George W. Bush


George W.bush’s Address to the Nation of Historical Relevance Following the 9/11 Events

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

Former President George W. Bush “9/11 address the Nation” responded to the terrorist attacks on the U.S was a great success for his presidency and very uplifting to the country. The September 11th terrorist attacks will forever be memorable to us citizens. On this despicable day, Bush addressed the nation to affirm the American people of our country strength, which would certainly achieve through this unthinkable event.

Bush delivered his speech to the American speech to the American people, but also wanted the rest of the world to see. (From video in class) During his speech, he mastered various techniques of rhetoric. Bush showed a sense of unity and promise in time to this major crisis, and responded appropriately while still remaining calm.

Former President George Bush applied logos through his speech in order to prove to the nation that he was fully capable to take control of the situation; by maintain a strong country. In a particular part of speech, Bush states that “The functions of our government continue without interruption. Federal agencies in Washington which had to be evacuated today are reopening for essential personnel tonight and will be open for business tomorrow. Our financial institutions remain strong, and the American economy will be open for business as well” (Bush 63). He uses these key points to show beyond doubt that everything is under control. He demonstrates that the American, whom is crushed by this tragic event is returning to normality. He mentions the restoration of the economy and government institutions to convince Americans that there is nothing to worry about as long as the higher organizations are still functioning. Bush assured citizens that the upper levels of society (essentially the government) are not panicking; and therefore we should not either.

While the camera begins to film, Former president Bush portrays himself as a qualified leader with the American and presidential flag shadowing him at his desk. Showing symbolism of the patriotism and power in power in film (cite youtube video) affected the audience in believing that everything Bush said would uphold truth. His overall appearance demonstrates his character and trustworthiness. In his address he said “Immediately following the first attack, I implemented our government emergency response plans. Our military is powerful, and it’s prepared. Our emergency teams are working in New York City and Washington D.C to help with local rescue efforts. Our first priority is to get help to those who have been injured, and to take every precaution to protect our citizens at home, and around the world from further attacks” (Bush 63). He establishes a strong sense of power and action; he make use of words “I” and “Our” to reduce the amount of responsibility he holds. When he says “I implemented our government emergency response plan” he shows credit to himself for responding immediately following attacks. However; Bush also notice and reduces his responsibility by saying “Our military, our emergency team, our first priority” and defer some of it to his fellow subunits in control of situations.

Former president George Bush makes a strong use of pathos throughout his address to the nation. In video clip he begins by setting a very upsetting tone. His introduction starts with: “Today, our fellow citizens, our way of life, our very own freedom came under attack in a series of deliberate and deadly terrorist acts. The victims were in airplanes of in their offices: secretaries, business men and women, military and federal workers, moms and dads, friends and neighbors. Thousands of lives were suddenly ended by evil, despicable acts of terror. The pictures of airplanes flying into buildings, fires burning huge¬¬-huge structures collapsing have filled us with disbelief, terrible sadness and quiet unyielding anger. These acts of mass murder were intended to frighten our nation into chaos and retreat. But they have failed. Our country is strong” (Bush 63).

The strong emotions delivered at the beginning of his speech demonstrates his use of pathos. He uses the method of listing horrific images to coincide with the overwhelming feeling Americans felt at that particular time. Bush produced sorrowful feeling from the audience so that he could lift them during the remainder of speech. At the end of introduction, Bush changes pace from sorrowful images to dignified, the emotion he wants his citizen to gain from his address to nation. The last two sentences of his introduction are also using pathos after he says “These acts of mass murder were intended to frighten our nation into chaos and retreat, but they have failed. Our country is strong” (Bush 63) Bush shows in previous quote that “our country is strong” shows dignity in what were defeated Americans.

George Bush strategically generates hope at the end to leave viewers feeling slightly better on the situation at hand. In his conclusion, the then president unifies viewers in saying, “This is a day when all Americans from every walk of life unite in order to resolve for justice and peace. America has stood down enemies before, and will do so this time. None of us will ever forget this day, yet we go forward to defend freedom and all that is good and just in our world” (Bush 64). His conclusions strikes different groups in conjuring hope amongst viewers. Bush depicts a unified country and remind viewers that something similar to this country has overcome similar challenges. Also, he reminds viewers of “all that is (still) good and just in our world. At the end his address, Bush uses many positive images that cancel out the tragic ones from his introduction and ends his address with a great amount of hope, comforting Americans. For example, President Bush says” Tonight I ask for your prayers for all those who grieve, for the children whose worlds have been shattered, for all whose sense of safety and security has been threaten. And I pray they will be comforted by a Power greater than any of us, spoken through the ages in Psalm: Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I fear no evil for you are with me” (Bush 64). He touched upon these emotions to make the audience feel the sorrow, dignity, and hope, however, it is more important for him to remain strong and uphold his powerful image as our leader.

President Bush’s 9/11 address to the nation held so much significance to our history in that it was his job to restore a fallen nation in a single speech. His effective use of logos, ethos, and pathos, and the overall setting of the address, allowed him to demonstrate a strong use of rhetoric. The logic represented in his speech proved of its worthiness as he assured Americans of the stability of our nation. Although he delegated some of his responsibilities to lesser powers, Bush was able to implement great ethos in characterizing himself as a qualified and dignified leader.

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The Endeavors of George W.bush’s Presidential Mandate, Split Between Domestic Reformation and Terrorist Attack Reprisal

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

The Bush Years

George W. Bush, who occupied the presidency from 2001 to 2009, faced some of the most difficult political issues of the 21st century. Domestically, challenges included effectively reforming the welfare system, implementing a successful economic policy, and adapting laws to increasing cultural diversity in America. On the foreign front, Bush had to respond to terrorist attacks, which he did by launching the Global War on Terrorism. All the while, his presidency was plagued by scandals such as the events surrounding his election and federal money that mysteriously disappeared.

George W. Bush was born on July 6, 1946, in New Haven, Connecticut. After spending his childhood in Midland and Houston, Texas, with his four siblings (Jeb, Neil, Marvin, and Dorothy), Bush went on to study history at Yale (Rountree 11). Following his graduation from Yale University, Bush served in the Texas Air National Guard, where he rose quickly through the military ranks (Boehlert 1). His military career ended quickly, however, when he was suspended from flying in 1972 due to his refusal to take a required physical exam; he was officially discharged from the Air Force on November 21, 1974 (Boehlert 2). In the fall of 1973, Bush picked up his college education at the Harvard Business School, where he became the only U.S. president to earn an M.B.A. (Ahles 3). His first professional effort out of college began in 1978 with a campaign to become a House representative for Texas’ 19th congressional district; unfortunately for Bush, he lost by 6% to his opponent Kent Hance (Holmes 1). Bush then turned to the oil industry – with the help of some investors, he was able to establish Arbusto Energy, which he would sell to Spectrum 7 in 1984 (Lardner 1). In 1988, Bush assisted in his father’s presidential campaign, which gave him the experience needed to successfully run for his first political office (Governor of Texas) in 1995 (Slater 1). Bush governed Texas until December 21, 2000, and focused on decreasing state welfare, reducing crime, and setting higher standards for education (Slater 2). Many of these themes would continue to be a focus for Bush during his presidency.

In fact, welfare reform was among the first issues that Bush addressed during his presidency. Arguably Bush’s largest change to welfare policy was the style in which welfare funding was allocated. Prior to Bush’s presidency, the vast majority of federal welfare money was sent to welfare recipients in the form of a welfare check. Bush, however, set in place the legislative changes which have now caused over 60% of all welfare dollars to be allocated toward social service (e.g., child care, job training, adult education, mental health, substance abuse treatment, etc.) rather than toward direct monetary assistance to the poor (Allard 2). In addition, Bush promoted faith-based charity organizations as a direct alternative to federal welfare; this was an extension of his belief that private organizations are more effective managers of social care than the government (Allard 2). These policies reduced the amount of money directly received by those in need of welfare, and were therefore deemed ineffective by of Bush’s critics.

However, welfare reform was only one component of George W. Bush’s economic platform. During his presidential campaign, he stated that his primary agenda would be to reduce the role of the government in regulating the economy so as to allow the expansion of the private sector. In reality, little action was taken to reduce government regulation, and – largely due to the costly War on Terror – government spending increased more under Bush than any under other president since Lyndon B. Johnson (de Rugy 1). Campaign rhetoric aside, Bush’s major legislative accomplishment in regards to the economy actually wound up being the implementation of a series of tax cuts. The cuts began with the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001, which reduced the capital gains tax from 10% to 8% for those in the 15% income tax bracket, decreased income taxes across the board (especially on married couples), and simplified retirement plans (Price 1). Unfortunately, economists from both parties found that the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act was highly ineffective at generating economic growth, as were similar tax cuts passed later in Bush’s presidency. While the cuts were intended to promote job growth, unemployment decreased by only 1.6% in Bush’s first term; worse, the government lost $860 billion in tax revenue at a time when the national debt was rising rapidly (Price 3). The economy suffered most during Bush’s second term, however, which saw the 2008 recession (Gordon 1). The crisis had multiple causes – foremost was the bursting of the U.S. housing market bubble, wherein the median price of home sales declined rapidly after peaking in 2006; another economic issue was a global increase in the prices of oil and food (Isidore 1). During the crisis, Bush largely deferred to his economic advisers and made few public statements about potential solutions to the downfall (Isidore 2). By the end of Bush’s second term, the unemployment rate had reached 7.3% – a level of unemployment not surpassed since the 1980s (“US Unemployment Rate” 1). This information is particularly shocking given that Bush came into office during one of the greatest economic booms in modern history (Isidore 1). By all measures, Bush left the economy in a desolate state.

Another contributing factor in the economic decline during the Bush administration was the War on Terror, which was a reaction to al Qaeda’s terrorist attacks on American soil. On September 11, 2001, al Qaeda coordinated four attacks on New York City and Washington, D.C. The attacks themselves caused well over $10 billion in damage, and Bush’s response to them was far more costly still (“The Cost of September 11” 1). Bush’s initial retaliation consisted of an attack on Afghanistan’s Taliban regime, which was believed to be connected to al Qaeda’s leader Osama bin Laden. The War on Terror was expanded in 2002 to the Philippines, in 2003 to Iraq, and in 2004 to Pakistan (Shah 1). In Afghanistan and Iraq alone, over 6,000 U.S. soldiers have been killed, while at least 400,000 Iraqi civilians have died during the war (Shah 1). Additionally, financial costs have exceeded $1.12 trillion, though this figure is expected to rise to $4 trillion once the war’s debt has been repaid (Veeren 89). Bush’s foreign policy objectives in the War on Terror therefore further hurt the U.S. economy.

At the same time, American culture was progressing toward acceptance of homosexuality. In 2001, at the beginning of Bush’s first term, only 35% of Americans favored gay marriage, and 57% opposed it; by the end of the Bush administration in 2009, about 40% of Americans were in favor, with only 49% opposed (“Gay Marriage” 1). However, this cultural growth was not reflected in Bush’s stance on civil rights for homosexuals. First, during his 2004 re-election campaign and again in his 2005 State of the Union address, Bush came out in support of the “Federal Marriage Amendment,” a Constitutional amendment which proposed to ban same-sex couples from obtaining any legal recognition (“Bush Urges Amendment” 1). Moreover, Bush once threatened to veto the Matthew Shepard Act, a piece of legislation which would have added attacks based on sexual orientation to the federal list of hate crimes (Costello 1). Thus, while American popular culture became increasingly favorable toward gay rights, the Bush administration remained staunchly opposed to such an expansion of civil liberties.

A final issue for the Bush administration came with the various scandals that arose. Bush’s first major scandal actually began some time before he ever set foot in the White House: his election in 2000 itself was the subject of much national outrage. Because the Bush-Gore election was so close, its overall outcome depended on which way Florida voted. After initially announcing that Al Gore had won Florida, news networks revised their statement, saying the state’s results were “too close to call” (“Disputed Election” 1). They then announced that Bush had won, only to be forced to retract this statement as well; in the end, it took five weeks to definitively announce a winner. Finally, it was declared that Bush had carried Florida. However, since the election effectively hinged on a couple hundred votes in a single state, much doubt was cast on this verdict, and the Florida Supreme Court ordered a recount (“Disputed Election” 2). Ultimately, the Supreme Court halted the recount, and three days later, the Supreme Court case Bush v. Gore (arguably the most important Supreme Court case of the 21st century) decided, on a 5-4 vote, that no recount method could accurately determine the outcome of the Floridians’ vote by the December 12 deadline (“Disputed Election” 2). They also asserted that Florida’s recount procedures were unconstitutional, as they violated the Equal Protection Clause by using different standards for counting votes from different counties (“Disputed Election” 2). And so Bush won Florida, giving him the electoral vote but not, interestingly, the popular vote (“Disputed Election” 2). Bush’s scandals continued into his presidency. Perhaps most memorable was the scandal in which Bush’s Presidential Envoy to Iraq Paul Bremer was unable to account for $12 billion that had been allocated to the rebuilding of Iraq (Newton-Small 1). Notably, this had been more than half of Bremer’s budget, and yet it was nowhere to be found in Bremer’s accounting records. Bremer’s hearings in 2007 were a public embarrassment for the Bush administration and the Republican Party.

George W. Bush had a difficult presidency. After winning a disputed election which became the subject of a narrow Supreme Court decision, he was immediately confronted by a multitude of issues, from the economy to the al Qaeda attacks early in his first term. His policy, both domestic and foreign, wound up costing the U.S. trillions of dollars. Meanwhile, his critics accused him of neglecting growing cultural acceptance of the homosexuality movement and of involvement in scandals where billions of federal dollars disappeared. To say the Bush presidency was troubled, then, would be a massive understatement.

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The Life of George W.bush, a Controversial Political Figure, as United States Presidents Should Be

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

George W. Bush is an impactful presidential figure in the history of the United States. George W. Bush was born on July 6, 1946 in New Heaven Connecticut. Bush was born to First lady Barbara Bush and forty-third President George H. Walker Bush. George W. Bush’s siblings include Florida Governor Jeb Bush, businessman Neil Bush, businessman Marvin Bush, Author Dorothy Bush Koch and Robin Bush, who died of pediatric leukemia at age four. Bush received his Bachelor’s degree in History from Yale University in 1968. After college, Bush enlisted in the Air National Guard, serving in Texas and Alabama until he was discharged in November 1974. In 1975 Bush completed his Master’s degree in Business Administration from Harvard University. George W. Bush married Laura Lane Welch, an ex-librarian and teacher in 1977. They both had twin daughters Jenna bush and Barbara Pierce Bush in 1981.Before becoming a politician Bush worked in the Texas oil industry. He founded Arbusto Energy in 1977. Bush served as his father’s campaign adviser in 1988. In 1989, George Bush gathered a group of investors that purchased the Texas Rangers baseball team and served as their managing general partner for five years. An important event that helped mold George Bush’s life was his recommitment to his Christian faith, his Christian faith would eventually lead him to run for president as he was quoted saying that “God chose him to lead his nation’. In 1978 George W. Bush made his first run for political office to be U.S. Representative of the 19th District in Texas. He was unsuccessful as he lost the race to Kent Hance. In 1994, Bush once again ran for public office and was elected the 46th Governor of Texas. He won re-election in 1998 with sixty-nine percent of the vote, becoming the first Governor in Texas history to be elected to two consecutive four-year terms. Under Bush’s leadership Texas executed 152 prisoners, more than any previous governor in current American history. Bush used a budget leftover to push through a $2 billion tax-cut plan, which was the biggest in Texas history and cemented Bush as a pro-business fiscal conservative. Bush helped make Texas the top producer of wind powered electricity in the United States. In 1995 Bush made wind power a key factor of Texas’ renewable energy policy. Under a 1999 Texas state law, electric retailers are obligated to buy a certain amount of energy from renewable sources. Bush also extended government funding and support for religious organizations providing social services such as education, alcohol and drug abuse prevention, and reduction of domestic violence. Bush signed a document on April 17, 2000 declaring June 10 to be Jesus Day in Texas. On this day he told all Texans to go help those in need. This made Bush very popular amongst religious and conservative Texans. As Governor Bush supported local control of schools, higher educational standards, and a modern academic curriculum.

In June 1999, George W. Bush announced his candidacy for the President of the United States. His opponent in the 2000 election was Vice President Al Gore. Though the Presidential election was held November 7, 2000, the final outcome was not known until December 12, when the Supreme Court decision Bush v. Gore qualified Florida’s electoral votes. George W. Bush was inaugurated as the forty-third President of the United States on January 20, 2001. President Bush’s No Child Left behind Act of 2002, created reforms that raised standards and improved test scores in the public education system. President Bush increased the size of Pell Grants available to college students and created the Helping America’s Youth Initiative, led by Mrs. Laura Bush, to help adults unite with at-risk children. President Bush created a tax relief package, which reduced income tax rates and doubled the child tax credit, along with other reforms. On September 11, 2001 the Bush presidency encountered a traumatizing event, Terrorists hijacked four airplanes, crashing two into the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York City and one into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia. The fourth plane crashed in Shanksville, Pennsylvania, after its passengers attempted to overhaul the hijackers. In response to the September 11 terrorist attacks, President Bush commenced a War on Terror, which became a wide-ranging assault on terrorists and those individuals that support terrorism around the globe. As part of the War on Terror, the War in Afghanistan began in October 2001 and the War in Iraq in March 2003. President Bush then, established the National Counterterrorism Center, the Department of Homeland Security, the Homeland Security Council, and formed the position of Director of National Intelligence. USA Freedom Corps, was also created following September 11th, looked to inspire American citizens to serve charitable causes. In the 2004 election, President George W. Bush faced Senator of Massachusetts John Kerry. George W. Bush was re-elected for a second term, and inaugurated on January 20, 2005. During his second term, President George W. Bush developed humanitarian aid programs including the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief and the President’s Malaria Initiative, to contribute to those suffering around the world. President Bush and his wife worked together to establish the Preserve America Initiative and the National Parks Centennial Initiative. The President asked Congress to provide more than 6.5 billion dollars to repair the National Park System. President Bush designated nearly 195,000 square miles of the central Pacific Ocean as national monuments and preserved an additional 1,000,000 square miles of fish habitats. In January 2007, President Bush announced his plan for a flow of American troops in the Iraq War to combat the insurgency. Total violence in Iraq was considerably reduced and the United States established a new embassy in Baghdad in January 2009.

After His Presidency, George Bush moved to Dallas Texas and now lives in exile. He is more interested in painting than politics. George W. Bush enjoys golfing and bicycling. He is also in charge of many philanthropic events. In January 2010, he united with former President Bill Clinton to lead a major fundraising relief effort for the victims of the shattering Haitian earthquake. President Bush remains actively involved in issues of national and global concern through the George W. Bush Institute, which is operated by The George W. Bush Foundation. George W. Bush’s social work has continued his Legacy Of a brave leader who led his country during troubling times and kept his country safe.

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An Introspective View on One’s Oratorical Skills by Analyzing a Speech About George W. Bush

October 21, 2021 by Essay Writer

I gave my speech on George W. Bush; my intentions were to deliver a list of reasons why he wasn’t actually such a terrible guy and make it through my speech soundly. Even though I happened to survive my speech, and am very proud of that, after watching it myself and reviewing over what my peers had to say themselves about my speech, I’ve notice that I need to have some work done (that is of course, with my speech presentation skills).

I realized that my volume was great about 75% of the time and that is definitely a plus, however the rest of the time should have been there too, obviously it was not. When my volume did fluctuate, I noticed, was when I’d transition on to a different point. Because of those pauses, another matter has come to my attention, and that is, well, I don’t really have any viably strong transitions, pretty much at all. Another good thing I caught myself doing was I don’t believe it sounded as though I was reading a prompt, working in telemarketing I sort of expected that I not sound too robotic.

Working as a telemarketer, I’m trained to have a script sound like an improvised conversation and I believe that for my speech presentation that harshly may have affected me. I noticed that I’d use the filler words “and um” and “you know” often and even though I know that makes me not sound like a machine, it also makes it sound like I haven’t a clue what I speaking about. A second habit I must break is my fidgeting, every time I touch my face, I fix my dress or I stretch my legs I do it because it makes me relax on the phone and but in person everyone is seeing me do that! I was guilty of not preparing any notecards for my speech and that did make me a bit more unprepared for my speech, so, my usage of notecards could use some improving.

Ultimately the areas I deemed needed most improvement were related to how I physically presented my speech. In order to achieve any improvement, I plan to first learn to separate the way I speak on the phone with the way I should speak in front of a live audience. Secondly I will practice more and try to organize myself with notecards. Other than that I hope to just have fun.

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