Review of Taboo: the Hidden Culture of Red Light Area by Fouzia Saeed
In something not to be touched (done, talked of), she studies the lives of the people of the Shahi Mohalla in Lahore. Shahi Mohalla is a place was living in by a town of persons offering entertainment, dancers and players and writers of music. This group is experienced for making ready all forms of amusement and normally its forte has been in making ready of sex services to clients who go to the Mohalla It is a place which has been a starting point of mixed feelings for all that have knowledge of about it. The Mohalla has always been well watched under levels of false beliefs and perceptions.
Dr. Saeed work has been the first not open to change step in the direction of going or putting throughout the false belief and making come into existence and is true account of what living is all about in the Mohalla. The impulse for doing for this operation of making observations is totally able to be put in relation to.
In the opening book division, Dr. Saeed touches upon the association 1 of dance and music with sex-work in our society. In her own words, she talks about how she had to apparatus with this association 1 as a giving trouble thing in the way to her desire to learn and chief different Greek and Latin and persons forms of dance. As a woman she had to face stop signs because of, in relation to one of the most cliched terms in our society- `achay ghar ke ladkian yay naheen karteen’ (girls from good families do not give way to in such operations). This thing in the way put her on a purpose and she tired much hard work in getting into this uncharted lands ruled over of grouping sciences in Pakistan. The book is an outcome of this much research.
An interesting and complete quality of the book is its non-judgmental process of the people of the Mohalla Dr. Saeed has worked on making observations about these people as individuals living in circumstances that are nothing like it. She has acted between, along with these people not to get answer to whether they are good or bad or how they can be took out. Rather, she has put at point at which rays come together on making observations about their living with an as if uncolored by feeling or opinion that is most important for any scientific work. This way in has resulted in her work being true and is true. It is neither caused by reaction in some other thing nor giving lower, less important position to in the direction of the thing talked of and thus free of any false beliefs or power of being conscious of. She has stated what she has seen and left it to the reader to form a Judgment 3 if they cannot burning without one.
Reading through the book, among all the scientific as if uncolored by feeling or opinion, one does see signs of Dr. Saeed position as a to do with man rights activist. These signs always come into view as in the right Context 4 and make the reading experience important enough. Supporting on her position, Dr Saeed makes a request some very well-based questions in the book. Questions which go right to the middle part, heart of how we as a society manage to be living with our 2 times quality examples. As an example of these questions and thoughts, Dr. Saeed makes a request why is it that a woman who is a make wrong, low use of is trade-marked as a bad person while her person getting goods from stores is let go with a small, little slap on the wrists. She makes a request in connection with why normally, makes wrong, low use of are made responsible for of sex misconducts in the society and not those who money given for work for their arms. So, the book uses the Case of the women in the Mohalla and manages to discover parallels 5 between women in the Mohalla and women anywhere else in the society. With this way in, Dr. Saeed points out the natural to undertaking to get of the `feebler’ sex that prevails in our society.
After presenting her effects on one another and experiences with the people of the Mohalla Dr. Saeed amounts of money up her work in the last book division. Here she amounts of money up her complete work to give, have thought the very great meeting forces to do that women face in our society. The frame for events is errorless and Dr. Saeed plays one hearing to a talk between a `normal’ girl and a girl from the Mohalla Reading the reasoned opinion in the words of people who can be seen as characters 6 in the story of the position of women in our society, gets knowledge of to be a pleasure. All I can say is that I got clearly and agreed with each and every word of it. This discussion is presented as a meetings of self-realization where a young girl from the `normal’ part of the society talks to a girl of the Mohalla and through their exchange of ideas they come to opinions by reasoning about their points in which things are like and how they are part of a bigger system and have almost like roles to play. This meeting is very giving light upon and makes one have in mind that about how things are for the women in our country.
Overall, the book is a very interesting to read and for those who are interested in learning about people and grouping issues that questioning us, it is a must-read. The book is also a starting point of knowledge about as it (puts in) rough building light on the living of a group of people that has always been looked at from a safe distance. For all of us who wanted to have knowledge of everything about the Mohalla and were in fear to request, Dr. Saeed took the power of getting things started and made with a written offering a much amount of her scientific 2 work in making observations and learning about these persons in general. And not only that, in her going to person in authority of the lives of these persons in general, Dr. Saeed went on to request some serious questions about the state of affairs for women in general.
Waltz And Neorealism
Kenneth Waltz is a neorealist who through his varied contributions has left an indelible mark on the field of International Relations. This paper will start by examining his three images of analysis and then move on to a general overview of how his theory of international relations is informed by his adherence to the third image in particular and then conclude by looking at some of the criticisms that have been raised against it.
THREE IMAGES OF ANALYSIS AND NEOREALIST THEORY
In his book “Man, The State, And War”, Waltz writes about three images of analysis through which he brings out the causes of war as seen from three different viewpoints: the first image posits that the root cause of war is the imperfection of humans, the second image states that wars/conditions for war are made possible due to the internal structure of individual states, and finally the third image brings out the viewpoint or image that Waltz himself seems to align most with, that war is caused due to the system that states are part of, thus countering the importance given to the unit level analyses of the first and second images. (Waltz, 2001)The best summary of the first image can be found in the first few lines of Waltz’s chapter on it- “Wars result from selfishness, from misdirected aggressive impulses, from stupidity”(Waltz, 2001). He delves deeper into this line of thought by differentiating between the various kinds of adherents to this image and then by comparing and critically analyzing the work of other political philosophers who agree with this image and use it as the entry point through which they arrive at what they think are the main causes of war as well as the necessary prescriptions to eliminate or reduce its occurrence. He begins by expounding the basic assumption of this image, that humans are imperfect. He then differentiates between a pessimistic and an optimistic approach to this image. The difference between the two is seen mainly in terms of their approach to the solutions they give to the problem of wars arising due to human imperfection.
Optimists believe that humans can be changed for the better and by doing so the occurrence of wars will decrease greatly or stop altogether, while the pessimists believe little if anything can be done about human nature and the balance of power is accorded a position of great importance by them, since according to them it stops the great powers from complete destruction of each other and the rest of the world along with them. (Waltz, 2001)He then explicates the arguments of prominent political philosophers, focusing on Spinoza and St. Augustine to bring out the reasoning behind their arguments. While St. Augustine focused on the self-preservation instinct of nature and used original sin to explain the imperfection of humanity, Spinoza bases his explanation on the conflict between reason and passion; he says that that if all actions were based on reason, harmony would prevail, but men, drawn into acting according to their passions, are drawn into conflict. (Waltz, 2001)The main criticisms against this image is that though humans are imperfect, crimes occur relatively rarely, and periods of peace persist. The imperfection of man is used as a blanket explanation for events whenever conflict rears its head, thus making one think that acceptance or refutation of the first image is based more on the mood and temperament of the reader than theoretical rigor. (Waltz, 2001)
The second image deals with the internal structure of individual states and how it affects the climate of the international relations. Since it is slightly inclined towards a liberal analysis, Waltz begins with a brief introduction of the liberal view on organization of states and then applies it to the international relations context. The main argument here is that defects within states cause wars, and democratic states are less likely to go to war when compared to authoritarian states since they are more attuned to the wishes of its citizens and are hence also more likely to cooperate for mutual benefit. (Waltz, 2001)One of the major criticisms mounted against this image by Waltz in his book is that most analyses are vague when it comes to a replacement for war as a system of settling disputes and most of them seem to suggest a somewhat arbitrary method of resolving disputes. Waltz also says that if liberals extended their logic further, they would see that their analysis and the resulting prescription for peace is rather impractical and far-fetched. It is almost as if what one should do for world peace is just wait for more states to embrace democracy.
This leads us to the third criticism, which is that this analysis is an inadequately supported generalization since expecting a single way of state organization to result in world peace discounts the complexities of the relations between the states of the world. (Waltz, 2001)The third image is based on the assumption of anarchy and that “in anarchy there is no automatic harmony”. (Waltz, 2001)He begins the chapter by comparing the thoughts of Rousseau, who seems to have influenced him the most with those of Spinoza and Kant. Though both Kant and Rousseau start from agreeing that a civil government is what is necessary to keep the behavior of people in line with the interests of the population, Kant does not let him lead him to the conclusion that a world government is necessary, mainly due to the fear that it will end up becoming a despotism and stifle the liberties of its subjects. The criticism levelled against Kant in this respect becomes obvious; there is a clear inconsistency here, he agrees that a government is necessary to maintain peace within the state but he also tries to establish that states will learn from previous miscalculations and start cooperating of their own accord. (Waltz, 2001)
Waltz then examines Rousseau in more detail before applying it to international relations, thus leading on to his neorealist theory. Rousseau differentiates between two cases; states as they are, and states as they should be. Regarding the latter, Rousseau says that they will represent the will of the population and the state will be considered a single unit. This allows him to extend his analysis of humans to states. He disagrees with Kant at this point and says that though the actions of the state are in accordance to the will of its population and they intend to be just, it could not be completely agreeable to other states, thus leaving wide open the possibility of a just state entering into an unjust war. This leads us to Rousseau’s most important area of contention with Kant; where Kant does not follow his reasoning to its logical conclusion, Rousseau does so and states that a voluntary organization is indeed necessary to bind the states of the world if peace is to be maintained.
In a nutshell, Rousseau seems to be saying that “war occurs because there is nothing to prevent it”. (Waltz, 2001)From here, Waltz moves to international relations theory in the penultimate chapter of the book. He begins with his views on the balance of power. He raises questions about the legitimacy of the balance of power approach and says “these questions can be answered only by looking more closely at the logic of the balance of power, a logic that is intimately connected with the third image” (Waltz, 2001). He uses game theory to expound his theory; stating that the activities in which people and states engage in are seldom zero-sum games and that it corresponds more to a general game, a type of game in which moves may exist which are beneficial to all parties involved and that the strategy of any one player depends on the strategy of the other players. He then says that if survival was the only goal in mind for states, military forces need not be maintained.
However, if one state started to show signs that simply surviving didn’t satisfy its appetite, then other states will also start strengthening themselves. He also says that states will be on the look out for a coalition since more often than not, states which cooperate are at an advantage when compared to the others who do not look to cooperate with other states. This shows that the balance of power has a firm base of reasoning, and that it is definitely more than an unusually long-lasting delusion. Waltz is so convinced of the legitimacy of the balance of power, he says that even if people who are anti-balance of power were at the helm of a state, they might tend to act in ways that perpetuate such a balance just by virtue of reacting to the actions of other states and that this need not negate their disavowal of balance of power politics.
Reviewing the Book Titled “Thirteen Reasons Why”
This is an essay reviewing the book titled ‘Thirteen Reasons Why’ from a novel written by Jay Asher published in 2007 telling the stories of a teenage high school girl named Hannah Baker who killed herself by drinking pills as she was exposed to mistreatments and psychological depressions by her high school friends. Before Hannah Baker did what she did, she recorded seven audio tapes each containing side A and side B telling the events leading up to her death. After finish recording, she wrapped the audio tapes nicely, placed them in a little box and posted them through a nearby post office without her address written on it. The audio tapes passed through thirteen people, which was on her list who somehow had contributed to her death.
After two weeks of the death of Hannah Baker, Clay Jenson was returning from the school while suddenly he found a little box on his doorsteps. He took the box inside with him to the kitchen took a pair of scissor and open the box and by his surprise saw seven audio tapes. He asked his dad if he could use his boom box to play them. His father permitted him to use the boom box so he started listening to the cassettes.
Clay Jensen was shocked by hearing the voice of Hannah Baker who died recently. She began by saying “Hello boys and girls, Hannah Baker here, live and in stereo…I’m about to tell you the story of my life. More specifically, why my life ended. And if you are listening to these tapes, you are one of the reasons why. I’m not saying which tape brings you into the story but fear not if you received this lovely little box, your name will pop up, I promised”. Her instructions to listening on the recordings was pretty simple. She said rule number one is to listen and rule number two is to pass them on until it reaches the last person on the list.
To start with, cassette 1 side A, Hannah Baker tells the story about the betrayal of her first kissed with Justin Foley. Justin Foley accidently insulted Hannah Baker by spreading the sexual rumours and photos of their first meet at Eisenhower Park. In side B of cassette 1, tell us about Alex Standall who listed Hannah as the best ass in the freshman class purposely to make Jessica Davis jealous and ruining her relationship with Hannah and fortunately it worked out as he thought. However, Hannah said it was not too traumatic when the list came out and she was able to survived. She though it was a joke and people who had a copy knew it was a joke too. Nevertheless, what mattered was the aftereffect of what Alex did. For example, after Hannah was voted the best ass, it changed the way people see and approached her. Like the waiter in the Blue Spot Liquor. He touched Hannah unwantedly by grabbing her ass, wrist, and spun her to his shoulder and done all sorts of silly things to her.
In side A of cassette 2, Jessica Davis heard false rumours about Hannah been hanging out with Alex Standall. Therefore, Jessica Davis mistakenly accusing her in a public manner of her break up with Alex and her friendship with Jessica Davis destroyed. In side B of cassette 2, she tells the story of Tyler Down, a photographer who have been stalking her by taking the pictures several times outside of her window while Courtney Crimsen massaging her, eventually kissed each other, and spread the photos around the school.
Furthermore in cassette 3 of side A, tells what Courtney Crimsen did to cover up for what she did with Hannah Baker. After Courtney Crimsen ignored Hannah for a while in school, she asked Hannah to go out with her on a party only to make spoil Hannah’s poor reputation. In side B of cassette 3, she tells the story of Marcus Cole who was Hannah’s Dollar Valentine’s date. The date never turn out to be as planned. Marcus who based his thoughts on the rumours he had about Hannah as one nightstand who had sex with anyone who goes out with her. He humiliated and sexually assaulted her by grabbing her thigh and moving his fingers up her body but fortunately, Hannah resisted him.
In cassette 4 side, A tells the stories of Zach Dampsey whom Hannah has turned him down for trying to comfort her after Marcus Cole attempting to sexually assaulting her. So in revenge, Zach stole the encouraging notes (compliments) dropped in Hannah’s note bag by other students, which he thought Hannah probably might not deserve them. However, for sure, Hannah Baker was looking for motivations and these notes could be very helpful to what she was going through. More to say that Zach took away all her hope. According to side B of cassette 4, she recorded about what Ryan Shaver a poet did to her. He had stolen the poem written by Hannah dealing with her own struggles and published it out in the school and everyone discussed it and joking about her poem.
Review Of Perfect Pitch: The Art Of Selling Ideas By Jon Steele
The sharks are circling, and you are just panicking, the overwhelming feeling that they sense your fear. The fear of presenting is more demanding than the fear of death. We have all heard tips and hints on how to make the perfect presentation, but none seem to work. Having the perfect pitch can help calm down those sharks in the water feeling, it can also help seal the deal on that investor meeting. Jon Steele takes aim at the perfect pitch by providing personal stories of his own experiences and passes on his knowledge of how to accomplish the ideal pitch for entrepreneurs. The obvious advice for presentations is most often the overlooked one – using your content to engage with the audience.
The book is written in a compelling manner with some fantastic examples told through personal tales of struggle and triumph. A great litmus test of a good business book is whether it provokes not only considering or approaching an issue differently but implementing the tips. This book passes the test with flying colors and provides great use for starting entrepreneurs or entrepreneurs that are looking to expand.
Power of 5
Jon breaks down everything into fives. He sees a pitch constituting of five jobs – those of researcher, writer, producer, director and performer – and there being five distinct stages:Firstly, grazing, and gathering raw materials. At the start of any process it is wise to combine research, general knowledge and learned knowledge. A strategy that Jon uses is a Post-it note for every bit of relevant information and then re-organize it into themes.
Secondly, looking for meaning. Drawing everything together and looking for connections. By drawing these connections, it makes for a complete idea and brings out flaws that may be present. Thirdly, dropping it. Rather than working 24/7, we can let our subconscious work on the problem while we take our conscious mind off it by doing other things. “Writers block” can lead to frustrating times as a presenter and by letting our subconscious do the work for us means that we can think of ideas not otherwise accessible. Also, adapting and distilling. There should have a central theme that could be repeated in 2 minutes. After all time is money. With the full presentation, each part should engage and surprise. It can be broken down into an inciting incident, progressive complications, a crisis, a climax and a resolution. Much like Freytag’s pyramid or Nancy Duarte’s presentation shape. Lastly, writing the presentation. Having control is key and by writing the script down to the last apostrophe, gives that control – both in terms of content and timing. If you know the content inside out, you can deviate from it if necessary. And adapting Jon’s method, here are five elements to his thesis, with five nuggets under each heading.
- People work better on one task than several at once
- Work in a small, tight, committed team
- Take control. Taking control means keeping work and social life separate, not allowing interruptions, having space for thinking, treating others as you would like to be treated and looking after your brain• Start quickly and devote equal time to each aspect
- Practice makes perfect/
Recognize the competition
- The focus should be on beating the competition and not finding the perfect answer
- Belief has to be turned into action – this is done by persuading that your idea is the best
- Save energy for the big issues rather than proving the obvious
- Either say something different or say the same thing better
- But a USP of some description is needed to stand out and plant doubt in the competition/
Ensure a narrative
- The best speeches are done using the simplest language
- Presentations should tell stories
- A good presentation has a start, a middle and an end
- A few well chosen questions can be a powerful tool
- Use minimal slides with a prose leave-behind.
Keep the tone engaging
- The five key elements are truth, beauty, excitement, significance and persuasion
- Communicate; don’t lecture. The best presentations are question marks; not full stops
- Communicate one idea at a time
- Be inclusive as the audience doesn’t listen to what you say but what it means to them
- Passion breeds success. When you believe, giving ground is tantamount to failure.
Connect with the audience
- Own the room
- Minimize space between the presenter and the audience
- Give a sense of what it would be like to work with you
- If one answer is given, don’t give a second if it involves repetition
- Keep consistency of message and openness of mind and manner.
The Analysis of the Short Story “Rules of Games” by Amy Tan
I have decided to analyse the short story rules of games by Amy Tan.This critical essay is informative and its sole purpose sole is to emphasize author’s literary work.Development of central ideas cultural conflict and identity moreover the continuous psychological bettle between daughter and mother are the main stages of this essay.
In this story: Waverly has to hold her tongue(i.e.remain silent to win;self control)to get candies as the reward and these forbidden candies are representation of the condition by social and physical elements.Waverly’s mother has taught her about the”…..art of invisible strength;it was a strategy for winning arguments,respect from others”(1423)and also about the wind which represented the ancestral wisdom,inner strength and represented courage it also represented one’s conscience which is important for chinese people.The cultural identity is depicted by Waverly’s mother’s dignity of being a chinese ,by her mentality that chinese culture is better than american.”Chinese people do business,do medicine,do paintiry.We do torture.Best torture”(1425).Waverly’s mother educated her children to exercise silence and power over their true emotions.She taught them to appreciate unwanted gifts as the second hand chess set.
According the differences in gender according to chinese culture.Waverly recieves a petite nicknames as such”meimei”which is chinese for little sister whereas hewr brother’s have deep and vibrant sobriquet as such winston and vincent.Waverly’s mother took pride in her daughter of being the national chess champion and asserting that chinese people do everything better. The cultural conflict is depicted by Waverly being named after her family’s address “Waverly place “ and thus their claims to the United States. Moreover her mother on the contrary to the chinese gender roles change rules in the household as Waverly is allowed to devote all of her time on chess and it is relieved all of doing of dishes testifying to it as as “new american rules “(1428) whereas now her brother are accountable for it.
The unfinished psychological battle between daughter and mother is portrayed by the struggle of control from Waverly consider’s her mother as opponent as she states “I could see the yellow lights shinning from our flat like two tigers eyes in the night”(1430) and considers herself the victim of her mothers invisible powers.She confronts her mother during their shopping voyage”I wish you wouldn’t do that ,telling everybody I am your daughter.”She also says “why do you have to use me to show off? If you want to showoff why don’t you learn to play chess?”
According to her mother’s thinking ,Waverly’s success is their family’s success whereas Waverly’s American beliefs her accomplishments is her own individuals success.She is ashamed of her mother’s ,her family and race.When Waverly’s request to less ostentation her mother calls her a stupid girl. Therefore her mother exercise,her invisible powers and thus gives her silence treatment by pretending to ignore Waverly’s existence.ConclusionAccording to my thesis statement”The rules of the gamer of life “also depicts the mental prison that seeks individual accomplishments.This is game of life and Waverly is learning to apply the rules in real life taught by her mother.She understands she must emphasize her individuality but that can only be done by isolating from her family.
Reflection On Neel Burton’S Essay On Suicide
Neel Burton wrote an article in 2012 that questions whether suicide is right or wrong. He listed arguments from many different views and from different people and places. One theory is saving someone’s life and committing suicide is going against God’s wishes. The theory about saving someone’s life was a counter argument against the Roman Catholic Church’s belief that the life you live belongs to God therefore, committing suicide would be taking a life that doesn’t technically belong to you.
David Hume was the philosopher that came up with this argument against the Roman Catholic Church. He believed that committing suicide was wrong in God’s eyes then so was saving someone’s life. David Hume also suffered from depression and had written two essays for a book that had to be removed due to controversy on the topics. He promoted the idea of the fear of dying and the fear of disappointing God as the reason that people are committing suicide, to clear their conscience. Although, there are some cultures that promote committing suicide as a good thing. Tibetan monks kill themselves, but they called it self-sacrifice. They consider this to be honorable because it is usually done by these monks in protest of something they believed to be wrong. This goes along with the argument from a natural philosopher Pliny the Elder. His statement was about humans having the ability to commit suicide puts them at an advantage over God. Another dispute among suicide is that is it considered illegal.
On the other hand, some people believe that if people are voluntarily committing suicide it does good to society. The Indian government back in 2014 wanted to decriminalize suicide so they took out a section in their laws that made it illegal (M. D. ). The problem is people with mental health issues and disabilities cannot make rational decisions. , Therefore this particular issue would be extremely hard to regulate. Some existentialist philosophers argue devil’s advocate and express that you are required to prove the meaning of your life to not commit suicide. Nihilistic philosophers contend that suicide doesn’t have meaning, nothing has meaning. The article pushed the idea that if you are pro life you believe the person doesn’t have the right to commit suicide no matter what.
Another argument is that suicide is almost always an act of sadness. It is usually not ever a rational decision that is planned out. The most common argument is that suicide is selfish and hurts all the people left behind. The final argument is about good or evil and it depends on our history. In other words, the article states that our whole life we have things and do things that make us happy, but death deprives us of that.
The purpose of this argumentative article is to persuade you to believe whether suicide is right or wrong. It is also informing you of all the different opinions on this subject. This article is written by a man named Neel Burton M. D. He is a psychiatrist, philosopher, writer, and teacher (Psychology Today). Knowing these things draws the conclusion that he wrote this for people thinking of committing suicide and for people who deal with people who want to commit suicide. The genre is non-fiction because the article contains facts and research. Many philosophers contributed their opinions into this article which made it appeal to a wide audience. His stance is unclear in the article. He touched based on just about every argument of suicide and more. The author primarily uses logos in his argument. He is very straight forward in the sense that he explains why suicide is done and how people feel about it. An example would be when the article states suicide is selfish and hurts the people you leave behind, but also states that in certain parts of the world it can be honorable. It is also explained through a paragraph that expresses how they believe people have the right to decide if they want to die or not, but people with mental health issues cannot exactly make a rational decision like that. Then the end of the paragraph explains how it is hard to regulate those things because of the different situations, which is logical.
Parts of the article contain pathos because it makes you feel bad that people actually do this. For example, in the article the author expresses the argument of taking one’s life preserves dignity, prevents suffering, and leaves space in healthcare. This can appeal to your emotions because if you think of someone taking their own life, its sad. Most individuals would not look at someone dying as a benefit to them, but people do. It also touches base on responsibility due do the argument that suicide, and attempted suicide are illegal. This also appeals to your emotions because how would honestly feel prosecuting a person who attempted suicide. Knowing that person is not in the right state of mind and is probably just crying out for help. A person’s life is precious to them. Most people do anything and everything they can to make their life the best it can be. As kids you get asked what you want to do when you grow up. You are pressured by family and teachers to further your education and do something in your life that makes you happy. All through life people struggle with hardships. People pass away, pets pass away, lose and job, lose a house, or even fail a test. Everyone in the world faces many different challenges as they live the duration of their life. This why there are so many arguments on suicide being okay or not okay. Every situation has a different outcome because of every situation being different. Many people commit suicide because of weakness or fear. The world and society have made suicide out to be this terrible thing because it hurts everyone involved. It tears families apart and scares individuals for life. Society has made suicide a label of selfish. Families often say after a family member or child commits suicide that it’s their fault. They believe they should have done something, or they should have noticed the signs.
The issues of suicide have increased over many years. It has also become more public. Many people who commit suicide want people to know they did it. They will do it in a place they know someone will hear or see it pretty soon after it happens. There are also many people who will leave a video of them talking about why they did it or a note they handwrote about why they did it. I believe the whole reason for this is that they want the people that hurt them or did them wrong to know they contributed to their death. I believe that society has changed because of it too. Society has made suicide an issue that is now taken very seriously and there are people getting in serious trouble for bullying and hurting people. I feel as though it will continue to be a big issue in society because the more that suicide is being done the more socially accepted it has become. It has almost become a trend of teenagers. Many kids will attempt suicide just to scare people into helping them.
Most people do not actually want to die. They just want people to notice them and want their family and friends to support them and be there for them. This is an issue that can be addressed and solved though. The world just needs to notice these people in need and help them. They need to provide services for these people in need and promote that kids need to change how they treat people. Most kids tease and mess with other kids in school and do not realize that it is actually hurting the individual and does actually cause real problems. This includes kids or adults attempting suicide and kids or adults that commit suicide.
The Analysis Of The Novel “The Tree Of Heaven”
The Tree of Heaven
It is a fact of life that people encounter hardships, setbacks, and disappointments constantly. However, in the end, people learn to rise above the challenges and grow their strength and character further than before. In the novel A Tree Grows In Brooklyn by Betty Smith, the protagonist, Francie Nolan, lives in the early 1900s in Williamsburg, a part of Brooklyn, New York. She is an extremely creative and talented individual who suffers through poverty, loneliness, and more. In the small lot of dirt and rocks behind her apartment, a tree grows despite lack of space and water, so it is called the Tree of Heaven. In the same way, Francie, although she lacks the necessary resources, grows and overcomes the challenges of poverty and loneliness.
The Tree of Heaven is a recurring theme throughout the novel and it is conveyed through the metaphorical relationship between the trees struggle and Francie’s struggles.The Tree of Heaven represents growth for the main character, Francie. The novel follows her from the time her parents meet to the time she becomes a young adult. Through her life, Francie comes to understand the ugly parts of life such as poverty and alcoholism.
Her father, Johnny, was an alcoholic who had the wildest, most impractical ideas to get rich quick and cared for his family very much, but could never spend time with his family after he started to depend on alcohol. As he was trapped in his alcoholism, he was ironically talking more about how wonderful his family was rather than spending time with them. As Sissy says to Katie once, “‘all of us are what we have to be and everyone lives the kind of life it’s in him to live’” Katie, the mother, was the total opposite. She was a pragmatic lady who always did was best for the family and never strayed from working as hard as she could. When Johnny was away drinking, she was cleaning other apartments, while the children, Francie and Neely, was out collecting junk to sell to a scrap collector. When they all came back, they would distribute the money for various necessities. Johnny was never able to keep a stable job. He usually ended up fired a few months in for drinking problems.
Despite the hardships of the family, Katie managed to work enough to provide for the family and educate the children too. To keep Francie and Neely from going into poverty also, she decided to teach them the value of education. She read a few pages of Shakespeare and the Bible every day from a young age, so by the time they were ready to begin school, Francie and Neely were prepared. The Tree of Heaven also represents the poverty of the Nolan family. Within the introduction of the setting, the author describes the single tree living within the Nolan’s area: “It had pointed leaves which grew along green switches which radiated from the bough and made a tree which looked like a lot of opened green umbrellas. Some people called it the Tree of Heaven.
No matter where its seed fell, it made a tree which struggled to reach the sky. It grew in boarded-up lots and out of neglected rubbish heaps and it was the only tree that grew out of cement. It grew lushly, but only in the tenement districts (Smith 6).” By setting the tone of the novel through the description of the Tree of Heaven, the importance of the setting is emphasized the theme of poverty is introduced. The tree is seen as an item that no rich person can attain and other items or characteristics with the same quality are highly valued in areas with people who cannot afford luxuries.
The Presence of Existentialism in the Perks of Being a Wallflower by Stephen Chbosky
If you know what existentialism is, then you know how hard it is to think like an existentialist. The movie that I watched is “The Perks of being a Wallflower” and the director of the film is Stephan Chbosky. The plot summary of this film is that there is a boy named Charlie who just lost his best friend. It is his first year in high school and he is very nervous without his buddy. He goes though many ups and downs in his life but he finishes his first year of high school and makes friends. I think this movie was odd but it really showed the idea of existentialism because they focused on absurdity, isolated and aloneness and focus on other ideas and not themselves.
The idea of absurdity is really conveyed in this movie. One event in the movie that shows absurdity is when Charlie remembers his past and wants to commit suicide. Charlie, the main character, is speaking to himself and he is ashamed and guilty of what happened in his past and doesn’t want to keep remembering the same event. Charlie doesn’t want to rely on his past experiences and wants to move on. Another event that relates to absurdity is when Charlie had to make friends that the new school and it was very hard for him. He finally made some friends but they were all seniors and they had to leave when the year was over. He was very close to Sam and Patrick who were his best friends. Charlie was talking to himself in his event too because he kept telling himself that he has to make a friend on the first day and that his teacher couldn’t be the only friend that he has. After his only friends that he had at the school left, he was sad and he kept thinking about the past but then he started to think about the present. This relates to the thesis because the film did show the idea of absurdity and these events show it too. This film also shows isolated and aloneness.
The idea of being isolated and alone is shown in the film by Charlie. Charlie shows it in the event when he is worried about where he is and decides to just live his life. He is unsure if the people that he makes friends with will like him or not. He is confused about so many things in his life that he is alone. Charlie talks to himself which shows that he is alone and he doesn’t have many friends because he moved on from middle school to high school. Another event that shows isolation and aloneness is the time when Charlie’s aunt abused him and his life was different. He was not sure what exactly happened but as he got older, he understood. Charlie spoke to himself about it and the doctor about his harassment issue. He talked to the doctor about what exactly happened and then the doctor talk to him. After that he was by himself for a while and away from many things. This relates to the thesis because Charlie was very isolated in this film. There was another idea shown in the film which was it focuses on other ideas not themselves.
The film focuses on other ideas and not themselves and Charlie shows some of these events. One event is when Charlie lost his best friend and now he didn’t have a friend in school. He was going to be all alone and he finally made friends. Charlie focused on other things like Sam. Charlie was always thinking about other things and not himself. For example, he told himself that he had to make a friend the first day of school. If the teacher was the only friend that he made then that would be very weird. It could be because he didn’t want people to judge him to not have friends and be a loner. Another event that relates to the idea is when he had a crush on Sam. Charlie was speaking to himself if Sam would actually like him. He was very unsure and didn’t want to make the wrong choice. Charlie didn’t want to just go and talk to her because that would be awkward. Charlie was confused about what was happening. Then Sam and Charlie became friends and got to know each other. Charlie figured out that Sam already had a boyfriend and he couldn’t date her. This shows that they focused more on the other people and not on Charlie which relates to my thesis. These are just some examples of existentialism in this film.
I believe that “The Perks of Being a Wallflower” was a strange movie but it did hit the idea of existentialism because it explained absurdity, isolation and loneliness and they focused on other ideas not themselves. Overall, this movie was weird but wasn’t the worst movie that I have seen. I wouldn’t recommend this movie if you don’t like intense movies.
Social and Political Interactions in “Fast Food Nation” and “The Jungle”
The Jungle by Upton Sinclair and Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser both display different patterns of social and political interaction. The Jungle is an intense, emotional story of the journey of a poor Lithuanian family who moved to Chicago for a chance at a new life. What they didn’t know, however, was the amount of corruption, criminality, and political arrogance that was involved in the setting of their desired life. Fast Food Nation is a nonfiction novel about the factors of the fast food industry that influence all the countries around the world. Comparing these books and the information that they hold can show how disturbing businesses and their practices in the industry really are.
These novels bring to words the continuous struggles that workers face, which has been about the same since the 1900s. The Jungle is focused around the meat-packing industry of Chicago, while Fast Food Nation is focused around the fast food industry nationwide. Socially, these novels discuss the mistreatment and poor wages of the workers; politically, they discuss the bias of political people against the industry workers.
There were many instances when politics interfered with safe and fair business practices in The Jungle. One of those instances, which, unfortunately, was very common during this time, was the use of sickly and supposed “diseased” meat so the most profits could continue to be made. The cattle that were meant to be thrown out, were instead continued along the butchering line, being sliced into every possible portion of meat that could be sold. This occurred again with making sausages; everything was included in the sausage, from old sausage that had been rejected, meat that had been dumped on the sawdust-covered floors that workers spit upon, meat that had water from the roofs leaking on it, meat that rats would run on, then the rats were poisoned and used as well. All of this damaged, disgusting meat was injected with chemicals and colorings to make it look like worthy meat. The business owners did everything possible to earn as much money as they could, and to pay their workers as little as they could. Thankfully, the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act were passed in 1906. The Pure Food and Drug Act was put in place to prevent the production and sale of poisonous, untreated, chemically adulterated food and other products, while the Meat Inspection Act made it mandatory for the livestock to be examined before entering the slaughterhouses, and furthermore the carcasses after slicing. Since the passage of these acts, there have been multiple other acts passed as well in order to keep the quality of America’s meat at the highest sterility level as possible.
However, decades later when the fast food industry was booming and meat for hamburgers was on high demand, other aspects of the meatpacking industry were cut short. According to Fast Food Nation, one of the best-paying manufacturing jobs turned into one of the worst-paying manufacturing jobs, had a workforce of mainly immigrant workers, and rarely considered injuries. The injury rate in the business was about three times higher than that in a regular factory, with the rate of trauma overtime in the business about thirty-three percent higher than the average. In order to keep the business running smoothly with no interferences, the companies would have a list of actual accident in the workplaces, then a list that they would turn in to Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Ironically, Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle is mentioned in Fast Food Nation and explains how the accuracy of the story brought attention to the subject by government officials and even the president of the time, Theodore Roosevelt. Eventually, the multiple unions that worked nationwide were able to accommodate the wages and treatments they knew they deserved.
A way that big businesses interact socially is how they will do anything for publicity, even if it involves pursuing children. Fast Food Nation explains the thought process behind businesses using kids as their main source of income. They use their mascots, toys, building playgrounds, and other “kid-friendly” materials to lure the children to their restaurants or stores. Children can normally identify objects and their names, especially if they are ones that kids enjoy, between two and three years of age. Companies use their mascots to build up an emotional relationship with the children that can continue to grow as they age. Children are also targeted by companies’ mascots to promote food products and maintain as many sales as possible, even if their products are not beneficial or factors in a healthy lifestyle. When children are more able to recognize a company’s mascot, more likely than not, they are going to purchase from that same company.
Not only do companies grab at children through their mascots, but they also bring their advertisements to the school setting. School districts that were struggling would invest in big companies, like Burger King or Coca-Cola, for example, and receive large sums of money to advertise the chosen business. The restaurants would also sell their food as school lunches, and at one point, according to the American School Food Service Association, about 30% of public high schools in the United States offered big brand fast food for lunch. However, in 1985, a federal law was put into place to prohibit the sale of “Foods of Minimal Nutrition Value” to students during lunch at school. Then, in 2007, Maine was the first state to pass a law that prohibited the advertisement of unhealthy foods and beverages in their schools. One of the more serious examples of both political and social interactions in The Jungle is Phil Connor. He’s at the top of the political food chain, so he gets whatever he wants and whatever benefits him. He uses his power when he threatens the economic stability of Ona’s family unless she sleeps with him; of course Ona doesn’t want to risk the lives of her family, so she gives in. Ona wasn’t the only one to be assaulted, as it happened to hundreds of other women in the workplace (not counting the prostitutes). Unfortunately, it wasn’t until the 1980s that sexual harassment in the workplace was a problem that was considered. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission passed laws that prohibited sexual harassment and that it is a form of sex discrimination.
At the end of the novel, while the socialist party was being developed, Jurgis realized how similar the comparison was between the workers and the hogs that were being butchered; the packers wanted everything they could get out of a hog, which was the same as the what they wanted from the workers. The thoughts and emotions of the hog were dismissed, just as they were of the workers. This is the same in Fast Food Nation, with the workers of the food businesses, the majority being teenagers, as the hogs. Laws from the Fair Labor Standards Act were often violated, they received minimum wage and sometimes less, and worked far more hours than were necessary without having the knowledge to go against it. Basically, humans are treated like animals by their peers.
In conclusion, there were multiple social and political interactions involved in The Jungle and Fast Food Nation. These novels correspond one another and make it very clear to see how life really is in the meatpacking, and fast food, industries, and how unethical the businesses are. Thankfully, some of the practices have improved over time, but some are still very common today.
Analysis of the Main Themes in “Fast Food Nation” by Eric Schlosser
“The Dark Side of the All-American Meal,” as stated on the cover of the book, is described in Fast Food Nation by Eric Schlosser. While reading and analyzing the text, many themes are seen. Themes that include work and “the good life” as well as diet, nutrition, and food safety. The themes suggested in the nonfiction book are expressed by quotes, plot points, and symbols. Schlosser made points describing how America is encompassed in this industry and how it took over step by step, all while using quotes and symbols to exemplify these themes.
One of the themes expressed in Fast Food Nation was the topic of diet, nutrition, and safety. The fried and greasy meals consumed at these venues, are described as one of America’s iconic features, “Fast food has joined Hollywood movies, blue jeans, and pop music as one of America’s most prominent cultural exports”. As most people know fast food is not the healthiest option. The quote on page 262 exemplifies this idea, “Moreover, such a ban would encourage the fast food chains to alter the recipes for their children’s meals. Greatly reducing the fat content of Happy Meals, for example, could have an immediate effect on the diet of the nation’s kids.” Considering kids are a targeted consumer in this industry as stated many times throughout the book, “This is an industry that both feeds and feeds off the young”, it makes sense to focus on how these meals are made and what they consume. Because, as stated in the epilogue, “Every month more than 90 percent of the children in the United States eat at McDonald’s”, most of America’s young population could be at risk if something was unsafe in these meals. The food production and preparation used to bring ingredients, such as meat, are sometimes not handled correctly and harm those who consume the products.
The author described an event where an eleven-year-old boy got sick after eating a hamburger in his school cafeteria. The meat delivered to the school was from the Bauer Meat Company and had been tested with the confirmation of the presence of E. coli 0157:H7. The USDA had inspect the location where the meat packing occurred and found the venue to be grimy, so the USDA had to shut it down.
This theme seemed to be the more prominent theme of the whole book. This seems to be reflected today, as these food chains come out with these new items on their menu and people in America rush to get them, without a second thought of what might be in them.
The desire for money and power from the businesses who feed consumers, but also feed off of them is another theme represented in the book. The author explains how the industry practically uses its consumers to their own advantage. Corporations just wanted to make money and forced farmers to make ends meet or get tossed aside. A farmer eventually committed suicide after the whole debacle of working and working, but not getting very much from it. “The suicide rate among ranchers and farmers is about three times higher than the national average”. These farmers were reaching their “bottom line.” The greed does not only come from the green bills received in exchange for work or product desired, but in the forms of these ads, campaigns, TV shows, and toys. “In 1972, Kroc gave $250,000 to President Nixon’s reelection campaign, breaking the gift into smaller donations, funneling the money through various state and local Republican committees”. It seemed like he did this to help benefit the both of them and get their names/businesses out in the world. Greed, corporations, and “The Bottom Line” is a theme that describes one of the dark aspects of this industry. These aspects of the fast food corporations should not be known for these ideas. These corporations do not think twice about the producers in this country, they just want the green stack when it is all done. These people are giving it their all only for their own encouragement and confidence to chip away along with their time.
These corporations really try to highlight this supposed “good life,” while being a part of these businesses. But, is it really a good life for these employees or those who get to watch their bank account increase. Work and “the good life” was a theme that depicted some of the darkest parts of this industry. It took you behind the curtain of how America’s food is made and the fatalities that come along with it. These workers are losing limbs, losing morale for drugs, and are being treated like animals going through these plants. Some of the members work so hard only to be replaced when one thing goes wrong. Others are pushed until they cannot even bear to work through the turmoil any longer. A man worked in a meat-packing facility and was put through the wringer time and time again. His body physically could not handle it was he was done with his job. “‘They used me to the point where I had no body parts left to give,’ Kenny struggling to maintain his composure. ‘Then they just tossed me into the trash can.’ Once strong and powerfully built, he now works with difficulty, tires easily, and feels useless, as though his life were over. He is only forty-five years old”. His body was not only affected physically, but now he has this mental state where he feels as if he is not worthy, just from giving his all for something that did not give anything back to him but a crippled body and unsettling mindset. This “good life” does not only reach adults, but the families of these workers. Parents end up working multiple jobs just to put food on the table for their families. They work for companies that serve food, yet they are not given back very much for it. These families have to work so much that teens are having to help pay these bills. “… the kids today seem poorer than ever. It used to be, even in many low-income families, that the father worked and the mother stayed home to raise the children. Now it seems that no one’s home and that both parents work just to make ends meet, often holding down two or three jobs”. The effect of no one being home often leads to no restrictions or rules to follow causing more issues in other areas. Teens may try to find a way to cope in substances, such as drugs or alcohol. Not only are these kids that stay at home alone often get into things, but those who work long hours and want to find something to help keep them moving. As stated on page 80, the author states that “teenage boys who work longer hours are much more likely to develop substance abuse problems and commit petty crimes.” The work these employees have to endure from this industry are not achieving a “good life” from all of their hard work and it just does not pay off.
The author discussed many details to help explain the themes of his story, and how this industry affects our country in many ways. The diet of our nation is consisting of these fatty, greasy, easy-to-pick-up foods that are increasing are health risks. The greed for power and increases in their sales affect the health of those working in the industry. America’s workers are being put through the wringer to barely get a minimum of what they deserve. The Dark side of America’s fast food industry is a topic most are not informed of, but that should change as well as how controlling the industry can be over the country.