Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus is one of the most important lectures

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus, is one of the most important lectures of the XIX century and is considered the first sci-fi book ever written. This story caused a lot of stir at the moment of its release, and many critics gave their point of view. La Belle Assembl©e made public in 1818 a critic where they adequately stated that Mary Shelley’s story reflected that all the things made by men with a selfish or greedy purpose never end well, this complex and human issue might be the reason why this book has transcended through the years.

In the critic made by La Belle Assembl©e, they remarked several positive and interesting points about Mary Shelley’s work. La Belle Assembl©e was a British magazine made for women, and it was characterized for its publications about poetry and other literary publications related to politics, science, and culture. Frequently, many remarkable women contributed to the magazine content, and even Mary Shelley participated as one of the collaborators.

The magazine recognized that her writing was considerably bold with an energetic style, which can be noticed in the following fragment: “It was already one in the morning; the rain pattered dismally against the panes, and my candle was nearly burnt out, when, by the glimmer of the half-extinguished light, I saw the dull yellow eye of the creature open; it breathed hard, and a convulsive motion agitated its limbs” (Shelley). Of course, this writing style was necessary to transmit the adrenaline and mystery that involved the conflict between Frankenstein and his monster. In this critic, La Belle Assembl© does an extensive explanation about Shelley’s style and the complexity of the characters she created. Frankenstein is the story of Victor Frankenstein who, playing at being God, through parts of corpses and the help of electricity, brings to life a creature that is not alive or death, that feels, thinks and suffers, a tormented soul to which men and their incomprehension, fear and ignorance corrupt and lead to the abyss. The author did not just want to impress her readers with a spooky story about a dead man who comes to life, but she wanted the public to understand the motives of Frankenstein and the monster he created, their psychology, their purpose, what scared them or what encouraged them. Shelley tremendously accomplished that, and probably this was the reason why many readers did not understand the moral of the story because they were used to straightforward narratives, where characters did not have a good and bad side at the same time. Following the magazine review, another great accomplishment made by Mary Shelley was to give such a human touch to a dull, and terrible creature. In the story, Frankenstein’s monster goes from being an invention made of dead body parts taken from a cemetery, to be a culturized creature that reads iconic works of literature like Paradise Lost, Plutarch’s Lives, and even such a melancholic book like The Sorrows of Werther (La Belle Assembl©). The author managed to give a romantic touch to a sad tragedy, and after the monster learns how to think, read and write, he ends battling with the most human thoughts, the need to find a place in the world, somewhere to belong, and the craving of finding someone to share his life with. Suddenly, this lonely and hostile creature is feeling the same way as many humans do, and his desire of wanting Frankenstein to create a wife for him reflects his new social needs. Another remarkable review about Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is the one made by John Wilson Croker, who worked for the Quarterly Review. John Croker was known for his severe opinions, and he did not keep any opinion reversed to himself. His critic was rougher than the one published by La Belle Assembl©, but he agreed with the magazine on several points. They both accept the idea of seeing Frankenstein as a modern Prometheus (La Belle Assembl©), taking into account how misunderstood is this character, and how his boldness and inventions took him so far. Croker also accorded on how intriguing is the monster’s personality. It is curious how he started just like a weird invention and ended up as a thinking being. However, this education the monster receives thanks to spying a teacher and his student in a cottage, helps him to be aware of the circumstances of his existence, and he starts hating his own presence on the world (Croker). Ironically, after listening teachings about philosophy and other matters, this monster turns into a so well educated being, that he cannot avoid meditating about his life and purpose. Sadly, he is not satisfied or happy with it. Despite how interesting this conflict about the monster and his existence result, John Wilson Croker is not convinced with Mary Shelley’ works, especially because according to him, this story does not include morals, and does not teach any important manners to the readers (Croker). Probably, the moral of this story was too abstract for its era, and that is why many found so difficult to relate to this work or to understand it. La Belle Assembl© also remarked that this book should include a warning at the beginning, so readers could fully understand their message, and includes a brief explanation of the plot and its context, so hopefully, everyone can understand what is about. As opposed to the women’s magazine, Croker attacks Shelley’s writing style and says that her story leaves the reader tired (Croker), however, he does not give a full explanation of why he thinks this way. Also, he says that the story is a bit confusing and that surely readers won’t know how to react to it, because the plot is funny but hateful at the same time. It is evident that this story is complex, and it does not need to fit with only one hue. Actually, the ambivalence of their characters is what makes it so rich and enjoyable, and it reminds readers of their own diversities and mood swings. This exciting Victorian horror novel that, although it does no longer give the horror that should have caused to its readers two hundred years ago, remains an indisputable literary gem. Nothing in its prose suggests that the writer is just an eighteen-year-old girl, who never in her life had written anything before, a fact that made many to doubt about her authorship (Hart 30). Frankenstein, more than a horror story, which it is, keeps a very powerful and rich inner philosophy about the excesses of men in Science and in other fields, those that look for success without thinking about the wellness of others. This book and its characters are an example that sometimes, the real monsters are humans.Despite the slight contradictions between La Belle Assembl© and John Wilson Croker, they both agree on how innovative was Frankenstein for literature. In fact, it was so new at the moment that critics struggled to comprehend it fully. Now, two hundred years after its release, it is pretty clear how good and successful this work was because despite how much time has passed, it still impacts our culture and is one of the most popular books in the world. Works CitedCroker, John Wilson. Quarterly Magazine 1818: n. pag. Print.Hart, Scott Douglas de. Shelley Unbound: Discovering Frankenstein’s True Creator. 1st ed. Feral House, 2013. Print.La Belle Assembl©. La Belle Assembl© 1818: n. pag. Print.

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Frankenstein – Society Analysis

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

In Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, many lessons were embedded into the story on how society acts towards the different. Modern society has set an unbreakable code that individuals must follow to be accepted by others. Those who do not follow the rule of being standard would be hated and left alone, solely due to the fact that they are different. The monster was the victim of this system commonly used to characterize or judge a person or a being, only by their outer appearance.

In contrast, the monster started out like an innocent child that was eventually shattered by society, by constantly being rejected by society time after time. After the monster realized that people did not like his appearance, he thought that people might like his personality. However, his later attempt turned into a tragedy as old man’s family came home. Victor Frankenstein his creator, rushed out of the laboratory after looking at the appearance of the monster he had created.

Though people thought that he was supposed to be a mother figure as he created this monster. Furthermore, Frankenstein’s ignorance of the monster ultimately resulted in his creation slowly destroys his life. Which untimely resulted in his early death. Lastly, these rules in modern society are clearly reflected onto the monster, it is responsible for the transformation of the once childlike creature into a true monster.Firstly, the monster was characterized by society just on his physical appearance. After the monster escapes after he was created, he found a hut an enters it in search of food. The old man inside of the hut screams and runs out of the hut in fear, because of how hideous the monster looked. Unexpectedly, the monster ventures into a town. Though he had hardly placed his foot within the door before the children shrieked, and one of the women fainted (93). As a result of the two incidents, the monster understands that people are afraid of his appearance and he resolves to stay away from humans. The old man and the villagers were so terrified by the monster’s looks and appearance at first glance, their only objective was to either run, faint, scream or to throw things at him. They were feared by the monster because he looked different and appeared bigger and taller. This was a clear reflection of modern society as people in the modern world judge others based on their looks and appearance. Considering that he was different, he was hated and bullied by others without him even speaking. As these two events were just after the monster have been created, he did not know how to speak or express his emotions. Given these points, the monster was hated by others based on his looks, which is a clear reflection of the different in today’s world. Furthermore, the monster was accepted for his personality but his physical form overwhelms it, which still got him rejected by the general public. The monster finds shelter in a shed built up against a cottage. Through a crack the monster was able to learn about basic vocabulary, speaking, reading, writing, the history of human societies and European culture. As the cottager Felix teaches these things to Safie. The monster wishes to be accepted as he targets the blind old man De Lacey on a perfect opportunity when the others were gone. He approaches De Lacey and begins to explain his situation, as De Lacey treats him as a normal human being. This event ends tragically as the others came back and were horrified by his appearance; Felix drives the monster away by violently hitting him with a stick. The Monster could have killed everyone there as he stated: I could have torn him limb from limb, as the lion rends the antelope (115). However, he did not do that as he begged for peace and acceptance from the others. In this passage, the monster speaks and acts like a normal human through his conversation with De Lacey, but others simply judged him off of his physical appearance and did not want to listen to him. In summary, this event reflects modern society as even though people could act perfectly normal, they could be categorized and ignored depended on their physical form.Never the less, the monster’s source of hatred toward humans originates from his first experiences with humans. In a way, the monster started out as an innocent human child figure what was eventually shattered, by being constantly rejected by human society. His first encounter with humans was when he opened his yellow eyes for the first time and witnessed Victor Frankenstein, his creator. Victor Frankenstein was so disgusted by his own creation, he rushed out of his own laboratory and ran away. Frankenstein should have made him less offending if even he, the creator, could not stand his disgusting appearance. If physical appearance were not important, then the creature would have had a chance of being accepted into the community with love and care. Though, society does believe that physical appearance is important and it does influence the way people act towards each other. There was a moment however when Frankenstein was moved by the creature. He felt what the duties of a creator towards his creature were (126). and decided that he had to make another creature, a companion for the original. Thus, the monster could have fitted into society if people did not push the monster aside, or if his creator had raised him up instead of running away. Ultimately, the hatred from society and the ignorance from his creator turned this innocent little child figure into a true monster.The society is the one responsible for the transformation of the once childlike creature into the monster that we all know. The public does not realize that society has flaws and that they must be removed before our primal instincts continue to isolate and hurt the people who are different. The monster in the book was a clear example of this. He never meant to be the evil, but he suffered physical and mental abuse from the society which eventually turned him into a villainy character. Even though he could talk and act perfectly normal, he did not escape the weight on how people judge others based on physical appearance. Which was clearly shown in the interaction between the monster and the De Lacey family. The monster was born different, instead of giving him help and care to help him; the society as a whole bash and curses the monster, including his creator. In conclusion, the monster in the book Frankenstein by Mary Shelley was a reflection of a victim to the flaws in society. Without the help of others, the different in society would be targeted and left alone by others that would treat them differently and another normal person.

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The Power of Nature Over Man

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

Nature, especially sublime nature, like grand mountains or treacherous waterfalls, has the power to instill feelings in people that nothing else can bring forth. In the novel Frankenstein, the motif of sublime nature illustrates (idk) nature’s dominance over mankind. In the story, beautiful scenes of nature revive the characters, while vengeful nature reflects the conflicts present in the story, while melancholy nature reflects the character’s grief.

Nature often revives the characters, bringing them tranquility in place of grief and anger.

For instance, on Victor’s journey to Geneva, he stopped, overcome with anguish, and “contemplated the lake”, where “the waters were placid, all around was calm, and the snowy mountains, ‘the palaces of nature’, were not changed.”(page 58). This “calm and heavenly scene restored” Victor so much that he was able to “continue [his] journey towards Geneva”(page 58). By filling his emotions with calmness and tranquility, nature was able to restore Victor so quickly from the grief of his brothers lose, reveals its strong control over his emotions.

Later in the story, when Victor travels to the valley of Chamounix, grieving for William and Justine, nature once again soothes him. The “sublime and magnificent scenes afforded [him] the greatest consolation that [he] was capable of receiving.”(Page 78). Nothing could have provided Victor with better “consolation” than nature. The fact that Nature sway over his emotions is greater than that of even his beloved family and friends, indicates its immense influence over the lives of humans. Nature not only “elevated [him] from all littleness of feeling,”, but also “subdued and tranquilized”(page 78) his grief. It has power to both invoke man with feelings, and to remove or ‘tranquilize’ them, even those so strong as sorrow. As Victor arrives “at the top of the [valley’s] ascent”(Page 80), and sees the “awful”(Page 80) mountains rising above him, nature once again bestows him with healing. The mountains “… icy and glittering peaks”, which “shone in the sunlight over the clouds.”, resulted in his “heart, which was before sorrowful”(page 80), to swell “with something like joy”(Page 80). Once again nature is able to flip Victors feelings around completely, changing them from sorrow, to joy. Furthermore, this beautiful sight causes Victor to say, “wandering spirits, if indeed ye wander, and do not rest in your narrow beds, allow me this faint happiness, or take me, as your companion, away from the joys of life.”(page 80). Nature does not only have an hold on Victors emotions, but on the monsters as well. Following his creation, the monster felt only “pain invade [him] on all sides”(Page 84). However, when the “gentle light” of the moon “stole over the heavens”, he was given “a sensation of pleasure.”(page 85). The fact that just a meer “gentle light” of nature could transform the monsters emotions from those of pain and helplessness, to those of “pleasure” and “wonder”, emphasizes the profound power that nature has over man. Furthermore, this light also helped the monster by allowing him to search for “berries” to eat. In these ways, the healing influence that nature has on characters emotions highlights its power over mankind.

Fierce nature, unlike its healing counterpart, also plays a role in asserting natures dominance over mankind. When Victor chases the monster at the end of the story through the harsh and icy lands, nature makes him “[endure] misery”. In addition, nature “threatens his destruction”, with the “thunder of the ground sea” and “Immense rugged mountains of ice” that “barred [his] passage”(page 184). These imposing shows of strength reiterate nature’s power over man, and in particular, Victor. Later in the story, Nature fully asserts its supremacy, acting on its threats. The waters beneath him “rolled and swelled”, becoming “more ominous and terrific” with every moment, before “a tumultuous sea rolled beneath [him] and [his] enemy”, and left him “drifting on a scattered piece of ice”. While nature is at other times awe inspiring and tranquil, it is now “ominous and terrific”, using its power to bring “prepare for [victor] a hideous death.”(185). This fierce, hostile nature underlines its great power over mankind. Not only is nature able to create man, but it has the power to destroy {them}. This contrast to Victor, who, while he created the monster, was unable to kill it, part of which was due to nature itself, who stopped him on his hunt. In these ways, the nature’s power over mankind is further emphasised by its fiercer and more dangerous version.

Melancholy nature appears as well, reflecting and intensifying the characters heavy grief.

For instance, as Victor grieves in the valley of chamounix, the “pines” are neither “tall or luxuriant”, but rather “sombre”, adding “an air of severity to the scene”. These images contrast greatly to the grand and awe-inspiring scenes of nature describes in the first paragraph. Nature changed Victors emotion from full of “joy”(page ), to those of “[somberness]” and “severity”. The “vast mists”, and the “rain [pouring] from the dark sky”, further add “to the melancholy impression that [victor] receives from the objects around [him]”(page 79). The speed and strength at which nature brings a “melancholy impression” to Victors heart, highlights the powers that nature holds over mankind’s mind. Moreover, in one night, nature was able to remove all “soul inspiriting” from Victor, and cloud his thoughts with “the dark melancholy”. Just as nature has the power to remove life it instilled from man, it also has the power to remove the joy that it instilled in man’s emotions. Furthermore, “thick mist [that] hid the summits of the mountains”(page 78), as also seen in earlier scenes, offers the concept that one of the key ways that nature gives man, or Victor in particular, is by hiding the mountains. Throughout the story, the mountains provide him with healing nature, they are his “mighty friends”. So, by covering them, nature removes that source of joy and consolation. In the ways explained above, melancholy nature further stresses the power than nature has over mankind.

By creating the monster, Victor breaks the laws of nature, in effect trying to usurp it. As a result of creating life, which is considered to be one of the deepest mysteries of nature, Victor suffers an abundance of consequences. His loss of loved ones, spirit, and will to live, emphasise natures everlasting reign over man. Anyone who tries to replace or play with it will be severely punished and destroyed, like Frankenstein was.

In the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, sublime nature holds a mighty power over mankind. This is emphasised in the influence that healing and melancholy nature have over the characters, in addition to the control that fierce nature has over their lives, having the power to bring death to the life they created.

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Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein" Analysis

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

Throughout Mary Shelley’s trailblazing take on gothic horror “Frankenstein”, Shelley’s use of many Gothic tropes helps it remain a classic even to this day, through her many thought-provoking moments.

Midway through the novel, Shelley creates themes of the uncanny through her use of blurring the lines, between reality and fiction. By describing the creation as “infuse(ing) a spark of being into the lifeless thing” Shelley is Juxtaposing the idea of Birth Creation and Innocence, which is something we view as a natural process, with the thought and imagery of Sinister and Artificial.

Which is very uncanny to the reader and can be unsettling to think about. This links to the theory of Galvanism which was being tested at the time and would have been quite polarizing for romanticists such as Shelley, who believed in all power of Nature. Additionally, the word “Thing” shows the little respect Victor has towards the monster, and emphasizes the blurring of the lines, as his description is the antithesis of the reaction we believe someone would feel towards their creation and echoes the gothic trait of a tragic hero as his superiority and lack of empathy are eventually his downfall.

The scene of the creation would have been fairly new to the audiences of the time, as this was one of the first novels to involve such interesting technology, and may have been frightening to some due to the supernatural elements of the novel.

Later on, in the text Shelley uses the gothic trope of a “Passion driven Villain” and “Revenge” through the monster exclaiming “If I cannot inspire love, I will cause fear” This is quite a powerful statement, as it is a stark contrast of the loving and caring beast the monster tried to lead us to see him as and increases the elements of fear and destruction. This could link to Mary Shelley losing most of whom she loved; her Mother, Father and Husband, and seeing that she had no one to “Inspire love” she would now use her writings to “cause fear”. Additionally, you could say this sudden outburst makes him a “Villain-Hero” as the monster who up until then had only sought companionship, had once again came close to receiving it, and yet again had it yanked away from him at the last second. This outburst from the monster would have been very frightening to audiences of the time, as the thought of a loving person finally having enough, and decided that they would only incite fear may have very frightening to audiences of the time.

Then, in the end, another gothic trope is revealed, in Walton’s final letter in which he encloses the Monster’s final words we hear in the Novel “I, the miserable and the abandoned, as MSN abortion, to be spurned at, kicked and trample on.” This use of the gothic trope, where a villain is revealed as justified, evokes sympathy from the reader, as the very thing the book has tried to make us hate for his cruel actions, now shows us the extent of the torment he has suffered. This tragic statement mirrors that of the feelings held by Mary Shelley, who during their birth had lost their mother, and felt as if they are being punished, solely for their creation, and their existence. Additionally, you could say his statement, is a motif for “Abortion”, the monster, who is unwanted and unloved, is cast aside and shunned by their creator.

In conclusion, Shelley’s use of many Gothic tropes helped her forge a thought-provoking take on the gothic horror genre.

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Accceptance in Frankestein

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

The story Frankestein by Mary Shelley is a gothic and medival time period book about a man named Victor Frankestein. Throughout the beginninging of the book, Victor excludes himself from the rest of the society to focus on his dream, Chemistry. His curisoity and ambiton for life drove him to create somethng that no human had seen before. For months he gathered strange limbs from local gravesites, assembled them, and eventually brought back a life of a strange creature. Right away, Victor realized the mistake he had made an abandoned the creature selfishy leaving him alone and confused not knowing what to do.

With no family, love, or acceptance, the monster is cast out into the world which judges him on his hideous lookd. He has no one to learn from or look to for advice. The domestic void in the creature’s life creates a barrier between him and the rest of civilization.

The story about Frankenstein deals with pride that causes destruction on one’s self.

“A new species would bless me as its creator and source; many happy and excellent natures would owe their being to me (pg 57).” One of the many themes in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is appearance and the importance of acceptance in society. In the society of frankestein and of today, people judge one often on their looks. Whether its the color of someone’s skin, the clothes that a person wears, or facial features that one has. Human beings want to be accepted in society for their mental and physical abilities. If a person is not accepted by their society, he or she can become an outcast like the monster in Frankenstein.

The monster seeks acceptance immediately upon getting his life. “Unable to endure the aspect of the being I had created, I rushed out of the room and continued a long time traversing my bedroom chamber, unable to compose my mind to sleep.”(pg 58) This quote portrays that Victor, the monster’s creator will not look at him for his appearance is just too unbearable. Sadly because the monster is not a normal human being, the monster has no family and absolutely zero acceptance. When the monster sees the family in the cottage for the first time, he wants to learn the language to communnicate and learn family values like a human being. After he gets rejected, the monster demands help from Frankenstein to create a female, someone that the monster could be with in this lonely world. Not only does he suffer the prejudice of an appearance based society, but other characters and situations in the novel force the reader to reflect their own crimes.

In the story you come across several instances of social prejudice that include the isolation and outcast of Frankenstein’s creation. “I escaped, and rushed dwnstairs, I took refuge in the courtyard belongnng to the house which I inhabiated.’’(pg 47) Here is the first real example of Victor abandoing the creature from day one. Not only is Victor’s quest selfish, but his goal is lighthearted as well. Victor’s first impression of his creature was disappointment. He describes his supposed failure as a monster when he says, “His yellow skin scarcely covered the work of muscles and arteries beneath; his hair was of lustrous black, and flowing his teeth of pearly whiteness; but these luxuriance’s only form a more horrid contrast with his watery eyes, that seemed almost of the same colour as the dun-white sockets in which they were set, his shriveled complexion and straight black lips.”(pg 56) Even though the monster was shunned, labeled a killer, and cursed by his own maker, he ends up wanting to learn more about the human race.

He describes the community as, “miraculous,” (pg 102) and sacrifices his own hunger by refusing to steal from the poor villagers. But when the creatures emotions took over and he tried to approach the villagers, they reacted in an frenzy. “The children shrieked, and one of the women fainted.” (pg102) The cottagers didnt accept the monster because of his looks and his deminorism. Even after he treid to approach them. Sadly because of how the cottages reacted towards him, the creature’s deformity took an effect on his own state of mind. “Alas! I did not entirely know the fatal effects of this miserable infirmity.”(pg 110) Thecreatures physical attributes and looks are so different to the others, the creature sees the cottagers as “superior beings” (pg 111) and believes that they would be disgusted by his unusual deminorism and unusual word’s .

One of the last themes in Frankenstein is racism. This is shown from the very first moments of the creatures life. One of the first things Victor says about his creation is that, “His yellow skin scarcely covered the work of muscles and arteries beneath.” (pg 42) He viewed his creation with “breathless horror and disgust…”. (pg 42)Here one finds that like the vast majority of people then and today, Victor notices the color of his creatures skin first and doesnt even try to connect with the monster at all.

The universal quest for acceptance has led many humans to violent and indecent acts. Throughout the entrie story, the creature undergoes

Works sited

  • Shelley, Mary wollstonecraft, Frankestein, or, The Modern Prometheus: the 1830 Text.
  • Minelo, Dover, 1994
  • Steinberg, Neil “Distorted faces:living with facial disfugurment.
  • june 2015. Accessed 23,
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Frankenstein a novel worth study because of Shelley's attention

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

Frankenstein, a novel worth study because of Shelley’s attention to thorough details. More importantly it is worthy of study because of the extensive examples of romanticism and many other englsish tenets. Romanticism, spurred by the French Revolution to promote justice and equality. Humans are easily the most judgmental creatures on the planet; always basing people off their appearance and justifying the way someone feels about another because of a social aspect.

Romanticism is a philosophy used to create a more spontaneous atmosphere, in literature, during the 18th century.

(Merriam Webster) The romantic period of literature, in which this book is written, proves to the audience that the natural world is exemplified through the senses of the mountain river that parallels with the chaos in Victor’s life. Along with the loss of happiness. During the enlightenment, romanticism was brought about by english poets but later used by many more. (Literary Devices) Shelley puts an emphasis on emotions of the characters by placing romanticism throughout the entirety of the novel.

Shelley focuses on romanticism by bringing into focus her emotions that parallel with the characters. She opposes the forces of nature and science and their influence on society and the way people live their daily lives. . The industrial revolution impacted all forms of the community within the novel. When the creature became fully aware of how victor deserted him he realizes how his appearance scares the normal folk. Emotion in romanticism; specifically from waltons point of view. His crew member traveled through some rough waters that reflected upon his loneliness. All the interactions the creature endures throughout the novel sets him up for success throughout the closing of the book. The use of romanticism has a great significance especially in the beginning when shelley is beginning to examine her place and prove to the audience what she believes. Shelleys emotions in her own life are shown through many examples in the novel. The chaos of romanticism is fascinating to the reader in many aspects. It keeps the book lively and interesting to read.

Many times shelley uses contrasting differences between the creature and Victor. “The labours I endured were no longer to be alleviated by the bright sun or the gentle breezes of spring.” (Shelley 126) this is showing the pain that the creature went through. As an audience we gradually realize that to Victor nature is no longer as important to his life but he still believes the country of Switzerland is beautiful. “Dear Mountains! My own beautiful lake!” (Shelley 20). The chaos of human works and nature are contrasted as well. “I feel exquisite pleasure in dwelling on the recollections of childhood, before misfortune had extensive usefulness into gloomy and narrow reflections upon self.” (shelley 38). Showing that instead of looking back at a ‘gloomy’ life you can narrow the reflections upon yourself and grow. As humans we don’t always appreciate the natural beauty around us but if you don’t see the beauty you become captivated by the negativity that follows the positivity. The way you interact with the natural world can affect your life and the way you live it. sec 2

Thesis: humans are judgemental but people will inherently be good or evil based on who is around them.

Shelley uses the theory of state of nature to prove human nature and provide more specific examples of how society belittles women. Now, there is no where in the world where gender inequality doesn’t exist from the U.S. all the way to China; there are many examples of gender injustices within our society today. Accoring to some critics, sex is determined by biologican and anatomical categories of male or female (Gender 2094) Shelley drives this male driven plot and shows women are subordinate to men. Shelley creates this monster who has no positive parental figures in life. Because of all the negative and traumatic events that occurred in the creatures life the audience might be the first to assume that the creature is inherently evil or will turn evil. There is also a cultural criticism which is the study of cultural behavior and expressions to relationships (Cultural Criticism 2093) One of the driving meanings of this novel forces the reader to think about how the creature impacts the society not only physically and mentally but also culturally. With humans being so judgemental it is very easy to assume something about another person’s character or self. “Her hair was the brightest living gold, and despite the poverty of her clothing, seemed to set a crown of distinction on her head. Her brow was clear and ample, her blue eyes cloudless, and her lips and the moulding of elizabeth is portrayed as an angel with her halo-like golden hair and cloudless eyes. Her heavenly looks are what people see first and is the reason Caroline adopted Elizabeht. Additionally, her angelic beauty. Her face so expressive a being heaven sent, and being a celestial stamp in all her features” (Shelley 17) exemplifying that not every person is as they physically seem.

The death of Victor’s mother created a series of events providing the novel with many examples of why women are irrelevant in this society. There could have been many places in the novel where Shelley could have implemented female parts or characters to drive the plot and not make it as anti women. Although the creature has not been explicitly told what view he has to have upon women; he naturally sees them as equal humans when compared to men. The injustices faced by the creature can parallel with the discriination faced by the women in this novel. Since the creature had no parent or adult figure to follow nature became the only example he could follow. Traveling through many places not a single person “ with berries and nuts and roots which he gathered from neighboring woods (shelley 99) within the woods the creature could be himself; also the woods provided the creature with all his meals and everything he needed to survive. When shelley would describe the woods she would use calm and peaceful descriptions making the audience feel the woods was a safe place not only for themselves but also for the creature. “No eve soothed his sorrows, or shared his thoughts he was alone.” (Shelley 145) Highlight the creatures solitude from the beginning but circling back to nature, “eve” being the only thing the creature could rely on.

The men in the novel carry traits a ‘typical’ male would attain: single-minded, possessive, and obsessive. Victor embodies this male character with the single-mindedness but with a scholarly composed nature as well. “I will work at your destruction, nor finish until I desolate your heart.” (Shelley 156) signifying this great ambition by the creature to try to live up to the standards of his master; only to be told he is a “slave of impulses” (Shelley 218). Victor is showing his true ‘typical male’ attributes in that exact part in the novel. Although the men in Frankenstein parallel with these characteristics of a single-minded, self-absorbed, obsessive, and possessive male the female counteracts this negative theory. Victor’s wife, Elizabeth, truly embodies the ‘perfect women’ image that every mother, wife, and women aspires to be. “Docile and good tempered. Gentle and affectionate” (Shelley 66) is exactly how one would describe Elizabeth. Affection is monotonous within the roles of the women of the novel. They are utterly self-sacrificing women who put the needs of others and their family before their own. These are the exact women this novel needed more of in addition to positive male characters as well.

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Gris Grimly's Frankenstein by Mary Shelley"

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

Robert Walton writes numerous letters to his sister, who is presently in England about his endeavors at the North Pole. He is currently stuck as the water has since been overridden by ice, making it impossible for him and his crew to continue his dangerous mission. Although his progress was positive at the beginning, he is now unable to move forward because of the ice. It is during this period that the captain meets with Victor, who has been weakened by the ice and is almost dead of cold.

Walton the nurses Victor back to health, and hears the tale about the monster that victor has created. Victor, who is a brilliant man, has discovered the secret of life itself and had consequently created his own monster, but as a result of his actions, he fears that the monster will ruin the lives of the people he cares about as well as his.

Character Development, Victor, his Father and the Monster

            At the beginning, Victor is an innocent loving boy who is full of life and surrounded by loved ones.

As a young boy, he lives with his father, plays with his brother and friend and also loves his future wife Elizabeth. The turn of events occurs when victor’s brilliance in chemistry and his curiosity about life forces him to reanimate a dead body. Throughout the novel, victor changes step by step and the grief he encounters due to the loss of loved ones fuel his heart with hate and remorse. From a young scientist filled with prospects of great future to a guilt-ridden man filled with anger and revenge.

As a young boy, victor spent his youth in Geneva. His life as a young person was fulfilling with the loving accompany of his loving sister Elizabeth and his best friend Henry. Upon being of age, Victor enrolls at the University of Ingolstadt, where he studies chemistry and natural philosophy. Being a curios and brilliant person, he is overwhelmed by the unknown knowledge of life and, therefore, revolts his life to finding the true origin of life. Victor then spends his whole time in research with the hope to discover the secret of life. After many years of research, he is able to discover the basics of life. According to (Janowitz and William 938), Victor’s ambition to create life blinds the moral obligations that he should have felt about creating a monster without human emotion and characteristics.

Notable, Victor does not evaluate the consequences that might arise as a result of his action. He just spends time creating a creature with the knowledge that he has gained. He uses dead parts of a human body to put together the creature and reanimates him later. The creature, however, does not look as appealing as he expected. The sight of him fills Victor with horror and disgust. Victor is disappointed with his work and becomes contemptuous of the creature. With the creature trying to understand the meaning of the behavior being exhibited by his creator, victor becomes more afraid and runs from him scared and remorseful. According to Vargo (417) the use of dead parts to create a living thing sheds message that the expected creation would not behavior like a normal person. Victor should have recognized that his endeavor would only lead to more death.

After creation of the monster, he feels remorseful and decides to return home. Woolley (46) observes that his wish to return home would maybe reconnect him after losing touch with humanity. So, he decides that since the monster has disappeared, he should also return to his family to nurse his remorse and poor health back to normal. However, victor receives an unexpected letter from his father explaining that his brother has been murdered. Victor now rushes home, remorseful as ever to support his family at this moment of grief. As he is about to arrive, he sees the monster he created looming the woods where is brother was killed. With this knowledge, Victor believes that the monster must have killed him. To make matters worse, Victor arrives to find that his adopted sister, a gentle and kind person, is being accused of the crime that his monster dis. She is consequently executed although Victor knows the real murderer. Victor now grows more remorseful and guilty for his actions because he knows that his actions have led t the death of two of his beloved ones. According to 5865, this is the point where Victor begins to get sense of the consequences of his actions. He created death, so death follows him.

Levine (490) notes that people tend to run away from their actions’ outcomes after they see that they are not desirable. Instead of dealing with the situation, Victor grief overpowers him and he is unable to withstand the sorrow at his home at Geneva. He decides that it is best to stay away from home by taking a vacation in the mountains; since he knows that the monster is probably tracking him; he knows that by staying away from home the monster would also follow him, and leave the family alone. While at the mountains, the monster approaches Victor and tries to beg for attention. It is evident that the monster is disappointed by the fact that Victor left it after creation. He admits to killing Victor’s brother, and asks that Victor understand his reasons. He says that the death of Victor’s brother William was a payback for leaving him to rot. With this, he asks victor to create another one like him so that he can be happy around someone who understood him, and who would not abandon him like Victor did. He says;

“‘I am alone and miserable: man will not associate with me; but one as deformed and horrible as myself would not deny herself to me. My companion must be of the same species and have the same defects. This being you must create’” (Shelley and Maurice 129).

His action of acting god, which is pure inhumanness, haunts him from the moment he creates the monster. His obsession to act as a creator finally ruins his life as well as the lives of the people that he cares about. Eventually, Victor changes from a human with feelings to become a person without feelings just as the creature that he created. The basics of human feeling are family and friends. The monster, seeing that victor does not care about him, sought to make him like he is, in an effort to make Victor understand the situation of being in solitude.

With this, Victor falls for the monsters please and weighs the odds of creating a second monster, and refuses to grant the creature his wish to have a companion. However, the monster pleads and persuades him until he agrees to make the second, female monster to act as a companion to the first monster. He takes his friend Henry and return to England to prepare the necessary materials and information required for the creation of the female monster. Victor starts the work at a secluded island in company of the monster and is almost done when he feels that his actions are against moral expectations. He, therefore, destroys his progress attracting an outrage from the monster who in turn vows to destroy everything he loves. He even swears to kill Victor’s lover during his wedding night. In this, it is evident that Victor realized and regained his moral ground way too late. At this point, he will have to endure consequences for his actions (Vargo 419).

The fist revenge the monster has on victor is killing of his best friend, Henry. When Victor travels to dump the remains of the second monster, He returns in the morning only to be arrested and accused of murdering his own friend. This occurrence finally drives victor to the edge. Losing his humanity is the only thing preventing Victor from becoming the monster he has created (Choice Reviews Online 32). He realizes that Henry was killed by the monster after the fallout they had the previous day. Although he denies having killed his friend, Victor is imprisoned for the time being as investigations are conducted. Overcome by grief of losing the people that he loved the most due to the consequences of his actions, Victor falls sick in the prisons where he is nursed back to health and acquitted.

At this point, Victor returns with his father to Geneva, and marries the woman he loves, Elizabeth. (Woolley 50) notes that Elizabeth and Victor’s father are the only things holding him from truly becoming a monster. The monster knows that killing Victor wife would bring them closer. However, although he still remembers the words of the monster about visiting him on his wedding night and sends his bride away to avoid a confrontation. Despite this, the monster catches up with Elizabeth and kills her. At this point, Victor’s father, who has lost many people as well is unable to overcome his grief and dies shortly after the death of Elizabeth. Having lost his wife, his brother, his sister, his father and also his friend to the monster, he vows that it is time to exact revenge. Victor’s father, who was his source of comfort, is now dead, and so are his advices and encouragement.

The hunter becomes the hunted as he runs from Victor, who is now murderous after losing his family and friends to the monster. Victor has not undergone a complete metamorphosis and turned into a monster. With no family, friends or siblings, Victor is now as lonely as the monster. The grief, anger, pain and remorse have now exhausted his feeling and behavior of a human being. At one point he almost gets to him but the monster is saved by the sea as the ice cracks and separates them with a gap. At this point, Victor is found by the captain Walton, as he travels through the ice and is almost dead of cold.

This story, as the writer intends, enables the reader to have multiple interpretations of the actions of Victor. With these, the reader can decide either to think that Victor was a mad scientist, who crossed human boundaries without concern or an adventurer who lack responsibility of his actions. Either way, the reader can related to the process of Victor turning into his own creation. When Walton meets Victor, he is weak and almost dead of cold for travelling many days in the ice. Unlike the monster, he is human and unable to endure the cold. Walton tries his best to nurse Victor but later he succumbs to death. Walton, having heard the stories of the monster’s cruel acts is astonished to find him weeping over Victor’s body. He tells Walton that now that Victor is dead, he has no one else in this world. He recounts is suffering, remorse, solitude and hatred and concludes that he can now die as his creator has. At this point, he departs to the northernmost cold region to die. It is at this point that the reader finally experiences the solitude of the creature.

The creature is Victor’s creation, gathered from old body parts and weird chemicals, energized by a puzzling flash. He enters life as a grown up and immensely strong yet with the psyche of an infant. Relinquished by his maker and befuddled, he tries to bond himself into society, just to be disregarded by everyone. Looking in the mirror, he understands his physical bizarreness, a part of his being that blinds world to his delicate, innocent nature. He mentions that; “‘When I looked around I saw and heard of none like me. Was I, the, a monster, a blot upon the earth from which all men fled and whom all men disowned?’” (Shelley and Maurice 105

Looking for reprisal on his maker, he executes Victor’s youthful sibling. After Victor wrecks his work on the female beast intended to facilitate the creature’s acceptance to the society, the beast murders Victor’s closest companion and afterward his wife Elizabeth.

While Victor feels great disdain for his creation, the beast demonstrates that he is not a malicious being. The creature’s articulate portrayal of occasions (as given by Victor) uncovers his surprising affection and kindheartedness. He helps a gathering of poor laborers and saves a young lady from drowning, but since of his outward appearance, he is remunerated just with beatings and disdain; torn in the middle of vindictiveness and empathy, the beast winds up forlorn and tormented by regret. Indeed the demise of his inventor turned-would-be-destroyer offers just ambivalent alleviation: delight on the grounds that Victor has created him so much enduring, trouble on the grounds that Victor is the main individual with whom he has had any kind of relationship.


            In conclusion, the characters of Victor and his father are different from that of the monster, which has no family and friends. The only person who understood his existence, his creator Victor turned his back on him after he created him. Victor realized that his actions were immoral and that he was not supposed to create a monster. The plot develops the character of both Victor and his father to align with that of the monster. With time, the monster ruins the life of Victor just as his suspected by killing his family and best friend. In the end, Victor is filled with hate, remorse and anger just like the monster and dies a bitter man.


Coats, Karen. “Gris Grimly’s Frankenstein by Mary Shelley.” Bulletin of the Center for Children’s Books: 113-14. Print.

Janowitz, Anne F., and William Veeder. “Mary Shelley and Frankenstein: The Fate of Androgyny.” The Modern Language Review: 938. Print.

Levine, George. “Mary Shelley: Collected Tales and Stories. Charles E. Robinson Mary Shelley’s Monster: The Story of “Frankenstein.” Martin Tropp.” Nineteenth-Century Fiction: 486-91. Print.

Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft, and Maurice Hindle. Frankenstein, Or, The Modern Prometheus. Rev. ed. London: Penguin, 2003. Print.

“The Other Mary Shelley: Beyond Frankenstein.” Choice Reviews Online (1994): 31-36. Print.

Vargo, Lisa. “Mary Shelley Studies: From “Author of Frankenstein” To “the Great Work Of Life”” Literature Compass: 417-28. Print.

Woolley, Rachel. “Syndy M. Conger, Frederick S. Frank, and Gregory O’Dea, Eds., Iconoclastic Departures: Mary Shelley After ‘Frankenstein’ – Essays in Honor of the Bicentenary of Mary Shelley’s Birth. Madison and London: Associated University Presses, 1997. ISBN: 0-8386-36.” Romanticism on the Net. Print.

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May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

In the novel Frankenstein, Mary Shelley creates an interest in human life but the interest in human life comes after death. Human life has lengthened due to the successes of scientists in the region of medical science. Extending human life became the goal of an scientist named Victor Frankenstein. Beyond wanting to extend life, he also desired to prevent future deaths of countless innocent people and to diminish the concept of death itself. Following Frankenstein, scientists at MIT began researching ways to advance life.

After many years Frankenstein’s goals and ambitions of extending human life continue, as scientists conduct research on cloning and regenerating body parts to help mankind live longer. As an scientist, Victor knows his responsibility is to help mankind; however, if he is unable to discover something that will, at least his research should lay a base for other scientists. “My operations might be incessantly baffled, and at last my work be imperfect; yet, when I considered the improvement which every day takes place in science and mechanics, I was encouraged to hope my present attempts would at least lay the foundations of future successes” (P 43).

By that quote, the reader can see that Frankenstein’s desire to interfere with nature can not be blamed, because his job as a scientist is to guarantee the survival of humankind. His commitment and ambition should be praised as he explains that, “In other studies you go as far as others have gone before you, and there is nothing more to know, but in a scientific pursuit there is continual food for discovery and wonder” (P 62). He understands there are many possibilities in the field of science and he knows all he has to do is experiment with those possibilities. If Frankenstein had not experimented in the 1800s, scientists would not have achieved as much as they have today in the areas of cloning and creating human body parts. To prove the importance of testing science to its limits, he boldly states, “yet with how many things are we upon the brink of becoming acquainted, if cowardice or carelessness did not restrain our inquiries” (P 65). The scientist within Frankenstein prompts him to create his monster, and does not see himself as playing God whereas Shelley portrays him as playing God. Shelley believed that science does help mankind in multiple ways but theres a line that many scientist cross and end up going too far.

She interprets this feeling towards science with Frankenstein by creating an driving force within him to help mankind conquer death and diseases. But when he finally reaches his goal of his efforts and sees his creature and its ugliness, he turns away from it and flees the monstrosity he created, “How can I describe my emotions at this catastrophe, or how delineate the wretch whom with such infinite pains and care I had endeavoured to form?” (P 72). From that moment on he tries to suppress the consequences of his experiments and wants to escape them by working in other sciences. Victor even withdraws from his friends and psychological changes are visible. Shelley seems not to condemn the act of creation but rather Frankenstein’s lack of willingness to accept the responsibility for his deeds. His creation only becomes a monster at the moment his creator deserts it. Thus Frankenstein warns of the careless use of science. On the other hand, scientists at MIT begun working with human tissue to create artificial human body parts for replacement therapy, where scientist carefully and thoroughly monitor the factors of this creation. “We can use this heart tissue and use it on a person who is having problems with his heart” states a researcher in an MIT documentary (The Science of IPS Cells). The quote emphasizes that although scientists seem to change the way of God creations, this benefits the human race by saving lives.

Frankenstein wants to stop people from dying, and after discovering the secret of life, he experiments, so someone else can be saved. Scientists today almost do the same thing as Frankenstein; they have found ways to extend life but if they fail at this, they retrace their steps and go through the process again to fix mistakes unlike Victor. In conclusion, Dr. Victor Frankenstein became a founder for the successes in medical science today. He should not be criticized for playing God and tampering with nature, instead he should be credited for experimenting to extend human life today. Without his experiments medical science would not be as advanced as it is now, and scientists would not have the challenge to start their research. Researchers at MIT know that Frankenstein is right in his ambition to advance human life, thus they and other scientists today continue to research in the field of life. Shelley successfully places herself in the mind of an scientist with the creation Frankenstein.

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Imagination vs. Obsession in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

In Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, the author expresses how man can lose touch with reality, which leads to becoming a victim of his own imagination. Since Romantic writers, like Shelley, exalted the power of imagination, Shelley criticizes this ideal by showing how it may lead to obsession. The influence of Mary Shelley’s parents, other writers, such as her husband Percy Shelley and Byron, and the use of Gothic novel literature help her emphasize imagination, the concern with the particular, the value of the individual human being, and the supernatural.

Mary Shelley’s parents were famous writers and intellectuals in England. Her father was a philosopher and novelist named William Goodwin, who encouraged her early intellectual endeavors, but remained emotionally distant and self-involved. This figure in her life might have been an influence when creating the character of Frankenstein, which is also self-involved. Her mother was Mary Wollstonecraft, which was the first and most influential feminist writer in England in her times.

Her mother may also have been an influence to her literature because she might have been encouraged. The other influence is Mary’s husband, Percy Shelley, who entertained with tales of the supernatural. Percy Shelley was an intellectual who had the fullest of philosophical speculation. His imaginative and eccentric manner put him out of touch with his feelings and needs of those around him. This can be inspiring for Mary Shelley’s novel, since his main character loses sense of reality.

With the knowledge of the Romantic ideals and her influence, Mary Shelley criticizes the excess of imagination in the novel. Shelley tells us about a scientist named Victor Frankenstein who is eccentric and believes he is the only man who can create man. She uses this character to “mock the stupendous mechanism of the Creator of the world”. The author expresses Frankenstein’s ambition and high self-esteem at the beginning of Chapter IV of the novel when Victor says, “My application was at first fluctuating and uncertain; it gained strength as I proceeded, and soon became so ardent and eager.”(p.588) The fact that Frankenstein makes this statement demonstrates that his pride is taking over reality. Frankenstein also believes he can create what is supernatural, as if he is God. This is shown when he tells us, “Unless I had been animated by an almost supernatural enthusiasm, my application to this study would have been irksome, and almost intolerable.”(p.589) Shelley is telling us how man thinks he can be superior when imagining, which leads to obsession.

Shelley keeps telling us about Frankenstein’s pride and egocentrism when the scientist says, “among so many men of genius who had directed their enquiries towards the same science, that I should alone be reserved to discover so astonishing a secret.”(p.589) Frankenstein is already losing his mind because of the supernatural ability he has, and starts losing touch with reality. Shelley is now making us see how Frankenstein believes “the creation of the world is within his grasp” (p.589) and how he uses imagination as the power of creation. After being confident with his power of creation, Shelley demonstrates how Frankenstein himself starts realizing how imagination is taking over him. We can see that Frankenstein notices this when stating, “I could tear my thoughts from my employment…but which had taken an irresistible hold of my imagination.”(p.591) The scientist expresses how he does nothing else, but work on his creation.

He tries to justify his excessive desire by telling us, “if no man allowed any pursuit whatsoever to interfere with the tranquility of his domestic affections, Greece had not been enslaved…”(p.591) and other historic events that would not have happened if man did not work for it, like him. Shelley then shows at the end of Chapter V that Frankenstein is anxious, and describes his creation as a “catastrophe” (p.592). Afterwards, Shelley tells us that Frankenstein states, “I had desired it with an ardor that exceeded moderation; but now that I had finished, the beauty of the dream vanished, and breathless horror and disgust filled my heart.”(p.592) With this statement, Mary Shelley shows us how after all the imagination and desire, Frankenstein is not satisfied with his creation.

Finally, the scientist knows he lost touch with reality and needs to ease the load in his mind after creating the monster. In the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, the author shows us how the scientist Victor Frankenstein loses touch with reality at the end of the story, after an imagination that led to his obsession of creating life. After Victor Frankenstein is confident, egocentric, and believes he has supernatural powers to create life, he regrets his creation because he recognizes how he dedicated much of his life to this work, but it was not worth it. Mary Shelley teaches us the lesson that if we are obsessed with something we want to achieve, we may end up losing touch of the real world around us.

Shelley, Mary. “Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus”. Adventures in English Literature
Athena, Austin: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1996. Print

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Frankenstein and Blade Runner Comparative Study

May 28, 2020 by Essay Writer

Through a comparative study of Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein and Ridley Scott’s film Blade Runner it is possible to gain an understanding of the notion of what constitutes humanity. Despite bearing different contexts, the texts embody parallel values that reveal the fundamentals of human nature. Shelley uses elements of Gothic literature and Romanticism to highlight the value of moderation through Victor Frankenstein’s pursuit of knowledge and the resulting ramifications. Similarly, Scott’s film, set in 2019, reflects concerns of the late 20th Century and the consequences of emerging technological advancements and globalisation.

In addition, Scott demonstrates Post Modern views of the nature of our existence in a world of rampant corporatism. Ultimately, both texts are shaped with the values of their respective contexts but each explore the dangers associated with the usurpation of God by man, emphasising the inexorable nature of humanity.

Shelley’s Gothic novel, Frankenstein, explores the complex nature of mankind by considering the consequences of an unrestricted pursuit of science.

A rise in scientific experimentation with Galvanism during Shelley’s time is reflected through the protagonist Victor as he uses it to bestow life. Shelley portrays Victor and the Creature as complex beings, demonstrating both inhuman and human qualities. Despite this, the subsequent rejection by his creator and the De Lacy family drives the Creature to ‘eternal rejection and vengeance of mankind’. Victor’s initial response when meeting the creature, demonstrates his savage, cruel treatment and lack of responsibility towards his creation.

“Devil I exclaimed”, “Do you dare approach me? Begone vile insect!”

The Satanic imagery of ‘devil’, positions the creature as evil and through the rhetorical question and exclamation, we learn of his aggressive and contemptuous feelings towards the creature. The metaphor of ‘vile insect’ further reflects Victor’s disgust and anguish in creating his being. This reflects Frankenstein’s superiority in comparison to what he sees as an
inferior, inhumane object. In her Gothic novel, Shelley demonstrates to audiences the question of who we are, through the actions of Victor and the Creature and the questions of what constitutes humanity during her time.

Similarly, Scott utilises the film noir genre to depict the dystopian society during LA 2019, whilst reflecting concerns of power and unrestrained knowledge on the world. Scott is influenced by concerns from the 1980’s of capitalist greed, eventually influencing society’s treatment of the environment, reflected through Tyrell’s main objective, “commerce is our goal”. The opening scenes reflect a dystopian world enthralled by technology and consumerism, shown through the neon bright lights. The extreme long shot highlights the blazing fires within the gigantic city representing a dystopian world and a reflection of hell. The contrast of the blazing fire against the dark city portrays the absence of nature of LA in 2019 and a world encapsulated by technological overload. This gloomy image is reinforced with the non-diegetic sound of the aircrafts, providing the responder with an eerie atmosphere. The effects of the rise in scientific advancement are emphasised through Tyrell’s isolation, much like Victor in Frankenstein. Despite differing contexts, both Shelley and Scott portray these notions and reveal their effects on humanity and the world.

Furthermore, Frankenstein is a cautionary tale as it warns of the dangers of attempting to usur[ God, through contrasting images of the Romantics view of the sublime. The depiction of the beauty of the outside world reflects the Romantic concern regarding the preservation of nature in which the Industrial revolution was a precursor for. Victor seeks the natural world to mollify his anguish about the recent deaths of William and Justine. Shelley’s vivid descriptions of the natural landscape convey a Romantic appreciation of the beauty of nature, but they are intertwined with a sense of Gothic terror. The “eternity of such scenes”, the “savage and enduring scenes” and the “wonderful and sublime” feeling of the natural world enables Frankenstein “to forget”. The use of bucolic imagery shows the value that Shelley places in the beauty of the natural world. The fact that nature enables Frankenstein “to forget” his guilt following William’s murder indicates a strong connection between humanity and the natural world.

“While I watched the storm, so beautiful yet terrific…This noble war in the sky elevated my spirits”

Shelley’s use of rich imagery as well as religious imagery in ‘elevated’ provides connotations of beauty and a pristine place. Scientific advancements during the time reflect Shelley’s concerns of the dangers of unrestrained scientific knowledge during her context.

Furthermore, Blade Runner reflects a postmodern questioning of the nature of humanity whilst exploring concerns of capitalism, leading to a diminishing of moral principles. Scott illuminates the dehumanising effects of such progress, foregrounded through Deckard’s “retiring” of the Replicant Zhora. Here, the stylistic placement of the transparent cloak places further emphasis on the violence of her death, with a slow-motion low angle shot conveying her heightened sense of humanity within her last moments. The frantic camera movements before Zhora’s death indicate that she is more than just a replicant, bringing on questions of what constitutes a human, reflecting postmodern views.

Additionally, the depiction of a tear running down Pri’s face whilst she lies on the sidewalk surrounded by blood combined with sultry, non-diegetic sound and that of a heartbeat, reinforces this questioning of humanity. This is juxtaposed with Deckard’s emotionless features and the monotonous drone of the droid, suggesting that our artificial creations can lead to the dehumanisation of mankind, undermining our humanist framework and hence, cautioning us of the dire consequences of unchecked scientific progress. Blade Runner reflects ideals during the late 20th century of who we are, through the comparison of the replicants and humans, and inevitability reflecting the complex nature of humanity.

Despite differing time periods both Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and Ridley Scott’s Blade Runner, explore similar concepts and values relating to their contexts. Frankenstein reflects Romantic concerns for the rise in technological overload and the effect this has, eventually leading to the
questioning of humanity. Similarly Scott reflects these same ideals through Post Modern concerns of the time. Despite displaying similar concerns, both Scott and Shelley express these values and ideals in relation to their contexts.

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