea of where one is heading it’s easy to get lost. Confidence; love serves as an instrument that bestows confidence among it participants Patience; hand-in-hand with confidence, patience is needed to persevere through the low points.
If martial arts were easy, everyone would do it. The same goes for love. Truly opening yourself to another, being vulnerable, and accepting the other unconditionally takes a lot of effort. It is a common misconception that “love should just come naturally. ” Persistence; working closely with confidence, persistence requires having faith in the process of learning. That even though you don’t get it all now, if you keep at it, eventually you will. Action that Depicts Lust. Lust is a physical emotion that humans act upon in the heat of the moment.
Yet few would fall in love with someone who didn’t turn them on, and that can lead to problems. Here are some tips to identify lust; • If one only want to be with another person just to have sex, it’s lust. • If one tries to describe his or her friend and can only talk about physical appearance and body parts, that’s lust. • If a person doesn’t call or converse with the other party except when he or she wants physical pleasure, that’s lust. • If one lies to someone in order to get into bed with him or her, that’s lust.
It’s possible for an affair based purely on lust to develop into a healthy relationship based on love, but it doesn’t occur often. You may be better off spending your time with someone who sees and appreciates you with clothes on. Conclusion. Real love exists between equals. Neither partner is considered inferior or superior, though different roles may be assumed. One party’s wants, needs and fears are no more or less important, though they may at times be more or less urgent, than those of the second party. Both deserve time, energy, and resources.
In summary it is important to note that humans are all animals being controlled by a conscience in one form or another. Its hard to have any proof of what it is actually. However, it is some form of a soul or divine presence or just a series of memes that have dominance in our minds taking over some of our functions to insure that the meme itself is able to survive as long as possible and to reproduce itself, spreading to other minds and trying controlling them in much the same way, truly acting like a virus for the computer that is our brain.
Thus, memetics may basically provide a partial answer to how love or lust mentors our behaviors, just as evolutionary sociobiology, but do these two concepts complete the picture of human behavior? Maybe there is a part to us that is non-material a spirit or such that instead of being memetics controlling us, it controls us and memetics influences that. Something has to select the memes, decide between them and there maybe something beyond our comprehension to explain this.
John Armstrong, Conditions of Love: The philosophy of Intimacy. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2003. Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Love in the Time of Cholera . New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2003. Diane Ackerman, A. Natural History of Love . New York: Random House, 1994. Fitzgerald, Scott F. The Offshore Pirate. Kessinger Publishing,2007. Fitzgerald, Scott F. The Great Gatsby. Schalkwyk, David. “Love and Service in Twelfth Night and the Sonnets. ”Byline56(2005) p76.
The Great Gatsby–Comparison Between 1974 Movie and the Book
The Great Gatsby —-comparison between book and 1974 movie The difference between the developing way of books and movies is magnificently huge because the way of emotion transmitting is different; the movie is based on vision, while the book is based on words.
ADDITONS in plots:
In the beginning of the movie, Nick is sailing a boat and then meets Tom at the dock, while Tom was just riding a horse. However, in the novel, Nick meets Tom at the front door.
This previous phenomenon is because the need of fluent transition in movies. There are some other similar additions in the movie of 1974 in order to keep the continuity of the story. For example, when Myrtle sees Gatsby’s car come across the Valley of Ashes, she rushes downstairs and even stumbles because of excitement and hysteria. This addition is in order to explain why Myrtle runs straight towards the car and how she died, since in the book, limited to the perspective of narrator, the author didn’t described this plot.
However, if the plot was deleted in the movie, the audience wouldn’t know why and how Myrtle died.
DELETIONS in plots:
In first chapter of the book Tom has to leave for a phone call that comes from his mistress after talking about the butler’s nose, in the movie he leaves when talking about whites being the supreme race. In the book the dinner scene continues with a longer conversation till about ten o’clock and in the movie the dinner ends right after Tom and Daisy come back to the table. In the book Daisy asks about Nick being engaged to a woman out west while he is about to leave on the boat. In the book they just say goodbyes when he was the boat at the dock. These details seems unimportant but it’s these tiny things put together to complete the scene of life of 1920’s upper classes. According to Fitzgerald, people were idle, spending incredibly long time in dinner, talking about trivia like the butler’s nose, and focusing on unwarranted rumor like Nick being engaged to someone. Most of deletions of scenes are caused by the limit of time in the movie.
However, the version of 1974 Gatsby movie didn’t fully succeed in manipulating the order of plots and transiting the spirituality what the author expressed, though it quoted a great deal of sentences from the book. Part of the reasons may be the omission of some of the important features and characters. In the book, there is a self-made millionaire named Dan Cody who has an intimate relationship with Gatsby. While in the movie, this character has been left out. As a matter of fact, the importance of Dan Cody to Gatsby’s life cannot be exaggerated. He is like Gatsby’s father, teaching Gatsby skills and becoming a paragon of Gatsby’s life. Also, the owl-eyes guy who Nick encounters at one of Gatsby’s party is also omitted, which is absolutely incorrect. Because the owl-eyes is the only one who goes to Gatsby’s funeral except Nick and Gatsby’s father, which symbolized there is still someone in the world who holds good characteristics.
CHANGES in plots:
One of the most important difference between movie and book is that when Gatsby and Daisy encounter each other again, it doesn’t rain, while in the book, it’s some sort of emphasize the background of raining in order to show the feeling of Gatsby’s emotion. This may be due to the technology in 1974 make it impossible to shoot successful scenes in rain or the inability to make artificial raindrops. However, some changes seem unreasonable and ridiculous. For example, it said it has been eight years since Gatsby and Daisy’s last meeting while they reunite in Nick’s house in the movie. The changing of that plot doesn’t help at all except making all characters older and more callow than they are supposed to be, and makes Gatsby sounds crazier than he showed in the book. Also, Nick was supposed to meet Gatsby without knowing who he is and talked with him about the war. In the movie, Nick was invited by Gatsby to upstairs and then had an awkward dialogue with him. Those changes considerably draw the movie back.
All in all, most of the differences between the book and the 1974 movie are due to the limitation of time, continuity and fluency of the story, and a small amount of them, are unreasonable. The movie itself is basically okay, but seems to lack some deep thing compared to the book. Because Fitzgerald is a genius in using language, poetic, satirical, incisive at the same time, which is extremely difficult intimate.
The Great Gatsby – Study Guide
1. Why is Nick Carraway made the narrator?
The device of giving Nick the function of narrator lends psychic distance from the story. Nick is part of the action, yet he is not one of the principals. He shares some of the emotions and is in a position to interpret those of the others. However, the happens are not center on him.
2. What kind of relationship exists between Nick and the Buchanans? It is completely superficial. He speaks of them as dear friends he barely knows.
Actually, the relationship between Gatsby and his sponging guests is hardly less meaningful, and the comparison is a striking one.
3. Why does Daisy always speak in such exaggerated phrases? By overdoing her remarks she manages to minimize everything she says. If she describes something as utterly wonderful instead of merely nice, she makes it seem quite ordinary. She makes everything sound important which reveals nothing is important to her.
4. What is the significance of Tim’s reference to the book he is reading? First, the content of the book implies a certain lack of intellect on Tom’s part.
Secondly, it reveals Tom’s belief that the dominant race must stay in control, that lesser races must be beaten off, an attitude he displays toward Gatsby, whose background places him in a different world.
5. Why does Daisy hope her child will be a beautiful fool? To her superficial appearance is all that matters, so beauty is a necessity. Intelligence, however, might be a hazard, for Daisy lives in a world that does not hold up under inspection, and if she really thought about her life, she might find it unbearable.
6. Why does Nick feel that Daisy is trying to show off her cynicism? This is a current upper-class pose and by adopting it Daisy not only identifies herself as part of a fashionable group, but disposes of the need to live a meaningful life, since life has no meaning anyway.
7. Why does Daisy describe her youth as a “white girlhood”? On a literal level, she always dressed in white and even drove a white car. More important, she remembers her youth as a time of innocence and charming simplicity, in contrast to the tawdry existence she has in the present.
8. Why does Gatsby reach out to the water? He is so near and yet so far. It has taken him five years to come this close to his dream, so close that he can reach out his arms to the light across the bay. This image remains throughout the novel – Gatsby stretching out his arms toward an elusive goal that he cannot quite reach.
1. Why is Wilson covered with dust from the ashes?
He is a dead character, in contrast to the tough vitality of his wife. (The ashes do not cover her). Tom says that Wilson is too stupid to know that he is alive; the others pay no more attention to him than if he actually were dead.
2. Why does Myrtle Wilson behave with such hauteur, both toward her husband and in the city apartment?
Her arrogance satirizes the arrogance of the entire social structure. She believes herself to be “somebody” and looks down on her inferiors. Most of the people in this novel are involved in climbing the slippery ladder toward social success, grasping frantically for the rung above and kicking down at those on the rung below.
3. Why does Nick see himself as both on the outside and inside of the apartment? He may be in it, but he does not consider himself of it. He wants no part of these people or their cheap involvement. He is as isolated from them as he later is from Gatsby’s party.
4. What is ironic about Myrtle saying “You can’t live forever”? She is recalling that his idea motivated her to go off with Tom when he first approached her. The irony lies in the fact that her death is caused by her eagerness later to go off with Tom.
5. What two facets of Tom’s personality are revealed when he breaks Myrtle’s nose? First, it shows his brutality, a foreshadowing of the vicious indifference toward others with which he will send the crazed Wilson off to murder Gatsby. Secondly, the hypocrisy of class consciousness is stressed. It is all right for him to humiliate and wound his wife with his infidelity, but it is unforgiveable for Myrtle to even mention Daisy’s name. Myrtle must be taught to know her place.
1. What is revealed when Nick says that people aren’t actually invited to Gatsby’s parties, that they just sort of go there?
It shows the aimless wandering of these pleasure-seeking crowds, and that all rules have been replaced by casual whims. This reference also reveals specific facet of Gatsby’s character. He is a man who simply provides for others; he can be taken advantage of. This is a foreshadowing of the way he later sacrifices himself for Daisy.
2. Why is Jordan Baker again described as looking contemptuous? She looks down on this party just as she had seemed contemptuous at the Buchanans. This detachment may be part of her attractiveness to Nick, who has had a knack – at the beginning – of remaining uninvolved and aloof.
3. What is significance of the “owl-eyed” man?
He is tied in with the enormous pair of glasses in the sign. Just as the sign seems to represent an all-knowing godlike figure, so this man, checking the books in the library, seems to be the only one who understands that Gatsby has depth.
4. Why does the owl-eyed man describe Gatsby as a real Belasco? Belasco was a famed theatrical producer, and the man with the glasses seems to realize that Gatsby has provided not a home for himself, but a background. His only objective has been to set the stage for his reunion with Daisy.
5. What is the contrast between Gatsby and his party?
He seems totally remote from it, as if he has merely furnished the necessities for the enjoyment of others and not himself. He is quiet, self-controlled, sober, and pleasant, while the party is drunken and rowdy.
6. What is the significance of Jordan’s lies?
Her dishonesty is part of her basic character, just as it is part of the social structure in which she takes an active part. Her cheating at golf, part of her drive to win, is the kind of dishonesty that society can accept. Gatsby’s drive to succeed is unacceptable.
1. Why is the catalog of Gatsby’s guest included?
The long list of these worthless people combined with the trivia that Nick recalls about them stresses the meaningless of this world. These are the shady, not quite nice people, whom Daisy later finds distasteful and for whom Tom displays contempt. There is, however, not much difference between them and the kind of people with whom Tom chooses to live his other life in the apartment in the city.
2. Why does Gatsby call Nick “old sport”?
This is a reflection of Gatsby’s phony side, an affectation which he hopes will reinforce his claims to status and particularly his claims to attendance at Oxford. However, this specific expression is significant. Gatsby is a “sport” in the best sense of the word, as his later gallantry toward Daisy will demonstrate. By using this word as a form of address to others, he shows that he trusts the world, to treat him in a sportsmanlike manner, tragically, is not the case.
3. Why does Wolfsheim mourn the passing of the Metropole? Like Gatsby he craves a return to the past; he mourns an era that is gone. But, unlike Gatsby, he does not try to recapture it.
4. What is ironic about Gatsby’s appraisal of Jordan?
He admires her honesty, which, as Nick has already noted, is one virtue she lacks. Gatsby’s inability to see through her is a reflection of his tragic inability to understand character – both others and himself 5. What is significant in Jordan’s remark that Daisy’s voice has an amorous tinge? It foreshadows Daisy’s love affair with Gatsby. The reference also ties in with later remarks from Nick and Gatsby about the affect of Daisy’s voice.
6. Why does Gatsby want Daisy to see his house?
It is not enough that the two lovers are reunited. They must be joined in the settling which Gatsby thinks is not only necessary and appropriate for her, but almost in itself a part of her. Daisy and the dream of material success are inseparable.
1. Why is Gatsby dressed in a gold tie and silver shirt?
He has costumed himself, perhaps unconsciously, in the trappings of wealth. His outer self, like his house, must reflect his material success. His inner self, which Nick finds later to be superior to the characters of the others, is ignored.
2. Why does Nick reject Gatsby’s offer of business?
Nick can’t be bought – except by the admiration and respect that Gatsby later inspires in him. This show of integrity on Nick’s part makes him a person that the reader can trust to judge Gatsby fairly at the end of the book.
3. What is significant about Nick’s embarrassment during the tea, and the fact that he leaves and walks around the house?
Gatsby had done the same thing earlier. This repetition indicates that Nick is beginning to identify with Gatsby, to share his emotions and attitudes.
4. What hint is given in the story of how Gatsby’s house was built? It was constructed by a successful brewer who wanted to make his mark in the social world. He failed to do so and later died. This background is parallel to Gatsby, who makes his fortune from bootlegging, buys the house as an entry into society, and will meet his own death there.
5. What is ironic about the cottage owners’ refusal to put thatched roofs on their homes? The brewer had offered them money as an inducement to put thatched roofs on their cottages, so that he might look out upon the re-created vista of a feudal estate. However, the local people refused to put themselves in the position of peasants. In America everybody has his dream of status, of being somebody. Their desire is no different from the brewer or Gatsby’s.
6. Does Gatsby really believe, as he tells Daisy, that his house is always full of interesting, famous people?
Perhaps not. Perhaps he really knows his guests for the mediocrities they are. But this is not important. He is creating an illusion as a background for the Daisy he loves, who is really the flimsiest illusion of all.
7. What is significant about Klipspringer’s song?
Again, the perfect background for Daisy must be established. Gatsby calls forth a musician, like a medieval king displaying the splendors of his court. The song itself has tremendous irony. Its theme is that money is not necessary for happiness, which may sound fine but has not relation to the actions of the people in the music room. Klipspringer himself abandons Gatsby as soon as he can no longer sponge off an agreeable host, Daisy had deserted Gatsby during the war for a wealthier man, and Gatsby himself has been trapped by the belief that material possessions are absolute requirements to happiness.
Examining Hamlet and The Great Gatsby
According to Roger Lewis, “The acquisition of money and love are both part of the same dream, the will to return to the quintessential unity that exists only at birth and at death” (41). In both William Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, and F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel, The Great Gatsby, the protagonists are willing to sacrifice all that they have in order to achieve their unrealistic objectives and ambitions, resulting in their tragic demises. While there are many themes and concepts relevant to both Hamlet and The Great Gatsby, their parallels regarding their aspirations stand out for further evaluation.
The concept of sacrificing all that a person has, not limiting to their own life, is ever present in these works. Both Hamlet and Gatsby make evident that they are willing and are capable of sacrificing all that is themselves to possibly reach their ultimate goal.
Throughout William Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, the Prince of Denmark is set on his goal of achieving vengeance and justice for his father’s murder, without the realization that his obstinate aspirations eventually lead to his own downfall.
Unlike many other characters, Hamlet is very analytical; he makes very calculated and thoughtful moves before he acts, ultimately leading him to his death. “Hamlet represents the type of man whose power of direct action is paralyzed by an excessive development of his intellect” (Freud, Sigmund). This is furthermore supported when Hamlet is given a golden opportunity to attain vengeance for his father, but does not kill Claudius, the king of Denmark, for Hamlet mistakenly assumes that Claudius is praying. Hamlet: Now might I do it pat. Now he is a-praying. And now I’ll do’t. And so he goes to heaven. And so am I revenged, That would be scanned. A villain kills my father, and, for that, I, his sole son, do this same villain send, To heaven. Oh, this is hire and salary, not revenge. (Hamlet, III, iii, 74-80)
Hamlet misses an opportune chance to complete his mission, one to which he would have no opposition, but loses his chance due to his over-excessive thought process. On the other hand, Jay Gatsby is a person who appears to be motivated by only his urges and emotions; no other forces drive him more than his ultimate love lust. “Gatsby does not appear as a man of ordinary disposition acting under the direction of ordinary, explicable impulses. He appears instead as one under the spell of some enchantment” (Langman, F.H.). In other words, Gatsby himself was driven by a mighty inner need to reattain his once lost love.
Through this, we see that Gatsby was not controlled by anything but his heart; his heart controlled his actions and thought process, and had completely consumed his entire life since his breakup with Daisy. Gatsby was willing to adjust himself to what Daisy seemed to desire at that moment. He hadn’t once ceased looking at Daisy, and I think he revalued everything in his house according to the measure of response it drew from her well-loved eyes. Sometimes, too, he stared around at his possessions in a dazed way, as though in her actual and astounding presence none of it was any longer real. Once he nearly toppled down a flight of stairs. (Fitzgerald, F. Scott, 112)
In F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel, The Great Gatsby, Jay Gatsby has made it his life mission to donate all of his possible energy and resources to attempt to acquire his love once lost. According to Carla Verderame, “The novel concerns itself with the struggles of reinventing oneself to attain the dreams and pleasures of one’s youth. In Gatsby’s case, the effort goes terribly awry.” Gatsby, throughout the novel, strives to retrieve his long lost love; he is willing to conform himself to whatever means he must conform to in order to achieve his end desired goal. “The poor boy who becomes a millionaire by extra-legal activities endeavors to recapture Daisy Buchanan by means of his newly acquired wealth. This ostentatious, mysterious character becomes the exemplar of the American dream and its flaws” (Bruccoli, Matthew J.).
Jay Gatsby spends years of his life involved in illegal activity in order to accumulate enough wealth to be able to throw many parties, all for a possible chance to see his love once lost, Daisy. In this, both Jay Gatsby and Prince Hamlet are willing to sacrifice all that they have, not limited to themselves, in order to achieve their unrealistic goals. In comparison, Hamlet is content with altering his life and his current relationships, all for the sake of being closer to his ultimate goal, vengeance for his father. “Hamlet lacks faith in G-d and himself. Consequently he must define his existence in terms of others… He would like to become what the Greek Tragic hero is, a creature of situation. Hence his inability to act, for he can only ‘act’”, i.e., play at possibilities” (Auden, W.H)
Hamlet is willing to act mad, ruining all of his relationships, not limited to his romantic life, for a futile opportunity to get close enough to Claudius to kill him. Although both Jay Gatsby and Prince Hamlet are willing to sacrifice all for their aspirations, Gatsby puts on a false front, while Hamlet covers his; Gatsby pulls a facade as though he had been wealthy throughout his entire life, while Hamlet feigns insanity.
Gatsby has attempted to pull a facade of him having always been wealthy, thus allowing him to be part of Daisy’s circle. Gatsby claims to have inherited his vast sum, hiding that he had actually self accumulated it over the years. By pretending to be wealthy to belong in an elite class, he is hoping for the opportunity and chance to have the ability of mixing in with Daisy, his lost love. “Past the last door to the last room and Gatsby’s facade is still up; he is still marshaling, even in his bedroom ‘many colored disarray’, literally pilling up: there is no end to his ‘soft rich heap’…But despite all the wealth they embody, they remain piles of things” (Lhamon Jr, W.T., 58).
Though Jay Gatsby indubitably pretends he fits into the elite rich’s circle, he did not belong there in the least. Gatsby goes so far as to change his name, the one part of a being that will always be himself infinitely. He had gone so far as to change his name and identity as though it could be almost impossible to separate the fake facade from the real being.
While delving so deep into a lie and false pretense, one can presume that likely at a point the two merged, creating a sort of equilibrium state, as though there had genuinely existed a ‘Jay Gatsby.’ “[Gatsby’s] parents were shiftless and unsuccessful farm people- his imagination had never really accepted them as his parents at all. The truth was that Jay Gatsby of West Egg, Long Island, sprang from his Platonic conception of himself. He was a son of God… he must be about His Father’s business, the service of a vast, vulgar, and meretricious beauty. So he invented just the sort of Jay Gatsby that a seventeen year old boy would be likely to invent, and to this conception he was faithful to the end.” (Fitzgerald, F. Scott)
In contrast, Hamlet has dissembled his true noble self in order to feign madness to draw Claudius near. Hamlet is far superior than any other characters in Hamlet, intellectually and with a potent inner strength. He embodies many incredible capabilities and abilities; Hamlet can be considered a paradoxical character, being both witty and cautious, kind but stern, etc. “[Hamlet] is endowed with the finest sense of propriety, susceptible of noble ambition, and open in the highest degree to an enthusiastic admiration of that excellence in others of which he himself is deficient.
He acts the part of madness with unrivaled power” (Schlegel, August Wilhelm Von). Hamlet is inherently a noble and imperial being, therefore, for him to dissemble himself and conceal it enables him to feign his insanity, for insanity is much less noble than nobility. Hamlet appears to be a strong character, both physically and mentally. He is a very elegant thinker, who is by far more intellectual than his peers. “The character of Hamlet stands quite by itself. It is not a character marked by strength of will or even of passion, but by refinement of thought and sentiment” (Hazlitt, William). Hamlet is a very unique character in regards to his highly mature and noble sophistication.
While it seems that Gatsby was not deserving of his vastly enourmous wealth along with the status that accompanied it throughout the book, on the contrary it is possible that he might in fact had been. One could argue that in reality he was a nobel character, deserving of his status in elite circles . Whether or not Gatsby had indeed inherited his sum or had invested legally or illegally, he truly did acquire an enormous sum of cash. Gatsby had come into life with almost nothing to his name, and had left it with enormous wealth.
He was an honored individual who served his country and truly can be referred to as the epitome of the American Dream throughout his life. Gatsby ‘represented everything,’ Nick says, for which he feels “an unaffected scorn.” Even when he tells Gatsby, on their last meeting, that he’s ‘worth the whole damn bunch put together,’ Nick continues to disapprove of him on a social level. Gatsby has redeeming qualities, however… Parts of his fantastic story turn out to be true. He had been a war hero, and has the medal from Montenegro to prove it. He had actually attended Oxford—for five months, as a postwar reward for military service, and produces a photograph in evidence. Above all, there was nothing phony or insincere about his dream of Daisy (Donaldson, Scott).
That being said, it is important to also reanalyze Hamlet’s position; Hamlet could well possibly have not been concealing his true self, but rather trying to develop his plan cognitively. Although the question remains if he had truly become consumed by his ‘madness charade‘ or if it had been an act all along, William Shakespeare gives no indication in his work. “Hamlet, a very unconventional hero whose eloquence and endless deliberation on why he cannot consummate the revenge his father desires underscores his essential rhetorical role in the play. While Hamlet so eloquently describes his feelings, the question remains as to whether he actually feels them” (Bloom, Harold). Although it may appear that he had lost himself, if not beginning with his escapade concerning his old girlfriend then with his seemingly drivel conversations, it is highly likely that Hamlet had just been playing a part. This is seen when Hamlet is able to not only save his own life from the decree put forth by his uncle, but to complete his mission in the end as well.
While there are many germane ideas present in both literary works, their parallels to each-other regarding their willingness to achieve their aspirations are regarded as a main point to be extracted for further assessments. Both protagonists were willing to do about anything, including altering their destinies, in order to achieve some aspiration of theirs, regardless of how unrealistic it may be. According to Khalil Gilbran, “To understand the heart and mind of a person, look not at what he has already achieved, but at what he aspires to.” (97) This being said, both Gatsby and Hamlet are intricate characters with much to delve and dissect on; though they both died tragic deaths, their deaths were not in vain for their legacies continue onward.
Auden, W.H. Hamlet. qtd in Lectures on Shakespeare” ed. Arthur Kirsch. New Jersey: Princton University Press, 2000 Bloom, Harold, ed. “Background to Hamlet.” Hamlet, Bloom’s Guides. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishing, 2003. Bruccoli, Matthew J. New Essays on The Great Gatsby. Cambridge: Cambridgeshire, 1985. Donaldson, Scott. Fool for Love: F. Scott Fitzgerald qtd. on “On Gatsby and the Historical Antecedents for Gatsby.” Bloom, Harold, ed. New York: Chelsea House Publishing, 2006. Freud, Sigmund. The Interpretations of Dreams. qtd. as “Hamlet’s Deepest Impulses” Harold Bloom, ed. Shakespeare’s Tragedies, Bloom’s Major Dramatists. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishing, 1999. Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. New York: Scribner, 2004. Print. Gilbran, Khalil. qtd in A Toolbox for Humanity ed Lloyd Albert Johnson. Victoria, Canada: Trafford Publishing, 2003. Hazlitt, William.Characters of Shakespeare’s Plays qtd. as “Hamlet’s Power of Action” in Harold Bloom, ed. Shakespeare’s Tragedies, Bloom’s Major Dramatists. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishing, 1999. Lewis, Roger. Money, love, and aspiration. qtd. in “New Essays on the Great Gatsby” ed. Matthew J. Bruccoli. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK. 1985 Lhamon Jr, W.T. Style and Shape in the Great Gatsby.” Critical Essays on F. Scott Fitzgerals, Cambridge. ed. Scott Donaldson Bostom: Hall, 1984 Schlegel, August Wilhelm Von. Hamlet’s flaws. qtd. in Shakespeare’s Tragedies, Bloom’s Major Dramatists. Harold Bloom, ed. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishing, 1999. Shakespeare, William. Hamlet. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992. Verderame, Carla. The Great Gatsby. McClinton-Temple, Jennifer ed. Encyclopedia of Themes in Literature. New York: Infobase Publishing, 2011.
Great Gatsby Reading Response
Characterization: Simply put, indirect characterization is the author’s way of giving the reader clues as to how a character is really like. Such clues may be describing how the character dresses, letting the reader hear what the character says, or revealing the character’s private thoughts.
Example: “Gatsby, his hands still in his pockets, was reclining against the mantelpiece in a strained counterfeit of perfect ease, even of boredom” (The Great Gatsby, 86).
Function: The nervous appearance of Gatsby as he meets Daisy suggests a different side to Gatsby’s personality.
This meeting with Daisy, which takes place at Nick’s house, gives one a closer look as to how Gatsby can seem like a different person altogether. Gatsby’s surprisingly timid nature even disables him to directly ask Nick to invite Daisy for tea. Gatsby, usually sophisticated and composed, is in distress as he tries to mimic a pose of “perfect ease” when he tries to talk with Daisy (86). Gatsby’s awkward character directly involves Nick as he turns to him for help in reuniting him with his love.
The author characterizes Gatsby differently from Nick’s first impression to show the reader the sincere love he feels for Daisy.
Similar to how a man in love can be sheepish and disheveled, Gatsby is clearly characterized as a typical man who fell in love through his failed attempts at being calm in Daisy’s presence. His appearance at the beginning of the novel differs from the true feelings he hides deep inside. This complete change of character with Gatsby emphasizes the climax of the novel, which is when Gatsby and Daisy finally meet. All of Gatsby’s actions, including his parties, were done with Daisy in mind. In relation with the change of pace in the novel as the novel switches from Gatsby’s mysterious nature to a complete revelation of Gatsby’s inner workings, the plot of the story changes to include Gatsby’s course of action in the hopes of reviving his past with Daisy.
The Great Gatsby and Modernism
Modernism is a period in literary history which started around the early 1900s and continued until the early 1940s. Modernist writers in general stood against typical storytelling and ordinary verse from the 19th century. Instead, many of them told stories the way they seen it in a state of society during and after World War I. “Modernist literature is characterized chiefly by a rejection of 19th-century traditions and of their consensus between author and reader”- Chris Baldick. In all, modernism is a rejection of tradition and a hostile attitude toward the past.
In The Great Gatsby it is a first person narrator. Vision and viewpoint became an essential aspect of the modernist novel as well the way the story was told became as important as the story itself.” (Kathryn VanSpanckeren, 2003). Nick Carraway is not very reliable. He fails to remember some parts of the story, because he was too drunk to remember. “I have been drunk just twice in my life and the second time was that afternoon, so everything that happened has a dim hazy cast over it although until after eight o’clock the apartment was full of cheerful sun” (p.
At the end of Chapter II he wakes up beside Mr. McKee, who is in his underwear, looking at pictures, and wondering what just happened. His narration isn’t complete, because he remembers only parts of that night. And because Nick is the narrator of the story, we only know what he lets us know about Gatsby and when he wants to tell us. Because of that, the story is told in fragments, there is not really a chronological order. What also makes the novel a modernist novel is the symbol of Dr. T.J. Eckleberg eyes and what it represents. In modernism God is dead and people are looking for something else to replace Him. In the novel, Dr. T. J. Eckleburg is actually a billboard that represents God. Times were changing and God was not, people’s main concern in life anymore. Dr. Eckleburg’s billboard showed that America had a lack of morals and faith in God in the 1920s.
The Great Gatsby is also a modernist novel because of its major theme, the loss of American dream. Almost everyone in the novel was most concerned with obtaining material possessions, having affairs, attending wild parties constantly and becoming drunk. An example would be Gatsby. Most of his adult life he was willing to do anything to gain the social position he thought necessary to win Daisy, but he failed. To sum it up, Gatsby was living the American dream but is ruined by his love for Daisy. In all, each character represented some sense of modernism. Nick was a loner with no one he could really relate too. Jordan was cynical and did anything to win. Gatsby was an optimistic and powerful but was weak when came to Daisy. Tom was arrogant racist, sexist and a bully. Daisy was cynical and skeptical.
The Great Gatsby: Prohibition
The Great Gatsby is set in 1920’s which is the heart of the gangster era in America. Along with gangsters comes organized crime specifically bootlegging alcohol during prohibition. Prohibition was brought about in 1920 by the Eighteenth Amendment to the Constitution, and it ended in 1933, it was ratified by the Twenty-First Amendment to the Constitution. Bootlegging in the 1920’s is the way many people got rich, including the main character in The Great Gatsby, Jay Gatsby. Prohibition is one of the pivotal ideas in The Great Gatsby, and is always something that seems to come back up in the book.
In the novel The Great Gatsby, Jay Gatsby is the main character. At first in the novel nobody knew who Gatsby was all they knew is that he thru all of these lavished parties for his guesses. At these parties all of the guests would gossip about Gatsby saying “I heard he once killed a man” which would indicate some kind of criminal activity if it was true.
Jay Gatsby had an undeniable desire to be very wealthy and have power, so he jumped at any chance he could had to get there. Gatsby finally got what he was looking for when he met Meyer Wolfsheim at Winebrenner’s Poolroom at Forty-third Street, he was asking for a job there p. 171. After they met Wolfsheim knew he could use him and put him to work; that’s how Gatsby got started in bootlegging. He did much work for Wolfshiem right off he did some work for one of his biggest clients in Albany. But the two were not just business partners they were good friends as well.
The whole entire reason for choosing this life style is so he can get back with Daisy who promised to wait for him to get back from World War I. Once Gatsby got back from the war Daisy had already married somebody his name is Tom Buchanan. Tom is a guy that would call out anybody in almost any place. One day Tom, Daisy, Gatsby, Nick, and Jordan went to the Plaza Hotel and got a suit. Once they started talking Gatsby proclaimed that Daisy had never loved Tom and she married him for the money but daisy did not agree or deny with it.
“Who are you anyhow?” broke out Tom. “You’re one of that bunch that hangs around with Meyer Wolfsheim, that much I happen to know. I’ve made a little investigation into your affairs … I found out what ‘your drugstores’ were.” He turned to us and spoke rapidly. He and this Wolfsheim bought up a lot of side-street drug stores here and in Chicago and sold grain alcohol over the counter. That’s one of his little stunts. I picked him for a bootlegger the first time I saw him and I wasn’t wrong.” From pristine dream Once all of this is said in front of everybody including Daisy, Gatsby’s chance with her gets dimmer and dimmer, once Daisy finally knows how Gatsby obtained his fortune Daisy wants nothing to do with him. Thus he loses his chances with the girl he always wanted because of his dishonest lucrative enterprise.