Biography and Career of Bill Clinton – the 42nd President of the United States
William Jefferson Clinton, better known as Bill Clinton was born on August 19th, 1946. Clinton was raised by his mother, Virginia Cassidy Blythe. Sadly, Clinton never got the chance to meet his father because his father, William Jefferson Blythe, died in a car crash three months before he was born. Bill Clinton spent the first six years of his life in Hope, Arkansas and lived with his mother and grandmother, Edith Cassidy, who instilled in him the importance of reading and is one major reason why he is such a great reader. After his mother remarried to Roger Clinton (where he gets his last name from), they moved to Hot Springs, Arkansas. There he attended an all-white segregated high school. The fact that he went to an all-white school did not affect the man he later came to be…one that wasn’t a prejudice or racist man, but admired Martin Luther King Jr, and grieved his death. There he excelled partially because his principle, Johnnie Mae Mackey was determined to provide opportunities for Clinton to achieve greater things and get the experience and knowledge needed to do so.
From a young age, Bill Clinton had an interest in politics and a determination to become the president. Following high school, Clinton went to Georgetown University in Washington, D.C.. After completing his time at Georgetown, he went on to Yake and graduated alongside Hillary Rodham in 1973 and married her in 1975. The couple had one daughter, Chelsea, in 1980. He was the youngest governor to be elected when he was elected to be the governor of Arkansas from 1979 until 1992, and then Clinton was elected as President in 1992 and reelected in 1996. Clinton had quite an eventful presidency and was the second president to be impeached! Following the scandal, he finished out his last term. After his presidency, Clinton helped with his wife’s presidential campaign.
Bill Clinton worked hard to achieve the rank of President, actively changed things for the better during his presidency, and sadly but inevitably ended his presidency out in the midst of drama and scandal. During the presidency of Bill Clinton, many things were changed, adapted, and introduced to the country. Because of the efforts of Clinton, around six million jobs were created and unemployment rates were at their lowest, taxes were cut for fifteen million underprivileged families and businesses and all the while managing to not outrage the people because he only raised the wealthiest people’s taxes by 1.2 percent (which still made quite the difference). This all came from his Economic Plan designed in 1993. The President instituted a policy that would provide one hundred thousand new police officers to neighborhoods which meant more safety to families, and a much lower crime rate. Another factor that influenced the low crime rate was the Brady Bill which meant that for someone to go and purchase a handgun, they would have to wait five days for their background checks to be completed meaning that the handguns weren’t getting into the wrong hands as easily as before. The Brady Bill also banned the manufacturing of nineteen kinds of deadly assault weapons without infringing on the rights of hunters (with their rifles).
One of the many things that President Clinton put into place was the Family and Medical Leave Act which meant that workers could rest easy knowing that if time off work was needed up to 12 weeks for childbirth, personal or family illness, etc. they could keep their job. Clinton was the first to ever insist the U.S. Justice Department to handle the parents that won’t accept financial responsibility for their own children, and he signed an executive order insisting federal employees were to pay child support — or else. Bill Clinton thought education was a very important matter and worked to improve the chances of students that aren’t as privileged to be able to attend by creating the President’s Direct Student Loan program where students can borrow money from the government with many payment options available and low interest rates. Because of the actions of President Clinton, academic standards were raised and that has made a significant difference in the schools overall.
Bill Clinton was a very active and productive president, but he had his downfalls too. His major downfall was his affair with Monica Lewinsky, a twenty one year old unpaid intern. After a year and a half, Monica Lewinsky left the White House and went to the Pentagon. Thinking that it was a private conversation, she confided in her co-worker, Linda Tripp. She did not know that Tripp began to record their conversations. Once the tapes were leaked, Lewinsky was subpoenaed to court. Possibly coerced by the President to do so, Monica Lewinsky signed an affidavit stating she never engaged in a sexual relationship with the President. This didn’t sit too well with the FBI and they questioned her and offered her immunity if she cooperated with them. After the story came out, the President denied the affair saying, “I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Ms. Lewinsky.” On August 6th, Monica Lewinsky testified and the President followed up with a confession. Following a four hour testimony given by Bill Clinton, the House of Representatives and the Senate debated whether or not the President should be impeached, and Clinton was charged with perjury and obstructing justice. Because only the House of Representatives voted yes, he was able to finish out his last term of his presidency. So, not only did he have an affair, but he lied about it under federal oath.
The Bible talks greatly on the subject of leadership and you see leadership presented from the very beginning of time. The Bible states that we are to submit to our government because God has appointed the leaders for a purpose and plan. The Bible also speaks on justice and how it should be carried out. Clinton did many wonderful and praiseworthy things in his presidency, but also did some very shameful things that are not suitable to be done especially by the leader of the country. After all, it is one of the ten commandments to not lie, and another to not commit adultery. Proverbs 16:10-12 says, “A good leader motivates, doesn’t mislead, doesn’t exploit. God cares about honesty in the workplace; your business is his business. Good leaders abhor wrongdoing of all kinds; sound leadership has a moral foundation.” God wants our best…and expects even more from a leader. After all, it is one of the ten commandments to not lie.
A Subjective View on Reasons Preventing Bill Clinton to Be Remembered as a Successful President
Was William Jefferson Clinton a good president? In my opinion, Bill Clinton was not a good president. I am not saying he was the worst one we have ever had, but he did a lot of things to give himself a bad name to the citizens of the United States of America.
Bill Clinton, the 42nd president of the United States, was born in 1946 in Arkansas. Clinton is the second president to get impeached. He is married to Hillary Rodham Clinton, and he has one daughter, Chelsea Victoria Clinton. Clinton served two terms from 1993 to 2001. From the very beginning of his term to the very end, it always seemed as though he was in some form of trouble.
The Whitewater scandal was the first, and heaviest investigated item of accused wrongdoings by the Clintons. Whitewater is a development of land for tract housing in Arkansas. The Clintons invested into Whitewater before his term of Governor of Arkansas. This would be just a normal, everyday investment. The partners that the Clintons were in with bought a small savings and loan. When this savings and loan went bankrupt, it was bailed out by the Resolution Trust Corporation. The Resolution Trust Corporation is a Federal Agency, and questions were raised that the Clintons involvement with politics may have influenced Resolution Trust to bail the savings and loan out to protect the Clintons interest. Word of the Whitewater scandal can still be heard on TV occasionally.
In 1994, a woman named Paula Jones hit Clinton with a civil lawsuit. Jones claimed that her civil rights were violated when Clinton made a sexual proposition to her while Clinton was serving as Governor in Arkansas. She also claimed that Clinton punished her for denying his sexual advancement, by blocking any pay raises, and promotions. The suit was going to be delayed until Clinton was out of office, but then it was ruled that the president had no protection from civil lawsuits. Jones eventually settled for $850,000.
The man in charge of investigating the Whitewater scandal, and the Paula Jones case, Ken Starr, just kept digging up dirt on Clinton. His investigation found that Clinton had an affair with a Whitehouse aide Monica Lewenski. This would turn out to be the most embarrassing event in Clinton’s term. The fact that both Clinton, and Lewenski lied under oath is what made it so bad. While Lewenski was busy trading testimony for immunity, Clinton was busy trying to apologize to the whole country, which he had just lied to.
Near the same timeframe as the Lewenski scandal, Clinton ordered air strikes on Iraq. Saddam Hussein kept UN inspectors from inspecting its weapon factories. The belief was that heavy warheads were being manufactured in secret warehouses. After the air strikes were ordered, most of the attention was pulled off of the Lewenski scandal. Many people believed that Clinton might have over reacted with the air strikes in order to focus some of the attention off of him. I for one strongly stand by any decision a president makes which involves any for of military activity. I also personally think that Iraq, and Saddam Hessian should have been completely dealt with in 1991.
I will give Clinton some credit for what he had accomplished during his terms. The economy seemed to be pretty strong. Buying a home became something that was not only for the middle class. More people were going to college. I even remember Rush Limbaugh saying that Clinton was not really doing a bad job running the country, which in a way says a whole lot.
Being in the military during Clinton’s term, I am glad to say that he did not micromanage us. It seemed that other than a few trips to some military bases, he stayed out of the game. The pay raises were nice, although I feel it was nowhere near enough.
The Differences Between Presidents Clinton and Obama as Revealed by Their Speeches Following Critical Events
Two major tragedies have occurred during the terms of two of the most famous U.S. presidents. These tragedies were the Oklahoma city bombing and the Tucson, Arizona shooting. Both Presidents Bill Clinton and Barack Obama have made speeches to address the nation, but who succeeded in comforting and empowering his fellow Americans when they needed the reassurance of their leader? I believe Barack Obama’s speech was the more effective of the two when it came to unifying the country in a time of crisis and sorrow.
Obama’s speech uses emotional words, eloquent speech patterns, and first-hand testimonies to create a more personal connection with the viewer. While Bill Clinton does use the personal experience of one woman related to the disaster to support his message, Obama touches the hearts of his fellow Americans by giving a heartfelt tribute to eight people who died, or were related to the incident. Obama says, “For those who were harmed, those who were killed, they are part of our family, an American family, 300 million strong. We may not have known them personally, but surely we see ourselves in them. If this tragedy prompts reflection and debate, as it should, let’s make sure it’s worthy of those we have lost. The loss of these wonderful people should make every one of us strive to be better, to be better in our private lives, to be better friends and neighbors and co-workers and parents.” This helps the reader or viewer visualize themselves in the place of those great citizens and sympathize with their condition. By creating a personal link with the use of ethos, Obama helped the American people know the severity of this tragedy, but that they could pull through.
President Obama also uses words in his speech that spur the hopes of the American people by using emotional appeals to win over the hearts of his viewers. Although President Clinton offers some words of encourage to saddened Americans, Obama levels with the people, humbles himself as one of their own, and shares their grief. He states, “at a time when our discourse has become so sharply polarized—it’s important for us to pause for a moment and make sure we’re talking with each other in a way that heals, not a way that wounds.” With these words, Obama lets us know that he intends to help Americans look to the future, and not dwell on negative thoughts. This invokes the emotion of hope and perseverance in the lives of Americans everywhere.
The final reason Obama’s speech succeeds in honoring the fallen and unifying the country is because he uses patriotic and welcoming words to help him create a distinct sense of unity with his fellow American citizens. Bill Clinton creates unity by addressing his peers as an “American family” but Obama allows the people to reflect upon their grief with him, and realize that it is short-lived. Barack Obama does not glorify himself as someone above a normal American, but instead humbles himself as an American just like everyone else affected by the incident. President Obama lets his fellow Americans understand that they are of the same class, and that they are equally saddened by the loss of several good, law abiding citizens.
In times of sorrow and grief, a skilled, patriotic, and empathetic leader is needed to encourage their people to push forward. Barack Obama is this leader. His emotional speech, personal, hard-hitting connection to his people, and unifying words all show this to be true. When his friends, family, colleagues, and citizens are wracked with pain and suffering, Obama truly knows how to comfort them, and bring up their dampened spirits.
Two Opposing Views on the Effect of Immigration’s Multiculturalism on American Society: Clinton Versus Auster
Immigration Benefits and Threatens America
In the article “Immigration Benefits America,” Bill Clinton; the forty second president of the United States claimed many revelations regarding immigrant’s impact in America. For several reasons, the U.S. strengthens the bonds of the community when allocating the allowance of diverse and varying cultures. Many of these immigrants feel comfortable while living in the United States. He asserted that Immigrants and Americans should blend their cultures and traditions to expand the country. As Americans, they should respect immigrants and in return immigrant should follow suit. Not only should this respect be extended, but also hospitality and inclusion, according to Clinton. On the other hand, in the article “Immigration Threatens American Culture,” Lawrence Auster, an American racialist conservative essayist who wrote about immigration and multiculturalism claimed that immigrants are destroying America and they are harming the economy. Auster believes that these problems are occurring because of the American belief system. The American belief system implies concepts of individualism and equality. Clinton’s argues a rather convincing argument throughout his writings, where prejudices and biases are not provided. On the other hand, Auster’s argument was very judgmental and oppressing in many ways.
The truth can only be evaluated by facts, which both authors used. Clintons essay is convincing and relevant, and he encourages both immigrants and Americans to live in harmony with one another. Clinton assured immigrants and citizen’s accepting different memories and honor different heritages, which equivalents to acceptance from both parties. The way to keep America unified is to act hospitable to foreign guests. It is the responsibility and duty of America to do so. Some of these responsibilities include; welcoming immigrants help them to succeed, treat them well like treating your own grandparents. In return immigrants should work hard, honor the laws, learn English, and accept the culture while studying its history. Hard working for example there is found in the teenager from Vietnam who does his homework and watches the cash register at his family’s grocery store. Also, in the example of an immigrant from Mexico, Mago Gilson who came to the states without a high school education but now she is receiving her Master’s Degree in Education.
On the contrary, Auster is totally contradictive in his ideas compared to Clinton. He doesn’t encourage immigrants allowance in the States at all, and doesn’t seem very convincing. He stated numerous times, through this essay that immigrants are “harmful” to the wellbeing of this country. He wants immigrants to get out from America because they are giving a negative impact to the country. Clinton’s solution is to change the meaning of America as “individual freedom and opportunity” because the belief system tells that everyone is the same and equal under skin, culture, and history. Also, he asserted that America should change immigration laws to halt travel entirely. Clintons essay is more convincing that Auster’s because of tone elements, along with no cases of biased viewpoints.
The tone of an article can help reveal a lot about the author, as well as their opinions on certain issues. Each essay sets a different tone for its readers. Personally, I feel more people would accept the claims that Clinton posits. Clinton’s tone is neutral and unbiased. Throughout such articles, he was relaxed, mindful, and rational about such cases. He said to the immigrants, “to all our immigrants, you are welcome here.” (89) and for the citizen’s, “Citizens share a responsibility to welcome new citizens.” (85) He treated both sides in an equal way. Also, when he said, “We should treat new immigrants as we would have wanted our own grandparents to be treated.” (88) Clintons shows that he isn’t racist and talks by his heart through this quote. One can easily notice that the care of these refugees is every citizens duty and these requests should be followed.
Nevertheless, Auster’s tone is biased and very different from Clintons. He utilized a very negative tone and disregarded respect entirely. This author is hostile and unrealistic. The author gave the readers some racism of his tone; he didn’t mention European immigrants in a negative way at all only for the non-Europeans, for example, when he wrote about the Pakistani man who believes in forced marriage is not suitable for American society. Also, he insulted Muslims when he called them all terrorists. This is completely ignorant and unacceptable for someone to state. The degree of negativity in the tone of this author can certainly make one dismiss all his claims and immediately dislike him.
Each of the author have totally opposite views of their perspective. Clintons sees that immigrants are growing America and they are benefiting for it. On the other hand Auster sees it differently that immigrants are a huge destructive problem that needs to vanish. Clinton essay is convincing in his way of explaining the solution and his unbiased tone. Controversial issues such as the ones presented in these articles, it can sometimes be difficult to discuss in open forums. However, something needs to be said about the treatment of immigrants. The lives of these people are very difficult, some are even refugees just trying to escape troubling circumstances in their home countries. Americans should be somewhat empathetic, and understand that one person should not be judged on the actions of others. America is claimed to be a mixing pot, therefore it should be celebrated and explored.
Bill Clinton’s foreign policies Essay
Bill Clinton was the forty second president of United States of America serving between the years 1993 to 2001. As the president of the United States of America, Bill Clinton promised the Americans that he would be “the most ethical administrator ever seen in the history of the nation” (Clinton 67).
Among his major concerns was the administration of foreign policy. However, he did not administer the foreign policy on his own; he had his “foreign policy advisors who were Warren Christopher and Madeleine Albright the secretaries of state as well as Anthony Lake and Sandy Berger who were National Security Advisors” (Clinton 54).
Foreign policy can be defined as the way a nation interacts with other global countries through economic, political and social relations. Also referred to as international relations policy, foreign policy is of great importance in any nation state.
During his term, Bill Clinton did all he could to make sure that the United States of America had good relations with other nations through proper foreign policy administration. To begin with, Clinton increased the number of free trade agreements between America and other countries from three to seventeen.
This, he did to “boost the economy of the state as well as other developing and young democracies such as Jordan and Morocco” (Clinton 502). The Expansion of the US role to Somalia nation-building was another foreign policy under the leadership of President Clinton. He facilitated aid to Somalia during the political chaos by sending his troop to provide security as well as food.
In the year 1992, as part of his foreign policy, Clinton helped the refugees from Haiti who came to the United States to seek refuge. In the following year, 1993, President Clinton pushed for an aid package to Russia worth $1.6B. He did this in a bid to stabilize the economy of Russia despite its unpopularity.
In his fear for global crisis, Clinton pushed for a Mexican bailout whereby Mexico was forced to repay all the loans so that the other countries including the United States of America could not face economic collapse.
He also initiated peace throughout the globe by making peace deals with especially the war-faced nations. For example in the year 1993, he signed a peace deal for the Middle East countries with the then Israel prime minister, Yitzak Rabin and Yasir Arafat who was a Palestinian leader (Clinton 476).
Clinton was able to deal with the nuclear energy issue that has been of global concern for many years. During his policy administration, he made China, one of the Asian countries to sign the free trade agreement that included the clause of nuclear non-proliferation. Indeed, it was a success since China agreed with the terms thus making a positive change for itself and the world at large.
Being the president of the super power nation in the world Clinton was also obliged to make decisions concerning any wars and terrorists attacks as part of foreign policy administration.
In 1998 after the United States embassies bombings in two capital cities of Kenya and Tanzania which are East African countries by Osama bin Laden, Clinton ordered missile attacks to Afghanistan as way of retaliating for the bombings.
Just like any normal human being with success and failures, Clinton failed in some instances of his foreign policy administration. The greatest failure in his foreign policy administration was when he declined sending troops to Rwanda during the 1994 Rwanda genocide that led to death of about 800, 000 people through manslaughter. However, he later apologised his mistake in 1998 when he visited the country.
It can therefore be concluded that Bill Clinton was successful in his foreign policies which upgraded the country’s relations with the others of the world.
Clinton, Bill. My Life. New York: Knopf Publishing Group, 2004.
Concepts of Bill Clinton Research Paper
Introduction and Background Information
Bill Clinton is one of the democratic American presidents who will always be remembered in the American history, because of his peace initiatives and longest economic expansion in the American history. He was the 42nd president of America and ruled America for two terms from 1993 to 2001. Clinton was born in Arkansas in 1946 to parents Jefferson Blythe and Virginia Dell Cassidy.
At his birth he was named William Jefferson Blythe, III, but because of his father’s early death (three months before he was born), which forced his mother to be re-married to Roger Clinton; Clinton adopted his father’s name ‘Clinton,’ hence, his name Bill Clinton. All throughout his early schooling years, Bill Clinton attended public schools such as St. John’s Catholic Elementary School, Ramble Elementary School, and Hot Springs High School, where he assumed different leadership roles.
Later on he studied at Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University, from where he graduated with a bachelor’s degree of Science and Foreign Service. His good performance enabled him to win a Rhodes scholarship to study as Oxford University College. After quitting his studies in Oxford, he joined Yale University, Law School where he graduated with a law degree (Miller Center of Public Affairs 1).
During his college years Clinton was an active student leader who participated in numerous activities such as the Vietnam War protests and sports. It is during his years in Yale that he met Hillary Clinton, whom he married in 1975. Although his political life began while in college, he joined politics officially in 1974, when he vied for the United State House Representatives seat, which he lost.
This never killed his political ambition, because in 1978, he was elected as a governor of the state of Arkansas, a position which he lost once and won four times; hence, giving him the a better chance of becoming the Democratic presidential candidate in 1992; which he won. During his campaigns Clinton promised to help the American economic situation to improve, to control crime, protect the environment, create employment opportunities, and control both foreign and domestic military expenditures.
As a result of his achievements in his first term, he was elected for a second term in the year 1997, with numerous promises of making America a better nation. Some of bill Clinton’s promises during his second term included reforming the healthcare system and promoting global peace initiatives (Miller Center of Public Affairs 1).
Achievements of Bill Clinton
All throughout his rule, Bill Clinton main aim was to change the face of America politically, economically, and socially. With the aid of other democratic and republican leaders Bill Clinton was able to help America to achieve its dream, by rebuilding the American economy, reducing the crime rate, and restoring the global confidence on America by promoting good international relations.
During his reign, the Clinton’s regime was able to help America to regain $ 350 billion economic deficit. It is during his regime that America gained one of the biggest budget surpluses of $167 billion dollars. Further, his government was able to pay back approximately $ 297 dollars public debt that had been created by previous regimes. Another economic achievement his regime made was creation of jobs for the American citizenry.
The Clinton’s government was able to create more than twenty one million job opportunities, which made his reign to be one of periods with longest and fastest real wage growth rate in the history of the American history. On the other hand, during his reign, America’s poverty rate reduced drastically in addition to the reduction of the poverty gap between races, which made the American continent.
Clinton’s administration was also able to break the cycle of dependency, by developing tools and supporting investment in urban and rural areas that aided families to shift from Welfare to work. For example, child programs gathered more than fifteen billion dollars, whereas the number of child support cases rose by fifty nine percent to 4.5 million in 1998 (Gates and British Broadcasting Corporation 1).
A second achievement that the Clinton’s regime made was to improve the quality of life of the working American citizenry. Bill Clinton’s government strengthened most American families, as his government was able to formulate policies that encouraged the reduction of taxes paid by working families, helped parents to balance between worn and family, for example the Medical Leave Act, and those that promoted improved educational standards hence, ensuring that that every American child had equal access to affordable and quality education.
During his reign, the enactment of laws such as the 1996 welfare reform law forced the government to increase its funding on child welfare programs. Further his government cared very much about the welfare of the disabled, as it was able to enact the Work Incentives Improvement Act, which made Medicaid and Medicare available to the disabled, even when they were employed.
Another achievement of the Clinton’s government was promotion of education standards in the U.S. as compared to previous governments, the Clinton government invested heavily in the education sector, by not only funding college education, but also formulating and implementing numerous scholarship programs, such as the HOPE scholarship program.
His government was also able to offer tax credits to millions of learners who were not able to pay for their college education previously and laid strong emphasis on the significance of ensuring every American child received the required quality of education. Moreover, his regime expanded work study and Pell grant programs, which gave learners an opportunity of making extra money to support their education endeavors (American White House 1).
In addition to reforming the economic and education sector, Clinton’s regime was able to reform the judicial sector, by not only controlling the crime rate, but also enacting policies that promoted justice for all. As compared with previous governments, during his reign, the crime rate in the USA reduced by approximately twenty seven percent.
In addition, his government was able to employ more security officers through increasing its funding to the COPS program. Through enacting laws such as the Brady Bill, his government was able to control the rate of crimes such as domestic abuse and felonies. For example, in 1997, his government was able to reduce the homicide rate by seven percent.
Further, his government was able to reduce drug trafficking and drug abuse rate, through developing the comprehensible anti-drug strategy, which included the funding of various anti-drug use youth campaigns all over America. Internationally, his government was considered the world greatest peace, freedom, and prosperity promoter.
Through support from other global nations, his governments was able to end ethnic clean sing in Kosovo, broke peace agreements in the Middle East, encourage the signing of the Good Friday Peace Accord in Northern Ireland, supported the Bosnia peace initiatives to end civil war, and helped to restore peace in Haiti.
Moreover, his government was also actively involved in peace and stability encouraging efforts in numerous countries such as Nigeria, Sierra Leone, East Timor, Guatemala, Burma, Sudan, India, Pakistan, and Eritrea-Ethiopia.
His government was also able to safeguard the American continent from weapons of mass destruction and security threats from countries such as Russia, India, Pakistan, North Korea, Sudan, Iraq, and Afghanistan. Clinton’s government was able to accomplish this through enacting a strong foreign policy, supporting the IMF and G-8 global security strategy, and integrating different international societies in its peace imitative (Gates 1).
Clinton’s government was not also left behind in promoting the health wellbeing of its citizens, as the government was able to enact numerous laws, which revolutionized the healthcare system. His government increased access to healthcare and increased the lifespan of the Medicare Trust Fund, which offered the sick numerous healthcare opportunities.
In addition, His government was also able to introduce healthcare reforms, which promoted the directing of more funds to yearly mammograms, colorectal and cervical cancer, and diabetes programs. Further, his government introduced programs such as the twenty four billion State Children Health Insurance (SCHIP), and outreach health programs, which were supposed to cater for the needs of children and other citizens.
It was during Clinton’s reign that acts such as the Kennedy-Kassebaum Health Insurance Portability and Accountability and 1997 FDA Modernization Acts; acts which not only promoted the welfare of business persons, but also the health wellbeing of the entire American citizenry.
On the other hand, his government enacted antifraud healthcare laws, protection laws, increased the level of security and privacy of electronic medical data, and passed different safe food laws. Bill Clinton’s government also promoted environmental protection and conservation.
His government enacted laws, which oversaw the protection of different American ecosystems for example, the land between the red canyons of rock canons to the Florida everglades, and the Yellowstone. In addition, during his reign, his government built four new national monuments, forced the National Forest Service to enact laws to protect natural ecosystems, enacted laws that accelerated toxic cleanups and Brownfield’s recycling.
On the other hand, his government also promoted global environmental protection, for example, the war on against pollution and b global warming. It is during his reign that the toughest soot and smog emitting laws were enacted and the Safe Drinking Act (White House 1).
Failures of Bill Clinton
Although during his reign, Bill Clinton was able to make America shine, politically, economically, and socially, his rule failed in numerous things. To start with, although to a larger extent his government succeeded on the war on crime, his war on terrorism was a great failure. His failure to capture the world’s most wanted terrorist Osama Bin Laden and his Al-Qaeda allies, led to the present terrorism problems.
His government has numerous opportunities to capture Osama but his government misused these opportunities, something that made America and the world to suffer the wrath of terrorists, for example, the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon attacks.
As research shows, this failure was caused by his egocentric need to win power for the second term; hence, the weaknesses that were clear in his foreign policies (Weinberger 1-2). Secondly, although he assisted the American citizenry to shift from welfare to work, this move to a large extent failed to cater for the needs of the needy in America.
Such was the case primarily because; retrenching of numerous government workers and cutting social programs to the needy was a great promoter of the economic gap between the needy and the affluent. During his reign not all individuals has jobs which could support their families, therefore it was purely wrong to reduce funds towards social programs such the Welfare (Vidal 1).
In addition, the U.S. being a democratic country and one of the world’s peace brokers, it could have helped to prevent the Rwanda genocide. Instead of assisting Rwanda, Clinton’s government withdrew its forces from this volatile country and failed to mobilize other countries in to assist Rwanda, something that led to one of the biggest bloodshed in the world. On the hand, although his government helped Haiti during its crisis times, its efforts were little, because his government refused the entry of Haiti refugees into America.
This was a sign of inhumanity, as these were innocent citizens who sought for help from war. Bill Clinton also failed to maintain high moral standards, because of his involvement with Monica Lewinsky. Although the case was solved, it caused a big taint to the name of Clinton and other top government officials, more so in the judiciary; hence, putting his quest for democracy and justice at jeopardy (Vidal 1).
In conclusion, although Bill Clinton had failures during his rule, his achievements were greater numerous. His government helped America to gain its economic position, promoted the welfare of its citizenry, encouraged racial equality, and promoted the international security initiatives. In addition, his government promoted environmental conservation initiatives, more so in tackling the biggest environmental problem, global warming.
American White House. Keeping faith with America: A look at President Clinton’s Accomplishments during the first two years. 2010. Web.
British Broadcasting Corporation. Bill Clinton’s economic legacy. BBC. 15 Jan. 2001. Web.
Gates, Pearly. Bill Clintons Accomplishments. Tripod. 2011. Web.
Miller Center of Public Affairs. American president, an online reference resource: Bill Clinton (1946-). Miller Center. 2010. Web.
Vidal, Yinka. President bill Clinton the greatest; the historical achievements of a remarkable President. Lara Publications. 2010. Web.
Weinberger, Charles. Bill Clinton‘s failure on terrorism. The Washington Post. 1 Sept. 2003. Web.
White House. The Clinton-Gore. Administration: a record of progress. 2010. Web.
Clinton Homosexual discrimination policy Case Study
Efficient communication is vital for attainment of organizational goals and objectives; when managing change, the change agents need to ensure there is reliable communication system to boost change acceptance. In the case Clinton Homosexual discrimination policy, the president used different change management strategy to ensure that the right decision was reached effectively (Carr, Hard and Trahant, 1996). This paper discusses the change resistance management approach that the president used.
Education & Communication
When using this approach method, the change agent concentrates on initiating some sense to those people whose change is likely to affect of the need of the change, the process aims at preparing the people whom the change will affect.
In the case of Clinton, when announcing the Executive Order, he had studied the relationship and the situation at the military and opted to have an order that would be of the good to the people and the image of the military.
By giving the announcement, the executive was exercising his powers as the president of the United States but he forgot that for change to take effect effectively, the people who are likely to be affected directly need to be consulted and opinions taken (Burke, 2008)
With the resistance that the announcement of the Executive Order, the president was fast to note where he had gone wrong and was willing to change his approach. The involving of military people and the public to a special commission was the start point of his successful change resistance management approach (Diamond, 1986).
Manipulation & cooptation
When President Clinton decided to make the Executive Order without much of consultation, there was an element of dictatorship in the decision. The same can be interpolated that the president wanted to manipulate and dictate how things should be run in the military. As much as there are some elements of dictatorship in the military arenas, the approach that the president had developed was not accommodated by stakeholders (Barbara and Jocelyne, 2006).
According to manipulation & cooptation change resistance approach, management resort to covert attempts to influence others, there is no much of consultation and decisions are reached after the person in authority has given his stand. In the case of Clinton, he tried to exert his influence as the president to the military and change the notion and approach towards discrimination.
After the resistance from the military and other high ranking security officers, the president had to change his tactic and formed a commission to check on the matter. The resultant was a ‘Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell’, approach to dealing with homosexuality in the military, which is working well with the forces. The decision was reached with consultation of the relevant bodies and players; this was what lacked initially (Adrian, 2003).
The involvement of other people meant that they considered all corners and elements that would be caused by the decision by the president. When the decision was made whole some involving all people, the military and the public were willing to support the same. Other than support, the decision was a collective one thus resistance was minimal.
Initially, President Clinton had ignored the role played by communication, consultation, and involvement in managing change resistance. He had taken the move of dictating how social issues should be run in the military however, the change management approach could not hold. After the failure of the first method, the president reverted to using effective communication approach to change management.
Adrian, T. ,2003. Managing Change. London: Pearson Education
Barbara, S. and Jocelyne F. ,2006. Organizational change. London: Financial Times Prentice Hall.
Burke, W.W. ,2008. Organization Change: Theory and Practice. California: Sage Publications.
Carr, D.K., Hard, K.J. and Trahant, W.J.,1996. Managing the Change Process: A Field Book for Change Agents, Consultants, Team Leaders, and Reengineering Managers. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Diamond, M. ,1986. Resistance To Change: A Psychoanalytic Critique Of Argyris And Schon’s Contributions To Organization Theory And Intervention. Journal of Management Studies, 23(5), pp. 543-562.
Political Leadership: Bill Clinton and John Kennedy Proposal
Effective leadership sets the pace of development and growth in an organization. In this regard political leadership is not an exemption. Good political leadership influences the development of a nation or region. The political leaders in a country play an important role in the society since they control the resources in a region and determine how the resources are utilized for the benefit of all people.
Political leaders use their power and authority to influence how various activities and operations are handled in a country. Therefore, to ensure the success of a country or a region there is a need to institute good political leadership. It is in this light that this proposal will look at the issue of political leadership and organization.
The proposal will compare Bill Clinton and John Kennedy as the good leaders. The paper will also look at whether the two individuals were leaders before they started politics. On the other hand, the paper will also compare the great leaders and bad leaders in this regard, the New York mayor Mr. Michael Bloomberg will be compared to Mr. Rob Ford, the mayor of Toronto.
Based on the topic of political leadership, the hypothesis of this study will highlight what made the aforementioned leaders to be regarded as good leaders, great leaders, and bad leaders. For instance, comparing Bill Clinton and John Kennedy both were good leaders that played a greater role in transforming the U.S.
Specific elements that made Bill Clinton a good leader included economic policies that greatly changed America. On the other hand, John Kennedy is mainly celebrated as a good leader that ruled the U.S. due to his policies, which have enabled America to attain success in various areas.
For instance, John Kennedy created the famous Peace Corps, which has enabled many Americans to volunteer in various programs around the world to ensure peace and sustainability. When comparing great leaders against the bad leaders, New York mayor Mr. Michael Bloomberg will be compared with the Toronto Mayor Mr. Rob Ford. The New York mayor played a cardinal role in ensuring environmental protection.
The mayor initiated strict regulations on the usage of plastic and non-degradable materials in the environment. However, the Toronto mayor has been accused of various offenses such as misuse of resources, acting in conflict of interest, and has abused alcohol and drugs in his office.
Theoretical literature for the term paper will highlight various issues on the topic of political leadership. The section will give attention to the historical aspect of the topic, the current issues on the topic, and develop a critical analysis.
The theoretical literature will also discuss the issues and create unity between historical facts, the gaps in previous studies, and current aspects on the topic. Theoretical literature will also give information on the background of the leaders in the study.
Methodology and Data
This study will employ a qualitative research method. The data will be collected from various respondents that will be selected by the researcher. The researcher targets to collect the information from various institutions of leadership such as government offices and schools. The justification for the respondents is based on the fact that government offices have good historical information about the leaders.
The results of the study will be communicated to the targeted audience and other individuals who will be interested in the outcome of the research. The research will analyze the results before presentation to the targeted audience.
The term paper will contain conclusions on all facts under study. This part will also provide recommendations for further study and opportunities, which may facilitate future research. The section will also contain the normative implications of the study.
Bill Clinton Leadership Essay
Bill Clinton is one of the most famous politicians in the History of the United States of America. He served as the governor of Arkansas and later on became the president of the United States of America serving between 1993 and 2001 (Mas 325).
It is during his reign as the president that USA exhibited the concept of effective leadership. This was achieved through the leadership of President Bill Clinton. This essay shall therefore focus on Bill Clintons leadership qualities, styles and the success that he achieved as president.
To achieve this, the essay shall focus on the qualities that Clinton had and the impacts of his administration during the two terms that he served as president.
Leadership of Bill Clinton
For an individual to be an effective leader, he/she needs to possess several qualities. Such an individual needs to be visionary, understanding, rational, conscious of the culture, team player, ambitious, reliable, possess communication and social skills, humble, able to influence masses and be knowledgeable (Cohen 8).
Bill Clinton possessed most of these qualities. This may have contributed greatly into developing him into a successful and effective leader.
In the process of his leadership, Bill Clinton experienced ups and downs. An example is his demise was his scandal with Monica Lewinsky. It should be noted that during the time when Clinton was facing this scandal, he remained confident and charismatic.
He was not destructed and performed his duty as the president of the United States to the best. This showed that he had empathy; a factor that enabled him to maintain a positive public figure. Giving the United States priority at this time proved that Clinton was an effective leader (Mas 327).
USA, like many other nations all around the world has always been striving for social, political and economic sustainability.
Despite the fact that the nation has always been regarded as one of the best in terms of socio-political and economic sustainability, it is during the reign of Bill Clinton that USA experienced much of its economic growth. Through his leadership practices and policies, USA experienced a tremendous growth in its economy from 1993-2001.
An effective leader is one who keeps the promises that he has made to his people. During his presidential campaign, Bill Clinton made several promises to the people. He vowed that he would improve the economy of the United States.
Clinton became the president of USA just after the end of the Cold War, a period that USA spent a lot of money in the race for arms supremacy. As a result, the nations economy was in a deficit. Thus, as a result of this economic recession, USA required strong economic strategies that would lead to economic recovery.
To achieve this, Clinton came up with a combination of economic, fiscal and economic policies with an aim of modernizing the government of the United States (Stewart 15). This made the government to be entrepreneur oriented.
As a result, much of the powers that were concentrated on the central government were distributed to federal and local governments. This resulted to an increase in the government efficiency and a reduction of the size of the central government hence incurring lower costs as compared to the expenditure of previous regimes.
Clinton came up with tight monetary policies that reduced the expenditure of governmental institutions (Stewart 17). For instance, Clinton implemented the tight monetary proponents. This implementation had an effect of stabilizing and reducing the consumer price index.
As a result, goods and services within the nation became more affordable to a larger proportion of the population. Clinton also implemented several monetary policies. In 1997, Clinton passed the Taxpayer Relief Act into law that reduced the tax rate on capital investments from 28% to 20% (Stewart 18).
This increased the rate at which individuals made in investments within the nation. It also increased the rate of foreign investments hence boosting the economy.
The employment rate in USA during the Clinton administration also increased. Increasing the employment rate was one of the promises that Clinton made to the people during his 1992 campaigns. To deliver his promise, Clinton through his administration managed to create over 22 million jobs.
This tremendously increased the GDP of USA between 1993 and 2001 (Mas 326). Clinton also managed to reduce the national deficit that had accumulated as a result of the arms race during the cold war. Before Clinton became the president, USA had a trade deficit of -90.500 USDs. When Clinton left office, the trade deficit was roughly above -400,000 USDs (Stewart 14).
To ensure that this economy is maintained, Clinton embarked on a trade expansion activity. It is during this time that he developed warm diplomatic relations with countries such as Mexico and China. With the desirable relationship that these nations developed, trade between then also improved especially after the free trade deal was passed (Robinson 470).
Bill Clinton is one of the renowned and leaders in the history of the United States as a result of the role that he played in reviving the national economy amongst other things. During his reign, he also managed to achieve social and political sustainability. He also possessed desirable leadership qualities that made him to be an effective leader. This made him to an effective leader.
Cohen, Simon. “Effective Global Leadership Requires a Global Mindset.” Industrial and Commercial Training 4.2 (2010): 3-10. Print.
Mas, Andrew. “Racial Bias in USA Presidential Election.” American Economic Review 99.2 (2010): 323-29. Print.
Robinson, Allan. “Global Leadership in a Cultural Diverse World.” Management Decision 46.3 (2008): 466-80. Print.
Stewart, Benjamin. “Race, Region, and Vote Choice in the US Elections: Implications for the Future of the Voting Rights Act.” Harvard Law Review 3.2 (2010): 11-18. Print.
Bill Clinton Leadership Research Paper
Bill Clinton was one among the many presidents of the United States of America. As a leader, Bill Clinton achieved many things which made him become a popular leader during his reign (Biography.com, 2011).
This research paper will focus its discussion on the leadership of Mr. Bill Clinton, his major style of leadership, the numerous theories connected to his leadership and it will further highlight the lesson we as population can learn from his system of leadership.
To have a good understanding of Bill Clinton, we shall have a review and a brief description of his biography in order to understand about the background of Bill Clinton right from the time he was born up to his time in power as the president to of US.
Bill Clinton was born in August the year 1946 in the state of Arkansas where he was raised by his grandparents until the age of three years since he was born in a single family after the death of his father just before he born (Biography.com, 2011).
During his stay with the grandparents, Bill Clinton learned a lot including; good discipline, reading and counting which he was taught by the grandfather who liked the young boy very much. During all this time, Clinton’s mother was at college and she only came back after graduating with a nursing degree and shortly moved in with Roger Clinton his newly wedded husband.
During his childhood Bill Clinton was raised in a religious manner and was a devoted Baptist where he attended church services every Sunday. At the Baptist church, Bill became interested in music and he engaged a lot in the church music where he even learned how to play jazz saxophone which he continued playing up to high school (Biography.com, 2011).
Al this particular time, Bill was used to the hard life such as harsh, abusive and rude stepfather due to excessive drinking. At the age of 14 Bill gained his ground and decided it was no more when he engaged his step father in a quarrel that consequently put a stop to the abusive behavior. However, not long after this incidence that the mother divorced with Roger Clinton.
At high school, Bill used to play musical instrument and also engaged in political debates a factor that made his teacher Ms Mae Mackey to like him very much (Biography.com, 2011). At the age of 17, at Arkansas Boys state, Bill was selected as the representatives of the boys association due to his outstanding character giving him a wonderful opportunity to meet face to face with President John F. Kennedy at the state house.
After high school, the youthful Bill attended Georgetown University where he got involved in university politics very much. After college he won a highly prestigious award for further studies at the Oxford University where he studied law.
Moreover, after the scholarship at oxford, Clinton further went to Yale university school of law to complete his law course; after schooling he immediately went into national politics and in the 1978 he become the youngest governor in history of US.
After this incidence Clinton had his ups and down going in and out of politics until 1992 when he was nominated as a party representative to vie for presidency which he campaigned well and in November 3 he become the 42nd president of United State of America (Biography.com, 2011).
Clinton’s philosophy on leadership
Clinton a young president belonging to Democrat party had changed the history by winning the election against the republicans which had not happened for such a long time (Hamilton, 2008); in fact, he was elected for the second term despite of the many scandals that he had been accused of due to his negative personality.
However, Clinton is highly regarded for the positive changes he brought to US which are highly attributed to his concerned nature for the well being of the citizens (Gates, 2000).
One of the major policies which he held is that of economical progression. In fact, during his reign and presidency, Clinton achieved economical progress in many ways; his government was keen to note the high rate of unemployment which his administration developed measures to curb such crisis (Hamilton, 2008).
Additionally, Clinton’s administration was very successful in ensuring that the level of inflation was reduced by all means and due to the efforts administered during his term, US acquired the lowest level of inflation (Gates, 2000). On the other hand, Clinton’s administration was very alert and did not hesitate to make necessary changes in the national budget.
During Clinton’s era, the government made proposals that really impacted the US economy in a very positive way; in point of fact, Clinton’s government made a budget that is said to have brought a balance in the deficit that had been there for decades and in effect to this, the result was a budget which was surplus (Gates, 2000).
Another topic which makes Clinton to be a president who was highly regarded was due to his enthusiasm for peace causing him to extended campaign works intended to bring harmony in the land. Further more, his administration cleared all issue of violence and crime which is reported that, during his era issues of crime rates were reported to have reduced considerably.
In the education sector, Clinton’s administration made numerous changes that have brought a positive impact up to date. During his era, the US achieved the largest investments in the education segment by expanding college edification and facilities in order to ensure all American could have at least access college education.
This program was made accessible in the course of also giving scholarship to more than five million students annually (Hamilton, 2008). Additionally, Clinton ensured that college education became basic; his administration hired more teachers and lowered college fees in order to make education become quality and be easily accessed even by the poor in order to promote equity in the society (Gates, 2000).
More importantly, his administration encouraged technology through incorporating modern facilities in schools to embrace technological changes as a form of development in the education sector.
Moreover, Clinton’s administration was in the forefront to campaign for better and improved health care; as such his government ensured increased medical facility access to all Americans at an affordable rate (Gates, 2000). Through creating a balance in the national budget, Clinton’s government extended the medical facilities through making accommodative changes to cater for the growing population of US.
In the child health care, Clinton’s administration enacted the largest health supportive program since 1965 which was big enough to cater for medical needs for more than 5 million children every year (Gates, 2000).
Furthermore, to ensure better health care, his government signed a law to cater for the mental challenged across America which would help eradicate stigmatization against those mentally challenged (Hamilton, 2008). Apart from this, Clinton’s administration also developed foreign policies that were meant to facilitate peace, campaign for freedom and encourage democracy (Gates, 2000).
Leadership Theories connected to Clinton’s leadership
There are many theories of associated with leadership and we can relate a good number of the theories to the leadership of Bill Clinton based on his accomplishment as the 42nd president of US. In order to have an understanding of this concept we shall review just but a few of the leadership theories studied in class for a broader understanding.
One among many other leadership theories is the great man theory; great man theory argues that, quality leaders arise when they are needs in the society and it further argues that “leaders are born and not made” (Changingminds.com , 2002). By looking back to the system of Clinton’s administration, we can be able to relate Clinton’s leadership to this particular in the following way.
As a president of US Clinton was able to integrate quality management leadership when the state was undergoing tough economical times, it during his era when US acquired a balance in the national budget something that seems not to have been achieved for decades.
So, we can be able to attribute the economical progress to sthe good leadership style by Clinton which can also be argued that the great man theory correctly fits in this situation because as the theory argues “good leaders come in when the society really needs them” (Changingminds.com , 2002), as such, Clinton’s leadership also seems to have appeared right when US was under tough economical times.
Secondly, another theory of leadership which can be related to leadership of bill Clinton is the transformational leadership theory.
Transformational leadership theory is a hypothesis whose assumption is that, good leaders are those who inspire others and usually work hard to achieving what they have passion for (Changingminds.com , 2002); mostly their style of leadership is based on what they what to achieve in the society, so, the transformational leaders will be motivated to achieve their desired goals which they work and dedicate all their energy towards such objectives (Changingminds.com , 2002).
In this regard, by reviewing the leadership of bill Clinton we are able to conclude that, it is no doubt that Clinton’s leadership style can be related to this particular theory in various ways. One way is through the way Clinton had passion for education based on his background and how he had gotten quality education through scholarship.
As such, we can be able to trace those qualities through observing how Clinton was aggressive to make positive change in the education sector in US (Gates, 2000). In point of fact, Clinton’s administration worked towards making college education to be accessible as basic by all Americans and this was achieved through his passion for education.
Additionally, Clintons made sure that college education was affordable by campaigning for reduced college fee. Most importantly, Clinton’s administration initiated the scholarship program in order to support the needy students towards attaining education in the society and it does support millions of student annually (Gates, 2000).
Lessons we can learn from leadership of Bill Clinton
From what we have already learned, Clinton is one among the many presidents of the US who was popular during his term as a leader of US. Despite of the few shortcomings and criticism raised regarding his personality, Clinton was a charismatic leader a factor that also contributed to him being selected for the second term.
Generally, there are many positive things we can learn from such form of leadership and if applied in the society today, it could contribute to progressive changes necessary for development and social change in the world today.
One great lesson we can always learn from Clinton’s presidency is that, a good leader transforms the society for better.
Clearly, we have already seen how Clinton’s administration strived to make a lot of changes in the society in order to accommodate developments and hence steer growth of the state; such changes include, economical development, technological advancement, health for all, affordable college education, environmental conservation among many others. All these changes are necessary for a better tomorrow.
Furthermore, we can also get to learn that as leaders, we should develop love for others in order to change our society and our neighbors (Koestenbaum, 2000).
Such a lesson can be derived form Clinton’s leadership looking at the way his administration was concern about peace; majorly, he was concerned about peace in his country and that of the other countries which resulted in developing foreign policies that were meant to promote internal and external peace.
Finally, another lesson we can learn from Clinton’s leadership is that, as leaders we should have a desire to impact changes where others have not achieved (Koestenbaum, 2000). It is obvious that Clinton made positive developments where other presidents had not achieved; such changes include creating a balance in the national budget something that had not been achieved for decades.
Therefore, leaders should not be discouraged by the fact that others have not achieved, in fact this should be a motivation to achieve and exercise ones abilities in order to achieve great things in the society.
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Gates, P (2000). Bill Clinton Accomplishments. Web.
Hamilton, N. (2008). Bill Clinton: Mastering the Presidency. New York: PublicAffairs.
Koestenbaum, P. (2000). Leadership: The Inner Side Of Greatness: A Philosophy For Leaders. New York: John Wiley and Sons.