Lord of the Flies
The Power Of Others
The power of others is what drives people to do the things they do. However, that power is a difficult concept and much confusion can be centered around it. In William Golding’s novel, Lord of The Flies, the group of boys must quickly decide on a chief; someone to lead them. After not much debate, Ralph is named chief but the rest of the book shows that he alone is imperfect for the job. In fact, while most key characters show traits of being a great leader, they also have some drawback.
First, there is Ralph who, while he is smart and rather confident, lacks a true spine to control people. The there is Piggy, who is incredibly smart but gets overlooked and made fun of. Lastly, there is have Jack, who has what it takes to control people but can go way overboard and is highlyconclusive. All three characters show some righteous traits, and some rather disagreeable traits as well, indicating that no one person is going to be a perfect leader.
The book is trying to show that one person alone is not enough to lead the people in the best way possible and that power needs to be spread out among several people. One character who has both favorable and inauspicious qualities when it comes to leading is Ralph. For about ? of the book, Ralph remains chief meaning that there is something that makes him last that long and something that ends his rule. In Ralph’s case, what made him a leader is also what ends his rule. As the boys realize that they ought to have a leader, they start to immediately call for Ralph. They even recognize that the obvious choice would be Jack and that any sign of intelligence had come from Piggy. However, “there was a stillness about Ralph… that marked him out” and that makes the boys drawn to him (Lee 22). He looks and presents himself as a natural leader.
The boys are naturally interested in Ralph and he is perfectly willing to be chief. This is exactly the reason why the boys lose interest in him later in the novel. As Jack begins to make plans, people wake up and realize that they are only rooting for Ralph based on surface promises he had made. He wants to keep the fire going but fails to do so almost the whole book. He has had plans for making shelters but is unable to get others to help him. Not to mention, he never even went through with getting a list of names. Though Ralph confidently presents himself like a chief, his inability to get things done is what makes him an imperfect leader. Another one of the characters who is promising in some ways but who would not be a perfect leader is Piggy.
Piggy’s intelligence is recognized throughout the book and even in thefirst chapter. While this automatically makes him a strong candidate to be an effective leader, his pudgy frame and the fact that he wears glasses is enough to get made fun of for. This shows how the boys are unable to look past even appearance to select a reasonable chief. Also, Piggy’s insecurity about “what [the boys] call [him]” makes him vulnerable to bullying regarding his nickname (11).
Piggy simply cannot be chief because of people not takinghim seriously. Even though that’s not necessarily his fault and he is vt, it would be impossible for someone like Piggy, who is an easy target for bullies, to be chief. The last character who makes an attempt at being a good chief is Jack. While he unequivocally has the spine and the authority to be a leader, his decisiveness and thirst for power does not work in his favor. The boys quickly realize that Jack is the only boy on the island who can truly rally them together and provide them with food, all necessary things for them to survive on the island. The end to his rule only happens because they are rescued. He would’ve quite literally burnt the island to the ground if that hadn’t been the case.
Novel Lord Of The Flies
I think that this novel Lord of The Flies could have tons of appropriate themes but this novel has one main theme/moral. I think that the most appropriate theme for this novel should be the dangers in mob mentality. I reason for why I stated that statement is because in on page 160 in chapter 10 that Jack says they must challenge everyone, and further down the page on page 160 it says that Jack and his hunters try to scare Piggy and attack the others and these specific events in the book lead up to the boys to split into two groups and they were now enemies and Jack and his hunters turned savage in page 179 because it says that Jack and Ralph fight again and that Jack told his hunters to tie up samneric because they told Ralph whenever they got close to him.
After this everything was just chaotic and everyone was turning savage. These pieces of evidence clearly indicates that the appropriate them for this book is the dangers in mob mentality.
The abstract concept being addressed is that the bigger the group is the bigger you power is and if you are too overpowered then things can start to get out of hand like it did in this novel. Also a more in depth piece of evidence is stated on page 152 Immediately after their first successful hunt, Jack’s hunters chant as a group, showing that they prefer to enact violence as a mob, rather than as individuals. Their chanting shows their cohesion, and their delight over killing becomes ritualistic. This indicates that after their first successful hunt they basically turn savage or think that they are superior in the group and they tried to get people into their group and they would give them meat in exchange.
Another piece of evidence that can prove that the theme that I chose was the most appropriate for this novel is on page 69 which states, Kill the pig. Cut her throat. Spill her blood. This is another example which proves that Jack and his hunters went savage because they started to chant Kill the pig. Cut her throat. Spill her blood which indicates that they were doing the most to show that they wanted to kill the pig.
Yes universal truths are revealed, supported, or challenged by this theme because this can supported in many ways but it can also be challenged in many ways too because people make big groups that lead up to no good and there are some big groups that lead up to a positive thing and still become successful.
One example that can prove that the theme is supported is when there is a big group of people and then they lead up to no good because it is one simple bad decision that can change a whole group’s perspective of seeing thing.Then everyone can turn savage like Jack and his hunters. This is one way that I can relate the book to the theme that I thought was most appropriate.
One example that can challenge this theme is when a big group is not overpowered and that they help out the society and don’t damage or harm the society of the people in their society.
One way that I can relate this example to the book is when they had barely crash landed and they were all cooperating with each other and they were all making shelters and they all united with each other but due to some conflicts they all separated into two groups and just started to turn savage and fight against each other instead of cooperating with each other just like they did in the beginning of the novel. These are some abstracts that support and challenge the theme that I chose.
Order Leadership Power And Moral Consequences
Order, leadership, power, and moral consequences. These are some concepts needed in society to maintain civilization. Lord of the Flies by William Golding explores these ideological struggles between two main characters: Ralph and Jack. With different perspectives about how one should rule, they both challenge each other from the start. The novel begins with a plane crash in the middle of an unknown island where a group of young English boys are stranded without any adults, and are thus tested on survival and morality. Ralph, our protagonist, steps up right away after being elected leader.
He is portrayed as a democratic character that is quick to enforce rules, manage, and provide assistance to the group. He is the primary representative of civilization, order and authoritative leadership from the traditional school structures. Jack is Ralph’s antagonist who represents the savagery and dictatorship that a tyrannical would have. His selfish desire is to gain power and control over the group. Jack never thinks of the moral consequences to the island, leading him to a dominant nature. He believes a leader should be obeyed given any order. By the end of the novel, he develops exactly into that leader. Although Jacks use of coercive power is accepted when the boys descend into their animalistic behavior, only Ralph’s referent power can be truly accepted as legitimate by civilization and society.
In the beginning of Lord of the Flies, we are introduced to the powerful conch which is the most important symbol from the novel and the first discovery. Although Ralph finds it, Piggy comes up with the plan to blow on it to find the others on the island (Golding 8). Piggy’s action shows his expert power; however, Ralph’s tool of referent power takes over and because of the conch Ralph is elected as the leader of the group, As Ralph is described it ts pointed that [M]ost obscurely, yet most powerfully, there was the conch (Golding 22).
Showing us not only the power the conch really possesses, but also showing us that the boys are aware that electing a leader is the only way for things to work out.
Ralph even gives the boys the idea of voting and freedom by raising the conch and saying they have to have a chief to decide things (Golding 11). This shows his intuitive thought of law and order; a main trait of democracy, where the boys have the opportunity of choices. It is decided later on that whoever holds the conch in their meetings has the right to speak, and everyone has to listen (Golding 33). Giving not only the conch power but also giving the boys the power to be heard; Thus, the conch is what made the island a civilized society from the start. Considering the rule was enforced by Ralph and Piggy, it told us that from the start he tried to preserve the civilized living principle, that we were granted in humanity (Golding 22). By having this conch it is representing the order and law in their island, because of the right they are offered from this conch which of course, is freedom of speech.
In William Golding’s epic, Lord of the Flies, the guiltless young boy named Jack has started to change into the enemy of the story. He paints on an undermining red and white face thickly striped with charcoal that connects backwards right ear to left of his jaw, and when he sees his reflection he begins to laughing forebodingly around a pool of water (Golding 63-64). Jack sees the impression of himself in this manner in the pool and changed absolutely. His dubious side was at present coordinating all his reason and strategy for thinking. Despite how Jack’s age isn’t clearly imparted all through the novel, it is shown that he is a standout amongst the most settled among the get-together of youthful colleagues on the island and is around the age of twelve or thirteen. This prompts the conviction that Jack’s presentation of confirmation inside this front of war paint is a trademark one.
Golding contends that individuals are on a very basic level of savagery, when drawn toward delight and brutality; they will have effectively figured out how to make flourishing civic establishments for a great number of years. So that discredits Golding’s hypothesis about human instinct being savage, correct? Not exactly. Golding goes on to make a comparable contention; he delineates progress as a cloak that through its guidelines and laws veils the wickedness inside each person. So even while civic establishments flourish, they are simply concealing the monster. They have not annihilated it.
The nonexistent monster that scares all the young men represents the basic intuition of brutality that exists inside every person. The young boys fear the beastie, however just Simon achieves the acknowledgment that the fear the monster since it exists inside every one of them. As the young men develop increasingly savage, their confidence in the monster becomes more grounded. At the end of the novel, the young men are abandoning it forfeits and regarding it as a totemic god. The young mens’ conduct is the thing that brings the beastie into reality, so the more brutally the kids act, the more genuine the monster appears to turn into. The young men turn intothe monster when they murder Simon.
Golding portrays the savages’ conduct as creature like; the savages dropped their lances (man’s instrument) and shouted, struck, piece, tore. There were no words, and no developments yet the tearing of teeth and paws (Golding 153). This depiction is fundamentally the same as Sam and Eric’s portrayal of the brute on the mountain. The Beast is a danger, be it envisioned or genuine, to the general public that has been shaped on the island and is treated all things considered by every one of the characters with the exception of Simon. This danger is at initial a unifier of the young men and after that separates them, all looking for security in the clan and its military power.
Jack is the controller here, he utilizes the Beast as a method for picking up and looking after power, utilizing the Beast also to the purposeful publicity of authoritarian states. So the mammoth can be viewed as an instrument whereby Jack keeps up his capacity, a portrayal everything being equal and a method for imparting trepidation and regard in the people. With regards to the book, whenever took a gander at generally, the Beast is the danger from Soviet Russia utilized by governments to control their kin and increment military spending or correspondingly any promulgation utilized by any legislature to undermine majority rules system. Likewise, Simon acknowledges there is no monster and says perhaps it’s solitary us (Golding 155).
This shows how Simon understands the “murkiness of man’s heart” influences every one of us.
Throughout the novel, Ralph does many things that represents his leadership over having a civilized society. One of the most astonishing approaches he takes is when all the boys build the shelters. As the elected leader, Ralph is shown to be altruistic as he quickly thinks of the groups safety before his. Ralph knows to maintain civilization, and overcome their fear, they would have to have something they can feel safe in and call it home.
This is seen when Ralph gave the feeling of hope to the boys, when he talks about the queen’s maps. It gave the assembly of boys a sense of safety by his words and the respect towards him (Golding 29). Bestowing even more legitimate power to Ralph. Without the feeling of hope that Ralph gave to the boys, the island would have formed in utter chaos; Furthermore, building the shelters didn’t just provide safety, but it also created the bond with each other; and that is teamwork. It’s where everybody felt the need to participate, showing us that leadership and order is needed to maintain a civilized society; Therefore, Ralph’s authority over his legitimate power is what kept the island civilized and secure from the start.
Regardless of Ralph’s altruism and positive expectations, he encounters many obstacles at a young age through respectfulness, which uncover his inborn crude nature. Although Ralph is imperfect like the rest of humankind, he is depicted as a moderately empathetic leader, who is a defender of civilization and wishes to build up an organized, agreeable life on the island where a great possibilities of the boys being rescued is present.
Imagine Being Stranded On An Island
Imagine being stranded on an island. Your first instincts would be to get shelter, find food ,and to find a way out the island. Being marooned can be a life or death situation. It can bring up new challenges and self discovery. When a group of young boys gets stranded on an island together with no adults, they must learn to live and survive as a group.
Not only must they worry about food and shelter, but they also have to worry about each other and discover what it takes to work together. In Golding’s Novel, Lord of the Flies, the contrasting literary themes of civilization vs. savagery are illustrated through the use of symbols, the dialogue, and visual imagery. William Golding uses many symbols throughout his novel to illustrate the contrasting themes of civilization versus savagery.
In this novel, the use of the conch represents civilization and order. When the boys first land on the island, Ralph uses the conch to join everyone together. Signs of life were visible now on the beach. The sand, trembling beneath the heat haze, concealed many figures in its miles of length; boys were making their way to the platform (page 18). This shows that at the beginning, the conch automatically brought everyone together, and joined them as a community. Later in the story, the lord of the flies represents the savagery by symbolizing chaos and disorder. After the boys kill a pig, they leave the head as an offering to the imagined beast. As Simon begins talking to the head, it tells him that it itself is the beast.
Later, Ralph encounters the skull of the pig. A sick fear and rage swept him. Fiercely he hit out at the filthy thing in front of him that bobbed like a toy and came back, still grinning in his face, so that he lashed and cried out in loathing. (page 185). This shows that the lord of the flies brings out the beast in the children themselves, and shows that all along, they in fact were their own beast. Golding also uses pieces of dialogue to illustrate the contrasting themes of civilization vs. savagery. In the very beginning, Piggy proves to be the most knowledgeable of the group by trying to keep them in order and civilized. When the group is talking about building a signal fire to be rescued, Piggy says, ‘How can you expect to be rescued if you don’t put first things first and act properly? ‘ (page 45). This shows that from the very beginning Piggy thinks there should be ordered, and a clear plan for anything successful to happen on the island.
Also around this time, the theme of savagery through dialogue begins with Jack. After hunting for the first time, Jack explains to Ralph that he sent his group back while he continued to hunt by himself. ‘I went on,’ said Jack. ?I let them go. I had to go to go on. I”? He tried to convey the compulsion to track down and kill that was swallowing him up. ?I went on. I thought of myself”? The madness came into his eyes again. ?I thought I might kill. ‘ (page 51). This is the beginning of Jack’s transformation from civilized to savage. At this time killing becomes his main priority over everything. Lastly, William Golding uses visual imagery throughout his novel to illustrate the contrasting themes of civilization vs. savagery.
In the beginning, Golding uses visual imagery to represent civilization when Ralph uses the conch to unite everyone together. At last Ralph ceased to blow and sat there, the conch trailing from one hand, his head bowed on his knees. As the echoes died away so did the laughter, and there was silence. (page 19). This shows that at the beginning, everyone came together in a civilized manner and was silent so that they could listen to the conversations that they were going to have. Later in the book, Golding yet again uses visual imagery to represent savagery during the killing of Simon.
The beast struggled forward, broke the ring, and fell over the steep edge of the rock to the sand by the water. At once the crowd surged after it, poured down the rock, leapt onto the beast, screamed, struck, bit, tore. There were no words, and no movements but the tearing of teeth and claws. (Page 153). This shows that by this point, the only thing the boys cared about was hunting, and they would hunt anything they could. This act was only the beginning of murder in this story, and later led to the murder of other boys. In Golding’s Novel, Lord of the Flies, the contrasting literary themes of civilization vs savagery are illustrated through the use of symbols, the dialogue, and the visual imagery. Though in the beginning many things joined the boys together on the island, in the end, things tore them apart more than they would have expected. Overall, this book conveys that human beings are savage by nature, and are moved by primal urges toward selfishness, brutality, and dominance over others.
Lord of the Flies A Psychologica Approach
This assignment aims to make the psychological criticism about the ?Lord of the Flies? which written by William Golding. There are so many different psychological aspects in this book. I will use some important theories to explain the film.
Firstly, Sigmund Freud developed theories that our desires and unconscious conflicts lead to the development of defenses, like repression, fear of death, denial and selective memory. He supported that our unconscious gave rise to three areas of the mind that struggle for dominance as we grow; the id, the ego, and the super ego. Also, we should mention about Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.
According to his theory people cannot think about their other needs until the lower needs are done. He said that if people could not meet the basic physiological needs-such as food, water, sleep- and safety needs – such as security of: body, resources morality – that they would not achieve the need of love and belonging. So, we can say that Jack represents the id because he was concerned about their primal needs. Ralph represents the ego because he was trying to keep the id under control while adhering to social norms. On the other hand, Piggy represents the superego because he was concerned about moral judgment. Additionally, according to the Piaget’s theory these boys were in concrete operational and formal operations stage of cognitive development. So, we can say that because they were in different stages, it can be the reason why they were in a conflict with each others.
The movie is started like that the plan which is carried a group of British children out of the nuclear war, falls on a desert island. First they were in shock and didn’t know what to do. They were hungry, thirsty and scared. But, one of them seems more relaxed and he comforted the others. Their assembly and conch were representing the last symbol of civilization had on the boys on the island. In the beginning, it rounds them all up and they elect a leader democratically. In the beginning they worked together and there were some rules, so it means that they had group cohesiveness.
But, after a while they started to not perform their duties. It means that they started to make social loafing. In that point we should say that according to some researchers social loafing is more likely among men. Because, women are focus on and care about personal relationships with other individuals. In some point deindividuation started to become. Some children began to show more primitive behavior. R.Watson found that warriors who hid their identities before going into battle- for example, by using face and body paint- were significantly more likely to kill or torture. In the movie we saw some child painted their faces with pig blood. So, the blood may be the reason why they can act like this way. Also, the movies show the power of social conformity. We can see in how the boys choose to their group and show similar behavior. For instance, as a group they acted like a cannibal.
To sum up, In the Civilization people can hide their underlying urges like aggression. But, in their circumstances the true nature of human is release and they become like a primitive society.
Lord of the Flies Essay Nature v. Nurture
Roger gathered a handful of stones and began to throw them. Yet there was a space around Henry… Here invisible yet strong, was the taboo of the old life… Roger’s arm was conditioned by a civilization that knew nothing of him and was in ruins. (Golding 62) Our environment has much to do with the way we react during different situations, yes, but is it the main reason for our behavior? In the book The Lord of the Flies, a group of young boys are stranded on an island without any adult supervision.
The author takes us through the story by demonstrating what happens when adolescents must depend on themselves without the comfort of civilization. The boys’ actions throughout the novel are not so much impacted by the environment, but the fact that their inner savages are finally able to roam free due to the absence of authority figures.
During our upbringing we learn the ways of life from authority figures present in our childhoods like parents and teachers, but during our teenage years is when everything starts to change. Amanda Leigh Mascarelli’s article, The Teenage Brain, discusses the many different factors of the human brain that contribute to our everyday thinking and actions. During the risk-taking and rewards-based tests, one region deep inside the brain shows more activity in adolescents than it does in children or adults, Crone says. That one region is called the ventral striatum and is often called the reward center of the brain.
This is because it moves us to repeat actions that receive rewards. In the boys’ case, their horrific actions resulted in one major treat, staying alive. Another region of the brain called the prefrontal cortex plays an important role in our decision making too. The prefrontal cortex is sometimes referred to as the master planner; it gives instructions and enables chatter among other brain regions. In the heat of the moment ” even when they know better, the reward system can outmuscle the master planner. That can lead to poor decisions, Casey says. This further explains the reason why the boys’ always give into temptations like playing instead of building a rescue fire.
Adolescents are particularly sensitive and responsive to influence by friends, desires and emotions, researchers say. The sense of an authority figure played a large role in the sequence of the book. Nearing the end of the book, Jack takes matters into his own hands by creating his own tribe. Jack offers food, protection, and play, which all appeal to the ?bigguns, resulting in them leaving Ralph’s side. He’s a proper chief, isn’t he? He’s going to beat up Wilfred He got angry and made us tie Wilfred up. He’s been tied for hours, waiting (Golding 159) Jack decided to assert his power onto his tribe and treat them as if they were his minions.
Of course, his tribe didn’t mind because the boys were under the impression that Jack was the closest thing they had to a parental figure on the island. Prior to adolescence, the master planner isn’t quite advanced enough to guide all the other brain regions. That’s because it still doesn’t know the rules of the game. So that’s why you have parents to act as your prefrontal cortex, During their time on the island, the boys’ closest thing to a parent figure was Jack, which explains why they made such rash decisions under his control. Some might say that the boys’ actions on the island were the result of long-term exposure to such a harsh environment.
Kendra Cherry’s article The Milgram Obedience Experiment states, “The social psychology of this century reveals a major lesson: often it is not so much the kind of person a man is as the kind of situation in which he finds himself that determines how he will act.” This statement can be refuted. Although environment does play somewhat of a role in bringing out our evil natures, biological factors and our individual ways of thinking have the biggest say in all of this. Dopamine levels in general peak during adolescence. In teenagers, the strength of this feel good response helps explain why they often give in to impulsive desires.
To sum things up, the boys’ actions at the end of the book The Lord of the Flies are due to biological and mental factors as opposed to their surrounding environment and upbringing. The environment around us doesn’t contribute to the making of our inner evil, but aids in bringing out the savageness within us. Our mentality and state of mind are the biggest contributors when it comes to decision making and the course of our actions.
Individuals That Misuse Animals
Individuals that misuse animals often convey their acts onto abusing people. Cruelty is defined as pleasure in causing torment. In the novel Lord of the Flies, cruelty is revealed from lack of civilization amongst the boys.
Golding stated the overall theme of the novel as an attempt to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature. The moral is that the shape of a society must depend on the ethical nature of the individual and not on any political system however apparently logical or respectable. Increasing acts of cruelty in the novel reflect the boys’ inner evil overtime.
One incident where an act of cruelty was shown took place in chapter 4 when Jack and the hunters killed a pig. At first, Jack didn’t have the boldness to hunt down a pig, and he failed at it the first time in chapter 2. However, when he finally hunted down the pig, he became so fixated with the sentiment of killing that he felt the urge to repeat it again. Jack’s exact words were Kill the pig. Cut her throat. Spill her blood (Golding 145). He felt a sense of power once he painted his face as a sort of camouflage.
Later on, his camouflage implies something other than a disguise, it gives him a chance to conceal himself from the other boys too. Jack and Roger got joy from this slaughtering. This binds back to the topic since it gives additional proof to how the boys are moving away from human progress and more onto their own particular manner of living openly. This mercilessness uncovers Jack as a savage and having certain qualities of a dictator.
Another incident where an act of cruelty was shown took place in chapter 8 when the boys killed the mother pig in a horrific way. In this scene, Golding presents striking character headway for Jack and Roger, advances the topic, and foretells a later occasion. As a matter of fact,this scene showed a clear example of the boys beginning to receive pleasure from brutally killing. The boys get wedded to her in lust, excited by the long chase while chasing the wounded sow (Golding 297).
The sow alludes to a female pig that was a mother to child pigs. The depiction of the manner in which the sow was murdered appeared to be more brutal than butcher, it was assault. The main boy that didn’t make part in this move was Simon. Unexpectedly, the most terrible occurrence that happens later on in the novel happens to Simon, the one boy that didn’t participate in this explicit activity. This cold-bloodedness uncovers Jack as a sickening kid with uncontrolled brutality.
The last demonstration of pitilessness was the most horrendous, occurring in part 9. This is the scene that was foreshadowed from the horrendous killing of the sow, aside from this time the killing was toward one of their own, Simon. His death happened as a result of a wild desire to execute, horrible planning, and confused personality. One shocking quote that stood out to me was …Simon’s dead body moved out toward the open sea (Golding 341).
This uncovers the pitilessness in Jack explicitly on the grounds that it never entered his thoughts that he really murdered Simon in a butchering way until the point that his body was seen streaming out away from any confining influence ocean.
At last, murdering pigs prompts the thirst of executing a human. The young men are roused by excite than by logic. The way that these demonstrations of pitilessness are being displayed by kids adds to the awfulness of its world. As George Bernard Shaw once said, Man’s inhumanity to man is only surpassed by his cruelty to animals.
Civilization Begins With Order
Civilization begins with order, grows with liberty and dies with chaos (Will Durant), If a civilization does not have order within it or liberty for the people then it is bound to end in terrible chaos. In the novel, Lord of the Flies by William Golding, a group of boys get stranded on an island and there are no adults with them but even though they have each other they lose a sense of what is real and what is not. As the story progresses civilization is lost and chaos rises.
Jack is a very interesting character who shows a lot of change in the story; from eager little boy to savage young man.
Also, the way the author writes the story with such a simple style but with deep subject matter plays a role in how the story is understood. Jack starts the story as a very refined boy who could never bring himself to harm anyone, but as the story progresses all that is lost and he starts to clearly represent the destroyer. This archetype is, a paradoxical character whose destructions reflects a death drive and an inner fear… their quest is to let go of anger or whatever force drives them (Changing Minds). Jack had not been able to kill a pig earlier in the story but then, Look! We’ve killed a pig- we stole up on them- we got in a circle- (Golding 69).
After killing the pig, hunting was all that Jack was left thinking about and he let his shadow side of self- destructive and addictive behaviors get the best of him. Jacks transformation into such a savage character results in his barbaric and animalistic behavior, and his savagery grows because of the lack of authority beyond just the conch. The conch is a symbol for order and power that all the boys get a chance to have, but Jack never cared for that because he lets his savage behavior and governance with violence get in the way of a civil state. Nature versus nurture is a very strong but indirect theme in the story.
Nature refers to one’s hereditary factors who influence our person while nurture refers to the environmental factors which influence one’s growth. Jack in the story appears to be a natural born leader who always wants to step up, Ralph- we need meat even if we are hunting the other thing (Golding 111). Here Jack tells Ralph what needs to be done and the nature he has of being a leader later drives him to be the leader of a violent group of boys. The new environment he is placed in nurtures him to the point where a great change is caused within himself and all ideas of civilization are lost, and his nature plays a role here because he feels that he has to be leader otherwise things will simply not go his way. Jack has a very strong motive to dominate the boy and have complete power over them because he feels that he is the most suitable for it. Jack is a great example of an Id.
Very similar to the Id, Jack cares about survival rather than rescue. The ids central point is immediate pleasures no matter the repercussions. Jack found the throat and the hot blood spouted over his hands (Golding 135). Jacks desire to kill and please his personal desires are shown here. He shows the boys that nothing will hold him back from completing his own needs, much like the Id aims to please itself by taking over one’s mind. Furthermore, William Golding’s writing style is very deep within subject matter but still very simple throughout. This is the writing structure portrayed in the story because there are certain parts where there would be many details about quite unnecessary things and other parts with not enough. For example, You got your small fire alright… the heart of the flame leaped nimbly across the gap between the trees and then went swinging and flaring along the whole row of them (Golding 44).
This is the part of the story where a forest fire starts and here, the author goes into such a descriptive state for the fire and in the next starting chapter it is suddenly resolved and never talked about again. This was quite confusing when it came to reading because it would be expected that such a descriptive section of the book would not just suddenly end and just be done with for the rest of the story, but that was the case with this certain section of the story. Another section of the story that was explicit without much necessity but ends up being quite simple to the story is when Ralph thinks about how ungroomed he is, The folds were stiff like cardboard and unpleasant; noticed too how the frayed edges of his shorts were making an uncomfortable, pink area… he disliked perpetually flicking the tangled hair out of his eyes (Golding 76-77).
This enhances the understanding of the story because of how descriptive the author is hinting to how long they’ve been on that island because of how the boys now look and that helps simplify the story. Lastly, in chapter 9 the author goes deep with the subject of the story, but again it is not talked about again. The beast struggled forward, broke the ring, and fell over the steep edge of the rock. At once the crowd surged after it, poured down the rock… and screamed, struck, bit, tore.
There were no words, and no movements but the tearing of teeth and claws (Golding 153). The author goes into so much depth with how the boy’s savagery made them lose sight of what was going on and it is confusing because after this scene the murder was never really talked about again and the boys just go on and continue being themselves as if nothing had happened. It was not as simple to the story as other parts were because this section doesn’t infer or make anything else clearer.
Overall, Jack started the story as a very decent young man and ended as a very uncivil and uncultured boy. He let his desire of wanting to kill and be leader get in the way of the civility of the rest and soon brought them down with him. Also, the authors writing structure not only affected the way that the characters were seen or what inferences were made but also the way that the story was understood. All civilization was lost as well as liberty leading to terrible chaos that ended with pure savagery.
Lord Of The Flies Outlines The Journey
Most people see children as innocent, adorable angels, but the natural state of children is malicious and callous. According to the United States Department of Justice, “twenty-five percent of all serious violent crime involved a juvenile offender” (“102. Juvenile”). This violent nature in children is reflected through a famous piece of literature.
Written by William Golding in 1954, Lord of the Flies outlines the journey of a group of British schoolboys whose plane crashes on a deserted island while attempting to escape the turmoil of WWII. With no adults on the island, the boys struggle to remain sane and ordered while figuring out how to be rescued amidst the chaotic world surrounding them. The division of the group wreaks havoc and creates many problems on the island such as the need for fire and food. The children’s reactions to the obstacles they face emphasize their natural malicious state. As portrayed in Lord of the Flies, children are not pure and innocent; instead, they are inherently cruel, savage, and evil.
As emphasized in Lord of the Flies, children are naturally cruel. While at Castle Rock searching for the beast, the group tortures Robert acting like he is a pig to hunt. The group does not let Robert go, and eventually “Jack had him by the hair and was brandishing his knife” (Golding 114). This act of violence reflects the children’s inherently cruel state, because they are hurting a child, when they should be working together to find a way off the island.
From the first hunt to the murder of Piggy and Simon, the children prove their natural cruel state. In each hunt, the children chant “kill the pig! Cut his throat! Spill his blood” (114) over and over until they are too tired to continue hunting. The chant is malicious and proves the primitive cruel state of children. With each kill, the reader continues to see that the children are “tinged with cruelty and violence” (Bufkin 7) through the words they chant and the repetition of the chant. With each hunt, the children prove themselves to be inherently cruel.
In Lord of the Flies, the author emphasizes the natural state of savagery in all children. From the first killing of a pig, it becomes clear that “the novel does not imply that children, without the disciplined control of adults, will turn into savages; on the contrary, it dramatizes the real nature of all humans” (Dickson 1). The boys have savage personalities within them, and the situation on the island where they must supply their own food emphasizes their savage qualities through the killing process.
Each kill reflects the natural savagery and is truly seen later in the book when the children’s mental state suffers due to the length of the time spent on the island and the splitting of the group. After the group splits, it is evident that the book turns into a war on the island between the two groups. From this point forward, “the boy’s savage hunt turns to human rather than animal victims” (2). The boys’ savage instinct is showcased through not only the killing of the pigs, but also the murder of Simon and Piggy. The boys’ inherent savage personalities are highlighted through the malicious hunts and murders.
As seen in Lord of the Flies, children are intrinsically evil. The game they play at Castle Rock showcases the boys’ evil nature. While stabbing at Robert with spears and threatening to kill him, “the desire to squeeze and hurt was over-mastering,” (Golding 164) becoming a strong urge of Ralph’s with each passing second. The boys’ intent to hurt Robert is an evil, nefarious act that reflects inner evil as an inherent trait. Every malicious act in Lord of the Flies is done in an evil manner and is seen especially in each hunting and killing scene. Each violent kill echoes “the inner evil in all humans” (Dickson 5) as intentionally evil.
Not only the kills are evil, however, but rather every act in Lord of the Flies is evil. Lord of the Flies is not about surviving the harsh conditions, but rather it is about survival “amidst the disorder that evil causes” (Bufkin 1). Not only does evil result in many negative actions such as murder, but it also causes a permanent mental disorder that. As portrayed in the book, evil is not something acquirable; evil is produced within each human naturally. Lord of the Flies outlines the inner evil in all humans and the disorder evil causes.
As portrayed in Lord of the Flies, children are naturally cruel, savage, and evil. Throughout the book, the boys are caught in a continuous loop of killing, resulting in inhumanity, and forget about the importance of being rescued. These boys reflect how children naturally have these malicious characteristics, but most people assume that children could never be as violent as they truly are. In reality, it is the adults that refuse to believe that children could do such harmful crimes and therefore contort their thoughts to make themselves believe that children are innocent where in reality, many children are responsible for the serious crimes seen today.
Lord of the Flies’ Simon
Lord of the Flies’ Simon: Helping and Getting away from Chaos Simon. To me, a very mysterious character in Golding’s Lord of the Flies. So what is some of Simon’s character? What are his longings? When I asked myself this question, I thought about it for a while, then I realized that he is always helping someone out in some way.
I also came to realize that when he disappears from the group, it’s when they are fighting or arguing. So what I got from these traits was that Simon was a helpful person, but sometimes even he needed some alone time.
Golding uses Simon’s actions to show that he needs to get away from the group when it gets hectic. He squatted down, parted the leaves and looked out into the clearing. Nothing moved but a pair of gaudy butterflies that dances round each other in the hot air.Simon dropped the screen of leaves back into place.(3)Before he sneaks away from the group, the boys were arguing about the building of the shelters.
This shows me that sometimes Simon can’t take all the fighting and arguing and he just needs to get away for a little while. You can also see this later on in the story when Golding says: He went on among the creepers until he reached the great mat that was woven by the open space and crawled inside. (8) Before he slips away from the group this time, the boys were getting chaotic and out of hand. From this, I can infer that whenever things get chaotic between the boys, instead of speaking up, Simon isolates himself from them.
But, Simon’s helpfulness is revealed from his impressions throughout the text. Golding shows this when he wrote: Simon. He helps.’ He pointed at the shelters. (3) This evidence demonstrates that they know Simon does a lot of work. It is obvious to them that Simon helps out a lot. From that, I can infer that the things he does are important and need to be done. Then, Golding illustrates Simon’s helpfulness by saying: D’you see? All day I’ve been working with Simon. No one else.
They’re off bathing, or eating, or playing. (3) Here, the word choice suggests that Simon was the only one who wanted to help Ralph build the shelters instead of doing things that won’t benefit them instead. From Ralph’s tone, I can infer that he is upset, so I think Simon being the only one who helped made Ralph angry because they all wanted to use the huts, but none of them wanted to help build them.
A reader can also infer Simon is helpful through his speech, you can infer this with the following: Simon pushed his way to Ralph’s elbow. ?I’ll go if you like. I don’t mind, honestly.’ (Golding 7) When this quote took place, the boys were trying to decide who was going to go by themselves across the island to tell Piggy that they wouldn’t return until after dark. Simon was brave enough to volunteer to help out. After all, he didn’t believe in the beast, so he had nothing to be afraid of.
You can also analyze this when he says: Simon nodded. ?All the same. You’ll get back alright. I think so anyway.’ Some of the strain had gone from Ralph’s body. He glanced at the sea then smiled bitterly at Simon. This piece of evidence shows me that even though Simon wasn’t doing work to help out, he still helped through speech. He used his words to ease Ralph’s worry; from that, I can infer that he can help in many different ways.
So throughout the novel, it was very distinct what Simon’s personality was. He was a person who liked helping; but sometimes when he couldn’t help, he instead secluded himself from the others. Golding showed this throughout the novel using Simon’s actions, his impressions, and his speech. He made Simon’s personality so unique that it was unlike any other character yet still a relatable figure.