Aspects of Rhetoric and Stereotype Image Essay
Different groups of people in every set up all over the world demonstrate different images. The image created can either be innate or assumed depending on the lifestyle of a person, status of an individual, age and so on.
Such characters can thereforebe perceived by other commentators in a way that is diverse in choice e.g. positive or negative judgment usually representing formed opinions. Some of these impressions are synonymous to the image portrayed by an individual at any given time.Examples of such images include; rhetoric, stereotype, prejudice among others (Macdonald, 2005, p.4).
This paper investigates the effects of rhetoric and stereotype image among various groups of persons namely politicians, tattooed persons, feminists and senior most citizens. We shall also look at the different perceptions associated with these images on such persons in the society.
Definition of rhetoric and stereotype image
Rhetoric image is the ability to communicate effectively usually in a way that is Persuasive but also deceitful (Iske, 2009. P.1). On the other hand, stereotype image is the common perception that is associated with a particular group of people due to their image. Let us start by examining the image linked to politicians and how they are perceived in the society. Politicians are in most cases the policy makers of a nation.
It is for this reason that they represent the people’s wishes and interests in the executive arena. Before they get elected to these large and privileged positions, they get back to the people in order to sell their policies. It is during such times that politicians are seen to be liars since they tend to make promises as they campaign but fail to fulfill them after getting in office. Politicians are also sighted to be hypocrites.
This is so, because they align themselves to the elite groups with higher chances of winning even when it is quiet obvious that their policies only favor a particular class of persons. Greed is also common to most politicians. For instance, many politicians represent their own vested interests instead of the people’s will.
Within no time, they swindle public office and thus seen to be corrupt. Politicians are known to be good public speakers who can also dare to carry out character assassination on their rivals through damaging empty rhetoric. Even though they are good orators, their image can also befit a perfect charismatic individual however, with contempt too. Politicians therefore portray both positive and negative stereotypes.
Tattooing is a practice of making body art by piercing, drawings etc.Tattood people are seen as outcasts. This is because they perform such adventures so that they may fit in a lifestyle that is still new to most people. For instance, this is why ladies who practice tattooing can sometimes be seen as sex driven and therefore portrayed as immoral.
On the other hand, tattood persons are daring. This is the case because they are courageous enough to face an already formed judgment by those people around them. Their ambition is what drives them and not the opinions criticizing their intentions.
In addition, feminists are those persons holding equal concepts on economic, social or political interests and many more to both male and female lay out. Feminists have been prejudiced especially if they are of the male gender. As a result, they are seen to be weak since they are sympathizers.
As they embark on creating awareness on equality, their rhetoric and sympathetic voice of reason is found to be an open betrayal to non proponents of such practices. Nevertheless, this is not the case to the lady feminist, she is seen to be so combative and cannot become a good wife. The female feminists are also accused of hiding behind the image of ugliness hence, are dishonest. It is clear then, that feminists are found to be of negative stereotypes from the start.
Effects of such images
Old age is wisdom. The beginning of this rhetoric is the prime age. Senior citizens are those at their peak in age and have heard and also seen it all setting forth wisdom. Even though, it is a stage plagued by many challenges, they are still a force to reckon with. For example, these people can be ascertained to be patient and tolerant.
This is exhibited by the manner in which they solve issues. Take for example, how a parent would react to a stubborn child. They are also a source of security because they are the custodians of our possession when still in sound mind. Unfortunately, these people are prone to sickness. Consequently, being judged as too frail and bereft of new ideas. The stereotypes in this group are a complete revelation of both positive and negative image (Moore and Parker, 2006, p.22).
It is somewhat unmistakable that life judges its subjects either by being positive or negative stereotypes. Nonetheless, the judgment arises from rhetoric patterns exhibited by different people and creates an outlook that is hard to erase thus remaining etched in our mindset. Either way, people are entitled to an opinion or as such, stereotypes of this group of persons would not be noticeable hence, can be true or false depending on a formed idea.
Iske, J. (2009). Rhetoric and Stereotypes. Web.
Macdonald, E. (2005). The Rhetoric of Race. Retrieved from http://www.uhu.es/hum676/revista/macdonald.pdf
Moore, B. and Parker, R. (2006). Critical thinking (8th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Rhetoric: Oil Arguments Research Paper
There are a lot of different opinions concerning the oil industry’s future. However, all parties agree that this issue is a major concern to everyone. It speaks to our pockets everyday, it rings in our ears through the news, and its effects are visible in our environment. Oil is used in virtually everything we have today, from energy to even agricultural inputs (Campbell, 196). Additionally, its importance has led to financial, political and even security concerns (Stern, 1651).
That is why I picked out this topic, because it is such a big concern in the modern world. With so much speculation in the world with regards to oil, I think it makes for a good research. The specific issue about oil being explored in my essay is concerning its supply. I will explore the various opinions that exist and give the proof as regards the specific opinion.
To further illustrate this argument, I have picked out four stakeholders within the oil industry. All of the stakeholders will be arguing out their respective point of view from according to professional and personal interests. They will be used to offer the various opinions that exist concerning the future of oil availability in the world.
Mr. Jones (Geologist)
Hello. My name is Mr. Jones. I believe that the world’s supply of oil is about to run out, and we need to be prepared. Many of you are skeptical of this fact, especially considering how dependant we are on this precious commodity. However, I will show you that it is true, and our inability to act now is a ticking time bomb.
Oil utilization in the past century has increased exponentially; this is common knowledge. As of 2009, the average oil production was at slightly over 84 million barrels a day (Energy Information Administration). This figure is only set to rise over the next few years. The US is currently the largest consumer of oil, and the world is likely to catch up over the next few years.
This will take the total tally of international oil consumption from the 75 million barrels per day in 2004 to 120 million by 2030 (Smale). So internationally, we are increasing our use of oil without thinking of about its limited availability.
We have seen that the international consumption of oil is increasing at a very fast rate. However, we know that oil is a non-renewable resource. The rate at which it can be replaced, if it is replaceable, is so slow that it is negligible (Campbell, 199).
The only way you can drink water from a cup without finishing it is if its supply is infinite, or if it is too much to finish. Unfortunately, our cup of oil isn’t infinite, nor is it too much to finish. Here in the US, oil production peaked in the 1971 (Speedace). Other countries have followed, and internationally Goldman Sachs predicted that oil would peak in 2007.
Oil peaking means that the oil reserve has reached its largest extraction capacity; production from then on is set to decline (Porter, 187). If you do not believe his prediction was true, then you have not been listening to the news. Already, countries have started announcing that their oil reserves have significantly declined in capacity. Even the greatest suppliers of oil in Middle East have recorded dwindling capacities (Porter, 187).
So there we have it, the truth about oil. We are currently consuming more than we can consume in a sustainable way. Additionally, due to population pressures and international growth, we are set to increase our consumption of oil. This is all happening in the backdrop of a limited supply of oil. Since oil is not replaceable, logic clearly tells us that we are going to finish our oil reserves. The truth is all there in the statistics.
Mr. Abdul (Oil Ship Tanker Owner)
My name is Mr. Abdul. I am very worried about the lie that is being peddled around that oil is about to end. The truth is we are not anywhere near finishing our consumption of oil. Switching from oil simply because we are preparing for its running out is simply preposterous.
The people who are arguing about oil peaking are not taking full information to account. Peak oil theory is an old theory, formulated before 1970 (Speedace). The creator of this theory did not have the advantage of the information made available to us through improved technology. Technological advancements have made it possible to efficiently search and drill for oil. These people are using theories formulated before technology considerably advanced to argue about an issue that we now have proper information concerning.
Additionally, everyone is giving contradictory statements about how long oil will last. They are using elaborate and educated guessing techniques to give us their wrong conclusion. Some skeptics are even giving us a paltry 10 years worth of reserve (The Insider). However, the truth is that at worst, we have 1,000 billion barrels worth of oil, an amount that is sustainable for at least 40 years (Smale). This also has not taken into account future explorations.
The truth is that our salvation lies in the use of technology. The latest of these technological achievements is the use of 3D technology to hunt for oil virtually (Schoen). This technology increases the efficiency of hunting for oil. It eliminates the inefficiency of using 2D maps, where locating an oil well and evaluating its potential was an exercise of part expertise and part guesswork.
Today, the use of tedious oil exploration methods has been exchanged in favor of new and efficient methods. This method alone has allowed the exploration of oil fields and even allowed experts to venture further into the ocean. You see, there is oil out there; it is just that we cannot effectively look for it. Imagine the potential held in exploring oil offshore. Offshore exploration of oil is both a very big opportunity and challenge (Schoen). However, technology holds the answer. We therefore have new places to search and previously explored places to efficiently exploit.
Additionally, technology offers us the opportunity to seek oil from other sources, like coal (Schoen). The cost of extracting one barrel of crude oil from coal was estimated at $35 per barrel, a cost that could go even further down if this kind of extraction is perfected (Speedace). A ton produces approximately 52 gallons of crude oil, with useful by products also resulting from the process. Previously unconventional sources such as bitumen and oil shale are also in the process of being utilized (Speedace).
You see, there is nothing to worry about; oil is not running out. We simply have not efficiently explored and exploited it.
Ms. Renaldo (Financial Analyst)
Let me attempt to clear the air concerning the truth about oil’s future. Indeed, it is very clear that oil has become of much importance to all of us, especially in light of its economic implications. What I am about to tell you is an inconvenient truth. However, the inconvenience will only increase if I do not tell you. The truth is this: oil is not getting finished soon, but its price is not coming down either.
Let me explain why. Those who claim that oil is running out are looking at the picture from the perspective of traditional extraction methods. Traditional methods of extracting oil are inefficient since they leave large quantities of usable oil still untapped. There are primarily three methods of extracting oil. The primary method is the easiest. This happens when oil flows out of the ground under its own pressure.
Using this method, approximately 20% of the oil reserve is extractable (Speedace). The secondary method needs pumping mechanism. With this method, between 25-35% of the oil reserve is accessible (Speedace). When we put in the third level of extraction, we can extract an additional 5-15% of the oil (Speedace). In total, on the plus side, we can extract 50% of the reserve. The rest of the reserve is too difficult to access using traditional methods. Therefore, using traditional methods, oil will arguably run out.
The problem with the extraction stages is that they expose us to increased costs as we progress up the stages. As we move from one method to the next the cost of extraction increase. The tertiary process uses a complicated steam process to aid in the extraction, a method that is undoubtedly more expensive than allowing it to flow off naturally.
This is the reality we will increasingly face as we pursue oil extraction. Oil extraction will only become much more expensive due to extraction costs as we continue to pursue their extraction to greater extents.
In Canada, for example, they discovered oil in the sands of Alberta. The oil extraction process here involves extracting the bitumen in the sands (Graham). This is an expensive process as it requires an incredible one ton of sand to produce only one barrel (Graham). In newer techniques, they pump steam into the ground, allowing the tar to melt and then pump it to the surface (Graham). This is still not cheap. It takes a lot of steam and energy to extract the oil using this method (Graham). Desperate scenarios like these are being seen all over the oil industry as they move to secure the “inaccessible” reserves.
There is a whole frontier of unexplored territory in the ocean. This could prove to be very good for boosting the total oil production. However, this method has many expensive challenges. Building oil rigs in the middle of the ocean, surviving harsh ocean weather and pumping the oil to a receivable place are but a few of the expenses that oil this new process will face (Schoen).
In short, there is a lot of oil out there that is not in being extracted properly. Increased international demand will not allow companies to sit around without finding ways of extracting oil from previously unconventional sources. However, the oil is expensive to extract. This will force the price of oil upwards due to its high production cost.
Dr. Green (Environmental Researcher)
Ladies and Gentlemen: we are in a crisis. The world is dependant on energy, and the greatest energy source we know is oil. We have used it and crippled ourselves in the process. However, we are at the beginning of a new era: the post-oil age. Humanity is fast realizing the evil of its oil addiction and began to look for new ways of satisfying its need.
Arguably the biggest motivators to explore alternatives are financial and political (Campbell, 205). The dependency on oil by the US has exposed it to political manipulation by the Middle East (Rodger, 1652). This precious commodity is so vital, that the Middle East have found it a convenient tool to bully the US.
Additionally, the Middle East’s political turmoil has exposed the market to economic shocks due to its strategic holding of most of the world’s supply of oil (Campbell, 194). The world’s biggest economy, the US is currently pursuing alternative energy as a very real alternative. An alternative would release it from this burden of being at the whim of oil speculation and manipulation (Rodger, 1651). The cost savings would be gladly used in some other segment of the economy that would need help.
Additionally, environmental concerns are also a motivation. By ensuring that we switch from polluting, non renewable energy sources to other cleaner alternatives, we come closer to reducing the drastic effects of global warming. The climate change subject is on the lips of everyone internationally, and switching from oil is arguably the single biggest conservation effort possible on the planet.
To prove that the investments in pursuing alternatives are real, one has only to look at the stimulus package announced by Obama. Out of the total package of $787 billion, $150 billion was pledged to the cause of renewable energy (Marquez). This is 19% of the total stimulus package.
Additionally, big shot investors, the likes of Warren Buffet, have started to financially position themselves to take advantage of an expected boom in the alternative energy sector (Marquez). Finance is one of the biggest motivators of change in any sector, and with the kind of investments being made in alternative energy, a solution is sure to pop up.
If you think that the replacement is somewhere far in the distant future, then you are wrong. Already, significant progress is being made in finding an alternative. From biofuels, hydrogen to battery power, new alternatives of energy are being heavily pursued on a real time basis.
Already, we have seen the car industry pioneer hybrid cars that run on electricity. If this industry alone successfully manages to wholly switch to a viable alternative, the reduction in the amount of oil in use would be extremely significant. Alternative energy is indeed a reality.
The oil debate is clearly riddled with many different view points, as the characters have show. However, the most important debate should not be about how much oil is left, but how we are going to solve the financial and environmental problems that oil gives us. Indeed, technology does hold the answers to most of the riddles that oil supply brings.
We either find innovation that makes oil supply cheap or find technology that renders it incomplete. Personally, I am in favor of the second option, do away with oil altogether. This way, we avoid the problem altogether and drastically reduce the environmental damage that we have done to our earth courtesy of oil.
Campbell, Colin. “Petroleum and People.” Population and Environment 24.2 (2002): 193-207. Print.
“Canadian Oil: At what Price.” TreeHugger. Web.
“Future of Oil.” Institute for the Analysis of Global Security 2003. Web.
Kahney, Leander. “Inside Look at Birth of the IPod.” Wired.com 21 July 2004. Web.
Marquez, Horacio. “The Technology That Will Replace 148 Billion Barrels of Oil.” Money Morning 21 Oct. 2009. Web.
“Petroleum and Oil Reserves.” Speedace. Web.
“Petroleum Production.” US Energy Information Administration. Web.
Porter, Richard. “Review.” Journal of Economic Literature 44.1 (2006): 186-190. Print.
Smale, Will. “The World’s Overflowing Oil Reserves?.” BBC News 20 Apr. 2004. Web.
Stern, Roger. “Oil Market Power and United States National Security.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103.5 (2006): 1650-1655. Print.
“World’s Oil Will Run out in Ten Years.” The Insider 19 Oct. 2003. Web.
Rhetorical analysis of the essay titled, “The negative effects of wealth in society”
For a linguistics class, I had to write an essay that either supported the notion that wealth brings far greater problems than depriving people of beauty or arguing that access to beauty is far more important than some might believe. The essay was titled, “The negative effects of wealth in society”.
I decided to take the first argument and provided an analysis that illustrated the critical role that wealth plays in bringing about most societal vices. In this essay, I seek to analyze the rhetorical devices used in the piece of writing described above. To this end, I shall focus on a number of aspects including the purpose for writing the essay, the audience, the genre, the appeals, organization of the text, omitted information, evidence included and the style of the essay.
Reasons for writing the essay
The primary reason as to why I wrote this essay stemmed from the fact that I had a clear understanding of how wealth has led to the physical and structural destruction of the society in which we live. I have had experiences in the past with moneyed people coming to an uninhabited piece of land surrounded by wonderful geological features such as fresh water springs.
Instead of leaving these marvels of nature the way they found them, these people clear the land and set up bottling plants for what is popularly known as ‘mineral water’. The downside of these kinds of investments is that with time the springs dry up and the emissions from such factories end up causing an unprecedented destruction to the atmosphere.
Aside from this, I have also witnessed how wealthy people use their money and power to exploit the less endowed individuals. A person would set up a company that brings in millions of dollars in profits but instead of sharing it appropriately with his/her members of staff, he/she offers them salaries that cannot even comfortable take them through a basic month. I also needed to write on how wealth or the search for wealth had the effect of breaking up family ties.
In this regard, I wanted to illustrate that in a bid to make as much wealth as possible individuals end up disregarding the importance of cultivating proper relationships with fellow family members, and this in turn has been the fundamental contributor to absenteeism as far as parental roles are concerned.
The genre of the essay above is contemporary. This is because the essay talks about an issue that affects society on a daily basis. The essay had not topical guidelines defining its direction and in a way had an immense freedom of range. As far as the content was concerned, it was designed to provide detailing for a specialized topic in linguistics which depended on basic exemplification from day-to-day living.
The form of this essay, by the virtue of alternating between argumentative and descriptive also played a great role in establishing its definition as contemporary. The essay at some point categorically provided a statement that illustrated the negative effects of wealth in today’s society and then I went ahead to list examples from modern-day life to back up the statement.
The essay also adopted the contemporary tag because it was elastic and could accommodate various lines of argument as well as different stylistic approaches. This was illustrated by the fact that an appreciation was made of the fact that wealth is important in society but clear lines of distinction have to be established to ensure that it does not negatively define how individuals relate with each other and with their environment.
In writing this essay my primary audiences were the academicians that were going to assess it. It is because of this that I made a conscious effort to make it adopt a scholastic flow. I also made sure that numerous and practical examples were provided spanning across the entire content in order to provide the essay with proper literary relevance. I also had a secondary audience in mind when drafting the essay and this comprised members of the general public. These are individuals whose daily lives are affected by the issues raised in the essay.
For the sake of individuals from this category who could end up getting access to the essay, I made sure that I adopted a simple language and straight-forward style. I steered clear of jargon that could have ended up making the essay challenging to read and ensured that all the examples listed could resonate with the average citizen.
This essay could easily make sense in the same way to an individual in high school as it would to a literature professor. Even though bias regarding the impact of the essay on the different audiences had to be avoided, I still found myself passionate about convincing the wealthy individuals that the role the play in society could either make it better to live in or could end up damaging it completely.
Appeals (logos, ethos and pathos)
In order to appeal to the various audiences described above, I had to come up with a method for making both logical and emotional sense. This is what is described in literature as appealing to logos, ethos and pathos. As far as the appeal to logic is concerned I used a language that made theoretical sense.
This basically means that the words chosen for the essay had to clearly and accurately illustrate the point I had in mind. I also provided proper exemplification to back up the claims raised aside from providing adequate explanations for any new ideas. In this way, I was able to evoke a cognitive response from the readers. In order to develop ethos, I first made sure that the language used was appropriate to the discussion and that it was well understood by the target audience(s).
I went through my work from time to time to ensure that grammatical mistakes were corrected and that the essay was an easy read. I made sure that I was objective throughout the discussion and that I avoid getting my emotions dictate what I had to write. As such I ended up developing a well balanced essay that used the points raised to draw a conclusion.
As far as the appeal to emotion (pathos) is concerned, I used examples that made emotional sense to the reader such as the colonization of African countries by the world’s superpowers. These are vices that are distinctly associated with wealth and which are well known to individuals around the world. In some instances I had to use connotative explanations in order to ensure that the readers came up with their own conclusions regarding the point that had been raised.
For instance, when I wrote that “The acquisition of wealth results in the breaking of family and societal linkages”, I did not mean that families would split in the literal sense of the phrase ‘breaking up’. In stead I wanted the reader to come to the conclusion that wealth leads to the degradation of ideal societal relations.
Organization of the text
While drafting the essay, I had to ensure that the text was organized in such a way that each and every paragraph made sense on its own as well as in relation to the rest of the essay. The essay had a basic introduction which provided a summary of what the discussion would be about and this was summed up in the thesis. The subsequent paragraphs provided further explanation to the topic at hand and then the conclusion summarized the main points raised in the essay.
Each paragraph had an introductory sentence that brought to the fore the main idea that I was trying to raise and then the rest of the essay provided supporting evidence. For example, in the first paragraph after the introduction, I stated that “wealth leads to the creation of frustrated individuals in society.”
This was the main idea for discussion in this paragraph and in its support I cited an example of a wealthy man buying land from peasant farmers, setting up a franchise and then using the same individuals from whom he purchased the land as low-pay workers in his business.
Included and omitted information
Because in the introduction, I had stated that essay was going to support the argument that wealth had more negative effects in society aside from the destruction of beauty, some information had to be omitted while others included in order to come up with this conclusion.
I obtained all the information pertaining to the undesirable elements of wealth and then provided adequate examples to illustrate how these effects affected each and every member of society. I included information that implied that for society to function properly, some individuals had to have more wealth than others.
However, in order no to sound like I was supporting the argument that the injustices committed by the wealthy were the basics of proper social functioning, I provided an in-depth analysis of the vices that the discrepancies between the rich and the poor brought about in any given community. By the time I was writing the conclusion I had more points detailing the negative elements of wealth in society as compared to the benefits and this naturally made it easy to properly draw audience to my line of argument.
In any given piece of academic writing, evidence is a key factor in determining the credibility of the argument. Consequently, in my essay on the negative effects of wealth, I made sure that I had enough evidence to support the basic ideas that I was trying to raise. No point was raised without further explanation and proper exemplification and this served to make the essay relevant to both the academicians assessing it and the average citizen with access to it.
For instance, after pointing out that the desire for wealth is responsible for corruption in public service, I went ahead to explain that this is manifest in the way police officers gladly take bribes owing to the fact that they are almost always poorly paid.
The style of the essay was purely descriptive in because all the information provided was supposed to have the same impact to readers ten years in the future as it has made in the present. Points were raised to support the topic at hand and then properly described with basic examples from society. In this way the essay ended up making explanatory sense to respective audiences regarding the topic of discussion.
In conclusion, it is worth noting that for any written discussion, it is imperative that the writer appreciates the importance of rhetorical devices in the structuring of his work. This is because the way an individual arranges arguments in an essay clearly determines the impact to his/her audience and the relevance of the work as far as consultation by scholars is concerned.
In the linguistics essay whose structure and content have been analyzed in this essay, a number of elements had to be well defined in order to ensure that it clearly brought out the message that I, as the writer, sought to bring about from the word go. As has been illustrated in this analysis a number of rhetorical devices were appropriately utilized in consideration of key elements such as the audience and this have been properly integrated in the entire writing in order to come with an easily flowing literary piece.
However, if I were to re-do the essay, I would ensure that I provide more citations from experts in the field. This would mainly be a function of appeal to pathos, especially for my academic audience. From where I stand all the strategies adopted worked well for the discussion and this leads me to the conclusion that a conscious effort to the type of rhetorical devices is important in making the essay fulfill its original intended purpose.
Rhetorical Situation of a Resume Essay (Critical Writing)
A resume is a written piece of work with the help of which a person analyses his/her own skills and knowledge in order to meet particular professional goals. There are many forms of a resume, however, the social context of each resume remains to be similar: a brief text, clear arguments, concise documentation, and the identification of positive characteristics.
To succeed in writing a resume, a person has to take such factors like time and environment into consideration: what has to be underlined first of all, what features may attract the reader, and why it is necessary to focus on writing a resume.
Purposes of the Text
Each resume is an attempt to prove personal abilities and readiness to take the position offered. There are many goals a resume writer wants to achieve, still, the major are as follows: persuasion of the reader about personal proficiency, identification of personal skills, self-analysis, and finally, admission to the required institution.
The author of a resume understands that there are many other writings which will be also evaluated, this is why it is important to do his/her best in order to become the most appropriate candidate and prove personal worth. Writing a resume is a significant step in the life of every person. So, all purposes have to set clearly and achieved accordingly.
The exigence of the text is all about the problems which may be observed during the writing process. Still, the point is that any imperfection identified in the text may be improved in order to achieve the most successful results in the chosen writing process.
As it has been mentioned above, there are many examples of resumes which may be created at the same time for one position. This is why the main exigence of the text is the competition existed. It is crucially important to choose the most appropriate ideas and words to attract the reader’s attention and prove that the chosen piece of writing deserves recognition.
Though it seems to be a difficult task for many writers to describe personal skills and positive characteristics only, this challenge has to be overcome. There are many ways of how this obstacle may be solved: the use of writing tips, attention to the widely-offered examples and the possibility to rely on them still be unique, and following the rules which are strictly identified.
The audience for the resume is the employer who has to make a decision whether the writer of the chosen work deserves a chance to take the position offered. It seems to be reasonable to pay attention to audience’s purposes and backgrounds in order to find an appropriate way for writing a resume.
In the case under consideration, the main purpose of the audience is to find the best candidate among the existed variety. This is why a resume should be produced so that the reader will understand the level of the future worker. It is also necessary to consider audience backgrounds: an employer has already dealt with numerous resumes and realizes that all ideas have to be supported by clear arguments.
This is why the resume writer should realize that the reader is aware of the basics of resume writing. Finally, the employer’s attitude should be admitted by the writer. The way of how the reader accepts the resume will define his/her future decision. It is better to avoid too many attributes which provide a brief image of a future worker but focus on the arguments and past experience that will help to understand what a kind of worker the writer is.
There are many constraints the writer of a resume may face. As a rule, these constraints are based on the audience (the employer), the purpose (to attract the attention and prove persona worth), and the exigence (a variety of other resumes). Each constraint has its own peculiarities, and the writer has to treat each challenge in a right way to solve possible problems and present the best resume.
First of all, it is necessary to admit that there are certain rules of writing a resume. This is why each writer is limited in his/her decisions and abilities. It is not allowed to break the rules just in order to demonstrate personal attitude to the task. Still, it is necessary to consider the already identified circumstances and use the best arguments in writing.
The main sources of constraints are the writer’s beliefs, motives, and facts. There is no need to describe how skillful and hard-working the writer may be because the reader of a resume wants to know more about some personal traits of the writer, facts from his/her past life with the help of which it is possible to understand a true nature of the employee, and abilities which will help to achieve better results with time.
All actions of the resume writer should have proper grounds and evidence. Only in case the writer is ready to take responsibility for each word written in the resume, the success of such work may be achieved.
Rhetorical situations in the Experiences and Goals Letter Reflective Essay
Communication skills are one of the most important skills in the work place since it defines a person’s character more than anything else does. Any form of communication especially the written one should be clear enough to be understood by any relevant person irrespective of their level of education. It is important for an individual to develop excellent workplace writing skills if they are to be effective in their communication.
The rhetorical situations that must be considered in this case include the purpose of writing the document, the audience who are expected to read and the ones who might want to read it even though it may not be necessary for them to read it. Moreover, there are the stakeholders, which include the people who will be affected by the success or failure of the document and the context, which is the background situation that made it necessary for the document to be developed.
By the introduction of rhetorical awareness, communication in the work place has changed greatly from the traditional form that was mostly focused on learning the templates of different documents and reproducing them just as they were required to a form that requires more thinking in relation to the goals that the document is expected to achieve. Professional writers are now expected to focus more on the content than the format of the documents that they produce.
The format is not regarded with much importance since it does not assist the audience in understanding the paper. The writer should consider mostly their choices of words and clarity in language since these are the elements that will determine whether the reader understands the content of not. This approach where the reader is given more consideration is referred to as user centered or reader centered design of communication.
When applying the reader-centered approach, the writer should first think about any form of audience that may need to read the paper in terms of their expectations, characteristics goals and the context. On the expectations, the writer should think about the type of information that the reader expects to derive from the document.
The reader’s characteristics involve the type of audience in terms of how they relate to the information presented in the document. This also involves the positions that the readers hold in the organization and the amount of workload that they handle. Readers who have less work might be in a position to take their time I reading the document while this is hard for the readers who are in the managerial positions since they have a lot of things to look in to.
In such a case, the writer is expected to come up with a document that is brief and straight to the point so that the reader will not have to spend much time trying to get the relevant information from the document. The goal of the reader requires that the reader will get the relevant information from the document and finally the context is in relation to the situation that reader expects the document to address.
The reader-centered design has three levels that the writer should consider when creating the workplace documents. The first one if the documents design. The documents should be presented in a way that is easy to go through.
This includes a clear statement of objectives and the contents of the paper at the beginning and clearly formatted page numbers and headers together with a properly formatted appendix at the end of the document to enhance the understandability of the document. Locker (2003) insists on the use of white space since according her this is one of the ways of making the paper appear more organized.
It is also important when considering the clarity of the document to use structural illustrations as this will enhance the understandability. Information design ensures that the reader can easily understand the document. It requires the information presented be more specific and directed to the point. The beginning of a document should be made up of an abstract or a summary of the whole idea behind the document.
Locker (2003) emphasizes that every other point should be introduced in a way that explains the concept even to the readers who have no background information on the subject. Sentence design should ensure easy readability of the document. Complex ideas should be explained in such a way that a reader who is not an expert in the field will be able to understand.
The writer should avoid using difficult terminology and where they cannot be avoided, a glossary should be provided. This will ensure that other stakeholders to the document who are not experts in the discipline it addresses are in a position to understand the document by reading it without having to refer to outside sources or needing translations.
From the letter, it is clear that the writer had a problem with the understanding of the rhetorical situations. In the first instance here he was expected to write a cover letter, he failed to understand the scope of the document. The function of a cover letter is to summarize the contents of the resume and to explain to the recruiting manager the reasons why you are the best candidate for the job.
It should have an introduction that explains who the writer is and their reason for writing the letter. They should then summarize their academic qualifications and the experiences that qualify them for the position they are applying to. Towards the end of the letter, the applicant should express their interests in the position by explaining the skills they possess that will be beneficial to the organization.
The grammatical expressions should be basic and clear considering that many people are sending their application and the recruiting manager might not have the time to try to figure out the intentions of the writer.
Besides recruiting the new employees, he is also faced with a task of maintaining the database of the existing in terms of payroll preparation and other such duties. We can therefore conclude that the letter was rejected because it was not possible to tell its purpose by going through it. It required the reader to do some thinking before figuring it out.
When writing a cover letter, the writer should think about the interests of the audience, which in this case was to recruit the best candidate for the job vacancy. This person therefore has no time to read complicated grammatical sentences and they are supposed to go through a considerable number of letters. It should therefore be simple to understand and straight to the point.
The reason why the writer was told that his letter could not charm the employers was because of he wrote many pages which would definitely be tiresome to read and the sight of the pages would make the employers to dismiss the application without even reading the content.
In considering the purpose of the letter, the writer was supposed to understand that it was meant to give a summary of what was contained in his resume and not a repetition of the same. He did not need to provide the long explanations, which only diluted the content of the letter.
The context of a cover letter should include a clear statement of the reason why the letter is being written and in this case, it was to convince they employer that he was the best candidate for the job. He did not need to do this in so many words considering the position of the reader.
He was supposed to be clear in a way that attracts the reader automatically and to achieve this; the writer was expected to present a well-organized document that gives the reader a good perception of the writer even before meeting him. The stakeholders in this case included the recruiting manager who was too busy to read volumes of pages in one letter. It is important to note that this person was not reading the letter as part of leisure but instead it is a part of his work, which involves many other commitments.
The second document in the letter is the proposal paper, which was supposed to explain how the international financial reporting standards affect the financial statements of the company and how the statements could be prepared to make them appear different from the normal format. The writer had all the information on the subject but he was not able to present it in the correct manner since he never adhered to the rhetorical situations writing guidelines.
He failed to consider the audience who were not all experts in accounting and used the accounting terminologies with no explanations. He has also neglected the main points and ended up giving a lot of irrelevant information. When writing the proposal, he had only considered the knowledge that he had and ended up developing a document that only showed what he knew and one that any other person could have problems understanding the content.
He failed to consider the context of the document, which was to be the professional information presented in a clear and easy to understand format. The management was not interested in knowing the extent to which the writer was proficient in the accounting field. They wanted a document that could be read and understood by the non-accounts staff members without the need for interpretations.
The writer could have used Basic English terms and where it was not possible to divert from the accounting terminologies, he would have provided and index explaining their meaning. This would have ensured that the proposal was acceptable to the management. This is scenario was different from the learning environment where the instructors considered the terminologies more than anything else in the document.
The third document was a letter he received from his mother when he was in the military service. The letter contained content that touched his heart and made him cry.
The goal of this letter was to express her mother’s feelings towards the son and though she was not a very good writer, she managed to pass on her message just as she intended. The son was able to detect his mother’s emotions from the letter and this is what communication is all about. The reader should be in a position to tell how the writer was feeling when they were writing the document.
Writing is not about the use complicated terminologies but the art of communicating an idea, message or emotion to the reader. In this case, the mother considered her audience who was his son and despite the fact that she did not have the best command of language, she ensured that the letter was clear enough for the son to know how she was feeling. That is what the purpose of the document was all about.
On the context, the letter was written from mother to son and she therefore had no need to make it fancy or official since it was not to be evaluated at any point. In this case, there were no other stakeholders involved in reading the document and so her letter was fine as long her son could understand it. From all the three illustrations, this was the best document in terms of communicating the content to the reader, clarity and understandability.
This sounds absurd since it was the least official document and chances are it was not written with much consideration on the format, grammar and sentence construction. It however communicated its purpose more effectively than the others did. Excellent writing with an aim of communicating a message has nothing to do with the fancy wordings that people use to hide their writing weaknesses. These elements only make the document complicated and hard to understand hence distorting the whole message.
From this experience, the writer was able to discover his strengths and weaknesses in writing. He realized that his writing skills were more inclined to his experiences, feelings and thoughts and that is why he had a problem with the official letters and proposal where he was not expected to express his feelings.
He also learnt the importance of organizing the whole document in a simple way that can be understood by any person even without going to the details. This includes having a well-defined introduction, body and conclusion such that the reader can summarize the whole message by going through the introduction and the conclusion.
Besides this, he realized the need to improve on his diction, which is the choice of words, summarizing and presenting his points in a concise and effective manner, and to improve on his grammatical skills since correct is one of the essential elements in business writing.
The writer was also determined to learn more on all the other forms of writing required in the work place, which included business letters, memos and the other forms of business documents.
One of the most important aspects in written communication is the ability to express the ideas in mind in a way that the reader can determine the writer’s mood from the document. This is one of the aspects that captures the attention of the audience and makes it easier for them to relate to the document.
This explains why the same person reading a letter from a member of the family and another one from the manager will always reflect two different reactions and this can be deduced from the facial expression and the comments that this person makes when reading the two documents both of which are letter but with different contexts.
There are a number of core values and interests that I have developed and these happen to be the pillars of my life and career and this is explained in the following section.
My personality is that of a normal person and I am very active, as well as not talkative. I am one of the people who you can described as average, introvert or even conserved since I am not the outgoing type. I like working with logical ideas as opposed to disjointed ones.
These aspects made me realize that I am more of a mathematics and finance person since these are the disciplines I have been performing well in ever since I started school. When it comes to discussions and debates, I am always losing out since I am poor at supporting my ideas with words. I always prefer supporting myself with my actions. I major in accounting since I believe that is where I am meant to be given my character and interests.
My work prospect is to get an accounting job in the United States or to work for an international accounting firm in Asia, which is my homeland. I am also interested in working with an investment bank owing to the fact that I did my internship in this environment and I developed the interest of working specifically in the industry research department.
I do not mind working in a bank as well though this would not be my first option. Besides these, I believe I have the interest of working in a sports management company owing to the fact that I have always had an interest in different sports such as football, which is my favorite sport and basket ball.
The most important element in my life that I value above everything else is my family. This influences the direction of my life in many ways since I would never leave my family behind in the name of working away from home.
Their presence in my life keeps everything else moving and this is one thing I like explaining to the people around me including my bosses to avoid being posted outside my hometown. The other thing I really appreciate is a conducive working environment. I would rather be working in a favorable environment and earn a small salary than work in a harsh environment with a huge salary.
I would like to work in a company where the management is kind to the employees and where respect is a core value. I would also like to work in an organization where my skills are appreciated and where I am given tasks that are in my line of interest, which is accounting since this is what I am confident with. I would also like an environment where effort is appreciated and praised verbally. These factors are more important to me than the salary in the organizations I dream to work with.
If I maintain the values, I currently hold dearly, I believe I will a very important person in future. First, I will have the best family ever since I will always be there for them. Now I am not married but I hope to do so soon to have the chance to bring up my own family. I will also encourage the members of my family to stay close to each other in all circumstances since this is what I have learnt from my parents and it is the best way to bring up a family in which the members care for each other.
I feel saddened every time I hear from the media of brothers who have turned against each other, or children fighting their parents and that are why I would like to be with my wife and children throughout so that I can avoid such occurrences from happening. My greatest wish in life is to grow old besides my wife, watching our children become successful in their careers and in the other aspects of their lives.
In relation to my career the fact that I consider the working conditions and job description more than the salary is a character I believe will take me places as far as my career is concerned. Many people get stagnant in their career paths because huge pay packages excite them and they end up working in areas that have nothing to do with their interests.
This means that they just work for the money they do not get any satisfaction out of the job. The result of this is poor performance and a feeling of wasted efforts, which eventually might be a source of distress to an individual. To avoid all this therefore, I prefer taking up jibs that are within my interests and that implies accounting and finance jobs are my first and only priority. I would rather search for a job for a long and finally land in one that fits my criteria.
I have the dream of becoming the chief accountant or the chief financial controller in an international accounting firm and that is why I base all my working experience in these two fields. The amount of experience I will get from the internships and the small low paying jobs will determine greatly the time it will take for me to rise to the desired position.
I therefore intend to develop my career towards the direction I intend to go and finally I believe I will be there. When I finally get to the top position, I would like the people working under me to have the best working environments.
That is why I choose to work in the conducive environments so that I will not have any intentions if revenging for the wrongs done to me by my bosses. I have learnt that most of the managers who mistreat their staff were at some point mistreated too and so they are doing it as revenge. This is what I would like to avoid by ensuring that the environment I am working in is not harsh. This I believe also gives me the best chance to learn and implement my skills without being afraid that the manager might scold me.
Finally, I mentioned that I would like to work in a place where my efforts are recognized and praised. This is because such an environment allows me to know when I am improving in terms of the quality of my work and when I am deteriorating.
From that, I will be able to know the areas that need more attention hence improve my skills by the day. In some organizations, managers are in the habit of just scolding their employees when they have done a mistake but they never remember to praise them when there is need to. Such a scenario affects the esteem of the employees and most of them end up believing that they never learn anything.
This deters their growth in their career and it affects the quality of their work. At the time when I will be working in the top positions, I would like to be a source of inspiration to my employees and always encourage them to learn from their mistakes and to take the risks of trying out new ideas in the work place. This way, I will be pleased to watch them develop their careers under my leadership.
Before I get there therefore, I would like to be allowed to explore my skills and apply them in the jobs that I do, so that I can also grow in terms on creativity and working skills.
Lessons learnt from the MBTI test
It is possible to determine the temperament type in an individual, which in this case is indicated by the information below.
My personality Type is: I (33%) N (38%) F (12%) J (67%) where I is introvert, N is intuitive, F is feeling and J is judgment.
I can therefore be described as:
- practically articulated introvert
- Averagely intuitive personality
- Vaguely articulated feelings personality
- Typically manifested judging personality
My INFJ Type Description by D. Keirsey
Keirsey Temperament: Idealist
Seems like me: I have the desire to contribute to positively to the lives of the people around me just like Keirsey’s description of my personality type. I like encouraging people and watching them as they develop their potentials and hidden abilities. I also prefer working with individuals on a one to one basis and exercise my ability to influence their lives though from the background. I also believe that I am an idealist owing to the fact that I am not an extrovert and this gives me a problem in expressing my feelings. I am better placed in an environment where I am expected to think rather than feel.
Does not seem like me: I am not good when it comes to dealing with a group of people. I prefer working with individuals. I am not good in languages and I lack the poetic nature experienced in the people with the same temperament as mine. According to Schwegler (1997), most of the heroes with this personality type were either politicians or political activists and this indicates that it is a temperament that best fits social people. This renders me automatically displaced in this field.
Made me think about: People of my personality are not easy to interact with especially on social issues since they prefer keeping their personal lives to themselves. Their actions usually come as a surprise since it is never possible to anticipate what they can do or not do.
Personality Zone Careers: Best Job Fit for INFJ
Personality Type: Counselor
Description: this is a personality type for people who prefer to lead their lives privately. They can work in the discipline of education as professors, educational consultants or just as teachers. Since the career that fits this description perfectly is that of a counselor, most of the people with this temperament end up in fields such as religion, social services or designers.
Seems like me: I appreciate the values in people as well as their uniqueness and I like to discover my strengths and weaknesses and help other people discover theirs.
Does not seem like me: I am not a social person and so doing social work does not seem like me. Owing to my personality, I have also never considered taking a teaching job since group interaction has never been my thing.
Made me think about: after taking the personality test I started thinking of taking a career path in counseling since I discovered this was one of the best ways to add value to people’s lives and inspire them to develop their potentials.
Jung Career Indicator
Careers and Career Categories
- Social service
- Health care
Early childhood education
- Art and Science
The main conclusion that can be drawn from the results of this test is that everyone has their unique combination. This explains why we are all different yet each person has his or her strong qualities and weak ones too. It is not possible for an individual to possess a hundred percent of one of the temperaments. Instead, the default setting is that a person will have all the four temperament each at different capacities and this is what creates the characters in people making them different from each other.
Lessons learnt from the O-NET test are all concerned with the different job categories together with their temperament requirements as follows:
Most likely: Accounting and auditing clerk
Accounting and auditing clerks are involved in all the tasks that are related to the financial and accounting records.
They classify the financial records according to their respective categories and ensure that the records are always updated. Besides that, they oversee the accuracy of the financial statement as well as their compliance with the international accounting and financial reporting standards.
Some of the job titles that fall under this category include accounts clerk, bookkeepers, and accounts associates.
The main tasks here include working with the accounting software to come up with the financial records, reconciling the bank statements with the cashbook entries and ensuring that the financial reports comply with the international accounting standards.
A person handling this task should be in possession accounting and economics knowledge. They should also be good with arithmetic and must have some background knowledge on clerical procedures. They should have the ability to organize information and accordance with some pre existing rules, have the ability reflect on numerical problems as well as well-developed mathematical analysis skills.
The work context involves performing repetitive tasks with a high level of accuracy as a requirement. The people in this department spend most of their time seated behind the computers but the job involves a lot of paper work as well.
The workers must be conventional and enterprising. They should be willing to be supported in their work by fellow employees and be able to maintain good relations in the workplace.
The average wages in this employment are $16.08 per hour, the level of employment is at 2,064,000 employees. This type of employment is dominant in the retail and technical services industries.
Second most likely: Post secondary business teachers
Post secondary business teachers are instructors and lecturers in colleges and they mainly concentrate in business related disciplines such as business management or business administration.
Some of the job titles under this category include business professors, management professors and business office technology instructor.
The tasks involved in this are giving lectures to postgraduate and undergraduate level students, preparing the course syllabus, monitoring, and evaluating the performance of the students by administering exams.
A person going for this career should have knowledge on administrative and management functions. They should also be well knowledgeable on communication techniques as well as accounting and economics disciplines. Besides this, they are required to have oral comprehension abilities, clarity in speech and the ability to organize information in logical manner.
The context of this work involves the prearranged lectures and the random ones. A lot of public speaking is involved and the instructor is expected to make major decisions frequently. The worker in this case needs to have excellent social skills, should be enterprising investigative as well.
The work values related to this occupation include the achievement mindset, independence especially in decision-making and recognition ability.
The average wages in this type of employment is $73320 per year and the approximate number of employees is 1,699,000. The dominant industry in this field is educational services.
3rd most likely: Credit authorizers
This job entails authorizing the charges related to the credit facilities on the customer’s accounts and this involves performing an analysis to determine which customers are credit worthy and which ones are not.
Examples of job titles that fall under this category include the credit manager and the credit director.
An employee in this position is expected to analyze the credit payment records, mail the credit information to the customers, maintain, and update the credit records.
A successful candidate for this job should posses knowledge the credit accounts requirements of the government, the legal issues related credit facilities together with considerable amount of clerical knowledge.
The person should have the ability to sense problems before they appear, be able to express themselves effectively in writing and have the visualization ability.
This job has a strict constraint and the employee is mostly required to create contacts with the customers together with the preparation of memos and letters.
The person should have conventional and enterprising interests for them to be effective in this job.
Average wages paid to the employees under this category is $15.36 per hour and the level of employment is at 64,000 employees. Finance and administrative industries are the most dominant in this field.
From the first section, this document addresses the following elements of communication in the workplace in relation to personal temperaments.
One of the main lessons learnt from this document is on the importance of conducting a personality test before recruiting an employee and allocating duties to them. People vary in terms of their abilities and one of the factors behind organizational success is to ensure that the employees are placed in their areas of expertise.
This promotes effectiveness in the workplace hence increased productivity. Most of the big organizations have adopted this criterion when interviewing individuals for different job positions and as a result the end up placing everyone in the departments where they can perform to their best. Many employers also analyze their employees using personality tests to understand them better. Some traits in people can only be revealed through testing and this is why most employers have adopted this system.
The use of MBTI tests in the organization is mainly to determine the weaknesses and strengths of the employees and to ensure that communication in the organization is carried out effectively amongst the employees and between the management and the subordinates.
This also makes conflict resolution easier as well as in the development of a training curriculum. The other reason why some organization take this practice so seriously is because of the notion that harmony in the work place is a result of there being an understanding of personalities amongst the members of an organization. This means that they know how to handle each other based on their different personalities.
Employers also consider personality testing as a way of improving the quality of their workforce. In fact, a recent research conducted on the fortune 100 companies indicates that forty percent of these companies perform a psychological based personality test on their interviewees before making the selection.
It is argued that this is one of the most important ingredients to their success. The American management association companies conducted another similar research on its members, which as well indicated that fifty percent of the best performing companies conducted these tests before selecting employees in to their respective departments.
The different types of personality tests are used for different purposes in the organization. For example a company dealing with sales promotions will mostly consider the level of introversion or extroversion in a person, while an audit firm will mostly consider the judgment capacity in an individual (Myers and Briggs 34).
The most common personality test however is the integrity test, which is usually conducted for all departments. These determine the level of honesty in an individual and the extent this can go and hence the management gets a basis for determining the people who can be entrusted with huge responsibilities. Personality oriented integrity tests are a form of integrity tests used to determine a person’s reliability, sociability and trustworthiness.
Section one of these documents, which address the issue of workplace communication, put more emphasis on the importance of carrying out personality tests before making a decision on the career path to take. Employers also need this when allocating responsibilities. A good example is when the writer was given the task of writing a proposal.
The document he came up with indicates clearly that the person had expert skills in the accounting field, but he was not good in writing and that is why the audience had a problem in relating to his writing. A personality test could have revealed this weakness and that would have ensured that he only participated in the activities that were in line with his personality.
The rhetorical situations describe the character traits of an individual whose temperament categorizes them as writers (Anderson 34). Anderson (2001) goes on to explain that these features are able to capture the attention of the audience, stick to the purpose of the document, each content is the context of the whole documents and all the stakeholders irrespective of their area of expertise can understand it.
The person who wrote that letter was however not in this category, and supposing he had taken a personality test before attempting to write the documents he wrote without being successful, he would have concentrated on his strong areas rather than attempting what was clearly not his discipline.
From the personality tests above, I can develop a logical, evidence-based hypothesis about my potential careers that are my best fit and this is explained in the following section based on the data in Table 7A.
Based on my knowledge, abilities, interests, work context, job description and skills, the three careers which appear likely to be the best fit are accounting and auditing clerk, post secondary business teacher and credit authorizer and a financial manager.
Aspects of accounting and audit work that seem like a good fit are the context of the work, which requires that I perform most of my task while seated. Being an introvert, I would have a problem with a job that would require me to socialize. In this job, I am only expected to know how to use a computer, accounting software and how to fill in the ledger books and analyze the information therein.
Accounting and auditing work can however be challenging since it involves performing repetitive tasks that can get monotonous. This field is also highly competitive owing to the fact that it requirements are attainable to many people and hence this means that securing this job can prove to be difficult.
Aspects of post secondary business teaching that are a big fit includes the knowledge required, my top most priority being accounting and economics followed by the administrative and management functions. My ability to organize information in a logical way is also an added advantage to me profile in relation to this job description.
This job can however prove to be a challenge for me since the main task under it is giving lectures to a class. This is disadvantageous to me owing to the fact that my social skills are poor. A successful candidate for this job is expected to be fluent in speech and they should possess excellent instructing techniques. These however happen to be my greatest weaknesses and they give me a disadvantage in this field, together with the fact that I will be expected to establish and maintain interpersonal skills.
Aspects of credit authorizers that are a big fit with my personality includes the tasks involved in this job which are analyzing credit payment methods and maintaining the credit records, owing to the fact that I am have an analytical personality.
The fact that this job description requires me to have excellent decision-making and judgment skills also adds more points to my credit. The abilities I possess which include a high level of sensitivity to problems and the ability to visualize is another aspect that makes this job a big fit with my personality.
Credit authorizing however can be challenging for me owing to the fact that I am expected to create and maintain contacts with the customers owing to the fact that I am an introvert by nature. Interacting with people on a large scale and especially the people I am not familiar with is a big problem.
This field also requires a lot of knowledge on legal matters yet law is one of the disciplines that I have never visualized myself taking. Law requires a lot literal analysis while my personality is more inclined to arithmetic and discrete elements as opposed to the continuous ones.
The fourth priority is the financial managerial job, which fits my criteria owing to the fact that the most essential fields of knowledge are mathematics and accounting and economics. These are my best disciplines and even the education that I have acquired mostly revolves around these.
I also possess the skills of reasoning critically, coordinating and proper management of time as a resource. The fact that this job requires the candidate to have the ability reason analytically as well as high sensitivity to problems also gives me another advantage in this job category.
Working as a financial manager however would require me to be in constant contact with the public, which is one of the main challenges I might face in this job. The context of working in a team is the other challenge owing to the fact that I have considerably poor socializing skills.
To be effective in this position, one is expected to have sufficient knowledge in the human resource functions and this could be another challenge for me since I have always avoided disciplines that would land me in job that would require me to deal directly with people.
Table 7 A. MOST LIKELY POTENTIAL CAREERS WITH INCLUDED CRITERIA
|MOST LIKELY||2ND MOST LIKELY||3RD MOST LIKELY||MAYBE||MAYBE|
|CRITERIA||Accounting and auditing clerk
Job Description: involves the classification of financial records into their respective categories, ensuring that the records are up to date, accurate and consistent with the international reporting standards.
Sample of Reported Job Titles: Accounting Clerk Bookkeeper Accounting Associate
Tools & Technology
Wages & Employment Trends
|post secondary business teachers
Job Description: instructor in colleges handling business management disciplines.
Sample of Reported Job Titles: business professor, management professor, business office technology instructor.
Wages & Employment Trends
Job Description: authorize charges related to credit facilities on the customer’s accounts
Sample of Reported Job Titles: Credit Manager, Credit Director
Wages & Employment Trends
Job Description: directing the financial services and activities in an organization
Sample of Reported Job Titles: Branch Manager, Consumer Loan Manager, Lending Manager
Tools & Technology
Wages & Employment Trends
|Job Description: analyze accounting and financial records to determine the position of the organization.
Sample of Reported Job Titles: assurance manager, financial auditor. Internal auditor
Tools & Technology
Wages & Employment Trends
Table 7 B. MOST UNLIKELY CAREERS WITH POTENTIAL CRITERIA
|PROBABLY NOT||PROBABLY NOT||3RD MOST UNLIKELY||2ND MOST UNLIKELY||MOST UNLIKELY|
|CRITERIA||____ Counseling psychologist
Job Description: evaluates personal problems faced by individuals by reviewing their historical occurrences, use of personal interviews and observing their private lives.
Tools & Technology
Wages & Employment Trends
|Job Description: works towards promoting efficient mental health practices in individuals.
Sample of Reported Job Titles: therapists, case manager, child care counselor
Tools & Technology
Wages & Employment Trends
Job Description: make an assessment of the risk faced in a family line and provide recommendations
Sample of Reported Job Titles: Hereditary Cancer Program counselor, Pediatric Genetic Counselor, prenatal Genetic Counselor.
Tools & Technology
Wages & Employment Trends
Top industries – Health Care and Social Assistance
|secondary school teachers
Job Description: provide learning instructions to students at the high school level
Sample of Reported Job Titles: Social Studies teacher, High School English Teacher, History Teacher
Tools & Technology
Wages & Employment Trends
|post secondary school teachers
Job Description: Teaches in higher learning institutions such as commercial or government institutions.
Sample of Reported Job Titles: Business Instructor, Flight Instructor,
Tools & Technology
Wages & Employment Trends
Anderson, Paul. Technical communication. Los Angeles: Thompson Wadsworth, 2001. Print.
Locker, Kitty O. Business and administrative communication. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2003. Print.
Myers, Briggs I. and Kathryn Briggs. MBTI manual: A guide to the development and use of the Myers-Briggs type indicator. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1992. Electronic resource.
Schwegler, Anson. The Longman Writers’ Companion: Three Major Communities of Readers and Writers. Paris, London: Longman Inc, 1997. Print
Watts, James Washington. Ritual and Rhetoric in Leviticus: From Sacrifice to Scripture Report
The book by James Watts reveals an in-depth analysis of one of the six biblical books, Leviticus. Watts tries to find rhetorical meaning of the rituals depicted in this biblical book. The major concern of the present study is to answer the following question: “Who was trying to persuade whom of what by writing these texts?” (Watts xv).
It is possible to divide the book into three parts. The first part is Chapter 1 which is Introduction where Watts outlines the scope of his research and provides his major claim. The next part consists of chapters 2-6 where thorough analysis is revealed. Here Watts provides explanation and justification of his theory. The third part includes chapters 7-9 where the author focuses on the rhetorical meaning of the text and its impact on sacrificial rituals and priesthood.
In the first Chapter of his book Watts introduces the major of the research. He defines the importance of rituals which are depicted in Leviticus. Watts provides analysis of the literature on Leviticus concentrating on the works by Mary Douglas and Jacob Milgrom. For instance, Watts points out that Milgrom has demonstrated that “biblical ritual can be interpreted rationally and realistically” (Watts 10). Watts provides major theories as for the role of rituals and their meaning.
However, the author also states that there is still no substantial and precise analysis of the symbolic value of the rituals. He stresses that when analyzing these texts it is essential to pay much attention or rather focus on their rhetoric. Besides, in this chapter Watts answers the question he pt earlier and notes that rituals are usually described to persuade people to perform them, or to perform them in this particular way, or to accept the text and/or its author’s authority to mandate the rituals and, perhaps, to officiate over it. (34)
In the following chapters 2-6 Watts provides definite explanations and evidence for his claim about the importance of rhetoric analysis of the text and its major ides. Thus, Watts provides in-depth analysis of the text. It is important to note that the author stresses that Leviticus was “shaped not only to instruct” people how to carry out rituals, but to “persuade them to do exactly as these texts stipulate” and “to accept these texts as the ultimate authority for such ritual performances” (Watts 38).
To illustrate and prove the text major of persuasion Watts analyzes genre, content, style. For instance, the use of second person in the text emphasizes the idea of instruction. The texts are addressed to people reading it (or listening to it). The specific style of the text transforms mere instruction into a persuasive writing which motivates people to carry out rituals in the appropriate way and to accept the authority of those who conduct the rituals.
In Chapter 2 Watts points out that the recurrence of such words as “as YHWH commanded” and phrases which have the same meaning reveals persuasive character of the text (103). People are taught that priest will save them from many misfortunes by carrying out rituals in the appropriate way.
The third chapter is concerned with the “rhetoric of burnt offerings” (Watts 63). The author states that the major idea of the “burnt offerings” depicted in Leviticus is to promote selflessness of sacrifice. This kind of rituals, according to Watts, is also aimed at distracting attention from other types of sacrifice which were usually used by priests.
In Chapter 4 Watts is concentrated on the rhetoric of “sin, guilt, and ritual offerings” (79). The author claims that the use of jargon and specific terms emphasizes the idea that rituals are saving remedy for all believers (Watts 86). According to Watts, the texts of Leviticus promote this idea explicitly via specific vocabulary.
In Chapter 5 Watts considers the rhetoric of “ritual narrative” (97). He also comes to the conclusion that Leviticus narrative promotes the idea that rituals depicted are based on customs, whereas Nadab and Abihu made many mistakes and wrongful rituals since they did “what had not been commanded” (Watts 106).
The sixth chapter dwells upon the meaning of the term “kipper” (Watts 130). Watts considers existing theories concerning the term and draws a conclusion that the term is used to emphasize the idea of purification and achieve the major of the text, i.e. to persuade people.
In Chapter 7 Watts is concerned with rhetoric of ritual writings and the way it was perceived from ancient times up to modernity. The eighth chapter deals with the essence of sacrifice and its meaning in Leviticus and other ritual texts. Finally, Chapter 9 is concerned with the role of ritual text for establishment of priests’ authority.
In one of his works Watts pointed out that “Western culture has traditionally drawn a dichotomy between rituals and texts, usually favoring texts over rituals” (“Ritual Legitimacy” 401). His book Ritual and Rhetoric in Leviticus: From Sacrifice to Scripture provides a thorough analysis of rituals one th ebasis of Leviticus, and successfully draws a link between the two parts of the “dichotomy”.
It is necessary to point out that the author explicitly formulates hs statement and provides a detailed explanation of his theory. Watts does not only present his assumptions, but proves that his theory is truthful illustating his ideas by passages from Leviticus. For instance, the entire Chapter 6 is concerned with a single word analysis. Interestingly, this single word enables the author illustrate his major claim that ritual texts are aimed at persuasion rather than mere instruction.
Notably, Watts considers existing theories in the field and points out their strenghths and weaknesses. He does not only claims that the theories are based on insufficiant analysis, but provides precise examples of his arguments. It is also important to state that though the author is concentrated on Leviticus he pays much attention to other ritual writings. For instance, in the seventh chapter of his book he considers the whole scope of ritual writing from antiquity up to modern times. This enables the reader to have more complete picture.
Thus, the books is a valuable source of data for those interested in rhetoric analysis of ritual texts since it is based on profound research, many serious works were included in the book to support or refute this or that argument. Apart from precision of the author’s analysis it is necessary to point out that the book is written in simple language.
Therefore, it can be useful for a wide range of readers. Watts’ specific approach enables the reader to consider the rhetoric meaning of ritual texts. This leads to better understanding of the meaning and role of rituals which are regarded as significant part of any religion.
Watts, James Washington. Ritual and Rhetoric in Leviticus: From Sacrifice to Scripture. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
“Ritual Legitimacy and Scriptural Authority.” Journal of Biblical Literature 124.3 (2005): 401-417.
Analyzing The Rhetorical Aspect In Dexter Essay
Talk about justice and everybody will refer you to a court of law. However, the administration of justice in the modern legal system is currently lacking hence leaving a lot of doubts to the citizens. A criminal walks scot free after a lengthy trial due to lack of evidence but in reality all he requires to win a case is money to hire the most sought out criminal attorney to represent him and he is back in society.
Fortunately, there is always a proviso to any rule hence the establishment of lawless groups that seek to represent the wronged in society. These vigilante groups, as they are famously known, take law into their own hands in an effort to maintain justice. The lawless persons date back to the old days of Robin Hood and they continue to make headlines to date. They operate within their own set laws and though illegal, they act in the interest of the society.
That was the idea behind the famous American Television series, Dexter. Based on the novel by Jeff Lindsay, the series revolves around a forensic analyst working for a police department in Miami. However, he has another life that greatly contradicts his normal career in the police force.
He is a serial killer who trails criminals who have gotten off the hook from the justice system and murders them. The role is well played by the main character Michael Hall acting as Dexter Morgan. This paper will critically analyze the character development of Dexter throughout the series and how it has been used to draw positive feedback from the audience (Frederic and Vandome 12).
In order to understand Dexter’s character, it is important to look at the plot. Dexter is a story of Dexter Morgan who appears as an easy going and diligent forensic analyst. His colleagues like him including his boss LaGuerta. Surprisingly, nobody is suspicious of him apart from one colleague, Sergeant Doakes, who claims that Dexter appears creepy. The series begins with a flashback of Dexter living with his adopted father, Harry Morgan.
Dexter began showing some sociopathic signs in his behavior at a tender age. Harry, a legendary detective, takes this opportunity to start training him instead of taking him to a mental institution for help. He justifies his actions by arguing that Dexter needs to avenge his mother’s death who was killed in his presence by cold blooded murderers. The training gives Dexter the ‘know how’ of avoiding the long arm of the law after committing a crime.
He follows a specific code that he refers to as the ‘Code of Harry’ to clear any trail that would link him to the crime. However, Dexter is not an ordinary serial killer that we are used to. He only murders criminals who have escaped the long arm of the law in one way or another. More so, he conducts a detailed investigation on his victim to prove that he was guilty of the crime charged (Owen 3).
The Audience Reception
In the first episode, Dexter admits that he finds satisfaction in killing a man in a cruel way and be home to receive his letters from the letter man. These are words of a dangerous man but surprisingly, the audience loves him. The audience’s reception towards the series was overwhelming and several arguments can be attributed to this.
Maybe the viewers were tired of watching the usual series with possessed transgressive characters going unpunished or that the series provided a different story line that was morally right to the society, yet unlawful. That has not been established but the series has won numerous awards as a result. Ironically, the audience loves the character Dexter, in spite of his outstanding role as a serial killer.
Dexter’s Character Development: His Vigilante Appeal
One would wonder why a dangerous character such as Dexter would receive a high liking from his fans instead of spite. He operates outside the legal jurisdiction and ironically, he works in the same police force that upholds the law. This contradicting character appeals to his audience.
A scene in episode one clearly shows his disregard for the law process when the prosecution fails to prove a case against a criminal due to a faulty search warrant used when searching his house. Dexter finds his way into the suspect’s house to search for leading clues and he exclaims loudly in his thoughts that he is glad he does not have to use a search warrant to find what he wants.
When conducting any investigation, he involves the audience who take sheer pleasure at neglecting all possible hindrances that would be encountered in a normal investigation. The audience is thrilled at his skills of picking up a suspect. The audience believes in Dexter’s intuition.
They sit back and enjoy while Dexter mutilates the body and clears off any evidence. The guilt conscience of the audience is washed away with the notion that Dexter is socially right in his actions and he is just doing what the police would be too scared to do. On the other hand, Dexter always finds sufficient evidence to eliminate the suspect and the audience seem to enjoy the action even more.
Dexter’s character does not allow him to be remorseful after committing a crime. This character allows the audience to adapt to the belief that his actions are right and just. He is not an ordinary criminal.
e follows a code and his actions are morally right according to the society. In episode 5 for example, Dexter trails and murders Jorge Castillo, a human trafficker who kills people for money (Dexter Wiki 5). His wife, Valerie Castillo who is the husband’s accomplice in carrying out the evil deeds is also eliminated by Dexter.
An investigation conducted at the police department exposes her evil deeds and not even the police officers show any remorse. Most of them are more than willing to shake the killer’s hand. The episode seems to contradict its title, ‘Love American Style’ as there is no love portrayed in the entire series. The episode enhances the belief that even the police department appreciates Dexter’s work and would act the same way if they were not tied by the law.
The public shows their support in the scenario which saw Oscar, one of the witnesses during Castillo’s murder, drawing a sketch of the murderer. He makes a sketch of Jesus in place of Dexter. The hilarious comparison between Jesus and Dexter plays a huge role of convincing the audience that Dexter’s actions are morally right.
Throughout the series, it is apparent to the audience that Dexter has a compassionate character, though he vehemently denies he does. Dexter tries to convince the audience, through the voiceovers that he is not a normal human being but his love for his sister, Deb and his girlfriend, Rita tells a different story.
His attempt to strictly follow the ‘Code of Harry’ is ground enough that he loved his father by doing what would have pleased him if he were still alive.
Nevertheless, Dexter does not seem to recognize his capability of loving and does not even bother to understand it. He hates his victims and he is happy when he has accomplished his goal of eliminating them. The audience seems to relate with Dexter’s unique character. He lost all the love that he would have given to the universe after the death of his mother and who can blame him? The society appreciates the fact that certain circumstances in our lives can twist us to adapt to an unusual way of living.
It also brings to light the two sides that exist in our life, the humane and the monstrous side. The humane is more prominent but both sides should be governed by some sort of ethics. The audience therefore is able to relate to the monstrous side of Dexter due to the fact that it is governed by a moral code unlike other serial killers (DePaulo and Wilson 12).
The failure by the police department to make a connection shared by Dexter and his audience justifies the vigilante action. This is evident throughout the series and especially in the first episode when Doakes accuses a rival dealer for double homicide. He is proved wrong when Dexter conducts his private investigation and unearths the dealer’s ex girlfriend as the culprit, nullifying Doakes’ earlier investigation.
The ice truck killer incidence on the other hand faults the police department who are convinced that the innocent man was guilty (Dexter Wiki 7). This was not until Dexter exposed the real killer hence saving the innocent man’s life. These episodes win the audience’s hearts as it is clear that the police department puts innocent people behind bars. They support the vigilante actions taken by Dexter to uncover the truth.
What stands out is the audience’s preference of Dexter’s character which by any standard is worse than other characters in the series. A good example is Rita’s husband Paul who the audience fiercely despises. Paul is very abusive, an action that makes Rita miserable. Dexter’s character is worse than Paul’s but the audience root for Dexter (Larson 13).
Though Dexter’s character enjoys a wide range of support from his fans, it is not free from criticism. Critics argue that the reason behind Dexter liking is his provocative nature that makes him appealing. They argue that the series has a high female audience who enjoy watching a sweet and handsome man doing what he does best.
The notion is that females are attracted to handsome bad men. The character has also been criticized for encouraging actual crimes in the society. The recent murder by Mark Twitchell is connected to the character of Dexter. Mark stated that he related to Dexter Morgan. Another culprit, Andrew Conley, stated that he felt like a ‘Dexter’ and he had killed his victim using one of the methods used by Dexter to eliminate his victims (Greene, Reisch and Robinson 24)
The series takes a different turn from the usual crime series such as Law and Order and CSI Miami. These series relies only on the police department to uncover a suspect. They are characterized with major hindrances as they have to follow the legal procedures put in place to deal with a suspect.
This is not the case with Dexter which gives him multiple options to seek justice. The audience justifies Dexter’s action by proclaiming that the death of the criminals is ‘Good riddance to bad rubbish’. The series is captivating and sure to make you glued to the seat and engage in the investigation process.
DePaulo, Bella and Wilson, Leah. The Psychological of Dexter. USA: BenBella Books Inc., 2010. Print.
Dexter Wiki. Dexter Showtime. www.dexter.wikia.com. 2 August 2011. Print.
Frederic, Miller, Vandome, Agnes and McBrewster. Dexter (TV Series): Dramatic Programming, Pay Television 23 Showtime 26 Dexter Morgan, Michael C. Hall, Serial Killer, Miami Police Department, Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, Emmy Award. New York: Alphascript Publishing. 2010. Print.
Greene, Richard, Reisch, George and Robinson, Rachel. Dexter and Philosophy. New York: Open Court Publishing, 2011. Print.
Larson, Chase. TV: Darkly Dreaming Dexter: Why We Root For A Serial Killer.
Rhombus Online Magazine. 9 February 2011. www.rhombusmag.com/tv/tv-darkly-dreaming-dexter-why-we-root-for-a-serial-killer. 2 August 2011. Print.
Owen, Rob. TV Review: ‘Dexter’ is dark humor in shades of gray. Pittsburg Post Gazette. 29 September 2006. www.post-gazette.com. 3 August 2011. Print.
Angela’s Ashes Rhetorical Devices [Analysis Essay]
Angela’s Ashes rhetorical devices are one of the main reasons why Frank McCourt’s autobiographical novel was able to gain immense popularity with the reading audiences. Wisely deployed rhetorical strategies increase the extent of novel’s emotional appeal. In this essay, I will aim to substantiate the validity of an earlier suggestion at length while focusing on McCourt’s utilization of metaphors, hyperboles, and rhetorical questions.
Metaphors in Angela’s Ashes
The principal purpose of the deployment of metaphors and figurative language in the work of literature is to emphasize the emotional intensity of the characters’ experiences. In its turn, this is meant to increase the overall plausibility of the plot.
For example, while exposing readers to his childhood memories, McCourt states: “The Limerick moon was so bright I could see bits of it shimmering in the water and I wanted to scoop up moon bits but how could I with the fleas leaping on my legs” (34). It is understood, of course, that the narrator could never literally ‘scoop up moon bits.’ Nevertheless, by articulating such his desire, he was able to provide readers with insight into his soul as an utterly romantic individual.
In the light of such a revelation, on narrator’s part, the plot’s consequential developments make perfectly good sense, as it was McCourt’s endowment with the spirit of romantic idealism that prompted him to address life’s challenges in the way he did. In its turn, this explains why, even though throughout his childhood years, the novel’s main character never ceased being exposed to extreme poverty, he nevertheless managed to retain his sense of optimism.
Another reason why metaphors are being commonly deployed in literary texts is that they enhance the authenticity of the background setting and provide credibility to secondary characters’ acts. The legitimacy of this suggestion can be well illustrated in regards to the novel’s scene in which narrator reflects upon his fear that there was something wrong with both of his parents: “Dad frightens me with his och, och, och, and Mam frightens me with her small bird sounds, and I don’t know what to do” (44).
By being exposed to the narrator’s referral to his mother’s coughing in terms of ‘small bird sounds,’ readers can gain an additional clue as to the essence of McCourt’s childhood hardships. Apparently, it was not only his exposure to the constant shortage of food, which used to undermine the sense of McCourt’s self-worth but also his realization that he was incapable of helping his impoverished parents and siblings.
Hyperboles in the Novel
McCourt also uses hyperboles as rhetorical devices in Angela’s Ashes that provide additional depth to the conversations that take place between the characters.
For example, while referring to Angela’s habit of following her husband to the Labor Exchange, so that he would not have an opportunity to squander the received welfare-money on drinking, Malachy’s (Frank’s father) friends state: “If all the women start acting like Mam the horses will stop running and Guinness will go broke” (46).
It is needless to mention, of course, that such a remark, on the part of Malachy’s friends, cannot be referred to as utterly rational. Nevertheless, given the fact that just about all drunken men tend to exaggerate things, this remark makes a perfectly good sense in readers’ eyes.
It helps them to gain a better understanding of what it felt like being the unemployed representative of Ireland’s working class, prior to the outbreak of WW2. This, of course, increases the plot’s authenticity rather significantly, because by being provided with an opportunity to assess characters’ experiences through the lenses of contemporary code of ethics, readers naturally grow to think of these characters as three-dimensional human beings.
Life’s problems through the lenses of one’s
Another excellent example of the author’s masterful deployment of literary devices in Angela’s Ashes is hyperbolic exaggeration that can be found in the chapter where the character of Pa Keating expounds on his wartime exploits. Even though initially, this character did not want his stories to be taken literally, as he went on elaborating on how much gas he had in its bowels, he ended up believing that what he was telling about did take place in reality.
After all, according to Pa Keating: “There was so much gas in his system now he could supply light to a small town for a year” (50). Even though that there are clearly defined humorous undertones to this particular Keating’s remark, the fact that despite living in poverty, this character is being shown as someone naturally inclined to exaggerate things for the sake of other people’s amusement, emphasizes the overall seriousness of novel’s humanistic themes and motifs.
Rhetorical Questions in Angela’s Ashes
What also contributes to McCourt piece of writing’s literary richness is the fact that the author never skipped an opportunity to expose many of novel’s characters as being quite capable of coming up with composition of rhetorical questions, which in turn emphasizes these characters’ realistic attitudes towards life and their quick-mindedness – hence, making them more appealing to the reading audiences.
For example, while trying to hurt young Angela on account of her’ uselessness,’ her mother says: “You’re pure useless. Why don’t you go to America where there’s room for all sorts of uselessness? I’ll give you the fare” (4).
Apparently, it never occurred to Angela’s mother that her daughter did not think of this question as being purely rhetorical. Therefore, it does not come as a particular surprise why the earlier mentioned rhetorical question appears to be essentially symbolical, as it underlines the story’s central theme of how the experiences of ‘socially useless,’ on the part of novel’s characters, were gradually depriving them of their humanity.entr
In the scene, where drunken Malachy (Sr.) comes back home at starts encouraging children to consider joining IRA by the time they grow up, Angela comes up with the rhetorical question, in order to try endowing her husband with the sense of shame, on the account of his irresponsible behavior: “Can’t you leave them alone? she says… Isn’t it enough that you come home without a penny in your pocket without making fools of the children on top of it?” (11).
As the summary evidences, such Angela’s attempt suffers an utter fiasco, of course – Malachy never stopped drinking. Thus, in this particular scene, McCourt’s utilization of the rhetorical question was meant to stress out the full tragedy of his mother having no other choice but to be coping with her drunkard-husband, which in turn represents story’s another important theme.
On many occasions, some rhetorical questions, uttered by novel’s characters, appear to have an element of allusion (a reference to famous historical/religious figures) to them. For example, while being exposed to the sight of Angela’s birth, Nurse O’Halloran exclaims: “Jesus, Mary and holy St. Joseph, if you (Angela’s mother) don’t hurry with this child it won’t be born till the New Year and what good is that to me with me new dress?” (3).
In its turn, this strengthens an unmistakably Irish authenticity of how novel’s characters reflect upon the surrounding environment. By being provided with an insight into an early twentieth century’s ‘Irishness,’ readers can gain a better understanding of this novel’s actual plot.
As it was illustrated throughout Angela’s Ashes rhetorical analysis, there are good reasons to think that McCourt’s novel’s popularity can indeed be referred to as having been predetermined by the author’s acute understanding of what accounts for the contextual appropriateness of rhetorical devices’ deployment. This is the actual reason why literary critics have traditionally been pointing out to this particular McCourt’s novel as such that emanates a strong spirit of genuineness.
By being provided with an opportunity to read about McCourt’s childhood experiences, people do, in fact, get the taste of what it felt like being a small boy, coping with the realities of an impoverished Irish living, throughout the course of the thirties. I believe that this conclusion is being entirely consistent with the paper’s initial thesis.
McCourt, Frank. Angela’s Ashes. New York: Scribner, 1996. Print.
Rhetorical criticism of the Titanic Research Paper
Criticism is the act of a person determining the psychological response of an individual by using symbols or speech. The critic analyzes symbols, words, phrases, and images that can be used to undermine a persons’ emotional response.
Thesis: Titanic is mostly considered to be a love story. The film portrays love of two people from different social classes. Titanic also features the story of the first cruise ship which was the biggest and the best in the world in that time.
- In the first scenes of the film, we see Rose trying to commit suicide in order to evade a forced marriage.
- Jack, one of the young men from the lower deck, is there to save Rose’s life.
- Jack and Rose develop a friendship
- They walk round the ship and explore all the hidden areas
- The people of the high class treat and see the employees and people from the lower societies
- There is a description of how the food service and the cleaning of the rooms are done as well as the privileges given to the elite on board
Conclusion: Rhetoric criticism is a tool used by people to enslave people and keep them in their mercy. It is a weapon that is the most effective as the parties involved receive the desired outcome. However, in the Titanic, we see Jack being able to handle the amount of pressure inflicted on him.
Criticism is the act of a person determining the psychological response of a an individual by using symbols or speech. The critic analyzes symbols, words, phrases, and images that can be used to undermine a person’s emotional response. critic could be positive or negative. When it is meant to approve the work or something, the rhetoric figures used in speech sound in a polite manner, and sometimes, they are used to show that the critics want to help a person consider the need to change certain aspects in his/her lives.
On the other hand, rhetoric criticism may be used to injure the emotions of a person. Such a manner of communication humiliates an individual and can be referred to the way the wealthy slave owners would speak down on their slaves in order to show the owner’s control and power over those subdued people. It also happens with people in different economic classes.
Rhetoric criticism also shows a discrimination against the other people not equal in rank by those who consider that their high social status gives them the right to be arrogant. This is depicted in the manner in which they speak and treat other people. The way they communicate as well as their speech should reflect their superiority in order to maintain their social status. We view the acts of rhetoric criticism in the Titanic movie.
Titanic is mostly considered to be a love story. The film portrays love of two people from two different social classes. Titanic also features the travel of the first cruise ship which was the biggest and the best in the world in that time. However, regardless the love story and the ship itself, there are some scenes that show severe cases of criticism occurred in that society. Firstly, the ship was divided into sections where the people from low class were only allowed to be on a lower deck of the ship.
This was just the first sign of discrimination which also reflected in the privileges offered on the ship (Anderson 45).. It is, however, noted that those people on the lower deck enjoyed the cruise more than those on the upper one. The thing is that those people were mainly immigrants from Europe seeking for a better life in the USA, thus they considered it a real success and honor to get on that ship, while the elite did not feel the same excitement (Temple 10).
In the first scenes of the film, we see Rose trying to commit suicide in order to evade a forced marriage. She leans forward on the edge of the ship trying to fall in the water. Jack, a young man from the lower deck, being on that deck pulls her back on the ship and saves her life.
The guard on duty that night accuses Jack of trying to molest Rose as he heard some screams. This judgment is the one that is past to Rose’s fiancée. He admits that that is the thing one can expect of a person from a lower social level. However, after Rose tells them what happened, Jack is set free.
Rose’s fiancée offers him a twenty dollar note as a reward for saving his future wife’s life. He also asks him a rhetorical question if twenty dollars would be enough for him. This is one of the instances of rhetorical criticism in the movie. It shows that elite think that people of Jack’s social status can be easily paid off for any action or favor their do as the best regard for them is money, and they are not worth respecting or approving.
It also implies that Jack always needs the money for settling some bills. Such a humiliated form of speech is mostly carried out in the presence of other people in order to lower the self-esteem of a person addressed. It is a play to ensure that an individual is humbled and cannot do a thing but to serve the one humiliating him/her. Thus, Jack has no power over the flow of the events. Even when he does an act of good will, he is still considered an immoral person because of his background (Eaton and Haas 12-14).
In another scene, we see Jack and Rose developing a friendship based on their common love for art and music. They walk round the ship and explore all the hidden areas. At one point, Rose invites Jack to dinner with her family and friends. Jack is not used to such a kind of dinner as he has to wear a suit and well prepare for an event in advance.
Rose’s close circle worries of her socializing with people of a lower social level. This leads to a number of questions on Jack’s background and his knowledge on finance and politics. This is a plot to embarrass him more in front of Rose. However, we see Jack taking a stand on his background and answering all the questions quite intelligently.
As dinner is about to end, Rose’s fiancée makes a comment on that Jack cannot join the company of men because of his background as they are going to another room where they enjoy their cigars while discussing their business. Jack then invites Rose to go with him to a lower deck where they have a party after dinner. We see a huge contrast between the two societies. On a lower deck, Rose is invited and welcomed by all the people. She is able to socialize without any hurdles (Barczewski 21).
There are other scenes in the film where the people from the high society humiliate the lower paid employees. This is seen in the way the food service and the cleaning of the rooms is done and the privileges given to the elite on board. In todays’ world, ships are still divided into sections from first class to coach; however, there is minimal or no interaction between them as they respect each other.
However, in the days of Titanic, elite was used to entertain themselves by making fun of people of a lower class. Some of them would also go as far as to parade them and then ask them rhetoric questions so that they would entertain themselves on how they would answer their questions (Rasor 15).
Rhetoric criticism, as we have seen, is a tool used by one people to enslave the other and keep them in their mercy. It is a weapon that is the most effective as the parties involved receive the desired outcome. However, in Titanic, we see Jack being able to handle the amount of pressure inflicted on him. He is able to resist the people who are humiliating him and make a stand against a criticism concerning his background.
Besides being a love story, Titanic is also a story of how a young man is able to stand his ground and believe in himself. We also see how rhetorical criticism is used to enslave people in the early nineteen century. This story goes beyond the basic story and features the strength of the ship and a touching love story. It also shows a story of betrayal, deceit and hatred but most of all, Titanic is a story that covers some basic issues of life of that time and how one can overcome them.
Anderson, Brian. The Titanic in Print and on Screen. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. 2005. Print.
Barczewski, Stephanie. Titanic: A Night Remembered: Centenary Edition. London: Continuum International Publishing Group. 2011. Print.
Eaton, John, and Haas Charles. Titanic: Triumph and Tragedy. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. 1995. Print.
Rasor, Eugene L. The Titanic: historiography and annotated bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. 2011. Print.
Temple, Bob. The Titanic: An Interactive History Adventure. Minnesota: Capstone Press, 2008. Print.
Rhetorical Analysis of Wal-Mart: The Cost of Low Prices Critical Essay
The documentary is targeting the general American public since it intends to uncover the underlying reason that enables Wal-Mart grow to greater height despite its policy of low prices. The film has succeeded in establishing this effect in its viewers by using several aspects such as visual elements, audio track, written text, testimonies from experts, and quantitative data.
Wal-Mart is one of the very many success stories in America and for it to reach its current state and value, there has to be businesses and people whom it hurt along the way considering the fact that it is a retail store.
The main focus of the film therefore is to expose the extent to which Wal-Mart has defied following the protocol of doing good business in the US and consequently hurt several people without the attention of anyone who can create a difference.
As the film begins, a speech from the Wal-Mart’s president and chief executive officer is played. This speech forms the basis of the entire film as the president, Lee Scot, reiterates that the company has grown to be very important and there are only two things that they have to do: tell the Wal-Mart story and stay the course.
By focusing on the negative things about Wal-Mart, the producer of the film was able to achieve the intended effect to the viewer based on the Wal-Mart story and staying the course. This basically means that Wal-Mart can do any sinister thing in order to stay on its course and covering it with the Wal-Mart story.
With regards to competition, everywhere Wal-Mart has established its stores; small local businesses have been closed down due to lack of opportunities. Obviously they fail to match up Wal-Mart’s competitive edge of low prices.
The film brings out this point using visual elements such as deserted streets with closed businesses that were once well established and began years before the entry of Wal-Mart into that particular market. It also uses testimonies from the local businessmen who were put out of business by Wal-Mart. In addition to the visual elements and the testimonies, the film develops a sound track that creates a moral attitude of sadness in the viewer.
With regards to Wal-Mart’s associates, the focus of the film is on how the company mistreats them and puts them in situations where they have to choose between walking away or putting up with their pathetic work environment. The film even uses testimonies from experts such as former mangers of the company to testify how Wal-Mart steals overtime dues from its associates.
To stay on course, store managers have keep their expenses very low and one of the ways to accomplish this is by stealing overtime dues from its employees. Such a testimony would definitely make the viewer believe that the company employees are mistreated. The look on some of the formers employees who are interviewed is very pathetic, creating the impression that they have nothing to be proud of their time working at Wal-Mart.
Despite the fact that the film has manage to achieve its purpose, there is a lot of biasness in it that can be strongly questioned so as to disapprove some of the things it claims. Some the evidences provided in the film cannot be established to be true or false leaving the viewer to only speculate about them. Visual images of the film are very biased and the testimonies are only from ex-employees.